Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAAKM ftUaUON BKKIII Kf'fi CDITOR 4>I0 l'K< 't'KikTuK Of new k. v. ookkm or na^oac akv tuvtok ma. TKKftp. <>u* ?. n>ixw> M'ti'-t, M*il "Hi ot -eil' > !*"** K?* fcV* Ptuuigt ttamiM not rHftt xi <f m>mry THB DajlT tllKilliiM.wliwrmrt' TH8 IrKVKir HERALD,m-t*% Sahirjav. U mj <*?!. /*r opfc o? VI anniM)'. ?A? Kurnfn<iut Kiit/iu* *~*r\ ITntowU* mt n* ml* t*r <-</? ?. H |W a ??><". /?<?' * pirt u/ 0' W It (our.* i?.rf <>/ Ou limttmmU, '? </? ?0 tmrhtil?PU?U3at, ? (bf^wiki A. ' n.-n <m 'A- IWA un l *>?/< / ?vk ./.vaM .< ** .< *< txv n?>Vi " <*' f>*? mmih r?> r A.HI Li HLUALI> on reJr^tav, o/ /W ??' /> * "Voit\/JJ|? V?!?A"KsroyDKXCB, OMMHAMW Jj * <L. t/ *?r?f. ?0t M M rw, K".t (i;rwi at* "J ? - . M.! fur. nr'>1'> o**Ki? fon?*?Ko*u?jrr? ui fiHTICTURl-T Kiar*JT*P TO *Wll M-I '.?TTW ?W0 runICE* ???T 1* _ , ao tintII t ta*tn of n-n-ymcut <*rrfpa*dmt?. Wt Jo not r?.'>4tm rtitrh*f tommuni^<tioiu. Vola-ai* UV ? . '44* AIH SKilK.VTW Tills gVKNINU. KIBI.O'S (I4RPU, Bro?fcdw?y.?H^cOTSiAS t'lxroxif iHllI ClIIUKMULUl. WINTER (JARDKN, Hnuulwity.?Tl'itix Rors f-'?ats? COMKiSAMiST? AU. BE? HtAfltO WAIXAdC'R THKATRB, niM*dw*y.?Doa??r a*i> So*? MtK-uivvocs Imuc. I .aura KKKMKH turarrk. No. CM Brwuhrmy.-Opa A*?-:c4.t (JoD>m. K1CW KOWKRY TTIKArKh, Bowrry.? h?nn- M 8AI.I1 K 01 l<UU?CO?PaI'OV VAHtr. PARNlM'r AMKKM'AM MCRKIT*. Knw.1way.-IHy lul Kvxii'.nc?Ctiiiuixaa D*?CfcS. Buuxshum.?Ljtma ('bjik.k n*s At BRTAJfTP' MINSTRKUi. Mechanic*' Halt, <75 HrovlwAy.Bculuqcu, KuNti*. IU? : ?, Ac.--tJo ' Wir. liors. TIOOI.FY A CAMPBKI.I/S OPKRA HO0SF. 689 Hrot<twhy ? KriuoriAM soi?-s, bouami'm, Iukccs, Au.?Jn:?k? KNUOkn'i Hot. NATIONAl. VARrFTTK.", Chithiun itn-uL?Titian Km 0&a:<t? KoCk I.o? t ??? Ih'i * in th, M'ju. PAI.ACK GARilKN, FuitrteenUi t'aoHEHAPF. CoacckT. __ CABTFRHrBT CONCERT HAJ.L, 663 Broadway.- Iomos. Dahcu, BtmUMim, At) KfW lorb, Friday, August 17, 1MU. Tli? New*. 'flit DougU<.? Democratic State Convention closed its labors yesterday, after having formed an electoral ticket acceptable to the Bell-Everett Union * n.en of the btate Tlie proceeding* of the Convention will b* fennd elsewhere. A letter from Mr. Breckinridge U reported to hare been received by the chairman of the Brekinridge and Lane National Executive Committee nt Washington of such a character as to warrant that pcctlrrnnn in coiitradlctiiiK report* of Mr. Hreckinrkljrc's wish to dc-Iine the Presidential canvass. Hy (he arrival ol the pony express we are enabled to lav In fore our readers tliis morning later Intelligence from the Pacific shore of this continent. the Sandwich Inlands and China, In San Francisco there was a steady business doing on the 4th, w ithout much speculative feeling. There was little political excitement, both wings of the democracy being confident of earning the r Lite. More silver leads and gold bearing quartz had been discovered. 1'artioH retnrned from the Coso mines rrprennt them aa very rich. Culonel Fremont line gene on a visit to them. More Indian fights sire reported in Car-on Valley, where the savages were ; il t" be congregating along the emigrant rcutet.. Ad\! ' - to the 1.1th of June from llong Kong, Cbiun,*tnt? that att< wptstaad been made to hurry tlit British fore northward, but owing to bad wcatUr sterol casualties had occurred. Two large tran^rrt \c sels had been wracked, and anothe- laid tip tor repair-. Anoiher, haviug caa^l.t fui wa-- < nttled. A new steamer hail been purvLa>id by the English AJiuhal. who deemed Lis for e- uflleient to k th% forts. The French force would not be ready for co-operation until tli prc-.-nt ui'Mith. An ioipr --ion prevailed that as the alii- d Powers evinced no sympathy with tlr.' Nai hin insurgents, It wonhl have a favorable impt cs-ion on the authorlUc- at IVkin, and induce the government to listen to conciliatory advice. A battle had tak-a placo between the imperial troops and Nankin invnrgfnts, in which tin- former were defeated. Tin imperial troop- were b<'?i? g< I in the city of t hau I how. Much fear wan manifested at Sfcaaghut at (he progress of the rebellion, owing to iU :'\y to the scene of operations and the danp< r of l?oo ( hco, one of the most important and commercial cities of the empire, i.m .1 . .1.1 i r*iL. i.._tJ <n>. lUU...k I Uil' IhlU'P VI Il?x UI'UI gvui^ 4UV *M?* ti-L n:?l l'nnth gnnboaU had captured and burned a nam' i r of pirwtieal junks. i< r'icli Island m*? to tic l^tli Jul; sUtt* t' .a t?.' commi?ton appointed by tha: go; i rnmcnt to in\c -? pal? the affair- of the Unite J States Los] .ui at Honolulu wrrc progr< -sing with their label . The Hud-on Day establishment was about being removed to Vaucouver Island. The political ncw? U of no nionxnt. The llouolulu market was ovcr-fcx'kt d with good-. Vera frc7 dat< s cf the Mb state that the dewards cf the Spanish government on Mexico wou'd net b< acceded to by the Miramon government. The surender of the S) aufrh bark Marra Concopcion hnd also born refused by tbe Juarez government. tfc -patches to our government of an imf rrtant charactr r are now on their way U> Washington. Advii ft. from Havana to the 13th inst. report an nnhal i f tLrce hundred and fatty coolits in the ahip tSta^bound. Sugar was lira, and tli - stock on Land 9UjNfO boxes. r Our correspondent at flio do Janeiro. writing on July 20, ?iy? the l'niled States ?team frigate Powhatan touched here vt storday for water, Ac., on h?r way bom Panama to I'hilad- lphia. The Russian and Trench M ' t> rs here art- unasti illy intimate nnd gracio . n l.icb canse* tbe representative* of other nat* - to leok on the matter with jealousy t.d 4i?tn; t offec ha- declined siuce July 5 a'?out 60ft real* |?tr arroba. Busbies.* is active, and about 13.0W fcag* live left for Philadelphia and lo.OOO for N w York during the last week. The account* from the ulterior are very favorable. In this city <|iiiet and health prevails. The < treat Hasten steam *hip left this port yc*tcf> da> on her homeward voyage, takinx one hundred fir-t elwss pn?cngers with her. She will touch at TI:iL(.-.\. her Cum port being Mi!i--r?l Haven, la Th<rc wa? no public interest felt in her dcpartare, and very few per-uns ind??d n>.vnil?led at nny point on tin' river or harbor to see her off. Capta.u Hull, from indi.-p iMtion.wa?anaMe to take the (i ironand. whiJi const qmntly devolved upon first officer M.tchin. An attac Ument hadb? on i?.~,ted j.nd served nunin-t the ^hip.but the agenu. Giio&'h A Mintmn. had entered iuto Ui? oeoMvy bonds and uo delay to her sailing bad resnlu-d. She left with the turn <>f the tide at fonr o'clock. l ull pailiculan- are given in another column. We devote considerable sraco in onr column.* U.'a nt. tung to clrookllng the rntkuaia.Mir rocop ticn cf the Prince of W:?lc* in the p.*>'\ fn *. H?ul axrne at (*aobc< thia tuornitm. The coa-mitte? nppointej ?t ? n>< nil matting to devUr the beat tncasa fur tho relief of th- aufrriuft Christian* of SjrrUmt at the rooiui of thj Tract bociety l**t ctcu ng. A resolution adopted that (lmU bo col'.ccted and vnt to the Aiucriraa 1-lr' and cotuu'a in Syria. an.! Uut a* soou ? the l? cflturiT i* io poMC^iaa oi ilvO it iliall bo remitted In aecordmc? ^Uh tbc buUrftctiaas of tho cooxnitUe, who wil! meet again next Thursday. Tbe C< nimini< cm of Publk Charities and Corrrrlioa hfid a me< 'ing yeat? rlay aAomoon. Tho weekly atatement ahowa a alight th ciea*. bt tbc oatr.ber of inmatea of the in-UiuUi r,a. A tab . uacUutoui luiAs Uic Biui^er ei <mt cciuuu >? grant.- Lad been aet.J tc >' 1 u ii? frtituial'y an aixtv tunc. < u*' ? rhkrofoini id flie ui.*tuti<iii a' .mi an?othit;<. ha-> b<.en prohibited b;- the medical board, utile** it be given in |>re?tiice if the \L3i'.tnn |?b.Vo'Ci*M and aurRe''T>S. The city authorities made an efllrt ye->'erday to collcrt th< r<nt due frcm tenant* of Weat Wwliington Market. The dues were collected frcm about a third of ti.e tenants, the remainder asking a d. Ih\ in itder to ( btaiu legal advice. ll?e cctl"o market cout.uwd firm yeatenlaj, and tb? aalrs emhrancd about '.000 bales, cloving firm cu the bafeu of quotation * ven it aoother coluasn. among re cent traosa-t.oos some purchtteo have been made cc South*rn account, or to aouie southerner* who have fa lh in the prospect* of a material^ (ltmintabeC crop Mm part-it with that of last jca- 0? ng <o the (Character n the steamer Parana's Bears, received via bt Johns, St ir foondland, there wag a reaetlou in breadstuff, ac I th? excitement of the | rrtol.i j day meaaural iy tub sidol. Flour wa* leas active and Grin. Wheat wai leaa active, with the turn cf the market ta fav^r 01 purchasers. Core receipt* were larger and the market heavy. 8al&- of Woat^rr. it ted were made at 62e a 62 -,r. Pork waa tirinrr, with sales of sew mesb at II'.* n IB CI; and of new prime at 114 a #14 12 -.:. Sauars wire Steady, with more id ,uiryt and with rather more toat \l price's. The i>aie* embraced about 1 "00 th<i* an*4 t,6o0 box'-s, at ratet glrcn fa another pUre. Coffee ?aj l.ruil) held, while bales were mediate ?a??Irsi*<? /inns tr It nrvm^frr ^Dta t>f it LlTMBM in buiA ?!id bv* k' 10','J ft 1M , tUtri wcrr ?!?o nrns tf 1oo.U- nud to 6wjMi. ! > Tkr Meiiwuft I oniplU-attvna of Karopt?A Wftinini Lii?om to tU? I tilit-d |UU?. The situation of Europe at the present mo merit in one c,f serious complications, and thr account*) from e very capital en that Continent come to us tilled with anxious forebodings. In the midst of peace, for the maintenance ol which all prcfesa the most ardent desire pre parations on an immense scale for war art everywhere seen. England arms her middlt classes and her counts: France endeavors tc remedy the defect? and perfect the organization of her army and navy; the arsenals of Spaic exhibit an unwonted activity, and an exhausted treasury is strained to its utmost for the con ^miction of steamers abroad; Austria is pour in;; immense quantities of arms and equipment! into her remaining Itatiau possessions; the Ger man Confederation is in a fever of war supply Kus?ia loses not a siigle moment to garner wai material, anil Piedmont is calling ou her conscripts, and putting her nrmj on the footing of hundreds of thousands as though she anticipated Bome com ing event far more important than < contest with the foolish King Bomba or a can Hict with the worn out temporalities of th< I'apacy. These movements are accompaniec with the most strenuous and exhausting Q^cal exeitioos. and an admitted uneasy eeaiim^n tegnrding the future, which any untowurc event may convert into one general disaster. The cause of this precarious condition ci things is the simple tact that Trance maintain! to day her armies on the same footing as whei she carried cn the giant, war* of last summer; and the nublic uneasiness is not at all allayed | by the excuse girea by Louis Nupoleon, thai he is only endeavoring to remt dy the defects in his military organization which he encoun: tered during hi- recent Itulian campaign. Thi* excuse is even calculated to heighten the put j lie alarm, and every Power feels itself com ; pelled to arm still further, as a precautionary measure ol sell-defence. No one nation cat I or hould rely on the forbearance of other> foi its own safety, and each attribute* to its neigh ; tors, and particularly to France, perhaps ' with truth. designs inimical to the pre I pent Mate of things. Therefore it is that i thne million of men in arm* are not considered ; sufficient to maintain the p*ace of K rope, and | new burthen* are impost d. new debts created, aud the resources ol the future are anticipated in ? very possible way to augment their number and increase their efficiency. Such a condition of existence cannot be iudeUnitely prolonged. A failure of a crop, a revulsion in the industrial occupations, a slight dispute between tire of the rowers, an exhibition of territorial greed or dynastic ambition, or any one of * thousand possible contingencies, may product o&e of the two probable results ol this stall of affairs?a general war or separate political revolutions. This picture which Europe presents to day u a pregnant warning to this country at this criti cal period of its existence. There are bun dreds of small minds among our public met North and South, and thousands of inconside rale people who contemplate with indiffe rence. and some even with pleasure. th? possibility of a dissolution of our c< mpact o Inion. which is the only thing that snves ui frt m the fratricidal strife* and onerous bur then- which now weigh like a nightmare upor the energies of Europe. The nun who beih-vet that dissolution of this confederation once be gut would ce^se with its severance into t Northern and a Southern confederacy, is blir.d to tl< chain of events which must follow such a fctep. Disseverance would not cease *ntll every State had parted from all its fellows cor.stant preparation for self-defence, a. Is now se?c among the nations of Europe, were in angurated in each, and civil war initiated it many of them. The Pacific States could gc witb neither the North nor the South, but would be compelled to establbh a third confed< ration. Tb?-n v ? >hculd have dispute# about the navt ?:\ttcd of o- r running water*. hoc-tile tariff* foi I urposce of revenue and home protection bickcr'ag* for bcrder trouble* ?<nd the r*fug< of crlndnalf, conflicting lawrs regarding the col Icctita of debts :tnd tranmMon of inheri taccca, !oca? prejudice* elevated to the ruck o naticc&l hatreds, ontogenetic interest* betweet the agricultural, the wor.ufacturing the mining nnd the commercial States, and thousands o irriti.tir^ i:.t? -Mate question*, which to day ur< on-r hadat* t d u-.U ?,ibdued by th?- mi^cstii li ii.i \.iiich nuikrt i.# d great, a powerful, i ha] pj and a prosjeroi* nation. l<rt tlit1 proplr rf the l oilfd States contem plat* die pit. tare which I'.urope pretenU t< thenj ut thi* moment, with h*r bitter interna Utr.ul strife*, ti?-r people* oppreexed with bur thcas thut wi igh them down to the very ground h. r Kings nnd tjmn'a, who thrive by itimuUt log inirno*itios which here are hushed, and abo\ e all the ?>nort which, with all these disad >ar.tug> s, the people are making to e-tattlist larger ooltie*. Italy striving to form a unltec l!r^ ' rr inJ Germany panting to be rid of hei u:u~i/ m vrnniru u\ '\?? mm iv muuivQ g Gvnnr<n nalltu. From thi? Icwoi whicfc tb? oMiT CVDtinoal ia nt>? ir^iirj u> n.< wo m i loaiu to appreciate tto Mewinjj* *? cqjojr, ami to rc.'oct. w'tfi tlk Indication Umjj rfcU; u*?rll miC is-uso councils tf flhi'loo which prtt; mRsdji, nltib'.ticn/ dMtugtigui*. /?;?!-??? hiulict ni'l h *mw pt>Utk>?M ?r>' |< inv: i?" Oui eait. NEW YORK HF.IULD, FI The GabtrntlorUl and LtgUUIlvt Ko> ulnkttou?ImporUktt oI th< L*tur. 11 ere L just now a great deal of noise umongM the politic ians of ail parties and grades, ubo'v.t nc minuting a pure candidate fi>r Guver uor, to ttuneeed the prebend" incumbent. From every direction we bear the cry that Borne per80B must be nominated for that office whr. will hare the moral courage to put hi* foot upon the plundering t-cheme* of the Legislature, and the vulture? that annually fatten In the Albany lobby. Our republican exchanges from the interior and western portion of the btate are filled with appeals for the re-nomination of Governor Morgan, for no other reason than that he vetoed the city railroads and other fat job? of the last , Legislature. All cf thij look* very well on the face of it. No one who bit- the least particle of State pride ' about him question* the propriety of having a person in tin gubernatorial chair who will re_i?i u..i t. li. .it _l l *101. wiui rrcrjr icgai nwp ui uib puwur. tui av- I tempt* to plunder the State, which has become 6o characteristic of Albany; but from the trans- ; actions cf the lupt remarkable gatheriug that t QCC^ied tjje Legislative hall at Albany for [ tRnR" month*. the Governor hi of but little imHe hoe no more power in staging the tide c f corruption than the Egyptian gods had in pre.ventiup that once favored country from b? iog overrun frith locnste and frogs. . Ib fact, the peculator? hare obtained so full control , ever affairs at Albany that it matters but little to them whether the Governor is for or against them. A veto is of no account whatever, [t in r like reminding them of a good joke to speak of a probable veto. The hue and try raised just uow about the gu- i bematorial nomination looks to us as one of the , dodges of the legislative jobbing band to divert , attention, whilst they secretly secure the nomination and election to the Legislature of members that will vote as they desire them to upon all question-, regardless of vetoes, as they did last winter. One jear ago the city railroad opera, tors had their agents in different parts of the State, selecting their men. and securing the election of those that would suit their purr pope. Men of all parties united in this work; t the result wa? a combination of men in the P Legislature, members of all political parties, that marched side by side, aud voted together in a mutual plundering crusade. Tarty test or i part} pjide was no barrier to a close and Intimate union upon all piratical jobs. It is Baid i that during the session of that memorable body 1 operators were hunting about th? hull, show i ino the li-t rf members whose nomination and t election they bud the special supervision, and I i.pen those lifts calculated thoir position under u veto, and were in a position to defy the Gof Terror. i In view of thew facts it is highly importaut ) that some little attention is paid to the selection of caudiduu*s for Assembly, to be elected ! in November next The events of the Inst se? sion show cow luslvely that it U tfte Legislature. und not the Governor, that needs looking alter. If the public wish to prevent ani other legi-'.ative disgrace like that of last winter, let them not be diverted from the real i*ue by the appeals for Governor, but attend i to the rumination and election of the members i of the Legislature. 11 the right kind of mm are elected the Governor will have no occasion to apply the veto, whilst with a band like the hut, i a veto is like chaff in n whirlwind. No person connected with the jobbing of the lust Legula ture should be permitted to return to Albany. I and only those persons elected who are not only known to be opposed to the sobemNt* and jobbers, but who will pledge themselves to vote for the repeal of the city railroads and other peculating jobs of the last disgraceful session. This much should he done that the disgrace brought upon the Empire State at Albany may be speedily removed. ? Let the people attend to this before it in too 1 late. The primary elections are now in full ? blast in all parts of the State, and the mo?t im ' i portant work to be done is the selection o* ? ' members of A^mbly. Look to the Lfgi^la 1 IM The Foot.i>h IYhk Aboct the Tamww avo Mo/.vrt Fa< tions at SvRACOsit. -The ?i'liiii>-iun ot the Wood, or Mozart 11*11 delegation, iu?u ihDouglas State Convention at Syracuse. ?>a an equal footing with the Tammany delegation hu* given rise to great rejoicing* in tbe Mozart camp, and to much weeping and wailing and f gnashing of teeth in tbe Old Wigwam. But what dors it all amount to? Practically nothing. The democratic party has gone to piece*. it ia dead and done for, dead as the old whig party; and its present manifestation** ot life have ntf more real life in tbem than the spasmodic movement* of a dead frog under an experimental galvanic buttery. We mn>t deal with things a? we (lad th. m, , and not tut we would have them to be. Tammany and Mozart Halls are practically exploded Institution*, and the Albany llegency Is rotting upon ite oim dunghill. A new order of thing? is upon u?. From the debris of the eld whig | party, tbe Atnerknn party and the democratic party, a new national conservative party ia in proce."- of foimatlon?tie party which la to re sist and supersede tbe republican party in 1&<> t. . iiSMiir.i g that l.'nccln will be elected in this present contest. . l>ut wbj she nld the I'nion men of the North pt rait bL- t-'nc'ion wb?-n they can defeat him! . The I'nion men of the Sooth are iWng in wonf drrful Ptxrpgth to put down tie lecesMon radij In that section, and *hy *hould not the : ioUd I'tlcn men of the Ncrth co operate with f this gn >t popular reaction in the South. in a ? solW cotttUiii'.lon QguUtrt our agitating aboli: tlon dl?v. lonl* ts of thl? .?ectlon? A common 4 eleetr-iU ticket, r.por tie bail* of * dlrlsicn of the eWtcral rcte arr.rns tbr- p?rtie- concerned, . according to the proportion of each In the pn) pular Totf. ?U1 dc (ho work. And <:pon thi.? . pbn c< rpmtSorF bcth faction* of our North. em d< mociacy. eld lino whig* and Americana, . ougLt surely to bo able to work toother for the conmcn object of defeating Lincoln. With I hl? electkn tLoy *11 ^.o the wall; but they may all ?h?re in tJie prrfit? of his defeat. i U? u:?time. If anjbodj can tell 11* what there I I- of any prnciicril thItio In thi? adtnMon of p the Mo/wit delegate* at Syracuse on the ?une i fw t!: g with the T delegate* wruhonld ? like to beer if. We suppose that if doleful r IV13 Ricliaor.J Peter Cag~fr (poor Peter), I hiuI (.'anddy. the confidence nmn. had entertain, ? d the rvm.iWul uien thnt the a>lmi*?ioti of the Wood delegate* would amount to anything.

? tin j would have b?*?n turned out ami Wit home. as tiny ftert laet, j ar and the year belor*. pun in i<u?tug tuts wniiin'riiiti tunuupuim u> the f ront raok among the great marts of trad** 1 in the civilized world. The movement is a 1 most proper one. For years the name and 1 f?m?' o> t*e city has been disgraced by "Reeep ' tion Committees" of the Gominoa Council, and it. was no more than right that the power which ' the Corporation has so wantonly abused should 1 be resumed by the people, and that we j should take into our own bonds the privilege of spending our own money In our own way. The committee of citizens have gone to work in a businesslike way, j sending, in the first place, a delegation to meet the Priuce, and appointing sub-committee* to do the iouttae work in the meantime. At present, ft is purposed that a banquet only shall be ( glveD; l?ut it will be proper, also, to make arrangements for a graud ball, to take place a few days after the banquet Among other metropolitun attrartious, we are justly proud of the display of fwmale beauty which New York can make on grand occasions; and, without doubt, a ball in honor of so gallant a cavalier tis the I'rince lius shown himself to be in his . provincial atjovr, will bring out all that there is lovely in the drawing rooms of our city, as ( well as the fairest flowers from the crinoline gardens in the rural districts. All this should be done, with the co-operation of the Major, but altogether distinct from the Corporation. The commitU*e of citizens will receive the I'rince as a gentlema-i?socially there is no higher title than that?and will carefully guard him from Aldermanic or other 1 contamination. As for the British residents, they will do well to remember that our linea<e, our , UlUOU aim UUI uimrnu) aic uun auu iu< eauio y and, so remembtring. joia heartily iu the movement inaugurated eo auspiciously on Tuesday. The importance of this movement can hardly be overrated. It if a popular demonstration by the solid men of the youngest umong the great cities of the world to salute tb? representative ( of tine of the oldest and most powerful European government*. For nearly a thousand yours the loyal standard of Albion has floated in proud I (supremacy over the palaces of the line ot monarcbs now represented by Victoria. Our ancestor* helped to conquer the magnificent colonic through which Albert Edward is now mak ( ing liis triumphal tour. The fishermen of M irblebead, the farmers if Massachusetts and New ] York, fought against the chirairy of France at Louixburg and Quebec. Yankee blood was , poured out like water on the Plains of Abraham, and Yankee voices mingled in tho cheers ( which were wafted on victory's wings to th? ] pallant Wolfe, who f?U in victory's arms. Ia good time, however, these colonies? , busy New York, stern New England and , fair Virginia?separated themselves from the mother country, and our ancestors proceeded to , the construction of the free system of govern- , ment under which it is our happiness at present to dwell. It ia only a little m>re than two | centuries sine* the first Unglishman placed his foot on the soil of the Old Dominion. The republic Ituelf U but eighty four years of age, and" now the States stand foremost among tho nations. The sturdy child rivals the parent in the material elements of power. Columbia disputes with Britannia the supremacy of the 1 s?*?s. lnk?'\< ry port, all around the globe, the stars and stripes are intermingled in all frater fliA r*wl rrnta K r\n<?r r\f SZi (2iinr>T? Mil J HllU kiiv ?v\? V? vw w iiuvt v* wo M* In trade and commerce, iu literature, manufacture*, agriculture, the line arts, tbo exact ridings oii<l mechanical inventions, tbo child bay proved itoell worthy of tbo parent Mock, tb- mother may Ik- proud of her offspring. P'.i'nu all this lime the rest of the world 1^.4 1.1.1 i?tn at a tluiid still. Continental Km??pe l"v- been the theatre of a j^rand struggle n ttb.-nluU-m and the principles of self govt rn;j t ni l-'nt ?i>mV I ittle hag been often lost hruiigh ?li<' tifucherj <f pretended fiicudd, or by njt-iuis ol tin' superior atreugtb uf open foe*, 'l'he allied depots b.vve beheld iu Lugluud the only retiige for the friends of the people. Albion bat- been n.* a ?nnctuary for the champions of constitutional liberty, po matter from whence they might come. At a matter of course, the Continental Power*, despotic, to a greater or lew degree, view with secret hostility tbie tight little bland, the over reudy asylum for distressed patjli t? of every clime. Jum now this latent anlagnni?n hap token a wore positive ebupe. and it i? utore tbun probable that Europe L? on the i erg*' of a tremendous conflict. wherein all the despotic Power* will be united against Ilagl:jad, with a view to destroy its prestige ar.d reduce it to the grudc of a dependent irtate. in *ucb c>i*e the British people would receive the sympathy and moral aid of only one of the great Powers of Chrijundora, tlie L ailed plates of America. Not onlj would we feel the nitiyal nyinpathy of blood or kin, but we would pray for the succen> of the British wm* in a'k-al polut of view, for It U In Kuglaod rdooo. so far M the Purr.peRD g< rircmects tiro concemcd , tbat we can discern unjihlnpr like recc gnition of the natural aid inalienable right* oi man. The governments of KrgLtnd and the United 6tn*es are dtflVrent only in form. essentially ih? j are the iaae. Vc speak the English lanpuM;.e, aud our social habits and manner* awitt'late lo a great degree with throe ol tbo English j epic. Their blood 1? cur blood; their Interests are oar intere.ct*. Ccder all these circumstances the visit of the ''remediate representative of the Britbh monarchy? the descendant of a lino of king* who reigned over our ancestor* during seven hundred year*- i? an event of the highest social and political Mgnficance; we might almost be justified In giving it a degree of religious solemn i*y. As the young Frince journey* through tbl? pf^perou* r*public - ft* he views the eri? r>f mtr mu'erlal BHWHM and nrrwnnrt ?y, llio world chcnld be nude to know that a), i th<>npb we no looker acknowledge the right of i his family to wield the chlrf executive i power In the land, yet we ore ntlll lojul to thowe groat principles of intxiftn freedom. of con?tltiitloi?l government, and of the grand Ur.dmwk* of liberty, not up dnrfng li crntiirle* by rocee*Mve British law giTer#, all of * b?c4? ?t*cd now m fre*h M when firut deposited In the rehire* of the kingdom. And UDAY, AUGUST IT, 1860. 1 ><* PrlliU ul Wall* lit tu? Birtr?poll? i We laid bffut*? the public the other tli> i u detailed report of the proce?dioj{8 of a j meeting held at the Mercti-tuU-' B<ink on , Tuesday. Tbat assemblage. convened for the j purpose of taking into consideration the oro- i prietv of making arrangement* for the reception , of the heir apparent to the British throae [ appointed a general committee. in which body , i fh<? ritv nf N**w Vnrt ia fdirlv r^nrvAtAiiti'd Itv < the uifQ who hav? takeu the moat prominent it, ut khixj tutuif vi Lfu Edwurd \ IIrt-l^nfe over the dominions which \ ictoria now n>vftu? t-o wisely und so well, he id called ipon to fi^ht tbe giU'd fight for the faith that id n all cf u6, Le may safely count upon the i m e!.' republic of the West a* his ready?nay-ager ally. Let Lis reception in the United Stu'efl be a warning to the absolutists, and a comfort to the fricade of rrce government wheresoever tbey may be dispersed. Tm: Mtstkbt ok thk Jatamhi Bmx Solveiv?Tbe taxpayers of tlw city have been B'ucb exercised by the very large sum of money?more than n hundred thousand dollarsexpended on account of the Japanese receprion, and there bas been a general call for the items of this extensive bill. We understand Lhat they figure up nearly an follows:? it'it?12 (X<0 Buppors, at 13. $34,000 h* D?1,100 bolt tn of cliampaKiic, kt $2 60. .... 30 000 lua ? biuru ui ttiu Fjnbftzsf for 10 days, Princes ai.rt all, $2,(00 day 20,000 Item?Other ciyou**, invars, ix 6,000 Lrlaad'a bill ", $01,000 iteo ?UmcI tiir*. \c 6,000 lu-ti ?White batg luifl kid glove* mill oilier nick.. 0,000 Total *106,000 Now, this is a pretty heavy bill (or ten day* of civio hotpiu^ty, but we must take into account tbe tact that tbe Japanese Embassy was the first thing of tbe hind that had ever dawned upon the astonished gaze of any Western uation, and that our Aldermen were placed in . a novel position. The public voice demanded, in view ol the high rank of tbe Oriental diplomats and the importance of their mission, that the members of the Corporation should for once act, dress and generally deport themselves like Christian gentlemen. Now, It takes a deal of time and money to teach new trick* to old dog?, and the les,? time that is allowed the more money the operation costs. That wax precisely the case with our Aldermen. They were called upon to make gentlemen of themselves at a moment's notice, aud us it was on account of the city that the painful process was to be gone through with, they undoubtedly resolved that it was uo more than right that the city should pay tbe bills. So they arrayed themselves in broadcloth and fine linen: they became resplendent in white hats and patent leather boots and kid gloves. Then, to keep up the dignity of their now role, they were obliged to dine and wine their constituents to an unlimited extent, aud generally to cut a great ?1 fl. ? 11.1- 1.211 ft. 1-1. 1, 1 V. I 1 - swell* lit ucc iuw uiii, uuicu unuuuuimijr heavy; but if the money really mnde gentlemen of the Aldermen, it was well laid out. They say in England that it takes two generations to make a gentleman, but on the other eidc of the Atlantic they are behiud the age. and we may be able to teach them how to make Chesteifields as well as to saw lumber by steam. We are aware that It is a costly experiment, and. like the Great Eastern, the regeneration of the Aldermen may not pay after all; but let us give them a chance. However, as the expense has been incurred, as we have another Prince coming along pretty soon, and as it Is always better to settle np old scores' before incurring new ones, it may be us weH to pay the Japanese bill, and say no more about it. Only let the Aldermen bear in mind thai tbeir education bus cost us a great deal of money, and that we expect to see the result of the outlay in their manner*. which ougtit to be improved ut least a hundred |?er cent. Thk Pjuiai.vat Ci-ww.?We we thnt several of the city journals have taken up the subject of the claims of citizens of the United State." upon the Paraguayan government, and commented wilh more or less severity upon the decision ot the Commissioner*, which is understood to be adverse to the allowance of the claim. The Commissioner appointed by the 1'resident-Hon. Cave Johnson?is a man of sterling integrity and undoubted honesty. Long ago he received the flattering soubriquet of the "Watch dog of the Treasury."' and if he h?s decided that the claim? of the Rhode Island company onjbt not to be allowed we are confident that he bos good grounds for such acUon. It is & Urged that the evidence in favor of these claims was examined by the lute Mr. Jlarcy. who approved them. This may or may not be true. If true, it does not alUt the ?. .se. Mr. Marcy could not, for obvious rex?ons. have given the mitLer his undivided attention. Be always had a great nnny irons, official and otherwise, in the fire. And en, far a.< integrity is con?erned, Mr. Johneon's reputa ion will not sufior by comparison wiiii iiir.t 01 jar. iiurcy. linn, again, we are tol?i that the I'araguuy claim baa teen submitted to Committees of both Houses of CongreN and favorably reporter] upen?a circumstance which bus little or do weight. We all know bow many fraudulent claim*. Mexican and otherwise, have been engineered through committ*fs of C ongress during the last ten jean. The nuisance became so intolerable that tb? preliminary business of examining claims upon the govt?i.mem was ettrusted to a court especially constituted for the purpose. VntU. then, there is seme tangible evidence to the contrary- and aa jet we hare saen note? we shall lx inclined to it-Here that Mr. Dave Johnson has done hi* duty with rare Sdclity and strict honesty, and that the President will not interfere in any manner with the decision of the Commi.-sioners. Tin: Ckbtauk* WtBB Monr. Tai.? fHT 01 S? nnoi..?The Chet ali?T Webb is not the man to ket<r the secret* of hi? political i friend*. cr to hid.' Lis light under a b *hel. 1 Since the nfrfUl *acrlflce of LI* partici.lar Idol, i Mr. Scaard at Chicago, the Cheratier hatetuck to him like a brother. and p raped out of him ! prac itm* cf Inlt rmatlcn. Thn* It i? seini-of Bcially announ:ed throi irh tLe O thr.t all Lbe*? l?te fljing n more that the Sage of Auburn inteids to withdraw from the Senate, that be du1" not InU ad to be a candidate for re rlection, Ac . ore Inridlou.- invention*. promulgated by other parties, who are anxioua to step into Mr. .S-wnrd";* S? rmtorial *h<jt>s. There i?, doubtlre*. nome truth In thin proclamation, and two of the Senatorial candidate* In 7iie*lion. we m*pcct, iut Pat Id Ihidley Field and Horace Greeley, the delegate from (>rego?. The Chctnller Webb cantion* the fri*nda of Seward to be on their guard, and to kei?p a nh;irp eye upon all cuch intriguer* and their nefarious plot# and increments to prevert Sew j ard"s iv election. Look well, Myi the Cbera- j licr, to the candidate* for the Legislature. i>ee , Uiat they are the right men, so that if Mr. i> ; ward should decline a reelection, hi* flrVnds may have the game in their , hand*. We also call upon tlx- people, j the taxpajing people, to look weH to ] the card'tMrs. ?vad especially the rep .Mi- ! tau caooiri-u<a, fci the Le^ielal .re, Lfiuiug u m in Quad that Seward, Weed and ull that cliqo are the head and front. the condv^tors engineer* unci firemeu of that corrupt, reckless and acU-lui ttpoila combination, known as the fl Albany lobby. Thev have Ltn a making a mere cat*paw of Greeley bo long that he Um become disgusted, and the Chevalier Webb, and Weed and Seward have reason to be afr?iA of him. Let tlie people look well to the rurioua candidate* for the Legislature, and wben they want any special information touching lobbj affinities of this or that Seward mas let them apply to the delegate from Oregon. | Govxrnop. Wisr L-voicnrso Oct Agvin.? That famous eon of cbivalry, Gc vera or Wiae, has juat issued another manifesto. cot a fortp column document, but a little follow, ratUwl off on half a sheet of foolscap It is brief, bat it is tbe trumpet charge, calling up the chivalry to battle. This time the Governor takes the field to fight, not to get out of the Union, bat to stay in. Be come? up. however, as a democratic chieftain rather late in the day So far as the Southern democracy, including the hitherto invincible Virginia legion, we concerned, the tattle has sraUMi fought and lost. Tbey hare destroyapQemselves is the very councils of war intended for the 4 purposes of a compact organization against the common eromy. The best thing new that Governor Wise can do, therefore, is to fall back upon his old battle cry of 1840?"The union ef the whigfl ({. e. of all good Union men) for th* sake of the Union.'' Dn. Ciieeveh in London.?We see by the English papers that the Rev. Dr. Cheever, of Unioa square, has been delighting that portion of the British public which affects the Exeter Hall doctrines with some characteristic attacks upen the United States, the reverend gentleman's native country. As it is a notorious fact that the ef feet of Dr. Cbeever's course has been to impoverish the treasury of the Church of the Puritan*?once amonp the richest in the city?it is more than probable that h* is looking out for a job on the other hide of the Atlantic. It is to he sincerely hoped that the brethren there will gire him so loud a call that he will be induced to remain in a locality bo congenial to hi* t.-eh* The country can spare several other abolition lights, as well ne the Rev. George B. Cheevw and still manage to keep the market of fanaticism tolerably well supplied. Krwt from the National Capitol. ofb special washington ukbpatch. ' W AMI t>(.TO\, Al^USt IS, lMt Mr.. BMCKonunci nor* not r>v- :xt rt*xg a t A?oa>*BB ro* m rMKnnrcr. Governor StCTens, Chairman of the Breckinridge aad Lane National E-cccutlre Oommittec, to day received a toUer from Mr BreoWinrllge or aucb a character aa warrants L m In giving an emphatic coutradition to aft rumor* of bis to be revered from ha pos'.too m a candidate for tbe Presidency. Tbe committee bare juit began ten l.og or.t aa addr** to tbe democracy and people of the I'd ted Slates, mainly In reply to that of the Douglas Ex^ Committee. MSKttM. or Tm CABIMCT The Cabinet had a special e^-ssion to-d*/, prepa/atarf to tbe President's departure. Judge Black la away, te w also Ur. Col'b. It la understood that tbe course to be punracd towards obrtlaate Meigs was a subject for later mlnatlno. Htf icrubord.nation ma> rerj- Likely rcsuk ia a i'iai i)7 couri maruai m an aru.y omcer, u< diatnlaeal from the aervlee, b-it U uiuy be qrattaaa' bl? whether tbla would deprive hitn nf the poaiuw UeLim by Coogreaa as Superintendent of Waubag toe Aoqueduct. Hia pTcaent difficulty ar sta (:om itw. fart that while be la recog?.:ed a* Superintendent. ao<i aOicer, aa the law prracrbei. another per** la appointed Ktglr oer to con?truet the wurka .0 an ardance with Jlrtgs p.m.' aod<M. Thia rem?rvj? from h,* band* teuly all po?er ami (wtrouag" ra.-oj* mere iiuijxet.OB of worlc and pa.wncnt of Lag'.natr f o r tilc-ataa. Meipi daca not I'.ke thia cher? ::i>on li ? ? i>->, but it * undoubtedly a pood safeguard ua :h. Treasnry, Tor Ue*ga la the only dm who can pay. aad he caAiiot without ttaa hatn'a certificate li looo rerv much a. ihui.2'0 k> ig* bad got to hair apliUing ia tliia (haa? of hia u. .bord t:on. movbxkm o? DWOm. Compaotea A, 8 and M, Tnird raiment art:!..-ry n-Wr command of Ua,ior Andrewa, were ord?rv.l July 8 U> proceed from Vancouver to J .a Ma.or Moon's O'.aa a. and at Hooey lake raltey. A a<4aa<lrou of the V.r*t n.^ nnLt of Dra^^ov. vnd?r Mmtrand of Vajrr Crkr, waa alK. ord. re?1 fmtn WalU Walla to procacd to Honey I Aka vaiie} , v ,a f t H>iae road, and 00 operate with M er 9tcen, under ha ordwa, asamat bortiie Indiana and .-> pn letting rtn?rrai:w Or.i company of -.fauiry and a pla. a or trw ->oa ara ordered from fort Kea-nfj totu r??rr*e Rcacrve, t. pre tect ttc Indiana from atta J uf Slmx. Arrapaiwv: ui I Cheyenne Indian* The trnj* now la M anea-ta ?-e to I* ? l; ?rt t> ttxorder* of Lieutenant Or t.anUcr Abercrc 1:1 !>'?, for aortic* agnail Indiana in tL?: quarter. cimou: lom. Cenerai Ilamej in coir.pT.aace with aa crdee wi v ?? * iwu UCI.IUJ ?* ', n^:irv u?iiuiii ia {Tnmi %m Uw SK-rtlmrj o.' W?r U, da}. H# *?i r?;*Tol f-r? th? co?ib?k1 of the <1ejM?rtii>e-t cf '"efo? ?t the ioMmm of l.i< uUfinl f.wie t. Srot'.. r- ia cocaecttoo with the S*a Juta cjuiitioa. It J pr>*Mb>? be ?rlU bo enart aarUaML r*l (.om t rn k v ?>? TV.c Pro.dent n il le?tc Vc an t>-? r. - % ?h et ??., rm t BM'ord Sfrxji. J?o.TTH?rr. R?h*. Ufe-iuU U; tx*d appotaMd Ch.?f CWfc <Mf fiwirth A'*! tor*! o.Tice, r'.c* JL-. Hunter r?mor-?d a potmen* ow pc nnw Hal" Cmt, ol Iad .urn. if la tows, oa !>u? '*> *h?: the V*?. ?*i ReptibJlcao Or mm tloe KtWi from lUtkKi. \ir On.$*n>. Atf.'t 18 1M TLt atc?uakkp PUr of It* Wut 'm rrtTe-I 'pom tu VM>? 19th :oM, The Quaker City, fn>a. Km Vcrtt, tried ?t H* in* m lb? 11th. Tii' ?bip .sta-Tbo UkJ hrrir*u a tt? ??? vita :?c coolk?. 1*# ?v*.- nnrau t ?u Cna. *t ft': ro*u fop No. It. Vt pert- Of tLe ire*k, lP.S.'O Vote# 36: .000 \rorm Burttr.g ruthum, 14 ft preni .a Uftcfr m , N<"W TorV IV p?*?tunt >orth Carnlma Klr? Wnjujwro*. K f Jt U. 1#JC ruJJ ret -M f-oc ?!. tae c jalee - i!ie H?f* .? Mm, U>? di'tnorr*'.* tud.lMt fir Gvi nor. f MO c^w?r CTfr Pool, the cppri. if a caad'.A^t" T*jO h?<-.%! * li but ?. ghUy *irj ttna flgww Vifftol* P?UHm. ?r*uvr V? , A .ff:? ; IM TV IX." (M . (nltor, tr j*f ui *?rgH7 alb-n.>l A Ifctamiu** oc Oju.-. tM .1 ni aptx-iotM. wtu* ttw? Or. nr ret ton a^ccio'd t':' To ~ t'rl . N"th > j al at tog a fvMtom WW?I bM tr*a?r Wd. Ou>uorr V* , \?jurt 1?. 1MB. All ??rttoc< if U? 8Uf arr r-pr'arttMl in Uio Bmv< fVjom'.VT A trmfrra-y orf inlwil .? an tttb'j f>ra;a^. T?t? iMhl hqiMKB. Naw R Of; , A-^T!M 14 1MB TL* 'Wm..4i or (we . -?'!'? la rvfwJ to U?a pt ? t- ??: <? wriiB*. Oi an f"r' ? t'w? I 3U-'. rwprrt of lbf> ?aa'i Hint rf ih# ?i*f Hwuv r* aj TVi p'w^' r* ' . a?> t ** * Had? uk?a U* pi .*? of hf- < jm it ?w*d o it* hm Ut7 Iii.- a^aa-l.-j Uatc tc i*j r+rx frwu >** an I , tri *f* \ .Mat Ptimnul al *??<f lioofc. , IL.W a..**, Aaj?t U. !Out 1 >? U'tr < i * ? ~ ' < ? yw ( ' a??. ?"M f<*" l lr "V4 rp ? - 'J' * o* ,^ito Ujo Wi9t