Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 10, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 10, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. 1 aid OOUDON IERHE1T. , EDITOR AND PROPIUkTUR. , "?" c f not K. V. CORNER OP KA9SAC AND PCX TON tT*. | WRPS, ??? A) ?1mm Money Ml k ?mO nfll be at (hr | tUk of Oa *t*Jer. DoeUige tt'ijUjts hot rtotuttA <u tubecrtption ^ "tTtii It AIL T HERALD kn realt jtee aop*. II pw Mm* I ? THP WEEKLY HERALD, eeery Sarurilay. a; #ir run I. pee M or?,un-annum , (Ar ?iitv<K fMr? Woine~til/, I II at eti rente fx" mj>y. *4 jn?r annum ?u my )",r< 'P' Stoat Britain, j j pe ft 'a any mart oj IK. Cbnlinmt, both to inclu.ir the Caltfort.i.t piiH.m on thr bth and'Mkhat'eacJk taenia at ttx cents k per rem, or % I VI per annum. ., THE EAR 111 HERALD Of. WrJnf*.i*V at four eemte per | topf. or ti per a,.num. . . , . : e] VOLVSTaNT < XJNF ESPOSDEWCB retenahfimp Importaal tereoe, tohettrj/ram any quarter the ttnrl.l, 1/ fro. _ liberal!/, pauijor. iiok t'>**iui? I'OKmMwJSO"*" 41V" 1'iin.uuiu.T Kuibviu to bMAj. ail Lattuiif ano PaomACM IkM 'JJ _ U : r -,x~." ? a Volant* ? AMI'SKMKXTS this evening. l< ? KI3'oO'K GARDEN, Bnv?4?r?y.-E?*MTBIAM l'BBTOBMAmcsa _____ ? WINTER GARDEN. Birmdw*]r. op-posit* Bnod street.? Til,JT Ho t t'AilS KuM'SMBm?MauIC PlUA. WAoXAi'K'S THEATRE. Bro*dw?y.? [aisu Bailor? < Tames Ma-.aibo? ilti-r-r Mas. I LAUF.A SKENE'S THEATRE, Ho. ?2< Broyiwaj.-On . Amua OoDsia. 1 MEW BO WERT THEATRE, Bovrery.?Bs.itkam?.Sal ' vaioa Rosa?Irish Mormon J BARKUV'8 AMERICAN Ml'SKl'M Broadway -Day and f seoinq? V-riitoria*, 8oru?, Dim.ii, Bomi.tsviun, Ltrmd Gcaiotiriu. da BRYANTS' MINHTRKIJI, Mechanic!' Hall. ?T2 Broadway.- 1 Buaht'ki'jm, sokes, Dasczj, daa* Fiqut. g RATIONAL VARI1CTIKS Chatham street-Rental Ml caiHi-Sf 4o \i HacsaLoaaacx?Sunt ar -\ Foaasa FALACF OAROKN rour.een'.h stree'.?Ntcuoaaacr- 8 ZnsravnthTai. COOCEST. g CA NTKR BURt CONCERT UALL, 6t3 Broad way.-Soime, t Daxccs. Bcaijuuom. Ac ^ w York. Friday, August 10, HMO. j MAILS FOR THE FACIF1C. j liw York Herald?California Kdltlon. Th< ma. steamship Northern I.ight, Ospt. Ticklepa'igh, ( will leive tha port to morrow, at noon, for A.spiowall , The mi.U for California and otbor parts of the PaciOo Will close at half-past ten o'clock to morrow morning. The New Toai Who Hskii.o?California edition? 1 ontainiug the latest intelligence from at! pirts of the world, with a Urge quantity of local and m.aroilancous 1 matter, w.a he published at half past nine o'clock in the ' morning . 8 uflr copies. In wrappere, reoly for mailing, s'.x cents. { Agectew .i please send in their orders as early as po*? sibla 1 Tike New*. j The Europa arrived at Boston last evening, and t we publish elsewhere a telegraphic summary of , that portit n of her news which failed to reach us from Halifax. The battle between the Sicilians and Neapolitans before Velazzo, took place ou the lbth and 17th '' ultimo. Both aides are reported to have suffered 8 severely, but the royal forces were compelled to c withdraw to the citadel, Caribaldi having attacked t tbera fiercely with the bayonet. It is said that i ( artbaldi was wounded in the heel during the com- , bat. The report of th* evacuation of Sicily by the ^ Neapolitans was premature. The citadel of Messina wan still in po?ession of the king's troops. , The mails by tire Europa will arrive in the city tliis evening. . By the arrival of the overland pony express we ^ have advices from San Eraneiseo to the 'Jstkult., and later account* from Japan, the Amoor River 1 country. Oregon and Biitish Columbia. A tele- 1 graphic synopsis of the news may be found in an- 1 other part of to day 's paper. By an arrival at New Orleans wc have advices from Vera Cruz to tho 2'ffh nit., but they contain no news of importance. Miramon was still at I^kgos at last accounts, unable to effect bis escape { from the country. The brig Hia, ("apt. Warren, from Port-an rrince, wiui our bio* auu corrcspouaenco k> jiuy > 25, arriccd at this port yesterday. President Geff { rard had returned to the capital from his provin- I cial tour. He was nut by enthusiastic crowd* ; i everywhere. # iles-r*. Arduin nnd Pupoy, Haytien I Minui'era to France and England, had been well | received. The coming crop of coflee promises to ( be good. { The Pennsylvania Democratic State Convention r met yesterday, and was largely attended. The two { factions of the party agreed to form an electoral ticket, headed with the names of Breckinridge or ( Douglas. as the electors .it large, and that in the ( event of the success of the -aid ticket, the vote of 1 the State shall be cast for Breckinridge and Lane, I or for Douglas and Johnson, accordingly as the re- < suit shall show which of the two tickets shall have ] received a majority of the rotes cast for both. A State Convention of the Maryland democracy wa? held at Baltimore yesterday, to till vacancies | In the Presidential electoral ticket. A report *na presented that all the electors nominated, save two, had declared for Breckinridge and lane. A meeting of the Douglas Central Campaign Club was held last evening. There were very few persons present. Kx-Gov. Foote was announced as a speaker on the occasion, but he did not at- < tend. Some formal businc.-s was transacted, and the meeting adjourned. We devote a considerable portion of our space this morning to the publication of reports of the proceedings of the American Scientific Association, which body haa been holding Ita fourteenth annual meeting at Newport during the pa?t fortnight. The paper* presented for the consideration ot this body of Mvanta embrace a variety of interesting | subject*, icrloding mathematics. ge<>]ogy, physic, natural history and the recent meteoric phenomena The proceedings of the Association ware c>n- | tluded i n tVedn? sday. The next annual mating ] will be held at Nashville, Tenn., in April next. The Long brunch mystery is a mystery no longer. The affair turns out to be simply a hoax, con* c<>* ted by the acrvan'a of one of the hot#!', why ' prociieda me bh?>d and a quantity of hair fr<>m ' a b ?rber'? ah<>p . and tmx n : them tog-thcr, smear 1 ed tlie mixture over a ctub and a boat's mil, and ( thus caused a belief t at an atio< ions murder had ( been committed. I Tie Km is* Commissioner* have delivered over , 1 ,OCO li."eu*e? ci to yesterday, and the names of ( the per*n? who have urglccted to take up their licenses have been handed over to the police for immediate ci 1. iual suit. N xt Monday Is tiie In-t ' day fui the delivery of t!..- li- n- s. Th Com- ' n,i?-o u*r? wi'l n<>t < ommom e any more civil siuts. 1 but tltrow tl-.e whole responsibility of colon :ng the 1 Law upon the police department. In Hnoklyn tho 1 Ex< iae Comrnisaioners have granted 450 license#. I A |. / fight lor *100 took pla< e at Weehawken. 1 K. J., yesterday, between a couple of pu.ilisU ? i ?n <d L'i x at.d Ponelly. A brief av ount ot the , affair I* given in another column. TV- conns market yesterday aw steady, with more do.i r. ehw r is the lower grades Tie transact toss (hot ' e<t up al><>> t 1 ,V<X> bvi?s, closing >p the Ixuis of quotations * given in snoUier column. Flour op"ied with st. i haras, I sud ia rood requtst: but Western sad Stito brands closed dull, and to some cases at easier rate*, southern (tour wse nere active and firmer c*)os were pretty freely , tsa 's fViehy fr>r export. Wheat cpeoed with a fatr <te * man ' for expert, but ci.*e.l heavy, with aalea n ? me ' cases at lower rates The receipts of aorn were large, having lescbliig about 110 000 b sli ls be market waa ' firm, with free sales at quotations given in another place 1 Pork exhibited n.ore buoyancy, an.! the market ( closed with rather more lirmmsa. hale* of . sew mesa were made at 11? a $19 12 >{, riear de. $6013 a *2014. and new prune at Sit -? % gars exhibited rather/- W# I oyarcy and activity, alula r prices were uncharged The ea>e? co?prls--J 1 100 a t .JOO bhda and 800 boiea, at p- \cm fceo la usUw oiniuo. Cotlee la quiet and aalre trifling Freight* rore again higher Wheat, id be Ik and bag*, waa en aged to Liverpool at ltd. a 11 ^d , and to London, ia hipa' begs, at 13d. The amouut at grain and other art! ilea awaiting ahlpOMal L large and ui t scens of available hip room While a good deal of produce baa been bought or shipment, on fulfilment of foreign order*, a ooosideraile portion of lire wheat going forward la oa owner*' reount or 011 speculation. It is beilartd that mauy rders iu the market rema n to be filled, aad wbicb are u abeyance ou account of the ecartity of vesaeli. he cx|?ndtd condition of the back*, rendering money buudant and cheap, at i inula tea apeculatloc, not alooe la lock*, but alao In breadstuff*. It ia aeldom that partiea lip largely of grain to fog land on apeculation that they imc ort of the buaincM in entirety a solvent condition, ipeoally if dependant upon bank discount* to conduct itir operations. It it believed thai if the Great Ewteru ould load at our wbarve* she could at tUia time obUm a Mtsldertble, if not a full cargo of pro luce, for her return oyage, but tbls ia impracticable. Neither can she be jaded by lighter* outatde o( Sandy Book, except at an x{>enae abu could not allord to bear. rhe ltaptadlag Political Kevolwtlom tn tbr Reathera MMWa. The reckless Southern radical disorganizes >f the democratic party at Charleston hare ichieved more than they bargained for in the revolutionary dissolution of their national organization. They have not only prostrated the S'orthern democracy, but they have precipitated t political reaction in tbe South, which promises. >ven during this extraordinary campaign, to vork out a great political revolution in that ection. From the divisions among the democracy in Virginia. apparently beyond remedy, from the istonishing forward movement of the new contituticnal Union party in Nosth Carolina, from he crushing defeat of the Breckinridge demo:racy in the late Kentucky election, from the rreparable split in the democratic camp in Missouri, it is now highly probable, if not mo ally certain, that Bell and Everett, in Novemjei. will carry Delaware. Maryland, Virginia. S'orth Carolina. Tennessee. Kentucky and Missouri. a string of conservative Southern States representing sixty nine electoral votes, or a majority of eighteen of the whole electoral vote of Lhe South. This will be equivalent to a great political evolution in the South: for. unless ' the cotton >tates" are prepared to stand aloof and act hereifter as a section to themselves, they must submit to the counsels of their more powerful sister slave States aforesaid, whose great staples are not cotton, sugar ind rice, but wheat, Indian corn, hemp ind tobacco. That the democratic leaders of 'the cotton States'* are prepared to make their lortbern boundary the northern line of the otton zone is manifest from their proceedngs at the Charleston Convention; but that the ;reat and important slave States north of said otton zone are more devoted-to the solid advantages of the Union th^i to, the speculative nillenium of a Southern confederacy, is equally svideul from their refusal to secede at Charles ton. Had Mr. Yancey an^ bia radical Southern n-sociates at Charleston remained in thu Contention, they could not only have prevented die nomination of Mr. Douglas, but they could bave secured the nomination of a ticket competent to reunite the broken fragments of the party und to carry the election. Hut Mr. Yancey and his radical associates were frightened by the vote of New York for tie' Douglas platform, when the fact is that, until pushed into a corner by the terrible events at Baltimore, the New Yo^k delegation were ready for almost anything whereby they might secure the democratic right arm of the South to help them to another share of the federal spoils and plunder. How stands the matter now? The Southern States which refused to follow the seceders out of the Convention at Charleston refuse to follow either of the two clashing factions of [be party in tho work of this campaign. The conservative majorities of the people of those States are turning over their suffrages to this lew constitutional Union party. Thus, while be rival Breckinridge and Douglas factions a^ levouring each other, in view of the future control of the reunited democracy, it is very probable that they nevef may come together again, but that they will disappear after this election. *like the fragments of the old whig party after the election of 1852, in a new organization of parties. This new constitutional Union party has already achieved a formidable lodgment in the South- a lodgment which makes it a powerful party for the future, whatever may be the re Riilt of the Presidential election. As this important tact will more and more impress itself upon the indepondent conservative classes of the North, financial, commercial and manufacturing. the more these late Southern elections are investigated. there is still a prospect of a Northern conservative reaction which may spoil the calculations of the republican party. The fact is established that the South is not, at all hazards, a unit against the North, but that she is still ready to join hand- with the North upon great national^nd Union ideas. This should, and perhaps operate in our conservative Northern commercial and manufacturing States to bring about a powerful reaction against the republican candidate upon the broad national basis of the Dell and Everett movement. Last spring the republican candidate for overnor in the republican Mute of lihode Island was handsomely defeated. And whererore Because be was a radical "Irrepressible tontiict" and abolition Lincoln republican. The :onservative people of Khode Island, of all parties. republicans included, looking to the substantial interest* -of their bread and butter, in .onnecdon with the South, found it their inter st to rebuke the anti-slavery radicalism preleutvd to the people by the republicans' in swid I'lection. Why should not this hint be followed up by the Jtell Kverett party now. in all the Northern State*, undeT the new impulse ol these late Southern elections? I-et them push forward their eWtoral ticket*, their principle*, their ate achievement*: for thus, with the grand arr'tnent "I the I'oioO, which ba* broken down Lhe sectional democr-ny in the South, thi- new I'nion party may still be in time so to invade and demoralize thi- sectional republican party jI the North a* to render it* defeat a visible ovent in season for the November election. TH* COM mi as Skst OF MB. SifKua IV Continess.?It appear" that the contested seat of ifr. Sickles is not yet disposed of. and that rom the evidence produced before Judge i'lshoeffer it is sought to be proved that Wiliamscn did not reside in the State at the time >f hi* el. ,;k>n. The case Is thus more eompliated than ever, and the shorteet and fairest ray of disposing of it is to let both candidates nn again in November, and let the perils of he district give their decision. NEW YORK HERALD, 1 T?u Afrkta (U?r? Tradr-llt Proflta ??< Proaptrltf, The Evmivg Post, the Now York Tribute, and other anti-slavery journals iu thla city are discharging themselves of such a mass Of special and minute information about the movement? of slavers, and the activity of the slave trade in New York. New London, New Bedford and Boston, that it eCema highly probable they are stockholders or secret agents in the business. These ports, in which the slavers are fitted out. belong to the most rabid anti slavery States, and there can be no doubt that the vessels are the property of the republicans in those several places. The profits of the trade are so great that they can well afford to contribute a hundred thousand dollars or more towards the election of an anti-slaverjr President. From lists published a short time ago In the Post and Tribtmt, it appeared that eighty-si* slavers had Bailed from this port and the oth r ports we have mentioned, and from fi ter cases since reported, the number cannot be now far short of one hundred sail. The net proceeds on a cargo of fire hundred slaves are at the lowent estimate $100,000, which is only an average profit of $200 per head. The sum total of the profits of the "blackbird fleet" ot one hundred vessels would therefore amount to ten millions of dollars, and this estimate makes an allowance of five millions for expenses and losses. From there facts and figures it is evident that it is a most profitable, prosperous business, and accordingly we are informed by the Post that steamships are about to give new activity to the traffic, and that tbey will be packed with some 3,000 negroes, whose aggregate prices would sum up about a million of dollars. One instance is mentioned by both our antislavery contemporaries, of 450 negroes being landed.on the 30th of June from an American bark, and sold publicly in the streets of Trinidad at an average of $050 each. The gross proceeds of this cargo would be $202,500, which, for one hundred "blackbirds." would amount to upwards cf twenty-nine millions of dollars, leaving a clear profit of from twenty to twenty-five millions. It is added, in the Post, that the Governor of Trinidad received in this transaction $30,000 hush money, isow. It may be tainy asLed, now tioc-e who are not implicated or in terested in the trade themselves can be so well posted in this matter of bribery, or make up the lists of slavers which have appeared in their journals ? How can they be so minutely informed of the names of the vessels, their captains, the ports from which they have sailed, the number of slaves they land, the prices received for them, and the "hush money" to corrupt Governors, unless they are secret partners in the trade ? If they are possessed of all this information, they must have known of the fitting out of every vessel before she sailed. Why did they not give information to the authorities before the bird had flown, unless they had an interest in concealing her flight till it was too late. Once these slaps bare made their voyages and landed their cargoes, and the owners hare realized fortunes, thej or their agents may then inform the public that 6uch operations were made, the legal evidence against those concerned being no longer in existence. They con thus afford to be severe in their denunciations of the slave traffic, and call it '-infernal," having the prices of the Africans in their pockets, or snugly deposited to their credit in banks, and they can also afford to bleed copiously for the purchase of campaign documents to secure the election of Old Abo Lincoln. Like sleek Joseph Surface. in the "School for Scaudal," who zealou.-l\ preached up sentiments of morality to his wild brother Charles at the very moment that he bad Sir Peter Teazle's wite concealed for a criminal purpose in bi.i room, the anti slavery loaders are most enthusiastic against the slave traffic at the very time that they are enjoying its profits and doing a thriving business In human flesh. Groavs or tuk Reoevct.?The Albany Regency is in direful tribulation over the doings of the Breckinridge State Convention at Syracuse. and its organ?the All-is <-u<J Ar.jus? groans in a manner which, if not ludicrous, would be touching. It seems that Dean Richmond and his confederates of the Regency made some clumsy arrangement with pretended Breckinridge men. by which they calculated on winning over the whole democratic vote of this State for Douglas, and now they flad that they have been regularly swindled, and that the last chance for a union of the two factions has gone glimmering. Hence these tears. The ;}r pjs "ua jtiiu > seems at a loss tor expressions strong enough to wreak it* temper on the leader* of the Convention. It doe* the best it can in that way call* tbem disorgunizers." "violent and vindictive men." and again, "vio1? nt and reveDgeful." It is even carried away so far by its passion as to venture on the assertion that they have run counter to the wishes of the administration. Deluded Regency! We could not hare believed that there wa? any politician in the country ignorant of the fact that the administration was never more committed to any measure or policy than it is committed to the support of Breckinridge. I.et Dean Richmond A Co. still their throbbing breasts, calm their agitated minds, and await in calm resignation and with a Christian spirit the result of the election. It Is a foregone conclusion. So far as this State is concurred. Mr. Douglas, their candidate, may possibly get from 1*0.000 to 140.009 of its (>00,000 votes, and Breckinridge about an equal number. it is. therefore, all up with them. The Regency must only work the hr ider for State spoils, because, as to federal spoils, they have not got the ghost of a c hance of participating In 'hem. Sic transit. Thus passes away the glory of the Regency. Stnr Fart.* at Wamp's Im.anp.?We drew attention a short time ago to the fact that a i large number of ship fever patient* had been j sent to the hospital at Ward's Island. in?tead of being kept apart horn the city, and deprecated the circumstance as a source of danger to (be public health. We are glad to perceive that the Board of Lmigration Commissioners have taken cognizvnce of the mat ter, and notiied the (^tarantine Commissioners that cases of ship fever will not be received at Ward's Island In future. This is quite right; ship fever very often assumes a contagious character, ar.d is always liable to spread sraerg a crowded population. Patient* sick with this disease should not be lo -ted

amrng a Nrge number of people, such a* are usually to be found at Wind's Isiacd nUAAT, AUGUST 10, 1860. A Word of W*raln| to Ik* 8o?lh. 1 We published yesterday a sharp, ringing ? article from the Charleston Mernry, on the position of South Carolina and the South in j the great constitutional contest now going on j throughout the Union. . Our coteinporary touches the great evil of the duy to the quick. At a moment when au i aggressive and fauatical sectionalism, serried and solid iu the prejudices of the North, is marching steadily to seize the powers of the 1 government, with the declared purpose of de- ' stroying the equality of the States and the so- 1 cial institutions of the South, the professional 1 politicians of the States whose interests r are most in daDger have given them- ' selves tip to personal quarrels and party c strifes to an extent that has never been * witnessed iu past political contests. That b this should be the case in normal times of * safety would not be surprising; but its exist- I ence in the face of the most imminent danger c proves a moral and political depravity among ' party leaaeiw nua in ine spirit 01 parties tuai fort-bodes the most dire consequences to the c South and to the whole country. * There id but one contest in which any truly I patriotic citizen con to day engage, and that is a the content with Lincoln and the revolutionary c and detiLuctive aim# of the black republican 8 party. In ,-uch a content it would be natural to suppose that the South, whose vital interests * are at stake, would come to the field of conflict ( united as one man. Vet what do we behold? 1 Instead of union there is nothing but bickering ^ and doubt among the Southern party leaders * and parly organl/at'on*. Faction reigns. Party J greed and lust for tie spoils of office are the fi motive impulses. No matter what principles * are sacrificed, no matter what dangers to the 1 public interests and to society are incurred, the last thing that the Southern politicians think of ' is evidently the necessity of union. 'With the evidence of such a state of things in ' the South, with what consistency can a Southern 1 man turn to the national and constitution loving ' i men in the North, asking for help to save the i South from the danger in which it stands? We ' of the North need no couns"l? from the South i as to the path of our duty as patriots and good ' citizens, nor frill Southern abuse of Northern ' motives avail them in this imminent strait. We ( 1 want the practical evidence thai the South ha? 1 1 the manhood and the patriotism to lay aside its ' petty and local bickerings, and to unite in defence of the equal position of its States in 1 the confederation. Until the South does this, 1 it need not look to the iforth for either 1 sympathy or relief in its -ufTerings. When 1 it does this, then it will find bympathy, fra ternity and an overpowering sense of justice in all the Central and commercial States of the ' "W/ nnil n ruonc_ * on g\f rSatnr* tiMa rvf J blacV republicanism in the Kast and in the West. But the men of the North have no inducement to go Into battle for the rights of the South, when the South itself, or any large portion of it, is willing to sacrifice those righto, and the eternal principles on which they are founded, to an ignoble sentiment of personal spite, or a still more revolting partisan greed for the spoils of public place. Let the men of the South cease, then, to abuse Northern fanatics and lukewarm Northern friends, and look to the beam that is in their own eye. When they can show us a united > front, banded together on the great principles of the constitution, the Union and the equality of the St*tee. then, aud not till then, may they hope to find allies for their cause in the Central and Northern States. If they will not do this. tLen they throw away their own battle, and it w ill not be Northern fanaticism or Northern lukewarmness that will involve Southern righto In ruin, but it will be Southern folly, Southern greed, and Southern disunion and treason to it- * self and its own cause that will electa black re- 1 - ? ? ? - - ? . . t puDiican rresiaent ana congress. put niacx republican Judges upon the benches of the federal courts, and carry abolitionists, with writs of ha- * bcas corpus for every slave, into every South- * ern State. 1 i Tiik Jaiw.sk.sk swrsui,* in thk Board of ] Cofnciuivn.?This evening the test will be put { to the Board of Councilmen upon the notorious c swindle in connection with the reception of the f Japanese Kmbossy. which the Aldermen have ? already swallowed without a grin, and we shall t see how they will come out of the trial. At their i last meeting there was some evidence of quak- j ing and shirking the question, as well as a little a manifestation on the part of one Councilmnn of c a stricken conscience. The taxpayers will no a doubt be on hand in large numbers to-night to s witness the denouement. u The following are the names of the members <j of the Corporation who voted for the passage e of t?>e appropriation on a former occasion:? j ALDKXMKN r A imt, I*1<v ?f H'-'inti Onrvpmf. Henry smith IS Smith at Vretrht *r*at 0 Richard Barry... 4SS Pearl At Rua?e.i?r John T Hi'Sry... t2 R"ide at Orr*>ntcr Jam<* Barley ...#2Ptk*at Oaat merrhaat. f H. W. Genet 12 O ntre at Lawyer John H Brady .... 122 Amity at Bit bciMer. Michael Tuoniey .. 212 Grand at f <<?? mter,late rum- / ( ff. . Osnrj"* St.irr 2 feflerenn market Batcher ti fba*. 0. Cornell... 8? third at Ik.u-.her. _ Wm J. Pock Foot West SOtb It.. Hrir.ii merchant F. I A Boole SllToirdat Shipwright I <4 M Plml 121 East 21*1 *?. . BulVr " Janet 1 ?? ?n* lot East ,t4th at .. B u!l Icr onn?ciLM*x. ^ Jo*cph 3laoi>< o.. .1C2 W?u?r ? But?-b?T. Jl John Biuleh T4 Chatham at ... Hatter W* .1 Coaielln.... Wa*bttigi"B m'ki Butroer. 8? P T M'.n?r...., 1 >9 W..?t lTlh ?t. .!* **mlUi t. C W Campbell Malta Sa??>n B iroeel'er H*rr.a Uo?erl 1 ?S Clinton m kl.Fiab dealer. I' JalD"? Bin na 1*4 i.rand at R :tr?'l?r John Vao Tine 2 U?V at R -U'irMear " Jul :. McCcnuell.. 164 William at P.-.ai- r. e, I. M Van Wart ..114 Amity tt Orecer. Abraham Ixul.... 7&3 Broadway ... .Tailor II Mot j; an Jonra...... pearl and Centre . PP.ir.lier John H 'jan 127 l iberty at ....tb-'irti ma*?r f. Rnltr*#en. Jr.. 20 Centre market . Batcher. h Thomaa <4 Halt... St I R'rtnft'in tt PiacidorW . A. I., flhaw 143 WaahinfUm at Br?m dea.er. I' Cbaa. McCarty....612 Third avenue. .RistaeUcr. n we have do personal objection to theae indi- tl viduals. They may perhap* be all very respect- e able. They wear nice white hats nnd yellow ti kid gloves, and since they became Aldermen o and Councilmen many of them make a neat ap- v peararce. and look quite decent; but we do ob- p ject very seriously to any and every fraud upon the public treasury to which they or any one tl else may become parties. o Neither do we object to the sum of $10.'.000 c being spent on the entertainment of the Japan- tl eae Kmbassy. Their visit was a very important r event: it wm the first commercial embassy ever d sent to any country by he empire of Japan, si and laid the foundation of an intercourse with d the last. the profitable reeulti of which It l.? im- .1 possible to calculate. If $200,ft00 bad been ex- n pended upon their reception we would not com- ti plain: but the bill of expenses is generally c locked upon as a fraud, and we should like to r be informed as to how the amount claimed wa* f? disl :r?i d. If the city haa to pay for ihe wl''? n I hat? snd yellow gloves, we want tc know t i jQucii tb??y coat, aud so with ail the other items, rbat'a ail. The Grand Jury is now in session. we believe, and if they were to Bend for persons and papers, aa we trust they will do, all the desired uforination might be obtained. Olographic t'oauaairation Bdwtra Wmjrnpe, Alia wait America. The faftore of the attempt to raise the svtbnerged Atlantic telegraph cable, which we lave learned by the last European steamer, muit iot discourage public faith in the eventual realisation of the project of uniting Europe and Ameica by a line of telegraph. AVe do not suppose bat the Atlantic Telegraph Company will tbandon all attempts to lay down a new cable rom Ireland to Newfoundland; but. even if it hould, there are other enterprises on foot Ittvintr thA ftATtiA SlIatA/it in vinw nrhS^K nrill r*v\* IHTlHp MMV DWtMV VVJVVk >U f *V W | TT U1V U 1* ?U UVl irobably be abandoned. There ia Mr. Shaffter'a plan of a telegraph line by way of Iceand and Labrador, and there ia alao a plan of aying a cable from Cape Finiaterre, on the iorthwe.-t coaat of Spain, by way of the Azore elands. But, even though none of these three irojecte should be consummated, there ia still mother one, which will be. and which will not inly unite America to Europe, but also to Asia ind the Japanese islands. The plan in question is that proposed by Mr. Jerry McD. Collins, formerly United States Commercial Agent at the Amocr. He proposed o build a line from Moscow to San Francisco, rbe Canadian Parliament granted a charter to iim and his associates, under the title of the rransmiindane Telegraph Company. That deignation has since been dropped, because, periaps, it was suggestive of a telegraph to the noon or other points beyond this globe, and he title of Russian-American Telegraph Comjany has been substituted. There ought to be. ind probably will be. another change ia the delignation, so as to include Asia. But. however ndistinct or uncertain may be the title of the company, there is no indistinctness or uncertainty about its plans, of which a full account i* given in another portion of to-day's Herai.d. It seems that Mr. .Collins, made three several risits to Russia for the purpose of enlisting that government it favor of his plan. To a certain extent he succeeded. He did not. indeed, procure a concession for the building of the line from Moscow through the Russian territories. The Russian government prefers to keep its telegraph lines in its own hands; nor did he succeed in making any specific arrangements for a combination between the Russian lines and the lines of the Russian-American Company. when they would be severally built But be did succeed in opening the eves of the Russian government to the importance of the project, and in stimulating it to active operations to perform its part of the work. Already it has extended a line of telegraph eastwmrdly from Moscow to Perm, a distance of nearly u thousand miles, and is constructing it further east iciom the Ural mountains to Ekatarineburg, with the design of extending it to the Amoor river. It has granted to Mr. Collins the initiatory surveys from the Amoor river eaatwardly, so far as the Russian possessions are concerned, so that if it do not see proper to continue the line to the mouth of the Amoor river, he may be prepared to fill up that gap. It is proposed to extend the line from the Amoor either by the western coast of the Sea of Ocbotek to Kamscbatka, and thence by Pehring's Straits into Russian America, stretching down along the coast to San Francisco, or else by and down the island of Saghalien icross the Strait of La Perouse into the Japan?se islands, with a brunch line to Hong Kong, ind up north by the Kurile and Aleutian elands to Russian America. The details of the rarious plans are given at length in the article o which we refer. Mr. Collins intends to apply to the American Congress for aid in thin great project, so far as ;o have the necessary purveys made by our gorernment in the seas and on the coasts and elands of the North Pacific; and it is also expected that the Russian. English and American jovernmente. all so deeply interested in the sue xu of the enterprise, will at least mutually guarantee a fair interest on the cost of conitnution. The distance from Sun Francisco to he Amoor river will be about six thousand niles?just ball way to Moscow and it is extec ted that the line ran be built for a million ind a half ot two millions of dollars. Interest >n the latter sum, at the rate of seven per cent, vould be j-Ho.oott. which would leave only the mail sum of about M'.tXK) to be annually ruaranteed by each. There can hardly be a loubt at to the willingness of the three governnents to aid in Bo inconsiderable a manner a irojec t of such v.wt importance. If they do so rromptly. the work will be pushed on. and we nay thus, a few years hence, realize the vonderful idea of communicating by telegraph rom this metropolis with Europe, Asia and the -land* of the Kant, it not with Australia and 1 Lfrica likewise. Mr. Collins' project I? a pracleable one. and we hope to see It consumlated. Till. AxkUK AX SmtNTlKK' CoNTtNTION.?The .meritan Scientific Convention has just closed s fourteenth annual session. at Newport, after veral day's deliberation, during which a rarie f of Interesting subject* were treated upon, tut It happens that scientific societies of this kind ever effect any practical result. The papers cad and discussed are no doubt very interestsir to the professors themselves, who read, hear nd discuss them, and who.after all. are but an "W'ttbled cotr'ave of E. Merlams. whose phiiisophical disquisitions upon natural phenomena nd scientific ob-et vations are in most cases nohiog more than a rehash of the content* of scintific book*, and very often have not the negaive merit of presenting fact* as they really ccur. or with the accuracy and intelligence rith which they are given to us in the newsapers. The Scientific A**ociat!on had before hem at the late session four subjects f ttpu-uial interest?namely, the Donati omef. the recent meteors which risked u?, | he extraordinary display of the aurora bo- ' " ?Ua, and the resi.lt of the Count Survey expeition to Labrador to make observations of the alar eclipse. Yet * hat practical conclusions , id they come to with regard to any of them? j .8 an evidence of how little these philosophers 1 pally know, with all their study ar.d observa- ! on. tfcey cannot tell as what a meteor is, nor an they fathom the mystery of the aurora bo- ' egl's. furtherthan to assume that It la a mant etation of electricity proceeding from the lafrretie pole, ?h: h ary one who ever saw | iimmer llfhlnlrgr c *n afiiaie pith equal fer.1 I taint/. With regard to the great meteor of last month. we bad one professor, who occupies! a prominent position at the head of one of toe. oldest colleges in tbe country, stating that it' fell into the sea a few miles southeast of Nantucket, and soon after, when further intelligence of Its course was published in the papers, the same professor declared it as bis opinion that it had gone entire- lv beyond the influence of the earth's atmos-1 phere, and probably returned within the influence of the sphere from whence it emanated.' A very emineut scientific man also once asserted that ocean aavigation by steam was an impossibility. and that, too, twenty yean after a steamship had actually crossed the Atlantic trom America to Europe. I^et us not be understood,*" depreciating the pursuit of scientific knowledge, or setting too low a value on learned associations. There is no doubt that the gathering of scientific mew together in annual meetings greatly facilitate* the individual research of each, and that associations of this character in America, and in France. England. Prussla and other countries. / serve to contribute th?ir mi?* ?? <*? _ ??v tuc o.vi"; v* ioforraation; but it is only a mite, for it seems ordained that there are many things which human knowledge cannot reach; but at the sams time, it will not do for the mass of the people? the men who carry bricks on their shoulders, who build houses, make railroads, dig canals and construct ships?to think that because a man is a professor he knows everything. After all our research and observation, it appear* that we know very little about even the most common phenomena of the atmosphere; and aa for scientific associations, their practical results are almost nil. The pp.ncc or Wales and the Pnns.?Ws see that some of the provincial newspapers are m iking a great fuss about the exertions of a few ot the London and New Yoik journ.ua in chronicling the movements of the l'rince of W?lf There are. it appears, cn the Prince's track, we might almost fiay in his suite, the renrJifntu'1?* nf w.niA Knit An/an nan>n,iia~ from both ciics, including two of the leading illustrated journals. Whatever credit is to be claimed for enterprise in the matter is. however. dee to the Ni-w York H?raM>, which w*j the first to dispatch a corps of special correspondents to the places indicated in the programme of the Prince's route, and which hae since continued to distance all its contemporaries in the fulness and accuracy of its tele-' graphic and other reports of*hia progress. In this connection we cannot pass over a peculiarly gratifying feature of the arrangements which have been everywhere made to do honor to the British heir apparent The claims of the press to a prominent place in them have been duly recognized, and not only have the proper facilities been afforded its representative? for fulfilling their arduous duties, but they have been made the objects of special civilitie? and attentions at ail the place* they have visited. To this correct appreciation of the important share a hicb tha press contributes to the eclat of the Prince's visit, we are igdebted for indiriduul courtesies intended to maik the estimation in which the enterprise , and influence ot thi? journal are held. In the acquisition of a couple of the same splendid ? ^ /at.a c..11i si?a ? oK.rr vi ui p \iur outm au uirru i am uai w which the animal printed to the Prince by , the colony of Newfoundland belong*, we hold < ouryelves amply repaid for whatever trouble and expense we have incurred in connection with this visit They are noble creatures, and will form, through themselves and their progeny, appropriate memorials of an event which we trust is destined to exercise a permanently bemticial iniluence on the relations of the two countries. We note especially the manner in which tbo press has been provided for by the authorities of the British Provinces, because it forms a marked contrast to the neglect, and even contempt. with which its representatives have hitherto been treated in England. W> trust that the respect paid to them in connection with this visit is destined to inaugurate an improved state of things in the Old Country, and that the social stilus of the members of a highly honorable and laborious protesoion will no looger . .. ,V... ?- n .i vu lur vuauvr "FPArvMIHUU Ui B UBOi? Eft Minister. at a lo<^ to assemble men of talent at bia board. As the manner of the Prince's reception ia the United States is exciting a good deal of diacusaion. it maj be as well to notice here a *<iggestion thrown out bj a Boston cotemporary. It is recommended that he be treated precisely as an ex-President of the United States would be treated in England. This suggestion any be construed in two ways, for while Mr. Via Huron received very great marks of attentl*a and respect from the English court and autocracy. Mr. Fillmore and General Pierce tmt with but comparatively few courtesies at tblr bands. As a general tbing. onr ex Preside ts are looked upon abroad prettj much in 10 light of exiled princes. TTjeir glory has eparted. and there is neither honor nor prod to be gained by lavishing civilities upon them. It is different with the distinguished yong stranger who is about to visit us. He is Mr apparent to one of tbe greatest monarchic in the world, and hit friendship sad good option in the future may be of aome value tou*. Makincr due aHownnce for our renuhlir.m s?. judlcea la regard to royalty, such a viser * I* not to be treated with the same indiffercca with which the English regard nn ex inctnbent of. the White llooK-thf more esp4?cialy if his personal abilities or character lw notof' n nature to recommend him to their favor. TSa best rule is all such ca^ es la to consider tie circumstances UDder which they present them selves, without reference to precedent* In the present instance we have no consideration* tc be guided by save those suggested by the elevated rank and political importance of our visiter, and his own expressed wishes a* to the , manner of his reception. Tile Weather Vrsteniag. Crirmeot ts uonsrvssary W> ?r* very sure thai sr. rj crewai sbl? to f.f fir huuH?lf. Tl?e following j tab's will show i less dsyree of best, however, thsa the day preced leg it oiloca * * *f- *, \ > r M I 31 . 4. ?i ? I I * .? .< ? (| 4? ?4 . j.".'.]] M " I W ?ro ( II. a cartran. reading at No. SM w?wt * *. th street, wu *> t?awt?i with tbs b -st on *?ln? civ aMsri.ooa tbsi Us Iswm SettrWuS, and suOae-,u?oUg I vlicd. I Jotii" Wise, a native of osrwianv, aged twenty f wrfFl tsar* ?lilksngagsd at wort la a saw r ? I . rsst.ee W>if 1 iff. b*?ame sinulariy afreet.*, I ""heess vss. rsa'dteg la fifth avs? R ' -?b J - Mruce. Corresr 0 Kttfe heU aaV togucat is each caas yrtterOay. I