Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 11, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 11, 1860 Page 6
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NE\t YORK HERALD. JANK8 U*bKUON UKNSf KTT, KI'ITUK AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. CORNER OF NASSAU AND FULTON HT3. TERMS, rtuh in advanr*. Mimt% H mait %till be at tb' fi*k of (A< Ktwifr. Pottage not r$ertvwi a* toimerijtfttM Tlfr. DA 11 r nr.KM n lire mtl pfr rof?y, ?7 P'< itnnwn TDK W1.KK1.Y HEHALD, ?*ry Hmtunlay, if eepy.?S p? it in. unt, |A? Huropnih KdUUm **fj/ " -I110..I [V At wtx It pt mro. V4 proim-im l'i?ypi'l? tfr/vir Ni'-i i. or 96 to unt ljurf V tAr (imtiurnt. toM to tnrlml- p '?UV ? . Calif-mitt Jfili'i*. on thr &th an.l *)(A of wtoA mioitiKM >u rtnl mtr ,.<yy. or H to prr annum. , I 77/f r.iMlL I H KHALI' oh Wcdneplap, At f'W emt-pfr ?VorUsKliTtoBHKrOSnMrr*, containing ' mv. ?Until from "1 ounrfer r>f (A* tcorlil.V . tSrrulIp I miti f.? W < >0* foUKlun ' ^*1 AS." fmncnun Kiui'HTit to coal- *tt L*rT*m *?o r*c* * WO N077(Tf toArn ?/ .(*???? eorrr?po<i?4r?at W? dunol ra#wm rnjfrtoi ciimmunirtiliont , ADVEHTl.tl'.MksTS rrn'trol m-my tiny. it'll'rti'rinenfr in trrtil in Iti \t?**i? llHUD, K*niLT tlaiUJJ). uh<1 in (A* Qj(</orr??o ii?<f Kwopoui Kdiiitmt ./UN PMUfTlXH tuo ulmt n tlh moIiim, clteapntm and tit Vslnat XXV No. MSA AM'HEMENTS THIS MVXNTHO. ACAOKMY OF MU8I0, Fourteeulh etreet.?Italiao Or* i A?It T*o> atokx K1BLOH QARPEN, Broadway.?I^OMTiliR l*IUOU FIFTH GARDEN, Broadway. OppaOU Rood atrwal l(o** *o Good Lot*?An Boon in mctiua?I*i*n Tio**, BOWKRT THEATRE Bowrry.-Wii.ua s Tali-CousiB Too LAURA EEKNK H THKATRB. No. <21 Br.>*dw?y,-Tbi Moiiit Uot. BOWERY THEATRE. Bowory.-Bnai or PAl ?Shady Mieoikt. HEW vrft-i BARNUM'H AMERICAN MUSEUM, flrondimy -Day nod Nren'n*?Joocru aBD lli B**th*il!i?I.i?iru Ucniosi CIOA Ae. BRYANTS MINSTRK1JI. Mechanic*' Hall. 471 Bm?dway.? Fr 1?T Sokua, DiM'm. Ao.?I'uiW Koait tor. NIBLO'8 HALOON. droadwa) -Umiut A ('iimu't aftn*T**u>-Bc?! ???u* Nronr Sraacn? Kiturnid CAtirov ______ NATIONAL THEATRE Cbntaum etreet -??imii*ii?ii Nib?1*1(8 AajOAaNC* a*d Yabkbi Moohstt?Blacv Kt*a NoBAJr CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, ?63 Rr,?dw?r - Sonoo. Pa*on*. Be*i ?pool. Ac. TRIPLE SHEET. Now York, Tor*d*y. SepUmb?r 11, 1N0U uiu rat m p4cvk. ?low York HtraM-UAlltoralA Bdltlon. The moil oteomahlp Northern Ltcbt, C*pl Tinklepnogh, Will leave thin port to day, at noon, for AapmwaJ The naila Ihr Oailfbrnla and other porta of the Pacific W'.U oloae at ton o'clock thl- morntajt. The Naw Tom WanLT Hniui?lAlifornia edition? Boetalnluf the la tee t 1bL<I licence from all porta of the wjrld, wttA a tarfa quantity of local and mun-ellaorMMia matter, wUl ha publiahed at half paat nine o'clock in the ?tontine Single ooplea, >a wrapi>era, ready for maUint, tlx oenta. Afeete will pleaaa aend In their order* *a early aa poa ?Ma MAILS FOR ETJBQPB. Th? ?? w \?ik Her Kid UitltUa (tor Kwrupa. ThaCuntrd mill rtrvmihip Africa, Captain Sh.itirou, Will loave thia port to morrow for Liverpool. TUa European tunli will c.isa us Ibil c.ty to tnorraw morning at eleven o'clock. Ttoe Rcanr*** R?mn* or mi Hnum ? 111 bo publtahM %t too o'clock la tbe moralng. fllagla oopMk, la wrap pars, ate centa. Tba eo-jteata of ibe Irnomi Enmo* or tot llmui ar'U combine the new* received by mall an.l lel-grapb at Uta oB.ce during tbe previous week, in.I up to the hour af publication. Tha tawa. The elcrlion In Maine for members of Congress and flie legislature, and State and county officer*, look place ycrtcrday. and, as will be seen by our telegraphic despatches, the republicans carried nearly everything. The vote was the largest ever Ctst in the State, and the republican gain is consi derable. Tha ateamahip Bohemian, with European ad yiefs to the .K)tb ult., arrived at Further Point yes terday. tier news is one day later than that prwrlonaly raceired. hare Important new* from H ndnraa. V* a her ha* again failed in hi.- filibustering enter p ire. The c ommander of the British man of war i;uu. whose arrival at Truxillo has been already reported. ordered Walker to eracnate the town, which he did, pursued by hi* enemic* down the coaat. He undoubtedly had a severe struggle with ho* foea. as by last accounts hi* force waa reduced (rom eighty to twenty-fire men. and he bad him sell been severely wounded In tbe face and one of hit colonel* killed. Seven of hi* wounded had keen placed on board tbe Icarua. The bark Roebuck, from Buenos Ayres and Mon tevideo.* ?* about two week* later newa from tho-e pj j. lift. Crqniia was in Buenoa Ayrea during the celebration of national independence, J thy I, and during the review aomc acta of innub Ord.netion occurred on the part of the military. Which, however, were overlooked. Election* to the Convention were to be held on the 5th. 6th and 7th Of August. Hold discoveries are announced in tbe province of San Juan. Tbe Briti?h residents oi Buenos Ayres had presented an addreaa to Gen. Crquixa. with which he was teu h gratified. Trade was duii. We have ac-iwmts from Havana to tie 7th iost. TV- - \gat market wa? d ill. and freight* had slight ly de lined. Tie health of tbe < ity waejood. The Tevlot had arrived at Harana IH>m Vera Cniv. with M.7?ulOO in specie. Miramon w.is at the capital, concentrating hia forces, and the lib-rats were advancing rapidly on the c ity. In our Havana corie*poodeace, elsewhere, will t>e fo- nd an account of the late Spanish cvpedition to Han Ttoa ingo. ita object*, origin. Ac. There is something rathrr mysterious in the affair. Oar corre poodent hints that ?'ranee ha* designs on Ilayti and aan tion* Spam * movements n San f?cmirgo. By Uie arri i at of the overland pony express we l ave a ll ire* from Saa Francisco to the 2'Hh alt. The people ? ( ('.Aifortiia are entirely alraorbed in Ibe political canvas*. which bid* fair to be a* virulent as any that ha v been held in that State. Bo*.ne?* at San Franc i-co waa rather dull. The siath annual regatta of the Hmpire City Re Cub took place opposite Conrad's Park, ia li e E??t river, yesterday. The weather wae very Bne and the attendance of spectator* unusually li'ge. There were five races fbr priaea of mor- or l-es ?alue. and tbe distance run waa Ore mile*. Tbe brat race, for fishing boa fa not exceeding ?ev tnttea feet was won by the Atpht: the aeconJ, Mx-oared lapstreak boats, manned by amateurs, by the Gttlirk: the third, seventeen feet working boat*, by the Joseph Br >wn; the fourth, four oared boat , by the George J. Brown; the fifth and last fact, for tha champion will* and champion flag Was woa by the M*y Brll Roberta, rowed hy Pat. t*"li Lynch, who beat hi* entnpe'ftor*. Thuna* Duma and Thomas Hunt, by on* hundred boata' lengths?time 40 minute* 11] second*. The wills of Victor U. Andnbou, John W. Bow. flea and John T. Allen have all been admitted to f-girate. The property distributed hy rh*m |, efm p:derail#, bat It is bequeathed entire';- to tbe rtla Uvea of the testators. H Police Comnit sinner* yesterday received I * ' .uritioa of pat oia n Jobs l. xn. of the b- t th precinct. In tale eflb t f?< ti.lief I b t II.X,*, ?: the Tvelfi: pr , ? *at grant Hlggan.t, of the Th.'.teenth precinft, tranv ferrt'd on Haturday to other w ard?, were ordered to remain in their old place<> until further notice. The forty-Mranth anniversary of the battle of l.ake Erie, in which the American naval forces ga.ued au important and decisive victory over the British arnu, waa celebrated yes terday at Cleveland, Ohio. Borne tliirty thou sand pers( as participated in the ceremony of in augurating a moiuunental statue to Commodore 1'erry. the hero of the victory, amot>( whom were several survivors of the conflict, and the Governor and staff, and members of the Legislature of Rhode Island, of which State the Commodore was a na tive. George Bancroft, the historian, was the orator of the occasion. His address, and an ac count of the celebration, are given tn to day's pi per. It ia understood that the Albany Regency State Committee have, by a large majority, rejected the proposition of the Breckinridge men for a fusion upon the Presidential electoral ticket. Another meeting, however, of the Btate Committee is tc be held at the Bt. Nicholas Hotel, in this city, on Friday next. The committee of the Aldermen, appointed to Investigate the reasons for the r -moral of Messrs. Tappan and Craven by the Mayor from their respective positions of Commissioner and Chief Engineer of the Croton Water De partment, were to have met yesterday after afternoon at two o'clook. There was only one member of the committee present, however, and the investigation did not proceed, thoagh Messrs. Tappan and t raven were present. A communi cation was received from Mayor Wood, declining to attend the meetings of the committee. The summer is past, and as regards the public health the season lias been a very favorable one. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 614 deaths in the city during the past week, a decrease of 10 as compured with the mortality of the week previous, and 44 less thau occurred during the corresponding week la?t year. The re j ca| ito.ation table gives 2 death.-of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac, 82 of the braui and nerves, 6 oi the generative organs,? o* the heart aud blood v< -*ela. 117 of tiie lungs, throat, Ac.. 7 ot old age, 42 ot diseases ot the skin and eruptive fevers, 1^2 ot diseases oi the stomach, bowela and other di gestive organs, 64 of general fevers, 6 premature births, 2 of disease of the urinary organs, and 30 from violent canaes. The nativity table gives 375 natives of the United States, 81 of Ireland, 30 of Germany, 10oi England. 1 of Scotland, and the ' balance of various foreign countries. The cotton market was steady a at pr.ces unchanged, while the sales embrace.' (SCO a 700 bales Four ad vanced live cents per barrel for some descriptions, while the market was more active, with purchases of State and W eat era brands on speculation and for shipment South ern tlour was firm and prices unchanged, while the de mand was gord. U neat was active, and some descrip tions of the better qualities were Arm, and sales, here and to arrive, on speculation and far export, were large Cora was also Orm. with large sale# at prices given else where rork wan steady, aud in fair demand, with sales of new meet at 619 46 a 619 60, and of tew prime at 614 12K a 614 26 Sugar* more steady, with a good demand from both the refining and grocery trade, with ?aiea of about 1,100 bhds., 930 boxes and 660 bags at rates given In another column. Co toe was quiet,awaiting I public sales to he held to day. Freights were tolerably 1 active, with wheat engaged for Liverpool, la bulk, at 12 v, d , and chit fly ta ship's bags at 134 A vaasel was chartered for Clasgow to load with wheat at p. t. A British bark for Bristol to load wheat, la bulk, was taken up at IS>id. In ship's bags. Th? PolltlriMi Btttca and llu FatUa nadt-Tlii Daly of tha Ncaultr Meet* In*. The pressure of public opinion haa forced the leaders of the democratic factions to ar range the basis of a union of all the conserva tive interests on a single electoral ticket, ao that the Empire State mgy be saved from the disgrace of permitting its voice to be cast for a radical revolutionary candidate by a fanatical minority of the people. This consummation, so devoutly wished for by every patriotic citizen, has been brought about against the will of the shortsighted and selfish managers of the two political organiza tion*. and is a manifest acknowledgment on their part of a conviction that the masses will not support either of them separate ly in their insane projects. It had be come evident to the managers of the Breckinridge interest, the l>ouglM in terest and the Bell interest, that without a fusion the State would be lo>t. and each set wished to avoid the blame of bringing about such summit. Under this conviction tbey have made waty advances to each other, but each striving ail the time to cheat their opponents and secure the lion's share of the public plunder. This haa been tbe constant aim of Dean Rich mond and his clique, and of Gideon Tucker and his set, in the recent negotiations between tbe Douglas and Breckinridge interests, which have resulted in forcing each party into a position which is in itself an equitable fusion of the . electoral tickets, and now only wait* the rati fication of Green and Richmond, the chairmen of the opposing State central committee*, to I present the united conserv ative ticket for the support of all classes of tbe people. Tbe details of this negotiation, which ha* re sulted so differently from what its conductors deaired. are curious and instructive. The Richmond. Cagger A Co. committee, finding that the onu- of a refusal to fti*e oa an electo ral ticket was resting on them, and doing them great ir jury in all parN of the State, ap pointed a sub-committee, composed of Ben. Wood and two others, to confer with the Breck inridge men. but gavs this tub committee no authority to clinch a bargain. In view cf this step tbe Breckinridge committee, presided over by John A Green, met at the Astor House, and appointed a similar sub committee, to confer with Ben. Wood and his colleague* The* sub committee* met and warily sounded each other. After ascertaining their respective view*, they presented their several ultimatums, upon which tbey thought no agreement would be made. Tbe Breckinridge men demanded ten electors, being an equal number witb that arranged with tbe remnant of the old Rnow Nothing organiia tlon and the Douglas men refused to conoede more than sir. On obtaining this result the Breckinridge Slate Committee passed a series of (famine revolutions, authorizing their chairman to arrange a fusion on tbe rejected terms, and adjourned sine ?(<>. This put the onus on the Pouala* snb committee, at the proposition was an equitable one; and Ben. Wood, as noon as be found that th- Breckinridge committee had finally adjourned, wrote a letter to Its chairman agreeing to accept, as far a* he had authority, the terms be had before t< -d. and to recom mend their adoption by the Douglas State Com mittee. By this system of mutual cheating tbe com mittees have each overreached themselves %nd agreed to accept an equitable fusion and they hare thrown the whole onus of defeating the mens;.re v,pr>n Richmond, Cagger A Co., by re ferring i|,# ? tp J ?ha A Green tnd l*ejo fi'cbv V" Gt?'U I* - .thotvrd by hit. tr mlttee to fuse the Presidential electoral ticket with ten Breckinridge elector*, and the DotiglM sub-committee bare recommended an accept ance of these terms. The object of the several managers was to prevent a fusion, so that they might not have to divide local spoil-, and to throw the blame of a failure on the opposing faction. One wants to go to Congress, another aims to be a great local politician in vier of possible federal spoils, and all prefer fight ing each other and letting the State go for Lin coln rather than give up their petty local aims. They have cheated each other, and overreached i themselves, to the manifest advantage of the country. I>ean Richmond and his corrupt Al bany clique have got themselves into a position technically known in Wall street as a corner. Instead of having the blame of a defeat thrown ! upon the Breckinridge faction, it is thrown upon them. If they refuse to ratify the action of their sub committee, it will be an open oonfes j sion that they are working for Liaooln, and this will be the last of the rotten Albany Regency. I Richmond, Cagger A Co. will subside mto the bosom of Thurlow Weed's Albany jinto, and - we shall hear no more of them. ' Oar Albany correspondent telegraphs thai news of the proposed fusion has thrown Csgger A Co. into dismay, und that Richmond has start f ed hot foot for this city, to endeavor to break it up But it is too late. The ball has been started, and the people will accept the fusion without the politic:anv Should Richmond re fuse to ratify the arrangeme.it his sub ordinates have blundered into, then ail that will be wanting is that the great Union meeting which is soon to come off iu this city shall present a Union ticket of ten Breckinridge, ten Bell and fifteen Douglas elec tors and appoint a Vigilance C'ommitiee to ?ee that the corr pt political mancgsrs do not sell themselves to Lincoln and attempt to burke iL The merchants and property holders of this city, whose vast interests are at stake, should at once raise one hundred tho;isand dollars for the expenses of the election, and confide it to the Union Vigilance Committee to see that it is honestly expended in printing and circuiting documents, and other necessary and proper ex penditures. By so doing New York tun be car ried against Lincoln without a doubt, ami the national conservative interests of thl- uu-U'opolis will have defeat* d tly revolutionary und de structive designs of the black republican and abolition fanatic*. Let every m?n prepare for the work. Ex rK.ioRPJxxRV Arrrvirr 01 the Fat TrtAUK - The fall trade is opening at an advanc ed period and with unusual activity this sea son. The city is full of purchasers from all quarters of the country, and the businer-s pro mises to be one of the largest and most profita ble we have ever enjoyed. The abundant har vests of the West, and the fine cotton crop of the South?which, notwithstanding the partial drought which visited some of the Southwestern State*, is exceedingly large?have imparted a wonderful stimulus to trade in the metropolis. One of the strongest evidences of the prosperity of business is the immense increase of advertis ing which we experience at tke present time. We have never had euch a flood of advertise ment* pouring in upon us at ao early a period of the fall season before. On the days when we do not publish a triple sheet we are invaria bly obliged to leave out some advertisements until the next day. It is impossible to accom modate all our advertisers in the ordinary dou ble sheet editions. Veeterday, for example, we were compelled to hold over a full column of advertisements, for want of room. There i? nothing to cloud the splendid pros pect before us but the unsettled condition of the political relations of the country, pending the Presidential election. If. among all the agitation and speeches of the different candi dates. the people could get before them the l?sue. plain and simple, upon which to vote for some one man of conservative tendencies, to defeat the dangerous revolutionary faction led by Lincoln and Seward, and the other abolition agitators, two to one even of the Northern States would go for him. The only danger now to the realization of the magnificent promises of commercial prosperity before the people is the ; fear that th's sectional agitating party of Lin coin and Seward may be successful?a party which, if it attains power, will disturb all the relations of the country, political and commer cial. which may lead to local Insurrections and general anarchy. With such a prospect before them, it is sot to be expected that people srUl base much upon so uncertain a future, and ths wonder is that business is so activs just now I even as it is. Tar. F.ia<tion ix Maim.?Our telegraphlo despatches (Von Maine show that the election ! in that State yesterday U like the handle of a jug. all cn one aide. Lincoln and Hamlin'? lr repreaaible conflict, and Seward's policy of aboliahing the amy and nary, in order that emancipated and free negroes in the North may t.e permitted, unmolested, to carry civil war and the reign of terror into the Southern States, are ; endorsed in the most thorough manner bj the Malneaca. Washburn has been elected Go vernor. and ail tbe members of Congress and of both bouses of the State Legislature are eup posed to be of the true abolition stripe. This settles tbe question of the duty of the national conservative men of New York. They sta^ bets t en the Northern and Southern fanatical, sectional factions; tbey It will be that will receive tbe shock of a collision: their inte rests a ill be the first to suffer and the greatest sufferers, and their paramount duty now is to stop these tides of extreme sectional fanaticism. New York must save the Union from the terri ble results that would flow from the election of a fanatical Northern President. It Is in the handa of tbe national conservative men to do thl?. by presenting and sustaining a union elec toral ticket, in which tbe three schools of con servativee shall be equitably represented. Let them remember the olden time, whea It was saM, as goes New York, so goes the Union;" and let every New Yorker throw aside all local and partisan preferences, and determine to go into this fight as a national man. and to win it on the broad baais of tbe nnion of all for tbe ?ike of all. Thf. G i8at DotOtn Binngcrr To-Mowt<>*e.? A grand Douglas barbecne will come off to morrow at Jonee" Weod. for which the most extensive qjparatior.s are being made, bands ' of monk areparading tbe streets, calling atten- I tiofi to tav fact that a monger 0, ?U] roaeted whole npcn tbe o?( asion. B th the President and Vice P:?-dent who m y Id 1'ke to be M*>?rs IV i glrs and J- hn- I ? M '' f ? *1 1 -1 J W*' tunity will be afforded the former to express himself upon a subject about which he h&a been remarkably silent up to tYis time. Mr. Douglas has been making a great many speeches all through the country?South, North and East?and expatiating upon a va riety of topics, chief among which were the antecedents of Mr. Breckinridge, into whom he has been pitching without stint of words or re heme nee; but he has never delnitely stated whether he (Mr. Doughs > is in favor of fusion? that is, cf a union electoral ticket against Lin coln and Hamlin in this State. If he is not in favor of fusion, then he is electioneering for Lincoln ;jmd as, without fusion, he cannot get one electoral vote in New York, of course h< is working for Lincoln, and against himself. At the barbecue of to morrow is just the fit ting time to explain himself explicitly upon that point, and it would be well for some one to aek him the question while he is delivering his oration. The Presidential finestlun?Public Senti ment Right, bwt Oar Old Party Ilaeks All Wrong. In all great political revolutionary or reac tionary movements, our old party politicians, while they imagine they are leading, are in re ality far behind the march of public opin ion. At all events thus it has beeu in all the vicissitudes and changes of our political par ties since the day of Gen. Jackson's elevation to the Presidency. The democratic party, which was created by Gen. Jackson, was founded upon the one great idea of the prostration of that powerful mo neyed monopoly, the United fctates Junk. With the prostration o! that institution the le gitimate mission of the democratio party ii Gen. Jackson was accomplifhed. and the whig party of Henry C'lay was beaten from the field, fciacv 'bat day the successes of whigs and de mocrats in our national contests, with a single exception, have been the results of accident or some desperate expedient for the passing hour. In 1M0, with the l'uit?>d States Bank out of the way, and upon the financial troubles result ing from the pet bank system, the remains of Gen. Jack-on's democratic party were so badly beaten that many sagacious men supposed that this w.ts the finishing blow. But this delusive triumph of the whig- was turr. J to ashes upon their lips, with the disastrous efforts of Mr. Clay to re-eetubli-h that exploded institution, a United States Bank. Defeated by the vetoes of John Tjier. the bank question was again put out of the way. and the whig and the democra tic pai ties were again left withou( au \ great overruling specific isaoe between them. In this exigency the leaders of thewlemocracy bit upon the expedient of the annexation of Texas, for the campaign of IS H, against the whigs under the banner of Henry Clay. This was a happy hit; but even the popularity of the Texas annexation project would have failed against the universal por-onal popularity of Mr. CI a., bad he not written a little half way annexation letter to Alabama, which turned over to Birnev some fifteen Ahoueand anti slavery whigs in New York, thus turning over this State to Mr. Polk, by the rote ot which he vu elected. In 1848 the family quarrel between the Van Buren democracy of New Yotk and the Demo cratic Convention at Baltimore reen'ted in the defeat of Gen. Case, by turning over the elec toral vote of New York to Gen. Taylor. Thus the election of 1844 and that of 1848 were both determined by the mere dtoraiou of the anti-ala ?ery balance of power of the Empire State, and thua this anti slavery element loomed up into a formidable engine among the managing politi cians. especially of the whig party. The contest of 1852, however, decisively ex hibited the feebleness of this anti-slavery ele ment against the united conservative forces of the country, in the election, elmoet by the unanimous vote of the several States, of an ob scure New England politician over the meet distinguished military chieftain of the age. This was the result of an issue which the people ac cepted between the position of Pierce, as the bead of a conservative movement, and the pod of Gen. Scott, as the supposed instrument of W. H. Seward and other snti slavery agita tors to compass the control of tbe government. This election of Pierce was a conservative triumph agvtnet the slavery agitators; but he was too blind to perceive it He accepted it as a victory of tbe democratic party, and tbe leaders of that party adopted the same fatal blunder. Thua. overlooking tbe people uud tbe real issue of bis success, poor Pierce, with Mr. Douglas and tbe managers of the demoera cy in Congress, teas led astray to that ruinous offering to the Southern democratic pro slavery politicians of tbe Cincinnati Convention, the Kansas Nebraaka bill, whereby the fbet was instantly discovered that the existence of an all powerful democratic party was a miserable de lusion. What next* To save themselves from abso lute annihilation, the managing politicians at Cincinnati were compelled to cast overboard both Pierce and Douglas, and all ethers con cerned in that Kansas Nebraska reopening of the slavery agitation, and to take up Mr. Bu chanan. whose perfect innooenoc in that matter no man could question. Mr. Buchanan's per sonal popularity, by tbe narrowest possible es cape, saved the demoralized democracy from a crushing defeat. It wa? hoped that this narrow escape from destruction would operate to teach aome ice son* of prudence and wisdom to our demo cratic politicians: but tbe evidences to the con trary are before us in tbe present disjointed and confused condition of the overwhelming forces opposed to this anti-slavery republican party. The whig party has been dead and buried for eight years; but still there are halt ing old line whigs all over the land hopeful of a resurrection, and halting upon old whig prin ciples. Tbe same may be said of the debris of the late American party and of the late democratic party. Tbe old party hacks of each are sticklers for their party principles sad plat forms, and what not. when all these things are the useless remaining rubbish of parties that have ceased to be. Such are tbe incumbrances which block tbe way to a cordial fusion of the overwhelming conservative body of the people North and gouth ng. in.?t this slarery agitating and sec tional republican party. But some important liepl it?. J been made in the removal of these obstructions, &&d Wta2p ,be ,wo "on,h* 'ad vening to tbe day of the great \>attir u>e toll ' scrvative elements of tbe North may be brought ?<? emulate the <?> onpi* of faJon men of the feut In 11?<? view. In spite of foolish and I cro'jbt . t?'it' ?e ?.m s Untaki the ground that Lincoln and the republican party may not only be defeated, but may be utterly crushed out In November. Accept Ion of tbe Prince of Wales in Mew York?.Disclaimers of Party Peeling In His Regard. We publish elsewhere an article from the Metropolitan Kecord, the tCcial organ of Arch bishop Hughes, strongly condemnatory of the dbgraceful party feuds which ottered a tempo rary interruption to the good feeling and har mony that have everywhere marked the recep tion of the Prince of Wales In the British Pro vinces. This article, taken in connection with the emphatic declaration of Grand Master Ca meron at Toronto that he would trample his regalia under foot if a riot resulted from the contemplated processions of his u-llow Orange men, affords indisputable evidence that the conduct of the extremists of neither party has met with the concurrence or sympathy of its re cognized heud. It would, indeed, be surpris ing if in >-)'?* nineteenth century there could be found amongst the educated classes of Canada any half-dozen intelligent men to countenance such flagrant violations of tbe laws of hospi tality and decency as these wretched sectarian squabbles have led to. In presence of the obligations contracted by the invitation pressed upon the acceptance of the Prince, all were bound to sink their personal difference* in the one effort to render his visit as agreeable and grateful to him as possible. But as subjects, overflowing with professions of loyalty, absti nence from party manifestations was still more obligatory upon them. They knew that they could not identify him In any way with their disputes without ' damaging him seriously in England, where the law .rnd the policy of the government are both opposed to all such demonstrations. Therefore it has become imperative On the re spectable members of both parties to publicly repudiate conduct which involved them in a common odium. The fact, as we suspected, turns out to be, then, that it was only the fog end and rabb.e of the two religious denominations that took part in the recent scandalous scenes. The enligtit eoed and sober portion of the Canadian community are no more to be blamed for them than are our own public tor the sectarian or political excesses that occur amongst as from time to time. The burn ing down of the Catholic consents and chapels in Boston and Philadelphia, and the scenes of bloodshed and violence of which Balti more, Cincinnati and Louisville were at a later period tbe theatre*, cannot, with any historical truth, be charged to a spirit of religious or political intolerance on the part of our people at large. They originated with tbe very scum of our population, and met with neither sympathy nor approval from the educated and decent portion of the American public. It would be just as fair to charge the Protestants of Newark with tbe riotous excesses committed by the so-called Protestant societies that visited their town the other day as to identify us as a nation with tbe events that disgraoed some of our principal cities at the period* referred to. It i* notorious that many of the leader* in thece outrages were not nativs born Americans at all, but belonged to the same imported elements that have caused all the recent trouble iu Canada. The same class of persons will, in all places and under all circumstances, take pleasure in resisting the law and in setting themselves against public opinion. It would be hard indeed if others were to be held re sponsible for their misconduct; and we there fore can understand the anxiety of all respect able Canadians to repudiate any connection with them. They hold individually just the same sentiments in their regard as are enter tained generally by tbe American public. One good has resulted from these demonstra tions. They have brought out into broad re lief the sterling character of the young Prince, and increased his popularity amongst all rational and liberal minded people. The firmness, dignity and sense of justice that he has displayed under such trying circumstances augur well for his future career as n ruler. In this country, where religious toleration is a fundamental principle of our con stitution, and where religious ascendency can never hope Ibr recognition, hi* conduct will in sure him a still more cordial reception than any that he has met with since he has set foot on the American shore*. He need not dread here any recurrence of the embarrassments that have lately beset htm. The endorsement of Arch bishop Hughes, and the emphatic discourage ment given to Orange fanaticism by Grand Mas ter Cameron, will effectually keep down any disposition that may exist to renew the misers bis dimensions that clouded for tbe moment his otherwise brilliant progress. | Rkvital or tbx Legitimate Drama?Rektree or Mil Forrest.?Sow time ago It vm freely , stated. Id the press aad private circles, that It was the intention of Mr. Edwin Forrest to close his long and honorable connection with the dramatic art, and to retire altogether from the profession 1 of which he has been the acknowledged head | for more than quarter of a century. In view of this report, we suggested that as Mr. Forrest was still in his prime, enjoying all his pristine vigor, tempered and chastened by careful men tal culture, as be was without a rival near the throne, and as all the great at'ore?Garrick, Kean, Talma, Macklin and othera?had re mained on the stage even longer than Mr. For rest, he ahould at least gratify his legion of ad mirers by playing a roupd of farewell en gagements. We are glad to be able to an nounce that Mr. Forrest has acceded to .the generally expressed public wish, and that he has already commenced his campaign, having played in Baltimore daring the last fortnight, and being now pre pared for a long engagement at Niblo's Garden, where he will make bis ren/i.V In the oharacter of Ilamlet, a rdfe which be has lalterly made his especial study. We are led to call particular attention to Mr Forrest's farewell performances?we presume that he intends now to take hl? leave of the public?for two reasons. In the first place. Mr. Forrest, whatever his , faults may have been, is the only great actor t that this country has ever produced. There | bare been others who enjoyed popularity | for a brief period; a flew, perhaps, who gave promise of great excellence; but after their little hour they have Coded out. and left Forrest ^ joje representative of the tragic muse. Hr. Forrest's style Is liie bvil Mid ?? p**?Mally ? American. He despises sma'l obstacle, at'oof pretticesse* f speech .nd sff**UHonfi of m?n uer W th ae be I V : ? t? th ? heart* of his atadienoet, had establishes betwee? them and himself that electric current the se cret spring of whldk is true genius. Then, again, Mr. Forrest adheres strictly to the English classical drama. In the estimatiom of our theatre-goers he is to the works of Shakspere and Bulwer wh.tf Rachel wee te Corneille and Racine. In Lear, Othello, Hamlet, Macbeth, Ooriolanus. Richard IIL and Cardinal Richelieu Mr. Foment fixats a repertoirt in which he has no rival. I? these latter days, when so much Frenoh trash is placed upon the stage, it is indeed refreshing to know that there is still one actor who ad heres to the works of the great matter, and labors to give a just and pure artistic interpre tation of the immortal creations of the first dra matic author that the world has ever seen. Mr. Forreet upholds the true dignity of the drama, and ene of his performances is a better defence of the rtsge than could be gotten ap by a regi ment of pamphleteers or an army of parsons. If, after making the tour of ths country, Mr. Forrest should still determine to retire from the stage, it is not possible that he can remain idle. He is hi the prime of life, full of varied talen^ rich in mental acquirements. Why should he not appear in the political theatre ? Some yeans ago we remember that he declined a Congres sional nomination; but he may not now be of the same mir d. He would be a most valuable member, and would not only teach our legisla tors how to speak intelligibly, but also how te behave properly. Mr. Forrest would not be toe old. either, for the Presidency. We will be bound that he would make a better chief magis trate than the ci <ki<ant rail splitters and broke? down political hacks who are continually in triguing and manoeuvring to make their devious paths end at the door oi the Wjxite House. Sewiag IHkrlUack-tUparte* EiUulaa of "?Wf'i Patial?Oatrafe oa thi Pabllc, It is rumored, we know not with how much truth, that the Commissioner of Patents has granted Elian Howe, Jr., a further extension of his sewing machine patent for seven years. This, unfortunately, the Commissioner has power to do without reference to Cod gross. After the first term of fourteen years, to which the pa tentee is entitled, has expired, a discretionary .power to the above extent is g'ven to the de partment, but for any further piivilege the ap plicant must go to Congress. The impolicy of extending patents after the first term, unless under peculiar circumstance of hardship, is now generally admitted. Ia justice to the public interests we must protest against the action of the Commissioner in Mr. Howe's case, which does not at all fall withia this category. He has received, according te his own admission, upwards of half a million of dollars for inventions which are simply in p; ovements, and which, if he had never entered the field at all, would hare Infallibly suggested themselves to any ingenious mechanic. We da not by this mean to depreciate the practical value of his discoveries. We merely mention the facta as an answer to the argu ments used before the Commissioner ia sup port of the claim, and which arrogate to Mr. Howe the entire merit of the economy in 'afror effected by the invention of sewing We repeat that his combination of the needle and shuttle, though ingenious, was but a nail step in advance on the original invention, which must of necessity have been immediately arrived at by other makers, and It is merely the priori ty that be had in patenting a simple idea that has brought his same so prominently before the world. For the labor bestowed on it he has been magnificently remunerated, and it is te be hoped, in the interest of public policy, that the extension said to have been obtained by him will turn out to be unfounded. If the argument on which the Commissioner is reported to enteitaln s favorable opinion of Mr. Howe's claim be correctly stated, it will not be found in consistence with the view taken by Congress of the expediency of patent extensions in general. Judg ing from the quantity of the Howe machines that have been sold during the present term of the patent, it ia argued that the quantity sold during the next seven years most amount to many millions of dollar-, and that, therefore, the inventor should be proportion ately remunerated, or, in other words, Unit la stead of being a half millionaire he should bo made a whole one. We need not point out the absurdity of such an argument If admitted it would at once establish what Congress has de termined to get rid of?a vested interest on the part of the Inventor in all the foture proceeds of his discovery. But the injustice of the prin ciple cannot be better demonstrated than by the example before us. Here is a man who has been made abundantly rich by the monopoly of a chenoe idea, of but very little originality in itself, who claims to tax for a perpetuity the very life blood of hundreds of thousands of poor sewing girls, who toll twelve or fourteen hours In the day to eke out a precariou* subsist ence. The cost of the best sewing machines, with the Howe Improvements, owing to the protection afforded to the patentees by the law, is from seventy-five to a hundred dollars, although their expense of manufacture does not amount to a fourth of thee sums. Whilst the inventors should be accorded n fair remuneration for their labor*, it is meat fe*tly against the interest! 0f society that Con gress should give them a longer monopoly of the benefits of their ingenaity than will suffice to effect that object We contend that this has been done in Mr. Howe's case, and we protest, in the oame of the poor, overworked creatures for the improvement of whose condition Provi dence evidently inspired the idea of the sewing machine, against its price being thus unnecesua illy enhanced. Should the reported extension of this patent turn out to be oorroct it will lead to one import ant result We have always been opposed to the placing in the bands of any public officer a power so dangerous aa that which is confided to the Commissioner under the law. Here ft? never so honest it would expose him to unjust suspicions, and in any case to temptations which not one man out of ten can resist Just look at the enormous value of the Interests Involved in such patents as thorn of Colt, the India rub ber companies, the Telegraph, and fifty others that we could name. Of what Importance It would be for the owners of any of the* to find n Comm'asiooer of Patents accessible to the influence of a biibe. It would be well worth their while to give such a man one. two three, or even four hundred thousand dollars to secure a seven years' extension of a gigaxlc monopoly who* profits nmount to ??rem| mPlloite. We object, therefore, to my pub

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