Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1860 Page 2
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9 A ?iu> the intention* or their rmpoetire Court*, the true fc diuicirr of the Maiaianc* accorded to the Sublime Porte q ?u the term* of the protocol of liim name dev. the aeall- b. meal* which have dictated the clause* of tali act. and K their oon*>loU> di*intere>>tedneeft, declare, In the moat for- q inal way, mat the con tret- ling Power* neither mean to, u nor will pursue, while fuelling their engagement*, any b territorial advantage, nor any exclusive InBuense, nor h any oonr<?aion ? ith regard to tte commerce of their sub- li lecu. which would not he conceded to the subject* uf all v Other cations. ' | t Nevertheless, they cannot bring themselves to ah- a Bta.n, iu calling back to memory the acta emanated l from hU Majesty the Sultan, of which article U of the t treaty of March 30,1H60, has confirmed the high value, a from expressing the Importance (It j>rir) which their a rfu-jiectv Couru attach to tuc adaptation, in conformity t With the solemn promises of the Sublime Porte, of seri jus i administrative measure* for ameliorating the fate of the ; 1 Christian populations (d<-s prpulaiumt) ofwhatever church 1 c trite) in the Ottoman empire. | t The Plenipotentiary of Turkey take? notice (prmd art- ) li or this declaration of the high Powers, and underlines to transmit it to his Court, draw .ug at ten i ion to the fact that tl the Sublime Porte has directed, aud will continue to diroot h Its efforts in the sense of the w ish expressed above. D?>ue at Paris, 3d August, 1S00, In six copies. " TBOUVSMKl; ? MKrrKKNfCH, a UlH'I.KV, ?' FJ-.I'S--; KissKLErr, r< .tff.MKl* Yk-EVK. a [Prom the London Tun ss. August 6. J ^ Wo are at length in possession of the resolutions of the ' great 1'ower* with regard to the Syrian outbreak. They K are framed with great .-.auli.'u, or rather, to speak plaiuly, ot) the strictest principles of mutual distrust. It any one 1 vishes to know what the great I'owers think of ea^h 1 other, and h> what close and stringent regulations they 1 consider it necessary to circumscribe the free action of c tmch of them, let him ponder carefully over the term* of ' this Convention, made on the representation of the Sul- a tu that he desires the assistance of the European I'owers ? In order to restore tranquillity In Syria. The great Pow ' cr- undertake to send a force not exceeding 12,000 men to ! tuO disturbed province. Half of thsse troops are to be ' found by Prance, the rest by other Power*, as maybe ' greed uj>on. They are to aet in concert with theCommf*- 1 sloner of the Sultan; the Sultau must furnish tlr?m with ' provisions ana facilitate their march. The expedition is not to last more than six months, after a bri -f respite, does Europe tlnd herself once mare committed J to intervention in the East, and thus if urn more re- " Opened that eternal Eastern <|iiesti in which Europe has 1 o often aud no fruitlessly striven to . lose. We have no fault to find with the arrangem-nts made mi lor the Convention, which are j^Hably the best and the ra>*t pru- . dent ttiat the circumslancn- admit of. To avoid inter Vfnt on altogether, after what has passed, *as lccpossi ble TUs insult Is too ero*s, the wroni; too liagrant, the 1 i .... ,t. hmru 1 crueny 100 rerem uuu wv ui/n ?i'?. ? ? , pass^l over tit t 'K'nce, even In deferens t > the strongest feelings ol' international Jei'ous.v. Tii* Eastern Question tous, la fact, reopened itfelf We b?ve thrown what w? tiad boat and motd precious into th-gulf, hut the gulf re f?s?? to close up, and oikt.s Us m " th wider and wider, dersiQd,ii>; still new victims. Mi we must intervene, it is well to hni:t our interventiou m time, iu nuuib^r aud iu 1 uat n;i. We thus reduce it to it minimum. The sllo.'k to the Influence of the Sultan within h!a own dominions is " made as saiail as p -bible, and the etuuice that any European Power way bo able to profit by the public inisfor tune is reduced in a similar |>r<>i>ortion. So far as proto Co s can arrange It, the Turkish empire hat amtUer, aud that, perhaps, a tlual i nee of regeneration. If this opportunitybe mused, u> >. all the mut ual jealousies of all the States of f'oropo c&u save the I'm to from u speedy aud total downfall. l.ittle as we have been accustomed j to speculate oo the ability of the Turk sh government to 1 effect any of that progress f ir which :is frien is in this ' country have so largely an l so fr< i. nt'y undertaken, 1 we certainly could not l.ivo an.'ined that withiu * foir years we should fl i t . urselves onco m iro " la':ncbo<l upon that trouble ! o.%,.an >f <>' ntil pilules, . from which the dcspcrai Sir .r-ie ol ISM an I ISiS , apparently delivered us. Oi ? the undertaking* ol lh9 Porte, whieh has she a cimpl'?hef- Of all her projected plans of improvement, whfrh has been put into exdcutiour Vhe army is unpaid, the flninces ire deranged, the bliorea of tl,.* B.ij.ihorus are eoveroJ with j j:au:Jy pa ten, while the provinces sre ibjected to the roost shameless extortion. an<t we are startled from our J dreim of imorovemeut by the annouiwiueuto' ra?*?a"TOh |>erpct rated by the Mahomelau subjects of me Saltan, as e sted by his regular tr h>|W, ai.d connived at, to say the : least, by his General. I/jrd Stratford de Kediliffa tells us that the lay of palliatives is gone by, and ore are vory * much disposed to agree with him Still wo are not pre pared to adopt at once hts suggestion that a Conference of the representatives of the great Powers should sit permanently in Constaniit. pie, in order to watch over the exe- r cutioq of those neeJful reforms whicl. the Turkish govorn- ? ment basso otten undertaken, and st uniformly failed to n effect. When it shall come to of putting the go- ? venmient ofTurkey in the hsftid* of aO'tmnssion iu which theg 'verr.ment ot Turkey tseif shall have no voice, the day 0 t>! pa::.?tsvefc will indeed he over, and ibo.Sultan will have . sunk into a position similtr u that to which we have reduced so many Indian potentates. If Europ? once makm ? tp her mind that the Turkish government can no longer toe treated as a realilv. the day of dissolution will hare . arrived, and the question will be not of placing it in the ban is of a Commission, but of dividing the empire am >n? the di!Tert;it Powers ?f Europe. We sha'l view xneb a proceeding with ao slight ipprehensioa but to ILU it inugt com ' at last, utV* Turkey !* prepared to do what ?uo bu ??ver uone before -to s"t l?*-r?eir in earnest to prtjBioU; internal improvement uutl to adopt toother with an efficient flnauoo, the ordi.iary doctrine* of bu maaity ar 1 toleration. Vfe have no doubt we Rhall be tcid, a* w<* have often been told before, that no country It- making such rapid steps m the path of improY mem a* Turkey, and that all *be r.>quiro< is to bo left louo, while her energies are applied wh .0 an t undivided f jr the purpose of rtcrcatlnf her empire. If w > hto t) lake U.e view < f tU-J most sanguine friend* of Turkey, ?e mu?t believe that Kugllshineu live and tnove aud have their b 'in* p: ioclptlly that they may cot.lrlbuteio the stability <.f tho Sultan's throne n it, I *he m called upon to encounter new lugeri .m l dillloilties f'?r ibesi,, oft: TuikS.KijitUud may not unr urnisbly an*?er Hut fcbe ha <l<oie ei. inh, an 1 ib\* for tUi future Turkey must undertake the care ofhero*u yra | ser vain*. Wo well Wii"?, bowever, that aauh would not be Uie v . ? upon which w>? should bo allowed to act. We should be told that, from frar of the eorapli -jitl .in which wc\.U ccrUkblv lollow ahould the .1 mimlous of lurkojr In t\.-ope b> kit to be scramble.! for imooi IVwrrs. everythio* mutt be dune an I enl'trou rather than su't 'i XuiW.'j l roach thai final extinction towwds which me s< I'tus so -teahly len t,a* The cry would he for freal. guarantee .trosb sivcriflcci. Oi h protocol*. tro<* armament*, aud, we doubt tot, ? need be, fresh K'iroI van war*. We ice. as we have Ml 1, no otyee'.ion t > t'jat J which b*? born screed uiwa, but w<? really think it ( ? glit to be uadcrMood that this :s ttw U*t I us ajice if .wr , aPoctino *h:ch Turkey has to . u< < t. Wiul ?e hire H-i tiUc.-! w know otiiy too welt. Wtut we hare received ( In return w< ?l?" know. Our * have hmn . *-? pari'el, out proj?*ted improvr.iients alighted, .eirf-'ioa ctit. w -vocl the professors of our re' jim bru'Vly m ir tiered on the <r?uu4? of that vt-ry pn>f?<aton. A'e Kjwat It, v ttink we have done en .n?b and th h tacefo-ih ? nhoul l r licence t'w t*aa ol ori r ih- ' ' .ay ofTur'tey. We mum inctm aoMpt uw i? <f ? iartfitrto tli.* aged empire, wUi.-h in* no*or t> *iri.-o ?t yeart of diFcreti"ii, ?u I ii<-v-r 1'-.ely to #iih tie ! > J>t prv t<cct of ?L? ce?? t je m n wirnt.1 i!? o %u ? ! t.ra. It U, no doubt, a ?oad?rful at ?. > >4kuae t , ra Bi d to stand upon It* hea-!, b it t.i? t \h;bttl<>a i. -.-j IU itrsctivcneM tf too oflfu re|iealo<l, tr 1 eren th" in*t foil manipulator most, * tkina, last arrive at the cxi lu-."* n? P'-ri*' <al i it t/m the fo >f int t tion thai silent aud uever Sailing aatsg<''i < Is a. te ulilBiSlely to ptevsll. The Usmttrsi Mnasnirea. Ai 1 el Kaler write* to the latua^irs of the ir? w >:<? at Krey ? PtliKCI. -Tth I2T0 (July 11> lK??r ao 1 honoreJ friend?1 ,:r?atlv d',v5 r<! to yoj, ad ?y Allab to prcR?ree j u 1 liare r?c; v. I y >ur tiooore-l letter, i!ate<l July 1.1. nqolrio? ehat hap ??J I to me CriPt an* at Damk* is. la aaswer you are mi . i ed that on Monday. July V, at aovut two in th? afi" nooo, the war broke out, .n coiiaei'i "loe of a |> ?'? n-n* Indicted u}?>n a fe? M wilntkus ?U<i hit lu^.n-1 tbe 8MNW The^a Hiaailaios, n a sute >. i> . > ru*b#d, armed to the t- to, Ui th* Chrntian quarter, on I liegan alayttg, buralog ana pillaziiii; at tbe saHo time. The Turkish soldiers came to a-- <1 th on. tuder u. ore teooe ** ? ?q ead to the Jiatirban- ', but maktoir c-Mna*. j-.WiCt * it,a 1 'ti.l.r^. rolftuic. ai j phk'iU' >. ^ w 1 V.c It* s iujkm ?4for* . J" 3 'k^j c47\ *r<- s-ia ?.t ,i Kw , ,'s \ y-a ii*, CiOtr m V * !t,.!/ JOftr > r. -I i.-JbyaorJe..*, !)' > i tr?. " r i o I ? ' ( * i'? ~t .? .? iiu . i.'.y pri U. or [ theso untorciuaic ?. ui . utti u. m v Alcerinca Willi me. and we were a!>lf to save lb* ii? of nun. wonuo asd children and brirg them him) *,th us This state of thiug* lasted Moui'a} and V.-?iay, during which the rji'ters did not c >a?e to kill, barj ail imtDniale the Christian*, without tb? i.jveraor a:lirdta< them any hi lp 1 sent for M Uni??, the I'reoc'i Cms ii, nad otkrr t tenthmen, Ui protect th' Oi fruin the fory ?f the Btoh. im Wotncs'.ar, nnder tbe pre tone o of tir. i Muaiultntni liana* fcfo fond m irdere-1, which tji ?i->t the raee, the e ir fC' mwncd Yet '?ama?<. ;* h?? ? fJT'-roor, bat it l? the mui? Ibinc >i ,f it h*d nirtone. 1'jT mo.! deplore the iMMter wh'rfi bw befallen the rbna nney.W) wbtrc t!j?lf boiM* ?U>vJ jimH bs rc c*nl?Hl?*" their dwelnoj* ar* reJaert toa*b?a Tue number klllaJ i? not known, but it i* eatimite I at 3 JO. All the Kur?i?an? an J CUr Uiani l ham ?,;?.-t. i ire to aafety tamybouie T prorl.le tli?ro with all ib-y aranl, and priy Allah t?> lave U uuiorUJMt# A- ?: u>< from uttit fanatic*. Ann KI. kader nf..v maui KK :S\ (from baaWrn corr?apouJeu< e t > Uw.i 10 Nf ?i | Birr- tj j?|r ii? Al a (tapTa. ml* the Brrt account* which w ? r?c>iv? Ofit) peat calamity are aub?><| Mnt y to ..I tj t> t?.geratel. It ta Hot ao. bowerer. in the e?a of ,?m> > or, Indeed, the re?t of th<? untMy ;>-r#v-it. ia tha UiruMiaaa, which at flrat arc were 'eloderf lav ninnj the ctrll war oa l*banoa la every mwmre iln1 >n taken place from (be comtMuci-ineat, Hi* ?-*t a< :>.in VI hare received hare beea aOeraa la * in t it -I'lcri"!,' only hall tlie ?nl. II wan ro wbe? the ref"r?? c'bn-t'?n? ft yiof to Jtdon on the 2i Jo*e wore m?t -it the g no if that town, auJ upward* of Ui'-e b"ilr?<t m-n. w h i ?ud children. monfca. pr!e*Ut au I nana were b il 0 i by an infuriated Moalem prp.iW mi, a?t.-l hr ?V Irnnpa. It waa tbe aame wlien wo receivad U?ane?,in| Ibe maaaacre at Hiabejri% ot aetei h.nlrrl t'sirl mi, tieing tirat Jt?ar?-4 by the mminiler of tb? f- ki?d ?)Wnn, u<t Uim liuM ??ir to be butchered by lh? Druaea Of U?e wiiokaale marder of Chrnf inn it Jlnb>yit ? ml flnt heart but half the a*i! a ? . wben tb ' w!? >M Christian populate* of iie)r el Kamr w?? aw iy t?y the knivna of lb? Urn**, b-.o* Sr*t i,?amet by t*? local Tuetfeh fOT?rn >r, it w\, ?n'y ;?y \,-t w . \,lt the ?bole fearful truth. An.I *<>? a a n, m tb? c??* ' Jkuuaacua, Ui> ?r?l acciiut, a th.^ iirb turr.i - 4ii via not nearly an ba t m w.j a->? 9o l ttv . ?i t. , . i tve |a my Qrit dmpatcii | aaan ?t ( lll (;i, u , , .r ,. CUrottiftoa m*i*acre,i am vunt 'd l .? b n n , v.. Bow a*oartame<l to hare heeo i >wird 3 ON. i mi>> i* coonU (irinx tirloe that uutna r. ??a ta - . reuian <>f i.i 14Ui laitant ibe maa??rre. bir i * U I n>l tw lb* ample reaaoo that ?i. ?>i ? i- ? i k f. IHWMI ^ if, I W Ult Waa a N ir much lbea*meeeaaoa, namely, tbstUie whole Christian ! uarter?the habitation* of 16 jJOO hum in beings?bad wri burned down. Tbe iwideoce of Mr. tiraat, the j I ngtish Coui>ul, had been sparod, being la U?e Maftlem < uart.-r, lad alone to tbe ft eat mosque, wbicto would eer- ; | tlnly have caught lire bad the llrttiih consulate Men ( urnt. Poor Mr (Jrahsme, of tbe Irish I'reabyterian j t lissien, wm murrtored within * few yards of the ooatu- \ lie, to wbkb he wv making bis esc?pe from * house ibicb bad been burnt ovor bis head All the friars of | be Terr* tmnis, or Frai: rstcaii Coiireat, eight pneaU nd a lay brother?consisting ol three Aultrnoi, hree Spaniards, two Italians, and H Ma!to?6 wore nurdered, and their church aud residence pillaged md burnt. P':t what is perhaps most revolting of 1 ill ? that *> m<* wven hundred respectable Chrialan wtHneo?wiies, daughters and sisters of native Dercbautx, ?.ho|>keepers and others?have been akiu away??>>me to the harems of tbe Moslems, >Uhts t>ld to the Kurds, Bedouins, or whoever would niv ttem, and very many Uken away from Iheir h'wn* ato the desert by these barbarians. Throughout th<? nrful scene. and event* which lasted from Monday to he Saturday. Achmtt Pacha, the (Governor, never moved I'm his Be rail or palar.e, nor were any steps tak'n to ;<>p theoutraf< ?, except that of aendlag into tbe town rooj? who immediately joined in tbe pillage, in muiy umw taking part in the m msacre Although au oi l mui, nd going out <it tbe ri?k of his life, tbe Kngliah Consul, urrouuded by a strong guard of Abd el Kader's ni<*n, 3und means three or (our times of reaching the I'acha, nd of begging him to, take some steps to stay the out reak. But no, be wuuld do nothing, although at the ommencement of th<? riot his troops, regulars aud irre ulsrs, outnumbered the riotors by at least ten to one. In faot, the native Christians of Syria have a far greater error of the Turkish troops Bout to preserve order in tU ' irovince than ibey h ive of the Druses or eveu ol tba ?c8:em population. mm very morning i was trying w lupuiule a native Christian merchant from einigratla,; to 1 tl'xuudria, and used as an argument to induce turn to o'pJtHut there would now be no disturbance* Ui Beyrout, is 4,000 more troop* were reported to be oa their way lithcr. "That makes cxactly," was liia reply, "four bousaud reasons why I shjuld Bend off my family to #ypt by the very first steamer." And tf Bueh is the tread inspired by tbe regular troops, what must be tlie error with wbicb th<> Basoukj, Aruaouta, and other rrcgular miscreants, are regarded* Kughsb officers in he Crimea found It difficult to manage these acoundrels, mt tho Turks?uot paying them?are la absolute dread f them. No later than last week, here In lleyrout, i Christian child of eight years old was in open Icy, and under the windows of the government ia!ace, treated wil'i unmentionable atrocity by one ot the taski UuzotikK, her mother's crieti being* heard iu the ery ball of (so called) justice, but no notice whatever >e:ng taken of the circumstance. The man, owing to a ery strong remonstrance on Uie pari of the couatiU, wag ut on Ins trial, but, in spite of the Haiti llumavouu, oo hnslian witness can criminate a HmIMB. aud the Chin lai> mother wax the only witness. I hav< fulloouhdenoe?I wish the natives of Syria had? list the 1'orte will even yet punish, and spare net the viI doers I a this matter. Tbc day before y?*lerday? 0 the Nit ib!n< li<>n of all Christians, u> the dismay of the ?cil Turkish officials, aud to the great surprise oi all? mid I'acha, the Minister of Foreign Affairs at Conitantl topic, arrived here without any kin l ol warning wbtt vrr. He is armed with full powets, even of life an I oath, aud is accompanied by two Turkish a ail wo commissioners, to look iuto tae late of allairB here. Moreover, by the same steamer, vve learnt to o ;r very,'great sal it-! act ion, tli*t Namik i'acba, of Jed'Uh notoriety, who bad beuu ordered to -yrui as commander in < hief, wu u >w no', counng at all, >ut that ? certain Ualoetn I'aclia had arrived iu his (?a -e This was an immeu.j reliel to the Christians aere. for Namik 1'nilia i? well known to be ona of the treatest fanatics in tho whole empire. So tar, then, bo rood I only wi ll I could see that I n* 1 1'aeha had put 1 me of (he officials here on their trial,or ha 1 them under crest as a preparatory measure. Tuoie runt im >licatet 'i this allair are Kurfhid I'm ha, the Civil Governor of leyrout; t>s?>iati RttVndi, his rokia or deputy; Arhra't 'ffendl, bis ??cretary; Tire Pacha, Military <'hi*f or I)i i?.i>u; aud Achuiet I'aoha, Commau ler iu Chief i:i Syria, ml Governor of lUmasrus. The40 mwi have amongst U- ai to answer f >r the blood of about lea thousand liristian subjects of the I'orto, and us accessories both efore and after the fact, any jury iu Kuglaad would reurn a verdict of guilty a^aiujt them if arraigned for his wholesale murder. P. S.~1 have Just leen a most authentic statement of he Paiuas^uc at'.air, the number killed is *t ttel to bo at art 3,600 to 4 000 The murderer of Mi Grahame is rell known. Vaplri and (iiclly. Thn Pnria Pnfti* mii/1 thft f*nv< ALiit*' Dint a ifrMtnitch liA<l "ached Paris u:.uo.iricing tbe unop|>o8od diaembarkttion f fl.'teeo hi.nuird (isribaldiau volunteers id Calabria, nd staling that (iaribaldl wa- expected to arrive shortly t Naples, ht having been Biiromoned thither by the revo utionary coninutti o of that city to assume the direction f Uie govirmnent. A rumor wax current that the Neapolitan Envoys to 'urin, having p 'cn Ibe impossibility or concluding au aliicce between Sardinia and Naples, were to leave Turin jrlbwlib )rpnrlnrr of Cannons, Gaits Stnif Utesm liips for Ouribalilt fiont ljivrrpuol. 11-rom ibo Liverpool Itaily Timos. August 4 I Ttis morning at one o'clock a uoble paddlewbeel tcamer, the second of two which have been purchased a this port lor (iartbaldt, rounded the rock on bar way <j ltie coast of Mcily. Although, as upholders o( constitutional government, wc have no right to interfere In ibe dintraruc ns which hare fallen u|>on Naples, yet the lymimtbyof England la ever with tbe oppressed, and pervades even commercial circles. Every one has, mire or less, felt unusual interest In the movements of liarl baldi, and we have already m?utio?ed that MM Kelettl and Orlando, his agents, have been busy In tbis towo negotiating for the purchase ol steam vessels and war tntV.v-I lor tl at distinguished chief. MM Keletti and Orlau.lo are m>'u of Ju'gmcijl and extensive ft l>erlenco, and tbe illustrious dictator has sliown a wine discretion in bis selec'.'ou of them as bU-ageuta lor tbis delicate and im| rtant iiussku M Kel-ttl, to * bom wo have bad tbe pleasure of being introduced, once held a command In the Sardinian army, in which be served dui ing the war with Austria in ISIS Ilia col >ag<ic, VI. Orlando, is au eminent engineer in Ueuoa, own tig large works there, and having upwards of 900 men in Uis employ. These geutUmen in their arrangements for tbe purchase of tbe required steamships, havo wisely repe.-od unlimited trust in Messrs. Curry, Kellock A Co , the emiuent sbipbrokers oi^this t wn, and tbe re suit, wc need not say, has amply Justified their court deuce Not only have vo?sols of (list rate character been secured, bit they have beou boil/111 upon sdvsulagcoiis term* (bcirg paid for in cash), r fitted, loaded and despatched with true business like -vi-nty TUc paddle wh.,*l steaun r Jud-in n icn aiiich wiled ibis morning forSicUy, wss built by M jssrs. St? vemi \ Co , of Glasgow, in tba year ISO7 alio la 330 tons register, and will carry 5(0 tous groja tonnage. .8 225 feet long and 21 feet wide, when loaded, she will dra? 10 feet draught of water Vder engiues are 220 horse power, ami she is intended to be used as a despatch b >at, r aversgc s|>e?d being fourteen kuota per hour, and IfY consumption of coal 30 nwt per hour. Mr. C. R. S ickling baa Seen app mled to command bar, be Is a geutleinui of great experience, having beri?em,ioyed iu thj e tru meot transport a rvlc*during tba whole of the Crimean war The hid. p. n Uk -i ?ul no guus or am jjualt;< B, but sk has i first rate supply of coal. The Que. n C Kxglaud, which sailed frim this port on Tliursday mori iug isst, was purcbaaedlrotu Messrs. l.-ecti Harrison .v } \>r woud. She is i'*5 loos net register, 1.44U t?'n- jr iiw register; 1630 buildsr's touting", aui s comrnandad by Ca^tarn Corbet, a geaUemiu well known in this poit as an ex/er.anco 1 shipmaster. litis screw steamer a as bunt for ma.I service, at a cost of upwards of ?66.000, by the celebrated builders, Messrs It and H tin-en, of London, uu<!er lb" p rsoual supenu tendeui e o'Oliver I<aig, K*| ,of her M^loly'S dockyard, 'hat bam, win- b ire warrantees that lu'tmiig b?t Hi *>?st materials and wrkmiuabip, and mo?t approved fastenings were used in li?r u?oatru.'tion. Her diniMisious are length over a'', 274 laet: length over keel, 244 (set beam, ibirtj -ix l-et four imaies, depth of bold, t ?onl) three fiets x mebea; length of px?|>, eight) feet, height '>etwevn de? k aft. deck t" beam, sis feel sit inches; do. smldsUips, six f<M lour inches. do, at Hie .turn, six feet itit inches T'ie height and capacity of tli I wecu .' ks are adiDlrsbit i.iapted for a troop ship, and c mi tent surveyors b?v? proaoxneed h -r capable oi carrying tbe besvy armament oi a aixle -a gun s'e>ip of war. lb* ci gi.i'i wef" cnustr icted by M uia. H.ller, 1' ivenbill H On, ol l>>ndoo. and were oti<l lil y nitemi.-.t fur the Admiralty <i<*t.(>aicb steamer. I'.i have , -oilaviag eyliacers, and are flUeJ > v t*t> - *oo 8 *ar and Otber modern Improvements, li.etr uotntua! i <jsi s bower is 3<M. dlar?i -t^r of cylln i'.t, 18 i. 'tins; iTj ii i?t stmke, 4 l<wt a inches, steaming 11 W '' = , rrtli t"au*a?. 14 ?nal^ The b'lOkera wIII .>nUiu?CO Vw < ul Mil- .tx> lujr tu'juUr boiler* tad tel < r*- morl, tbe?? and lb-m m.>?l I ( mpiow <T.IOr ??rew i? no arranged that It can b? j Itled and in *? re.I at aea. *Ud .4 ol bruM, *4 well as a.l j be fr? n* *,w* ?u 1 *? cono?*ted with it, a 1 mh>!DIC( all till* Vlv?1iUti? u * full ateamer *ltb h.?>of? f?-t ?|wr ."hip t ? gti.'M 01 Kof land liu > etj provided ?H1) a tormidab :e *< nt, harm,: <>0 KMV<I K'tti" 1 Qt,'UI Uukclei'i pntcnt rlfljJ OMnoa, 1 ar .fi< 11 r I hy M'fwr*. Ktwi'.etl, lV-atdG ft Co , raftsirt if lb.< Iowa. Ibey an* ? ? l? wten IticUsa n <li4urle-, tul will Ijr>'? ?U.sll, ?ttli or 0 d?"gr?'e rloratinn, ibrss it*'!"# We Mint th? iruoi Jit m.i.v, 1. purcliM+d fi uirt M<<4ra Kaw : tt, PreaVw \ Co, utMDltl ti up?*rda irt tl 'JOO Our ot the gur? n m>m:it?loa tlio fxrarutio ipM Itavmlui catrlul; and ?he alo camoi taaive Hher hear* r-itii Kiv.r mm M ra-dica1 More* froin the [oadon la lira' i.ariunldl Sa'toty ?ere ali;,>pal in lb * rnwel l>* M CufuwiTtb. Ijrne 4 C? , vain* ?100 *' *?r* Curry, K *!!*> k \ Oil alao ibippe I four < ?? *, ,?ot >'<M the *imt a-vlety, v.!1')"" C4D There w?re *!-? It: pi el 1 124 isft i'i "tVI ?' It 1 r.liM, *al?e iW *00 . uri'cb wer# - ni by tui' r H-i-tiey from Am-vtca l'?r tian" >1 they weft- {.irsd hm at M?#?r? Hiring Br"tfnr?' bnnat , r*tr > , I Street, and we? br<?i?ht ?rnr ti'Ma 30-ttoUy by the American hark Obtrlea B Trnitl. Oi- 1 ?rt <r<i w <II ru ei itiat tt? inhabitant* ot wnloarn iea m -ate-l tbu x> I tn* "m-atrrlfi* bar?." v ah* ?y "(| that p rt ,<w live nr n? nt >ntb?. b i >rv l?i\ t : it fw UNrrrj*" mt i?tb of M?y UM rbf r -?t >f rarifo ? ( th' <yi**n of Kortand ' maiata r>f . entyovr lent* ?>N? <T>T 'i<bty rt?e? (10 fwir a??*i, ,?'120 ?Kbte * .a-n<* (?or e*aet. CIO r.? ri-ivar* (trn raana) t!4C0 !*(<??UW). '".IdO hard ?ar? (ta rh+*\, r.40, n*i, m vou? iini, p?rt? A ar?? i?-We eainat, <00 egtl%iw?? (dttern mm*. f.t? t 1M Rnflald r ? |?t*'y tbr<^ OMMI, C-T.SOO, 40 pmt-'ta imi* ranel, )CJ 1 arWidfei (09e C4 1, '.JO lain:!" 11 u m m.l ,'.rr. C?tO I4 1i.l? r?n ??n*. XTOO rmpty alielU t?->rty <110. ?Wd I-w?a ibelln, ?24 Tbera wer* ipwar l- t( M l>)0 riit -a alt-* ; ther on b' trd, and ber rugi, wbicb w?a?attrr y 'of , i?e ,?f tb? 9icl1iaM, a*t->ut'><l t > ip??rt* <f fij W-) n ralue Tb? four Wh twortb (fan*. auMwittM i ?r in ?( ? ) <er for Garibaldi, did tt<>( arrir* i i tin' Cir.(?1 ;i 11 1 i b>? rr?*el We undrr-tan I ?o?r will te f 1 >* e? ?Wm?r Tli- Tn1ep?a l?o. an I Jim ill. ail ,ere el'sret for (ilbnltar We aluri'd net nm t I) aid lb?t t'j* J tauff-ig <ii ii* a Inn on b^ard a lar#? quantity rt lit. f * ah '! \T ? I bite will, nodoiM.fltit ample u?e n t"?? h \i 'alrrtnn under b?r direction Koine. K po*n'a- m,r*?^"?it a' A**? ' 1 hi' hjfj I it* }*){> ? lot v> i(ew?u> a KW YORK IIEUALD, MC (Sardinia. Tbe Turin journal* announce ttiU tbe government had :onU?cled ft loan of UO .000.000 lire at b0 24 A Milan desjwtck huik that (bo Strdiuiau giveromeat orderud (?> k-?y ot the classes ot 1KM and 1*90. Tttt Prussian Au^tuu i..r at Turin Is said to hare Matured Count Uavour ol lU strictest neutrality of lYLisi* ?Hb regard to luly 1,000 Toluiteerv l?-'t Tut ia (or Italy oa Itie 21, and 4.000 more were to have led oa the 4th. Krani'ti Tlie Monitrin- announce* that the Km|*ror, wifhiug to ptvr AW el Kudcr a to* en ol the acutilueuU* win'U hu noble conduct at Iteuiawus ha* inspired, lias couferred (Hi bim the Grxiid Crohn of the I. giou of H>uir. It war rumored ia I'ari* that Ike regiments of tlx* hue were to l>e increased fiuui 102 to 110. The Bourse <>u the 6th dud and heavy, ?t decline. Kente* ciosel at 68 lf>. An KnglUh \ lew of American Aboil- | f Ion lata. (From the Liverpool Coat, July 30.| It U> unfortunate fur Uie cause ol frcxdoui and civlli/v I MM. that tbe outi Uvii)' party in tbo 1'iiiled tie.* (judging from its representatives" iu Kuglaud) rose-al>l<", m i>ne re^ptrt.the teetotal advocates iu this country. With the lx<at intention* they are unpractical^ and ap|>eal to the sympathies without i>oinliiig to a possible remtxly lor the evil that tbe\ deaue to exterminate. Let us bear what is tbe raiure of the arguments and of the |>ri<|>oral8 made by those who visit our shore* for thepuipoee of soliciting our aid in their noble c*u??. "Slavery," they say, "u-' an abominable crime; it ta uot only a miasma that lamia the almo.->iihuie of tut Slate*, hut one for whicb all Uumauiiy ic icnpousible ; auii you kng)i?bmci>, you men of Liverpool, arc amount the importers ftud abettors ol this crime. Not alone do you look on complacently whiUt your brother* are beicg bought and sold, but you a< luallv encourage t!i.: Irathc by clothing yourselves, your children aud your 1 lepeudcnts, witb Tcstmcnts made from tbe cotton that is l uitivatcd under tbe lush of the elave driver, and of whtvb I very hale is dra ?n from thn wumb ol mother earth at ; Ihc coat of a tortured !> dy or of an oppressed spirit, ^bame ou vou, mercenai lee ! Will you not so far deny your selfish wants a* to tr.ark your detestation of this l>erniri;,t?b system by refilling to purchase the bodies and souls of these daik brothcis ia the stupe ot Yankee cottoo!" Break ofl all association with thcK? inan vendors. 1 If our teacbiugf- have not served toe mviujo tbeotof their error, your dir> pleasure aud t-tftdieticy wiil prubably bring about a more fa vol able result " Now, reader, what dots this practically mean? Why, It amnimtu to thin:? Until you are in a position to grow cotton ia your own torritoiUb iu bufii;teut quantities to supply your n u>U, you must lny up against jourqmyb a lew score ol vu.>s>jIs, Bud allow them to rot, jou muM throw out ol employ DK'Qt Some hundreds of seam -u, leave unclothed tuyria Is of your couiiliymi'u, tn.d must begg*r huu.lrc-U and thousands by taxing ilietn exorbitantly, la order to men-see tin* aceomniocatioii myour poor houses, au 1 pro vide for the shelter a oil support oi other thousands of your citizens. And, URtly, you mui-t quarrtj, aa<l rupture your connection with thise waum >in. wish to Inttueuce (<ir g'?od. Am) for why? bociit.jie re, inhabitants oi tin- Northern States, are unable. by precept and example, to convince onr >uil;i ni i brethren that clavi ry Is a crime in tbeeyeaul <n>d aud ! man, and au instill tioa that should be immediately ab j li'hed at any bu.i i iQce. But there arc rcQecting men who may asV,' If your North era co u-in* are duing their utni >sl i? eradicate this evil. ! how comet it thai Lt? u Smith a^ul Kldj, Ko%e, two Aiif ican sla'YS, v ho haiv meceeded, </> dint of arduous toil, (? ymdlaltmr Junt.-t, xi} jmixha. cii; their own frttdnm and that <f tluir and tie greater part of their /amilici, o e o/'hyeii to Limn oil r to h'uijland and app'it to fii i .r t'hiitfian charity fur ?1,000. required to purchase the j re. d'.m if the four ill ild i. it of Leuts Smith, still in .-la 'ryf" Ihwi if ? inat the hading a%ti slavery men of th*. initn) State' could not viaoagt to er'ro' t the.-e paltry fi .000 lolla i of the pocket* of the. iceaUhy of t\'fr< State*. Oil ive, v hcrni yvu acttveof beinQ the abettors of Am>--kan ttav+rg, alio* our a/a iv. in Jama(o* to a/ijieal to Uie charity of other ytntitmsfo, rmoncipatUm Did we take our neighbors ou the Coutiaeut to task for consuming slave grown sugar V ( porting Intelligent?. t>Ll> ABK.UIA.M CANS. THK CHAMPION UKK3TLKR OF ENGLAND. Abraham Gaun was born at Colebrook, Creilitou, Devon, in 1794, and he is con#e<ieully sixty six years old. His father w as a small farmer there, aud wa? kuown as a Kuod ''player" in the wrestling matches of his neighbor iiood This patriarch ha i four sons bennies Abraham, natm ly, Jaiues, itobeit, tieorge'aud William Caun, all of whom were good wrestlers, though none attained the liocition of Ibeir brother. tArly in life, when Cann first 1 bowed indications ot that marvellous dexterity and j strength which afterwards distinguished him, he wax | taken in baud by the well known W. Wreford, Es'j., of Claunboroofh, who became his imlron, and backed him to bis principal matches. The countenioce which, I all through liis career, be received from geutlemen ! ui tine is iu iicni m d'iiik irui u-?waivu/ the excellence or his character, one of tlio leading traits of which is his ui.Metric hod honesty. Wheu he played his celebrated match with I'Mkiughorn at Devon port. Sep Umber. lft'iC, for ?2 000 a Aide, au Kxeler biker ott 'red Cann a bribe of XJMQ to lose one fall out of three. Abraham, however, replied tbat the only way hi* back was to lie had whs by throwing him On<v more, in his mauh with Gafney, the Irishman, a White, bapel baker (as anxious as liis lloury brother of Kxeter to do tbi public brown) offered him ?1,000 to lose, but got nt bitter answer than the other. Oafncy w as an match for Cann, ant had no cnance; but l\>lk;"\ghom was au enormous Cornisdiman, 6 feet 1 inchee In height, and weightc:; 220 lb*. H* wa* c.tmmpioa of Cornwall, but wn* forced to succumb to the stoat little D.'eon man, wbo was enly 6 feet 8'4' inches In height, and we ~bod only 178 lbs lu the groat mitcb brl#Mi these athlete? the giant twk bis ant t^oi. iM m bis arms alio t.irrlod him round the ring 'A-id wh tt'll ye do with me now you've got me* ' paid 'lane. "I'pon my word T doo'i kuow," replied I'olkin^horn. Nor did lie; for ere be could rid bim?e'f o( hi* dangerous burden the pownftil leg of Abraham was locked in his, and loam tell the Cortuchman to the oartb like s tower. It win a regular c<u>e o( David ar,il Collatb. At the ape of mirty f'ann was the perfect nio.! I of a wrestler, tremedoosly strong In the loins ate! h-.clc, and with legs and arms of ama/.inc vigor Ills gr.?.-;> w:u ao powerful tbat If he selr.ed a mac by the ami there w ii no resisting him. but do?o lie went I'olkirrh ru tied b!.t> onc?, but he never was beaten after he w. j a man. It now appears that times have altered with Abraham Cann, who never did trnrh in the iii, ney niakiug way beyond assisting one of hia brother* in a'smaU farm. Tosarethis flue, brave old max tiom the workhouse, torn? genCemen luve in tareaied ttumaelve* In getting np a fund t" b,iy him a small annuity. Lluratnir ami Art. The floe libraries o" the late Mr. I.incelot Ilo'lan I and of bis brother. Mr. Henry Holland, have recaully becu sold by Messrs. Sotlivby an l Wilkinson, Lau leu, at p'toea w< rthy the beat days of Ri'.iliomania. fbe following were aoim ? th? more'inportant article* ?Doilean IVsorei v. tl-.'ivre*. l'aris, 1747. a re'*., a b ?itiful copyoi tine I?lH-t , ?lt> Ilaairrialone, Permutes, 16 vols a very etpy in tr.eroeco, ?18 lSi ; tiraithwait. I!'rnai>ee Itlneracura, tlrft ed.Moe, wltb irooliapure.Cli la*; lUndello, \'o velle, 4 voi*.. a tine c<jpy of tha rare o ,iu*l edulon, .'ill It*.: .1,-n J i Vita aft KabeUe, printed by A'dlll, lao6, JM t':blh*^ai'ra, lirat etiit . >n, |>rinUit by AUui. lit*, ?;>.> Htblia s?era I ?tiua. pnnt? d by Xus* md fchocder, 1*72 ?.106; first edition <>t Cranmer'a Bible. :ruper!ect, ?28. ltjbie in i njjllahe. ol the largerl and ^rvaioat volume, priit'd by Ir-hard <>'r*fu>n, 1641, .CM Htblia Varmaarca, Ur*t edition of I.utter* complete veraior, 1534, a b-autl'ul copy, ?M; Butler'i Hudtbiar, by Grey, a Aim copy of the nest edition ,1714) ou iarte paper. -lfl. -?et ft the l iiro'jiclea of Koglwnd, tviut'd at the H*f'?d IV*M, ^30 lOi ; IVeyd^nbaeb, Stue arum 1'errgriBHtloni rn Miil. m, Uis Arii b<x>k ot travel* rnr printed, .12 lta ; The IWie of Iseydoa, eoa pj le i by Virgvle. priu '.ed by Caat-m. I4tf0, Hie flrat f.iur 'ea*es inlaid, an ' Uie tlftu iu fa*-atnrle, ?J4, tV r mil <ni i ?i m it .tj." \n. h~hi omian. hi me fliht portion <4' nn) ola*?!raI * ithor ever printed, *.Si; !?* <Whole W-ior'. *. Willi III* lilaaa- -if Coreru mrnt.?16 10- C-eeUrarotn, 6r?i Milium, 1440. ?14 bs . ^miliar and Tiller, i line htkh of the origin* pa^nrn, c?numi(i|i oerioua MittrUmori.le, ?25 10' litjjfb'n ? 'T?itciir?I Mwn'menta, 6 t*>]? , a lite Copy, ?70; Haaied'a H.ei.'rr ot Kent. 4 volt , ?19 14* , Hu '.on'* Coilod.-pnicou, 1436, 1 .4 Honvri ();*r? Omnia, the rare flrft ?dllinn. but ll>? Toluai-* i4 i;t>t p at il**, ?.16, Hortttua, 1 tlic Cm A Mm e-'illon. f.13, Safe, Is l*i>Me B litem, * I'm , , n t ?16, lieorflcka o' Ilemol, by I < li?Vi"wI ?1? 10* : The Urowne <?f all Hour'* Vnrtiw, I liy Die name, X10 16a ; l>?Jg?'a Portrait*. 4 Toia , proof*, I ?49, Jlarjrnrr.te de Nnvarro, M'lHanrroa Kra $ >t?, a 1 lifaut r i < ?p7 in line iu;>r, ?114# Molu-re iKjrroa, I'ar.r, 1*73 a tne copy in tnorvoo, C14 14a ; TeUrarca, Ooae Vo\arl, llie flrat Italian !*>)* printed in the Itillc lyp? of tlil'il, ?110| j Ai. ralni, I.' A Umo. J rat Mil Ion, ?12. Milt"*'* l.yi 1 ta?, \ h<-autir:i copy of the tlrat edi ! Uoi, ?13. Kik?o * aat< a, tm edit: 'n, j^IO 14a.; !*rol%ti?\?, Kp:*. n<* y. Areopa?iUe?. ?d1 olli"r Tract*, nr?t editno* ?16. M< >la (tie, i?va.a, Count floyrn'a line copy, Par ", 14?*. ?-14 S?4.; Vonllancoo, 1 ' Ant; pstte Kxpli |?? et Mul union* de la M^ti?rr.hie Kr.tiviine, 20 role, <*n ''irje r*|?-r, i.f*; IVrrault. Lea ilomraoa lll';Hr>?, tlii> He. kf .- l ropv, HA 10* ; P?rchn hi* IM'iJ' m<". a line ar :t ropy, with tli? rare front >api??cp. UC\. nr?i <xln oa ot tbe Works of Shak rpr?r?, i;? >r?e rhainer*'--?py. ih? rermt lolald, ?91; a t?rv 8i.i" . c-'i t edit'on, ?"MI Work* .{ Tljrlor, the w.*ter pm. a 'targe wJ I'M copy, ?19 10a ; fiariubarne, Vitj a," dan* Ire liwir f-'ioilee. % r.oerh eypf, wiih alxty ort*!nal dra?tn(a,.?31 10? . Is-a Wil* wj'* caia!?fiie of Hililee ?uJ Trfl 1111, Ma, pi .rati'tr printe.l, jull; A' m'l *h >l? W irk* roialii.j, to IioImU'1, flv** edit hi, ?ij T)*r? vera ail < a few ir.auu* ripta worth* of n 'a'Ion ?Kraocelluiu urdr.m Maltli oftlia flftnrtith cor.lnry,Ut; *ch*rmIrg iPtle hook <x Hour* of tiie iti mh of parva, on TrUam. with Ulam a .n i?i 1 utrt Mr, Frmli in. 1 :* t *? . ?60. tXU.-iu?? et l'?e< <*. cum .N'ntU ll :aicH. nun1 I troiiUfoUT wrill'<? -Hi pur* reli in, *??c nil , lit. ftU tir< of 111* *>, &4.4Z5 19i 6 J A? tot?nrst?|t rM-irn. ?t IvriH 'boa* ih? oo*t if *TvTT Jrtc'ur* n Ih* Nutli' ll rjr, I >?: I Hi tn? ')<! >' pUKhWt, lk?f"i i?r proprietor, v.- r i.'' <t.i! Hum ?ri< , It 1<M bt-cc .-i rt pun II"" |? ir. lit of pM tr a i;|t| 60<> I The l'?ul V<' (i. * , m I l<x1 t > IIm? talkry *i an 01 | ?1.1.660, i* :'?- ('nn'? m<?t riKttbin ifcwa.***! , tf th? Mef'.b of lii? hill |.ir tl (V' UK".! t? a erttrrioM. Md no ' othrr inglr iw.iilit ( in lb #?''< ? ) bu coat vijinne lifcc thijmia I r hi ri.' < <> tS- imIinu' -olfo-Mon art* p'ir rh.?rr<l id lHil f' '>m Mr. j. c An<?w?l<- ? (or tfrt Mai ?. ?M COO Tli* i itMoctMN f in-wtM of thirty ?*tjrta? 'rist'lrM. ammtal whK-h ?# ll.*aM>i> *>r?r? i?f k Mi M??io," KapIJIOI "jilita II..' nniBK i'( d* ule 8 irnii i>riui fi;l lanl?.?jv? Tt:\n? "flap" of Ma*Tia?4?" nil llic "Vo?i'i* ?iil 'an I man* other reomrn^ paulinaa. By lt4.i muel-va nw>re ^H'liir.-a bal *?<"*n mM'-iI to th'm<?t >nM uliovf. atn?n( mnn being R? I'hwl'n "H CkilMrlar," IMiu'i "RtrtkM Mil tritln*," fcr wtuota SJi.00 waa pint < *rrvt|?n'? "Mi-r rury ?<*? hm? l? rral, aii t ih.? " Kora H >?K>, ' wbicii v?? i.urxi?*-i?ii tajrrtb-r fr.1"* thf of l.on ! nd - -v for CU V)} (>n tb* iltb V"T<'B?li*r, 114,1, Sir Cliarl K*Miak? w?? p;?oi?t'?d k?^*.r o< tbf (alter)-. T6* "J of r*r ?' ?r?? hrt'UfM Ul>4. r hi? a lipicra it fulf. 1S44 f. r fA 8<)0. from Mr, Peorif*. RapJia-r* i?i>o I a K iifbl, la lHt, lit 1 P*:?. "A I ?r?4l *i at Ibf St?#T>l?*r 1,?," fir VflM^IN, t>f ft i'W. tr 1 n %iir l?^r? Tb K' "r ro???rt .-m wa? n?i-(lu,Ul?^i4|Wi ki^-| WD AT, Al'u'l'ST 20, 13G0. Tbe first of these ulnkordkitrf pictures, the "Vtr*1o and ' T Child," by Botticelli, was buuftt lu 1#.'.5 lor ?381. In u, November, UMT, coUeclioo of thirty ous pictures ?u ? perthated from tbe Ixmibardl Bald) Gallery, KV>r?noe, for 1 r st:oi ol ?7,QM. 1'tiring Um January of the present yew, b llie Beaucoustn collection of forty six picture# wm pur b chased in Carte for ?9,205. Amongst them are two painl- I ? tsigR by Titian, the "Madonna auJ ChiM, Ht. Johu and Si. U Cither ina," and the "l'ortrait of Aristotle," besides other o wurkt- ol ul doubted merit and value, a lilt of the be- * quints and gifts to the na ;nn uadded t j the return, which I' lot me complete history of our national collection. , w lli.rst& liiackett, London, hare just issued tb>? new ? work. Iiom the |H'U of T W. Atkinson, eutul*l, "TfiVKls In tbe ib-gtots of the I'pper and I.owcr Amoor, an ! the " Ku^iau Acquisitions on the Confluefi of ludia and China, *.i " It i- embellished with upwards of eighty illuelralions, aud has a cotnpieht-nsive map by Arr?*t>mith. 1 c' A new musical work is now lu performance at the Sur- , ? ley Theatre, l^onim. This Is Mr. TuUy's "ilanbttUi," | ~ the principal characters iu which opera are su?Uiu<>d by , . ?tu Kebecca Isaacs and Mr Parkinson. Tbe Macmillan are re priutlng the ''Charms of Heresy avaiuM Mr. Maurice, considered in Letter to the Mem bens ot tbe Young Men's Cbri.Hiau Associatiou," origi . cally published iu 1864. J A ptw ''Life of I/?uU Napoleon," hy Luclan Herbert, * has Veen brought out by M. Sauerlander, Frankfort ou- E the Mam. A new novel, by the Hon. C. Stuart SavilUs, euttlled a "NiKbt ami Day,' is to b? ahortly publioUod by Motors. u Hurst & Blacked, I/>ndon. b Hie Froo'h Academy hm unanimously conferred the triennial prise, founded by M Halphen, on M. Kail a de ? Bonoecliose, for hia "History of Eagl&nd." N George Cruikshanw hag just completed an elaborate draw <t log, entitled "The Worship of Bacchus." An interesting collection of national Frencb songs P ("Chansons populaires den I'roviooes do France ') has just *' appeared iu l'aris, edited by M. M. Weckherlin aud Do * ' Chaniptleury. A>? tbe Frcac.h, Says the Atxni.i ./**, are by f no means 89 rich in the collect ion* or tbeao natloual trea P 6urt* as the Hermans aud the Kngliah, credit Is due to the " editors, Herr Weckherlin, au Alsatian, has arranged the I melodies for the piauo A German source is traceable in the songs of l/>rraliie and Alsatia, wtaer* Hebel is still in the mouths ol tbe people The purely Frcuoh natvnui songs are worthy ol attention?fewer oi them are known. The songs of Brittauy and lAnguedoc especially are very peculiar. A French biography of Neltoc is just out, by M. R. Forgut 3, who proteoses to derive bis matcriaU from the hero's letter;: and despatches, published some years ago by Sir H\-ri Nicholas. A valuable contribution to the history of the Jew* In Furope has been gtvoo by Hermann Sternberg, betu$ an essay on the Jows in Poland, from tii'ur tlist entrance into that country down to tbe year IMS. The rem tins of a Roman theatre and temple, dedicated t? Apollo, have recently boeu discovered nt (Serrefonds, near Comptegne. These ore said to be iu the best style of itouian ait, and the bar, reliefs admirable. A new theatre is to be erected at Vienna, f> form a qoalrasglc, 114 yarJs long b} 100 yards wide. The 1? foi^n is to be thrown open to public competition, and the prisca will be oOOO. 2,000 and 1,010 thaler*. Foreign srtibis will be sdmittcJ to comp:te, ani tbe last day lor receiving ;>lans is Used for January 10,1R61 ' Anglais, Londres ot I.'An?'leterre, 'by L. J. lurcher?with an introduction by F.nsiie de Glrurdin?hta ji:?t appeared. It is a kind ol cych>]>.iHiia of Kuglisti masters, cult ma/ and institutions, iu which we read of cock lighting and boreurt, ofTee shops and taverns, do m 'Itic servants and sweetbeart.UK, of Magna Chart* aud wile selling, and much besides., "Knigmes di-s Rue a Parts," by M. K. Fournier, is the title (1 au amueiug volume of Parisiaa gossip rooetitly brought In Paris through Ikntlcs k Co. Fourn'.er is a g'cestui jounialiat. and judging from tbes.' pages has It ft low ol the holes aud corners of lb?? city uu visited, whence he brings st.>ry, tradition, aud slan^, to au extent that will astom.-li even the row* of the cabaret and the gjiHint of the gutter. The MkmUeur, from 1739 to 17P0, conUinio/ invaluable miteruU for tbe history if the Frem h It.-volution, is beiog republished in i'm i* '-flier# are not 20<> persocs iu Fiance,' says the publisher, who prwsosJ a net of the original Mimitrur. while there are more than 20,000 who have ardently, but vain I/, desired lu poaseii oui." Foreign Mlaccllanyr. Mary fcliza Roger*, writing to the I.00U00 Timr*. aayT ? During a residence of several years iu Syria an t Pales tme, 1 ha J the opjxiit unity of spending some time in I?run?j villages in the Cartnel range and in the l,ebanou, and last year I often entertained Dru/e gnosis at my bro thorn hou.-ie (Hor Britannic Majesty's Vice Consulate at Caifla ) I can ad.I my testimony to that of others as re- t garfls the high esteem which the Druses entertain for the Liglish. I have &ad a hearty ar.d hospitable wolcome In many a Druse family. I found the men more thoughtful, * intelligent, inquiring >ud spirited than their Christian ami Mualem neighbor* generally, and tho wnmao cheerful and bright In appearance. Their villages are clean acd orderly in comparison with other Oriental villager The Druses are clever aad Industrious agriculturists, and ap' preciate home and p?a< p: but when roused th<y are quite | Inveterate, acd terribly ii*< e In war. The Japanese have discovered tliat a few second* preriots to an enrtiiq'iaJhi* the magnet temporarily lc*e.-: its power, and they have ingeniously oonstruclcd a light frame supporting a horse shoe magnet, beneath which is a cun of bell metal. The armature Is attached to \ weight, so that, upon the magnet becoming para'yzed, the weight drops, and striking the cup, gives the alarm. I Every ? ne in the house then seeks the <>(>en air lor safety. I l.tmerick baa contributed ?6 tO" IU. 2d. to the 1'one's j fund. The Official GoseSte of Turin publishc* a liw emvct'ng that an imbibition of agriculture, manufactures and fine 1 ails of idl Italy shall be held In Florence iu September, 1M51, for which a sum of I50,i*)i)f. is provided from tlie { public treaaflry. The St. Petersburg Journal! publish some crim'nal stv ti^ extract ?d from' the n turi - of the MinHtry of .Ins Ilea tor the veir 185s. The total numl><-r of persons tried throughout the H ihsiuo Kmpire amounted 111 that year la 4i>4 717, o^whoui 75.;>7* were still in prison, and the rest at lib< 1 t v. 01 ihe above number, 70 oo.. were oonile iioed to puuishiiientH involving the 10 s ot civii ruhts, l,7t>l were t-eniem ed t< hard and 3 'mm ban.sUed to dis1 tsnt government*. Among the convicts condemned to tL < I loss i.l' the prerogatives belougiuf to their clais wore i!J 1 hereditary nobles, eu.i >> ins oer*oaal nobility. 2^ eccleMastic* 0 merrhtuls, aad t .604 nidurid .-us belonging to various classes. A man named William Youngrran, a reclJest of Wal worth, F.ngland, re< ently raurderM hit mother, two brother* and a rouui female, name I -^tn-eter, to whom be was engaged to be ms-ried The Ion-Ion T'"? jj>\ think that OtrlbsUI hit no* | neod of alt that mot'al Brmtioss uf wtiicb be has si fro <l' entlv g.ven <-tr king ' ??< ' V> save hlra-?e!f ant .-ioiiv I trim the .-elfish mtri^nen <A S H> le?n and Victor Kmxnuel. , Tfce Trl-y ai-A, like mo t Eogi.-ib joirn.?l*, is evidently i , afraid of tlie ''nephew of my mklf " An organ ha< been coDttr'."'ei at Viennt fo* the Mian ' wIn h Is the great ?i>u4frt( lb# 'lay. It cost 14,010')., asul is complete orchestra of fifty m>*u is??, ul to < th" >aaie :ii po'Acf an I There * a ({Teat rush I fc< s>e it. 1 A l.-pit'i f mi Petfs'"ir?, Ui-J Muolar, Mt? ? j "A >< ? ? rrady at CroBsta'it t> make ipeflr sail for Syr.*. It roo*.-ts or three stum IrioW-s, tile t.rau.t t AJm.r-al. of stxly iuoi, newly bailt in Angaries f?>r the Russmh government; ibeGffMMfcui and tbeOleg." The ' JTord s*)R that tbe above il?et will be st"nigt Vnal !?jr tl>re? or lour other Ku?uiari vessels o-w cruuiag in lbs Meulternnasa. fue rsi!l?m?otary pspf* receotly tK\i?d include "? ; ' return of the anv> ut ?>' public m mey %UVvr??t s:nee | . 7>r vat - (M-rsaiu far the p rpoae <>( enabling then j < Ui mtike experiments" for the improvement of weapons j ( of *.<r The t Hal am met sdvsocet for tbat p-irpise w*? ?72,76* lbs VI Anion* tbe chief it em* are the follow- I , Ing:??.1,000 to Mr J Na<-nylh to t?s the applicability | of m'iHe*h!e iron to large ordnance, ?10,000 t) Mr. W C i I lane4?t.r f?ir oval b'>r-i rifled cannon ?7 219 li. Id. lo i j ;-ir W AimMroog I->r the invention of rliled cannon; ( ' ? ' 400 lo Messrs. tt>ali<ip and \ <i.jIim lor large (on , , ?7 S10 19* 10d. to Mr \V, lU'.e for war rockets, tl 750 | to Mr Martin for sh?!la of a particular description , til m ITl to Mr Ma.lel ,it tnlrWrsof Urge OOMtrac- ( tioii, 11J.T48 tJ Mr. J Whllwortb f?r machinery for i rttlxe, boring and turning barrels, erection of rif1e*sh?d ( or gin' ting gallerf, and exp-'rimenn with ams't arm*, ( for lbs iw11 pose of aaeertAining on what prinriplas a rile ? barrel ousbl lo be constructed; and ?4.247 lit the *;ttae i ] person for similar experiwnU witb ordnance Tbe /'alia, a Neapolitan Jo-.mat, publlsliea the followli.* | . letter from Malta, dated J'lly 12, aunonn iur tbe atu^i y nntlon of Campafrna. the Owimlssary of P tltce, so no { t"rl?'n? for bis balr-d of tbe Itierals, and vlie severity with which he fulfilled his function; ?The ex Uotnrnt ? cary Oampagna. *h<> arrived here yeiterday, van *was?i v i.ate.t di.ring tbe night a ft t bis 'landing. He went to r tbe Waaltlagton H >tel, which be left ilVir sjnpor lo tales , < a walk in tbe publi: gardens, at that bt ir al.n i?l itssorted He hsd taken tbe pr?cai:t?>n to dtsgulae himself with a rg beard Three m i wrapped up in loeg < )r>aki and s well aimed were teen lo folio* him taaipajna never t returned In tbe Itotel, ant tbe n?>*t mining nia h<dy w.? f found In the garOen. otahhod tu aevvo pla:?a. P?ntard? ? were Wfl .u lus breast jeariug Uie mucription, "Naiile*, I l?d0 ' The amonat of subscriptions received for the Christ sns In^ria. lit the Jealslt commit lee ,j Paris, already ?* ceeds M 060 rratiea Tbe ambsssalor from the Fmperor of Mome? to P4. flu, no ) Uis suite, h?ve s ibscribel lO.OOVf. for the benelt (4the Christians in Syria. % Tbe garrt?on of tte tori at Mliarr) obtained from (.? 1 rlbildi Have t? < arry out their arms, but had lo a^tnd a , th> ir c?nn?>n and hi>r?e?. A correap indent of lbe Wt | Itolioto* ? rins it to l>o f?I-< thai tbe inbalMtan'^ nt Mf> I I I a/so all v*ed iuem?-ivc* jostile to Usnbsldl, an ' stale*. I >n the other band, that titer had almost all evacaated tbe j ; to ah beturc the r. niliat It was the sbirri tliat ?M>toed fftmi 1'ile.n.w!h?, unit 3g thwnaelvoi to tho?? of Milai r>. t K ("Oiscssioii of tbe deserted bout as and them* I pom J boiling oil and hnrled dm n tiles ant stones > I the OartW.diar* tttber WnrMls also deny theoondujt I imputed to Ui* It habitants. Ttie following rrtnrn of tbe strength of the Rrltlsh armT.mUl. i- vo'miteera. fce . h*? i^*t-?.t rftinnr ti the prt*?nt tUfulw A'?iy~Ri<?l 7 H>r?e Artillery. 11' urrboid 'larttry. 1,317; C rt'rj of (be l.lmv f? uri. *or?l ArtllWy, 14 638 R>y*l k <-< T nrcri, S,0"9, M<i try Train. 1,715 FM H'ltMw, #,2%J. Infliilry of thf t. (llrrr tr? cwip??! ). V> iH \ Rntpiui (?>rp?. J*?-?'<.77ll D*pM??K r. rmeaM ai homo, 8,<19. 0! r-jtwcnw to ?& co1i>?yt. IfM of "u menu Id India fr^rVry), 1 "17. 1tH? (lnr\otrr?. 17 OTO. g Af h*r Malenn* In1i*n amy, 1 .SXMt T>?i 103 0*0 FmM'irl rcvlilia 1*911 dlMiaMiM ncl'tn (T?oU. 1U "*01), e(T?rtHre?. j. *<99 Ti?oni*nrf earalrj fi tartot*. lf?ll>? 1$ (WJ "Till vl >nei (10oW, 14,111), e!T)?i tly"*. 1> 000 V 1, <? ml Artillerr Oorj* ounu>?r), 1.; lrJ7 l.mi ttui.aiiW t A n*?ul>er of PsV** *'i I Hirn*ri?s? v-rlr?I it Malta, from CiuaMnt imp *. In mo t?ar. nil;. Tn/ ir ^ cli.ol/ -f?. T:.?/ lure p'*?/ ? ? bs. j> m wy. A VM'll* kM lM*q ??i?M <f?ti . Xt ?"l 1 -l (I *i ' 1 puK* ?m. t*?Ot fWt W \?4 ( | f?t, u; .! wb.. h w'll ultimat- ly>,wh*n completed, Involve t uwuuiU, of marly Thu sum tacludea 1,920 000 for the Portsmouth district; ?1 .'200.000 <or ly mouth; 1220,000 lor Pembroke, 1180,000 fur fo'lr b%t?ricf oo the Thames. ?360,000 for sea defences an1 work! , i front of Wilt Town (i-neeruess), ?650,000 for Chatham; ' 170,000 Tor Diver; ?120 000 tor Cork, aud ?150,000 for ] He purchase of a tile for the Central Arsenal It would, iaposiible to oumpii'le the whole of these lOrlM wiiiiin tue uext twelve months, ati l there'ore , or<l PaltnerhUMi a>ks for the year lStiO-01 only ?J 000,1)0 4Riich includes atimof ??60,000 !or works a'rea ly met toned by Parliament. The entire estimate for the atioual Defence Comtnisiiousrh' scheme is ?> OOO.'HtO, i that f<>rti!ir;?tioi:a involving an ei|>ead;ture of some 4,000,000 will htiil remain to be executed. The Austrian military authorities at Mantua have tt'v >vere?l a conspiracy tor ttaserttua <hi a grand scale. Kir niotilh past secret C' r orencea, Willi a view to dasertioc, ave been held In the on Mig'iel U ingnriau regiment, irp battailous liad Ixvu completely gained over, aud tUo rgertiuii was to have taken pit-.e on July 18 but 111# do ign whi betrayed or at least discovered. The town is in state of con*t''ru?tioo. Yeroua also is agitatod It la Mid that this autumn the K.iug of the Belgians will ave a political meeting with the fcm|*>ror ot Austria, ud that he will ?<< otiipany the latter afterwards, alonj ith the Prince Regent of Prussia, to pay a visit Dili* uiprror of Hussia. The Knylish papeis state that during the stay or the our uan ship Oouuocticut at Plymouth, enruui* toChiua, ?u crew chargod the captain aud oltlcora with most ui- , uniAti treatment. Tl?e Gori-fterr Mrrcantil, of (taiM, FUtes that, in On ' ^tqoen"? of new instructions, the National (>u-ird of aptes is to be composed of 24,000 men, or 2,000 for each j uarter. Ttie Po|ie has a<ldrtted an energetic letter to the isbipiof Syria. His Holiness laments the massacres of tha !aronit<-i<, which lv>.elxen committed by the Druses, anil 1 a ;>rrsseg his horrur at the barbarities ol the Turks His > WiMAvth)r|fMklllU|k|rilH(( lb* French 9%' edition, aud exhorts the !*rinc? to repress the excesses 1 f the ii'lidels, acd to arr. et the enemies of m irality, jus- L ice, religion aud social order. The Qami ol tug land, a splendid ? rew steamship, pur. > Imfed by the agents of UarttiakU in I.iverpool, sailed from hat j>?Tt <>u Friday night. August 3, for Sicily. The |v.cut> of t'ngtaud was well store.! w itb muskets, amounlion, fcc., and a large quantity of hospital malefulshipped iy the Indies' Carihaldl Society, I/mdon A letter from Tunis Hlarbary) of the 15th ult ., says that be (enm of the Neapolitan and Sicilian police, spies aud ssatMus, has lonnd refuge there, and that their number r sg ^i t'di (uai ixic loagiug ij juscs in me pi*ce unug inwfncicnt to coutuiii thorn all, many had been receivM In o the Roman Catholic pjona?tery, under the protection of ho b''?d of that institution. The /'/fire tie In Loire says that a convention baa been '. !? <] between France aud Ku gland fi>r the emigration of 1,000 coolii* to the tele of Renulou Tho management of lie recruiting will bo entrusted to a French bouse at t ita. TUih artat.gement b"w beeu brought about by tho , ixertiniife of M. Itnhuua, lie Reunion delegate. It lias already been stated that the Senate of Palermo 1 waited on the Pro I Mutator IX-pretlS. The Precursor ii hat city informs ns that functionary expressed hltn- i aa partisan o! Italian l ulty under the sceptre of Vi lot tauaijuel. lie vaid that the cartal of the new KiJjdom I Italv oagtit to be tha city of Rome, to which Palermo, Ciplcs, Florence, Milan, Venice and Turin would form a iplendid coronal | An interesting return of tho population of Kaffraria (in- . ilusire of tBc rrai.tkeian territory) up to the 31st Decom> r, 1SS9. ha* been published by the Chief Comm'anoner. ' t .-bi.wb Umt tho native population numbers 5S,o!7 ; tierruns, 2,669, ctfcer Koroptans, G,23??total, 64,212 This ? cic!v.Mvt*o'hPr Majesty's troops. The number of n;i ive villages is 212. and of but* 11.208. The number of kittle |>M?eMe<l by the Kuro|>eain U 8,610, ai 'l 0! >*h<'cp r6.Ua , while the natives have 2 410 horses and 20 143 jattle. The piiuripa! occjpleri holding f ind from the itnTu u claused thus:?2P4 f a'llces, of 1 500 acr-farm*; I [,623 German military fc.Uieie,aiid 3i4 t?erm<iu emigrants. Tbe old ariAMx ratic ,bi;t free constitution of the republic of Hamburg is no more. An extensive ttchcme of re'orin, In the setife of representative Institutions of mo iern shape, which, under the name of " Constitution of Hie Nine," nax been ventilated since 184H, ba> been tirst, with bnt little v?i I uions, adopted by tho >-oate, and now by the body \/ freeholders, or, as "they are called at ilimburg, hereditary burgease*. Intetfitlag from China. KBA'/Flt A CO.'8 SUAKGHAF. CIRCULAR. ^HANGitAK, China, Miy 2i, IStiJ lor the past fortnight there has been but little djing r tea in our market, as tic eeasiu is about cloeeU. There lit nothiug delnite known as yet abjut the lew crop. <iIL hift heen rte.ilt In ,nilv t.o i iroierate Ui satisfactory arc. imts are recfcl from &>uchow re;?rflu:g tlx' rr.ovcuK eta of the rebels. It is rumored tbat i large l nly bad mart bed into the city, pillaging aud nuroerirg with impunity. The native merchants were tending their fx*'*, opium, Ac, back to Shaugbae for ulety. The retult of tbU b-? >>e?>u a total resa itiuu or bminesi liitw tlie 24th inst , the Chinamen declining to operate at ireaent. The t ailed states steamship Hartford, from Hon* tuOg. arrived here ou tht 26th lust., with the il >u. J. ?. Ward, I'nlUnt Minister, and Com. Stripling. > The allied force* are leaving Cteusiin for the North. Businets ui imports continued good until the '24th luj'. , ml.en report* wire received from Souchuw ot lu'tuer lltaiicp by the rebels, caismg the Cainanen t) c'?se buying; altogether. A great many of the native mer ShutiU have returned to tihanghan wit a their goods, in<t are storing them .n foreign godowr.* for safety We hi pe this excitement is to be ot sb'?ri duration, andsboull the imperial troop* succoed li maintaining ;*>? f Ktii u of Soiuhow bti.iiuess ?ill again '.*? n*tura<l. We have no very late or im,>>i tai.1 ncwa I'rom Upan. !/eiter? from Hong Kong *tit? that th* built of the [>; itifli llect, both vv??ls of-war aint transport', witu tbo ;rooj# on board, were Htill at taat place, uat lug been .1-5i?'aed by adverse weather. A favorable'? bad, ?u*ever"taken place, and they were to leave unraeditU'ly. Tbe progress of the rebels Id the North was rapdly asii'imng a very formidable Mp>i t KnglUh ant trench miliary posts ha.i been established at I around tin ?r*lU >1 Pliangliae. TVe I'nitsd Slates frigate John Adams was at F"oo Chow, u.d the steamer Hartford and gunboat Sarins* were at SbatigUte. India and Australia. The malls already tele^ra?hed had reached Kn;land There is little of importance in the news additional to Lhut contained it. the telegraphic accouutt. Melbourne alvlceis announced that th? ministv hvi r?1 -ned, but subsequently w .thdrew their r<vi (nations Id Sew Zealand there was a total tiidpeuiioii of ho-.ii Ities. The Bombay mail of July 7 his alio arrive! with ('a! :u'ta d?[atepe^ to the oih .inly. Sir .lames 'ictrain was about t) return to England on ir count r f ill h?alth. Kxcbor'cs at Ca'cutta. 2* 5 IGd a Sj 1,d. Freights at Bou?b?y were rather higher. 1 iir< ka i i<^i I/OMiKMi, We lucsJay, August S, lv,') The London Ye*i' citv article saya ? The lun^a opened with more flrmncs*. i j cousteq'ienc# >i the majority obtained by the mimsirv l?-t nigbt. In ti. atternftod the tendency ?u rattier favo-able. atiJ : j.-ote cioaed at ua ad vauce of >, per cent Tbe iinnie l..*|f ?'ipp!y of >to?.k appears to be rather limited. ow B( party to the recent arlthdrawa'-i of *t<?ck by m ?ry 1< al.-ra, to employ a portion of their reserves in i>rt <*i a. Tbe other departments of tbe awe* eicinn*?, ihoii.'i lt:ictive, wer>' firm. Briti h railway s'ock *i re >eUcr. Tfc<< demjed f>r roonev to day waa tow a- tive ibat yt Urday, ,md comparatively Utile buimet* ?al lute bvlow tbe ba'iW rntnitn im At the b tuk the tpplicAtiuiik ntre to a fair extent An ';n lertaki"- o! uagnltude ts announced, und?r the title of the Ooll var I Minpauiy, limit, J. Tina comiMny Is formed for tin do plopnu ut of tbe (>e!!ivard estates, to H?e1en, of 1,S00,< )Co arrrs, i on'almrg Urge o'lintiti-so' neb Iron or*, iron works. he. SlfMr* Jame? Reinuck * Co , t-'a morrbarta, >f Grent Tower ftreot, have failed. it ta foared that tbe iuidat;on will be utisatisfactory. Tto Bl'ie Jackit sailed from Melbourne for England on 17. ami i* ku?wn to have Z*~>'I iuoc-k of gold, rortb i!2*> COO Th? Norman. Morrison, ha* arrived rom China with 4t?i,4<lO poun<la of tea I.ettTSlioin U;e Kirer i'latte gire a h-fitly *at,?(j. t- ry ireount of the p"Mic.?; an I twmmersHl pr i(rr;?nf M?nte.leo and Buenos Wrr*. which it '.'renter tba'i at any eriod during tbe la?t twenty yea. i ' Tbe I/>r.don Tim't eity article says:? Tie funds to day have born teady at yeaterday'a prices, ind al'.'v ?.^b tbe tuarket M wiibo'it actual recovery, it* oor lias 1x*n better from the set'.lenient of tbe political onteat laat evening. Ta?re ware no bullion operation* it Uie bank to day, b'il "0 two sovereign* were taken for ranmniaaim to tV Brasils. Uover aincr.t haa accepted tiers to lay dawn a ne v telegraphic line from Uwiu U> Hianto. tor ri.urr ir naplik. Tbe I'arla M-nil* " <J la H"Ot states u follows.?| Ti.e number of ?!i;< of war, of various natmas, io* i it Naples?Five' Engiub and live Irench ahlpa of . be lln one R iv to nhip of the line, on- Am* | .a?i corwu?. an auu id irifau* *u*l tfiAO, in i Man *h rorv< tic uvl Th? Neapolitan navy, | llvlrict botiro'n Napli* uotl Mamma a.ul the iImiU. u-t - of *i\t en frii it>-* Mi<t corvette*. and eijtbt >?u ivt? ?. tK*lte* aixteou mliDft ve?#ela an I My (rnah ?t? I K ANCK. TTi? I'arn Com t*w lent of the I/indon 7\m" contra k t? it>.> r<>;vift of an lat-^rvfevr between the Krap*or iapole^n ??d lb< King of SafiioU I'a*i*, August T, 1880. The I*arie M ?i'-wr p*b lahea a deorea altovrtnt the m ortatim of wf?l tbr?? igh any ruMom xtatlon in Franc*. Id- V t.,l*ur atao arnotitro# the arrival and entliumintlo eo?i>ii n of the Functor at the camp of Cbakxu SffllV KRI. ANT>. (.?* >*, Aiifuat 7,1<>W V * f '- -*i r^n?ii hi -- retire.! an?M from th? J?re ll?h *?v? :*iel lvu July. reiterating tba lotenlioo of w?.)en to mij port the claim* of SwitaerUad at the oou "?me ou the affair* of Havojr. T ? Mutual federal Me Uaa taken plac? al Oeneva. fif* <? > from *1! pirt? of Switzerland to the number of 2 900 ?? > rabi.-U on the occaaioa. LIVKNfOOL COTTON MARKET. Ijvbf -tni. AiictM V ltW Tli' mtrket W Wrlra. C -no>n A-a>rieaa >* ad t Ml * p-"!?*' f or tutn bakf. Itaptrta The Prrieat Commercial Condition of tfe? Comal rj. There k nothing w Hi oil Americans no soon forget m the lawon* of adversity. Ttie t'M, progress and termination of a speculative mania seem destined to repetition within cornparativelj brief periods of time. The liMiory ot the credit system, or of paper money expinsious, by which it is Btimulat?d. id the history of pauire and revulsions. This is called a young coudtry; yet we have hud several bujceseive and disastrous revulsions. Ttxa nrat followed the close of the late war, and extended through 1814, 1815 and 1810. Another occurred in ana, again, ouiers in i<*37, La 1817 and I8.r.7?the latter baring been th* last. So frequent and regular has their recurrence happened, that those who watch the progress of events and estimate the forces which Lin pot them forward can, like astronomers regarding comets, foretell the periods of their return, wben they are farthest removed in their orbits, and when they will ajaiu p*^s their perihelium. Each generation ad-ls to the list of sanguine speculators, who fly to the credit system with the hope of realising sudden fortunes. The consequence Is, that each succeeding shock becomes greater, because of the greater population and number of banks supplying paper credits, and adding to the list of adventurers and speculators. There is always some developement, some casualty, preceding convulsions, which, though charged as the cause, is only the first breach ? the first topple in the crazy wall of the credit system?the first explosion, which is soon followed by the demolition of the whole fabric. Thus, In 18j7, the cause assigned was the fall of the Josephs. Again in 1857 it wae Schuyler's frauds and the failure of the Ohio Life and Trust Company. How do we s.and in 1SC0. or ut the present time, three years after the panic of 1857? Let us compare piices then and now, both in stocks and produce, together with the condition of the banks then and now, and consider the prospects and condition of things tb n and now. The panic of 1857, which prostrated the West, was succeeded by the failure of two successive crops, while its people were burthened with enormous debts. Its trade in New York was nearly defunct tor two years. This year the West has made large crops, and everybody says that it is going to give a large trade to the East. We must bear in mind, however, that ft large portion of its receipts from this new crop will be required to pay off farm mortgages and to liquidate past indebtedness generally. After this is done, its surolus for the ourchase of grods will not be large. The etutihtics of bankruptcy in 1857 show hew much the Went and other section* failed for. The total number of failures in the United States from the 30th December, 1856, to 30th D< reniber, 1S57, was l,9"7. The total amount of liabilities was $201,750,000. The ordinary failures embraced 3,703, with liabilities amounting to SI92.305,500. The swindling fiims amounted to 317, with liabilities of $4,985,000. Of those not classed as dishonest, but who paid little or nothing, were 1,801 fij DIR. The total amount of failures in the different sections of the Union was as follows:? Southern Sfalt-i WV-ik/Ti SUtJef Maryland *3 931,000 Illinois ?:> r.38,000 K) ulucky 1.704.000 Ohio 6 86S.000 Virginia.. 1 79.1.000 Michig.ui 'i,5H 000 N">i -Ui Caruiiuv.. 1,171.000 Iowa 2.064,000 South 1,2^7 000 Wisconsin 1.6'MOOO (rf-orgia 93.000 Indiana 1,634.000 AW>mraa 296.000 Trrritorioa of I . ... 1* law are aad ) .... Uiuu?a?U, Ax. j ' Dut. Columbia ) Jtlfwourl 5,665,000 Arkansas 309.000 4*j.0.0 Total *31,612,000 Trtineweo 712.000 Florida 250 000 Xew BngVittd Sli'MTrxns 893,000 Rho-l?- Uaul....?? M0,000 Louisiana 6 631.000 il,.*R?chiiwlU?43.611,000 ? Lou not-t icut 1121,0*W Total $19,9:7,000 New Hampshire 9iS HO Milllr Vnrmoot 473.000 Mew Yort $150 601.000 Mime 1,060,000 lYi.nsvivauia.. 36,310,000 ? Mew Jersey 1.142,000 Total ?M,So*,000 Total ?1M 063,toO Clashing the States of the Union as slave and free, the account stood thus: ? Km;ur? >. in slave SUtea, Missouri locl'iJed... 125,842 000 y.ilurr* in fret- SI itiW. exclusive o( Missouri 214 910,000 i? .v? Miiu - - iu ii'iuuiuu iw iuv unn .uiuic uuumi uj'airn, there were Immense losses, sustained chiefly nt the North, in railroads} ulations and swindles. At the beginning of lt?j7. it was estimaU-d that the railroad liabilities and investments had reached about $1.00U(0O0,0?0. about $500,000,000 of which were swept away by the panic of 1807, Taking the two years since the panic?lttfd I and 1M!>- whut has each sectien produced or [ supplied and made available tor the payment of It" debts? The South in 1858 grew o.8U0,(KH) bales of Cotton, valued at $190.000.000. In ls.*0 she grew a crop of 4,600,000 bales, valued a' $'2:;o.(hm(,(K)0 total value in the two years, i iiiO.uuO.WiO. This Is exclusive of tobacco, rice. naval stores, and a considerable amount of brea istuffs. What ha* eu< h section exported during the two years reii-rred to T The exports of each may be stated a* follotrs:? Total "Xporta from the United States, specie included, for the vear endinvc June 80, IM9, M? * prtHlui >< mi) ?3M 7M.44SI IVduct lou-tn" mart. haa'tiM ft exported 20 1,0TT Ba!ar<* Kaporti of .V, ul/ifrn Cotton *161 4T>4.irjj 1/\f tO'MCt u, St 074 0M Km* 2 307.14H Naval llara 2 5Si?,*<V Hour, ?rt>at. corn, lumber, itavw, fX'irrnteii at 1 300,CC0 Total Southern *atoc ?l?,TQ6.M9-tlSJ.?05 &44 Lf??Tirg a total for fn** !*ta< i $|4T MS STO If we subtract the gold and silver ooia and bullion, which amounted to $.'>7.502,305, from the products of the free States. excln*ve of CalilorniH. there would remain only $*!?,08fl.f>.T4 as the nrodiir* of the free State* eiL-d of the Ro< ky Mountains, while tho-w of the Southern Slate? aoiounud to over double that sura. It must hi?o be recollected that a larjre portion o! tb" coin and bullion exported *?? snipped ui transit on foreign account The following are the official table* of export* for the year ending the HOth of June. 1*?>U. TIm* product of 1859 ha* not yet been published, and we can only reach It approximately by the fact* a? far as ascertained '? Total eipnrta (estimated). tjvcle IMltiiH. 000 000 !** fori ifa uietctiabdtae, estimst'-d At.00).arm c ,jg# Pjrfimftt Dflim '*.-rn r,o'vc. cotton, 3,724 040 baton, at KO per t?al?-? A)Oyj I*?f tol>*< co, estimated same m la?t year). 2t.0Tt.0M Ri< , do ? t (>T? 1 ;t N?v?l at'>rea, do do 2 .,*tl 4^9 other article*,do. do 1 ji>> ooq ? |21 J MT.M9 Total free Slate* $US.<*U,JT? The specie subtracted would show a larffe disparity between the slate and free State? east of the Kockr Mountain.1!. We have thus seen a bat the South produced and exported in two yearn to liquidate her fJO,000.WO ot indebtedness. What did the Wert do in those two years to wipe out h*r iM.000.MMv: Anit irh?t the Middle State? do to piy off their il98.a&t.<K>6. and the New En*hc 1 SUtfti to wttle up their V,'U? u; i* He iwc rw rrvlu;?4 I J

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