Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 21, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 21, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. <*?*? aOHDON BKNHLIV, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR orrioi k. ?. corker or kauio and nxroi: sra. j PAS If A, oruA fa adronn. Manry tm' b* rvU' trt ' bt at f7i? H?* or 0* mmJor. Por-Uxgt Han,to not mrt.nl at nub..ri^t,oa If. 4NOr, r?* />4il r BKtxAl.il two *??'? P?T eopw. 97 w- annum. TBB W1.1.KL y U til ALU. n.rj S.uur,iaVt a" > rntonr , ?Pp?, or 93. jf M m. IA* r.woptui K it!ion mmy ? I MB fimfi fa jwanniun loony party! Urn Britain, Or $5 to a?.? . ar' o/ (A* thnttnnnl lo'A lo iarlmU r (1.4 0?K' n?f. All ?A? I ? U(A ami Us fo/ *fcA mx.uk at* rent fi*r '"pp or f} 60 per annum. Vnlnuit IXV Mo. 46* AMUSICRIiVm THIS EVENING. ACADEVV or RUKIO. rourteri!*! street ?Tiaaiaji Ors Ex?'Tub Num-US V salt*. qarokn. Ks?dn;.-Butii ? ?W l'ork, Krl laf, BrpUinbcr '41, 1*00. BULK riMt THE PACIFIC. ? ?w fork Ilera-ld?California JEtlltloa. Th- nr. r.eamxhtp North Star, Capt Joaja, will leave this po?. U d?y, et nrion, for Aaplavratl. Ths tux'a for Conforms sjiJ oinur ptu-u o! the PaclSo Srth c!o? at ten o'clock I hi. d'> mag. The New Vitee <Tiuli CAiifonsi* edition-* ?eaU'.u ng the latent Intelligence frojo all parte of the World, witL x lArje quantity of local and niece'.Inn root Matter, will ho publ.ahr ' at BlM o'clock In the so ruing Stogie ropiea, to wrappers, ready for mailing, ttx dents. Agaote will pieaae aend la their ordera a* early aa poe Blkia The ltewi, The Breckinridge and Douglas conventions for the nomination of New York county officers met la.t evening. The result of tlicir labors will be louaci elsewhere. Owing to tlie violence of the storm last night, none of the telegraphic w ires west of Buffalo wero in operation. Thle accounts for the son appear ance tbi- morning of our usual report of the pro pre-s of the lYincc of Wales, and other talegra pliic matters. The Cahawba. from flat-ana 17th inst., has ar rived at New Orleans. 8hc reports the arrival of a Npai.i..h ie?*el at Havana from TruEillo, with news that lienertil Walker and Colouel Rudicr had been shot by the Uonduran authorities. The remainder of the filibuster party w ere allowed to leave the country unmolested. Files of Itlo Janeiro papers to August * have Leeu received. They contain but few items of any lnt're-t. On Sunday, July 29, her Imperial High ne-s the Princess, heiress apparent, Da una Isabel, took the oath of fidelity to the constitution, in tho be nan ?barber, in presence of the members of the diplomatic body, the Senators, deputies and high dignitaries of tho empire. At eleven o'clock tho acclatuat.una of the crowd outside and the music of the military bands announced the arrival of her Highne^c. w ho was received at the door and con ducted to a large arm chair placed at the foot of the throat. The Prc-ldent read th* oath to the Prince?e, who knelt and repeated it in a firm voice. It was then signed by her Highness and tho mem bers of th< bureau, and the ceremony concluded. At one o'clock there was a reception at the palace, and la the evening a granJ gala performance at tho theatre. Wc publish in another column additional particu lars of the ravages of the gale along the GuU coast on the L'tb icst., and tiso a complete list of tho crew and manifest of the cargo of the ahip R. H. Pixey. bound from this port for Mobile, which utrsnded on the bar at the Utter port, attended with the less of the captain and e'ghtecn of his crew. The telegraphic accounts of the storm are meagre which la no doubt owing to the fact that the when are out of order. W ITTER UAROKN, flroHdway.? Put is 0'"\>???U.? C 3Hioa. o iiik. cucsT.t?Km ?. u !.m NOWKRV VHHATRK. R< v,,*, _N.ti, 0y K?xTU_ Livr oi Tax I.a; s. WALL ai'K's THEATRE. Ho vJwa^.?Tns Reruns ? Fit?BTTus LAURA EFFNE'8 THKaTRB ?M Rroiulwv.-Tili Moskbt Hor HEW ROS'KKT. Rowery,?Hasht?'T::S ! C iO< CRUixr.? Ho* t \ ous lei-A BARWCM'H AMERICAN MUSKCM, Bros*wry. ~IH,- Aai ?venlux ?Juaii-a uto Uis Humku- ,t?? hriuoii Ft ss. Ao BRTANTJT MJNaTRKlJl, MwAaiOiw" IJaU #75 Bnvl*?y. BasuuaLxa, Rose. Ua>i.u. Ac.?Waits Wasu Akhv. BlBLCl'S SALOON, Bmauiw** ? Uooisr A Ckwnstx's Misrrxxt. i. FtRiortkx Kostit. Rakixi^usr. IIasju, Aa.? IkkCGOS.TIOS Hill NATIONAL THEATRE, OkxthxaB SbWt.-VlMkN Tux,. -VV.rOT a \ sella?AtO??o lilt Uasvs-Ooa 1. JU Coe.i? CANTIRHI'RT ItPf-IO HALL, SS5 Br<*dwxv. -RoaOS. Dakcv 'i.-.i Ir la the Court of General yesterday, tp plication was made for the discharge from custo dy on bail of Charles Jetfcrds. who has been in prison for some weeks, charred with the murder of John Walton and John W. Mathews, on the ground that he was not committed to prison by si.y proper tribunal, bat in accordance with a preju diced vctdlct of a Coroner's jury. Judge F uracil denied the motion. !-ubec?p*ntly the counsel for the prisoner contended that the accused should be di?cbarged at once, for the statute clearly pro vided that if two terms of the Court elapsed be fore so lcru?cd patty was Indicted he should be entitled to his discharge; besides, the evidence of the M.tntvHs for the prosecution was sent to the !>i.?tiict Attorney on the 1-tb of July, and that ofll cot had not submitted the case to the Grand Jury. ThcCc:;a?el claimed that the prosecuting offl-er bad clearly violated the stat .tc, whiib provided that evert person accused of crime ahould Lave a speedy tiial, and Intimated that unit's the t?ra:i' .' ry found a bill against Jeffords very speedi action would be taken against the antho riUesfor lalsa impi.-onmcnt. The motion for the diat ha-ge oi J<flkrds will be renewed on Monday. The l'u-ion Committee of Fifteen met yoi-terday mora ig. and organised by electing Joahua J. Henn chairman. They appointed a committee to co-ift; aith the Breckinridge and Pongiss State Conv ince-, and adjourned to meet at the call of the chsirirao. The fourth and lasr meeting of the Tappan and Crates late*tig*tin* AIJ rn.anic Committee or curred yesterday. No comrouab ation being re ceived from the Mayor, however, in responeo to the an wers of the accused gentlemen, the Com mittee adjourned the la|uir> rii* die, promisiaf to report as soon as possible. The Hoard of Supervisor* met yesterday and transacted considerable routine besinee*. A finan cial statement was prese nted, showing that the re ceipts of the county treasury afnee the la?t return amounted to Uf34lb ??"' "?? disburacm. nts to ?Sgf.W). leaving a balance of 912,*71. No money haa been paid into the trras try since January 1, iws, for forfeited reeognlean <??, A resolntioo was offer ed directing the committees on Aonuai Taxes and Frlntfng and Stationery to inqotre and ascertain forth with whether any arrangement has been made with the County Treasurer by which raid officer is to pay Interest on security funds deposited with him, the rate of Interest and the time of the ^rir.cnt of the same. They were authorised to a^Bbr per sons and papers. The subject was nrmito the Committee on Annual Taw*. In the Hoard of Aldermen ye*terlay a comnml cation was received from the Mayor relative to the vWt of the Frface of Wales. The IViaea Is eipeted to arrive on the 11th of next im-nth. The Comptroller reported the balance la the trea sury on the 12th Inst to arooont to 1191,414. The H'trd of Coitncllmen held a short sc-sioa l#*t ?vt nip?, and adopted a resolution, pretested ty IL. P.cker, directing the Committee on lUiI reads to report wbst action la necessary to ke taker, tc require the Hudson River Railroad Com pan; to comply with an ordinance, passed by the Common Council in 1358, directing the above com pany to run small cars from Chambers street to Fifty--second street, and to charge each passenger five cent*. It appears that the Hudson River railroad Company have neglected tc comply wit! this ordinance. The Committee on Salaries and Officers presented reports in favor of increasing the salaries of the first and Beccnd clerks in the Corpo ration Attorney's office, also three clerks in the office of the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department. The papers were laid over, whereupon Mr. Shaw tnadoa motion to adjourn, which was carried. There are over two hundred general orders on the calen dar awaiting tie action of the Board, and it Is hoped that they will take actien upon ti em as soon a* pos-lble. The sties of cot tan yesterday embraced about 2,800 bales, closing fLrm on all grades except lots of Inferior quality. We quote middling uplands at 10T(s , middling Florida! at 11c.. and New Orleans at 11 i?c A cotem porary throws dcubt on our report of f ,600 s 4,000 bales, made day before yesterday, and published la yesterday ?tern tog's ed-tioa, In the following language ?"It L to he regretted that at present-no system U followed In our cotic- market for a curtaining the dally sales. Few of the b: ok ? attend 'Change regularly tc report bus! nee", si 1 it therefore devo ves upon the market reporters to visit the various offices to obtain the amount of cotton f,< i at each li atahea are, consequently, of constant oc currence, and, as an Iaataoce, we And tue Hmucr report; the tales of yesterday at C.600 to t.000 bales, ? itb an adva; ce tu prleea, while It la difficult tc- trace out more titan *_ 600 to C OCO bales actually sold, and the ma.wot ba I Ci rt iinly a dornv ard teadeucy.'* Toe dtflt c ity to which he alludes only Involves a little more In ' dustry on the part of persons seeking Information We n-ade no mistake every bale wc reported was told, which, I! MOessaty, con be eatahllsbcd on the most ot c elusive evidence. It It untrue that we quoted ??an advance' < ...* language was thin?"The cot ton m&.lctt was firm and more act.vc." And the prices we gees showed no change la quotation". Tbe Cour market was *g?'-. heavy, and closed at a de cline of 6i to 10.- per t arrel Wheat, oeing to mode ratcreceip' and t ,e filhug of orders at the reient con cession (held aloof ' i some time past), tended to chce.. any f. rider dec tins for tbe moment; but the market .clostd dull. ? tba considerable quantity offering Corn w.i* In good d mcstlc and Fastcru dem ad, and prices for good Western n. xed were rather higher, with sales re ported at f-Tc aCSc. The stock of corn in this market U large, estimated at sot much onuer 2 000,000 busheir, the but*, cf whub is held in store on speculation. Por>. w us rather more active, with sales of new mess at 819 10 a IIP SO, and of prime at 114 a 814 28. Sugars were steady, with sales of 1 600 a 8,000 hogsheads, 180 boxes, and 140 hogsheads m< lado, at raits given in another col nan. Coffee was quiet 1 might* were w tkoutcharge of moment, while engagement* wore fair. Sinanl'i ??w Pl>??? or Manifest Dt iiin/ BItiIro 1b the Fortgroavd. While the Southern politician? ure ?|>Uttiog straws and quarrelling among them sol res about abstract and useless questions of South ern rights, Seward and the abolitionists are trying to steal the old original democratic thunder of "manifest destiny,"' and to paint it with a Northern as well as a Southern aspect. In taking this course Seward practically con fesses the hollowneas of his own theories, and enters upon a path that will iseritably carry him into the advocacy of pro-slavery ideas If he pursues it to its logical developemenb Manifest destiny extended over Canada would not affect our life and stamina as a nation. But Its extension over the inferior and mongrel races of Mexico and Central America, oa Seward's plan of reducing the white mun to the l?rel or the black and the ladiun, would destroy our national vitality, for this lies in preserving (he homogeneity of the white race. The black republicans may legislate till doom.~dsy, in order to bring the black up to an equality with the white, and yet the negro will always be a negro. The experiment has been tried in every country sonth of us, except Cuba and Porto IUco, and everywhere it has produced the same result?anarchy and national decay. It is only by keeping the inferior races in subjection to the superior mini of the Latin and Teutonic races that civilization and national progress can be maintained. These two can mix without degeneracy, but not so with the others. We could not admit the mongrel popu lation of Mexico with equal rights into the Union without debasing the standard of our population. Seward's manifest destlnarianlsm Is, therefore, a fallacy, and has only been seized by him with the spirit of a demagogue, because ho sees that the present condition of affairs In Mexico is tending to bring about events that will attract powerfully the public attention of the country. The gathering of the fleets in the Gulf at the present time is a remarkable movement, and may bricg about remarkable consequences. Spain has determined to press her claims against that republic on the Juarez government at an inopportune time, for the purpose of affecting the result of the civil war there, and our own fleet is already gathering in anticipation of the event. Our Minister, Mr. McLune, is about to sail for Vera Cruz, and the 1st of December will probably find gathered in the waters of that port and vicinity iargeT fleet* than have been witnessed there since the time of the Mexican war. While this is occurring that republic is Itself dropping to pieces, through the natural operation of the role of discordant and mongrel races. In Yu catan a war of castes between the white and the Indian has long existed, and to-day the lan guage of the Mayo Indians is that of tfae whole State. Guerrero haa fallen into the hands of the pintos, and in Oijaca and Chiapas the In dians reign supreme. With this state of nffklrs in the south, the northern portion of the repub lic Is consummating its separation from the Mexi can confederation and Lower California So nora and Sinaloa on the Pacific. Chihuahua in the centre, and Kuevo Loon and Tamaulipas on tho Gulf slope, are preparing for a new order of things. Mexico proper is thus becoming reduced to a small republic of some four or five millions of peo pie, lying on either side of a line running from Vera Cruz to the Pacific, passing through Fuobla. Mexico. Guanajuato and Guadalajara. The next five years will see some rapid de velopments of manifest destiny In tho disin tegratii.g confederacy of Mexico, and the be ginning may come with the Christmas holidays st Vera Cruz. Spin uuia dreams of tbs fast music that may be played at tbe ball she Is so anxious to open, nor is Ssward frilly aware of what the Northern white man will do when brought into direct contact with the inferior races of the Sonth. The bumanitarianism of "the Massachusetts school may thoori/Adawn East," and "out West;" but tha transplanted Yankee makes tbe strongest of pro-alarery ad rocates the moment be cornea to live among the oe^roes. and to know them practically. If the black republicans do nat take oare they will burn tbeii fingers with "manifest deatlny," and In ap pealing to It now they show the utter hollow ne?s of tbeir own theories and professions. Th? Conq?rat of Baylw U U? OftftMi. Although the despatch rspsrtoi to here been received bj the BriUeh government announcing the triumphant entrance of Garibaldi into Na ples lacka confirmation, there la little resson to doubt the fact The Sight of the King removed the only obstacle which stood in the way of the Dictator's keeping his pledge of entering it on the 7th, for he might have offered a temporary resistance with the troops that remained faithful to him, and thus retarded the promised event The Count of Syracuse's letter seems, however, to have precipitated matters, and to have de elded the crestfallen monarch in abandoning the city. The manner in which that document was received by those who had ooctinued friendly to him must have dissipated his few re maining illusions. Thus, in little better than sixty days, has the conquest of a kingdom, with a populaion of eleven millions and a formidable standing army. been effected by a handful of troops, the force originally landed in Sicily not exceeding at the outside twelve hundred men. No such feat is recorded In history, nor even amongst the deeds of mythological heroes. When the undertaking war first announced, men held their breath, and pronounced its author bent upon self-destruction. The easy success with which it has been attended will redeem from the censure of historical critic many a reckless act of daring. Even that famous invasion of France, which was un dertaken with the aid merely of a live eagle and a dozen of champagne, is elevated into the dignity of a serious.fact by this achievement. But with all his heroism and disinterested ness, the credit of the inspirations by which Garibald has been impelled must be shared with another. The programme which he is working out is. in fact, the offspring of the master mind which for the last ten years has initiated tnOBt of the great political move ments that have agitated Europe Garibaldi and Victor Emanuel have bees only his Instruments; and if the expulsion of the Bourbons from Naples was not for malized as one of the features of the Ita lian campaign, It was not the lees a pre determined plan with him. Bet the second Napoleon, unlike bis uncle, accomplishes his ob jects leisurely, and fortifies his work as he pro ceeds, in order that he maj not have to return upon it After each successive movement, he rests a while to watch its effect apon the public mind of Europe, as well as to itrengthen him' self by fresh combinations and lllianees. And notwithstanding the deference that he osten sibly pays to public sentimeat, and the ob stacles by which he Is frequency impeded, he rarely fails in carrying out his original concep tions. Thus, the objects of tie Italian cam paign, although partly arrested by the treaty of Vlllafranca, are all in prooesa of being se cured. Italy, if not as yet "freed from the Alps to the Adriatic," will soon be so, without the Emperor violating any of the obligations forced upon him by that unwelcome compact. In the same way the plan of the Italian confe deration, whioh was temporarily frustrated by the Pope's obstinacy, la neariag its accomplish ment. France secures to the Pontiff the pos session of the Eternal City, but the States of the Gburcn will be left freo to assert their independence, just ss the Two Sicilies hare done. Every effort will be made to prevent Garibaldi from attacking Venice; and in pre sence of the immense military force which Fran cis Joseph has congregated there, it is not pro bable that be will attempt so hazardous a step. Austria is not in a position to support for any length of time the enormous coat of this oc cupation, which is equal to a war expenditure; aod she will therefore have to make aucb politi cal concessions to the Venetians as will plaoe them on a par with the rest oi Italy. The national unity whioh has so long constituted the dream of Italian patriots will be tkos ac complished, and will be reoonclled with the in terests of Europe, and of the Catholic world, by the wise scheme of the French Emperor. Should it not work as expected, however, the cause of the Venetians will have lost nothing, whilst Italy will have gained much by 'he ex ercise of a little prudence on the part of the Liberator. Tint Bi.icx RmroucaiM axu to v. G>.nna: >\? The Germans, whose most sacred rights of property and personal liberty bare b?en re cently in\ aded by the block republicans in this State, and particularly in this city and Brook lyn, cannot fall to mark the beautiful coasiaten cy of the party In its extreme zeal for the rights and liberties of the negro race, who repudiate its Interference as impudent, wanton aad un called for. It is only blacks. It seems, who are entitled to the benefits of the "higher law." White men must be content with hum a law, and the worst specimens of it Anything Is good enough for white men. Niggers alone are worthy of much attention?they are objects of republican wor ship. The Germans do not forget how the puritanical Sunday laws, enacted by a repub lican Legislature and carried Into operation by a republican police, were brought to bear upon them to destroy their legitimate business, and to deprive their fellow citizens and their wives and chlldrsn of the innocent re. reation of their ' gardens," to which they bad been accustomed In Fatherland, and which were per fectly free from offence to any class of citizens here. The principle of republicanism is to med dle with everything?to meddle with the domes tic institutions of other States, and to meddle with family arrangements in their own States? to force their harsh and uncongenial puritani cal creed down the throats of other men, and compel them to digest it under pains and penalties. Their liquor laws, and their Sunday laws, and their police laws, aad their crusade sgnfnst slavery in other States, all proceed from an irsolent assumption of superiority ever other men. and an impudent dictation to them as to what tbey should do and what they should not do. Who made them judges and rulers over white men as good as themselves The great theory of onr government is to govern M little as possible, and to leave the largest liberty to the people. The theory of republicanism Is to upset all this, and to govern nod rile tbe people with a rod of iron In everything; to make tbem pay for the same by a constantly increasing taxation: to erect a censorship over human conduct in its social, moral and religious a?pccts . Ic other words, to establish a theocracy like that cf the Jews of old. by which Ameri an clti.'.en* are to be re duced to a palling yoke of bondage which neither tbey nor their fathers were abl* to b"sr. Tux Cp.OIOLIMX C-UtMVAL?PaarUUTIOMi FOE tuk Puitic i-'ii Ball.?Am usual, the Ladies had a bad time of It yesterday, when the fail and winter fashions were displayed by the milliners and mantuamakere of the metropolis. The rain fell at intervals and in the most provoking manner, but the enthusiasm of the fair was not to be damped ; they defied all the pluvial gods, and went boldly forth to inspect the armor where with they will array themselves for the coming fashionable campaign. What the new styles are like?what sort of bonnets, and robes, and cloaks, and jewelry, and other articles, will compose the paraphernalia of the conquering heroines may be ascertained from the very full and elaborate descriptions which we publish in another part of this paper. The subject, we think, has been treated in a manner at once artistic and exhaustive, and it is quite as impor tant as the operations of tho broken down poli tical managers or the lame ducks in Wall street

It will be noticed, as the especial feature of the crinoline carnival for the present year, that calculations as to the ball which is to be given next month in honor of the Prince of Wales enter largely into the views of the leaders of the ton. It is settled that the soiree U to be a grand affair, and that the number of partici pants therein, considering the interest at tached to the matter, is to be quite limited. Every young lady?and where can we find an old one??is exceedingly anxious to participate in the festivities in honor of the heir apparent. Then there are thousands of provincial belles upon 1hc anxious seat, and the Scriptural rule of confining the elect to the few, and leaving the many to gnash their pearly teeth in outer darkness, will be rigidly enforced. Of course the lucky fair ones will all endeavor to out shine each other, and some idea of the magniff cence of the affair may be gathered frcm our partial description of the dresses which are to be worn at the ball. Impressed with the im portance of the affair,-many ludies have sent to Paris for their dresses. These will arrive just before the ball, and will be, of course, ravish ing, Paris being justly termed the paradise of cooks and milliners. No dinners and no dresses out of Paris, is the first article of the fashiona ble creed. Then there is a good deal going on in the jewelry line, and an impending revo lution in the time-honored styles of bijouterie. American ladies are as celebrated for their good taste in ail matters of personal adornment as for their personal beauty, which far surpasses that of the women of any other nation. The French woman has eaprU; the English, ruddy health and high animal spirits; but in the American lady we find French gayety, English aplomb and rare beauty combined in the same indivi dual. It is not too much to say, then, that the Prinoe of Wales will behold at the Academy ball an ar ray of charming women such as the world can not match. Their dresses and jewelry?manu factured expressly for this occasion -will form a most important Item in the expense of the affair, which will cost altogether as much as a quarter of a million of dollars, and will be cheap at the price. It will stimulate the retail trade, attract strangers from all parte of the oountry, keep the ladies In a most delightful state of exoltement, and show to our British cousins that, without a titled aristocracy, we can still make ss fine s show, when we try, as any of the European courts. Already the ex citement among the queens of the fashionable world has commenced, and many are the con tentions and congresses that hare been held "up totib" upon the all absorbing topic of the hour. The Prince's ball, with all Its pros and cons, is canvassed with much more spirit the Presidential election, the ladles being far ahead of the politicians when a really important matter cornea up. So we may ss well be prepared for a great metropolitan sensation, and one that will exceed anything of the sort that has ever before been experienced in the United States. The Pactiic Tsixoiuth.?Advices from Washington indicate that there may be some hope of the construction of the telegraph line to the Pacific, in accordance with the provisions ot the law of the last session of Congress. That act groats the right of way over the public domain to any company that <1 r- mad tee the opening of the line withi two . ears, and also the use sod occupancy for oiatious of one quarter section of land for every fifteen miles of the route. Upon the completion of the liae, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorised to contract with the company for government business, on certain conditions, at the maximum rate of forty thousand dollars per annum. In awarding the contract, however, the law providee that it shall be given to that party who shall agree to do the govern ment businece at the lowest price under the fixed maximum sum, subject to the same re strictions. Several bids, varying from f hi,000 to $40,000, were put in, but none of the bid ders excepting the party who proposed the maximum sum ($40,000) offered to satisfy the government of their ability to complete the line and operate It according to the spocifioa tlona of the law. Mr. Sibley and his smelstfw. however, who represent the connecting lines In Kansas, Nebraska and Wisconsin in the East, and California at the Weet. and who tendered the $ 10,000 bid, offered securities, la the whole estimated cost of the lino, that they will put It in operation within the specified time. They show that they have the means to do it, and also that their present telegraph stock will be groetly benefitted by it, and, therefore, that it would be for their pecuniary interest, aside from the business of the Pacific line, to build it In the shortest time practicable. Now, It Is of no sort of consequence to the public ns to who builds the line. Th^ press and the whole community demand the pro posed means of communioation with Urn Pacific. Congress hu authorized It There can be no doubt that Congress expee'ed the Secretary of the Tress-iry to exercise bis discretion as to whether bidders were responsible or not Otherwise there would be no probability that the communication would ever be opened in obedlrnoe to Congressional authority, for there are always plenty of sanguine, irresponsible enthusiasts who will bid lower for contracts than nny ssne, practical man would venture to do, with any intention of executing thrm. We are very g!?d to learn, therefore, that there is s prospect of the lowest bidders for litis contract asking leave to withdraw, on the ground that they are unwilling to furni?!> the guarantees * Met Mr. Cobb certainly oa^ht to require from them In such a cooti; ?tuicy we trust that the work will be awarded at once to those piu ties who -doner! all the bidders nre able to execute it. The verr.xcnt and the public care nothing about the squabbles of rival coo tree tore. They art of no account. Let us have the telegraph line. Tut Cusem Aqainht llKbaas. CsipiK amd Taptam.?The committee of Aldermen ap pointed to Inreetig&te the chargea against Meters. Craven and Tappan, of the Crotoa Board, closed their prooeedlngt yesterday, with the intention of reporting to the Board of Al dermen as soon ae possible. It is quite evident that the charges against these gentlemen amount to nothing. Their defence appeared to be com plete; and as the Mayor did not present himself to substantiate them, we hardly see what the committee have to report, except that they are all bosh. The statements of the Mayor con cerning the oontracts. may be all true, but Mr. Craven and Mr. Tappan manifestly exercised a wise discretion in carrying out their part of the duty, and they were perfectly right The sys tem of awarding contracts to irresponsible per sons, because tbey happen to be the lowest bid ders, who will not fall to put in extrs claims afterwards, it the greatest source of fraud and corruption known in the management of our public affaire. Meters. Craven and Tappan are both men of integrity and experience, and they come out of this business with characters wholly unimpaired to resume their duties, which we trust they will be loDg permitted to ful&l. Thk Hi vk of PounoiAi.8 aw Work.?The poli ticians of the city, great and small, are all bu sily at work these times. There are four Presi dential tickets in the field?those of Breckin ridge, Douglas, Bell and Lincoln?and the friends of each are all alive in the grogshops and r ther haunts of political agitators. Between this and December next there are about three hun dred offices to be filled, from Councilman to President of the United States; and for these there are about seven hundred candidates, one half of whom never intend to run, but only get themselves nominated by a few cliques of strikers in the different-wards, for the purpose of selling themselves out to men who receive the nomination from the regular parties. Of all the candidates in nomination, real or bogus, few, very few. are fit for the 'offioes they seek. The manner of their nomination is evidence enough of that, and yet our mil lionaires, and merchants, and taxpayers, who refuse to participate in the primary elections, lest their broadcloth should be contaminated, or their shirt ruffles get a stain of tobacco juice, and who would not associate with their candi dates, speak to them in the street, or dine at the same table with them, will go quietly and respectably to the polls on election day and drop their votes into the ballot box for these very men, because they were nominated by " the party." By and by, when these fellows go to Albany or into the council chamber, and rob the city of millions of dollars, the million aires, and merchants, and taxpayers, will hold up their hands and wonder that such iniquities can be. They will make grievous moans and will run to the newspapers to know what is to be done to check the corruption and plunder ; but we tell them now in advance that the only way to prevent the evil is to look after their own Interests at the polls, and vote for none but decent men. Let them not send the grog shop nominee or back politician to the Legisla ture, and they will have no complaints to make. NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. Prodlflsu Plot of Doa|lai to Klert Lta cola?The Pot* of Walker, the Filibus ter?The Puettte Telegraph Contract? KflTect of the Cooper Institute Meet ing, he., he. WmsiroTon, Sept at, 1M0 DOCGLAF SCBZMWG FOR UMOOLM'A BLSCnOS. It Is authoritatively stated, among the leading political men hare, that Douglas hat struck a bargain with tiro lament interests In the country to sleet Lincoln If be oaanot be steeled himself. It Is said the New Atmaden QaloksUver Mine Company have assigned a Isrgt interest to Deaths for bis influeoce to Indaoe the federal govern ment, after best March, to abac dor the suit against that company, and that there Is an unu rttandlng with lbs republicans for this purpos and It i? asserted, also, tbu the New York O tral Railroad Cianpany and other com panies ha to agreed with the republicans for the control of me Pacific Railroad route end contract. Pjuglat is to hare a large Interest, and Chicago, where his propsrly ties, is to he specially benefitted mmut or ma oust **w tors rsiox sr> r..vu The New Your nau>'s full re-erts of the speeches aad other proceedings a the great gathering at t*? Oooper Institute have Increased the Joy aad hope which were awakened by imperfect aoounts this glorious de BMostratioB will be hailed eeerywhere as tbt barbisger of Iks victory of the eaatnrvaiivet over the destr tetiveu Oenttemsa from Ml quarters of the Colon my that the campaign against Lines In will he bencerortb oondu-Aed with vigor and animal too, and with confidence of sac ems, which oosM only he Inspired by the oertainty that New Yerfc will dec lacs decisively against the destrue lives. lltm solicit ode though much interest Is fait about the now electors! ttokat. The committee are go>d mm aad true. They know New Yerfc, and they know whet the oosstry expects. No one of any authority hare is dis posed to dictate to or to distrust them They mast foel their impossibility to the tattoo aad to the flauat. fit] hers believe the tloket will he "It to he aad If so, republicanism wilt be overthrow! tma mum set m ii umh lbs saws (him Tennessee clearly show* gains for Brook tarldge. Tbt letter of Col Reeod.of the KaoxvHIe lis trtot, an old Clay sadWebater doctrine.re, announcing tbt Breckinridge ticket to he the national aad Lnlen one, to a sign. Mr. Btf had se abler er mere reputable sup porter. Wen the JVeWmsl feMUpsnesr to time out for Braktartdg* It would not ho a stronger blow to Ball. Those old CUf goal, Oostry aad Ready, are en the olds of BTotfdnrldgs ma nrweanon* in rmmivuit ilma of caution and thorough lnto!!ir??ne aonfldmlly of roster's suon ,s If he triumphs it will he easy to oosatruct an elector in! ticket that will de Mat I.toeoln aad ptoot the Keystone among the c reserve tire States aascxismma or monoon. The Moo. B. K Holmes, one of tbootroageol L'stoo saou la Mtsshstppt, has come out otroogly In a powerful letter tor Breckinridge Mr. Lindsay's agency lo not diplomatic, nor diet it la terfero with tho dotleo of Lord Lyons. It lo the p-actioe of the British government to avail lieelf ef the apeatal qonllfleatlono of pnrtlcalar men f, r the benefit of the pub He oorvlce. lard Lyons enjoy the fo lost roafldenoe of ha soverelgs and tho forolgo uAoe, as ho a eao.oeol y oooopublc horn iws sxxvi* qruenos Tba gsimwmmt, with lie heeds tied up by the anion of Iho republicans, a the only ene of Ure tour rowers immitld In tho Mextoan question that aoseel promptly end rigorously pursue the eourm whtoh the righto aad intereea of our follow clllaeos, end the welfare ef Meslco herself, may require to a certain emer?mry Bet tbt policy of Mr. ltuebaaaa will be i?wtm?d by the world, end tho blame of emherraaotng il win be o beery lae-t f.w his opponent* The Mm* of the decretory of Legation to Mi-sloo I* Mr. I* Remlro. ns r.rs or waists, rwr ?tuw<tv? The Department of dute are JubtUvt. ae a-r al* , tboee la dlptnmelle cirri,*, at the dMsatrem fallors of Sailor's rxpodiHen. and of hit etplsre and er? lb s iranoi's'ou* death 11r has bees the entree of rrrat SOneyaahtS* mr gorsrntnrol, and they frel for ail r rr laved Ihv h < i,aa been r> ? tudd-^nty sharked la I, m ; 'hi* own cvuer fr ??i? *'* 'ts "'. r. ncadcras as. Ot.ismila shut tbnt WtUker'i raid had caused Intense excitement throughout tfeiOnlnllBtilciiMM. to wnc Tumira oornuoi. Meeara. Harmon k Clark, ast Ftckila * Oo the two lowest bidders for the contract to build the Pacific tele graph, having ufced permission to withdrew their UM, will probably be allowed to do so, la whleh eeae the con trmot will be awarded to Mblsy k Oo , the ??????.? M theirs being fort]- thousand dollars, and who are can eldercd by the government as the only parties competent to build the line. Ilr. Sibley's bid la ths only one now before the Secre tary of the Treasury, the others berlag been withdrawn. His eras the highest, being the maximum limit of the act ?TOongrest Some preliminary legal question, however, remains U be decided, but the probsblllty la the coatraot will be rtrsrdea to him. The Secretary, It la known, la desirous of placing the work In auch hands as will at oaoa nndnrtako and complete the line. coaomos or Tin nuusrar. The recelpta into the Treaiury laet week were M.1TT, 000, or $220 000 more than the previous week. can. mas, oi ths WAShixoroa aqoxdvct The War Department has relieved Capt. Meigt from ail the dutlea assigned him Is the special orders of July Hi Is directed to Immediately tern over t? Capt Ben ham, Chief Engineer of the Washington aqueduct, all the books, money, plana, be , pertaining to the same la his possession Opt Heirs is also relieved from the chary. of the construction of Fort Malison, and Is assigned to the construction of Fort Jefferson, Garden Key, Florida, and will enter upon his duty a? sou *- praetiesWe. The disbursements on account of the Waabtugton equeduot end Potomac water works will hereaftea be mi !e by Chpt Oca. Vt alktr ssd Col. Umdler Shot, Nsw Orlsaxs, 8 -pt 10, IBM The steamship Cahawba has arrived, from Havana ITth Tbeateamer Francisco de dais, from Truxillo, at H* vans, reports that Gen Walker and OoL. Rtuller had beea ehot by the Honduras authorities. Walker's men were allowed to depart unmolested At Havana sugars were dull and unchanged: No 12, 8 >; reals; stock, 169 000 boxer. Molasses inactive. Ex* change on London, 16>? a 18?^ premium, on New York. 8 a 4\ premium. Freight, declining Movements of Senator Douglas. Borneo, bopt. 20, 1M0 Judge Douglas and party left Niagara Falls at elersa o'clock. At Toaawn.da and Block Hock the train was mot by a large coneourue ol people, being joined at the former place byaepecial train from Lock port, bringing nearly two thousand persona to the meeting, with ae\ era! bandn of i. uilc.' The cars were handsomely decorated with baa' nen. At Buflhlo the great depot was Oiled with people, sad many thousands assembled outside. The Committee of Reception, who accompanied Mr. Douglas from the Falls, delivered him over to the Committee of Local Arrange ments, who conducted him to a carriage, when n vast process loo of *-LilUe Giants," in uni form, with n number of oarriagee, and many hundred olUseoE on foot, proceeded oa a abort parade through the principal streets of the city. At half past two the meeting convened at the Cnirt House, in the large open space on the terraoe. Long before tile h >ur many thousands had assembled, sad whan Mr. Douglas reached the stand the whole apace was densely packed, their number being estimated at flfteea thousand to twenty thousand. Judge Douglas made a compact and able argument touching upon the troubles of I860, which were act at rest by the compromise measures of I860, oompilmeutirg Clay, Webster, Fillmore and the Union wbigs and democrats, who took part In accomplishing those measures, sad showing that whig* and democrats In 1862, acd tho Americana in 1860, had concurred in maintaining the principle of non Intervention by Congress w itb slavery, which had formed the basis of the compromise of 18(0. The audience was remarkable fcr the attention paid to the address, and for the grnal enthusiasm with which they reoelved the remarks of lha speaker. In these respects the demonstration was mora successful than aay before made In the 8?ale. The weetbrr wes somewhat threatening, bet ram fortunately he'.d off. It was accounted that a public meeting would bo bald opposite the Hareodon Hotel, where Mr. Doagiaa and friends stop, this evening, hi be addressed by Mcsera. K. C. Marshall, ol Krntuoky; ttchnabel, of Pennsylvania; Senator Bpinota and others. A prooeaahm afterwards pa raded the streets. Much enthusiasm was manifested by the citizens generally, and many buildings displayed Sage and other decorations. Mr. Douglas goes tc Ohio, bnt will be received at Dun kirk sad other stattoos oa the road by the citizen? The Failon Movement la Pemmaylvamtm. Pnn Aiierai, Sept 20, 1860 The recent proposition made by the Douglastiee for fa ?too oo an electoral ticket, ae understood by Mr. WeUh, provided to give the DtU men tea elector!, and take the twelve elector! on the Straight out lv>ogla! tloket nine of whom are sot eetiifrctory to the friend., or Mr Breckla rldge, the remaintng Ave to be selected from the Reading 1 tekrt by all coatraotln^ partiea Th a waa rejected aa "niair and unequal, aa the frtewds of Mr. Brecklartdgn rould not with loch aa arrangement bare more thin lira or ell elector!. Mr. Welah received the proposition and aoted on It ae an Individual, and not la hie officii! capaoi 17 aa Ctatrman of the Democratic Incu'lro Committee. Mlsaomrl Brwfclarldf! and Laai Demo cratic Hate Cenvtalloa. 8* lior s, Sep'- go. 1800 A ipeclal despatch to the BuUtm aaya that the Breed Inrtdge and Lane Democratic Mate On vent, oa aaaemblad at Jefferson City to da v. Plity eight coontiea were fatty represented. ObL John W. Hancock, of Uroeoe county, waa oheam President, when the Oaoventlon adjourned till eeven o'clock thle evening. Rhode Iilaad Repabllcan reavratloa. Pnorirwwca, dept. 20,1M0. The Republican Mate OonveaUon to day nominated Thomas G. Turner and Lot timer W Ball in Electors at large, and Osrtd Btiffum and Eliabt Harris district elec tor! New Ywrk CeagrrtiloMl Ifemiaatlea. Ron, Sept 30 1AM The Democratic Oonvratloa of the Twentieth oagree ?looal district to day manlna'rd Deu lit C. Grow, editor of the Cltea IMily Wmrirr, tor member of Congress by acclimnllon. Maaearh woetta CsagrsMteaal Hemlaatlet. Proclaim. 1, Macs , Sept 20, 1AM. The repabllcan! of the Breath Corcressiooal dmuiot held their C >c\ration at Ilmadaii today, and nominated, by ecolamalloa, Henry I. tweet for Congwasm-in, end t hat UaUoou, of Greenfield. tor Presidesliel'slector New Jersey Nomlnstlea for CeagrrN. Earnon, Pa , Sept 20, ISM. Alexander P. Berthoud, of Warren county, waa nomi nated tor Ooagrem by(thc republioana of the Third dis trict of New Jersey Firs ta New Havta. Nrw Raiss, Goon , tat 28,18M. The New Hares Suspender Works of Cliarfim n Jeleia, of Now Vovk, were burned to the gveued early this mors lag. It li supposed to be the wort of aa incendiary Low about 840A00, partly insured in this Stale. The Loatarllle mad Memphis lUllraad. Loneiiixa, Sept 88, 18M. The LoMnflls and Memph e Railroad was opened yea frday to darkrrtlle. aad will be spaaed to Memphis February 1. The Grand Ledge sf Odd Fellwwa Kuril, ill*, Teno , Sept M, IMS. The Grand Lndga of Ode I mows yesterday paid a eons roeatory visit to Mrs. f resident Polk. They also re acted the proposed am -i . .s rata t> the ooaatttatum lb cay they visit the Harm u?e la a body. e Hem my Rain Storm mt Rswark. Xrwaax, Smt. 80,1AM A heavy rain storm at eight o'clock UMa morn lag. forded the city, Oiled nellarr and bamtneato aad draw Kept# fraas the breakfaat table. It destroyed property. 1 urtiitui c aad ratabUa to the amount of twssty thousand dollars at Wart Engines are now pum olng the water owl. Several plans war* struck by lightning but so one was MM. New l wrM Caaal Tolls. IijiavT| Sept. 28, 18M. The renal tolls tor the monad weak of September wars 6103 AM. tor the mam weak la 18M, 861*6. Tea total stnoe the opes lag this rear, 81.716 ,A?t, do. tor the aawo time hat year, 81.304.687. Arrtral sf the Prshlt at Isiteu, ?nwuv, flrpt m. 1888. The Hoop sf war Prsble, (Tom Pimm nia. is hslom. Awaidiag sf h Geateaet tor Pabllr Ralld iTn ?u?.?wh. "opt 20,18M. The Mate Onmrnmsiuarrs on the rswttoa of now pohUk balkllags tor thoclty.tr day awarded the contract fur gbe bsfldiag to Jefca lie Arthur ,?/. The buiidiam era ta becoaatrwetrd at Pbnsaylvan.a bote mart.ie, similar li quality mad la the encairurt ? tf the Merchant's Ki ehaam, at a cost of 81887.900 This coatrmt la ta ha ajted sa by the Onsarib. as there la s dfjm rmartUag the toeathwi of the bn id ags toitoftaXtosm aqnarabMog stdercd nrn.-rable 17 amte pe< n?o to rasi|sir B ? selected by the oamialMlca; and a? i!m uinatae 1 of the eemmleetno by the lowwurore w rmidd by as aa tatartoream WMh the duties of the maatownl autim. rltlee the Oniaclb may act unfavorably to the measure. Meieassata ad Lady PiaaMla. Tomowvc, r W. Seat M, IV? lady rsaahtta arrived m thia city to day, sod is step, plag at tha Rcmue House The Ostaa wf Rasha*( >. ttaaltit. S. Loa>, "Wf -0 1*8(1 Raphael K. Smith, onaaeotod with Kwaeth Mat*wist* aad charged with embcrrloaMal, war faooorabl. dn rhardrd to day by Judge Clooter, without at* < v< > r ? r to tho tery. Mart me Df vast or. Ns* OMttaaS. Kept x, IVdO. Nbipfleov vn? v?w a rb'p g.'~-- on M - <? <in!g aeppoaed ts be the Bar' fr* htm Tor* to ftow