Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 16, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 16, 1860 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 8743. IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Persia at Thto Port and Parana at St. Joline, If. F. Meat proposition In regard to fortification was cucs.derod. tbe pending queetlou m that a rot? of two million poudi Ue granted for the worlu in question. Hr Iindsay moved u an amendment, that tbe defence f tbe country cbiefiy rested on the nary, and that It waa Inexpedient to apend a large nn on land fortifl< itlont. A general debate ensned, In tbe course of whiah Hr. Bright made a long and characterlatlc speech tn denunciation of tbe propose J scheme and of the Increasing t>urdeoi aptn tbe people for warlike purpoeee. Lord Palmeraton earnestly appealed to th? House to action the government plan for the interests of jwece asd tbe security of the country. Tbe aaaendment was refected by a vote of 39 to 2?S. tsd the rote was agreed to. In the Bouse of Lordn, oo the 3d, Lord Brougham preseated a petition from the Anti Slavery Society, praying MM immediate stepe be taken to compel Spain to carry oat her engagements for the suppression of the slave trade. Aa Interview between the Emperor and the Queen of ^aia was spoken of a* likely to lake plaoe about tbe time ef the to per or's vlett to Algeria, whsa the Queen wilt be la catatonia. Tbe Bourne had been fiat, but sloeed firmer aa the Sd, at <W 30 lite Omnitr 41 Paris, aa opposition journal had been suppressed. Oaribaldi. on entering Meeatoa was received with great sntbuslsam. roar tbouoaed Neapolitans won 11 guar I the ettadel of Msastaa. aad would not bombard the city unless Oaribaldi attacked the citadel. Tbe outer forts were ocoapied by Ooi. Med tel. Late despatches state that Carl baldl wee preparing transport treeps to tbe mainland. Ibe Neapolitan government was oooapled with oonvooatiene of Parliament Nearly all the Parts papers devote a considerable epace la extract* from the articles from the lioodon journal* on tbe tatperor's letter, be , la general, without tbe addition ef aay comment of their own. Tbe Mmd/, bowevsr, baa a tow lines of obeer\ attoo It la stated tn a letter from Trieste that the steseaer Riiabeth, which waa deatlaed tor Pyrta, has been or dared to proceed to Naples, to reaaain there at tbe dtspo Ml of tbe royal family. Tbe Emperor of las trie, sayi a letter from Berlin, has ontorred tbe order of the Golden Fleeoe on tbe Prince of Hohraxutlern. Tbe Count de Paris and tbe Dobs of Ghartraa bare bad an interview with Um Knaperor of Aaatrla. TV) Impanel of ftnyraa jrobllahea a Wtw from Danaa one, from which tt app-ar? thai the t*a#?acrea art Uie rwn af a widely apra*-l ooaaplrary of Um looaJ Beya *! TMm. 1b ?pvw*I cnae* Tarklah ?moera and troopa dlraMly aided la tb? mMMcrM. It la bellored tmfbn IM I'aefaa arrlTaa half of Daw?ona will be In aabaa. Oar Laadaa Cerreepeedeeee. Iftirvoy, August 4, IW fV rnlmrntimiam A tominiMi mliim? Dmnqrr of IU NtO? Tk* Vm>4 Paper Qwvtion The .Vrvm MtUMirm? <**?" * tte Ourt>~mk-nalin? Af*in-An fffltf'uA ' La**** Irmft for -Iwf****.* *i jttufrian Afmn-TU Oalway I*?e of Mm, Pablle feeling. for Uip aonoe, M |?>t now getting nno watrated oa matter* or mid* total importance Tie "aaw aaaaation" jnat dow la tha tfcoagi.t that I/wd ml MeriHoa* adm iBlrlrat''* aayb* a pa* aext weak. on Um MB for equaJimtton of Uie paper dotlca -mahtag tho doty oa foreign paper tha aa*M m the ?cl?a oa borne man a factured. (iladaVma baa aet dowa hi* foal, and Um I*r?. iter ha* derived be would bark him, and It m under atood that the oombnodoppnait'oa are leflad, <u>d p a.aly tolj ir the bill d<w not pam that Parliament win b? dbaotred and aa appeal made V> tha country, (if oonrwo, v* ?he?? ar* aereral boadrad member* wbo have do ptrt;cn lar d*? re to apv^nr before 11k r or. 't (nmta. and *o th/u'^h the np"jm? tad umOI# of aa olcctfcxi, w'.lh th<j MEWS TO TUESDAY, AUGUST 7. roux. 8ATI LAT9&. Our London, Paris, Berlin and Turin Correspondence. j. The Complete Success of Gtari-j j baldi in Sicily. OPERATIOHS 01 THE IAB! LAID. Hie Reported Landing of Revolutionists at Calabria. THE SYRIAN QUESTION. taportant Debate in the British Parliament on the Subject. THE CONVENTION OF THE GREAT POWERS. MAWLEON TO SETTLE THE SYRIIN TROUL'LE. More Favorable Weather in Great Britain. "What H>r. Cheever Has Haid in London, a*.. a*. We have newt from Europe as late u a weak mo Uat Tassday. The Persia, which arrived here yesterday, left QueensN town on Sunday, the 6th inst., and the Parana, which tooebed yesterday at at. Johns, N. F., left Galway on Tbsaday, the 7th. Their advices are four days later than those by the Anglo Saxon, Damascus anl Edinbnrg, which arrived on Tuesday?/ux t&anuAip* from Europe in (too 4ayt. Tbe leading points of tbe news we now have are these 1st. Napoleon, by the oocvention of the Great Powers, )ast earned In Paris, has virtually the settlement of the Syrian question. 3d. Garibaldi has triumphantly entered Ucssina, and his success In Sicily is, therefore, complete. M. Fifteen hundred of Garibaldi's troops had landed St Calabr-a, on the main land, and Naples was at the Mrcy of that victorious general. ? 4th. Hie weather in Great Britain had improved, and Me proppscta of the crops were much better. THE HEWS BY THX PERSIA. me Canard steamship Persia, Captain Judkins, which nM tfoss Liverpool at ten o'olock on the mornlaf of tbe gib, and from Qnecnstown on the evening of the Mb Inst., arrived here at six o'clock yesterday morning, bringing mo days later news. Tbe advless by the Persia, direct from Llvorpool, are barely one day later than thoae received via toadonderry per the Anglo-Saxon. By way of gaeeostows, however, Iks news is two days later. tbe Arabia reached Qveenstowa st five P. If. on tbe 3d and LiverpooCon the 4th. la the House of Commons on tbe 2d Inst., the govern E_N E ctuuice of be.ng ousted. it any rate, we ahaJ see ? bat we ahall see. If there is a disaolut.on, this session will go on for tome weeks longer, and close up the jnportant business before Par lament, and have the genera) election for autumn amusement, acd the new Parliament prepared to ait next February. Very many believe the government is destined to be beaten on thj eame much vexed paper question. In the a2airs of Syria "eonfosion seems wome oonJbunded." Very contradictory reports come from I^banonand Damascus, and ttie great Powers have var.ocs opinions as to tho necessity of an intervention. Rcseia is said to b? averse to a Convention at Paris; but the very latest accounts are that the Convention will be held. I do not think the truth la difficult to discover as to the circumstances of the Syrian masstcro. Sir Jam's Fergnson last night, la the House of Commons, stated that bo bad a Je- i tailed journal, kept in f*yr jl by a friend of bis, a resident j there?the journal extending through four months, from March to July?and that that declared the real grounds ana cause oj ue quarrel 10 oe uio uree* uirisiiacs, ana that at the outset tbo Druses were not to blame. After the irst massacre, the Dnscs aided an J abetted by the Turkish authorities and the neighboring Bedouina, bad made it a work of indiscriminate elaughter and plunder. The fact eeems to be that the Sultan Is desirous of extensive reforms throughout hla Asiatic dominion*, and the Paahaa know If the reform la real their chanc-* of getting scddenly rich by preying on the country aro disappearing. I see, however, beneath the whole mixture of truth and falsehood, a predetermined attempt in France to exaggerate everything in the case of the murdered Christians. The Paris correspondent of the Morning Chronicle?a paper osten| sibly published here in London, but owned, edited and controlled in Par A?actually goea to far ai to anume that, because there were said to be six thciaand bouses destroyed, and that the inmates were miK.Dg, and that cach house probably.averaged Ave persons, " therefore," there must have been 30,000 people killed, mlnua the few that escaped. It certainly is very clear logical and mathematical reasoning. Italian a "airs are itul onward. Garibaldi has won a brilliant victory at Mrlaizo, seven miles from Messina; and now the young King has ordered all his troops to evacuate the island. Various attempts are made to coeroe the conquering hero into a apace, or an armistice, or some Juggle, wherein he will be superseded, and some royal adventurers take possession of bis conqsered territory. The latest and best on <1H 1s that the seat of the new government will probably be at Rome, with Tnrln, Naples, Florence, Genoa, Milan, Meislna and Palermo as branches of the coronal. A taking programme 8>at for a young sovereign like Victor Emanuel, who. a fmr short months ago, had only one or two small Italian provinces and one Island. The whole atmosphere in and around Naples is said to be eo corrupt (in a loyalist sense) and so revolutionary that opinions and wishes of Garibaldi's success are openly canvauod,and the hero's portrait sold in every street. One account says Garibaldi is fitting out three hundred vet eels to transport troops and munitions to the main land. Those who have ever travelled around the north coast of Scotland, or from Aberdeen to London. will remember a splendid steamer, called the City of Aberdeen. A few days ago she steamed gallantly into a lrnrbor near Melazzo, landed her load of troops and heavy g us directly in the Ore ef the enemy's artillery, and steamed away again, without reoelvlng any barm. Fortune favors the brave, and the devil has deserted his client, li s Satanic Mjjeety generally makes a little show of defence, but in the case ot King Bombs and his intok ? ? kasa waii/tnan4 m# Ai/vi Aiialrs la Austria are evidently looming up. The following 1a tho latest dee patch from Vienna, dated? Tlx***, Angus. 1S<0. Irani' ilataly on hia return trrm TopLtz the Fospcror slgnl. fied to bis Minister* his desire that tne a hnla of ib* reforms wh?-b. lor netriy a J-ar after the programme of Ijiinnbattnr ba tweu lii 'J>e eoiirse of elaboration. should ba U.mliBd mvd pr >m ilsai-d at aa early a period ** poaalbla. It i*be!ie\ed that thin act would strengthen the alliance between Pr'Vaia an t A'latria, Ike bases of w hi^h were ; Micerted In the Interview >t Toplitz. It taott-.f-d ihat the ay>pr->*oblng aanu'-raarT uf i)m Emperor Francis Joseph's birthday rSMh August ui'\t) will be marked by the solemn promvir-ittou of lh- reform* which are so uDpauenUy awaited by a.1 claaaea Lu Austria. Ever since Const Kechberg baa been at the heai of lb* govcrncj uat reforms bar* been going on and constant improvement* are l>clag carried out. You do nit hear the unfavorable reports tbat formerly were to frequent from evsrv quarter. particularly in letters from Vienna. Jonnt 1 lech berg la one of the moat liberal and cnlightuued -ut.--m t. ol hurope. and be seems to be alive to the importance of Austria coming forward bow In this age of commercial and political progreKS to plaoe herself among the great 3'owert of the worl l?a position certainly that she has cot occupied during the last seventy years. I bavo no doubt but die reforms and progress.vo action of the Austrian government at home are owing, to a considerable extent, to the enlightened counsels of Count Apponvi, the Austrian Ambassador here in London. I sm certain that no foreign Minister at this court enjoys higher popularity than L<- Ills assemblies and reus loci hare the reputation of being the most brilliant in l-ondoa, and I believe are most frequently attended by dirtarent members nt the royal family. I can scarcely Imagine the individual who could reside for years, either m a diplomatic or any other cafacity, In Ixwdon, at a time like the present, without becoming embued with progressive Ideas. If the second rate nations?these behind Ureal Mr;tain. France and the 1"ulted States in commercial progress? arc ever going t" take a stand anywhere near the front rank. toey have no t'.me to lose. Now national strength keeps pare w.th the advance of commerce and manufac lures, and thnae cannot finurtfh nnioss the people arc en lightened, and tneir energies unlettered. Telegraphs, ra.lways and steamahipa are incompatible with ignorunoe and political despotism. I bed that one of my letters early In jluly, was not so explicit as it should have been, and In roocequenoc conI i a laire impression. la the sale or transfer SC the Oalwsy line to the Canadian government, Mr. I<ever and tti? ?%: way Company only looked on tbetranfers of the jnolrwt for tho snm of L-00,000 (SI .000,000), as capital trine the entire subsidy, and getting It discounted for tbat ; i ' >: or demg awny with government t??l. <t> Jsnd with tliat la band, Mr. lever intended to co on with the trade from Gal way to New York and Bos ?"ti, Willi tLiir new aiiips.tne sain ' as 11 no irmosior una been made, and wholly unrestricted for any mai operation?. Mr. Lever, from the day the Ind.an Impre Mi led to New York from tialway, la June, 1S68, bas been rally d??t<Tmined to establish p?rmsn?ntly a Drat elaaa tu im traffic from i.a]way to New York, aad Doth.nc bu ever rhaaf ed bit intentions. The traffic which he always believed would be large. haaesceeded hia expectations, and baa cone on Increasing from ibe drat Now, a* yon have ween, the tract far of tbe onatrart has not been acceded to by tbe government, and tbe dnetsv* has bees the Gal way an^l tailed states service In its entirety, or aothiDg. TV re has hena a combined oppoaiitaa to thM service for tbe last eighteen months that would have disheartened a saint; bat tbe caaae of ngbt and joatioe baa triumphed. Nothing hat a rood rjioae pot before Ibe forernnwol and tbe et :nlry in tbe boat Banner could bare orscciomc the opooatt na that has been brought to bear against It. There baa beea tbe distrust and lealoosy of I/wd Palmeraton's go.ommont against tbe administration of the Karl of Derby, for ui t.tutiug a new measure tbat wo\ Id be popular is Ireland. Then there has beea, La a>ld.tt<?i, tbe local ofipoaitioc of Liverpool, and from Awtbampton, with the Individual interests of Canard, li mac. Alien and the old parties, wbo are in the traiiV, wLeO or subsidized or not. Rut ail that la but leather and prunella The Timet baa bellowed its thunder for nai-chl. Liverpool bas found oat what flaai flick t?4d the Lirerpoollane a long time agn?tbat "Liverpv>l ain't all the world.'' The opposition bare thrown away their mooey; the Ubrfcoataaa aad l.lmcickius have shown their petty >alnusy liar nothing; buliylag oatearfe? in tbe I/*ds?bas lost bis prestige, aad made a ffrultkee opposition to tbe gnatsat protect lor the adraaueaiint of Ireland that bas been put forward In a peetury, and tbe "man for Gal way " baa triumphed lord I'aim. rst/.n's goveramrnt is gotag to Intmdaoa tbe Ualway subsidy as a government measure, Hisraell aad Iierbv and the ooaarrratlrea will support it, and of noaras It will pasa by more thaa three fourths of tbe annb^ra of both bouses. In the face and prosper tj of all tbia, aa you may believe, Mr I-ever bas b**a tne mark of env^ and bad every spectea of attack fr>m a comb last Ion W uitereets. local, financial. oommercial. individual aad po Iltlcal ill th;i vm to bare txyn ut > :pu?d No on man can acoompllah a tithe of the ?ood for bta country and hi* coaatitoaau that Mr. Iarer ba#, w thout arerr drserlpttca of of>pnetttoa. It la the way of the world. Of ail character* to b* loaded with oalutoay, bene farter* jet Um largest ahare. The i >uke of Welaon waa petted with mod br a terrUJo la the air<-?w of londoe, and oaaaa eery near t-\nc murdered. Mr I-erer baa fnom oa tha ftn> tenor M hla *ay, wtbov.t turnlog to tba right band or the left,^* tor oacr deigning to reply to bta aaUfm detractor*. Be * *ahe* lo do nolhtna tUI tba aub My bar Seen rctsd oa Tb?w b? m ill apeak Ha has done K>r Ireland what no maa baa "ver doc? before h an; and when Ute foreign noaimeroe of the t/sltod K Id*dom Khali abciw five mi'lioo ton* of ahtpp'.ng trading to Irlth port*? unload of a paltry baJf a million' tine aa at pre Bent ?whra '.rolaad, watead of aeading forth nee f?r< tii ?f tha Jhrcifi oommerre of the conatry. baa bar feurth or third part?aa abe baa now one third of tba nnrreapoa denoe to yonr country. Whoa Ireland haa tbia, abe <aa poiat with no mnooa or Jaaioa* bind*, bat with genuine Triali gratitude to tha Maachastor merrdi.-iat. the aiemtwr of IMrliameot tor Oalway, to Joba OrraU l/erer, and aay, "twis thee (hat did tfcla for or ' I know tba latenae Interest with which tbia iteam lino haa been regarded from (ha Drat by the Americana, and portlriUarly by the tour million* of lr tubmen la every pert of the Cnlted Plates. I know what aa oration tba fr alitor., of America will gire Mr. Lavar if bo o?er makes , a viait to New York. Uat Paris Corraapaarfanca. Pi**, Aug wt 3, IMO. lk< EmpertT't Isibrr *> rerti^tf?FuMe tytaton aw tkt if Hi,m?h Then (a Br Pesca ar I?*ar??rV Bar 1 faux j 0* Fr**A nf tht ffortkmn Okmt? !Upf^<>rKmttU <f AuArim aarf Prutlf*~-XrW AUi* for Knglz?l? T\* (Amomtim V M't ina AfTmiri in IA* KaM?y ft % % fr-vya? A mm Pmnt^n lUmpkU, 4<-, A. Yov win rat orally be iat?rcft?.l to Xaia a hat al#ct tu W^YO MORNING EDITION?THUJ bwn produced od the public mind to Fr&ccc by ibe Emperor letter :o "my J ear rersigny;" and 1 believe, althonsh the ncil'-ties for ascertaining papular opinion here are very dl:terent from those n England and America, that I am in possession of data sutficiont to enable one to form a Tory tolerable giie?s. Since the publication of tbe letter I have seen commercial gentlemen from all the great emporiums of France? whether maButolnr'.Bg, agricultural or military?and it Is only amort jig a aimple fact wbcn i my that every on of them doclare their belief in ita Implying nothing at all, and in !ta eftctlag nothing a' all. The Emperor, it la aid, does not wish to be hurried in his movements, and is a little startled at the gathering clouds of tuap.clon? voila tauj There is no smoke, although a Ore somewhere; and how is it, then, say these gentlemen, that the belief is uui uoe wlui ma m r nuico uuui m EJugiaua loat gr*t military enterprises we preparing, if such were not (he case? In ?U iheeo various marts of industry or warlike preparation men arc to be found, of station and character, who are perpetually flinging abroad their ooca ambifua. These men are seen to be high in the confidence of the Imperial agents, and when their sententious phrases seem to be be dried np, forthwith fresh cpirit is inflised by the appearance on the scene of official parties about the Court, so that the excitement Is aevcrsuffered to die out. "Sir," said one gentleman from Bordeaux, "there is not one per* son In that city?when it was emphatically protested I t iat peace was to be the chief corner stone of the reco rod dynasty?that does not think quite as much of k H-pinit bis powder dry as his wine cellars Hill." Such a c mncercial city desires peace above all things, but is firmly persuaded that before obtaining it the burning, fiery furnace of war must first be traversed. "In the Inmost soul of the people of France is engrafted," says another, "that which it exceeds the power of the Emperor himself to eradicate, a spirit of vengeance against the authors of the hun.illations of 1814." The Emperor has both by word a id deed struck the rock which contained the pent up furie* of France, and till they have raised a storm sufficient to shatter the naval strength of perfidious Albion they will bid him defiance. One party from Toulon went so tkr as to tay that If the Emperor were really believed I to be sin ere In desiring no other conquests than sush as ; affected the internal organisation of the country, and that such were quite sufficient for his ambition, it would cause ; another revolution. It la a curious bet, too, that while the fundi in England have responded to the letter by "a riae of ?? per coot, tbosn in France are aa tlat ai ever. an 7 people about the Imperial Court do not healtata to (ay that Napoleon la really alarmed at the possible abyss which may lay bail oath this Syrian question and the formidable aapect of ' dlirtrnut exbtbtted by England. He (bela, It ia aald, that ! he m:gbt perchance find himself Isolated, and another holy j aliiancc formed againsl him. Ruaala la not altogether sa{ tlsSed; Austria and Prussia are drawing together, and ; England ia openly proclaiming that ahe looks for alliea : elsewhere than In france. Tbe Emperor, therefor#? j though with hia accustomed tenacity he yields nothing?is ; quite ready just now to make a sign of holding hia hand. Some details belonging to this lleasina Conveutloa or i capitulation are not without interest. An officer arriving ; in a steamer from the Neapolitan government, in'order to place himself at the disposition or Colonel Boson, the commandant, found, to his surprise, the town occupied by the j Oarlbaldlana. There was nothing for It but to go to Oei neral Garibaldi himself, and aak permission to pass on bis way. Garibaldi at once accorded this, at tbe same | time making the Neapolitan the medium of certain propoI sitions to the besieged. He ?aa accompanied by a tiaribaldlan officer and a trumpeter bearing a white flag. At a certain distance from the citadel the trumpet waa sounded and the white flag waa waved, and tbe eyes of tbe Garibaldlan officer being bandaged, ne*was admitted Into tbe private room of tbe commandant, when the bandage waa removed. "Speak ' said Boscj. "Garibaldi porm.ta you and your officers to embark, Ipit not tbe : troops?tbe citadel Is mined, and In twenty four hours I will blow it up." "No," replied Boaco, "I will sot abandon ! soldier* who have fought so wall. Let Garibaldi tali me th< situation of hia mine, and with a light, d aegar I will seat myacll' upon it, crying Fivele Koi, with mr last breath. All 1 aak is that the blood of my soldier* be spared." 1 The otlkser <iuitted the citadel only to reiura to u again j with propusitlona more .u unison w .ill the gallant spirit of the oommandaut, which wore again, however, In like manner refused. As the mcaaenger waa returning he . saw ill the oiling a white aall, then another, thee another, 1 with finAllv a aooadron ol four frisalee. Kffmnc which one I was seen?the Fulmlnante? bearing at lier~tna*t bead a Bag of truce. She was coo ray in ? an envoy frm tbe Kim of Naples, Willi propositions auob a* T hare fit en in arttc!c2 rf tbe actual convention, which wore, is Ihct, ( almost identical with those proposod by (iarlbsldi. Th? Jifni/mr of this morolngf publishes *l?o tome encrf t.o Instructions from tbe Ottoman government to its various (.overnors respecting tbe Syrian massacres These Instructions bear date tbe 34th of Jul/. Tho heavy stale of the Parts fv?:r?e. notwithstanding ! tbe animation exhibited in Uic L> ndoo money market, is i aaid to be owing to the great d!f!Yullle*experience.) in i cotnln? to * decision with the other rawer* in regard to j tho feast. Ruaaia does not like Fram* interfering, unleen she is to be permitted to put Uo* u the outrag'W which | I .are occurred on her frontierr. Turkey doe* not like being outnumbered In trootn by fi rcigner*, and England doeR out like any intervention wh.cli embraues a rood of lanrt beyond Pyrin proper. Tbe fay, wl,iw semi official authority I* well known, says, ? The Syrian question b*i not yat received the conclusion ao impatiently looked for by tbe public." The ^pt ror still continues his mirw*. On Wednesday be reviewed some forty Tve troops, of all arm*, on tbe r-.oe course In tbe Bols de Boulogne. and other re views are to be held next week. Tin little Trinoe Imperial is already beginning to aASirt his tether in performing some ol the onerous duties of royalty. Some lew days ago the taaperor, having met with some of the youth! <>f tbe U>Hcge of \ ersailloa .n the l'ark of St Cloud, entered into conversation with then. IM> their return, Csal was the regret of thone st l ine that they should vemirmlthe ccoasiun tbe Fmperor, divining this, aent tbe little Prince the next day t? visit tbe school, wht n the pup Is sang " /Amu tv Sal mm," mail greeted him with tbe liveliest acclamation*. Tlie little fellow was delighted with everything, and on taking leave of the Inroctor. txcUuurd, / ?*! -itpuHu^mmU mnj?urd'hui, M. le Diiictfur, rf un rowjft. t il vtu flail " Of course to bear waa to "bey?tbe punishments were aHandon*!, aad the boll lay granted. Side by side with th* Emperor's letter appear* a pamplilet entitled, "l?Pyr.eet I'Alhancc I'.aasa." Tbe author, alluding to the Syrian mamaert>? iu tettimony of tbe utter decay or the Ottoman empire, proposes a reorganise** of Europe "Why, ' be asks, "did >ranne go to war with Russia is 1IU t" rimply because Ruasla did not make >ranee as adequate offer of eotir"seionr to keep her quiet, j Had Frsnoe bees offered tbe Rhine, matters would ban been very different. ftrabo speaks of Usui's extent ion to the Rbme.rrpo, the ftesoh must hare the Kkloe?that Is, Brig!tun, Luxemburg, two. thirds of the RhenHh provinces of Prussia, tbe iAndgrevall at Hssns Hossborg and a considerable portion of Bolsteta-Oldenburg. After speaking of RuMiaclaiming Constantinople. ltssys,"Wbat will Austria, Prussia and England say to that1' Bosnia and Servta may be firm to the former, and Prsssls can be provided for out of Austria, fcagiasd ass', be content, or she will lone Gibraltar. Malta and tha Ionian Winds. This pamphlet Is having as immense sate. Tbe Internal tonal competition of renptaf machines commenced two days ago, on the tansror s flvsi at . M Cloud. the grst prize wne granted to Mws. Burgaw t A Key, of Ins don, aad tbe frst national prise In M. uu?r. of l.tide. Tha Kaanemr wsi present throughout, ! u>d took tha ffUnt ,ntrr*rt in UM e"w>w. i Hi* M?/??ty la ? d to bar* a project fbr rnUhliatalng AMpI KmW iaa tMw royalty, aaalagoaa to that of KgJT*i ' w.th ita oaptul either at Iiaaaanie or Jenflwn, thinb ; in? that lb* Kmlr wtrold b?M the h?la?oe Mtn the i tbrletiaaa and the Mwulnni in Pyr\m aad ihc I %tla and i Grwk rbnr-li?a. who dtaputa tha puMiiUo ot u>* H ly (My. But the tagltab Foreri.weot ?Ui not I Men to it. rAiua, Aifuit 3,1M0 TV Fmpmror't iMirr?Commsntt tf Ike ,%-m ' filial FwA Orfnn?Jtaiomry of Ruuim, England and Turks'i?D* Mtiub if Ike Porit?PrafmiUtm tf f"if land?TV mmMR tf Rpatn at a HrH Clan rowr?Important Dnyc'sktf M. J%imrenel?LaUlt from Syria. dn So. Tlie irreat rsi iumrcu af ibe day la th? letter ad>l/?Nil by Um Ktaperor Napoleon to bia Aebaewdor at I be Court of H. Jasei, Count da Fftratgay Tb ? latter (*>rea?lj P'lMwhed la Uit Rauu>) la ao mailer of IWH and explletl that It aewda no conMit Von wUI obeerra that Uh Fmporor clearly indicalai toward! the -nd of fata lettel that tM ntee rent km in fyrta M Mr tmn a thing thai mud be T?>e aeaal official organ?the Chuf^wwtwrt j pobltubea thla Booming a rrv*t important leader, which ; tormlnau* aa follow* ? I fa thla IsaUaoa the French gorcrnmeat baa known bow to at the *ame time ally moderation to traaeai to re pact the iBMnatloaal rigbta while r"*p*cting ber own rigbta, and baa been patient beutuao abo I* atrofw. Tw InterrenttaB la 9ym to protect from maaaacra tb?- 0>rwflan*. I* not nolv a political privilege, but aa Impcrio- ? duly. Tfcta i* why Vranc* baa aeiaa* U># ooeaaloo K> put to cad to certain rtiaaentimmta, and noil tnfeti.?r Uio aatloaa of Europe In a Ira acton ufalnat faaailr'nn and barWiaa. farh it m?a*nre toaa not ilfuif. that Vraaoo will itona bararif free [tm all otveai.m la caaa tl>a etfbmt* aha an>ka to eatal llih it not utItM at. W* may ?aWj allnr that In aay caw, the taterrentoa of fra^r* In *yr;a will take plana. But for tbe aaka of convllatini public opinion it *aa viae to prooead aa kaa boon 'Iw. 1 1 Dead not ioapreai upon your madora tba Imp ian v? r* tuch an MMrtion Tba rapr^nantatlvra of tb? Rraat I'own of Europe hare bad aeveral tr-etinft at the M nlatry " Foreign kStum, but aa yet ao aonrlowon liaa lwo? arrive*, it aa reiiarda Um iatorvanuaa. TV dirtiest a n U.<i * aj arlaa from the exaggerated pm?ut one ?r Fit:<r I, Tar key and Kuaata. Turkey naiaia pon t lit. tb? net* >1 oI For p-aa trwpt ?<*t U> ?yr'? atwil '* tfrr or lo tf>< CtUnsac fore*, aid tbat ibey b^n. ^r*??iA;c w IS* r R K H RSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1860. j tiers of Lbe Ootwu-ssKmer of the Porte. Fi ance as well U I tbe other Power* refused point blank any suah cooccs ioda. Bigland Insists that the Intervention shall be striotly GOBflned to Syria, and that under no circumstance* ball It extend to any other provinces of the Ottoman empire. This condition was, of course, distasteful to the Russian representative, who asserts that European intervention most take place at all points where the Qiristlana may be menaced by the Moslems. All these differences of ideas prevent any settlement of the intervention question, and tbe result will be that Francs will send troops to Syria, saying to Russia, "you aa well as the other Powers of Europe may aot as you see At?we interfere at ooce." I spoke to you some time since of the Emperor's desire of seeing Spain admitted ss a neat Power. M. de Thouvonel, the French Minister of foreign Aft'airs, has addressed the following important circular to the Courts of Europe. I give you the document la full, because at an early period tbe question of Spain's admission will cause a great excitement In Europe:? Paris, May 30, I860. The lituatlon of Spain, after the war which she has just terminated so happily, appears to the Emperor's government worthy of tbe special Interest of the great (tarts. In consequence of events which it would be useless to recall, that Power eeased to be aimitted to participate in general 1 aflkirs. It Is true that Spain took part in the deliberations I of 1816; but soon ceding to domestic necessities of the j gravest nature, she lound herself temporarily under the las- . possibility of continuing to hold the position which without difficulty had been accorded to her in the Congress of 3 Vienna. For this reason she subsequently remained apsrt , from the meetings of tbe great Powers, and did not take . the place assigned her la the councils of Europe. These councils (is it ncc?ssary to nay this?) derived their origin 1 snd their authority from the very principle of thincs. . The European oonc?rt was formed by Powers which, by the developement of their interests, were obliged to mix themselves up In all great affairs, and whose means of I action permitted them to exercise Influence In all common ( deliberations. This situation derives to a certain point its JustiOcatfcon from tbe duties attached to it. If it pro- ' cures advantages, It also imposes sacrifices; if It founds a i privilege, it also carries with it heavv responsibility, for , itoo surveillance It require* extends to all the essenttal

intcrests of the European family. However, have not all the Powers an equal right to speak from the moment thoy possess sufficient consideration and influence to fulfil their obligations? Is it not just that the number of Cabinets called on to take part In this concert shall be diminished or augmented according to the events which weaken tfco respective armed (brers, and decide the international situations of governments' And if Spain, Inconsequence of events saw bene IT excluded from the council of the Powers, does it not appear, now that she has surmounted difficulties, that the moment has oome for her to resume her place in the councils of the great Courts? As I have said, the Spanish Cabinet was one of those which signed the treaties of Vienna. The eommunlcati-ws exchanged between the plenipotentiaries, after October, 1*14, on tho subject of the organisation of the Congress, plead in favor of the opinion which the other Powers had of its position. 1 do not speak of France, which from the beginning would have desired, to a certain extent, the participation or all the Powers which were represented at Vienna. The other courts, on the contrary, were of opinion that the deliberations ought only to take place between the great Powers; at least, as to the formation of a directing commission. Even In that combination they permitted the co-operation of Spain. The Chevalier de Labrador was, as well as I'rince de Talleyrand, Invited to the preparatory Conference, where the Plenipotentiaries of Austria. (<reat Britain, Prussia and Kuwia took the initiative of the discussion on the preliminary basis of the Coagrcts. The presence of Spain was not for a moment called In question, and she entered sot only Into the Directing Committee, but did so moontastibly as a great Power, whilst Portugal and Sweden only appeared to sign the treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814. In now again recognizing in Spain the right to be consulted in general attain, the Cabinets would only acoord her a privilege which tney spontaneously conceded in 1816. TBat right ts by lis nature one of these which time does not weaken. From the circumstance that the Spanish government did not put M forward, when events occupied all Its activity abroad, it does not follow.thai we should bo au tborlzed to dispute the exercise of the right if claimed anew. By the extent and the wealth of her territory, by the number of her population,by the Importance of her colonics In America and tbe two Indies, Spain possesses all that constitutes a great Power, and the war which she has lust brought to such a favorable conclusion reveals the elements of force and power she possesses. Tbe great Courts could only see with satisfaction the augmentation of the number of Powers composing the European concert. Tbe more States that < onoert counts, the greater are tbe guarantees for the maintenance of equilibrium; inasmuch as the general interests of which the protection is confide 1 to It will be completely represented. Nothing, besides, is more calculated to give to the decisions of Cabinets all tha authority and stability desirable than tba participation of all who may havo the right to co operate. I beg of you to bring these observations to the knowledgo j of the Minister of Forign Afiairs of ???, and to leave I h'.ra a eouv of this desuatcb. 1 should be ham>y to lean I tf Id tbia mailer be aba re* I be opinion or the Fmporur'a government. raotVKML The foli?wl?g IB the umr of Count Keehborg, tho Auatrian Mialater to M. Thoureoel, ?dUre?eed to 1'rlnca Mettcrntcb, on tbe suhject of tbo admission of flptln to a j'iaoc among tbe Croat Powers:? Viajou, June 12,1M0. Tbe Ma ran la de Mouatier baa communicated to me Um despatch of M. Thuuveoel, u copy or which I lubmlt to your Kxcelleucy. la tbia document tbe I ranch Cabinet explain* tbe mottvaa from which it baa arrived at the opi moo that Epatn should hen. ( forth be admitted to a Khiro in tbe deliberations of tbe Ureal Power* onaffaire o."geno ral national inter art. la anpport of thla via v M Thouvend dec liirca that Spain has alruadv been recognized at theCongreaa of Vienna aa a great Power in tba oeatmlaeion of direction , that at a later period, la aoaaaquenoe of unfor lunate erenta, abe round herself temporarily excluded from tba councila of Kurope; and that a J w, alter tiarlng giTcn a glorlona proof of bar strength, ibe seems to claim to reawme tbe place that appertains to her in the Con greaa of Nation*. No nation can have more *lnoerrly rejoiced than tria at tbe sncjeaaea that bare lately crownod tbe effort* of the heroic Spanlah army. That noble nation baa long poarestcd all our sympatbiea. and It Ir with the greaUw*. ' attraction that we peroeire her, after her loos interior 1 dlse union*. returning to a new lifts with redoubled ar lor I and energy for the devetopement of her immenae moral and material reaourc** Neither do we braitate to acqnte*ce with France in Ute | opinion that Spain praaeaae* all tbe ntrrwaary element* to fulfil tbe duttea and reaponrlbiltllea attached to tbe poakI tlon of a I'ower of the flrst rank. 1 oAwr tbe?e c.r? umaUuoee wo not only offer no obja?. I tlon on our aide to the part < i*t on of H;*nn id tho < >ranoo deliberation* olMbirope, but we welcome the I act : with a satiaflactioa wBrthy of tbo high esteem that Spain baa merited la tbe course of her ln*tory. tn expressing this opinion voluntarily, we coosMer It of imprirtaace to state that it baa an exncptloual character, aad we protest beforehand aea.nst any oouclut.ona that any Power* may'chooee to draw froui this precedent. Ibe K-uropean Coogreas, as it fondled lla function- 'luring the ?raad crises or the last flfty years bad girea a special form to tbe Ooagrcas of Aix-la Chapelle by tbe admission of Fraace to tbe union of the four other Court*, i The Crogrrsa then formed between tbe ftre great lowers waa founded upon the paaitire duties they bad by com i men accord lmpuaed upon thfatteir** tn tbe iutereat of i tbe maintenance of tba peace and of tbe flxed principle* of tbe law of nations. Marling from this point of view, and, maraorer, conaidering that once tbe circle is enUrvd, it wilt beoome very difficult to draw a line of demariation among tbe I claims which may aria* on etrry aide, Austria baa always baM tbe opiaMi that it waa aeceaaary to proceed with tbe eilremeat prudence ia aat attempt a* ?>e augmcatation of ibe number of Power* admitted to tbia Coo grrew, which ia supported by tbe obligations contracted is rlrtne of rights and troaliaa emai allor from It. Spata, we are the iirst to admit it, olfcra, in this new ol tba subject, all tbe guarantee* required. HUe may claim, moreover, and with Justice, the exercise of a right she tnoofiteatabiy already formally ptspi- ail. It appear* to oaerideat, bowerer, I repeat, that other government* that bare not tbe aame claims or the same precedent to adduce, cannot la aay way Invoke thla example u> their Qtvor Will It piaaae you. TYInoe, to oomc to an undemanding i ia tbia sense with M Tbouveuel. la ruling this 'Uapatch to bim, aad la leaving a copy of It with bim If be abovld require it. BIWIB*. Garibaldi has granb-d an armi-tloe to the Neapolitan)', who are evacnating Meaatna la ?ima| tbia tiaae. Th?r? are aow thirteen veaael* of war taking on board Ute , , troop* to transfer i tiem to Naplo*. 1 I Tho following teligraphic derpulcbrw rust received will | be found mterertiug, aa tbey gtrc tbe lateat deUila from i , Syria ? Onxtivrnorti, July 21. 1M0 j t Intelligence lias been rwoolrcd from Reyrout annoonc , I inn tbo arrival ttvro or u>? M?tarr > ( <_uariiy, ina I l*mri*ta u<1 a*T?ral Udio from l?maacu?, wilb ao 1 inwl furolaljod by AhJ <i K '< r I r-:iw tnnwt 1, 1M0 r Arooonta from ConatarV '.opl' ?f tha 2SU? u!t . which . have rn?nc In by lh.> r<* l*r tniwl, itai* lt>at tl* Mar into do lavalctte l.a? n ?l r. -.1 to the Pt.rV I n- rr I I aolntiooa (WW t<> by Krimro. Rrnt dwrno. > I Iriit to mi* to prfT*u m Un> Turk toll amy, IUir $r> ater part of whirji h.ia rot rtvxl rod any pay for ?rvwnl m?nth?, an 1 it to atatM that an xrrthin to to b# madr to jrlro tho artillery 000 nu.nib a ; ray is ordar to prornoi a wt.ny ani' >K Hm?i. I/Htrra frow l?nnrmoftba uui moriin ?' ? Tart that i.ooq Cbrtotiua bow)* bad bern dcvtroyrd. Tb whdo of tba .Taw toh quarter baa boor bnrnt Hoot* T'lthtoh ItotMaa, wharo Iba Christian* luid l?*. slu- t.'n !, h*\ -alfco b'on ( ronauned. The nuaai ra 1aav J ti|M; l>ourt, aa<t tt ia ! diflicolt to oatlmato Uf nun^-or nf ifw \ laim? H??ml . tbmtaanda of Uw (TirUtlaiw ton', raftifr In tb?> citadel, and aot f'mr Utaa 2.00> on I'M pr. ml" * of .\hd ?1IKndsr; mm* of the irmciiU wigbt vf i|re In 1 1 ho b" aa of tba Ritliah '"oo'-'il. ITio ;rr ?u ?t framtty of food la aTprTiaeool l?nuu>l Parha, lb* new (!ov<!MK>r of I?i inarms, Kia arrlvod irltb 1^00 aoldif ra. At < <>a?tan( nopla a riot i.f arbi-matlr Armani ant had lak'B pla?v> -.-voral tho?t?i?n<la of ?i?m I,ad rof>i?od to allow a Pr t-^Unt Arn" v Ian to bo bnrlod In tbr'.r (vm< terr. Plr Hi a y ll-ilwnr hail callod fbr tho , public f'>roe, and tho ao! ?ra bad killed aud wounded aixmt forty of Uxwn. Vt<a?vi 1**, Anguat 2. frao Tba parkot which Oorr < d.r**t from Hayrout haft *>rnu<bt arronnla to tb<> l?th. luad Par ha, with llio troope who arootnpnnted him, arrived on tho I61I1 A . rcrW <l?'?pat' h ?mnio -at 1 at ft yr mt rtat>? that tho 'ill IT ty f tl 0 V (??' '-?arn 11 fh, -,n rli<l i t t ?-.a I .r* -i t'- ;->? r > T',??? > '- ??? '? . 40" 1 in nnmVr. Of tba 6,090 r?*a>?r and irregular tr"op? lit ,jirr mat na a -^rt r?-a -vt v, at 'a tb? iiber* itwro tivk tho Cbr ati^na > rv-, ivy t"'" atl/,'!itlii* towatv from tha'r fc?r~ n? I Ab ' . 5 K?>f l*ru+vl Um Cbrtl' ?n< nw4 in ba 1 ERA 1 Berlin Corrcapomlrace. I i Bran*. August I, I860. * Tlx Inter-iew it TopliU at K.ganUt by Uu PeopU?1%e f, Jpptaranc of At Pmperor-n- Mtetinff with tkt Prt?v. Regent?h\tu a .id Soirta in ht Ov'y?TV oj 'M * CiviMia and A'.ienLio,u?Tln Policy./ IMK Powers? * Prtutia to Exert a Protectorate (k<er Out Pronnre*? Au*- tl tria l>readwg At Activ* of GaritaMi in Of \?rt\ when k Victorious in tin SoviK?TKe Omftr-nces nf Jbphu, Ba q den Baden, 4c c We have now full particulars of tlie Inltrvtew at Top- " litz, which for the momen ban alm<m w tbdrawn tho attention of the public from the stirring Rcenoa enacting la Italy, and even from the i>orteutou* eveuts that are evidently preparing In the F.ut. Tho Kmjxiror ??f Austria arrived at Toplitz on Tuesday evening, me 24 h ult., attended by a large and brilliant unit, comprising his Minister of Foreign AiBkir?, Count Recbberg, with a staff of lecretarle# and attaches, a whole poaso of general offlrern, shamberlains, aida-de camp, &c., and a troop of the Imperial Card- Xtble. The streets of the pretty little watering place were splendidly illuminated and decorated with lags, &c., for his reception; bat it wm noticed that tho inporor had aged very much in the last fear or two, and thit he looked extremely ( lejcc'ei and careworn, which was easily aocounted far ( ?y the unwelcome tidings he had just reoeivod fn m ( jraduallv winning the character of open losarrestion. Por tbe Prince Regent spacioua and elegant apartmeo't bad *> on fitted up at tbe Hotel dn I.igne, and a company >f the Austrian regiment of Grenadier*, which bears bia 1 id e, wan stationed there u a guard of honor. You will r<?ollec thai t baa been the cuatom of the members of :he ex-Holy Alliance, since the lime of ilie creat coalition igainst the first Napoleon, to appoint eac'i oih'.-r to tbo loinlnal conmand of some of their fluea' regiments; thus he Qaperor of Austria is colonel of a Kus ?* and a Prussian, the Czar of on Austrian an 1 a Prussian, and the Prince Regent of an Austrian and a K im<iaa regiment, which are called respectively," Regiment of Francta Joseph," "Regiment of Alexander II.," and "Regiment of the l'rince Regent." < ceaaionally i hea appellations are retained even after the death of the illustrious individuals "rom whom they arc derived, ttnre in rrussis, ror in- ( stance, the late Nicholas of Russia still gives bis name 10 ( a regiment of cuirassiers. But to return to <>ur mutton, as ( the Krrcch say on the 36th, at half past Ave P. M , the Enoperor proceeded to the railway terminui, accoutred { ia the uniform of bis Prussian regiment, and decorated with the trund cordon of the Black Eagle, to meet the Prince, wbo arrived there at six, dressed in the Austrian , uniform, and with the collar of tho Golden Fleece depending from his neck. Tbe two potentates embraced, ibook hands very cordially, and then proceeded on , root to the State carriage, which oonreyeU them to the , Hotel d? Ligne, where tbe Emperor and bis suit took tea with bis Royal Highness. Tbe next morning ( was ushered in, of course, by a grand parade, after wblcb the Prlnco Regent received a deputation from tho Prusirnu visiters at TopMs, and then bad about an hour's prl P rate conversation with the Emperor, preceded and fol ( lowed bj conferences of their Ministers. Count Rochberg klso had an audience of liis Royal Highness, and M. do fchlenitz was Introduced to tho Emperor. At tour thoy met again at dinner in tbe Emperor's apartmcuts at the t Hotel do Londrts, Francis Joseph appealing aa before in the 1'russlan and the Prince Regunt m the Austrian uniform, after which the latter retired to bis lodgings, and tho former paid a visit to the military hospital, which still contains sumerous invalids from Magenta and Solierino. In tho evening there was a (A. daman! at the chatcau of Prince Clary, tho lord of tho manor of Toplitz, at which, bowover, tho Prlnc? Regent was not present on af count of a slight oold. On Friday at nine A. M. tbe Esiporor called tor the Prince at tho Hotel oe I.lgne, and proceeded with him to the terminus, from whence a special train conveyed them to tbe village of Bodenbach on the Saxon frontier. Here thoy wero received by the Prince Royal of Saxony, (the husband of the beautiful Prlnocfs Carola Vasa, who refused tbe band of Louis Napoleon), by whom they were accompanied to Pillultz, where they found the King of Saxony waiting for them and ready to conduct, them to the palace, *tnch U tmno.u In history from the alliance conchidod there in 1102 between I>?ipold II. of Austria and Frederick William II. of Prussia acatnst revolutionary France. The Prince Regent, however, excused bisusrlf ? tbe plea of his presence being required at home to meet his enter the Dowager Impress of Russia, and tbe party then ssparated, with good demonstrations of friendship and cordiality, the Rsiperor and tbe King of Saxony remaining at PlUulU and the Regent continuing his Journey to Berlin, where be arrived at four In the after noon. Tbe question now Is: what are the practical results of nil th?se mutual civilities snd flattering attentions* llavc the bouses of Hupeburg and Hohenzoliern consented to forego their traditional antagonism; to oonslgn their long cherished feuds and animosities to oblivion, to kiss and make friends, like Tom Sayers and the Benlclaa infant, it stead of pummelling each other tor tbe amusement of the bystanders* Hu Austria agreed to desist from liar opposition to tbe national ud liberal policy inaugurated by Prussia in [Germany?and bas the assistance of the lalter been promised ber la return, la oaae of attack by foreign or internal rnrmM ()r baa 1'ruasla I succumbed to the blandishments of tbe reaction and abandoned a jiollcy that bis rendered ber an object of envy i and fear to Austria, of respect to tbe reat of Kurope, and of ; hope to tbe German nation.' Tbe apprehension* (bat bad I h< on nrtted on tbia laat bead by tbe triumphant power* of tbe Y>i*n<i ZuIhi'v bate been in some measoi e allayed I by an energetic rebuke addressed to that print In the oftl 1 rial PariHiaii gaaette, and Mill more by the reply of tbe lTlnce Regent to tbe rrmtaian deputation that waited on I him at Topltti, assuring them tbat "be would per*evero, tinder all circumstances, n the coarac of action be bad puraueri hitherto." These few worda p?w,<Minced at snch a time and in such a plate, an citremcly significant. Tbey mean that in spit* ol tbe onstaclaa interposed by tbe jealouay and <Kotlani of tbe Oerman princes, I'ruwia will continue to promote tbe cause of national unity which is to ardently desired hy ail true patriots, and which In Inseparable fnan tbe attainment nf constitutional freedom and tbe security of tbe country against foreign aggrwwion It la a fact, loo. that l'rumi* declined tn polite but categorical terms the prcpt?al at the Onart nf Vienna to admit the four satellites of Auslrl^-tbe Kings of Bavaria, Wurtemburg. Haionf and Hanover?to tbe itonference which la a guarantee that Tophts will sot be a repetition of (Karlsruhe, that tbe system of coercion recommended by Messrs Benat and Borrles will n?>t to res* tad to, aad Utai the national Association of Kiaeearh, tbe grsat bugbear of tbeae jrvnHemsn, will be allowed to continue its activity uccisturbed by raulas of tbe poifcc or by decreea of the I I let I But if tbe German policy of Prussia is not likely to be i aarlousiy afle< ted by this meeting am hy no means sura that it will not react unfavorably upon ber general European policy. As Ihr as I have been able to ssrertain, Indeed, tbe statements of the Augsburg OazttU aad other i tapers in tbe Austrian Interest, that pueitn eugagananla had been entered Into, and tbe principles laid down for a I concerted action of Austria and Prussia m tbs great questions of tbe day, are at beat premature, but there la reason to believe tbat tbe negotiations between the two Cbbineta have |?d tn an appro* imat ion in their vtawa no several of theae questions, which, if followed up by Austria with ber usual sagacity, may be productive of resells equally advaaiafeoua to her aad embarrassing to this country Tbs Prince Regset hap. Br to be In a frame of mind whicb render* i peculiarly Hable to be influenced by tbe suggestions of tbe Austrian statesmen He Is filled with alarm at Lbs Cigreas of tbe revolution la Italy, aad with compassion 1 lb* onbsppy fate nf tbe legitimate sovereigns of tbe Psainaula, particularly of poor young Bon>l>a,aad now tbat ' Ibis prectoos sprig of royaltv has granted bia subtacia a ' constitution, it is tbe Trincc'# ftneera cy.tucn tbat Ibay < ought to be, and would be satisfied, If thay ware not \ stirred up by an anarchical party whose aim it la to overturn all the legitimate governments of I urope. At tbe ] same time his mmaur arvpra Is Haltered by the obsequi- < otis attentions shown nim by the Austrian*, and by (be I intimation that tlio Kmpcr r la about- rradrj?ily. of i notirae, aad with prudent caution?to satabiiah the same Mtitutlona la bla dominions which bars worked so admirably tn Prussia: and while I in this mood It nan hardly have been difficult 1 to persuade him that the cause of Austria Is identical with 1 thai of order, stability aad true, >. ?., rational and lobar i liberty. Tbe practical working of such a theory would be, thai i ilia the duly and the Interest of Prussia to support Ibis I representative of all the conservative virtues to takf tbo part oformusd againftt Airimanea, or, in ninrr worn* io guarantor the integrity of the Anlriu empire This I* what the Cabinet ,.f V.eaina hare br?a dnrlnc at for the I I Mil i wo yearn, and if my Information la correct, their n?. rtnrm arc lirtenc! Ui o> .w ? t>i more r- -nplarof). y than on former occasion*, at any rate, v fir as regards V. nriia Prussia.Tt la aald, would b* iacJiu?wl to coo* ltier an attar* upon ih" province by a foreign Power in the light <>f a rami tufli, of to assi-l Austria in repelling a revolutionary vem?nt from without, though not in qmlllng an tnmirrcelloti of the people, ae this would mil* pruns*] from mugovcrnnieot, which her principle* lorhtd h?r V> countenance. If rruMta ? really willing to give her guarantee,et en with the r?ror:t">ju?t mentioned. Ihare cm be no doubt that It will he **(er<y grsspe<i at by the Austrian*, who know rr y well that an long an tbey burn an array of 100,000 Men In Voixlla. a popu. 1 lar outbreak la nol'mtirh to be feared, hut are >|tiile en re Ibal aa fooii aa CarlhaVII ha? ?etl\<vl hia aemunU with 1 the Kiag of N'sple* in the aootb, he will lake the Aral op i port unity of turning bla attention to tb? north. In that l e\ out, the Imperial forces will probably be fully employed in keeping down flungary, (lalllcta, kn.. and Prussia woaldrtherefore, be called upon to perform tha arduous and mifrratcfnl taqk of defending the Austrian territory against tL?s armies of unfed Italy under the Urat general of Mm ago. What onaeqoerea# *o Qnl*ot:e an enterprise won Id have 'or PnNMt herself t la not dtAcaM to fbreaee for foals Nsfiteon mnat be pr?*e?*?d of soprrloimsn rlrtoe not to take ?draau?e .>f the aHwne" o( the Proaaian tr,,to ae.nmpliah h * lenr militated ii.rae>of? of the n'i-*imh pmr'pert, and p?v-*et them mi qqlettf wlillo tb" r silnra! d"flcod?*? are er^a^ed elf ?h*re: nay, ae Ut" J -elared protect"' of Ila'y, hs would be perfectly jus LD. PRICE TWO CENTS. iflcd jj guci) a course, and Pr- - f i ?tnf the tfjriMr, roulj b?v? thti public opint t ^11 Europe a*a oat her, nd u?ve do right to export ;iiLor or kocwt rom xuy ou?. I cauuoi but think, bowttvrr , that tho Pr'nco JVrgect od will paoio before contracting obligation* wfcicb 'ould bo highly digtutcfui to tbeir people, who aytspaliize strongly wtbthe Italian*, and would expow Iba Dgdom to iwrious daogera, for no other object uhb u? rrve a 1'ower a which. UMr all, ?hey can oever hope to od a ito cure or a uaeful ally. M. do 9cli.en.U, a*petally, i* known to bo eaceedUigly wary and ?low m Bh aovemente. I am morally certain that ho ha* not aifBca ny document that would C'unproiniae hi* goTernaaett, jn.l when h,g master recover* from tho tntoxlcRt.ng effect of the lnccnte offtred to him by Austria, tho '>ooinc** ind circumtpect .on of tbo Miniater will rwurao their **seadency, and the remit* of the intcTTtew of Topi. 14 wJ jerhajw bo of as negative a character m thoso of :1m oon"erences of Breslau and B&Oen BaJen. 0?r Turin Correipoad?>c(> Irwi, July 30,1K#>PiAUfOl Drama?IVi Lugue Baween -VapI?J aiti Pirdmun'.?Corrtrpmd we Blwrn Victor Emc.n^ l and Garibaldi?yafiti VitUtinj Claim to Sdurauita?Pie Balance of Power iii.a?IV BatiU of Htiazzn?AlrscM&tr Duma* in Sicily?H t llutory of iKt <ti, <1:. The plot thicken*, tho drama la prcnentlng new features, the hanud of the wirepuller* aro bop'.nn.r.g to be icm, uiu lue Kuirt ?re uuu.ug uui uui uiuy LJt\0 jeeo inly Punches and Judiea. It la not known whether Naples and Piedmont have nade a league, bat it ta generally feared and cocdencxed >y all, and by many believed. It ia known that Victor Emanoel wrote to Garibaldi on he 23d inat., and it ia believed he (the K ng) vrote to nflnence the General to atay hta progress with toe aoquiition of Sicily, and to prevent him from attack .n^ Maple*. The ratrU (French) says, knowingly, that they have asurances in Paria that the King la exercising a pressure ipon Garibaldi to atop him. Lu Naples they speak confidently ol the league between he two kingdoms, and that there exist no foart 01* Gari>aldi; that France and Piedmont will (top h:m. Naples baa agreed to yield all pretensions to the liiuad, present and future. This is one of the stipulations of tbo league?so said and ftared. The tone of some of the French journals, the language if French officials, and some leaking* from the -errtspenlence of the Emperor?which have percolated thrcugb tho Court habuuit here?warrant the belief that if Victor Emanuel be really exercialng a pressure uponGari bald I, that pressure is due to the pre-existent French pressure upon thia Court. Napoleon ia willing that Piedmont aball have Naplesno more. The oeaaion of the ialand of Sardinia to France is talked about, aa a quid pro quo. On the 16tb of August, at Mooano, the finperor and King will have a meeting, and the latter then will reseivo :he command* of the august Emperor In person. This King, If he had his own way, would prove himself i sovereign worthy a pe plo'a love. They do love him, a it is, for he ia gallant and generous; but he .a ao haaa>ered and crippled, and bedevilled by political neceaaiiea, that the real genuine man that ia in him ha* iittle hmirs ?if ihM*<nir -luAlf An American, who recently had a private Interview with >lm, without lLo knowledge or Uie Ministry?oa the pari >f Garibaldi?told ma that tae King,after expressing tinlelf warmly in praiee of tb? General, made use of Utefe words:?"Rest srsnr<d that everjthing I can do for b? success I will do." Then, looklag down for a rmment, \>* paid, sadly?-Mb, bat I am tired of this trade of M eg King, with its lntr guea and policies. Bow I envy the man who can act as nls heart dictates:" Prussia and Austria are beginning to look cloudy about Lhe Italisn qnestiou ; they e*y that Garibald 1 must stop, whether Prance wishes '.t or not. Ah! Krance, If ibo would but wink at his go ng oa. little would bo care for Germany. It is the wnlspcred w>*h oped frm tb? ruilorles that is the dagger mure fata> to Italian independence than all the bayonets oi' all the soldiers of aJ tho OanMB Princes. Thf* people of Eng'.anl are sti'i warm with sympathy, and thank God for their Anglo-flaion representative government that makes tho ministry reject the views of the people; but I am afraid that the hajanoe of power question moves even then rather to thwart France than to benefit Italy. Poor Italy, mutt *Le erer remain the Nlobe cf sat onr' Are the brave hearts of ber pentile always to be or'*he*, and their arms outstretched for the boon cf liberty ever to be weighed doan with shaeklss<?*ver to be chained that the bulanoe of power in Europe be preserved)1 Balance of power' I am siok, sick of feeso words. They are the threadbare garments that cover the rottenness of tbe bodies pol.tK) in Europe. Tfcey are the worn out John Does and Richard lines that have beaded everv pol.tical ejectment, where fraud and greed has triumphed,and the hopes of struggling people oast into utter darkness. lie J, broad as It it vuppoee.l to be, has aot room to attord re trltwtlve punishment for tbe wrongs perpetrated ,o the name of the balanoe of power. The Italians, warm and Impulsive, bars embarked all heir hopes in this cs ise It Will be like Ice to the r hearts that the balance of power still requires them to be uarsa. They may say to Europe, you bare seen our wrocpe, :entur o? of wrongs; we da not hx yr.u to rcht js wnb four strong arm, but ia tbo name of a common iva.aa.ty luflrr ua to right oursalces. Stay* diplomatic Europe, "we know that you ba*s been Iror.iiPii under foot by government* t1*! have tveo and ire tbe disgrace of tber a?f. Ibtt tbe goreramem of Naples, by It* bloody tyranny, ita wanton esoraaes, baa rccetrnJ ibe :cB?v;re or even Austria bersc.f that yo j liiea aro l.v<* of terror, w tb no safety for We or pro petty; but tlii' a.auco il power will oot allow you to free yourselves; the balance of power r*iu:r?a yoa to fold your ar3M U> voir fhsias; the balaa-i ??f power oompela you to go back to dungoouB w.tbo t|t ,pr, ac t with do future >ut death. Three are the foseshad wings aa at preaent seen. Hod may avert tbo coining of tbo reality. tJarlbaldf, la tlto meantime, baa won the giorous bit Uc ot llala/juv-wua at the price of much blood and maty Uvea. The papers still Bay that tha enemy haa cvacuatcJ Messina. It la bo doubt troa, bat la not yet confirmed. Tha member of Parliament, De I'retla, m now nub Dictator, In the abaenre of tha OneraJ from Palermo. He is a friend of Uarlbaldl, and bas tha confidence of the K.:cg The people warmly v. elmmed bim at Palermo. The gov rromi-st Uwr- baa beonaa thoroughly orpuataed r all Ita ramifications. i'alcnao la being rebuilt. Hoa-y la scarce, b"t they mans go Subscript ons do not arrive aa fluently aa formerly. but they ftill oomo In. Evary official wt rka for a bare liviap, and thane ahla to lira without pay give their Bervtoae for aotbjig. Altaander Ihjmaa la ia gimir. Ha H a citizea of ralermo, and la the hiatnrtofrapaar of tta war. Ha letters are rery interesting, and read like chapters la the ' Three Uuardmten. ' 1 give yon, In oooclnaloo. an eitract from hi Uat. I Vomiting thai the day after tha battle of Melauo, which be w!ta<awod aahore, be want on b?ard h,a yacht, whioh, for safety, had reman*) onlaida tha harbor, aad Balled to I hi entrance, when Scan eiy bad I caat anchor aben a boat bearing a man, with a red shirt, (??sl) Oar'baMUos are <irm*i), directed Itaeif towards the yacht The (fcaaral bad sent s?o nn order fc> take position behind the Tocbery (Steamer). A quarter A aa hour afterwards 1 occupied tha pos.t>on .a dieated and repaired on board the Tocbery "TbeOeo.-ral rsceived me aim and serene, aa h?- alwaya Is. Tou will nevor see a fare ao placid aa b?. Tru.y, aa [Wile says, it la tha lion that ao repowas ' " Wh.lat we oumemed. Lher* arrlrad aa oar boat. Tha raeral oir&aoged aeveraJ worda with tha mac on board, ind afterwards g*re orders to hla aids. una of them said lo ma In a low rolce. *aewa from M<asiaa, wa will has* sort B?>w on both aides.' "The i.etioral only aald two words. 'Let us go ar.d sea rour yacht.' A paper ni brought to turn to lie*' 'I waa * crroU of iiQO,000 franca -proed fhr bm s?.gn og looked t->*ar?ta my l'ttla ?K?1 and Mid, 'I ( <>?) ! be rich to ptiMcM a jaeht Ilk* jjura ' "Hear roe, than, what [ ear?Plcll uuia, my compatr via, lullsa* iry t.mth<T*?tha man that d ipwt of tb" ? nry and blood of Sicily, thai give* le day two m.V,.oaa of mm to I') Ml moot, aad will prvtmbly give to taerrow lb* Klagdom of Naplea to Victor Eaianuel, line mtoi .a act rteb enoagh to buy a vcaae! w >rtb only M OW " Yesterday I 00 w pared bim with C.DCinnalun. But la cxatraet with thlaman. that baa nut wherr?_n to .ay l>ji head tbc fret in g of a battle b.t h J saddle. Cxc.naaua wa? a millionaire Clocjuiatoa, laying aaid* hia a word. re turned to h.a plough. Cine nnatua thru bad a plough rc I by ononojuen'*" ao?? land. Uaribaldi baa aolt.ag \}ut LIS rook of Capr- ra ' JVlnf"rc< m''ota (till arr!r? fcr Sicily. THE SYRIAH QUESTION. Important Debar* In tn* Rrtllah ParlUm< nl-Th? C?mwentt?m Afrrad I pa a In I>ari??Vapolwoa to Mettle Ua DtMralty. In tbc Ilouee of lord*, on the 3d oat .. I or J iirur ?ai> 1,1 liar* i "?. n call ng the att?nt no of the Bona# to \t? iJialurtaae-'* In -yr.i I! J not thin* ll bmuvj to ?atcr m Irtill nto tho sir ?:(!? wtTch ;>a.| twm coicmitt??l. nor Into tf?? or^'n (r m wh *l> th#y li?4 *rnr|t Honnl.1 o ?t r*fra!n, ho?f. w, fro? rMMrklac upon rb# ??>er ^ Aj t >r Uk tig j nwi] t?- \ ??< ?iil moamn- r ordfr t-> p it u poj t ?tb (if * ,l lit At* uf Uilnga n -rr a with U? >fa?t 1W?1W0 -lit. Tl?a flr^wrtfh of MHW'T f rrr lo Syria *? a nf.l -. ?nt roof that ttvo I'orttmort ?? allTO to tbla nxywatty, Inrt bf thwr tt)*i nor oration* wttl> other Power* would pnl a slrp to tbe afroo! III* wtii.-.h havi 'rim perpetrated. (Hear, bear ) It a dtmiult matter. Do <1 >?M, for th# Eiiruivao IM?rr? to arrange ncaw <>f .ot?rf ?reene. bat if Um> TnrhUh irov?n? mo it war" B"t *Urmg oor^b to ? [ | rrm tin* ?< !' rl?he fur <?o sot >hj?>et t?fee foref** telee ffrrewv ir ? <*? th? tniefnreiio* of on# jiart cniar i"OWef. nli'ter the taootton of a tr?a#7 %wb aoo?:t?? *?* r?i *> .bt pa* la rWt. Xfria mim * ? ' %?r', a? / ?? ? ii'H / 'V \ni'rjfr*nc? mi )M 1<x*I (u a mar NilMt '*? n*