Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 8, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 8, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. #AIKI tOKDUI IIIIITI, ?DtlTOR AND PROPRIETOR ?rruu a. v. corks* or namac ano mro* an. to adranee Monty emt by rvail mi" be at the risk tiu sender. Fosiogt statips not rm. sited as subscriptum BAIL T MM ALB tm rente per top*, F7 P** annum. THE WEEKLY HERA Lit, ectry Saturday, a! <u cm- per torn, or as p*r annum, the European Edition eetrn, Wi 1*1 l imfi, Ml Ha rmU per r.ny, t* per annum to any pari of O realEn lain, or 16 lo anil part of the Omtmrnl. Mh lo ?..rW Cutyomia Edition on the US ar.J AHA of each month at eb rente . "f&rTttVuuEwt Wednt+by, at four cent, per ^?TdTvS ^^^HHESPOyD^y*^iUliifi,Z^^i^Tbs mmet,. solicited frvm nny quorfrr of tk* ^ Jf in 1 a"1 , I,1 tk*. m-odi Fobsigb (4i>ivomni Ml ! KMST/ StmtiSrnn to Sa*c all Umtjama amp P*m A J?0 IfOTlCM tat"1 a' antmymom correepondenCA. We io>at m 11 m- ? rrlechut annacumoationt nenrt-HTTSKMEXTS r rowed erery day: luirrrtkcmmt, to eAri uZwmiALT Hirjxb. FaaiLT Haitin. ami to (to Cu\ ornie and European Editiom. jhn PRIXTlXa mended with neatneu, chcapmet and dr VNU* JOTV No. 131 AXUBXNXKT8 THIS ? TAKING. ACADKVT OF MUSIC. street?Italian Ori ai-Ms'..att at One-La BoaaaaaoL*. KTBLO'H OABDKK. Broadway.?Katrssrsian Famrosa Arena. Afternoon and Krealng. vum a AND KM. Broadway.?Faorauoa Aanaaaoa. BOW(CRT TBKATRK. Bowery.?Bicuaac III?Pairs* Nacut?Coma Toa. VAUiAOIl TUKATBI. Broadway.? or Lroas Bcaooc ron Hc*m>*l mtw BOWFRT THKATRK Bowery.-fhaoi or Fatar Ma?Robbkt Maraias. ?AXKlN'B AMKRIOAK MU8KUM, Broadway?Par and K renin* ?Abttol noccia-UssTisa** la Bl*lk?Una* Cnuoa^Tiu. Ac. BRYANTS' MIKHTRKLM Mechanics' Hall. 479 Broadway.? Bnuaa?:u. Bonos. Daataa. Ac.?dears* ai Puaion'A HTBLOW BALOOM. Mi *dw*y.?TToolst A CawraatA'a M pe-tetiA- Hc-aauooi srvnr braaca?Uaan Dowa DatSu tan Tnoarai. _____ K AT'ONAL THKATRK. Chatham alroot.?Caaaaaa or Daata-Nacio Taoarat?Wareaaa'a Fata. f ALACK QAHDKJt. Fourteenth street?Dissolving Yitwa OAKTKRBVKT MLRIC HAIL, MS Broadway.-doxca, Dorcas. Bcaiaaavm Ac. TRIPLE SHEET. law fork., Hatarday, September H, IBM. The Kiwi. The steamship City of Washington, which left IJverpool on the 29lh and Qucen*town on tlie 30th nit., for New York, aimed off Cape IUce at two ?'clock yesterday afternoon. Her advices are two days later than those previously received. The new., is important. Startling events had transpired in the kingdom of Naples. Garibaldi continued his victorious pro. Brest. his forces having again defeated the royal i. U. Gat ibaldi hu^ been proclaimed Dictator at Talenza. A revolt at the capital win considered imminent, aud revolutionary appeals to the people were publicly di-tributcd. It was reported that the King had fled, an event not unexpected; still the report lacks c onlirniatlon. There is nothing important from Syria. The British Parliament was prorogued on the 2?tli ult. A synopsis of the Queen's speech Is given in our summary of the news* Tin- Loudon money market had undergone no change of moment. At Liverpool the cottou mar ket wai generally unchanged, but prices were barely maintained. With favorable weather for the crop- bread i-tuBit arc quiet atul steady. It it stated that the Oieat Kasteru, on her out ward parage, averaged nearly fourteea knots an hour. By the brig F. M. Maybew. Capt. Harvey, we I avc received files of Bermuda papers to the 2<th ult. There is no news of importance. The Assent bly was in rcaaion. On Sunday, the 2Sth. a little before the hour for church service, a terrific thun der storm btokr over the island, in the course of w hich ti e bcotch church in Hamilton w as struck by lightning and almost totally destroyed. For a er.ement or two the whole island appeared to be cuvcioped In a sheet of fire. Fortunately no one was injured. The Breckinridge Mate Central Committee met y esterday at the Aster House, for the purpose of rtter ting a fusion with the Douglas branch of the dc xoi racy; but no! arrangement satisfactory to both parties could be entered into. The former Claimed ten names upon the electoral ticket, and the latter offered sis, at which juncture of affairs the committee adjourned to meet again this morn leg. la the Board of Aldermen last evening a pream ble and revolution* were offered calling on the Mayor for Information respecting the invitation ex tended by the Common Council to the Prince of Wales to visit this city, and, on motion, the paper was laid on the tabic by a vote of nine to Are, without discussion. A resolution was adopted ap pointing a committee of three to inquire into the recent action on the part of the Tolica Com mianioners in enuring the arre*t of idle per nona. Tba resolution afflrma thai many re* ?portable citiaens and residents base been arrested without due warrant, and the committee are in structed to report all the particulars, and what action it ia necessary for the Board to taka in the premise a. The street cleaning contract of Mr. P. Lynch waa taken np. and a motion to confirm It was loet. The City Inspector waa then requested to prepare plans and specifications for cleaning the ?treeta for a term of five years. The City Cham berlain's weekly statement shows a balance on band oiW&.Mtl. The balance of nnexpendad ap propriation on the Jist ult. amounted to Id.* 170.413. The Board of Connciimen met last even og par auaut to a rail of the Prt ddent. After the recep tion of m- t-ral unimportant reports and papers, which st t laid over, the following contracls, sub milted by the Street Coin mission re, were confirm ed, Wm. Bairi being the lowest bidder -'"ontracts for fiaggiag K< ad? street, between Itroadway and City Hall place. till**; for reflapgtng aidewalks in Fifty-first street, between Ninth and Tenth ave* Hues. 11.410 46: fur aetting curb and gutter, and fiaggiag sidewalks in 110th street, between Third ? venue aad Harlem river, and In Biath avenee. from 111th to lltth swells, K5.414 13. The con tract for regulating and gradiag Fifty fifth street, between Third and FUth avenues and Seventh and Eighth avennea. waeaward*d to Thoa. Cummins, hi* bid being M .47^ $3. The Doard ? oacurred in confirm - tng aaaesemcats for the coaatniction of sewers ia va rious streets. Tbey returned, without approval, a document of th- Fire Coiumiedoaora, being a daci ?Ion of thai body disbanding Engine Companies Kos. 18 and 11 for engaging in a riot, and concwrred with the Aldermen la giving permission to the above companies to ma their engines again thus vfrta ?44y overriding the dei ivtow of the Comm *siowera. The Board adjourned Mil TaenUy. c la the (leoeral Haaaioaa yentenlay Judge Rassell a(ate*ied acme notorious burglars to a long term ?f taprtosment ia the Mate prison, the pattiewlan ?f which will he fonnd elsewhere, together with ? description of the meaner la ahich the b Mioses Of the court h conducted T%e Toaaf Mens Hemecrati- General Commit fir* met last evening at Tammany Hall, and reor fraalKed, eieeting Jamw- K Kerrigan President, and Henry J. C&mpbeli aad Charlee V. Lyons Sec retaries. Beeclotioae were paseed deaoanrlng the fiction taken by the Page committee, which may t>e te -nd ia another column The Pellet Commieelooeri yesterday transferred WhiiwBMfi, of the Twelfth ward to the rgbth r-?'.Utd Beveraf reefgnatioas wert re ceicedanJ accepted, lut no buslne^ of import ance wae transacted. Tlio talcs of cotton yesterday ?mtrscod alio it 1,800 1 *tci, elotiaf without chiiijre m prices Flour paesfaln belli at ttrm price*, and adTanced 8c. a 10c. pcrbbl., while tbr market was lets active, and (fesed tamely. Wheat Hat lit i with flrmarss. without change of Im portance to price*. The tale*, including iota t> arrive and r.n tpeculation, were large Cora waa sustained at the previous day's advance, while aaiea were Iocs active and rloaed dull, with a tendency towards easier Fork was leaa buoyant, while fair galea were made at 810 46 ? 810 60 for saw mesa, and 814 18 a 814 26, and 820 80 for clear aaaa. Sugars were steady, with sales of 1,300 lihdt , at rates given m another column. Coflbe waa quiet, la view of the auctioa sale to come off to day. Freighta were steady, with a fair amount of engage ments. Has Oar Gevirnniat Besa a Fatlwra Sine* 18)401?Facts vsmi Reward. In hie carefully elaborated and sophistical speech at Detroit, Mr. Seward asserts that.our political system took a natiouul departure in 1820, and since then the government has, in one word, been a failure. The black republican agitator in this speech plainly sets forth the intention of himself and his party to revolutionize the whole policy of the government, and to oonvert the administra tion of the federal power into a great anti slavery scheme. It is as a pre-justiflcation of such an intent that be boldly asserts that the government has been a failure since 1820. But this is not the fact. Instead of being a failure, the Amer.can government, judged by its results, has been u great success, in procuring prosperity at home and respect and good will abroad. This fa?t has been lucidly set forth by ftr. Everett in his recent reply to the sneer of Earl Grey at universal suffrage and an unbalanced democracy. On that occa sion he gave a glowing picture of the success achieved by this country in driving back the wilderness, in subduing the savage in beast and human kind, in establishing material prosperi ty among the people, in developing the higher i branches of a generous civilization?our in I ventive genius, our historians, our workers in - legal science and public law?and in all the , mighty field of our historic developement and the progress of the arte. It is not difficult to determine what portion of this mighty growth ' has beeu achieved nince the time when, accord ing to Mr. Seward, we took a national depar ture and our government has been a failure. From our recorded history and develope ment we can give a succinct view of our mate rial prosperity since 1820; and if we do not cite the evidences of our intellectual growth, it is because such a citation would require much more space than we can devotwto the subject, and because it is not necessary to do so; for it Is manifest to every one, and it is a recognized truth, that the developement of human knowledge is Inseparable from the pro gre:.- of industry and national wealth. Let us. then, look at the figures and gauge the difference between then and now. In 1820 there wece twenty three States In the Union, now there are thirty-three; then it* area was 1,787,159 square miles, now it is 2,936,166; our population then was 9,638,131. now it is 33.000.000; our registered and en rolled shipping then was 1,280,165 tons, now it is 5.145,137; our annual Imports then amounted to $74 450,000, now they amount to $338,769, 130; our exports were $69,691,669, now they, are $356,789,402; our revenue then was $16, 779.331, now it is $70,000,000; the real and per sonal estate of our citizens then was not over $1 000.000.000. now it is estimated at $10,000, 009,000; then we had 850.009 persons employed in manufacturing establishments,producing oTer five hundred millions of dollars yearly, now we have 1.250,000 persons in the business of manu facturing. We might continue this comparison to a much larger extent; but what we hare said itifHcs to prove the genial results of our government policy in a material point of view, and we w ill turn to its intellectual and moral results. W<* will first contemplate the domestic policy that has contributed to produce these vast re sults. Our territorial eatension, beginning with Florida in lrtl and ending with Cilifor nia. has added thousands of millions to the available wealth of the world. Onr tariff policy, which was discussed from the time of Adams to that of Polk, has swept away all the odiois icstrtctlons of commerce, and become established on the broad and permanent basis of perfec t liberty to Individual enterprise. The divorce of bank and State has been acoom ptiabed, and our currency and trade freed from the opprettlon of a monopolizing bank. Pri ?ate enterprise, in the construction of public works, has been freed from the blighting in fluence of competition with government sub sidised efforts. Our Pacific empire has been founded on Um healthy bads of equal justice to all private rights, and a rest extent of interior territory has been redeemed from the wander log tribes of Indians and transformed Into proe perous States. These great points of onr home policy hare not been failures, but successes. 1 suck as no other got ernment in the world can exhibit Let trs now look at onr progress abroad. At the period when Mr. Seward claims that onr government took a national departure, and that -Ince then it ha- failed to procure respect or good will abroad, the American name wv an aimort unknown one In Europe, eo far ns moral influence wt? concerned, and we may ask with pride, where doer it ?taad nowT Then Europe war forging the Holy Alliance for the rcmbjugatlon of the Hpanlsh- American colo nies our claims for redrew for outrage* under the Order* in Council, and the Berlin and Milan decreet, and other arbitrary proceeding*, were hooted at In every court in Europe, onr com merce a as subject to onerou* discrimination? In half the port* of the world: our flag was de nied the freedom of the seas: onr claim that free ship* make free good*, and onr right of fishery, were d*utsd; pirate* > warmed ia onr own water*, and even a dirty negro potentate ia Bsyti sneered at a* es a mercenary people, who would go to the lafrtwul regions far a bag of ?offee Since then the Msaroe doctrine be* been promulgated, and the resabjugatlou af Spanish- America is as mora thought of: atari} every government la Europe or America he* recognised aad redressed the claims of our eiti nea*: all opto their pert* to ue oo the most fa vored nation term*: the claim of the right of search oa the saa Is abandoned. our doctriae that frea ships make free good* is established: the Amerioaa see? ?ave been cleared pf pirate?; onr boundaries hare been recog nised; at our ngge?Uon the Sound due tt the mouth of the Baltic have been abolished: /spaa opened to the world: the neutrality of the American isthmus secured to commerce, tnd t :j lag and same are everywhere respect ed as tbe symbols of national power and great test. Such are the successful results of that na tlonal policy which Mr. Seward proaonncea to have been a failure at home and abroad. No other nation can exhibit a brighter reoord. Where then are to be found those evidence# of confusion, dissatisfaction and danger which he ; cites? They are to be found In the history of , the times since he and bis factious coworkers \ found their way into the halls of Congress, and 1 Lis fanatical party has become a power in the North. It is he and his fellows who have op posed and endeavored to thwart at every point the foreign policy of the government, to defeat , treaties, to break up negotiations, and by at- j tacking the personal character of the President j to destroy tbe moral power of government It is bis party that has proclaimed domestic war, fostered invaders of sister States, stimulated fraud in legislation and popular commotion in and out of Congress. It is from his demagogi cal example, and the revolutionary and de structive theories of his party, that all these evils have sprung. The dissatisfaction to-day witnessed in the lend is turning upon the fac tious politicians who have created it. and the rising tide of an honest naticnal sentiment will seal them with its indignant rejection in No vember next. Universal Negro Suffrage in This Statf.? The question whether negroee will be permitted to vote universally like white men in this State is to be decided at the ensuing November elec tion by a vote of tbe people. In view of the important bearing of this measure upon parties, and the issue that is now presented to the coun try in the Presidential election, we publish to day a history of the question in another page, to which we direct the attention of our readers. It must be in the recollection of most of them ihat in the Legislature of 1857-8 the black re publican members of both houses, being in a majority, passed resolutions for tbe amendment of the constitution, so as to give all negroes au equal right to vote with white men; which reso lutions, when adopted by tbe people, wonld be come law. and change the constitution. A large number of tbe republicans, however, were not prepared for this change; for, however much they might use the nigger cry in elections, they never bad any serious notion of admitting blacks to equality with themselves. Accord ingly the resolutions were wilfully burked in the executive chamber till the time had lapsed for issuing the notice to the people to vote on the question. Much black indignation was vented upon Governor King. The passage of , tbe resolutions, however, had served the turn of the republican party, and got for them the few votes which ihose negroee who are pos sessed of the property qualification of" $250 now cast. The nigger vote* are wanted again, and there is another bid for them. The reeolu tions were readopted by the last republican Legislature, and this time the notice to tbe people has been regularly issued to vote on the queetien In November; so that it must receive its quietus very soon, or else we shall have universal negro suffrage and general amalga mation established In New York. It remains to be seen whether a sufficient number of white men can be found in this State willing to consummate the act of self-degrada' tion which will bring them down to tbe level of blacks, to tbe same political status as the nig gers of the Five Points. We cannot believe it The gain of negro votes appears to be of vast importance to the leaders of the republican party, a balance of power in their hands to elect men to the Legislature who would carry be most corrupt schemes and flagitious jobs of the lobby, being, besides, of moment to them in Presidential elections, sufficing, perhaps, to turn the scale in their favor. But then there is the gra^c consideration how many votes of white men this amalgamation measure may cost them, and besides there are few republicans of the white race so degraded in their own estimation aa to be willing to be placed on a footing ot social and political equality with the black race. There is every probability, therefore, of tbe negroes being cheated again. Crrr Pouthw?A G*am> Btki ooij: por thk SronA?The delightfully inharmonious condi tion of the democracy in this city just at pra am* stakes the annual struggle for tba city spoils mora interesting than ever. We have to All la Haeambet aararal Important county oAon, judicial and otherwise, and to rote for a foil Assembly and Congressional ticket. Just now the preliminary arrangements for the nominating conventions are being made, and nil tba small politicians In town art in a state ol excitement that beggars description. There is more bribery and corruption, trading and barter lag, buying and selling, than the unsophisticated electors could hare any idem of. Three or four men get quietly together, end transfer thousands of voters, as if they were so many cattle to be driven hither and thKher, aa may beet salt the interests of their masters. It is to be hoped, however, that in tba midst of all this local ex citement the perple of this city will no* over look for a moment the vast importance of the Presidential contest. There can be no stronger proof of the nttor corruption and dsspleable selfishness of all the parties of the day than this same rquabbUng over the spoils, while the very existence of the government is imperilled by taaettos and traitors. Max, not Pnixcmxs.- Senator Seward is bar ing a good time of It out West Whatever mor tiflcation the Ingratitude of M? party may have caused him, it most be la s great degree com pos seted for by Ms present ovations. Never was politicise more more petted, or more adu lated, than Is the rejected of Chicago by the people of Michigan. They have loot right of republicanism, they have ignored the doctrine of a reliability, and they hare altogether forgot ten Linoola la their fever of hero worship. ITow Is It that in the humiliation of hb disap pointments Mr. Seward eietclses a more potent la flounce than the snoessnfol nominee of Ms party? It is because there is something in Mas? because he k not the mere ettgy of a political Idea -because, detestable as ate Ms prlaripise, be has the stamp of mind npoa htm because. In short, he stonde oat from the rnlgar hard of politicians by the superiority of Ma tntoak, his unconquerable energy, and Ms equanimity ai der defeat. Like Mm, Clay, W she tor and Cal houn drew admiring crow*; after tfceta. They

exercised over the multitude that my netls.n of powerful intellects Which son jects irresistibly nil inferior capacities to their Influence. And yet not one of thane greet men succeeded in attaining the only reward thai can satisfy the ambition of an American statesman. Thefwpre all supplanted by Can didates of inferior talent* and of a popularity that could not /or a moment be compared to theirs. After the aame fhshion Mr. Seward has been unceremoniously thrust aside by his party to make room for a man whose only merit con sists in splitting rails or splitting the sides of a village audience with his smutty stories. THe UtNt Ackltvtm??t at ttf M?tr?poU to* Police. The new General Superintendent of Police, fired with the hope of emulating some of his illustrious predecessors, has lately made a tremendous demonstration against the va grants and beggars who infest the streets In the lower parts of the city. On a certain day the members of the force not on post duty were directed, by speoial order, to appear in plain clothes at the several station houses, at eleven o'clook in the forenoon. When assembled, the policemen were directed to sally forth into the highways and the byways of the metropolis and bring in the sick, the lame, the halt and the blind- in fact, to apprehend all the members of that grand army who rise in the morning With out knowing where they will breakfast or dine or sup, or lay their heads for the next night, and who have not the wherewithal to pay their way, nor any visible means whereby it can be obtained. . It is quite unnecessary to say that the class above mentioned is a very ^ numerous one The distinguished confraternity has its castes and grades like any other division of society. There are vagrants in purple and fine linen, as well as In rags and tatters. Persons liable to commitment under the statute maj be found any pleasant afternoon upon the dollar side of Broadway, adorned with all the skill of the tailor, the dressmaker and the bof fin-. They lounge in the public rooms of the fashionable hotels, and loiter about the saloons and barrooms. They are far more dang- ous to society than the professional beggar, latter solicits alms openly, while the tonner picks up a precarious living by acting as a stool pigeon or a decoy for gambling houses, or a pimp for brothels and panel cribs. Under these circumstances, bo well known to the police, the men all maiked and spotted, offering an easy prey, it might naturally be supposed tbat. along with the small fry. Mr. Su perintendent Kennedy s net might possibly con tain a ft w of the big fish. Not so. The police angled for minnows only. They laid violent bands on all persons whose garb seemed to in dicate tlml they were fighting the battle of lire under every disadvantage. Cripples, chil dren and old women were seized with out ceremony, and carried before the nearest magistrate. The scene presented at the Lower Police Court i? said to have been one of unparalleled confusion. The magis trates were obliged to kuspend their ordinary business 'n order to hear these new cases so suddenly thrust upon them, aud all their ai rangements for the administration of justice were upset. When the ca>e* came finally to be heard it was found that, in many instances, the police bad blundered and arrested persons In no way amenable to the law undo: which the force acted. What reparation can be made | to these innocent persous for the annoyance to which they have been objected? And what punishment is to be meteu out to their perse cutors'' And this is not all. Not only do the pouce allow the gamblers and their agents, the keepers of disorderly houses, the thieves and pickpockets, to go scot free while persecuting the poorer vagrants, but the effect of their sudden raids is to produce a reaction, during which Vice and crime have a high holiday, the rogues being fully aware that they may enjoy comparative immu nity for a year or so. Such demonstration,, therefore, do more harm than good, and one cannot help expressing a feeling of contempt for the system which permits a policeman to refrain from arresting a notorious pickpocket, unless taken in the commission of an overt act. and, at the same time, direct- all the terrors of the law against a poor child Who Buy be sus pected of an Intention to ask some good natured person for a penny. It b the duty of the poUce to see that peace, order and deeency are pre served ia the city at ail times of the year, and to arreat vagrants who are public nuisances any where they may tod them, whether in the Five Potate or oo Broadway. What a police force ?teds most is the respect of the people. That ran only be gained hy a steady devotion to duty and abstention from all such absurd clap traps as this last essay of Superintendent Ken nedy?a stretch of authority which, we are glad to my. bm been received by the commu nity with just reprobation. The OmTACLS to Trmox.?Om of the great est obotaclee to the fusion of the conservative vote of thle State on one electoral ticket against Lincoln h the arrofaat poeitioa and the exor bitant demaada of the Albany Regency clique. Thle aet of c heating politicians olaiai that they bare given the Bell and Everett nee ten elec tor*, and therefore they tehee to glee aay to the Breckinridge aad Lane saen. Thle is sheer lapadeaee. They ha*e given the Bell and Everett nen nothing, nor oan they give the Breckinridge and Lane nen anything, for they have nothlrv * ??e. If the three parties do not bake a fair and honeet combination, which all can support, the State wtll go for Lincoln to a certainty. Snch a combination nay give the Douglas end Johnson nen twelve or fifteen electoral votes In this State, and wltbont it they cannot get one. Inetesd of the Albany Regency having anything to give In a combined ticket, they bare got to combine in order to sere what the other par tie* are willing to concede to ttiem. Let the people look to it that the*# cheating party manager* do not defeat the conservative wish of the masses. The Prmwentiat Cxnr.uoN Qmivr, Livn LT.?The Interest In the election campaign In beginning to brighten op, and the fight Is get ting pretty lively. The different candidates who are stamping the conatry are creating quite an ox die owl In nil quartan, although they are one and all shirking the true issue, end devoting their labs? to attacks upon one another aad defences of their own pernoaat claims. The people wfil take the matter Into their own heads, end, entirely dlsre garding both candidates aad leaders, trill unite upon so?f !>?? ^ for ahich the electors Cab vole with aafety to the whole MVhtry. la which evebtlth quite likely that none of Ike preeent eaadidates will be the ehoeen. Things are decidedly pointing is that direction, aad II nay happen, alter all, that their stump gtatorj will go for nothing. KrrLr o? Dovcix* to BH!-cxry?.n>oif.?Tb^ speech of Douglas Ic reply to Brt-ekinri^"*' which we published yesterday, is another ex ample of the same error into w hich Brechin ridge fell in bis speech. and into which Douglas has been continually falling during the cam paign. It is all one tissue of pe - ality. and a discussion about the claims to regain 'sty md support of the rival conventions which aomi Dated the two gentlemen. Mr. Breckinridge, instead of meeting the great issue raised by the ! republican party, wanders into Irrelevant iiuestiona touching himaelf. ignoring the fact that the country does not care a fig about each matters. Douglae commits the eame blunder, iu addition to tiding bis squutter eovereignty hobby to death. By their criminations and recriminations these two candidates are as effectually using i?ach other up aa the Kilkenny cats, and they are doing more' to elect Lin coln than all the republican presses and republican orators in the land. Why do they not imitate the example of Seward and speak to the point? Why do they not employ their talents in answering his arguments? Why do they not attempt to overthrow the dangerous positions of the republican party. Instead of abusing each other ? If they shrink from the is n:e now, what will they do when it assumes a more practical form? How would they meet it If either of them should be elected Pre.-ldent. and If the republicans should, during the next four years, obtain a majority in both houses of C'ongre.-h ? The precious time of the campaign is frittered awsv, and the impression is left to a very great extent upon the public mind that the orators cannot grapple with the republicans, li is the most important election sine* the foun dation of the government; and in the absence c f proper leaders the people will have to take the matter in their own hands. More depends upon the result than upon any previous contest. The republican leaden have declared war rainrt the institution of slavery, and threaten its "extinction" in the Sonthern States so soon es they get the power into their bands. They denounce it as a morel, social nnd political evil, which is destroying the country, and must be put an end to, soon or late. And how do Douglas and Breckinridge face this music? They do not face it at all. They turn their backs, and, as if they did not hear it. launch out 1 uto personal matters and a variety of smu 11 quea lions, which have no bearing on the issue and no interest for the pnblic. Let them only con tinue to carry on the campaign in this fashion to the end of the chapter, and the election of Lincoln is as certain as that to-morrow's sun will rise. Ark TkLEunarus Failuuj??Since the failure of the Atlantic telegraph, experi ment after experiment, in various quarters, ap pears to justify the ooasftMlM that deep sea lines of any considerate length will not work and that telegraphic communication between fat distant points can only be maintained by overland lines and short submarine cables in con. j iDdion. In the British Ilouse of Lords, the other day. a very Interesting debate took place upon the subject of telegraphic communication with India, which we give in another column, together with an article from the London Ob t'Tvtr on the same subject, by which it appears that the Red Sea line to India, which had been successfully laid as far as"Kurauchee, is absolute ly worthless, in consequence of the length of submarine cable it was necessary to employ in crossing the Iudlan ocean. Nor is this the only deep sea line which has proved a failure: the Mediterranean telegraphs here been equally uniortunate; tbe line betweea Malta and Cag liari- a distance of only 80C miles?has also been interrupted, and tbe line from Malta to Corfu has shared a similar fate Of all the deep sea line* that have been constructed, there is not one of any I* ngth at work. The British government, conscious of the ne cessity for telegraphic commncication with its Indian possessions, undertook to grant four and a half per cent upon a capita! of $.'.000,000 to ward* the Red Sea line by Suez. Aden and Ku tuuekee to Bombay; but that line, Ldrd Stanley ?sates, is now "completely broken up and de stroyed."' The effort to connect with India, however, is not to be abandoned; but as it is evident that H con only be accomplished by overland tines, a plan Is in operation to run n line from Constantinople throsgh Asia Minor, Connecting, we presume, with the portion of the ?u?z line now lnid dowu from Kurauchee to Bombay. This line is undertaken In part by tbe Turkish government, and hi already completed as far aa Jezireh?a town on the Tigris, a hundred milaa north of Mosul?and is rapidly being carried on towards Nineveh Frogs Bombay the line will run to Madras and Calcutta, and thence south to tbe island of Java, from whence, by means of short submarine cables, In the shal low water between the islands, it wRl be carried to Australia. By this route a connection be tweea England and her Indian nnd Australian territories may be established; but it will be seen that In accomplish** ft deep |f* jjces of any leegth are to he abandoned, and no?r 1y tbe r^t* I? tj be carried overland through Asia Minor am! IlkdueUn. VrrrlMi listt smtquag England with other nations are only available In time* of peace. War with any power at once seven the wtreo connecting her with that power Hence her great efforts to secure submarine Unee to all parts of tbe world. T?* Lit* Emr un> 8ra*m\o at Soto Bjno P*?ox.?There mnat b? something rndlrally wroog la tie discipline and government of Sing Sing prison. There la hardly a week that we do oot hoar of riot*, murders, ?ui bing of keeper*. attempt* at escape, and such thing*, among the convict* of Uti* establishment. which tardy happen In any other State prlaon la Ik* country. Either the location of the prison la favorable to th* eaoap* of Ha inmate* or Hi ?agentent kawtomdy defetll**. Froaeoat canoe or offero ft happens thai outrage* of sow kind are continually occurring there. The dw parate attempt of alt convicts to caoape m Thai*daj wtU probably reeall I* th* death of two persona, and tt I* very wall known that during tat winter qnfte a irambor of primmer* attempted to wcf aoroea the river on the Ice. Th* Leftelatnpt ought to take eomo measure* to MM'bh where the fault Ilea, and correct It. Th Crotro or 1*60 w th Cm**.?The ceneoe retnrne are being rapidly brought to coaapletioa, and the docnmoota eo far ehow that wMta the locmaee of population la the princi pal Western cities la vary groat, the cities on the Atlantic hoard have not grcwn tc much u woe anticipated, with the f xjeptien of Hew York, wb'ch hue Uov4 f"om In l**'1 td #'30,000 tills year. New York, however, aii^t maintain tacrease eteadily. for it doce DOt 4c fact represent any ieC^o? ?f the country. It is es,,^nt'af'y B national city. ?.n<* belongs to the whole L'nion. Brooklyn, too. Mf** ?f our Ktbnrbs, rea'.'ke? a proportionate inci^JH* frr>m ('0,000 In 1S30 U'? nearly 300,000 in 18C0. Balti more. it ia ascertained, haa not grown ao larb^ly as was expected, and the same is true ef nearly if rot nil the other AtMmtic cfttee. The prin cipal cities of the West, hcwever, loom np very respectably, as follows:? m,m> t*jm Oi ra|C hSS MSJBOS Bt Loan " 1SC Milwaukee Thus it will be seen that the principal ?? rrt-tts in the population of the country is tei" place in the rising citiee of the great West. Shipbitlding is New York.?To-day will be launched from the yard of one of our moat eminent shipbuilders the first steamer that lias been constructed for Braxil in this port. There are two others on the Blocks for the same destination, and it is likely that M soon as the qualities of these vessel* are tested, the work of our New York shipbuilders frill for the future receive the preference out there. There ia also to be launched to-day from an other yard in this city a steamer built for thn China trade. Hitherto the Brazilian government has had all its steamers constructed in England, where upwards of two hundred river and coasting steamers have been built. It is constantly adding to the number, and as the resources of the en. pire become developed its wants muri rapidly increase. It is therefore lucky that New York has secured Brazil as a customer In this line, and It is equally fortunate for her that she has sent us her orders. She will now get a superior clam of vessels to any that she has hitherto bad. New York is the great centre of talent in this way, as it is in everything else. We do not build ships after the fashion of the Maine people, oonstroct them by the mile, and then cut them up and sell them by the yard, juat as a Paris baker disposes of hie bread. We bestow pains on our models as well as on our workmanship, and we pride ourselves on turning cut a kind oi vessels that cannot be surpassed. Our superiority in both these respects hns met with abundant recognition abroad, for we have been building r teamen for the Russian. Austrian. Turkish. Spanish and South American governments. Our skill in naval construction is, in fact, so highly appreciated in Europe that our shipbuilders are continually receiving tempting offers from foreign governments to take service under them. Since the time of the celebrated Eckrord. who accepted the offers of Sultan Mabmoud and became chief of the navy yard at Constantinople, many of our beet build eis have passed iato the employment of other States. It was only the other day that two of them?Donald McKay, who constructed the Great Republic, the largest sailing vessel that has ever been launched, and William H. Webb, the architect of the superb Russian ? fiigate. the General Admiral?went out in the Persia for the purpose of conclud ing some large foreign contracts. It is not improbable that inducements will beheld out to them to fix their residence abroad. So great is the confidence entertained in our build of vessels that, In view of the pressure of fo reign orders, our ship yards have found it ne cessary to confine themselves to specialities, oce undertaking war, another passenger, n third river steamers, and so on. This is an encouraging state of things, and it is fairly merited by the scientific labor and me J chanical skill bestowed on the work that we turn out. There has not been a single Improvement of I any consequence effected In shipbuilding foe the last quarter of a century that cannot to directly traced to this country. W# have built the fastest yachts, the fastest dipper ships, and furnished the models for the fastest steamers afloat Even the Great Eastern owee her beauty of outline, In which the consciousness of hsr stupendous bulk ia lost, to the inventive genius of the ii** George Steers. Let our ship build ers not rest satisfied with their triumphs In the past, and they will not only retain the confi dence. but will soon monopolise nil the patron age, of foreign governments. Tbk Latcst Lmmm mom ?? the Massacho urn Sosooi."?We publish elsewhere the cell lot an antl slavery convention to ho hali ?ft TIT n i noelnr d^^m AMaMfll l? OTrrPlrTj B?WwCiiuP?IW> w?irill|J VOW vUl 1 ?l month. The cell b signed by John Pterponft end the notorfons Stephen lb Feeler, aad U In dicate* that e certain section of the Garrbonhm part? has come ont from theft organisation end purposes to erect a frcttoa still mere radioal than the radical aktttkebti theme shrss. He fret b patent haft, while the edhermb ef Om rfeoa hare been pretending that ttdr orgnnhm tlon wee n non political one, they here etill coquetted with Henry Wilson 094 Other promi nent men In tha bla? Plnd '?f tide are* n^t disposed to deolere itself openly in freer of frt immediate an! Oh conditional abolition of slavery fat the States where It ezfrte, Foster * Ce here oome ont wilk a now plan, wharohy the slave b to be translated Immediately from bondage to free dom. Tbe Gawbunftane Ignored poltttm and politician*: tbe new frotloo parpoem to enter the party arena. Tbe whole movement, we apprehend. I? Intended to old Lincoln In securing tbe rapport of tbe radical abolitionists In Msssacbanotts and Hew Tork, who onmber some seven or sight thou sand voters, mors or less, end ?0I ho very glad to get Into the repobltcaa ranks If there b eap chance for the federal spoOn Tbe nomination of Andrew, a thoroughgoing abolitionist, of Mr. Seward's ' Massachusetts school," vn the entering wedge in this movement: tbe Plerpont end Foster convention b the second step In the seme direction. These movements are of the great est Importance so showing the tandeosy of the republican party to adopt, In fctfl, the doctrines of the radical ebolIUenbts, and by the election of Lincoln to pave the way frt the subjugation of the Sooth. He geesMra b. whether or not the coueervetlro assrara af the Central States will unite to defrdft liocota. aad thereby overthrow these fraatlea whs ere la boring for the dbeolatbm of the Union aad the overthrow of thoao luHtations wMeb have made tbe l aited States a great Power among the nations. a beacon light to tbe oppressed all over tbe habitable glebe. ?mt Teem Ceeel Telle. Au.urv.mpt T, IMP The to'ta ftr frs 0??rtb *?** rf teensl ?rafSSfrS *v** .J _-l ?r tsm The erass the ems Is gwetei tin Ike satin eassifts of the tbwtb **X of list pk