Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 22, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 22, 1860 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 8749. nPOBTillT FROM MEXICO. SPAIN SHOWING HER HAND. DEMANDS AND THREATS. 8PANISH FLEET EXPECTED AT VERA CRUZ. rOKTAJVT DESPATCHES FOR WMBENTOI, A*., *o., Aft. Our City of Mexico Correspondence. Mix too, August A, 18AO. Spain Takes a Band in ike Game?Demands on the Constitutional Government?Threats la Bombard V.ra CmsDeparture. of a Conducta from the Capital?Miramon at Guanajuato?Straits of the Church Party?Siege of Guadalajara?The Compromise Party? Comonfart's Weak Side, 4e.,dh. lb* puce has commenced between the Spaniards end the constitutional government. An extraordinary, Jast te from Vera Cruz, brings Intelligence that on the 3d inat. the Spaalah naval commander at Sncrlflcioa bad demaaded the delivery of tbe Maria Con cope ion within twentytear bouro, the payment of $100,000 Indemnity, and an apology from the conatitntlonal authorities, threatening extreme measures la the event hla demand was not compiled with. Notwithstanding the threats, it appears tbe psvernmeni at Vera Cruz refused to comply with the demands of the Spaniards, and great excitement prevailed at the port when the extraordinary left. Men were at work In all the forts, making preparation to resist If the J Spaniards made a move. An American war steamer was , teaming up and down between tbe Spanish fleet and the castle of San Juan de UUoa, and It Is said Oapt. Jarvis had 1 passed a note to the Spanish naval commander advising , htm that he should require the rules of civilized warfare i to be observed by the Spaniards in case they attempted j to carry out their threat, by giving due notice to neu train to quit the place before fire was opened upon It. Great excitement has prevailed here ever since the ar ' rival of this news. The Spaniards and the clergy <i are boisterous. They are speculating largely uponifljM ' will he the next newi from Vera Cruz. They regaM fib ( Spanish Intervention as a thing already begun. It was i proposed to have a repique on the strength or the news already reoeived, but I believe it has been decided to de- j It until they are advised that Son Juan dc Ulloa Is i oece more in the bands of the Spaniards. Perhaps, In a ' tew days, when they hear of more Spaniards being assas- j sinated and And that things at Vera Cruz do not move on i PI KDUQtuJjr m WIDJ uun CA^vv, iuc; iuajt uavo uumoiuu lo change tbcir tone. Pacheco, however, is a politician, and will not suspend hie scheme if all of bis countrymen are sacrificed; so wo may naturally expect to roc the SpaBlah business go ahead until some power la exercised to nheck it. The Spaniards throughout tbe country will Terr soon find out that the proceedings of Senur Pacheco will bring them into great Immediate danger without securing tbem any equivalent advantage in the future. Senor Pacheco, howaver, does not carc one straw more for his countrymen in Mexico than be docs for the Mexicans. He has his own game to play, and if the throats ot his countrymen are cut right and left iie will be rather pleased than otherwise, for it will give him greater reason to fall upon Mexico With tbe legions from Morocco now collecting In Havana. Tne mu -.h talked of conducta for Vera Crux at length got off from here on tbe Sd tnst., taking S3,000,000, with the probability of receiving from 9600,000 to 6400,000 at Pu ebla Mr. Matbew made stoat opposition to the depsrture of the conducts, on tbe grounds that the rate flhargod by the authorities of this city?namely, eight per eaat? was not only Illegal, but excessively exorbitant, aad could not be considered otherwise than a piece of spoliation. Pacheco, Wagner, and ail the rest of the foreign representatives, took sides with the clergy in tbe Imposition of this high rate of duty. Tho oonaequenoo has been that the oonducta has left, but without taking Pa money of the bondholders?nearly one million of dollars. A large amount of money belonging to English merchants ta also left behind. A great cry has been raised against Mr. Mstbew for sticking ont against this bit of spoliation; but later in the day, when twelve or fifteen per cent la Imposed, as elgnt per cent baa been on this occasion, people may see that her Britannic Majesty's Charge d'Affalres has been right In opposing this style of thing on principle. Mtramon has retired to Guanajuato, having been comel by bis enemy to abandon Lagos. Before leaving place and on the road be suffered much from daeerttoa. Of the two thousand men he had one month ago, boh fifteen hundred remained to him on entering Guana jmMB. Diss, bis adviser, la still here, trying to get Mtra man proclaimed Dictator or President. Tbe Ayuntamiento have decided to do ao, but some difficulty still exists in bringing the business around with tbe garrison. If he could gam one military advantage he would be at once proclaimed, but in tbe event of bis falling to do this some new man will very likely be shoved in hw place. me lioeril iorcei are uauy lUkrwiug iU <mr TiuiUil/. c They dow Dumber over 0.000 In ibe valley of Mexico and t Mb Immediate neighborhood. The garrlaon of thta city la a greatly demoralised, and desertions are oooalantly taking h place. If the liberal# had a good chief near at band the game would be up In a short time. I hear thta want la f soon to be aupplied by the government at Vera Cms, bat t I (bar the demonstration# now being made by the Span- c tarda will retard the operations here, a# oftlsera Intended J fbr tbia quarter will moat probably be detained at the p port to ataod up to the racket In the event of hostilities t breaking oat, a# they are now likely to do from one hour to the other. ? Guadalajara la now under the Sre of flgazin Re oom meaced the Siege of the place, according to the adrloes li , we have, on the 30th ult. Various rumors are afloat, but u they are so diametrically opposite that no reliance what I u ever can be put on them. 1 should not wonder, however, c to hear in a short time of the taking of the place by t Ogason The r, treat of Mlrmmon will tend much to de t moralize the garrison of Guadalajara. i The compromise and Cnmonfort parties have for the h time completely and tutlrely disappeared , No one I talks of any other parties than the liberal or constitu ttooal and the Spanish clerical. Since the independence t Of Meiloo these have been the only parties in the oun t try. The so called moderate or oom promise party Is n osoi,insert of a set of stock Jobbers who wish to keep well o with both, In order that they may rule the nation, no "tl*' mh r.h nartv la unnermaat Tiia misfortune for a Oomonfbrt la that be baa for Wen da thane special knaves If be could set rid of them he would be stUJ tbe choice of t the liberals of Meitoo. The condition of attain here Is novel enough, bnt I be t Mere this Spanish boslnens will be tbe means of settling ft the Mexican question Mexico, In fket, never has gained t her Independence from Spanish Institutions This lime. If her patriots triumph, as they must In tbe end, she will t he forever oiaar of Spain and everything that belongs to t bsr psratetou* Institutions Let the war oome quickly, as p It has to come. We will be soooer out of tbe trouble. tl Can yon net send us soase volaatssisf?and, bow about Onbaf t Oar Vera Cram Cerrstpendeaca q Yams Cars, iwurt S, 1M0. ' fhs Cbmdmds Mr. ttsttss'i Prttmt TheSpamtk Claim h Affairt at Term One? What wtli the Cnitnt Mat* Dnf~ QmdiUtm qf fhs ftssty Frigktfat SUde of Lamtem j mm end fagrndaftn InUrmditm? DtfoUado't IU Timed Omwosity Arrat qf the Liberal Robbrr Chief Qaroajal?Mablet at Ja Imps? Sow Bt and (XKert Raue Mm | -tppeat la the Chiled JUIe*. Ac , Ac. 1 have to give yon the good news that on the 31 instant k nonadncU, with Mttll,000, left tbe city of Mexico for US port, paying tbe Illegal and enormous duty of eight per f eeat, of which only two per oent was authorised form- , erty, but abolished now. Merchants had to submit, bow , aver, In preference to being kept out of their fends for b amy time longer, tbe last oondncta having arrived a year n age, and at the name arbitrary rate; whereas, by law, ? thrss such eoadnctas ought to be seat every year. Q The funds of tbe English bondholders, amounting to ? ttOOO.OOO, or mors, were not neat, the Mlrsmon faction In- u SlsUag upon collecting two per oent on tbe same, which will show England bow ber Minister Is respected. where- p as, $44,000 came down Ores of all dnty, being money ool- 0 tesSsd by Spaniards tor tbe wounded of tbe 4,Wcan war. f( Very Satterlsg, bat be la accustomed to It. 4 ? Bo tried very hard to stop tbe ooadocta from going at- c together, probably advising bis countrymen that, In ease d sf as accident, this government would make no claim fbr * such losses This caused a great distrust, and the bigllsh I bo sere remain without remittances. * His principle respecting the two per osnt may bo right, J however, It remains to be seem whether the money thus a left behind la nil safe or not, fbr, under tbe present ctr <j ommstances, everything la passible, sad Is every respect, , when bankers fhll snd Consuls' strong bona are broken ? opra pj uh ?? If rumor b? traa, therefore, he dOM a |r?| ^ ^ I harm managing thloga aa clumnlly aa be did tha atadia- I ttod. That ho baa pet htmaelf la a wrong poaltloa, dfc- I owaiac Miramoo and not reeogDliliig Joarat, ha la { aware of, and If rrer tba former abonld return rMo- f rlooa, ba may Inrult him with impunity. Tba Ppaa ah AmVaaaador, of enurae, h^a not reoogniwal J , My government However, ba I* doing miaebiaf. and I 1 mm anrry to aay that I do not tb nk bim tba anllgbtasad J. yaa I,o e? I to >e t 'm-ar* that hajavo" h or i " to bia man of war aa ra (hi start caured aarloaa mm of li/o tad bean as act t war. t E NE 1 ia*i Friday a despatch from tha Spanish commander at Sacrifices waa received by Ihia government demanding tbe immediate delivery or the Spanish bark Maria Con cepcion, and releaae from prtaon of her crew. If not complied with within twenty four hours, he would carry out his instructions on this bead, or, as another version goes, he would take ber out of tills port by force. Our authorities set to work all night, manned all the seaside forts and castles with their heaviest guns?in fact got everything ready fbr the most vigorous defence. They are said to have replied to the oommander that the decision of the court was pending, for which result the Spanish government has engaged to wait; that, however, the prisoners were set free by order of the same court. ' and that the fate of the vessel and cargo would be decided | In a few days; that, in tbo meantime, he might proceed as he should think proper. The panic was great, the firing being expected to commence at two o'clock on Saturday; i but nothing happened, nor Is it known If further notes have been exchanged or not. Hut it Is particularly evident that some cause must be j found by Spain to quarrel with thla government, for dif 1 rerent reasons. First, because it is believed to bo a private stipulation of the Mon Almonte treaty to assist the church party with men, arms, vessels, no.; and second, they consider it their interest to do so. Last year they were not bold enough, having their own war on hand, and fearing the energetic Interference of the United States, as a natural conaequenoe of Its treaty with Mexioo; and, therefore, they contented themselves with lending their aid In a somewhat indirect manner. Hence the Marin expedition. Now, however, Spain must fulfil her supposed contract, I and she la anxious to do so, considering herself more than . a match for the United States, and being led on to It by ' tbe rejection of the Mclnne treaty and the acquittal of the j steamers. Tbe moment Is well chosen, because the United States j Congress is not assembled, and they know, by experience, ; tbat tbe President ha* not the least power to oome to the aid of poor sacrificed Mexico. That the American commanders will not act again an their own responsibility, but solely upon explistt and un- , equivocal instructions, you may depend upon. The experience of the past has too fully convinced them that the i ignorance at home regarding Mexican affairs is too slu- I pendous to warrant thsir unauthorized interference, then the unavoidable result will be that a combined atlack by land and s.-a is probable, and in that event the | lives and millions of property of foreigners will be at the mercy of the insolent conquerors. The complete ruin of all merchants would be the posi- | live result of a Spanish war. Now, under such circumstances, it becomes the duty I )f the enlightened press of the United States to prevent such a disastrous calamity by every means in Its r>wer?a sense of justice and humanity demands it, and trust tins duty will not be neglected. If such efforts?in whioh the press should be unanimous?be of no avail, which God forbid, we must resign : mrselvcs to be the victims: and It is a poor consolation, I ipder the circumstances, that such an immense mtsforfcne would be on the consciences of those in whose hands j tnd whose duty it was to prevent it in time. It is impossible that your readers should form the least bade of an idea of the wrongs committed during more . ban two years and a half. The murders, spoliations, fhlse imprisonments without trial, heavy and unheard of taxations one upon another, > breed loans and other outrage*, are so numerous and so much the order of the day that they do not arrest atention any more. Personal insults, violation of children, girls and women, [ tave become so frequent, that the bands of lawless -ufflons boast of the number of such victims of their jenitly lust; and, of course, no redress Is ever sought, :><-cause it would not be obtained, but expose the plaintiff o greater wrongs if possible. The government of the :apit*l has the brasen face and the audacity to tell you, f such crimes are proved, that it cannot punish the >(lender, as he might pass over to the other party. Such atrocities did not happen even through the war of ndependence, and ever alnoe then foreigners had somo restige, and international laws and treaties were re- . ipecled to a certain ex lent; but this prestige is gone, ever to be restored, thanks to the treachery of foreign nlnisters kt the capital. i The conduct of Degollodo and other ohleffc Is ridiculous n the extreme, and not calculated to end the war. After setting ireo a hundred prisoaors, n the foolish < mpe to have t'raga released, Degollado gives up the i lirbop Fapinosa, who hod done his party the greatest i iaim possible, confessing at the same time that moat of he above named officers are serving the church party gala. How ran 7011 expect that a chief should be satisfied > ho took the said biahop, and aaked for hla liberty that of rsga and fflM ,000 cash, and now reoelvea a peremptory rder of the lawyer Degollado to give him up unoondltlonlla? It appeara a system to eanae dissatisfaction, for which Vgotlado baa alwaya been famoua, and with all hla hatlea loet and 111 timed generosity be 1 earns nothing. People are rejoicing to-day that the robber chief Carroll , though a liberal general, baa been taken by this goernment. and it is hoped that he will be hung. The most lideoua crimen, unheard of In this oentury, have been onsiantly committed by thia bandit for the last two 'tars, and he has been constantly the disgrace of this pary Some time ago he was here, had an interview with the 'resident, and was made general instead of being strung : and if he la taken now, It Is by the urgent demands it tbe Spanish Minister. Merchants or the capital had to Impose tbe oondltions br the departure of the conducts?not paying duties mill the laet wagon had left the gates, selecting the com nsoder of the esoort, and remtlltug tbe funds out of the utics to tbe different military poets along the road. This will take away the pretext of Rob lee. who reel to* It at Puebla. to take mooey out of It, as no did the et time. This gentleman's behavior at Jalapa Is most xemplary, living upon tbe community In great style and pending miaey like a pr nee. Every mouth be imposes . lorcsd loan of 120.000 ot the Inhabitants, makes them 1 ike bills on Munoz I<edo, which ars protested, and of ourse not taken up by him, and ultimately he his forced he city to pay blm >1.000 dally Bear In mind that it Is ; email Inland city, with very little trade, and you will are an idea or the enormity Cbboe acts tbe same at Oajaca. On a bale of cochineal, ?r instance, worth $80. and which Is free of duty by all arink we have bad, be collects $13 60. Some liberal blefs on tbe road tax It with $3 or $4, and at Orixaba egrets does not allow It to pass without pay ing $0 36 ier bale. Tbe same system is observed on merchandise 1 islng sent to that city from this place. Robbery baa become a system, and tbe highest In office , re tbe worst perpetrators , Munos I<edo collects Ovo per cent on all goods, which | a new and illegal impoaition, tbe decree stating that It 1 1 for tbe sole purpose of telegraphs; but he does not put t ip a single yard of wire. The funds of public schools sad ollegee have been appropriated by blm, and now that here is no more use for them, the police are stationed at | he gates to catch the pupils when they come out, and tke them to tbe barracks?the workshops and farms isvlng been emptied before to furnish soldiers?and made hi m fight against tbetr own interests j I am told just now that the Spanish steamer left, taking be answer of this government that no steps could be sken respecting tbe release of tbe vessel. It now regains to be seen whether a Spanish fleet will come at oce. or wait till a better opportunity offers Nothing is left, I repeat agal?> but * > 'PP**! to the enerous and warm hearted citizens of the United Slates. , ne, if properly laid before them. I hope and trust that Hey will make our lawmakers do what Is light. Your paper Is of such a standing that it becomes you 0 take lbs lead In this nobis enterprise. and your Inuence is powerful enough to cause your brother editors ojoln. J This Is not s party question, and It would be a mtsforune to look upon it as such. Therefor* let everybody ry to do something to enlighten our people ss to tbe resent desperate stale of aflklrt; but mind, before all blngs, that no time Is to be lost 1 Anything f<pain may undertake will be sanctioned by he European Powers, and we have no reason to 00m- 1 lain, as they have long ansugb hinted, Bay, sren reueated us, to take tbe matter In hand Tbe point is to , iresiall Ppaln; and rest assured. In such as event, Ing- , uia ana nance win ami or wiu us. I Vnu Cart, August 0,1040. krraJrnrd War milk Spain? The Pretext and itI l/utery? VTkrrr it the American Eofle??Panic at Vera Outfits "/Ten" gf /f/uoto? Deapatckm for the Spanith if mm* ter, Sc., dr. War with 0pnln la now on every ton rue at thla much altered bat torloelble city. You will recollect that shortly after the capture of the teamrra Miramnn and Marque* de la Habana, at anion .iiardo, n March laat, the Mexican war ateamer Oonatl- ( aclon (allied forth and took a Spanish bark that had een hovering on the coaat for eome day* In a euapicioua tanner. The crew of laid bark. Maria Conoepcioe, were ' nprleoned, and the reeeel proceeded agalnat for alleged i omplicity with the above mentioned rteamen of the I [arm expedition, of which there la Indubitable evldeeoe * tiat the bark waa the atoreehlp. Well, on the 3d instant the Spanish Admiral made a ' eremptory demand upon thla government tor the releaea f the crew and delivery up of the bark within twenty mr hour*. Aa yon may suppose, thla rather startling emend created no tittle excitement here among al laaaee, cwpclailf aa It was oonpled with a rumor that In efault of oompllance the town would be bombarded, or, t least, the Spanish boats would attempt to cut out the ark from under the guaa of the castle of flan Juan de llM ihns'brlnslns (*i an Inevitable collision Ureal I ettvlty In the way of military preparation waa at ooa man I Tent, and the unavoidable coacluatrm waa that be (toreromeat did not intend to comply with an arrogant demand. and, oooaequently, that them would bo Immolate bflotilltleo Then It waa that tbo unfortunate in inbitaata of thla unluckwllttlo apot, who appear to bo almya parked up ready fnf "moving." and who never have eove than alx mootha peace, man i fee led a dtopneuion to eave; and M re?|uired every aaauranoe on the part of the overnmeot and foreign agenta to allay the panic However, the next day the crew of the bark worn remeed, but the reeponee of the government waa, aa remrda tbo veanel bomelf, that the qumttoo aa to the legal I Lof the rapt ere waa before a competent tribunal, and it thla la a ooMtltuttonal government, and that, there ore, the executive would not Interfere with the Jodiclary Straightway thla anawer waa "expreaanl" to Mr Pa heco. Soaniah Mlaiator at Mexico, and aa Ave day" hare aannd by without our being blown okyhigb, the nfTalr night be net down aa a piece of Bpaniah bombaat. But he government known that spa n meana war, an I if thla iretext will not aovva ber torn, another will bo found, and hat apoedily. In thla <-r in it the <Vor?t*ry of the foiled Stolen lean loo baa been applied to by the government to tend the W YO [ORN1NG EDITION-WED* United stales steamer Focuhontaa to New Orleans with ibis important information, ant, by the cnnsent of Flag Officer Jarvia, flie .a cfl this morning, freighted with very weighty despatches. Meanwhile, the Spwutab steam frigate Isabel la Catultca has departed for Kavaua, and tbe impression here, even in the beat infertile 1 circles, Is tbat in leas than one month's time we shall have a powerful Spanish fleet in tbese water*, and possibly the banner of Castile Hosting once more over the Castio of San Juan : de Ulioa. The object of Spain is clearly to provoke hostilities, j so tbat abe may capture Vera Cruz and hand it over to tbe church party, preparatory to the restoration of the pi in of lguala, and establishing a Spanish pnnoe^upon tbe throne of tbe Montezuma*. " , But I will spare you all comment upon this momentous question. I would merely add tbat, if the United States government intends to do anything in tbe matter, or ever expects to inaugurate an American policy, now is the ! time. No local sews of importance. No American vessels In port, and after tbe departure of the Pocahontas tbe only American men of-war here will be the Savannah and the atoreahip Supply, both anchored some milee distant. Tbe health of the port la good. P S._I nm in at. infnrtr*?r1 that ttiA P/Imman^nnfA raga, an officer belonging to tbe staff of the Captain General of Cuba, who has been on a m legion to tbe Spanish Minister at tbe capital, proceeds to New Orleans on board tbe Pocahontas. This gentleman ia n route for Havana, and it Is supposed tbe despatches which h bears are of the utmost importance, and are of such a character as almost to insure the attack of Vern Cruz by a Spanish Ceet. It Is to be hoped tbe agcuts of the United States government are on the alert, and that our despatch vessel is not being used simply to transport a Spanish bearer of despatches. If no, however, it Is a consolation to reflect that tbe Pocahontas is tbe veriest tub tbat floats, and a smart schooner leaving port tbe day after b?r would beat ber, especially on tbe present occasion, as she leaves here with only Ave days coal, and does not spread canvass enough for a vessel of half her tonnage. ARRIVAL OP IMPORTANT DESPATCHES AT NEW ORLEANS. [From the New Orleans Picayune, August 7-1 Among the arrivals in our city, by the United Slates steamer Pocahontas, from Vera Cruz yesterday, aa before stated, waa tbe Commandants (Major) Azcarragm, of tbe punish army, and aid do camp of tho Captain General of Cuba. He comes bearer of Important official dcapatchea from tbe Spanish Minister In Mexico, and goes direct hence to Washington, and thence home to Madrid by the most direct route. The despatches of which Major Axcarraga ia the bearer, are of a two-fold nature, and concern the relationa of Spain to both the opposing political parties of Mexico. They were made up to tbe latest moment by the Minister, Sr. Pacbeco himself, wbo had come down to Vera Cruz to consult with tbe Spanish Commodore for that purpose. The difficulties, as we said above, are of a two fold nature, and concern the relations of Spain with both the political parties of Mexico. The first and real serious difficulty is with the constitutional government at Vera Crus. This hu its origin In sentiments as old as tbe revolution itself. The immediate point of dispute, however, is the Spanish schooner Maria Concepcion, which formed a part of tha Marin expedition, from Havana, last winter, and was captured by tbe constitutional government about the time of the capture of tbe steamers General Miramon and Marques dc la Habana. Tbe captured schooner, as will be remembered, was taken Into the port of Vera Crus and dismantled, and ber hull now lies near tbe castle. Her officers and crew, after a fair trial In the Vera Crux courts, were set at liberty-but the civil suit, which Is to determine tbe disposition of the property, is still pending. On tho 3d, however, and while the ault was so pending, the Spanish Commodore sent In a demand for tbe Immediate restitution of the property. This was at once In firm but courteous terms declined, and all further correspondence on tbe subject cut off till tho courts shall have rendered their decision. Tbe response to this was a peremptory demand for the restitution of the property within the space of forty eight hours. This demand waa made on the 0th. the dav the Pocahontas nailed: but what the result, If not compiled with. M It certainly would cot be, none of our informants, direct from Vera Cruz, can nay. It will not probably be Immediately of a serious nature. The second difficulty is with the Miramon or church party of Mexico. The ostensible (rounds of It are the unsatisfied claims of Spanish citizens, which, it would seem, the new minister was particularly Instructed to press with all his eloquence and power. These claims are of a two fold chaiacter, and grew, flrst, out or the reclamations for the violence some three years stooe committed at Cuernavaca. and, secondly, out of the long standing unsettled accounts between the two oountries. In neither case, however, are they of a more pressing character than those of ling land, France or the United States; and hence it is very generally believed that they are only put forward as an excuse for Spanish Intervention?Intermeddling would, perhaps, be a better word. Mingled with this, perhaps. Is a feeling of diaapClnUneot at the failure of the new minister's pet scheme the so called pacification of the republic, not only by the peremptory refusal of the constitutional governmeet to aooede to hts unequal terms, but by the ooidneas, not to any contempt, with which they were reoelved by the opposing party. These are understand to be the twofbld difficulties between Spain and Mexico, ooocernlng which official despatches from both our own and t bo Spanish legions passed through our city yesterday en roule to Washington and Madrid How they will be received in the latter city we lave no means of determining. It Is believed, however, .hat they will furnish an excuse at least for the despatch >f an Imposing expedition to Vers Crux the coming winter. there probably to co operate with the expedition said o be fitting ont at tbe capita! against the 'Heroic City." As to the despatches from the American legation, we indersland tbey are of a character which will probably letermine the department to strengthen, so soon as may tie, our own naval force in the Mexican Gulf. Peraomatl Iwtelllgamee. Gov Basks la in town, stopping at the Brevoort House. J. Motier, tbe sculptor, from Rome, Italy, Is stopping at the New Nork Hotel. Gen. P. W. Strader and H. Jonea and wife, of Cincinnati, Dr. H. Ft. John, of Alexandria; Col. Lemy Napier, of Georgia; I)r. Berry, of North Carolina Mr. R M. Baker, Mr. 8. F. Cuahing and Mr. A. M Haskell, all of the L'nlted States Army, are stopping at tbe Metropolitan Hold. A. C. Ollphant, of Bdtlmore; H. n. Hickman, of Georgia, and Schuyler Skatls, of New York, are slopping at the Union Place Hotel. B. Huston and party, of Ohio; I. A. Van Winkle, T. J. Perkins, and J. M. Fairbanks, all of Florida, and J Montgomery, of New Orleans, are stopping at the 1-afarge House Hon. G. Dunoon, of Kentucky; Hon. A. Dudley Mann, of Washington; F. Otard de la Grange and lady, of New York; Oaptain Anderson, of the steamer Ktns W. N. Peel, Fhq., of Rutland; G. D. Rosengarber and son, of Philadelphia; W. R. Gtgutlllsl any party, and Dr. PavM and daughter, all of Georgia, and R. Ltnd, of Porto Rico, are stopping at tbe Brevoort Biuse John McKlnney, of Mtchtgaii. Isaiah Bleed, of Balstoa Fpe. Judge Goldthwalte, of Afcimas. Z Barnum, of Baltl more C. H. Ftoll and family. of Hudson. 1. A. Bit Ian and lamily, ol Ohio; R N Wart, of fegland; Colonel Bruicb mil family of Tmmmm, and 0. Phelps, of Buffalo, wera anion|t the arrival* at the8t Nteholaa Bot?l yoetcrday. C. W. Ranaom and wifls, of Alabama W. R. lee, of Ronton H. B. Royntoo and wlPs, of Alabama. 8. Vervls and Mr. Bu< her, ol Cuba, W. 6. Johnana, ol Virginia, W. Chamberlain, of Red Hook, and B. & Hagmr, of Virginia, are flopping at the Kvareil llouae. Ol. Joseph B. BUarart, of Washington city, la Mopping it the St. Nicholas; heaalla In the Adrtetc <m Saturday Kit, as bearer of daapalcbea to oar Minister at Si peterskerg. Mona. Bkmdla, the Intrepid and world renowned funtmbnlist, will give another of his startling exhibitions in loriea' Wood aomettme daring the coming month. Be sill walk on a rope 2 000 feet, raised in the centre upon t pole 200 fret high, and loraiog two inclined pianos, >r surfaces, which be will suocrssively ascend and defend The time fhr the exhibition will he fixed after hit 'eat la honor of the Prtoo* of Wales at Niagara, whan ha ntenda crossing on stilts. Hon J. M. Bolts is on a visit to lbs White Sulphur ?p r logsMr. Judd, of Illinois, who nominated Lincoln at Chinap>, is at the St Nicholas Hotel. It Is rumored that Miss Pyne and Mr. Harrison are golug on a tour to California. Ac , noon after their nest winter campaign is over. Phillips, the artist, is at Niagara Falls. The Oaodf' lays of him:?We are highly gratified with an examtnaiton of his portraits of some of our cltlaens, now on exhibition et the hotel. so true era they In their delineation* if individuality and treatment of color, that we would ?rareely hare bwn aerpriaed to bur thera ipwk U we vitlciird their inerite The King of hinj haa glinted pardon to Wagner, he mnalcal composer, who im condemned for partkclpation la the rerolotloaery mail of IMS. Iflai Yandenboff CMrt. Swlnebonrne) the celebrated aoireae,

died at Blnalnirbaia, England, on Uie .11 rt Hhe ran born la I.lrerpool in 1*18, and wna tha daughter of Mr. Yandenboff, the celebrated tragedian. Cltjr laUlllfaae*. Fa errr * i at mn Barimn <) annex* ?The third annual picnic festival of tha patrons of St. Auguatine'a church, at ting Stag, la to he oelebrated to day at tha Btllevue Garleaa, foot of Seventy ninth street, Rant rlrer The pro eeda of the feat Ira I are to be appropriated toward payng for the parsonage for the paator, Rer. Edward IfaOeaa. New Ton* Mmic?t. Omuqi-Vt leant that the truaeea of the New York Medical College, at their meeting reatardny, made the following appolntmenta ?Robert Og. I en Doremua, M D., Professor of Medical Cbemlatry, John tfarray Oaraoehaa, M. P., Professor of Clinical and OperaJv? Surgery; 0. Meredith preese, M. P., Professor of Thetry and Practice of M"dtrtne; A. K. Gardner, M. D , Proeaaor of Clinical Midwifery and diseases of Female*; B. I Raphael, M P , Professor of Prtnclplea and Practice of forgery and Porgtcnl Pathology; John O. Brnnwm, M P., >rofe?#r.r of Anal-my Charles A Rndd, M P . Profeaaor if Ohetetricw A lacobi, U P., lY>ifr?aor of Clinical Melirtoe and Tnfhntile Pathology and Therapeutics; Bern I. Budd, M P , Professor of Toxicology, Th? ooufN of Italuro will toMmsoa dept. 17,180* RK H f ESI) AY, AUGUST 22, ISO MOVEMENTS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES. Official Presentations and Addreiaca at ilia Parliament Homaa?Conferring the Order of Kat|hihuod?Vlilt to Mont* morcncjr Falls?iUnyor Wood's Invitation to Via It tills City, Ac-, Ac. OL'H 8PIC1AL DLS PATCH. (Ji-kuko, August 21,18<30. During tr.e morning rain l'eli steadily, but at half-past ten, when the Prince started from the Governor's residence for Parliament House, tbo sun shoue out, and the weather became oppressively warm. The Prince drove down in a stato carriage, the Seven teenth regiment acting as guard of honor. The soldiers of the garrison, stationed along the route, presented arms when the Prince passed. But few people were in the streets, and little excitement and few cheers. When he reached Parliament House a salute was Ored from Dur ham terrace, near by. The Prince departed from bis usual punctuality, and did not reach the House till eleven, instead of half-past ten, as advertised. Few people were around the entrance, only about two hundred, as ail who could obtain dress coats and white kids went in to the levee. The Prince Irst received addressee and deputations In the council chnmhur Blrnadv Hnserthnd. The scene wu moil impressive. The lYince, drMied M a British colonel, stood on the centre dais, and (tall, luito and Go vernor's staff grouped themselves ar iund. In a semicircle, filling tho rest of the room, stood officers of the army and nary, members of parltamen and priests. Addresses were read In English and French. The Prince read replies in both languages, with emphasis, but In a low voice, and seemed affected when reading portions in which his mother and home were mentioned. He received a copy of each address and handed It to the Duke of Newcastle. Gentlemen presenting addresses received replies kneeling; then retired backwards, making three bows, their long robes tripping them up as tbey went. Frenchmen were delighted st the perfection with which the Prince spoke their language. After the reception of addresses, members of Pari lament were presented. This ceremony, for which so much preparation had been made, was very simple. The Prince stepped down from the dais, each person came forward, handed his card, and his name was called. The Earl St. Germain then threw the cards on the dais, and the Prince bowod. The happy individual then bowed, and rushed home to share bis joy with bis wife and fami ly. Then there was a brief Interval, during which the room was cleared of all but officers and suite. Earl St. Germain then arranged particulars for a genera) presentation. Bishop Mountain entered in full robos. The Bishop Is very aged, and presented a singular contrast to the youthful heir apparent. Having reeelvod a reply, the clergy retired, the company engaged In conversation, and amused themselves by watching the movements of a young equerry, who wlU be the "Tommy" of the party when be reaches New York. The Prince led the conversation among his suite, laughed heartily, and could not bel distinguished in any rcsi>ect from the rest of the company. Then the magistrates' addrees was presented. After this, the offloers of the army, navy and militia, the members of the cMy Council and the Mayor, whose long robe divided bis attention with his huge neckcloth. Several Americans and an immense crowd of provincials were presented, the ceremony being the same as before dascrlbtd. Earl Germain announcing names. The lYInce seeme 1 wearied with studying tho different varieties of bow* and scrapes, and was glad when the presentation was over, lie being obliged to bow at every Man. iuc icvuv tummucu m% ?wuo viwk. After presenting addresses from the bouses of Parlia meot by the Speaker! of the houaea, Narciase Belleau and Henry Smith were knighted. The ceremony consisted of kneeling betore the Prince, who laid his sword lightly upon each shoulderand said, "Sir Narciaae," aid so forth. The ceremony was so quietly conducted that few In the room knew It bad taken plaoe. Messrs. Williams and Thompson, of New York, were presented. During the afternoon many persoaa visited the ships ofwar, the smallest of which starts for Montreal at four o'clock to morrow morning. When Sir N'arctsae Belleau went to be knighted, be dropped on both knees, contrary to etiquette, amhJsl suppressed titters. Volunteers and Irish Indiana wound up the levoe. The lawyers of the city were preparing an address, but j would not present It. because magistracy came first. The Prince * baggage and trunks, marked 'V. R.," were surrounded by crowds, who respectfully surveyed them, and saw not much royalty about thts, for the trunks look shabby. At three o'clock the Prince breakfasted with both Houses of Parliament, the Governor General, staff and Lord I.yons, at the Government Hou ;. The Queen. Con sort and the Prince of Wales were toasted. At the drst toast all rose but the Prince, whs remained slttlog until the Duke of Newcastle, In a whisper, reminded bins that no subject sat while Queens were toasted. The Prince smiled with perfsci self possession and rose. He bowed twice m answer to a toast of himself. Soon after tbo Prince gave the last toast, ta the Governor General and both Houses of Parliament Some member called out? "Governor General alone," but was hissed Soon after dinner the Prlnoe said he had better take advantage of lbs floe weather, change the programme end go to Montmorency Falls. The Duke of Newcastle begged be would not lead them another ride like that of yrntcr day. They started off In carriages and plain clothes, and returned after sevso o'clock, cheered going and returning. Darcy Moose, the Irian refugee, ?ijr* me rrmoe saw bin at breaklhul, asked who ba til, and aald If ba had baan sovereign la IMS Dare/ would not have been expatriated. Mayor Wood's Secretary saw the officials In regard to the Mayor's Invitation, and says that red tape abounds, bat thinks they regard the proportion fbrorably. Ijord I.yons is la fhvor of accept Log, bat has leas influence than Is snppoead. Thompson puabas the matter with great ability, and took high found to day to the Hake's Secretary that, If the visit wa not regarded as a compliment he would return home, *eport, sad let the Prince take care of himself when h* reached New York. The Duke appointed an Interview to morrow morning its Gouui aswaranm pasrATOt. Qrsnsr, August 31,1M0. Amid a pouring rain the Prince left the Governor Goaaral'a house to take up his residence In the Parliament Baildiags. At the levee all the Roman Catholic Bishops In the Province were lint presented separately, nest the Judges of the Superior Court of Lower Canada, then the members of the legislature ud the Council, Um Speaker of which read an addrien In French and English, to which the Prince replied At the ooorluston the speaker was desired to kneel down, and tbePrloee, taking an unsheathed sword from the I'uke of Newcastle,struck the Speaker lightly,saying, Rise up, Sir fare less Bel lean." The member! of the Lower House were then Introduced, and an addrem wan read by the Speaker, Wa Henry RmWb. on whoa the honor of knighthood was also bestowed. After this tb? officers of the garrison were press pied, then ths Aogl - an Bishop and clergy, who presented an address and received an appropriate reply. About a thousasd gen tie urn were also presented. A number of addresses from national societies were presented. After lbs levee, upwards of fifty members of the legislature, Conned and Assembly partook of a <U jutvr with the Prince. In the afternoon the Prince drove to Montmorsnci Palls. There wrre a dosen arches on the way, and the bouses wrre arw i w.w ui?b, nv. iuo crwvai wo uk* rooni i cheered la*t ly. Tbe Prince ?m doligbted with the (hlto. 4 He tMlted the nature] rtepi, en I retained to town to Jj dinner it ieren o'clock with a eelect pnrtp. A bell con"* off at Mimic Hell to night. > nm camel's rim to norrnrut. Morreaai, Angnit 30. 1V?. ^ The prlee ef bnnri at the prominent hotel* in Montreal, p daring the Prince of Welee' villi here, will bo tbe name an oeuai?12 40 per day. AoommMettooa fhrali hundred ? pencu cm b? obtained at 13 per dap. n ['era: ). Polite. Intelligence. CA1TVHB OF Bi. HU LA KM [?HKIH OFKH A riv? "i IX FIFTH AVKNUB. A a interestlr * of burglary larne up before Justice Connolly at th? U> rson Market Police Court yesterday. Two powerful and desperate looking meu, i.irad John Smith, alias Cabill, and iJeo. Walontt,wer* charged with breuking into tb? dwelling bouses Sue. 103 and 106 Fifth avenue, under the following circunmUucue ?On M uday morning the police received notice that the preniiHva No. 106 Fifth avenue, the residence of Mr. H A. Johnson, had been entered by thieves. Detective Kider wax de tailed to examine the premipee and see if be could And any cluc to the perpetrators of the burglary. Upon au examination of the place the deteciive found that the bar glars had not only ransacked Mr. Johnson's bouse, but that they had broken into the adjoining premises (So. 103),occupied by Judge Fterropoui. The burglars, it ap. peaj.x, took advantage of the absence < r Judge Pierri-poul'a family and gaining access to the house tnrough a rear door commenced operations. After packing up several thouiano dollars worth of property and searching all the bureau drawers for money, jewelry, Ac , the burglars seconded to the roof and entered Mr Johnson's hooso by descending through the scuttle. Here they also packed up reveial baskets full of property, whl;b they removed to the lower floor, so as to make its removal more eaiy. It was evident that the burglars Intended returning for the property, which was found packed up, and arrangements were made to effect their arrest accordingly, rapt tin Cameron, of the Eighteenth prcctnct, was notl fled of the discovery, and at the suggestion of the detective, policemen Sy p tier a, Shaw and Kennird were detailed to keep a constant watch on tho premises. A lumeslir. In the employment of Dr. Motlat informed the police that sbo observed two men coming from Judgo Purrepont's bouse that morning with a largo basket of rlothfeig hi thnr possession. As Dr Mortal's residence afforded a good view of the Judge's house, the pjlloe, by permission of the owner, occupied one of the 'rout rooms, to as to be on the watch for the burglars when they should return. The otticers, after watching the premises all day and all night, were about giving the job up in dis guit, when, to their great joy, they saw two men halt in front of the house and suddenly enter the premisee. This was about five o'clock yesterday morning. As soon as the police saw that they had treed the rascals, thev slipped across the street and followed them into tho hallway, where, after a abort struggle, they were both secured. Walcott, the youngest of the prison ert, tried to escape by running out of tho hall door, but a couple of pistol shots fired by policeman Cyphers so Intimidated him that ho came to a dead halt and surrendered himself. Neither of the shots took effect, nor was it Intended thai they should, (being only meant to frighten the lellow into sub mission. Upon bringing the prisoners to the station house and searching them, a number of skeleton keys, sonic luck picks and a jimmey were tound in their posses sion. Smith, the heaviest and most formidable looking man of the two, was at once Identified as an old offender He gave his dame as Smith, but the police kuow him by the name of cahill. It is said that be was engaged in the Imane and I'earl street burglaries, some ynars ago, but escaped by turning date's evidence. Walcott's face was also familiar, but the officers did not know exactly where to place him. He was dressed in a very genteel manier, and upon opening bis pocketbook he was found to be pretty Hush. From the elation house the burglars were conveyed to the detectives' otrtce st Police head quarters, whore they were "shown up," and then turned over to tho daguer rfun aritii. id me afternoon mey were orotigm oeiore Justice Connolly, as before stated, and upon the affidavit of policeman Sjpners they were committed to prison for examination. As soon as the news of the arrest of the prisoners was cummuulculed to the detectives, officers Fldcr and Slowey started out in anarch of the stolen good*. After buuliug through all the pawn ulllces iu the lower part of the city, the detectives, l>v dint of hard work and shrewd management, auccoedM lnjr?ooverlng about $5,000 worth of the stolon property U is not exactly known what a count was stolen, as, up to last evening, Judge Piorropont's family bad not returned to the city. Mr. Johnson, who arrived in tna-n in the forenoon, states that, although a large amount of property was injured by the burglars in packing it up, still he does not think bo will be a heavy loser. He cannot say, for a certainty, whether anything was stolen from him or not. It is more than probable, however, that bis lues will amount to $1,000; but what is that, eom|>ared with what the burglars contemplated carrying oil'. The capture of the burglars, in this ran*, and trie recovery of the atolen goods, reflect great credit ueon the police, and shows what can be done by the Metropolitans when they exert tbenieelvee a little On reaching the residence of Cab ill, at No. fll Chrystie street, Mrs. C made ber appearance in her ulghl clothes, and no aoourr did she see the men than she at once Iden tilled them as officers They entered tb" place, aud on going into the back room discovered It tilled with trunks and baskets, containing the goods stolen from the Fifth avenue dwellings. A strong lire was found burntug in the room, with a number of cruciblra standing on tho floor, evidently Intended to melt up the Jewelry, so as to prevent Idenltflcatlnn. The goods were all pocked up and taken to the Pollen Headquarters, where tbey will be kept until tbey are Identiiled by the owners. Mrs. CablU was also arrested and held for examination. Ox a Pi-rbs.?John Klanigan and Russell Follett went **u m vii wi m ijirtr vu nuuuajr uirui, kuu vinmo givrloi*i!y elevated. Toward* morning Flanigan, who** purse wa* eibai.*t?d, insisted oa Follett's treating "for the very laat time;" but Follett thought be bad I peat enough of money on bl* companion, and reftised to aooede to the request. Whereupon Flaiigan. not hiving the fear of the law before hi* optica, caught the monryd man around the neck and, by force and violence, compelled b:m to disgorge to tbo tunc of thirty Ovc cent* Follett, who knew nomcthlng about the reviaed ctatutea, law that a clear case of highway robbery could be made out agalnat Mr. Flanlgan, and laying aatde all pervonal feeling* and friendship he cau*ed the law breaker to be taken Into custody. Justice Connolly, after Investigating the case, derided to commit the prisoner for examination. A.v I'x.Kjran l Fatxow.?William A. Tompkin*, a young ii ^ of respectable family, wa* taken Into custody by policeman Wbltmore, of the Eighteenth precinct, on charge of stealing 96s In bank bill* from Mr. Jame* I* Kiernan. ot No. 19 Bluy voiant street, under tb* following cirenrnrtanc* ?The prisoner, It appear*, wm In re duccd clrcumrtannee, and not knowing wbere to obtain food or shelter applied to Mr Kiernan for aid. Tbo latter took companion on the fellow, and offered blm the use of a bed in bis room until be could procure a lodging El ace Tompkin* gladly accepted the offer, and made lmself at home, but when an opportunity offered be robbed his benefactor, and then decamped with the money. Upon arresting the accused about 936 of the missing money was (bund in hi* possession. Justice Odd noiiy committed the prisoner for examination. Ckari.b or Ur.mii> [uxivt awd Ksmauaa Proum Ooops.?William Henry Degrat and George Strang were arrested by polloemaa Kdsalf on charge of stealing a lot of silk dremea and other articles of wearing apparel, valued at 9932, the property of Mrs. Benjamin Hamilton. The property was stored at 140 West Houston street, and, s Is alleged, was rsmored therefrom by tbo prisoners. A man named Frederick f Ihirkse was also arrusted, on "barge of receiving a fmrtion of the stolen property Tbo officer succeeded in recovering al?out 9200 worth of the stolen goads, and expects to be able to secure the balance In a few days. Jostles Connolly committed the prisoners For examination Williamsburg City Mews. Brmaos or M tarsa? Excirsmwr is nor Timrmrni Ward?Faijui Alas*?Oonsiderabln excitement was crsstsd yesterday morn lag by the dlsoorrry of blood and mpposed evidences of fbul play Is the rear of a bouse on the corner or soutn Finn no a EiguiD street*, tiikro di* ;rtct. Information waa given at the Fifth precinct (tat I on bonne, and dipt Wog lorn and officer floor hard re mired to the rpot to make an tnvnatlga'ion. Tory found lereral email puddlee of blood. The win low of a water iloeet had been broken off lie hinges, and the aaeb and loor were rmearod with blood. From here the police raced the blond track* around the corner In Klghth Itrcet, op F.igbtb to Honllt Fourth, up South Fourth to 'lever th etrert, through He Tenth to South Fifth, down ifaln to K'gblh, through Flghlh to flrand, and up Grand o near I'nlon ?venue Here it stopped In front of a drug itore, No >17. t'poo Inquiring they learned fro a a itork in nttendanee that daring the latter part of the light a young man apparently about eighteen year* of ige, had been tb'-re lor medical aid Mm wrlet an.I arm rere very much rot, and ble clothe* torn and oorerrd vltb blood. The clerk bad directed him to go to a doeor'i nest door. The doctor waanotal home, and the young nan onuld not be persuaded to await hi* return. Nothing briber oould be satisfactorily anoertalned la regard o bim. Subsequent Id<(ulrlea revealed the following tartlcnlar*, which will probably give a rlue to the mywte tcna circumstances ?About ten o'clock last night an iffray occurred In South Fourth nreet between a man tad hi* wlfb. A young man eomewhat intoxicated bap ened to paa* by at the time, and Interfered In behalf or he woman; In doing no be receive 1 a aomewhat eevere ut ,n the wrist from the Infuriated man He then ran iwsy. and It is supposed took refuge in the yard of the joun on the comer of South Fifth and F gl ih strict No omplaint, however, ba* been made to the police, nor baa ny arreei bean made. Sufficient, however, ha* lieea dta overed to dlapel the suspicion of fbul play. Srurwnn Aormmrr ? About noon yeiter-lay a scaffold, ined in th* erection of a building on the ooraar of North oiwtta and Fifth streeU, K. D., gars way and prectpltat d two men who were at work on It at the tlms to the [round, a distance of twenty feet. Mr Wblttean, the wm* builder, was severely Injured. He was piekad up tn I ,n Insensible condition and attended by ftr North He i ran oonveyad to his home In Oreerpotnl. Thr other | nan. whore name could not be ascertained, escaped oom t >arativeiy uninjured. f A Cam of St rroswn Daowgum ? last evening officer j fitcbel. of the Fifth district police, found s men's clothes , ying on the wharf at the foot of North Fifth street, R. P., nr which no owner could be found. Subsequent tnq llry I sd to the belief that they belonged to some man who had i one ia to bath* and wat drowned Oiptaln 'w>h t Food, of the sloop Protector, say* that about three i 'clock yesterday afternoon he saw a man. apiwrently I bout flirty Ave ve.ur* of age, go Into the water from the t iace where the clothes were found The articles found f onsist of a brown cloth frock coat, gre<-n . loth pun's Ilk vest, white shirt, Straw hat an l a per of foote.1 I suits. NoUjing was found about them to In 1 ate the ? idc or whereabout* of the owner. 1 T D PRICE TWO CENTS. ADDITIONU> KROII KUROPK. Details to Wednesday Afternoon, August 8, by the New fork. The Syrian Question in a Russian Point of View. THE STEAMSHIP MANIA IN ENGLAND Our London aud St. Petersburg lorrvbpoudeiice, bSij St., &# The steamship New Yurk,Capt Von Sante.n.from (South* umpton on the Sib '.net., arrived at tins port early jester* day morning. Her advice*, however, have been anticipated by tbe l.lasgow and Arabia. The reception of onr (ilea enables u* to furnieli Some important .u addition to tbe news previously given. Our London Correspondence. lvr*T>oir, August 7,1H60. The Great Eastern?It She a failure f?More .\,w Ste.inert Huildin-g?TKr Great Eartrrn to be & lift-d?Great Vnt.and far Skipt in Ckina, <Cc , rfc As a "show," 1 bavt no doubt but the Great Eastern has achieved a substantial success in bar visit to New York. Tbe next question is, bow can she be made to pay commercially t 1 am sorry to bear a rsmor that Mr. Croskey tbe practical man of the Hoard?the one most thoroughly acquainted with eteamsbip operations?is going to resign. If this Is so, I know not what has induced him to take the step He may not see his way to a profitable employment for the ship, and perhaps his ex* IMtMIfMllMl|MMMliN with the North Atlantic Telegraph Lire absorb all hie lime. I wonder if the Virginians will enter Into bonds, or "down witu the dust," and have the great ship try her fortunes In tbe harbor of Hampton Roads. If she brings home a cargo of cotton and Virginia tobacco and oysters?I beg pardon, this la not the season for tbe bivalves? It will be the last cargo of that descrlptijn from that locality. I really hope the Virginians will havo tbe great ship, send a million of people to see ber, load ber with Virginia produce, and make a heap of money nut of ber But, alas! a slllt purse, we are told, oannot be made out of a sow's ear. Whoever sends tbe monster craft to Virginia will get a fore taste of tbe expense of running steamships. Great good, I have no doubt, will grow out of the enterprise of building the Great Kastcrn It is difficult to predict wheUur she will be a commercial and financial aucceas. We may be sure that the art of navigating the ocean by steam is quite In ita Infancy. I do not believe tbe revolution of the last twenty years has oeen as great as It will be that of tbe next twenty. We are not going to continue to send steamers with a vast depth and draught of water across the ocnan at a speed of only ten or twelve, or fifteen mllea an hoar, and at a cost of ?20 or ?26 for each passenger fcaSio), and well nigh * to a pound sterling for each toD of groM weight in the ship for the voyage out and back. The revolution we require, and that we shall have, will be far greater speed, and n aavtng ot expense. There are at lenst two parties now engaged in constructing steamers, with which they say they can crocs the ooun In three dsyu or leee. If 1 knew the secret ur plan of their Intentions, of course you would not expect me to divulge it. Suffice it to say that I believe they are bound to achieve a success that aobcr minded people would consider fabulous. Within the oext five years the voyace between New York and England will be made la less ibao flye days. That I consider a* almost absolutely certain. The ha tea of improvement are, mode of propulsion, stylo of engines and form and alee of bull. It la now rsdnoed to a practical certainty that alcam can be heated up 000 degrees (Kahrsnbelt), and that alone la going to effect a string In motive power of?not one fifth?but more than four flnha. Now, wbat is the roe eon we cannot nave a steamboat that shall combine all the excellencies and advantages of your Hudson rlrer steamer* and the Great Eastern. The latter steamer draws too much water. When there is such a Tust displacement necessary, of course there is a great expense or loss of power. The Great Eastern Is about TOO feet long and 00 broad. What would you say to a steamer 1 000 or 1,300 feet long, and 180 or 300 In breadth? Construct such a v rase I with nearly or <|alte a fiat bottom, and to draw not to exceed ten feet of water, with two or three pairs of paddle wheels, and wetild there sot be an economy of power that w> ,iM reduce the coat of carrying paraef.grreal lean one hall' This craft would be sometbing between a boat and a raft, li would ship a sea now and tben In rough weather, but It would not roll or pitch; and a very high speed could be attained With tao such steamers to rroas tbe Atlantic in five day*, and oa-ry ten or twelve tbouaand ptasengere, at li". and 860 earb. they could form a line to run every ten days, and they would break down every steam line now existing I do not say that Ibis Is saon to be carried cut, but I beg leave to bint that I believe It would be practicable. Ono very material portion of tbe expense of transporting passengers Is their living?tbe food they consume. Every single day, then, that Is saved In transit is a thousand dollars, more or leas, Tor every thousand passengers on board. Then, there is ssarly as much more saved In wages to hands, waiters, firemen, sailors, engineers, officers, Ac , besides the saving in motive power Time In this case Is money. In more resDecta than om. Let no one, in an examination and exposure of any imprarticnbililiee and absurdities in any two enormous North river steamer* for transatlantic navigation, throw any double on the actual projects now In oouree of fulfilment by competent parllea, for they have no relationship?at least, I do not pretend that they are at all related. That the ocean la to be bridged, In a very few years, In a far shorter time and at leas expeoae than it is at preernl. la absolutely certain. Why should we doubt itf ir forty-five day passages ran be reduced to ten, why caainl the ten be reduced to five* If the (treat Lralern serves no Hber, It will at least prove the bit of pavement?1 ko slain men bridging the moat for living soldiers to cries? made of the bones ..f uorucceeaful ad vnturers.wherron the more experienced can march to niceana. How great the measure of success will be for the great ship cannot now be computed, but I trust *imsIhmg respectable. The war is China seems likely to create s great demand for shipping A lets letter from Singapore says the government are having occasion for from at) ,000 to 100.000 loos of shipping merely for transports. Aa order Just cams over to hoodon for a large st miner (transport) for government use from Paris, and the parties applied to, though having many steamers at command. were obliged to decline the order. la n late letter I took occasion to animadvert upon tbs Inconvenience?nuisance, in fact oi n goodly number of petty governments and nations Was I not righlf Do we not see dally the inconvenience nod liberties taken by small nalloua that we do not nee in large ones? Peru will not settle the lust demands of the Culled itlatrs. New (iranada la in s constant stair of revolution, act lest verging on bankruptcy, Mexico "enjoys" all these felicities at once, to which must be added complete anarchy. The little Plate of Naples cansot get money enough to keep up n grand court, " aa others do," without grinding, taxing and oppressing the people at n fearful rate all this, and worse, in true sf the Papal dominions. Now, for one moment. look at the lltUe petty kingdom of Portugal. Over n year ago a great steam company was prelected to run from England to Brazil. calling at I.tsboo The Portuguese government, through the executive, promised a subsidy, and a contract for carrying the Portuguese ma.Is. The have been running for almost twelve months, and not noe single step has been taken towards carrying wit the undertaking of a mall contract, from the highest to the lowest, every person at Lisbon, official and noa ofllcitl, baa done nothing but tnck the connero drjr, and art towarda the company Ilk# eberka at a dying wbala. Not one penny of government patronage baa been for nlahrd, and evrry npeeiea of eatortmn and pluoler baa been prart ?e<t i,">m flrat to laat. The Inevitable oon etpirore a III be, I have no d?abt, that the line will be at rmee withdrawn, unleen aume atgna of good faith appear tr mediately. fa eaaetly the aama manner? in baot, wnrre?the Pnreg'iew government treated fir IfArtoo l>to, the (real railway contractor. Tbe government wanted a railway, and a ormreaalon wan granted to Pato, hen he at one , ' eameocnd the worka, and laid oat ovnr f 100 000 In plane, auttnna, aurveyn and prellmlaary aorka Tbe little bargain waa made tbe little mnoaaaton inaraoteed, tbe little ting pledged hla word, tbe litUe ailway waa to be built; but, lo and heboid, hen the little Parliament met the whole little tffctr proved to be a little awlndle, fbr the Wallah ralmroy knight waa r.bonaed out of hi* bargain, ted by Memn legiaTatlre enactment the coecenaioo of the tne waa given b> Salamanca. a Spaniard, and !*|r Morton tad to rock hta thumbe for hla pay?not one penny being iranled ?r paid him for all of hla outlay, and all under be fbith of the Pnrtugneee egeeutlve Three are plain, at'imhie facta, open and p itent to the eye of the worll. Jfbat merchant could app? ar on 'Chango and hold up hla trad ntier aurh a breach of rontrart aa thalf Anvng i.en tt wcttbl go by the eot very conrteoua <fe? <nat!-m of wiedling Onuld f ranee or fimata, or Prnaalt or real trite I), ?r the I nlled Slat = have committed l! J WJCh ? la aa three with Impunity f They > tld not h .ve ... r. > t lie wh ile h glory of the T rt gu ae iradr, tbe iotn^a