Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 19, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 19, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. 1 JAMBS GORDON BKOKTT, ' EDITOR AND PKOPRHT >R orrtci m. w. couMut or Nassau akb fcltok ?tb. 1 9MMMB, auk in nbaMi Mont* mml hr matt ?r?H b* iM ' rUk at On trudtr. Portagt itampt not r?cumJ at rubtriptto* ) ~ZT* DAILT HKRALD Iwo rmtt* tvw fopv. 91 Mn'in J ft TUB WrXKLr HFHALD.wnt Saturday, at *u r**f por UM, or S3 pnt annum. tA? Jhiropaan AJi(vm ?s?rv " ml iu ?ntt par rvpv. K pw mnin loan* part >/' ?nw.' BruM*. or M luimtr DUX of Of Continent, both to i*el*b )** **/' "" *' CWomfc. SM a~l *XW??eA ? -**'?< ? a**' IWritM.trtlllllvrwnMi. TMm FA MIL 1' UBbLALUJ on at fo*r onupm ^ '"roiTrA1 ?7* r^ **sro/ri>#/rcA "T**4??* ,, n#w#, foWctf*!/r*mt u*ty quarirr o/ tA* trorA/, WVr?>:? B-iln r<mmn.* ?)oitM?i-oirp?jrt? AM f*A?riCCL4IU T Hmcwtu TO all Lbttwu abb FaokWU "" "' ?Vfl iLi Mf C NO NOT1CK tt?m or <J~-" ? r if una rfwwfcti ntmm*nva<ton> MriMl ?. |)U UTimlt ll*KAi.n, Kajiilt ami i? CA? (bVi"'' "?? ' Wiflow. CA/AW'J^w.J wiiA wWww, rtwymii a?l d?tfalc*. XXV II*. SM AMUSEMENTS this kvbninq. PALAPK O VRDf.N, Fourteenth treet?Sacred Comcmt. AMUSEMENTS TO M0B80W EYKNINQ. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Bro?a^ny.?EwiC*strh!< Perform AS. C*?? ClB DK11BIXA. WINTER GARDEN, Brroidway.-PKOrissoK A.vdeiiso*. WAU.ACE'S THEATRE, Kroa.1w*y.-Iiiwn Asscmxcc ADD IASKI'-K MOI'IBIT-WOKKI.IB Tilt ORACLE. LAURA KKK.NKtt THEATRK, No. OM Broadway.-OCR Abkjucaji Cobsi*. NEW BOWKP.Y THKATRK. Bowery ? Hebrew So*?Raf VAKLLK ?HMSCI 1M. BARM'M'S AMKIin'AN Ml'SKTTM. Broadway.?Da* and rvfmnK sim< i.M, a.m> Pam:i?l-Jtn.vr Joj>ts? Litim; t ouiosiTiE.-, r.'re. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanics' Hill, 472 Broadway.? W'UU SlKCl'K BlLLI I*ATT1H40>V n00LKY 4 CAMPBELL'S OPERA HOUSE, M5 Pro idway.? Black SiAfyi. NATIONAL VARIETIES. Chatham tr?et ?Boa .ek's 1 Win.?Magic Pills?Irish KnoOLMAsrEU. PALACE GARDEN, Fourteenth atreet.?Pbomekape Cox CF.KT. ____ OANTKRBURT CONCKRT SALOON, No. MS Broadway.- , SORM. DAHCCS, Bcklbmum, AC. HOPE OHAPItL, Broadway.?Ipah Iiaac* M?!iKrN\? SiiAKarrRKAS Rr.uu.M2' New York, Knnday, Aignit II*, 1*00. The Nrwi, The steamship Glasgow was intercepted ofl"Cape Race on Friday night. Shs brings two days later fmm F.nrnnp ami a full rariro of merchan disc for this city. The political news is unimportant. The French troops had left for Syria. All waa tranquil at Naples, and the government making preparations to resist an attack on that city by Garibaldi, who was hourly expected, and whose forces were then investing Fort Scylla. opposite Messina. Napoleon was at the camp at ('halons, and Queen Victoria in Scotland, where j she had reviewed a large rifle force. The Whit- j worth rifle had been condemned by the Ordnance Committee of the House of Commons. Advices J from Manchester as to the condition of trade aro 1 unfavorable. The Liverpool cotton market is re- s ported firm, while more unpropitious weather for 1 the growing crops of breadstuff* prevailed. Con- t sols, 934 a 931- for September account, 93] a 93$. 1 The steamship I'arana arrived at Boston yester- l day morning from Galwmy, via St. Johns, N. F. She 1 left Galway on the 7th. Ilcr mails reached this j city last e\ ening. The IMnce of Wales reached Quebec yesterday ' afternoon, and lauded amid great enthusiasm, under salutes from the batteries and ships of war. He was received by the Mayor, civic dignitaries and members of the Canadian Cabinet. rviagara, which left this port cb the 30th of June, with the Japanese Embassy on board, arrived at Porto Grande, St. Vincent, her ) first stopping place, on the loth ult. All on board were well. Advices from Tangier to July 24 report that i cholera had made its appearance there, and many ] ?f the foreign residents were leaving. In another column will be fjuud very interesting report* of the commencements of several of our j Northern colleges, together with a description of Ar^AP f\f AVAf^laAfl O n.1 r\t t\lA ? ,1 , dresses delivered. The commencement of Williams College, Maw., was marked by a large 1 influx of \ Idlers. The Baccalaoreate sermon wm delivered by the President, and wa* heard with profound attention. The address to the alumni was | *L?o a splendid success. The fifty sixth annual commencement of the University at Ilurlington, Vermont, was a most pleasing event. The number of j viaiter* was very Urge, ami the exercises were conducted with mat h interest and discrimination. The Uev. Calvin Pea*e delivered the Bacxalaureste ser- 1 mon. The biennial celebration of the alamni went off with telat. The poem* and addresses were of the Hist order, and the whole affair terminated to the evident satisfaction of all who witnessed it. The proceedings at Middlebnry College. Vermont, j will also be read with ioterest. The anniversary of the literary societies was the occasion for a Brand display of learning and eloquence. The liaccalaurcate sermon was a complete success, .and throughout the whole of the exercises there was one continual "feast of reason and flow of aon!."' The Virginia Pou?las Convention adjourned last erening after a sees on of three da> s and the formation of an electoral ticket. The electors were inatrit: *rd to vote for Douglas if their vote would elect him President; but. if not, thon to vote so *a to defeat the republican candidate. The l'nited| States mail steamer Arago sailed from this port yesterday afternoon for Southampton and lUrre. She had eighty-seven first class passengers and P~>9*,\5Q In specie on freight. The British steamer Kansaroo b ft about the same time the Arago did. She had twenty six cabin pa*sen gera and fr2v310 in specie on freight. The rales of cotton yesterday embraced 15.000 halee, the i markrt ckwing Ann. The run ?w chief)? on middling t> I atrlct middling. middling fair rradaa. low middling and under ttfat c'?Jp di'?n to ordinary were Irregular. while ' tbe bigbrr qaahtwe tncl.diog fair, were rather acarce and nominal, a* there wai tittle offenog Thr aoroMnta roving to hand from tar SmiUi r*pr-wnt no decided m provemeot* la the prosper u of tbe crop at the South, ao materially affected l>y tbe late drought on high land*, aod on which la nnualif grown tbe heaviest portion of the aggregate yield Flour opened hearv, and fell off a*>ut 5s. per barrel for en me grata* of Mate Wee tern, at wlitrh the mark* became more ?ctu?. Wheat ?ae bea' y. and fell off about lr per b jahei for mux deacriptlac* Core wu also tc. to I l<c. per buebel lower, but II ?m quite act Ire. Pork waa eaater and lee* actire, aalea of mem were made at 919 31 019 99. and of *ew prime at 914 Hagara were ?tei Ijr. and price* cloned, on the nalea of the WT<ek, at an ad ran * of ?,c. per pound, etpectally for reilnlng go?U. Offee waa Arm but quiet. Freigl.ta continued to rata flr?, ??pectalb tor bgli>h porta. Among the n**geuiaata were wheat to I.ivrrpr >|, is bulk and bag*, at ltd. 11X4 an J Sour at 3a. 9d Old Vihowu Govt. Over.?The Doagla* democracy of Vhftate having put up a complete electoral ticket of their own again*t the Breckinridge democracy we maj authoritative!/ announce that the rote of Virginia in November in certain and mre for Dell and Everett. And Virginia will cany the bulk of the Southern 6tatea along with btr. Are we not In the tnidrt ot t Union revolution? n: I'he Syrmiuit lulon Klctlor*' Ticket? n( Alarm In the Krpubllrmn Camp. ||] The comments ot our republican orgiios oq ^ 1 e I i.ion ? ?r?tl ticket adapted ut Syracuse >eU ay u serious kl?uu [z. ihe Liucoln camp. ^ Prow th?j diy, muuy weeks ago, when the projociiicu whj> liisi broached tor a coalition in w ill- St ife uuoiig the elements opposed to the <j, epuhlican party, down to tbis day, (be Hon. i (Greeley has kept up a continuous fire ot hot and shells, and band grenades, against x Hunt. l>uer and Brooke," on account of tbeir ile of the Bell-Everett party to the Douglat juatter sovereignty democracy. Now we un- i cisUiul the meaning of these incessant missiles b gaiust "Hunt, Duer and Brooks." The event ?' rhich Greeley has been so much afraid of has w ome to past*? a cordial coalition between the P toll-Everett party and the Douglas democracy h ipon a common electoral ticket?and the pros>ecto of Mr. Lincoln are Bomewhat suddenly ^ :louded. J Thurlow Weed is facetious on the subject. He says that "the democracy opened its doors. and federalists, bank men, silver grays and Cl Know Nothings walked in:" that "the Douglas It democracy, after a night of protracted T labor and severe pains, has gone through the o; perils of parturition;'" that the "patient taxed C ill the skill of Doctors Richmond and Hunt, I neither of whom left the bedside for a moment, Q >r closed their eyes during the night," and that v be offspring (twins), who will require tender t< luraing, were immediately christened, one s Squatter Sovereignty," and the other, ''Have ?ou seen Sam?,? Master Weed also names this C ;niou ticket ''The Hybrid ticket" and "The Sue- P :otabh ticket," but he will become a little more o ?eriou3 before many days are ever. 0 Our more sagacious philosophers of the Tri- e /unt are already convinced that this anti-Lin- 1 :oln coalition is no joke, but thut there id danger iJ in it to the republican cause. To break the force t of it, they charge that the ten Bell and Everett E men on said electoral ticket are in reality Doug- b ST VtnwA i\tA AVanflA fA T1 ill* wi'U, auu iuicuu. u iut-j ua?c mr v.iv ? cast their votes for Douglas?that, in fact, not a F single Bell and Everett electoral candidate for h this State has yet been appointed. The design * of this is. cf course, to create distrust among * the supporters of Bell and Everett and in the K Breckinridge camp. But it is one of those g weak inventions of the enemy which will only v excite the contempt of the parties directly con- A cerned. Ii Our opinion, that this late coalition at Syra- d case will open the way to a concentration of all a the Union elements in this State on a common tl electoral ticket against Lincoln, is in a fair way a to a speedy confirmation. We understand that n there is to be a joint conference at Saratoga ii Springs, on Tuesday next, of the committee of h the Douglas party, the Bell party and the Breck- <3 [nridgo party respectively, charged with this * business of a joint electoral ticket; that the ob- < ect of this meeting is to rearrange the Syracuse 1 icket, so as to include the Breckinridge party, ? ind that, upon the basis of ten electors, there is " 10 doubt of this party joining the coalition. If n ims adopted, this joint stock electoral ticket t] will stand? a hougla* electors 15 a Breckinridge electors 10 Bell elector! 10 B ToUl 56 But any division of the electors that will be satisfactory to the several parties concerned will answer the great purpose in view, the defeat of Lincoln by the rnno?ntratinn upon a common electoral ticket against him of the anti-black republican popular majority of t the Empire State. In ISoG, under the full pres- f sure of the Kansas excitement, and the astound- ^ inir nnnularitv of Fremont, his vote in this ? ? G Stat* fell between forty and fifty thousand behind tbe united rote of Buchanan and Fillmore. Sow. with this latter rote united against Lincoln an unpopular man In the New York republican camp, for obvious reasons?what is I here to prevent bis defeat,-by the triumph of the union electoral ticket In this State to the tune of fifty thousand majority ? Tiik College Commkntemkxts and Uvrrrabitt Ektatiox.?We publish to day the concluding reports of the numerous oollege commencements whkh have been held throughout the country during the summer. Not long ago colleges In this country were " like angels' visits?few and far between." Now tbey are scat-_ tered all over the land, as thick as blackberries. Formerly a college education was enjoyed by very few ?now it is quite common. As wealth increases and civilization advances, education is increased and multiplied. In all new countries education, literature and the arts and sciences are kept ia the background by the struggle for food and raiment and lodging, and by I he prime necessity of developing the physical resources. With the acquisition of material wealth come the treasures of art and knowledge and skill of every kind. Institutions of the higher branches of learning. Tbe influence of this progress will, of course, be felt every day more and more. But the value of a collegiate ed ication must not be overrated. To ?lnuost all it it of more or less service, and ivou'.d be of very great and essential serrice were its instruction followed np In after tears. But U-c many rush rapidly through a college corr?e, with a mere smattering of the nubjects on which they have been taught, and in after life do not turn their information to any account. In numerous instances tbey forget nearly all that they have learned. Educational bof ks are mere tools, which are of no value unle*s they are used. A collegiate edu cation is lost upon numbers of young tw^n because they do not use it in after life, and almost the only advantage they derive from it is the discipline which is ettabllshed over the mind. To men ergaged In the active business of com merce a classical and college education is not ol a value commensurate with the time lost. Rut rh<<miatrv nnd the mechanical laws are often made available bj men who encase in 1 mechanical pursuit*. Tb?? mMt u*?>fui oobooU i would bo school* of art and achoola of <le.?ifrn. i To profowlonal m>-n. nuch m lawyer*. :ind i doctor* #n?l the clergy, a college education is 1 of great importance, thmiRh no educational i training cum make able men out of thoee whom ! nature ban not endowed with talenta. How < few of our clergy in thi* largo citj and it* i eubnrbt are dMlfiiiM for ability. It is in- 1 powible to make a ?ilk pur** out of a twine'* ear. A college education I* neceaaarlly superficial, and it* de?ign i? not so much to communicate knowledge a* to tench a man how he ii to acquire it. Whether h? erer doe? acquire it depend* on himaelf. The hi ad? and profeaoors of our college? tr<* EW TOBK HERALD, SI' )t paid a sufficient remuneration, and hence, te our judges, they are rarely qualified for le high uud important podts which they fill ? long w? a man can tnake more money at any iher protawion or in trade, he will not derote id life to the bu?lnefci of edusation, which, hen properly carried on. is the most important f all other profusions to the general com malty. %e Black Slav* Trade and the White lava Trad*. In another page we publish, from the London "imM. a mimmirT of official eorreeoondence lid before the BritUh Parliament, showing the bomin&ble nature of the trade carried on in , bite men at Canton and Whampoa, who are urchased from kidnappers at thirty dollars a ead and sold at Havana at four hundred dolirs per head, having been first compelled, by jrture of the most refined and excruciating ind, and the terror of death itself, to consent 5 " a contract," which, though void in law, aa eing signed under coercion, is, nevertheless, arried out against them in Cuba u fully as if were an act of their own deliberate chbice. he correspondence closet with an important ERcial despatch from Lord John Russell to Earl owley, Lord Lyons, Sir A. Magenis and Mr. Id wards, requesting them to appeal, in the ame of humanity and religion, to the respectre governments to which they are accredited, o " efface, by a final effort, the vtain which the lave trade inflicts on the Christian name." The despatch is published at length in our lOlumns, and it concludes with two principal impositions to " the nations of Christendom"? ne is to take the most effectual means of cutting ff the black slave trade, and the other is to ncourage and regulate the white slave trade, 'be first of these propositions is in the followag words:?"A systematic plan of caiising on be coast of Cuba by the vessels of Great Iritain, Spain and the United States." This idea as been borrowed from Mr. Buchanan, whcse message to Congress is quoted by Lord John tuseell. Vast amounts of blood and treasure ad been expended in vain in guarding the hores of Africa, which are very extensive and ery sickly. The United States and the British overnments have a treaty to maintain eighty uns each on the African coast to preent the traffic. They have not only altogether ailed in doing this, but with the best intentions a the world they have increased the amount of leaths and sufferings. Had the trade been let lone and no cruicers sent to interfere with it, be competition in It would have been so great nd the profit? so small, that the traders could ot afford to make losses on the voyage from almman treatment of their cargo. They would lave carried the slaves In large and commo liou? ships. The close Blowing and the enornous loss of life are occasioned by the necessity >f concealment and of speed, and this necessity 9 caused by the cruisers. " We must admit," ays the London Tunes, in a recent article, that notwithstanding all our sacrifices, our egotistione. and onr coercion of other Powers, be slave trade exists, and the same honors re inflicted as Mr. Buxton's ancestors so long go denounced. Miserable human beings are till packed together like herrings in a barrel, md the beautifully shaped hull of many a wift clipper is but a shell to horrors more ireadful than even those which hare been discovered at Palermo or at Naples.'' Mr. Buchatan had the sagacity to* see that it was litems to rely upon the squadron on the African coast, losing money and sacrificing white men >y thousands, which only resulted in the inreased sufferings and deaths of black men?to irevent which was the object of all the expenliture of treasure and of blood. He saw that !uba was the only place with which the traffic fas carried on, and that its coast was compaatively small and eo^y to watch. He therefore tationed two or three gunboats around the iland, and the result is that during his admllistration more captures have been made the same space of time than by the combined (Torts of the British and American squadrons ?n the coast of Africa. The British governnent now propose to follow up the idea by inreasing the number of cruisers around Cuba. }ut the absurdity of taking Spain into the parttendiip is palpable. If, instead of Spain. Lord fobn Russell had substituted France, there vould be some sense in the proposition, spain could abolish the negro slave trade in one nonth If she pleased, herself alone, without any aid from the United States or Great Britain. The British government foolishly paid jer iwo minions 01 aouars in i .*.?.> 10 aoou.-n he traffic. Bnt she found it was for her int?ests and the intoreste of ber colony to continue t. and while she pocketed John Bull's money, he cannived at the trade, and connives at it iow. Lord John Russell state* that the officials in Juba are bribed by the traders - a stat^mont n which be is confirmed by the authority if the journals in this city, which lately pubisbed a statement that in a single instance bis year the Governor of Trinidad reeked 1.10,000 as a douceur. But it is vident that the Spanish government lo not want to stop the traffic, because their olony needs a supply of labor which it cannot fet in any other way. It is. therefore, the leight of absurdity to ask Spain to assist, by a ontribution of her naval force. In suppressing *bat she ha* an Interest in secretly encouragng: and equally idle U it to ask her to make nternal regulations In tbe island auxiliary to he vigilance of the police of the seat outside. Lord John llussell. indeed, sugeeMs that the Congress of the United States ougfel also to Im>rove our internal laws against the fitting out >f slavers. But it is bard to believe the British government sincere In this biviness. Yield Kg to a deep laid commercial policy and :he tide of fanaticism, the Parliament abolahed negro slavery in the colonies. They )aTe etnc* louna om mnr dikmhp i ne coil>lie* have gone to destruction. and to i?Mot?? Lh?m to prosperity they mint resort to dare labor again. They are ashamed. afcer ill they have wild apiiast the United SUU*. to parry off negroes from Africa to supply th?? irant: but they hare already been carry jo^ oft roolie? from China, and making slave* ?f tb'-m in vn-t o^nb^r?. and infliction tortures c-a them equalling In atrocity thv horrors of "the mid die passage " Lord John Rnwll remits thi-. The unfortunate men have braved death. Ie?pIng

ovetboard to escape, and th*?y hare bow harpooned like so many flshe? by their en slaver*. They bare mutinied and even committed suicide. A great nniae ha? been made about theee atrocities, and deea the HriUah government propone to put an end to thia trafto* Not at all. but to uicrsMe It, only that it ?feall NDAY^ AUGUST 19, I860. be brought under proper regulation?. Why not try the same plan with the Africans4 The word? of Lord John Kussell's proposition?the second branch of hit plan for putting an end to slavery?is " emigration from China, regulated by the agents of European nations in conjunction with the Chinese authorities." The British government may disguise this as they will, but it Li nothing else than a proposition to increase, legalize and systematize the white slavery which bus grown up to supply the place of negro slavery in the British West liftia Islands. It is a copy of Louis Napoleon's recent plan to regulate African emigration to the French West Indies. It is folly to talk of sham contracts. What chance will a poor Chinese apprentice have of fair play in the British West India Islands? What is in a name? Call slavery by the name of apprenticeship, and it is just the same. The truth is that the wants of civilization increase the aecesbity of slave labor. While the English will have sugar and cotton and rice, there must be slave labor to produce these articles; and this is the reason why Buxton's motion in Parliament, to compel Spain to refund the ?400,000 paid her for abolishing the slave trade, and to suspend dinlomatic relations with her till the treaties are carried out, bag just been withdrawn. British hypocrisy, as the London Times intimates' would be rendered too glaring in the lace of the world. The Tvkbh 8*Mlerjr In the Syrian MntMcrw< The atrocities of the late massacres in Syria have, we know, been greatly aggravated by what is termed the Turkish soldiery; and yet, in the very face of these facts, comee the announcement of Fuad Pasha, Commissioner of the Porte to Syria, "At the risk of my life I shall wash out the ataln upon the honor of our army, and that the soldiers will also do their | duty/' | Such an assurance will doubtless seem somewhat anomalous to our readers in general, and more especially to our cotemporaries, wio, in their sagacious disquisitions on the subject, will be puzzled how to interpret the Pasha's patriotic aiseveraticns. There is indeed no denying that Mohammedans have a strong antipathy towards Christians, not only instigated by the Koran itself, but inculcated by the peculiar policy of the government towards its rayahs?the subjugated Christian | people; but circumstances hare combined to modify their fanaticism. In the course of time there grew a class of Mohammedans who. by commerce or agriculture, amassed wealth and property, while another class existed who were forced to lire either by the sweat of the brow or by chance spoliations. Hence the former, baring every incentive to promote peace and good fellowship, have always been the conservative party; and the latter, having nothing to risk, but perhaps much to gain, have constituted the ultra fanatical, ready to avail themselves of any emergency. Many innovations have been introduced into Turkey, calculated to shock the fastidiousness of the most conservative Mussulmans; yet they never resist the authority of the government, ?aAiiAttAiiiu) K?r nrUK. out doing violence to their consciences; for a good Mussulman is not only obliged to believe in the Koran, and perform its religious requirement!. but be is to respect the law. as propounded by the judiciary, and to yield implicit obedience to tbe Sultan, who is the vicegerent of Allah upon earth. So be ia impelled to be a good citizen, not only by interest, but by his own morul sense. On the other hand, the rabble have no such principlea to guide them, their own interests being enhanced in proportion as they can exercise their fanaticism and desire of plunder. I It la true that the army la drafted from the loner classes of the interior, who are naturally imbued with bigotry and intolerance; but tbe regular troops, or a standing army, are trained in Constantinople, and in the course of two or three years become so thoroughly metamorphosed that they not only are made good soldiers, but imbibe the conservative spirit and are assimilated to tbe policy of tbe government. They are known to be so well discinllno<l lh<?? lh?' nAme of Nl^am?th?> lars? sends terror to the outlaws of the territories, the border ruflian? of Turkey. Bnt la emergencies the aid of the fanatical populace become? necessary. and they come Into per rice under the title of BashiBazooka, or irregulars. So it is plain there is a groat difference between the Nizams aud the Baahi-B&zooks. though both may come under the appellation of Tnrkish soldiery. The disturbances in other part* of the empire having drawn off the Nizam*, the sudden outbreak in Syria was met principally by the hireling ruffians, the Bashi-Bazooks. who. as usual, caring little for the interests of the govrrnm<Mit. arailed themselrm of the opportunity to ven* their fanaticism and to eqjoy the chance of rapine and plunder. Damascus is a holy city to all true believers, and its inhabitant* are not only Mussulmans by faith, but socially the cvhnr de la crem: tor to be a Damaaoene I* tc be a gentleman. it was the beginning of tV.eir empire, aud will be Its nd?in a word, the Jerusalem of M"S0i Imar.s Evwly->>\a)n. Akhery-SUnm!?Damascus first, Damascus last! Yet these ruffians, with the semblance of religious zeal, wer?> not even deterred by these sacred associations, and a."*i?ted to carry rapine and devastation into th?s tradldoa?r* thrine! The propensity of these irregular- > ere amply dbfiUyed d: ring the Crimean war, for to their iharge hare juiOly been laid all the atrocities committed (rain>t th" poor and peaceaMe Ibslgari in?. and the cowardice of the troop* during that campaign IWi.ies, theae BasbiBaxook became so tnrbalent that some of H?e!.r leader* had to b? shot, and their Hjldteiy dw banded. Thus we may be enabled tc mkerstand the ebullition of faad Pasha's patriotism, exprewed in the ardent desire to wipe cut he sbiin up<>n #h? Ottomar. army. Bui how his Kxceflency will account for the un usual conduit of Hie few regulars fo'inrl in 8>ria d ring the outbreak is a question. Ry *hftt impulse w>'re they induced either to lock on with seeming indiference, or to mingle in the affray' That the army, hitbe' to ?o loyal, should thus dishonor itself w?ems like the fi lBl m*nt of the prophecy la Uw famou* and ancient book Jaffer. It Is therein written that the days will come when the Koran will be lifted up to Heaven, and the people will be abandoned by Allah, on account of their indifference aid uu<i itj??. The mW<* i? c: tf>* p%ia eispire, will cause their destruction and overrun the Mussulman territories; the Christians v Ul rule over them, and the last Sultan will be named A'od-ull^djld." Dog Dm.j* u Town Everybody is out of town. Thepaiutifci mansions in Fifth, .Second and Madison avenue* acd the "demesnes that thereunto adjacent lie," are left to desolation and the leadpipe thieves. The festive brocatelle ia shrouded from the vulgar touch ?f Bridget's friends, who hold of a Sunday high revel In the sacred precincts where the belle of the season flirted between the figures of the German with Charles Augustus, "just from Paris, and so wicked." The whole world, we are told, has shut up its house, closed its blinds, packed its trunks, and sailed off tc Newport, Sharon, Saratoga, the Yir ginia SpriDga, Long Branch or Cape May. To be seen in Broadway in these piping times is equivalent to social ostracism. According to the religious belief of the fashionable world, the whole duty of man and woman, in the dog days, is comprised in knocking about from one watering place tc another; being swindled right and left by all sorts of people, from tavern keepers down to deputy boot blocks; drinking nasty water by the galloo, flirting at the rate of sixty mile* an hour, driving over dusty roads, eating bad dinners, drawing within an inch of your life, bathing j for the beneftt of your heirs, sleeping on mise| rable beds in badly ventilated rooms, and generally allowing yourself to be made as uncomfortable ae possible. And all for the sake of sn} iog that you can't bear New York in August; that nobody stops in New York in August; that New York is slow in August, and that, in point of fact, existence in New York during the dog days, is no more nor less than a mild form of p-xgatorial punishment While there are so many respectable pec pie who hold to the above belief with far more tenacity than to those good, old-fashioned, hopefully pious and never-to be-for-a-moment-doubted truths which, during the fashionable season, the Rev. Cream Cheese?he is in Europe ju3t now. and finds the air of Cbamounix. to say nothing of the claret, quite the thing for his bronchitis?pouft forth from the luxurious pulpit down into the still more sumptuous pewB of Saint Asaph's, it would be, perhaps, Impertinent for u? to put in mere than a general demurrer, and. while acknowledging that such a vast number of people could hardly go wrong, to point to the several sensations in which the Can't-Get-Away Club have lately par ucipatea. w e may auuae, ior a momen*. to the grand Iieenan fete at Jones' Wood on Monday. It would be hard for Saratoga or Newport, with all their pretension, to match that scene. Sach an assemblage of the bene and muscle and sinew of the metropolis has never been witnessed before, and we have yet to bear of any disorder, thieving or ether of the usual disgraceful incidents almost inevitable upon the gathering together of great bodies of people representing all classes of society, from the highest to the lswest stratum. Then there was the departure of the Great Eastern that gigantic humbug, with the swarm of angry creditors upon the heels of the well beloved steward and his scullions, who seem to have had very liberal ideas upon the subject of credit and the currency. Any one wculd 1 imagine that twe or three hundred per cent profit upon everything sold aboard the ship would have paid pretty well. It appear*, however, that our English friends were not satisfied with that, but demanded the whole. The idea is comical in the extreme?the ninth wonder of the world being held, like Gulliver, by Lilliputian deb to in all amounting to less than a thousand dollars. The murder calendar has been quiet, and the criminal record of the week Is declared by those sanguinary fellows, the police reporters, to be distressingly meagre. Seme malicious people ascribe this paucity of crime to the absence of the lawyers and the clergy; but that is a slander, of course. Nevertheless if we are a little short of mrrders and rcobcries. rapes and arson, we hare splendid weather, ripe fruit, and such nice large houses all to ourselves. How we plt7 the poor misgided victim.- of custom, cooped up in their little seven by nine room" at some third rate hotel in a fashionable watering place! How we enjoy the fresh, open, ruddy countenances of Rustics and Mrs. Rasticus, and all the Utile Rstic.ises. as they wander about Broad ray. con tin -ally on the wrcng side of the walk and always getting into a stage which take* tlicm in a direction precisely opposite tc that where they desire to go! Dow we thank Heaven that we are not ad other peopie.are?Nerporten* or Saratogiana, Long Brancheri or Sharon Shaker*! Hew wc BUy-at-home people?there are more than seven hundred thousand of ua?rejoice that we are net obliged to go through so much annoyance tc gain tc little real pleasure! After all th*re is some fun left in town even in the dog days. So let the stay-at-heme people take heart of grace, and enjoy the comforts of the metropolis with the rural and seaside attractions which may be had within a cc pie of hours' distance by steamboat cr rail Thk WhumSABOCTR cr W ai.kkr.?Wr hare from tlire to time re?ei\ ed intelligence of the presence of Gen. Wm. Walker and a small filibustering expedition at different places in the Caribbean Sea. bet no positive information or bi<* deslfms bas been published A condensed vi*w of his movements will not be vrltboi t interest at the preser.t time, wben we may hear at anj moment of Lis having effected a lancing in Central America He left New Orleans on the fih cf J tine last, cn board the schooner John Taylor for the Island oi Ruatan. Previously to bis arrival tlx-re several squads of supposed emigrant* had Wr. carried to that island by the fruit traders running to New Orleans, and on the '20th rf J? ne Walker himself reached there. On the U th of July the schooner Clifton, boi nd frviu New Orleans for Ruatao. with twenty-foul men and an assorted cargc, was seized at Bell e by the British authorities, and twwnty-%wo cmm t4 cartridgee. belta, Ac., ware taken out of b*r The captain abandoned bis vessel, but at toe# chartered another and aent bis pawners to Rtiatan. Walker is rencrted to have left that island on tke 29th of jun?, aad tb* iw?xl *p hear of ti'm Is at the (Bland of Oo aimal, off the cwwt of Yucatan, where hi* f if edition Mid tc cod <ut of Are nchoon?ni and 6v? hundred m?t, v* at anchor and there remained,* . atinf with the mainland and completing it? prpparation*. until the 20th cf Jnly, when It *et nil fcr parta unknown T>r* caa be UtUt doubt that the destination of Walker is Nicaragua. AQd he ha* shown, hi the secrecy witli which h? has managed this expedition, that hs has learned something from past failure*. Bofore long we eball no doubt have further new* of his proceeding* a-tfa.ib3 in Mkxioo.?The monthly arrival of the British steamer from Vera Oruz at Havana bricgs ufl regularly the news that Miramon it pent up in seme tight place from which he caanot possibly escape, and that the civil war in Mexico is about to be brought to an end bj Us immediate annihilation. By the last accounts he Is reported to be Bomewhere between Lagos and Leon, surrounded by overpowering constitutional forces, while other bands of liberals were gathering in immense numbers round ths city of Mexico. Taking the wheat without ths chaff in the late news, it amounts to this, that Miramon, having saved the Important city of Guadalajara from Uraga and Ogazon, is now on his way back to the capital to drive from there the forces that hare gathered around it This has been the precise character of the struggle in Mexico for the last two years. Miramoa is the live lion of the field, and whenever he bas come to blows with his antagonists he has always triumphed, and whenever he baa turned his back on any place he has lost or imperilled his conquests. His cause is the unpopular one; but he has the remains of the veteran army la Mexico with him, and more pluck all the rest of the leaders of both parties together. He cannot triumph, for the people are not with him; nor can Juarez conquer him, for he is neither a soldier nor an energetic statesman. What Mexico now wants is a leader equally at home In the saddle and the cabinet, and as ready with the sword as with the pen. The Mexicans are beginning to look again to Comonfort, who is still reposing in this city; and If his cause is well managed he may soon become again their President. He has a good defence for all the paat accusations against him, antecedents that might compel respect, and ability such as none now In power In Mexico possess. His friends commit the error cf letting these lie fallow, aad the republic is meanwhile becoming more and more disintegrated. As for Mlramon being near the end of his career, we should not be surprised if Juarez were equally near his, and some third name about to come Into view In the kaleidoscope of Mexican affairs. Profits am) Era of the Crrr Railroads.?Few people, perhaps, who travel on our city railroads and are compelled to experience the miserable want of accommodation bo characteristic of them, hare any idea of the immense profits which they accumulate everj year. With the smallest possible amount of comfort administered to the passengers, the incorporators of these roads reap a golden harvest from the half suffocated, crushed and badly used people whc employ them as a means of travel through the streets and avenues of the city. The official return of the traffic, outlay, earnings and profits of the five principal roads for the year 1860 shows the following figures:? Roads. Pavvnaert. R?:npU Sxym Earn'ar Third Arena?... 9,974,101 K>06 Ml 307,181 100,7* Rigbtli Avenue . 7,M9,997 379 gco 2M S70 I So .630 Sixth Avenue... 6 479,139 823 966 210 6Sf 107,<71 Second Avenue. 6482.011 262.166 180 644 81>*2 Harlem 3,498,113 261.983 130,18o 131,808 Total 32 ,T23,851 $1JK .666 1,0J7,56"' 6C 7 ,N? Here is an annual profit of nearly tbreeI quarters of a million admitted by the managers, and we may be certain that tue figures are rather under than over the mark. Out of tbeee Immense resoarces it is very ea*y for the city railroad interest to control the lobby and the Legislature, and the secret of its power there may be found in the sum total here figured up. With such a remunerate business as this have not the public a right to expect some decent accommodation on the cart * And yet it is notorious that there L- no trouble taken to make city railroad travel even endurable. There are not half cars enough cn any of the roads to accommodate the peasengen, and bence, for a considerable porticn of the day and night, the temperature and crowded state of the car a psslmHates tc those of the Ittack Hole of Calcutta, of infamous memory. It ie thus with all irrespcaeible monopolies; and until our city railroads are placed under the control of the city government we will never have a better state of things to boa=?t of Thecity railroads, as now conducted are more of * nuisance than a convenience. PoUTTCiL COHMBFON'DBWOR.?In another page we publish some correspondence bearing on the political revolution which is now taking a new shape. It indicate* the tendency to unit* the conservative elements against th? black republican candidate?IM1 and Everett being the i nucleus around which these acattered force* will combine. There is thus a prospect ol a squaro fight between the only twe real living partlw in the country?the conservatives and the revolutionists, consisting of the republican* at the North, and the secesnicniats at the Seuth If the fire-eaters of the Sorth do not fall Into the ranks of the conservative)! they will be whipp?4 as thoroughly as the nigger worshippers of the North. The fight will be for the t?aint#u?Re*of the I.'aion of the Slates. The tendency of black republicanism is to break it i:p. and thetendeocy of the sec. Zionists Is to the *???. I coal ITiere was alravs a* there Is now. a majority of the peopla against the princ'pt*? and design* of the black republic*:. | wctj. All thai wa* wantei was to effect a jcdcU^q of loo* armies in o:<fc*r to the total overthrow of tl)? common eneav That prospe.t aeast tc b* opening upon ovr view *t laj?t Tkt Hcgatte ?f S?? HtdtorA TV? error iu award.ig Uie prtaa to th? M* ?ur/ . (few flmt mataoca atw *o?B * truepr ut tn th? * Jnw*a.~ ,-4 tiOM to the Yacht Cli > ln?k. aul '> award of '.a* c'uao?*o<i. r?i?t 1) tba Maane.-atna ?r?f rotii a mtar-aatr-. v?/ >f ik# a)><rw?nee o* tlatt h*twe?E 4* clilaM ?f the mpet oa jackU Tbo rcau^.aa ?aal<y r^ardmi ! r, f> _ Ibe Mauoe-iinr wo? tUe pr* of < be anuaet t iaaaakMp* The Julia thai Uif Ornt t'M nioopa. ? veil a* o*( af ! the rbaapionsh'> Mr BaaweU rt.4 not row > tb? rale itt.oM *a ?Ir'yeaterday in oj tetter frrjt Nfw & 4*,. j ^ ^.-v* batnf a member of k* Re|aiu.r?auiiiue A Brook v? Clf.y New*. A %3iocvjjd? f?rarrj ar Li jmrau a?d m Carraia Kn;*n ? Ifcntig 11k tLuc lar atorrn, hetweaa aa ' *it o'ckaii jrcater laf aft/jraoM, the aehaaaer M*r*? la, of F?eport, *A, 0*TA George HuHbiaaon, Ifing at aocho- HI Uif frtfl of .(oraktmoa irtmet, waa atrjek k? 1 abtf^if. IV aialr waa ahirrrwl from top to hot mm. aul the a*c\rtc flmJ paeaad lalo U* cab la, wtw th' wptvnM frew wer*aaat-1at a taM# ?atia? '!?-? 11V, c?ptMr. CM atrttek ud IBM* lort??t!r Ullrt, M.1 .w>er#*?,t?*or til In number, wwr* ?tuii?*1 TV l*. bio Mid fTfrUitnc ?p>w ? W* to maa A rbftlalm ?w mimmmm! to ftUMd up?w the r?puta, but fir* battel MOM of UM otbtn ?r? wrtoub^ t?ar??.