Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 6, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 6, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. J4IK8 OOSDOR IK1IKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR orrum >. v. oown op mamau and pulton m. TMMUta, muA 4m aAnw. Mrmot -mU b* mot' trill fc? at lbs riak of Hi mmJ?t. Poatufr itimp. mo< ratmaol a* ntkact daily hbbald mmi, ^ < torrr r r mrrv .tutu ?MM, aohrtAot from any nonr-? . IBmlly fnU/rw $&- rttrm Tousio* UouxEjro.TDB*T3 aim PAJtricOLasi t Xmrns to tui ui Lamw asd Pac* MM iut or. ' ADrtBTISKBBATS rrarvrd on-ry At. adrerrt.?mm<? /n wrfrtf HI lAc Weult Hamald. fmiu Hssaxk. un.1 <Aa Calt/ornia and /Wnfwwn **???. /OA PMIMTIAB atonud tnlb nmihm, dmpnett and da AO X0T1CX taiom Of aarmifmotu corrrtpondenct. If* doOnof Mntvi (WiiWUfiWlnOfU. Voli Wo. WWW twimini THM WTWXIMQ. ACADEMY OP MUSIC. Fourteenth street.?ITALIAN Or* ?A-Let A Dt LABBiaSOOB. KIBLO'H GARDEN. Broadway. -Ruccsrmi* PtirOKM A>CM. V)RU GARDEN, Broadway.?Faorassoa Asdsraos. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowwj.-Wnm-Fooi Of tba Pa but?As Ob. lot or brum. WALLAOK'H THKATRK, Hmadwsr -PasABS Or DiU' mob?School rca Hcawdal? Livixg too Fact. NEW BOWKRT THEATRE. IJowerr?SiBC? or Paabt ?a?Hsbcciri? Ki>o or Clom. RARNL'M'H AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway ?D*y sad Bmlax -Abttel DoioiB-OMruuiAa is Bixcs-U.isa Gosioamas, Ac. _____ BRYANTS M.NSTKEIA. MechAnlci' HaII. 472 KroadwAy.? Boblamvis. Soaua. Oaacsa. Ar <c??u at Phaiod'a. WIBLO'S HALOPN, UroAdway.-Hoolst A CamPABix'a Mumut I* Kthiopiab Sokua. Huaiaauoa Oabcaa, Ac..? RrButrutE Knmr hrsicH. NATIONAL THEATRE. Ch*lh*n> Street.?Bbi AS Ro boiubb?Maoic Tbcatbt?Lovi akd Musi-la CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. U Broad WAy.-8o>cs, Dirru, Bcwllagcsa, Ac. TRIPLE SHEET. Wow York, TbaridBy. Meptomber 6, UftO. Tito Nana. The daily mail front Europe continues to arrive regularly. Yesterday the America arrived oil Cape Race, and the Prince Albert at 8t. Johns, bringing adrlcee to the 2"<th alt., four days later than those received by the Palestine. The news is important. The intelligence of the landing of Garibaldi ia Calabria U fully conlirmed. The revolution had commenced. The invaders had captured several important posts, and a general battle with the Neapolitans was looked for at an early day. Sar dinia had prohibited the embarkation of volunteers from Genoa. The Emperor of Prance had made a speech at Lyons in response to addresses by tho authorities, lie condemned the unjust distrust excited abroad, and declared that nothing should make Mm deviate from the path of moderation and justice. His sole desire was tha general interest of France, and he urged them to give themselves up with confidence to works of peace. He was determined, with God's assistance, that France should not degenerate under his dynasty. The Emperor's remarks caused an advance in the French funds. Accounts from Syria represent the country as perfectly tranquil. In 1/ondon the money market had undergone no material change. American railway securities had advanced. At Liverpool the cotton market was steady and Arm. Breadstuff* were Arm, with an up ward ten dency. Large order* had been forwarded to ltu*sia and the United States. By the Prince Albert st Rt. Johns, N. F.. we learn tlist the Great Eastern arrived at Milford Haven on the 26th ult., at half post six o'clock P. M. She sailed from Now \ork on the 16th. at half ps?t four o'clock P. M., arrived st Halifax on the 16th. in exactly forty-eight hour*, and sailed from th< nee at nine o'clock A. M. on the l!?th. Al lowing five hours for difference in time, and sixteen and a half hour , detention at Halifax, her run from thu city ha* hrcn accomplished in nine days and four and a half hour*. without any allowance being made for the lime consumed in going in and out of Halifax. Her log will probably ahow the shortest passage yet made between New York and Europe, By an arrival at New Orleans we have advices from Trnaillo to the 23d. and Ruatan to the 21th nil., giving interesting Intelligence respecting the filibusters. A week previous to the date above mentioned, Guardiols's partisans, to the number of serin Lundred. bad aseembled outride the walls of Truxillo to attack Walker, and on the IWh a lb.u?h vessel of war entered the barber, with the avowed ob)<< t of protecting the citizens and property of Honduras, and restoring the revtnue of Truxillo to the rightful authorities, (hi the morning of the 24th n hravy cannonading in the directiuu of Ttuadlo waa heard at Huataa. and it is bebeved that It proceeded from a combined attack of (iusrdiola's and the British forces upoa (lea. Walker's parly in the forte at Truxillo. Should this belief be confirmed, the next arrival from Honduras will, in all probability, bring us news of Walku'a capitulation, and the breaking up of the expedition. In the last news from New Gisuada. published in the nxaiLD n few days since, there was an apparent confiict in the statements that Ospina had quelled the revolution In the Bute Of Bantander while at the same time case the report of the root of his army in the same Btate. The appaient contradiction la thus explained in a letter from banta Marts. dated Augvsi 14, written by a person of intelligence, and perfectly capable of ascertaining the truth "General flrrrsn routed the trnop? of the Slate of baa lander at lha rlvar Subt; but a portion of his forces, which waa la pursuit of the revolutionist*, waa repulsed at Cacota de MjUu/s. " The writer adds:?" In Honda aa expedition won preparing against the revolutionists of the Atiantie roast." The presentation of a beautiful stand of colors to the Hoventh regiment yesterday, by the city of Washington, through a committee aent to this city to perform the cerrmooy. was the occasion of a grand military parade of the recipients. The pre eentettoo took place in front of the City Hall, in a speech hy Robert Ould, United States IM?tn. t At torsey. of Washington, to which an appropriate response was anode by Col. I<effcrtn, of the Seventh regiment. The reremoaira were very impn?ing and attracted a large throng of spectators. In the evening the visiting committee were entertained by the aMt'ira of the Revewth regiment with a banquet St the PIT* Avenue Hotel. 1 concerning the Prince of Wales tones on the increase. He hne refaeed to lend ta Kingston, mad there to a determi ?atlas expressed amang the Orangemen not to re cede from their position. The Prime waa in Bulled by the popular#, told that he could go boaae, while " Yankee Hoodie'' was played and American f?*g* wared la hi? fare. It to feared that the trouble will culminate In bloodshed. Imdorl Joachim Julius Tode, the Russian de fhoHee arrested in thto city a few dtys ago, ha* been discharged from eustody, on kto consenting to deliver ?p the bVt.OOO found In bin pn?canion. About l\OOC of tko amount win probably be paid ?ear to detective# Elder and McOocd. and the b*>s> ? iothariUd U ila logl'iatdil dfihttfi as MOB n* possible. The Busrtan gentleman proved very docile in the hands of the Sew York i police, and did not hesitate long about disgorging. The New Yoik Aradt my of Medicine met la it night at hal/ paat eight o'clock. The evening was spent in discundng the theory of mobility in the treatment of diseased joints, advanced by Dr. Da via. The Finance Committee of the Board of Educa tion recommended the payment of all the newly appointed teachers in the Fourth ward last even ing, with one exception, the local board having proceeded in a more formal manner lately than they did when the subject first came before the public. The Board adopted the report without dissent or diacaaaion, and thereby put an end to the famous Fourth ward difficulty. The Board also approved sundry contracts which the Finanoe Com mittee had previously acted upon. The Commissioners of Emigration visited Ward's Island yesterday, probably for the purpose of In specting the institutions there; but they did not notify the reporters of their intention previously; therefore ; none of them accompanied the Board. The weekly statement made up by the Secretary shows the number of emigrsnts landed in New York during , the past week to have been 2,tt02, which swells the total since the 1st of January last t? 72,549, The i amount ot the apparent bain nee of the commuta tion fund is 17,53# 23 at present. At the meeting of the Police Commissioners yes terday J. H. Itaymond, Sixth precinct, Brooklyn, tendered hi-* resignation, which was accepted. W. A. Coleman, Seventeenth precinct, was dismissed from the force, and A. Bowers.Third precinct,pro moted to roundsman. Sergeant Emory, Thirteenth precinct, waa transferred to Twelfth precinct, nnd Roundsman Polly, of the Fourteenth, to Irvington, Westchester county. The beef cattle market was much excited yester day, and prices were very irregular, varying from 6jc. to 8Ae. a 9c. per pouud. The supply was enor mous. Milch cows were plenty and dull. Veal calves were also plenty, but unchanged. Sheep aud lambs were plenty, and about 25c. per head lower. Swine were steady at 6jc. a 6jc. The to tal receipts for the week, including the Bergen Hill yards, were 5,589 beef cattle, 190 cows, 730 veals, 15,012 sheep and lambs, and 4,111 swine. The cotton market waa steady yesterday, with sale* of about 2 MO bales, 1,COO of which were sold tn one itraight lot, at unchanged rates. The stock In this port baa been fully canvassed and fonnd to comprise 44,863 bales on baed and not sold; soil, but not delivered, 7,677;on shipboard, not cleared, 2,361 bales, makings total of 64,891 bales. Of the Imports Into New York during the past cotton year, spinners took 240,802 bales, sgalnst 228,081 bales dnrtng the year ending 1st Septem ber, 1869, and against 100,170 bales In 1868, mak Ing the average consumption weekly, daring the year, of cott >n purchased in New Yorff, about 4.643 bales, against 4,200 last year, and 3,773 bales in 1858. The stock In this port on the 1st of Sep tember, 1850, was 48,452; received sflersrards,406,360? making a total of 608,002 bates. Bad the weather and crops In Kogland proved favorable It Is beikved that cotton would now rule one cent per lb. higher than It does. The floor market opeoed with a good demand and at firm prices, but after the reeelpt of the America's news it became slack, and closed with tameaess. Wheat was active, with sales at full prices; but after the news came to band the market grew tame, and cloned quietly. Gors was less active, and closed tamely at unchanged prices Pork was heavy, with a flair amount of sales, including new mesa at 010 46a 410 60, and new prime at 014 12)4 a 414 00. Sugars were steady, with sales of 1.4CO hbds. Cuba muscovados, and 74 ds. melado. at rates given la another oolumn. Coffee was quint, awaiting n public tale to oome off in a few days. Freights were tolerably active, with engegeewta, W hulk and bags, of corn and wheat for Livorpool at I2\i. a 13)^4., In ship's bags at 13 i*d., a?d 4,000 bbis. Hour at 4s., and soma iota to London at 4s. A fun vassal, the Ann Har per, cow In Philadelphia, of 1,040 tow, was taken up ts load wiui ? ium ?a tarn p**t sw ir tn ?iiirn?'> bags at lStfd, and If In ship's bag t at 14)41. I.l?r?la'i RadkalUM Pwn< Hli Obe dlrnrt to tii? Abolition ld*?. Some of the black republican jouroala are beginning to fear the effect of Lincoln's posi tion as a radical candidate upon his chances for election, and are accordingly striving to show that be is a man of conservative tenden cies, who would not act up to the demands of the radical abolitionists who support him. The attempt is an utterly futile and vain one. Even if I ii.coin were not the bigot and extremist wl ich his own words and those of Seward prove him to be, he would necessarily have to act on the one great idea which under lies the whole structure of the black republican party in bis administration of the government. That idea to that "slavery is an evil and a crime.'' On this basis the party has been built j up. and around it have been gathered | other ideas belonging to the same school, and inculcating the same exaggerated I notion of individual rights, such as Four riorum, woman's rights, and the numerous ! lint that constitute the grand whole ot black republicanism. But the argument of abolition Urn is its mainstay and chief dependence. The abolition shop established here to busily issuing such campaign documents as Sumner's speech, Helper's handbook for incendiaries, Lincoln's life and speeches, and others of a similar cha racter, and l.opes to circulate a million sod a half of them in the next sixty days. The whole party is saturated with abolitionism of the most rabid kind, and Seward's declaration that i "the Massachusetts school" was the school of black republicanism baa been fitly Illustrated by the nomination of Andrew, an uncompromising abolitionist of the Garrison!an stripe, as black republican candidate for Governor in that State. If any further proof is wanted of the radi cally revolutionary character of the block re publican party and its candidate, it may ho found in Seward's speech at Detroit two days since. That speech to undoubtedly the foreshadowing of the policy of Lincoln's government if elected, and it is a careftil and cautious wcrdiog of the most ultra dogmas in American politics. He assumes the theory of Spooner, the Massachusetts lawgiver and logi cian. for the black republican idea that the constitution is an abolition instrument, sad that up to 1920 the administration of the govern ment was conducted on abolition principles, lie contends that the Missouri compromise was a departure from the abolition policy, and that for the last fbrty years administration has been a failure w ilh us. He now promises to ad minister the government according to the idea of "the Massachusetts school,'' to give to "nets and anomalous combinations of citizens in tbo North, justify lag armed instigators*of servile war," the countenance of sympathy with them on the part of the federal government and Mi o Costs and judges; to establish an abolition "federal policy for the regulation of the sub ject of slavery In Its relation to the Union;" and to remedy the evil of "States watching anxiously for unlawful intrusion and invasion by citterns of other Htati-e,'' through a national policy which shall enable the intruders and in vaders to triumph over those who watch to re pel their invasions. This is the policy which Wn. H. He ward tells the world he feels "well assured that Abraham Lincoln will not fitil to inaugurate," and which, to use his own words, ' tits *>ftor ample #irptlll?s ban at la?t acquired the courage and the con- j etancy necessary to sustain." If Lincoln were the moat conservative man in the world be could not resist the Impulse of his partj. It would defeat his conservative efforts at every turn, and impel him irresistibly to carry out the party theories aud the party idea. But we know that he is not in opposi tion to the theories which his supporters have proclaimed. His life and speeches, circulated by thousands from the central abolition shop in this city, proclaim his hearty union with them. He deems himself the standard bearer of the abolition hosts in the "irrepressible conflict" in which his followers Tauntingly as sert he is enlisted for life or death. Ia this contest Seward is the master spirit, as he will be in the government of Lincoln, if elected, and he tells us that "no government can excuse itself from the duty of protecting the extreme rights of every human being, whether bond or free." In this guardedly and cautiously worded sentence, uttered by the leader of a thoroughly abolitioDized political party, there is a world of agitation, danger and revolution. Let the conservative national men of New York and the Central States reflect in time, and before it s too late, upon the destructive maelstrom of abolition agitation and conflict into which the whole country will be precipitated if the abolit ionized black republicans succeed iq grasping the federal power at which they now aim. It is in their bands, it is in the hands of moderate men of all parties, to save the coun try from the catastrophe which is imminent. Mixican Aprams ixd Spanish Ixtkkvkn tio.v The advices frcm Washington, published in another column, indicate that the question of our relations with Mexico and Spain, as Powers on the margin of the American Medi terranean, is likely to come up ia a new and scmewhat dangerous shape. Senor Tassara, the Spanish Minister, has had several interviews with the President, and though distinctly disclaiming, on the part of his government, any intention to interfere in the domestic affairs of Mexico, he has announced that Spain will proceed to enforce her claims against that republic at the present inoppor tune moment Mexico is to be given until the 1st of December next to pay sums which it is well known she cannot possibly pay, and then the Spanish fleet la to operate against Vera Cruz. As the relations between the two countries are conducted by the Spanish Minister in Mexico, who recognizes only the rebellious church party government of Miramon, and the exhibition of force can be made only against tbe legitimate government of Juarez at Vera Cruz, the whole affair, not withstanding tbe disclaimer of Senor Tassara, has a manifest appearance of intervention of the most effective kind in Mexican affairs. Should there occur at the same time a demon stration against the same city by Miramon on tbe lend side, the affair would be one of those remarkable coincidences which have every ap pearance of premeditation. Such a result, though it may probably form a part of tbe plans and calculations of the par ties, seems now not to be in a fUr way to be realized. Tbe recent advices from Mexico an nounce the defeat of Miramon at Lagos, and his escape from capture with only a email noay ot his troops, u una newt ne true it may be followed b; bis being that ap in the capi tal. and porfjbly by the capture of that city by the constitutional forces. In this event the poeition of Spain would probably undergo se rious modification, and she may follow the example of the other Power*, which refrain from pressing their claim* against Mexico at this moment, when such a course would debili tate the legitimate government In that repub lic. which is the only one that has kept fklth with foreign Tower*. It would be well for our government not to forget, however, that Spain it a little crazed by her inaignlficant successes in Morocco, the first her armies have known for a generation, and that ahs may commit some folly in the Gulf of Mexico which will in volve ua In a war with her. Senator Seward on Corriptios.?There is one point in Senator Seward's speech at De troit which deserves special attention. lie not only describee the democratic party as ut terly corrupt, but attributes to it a monopoly of corruption, hurling his anatbemss at it as tbe embodiment of all that is foul on earth. This comes with an excellent grace from tbe foremost leader of a party of whose represen tatives in Congress It was testified by the j lion. Reverdy Johnson before the Covode Committee that they were banded together to the number of thirty-five in a coufii^ to let no bill pas*, no matter how sound its princi ples or how praissworthy lis objects, unless their itching palms were well anointed. The leading spirit and the organizer of this corrupt band was O. B. Matteson, of Oneida county, in this State. After his corruption had been brought to the tight of day by revelations in Congress, be was nevertheless publicly endorsed by Mr. Seward in a speech at Utlca. And yet the Se nator nc inveighs with eloquent indignation against corruption, as if it were peculiar to the democrats, and as if tbe republicans would, prove themselves immaculate if the country would only give them a trial at the head of the general government. We judge of tbe republicans by tbe acts and character of tbe representative* of their party in Congress, and by their acts in the State Le gislatures over which they exercise control. Tbe confessions of Thurlow Weed, the right band man of Seward, and an active leader in the lobby at Albany, show what the purity of republicanism amounts to. Was there ever in , this State, or any other in tbe Union, since the government was organized, any other Legisla ture so corrupt and depraved as the last Legis lature of the State of New York, In both | branches of which there was an overwhelming majority of republicans, and the Hxecutive also j republican* If Mr. Seward had said that both parties nil partial?were corrupt, tbe republioaaa vie ing with the democrat* be would have spoken { the truth, and to aome purpose; and If he had re commended the people to break up all these parties, and to rots for electors of their own choosing, men of honor and character, Intelli gence and Independence, unpledged to any <

candidates pnt forward by rotten party organ!? 1 rations, he would have done something which , would bare earned for him the graUtudn ef the ' country, and redounded to his own reputation. As It la, be leaves himself open to the charge of being a demagogue of the first water, and by 1 a rvpprt.tiio mi. which amounts to a ntyyfsiio j falsi, be puts himeelf on a level with the pot- ! he use puiiUe ien. ? Tba OrnBg* EultraiBt la Caa*d>. The events now transpiring In Canada. which bid fair to cut short the hitherto very successful tour of the Prince of Wales through that pro vince. occur aptly to remind us that, whatever sanguine philosopher* may pretend, the days of bigotry and religious strife are not < ver yet It seems that the Orangemen, a large and influ ential body of Protestants, mainly recruited from immigrants from the North of Ireland, in bint upon being recognized by the Prince in their sectarian and partisan character, and upon carrying in the procession of welcome to his Royal Highness badges aad symbols which the Roman Catholics consider offensive. To these demands the Prince's advisers retnrn the plain reply that he will recognise no sectarian or partisan body whatsoever, and that if he cannot be received without passing under Orange arches or marching.behlnd Orange dags, he will not land at all. t No one can find fault with the Prince for this conduct. At the same time it is not likely to satisfy the Canadian Orangemen, who are a very hotheaded and obstinate se. of men, and whose hatred of Popery and at tachment to their peculiar sect are Intense and funatlcal. It would not be surprising if the broil into which the Prince has thus uncon sciously fallen should terminate his torn abruptly, and occasion scenes of disturbance and bloodshed which all would have to deplore. There Is one thing to be said in excuse of the extremely bigoted and fanatical attitude of the Orangemen. They are Protestants?a ma jority in their province?and yet they are ruled despotically by Roman Catholics. The union of Upper and Lower Canada under the impe rial act of 1841 practically gave to the Lower province the control of the Upper, notwith standing the vast progress which the latter is making in population and wealth. The Lower Canadian members of Parliament are all, or nearly all, Roman Catholics, and hold together on all public questions with a tenacity which the members from Upper Canada have never tried to emulate. It is generally supposed? probably on very good grounds?that the poli cy of the Lower Canadian party is settled before Parliament meets in the palace of the Roman Catholic Archbishop; any member who bolted, or deviated from the policy thus settled, weuld be a political corpse from the hour of his rebellion. The Roman Catholic hierarchy not only rule the united province through the arm of superstition; their wealth gives them a power in Lower Canada for a parallel to which we mutt turn to Mexico. They own moat of the cities of Montreal, Quebec. Three Rivers, Ac.; nearly all the fertile seigniories along the St. Lawrence, and the bulk of the choice lands throughout the province. Sometimes the title is vetted in a bishop, sometimes in a presby tery. sometimes In a seminary, sometimes in a nunnery, sometime* in a citrate; but in the end It ail come* to the same being?the land be longs to the Church. It is the natural rebellion against the enor mous power thus held by the Roman Catholic Chnrch, in virtue of their wealth, their land, and their complete sway over nearly two millions of devoted adhesents, which has given birth to such bodies as the Orangeman of Upper Canada. And, however deplorable such displays aa that now occurring on Lake Ontario may seem to calm observers, it is to be feared they will con ; tinue to recur, with frequent outbursts of vio i lence and savage bigotry, until the great fight ; between the Church and the people?which was i long tincc fought and wou in all Anglo-Saxon ' countries-has Wfl alsd fought and won in Lower Canada. liou Gold Dijkxivihim.?The lMt pony el prem from San Francisco brought us very late news from Oregon and British Columbia. It appears that there has been another gold fever at Portland, Oregon, caused by fresh auriferous discoveries on the Walla-Walla. Across the British frontier, near Fort Hope, gold had been found in large quantities, and it was the opinion of old miners that the country would open up finely in the way of precious metals. Fr^eer river and Pike's Peak continue to pay well, though not aa greatly aa was anticipnted. Ac counts from the new mines in Utah and Arizona are very cheering, and altogether there is not the slightest danger, even should California give out, that the stream of Pactolus will run out At the same time it is well enough to re member that individual labor is more remu nerative in other fields even in the aurifer ous region. The time when miners conl?l pick up big chunks with tbeir Angers bos passed. Capital, mechanical skill and a Urge force of well directed and experienced miners are now absolutely required for the profitable prosecution of gold digging. Th* Gtuvn But. to thk Prwt or Wok Tbe grand ball to be giveu here to the Prince of Wales, if it takes place at the Academy of Music, will bring together some three thousand people in span new costumes of the most costly order, brilliant jewelry, and all the essential etceteras of the toilet. The ladies, of course, will vie with each other in the splendor of their dress on the occasion, which will be the first upon which they have had the distinguished honor of making the acquaintance of BritUb royalty in America. The amount eapeoded upon the ball will therefore be enormous - probably it ?ill count up to half a million of dollars?and our milliners and dressmakeit, our jewellers, and tailors, and bootmakers, and ?0 forth, wilt all be in immense demand from this time until the great event comes off. It is reasonable to suppose, too. that the fashions for the season will be settled by the costumes worn sttfce ball, as everybody, of course, will outdo themselves In style upon that occasion, and we may look out for the most brilliant win ter season of balls and parties, operas and equipages, ever known. Thf Monstk* Ckiox Mrrnxo.?The most active arrangements are being made by our merchants and others for the monster mam meeting, to be held hi this city, of all those op posed to the election of Lincoln ^d Hamlin, and it will undoubtedly be n most imp. >?ing affair. It will combine all In one- ^monster Breckinridge meeting, a monster Douglas meet log n monster Bell meeting and n monster con servative meeting, composed of men of all par ties who are opposed to the dangerous sectional faction of which Lincoln and Hamlin are the chosen i preventatives. It is Axed for the 17th of September, the soniversary of the adoption of the constitution, which the mam will amena ble to preserve and maintain against the machi nations of a mivhievous band of demagogue* AH the oratorical talent and leading states men ot the comet ? aUt * portion of the country will be represented there from every quarter of the Union.* ad in point of numben>, enthusiasm and earnestness, it will excel any of the great revolutionary demonstrations which Europa has witnessed in its stormiest days. Abolition Oalrsgti In the Slave Mates? Mr. Seward's Position. As our readers have beeu made aware, from time to time, during the laat two months, the State of Texas has been the scene of various serious disturbances. There have been rumors of widespread conspi racies among the slaves; of secret meetings convened at midnight by white men, with a view to the inciting of servile insurrections; of numerous incendiary fires, and, by conse quence, widespread alarm among the citizens. Latterly these rumors have taken a more tangi ble form. The flourishing town of Henderson has been burned to the ground, having been set on fire in several places by negroes and their white friends. The same hands have poi soned the wells and Cattle. There can be no doubt as to the identity of the authors of these outrages. Black and white men were taken in the act of firing buildings in Henderson, and hung without ceremony. Negroes have been arrested with strychnine, furnished by white scoundrels, ip their possession. The people of Te;3s Us down to sleep with fear and trem bling. not knowing that their lives will be safe till the dawu of the next morning. It is utfd? tjiese circumstances that we find llr. Seward, a Senator of the United StaWr, making the following comparison in his Detroit speech:? Virginia aad Texas are thrown into a panic even now by the appear en oe or even the sn-pioion of a handful <?f men within their borders. Instigating civil war. Maa-i r.huaetla and Vermont defied British invasion, backed by treason, eighty years ago. This attempted parallel is as abeurd as it is mendacious. The war of the Revolution was an open, honest conflict, the result of a politi cal necessity, which eventuated in the separa tion of the colonies from the mother country Tbe colonists were forewarned, and therefore forearmed. The British troops were surround ed by our scouts, and their every movement was known long before they arrived at any point towards which their arms were directed. How different in the case of Virginia! How nt terly dissimilar the position of Texas! In Vir ginia. John Brown made a sudden raid upon a small and peaceable community, shot down un armed citizens in cold blood, took people out of their beds at midnight, and did his best to in cite tbe slaves to arise and slay their masters. How far tbe Brown conspiracy extended, who were its real leaders, to what extent the servile population sympathized with the old man's trea sonable designs, were questions of tbe most vital importance to every man. wo man and child in Virginia, and the mystery by which their solution was sur rounded, as well as the suddenness with which they were sprung upon a thinly scattered population, naturally produced a temporary panic. That sentiment which makes a man fear for the Uvea of his wife and Aildren cannot be called cowardioe. Its effect, on the contra ry, is to incite him to brave deeds and heroic sacrifices. The cue of Texas la worse than that of Vir ginia. Texas is a border State, and is troubled with all the diseases incident to infantile com munities, and several mora which grow out of its peculiar position and surroundings. On one aide the Texana are menaced bj roving bands of predatory Mexicans; on the other they are in constant danger from hostile Indians. Now it appears that they have been harboring white traitors within their own borders, and that they pre surrounded with scoundrels who stop i fl0 however vile and cowardly, to ac complish their pu. L*,t P*wnrt bring ' the case nearer home. WotJ3 Le n?t be alarm ed if he should hear, while he is expounding the doctrines of the black republican party | in the West, that a number of persons were j loitering about Auburn, poisoning the cattle, | the wells and springs upon the estates of Mr. ! Seward and his neighbors' that incendiaries bad set fire to the town and nearly destroyed it ' altoeethei: and that such was the panic among , the people thai tbe women and children were in fear of their livet every moment of the day and night? No; the parallel given us by Mr. Seward is a moat unfortunate one for him. To compare our Revolutionary sires with sneaking, lying ! abolitionists, who tamper with tbe serraots, i apply the incendiary's torch or play tbe ! cowardly role of the poisoner, is an insult to tbe memory of the former As for the lat I ter, the hemp is grown and twisted ready for their neck*. And we now point to the recent occurrences in Texas, as well aa those in Vir ginia, as the fruit of the theories of the black , republican party practically carried Into affect ' It la Mr. Seward'? "irrepressible conflict" i which is now going on in the Lone Star State. Will the conservative masses of tbe Central States permit this conflict to extend all over [ the South* They can arrest It by del eating | Lincoln. Will they do iff Thk Nkwm mow Host*-***.?By telegraph from New Orleans ws have eight days' later news from TmxtUo, the scene of Walker's last raid in Central America. From the tenor of the newt it would teem probable that the "gray eyed man'' has found bis destiny. The schooner Tonoey left Truiillo on the t:td nil, at which time President Onardloln ems before that town with seven hundred men. and an English man-of-war was in the harbor, with tbe announced Intention of restoring the place to the right/til authorities. On the succeeding day cannonading was heard at Ruatan until noon, which waa believed to be a combined at tack upon tbe position of Walker. It is not very likely that John Bull trill care to have the chief and his followers upon his hands again, and they may therefore have been compelled to i surrender to Gnardiola. Tbe antecedents of this President of Honduras leave little room to suppose that be will measure out any other fete to Walker than that of death. The next news from this quarter trill be looked for with in Tun OoVHKR VAl ITK A XT J Luted.* Move wvjrr.?The Union party growa la strength with each succeeding day. In every pert of tbe Union men of the highest character are coming forw ard to enlist under its banners. We pub lish today an Important letter written by tbe Hon. Henry W. IfUllard.of Alabama, addrer <ed to ax-President Fillmore. Mr. Billiard takes strong conservative ground, and gives n fair, calm, dispassionate and statesmanlike view of tbe political issues of the day. We commend his lotter to the careful pom sal of every one of our renders who has the true interest1! of tbe country at heart. Ths News from Europe?Landtag of Oftrt baUU lm Calabria?The Re roll la *r The America and Prince Albert brio# Urn new* of Garibaldi'* landing in Calabria and of the capture of Reggio bj the volunteer* under hi* personal direction, thus inaugurating the campaign on the mainland. That the place was only taken after some hard fighting show* the liberator will not have quite so easy a oon questasthe newspaper correspondents would bare us believe. It was said that he had only to present himself in Calabria for the whole country, the King's troops Included, to declare in( his favor. The news by these steamers only partially confirms this statement; and the pro babilities are that he will have to fight his way to Naples, and that when he arrives there he will have some difficulty in making himself muter of the city. We shall aee. It should not be forgotten that there Is a middle party in Naples, which, though it is opposed te absolutism, is not yet prepared to accept a solution of the political embarrass ments fif jthe country at Garibaldi's hands. The present ministry, If not the representatives of this party, seem, at all events, to be acting with it, for they have endeavored by their measures to reconcile the King with bis peo ple. Of course no one believes that they will succeed in their efforts. The conduot pur sued by the reigning dynasty for the last forty years <">4 more has left 6n the popular mind too deeply founded a cod viction of their faithlessness and treachery for political concessions to have any weight at pre pent But it is not the less a fact that in the at tempt to carry out their ideas the constitutional party have thrown serious obstacles in the way of the revolution. It is to their interference that the defeat of the various efforts made to in itiate the movement in the capital is owing. The King would have long since abandoned the capital bat for the hopes inspired by these coun sellors. There is no doubt that the majority of them are actuated by honorable and patriotic motives, and that they believe that the only way of preserving the political independence of their country is by persevering in their present course. If tbey are blind to the fact that there is no probability of their stemming the tide which is about to engulf them and the interests with which they are allied, we must set it down to the strength of their prejudices, and not to their desire to protract a useless struggle. But it is this very fatuity on their part that will ren der the march of the revolution less rapid than in Sicily. No one, of course, entertains a doubt of its ultimate success. We only point out these facts to aceount for obstacles which have been overlooked in the sanguine anticipations of those who believe in the magic of Garibaldi's nsme. Whilst thus in Naples the cause of human freedom and of popular government is making steady progress, at almost every other potat to which we direct our view we observe similar cheering indications. Japan and China are on the eve of being opened to Western civilisation and commerce; in Syria, the introduction of a French army paves the way for similar results; whilst in the Armenian provinces, we learn by recent advice* that the flag of revolt baa boeo raised, and that a council of government has been elected, being the first that has been choeen there for several centuries. These events are only the precursors of the great changes that are Impending over the whole of the Ottoman empire, and which, if they do not immediately confer the blessings of popular go vernment on the different nationalities of which it Ls mad# up, will at least ameliorate their con dition. In Hungary the fears of Austria are ex torting from her conoeeaions to the national de mand* and Ven?~ ^ ^ ^ ? words the march of the Italian liberator, confident that every step that brings him nearer to Naples will abridge the term of her own sufferings. In initiating the volunteer system of the United States, and thus strengthening her national defences, Eng land has henceforth subjected to the will of the masses the aristocratic element which has here tofore opposed so many obstacles to the exten sion of the popular liberties. It was but the necessary corollary of such a measure that aha should send the Prinoe of Wales hers to study this country Institutions to which she is so rapidly assimilating her own. And there can be no greater evidence of the progress that liberalism is making amongst the governing classes in Europe than the democratic senti ments to which his jnvenile Highness recently gsve expression in s speech to the workmen at the opening of the Victoria Bridge in Montreal. It was s marked improvement upon the aristocratic platitudes of the gentleman In Europe" to hear his oessor in the asms prlnoely rank declare that England recognised the claims of merit to the highest prises in her power to bantow. Although it most be owned that aha has not been much in the habit of acting upon this principle, we accept the sentiment from the mouth of her future sovereign an an earnest of her intentions. At ail events, s declaration of this kind, costing from such s quarter, cannot fail to Impart an impulse to the progress of liberal ideas all over the world. Thus other nationalities are gradually being brought within the influence of the theories which have rendered the people of this country the hap piest and most prosperous under the son. Let us hope that in the endeavor to adapt them to their own condition they will not push them to the verge of license. Tiik Mi*?uim or rna Cakaiuax Piucsh,?Th# 1 Canadian press is in a terrible state of misery about the reports which the New York papers are publishing of the Prince of Wales' recep tioos is the British provinces, nod they are rep resenting the reporters of the metropolitan journals as a set of vagabonds and all kind* of bad character*, unfit to be received into decent society. They are awfully Indignant and jea lous because we give frill reports by telegraph of the Prince's proceedings fur ahead of thorn - selves, and much more complete nod lamenting than they do who are on the spot. With the ex ception of n few respectable local journals, the Canadian press has gives a very poor and men gre account of the Prince's tour, no much so that the New York papers are received la fing land as the only true and reliable history of the event. By the leading Canadian papers our reporters have been received with every kind ness and courtesy, as wstt as by tbe Prince's suite and the people generally; but tbe small fr^ newspapers heap abuse open them, and diabw. and misrepresent their ispoils in n manner 'Jut impresses that porttoo of tbe public wklrh floe* not toad the Now York papers with as. unfrtsod ly feeling toward* on. hot siMBfle, h was stated lA one td ws rw