Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 25, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 25, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAI1I OOBOOI IBIIBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Or net k. w. coun or kasbau and rvt ton an. JtaMV MR I % ?*? Wj? ?* Xmlmmx* XXV S*0H AMUSEMENTS THIS ETBNINQ. KIIuOT 9AKDKN, Broadway.?Italian OrMU?La Tea Tliti VOrni OUOIV, BroM?tr, oppostta Bond atreei.? MAaiC Jou-fliua O'DOBRWA? lalAll AJSOAANCE. BOWK.IT THEATRE, Bowery.?Ta Hidden Hand? riUMOTij DUTCHMAN. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broad way.-Tm Rotauit ? Back roi a Widow. LAURA KEE NEB THEATRE. No. ?M Broadway?Tarn Koaur Bar HEW BO WERT THEATRE. Bowery.?Lilt Day* or PoMraxi-Baoxca Donkey?King ii Clsea BARKTHTR AMERICAN MU8ET7M. Broadway?Day ami Erraloc?Jmatu ab? Hil Ban oxen?Living Cokioni tin. As. BRTANT8' MINSTREIB, Merhaaira' Hall,472 Broadway.? Bdelkegdks. Song*. Dancu. Ac.?Jack Cade. KIBLO'R RALOOR, Broad way?Hoolet A Campbell's Minstbbl* in Ethiopian Homu. BDsmuoa Dax.ii, Ac - laiOGSEAT'.ON Ball. RATIONAL THEATRE. Chatham Etreet.-Diru't Dabgh Mm.il Bakael?The Molly Magdieei. CANr-HBrRV MUSIC HALL, 663 Broadway.-Soitsi DiNOAI. B.'i-E?<IDEA, Ac. TRIPLE SHEET. Ifsw York. Tatidajr, Stpumbir J?3, 1800. MAILS FOX KUX0F1. fh? Rtw York Harold ? Mltlaa for larap*. Tas Cvuurd mail steamship Ami, Capt. Lott, will leavs Ihta part to morrow, for Liverpool. Ths European mail* will close la lbi? city to morrow morata* at eleven o'clock. Tbe Ecaoraas Er>mo? or raa Haaiip will be pabllsbed at tea o'clock la tba mora jig. Single oopiea, la wrap pan, six ceala. Ike eoatrata of the Eraoraui Snmoa or m Iiuid arlll eaai'olae the newa received by mall and telegraph at the offloe during the previous week, and ap to the hoar nf pablicet:am. Tlie Kcw*. TUf Anglo-Saxon bad not arrived at Farther Point up to the hour of our going to pre^ this morning. Advice"" from California to the 12th, Oregon to the 6th and British Columbia to the 4th inst., also Washington dates to the 31st nit., have reached at by the pony express. Trade at Ban Francisco had aasomed a healthy aspect, business transactions had icrrea?ed, and the country demand had much improved. The steamer John L. Stephens sailed on the Uth for Panama, with 232 passengers and $1,002,000 iu gold, of which$919,000 hi for this city. Bhe also brings $16,000 worth of Washoe silver ore. The census returns of California indicate a popula tion of half a million. The tenth anniversary of her admission as a State was celebrated in great style on the 10th, by a partial suspension of business, a procession, a banquet and a ball. There va< much excitement in Oregon respecting the silvei mines of the Cascade Mountains. Borne of the as-a; ed ore yielded $4,206 to the ton. Lieu tenant Mullen had completed the wagon road to Fort Benton, 393 miles in length. Step* were being taken in Washington Territory to punish the Indian pirates who had sought refuge in Victoria. Mining n British Colnmbia was in a prosperous condition. We puMlsh to-day same details of Mexican news which will be found interesting. The moat active preparations were going on et the capital, at the latest dates, August 29, to receive the liberals, who, to the number of 20,000. were expected to commence siege operations in a week from that time. The Archbishops assented to ths proposi tioa to tend the church piste to the mint, end a quantity haa already been melted down. The fo reign ministers with the exception, of course, of Pacheco, persist in refusing to recognise Miramon. The cap.tal was crowded with families who had fled there from the country towns, and In case of prolonged siege a great deal of misery in expected. Pacheco is all powerful there at pre sent, ao much so that on the occasion of presenting his credentials no flag but that of Spain was to be aeeu in the capital. Marque* who has been in prison to. q. .te a considerable time, offered his aervire-.and.it being perhaps an hoar of need, I they were not onlr accepted, but he was appointed . second in ir.uniaud to liiiamon. This -aid to be 1 atu.bi'.able to Pai hero's influence. Threats against Vera Crux continue to be made, bnt no thiug will lie done till next month. Our Santa Fe advices, which are tothe 19th in*?., state that Mr. Denver and a-M-taut, who carried the uiu. a between Banta Fe and til P.eo had been murdered by the Indians on the l?t in-t. The savage- de-troyed the mail an J coj h. and then drove eff the bories Fifteen hundred regular J troop - b.< i been order- d to the Navajo count v. Am nl?er of Walker's men arrisej at Hew Or- - leans truui Truxillo yeet- rday. Walker and Rudb-r, , who v ere in prison at Tnixlllo, were to h:>ve been ehot on the Uth in-t. By our telegraphi' despatches It will b" ie*n that the Prince ha* arrived atCbi< ago. and with < harac tertatic promptness visited lt? prominent pla< ea of interest sod started off on a tour npon the prairies. Mi-eneeess as a sportsman, however, was not ao marked as it might have been, owing to ths un favorable time for the sport. The people, being wrapped up in politic*, do no* appeir to have made aaj great demonstration o er his re eption, and he has ,-p-i-equcntly enjoyed more quiet than at any other place In America. A spcrial mo* stager bad arrived from the Qnean bearing the royal mall. The party *r?rt for *t. Louf* to mor row. A shocking tragedv was ens- ted ynaterday In ?orria street. An Fjvglish shoemaker, named Pierrepoint, ia a fit ufjealon-.. shot a Mrs. Jon *, to whom ho had been paymi. attention*. Tbe wound is deemed o fate I one. a- the bah entered the right temple and conld not be ? suacted fey the eorgeoos. Full particular* are given ?tw*hu.?, A terrific boiler explosion occurred yesterday at temoon In the nurble works of W. W. Wall* -e. at Ptttsborg.by which several person* were killed and many severely wonnded. The force of the explo aion was ao violent as to carry the bodei through several walla The schooner Xspume a Bride was wre< >ed ta the storm of Thursday last on Mslcomb's le'dge, between Beat Island and the Wooden Hull. Cap tain kows and twelve of the crew were drowned. The Breckinridge Convention of the Third district nominated John C. Mather at tb*ir eandl'date for Coagresa last evening No nominations were made la the Fourth and Sixth districts. EH.jah Ward was nominated ia the Seventh. Tbe Tammany ConvenUon of the Third Coagret- I siooal diatrict. after nominating Richard T. Comp too na their candidate, broke up in a row last even Iig. Tbe Convention In the Sixth district filled to pvafce a nomination, after the eaactmrnt of several f r.cicefi.l scenes during the meeting. No feomi featioa Wfli made ft the Ncrcwlb dfstric' fa ti-c Fourth d-jtnct Michael Tuomey m uaAu^aoujly nominated. Nothing was done ia tb* Eighth d.e trkt The Republicaa City aad County Ooneeo^oo, at their meeting la?t evening nomiuated John Keyaer for Register and WEliam B. Stewart for Supervisor. The Board of Aldermen did not organize last evening, a quorum not beiag present. U was un deratood that many of the members were absent in consequence of the death of Nathan i eck, Esq., father of the President of the Board, which took place in Connecticut, on Saturday laat, at the very house in which he was born, eighty years ago. It is only about six months since the " golden wed ding"?the fiftieth anniversary of Mr. and Mn. Peek's wedding day waa celebrated by a numer ous circle of friends. The Board of Councilmen met last evening and transacted a large amount of rontioe business. Nu merous reports of committee* and papers from the Board of Aldei men were received and Laid over. Mr McConnell presented a preamble and resolu tion in favor of amending the ordinance relative to the licensing of cartmen, so as to compel thc ownars of public carts to pay a license ol J- a?, and fifty cents for the renewal ol eac h license. The resolution was laid over. In reply to a ce?o I lotion of inquiry, the Corporation Counsel stateil that in recard to the laying of the Croton mains in Fourth avenue, he was of opinion that all work done for the city costing over $260 ahould be performed by contract. The report of the Committee oa Assessments, in favor of donating to the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum, in Fifth axeuue.the sum of 17,123 71? a sufficient amount to remit the assessments on that institution was adopted, Mr. Hackney only voting in the negative, who, while he spoke favorably of Die object of the institution, condemned the whole sale svstem of donation*. The Board concurred to cause the erection of a prison and lodging house in the rear of the Twenty-second precinct station house. The bill or ex City Inspector Morton for services and legal expenses in June, 180'.'. amount ing to $715 42, wb.t com urred iu. The aa.ary of | the first clerk ia the Corporatiou Attorney's office was raised to *2.000. and that of the second clerk to $1,600. The salaries of three clerks in the office of the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department were raised from $1,000 to M.5IK). After the transaction of some routine business the Board adjourned till Thursday. A meeting of the Board of Delegates from the various national Emigrant Societies of this city was held yesterday afternoon at the rooms of the German Society, No. 86 Greenwich atreet. The | counsel to the Board, Mr. Robert Johnson, aubmit ted a report of operation* since June last, show ing the number of convictions which had been ob tained in the cases of ticket swindlers, and a com mittee was appointed to act upon one of its sug gestions in regard to the appointment of unworthy persons as ticket agents by the shipping mer chants of the city. The Police Commissioners yesterday transferred Sergeant Taft, of theNinth precinct, to the Eighth, and Sergeant Devorsney, of the Eighth, to the Ninth, after which they adjourned. A two mile trot, iu harness, between Flora Tem ple and George M. Patclien. took place yesterday on the Centreville Course. The mare won the race in two straight heats. Time, 4:554?5. According to the City Inspector'^ report, there were 480 deaths in the city during the past week, an increaae of ? aa compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 6 leas than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The re capitulation table gives I death of disease of the bones, joints, Ac, 83 of the brain and nerves, 4 of the generative organs, 7 of the heart and blood vessels, 131 of the lungs, throat, Ac., 4 of old age, i 37 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevera, 171 I of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other di gestive orgsns, 42 of general fevers, 4 premature births. 1 of disease of the urinary organs, and 22 from violent causes. The nativity table gives 330 natives of the United States, 89 of irelaad, 39 of Germany, 5 of England. 4 of Scotland, and the balance of variooa foreign countries. The ottos tsarlet exhibited rather more tone yesver day, while the saiee embraced about '.'.600 a $,000 bales, Including tome parcels for export. Some brokers called the market for some grades .','c. better. The aews by tbe Adriatic has been anticipated by the recent decline la breadilufls ia this market. Had aha brought aocounta oi bod weather a decided reaction or recovery from the | recent depn taioa would have immediately ensued. Aa it was. prices were steady and slightly firmer for corn and some gradea of floor, which indicates, however, no de cided improvement. Tbe receipts of wheat were large witb heavy sales, here ssd to arrive, at use hanged prices Tbs receipts of corn wore moderate and ivicea rather stiller. I'ork was steady, with salos of sew mess at ?1? 37 K a 19 40, aad prtme do at ?14 a tit 36 S*uga:s were ia good demand, with sales of 1.900 aiOOOhhde ssd 1.46> boxes, St prices gt van la another column. Co See was quiet but firmly he'd, freights were quite steady si SsturJey'e quotations. with benvy engage ments of wheat tor Liverpool, us bulk aad ia ship's hogs, at 13 ?id. a 13d., aad of some 1.260 bbls. flour at 3s. ?$., sod 1 000 boxes cheese by tailing vessel, at fiOa.. with soma 300 bales cotton at T 3td ?br com pi meat, aad '<d fbe uncompressed. Rates to theCoaliaeal were firmer, white engagements were fair. Tha !l?w ? ark tnlaa navtaicai-A Paalt at tha Rtpaklltaa HtaAqaarton. Our intelligent political readers. from the ar ticle which we transfer to thi? paper from the Albany Juitr.nl, will discover that in this New York union movement the sword of Da mode* is suspended over the head of the repub lican party, as by a single hair. Thurlow Weed, who know* every Inch of the ground. Is alarmed. He significantly inquires, " Are not the republicsns In some portions of the State taking too much for granted "" for he suspects that " the division in the democratic party is not so serious ss It seems to be." lie soys truly, too. thst " New York is to he the bsttle ground. and that " we ire therefore justified in sounding out this note of alarm, and of warning our friends against the neglect of any single agency ordi narily and wisely employed In the most closely contested elections." Thns, from this cloud suddenly gathering over the republican camp, we perceive that this grand idea among all good I'nion men of a common cause against the disunion pro gramme of the republican party has something in it of positive strength. Indeed, the success of this New York union movement for the sake of the I'oion is s most encouraging political event. The pressure of public opinion has been too strong for the managing old party hack politicians concerned, and tbetr petty per son a 1 fends and factions disputes. They have besa superseded by the paramount question of the defeat of Lincoln, so loudly demanded by the solid Union tet?*es of our people The re sult is s common I'nion electoral ticket for New York, upon which all the conservative forces of the Empire btate. old tioe democrats, whlgs, Americans and rcpnbMcin- Clay men. Fill mote men. Dorglas men Breckinridge men. Bell men sr. J T'lemoat tnen may be rallied into a popular majority of Jo.000. We hare so frequently shown, fro? the oS ciai rvcord? of our last four years' elections, the immense resource* of this State against the republican party and its on* id*a ' of an In cessaat and no-quarter c?dict with sla very. that ti ?er?* useless here to re produce the |g re? F- lee it for the pre?e?>t that In l*:.e f-e ccabled vote is Newtcrk of Buchanan and Fillmore over Fremont *? 43,000, and that in no subsequent election hare the republicans been able to bring up their vote to a smaller deficiency than 24,000 of their vote for Fremont Of the vote of 1836 there was a republican deficiency last year, on the test question of Secretary of State, of Bome 24.000, and a united opposition deficiency of nearly 60,000?making a total reserved vote of 100,000. We bave no hesitation in saying that full two-thirds of this reserved vote of 100,000 may be set down against the republican party, to say nothing of the new vote whiih will be added to that of 1856 in our November elec tion. The materials are abundant for a popu lar conservative Union majority against Lincoln in New York of fifty thousand, with proper efforts among all concerned to bring this ma jority out To this end the advice which Master Weed so earnestly gives the republicans should be followed by their adversaries; for organic, organize, now and henceforward, to the close of the battle, is the word. Let there be no more of these ridiculous fac tious quarrels over democratic regularities, democratic platforms, democratic principle-1, democratic usages, or American principles, or old whig principles, or any such rubbish. All these things are " obsolete ideas." There is but one idea, one question, one alternative, ia this canvass?the success or the defeat of this republican party and its crusade of extermina tion against the " slave power." New York U called to the rescue?New York holds the balance of power?she can, and we hope ahe will, wield it to the defeat of Lincoln, in a choice between the supremacy of the constitu tion, under which we are bound to recognise and respect the domestic institutions of the slave States, or the " irrepressible conflict." under which Southern slavery is to be put down within the brief term of Lincoln's administra tion. Otrlbaldl In Naples?Tb? H?w Krt of Italy, and Its Bearing on Eorop*. Garibaldi haa entered Naples, and Victor Emanuel has ordered his troops to occupy the Roman Marches, in order "to prevent the po pular hatred from unloosing itself against the oppressors of the country." The importance of these two events, which come to us in the news frsm Europe by the Adriatic, cannot be over estimated. They indi cate the early triumph of the Napoleonic po licy in Italy, which aims at a reconstruction of ancient and enduring forms upon the new elements of the present age. For twenty oen turies the national intellect and life of the Ita lian peninsula have been oppressed by strangen, and rendered almost abortive by intestine divi sions and foreign rule; yet, if we follow its history backward on the stream of time, we find that, even in its decay and almost impotence, it has beep the cradle of much of our present civilization and art; that still farther back it was the guardian of our faith; before that it re ceived and expanded the elements of the expir ing civilization of Greece, long previous to which we find it the only founder of States on the great principles of justice and the inventor ot constitutional law. The* were the great source of life of the Roman republic, and constituted the power which enabled it to bind for so many ages many heterogeneous peoples In one State. The simple exclamation, "I am a Roman citi zen." preserved the individual from oppression I and spoliation by local tyrants and military rulers, and secured a judgment on his rights under the great principles of Roman law. The degeneracy of the empire has been imitated in the transitory creations of Charlemagne, the hollow assumptions of the Austrian and Russian empires, and the imperious spiritual sway which the Church of Rome has sought to perpetuate. But the entrance of Garibaldi into Naples, and the advance of Victor Emanuel's troops into the Papal States to establish the rule of law and justice, are events which verge on the re establishment or the Italian nation on the only permanent principles on which society can be constituted. An Italian kingdom of twenty-six millions of people, freely working under the great scheme of regulated liberty, must pro duce vast results in Europe. We pau over its effects in the material point of view; for how eTer great these may be. they will be far sur passed by the moral and political events that will follow. The Papal empire becomes re duced now to a mere spiritual expression, la which it will be mors powerful for good than ever before, and impotent for evil, which It ?hould always have been. The Italian intel lect will now be able to work out its mission under the form- which it created, and which so long constituted the life and energy of the | Roman republic. Their modernization Into a constitutional monarchy will preserve those forms from the degeneracy that attended them in the time of the Cranrs. and perpetuate their influence In the affairs of continental Europe. And 'it Is there that ws may look for the chief result* of (Louis Napoleons Italian policy. With a Latin kingdom or ganized on truly constitutional principles, ab solutism become* Impossible In France, and must disappear from Austria and Russia The logical mind of Louis Napoleon has seen this clearly and acted upon it. He knowa that the Napoleonic dynasty csn only hope to re main on the French throne by making that thtMBe a constitutional one He foresees that a constitutional throne cannot be permanently established in France until similar thrones exist around it These can be created only by driv ing the Austrian dynasty from Italy and Ger many. and when this is accomplished no man Claiming to rule by virtue of "the grace of (.od can drive the Napoleonic dynasty from France. There will be no more empires to make common cause against the liberties of the French people. Hence the entrance of Garibaldi into Naples Is the signal, not of the overthrew of King Bombs that sig nal we have seen long since but of the overthrow of dynastic rile throughout Eu rope. France Austria and Russia most acknowledge the ruling idea of constitutional government. By this we do not mean of con stitutions granted by kings in moments of fear, to be taken awsy by them when confidence and pride again sway them, bnt constitutions made and enacted by tbe people through their leaders snd representatives. What may be the effects or this ro**tabli?b ment of the national life of Italy upon Its own

mind and energies time only can reveaJ. But w?? cannot over estimate their value. Tbe people who first worked out tbe problem of po lltlcsl society. *bo ernsped sad improved the 1 Intellectual deve'^feirent of Gorton eivfti'* 1 lire w'j et'a**ed the foundati os and per petuated the existence of Christianity, and who, oven in their decay and degradation, roanoci tated the expiring arts, gave a new impulee to commerce and organised the law* of naviga tion, may be expected to do much in any and every career they may adopt The new ele ments of society are in every way available to the great principles of the Bomai: republic; and, worked out under these, with equal justice to all classes and every individual, by the new life and energy.of Italy, its intellect may soon again change the (ace of Europe. How to Pal Dowh rautltlm. A great public meeting of the enlightened citizens of New York ought to be called imme diately to denounce the revival in our midst of tbat spirit of religious fanatic iam which has depopulated and desolated Christendom for ages. It ought to be nipped in the bud before it bears its fatal fruit lor the poisoning of our social relations, and the loosening of those bocds of trateinity and equality which ought to unite together all citizen* of this republic, without regard to their religious creed or the place of their nativity. It is the most d&ngeious element of nutionul discord that ever entered into the politic- of a people. Many a time has it been a wedge to split up nations?a small portion of the thinner end being at first introduced, and creating but little alarm, but driveu hoine by degrees and by repeated strokes, till it had accom plished its deadly work. It baa been the cause of the most bloody civil wars in Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Great Britain and Ireland. In those countries it has shed torrents of human blood, and even in the United States, when they were yet British colonies, it put to the rack Innocent men and women, and ostracised the Quakers, the best and most inoffensive citizens. Cod dington. Wlnthrop and other Episcopalians were exiled. Vane, the fourth Governor, one 6f their own sect, waa banished because he would not identify himself with their persecu tions. and Roger Williams, a minister of their own. bad to flee the colony and take refuge in Rhode Island for merely preaching toleration to the Baptism. Even women were persecuted for their religious opinions. As for Catholics according to an act of 1?17, ? person only suspected of Popery was to be banished, and if he returned was to be hung; but, warned by a previous law, which enacted ? perpetual imprisonment or death" against PapL-ts, and authorized the arrest "without warrant" of all who were suspected, the Catho lies kept oul Of the colony and escaped the penalty. Tne founder of the persecuting sect, which took root in New England, was Robert Brown, from whom his dis ciplcs were called Brownists. Several of them had been banged in England for their opposition to the Episcopsl religion as by law established. They gained nothing by experi ence, but, on the contrary, established a State religion themselves, and denied liberty of conscience to all who differed from them. There was nobody to persecute them here; but they were determined that the system of perse cution should not die. and to proceeded to com pel all to join their church and observe their ordinances, or suffer the severest penalties. They believed themselves to be the saints of the Lord, and the land to be consequently theirs by divine right, and all outaide of their commun ion to be reprobates. This spiritual pride is the basis of their whole superstructure?the arrogant assumption that tbey were better than other men. "Stand by thyself; I am holier than thou," waa their Impudent and presumptuous language. The next step, establishing a State religion, like the Jewish theocracy, with punish ment even to death for dlaobedience, is but ths natural progress of the sect Toleration was not to be thought of. Hence, according to Belknap, we find Oaket, President of Harvard College. In the year 167a, declare that be " looked upon toleration as the first born of all abominations." Hutchinson informs ua that toleration was preached against as a sin in rulers that would bring down the judgment of Heaven on the land: and Mr. Dud ley, one of their distinguished leaders, died with verses in his pocket, written by his own hand, of which the two following elegant and highly pp^lnai lines may be regarded aa exhib iting the spirit of the whole, and putting the creed of New England In a nutshell:? Let see of Mod m coart ao<l rUurrhra wale:. O'tr ?ticb aa do a tolerate* batch. Judge Story, a New England man. justly ob served:?"The fundamental error of our an cestors- an error which began with the very settlement of the colony?was a doctrine which has since been happily exploded. I mean the necessity of a union between church and State. To thie tbey clung as the ark of their safety." The doctrine is exploded, but a remnant of the old leaven still works, and it is hoped by the fanatics it will yet learen the whole mass of the people. A letter from James Cudworth, dated from Plymouth, in 1638. says "The anti Christian persecuting spirit is very ac tive. and that in the powers of this world, be that will not whip and lash, persecute and punish, men that differ in matters of religion, must not sit on the bench, nor sustain any office in the Co.? monwealth. ' This man had been a magistrate himself In the colony. Among the ancient Jews a poor man waa sen tenced to be stoned to death for gathering a few Mick> on the Sabbath. Following the in stitutions of Moeet. the first draft of the lews of Massachusetts by Cotton Matber made profaning the Lord's dsv a capital offence. The punish ment of detth was era?ed by VHnthrop. but no alteration was effected In the provision which for bade petsoos from walking in the streets or fields on tbat day. after the example of Christ and his disciples In Connecticut the Sabbath iw* were ss follows No one shall run oo lh? Sabbath lay. or ws'b la bW prteo or aloawbere. atcapt rarareatly "*~ aaetiag Pa oa? aliall traral. rook eh tsals, task* kaSa. kwaap maoa cut bair er oar# oa tha Rabbatb Say No araii abatl k aa bar cbllS oa Sabbath or (brtiaf o Sabbath abatl brf ia at sansat aa Saturday It any maa abai! kiaa hta wtfa. or wtfa bar hnabaad, aa be Lord a Say tba party la (ball abail ba gaawbai at Iba tlerrri.on of ba Court of Maftatraioa. This is the beautiful system from which the mo. lern Puritans, with their Sabbath Committee. >recting themselves Into e spiritual oligarchy >trp borrowed their persecuting ideas which hey sre attempting to engraft upon the free spl Itjof our laws: and Injthe repnbllcsn party they lad willing tools The unconstitutional liquor ?nactnimts. the Sunday regulations sgiinst tra ie!1i :ror refreshment* and th? despotism of Ihe new police system are the c^?prlng of a rw p :b' in T.e_-l?V -e tK*? fir-* tr-'i~.t <>* orhv Is to c ~-? '<[ tv? ?u? ,loaty b? successful La the President!*. election. Then not only will the Southern States be coerced into tlx abandoomeo* of tbct inetitutlooe. but the own of the North wil. be brought under the iron discipline cf Browilsra revived. The Ger man is now deprived of his lager bier and hi* public "garden" on Sunday. But the time may soon come when he will not be allowed to walk even in his private garden or yard, or to kbs his t?rof? on the Sabbath day. If. then. thi? intolerance is to be crushed out before it gains strength, let citizens of all nationalities? Ame rican, Irish, and particularly German?assemble in a great public meeting to pronounce against the revival of the abominations of the dark ages, upon which every liberal and en lightened mind looks buck with horror. Forrtit Md (he Aintrltan Urtma?Tit* Latest Htlrvpolllaa ktmailoa. It has been vary truly Mid of us that we de light In sensations Sometimes our sensation is political, sometimes diplomatic (as in the case of the Japanese ', sometimes historical and poetic (as in the visit of the I'rince of Wales), sometimes maritime (as in the voyage of the Great Eastern). These sensations react upon the newspapers?ire mean newspapers in the true sense of the term, which reflect the state of the public mind and we have sensation de actiptious oi the latest sensation, done in the sensation style. That makes sensation journal ism. which is of the very highest order, because it depicts passing events exactly as they im press themselves upon the masses of the people. To be sure it bothers our British cousins some what; but that i? to be expected, in the natural course of things. They will know better bj and by. Just now the latest seusation is in the literary, artistic and fashionable world, and it is a theatrical one. It is a long time since there was a theatrical sensation in New York. Latterly the legitimate drama has at tracted no special notice. It seemed as if all the great actors tad died out, and left no successojs. Melpomene, in point of fact, has MM pr.t the retired lint. Thalia, Eu terpe and Terpsichore have reigned supreme. The tragic muse, in ctter despair, had resolved to swallow her own poison. The old playgoers mourned over the departed glories of the Park, and betook themselves to long dinners and short whist. I rench comedies and melodramas kept the theatrical stage, and the votaries of the classic plays solaced tliemselve- with the Opera. But nous avons cha; gi tout ctla. A mighty magician in the person of Forrest, has changed in one week the whole order of things theatrical, and restored the masses to their old time alle giance. Shakspere, a sensation playwright, is once more the prime favorite with the public. During the past week Mr. Forrest has played Hamlet four times, to houses which have been literally jammed. With each succeeding per formance the demand for plate- increases, and the run of the play seem- likely to be almo-t interminable. People put themaelree to all sor* of inconvenience and per-onal discomfort iu order to get a sight at the stage, and ladies re main standing in the lobbies and corridors throughout a performance which continues dur ing nearly four hours. And in these vast crowds, which might be doubled if the theatre was sufficiently capacious, the most perfect order reigns. While the play la going on there i* the most profound stillness, broken only by tierce bursts of applause. It is clear, then, that Mr. Forrest bas made a sensation, and that be returns to the American stage without a rival near the throne. He over tops all bis fellows, us I'lysees towered above the Grecian hosts. U is not to be wondered at. either, that there are persons who do not understand the merits of the new sensation, and who attempt to put down Forrest by at tacking him for the very peculiarities, mental end physical, which have made him so success ful. These fellows are generally foreign ad van- \ turers. washed across the Atlantic by the ever flow of European civilisation, and sbey stupidly expect to mould matter* ie this new country, full of live me* and fresh vitality, tp the con ditions of the old and effete European sys tems. It is the same thing with them In letters as la art. We remember one of these philosophers who bad written a book and complained because it was called a "seo*ation novel." "Very well," replied the reviewer, "I shall be very bappy to correct the statement, and to my that the book made no sensation whatever. ' And that is always the esse with such people, who are so fat loet In the contemplation of their own presumed im portance that they can see nothing of what is going on around them. As to Mr. Forreet. the seeret of hi* sucoeA is plain enough to people who understand the American mind. Acting, according to Sbakspere and common sense, is to show the very sge and body of the time, and by conse quence to be varied according to the ldio*yn cracies of the player s audience. Thus the Greeks had their style, the English thelra and the French theirs. The American style baa yet to be formed. Mr. Forrest ba^ commenced the work, and as ire are building up a new civiliza tion upon the relics of the past, and as our art and literature are necessarily a composite, in whUh we take all the good in the old school* as a foundation, and then work it up with our own ideas. It follows that any slavish imi tat ion or reproduction of any one system, no matter how excellent it may have been in iu day. will never answer with us. Here is the great error made by some of Mr. Forrest's critics. They have generally a Utile learning, some facility of language and a technical know ledge of what are called the canons of criticism. So they wrap themselves up in their sell con celt. snd attempt to measure the pyramid* with a foot rule. That is. if Forrest does not play Ilamlet as Brown, or Smith. or Jenkins, did | twenty years ago. It follows that Mr Forrest cannot play Hamlet at aU. and the public is very stnpld to think that he can. and to pay him so handsomely Tor attempting it And the fast it that, in the opinion of the old playgoers who remember the great actors twenty or thirty years ago. Mr. Forrest's Ham let it unlike the performances of the character by the elder Keaa. Cbarlee K?mble. Booth or I Macready. Kean was full of Are. mercu j rial, enthusiastic, electrical He played for great points, and made them. His the performance of a man of J genius, wild, erratic and impulsive. It could not be ?a!d of him that be belonged to any na tion or country his kingdom was all Christen dom. Charles Kemble was the most graceful, gentle and sweetly treltocholy of princee He exceUed in courtly observances and the 1*1* *?>>'* of high life. He paid mu?h atten tloo ?o new 'etdbgs. vd was at times jut a little bit pedantic. Boot a vm fiae in but, like everything eise, his LLuuUtt vm * ?battered, though beautiful col nam. Mwwiiy Bade Hamlet a walking machine, only ani mated by aa occasional touch of snobbery. Forrest leaves all theM tradition* to the steep ot the just, and plays Hamlet as he undetataads U, taking the plain meaning of the text, and con veying it without any nonsense or affectation t? the audience. The people aay, "We can un derstand Forrest, we know what he is driving at, ud therefore we accept and exalt him." The performance is a fuilblooded one. The actor seems in earnest, and in all his characteristics he is thoroughly American. He comes, to use a favorite expression of Jackson, front the "body of the people," and represents it fully. Still. Mr. Forrest is no brawler; he is not rude nor vulgar. He is simply a live man, Bill of mental aud physical vigor. And he tempers the foriiier in rt with a judi cious admixture of the suaviler in modi*. Nothing can be doer than his meeting with his old schoolfellow his scenes with the players, aid his farewell to Ophelia. And his delivery oi the noble soliloquies gives to them frosp beauty. And, to sua up, Mr. Forrest's Hamlet? the ideal of the character, we mean?is entirety his own. He has brought to bear upon it a fcesh, vigorous American intelligence, and of course it is the best performance for aa American audience. It is the Hamlet of to-day, and the actor renders the story as if its inci dents occurred yesterday. So Mr. Forrest has given as the freshest and most agreeable sensation of the day. It is not likely to die out very soon, either. We under stand that he is engaged for three hundred nights, and receives five hundred dollars pec night. Thi> engagement will be finished in about a year and a half; so that Mr. Forrest will enjoy a clear income of one hundred tho?> sand dollars per annum?a pleasant admixture of the bank note and the laurel. And when he finally retires from the scene of his present triumphs, we should not be at all surprised it some sensation constituency in this city or Philadelphia should take him up and send him to Gongren, to give the Hoosiers and fire eaters some Idea of good language and gooff manners. They might, indeed, have done a great deal worse. NEnsi-AraR A.vtK.vmn.?In the telegraphic report ol the Prince ol Wales' uioveir.eaU, pub lished in our bane of Saturday, there occurs a paiagraph which would not have appeared bat for the lutenesj ot the hour at which the de spatch war received. We allude to the passage which reflects censure on the reporters of two journals?the London Tiwr* and the Tribune?toe certain steps which they thought proper to take In the dbcharge of their avocations. The in sinuation that they intruded themselves on the ?pecial train of the Prince without permis sion waa probably susceptible ol expla nation, and if true, should hare boo* accompanied by a full statement of the circum stances. But we hold that it b wrong for re porters to make inch charges against each other at all. for their duties are sufficiently in vidious and arduous without having addad te them the embarrassments of a personal contro versy. Having accounted for the manner id which the passage in question crept into our colnmas, we may be permitted the remark that our Eng lish contemporaries, but particularly the London Ta. 's, are not Aemielves over particular in the language which they employ towards the A?d cun pre:-*. We observe, for example, that they have latterly taken to using tbsopKhet "sen sation journals '* when spanking of our ntwn papers. English journalists should remember, however, that as the characteristics of the tsro nations dtfsr. 10 occasionally does the meaning of the same word at aitber ride of the Atlantic. We are a young, ambitions and energnrio people, ever aiming at distancing in the race of enterprise the older communi ties of the world. We ere dally achieving things which our rivals are oootent to dream of, or which they have despaired of accomplish ing. If ne startle and compel their admiratioa by our discoveries nod innovations, wo can lairly lay claim to the character of "a ssnsatioo people:' and as the press is generally ssinned to represent the peculiarities of the community of which it is the organ, we are satisfied to ac oept (or our newspapers the title of "sensation journals." To the same classification boloog nil those great names which have given value nod celebrity to the literature and science of Bag land. Shaltspsre and Milton were sensation bards, and Bacon and Newton sensation philo sopher- In applying the phrase to our newa papers out of vexation for the manner in which they have been outstripped by them in the re ports of the Prince of Wales' progress in Conn da, it is but right that oar London contempo raries should be informed that an English tons of reproach may be a fall flavored term o( Yan kee laudation Noiti: CtfKiJtixu New s i sou Pen vsi i.v utia.? From various intelligent sources in Pennsyl vania we are receiving advices confirmatory of our last week's intelligence of the reaction ai work in that State agminM the republican party Of itself that party in said State is In a vsry Iseblc minority. In HOC. with tbs whole foroo of the Fillmore party to help it In the October election, the J'remont cause was lost. What rhdtace. then, can there be for the republican cause in this approaching Pennsylvania October election, with anything like fusion among the democracy, when we are assured that trom fifty to sixty thousand Bell-Everett men. old line wbigs snd Americans will support Foster, the popular Union democratic candidate for Governor* Oh. bat there are Hickman and Forney in the way. We koow it But Hickman, having joined the republicans, can do no more mischief in the disguise of a democrat. Tired of that flimsy domino, be has. like an honest man. thrown it off. As for Forney his position is very well understood. Bought nnd ptid for by the republican* at the last seseioa of Congress, be Is simply doing his best to serve his masters in the character ol a spy ' in the democratic camp. Ail this being known to ail men. Forney and his IHtle clique in this canvass are making fools of nobody bnt them selves. W# count, therefore, npon s splendid victory to the Union cnuse in Pennsylvania la h?r coming October election. In this view, how - 1 ever, let our New Yorh political financiers be. ware of all Pennsylvania party money b-jfa~*. let it be remembered that when Forney w%. called before the Covode Cnhgresrioial 0 xn mtttee to account for th# N'* \ork .itio