KEW YORK HERALD. JABKH UOltOUN BKMHILTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR Oman v. w. corn km of namaf and rn.To.v sra. TF.IWS. orvA in nrfnunw, rrj<t '? mm' iW" b* a' ' ri-t o' IA. i-nuitr. q, Hmmfr hul itwii .1 ?-. ?uA ii, <i? '"thk DAILY WW.RALT*ty*ref !>'" f**jn 17 per tint* t THE WEEKLY HERALD er*ry Nutw hiy, eijrrrn' f#r ?0|?iv or $$ P*r (ttinufri th' Ktiroptitn Edition rrory l? /?' l?i.? U .^-w rm/f per ropy. $4 ^ f" ""/ /mi ' < &r*?i /* > ?' p V to any ttir( nf tit t '<nitinrnt% A?>//* fc* iiichuUpo*taf}+. t.k CbJ^irHiri Jufrhioii on <A< &/ ami &)'A i?/* eu<Vi "to*M at < m*? ?*v rr*f*y, or (1 50 f?rr unrntiVOirSTARY COHKK&rOXDKXrZ. romiaihirtg l?/w>r.Mn' mnrr, noh'rifrrt from any qmrt?r qt th* inorW; it *m / > li - miry /or <>CB KOHBXd* tkii:*l?rO*D*JiW AK* fAMTirVLAHl V KB<*UA*fftl> lU b*AL ALL IiBTfl** i?L> I AC* AO*" MM i N TUk rAMI IT HKBAID an W * I"*. A" ' ' ropv. or W w>r 'inn?m . u, , AO IfOTICK Udtm cfarn .-rmoui ecrrttpon lent. ?. J" not HMW wj?Niil mmmoninelueHt. A D I'A'A T1SBMBA 7> - - mimf in the \V*nki T HaiiALO. pAtuir lltA-iU). a ?i Co"I Bur.B-lit...** JOfl PftltfTIM kl* .'*1 > ?? . i'..-, tAtapnt^ aiul J<tpuUA. Vofmme XXV Wo. AML'dJUaUiTd THIS EVENING. NJBLO'8 HARDEN, Broadway?KdvasTAiaa Paarouai)CB Yi INTER GARDEN, Broadway.?Paorueoa Asnsajo*. BOWKRV THV.ATRK, Bowery.?Dxno Of IiALY-Ptaat Cutsd Ititciijia.s? sat.ri.Hns is Inma, VALLiOKI THRATRR, Broadway.?Wire's Sscast. LAURA UKNCB THEATRE, No. 831 Broad way.-00* America* Cooais. NEW BO WERT THEATRE, Bowery ?Blipkami i oi A.-u wear?Baoxzx I>os?' r?Hows Hour. ( mr HARNUMTt AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadw*T.-Oay End MmUox?Tm Toool*j?Astst- 1'oix)bk-Liti?8 )o KiotmM. Ac. BRTANTS' MINBTRyt." Mechanic*' Hail. 471 Broadway.? Ucaixeacas. he?us his-o. ac.?Dixies' La*p. nibi.o'h saloon. Mr.iadwar.? Hoolbt a cieratll's Minrr>nr in KtHioris* ronos. Bualbsoubj Dascbs, Ad.? retlrheo cauiomjiiao NATIONAL VARIETIES .Dallam a:reel.?Ibelasd Al It Was?Maoic Plus?Ms ucbbaie Ball. PALACE OABPEN Founeeclli etreei.?Musical akd Dramatic RsTaaTAinaENT. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 863 Broadway.-Sow I>a*cm, Bouxaooes Ad. New York., Frkdajr, A or oat 31, IMU. HAIL* rott THE riClFK. ?W York Hrrald-laliTurnla Kill t Ion. The mar steams!; p Arisl. Capt. Miner, will leave this port tomorrow, at noon, f..r Asp in wall. The malls fhr California and other parts of the Paciflc w 111 cloao at half part ten o'clock to morrow morn ng. The Nrw Voax WrariT Herald?California edition? eeoUinlog the latent Intel. grace from all parts of tho World, with a large quantity of local and miser I lan nous matter, will be published at hail pasi ntno o'clock in the morning. Single copies, !n wrappers, resdy Tor mailing, six cents. Areata will please send U their ortler* as early as possible. Tkc News, The btnte Central Committee of the Douglas democracy, w hich have been in session for the past two Guys ?i mr ai. rwrnoias noxci in inm euy, lor tin- purpose of organizing for the Presidential canvas, have appointed a committee, consisting of Messrs. Benj. Wood, Wm. 1>. Kennedy and P. L. I s'lln, to confer with other political organizations, vita the view to the union of all the anti-republicans in order to ensure the defeat of I.inc in and Hamlin at the November election. The Breckintidgc Btwte Committee meet at the St. Nicholas neat week, when a conference of the representatives of the democratic parties will no doabt be Leid. Oar accounts of the movements of the Prince of Wales etiow him to be as busily at work as ever. 5 c-terday ho visited several towns, received tcstipacny tf Canadian loyalty, looked ut half a dozen p t ees-ions, and went through the daily routino wc have recorded for the last two weeks. like a senaih err an. lie reads the Nfw York Ifntetn, and the /a t that the history of his reception at dt. Johns appeared in the lamdnn Tir.iet in advance of that of their own special correspondent, received comn r ,ts which indicated that he fully appreciates Huh evidences of American enterprise. senator Wilson, of Mu??achusett.s. addressed the r< publicans of South Brooklyn, last evening in their v Twam, passing in review the respective candidates for the TresiJoncy. He spoke for two horn's and a half, and his remark? were received with tin li-Oiil enthusiasm. A sketch of his speech will be found in another column. The steamship Africa, w hich left Liverpool on the ISth and Queen>town on the 19th instant, for New York, had not made licr appearance off this port up to a late hour la?t night. The Africa will lring two days later F.uropean news. By way of New Orleans, we have advices from Havana to the 27th instant. There Is no general news of importance. The sugar market was dull, with a stock on hand of 2VU.000 boxes. Freights continued firm. The Beard of Public Charities and Correction held their fortnightly meeting yesterday afternoon. The weekly return of statistics submitted to the Board showed the number of inmates in the va rious public institution* of the city at present to be 7,701?a decrease of sixteen for the past week. The number admitted during the same period was 1.U3. while tho?e who died, were discharged or t-snsfcrred to other institutions, numbered 2,2fi!>. The report of the Comra ttee of the Whole on the nnmerona snhjerts connected with ihc repairing of the institution*, the change* among the officials employed therein, and the condition of the inmates wan then read, bat it contained nothing of an unusual. or by any means interesting, nature. The report wa? adopted in the n*ual harmonious way. witht u' <^e word of d scusrion. and the Boa:dadjci -e* Letters t' < Imin'atratlon ha*e been granted by the h.rrtg. > to the widow of Huftavus A. Rat*, which place 'he pcraona! property of the decea-ed, a-aounfr.g U er.me flO.OfO. under lier control. The Coram -.inner- of Police met yeaterday, and adjourned ar,.er tran-ai'ing some merely routine 1 t .aineas. A trot eame o3 yesterday on the Union track be- 1 twceo Mr Be rij. Wood's gelding Prince John and 1 Mr. J. P. Mennrt'a gelding Native American, for a purse of 11.000 a side, mile heats, best three in , in harness. The stakes were won by Prince John. An account of the race may be found In another column. The sales of eoUoo y terday ext raced about 1,000 baler The market coaed without change to prices ' There seemed to bo some dlsp ? t? o to await the r.<et| t ' of later fore |b news, d? at tjj p rt by the Afr ca, 1 fc, rer? dor- much Prme we-e a'so aniloui to learn , deflc tely the amount of oto> held In this market ai-0ut sink optnisns d t- -ed. Aftberctt-u year forls'P-40 j ' co-re lo kotow, the uu< Dt o' ?toc? will thon bo UU*n, 1 knl lb* rto. ll beocne ? metle. of record II wlU, ho* I f rr?, be torn* d?y? before the ?toc *? bo 11 in c.lhor port* rem I-* u.d<m1 wii t< **rn the tggrrgkie am ot , For the wbi ? or 7 T> -*c< pi* to Ibo porto ?l the ( UteM date* tooled up a ill 4 41000 ba.rf, an 1 m*r b) tomorrow reach 1.400.000 balre To Ibid amount. It 1* appceed. a- -her loo 000 la>e * bo added by whip f CBonU Bbu< tort1. warmil on. I wv 1 to tnanu.ec- t *t*em Island, chteCy freer. Krn:h.? and Naahrtllr . and t from aome other poate on the M.wja'.ppl rlror. . ThJ will *1?* lot*' rM mate tor thr crop of 1449-00 of ? MO,000 belei, which It l? believed w il prove very near ty oorroW Th;? ytold, et the avrrace value of ?;o per <3 to*.*, ??aaeounl to the larrt nn of t30.000.000 Or V UO ^P3' wt haTf already Mot to Knrope S.T44.0CO r toelee.^Wlch, at the mm orerkf* veloe per bel?, amount* p e 1111,500.000?leaving 4 Um United Put** Moot eotl Meted ot about 149.000 bale*; leaving fbr Amerloea mesa- 11 toru-w? the otocfe cm WipXaibor 1, 1149 (IMOOO tPMi M< ue H*l* pf M trff Of K Tttm F I i ? a t i.a. f Athenian c< aautr n-"# '' oa; ?, ':.< .?...CO u *>.',<.'*> 1"< ?1- a recently heU. .u . h -tif-ttLii'i. to ikm ||HiM a an t ICiOOoO Wire Au.jr.CkU, of the value of i. 1 $jO,X0. /j<. uiosti) bold abrcid. Tue fort gu bv - i material.; 1.--S :a ? /bt thai, U.0oe of Amtri cs . : a A3 d.r.ct expo'ts from the laitsd Mi t. tie 01 nil of F'..irope and ether places, beside.Fri .ii? an K c , have neon i ,CiO baios less th e jear i'. a mi, though Wot ?r> to re'iu.re tnore, the deAriearv \z ()p,..=>d tiy re ivpcrts from Liverpool. which, v minu-i.d consumption, was reducing the stoc k, iw.l ? h d create w.ti bo noted as later advices come t<: I sjJ No one euppotes that the present crop will i. it. atl. lit the season bt-nci-fbrwurd be what It ma; and should an early frost occur, It tuny materially ci.ru the sniouat. The flour market wau firmer, but Us.- active. The moderate receipts and stflu-^s of ho.urrs tetd.ng to check sales. Wheat was alac in oil request, and pr.ees C.-sner. Cora was betti and tolerable active. Fork was firmer, while as. ? wire moderate. Sales of mess were made at $19 6'. a $19 7e, and of new prime at $11 12 a $14 24 Sugars ixhib.tcd rather more buoyancy, with more doing. *t. e prices were unchanged The sales comprised i.foO hhds and ; 00 a 400 boxe3. Coffee v us in eomewhst mere request, and prices rather better sustained. A cario of t ,100 bags Rio was sold at 11 ',c., with some 100 Lag.ara at ll'^c. Fr. ijhts were firm, with engagements of 60.900 a CO .000 bttsheis wheat to L rerpoo. at 12d., tn ship's bags, and S.COO bbis. flour at Sa CI. To London. 2,COO b'uls. flour were taken at Is 6*1., and 1,000 bo.ves rh . -r il 4'1 , v Hi 0,000 Di.-Oedi WMU, oj aieaiuer, iu sli p's bag, at 14d. The Abolition Charartrr of Blattk ltrl>nMI< mi lam Prot id-It* Import to tlir Otitrnl Matrii The blnck and bitter abolition character of the republican party stand* out more and more clearly to view as the campaign advance*, rending deep and portentous lesson* to every conservative interest in this country. iVe have the public and authoritative avowul of Mr. Seward that " tte Massachusetts school' is the tnie school of black republicanism. and of Lincoln, whose only claim to the Presidential chair is that he is an avowed soldier in its ranks, enlisted for life or death to the bitter end. The character of "the Massachusetts school" bus received a new exposition in the nomination of John A. Andrew as the black rep .blican nominee for Gcvernor of the old Buy State. Mr. Andrew la a clear- and unmitigated abolitionist of the Garrison and Wendell Phillips school, and has been nominated by his party on that explicit ground. It was he who not only gnve money him-elf, but actively procured subscription* from others for the purpose, and sent counsel of "the Massachusetts school'' to Virginia to defend John Brown from the just punishment for Lis bloody raid into that State, and be has been for many years one of the most influential of lilt* rauid aDomiomsis. ins nominnnon is a practical ratification of Lincoln's declaration of an "irrepressible conflict" between the North and the South; of Seward's brutal and bloody speech at Rochester; of Helper's incendiary uud treasonable teachings; of Suyinor's murderous harangue, and of John Brown's re; olutlonary practice. It is such events as these that form nn irrefutable declaration of character for the black republican parly. In view of them, no man can doubt what is the true tenor of the teachings of "the Massachusetts school," and orery one who has present interests at stake, who has children to whom to leave the bright inheritance he received from bis fathers, who has a patriotic hope for a future career of greatness and prosperity for his country, must tremble at the prospect of such fanatics obtaining possession of the federal power of the confedera tion. Men calling themselves moderate repnb licans. who believe that their party is merely animated by a desire to prevent the extension of slavery in the Territories, and that it means no hostile aggn-ssion upon the sovereign rights and social safety of fifteen sister States, must now begin to see where they really stand. They must perceive that they are deceived into sup- j nortinir fh?? nrnierta of the most intn!i>mnt and bloody minded set of bigots that it is possible to conceive of. They must learn that they hare no control of the party organization to which they nre affiliated, but that its whole manage mont and impulse- are in the hands of fanatic* whose aspiration* they do not share, whose de*tnutlve schemes they detest, and whose plans they had vainly hoped to restrain and control. In a word, they mr.*t now be convinced that they are nothing more than tools In the hands of Wm. Lloyd Garrison. Wendell rhillips. and the rabid abolitionists of "the Mas-achnsetts school," which will scorn their counsel*, and fling them aside when the triumph they aim at is attained. To the conservative, industrial, commercial and intellectual interests of the country this Mn*-achusett* nomination comes with a thunder tone of warning. If the cloud in our political horizon has seemed to them, hitherto, no bigger than a man's band this sudden clap mnsfforetell to them the black tempest that will soon overcast our political sky if they do not coD.iure the storm. It He* IB their hand* to do this. The key position of the Presidential ccnte*t lies in the Central States?New York, lVunsyhania and New Jersey?the heart of our commercial, manufacturing and mining interest*, and if they do not now roll back the fanatic tide of black republicanism of 1 the kla.a-achusetts school," they will soon have to roll tack a stronger tide of hosts of aggressive lanalice. bent on the subjugation of the Southern ccmm nities to their demoralizing and destructive free negro teaching*. Let no man flatter hlir.-elf that when the hour of contest comts thise Central States will be free from , th? bitter and bloody fruits of tne fray. Win | ever rightly contemplates their g< cgr-phical position mitst think otherwise. The t.nini*t..keable indication of what "the U. .11 i. ^ n , *-mu riu- iuuvi ai* uti 10 uo. T. niCfl l> gTtn in their nomin itlen of the radl al ubolDU ni Aodrcw f-r Governor. willgi with new pnrtt nt through erery county, tew and hamlt t in the South. Ten jear- of contemplation thereof the nee--ity of resistance ha- produced a t< mark ble change of the Tiew* in which -ece-lon rad du union are held in the mir.il/ of all men, Mid v hat was esteemed as political heresy in I V'O is orthodox and accepted in I860. The election of Lincoln on the abolitionist platform must carry the South into arnieu re/i-tunce in lelf defence of it* right*, its exl-ticp aoclal orrani, ation. uhi.h none but itself bin- the right o characterize a- geed or bad, and the inererts of its citi/ene When sv.ch a state of ivil war cornea, it I- not alone Delaware. Maryand. Virginia and Kent cky that will he borier Stite>. Teans;. lTania and Ner Jersey, too. rill stand in that category. and themo-t important portion of the State cf New York, and hey, tcc. may be called up cn tea -*er the rportact question- that apply to border Sk.tee What trill be their reply when a sectional i resident cade; tikes tc mw;i tbclltlca fcrcn i jrnr yokk hkrald. i through them to invade Virginia, for the repre-vtiou of lesistaiice to a polity that ui <t de strc y ber It to their border* taut tbe ties ot b-otht .hood will bo sundered and the auger cf war rage. t.f veroor Lotthm's recent ut^ertiou that, though he is no dl-.inionist, no sec tionul President should march tederil troops anom Virginia while he was iu Governor to attach a Southern sister 8tnte in arms. i? a fair eipieasiou of the sentiment.* of moderate Southen; men. Will Pennsylvania assi-t Virginia or aid to subjugate her. What a.titude will manutacturing New Jersey take towards the abolition hosts of u the Massachusetts e<.fool!" Where will commercial New York stand! There is but one proper way /or the conservative interests of the-e Central States to reply to these questions, and that is. tokiag warning from the nomination cf the radi ulabc lition'st Andrew fcr Governor of Massachu eetta. to determine that they will defeat the election of the abolitionist Lincoln, bo tiat such grave and terrible questions ahull neve: be put to these States. A Piax for Settling the Eastern Qie=. no\.?1That troublesome and indefinite issue, the Eastern question, promises to give busy occupation to European diplomatists for some years to come. The difficulty in bringing it to a settlement is occasioned, however, less by inherent obstacles than by the interest which the leading European Powers ht?ve in continuing the present unsatisfactory condition of things in Turkey. They all feel, like the Emperor Nicholas. that it will be better to let that empire ful' to piecee than to reconstruct it, for they may then come in for a ehare of the fragments. If they could only be prevailed on to make a sacrifice of their selfish views the Eastern question would t>e susceptible of an easy and deli nits solution. The idea that has been recently started, of erecting iryiia into an independent Pashalik. arid making Abd-el Kuder its sovereign, presents the germ of this solution. When the Mahometan conquests were consolidated intc one empire, with Constantinople as its seat of government, the sway of the Sultan extended from the pillars of Hercules to the Persian gulf, and from the Caucasus to the Lybian desert. Tire encroachments of Russia, the revolt of Mebemet All, the revolution in Greece and the conquests of France in Algeria, have contracted this once \ ast dominion within comparatively narrow limits. But even this the decrepit government of the Sultan is unable to keep under subjection, and it is to its weakness that we owe the atrocities that have recently shocked the Christian world. It being admitted thut the present political system of Turkey is inadequate to the protection of its Christian subjects, who form more than half its population, and that owing to the jealousies of the three leading European Powers there is no possibility of its being so reconstructed as to insure that object, what is the plan that recommends itself u being likely at once to effect it. and, at the same time, to place out of the reach of France, Russia and England the bone of contention over which they are ever ready to come to blows? Obviously that of so dividing up its provinces into small but independent Stales that the unruly population of each can be kept in perfect control by its chief. The example of Egypt will suffice to demonstrate the feasibility of this scheme. Its Pueha is equal to all the requirements of bis pv?u while bis responsibility to the Euronoun ffftmrnmiMitfi U full an^ snmhlntii !'?.? ?. gv>t .UUI? UK> K7 (Ull WUU W, Vf I'iiUlli occasioning him any anxiety as to their designs upon bis territory. Let the other provinces ot the empire be disposed of in the same manner. Syria, which is distinct from Turkey in its language, its custom and its prejudices, might be given to Abd el Koder, whose abilities as a ruler nnd friendly disposition towards thv Christian population point him out as eminently fitted for its government The two Armenian provinces could be combined under the rule of one of their old princes, many families of which aTe still in existence. This would leave Turkey, on the Asiatic side, the whole of the peninsula, from Kizll Irmak to Maro*h, or thereabouts, as well as the command of the Block Sea. In Europe it would be good policy to make the Balkans her artificial, as it is her natural, boundary, which would still leave to be; a noble territory, comprising the Iler7r.gr,rlna, Albania. Macedonia and Roumeliawith Constantinople as its capital. Bosnia and Servla might then be united under one prince, as are Wutlacbia and Moldavia. whilst Bulgaria should have a scpa rate government of its own. By this arrangement the misgoverned provinces of Turkey would be placed under better, or at least more stringent rule, and rendered separately responsible to Europe for their treatment of their Christian population. The sick man. thus relievt d from the cares with which he is at present unable to cope, would be in a condition to do full justice to his people, and Europe would no longer be fretted by anxieties regarding the fate of Constantinople and the disposition of an inheritance which so many covet A ptxasjutt Sioht to Witvejm.?One of the pleusantest things to contemplate just now is the revival of bu?ine->s in every quarter, and the opening promise of a profitable trade which dawn? upon the land. With abundant harvests and a general activity la all branches of trade, the legitimate aim of this commercial nation nppenrt tc bo rapidly reaching it? accomplishment in the present season. The thousands of pec pie who have been recreating at the waterirp place? nnd otlier si u met re'ert? are pour tap back tat? the cities to resume tapir commercial occupation* and with a prospect before them such as they nerer Lad before. One cf the meet ch<-erinp feature* in thL- picture Is the ccnCuence which Sc .thorn merchant* exhibit la the pood feelinp r.r.d cooscrvaihe principle* of New York and the North generally a* Indicated by the Union electoral ticket- in Pennsytmnla, New Je??> y nod New York. They are bnying larpe stocks in spite of the gloc tny future which pt lltlciao* would p-epare for the cor.ntry If they could work out their selfish purpose*. But the South era merchant* rely with abiding Lope upon the conservatism of the North tc defeat the sectlcnai abolition candidate and preserve the peace and entirety cf the Union. Theyssy that, hewerer the politicians may censptr* to deetrcy them, there is a tower of strength in the < conservative principles of the Northern com mertial cities which will maintain . nior. and < peace against all the asaa.dts cf their enemies i when the crisL* comes ; and. th s assured, they | are p .rchastag liberaily and without fear. IK i not let ta?m be d.sappcinteu next November. t FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, 1861 . __ . dm ________ Thr Maine Klrctlun? 11? ImporlKmti The election in Maine, to be held on the 10th
Sept mbiT, for Governor and members cf Cor gram. may l.e regarded as of very great importance, from its bearing on the Presidential election. It will be'the first since the elections in th< South which will hare any political signify ance. The election in Vermont ou the 4th September will not amount to much, for in that St.de the elections have always gone sc decidedly one way that there is no probability of a change ne w. Even in 1332 it gave Scott 22.171'.,against 13,014 for Pierce; and in 1350 it gave bl,3t>7 for the republican candidate for Governor against 14,430 for the democratic. The case of the Maine election is different. It will test the strength of the repnbllcan sent! mint, and foreshadow the result of the subsequent 1'residential straggle in November. Maine bus in late your? gone republican; but recent events may have produced a reaction whose evidence will be revealed in the coming Str.te election. Lu the olden time Muire went democratic : Hf. fur example, In 1348, when the returns of the Presidential election were as follows:? Cars C9.RW T?.lor S6 125 V an Huron 12 096 In 18r.2 the Presidential election was fought on the .basis of the Compromise measures of WO, and the Union sentiment prevailed. The result was:? fierce 41,609 * ,,? 32.64S OulP 8.030 This was not a personal triumph for Pierce, for Scott wa- a fur more popular mun. nor yet u triumph of democracy, for there was no democratic Issue, but a victory over the disunion agitation which sought to disturb the settlement of 1850 agreed to by the leading statesmen of loth the whig and democratic parties in Congress. inc!tiding Clay, Webster and Calhoun. Maine, for its patriotic action at that time, in contradistinction to Vermont and Massachusetts, was greeted as "the star in the East." But by the corruption and mismanagement ot the republican leaders ever since 1854, the State has gone republican. In the election for Governor that year the numbers were:? Republican 44 ,Bo2 D-moc.-al 28 Whin 14 Oil Anil Liquor law 8.424 In 1856 the result of the State election for Governor was as follows:? Kepubl^aa 64 .C90 Piui'crat 42,668 The difference was greater in the case of the Presidential candidates in the same year: ? Frctnnot 67,179 Rucnanan 89.UHU lillnaore S.C26 Mr. Fremont, however, was not regarded as a sectional candidate. but as a conservative Southern man. in whom was embodied the opposition of the whole country against the democracy. The republican party, which had not then developed itself, and was supported by thousands on probation, as an element of oppo| sition to the corrupt party in power, gave its nomination to Fremont, and be accepted it, republicanism then professing to be conservative, and opposed to abolition. The result in Maine was, therefore, far more favorable to him than to the candidate for Governor, the difference being 12,780 votes. Owing to the continued demoralization and corruption of the democratic party, and the factious conduct of its leaders in Congress, the republican sentiment still prevailed in Maine last year, when the result of the election for Governor was as follows:? Republican 56,201 Ivmocrmt 44,372 Since that election the republican party has more fully developed its designs, and the John Drown raid has opened the eyes of thousands of conservative men at the North to the dangerous and revolutionary nature of the organization. as avowed by its leaders in their speeches and in " Helper's Impending Crisis of the South/' which they have all endorsed, from the Senators and representatives in Congress downward. What effect thi* handbook of treason atd John Brown's overt act at Harper's Ferry may have produced on the conservative portion of the republican party in Maine remains to be seen. The ensuing election will tell the whole story. If the people of that State should reject the republican caadidate for Governor?and it requires only a change ot six thousand vote?? the act will speak volumes, and the effect produced over the whole North will be tremendous. It would be a declaration, not in favor of democracy, for that organisation is shut trred to piece*. but for the I'niua sentiment, wbjcb U the real sentiment of the country. And the republican journals and leaders are afruid of this result in Maine. While they are making a great noise In this State over local matters. and talking about Duer, and Brooks, and flunt, tbey are sending money and agents to Maine to secure the election there, of whose significance they are fully aware. a.? an index to the existing sentiment of the North. The result of the contest, therefore, on the 10th of the next month, will be looked forward to with the deepest interest by statesmen and politicians of ail parties, and by the people of very section of the country. Tiik Wealth oi the Cocntrt.- The country ut the present time uffvrds a prc*pcct of unexampled pro?perlty which may well excite the envy of other nations. The first grand staple of our foreign commerce, the cotton crep of the season. Is the largest we hr.vf cv*r had except that of last yea which w:i* ui itn* nu nee ono: tut owing to a slight drought thi> year the return fulls & little short of the crop of 1 >."!>. but still wilt e able us to export over two hnudrei rniiiU ne of dollars worth. The haive?i* throughout the entire country are abundant to a degree without any parallel, and should a ? i.i'rt:.--- f occur la Europe the demand for r.c export of brad stuff* will be very large, thu? throwing a ra?t amount of weal h into the Western i?tat??. giving o wonderful Impetus tc the railroad* of the tot ntfj, to the shipping trad?- cf the Atlantic title- and stimulating the temmerce of the country generally. There I- every Indication also that o.tr yield of geld frtai Caltfcrrla nnd Pike'a Teak, ar.d of silver from the Washoe mir.es. will be mc-t plentiful, while the coal district* will contribt te their share to the wealth cf the country with not U'-e abundance; our geld and silver and coal hare come to be part of the staple crop' of the land. TV United State# appear destined to become the g-eat supplying country In verythi which the wru t* r I cf rear, req .lr" paramount above at. the cat'ens of the rlobe Nr thing ca" occur tc dr ?trcy the reallration <f ? ie-e glortcr.' prcsp cts except the res-It of L.e ;csuagele;'i?o f hgft in Uc ores'. k ot L ola'- b .lc>-? * io th- d fjo'.t iu7 lead tr br -ds up the bu a > 17 of r the1 ulon. and fcrl;.? dl-rater upon the com- t( coerce of tie whole country. But with t-ucb a b |)-o?of woa.th : ad prosperity befor. them, t] wha- a stimulus the raeichitat? and the million v of conservative voter-?who never exercise their r'^ht of f'anchisc except in acme prc-a! crbn? have to t ppor: the Union ticket and defeat ^ the sectional candidate. Mr. Lincoln, wh'^e ? election would place all the best interest* of the country in jeopardy, and render valueless tin- I?le?4 <i?4 w'tirh Prm "rtonro his .Ur\u '' Oil OS. * ??????? d The Parses or Wales andthi: Firemen.? i The nrrR.igpmenta for the reception of the Prince j of WHle? have begun to assume a mere defi- t nite form. It is now settled that there will be c a review of the First division New York c State Militia, a grand bail given by the committee of citizens, and a torchlight procession c of the Fire Department In reference to the fc last named demonstration, we have received a r note, of which the subjoined is a copj:? 1 Ksr Tou, t(, Uo4 t Ja!?k Ger.: o.s Btfrn, Hsq ? I>iar Snt?Wb. don't the cr mxittee. of wh:rb you Are t one, nad who represent S'.iO.OOO.OOO, pay the e'.peunee of the tireuea's parade. and not a?? the w.Tlt.af men of the C city to do it, as tl?ey wouid ba.-e to If the city paid it.' J, I siipnoae, troir. the tames of toe committee, that lh? rn-ti intend to monopolize the P.-.are. and tbev alio, Id p pay for't. a HRKMAN am? WuftKlNO man. " A Fireman and Working Man" is. it seems to us. a I'ttle hasty. The committee to which he refers represent all classes of citizens. Many of them have raised themselves, by hard work, j from indigence and ob?curitv to affluence and position. *1 bey purpose simply not to '-mono- g ize" the Prince, but to give him n grand ball. ^ in which all respectable eitizen3 will be requested to participate. This committee, it seems to us. have nothing to do with processions or reviews contemplated by others; but if the firemen?in w hose ranks there are many rich ^ men?or the military?who are equally able? should object to appearing on account of the ^ expense, we have no doubt that the city will be j, ready to foot the bills, which will be only a ? bagatelle after all. It is to be sincerely hoped that all classes will j join in the endeavor which is to be made to Bhow the Prince and the representative? of the British government who accompany him that the power find the greatness and the glory of the United State? have not been overrated, and that they may have the evidence of their own eyes to confirm w hat they have heard w ith their ears. Ab to the ball, there will be no difficulty: but the more important matters are the military and firemon's parade?, the like of which cannot be seen in Europe. Just now the volunteer taiilitla system is at- a trading particular attention abroad, and the j perfection which our citizen soldiery have at- ^ tained is a sufficient proof of the efficiency of this arm of military service. Then the firemen p present to the European view a most formidable brigade. Nearly all of them are trained to bear arms, and *o them danger is as a pastime. They may be appropriately termed the T Zouaves of civil life. From these two independent bodies the Prince and bis retinue will obtain a better idea of our peculiar institutions 6( and theory of self-government than any other. t And we put it to our correspondent, and all u who may think with him. that whatever mea- ^ sure of Importance the Prince's visit may have ^ for one class in the community it possesses for g every other. Whatever tends to attract the attention of the European governments to the city r of New York, as a great commercial metropolis. ^ having within itself the foundations of its own p pro?perity. is as important to the working man. i( the mechanic or laborer, as to] the capital- tj ist. the merchant or the professional man. All or us. waeiner we biuta s-ips or house-, or im- ^ port goods ?r engage in any profession or trade, are equally interested in promoting the e proeperity and increasing the fame of our me- c tropolitan city, of which we are so justly proud. ^ Tur. Conservatives or the Corvniv.? ' Ax Esxxrix Worth v o? Imitation.?The 11 South has given to the rest of the Union ? an example well worthy of imitation. One of the Southern candidates for the Presidenry was?we can hardly say is-Mr. Breck- r inridge. This gentleman is young, able, ' gallant of winning manners and address. 6 and extremeij popular, me oouin could net v have had a candidate more completely to its 0 taste. But, unfortunately for hie chances of po- t! litical elevation, he had accepted his ntmiaation from men who allowed themselves to he 11 headed and controlled by secessionists. That l! fact mined Mr. Breckinridge's Presidential as 11 plratlons. Deservedly esteemed as he was in ^ hie own section, and indeed ever/where, the popular verdict in almsst every Southern State f that has since spoken has been adverse to him. i: This I* a warrant and assurance to the world that so far ns tho South is concerned that section is devoted to the maintenance of the I'nion P and the perpetuity of our institutions, and 'll will continue in that petition it the North n will give them a chance tc do so. It " is for the North now to give thex that -Lan e. ;i' It is for the North to prcre its devotlcn n'-o tc the t'aicn. Mr Liaccia however 8t eligible he might be in ether respe. is. is the nrmree of men as arcwedly hestile U the South as \ancej and Cc. fc;9Uie to ta* North. t*c tut fact eught tc rule hU Presi- r, dential osp'-ati. as j st as Mr Brecklcridre saw cthis destroyed by a parallel state o( thiols. Let l" the people cf the North prove that they are as t J generous and as conservative as the people cf the bonth by retjuu tc give their B.ffrafW to cne whe is sc en- fl' tlrely cbjectirratle a* is Abraham LLcoin >} Thir- will insure the peace of the cc. ntry and c.vcse both sections tc entertain fc each cthe ?*? sentiment* of kindness resrect and ndtnira- !' t.c ~ it n Tit La-r Daa ( E:*r ?Tc day > the p* last day cf the summer of IS?CC, tc be dist'.nguiahed hereafter for its sensations and it- extreme heat Tblsyear fb^ metropolis has sCMre- rly felt what are called the dull times. It is quite tr e that the e mmer ercd s ha* teen unprecedented!/ large, but this ellux Las teen ^Tj more than compensated by the infl t from the r ral district*, by means cf which its hctel o" keepers have waved fat and the Bnadway " ! shopkeepers have been made tc rejoice with ^ exceeding great gains. Just ncwt.etcwnis u' mere crowded than ever. Pecple are Seeking ^ ic frcm the watering place- aci the hctel* are ^ ^ crowded with Southern and Western pecple ' ?e Nmsift'. The weather I-perfectly lovely an ! rn r?I-- I* er-?rt^d fc"fcre tha sr-ir*' rf *'-a Prlnc* of Waif#, rbc. It appear. L? attended a* b * clow'f t7 Jupiter PI Mr.* a? bj the D- ke c' r-^ NewcaaUe. Ti; m?tropcIi' t its a. tusm' io"1 res- ii? more charming Lisa at anj other eae'n .ori u < jJtvrt.K :; rorul re .der-to v i<?e an eariy opportunity of eD.oying the city : i - u' >.ti pt.rne cf the vet'. Wh.?a v 1 * Prince come- wt sLaii be overrun with iritors T:n Pirn- .DENTt-if. Cji-'omra o.s nr. Stump;? ve: was there a Presidential election before i which ><o many of the candidates took tho li mp as in the present content. Seldom, iaieed, have candidate- so ice before the people t all. General Scott was Induced to do it ia | <-z Now nearly all the candidates for Prootle t? ?nd Vice President have entered the lists n person with their armor on. It seems that in iroportion tc the absence of excitement among be people is the zeal cf the a^Irants for the hlef magistracy. There is an evident want of onfidence on the part of one and all. Lincoln was the first to take the field, but inly succeeded in making one speech. In that peech, however, he said enough to lad for the e-t of the rnmn>I?n It not fop tho root Ar hio be. He declared his determination not only o carry out the irrepressible conflict to the itter end. but that he and all other republics would by degrees go greater and greater rngths, thus showing that revolutionary re?ublicani=m Is not only aggressive but proxcssive. Where it will stop, if not stopped at >ncc none can tell. Mr. Douglas takes the stump at the North ad South. Instead of meeting the issue as laid km by the republican candidate, he goes off nto side issues dead and gone, and talks about uuutter sovereignty, which is nothing to the urpose. Breckinridge is to follow him imncdiutely, having been announced to address a nass meeting next week in Kentucky. If he hould take the same course as some of his superiors. the fire eating leaden at the South, rho threaten a dissolution of the Union in a * riuiu contingency, he will find his words as ride of the mark as these of the Douglas. We tope he will repudiate the disunioaists at the louth. and fairly and squarely meet the Issue aised by the republicans and their candidate, ohnson on the same ticket with Douglas, has tumped the South, and, what is curious, his irinciples are opposite to those of the "Little iiant." Mr. Lane, on the same ticket with Ireckinridge. ha? made a speech, of which a re. >o:t will be found in another column. It peaks for itself. Thus three candidates for the Presidency, and wc for the Vice Presidency, are either cut oc oming out stumping for themselves. 6am iouston has retired, else he would have been in the stump, and it on'.y remains for Harnlia jjd Bell and Everett to come forward to have he whole of the candidate# in propria persona iefore the people, who would thus be the beter able to judge of the respective merits and iriaciples of each, and render a more iateliient decision. Tut: Fall Tkapk?Inixcx or Strangers Lsra he II mtoror is.?Judging from present iadicaions. the trade of New York this fall bids fair o exceed by a large figure that of any former euson. The Custom House returns, the wee&j arnings of the railroads and canals, and the nprecedentedly crowded condition of the otels, all denote a degree of commercial acLvity which has not till now been witnessed ince 1857. The rapid rise which has taken place in rail* oad shares of all kinds is another evidence of he confidence which is felt in our business respects. This feeling is. Jo a certain extent, ratified by the extraordinarily favorable reports bat are being received of the results of the resent harvest. In seven of the Northwestern tate3 alone the Chicago papers estimate the coduce o! the wheat crop at 118,000.000 bushIs. It is no wonder that, with these facts, oupled with gloomy accounts of the European arrests to work upon, speculators in railway hares should have recovered some of the foolardineas which had been damped by the panic f 1837. However they may err on the sanguine side, here is no doubt that the earnings of the raiioads will this year be larger than usual, 'he returns of the canals since their opening how already an excess in the receipts of 604.S3G over those of 1839, and before the close f narijpa'.ion it will probably amount to more inn a million. The same influences that aJect ie revenue of the canals of cour-o, also conributt to swell that of the railroads. whilst the itter have, in addition, an amount of puutengar affic over their lines exci sing that of any wtner pc riod. The stimulus imparted by abundant barren^ r abined with the rush _?f visiters attracted ere by the vL-it of the Priuee of Wales cannot J1 to confer a run amount of benefit on the cal trade of our city. Our merchant* are rep-ring to take advantage of it by laying in irge stocks of nee good-; and if they can oaly rc '.d over speculation, there is but little doubt lat the remit c-f the season'e bttsbeaa will en jle most of them to put a fair amount to the refit side of the account when tl.ey co%e t? rlke the rear'.- balance 1 at Iaf?llig*n< ?. Tbf ya.jt Re jJs?r. C amo-to-t r w Re/9: At, at on lent* vfrel at .'orwf C 17 c-i W.vl?w?<ia;T a jit a VM P? it, aaJ a. sl j.sttrut; to- -1 xf f>r i.*e deve the ec .ud TUo C rxzA Xy :ocn laft ty f:r Pt;-.4m:# r a -ton ajtct, ? Wt?jt lay per 5; Tl?? ra'ty #U crew a- wo* Anttali aa?t Otyartartt. tax > at*. t if"?i Of *'3?"'Wet)* %a1..1# H r-.i ? .,'PRh'it *? .#.. W e Rov.fr, w It n R RM j- R.'i* >, laHiaaa lArpr ri?Mro, Wiw-te;^ stUHtv. ate- 11 s?. *ut>. H AU-K*. rp* W ? HI . J<U B. Tt'ipniJ w? ?t 1?. r?i t HitSi.t, W I' W irtr M ?W? Y to-* if 11 in'nt Kl t -Bi iff *uu kj. f M A.trf K? ?ad A ' 3aW??. .lob ' ,!%<. S? 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