Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1860 Page 1
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I TH WHOLE NO. 8747. THE JAPANESE EVSASSY HOUEWiRD BOlfD. News from the United States Frigate Niagara. HEALTH OP HER i? CREW. , AUTOGRAPH LETTER FROM TOMMY. INTERESTING SCENES ON BOARD. Oar Correspondence (rnm on Board Ik i Called Stale* Frigate Niagara, Ac., Ac, *0. Ws have received, by the way cf England, itU adv>ces from the 1'nited suw Bte&m fr gate Niagara, which left this port on the 30th of UM Jsm, with the Japanese Em bassy as passengers. Tbo N'.??ira arrived at St. Vincent oo the 16th ult. I The correspondence from the N'.?gara which we publish to-day will Inform our readers of the progress of the returning Japanese Embassy, as well as of tbe health and happiness of the passengers and crew of the noble vessel. Tbe friends ofTate.sh Onejiero, and especially the ladles, will also be glad to hear that Tcrcmy has not been forgetful of the kindness lavished upon him during tbe brief I stay of the Embassy in this country, as tbe following autograph letter which we Lave received amply teetjles ? tommy's card. Tea do not know how happy we were come to visit U> an.ted States and exceedingly present time all over and 0 bultlful country everything verry astonlshd as the rail road train the Capital, the Patent otflcie?SmitbonUn muslnm which hss great macey curisohity there?the BaJooas?buititul Steamboat? Are engine?Are work?the theatre?big ball?Dance?music?verry fine sordlor pracsssion?march?Sprended uniform building and pretty ladys a a. I have cried when I left New York, at tl>oughta of leaving, Captain Porter?83 Leeand ?DanoaL Or. Mcdenall Mr. Lecland and Mr Uuido Methan and great bum; other friend. I expect return back again to go to school at anapllsh M study Ffegllsh A Navigation, and then I can lee alt my freind again. j [Here the letter is signed in Japanese ] \ I TATCISH ONEJIERO. Tommy OUR BPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE. i I'vnxn <>uih tfnux Fxicutb Nuam, 1 Pobto GRAM'S, St. Vincent, July 17,1m0. j TV Voyage</ Ike Xiagara?Dttariptum of Porto Grande? ' MmUmt Tim* Made by the Frigate?How the Japanese Comport Themtdve* on Bmrd?Hmtmy U MkcrciteJ Concerning the this Daughter* of America?Accommodation* for the Ambauadori? Celebration of the Fourth if July? Arrival of Two Engluh SUa men?future Course of the Niagara, die., cfc. Itoe Niagara has arrived at her first stopping place, , sixteen days from New York. All wclL Nothing of special interest has transpired so far, aside 1 from the usual dull monotony of a eoa voyage on board a Man-of-war. The highlands of 8t. Antonio were first seen yesterday at one o'clock, and at eight the Niagara dropped anchor la this harbor, which is callod l'orto Grande, one of the ost barren, rocky, desolate placcs to be found upon God's footstool. Chsgres and Greytown are perfcct paradises compared with It. This island, or rather pile of rocks, belongs to Portugal, and forms one of tbs | group of the nurthweatern cluster of the Oape de Verdes, j inhabited only by " black republicans" and a few For The Niagara bu made* very good run, considering tkat the voyage has been made moat of the way by steam lone, against bead winds. Itos Sfth day oat the propeller was elevated. Daring I that mgbt and part of the next day she made from twelve to thirteen knots, giving farther proof of her extraordinary sailing qualities. The propeller has been hoisted and let down foir times since leaving Sandy Hook. On the evening of the 6th, when in latitude thirty ssven degrees, passed spars, masts, Ac., of a wrecked vessel. Basic night, weather dark and rainy, passed a ship, which the Niagara came Dear running Into. Several vessels were signalised on the voyage, on (he 10th a brig was seen to windward, with all Mils set, supposed to bs a slaver bound for Africa. On the 14th, latitude 23, longitude 30, going ten knots, spoke a large French rhip bound to New Orleans and West Indies. The Japanese are in a perfect state of "salubrity," every one, from and including the Kamks, down to the oooks and barbers. They are not the same people they were when In the Called (Hates, where they were cooped, caged and penned up like to many animals. On board the Niagara not a day baa pasted that they have not been on deck, mixing up with the officers and others aa freely as if only ordinary passengers. It is interesting to see bow closely they apply themselves to learning the English language. Tbry hare quite a library of books of dinertnt kinds?Dutch, English and other dictionaries. There are several others besides the Interpreters who speak considerable feglisb. "Tommy'' takes lessens dally in'Englah of our excellent and worthy chaplain, Rev. Mr. Stewart. " Tommy" sends a letter to Mr. Bennett, in which be speaks of his visit to the United States In the most affectionate terms. Be speaks particularly of Warren and Lewis Inland, Captains Pupont, Porter and l<ee, and of aeveral thing* which be saw. In regard to the ladies Tummy" la aomewhat exercised in mind. He spoke of three " very beaotlful ladies, 0! very beauttful," from wb"?n be had received letters (calling them by name), b it os reCection he erased their name*, because. be said, tt would make the others "ftel jealousy," Bo mucb for the Japs. The accommodations provided for the Embassy are certainly ufu.o the most liberal and magnificent scaie. Everything, so far, has gone along smoothly, but dally and tsdionely. The glorious Fourth was celebrated by a dinner In the ward room, giren by the officers of the mess The life and soul of the ship are Colonel Ripley and I.ieat. Ben ry A. Wise, I'aited States Navy, who are going oat to Japan to Instruct and superintend putting up machinery Mat oat by our government. Colonel Ripley is to old and accomplished officer of lbs army, thoroughly rkillrd id the art ud rcicnre of ord aaare prart.es. Mr Wi?a goes out for a Similar purpoae, having charge of a different department. l?st Bight, won an.r tbe Niagara dropped anchor, an Kugliah i learner came la and anchored akwgsde o( us. Pbe is s new lt?uMr, built and owned in ftlssgow. on her way to Cftiaa. Hw la owned by prirate individuals. This aoro tog another steamer belooftag to the Peninsular and Orl en Lai Company cane tato port, oa bar way from Australia to EAglaad She leaves to morrow, and by her tbe 1st tors from tbe Niagara, intended Tor tbe steamer whtrh I saves bars on tbe 33d. will be sent to morrow. A few hundred tons of cnal will ba pot on board I be Niagara, and some water. Fruit, provisions and almost everything eatable cannot ba had here Every th ng in that line baa la ba Imported. Tbe Niagara goes hence to Loando, wbicb is some IJKru ssllea, anl la expected to occupy twelve dars At Loan da the I'm led B la tea government baa a coal depot, wbsrs tb? Niagara will a?ala recruit. At ber rate of wiling so tar, she will not reach Jeddo before the middle of October. The distance run In sixteen days baa hern 3 m lea, although some time was lost In running about, banting for the "trades, 'which she did not find, but made most ol Iks myage against head wlads Priam llitivnr Jul* IT laart IV J*prnetf m 5*t*? ru<U from aH Om*m-r Gmml ?, Porto Grande?the Por+if*m and Kntfu h riaft .taluf. td?Miitm on all Sid*, dc., 4c. A party of Jap*n?? went on abora to toy, but at?pp?j only a abort time. Tba Prlao"* rlld not go only the doctor*. "Tommy ad omo half down otlwra went They were n< t ttrj rb plraiird w'1b what tbey aaw Tbl* afWriooB tb? Borarnor 'inx-raJ <4 th- - xd* ac WmptinH by hi* a.4, lb* Fir* ?li O n I and .ly-o "i *?.r othrr?, w?rit t b? ir I th? V a*ar? by irvtatl?no Caju-n ?^Kr*r,an-l wre re>;ci\cl w vb *11 tlx hjBnra? E NE" f tbe Porlugeee time taiuted on fcmg on board, ihe Murine guar in iHawn up, &c , <Kc. Tbe Japanese Fran.ee tame on ieek and were presented, and all h^r.rfs bad a good time generally. On leaving tbe ebtp, the Itaglktb Bag wu Mooted, tbe band playing "Hail Colujal'ia" and "GoU Sara the Queen " Tbe Niagara <* II get all her coal on txwrd tooigbt and leave iu Ibe luornug. J-'be takee two hundred and seventy Iwn, forty of wh.ch she buy* of tbe Euglieh Mu:l Company, tbe balance was here belonging to tne , United Stales government. We get no *al?r; nothing but coal, do provaicne or anything el?e. i l!. ?. t?r*AM Pitman Nu<;>iiu, 1 Tomto GftjjrvH, Jul/ 17,1800 f JV Jayan-.tt en Beard Ship? Tbmmy's Applknlum to rte ? * -M W l f I . r n . .J,.? O TL. aiuay vj jrtc ?/wyunzsz iWUTI oauim?i/?t /Hilw.- Ptrirt-tt* of a Medical Gftftrtnce? Dtligh'ful WtcUh^r?Mi'.iUiry Puitrrngtri?Htaith of the ip, <ix\, dr. The Niagara left New York en tbe 30th Juno. With a favorable breeze we took our departure, and before tbe evening (bade* prevailed we bad lost tight of iand. During our progress down the bay tbe Japanese Ambassador* never came cn deck. Tateish Onejiero, known in the United State* a* "Tommy," is indeed a bright and clever lad, and has aready acquired a more perfect knowledge of the English language than the imperia interpreter himself. Active, playful, inno cent and witty, the young neophite is the life of the ahip. The wish nearest to bis beast is to be educated at Annapolis, and to become amidabipman. Deluded youth, he only thinks of America ai it was when he was there, the idol ef the moment, caressed and tattered by a; little does he suppose that ere the sun Cad sunk beneath the western hills, on the evening of hi i departure, mr name and fame were forgotten. His instinct; are all affectionate, and he remembers with gratitu-lo all the kindness shewn him, and has devoted a large portion of his leisure time during the voyage in writing amatory epistles to tbe numerous ladies who ftvored him with their smiles, and, as we have seen eeveral of these confidential letters, we assert tbe Tact boldly, but shall reserve the names. Tate lib takes dally lessons In English from our estimable chaplain, and from him we learn that the lad is uncommonly clever. Among tbe Japanese officers there are some intelligent and refined men; but the majority are uninteresting, If not repulsive. Tbe doctors have been seasick the who)* voyage, a clrcua>uo?-, perhaps, attributable to the fact of their placing too Implicit a reliance on the efficacy of ?beir drug-, for, unlike the profession elsewhere, they practise what they preach. Oar doctors have, as yet, been unable to have any oonflare&ce with them, although our surgeon, through tbe Interpreter, has frequently solicited one. Those shaven sons of Esculaplus certainly betray, In their outward man, no remarkable evidence of minute acquaintance with physiology, pathology or therapeutics, and we are not folly prepared to say whether, for the sake of their countrymen, this is not, indeed, a blissful ignorance. Among so many conflicting opinions as prevail amuoj the European and American practitioners, where only one can be right, the chances against making the correct selection are truly fearful. Like their neighbors, the Chinamen, for every case of sickness in the families in which they practise, so much Is deducted from the annual stl- i pend allowed for keeping them well. By the orders of their government, tbe Japmese are prohibited from visiting foreign countries; bnt on tbe ; ground of preservation of their health, they may possibly i go ashore for a walk. Tateish Onejiero will probably run I the mall by assuming the ditfuisa of an American mitt, which be purchased at a tailjring establishment In New Tork?.be golden colore* Cupid retaining, la all lti intensity, tbe tame fondneaa for tbe sex which he brought from Nlphon. While writing the young rascal is pocrtng over our (boulder, and, baying recognized hia name, la anxious to know to whom we are writing. The Niagara, the triumph of marine architecture, baa not, thus far this oyage, done credit to her great reputation, owing perhaps to her great draft of water; but when she becomes lighter by the consumption of h?r coal, water and pro visions, she may redeem her former renown. Her machinery has worked admirably; her dally consumption of coal has been thirty-eight tons; tbe revolutions of her pro pellcr thirty five, and her*spred under wind and steam about eight knots. Kor one hour she k*g*d thirteen knots. The weaker baa been delightful, and the prevailing w lad fklr and of moderate force. She has occupied tbe same time In making tbe voyage as the steamers Mystic and Sumpter, now on the African station, although we have sailed a greater distance in search of lb" trade winds, which we did not find. Her battery Is grand and luipuaing, and when the crew shall have bern sufficiently drilled, she will he to any enemy far more terrible than an army with banners. Her accommodations outside of the cabins, however, arc not e^ual to her vast dimensions; tbe berths her mtn badly, and la sadly deficient In laddesn and hatchways. Tbe porous nature of tbe wool of which her decks art constructed will always make her a damp and unc?mfortable ship. Tbe cast s of rheumatism and pulmonary disease which appear on tbe slsk list also | indicate that she may prove a moat unhealthy one, par ticnlarly ahould she remain long In the sickly waters of , China and tbe East Iodles. At present, with few exceptions, the health of the omccrs ana erf w is goon, ani me Japanese, generally, are u ftt. h*pp> ud contented at clams it tal^h water. In audition to our seventy two Japuieee paaaengers, wa ha\ e Colonel Ripley, I cited 8lau? Army, a distinguished otUcer of artillery; I.leutecant H A. Wlee, United Biatcs Nary, well known t<> tbe literary world, an well aa to the I service, for profesalonal attainments of tbe highest order. Both these cfiura have been entrusted by tbe government wltb valuable presents of or>1 nance for tbe Tyoooa of Japan. Mr. Oraoa V Hall.-nbock, bearer of deepaicbsa to tlie IIoo Townaend Barrla, Minister R<?i lcnt at Jaddo, ia alto aboard. F rom Porto Grande we tail fi>r Uiaiido, ?n tbe coist of Afr lea. for coal and water. Wo expect t > read. Jcddo by the lat of November. Broaklya City %aw>. KntcsConrrr Rarrauraa Dkukutki to tri Stat* Con rMUo.v?The Repubticaa Assembly Diatrict Delegate Convections assembled throughout tbe county on Satnrday afternoon and evening. and elect'-1 tbe folio-*In* delegates aad alternates to tbe Mala Convention to meet at Fyracuae on tbe 231 last f\r$t DiM'-ul ? Delegate*?a C Wiaalow, J. N. -'teams Alternates?I tear, W. England, John Qulacy A<Um*. /UrrttJ Dim,irt ?Delegates?D Ogd>-n Bradley. Charles 1'arker. A'U-rnatea?Ulcbard H Thompson, John Ca sbaw. 1\ir4 INMrict?Dela|0tle??W C. Benedict. Thomas 0. ! SMarmsn Alternate'?C. B Spooner. Jr , C. L Alleo. t>wih Dtthin ?Delegates?Meard W 1'iake. .Tona than 11. IMbrook. Alternates? J hn C Slaght, Jhn E. Oanimeyer f\fVk IHttiid ?Delegate*?!* rid Stewart, Cha* B?b? diet* Alternate*?P. W Gatraader, >' W Rradley. Tbe Iblloeing resolution wan oflered la tbe Second Dts trict Convention bj Mr L. S Murraj, aad was unam moraly adopted ? Renolred, That tbe republicans of this district heartily endorse tbe admin istrstlou of governor Morgan, and hereby reoneat their delegates to tbe Stale Cou rent Ion to live him their unqualified support A similar reaoluttoa was adopted by the Third Diatrict Co? v on t ion All tbe delegatse, It Is understood, are favorable to the renominate of (.overnor Morgan Perannal Intelligence. Baron Oaten nark on, .Mecr^tary of the Koaalan legation at Washington . W F. Heary. of South Caro.ua, aad Ja*. D If 11. of New (Cleans, arc stopping at the Clareadoa Hotel. Lieutenaat Colo**'Morris, of tbe Cnitad St ?to* army Oaptam Ramsav. of Washington. and J. B. Proctor and i party, of Ixiuisiana, are stopping at tbe New Vork Hotel Commodore Tatnall, of tbe railed States navy . Hoa. H. W. Milliard and lady, and Dr. John Magnire, both of llaltimore. are stopping at the I tfth Avenue BMel Ben Parley Poore, of Maaeachuaetta W. A. StroU, of Illinois: W. Q. Sylvester, of Ifelttmor* J. Havers, of r St. Ix>uit; H. W Cobb and J. Millar, both of Georgia, are stopping at the Astor Hoaae. Col. Jamea 8. Burnett and family, of Tennesson Judse C R Smith, of Mtsaiseippi, aad Mr. Bart*tlene. of the' Cnited Statsa navy,arc stopping at tba St Nicbolaa Hotel Dr Brown*, of Hartford I>r Sad'tard, ?f IM imtM State* naty; Dr Oram , of Philadelphia. George McOol . loogh of Maryland, and W y Worthingtoo and party, or 1 UtaaiMiippt, are mapping at tb? M?tr>poht.?n Hoi'l Right Rot Bishop A>ian<l>r ant aoo, ofRupert'i I And, Red river. 8. McCllntan. of Virginia. J. A. Rodr.guea and family, nf Smith America R. 6 flirritt, of England, and r Of-orga Mrdottom and wifls, of Newport, are (lopping ?t the Everett Home B W Wneht, of T/> ilelana J. K Hale and family, of ' WWn a. Jamec Turner, and J. Leech, Jr., and wife, all nf Philadelphia, H H H-r.kmaa, ami J. h. M< Cleary, bo'h of Georgia. Ta|>t. OroWell. of the rtenmer Flori l.i J. J. line*, of Hartford, and N. B. leaner, of Alabama, aro (topping at the I afarg- HoqW. W Y ( MORNING EDITION?> THE CENTRAL PARK. What Ha# Petri Achieved by Ten Tt land Workmen and an Expendituri of Two Millions of Dollars. INADEQUACY OF KE?FL1 What the Park Was, What it is, What it Be, and What It Sight Have Been, 4fcc, ftc., *?, A jt*r tgo tfco Central Par* iru a riBt.cctc.c i It wan the d*i!y rewnrt of un? of thou?and?. Ocreit tr\r ^ ? vi^'Kir ornr >4 uroP'iM MI'ntf Uong its winding walks, and cztolt jig the natural 1 tits of its local.on. They could then judfe fcr tfccrct ia to its present and prospectivo condition. But no Lb at is changed. Its novelty baa worn oQ. The pmj well dressed'crowds wbo oicd to Cock to t&e Park of .v'j day afternoons are seen there no mere; and tbo Cc I"ark ? iaat lapsing into a (state of neglect, scoA u fallen upon the Battery, L'n.on square, and our i public breathing grounds. But few of cur citizens I 'rrm actual inspection ?bat the Park loo lea l,ke ju present. Therefore it Is all the more necessary tht ihould inform them. The following report from 001 -ial reporter will probably suggest the true rei nhy the Central Park baa coaacd to be tho attractive; It waa a year ago. Franklin, in one of bis admirable essays, keenly rises boae who pay too dearly for their wh sties what would ho have said in regard to thoso wbo, paying most dearly, Dad themselves pneeeeeora < whistle at all 7 New York paid moet lavishly fo Japanese whit-tie: our Aldermanic band blew upon It melodiously, refreshing themaelves at our ei^ns' tween the tunes, and all New York dances at the greal ted can afford to be laughed at now when the bills cot rhc Central i'ark whistle, howeTer, though dearly bu will not play. In other words, after three ; labor and the expenditure of millions of lars," New York is almost as parkless now aa For all practical purposes the Central Park ia at pr use leas, and there seems to be not the slightest p btllty that It will anawer the real purpose for which Yorkers need a park, for years to come. IncompleU finished, with only promises here and there of things to come?with no shade, with walks and d beginning In dust, running along sand banks an<l i yards, and ending, like humanity, in dust again, tho tral Park, instead of daily attracting a greater numl visiters, is losing even Its Kabituij, wbo flock awi Jones' Wood, to Hoboken?to any place where th< shade, and It Is visited now only by a (few strangers, who go to see the Park as ther go tisee Dum a, or any other of our city sights. That this n have oeen otherwtae?that we might, more than a un h.rn hut the Park in a condition to attract an light visiter*?Is only too apparent, and the fault c failure is due to the mtgni Scent and complicated which baa bees adopted in its laying oat, and to the take of the architect In not following the natural I the land, and alio in not completing Oral of alt that lion of the Park which needed the least labor, ao tai public might have had a nreacnt good while a betta tare was preparing for tlfcn. TUB CKKTRAL rAKK Is about two mllea and a half long, and ooo half? wide. It la hounded by D.gbth and Kifth arenana, I ninth and 110th streets. Ita area ta about aeren bm and alxty eight acrea, of which about one bundre thirty alx acrea are occupied by the rcaervoira of th ton aqw-duct from whence :hc city la aupplled witl ier, Thoae who know anything ot the preparation c and the laying out of pardena will bo aurprtaed to that, since the beginalsg of the work on Hay 1, It to January 1,1800, ten thouaani fire hundred moc hare been employed, and one million aeren bundri sixty four thousand alx hundred and fifteen dolla seventy-four cents bta been expended upon three ai dred and thirty-two acrea of land Included In the and yet, not an Mre can be aald to be complete, aw one third of the entire area baa been almuet untoucl In the third annual report of the Park Oominiu the actual amount of worlc done is stated. Three ; third ml lea of road ara complete, and about Are begun or In prugreas. aeren mi lea of walk ara mm seven bridges are complete, or nearly so, three t>i being either bnill or raced with the finest freeau marble, and onatiog largely; seventeen tbiuaand hundred and sixty five treea and shrubs bare ed, and ten miles of drainage oompleted. Few, bos are able to realize what has, and what baa not been imply by a perusal of these statistics, aad tb<-ae will be much better determined by actual ins|>ec1 the Park itaelf. WHAT TUI PAHX WAS. The l'ark la naturally divided by tba reserroln two portions, which bare been termed the upper au er Part. Tbe upper Park baa been scarcely altered will b? described prea<>ntly. The lower Park, wbe cbaaed by the city, was a straggling suburb, c< with low, squalid bouses, inhabited by a claaa of p whose occupations ware really nulaanoea In tbe eye law Heap* of cinders, potahreds and broken were scattered here and there, and, in short, tbe | waa used as a sort of repository for all aorta of ru The grading of street* had hem commenced, and embankmeiita and rugged excavallona assisted tc tbe grneral aspect of tbe place atlll more wr and woe begone Pwatnpa and out cropping rocki an cflfect wbicb scarcely needed aid. Tbe coat of tti taken for the Park waa tl. 400.193 74. MM. I Ml HART CI* ARPOP. Tbis unalgbtly plot of ground, bowsrer, preseaU best area for a |?rk which could be found in tbe r of onr city. In the lower part there ?u little surfi be lure, tad much rock, bat not! and trees can be proc ured, while If rucks, ao ne< esaary to pic to effect, be wanting. they can aeldom be nbUiaei never In inch poMtlnas and with such effect ai Nat' rangta them with her art la tic hand*. The grout well selected, therefor*,'and daring the autumn r> the preliminary work waa commenced Three he dwelling!, several factories and a few cow stab lei r> moved, the pools of stagnant water w*re soperl drained, and ten llxmaand cartloads of stoaes were from the surface of th$ ground, and, during the a were built Into the rough wall which at present es the Park. In April, the design upon whii Park la lielng laid out was adopted, a reward of two sand (lo.lars paid for It, and one of Its authors. Mr. law Olmsted, was aul'fequently appointed Architi Chief fader tin* gentleman's superintendence the aow begaa la earnest, and the Park has beoone WTIAT It IS. Thr "What It la" M, we ftr?*tly fear, a re la I the "Whst la It?" and Is ainoat equally iacap* deBnltlon or description It W neither a Park, a yard nor a piece of waste ground, though by turaa minds you of all these. Aa you enter the gate at avenue and Fifty n,nth street, yon are iminedtaU veloped In a cloud of dust which render* further pr impceelble. and makes It neceasary for yon to reti the hotel eppoalta and clear your tbruat. not yonr blank book, what ymi afWwards find to be trie, that although there are plenty of water oarti the Park roads, where dust la impnaaible. they .. w,? gates, Where dnst is m<*t p. nty visiter wants shade aad eajoymeat ha had better i the hotel, where he oaa stt under the hi look st the Park be anno>wi by flies whnae aiu hare beea Intermarried with muaqultoaa be alart d<?*. which abound in iiamnviled multitudes, and look ?a If lhey were ready to go mad upon the si proreeatloa. drink liquors oaly palatable oa acoo the hadneas of the water, aad be solicited by hac vers frosn whoae lackadatst wl countenances and | appearand aad manner?which are stroogly suggea several small families, like John Rufera'. < the b starvation at heme?be vers rightly draws tha int that farea are few near the Park, lie bad better at out however, than try the Park, but if, as waa U with oor reporter, buslaaae says "fn," let him another trial, g*ap through the dost and enter tl eiocW aacred to lunctroke a urge pit* <h am the rclruMf ud immediately to atgbl to a r of too#* ulnar*, jont plmf-fl. anl a rocky (nnnii' which about twcaty Ave workmrn arc engaged to I Willi plcka and uammera, with oounteaanc** aa flri an the rock beneath them. aa If thojr Imped to w rnck away. mm" tlm? or other, and wont to work fully. and now hare given np the hope, but duck work; and litis remind* u? that, all over the Park hare been removed by hlantlng and boring, t one caaa a rocky ridge. enclosing the nortbaai tlon of a plateau, baa been reduced by b at least sixteen feet, simply for the purp opening view* of the l*ark. Taklof the path to tb< aa we enter I be Park, we And a few spots of green and a ledge of rock picturesquely overgrown, pul Kite the H*renth avenue entrance. Below the enti bridge i* building, very unnecessarily, aad we for parpeur* of ornament. Thirty of these bridges In the CronmlFtkwers' report "oral?ealaf'?ai term to a good oae fa?n?r- than oae H?ill- bull ly of Ireeetnae, are to he erectel In the Park, I mailer bridges of wood and too. aa<t bridge fin yeree r?d* scrota Umj Park, which will pr"seoil> )RI( H IONDAY, AUGUST 20, 18t>D. iidtre!. rr.'.?-H:o(t down the putll, we ame, opposite to the Slsth 11?i'ii ? entrance, t> au uzcuviittoa, i rxtot ring to iiw K ith traw, and r.taut rtvc ucroa i :D exUul, wbkti iittc bvtu dui; uut for a lake, wbil* low, twiiiup j'rourda in u'.ber locuMti g of the Park have been ! filled up. in every ca*e tho frouud ho ng made to confirm |UU* to the pun of the arrmtrrt,. nd not the plan to the natural 3 U> rf the ground. I*Qe central lake or skat.ug p<.nd hw been dirpeced ted widened by excavatlona. and the bo-ea built up with raanonry: and the lake at Mtfiow as'aftusa. at the northern extremity of the Para, haa be?.n dug out, sine tboofand cubic yards of material hiving (wen vrAv.itnd from the contemplated site, and P H , tbs limits and torm of the .ike not having been yet do cidcd upon, the drainage and ficwerage will of oouree be underttoxl without auy particular description, and the total rTtcBt of tbo pipes b?s already boon given. SdV PwwsedtPf up the Park, we Had !t incomplete and nnfciuibed, with the exception of carriage roads and a few spots of green to tbo first of th j transverse roads, of which fvur are to cross tbe Par*, at Sixty sixth, Eightieth, Eighty sixth and Ninety seventh streets. Before we reach this trausverse road we couae to a sandy valley, on the right baud, rough and rugged, with a bridle path ,. just beg'in.and to a Ptnail grt-en, upon the left TTieee trar>sverse rottds hs tbey are called, are crooked street* sens c?inecting Fifth and Eighth avenues, built below the iricg le*el "f the t'aik, solidly wailed up, o(*>n during their great- St length, bot arched over at those place* where -8*41 tbey aroI by the drives. These roads are admiraclves hty adapted to bo gutted by the rains In sumjner and w ail blocked op with en >w >n winter, and will, " probably, like the bridge#, fo'tn a feature r ana <lf p,,), more ornamental than useful or necessary, at itur- least for some years to come, aud cerla nly not Important E.ral enough at prt s> ot to crowd out more popular improve menu. Beyond this road Is an imitation marble yard to hM tbe right, and great stretches of green turf to tbe left,

nber and following tbo main drive, we come to the most lnow finished portion of tbe l*ark, with beautifbl vistas of green, clumps 01 ror.it and hushes artistically arranged, s: at and some tine trees, original inhabitant* of tbe soil. Uero, it we as everywhere, however, the trees or the paths are so . .... arraogt d that It is impossible for the visiter to obtain tbo ' slightest sbult, and at tbo end of tbo Mall, with tta quad mom ruple row of fine elms, It has been found necessary place to erect a small tent to screeu tbe visiters from tbe sun. Tsls Hall, if it were shadier, would oertalnly be a molt beautitul promenade, and will be ono of tbe attractions of the Pirk. Just here begins tbe grand Central lAke, or bet skating pond and at the extremity of the Mall there is after builiitg a magnificent stone terrace, with arches and fountains, looking south from the Ramble, and taking In >f no at one grand view almost tbo entire whole of tbo western r her portion sf the l*ark. This late Is almost in tbo centre of tbe , Park, and, except the drives on either side, the ground m beyond it, towards tho avenues, is as rough, rugged e, be- and unfinished as ever, with a few excepI ball tional spots, and several carriage and bridle . ' roads are laid out or just begun In these no in. taction* The shores of this pond, upon the northern side, ught, are broken and billy, with any amount of small shrubbe years T< and a walk winding and twisting into a perfect maze. . . Tli is is the most picturesque and the must fitvorite portion uoi* o? the Park, fur h?;re nature hu been left almost entirely ever. to herself; the roc* a furnish co<>l and refreshing shade, and the windings of the pith, with glimpses here and there of the lake, with its bright waters, give constant ruba- variety aad beauty W> the promenade. Beyond New this maze comcs another transverse road, In the i on vicinity of which unfortunate vehicles pitch and ' * toea in a pea of sand, then the old and new resergood voire, separated by another transverse road, and then, rlve" Til* NORTHERN PORTION OF TUK PARK, stone int0 wliicb Tew visiters, except those from Harlem and 0ea" Manhaltanvllle, ever venture. This part of the Park, w about one third of the entire area, la almost untouched. 10 A few roads are laid out, and the excavations for the lake sre is already noticed are going on. There are two or three rural wooden buildings upon this imrtiou of the Park, and the ?*j", Convent, vacated about a y?ar ago by the Sisters of Chartai* ty, who removed to Font Hill, upon the Hudson, la now 7y* occupied as the residence of the Architect-la-Chief. The ? j country here ts agreeably diversified with hills, is well 1 wooded, with a fine, fertile soil, few rocks and an abunP"11 dant supply of water. The l'ark is now bounded by 100th m-Sl street, but really extends to 110th street, the I<egkslalure having passed an act to bring the 1PPJ" interjacent ground within the Park llmita. Two Lt tUe and a half millions of dollars have Iteci granted for the r 'u" completion of the Park, with the promise that only onethird of this sum, or about $H3U,00U shall be expended a -,h year L mile WHAT TBI PARK WILL BR. Kitty- With the improvements now contemplated, or in proidrod g>ess, with its drives, promenades, lakes, statues?of d and which one of Commodore Perry has already been pree Cro- sented by A. Belmont?zoological and botanical a wk gardens nurseries, art galleries, splendid bridges, fountif land forests, lawna, winter drlvos through evergreen learn lanes, cricket ao.i ball grounds, skating ponds, towers and One buildings for ita managers, the Central Park will, ' when completed, be a perfrct gem of art, and may fitly be 1 In all aaih-d oue of the wondera of the world. It will aa far aural and pass any of the Kuropean parks as they now surpass the rs aad Battery or l?nion square. Before this brilliant picture of future beasty, however, bang like dark curtains the facta x bun that an immense amount ot money will hare to be expendtd before this consummation can bo r? ached; that a lover [on* time will have to elapse before the Park will have crown into Ita Icveluieea, and that now, at least, and probablv for several years, the Park will be perfectly useless u,d for tLc parpoaec for watch it was designed. It Is very miles easy, say some, to tudicatc these feu Its; but la It aa eaay piets; to indicate bow thev might have been avoided? It la true rllgea tv great a work dem:inda time and money, but It >ne or WOu!d have bten perfectly practicable to have glren the three public a ( entral Park to enjoy now, ita well as one to en piuit- ut,|y b? anticipation To altow thia we have but to consider WHAT THK rARK MIGIIT BAVR BERN. ;ou of -o first place, the Park, auch aa lt la, and such aa it will be, if completed ia accordance with the present delicti*. Las been entireh created, .^warana have been I Into filled up, rock* levelled, lakes etca\ at>-d. aud no attention d low- wbat?\ er Um been paid to the natural feature* of the I, and grouni?? little study of whl.-h would have tared miicb n pur- money and more time. If, then, walka and road a had >vered brcD **l<i onl' trcel transplanted, aa for tie Box de Boulogne. In Pari*?bodily, and without being denudel of ersons ibelr native noil?If bridge* had been built from the na of the tire rock, and not from atone transported from Nora Hcobricks tia. tli<* natural features of the InrmU being all Uie while consulted?we thonld hara bad, a year ago, and at a coat ground not n,u, h exceeding HOOCOO. a park open to the public, bbiih. t|,j ?,ui ih. itir w-tiona suthc.stil fur our demand* of ru auch raj scenery. pure air as4 shade. Now we have the pure 1 make t|r. t>ut the nhade and the gconery are In the future, tnrtrhod i.oOuite, infinitive tense?the lobe about to be. Then, i aided if r ,ch Improvements were needed, the Park m.ght * laud gradaally liare been raised to the perfection of a mammoth landscape garden by portions, and without di* tnrhing onr etuoyment. a* the builders raise whole blocks . of bouses to a new level without destroying the comfort* id t!M) of the occupant*. To onr mind, also, the wrong portion iCJtity of tli* Park haa been ?< ted for bey onlnp ojierationa. tre to Tlie Commissioner! say that they selected the lower portion because it wss nearer the city and better for pedes easily titans, but what Is the us? of baring an entertainment reaqie near at band at which no pleasure Is aflorded, its ouiy I an t attraction being its vicinity? The upper portlou of the ' I'ark, though further removed fr >m the city, could have are ar- been with llttls cx|<ens? transformed luto a beautiful id wh wood, md it would have satlaAod the demand* of f 1M7 the public until the lower portion bad reach "d indred name advanced stage. By either of throe method* the * were public would have bad a Central I'ark to enjoy them Iclally selves In; but now, burned by the sun, tired of walking taken along paths bordered by no comfortable scats. and sur rinter, i rour.ded by a Jumble of stonea, iron and dirt, tlvy retreat icl-wea to Jones'wood for I bat romfort which they have amply r.b the j pa d Tor. but cannot receive in their own I'ark. Verily thou- ' the old adage b<><ds true? > red. A bird In the hand i* worth two In lbs bush. >ct in- | *wl1 I I'ollce Intelllgaare. Ka of am Atuuisn Tmsr ?In the month of February Isat. James PewlU and Philip Parley were arreted lTe ?r i for stealisg llfty-one baga of corn, the property of Foi At hlo of m TVater street, from tbo schooner S. B Godwin. Mono- I then I) lug at Twenty firth street, Wist river. Parley wan It re- trted, convicted and s><nt to Htate prison, but Iitwltt was 1 ?- * a -k. I., -a a * h im Ka, L, ^ " ,Ul who gave ball for bis ip|?tru :e Tor trial. Tbe day for tly en the tr'al occurred, but lb* prlaooer wu n^n rH, in I rs ngris malned so tintil a day or two ago, when ofllcer Cornell, of tbe lUrbor Police, espied tnd arretted Dew lit, and took "ra 10 him betore Jutice Kelly, at the Lower Police Court, when ing 'n the prisoner waa remanded for trial. i upos Auwt of dm Am Pwunonw ?Toward Faulkner, a never dinrty look in* individual, and something of a temperance tlrat *c'nr?'- bt'ebed fhrtb aa harangue to a heterogeneous licnny. crowd in tbe Park yesterdsr, but bia atyle of oratory waa vhnots >o boisterous and harsh, bordering on a breach of tbe ned at peace, Uta( a metropolitan policeman objected, to which ?uch an eitent aa to Invite the lecturer to "dry tip.'' To ightest ihn inettatios lanlkner demurred, when be waa arrested unt of taken before a police Justice at tbe loraba, and the k dri- <*** rfl?mlssed. reaeral Sergeant McKMrey arreeted one John Glover on a siraiitiveef lar charge and waa almilarly dlapoaed of. rink of events r^*aotic>i omtaai r? Pwo wa*??Vrnnm or a Tocjro t it all (,mi ?Tbe p?-ople of Mllford, Del an I rirmity, are la a le caae tiatr of greet rtenement in cossecinence of the perprtramaks tmn of one >>f tbe moat heinous crime* Dial haamr oc t?e pro. eurred la Delaware, the particulars of which the Smyrna guard* Ttmn gtvra aa foliowa ?On Sunday afternoon last, an in itadhed tereMtng yonag girl, Sfe?l about fourteen years daughter I, upon if Mr Ze<. Orimtfa. on returning from a vUlt, wae way apptng laid in' '"e?ifg a W'-x-1?. her person violat'l. and aft??r nly aet warda killed and dragged through the wooda and an adrar the joining eornield to a ditch, where. It ia auppossd, the cheer. (i,.nd intended to bury ber in the mud, which he would a Ika l.aw* Ksil ftft tint Kaen (hkt t mnn Kai>n/?nrvi . rock* to be paaainn B**r lh* P'?oe at tbe tiro* whom tbe rmril mil m law,and inade a haaty retreat, unfortunately unnoticed. >t por- The body waa warn^hen found by tbe mm a bore n*ntatting ed ?n e*a?inntPll tbe akall on the bv* part of ber KM of bead bad baen cruehed u If by ? brick or atone, and rlftat, there wal ? *mall rope around her neck, need, <loublleae i fra'?, fbr the purpose of itrangulation, A nejro man, about , oppo twenty one y??r" of aire, baa bean arretted on tuaplrlon rani a a of lomtnitting tbe deed, aa he waa eeen to eater tw ( Itpnee wood* ahnrtly befora tbe yoanjr lady did. Toe unfortn nailed oale ;#dlT!dnal waa a vary lovely and Intereatlog young rid lb i lady, and ?a* at the t me a p'ipll at the eemiiiery In Mil t woe! for'l. We learn thai the people in ttie MlgftfeafWod are keiid'-a an In rjifrtHhai they intend to lynch tho perpetrator <>( Iran* tt-e .jr.-.t aa ar^n t? they obtklR iff! -'ert proof ijf h l bfl con- |u It. [ERA: NEWS FROM HAV ANA. Arrival of the <iauk?r City?Kurth<iau.fce at St. Tbomki-Ltrge Arrival ?r Cool lea, &r., <Vf. The eieaouibip Quaker City, H. W. Shuf?Mt,corr.aiw.der, I arrived at th:s port yeeterday aJVrmmn ij' .c iuy), frcm \ Hsvana, Wednesday, loth id t . at one }'. M. The health ol Havana .a generally good for iiub acaaon of :he year, and the weather fine. There waa no local ncwB of much intereat. Tr.e day of departure of the ijuaker City be:ng * feast day, buatntM waa generally siajponded. The quotations of the sufar market we aim**:? Tor No. 12, S^u'Jreaia per arroba; whites, 12 a 1?X; muacozaitos, 7S a 9Stock on hand at Havana and llaUozae amount) to about 280 000 boxes, agalist 205,000 bozea aamo time :act yar. u.-'a*. <.? ,'nvrA rv-r k?r 31 Wc. a 37 ?c. Muecovado. 46 a iOc per keg of 6^ gallons. Freights bare been sustained at some prtccs since las advice*. Exchanges? Lcndon, 60 days, 1-4)i a 15 per cent premium; Paris, 60 days, l.1, a 1per cent premium; New York md other Northern cities, 60 days, 2 a 3 per cent premium; New Or Ivans, short, 3 a 4 per o?nt premium. Arrived August 13, steamship Star of tbo West, from Now York, aailinc some day for New Orleans. Tho Tinuj of 81 Tbonas, of August 1, says:? Yesterday evening, between seven and eight o'clock, a very severe earthquake was fell here. The shock was stronger and the faaktlM longer and louder than any earthquake felt here since the one of February, 1843, that did so much iciury to l'oint a I'etre, Guadeloupe. The general belief with regard to this one is that it waa conlined to this island, whilst the one wo refer to, it will be rcmon. bored, was supposed to have come from a distance, as subsequently confirmed. our aorrespondent sends us the following market report from that island:? Oar market Is abundantly supplied with brea Intuitu and provisions. White pine boards are abundant, and $20 the paying figure; pitch pine in demand, at #21 to $24. l'TeigUM nave ocen miner nun; very iiiuu urraauu tur vessels; salt to tbe United States at 9"-jc per bu?hel; molaww**, $3 on dock. Freights to Kurop?aii ports, ?2 5s. to ?2 7b 0d. Kxchangos?1/oodon, 94 80 to $4 82 00 day*'Bight; United Slates night bank drafts, par; three days do..1 per cent premium; private bills, 00 days' sight, threo per cent discount; American gold, 1 to l}i premium. OtB HAVANA CORR18FONDENCB. Havana, August IS, 1800. Contract to Pave Havana?Statue to Columbia at Cardrnat Cemeteries? Antujtritia?Wharvet?Large Arrival of Covlia?Kdieird from Thxet?Cattle Importation?The Muorith War Fund?Cutiun lloatt Receipt*, dU , ?fc. On the 9th Inst, the eon tract of .William H. Falrchtld, of the city of New York, with the "Ayuntamiento" of HaTina, for 20,000 metres of paving material, was placed In the news items of the Diario. This oontracl has fortunately been given to parties who are fully competent to comply with their engagements, and, although tho whole < amount will not exceed 9119,000, It may pavt the way to more important negotiations for tho block paring stones, which are \mder discussion and for which most advantageous offers for this city have been made by Mr. T. If these contracts are given to the same parties there will be no more failures of contractors?no more injury to tbe important interests of the city?and the work I will be well and economically dono. I am led to these remarks for the reason that after the contract of Mr. Fairchtld?now Anally closed?bad been accepted, at a rate below any oth# offers, and his terms had transpired through members of tbe Council who made the oontract with him, other otrers were made, two days subsequently to the period allowed for the opening of the proposal!, and were entertained by the same Coutcll, after they had Informed Mr. F. that tbe contract was his, and required him to sign the contract and deposit I ho money as guarantee that he would comply with his obligations. What induced them finally to conclude the contract In good faith wc are not advised; but probably they saw at once that the parties I oilering could not posxlbly ac nmpllsh the work at the l?Tn.K uai'nu, tir IUV| bm*1 l?mru mm uiv; IMU |uuv Hfu tar to retract without liability for damages. Tbe subscription at (iu-denss ta at last closed for a monument to Gojumbus?M.000? aud Uio contract mtde at Madrid, with tbe celebrated Don Jose IMquer, the work to be daubed la two yean? bronze statue and pedestal, which are to be submitted for the approval of the Koyal 8<>cl<ty of Arts, at the capital of the uatlon. Our cemeteries are to be enlarged, under the orders of the CaptalD General, aud to be removed from the eltj, which will be one of the blessing of the Count of San Antonio's administration. General Serrano Is also occupied, with a learned and Intelligent volunteer corps of assistants, In procuring antiquarian cnriotililes or Cuba and the neighboring continent, lor the purpose of tranamlttisg to the Koyal Museum at Madrid. If you or your friends can give assistance In tbe matter, from th? Immense quantity In yoor libraries, musenms, kc., tbe service will be highly appreciated here and In Madrid, and we can promise yan something in return worthy of preservat isn, even from Cuba. Our wharf improvements in the vicinity of tbe Fountain of Neptune are progressing rapidly. American sbip sAsg Hound, 1,534, from Swratow, Bttavla. and St. Hols, 166 days, arrived on tbe 16th Inst , dc'.ivrr.ng 3i.'l live coolies, having lost,duriug tbe voyage, 67 of duease in.I overboard. Captain Hussey. of Beaton or vicinity, died just as bis ship wis entering this port. Hit remains, I am liifdfmcd, have been embalmed for tbe purpure of sendlrg to blsfrlen'ls On tbe 11th. arrived t rench ship SiKlsbert, Osnsrd, 1.10 <lays from Maeao. with :<t*9 cooliel. and Spanish ship Guadalupe, on the l^ih 13s days, same port, with 300s<*dlcs kMWM fr<.m tbe two ves-els as I have seen informed (not from ofltcisl quarters). 71 during the voyages. Trial of tbe six vessels la?t arrived, 1 tifl coolies, all coming ii|vn the market at occe, from different < oni mn.es wit > some little anxiety to realize, has brought down the prices to i- r;iihi-r more reasou.ible, a>- noted in my letter ot lust evening, lands which arc devoted to railroad purpose*, and taken from landed proprietors nlonir the various lints, sre to be relieved of tbe royal tax to the crown, on assessed valu-itim as tothe quantity. \c , both w.th theorlglnal proprietor and the enterprise acquiring then:?anct6er league in proves*. favorable lo Cuban Industry and MwyrlN, brought U> bear ttmrt the lu"lllpoc ami reprt K?n tut inns of our chief. The steamer >*lvor arrived 11th. from Tam|?, with a full < argo of slnfk and lowing a Mf, iMded ?l?i with r.?ttlo .-noun tered at s<a. having i.een detained by heavy weather, belonging to the same enterprising owner. Our Morocco war stork standi- at (act report by tlic commissioners ? la id In Holido subscription* general $'.<85,433 10 S' Discounts from ofllclal salaries, which were voluntary oil ring* 24,937 65 Subscriptions for support of glren nnmhero of soldiers in the Held 14,134 ?2 1 , Good* ot various kind*, at valuation >>0 <W Aggregate from all sntreet 1,064,096 91 Tlie customs receipts Tor May nnd June, as stated by the Diario, It* ihan last year. 1133,004 fl" But In the last six months the gain over IK* la 176.013 22 I?nd taxes and rents for same, lets than last year. 859,010 93',' Total of rents for Oral six months of 1800 9,913.2H3 34'? Same la the year 1*6!' 10,067.6M hiji, Difference against 1*00 in the sum of.... 164,.100 72 This diminution maybe made go* l in the l.vt six months of the year by improvement In hualtx'** At any rate it only show*, not that we have fallen oft so much in CHMperal businoas, or in prosperity, as it dors that lavs I ve been diminished, and in thus mu;b the general inI dustryofthe rountrv benefitted. Tlie tax upon slave I prope'rtv for cedulas hs? been removed, which was a <rm siderabf* item in property taxation, and of importance In revenue statistics Our health is good. HilrlHf sit West Farm*. Wn*r Fa***, August 17, 1*60. TO TTT1 KDTTO* OF TTIK HIKALD. Tbe body of an unknown man was found hinging by tbe neck from a tree in U>e wood* opposite the residence of Mr Crane. Port Morn*, near Motl llaren. on Saturday, 17th Instant, about eight o'clock, A. M. From appear nor it was thought that deceased had not bee* hanging more tk.an two hrrara When found be had on a drab fell bat dark mixea woollen coat, check Marseilles vest and pantaloon*, linen sbirt, white cotton aocks and high laced Kngllsh shoes, nsarly new wore a truss next his person la about five feet nine or ten Inches high, in bis keU wm a buckskin purse, Willi four cents, s kalt tobacco poach and a German meerschaum. His remains will be kept until Monday for identtfleAiion. R. VAUNTINE, Coroner The New .Mini It Inn Martyr. TO THE MOTOR Of Tilt BKRAI P. Will yon a "certain aid pnbllh the name of that yo. ng devoted "friend of freedom" who was recently hung in Texas, "fbr giving strychnine to the slave* to pnt into th* wells'' Surely, if John Brown was honored for m -rel> murdering men. this >ouag -friend of freedom' should be doubly honored for tbr attempt to murder men, women and children, lie has died a martyr in a holy <au*< I jet b I* nam* be recorded u lib the honored nam>- of John ?or> nur<*r """"""" "*"a raiKNrO to MAITYrbT ' (Ibliatrf. Ma* Fur/mmi ?t tb? *t?rk monljr rOblo) Infirmary, on tb? 1*1 loal . a*??d 10* ynara, 10 MMm4fllmj !i to ih?? wb?a f?rl iin i ? ? irrfil fa\orof ???n?ral *?> rifton. ft* whom ' thf ronKM durlm- h'? Tlail* lo I 'tl> Vo'lr. ! ? , wln.-b no > ?i^<1 h m lh?t h?> < "> ri'd h<>r a rt "?t n in bit fbmtlj, wL.cb ibc ttei'iacJ. * r n PRICE TWO CENTS. ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OP THE KTN4 AT TI1IJ PiRT. OUR EUROPEAN OLLA PODRIDA. Art, Literature, Policies, the Slavery (lutstion, Sporting Matters, *?., &c., Ae. The Canard screw steamship Ftua.Oapt. Anderson, from Liverpool on the 7th ar<t vj icemuiwn on tho 1th uslant, arrived here early yesterday morning. According to advices from Nap.ee, tbroe hundred soldiers who were on the point of joining Uaribaldl have been arretted. The Minister of War had withdrawn thft troops from the Abruzzi .n order to concentrate the principal part of the army around Naples. It ia reported that the King of Naples has 42 000 sold .era at Reggio, opposite Messina, and these troops, it is coot)dently reported, Intend to join Garibaldi the moment bo lands. At Naples and Rome he la waited for with impatience. The London Hewt of August 0 Bays:? The stock of cotton in Liverpool is now 1,240,000 bal<<?, being nearly double the quantity held at the corresponding period of last year, when the total was 058,000 bales. In the House of Commons on the flth the subject of the paper duty was taken up. Mr. Gladstone moved the first of his two resolutions fixing the duties on paper, books, *c., imported from France, in accordance with the commercial treaty. He spoke at length in explanation of his proposition, and urged its adoption, that the last remnant ui he protective system might be Instant)/ des'. i>)ec Mr. Puller moved bis amendment, dcc hi 11, it to be Inexpedient at present to assent to tfco government proposition. After a general debate, in the M..MA Ar?kloK u. TMa?a1t ,1 aW-a ... as ~m VI ???VM Ml V?I?MI WtUlVM Buy IfUCIllUD Ut free trade or protection was at issue, the Huvuse divided ? For the amendment 233 A gains 200 Ministerial majority 33 The original resolution was then carried, and the second resolution, a/fcctlng paper not the produce of Francc and Algeria, was agreed to without a division. Prior to the assembling of Parliament, Lord Palmerston received 170 of his supporters at his private residence, and fully explained to them the position of government. The government had decided on having the whole of the Iron plated steam floating batteries put In a state of thorough repair and made ready for Immediate serrioe. Queen Victoria waa paying her annual visit to Scotland. Mr. John Craft, provision merchant, London, had suspended?liabilities believed to be moderate. The Nova Scotian arrived oil Londonderry on the morning of the 7th. Oar Constantinople Correspondence. CossrajrrworLB, July 20, I860. Condition qf Jffairt <n Syria?Panic Among tin Chrutian 1 Population?The Grrrkt Arming?TV End qf the Sick Man Rapidly Approaching, dtc., rfc. The news received here from Syria becomes more and more alarming. Since tbe massacre in Damascus aa outbreak baa occurred la Aleppo, another fanatic Mussulman city, of which we hare aa yet no particulars. There la great cxcltement, even here, amongst the Mussulman population, which recalls what are considered the wrongs suffered at Navarlno and in the later wars of the Ottoman government. The exchange has suddenly gone up from 118p. to 129p. to the pound sterling. The Sultan's minister* are endeavoring to aliay the excitement, and are Oiled with anxiety for tbe consequences. An allied naval force, French and Bigliab, la hourly expected to come up from the Archipelago, and the Christian population look forward to ita arrival wttb mare interest than I can descrlb > to you. Many of tbe foreign residents have gone to Athens aa t Malta; others have gone to Vienna, via the Danube. A the least sign of an outbreak mist of the families ber will leave lor Malta, the nearest strong place of Christen dora. The (Jrerk population Is arming, and guns and ptatola are greatly in demaud. They think that the day has come when they may conquer liack their long last empire, and again elevate tbe craw of Christ in the Church of St. Sophia. The Turkiah government now sees the fruits of its indifference and apathy, and from present appearances, the religion ol Mohammed, propagated by the a word, will be d* atroyed by it. The Sultan Is reviled by bis subjects and openly called an Infidel. They ascribe to bim, personally. tbe feeble condition of tbe country. and Imagine that were be dead and bis only brother, Aaxiz Kneed I, raised to tbo throne, Mussulman turn would once more regain the power and splendor of tbe times of tbe older Saltans and the Janissaries. There is no American vessel of-war in tbo Archipelago, and we must seek a shelter from foreign forces. Why 1a this the caser . THE MASSACEES IN SYRIA. The Intervention ot the Great Powers The Tans Mcnittmr announces that tbe representatives of the great Powers aasembled on the 3d for the purpose of signing the protocol stipulating that tbe meaaurea which btvu been arranged in common for intervention In Syria ihall be Immediately carried into effect. A Paris dispatch of the .1th sajs?"Yesterday, at four o'cIkk, tho Turkish ambassador signed all the protocols, which emluiwnr V'r&nrf* ti> wnrl an i>viw>/litlnn in MvpIi Tr.<? ntno. ilittnn Is expected to Mil on Tuesdajr," The 1 aric I'ays nays the regiments destined for "yrn left ("hali iii ou tbe 4th Four steamers bail a to left Toulon for Algiors to embark troops (treat agitation prevailed in Candia. Tbe Governor Oeneral of Damascus had been deprived of olllce and sent away from Syria, In order to be tried bt-fore tliv proper tribunal# Tbu Uovernor General of Ihv rout had alio been arrested. It was raid that RuMia would send four sh'pt of the I,i.r mid two frigate* from ? r r.stadt to I! yro'it. Tbo General Admiral win one of the fleet. Troops bad left Marseille* for Syria. The Protofolt of the Orcat Powers. We five below the text of Ibe two protocols signed by the representatives of the great I'owers at Paris on the 3d instant. Tbe following III a full translation ? First protocol of the conference held at the Foreign Ofllee, oi, the 3d of August, 1M0 His Imperial Majesty the Hultan, being desirous to armt, by prompt and rflicacicus measure*, the bloodshed Id Syria, and toabow bis firm resolution to insure order and peace among tbe populations placed under his sovereignty, And tfcelr Majesties the Emperor of the French, tbe Emperor rf Austria, tbe tjneen of tbe I'nlted Kingdom of (Jrcat Ri Jam and Ireland, bis Royal Highness tbe Prince Regent or Prussia, and his Majesty the Emperor of all tbe Russia*, having ottered their net I re co operation, wbictl bis Mn esly the Sultan tin* accepted, The representative of their above enumerated Ma)e#tirs, and of til* Royal Highness, bare agreed upon tbe follow. i'g articlrs ? Art 1 A body of Fu rope an troop*,which may be brought to twr ve thousand men, will be directed to?yri?,for contributing to the re e*tabli*hment of tranquillity. Art. 1 His Majesty the Emperor of the French consent* to furnish immediately one half of this number of troops. Should It become necessary to Oil up the whols number, a* atlpulaUd in tbe preceding article, tbe high Powers, without delay, wl.l come to an understanding with th? I'orte in tbe ordinary diplomatic way about tbe d"*lgna Hon of those rowers among tbem which are to make proviaton for It. Art 3 The Commander in Chief of tbe expedition, on his arrival, will enter into communication with the Fx traoruinary Commissioner of tlie Porte for the p\;r; oee of combination of the measures required by Ute circumstances of tbe caae. and Are that or taking op what positions may recommend themselves is connection with tbe ftilti'ment of the object of the present act. Ait. 4 Their Majestiea tbe Emperor of the French, tb? noaperor of Austria, the <Jueea of the Called Kingdom of Ortat Britain and Ireland, his Royal Highness tbe Prtae* Regtnt of Prussia, aad his Maiesty tbe Emperor of all th? FttiMiM. en > iw to ruraian (IM rrencn m a mmrt vmrj uch natal forcea aa will b? aufflclaat for u?wi?i lb* auorcaa ?f the common effrrt* fbr ra-aatabllablnf lm> qallilf on tha .-'yuan ahnra (tvr It liUartd ) . Art. I Tli* li'fh contracting partiiw, oonvtacad thai ?uch * pace of will be aomclMt to attain tha 06i?rt of paofleatlon they bar* la vlaw, fit Um daratlM at the occupation by Kuroptan truopa la Byr* (tic m Sgruy to all month#. Art 6 The Pnblliae Porta undertake! la facilitate as iovmIi a* wUI depend npoa her tha malntaoaoca aad provlalonlng of the expeditionary oorpa. It It understood that tbr Mi preceding artk-Ww are M? be transformed into aroorention, which iWl rccelva Uia ifnatures of tha r?|.rr#mtatirrt, slgnera of the praaeat, iii ?<f? aa tliey shall hate born provided with full powarw by thsir sovereign*, but that the stipniatiora of tbia protocol itself arc to ba in force inamrvllately. Tin Charge d'A (Takes of PnaMa, neverthelew, obacrr>* that tbr present distribution of tha I "mm lan shipa af war max not permit hla government to ro operate for tbo present in the execution of article ft I (one at raiia, tha 3d of Anfist. 1*0. la tlx different copier tiiwviwrr, incTTrRvi'ii, com icy. RKI M ARWrt VTFYK The following la the second prot k<4 of th- 'tirfifrr* held at the Foreign tWfica on the 31 tugi?t, 1*00 ? The Plenipotentiariesef Trani e, t =tr a, ':reat Brl'ate, rrweia ard Ri*sia desirns to <-st*V ?b, Ki ' orf.rmlty