Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 28, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 28, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. J ABI ICS UOUOON BKKKKTT, KDiroft AND MKWRIKIOK. orr:c* M. w. coknkh or naasap and m.tos ?ts. TERHS. rank in atifOHci. M."Uy Kt nl In/mail t*iD b* n' rv.i at th* r. tl/1 Ji.p* tint rocnytti a ' l*i 1 / TUX DAILY U) two rrnb jwr nifnt, IT jifr mn n THE WEEKLY II Eh.4 I It. nrtry S.u-.r.Uiy. at tir frn'tt y-r <*V?. * *' S3 pnr a tiny m, 'A* EafOptan Ktiifioa fr.ry U" fh at rw r "it* I?^r , f4 jh-t ||nn win ta any jntrt nt 0 rr'it Hri Ii% <x f.'t fo nriv nil o/ tA' (hftltnwt, fcn/A to iftfiit'lf p" toy I"' O-Wtin.ii Alitu.n <m tKr SOi ami *XA o/" i*vA rnwnA a' -ur iyt,m f * fatty, ?. $1 SO wr 'itim/fi YOLCXTAKY (XIKKYsrOXnXAiX, mmlaini no i>npn~tint ttnv?, yolirimt from any'{unfit r <h l*t ?'M, V " " <ibfnU>: rntl /w. *Ar-<>UH KuKintix t.'uttKtti'n.MH*'" *"* P*KT>? ri.AHl * KniUl*TBJ> TO NB41 1U LCITBIU 4A J r*C* Ac** mm n. Tar F.lifir.Y HERALD on Wt-dnf lay, ai /wtr< >'< >"p ^V0 Koii< l:""iirn ../??? tynouM carre/nt tilrafO. H'. Jj : J< fWv -/f >/ communir^kiioti . Voluiar Wo' *:,M AXt'tJKMKATS THIi KVl.VINti. NIBI/OS OARDKN, BrtNulway.-ltanmiAll I'eero**A jr. li ________ WIVTKK HARDEN. BruwdwafPhoti."*ok AlfoIUSO.*. v*'AL:-At'K'8 THEATRIC, Broadway.?'Wire's sicect. I.Al'RA k kenr'h tiikatrk, No. 621 Broad way .-Off ( A?gMBA* fogni. NEW BOWKRT THEATRE, Bowery ? Roi > -Ma.ic Tm ere.?1 ni.tfL BARNUMH american MUSEUM. Bruad-.Tiy.-IHv ana irrqiur?Binuiho aho Da*cino ?Bee Boit-Ijnee Cyaioeina*, Ac. BRTaNTS1 m1nhtrk1.h. merwinlm Hell. <71 B-?d*srH jaiua.-xs. Bono*. Dajiou. aC ? I>i?.?.?' l.ui. NIBI.O'S HALOON, Broadwir,?Hoolit A rntfir:L's MuftTMiie in Kihuwia* Koeu*. Hukulvisu. Da.iju, Ao.? Knouin liiurouui. NATIONAL VARIETIES i'hit turn itreel.-Vl.HT TO HoMMW?Magic Piua?Uilu' Mor. PALAPF HARDEN ru-rteeniA etrert.-Mf oai a*i okaMAT' emihajmivt. CANTERBURV CONCERT nAIJ., 663 Hro*.lwAy.->0*OS P?.?ae* AO Nee* f ork, TBfiiley, Aagtiit JIB, IHftO. MAILS FOE EUBOPK. Ill* New York Herald ?KdUlon for Ewrope. Hie Canard mell atom mi.Lip Persia, Cipl. Judkin?, will t?a*e ih * port morrow afternoon, for Liverpool Tb? t iropeaa mails will close id Una city to morrow a! leroooo, ?t half punt twelve o'clock. The f '-luniiaN Emtio* or rue Hc&ai i> w ill be publiehil a*, ten o'clock In the morning. Single copies, 10 wrappers. '* cen'#. TVi root mis of the Krtorm* Knmov or mi HtiiAin will con?h ie ihc now* received by mail and tcloirrsph at t'H cilice durinj.' the previous week, and up to the hour of publication. The Near a. By t if arrival of the City of Baltimore at this ( ort. ar?l the Nova Rcotian at Fartiier Point, we have l> ropean advices to the 17tli inat., one day later than the accounts previously received. The news is int cresting. Both cotton aud breadstuff* bad advanced in the I. verpool market, while provisions continued dull. A alight fail in the Knglish funds had taken place, caused by the unsatisfactory state of political af funs and unfavorable weather for the crops. \ -poda! committee of Parliament had made a report on the state of British trade with foreign nation--. including the United States. The discrimination against Briti ,h shipping is regarded as just c.iusr of complaint, and measures tor the removal of the aV-eged restrictions are recommended. There is nothing new from Sicily or Naples. The Tiiiki.-h government was actively engaged in arresting the leaders of the Druse*. Quite a nnailier of litem had been taken prisoner?, and a large quantity of plunder had been recovered. A German paper publishes what purports to be a lettei from the Pope, in nAu'eh his Holiness fakes a very dismal view of the state of affairs in Judo Hi ill ions. The steamship ConiiJught. which left Gal way on the '.'1st in?t., is due at 8t. Johns, N". K.. with -it days' later I'uropean news. We pubtiah in another column interesting news from the 1'ariflr. with dates from Oregon to the bth. Biitiah Columbia to the 9th, and San Francisco to the IStb instant. At the latter place business * as genet ally active. The news from the Washoe mmes possessed very little interc-it. Charles P. Duaue. one of the exiles under the administration of the v gilance Committee, has sued the captains of several mail steamers for thoir participation ia tus e*p??i iation. A large and destructive tire took place in Sacramento on the 1.1th inst., bnrning the i mon Mniei una aujoining onuoinga. 1 tie loss is estimated to bo between fxO.OOO and $'*) 000. Then it nothing of special importance from Oregon. The Presidential canvass throughout California and Oregon waa becoming quite spirited. The iccount< from the mininir districts in British Columbia were encouraging. N>w silver mines had been discovered, and the discovery of large masses ot copper ore. far exceeding the hake Superior mines, is reported. By the arrival at this port yesterday of the atean^hip Matanzaa, from Matauzas 22.1 inrt., and the Ktai of the West, from Havana 23d inri , we base Are days' later advices from Cuba. The local news i- unimportant. The sanitary condition both of Havana and Matnnxas was excellent for the season The movements of the Spanish fleet on the co# t of Mexico caused considerable speculation, and a hostile d. mon-tration upon Cera Cruz w as regarded n? by no means improbable. Several fresh cargoes of Africans Lad reccufly been landed id Cuba, and the traffic war evidently as active as ever. \t fluunn the? market was lirm. while freigbfi wf e brisk vessels being scarce. At M i tunc* the sugar market was dull, nwing to the scarcity of vessels and discouraging accounts from the North. The s .ir of tic- W??t brings some additional in telligt -i< e iicm Central America. The gov en uncut oi Honiuii- liMtotilitd the Aineri r - a ; ? . mi ut (,f the mox no nt? of r. and ie-st- dsteimiuation to ttsc every means wilhia it- power to repel the invader. Tie government appears determined be prepared for any emergency that inw> arise in regard to the interference of Kumpi in Powers i*i M#a an affair*. As a precantionary uvasurc. lb- 4m of USI Ku.-iUeh.Vnoa. s.ilultr. I'll, ihiilll I.. Savanu'li. SI. J.uuiv Hupply :*u?! two or three other* of the Homo Squadron, have been ord* t-J co eperiai service in the t?i?lf ut M> v v. Our despatches from Montreal puMi-hcd t> dijr oontain <li tii!e<l accounts of th moventr nt. <<f th Prince of W.?lea. both for the present .ml future. The New T.'ik committee have had a conference, and he has Accept d a ball, which will tnke pi io? co tlie 12th of October, in lieu of a dinner. He wil'remain in thin city only three iUy?, prev ious to which he uill make a tour Westward as far as St. l/Oni*. and return via Baltimore and Wiidungton. The 1'riiiec wants to are America as it U, ami desires aa little display as possible. We publish a Let of Americans presented. Amoou our telegraphic despatches may be found later Intelligence from New Mexico and the Pike's Peak gold region. The uews. however, is devoid of special interest. The corner atone of a new Methodist FpUcopal church in llDth atreet, Harlem, waa laid yesterday. with the oanal ceremonies, in presence of a Urge concourse of spectators. Senator Douglas yesterday visited Hampton and the fortifications at Old Point Comfort, Virginia. The excursion waa designed for pleasure only, and consequently politics were Ignored for the day. f ate Triea papers report a bloody fight between fiVviiUiWtJ tad slaveholders lie UocUa K?'!oi,ia wh'eh one hundred were Wed. The f..' '.n ere doubt lew- gristly exaggerated. although t e i? good reason to believe that there i->j?oiue to i lat ou for the Morv. At the meeting of the Police Commission yeste! i>} . tlie lirst qusiteriy report of Mr. Kennedy, t!.i Genera! Superintend! it of Police, was presented and oidered on file. We Rive the document complete !a to day'- paper. The police force of the Metropolitan district, on the 1st mat., was com po^d of 1,87^ persons. During the first quarter the police lm?e made 22,821 arrests, seven nintha of whom were persons of foreign birth. I According to the City Inspector's report, there i were jt;> deaths in the city during the past week, an increase of 77 as compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 83 leas than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 3 deaths of diseases of the bones, joints, 4c., 116 of the brain and nerves, 8 ol the generative organs, 0 of the heart and blood vessels, 88 of the longs, throat, 4c., 6 of old age, 46 of diseases of the akin and eruptive fevers, 4 prematare births. 223 of diseases of the stomach, howf-u and other digestive organs, 47 of general fevers, and 2* from violent causes. The nativity table gives 411 natives of the United States. *>3 of Ireland. 71 of Germany, 1 of Scotland. ? of FnglaaJ, and the balance of various foreign coon tries. Tbe rales of r ttoo ? day em braced about l'OO balea, Ci.a'3* oo t if tiaj o! about 11c. for even lots of mtJdl nz ipnadi II w was more active aad tlrmer, especn 7 foe ccuimoa wad mc ii .m brands of bute and Wi^tr-a whi.e toe market rinsed at an advance of 6c a 10c per obi tool to choice extra brands were uochug-d boutb-rn flour was also in good demand, with saics of common a id mixed brands at better prices. wis in good d mand and quite active; good to prime red amber, winter grown, was from lc a 2c per b> sh-1 better, while spring and com-ufHi g-airs were dull. Corn was steady, and free sales were made at 65c. a&lfc. for Western m t d and at 70c. for Western yeiiow. Pork was in better rcqueat, and uew meg- was better, with rales at $19 -5 a $1 > r-0, and of uew prime at $14 13' u$14'C4. Sugar were steady at Saturday's rale?, with tales of about 1,00# bhds , nearly ail Cuba muscovado. CoTec was dull and aie* l gtu 1 reghts were firm. To Liverpool about 80 000 buabels wheat were eageged, in ship's l>ags, at l'.'d , and 10,000 do corn, in bulk, at lid., and flour at he Cd. Two vi"seta were taken up to load at Boston with o.leaks for Loudon, at C2e 61 A steamer for Liverpool took die ?e at 66^ and butter at 60s., and another for Liverpool took cheese and butter at 6f>s. The Contest in Vir|lala?lgaoreair of tha Politleifina or the True Issue. Tbe campaign in Virginia has fairly opened: and the speeches of Senators Hunter and Dotiglat. which we published yesterday, show the petty calibre ot the contest between the two fragments of the old democratic party, and the limited range of the artillery they have brought info the field. Ex-Governor Foote has a'ko been there; but he only succeeded in getting into one of those wordy contests for which he is celebrated, and which, after all. amount to nothing. Hunter and Douglas are the representative tnea thus far of the democratic factions, and their respective capacities as public men ure not dissimilar Neither of them possesses a power of generalisation which would enable him to perceive the true character of the revolu; tion through which the country is passing; : and, therefore, in the great fight now : going on, they have little ability to hurt any one but themselves. They have not i the calibre necessary to comprehend and direct the storm which is raging. In*teadj>f contem| plating the deepest and most vital interests of a confederation of thirty millions of people, and embracing a coatinent in its territory, they have both accepted some imaginary little l(o] binson Crusoe's island as the scene, and the j question of squatter sovereignty as the issue, j of one of the greatest conflicts in which a free j people was ever engaged. On this they bring their restricted intellects to bear, and, working ! away in the old and beaten paths of a trammelled p illy organization, neither oi them prej sente s new idea, or exhibits any cognizance of the new events which are developing around them. The squatter "overeignty fight is a fight that existed in the old democratic party organization. but it has no connection with the political iseue now before the American people. There are tw o reasons which make it a part ot the dead pa-t. either of which would be suffisfrnt to kill it in the estimation oi every public man possessing grip in his intellectual grasp. First, the democratic party does not now exist; it has no followers among the people; and if the men who once played an important part in its organization could setUe the abstraction upon which they quarrelled, they would then form nothing but an empty shell, like that which the old whig and other party leaders have pre sented to the world for years after their parties have ceased to exist. Second, the principle, after they had settled it, could not be applied iv ?iu?ic square miie 01 vrmvorj wiunn me limits of the confederation. They would have to seek some Robinson Crusoe territory where to apply it Slavery < annot be legislated into any territory unfit for it. as has been abundantly proved in the case of Kansas: nor can white or free negro labor be legislated into existence in climates and on soils not adapted to it This question has been settled by natural j causes, which are superior to all the efforts of ( men. There is an issue before the country, porten- j ; tons in its aspect, which the people are rising to meet unbidden and without leaderships. | while the old political leaders are wasting their ' time in petty quarrels over obsolete ideas. It | Is the issue of the supremacy or the subjection ' of faction in our national councils, lor twenty years a set of monomaniacs, culling themselves ' the Massachusetts school,' but drawing their ideas from Fj:eter Hall, George Thompson and j , the rest oi the Britiah abolitionists, have been ! organi tag and banding together in the North, ' ' _ . L . I. t L.1JI .L. t- - I I t lining ?u> igwu trvui uutuiti^ 'ur uiujutv v>( power between political parties, and adherents ' frcm the breaking up of old organizations. until ' now tbow are emboldened to make a rush to sei the sovereign powers of the government and wiell them for their own factious purposes, i On tb" other hand, a set of equally shortsighted fools in the South set themselves tip as the true opponents of '.his Northern faction, with thretu of secession ard the slogan of disunion, creating another part/ to play into the bands of its ! Northern fellow, la view of this date of things, i a third faetion rises up in California, with the ! fallacy of separation and agTe?t Pacific empire: while a fourth broods over a secession of Texas and the conquest of half a do'en of the Northern Mexican States, to make a fourth great confederation. _ Heaven only knows how many other schemes of this kind are brooded over by the spirit of faction, now %o rife among the leaden of political org mirations, who thrust themselves for ward, some as rai'.splitters. like Lincoln, and ether? m bairspUtten. like Boater and Doug't?. NEW YORK HERALD, T1 ' but all of the same petty calibre as statesmen and public leaders, la the face of thU spirit of faction everywhere among the politicians, the national sentiment of the country is rising, without leaderships, without organization, and with bat one truly national journal as its exponent, to put it down and restore fraternal peace und harmony to the land. In the Kotth and in the South, in the Eaat and in the West, on the Pacific as on the Atlantic shore, the hearts of the great majority of the American people are opposed to these factious strivings, aad if the politicians were not as blind as bats they would see, in the zest with which their denouncing* of each other's factious designs are received by the people, the true sentiment of our national life, the true idea on which a triumphant party organization must be based. Here we have the true issue to which thirty millions of freemen are to-day feelingly alive. They will not be led off from the contemplation of their vital interests by a discussion of squatter sovereignty for some Robinson Crusoe territory. nor by hairsplitting differences on abstract questions. The contest is a contest between the national life and the spirit of faction In the North it combines the masses U put down black republicanism; in the South ii unites them against secession. Hare the squat. ter sovereign fallacy is rejected: there the obsolete ideas of whiggery and Know Nothingism are refused admittance; and the ides of November will mark the end or many factions among us for a long time to come. Ovn Wkvxlt Bu.i. of*-.?The week ending on Saturday last (the iusL) shows an Increase of deaths over the previous sennight of seventy-seven persona ; and it is remarkable thnt children have been the greatest sufferers. The most destructive diseases reported are cholera infantnm, marasmus infantile, and convulsions infantile. Of course, where there i\sucb a sudden rise in our mortality bills we begin to inquire into the causes. It Is said that the two principal reasons of this increase of mortality are the continual southeasterly ninds which prevailed during last week, bringing with them a sultry and oppressive heat, fruitful In sic'soess and death: in the sale of unripe stale, and poisonous fruit. There can be no doubt that these are circumstances which have berne a strong influence on the health of the city; and it is a surprising fact, that notwithstanding the daily warnings of the press, parents will not take the trouble to prevent their children from eating such unwholesome and dangerous stuff as stale peaches and unripe apples, pears, plums, grapes and melons. We find. too. that fevers and brain and lung diseases have slightly increased, and amonir the acute diseases smallnov alone has been unusually large. The following comparative table of disease# among children, betweea the weeks ending August 1* and August 2.i, leOO. will show the progress ef these disease#:? At*.Tt.'rf IS Aujr.4 2.7. fnrr.ste. Cholera taftntuia 91 122 SI OodtuL'K>dp, infantile SI 4*2 It Maiaftnua. infantile J4 49 It Totals 1M 213 51 Children uadrr one rear. ..ISO 290 40 Children under Are 'yew*.. .292 361 79 Total deathsduring week ead'g Au^. 2S, 1M8,6.77?dee. 104 Total deaths during week end'g Aug. 27, 18i?,039?dee 83 Total death* during week end'g Aug IS, 1M0,479 Total doatha during week end'g Aug '?,1440,549?iuc 7T It must not be forgotten that clean streets are indispensable to public health. If we never saw any unripe fruit in our city, and yet kept our streets foul and sickly, the bills of mortality would continue to increase. We are therefore glad to see that Mr. Downing, the superinteudent of sanitary affairs, ha? successfully followed the example set him by Colonel I>e)avun, in not only aiding in keeping the streets in condition, but in reducing the expenses of street cleaning to a sum lower than the work, for the same number of days, has ever before been done. In fact, these are improvements worthy of notice, inasmuch as they exercise an important influence on the public health, and will serve to reduce the expenses of street rlenninir liv at least 4100 000 ner annum Thi? is as it should be. A Nk.w Foi mcAi. Lkajh.k d> thk Fikm>.? Benjamin Wood, brother of Fernando, is a candidate for the repreientation of the Third district in Congress. In this citj be takes the place of hi" brother a* a political leader, the Mayor being about to retire on bis municipal dignity, and make the tour of Europe. Ben. Li probably a still abler man than Fernando, and is likely to be very successful. He will place himself at the head of the Union party, and be the centre around which the conservative democracy and the conservative boats of every hue will rally against the revolutionary forces of Lincoln. Possessed of great tact, with plenty of money, with bis organs working for bim most skilfully, he will carry all before him. Sickles, it is said, will run against him; but it will be like a little King Charles dog running into the Hudson with a stone tied round hLi neck?he will soon sink out of sight, and that will be the last of him. Nobody will oppose him. but nobody will vote for him, and people will say. poor fellow." as he goes down, just as the orowd would say about the little drowning spaniel " poor dog." There is nothing, therefore, to stand in the way ?(Ben. Wood's nccem. Ben.'s first essay in politics reveals the character of the man who now appears upon the stage. He was a delegate to the late Convention at Syracuse; and such was the skill with which he played his curds that he out generali.,j nut.o.^.,1 e,.?... tv.- ?1?i- n ira uivuun uu. vaggri auu mr i? iiuir ivr^i'acj, unj had hit delegate* put in the front rank, while their* were compelled to Uke hack seats. The power of the Regency will soon melt away before him. like the snow before the vernal sun, and the place that knew it will know it no more. It will be ranked among the things that were?a historical synonym for a long rigimt of political rascality in the State, which has no parallel in the annals of this country or any other. As for Tnmirnny Hall, be will send its remains to Greenwood, where it will be buried with all the scalps taken from the heads of its enemies?buried without benefit of clergy, as

having committed /Wo it sr. That Benjamin Wood will be sent to Congress there can be no doubL Bui if he would be successful there, he must secure the services of John Cochrane as his ally, and hare him elected in the district whUh he now represents. Mr. Cochrane is the only ab> representative in Congress we hAre from New York, and with his aid, and the aid of other men like him. Mr Wood would be ab> to achieve great thing* in the national for the I erp'.re City and the cwihW7 it Urr;. UESDAY, AUGUST 28, 13 TJit (.nlhtrlni Coi ipUeat too* of EitroptOnugrr of a (rtnrrol W ir. At no juried within the last do^en year have the reiatlous cf the European govern menu worn a more complicated or ticklial aspect than at present. Whichever way th< eve turns it beholds the evidences of an itn pe.j(iiDp sioroi. la Italy, if we are to attach faith to the aUte meats that reach us, it will be impossible t< retard much longer a collision between th< governments which are affected by or whirl stand pledged to the scheme of Italian unity It Garibaldi takes Naples, then FrancL Joseph and the Pope stand but a poor chanc* of preferring the remnants of their Itaiiax dominions. The two Sicilies freed, it will b< impossible to prevent the aspirations < f th? people of Rome and Venice finding a respond in tbe breast of the gallant and disinterested soldier who has devoted his lift to the cause o Italian independence Tbe only question L whether the Austrian and Roman government* v. ill think it better to meet the danger at oact or to await events. It is asserted that thej have resolved on the former course, and thai Austria Las addressed, or was about to address a note to the Cabinet of Turin declaring its in trillion to march an army through the Komar territories to put down uaribaidi sjov.ic ho attempt to attack Naple*. W? know that military preparations on an eaor mous scale have been making in Venice, an.'' that the Roman troops under Lumoriciere havt fur some weeks been under orders to be in readi ness to take the field. These demon vtratiom may be merely intended to deter Garilald from the invasion of Naples; bn^ assuming them to be serious, to what are they about tc lead" The Sicilian Dictator is not a man to b( driven from bis project' by the threats ot the tw? governments with whom it is his object to pro voke a collision, even though immediate. Wit Austria abide the certainty that with the in creased strength that the possession of Naple; a ill give him he will follow ap his deciarec intention of freeing the Veoitians frotn he; voke. On her action at the preseut momea depend* the question of another explosion which may involve all the continental PowerIf she remains pus rive in presence of the event! v,hich are bringing revolution home to her she postpone", but does not avert it. Shoulc "he send an army to the assistance of the King of Naples, she brings herseif into immediate i conflict with Sardinia and I lance. A grea! military government that entertained a keen sense of what was due to its own honor would not herilute as to which alternative it should accept; but it is a question whether Austria had not been so thoroughly humiliated a- to induce her to put up with almost any indignity rather than again encounter France in the field. It is to this possibility alone that Europe will be indebted for its exemption from the anxieties o' an immediate war Some doubts have been thrown or. the good faith of Louis Napoleon in his recently declared intention to maintain inviolate, in regard to Naples, the principle of non-intervention. It is affirmed that Russia would not give her cousent to France interfering in Syria until she had extorted from him an agreement that he would save from expulsion the Neapolitan Bourbons. We do not attach any crdit to this statement All an tecedent facts concur to prove its falsity Is undertaking the last campaign Louis Napoleon had one fixed Idea- that of uniting all the different States of Italy under one coastitu 1UI ? 4" fc'VW UA W appeal dij*cll; to the pooplo. wad we perceire that ho hM nude arraa??ment? for a etutnplag tour in tbo rural diatr'cta aad the Wpatem State*, wber# tie old hat of tb# Spn.ce rtreet phtoaophw is ac ?Kr?J ?w tiJ grwo tab pa I tional bead, in order to create for France a powerful support in the future contests into which she might enter with the confederated governments of Germany or Russia. His efforts to obtain for Spain the rank of a first class Power are part and parcel of the same combination. It U not likely, then, that be should be diverted from so important an object by the Syrian question, the more particularly as Russia could not have prevented hi* sending troops there once be had the concurrence of England. It should be recollected, moreover, that from no quarter b*ve proceeded stronger or more emphatic denunciations of the course of the Neapolitan government than from the Court organs at St. Petersburg. Taking into consideration these facts, it is not likely that the Russian government would bare complicated an already difficult question with a stipulation for which its own declarations afforded not the shadow of an excuse. Although matters, therefore, in connection with Italy, have assumed such a critical appearance, the obligations and pledge* of the Power? iutere-ted hold out a hope thai the dangers to which they point may for the present blow over. Tb it it will be possible, however, to postpone for any great length of time a collusion between them, must not be erpec ted. Were the affairs of Italy to fail in anoruing ground* ior it. me r-yrtan qi.esuon will readily furnish pretexts for the struggle for which they have been making v.icb co?Uy and energetic preparation*. Not !> ?o Yft.?fte are amused at the way in which Weed and his Ue .tenants chuckle orer the clrcum -tanc* that they gained a temporary victory at Syracuse orer the Tritmnr philosopher, and that by the contemptuous manner In which tb>? corruption re. solution-- were burked in the comm:ttee. they think they hare laid out the Hon. M i*?a Greeley as effectually as Iirutas d Co. finiahed off Cr?ar It will be as well for them, however, not to make too much noise before they gpt out of the woods. Greeley la not aead yet. Weed may manage a handful of country politicians hungering after the spoilt, but Greeley's influence is with the people, fie ia the fo-.ndeofthe republican party, its intellectual godfather, and has trained up the child in the way it should go, according to his views of the matter. Weed and hia men are now seeking tc caat Greeley out of the vineyard he has planted, to drive him away from the ripening harvest, and to enter in and possess the kingdom entirely for th;?mj*elves. These things are very well understood by the iSnk and tile of the party, and Greeley I* regarded as the true Prince, while Weed la a mere pretender. It was on account of this fact that Greeley was enabled to overthrow the Seward combination at Chicago, where Weed's " Influence," backed by Webb and Uttie Jenkins Raymond was good f** MAfKtnsr gf all AMI f* r ft a * n ~r ?rtf An<Va * # 60. of Mahomet to the faithful. We should cot be at at! surprised if Greeley succeeded in *<*s curing the election of a Leg:?lat?;re hostile to V eed, when there would be rare times at a Albany. Ln the meantime. Thuriow and his ? men will do well to recollect that Greeley U still aiire, aod will be kicking presently. Walker and Otttlay la Central America. ( The scattered item* of news which we are % able to gather concerning toe arch-filibuster j Valuer and bi> associate* amount in the aggregate to this: that he baa been able to collect in and uround Knatao (the large*' of the Buy Islands* a force ol about two hundred men. w th which he succeeded in surprising the town o' Truxiilo, an outlying port of the republic of Honduras. That the capture of the place was euay can we)! be believed, us the govern* , meat of Honduras ne\ er maintains there more j. than a corporal'3 guard?just enough men to hoist the morning flag and collect the customs. It is stated that after this daring achievement. Walker made a proclamation, which is not in the least improbable. But w?> discredit entirely the store, started evidently to give Walker some ^ciat or color of legitimacy at home, that be is supported by some party or faction la Honduras The New Orleans paragraphias have endeavored to associate hu name with that o( General Cabanas, and tc gil'e to his piratical invasion of Honduras the sanction, such as it may be. of a suppert by a native chieftain of high repute. That such is not the fact, however, is evident from the article, which we elsewhere publish, from the Qfflciai OntttU' of baa Sdlvador, in which State Genera! Cabanas resides, in close retirement. and of which bis brother in law. General Barrios, is President It is true Cabanas, a soldier of the old republic of Central America, is one of the liberal party of the country, to which belonged Castillea. 0! Nicaragua, who entered into the firet compact with Walker, in Leoa. So. also, did Maximc Jere7. late Minister of Nicaragua in the United States, who became Walker's Secretary of War. But it must not be forgotten that Jere/. reargued bin post, and turned against Walker. ' precisely because, when he had attained power, he refused to aid Cabanas. who was theu ! beleaguered by too anti-liberals in Honduras. ' Walker thought himself so strong that he might ' dispense with the services and support cf the liberal.' of Central America, and therein committed the eupreme error which led to his ' downfall. Abandoned by bis native friends, | be was leit only to the support ol strangers, 1 and the result was precisely saoh as any man gifted with an ounoe oi statesmanship might ' have anticipated. Jerez and Cabanas both took the field against him. and the march of the latter, at the head of a San Salvador contingent, was only prevented by Walker's surrender at Rivaa. It is sheer nonsense, therefore, to talk of native support to Walker in this new expedition. He has no party in any Central American State, leas', of all in Honduras. It is true there is a strong opposition there to the rule of Gen. Guardiols, but it is one which this Invasion will silence. The country will present sn undivided front against the filibusters. As we have said, Truxillo is an outlying port of Honduras. It has no back country. except the department of Oiaacho, many day* distant in the interior?a grazing country, covered with herd.*, and occupied by a rare of active and daring xHiqu^-ot. To reach hiicaragua or the capital of Honduras?where alone he would be able to strike an effective blow?he would have not only to penetrate to this secluded region, but to fight his way through it?a task next to impossible, under the best of circumstances, and with the sea open for supplies and reinforcements. But the sea will not be open, for It u already closed by British cruisers, who will soo^>e reinforced by Frencb and American deumnents England and France, and the United States, by a recent treaty, are bound to protect the territory of Honduras from piratical invasion. Furthermore. Walker has now got to contend with a mountain people, who have vindicated their title as the be.-t soldiers of Central America in nun/ an obstinate and bloody struggle. They are under the lead of a man of great energy of character and military experience?Gen. Guardiola ? whose paat history give* no warrant to hope for mercy, either for Walker or his men. if chance puts them in his hand-. A Pamc Among tht R>.hi suf t.v lkaw.jh? Tn>. Post o. Honor la rut: Pp.;tats Station.? The retirement of Governor Banks from political life baa been commented upon at length by the journal*. The moral generally deduced is. that the * ilhdrawal of so able a man as Mr. Banks from the political arena is only another proof of the proverbial ingratitude of republic*. The fact is that the masses of our people have been so dragooned by small politicians that they have no mind of their own. and allow the rewards of power to go into the hand- of the lobby, while only the empty honor of office is given to the first tin ? man. We place Governor Banks among our first class men, be. .? h-? ha* filled every station to whi. h th- people have called him with ma-k>?d ability A* 1 presiding officer M: Banks ha* no equal in 'his country. As Governor of Musench'mena he h?u administered the duties of h'? office with great executive ability, and mads a senoole diminution ic tbe public evpeodit; res Such a man adorn* and dignifies office and the rne-e possession of place add* no lustre to the name of a statesman (undoubtedly the first ia hi* party i a gentleman sad s public officer whose aouwr m*pniua Wp'I Goeemor Ftaaka ia alt thi?. i-J be q tetlj I?7? dowi the iaaigaia of pow?r vid accept* a plice m tnowla* director of * rii,wa? oo*pc-?tioi? *+rj good thing. w* d}ia*. for the corporation, but not rerj creditable to the rep- bllran part7 That part? baa a) ?te. traticail7 ignored tb-? b'wt men and placed power and patroiage la tiae band* of camp follower* like Weed Mattfoi and other fellowa of the bwrt Mark bow at Chi ag< t>*i Ua* Seward B?a!u Cha*?. ^ade ar?i Wa- i d<?i wore p?wW ow, aid a third rate cot atrj like l.incolo put la aoo?lnat;>a t> fc"j?b>ai ofllce la the people'* git It l? the < gaa? o'. the apoil* to pi:k on' *??!! men i?k? thetueWtl to be rjed plia.v vvda: ii the eew?t of ?voc*a* * wan Ukf Baak* wovid , green the ee atJ7 without the be>p ot W-#<i * Co . add their oceupati >a would *v? gov So whh ecx" ct the other t?ad-.g men who were candidate- ot Chicago Old Abe Llatt'nwae \ pi 11 p ae a eort rf agent for all the apedamen a cliques, aad that ia what he will prjbab.; be if l>? geUi u?to the W"hiu? flou*? ' Of ;cr,."h# tfci* vV-eaaU: ifior'ij or the ?; i \ pe?ior c'aimj of erperieace. wiadorn aud ability hat ita natural effect. The party u sooo made over to the Weeds, Mattesous aad George Lav. - o: the lobby. The example of Mr. Baals will undoubtedly be followed by other men of hid class? we should not be surprised to fin i Mr. Seward among the number?and in due time the government of the country will be given over entirely to political gamblers and party knaves. The prospect is not a pleasant one, but it is our own fault if we permit the Lincoln? aad Mattesons and Weeds to rule where men like Banks. Wade and Chase ought to reign. ^ Long John Wentworth Am;it H. R. EL? One ef the most curious incidents of the Prince of Wales' Canadian tour is the visit of Long John Wentworth, editor, ex Congressman, frieod and champion of public and private virtue. Ma; or of Chicago, speculator in land, grain, railways and fancy stocks of all kinds? in policies a sort of Hooaier Thurlow WeedLong John is not the sort of person to travel a matter of a thousand miles to see even tbe Prince ot Wales unless there is a little game going on. Long John's simple relaxation at the present moment is lobbying for an air line railway trom Chicago to the Pacific, and bs i?i. ?* ?i? i~?? J - ? - U.VJ Jjt?I ig nn bar I i tucr uau uis tuue 10 UU AOaie Lute'.est ia it We take this opportunity to warn the rice regal party against the lengthy Ma;, or. He i3 as sharp as a needle, and before they know it he will have them down on his stock list Let them remember the awful example of Mr. Cobden, who came out here a while ago to look after the money which he pat into some of the Western roads, and found it sunk so deeply that no power on earth could recover it. As for Long John, why don't he get up an air line railway to the moon* It would pay quite as well as the affair which he is now projecting, and the idea is a great deal more romantic and entertaining than that now presented to the astonished eyes of the Prince and his party. Who Wiix hf. Kim. ov jsktsaixm??This is one of the two great exciting questions of the day in Europe. The knotty Italian complication is succeeded by another equally interesting?the Syrian difficulty?and the journals are already beginning to debate the question who will be King of Jerusalem? From recent newts received from Europe, it is probable the army of Louis Napoleon is already in occupation of Palestine, iac?'ding the Holy City. The Emperor of the French ia the Warwick who will give it a king. There are five millions of Hebrews scattered over Europe and America, who. in proportion th their numbers, hold a greater amount of " monesh" than any other race. They excet all others in the quantity they poa> of oi4 gold, old 41ver and eld clothes. Now the Jews have a deep interest in the question, and they are looking forward to the day when they will be able to return to the land of their circumcised forefathers, from which they hare been so long banished. Louis Napoleon U aboct to solve the ' question. By his advice young Baron Rothschild is here studying the institutions of the country. a study wh'.rh is the main cause of the Laiperor's own success ia Franoe. and which will probably be attended with the same ed'sct ia the caae of the Priace of Wales. who if coming here for a similar purpose, England having in recent years lost caste among first class nations, from waat cf ability ia her statesmen Rothschild will remain here till after the election, watching the working of our 'institutions; and U is ia contemplation to give him a public banquet in this city, in anticipation of a greater honor which awaita him. The moment Louis Napoleon gets Syria under his thumb, as he has got Italy, he will fetch out the Baron Rothschild, prepared by his American training and experience, and be will place the crown of Jerusalem upon bis bead. The wealth of the Jewa from every country and clime will soon be collected In the Holy Land, and railroads and hotels and civilization will be established in the wilderness, and European and American travellers will be able to get something better than "locust* and wild honey," the fare which Jobu the Baptist found there eighteen hundred years ago. and which continues the food of wanderers to the present day. Thv N?w Von* Pajt.r.? and thx Pusrc or Wsir,Our special correspondents in Canada send us word that the minute persooal details of the Prince's movements, given In the papers aereauouta, are not relished eo well by (tome of the Prince's suite as by his Ro/al Hitrh ness. who Is tifhs at all the stories, and is vastly ente-taiaed with the fair edifices erected < .poo the very slender *tock of ioformstioa which Jenkins A Co. are abie to obtain. We suspect tint the truth of the matter L? that the Prince belong* to the present a|p* which is a little fast, and that hi* governor* welmllate with the good old. but somewhat slow times. Tour heavy, solid, -sense of duty'' English nobleman has about as o? :ch p*?*eption of a joke as a Ksiir tu* of kid g'ove*. At home he is surrounded by iatease ly re-pectfu! venial*. and goes only in the aociety of solid people of his cwn order. When be travem Mboof peop> like our*. he is so astonished a* the ?oclil freedom which Is th-? rule that he can only look on in speechless horror at what he considers popular enormities. R- t in the Prince'* r tee m .tiers are different. He is a fla:- ;ousi fellow of jn*t the impreseih;* age. with the ~igc anAbigb *p.ri?* of boyhood. ?! the instincts and ac te perceptions of a g*otien>aa II? therefore takes everything in good part is c* rl- t* to see to re:?d and to do every thing w'ai h w'li give him a better ide* of America sni te peculiar instit .tioa* TV >> s^queo of all faie will '-e tha^ the Pria ? will pro iwij - *wr -nan. ?? far k< ?p ? . roDfa-'J. tha:. 07 of !?i? M.-aror*. That ty.? ?o-? of -iper-ac* '? ?? r<?i^abl?, aid cn >r* *0 fo* pr'nce* a- '< jther fo >* i.?T b?* draied T''? l-ae**.! *.->1 .irn'-'.co -t?-ri??ncea ?: N ?po r**i bar* t *e 3 of tb-? ?:???: ? a<t. c > o tu. Ae an er.?d p:iace tb? {I've,at Eap*r?r r< rh<? Fr*?i:h -nor uno-j ?, rented freely with 'be p~.p> pvrfer *d Y:n--'.f ia the lao{ /? wlr 4!ed V.3ULQ aa:ur?ae it ia, < ?W-.'t {-- ->T ia deg-idb* jjfl -nre* of cw ?r a b? - *diia?y ariatot racy. Thu? Lwi* Saj . '.bororigViy acquainted with ?' ! iba B07-r3aB?a!?'., vratcbed tb-? mao*-* of tbe *0Tern?d. and prepared tbe very aoee! and uccevftd policy wblck uader bi? ' ;jn '11* nude >-ance tb? dominant Poww In } ' rop- And the Prince of Walea will ccme to too B'\ ?b throne at a period when red Up*aall ba-"4 bad ite day wbea the Olrc.naiocotior OUr. r " b* a tb:a* lb* p??t. M?i ?te?