Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 29, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 29, 1860 Page 6
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JSEW YORK HERALD. J A UK ? UOKUUN IDITOR UNIi PROi RH N?K owe* k. w. consui ot mmh fcaton ?w. j TAB MA, oik U ?AUrunrA- * ?4i MOiltri b* ct tAr rv.* <y ikumA* Pn??rw Wnmn# ?X u? .--lA'f.j. j TAT* DAILY HKHalO two fmfr P?r '?*% ?' WKXKLV HKKALD w* <K ?4a i?Im* TO or|S)? onin AlUion m-cpe I?a iL a' ?a mho *4 anno... to u?v ?-?/' u/ 6""' ??4A?fa, trltlniui wrlV'A' Ikmtiornl, **?<>? H> innlmU punhur, <?* t ali/n .ii.i eHilion ,n, thi 1M. UrA inH llnl a! ?eA ?' "UA, "A ??. ter-ttl- ,0,* or t\ M P*r iinnum rut. r tyru.r ukhai.d m a* A*, .??.? p< ""W> "soi^ni"wl* v awpwn inrrwywMlwm Nr.icws f^fum r.-Artp.l mmm t. n ft 1.' ll-.ru KXTS m.etetd rvrrydnu, adrrrtinrnumt ? in forlod in (V WiBBLt IIehaih. Kahili Huiui. awl in tho Caltfmnn <??./ Ki.nnnon MMtiom*. Jim t'Ui STtbO nxncuind ?nlA imuIiVAa. rhoapnnu On-i (D yiM Volume XXV No *74 AJfV8RMlNTR T11IH IVKMNu. ACAOKVTOP MURIC. P<mruien(h (tre?t-It kA-MAHN NlBUvn uaRDCN SroedwHT.?MkXaee h'. One o'l lock? It 11 lab Otoua?Medea WINTKK i)*XlltN. Bnndm. oviiodto Boti.1 UrM - Imie r.TA l'abib? Aaaic Jou-I>au Ajmoeahoe tmr Iaaih Modestt. BOwKRY THKATRK. Rowrrr ?(I'Puiion A*r ' I AIHIEA?A (iLiBCE at New tOHi-lUm wrik or Kucir WAIXACK'H THKATRK. Bmnrt??r ,-T?l KOTiiiEr ?ace tok a Widow l.AlRA KXCMt b TUKATKK. No. 624 BronAwkr-THB ?(akit K?r MKW iloW KKl THKATRK Bowery.-Paul Jonu-Bbu. Bibckh or lionon Utibb I'mimis. BcRNUM'R aMKRICAN MURIUM. Br?*.:w?y -.??> ali Brrntng?Joeech abu Hie Bhethebb-l.ivma Cdk'OEI fiSA. Ac. BRYANTS' MINST RK1.S, UwbHiiIre Huh. 472 Blued w*i\ ? Buelbabcbe. Bohce. Oamea. Ac ?Jack cai>i NIBLAI'R SALOON, HrviutwKv ? tiiKiisr A OAMrEBUt HlEITKEIA IE KtIII iflAJi Sonoj. Bom-BEycE MaBOBO Ac .? Ijl A DC CHAT I OB BALL. NATION AI? TIIKATRK 'Yimhim street ?T HE Maktth ? KacIC UaBHBL? 1'aAMOM llklUE CANTXRHUBT MCSIC 11A I.I ? 66S RrotwlwB f?SOBOE Oabcbs. BuHLirunBr, Ao TRIPLE SHEET. Haw Yoi k, UBiurdBT, S?p( 4U, 1WW. Tbc N?wa. The British war steamer Gladiator has arrived b. low New Orleans with the remnant of Walker's filibuster force. Walker was executed on the 12th U..L It is stated that ten shots were fired at him. maid the cheers of the native spectator*. His re mains were subsequently buried by f .reisers, the natives refusing to take any part in the ceremony. Colonel Rudler was sentenced to four years un lit ^onment. The screw steamship F.dinburg. from Liverpool at lliroe P. M. on the 12th and Ouecnstown on the 13th Instant, arrived at this port yesterday alurnoon. Her advicea are not so late by three days as those received by the Persia. By the brig Avosetta. Captain Tuzo, we have tews from Bermuda. Bt. Martin and other West India islands. Bermuda dates are to the 19th inst. The long continued drought in Barbadoes and An tigua had at length come to an end. and there was creat rejoicing in consequence. Planting of pota toes. yams. Ac., was proceeding vigorously, and the growing crops had revived most promisingly, under the heavy tains whl:h had fallen. In a male a the weather continued dry and oppressive; yet the health of the island was good. The mar kets at Kingston were dull: American provisions in abundance and of slow sale. The Legislature had been prorogued to the 25th inst. 1 ? c steam-hip Star of the Weal, from Havana 24th Inst., arrived at this port last niget. She brings no news of importance. The sugar market continued dull. Bv a decree of the President of Venezuela, rice, core potatoes, salt beef, lar.l and other nccessa ries may be introduced free of duty and all Impor tation charges, ordinarj and extraordinary.through ?nv of the ports of that republic. The decree will remain in force until repealed by the same autho * Senator Douglas addressed the people of Indian npolis vesterday. and Senator Seward spoke at Lawrence. Kansas, the day previous. Brief re ports of the remarks of both these gentlemen are pcbl'.-hcd in to day *r*P?- w'' doubt lf 1,10 Pc0Ple of InwTence ever before imagined themselves of hsU tlie importance to the country that the) ?.o nin e the specih of Senator Seward. The primary elections of the Bell-Everett party, for the choice of delegates to the various conven tions to be helJ to nominate candidates for Con B-r-? legislature, and municipal officers, was bold last evening. 8o far at we are informed they passed off without the slighest disturbance. Tlie Douglas Judh ial Convention of Brooklyn net last evening and nominated James Troy for City Judge, and Henry !.. Fox for Police Justice. Michael Walsh and Zarbariah Voorbies were re ppv(lively nominated for Justices of the Pea-e In the First and Second district*. The Protestant Episcopal Convention of the di > rem of New York reassembled yesterday morning. A large portion of the session was occupied In ? 'ting upon proposed amendments to various ranons of the char. h. Dr. Potter, the Pros iaional Ili-hop, delivered hia atnual addrcaa. embracing a history of the transactions of the church daring the year The Bishop also alluded In very flattering terms to the visit of the I*rinre of Wales, and its pro bable beneficent influence upon the welfare oft.rest Britain and the United P . net. Another attempt was male to bring the Contention to eome action en the everlasting negro question, but the subject was unanimously laid on the table, and the Con vention adjourned sine d,f. A full report may be found elsewhere In our columns. From our Trenton. N. J., correspondent we learn that at the present term of ihe United Stat, a Cir cuit Court, a stilt Involving the right to Ci.'**) ?> ?> worth of real estate, situated in the heart of New ark. will probably be decided. The Methodist Church Society Is defendant, bot the present soil a test one I* brought against a merchant nsrne l Perry, who has a building on the disputed property. An a -tion for ejectment has been brought arainst the defendant by Van Barm Kyersoa. of New York, to teat the title to the whole property, and much interest has been created by the magnitude of the claim and Uie various interest* effected by it. It was decided in the United Stan - Cir* nit t >?u at Trenton yesterday that the trial of Jackab.w. the alleged murderer of the raptain of the oy<ter ?loop Bpray. would be poetponed until the January term. _ _ , The oottns market wan arm yeeterday. Willi eaf* of about S.ooe bane, a food porlioe of wklc.h was tateo by ?planers We quote middling uplands ?t I0l<ft a l?"? Tht demen t tor door was moderate, while llie at* tet tkwed besry. wttb a Wodtwev to eas er relet. (tseiineo from V. to 4? per baahrt. km was more a-tire ?t tbe coo can mo Tbe sales ware large. here and to sr. rlT# ahtefly for atport so-I na speculation Own npaosd MO, but a belter leellag sprang sp M tbe day ndvnaeed, w.tb bssay antaa at mil prtoee Pork wta steady, with tni-a of tilt Mill' tTH. and of new prims at til a 114 II ntre ware eteady nod arlire. with aelae <'??>>. 1 400 bids ?oa bot re end M hhds mo ado, at rsfa |r.?o >n aacil'er column 0MM wan Ira. a sale o( MO t>a?t of U>c oargo of tho Adelaide Peodergssi im made m prtrat terms, and 440 do at 14as4 AO do , include 1 in lb ? ?bore, at UV* , aad 5* do M Dnm.egn. at M Freights wsre tolerably eetire, with beary th , meats prbsat turns Moot bathe a, la bulk set ship's-as#, mere take t, at II ?d , at J a sma.i I t, to tup's Uajs, si 1-L Covtrsor H'U? In 4hc F'eld?Th? Folll< ? ?ru?i Nimnpiiif Pullilt'lnti*. Our suspense Is at un ?ri'V. Governor Wis* ha* ero-sed the Rubicon Ilia late unusual alienee touching our political tfliirshas becu broken ; fcr on Thursday evening la.** to a \ irjit ia audience ot several thousand. iu the . itj of Norfolk, he Came forward and dis Ciescd the Presidential question for four mortal hours. It does not &pi?ar, however, ttiit he hut thrown much additional light upon the canvas, or that he htm thrown out any new siigeestions ot nny practical value, looking ?othe grev con servative object of Lincoln's detent In-tet d of grasping the present paramount necessity of a cordial co-operation among all the elements opposed to the bla<.k republican partv North aud South, the iudigc.int aud de sponding democratic champion of the Old Do i minion limit* himself to the sectional blunder* and factious inuigne* which broke up the I demoralized democracy at Charleston and Bal timore, si d to theaolema dn'fes of the Southern 1 State* in the anticipation ol Lincoln's election ' In this connection, while Mr. Wise vw pleased 1 to make u mereib?* overhauling of Mr Douglas j the burden of his speech, ho flatly declureu th?t he wt utd regard Lincoln's election '-as an op?a declaration oi war against lb" Southern States aiid aunoiu.'ed his o*u unwilliugaess to sub mit to bluck republican rule." But secession is uot the remedy he prop< see. "Rather than resort to secession, he would or* fer to *ee Southern men armed, under Slate authority, to fi'hl for the maintenance and se curity of their right* not ontsldt. but in the Union " But in all this the success of Line da it ci needed; and wo, for ali praciical purpose*, it would have been us well had this useless speech been postponed to some early day utter the November election. In fact. Douglas is fa Vi.-e the H.rpiot of 'his campaign, with whom no peace i- to be roaile, and from whom nothing but defeat is expected. It is apparent from this speech that toe family quarrel* of the de mocrtcy h .ve created an opening for tue suc cess ot the Bell-Everett ticket in Virginia, and that the first object of Mr. Wise is uot the defeat of Lioooio, but the suppression of the Dougl * movement in the Old Dominion. "Let us, at alt event*. save our own State from this Southern opposition party" appears to be the first and the important consideration for which Mr. WLe has taken the stump. At the same time, it appears, Hon. Henry Winter Davis, of Maryland, has mounted the stump iu defenoe of Lincoln's election, and against all alliances calculated to defeat it. Davis meets the exact issue, and Wise should have taken the opposite course in recommend lug the union or oo-operation of all the par ties. factions and cliques opposed to Lincoln in order to secure his defeat But the course oi our stumping Breckinridge, Douglas and Bell Everett politicians, in every quarter or the country, bis been marked by the sains follies and stupidities. Thus, from the violent abuse poured out upon the bead of Douglas and his followers by the Breckinridge leaders and organs, and from the malignant denunciations of Breckinridge by the stumpers and organs of Douglas, and from the contemptuous slurs and sneers cast upon the Bell-Everett ticket and party by both wings of the democracy, and from the hot retaliations of the Bell men, we have the extraordinary spectacle presented of all these factions devour ing each other, while their common enemy is marching by in full procession, as on a holiday excursion, to the White House. To be sure, these three parties or faction^ opposed to Lincoln in Pennsylvania, and in New Jersey and in New York, are more or less engaged as In a common cause against the re publican party; but all their efforts are weak 1 ened by the factions and purblind orators and organs of the several factions concerned. These disorganizing leaders are making their con- ; temptible personal jealousies, animosities and revenges the mala issues of the canvass, as if the destinies of this great country were subor dinate to the personal demands or grievances of Tom, Dick and Harry. Now, had Wm II. Seward thought lit to adopt the course of our disappointed demo i cratic politicians, could he. not have raised a row in the republican camp which would have I utterly rained the prospects of Linooln ? Bat ! Seward, like a sensible man, makes the moat of I a bad bargain, and, although on the wrong side, 1 be is about the only stump speaker of the cam I paign who has comprehended its issues and 1 their far-reaching consequences. Treacherous i ly cut off as the legitimate standard bearer of bis party, h<> gracefully submits and works faith ! fully in the ranks, and herein be sets the exam ple which alone can give the vlctcry to his ad versaries. the example of everything for the , cause, ntterty sinking ail personal grievances and disappointments in behalf of the cause with which be is identified. We commend this example of Senator Sea.trd to Messts. Douglas, Breckinridge. Wise, Hunter. Pi.kinson and all the wrangling leaders, orators and organs of the parties opposed to Lincoln. His defeat is the first necessity, the ti ?' duty, and should be the first < bject among th> m ail On the other band, in such mere fac tious and personal hr. tongues as this last one of 0ov?raof Wise, the lending stump orator, thci.gfc he may con ider Lincoln's election a ? came o' disunion. Is doing more tq ?|gf| t;?i tli n Mr Seward himself have had eti ugh of rues misc' Urons folly, and if the parti' con would defeat Lincoln tbey mi ?t Mlescc their wraagltef clique-, leaders, I org n* and ? i nor*, or gtre up the battle. Tut Jot nxai.s <>t Nrw Kvolaxd.? Boat of that class oi journals in New England kroon a? j ,?rty hi ks. vhich belong soul and body to politicians, and are supported either by the fund* which politic! it* sttpply from their own fesoffers or procure for them in the shape of government p itrocage, are beginning to feel i*b*n-.?d of tbeir conduct and position. The < exposure we recently gave of their course bis ] stflt'd them up to itp necessity of trying to d? ' fend themrehes or rather of rnisiog a dust at" ut l)i? 11h-m.iv in order to divert attcniioi away from themselves. The Ilsrtford /'br,<\? com*t to the rescue In i long leader. In which the Hlrai.d is names eletetl times Instead of answfttng the chnrgei wc preferred against it and the Huston PoM sal other journals of that ilk, it aeaerts that Us Hi' u r> advocates the claims of all ?h< rnridential candid e? There is n > trutl in th!? statement, for we do hot cbam plon the e? st ??f an; candidate, b.i >re sLuply in favor of the defeat of Uofot i and to hat end we support n Oaftow tiaks V % %a*c ... .? kite .asdldaU _ . ^* tbe republican ticket, but we de*ir? to tl.a' , tigket defeated. and it is a matter of ence to us bow the object in acooaiotb>n-<l , The Ilart.fi.rd paper i* very iiulign tn< thv J. we should Stat* 'that it derives its -i.t.vi til j from federal patronage. Y?t It aiLnU* *Vi n j recelt ?# Dot Only 'he "dripping" of tb>' fie ! Bury at Washington," but of the ?try a"' I ment ut Ii:trtf"rd. It Complain*, hnwe-er , that the uuiounuj ?fa Very small. whom probably true, as each paper* are wo ih very little? indeed, less than nothing. to ei'hei fade i re), Suite, or city goverutnenU. _ -vitall f?vnri , ought to be thankfully received by h ii ill j >ur Da1?; but instead of that these paper* are ever growling and ever greedy for more, lite un pudi at. luiy mendicants, who will n it work lor a living, hut importune the puhlio for aim*, growling und looking daggers at those wno i give tbem only a tew pennies. 1 he llatU'ord Tivins daubs that there was | ?ny conservative coalidoa last spring in Oou , nectlcut ugair.ht the black repunlicau*. This Only shew. thut th.it journal ie utterly iirnoram i cl' itfi own local uflairs. Theie wa* a consarva l tive coalition then: and if there w.*? only a* > good h one low. fheip can be no doubt that, I v.iLh the accession of the reserve vote which only comr a out in . Presidential struggles. it ? wo.t'J dt-teat Lincoln next November by an J cvei whelming diBOomtlture But the pirtisau joi nul- ate doing u< thing for the accomplish meat ol this devoutly wished for consuinma ?i? tj. Thne wretched sheets have done more thin all other causer put together to demoralize the democratic party and reduce it to chaos; aud now they aio doing their utmost to prevent a bcullai and complete union of the conservative ehmeDta against the republican candidate. They cannot see the leog'h of their noses be fore them, or begin to comprehend the true naiuie of the issue before the couutry. but they chatter and jabber like angry apes or parrot*. Conveying nothing intelligible to the reader, aud evcu failing to understand the jargon them selves. They have no independence of thought or action, but are mere machines, which will go for a while if any body winds them up. The French Gold Field. In Africa?Thslr Iminr n.r PrudncU and Keiuarkabla Effects. One of the most perplexing problems of the age to political economists has been the fiaan cial secrets of the French empire, and its abun dant coinage or gold. For a series of years the imperial treasury has borne the most extraor dinary demands upon It; trast enterprises have been auoerUken and carried out; commerce aiul industry have received a constant stimulus; tbe financial panic of 1857 was driven from Fiance by the bountiful resources of the bank, and the 1 reach mint, which twenty years ago issued annually only about two "and a half mil lions of dollaj- in gold coinage, now pours out from one hundred to one hundred and ten mil lions of coin every year, beiog more than equal to thut coined by the United States and England together. Whence comes this immense supply of gold? The French official reports clssstfy It as 'Re coinage, but what Is this etcetera? There are three great known gold fields. Russia works those of the Ural mountains, and keeps the production a secret; but whatever its amount may be, its presence is not felt in the great centres of trade. The yield of California and Australia is known to amount to about one hundred millions of dollars yearly; but a large portion of this is coined and retained by this country and England. How is It, then, that France oan coin annually aa amount of gold equal to the joint production of California and Australia, end yet the supply of eagles and sovereigns continue to accumulate? The secret is ex plained in a communication published in another column, which has been furnished to us by an eminent geologist who has recently returned from Europe. A fourth gold field, more prolific >Mn those of either shore of the Pacific, and worked with greater secresy than the Russian mines in Asia, has been opened by France and steadily developed for the last six years. Acting upon ?he suggestions of an American citizen, Louis Napoleon sent a secret expedition of thirteen vessels and twenty-five hundred men to the before neglected colony of Senegal. From that time tbe progress of French rule and French enterprise in Africa hu bee n rapid and remarkable. Algeria baa crossed the deeert of Sahara and linked its posts with those of the advancing colony of Senegsmbia. The British flig bus Won bought off from a large portion of the western coast of Africa, and the French tri color has been planted to Abyssinia. The new colonial region bas been separated from tbe colonial system of the empire, and placed under tbe Immediate presidency of the Emperor Numerous in-lltuUons and offices have been Created, which have no ostensible results, and yet thi-ir officers attain frequent rewards ao.l promotion. Why is this? It Is because Louis Napoleon is secretly working hundreds of tbou of African slaves in the new gold fields of Africa, deriving therefrom not only the ratal's lor extouding bis empire on that contl nwit' bl-o the re. our res to supply the im tu, nse "biking* of the French mint, and to give life and energy to his vast political schemes. In these revelations wo may find also the secret bf his Steel-clad -hips, his ? ffurls to change the balance of power iu the Mediterranean, bis creation of a navy to surpass iu cumbers and efficiency that of England, his sedulous cultivation of an African policy that has been constantly a p.lzzie > urope. and the c*r, with which AlgwU ,g fo? tared. A war a i?h England would cut off his Atlas tic route to the Senegal gold region, and hence the path he is opening with Artesiso wells across tbe deserts of Sahara. A few years' continuance of the immense supply 0f gold he ha# been drawing from bis nev African posses "iocs Will enable him to realize even the dreams Of his uncle for the reconstruction of Europe, and make bis reign the Angustan era of tbe French empire. Ini the table of tbs coinage of the mints 0f Ui" I nited States, England and France, which Riven in the communication published in ?notbet column, will be found the statistics of ? gold supply to the channels of circulation that will account for many of the anomalies wlta.wed in finance and trade durln- the past frw years. How long.. 7. to affect

tbe relations of values do m But in this communication th.wr' cod 1 necfed with , olitfctal DO J. ^ In Hayti ana Cubs, that an v >a9 j *?.? - j: America, fcofle. I; 'u v,tay, I f>* . U<h\ Franc*i* steadily pursuing it* pro j*. ??( r^..cC"ip>ii'H U?* negto empire of Hayti, Hfu Spain ih hi frbls m??m-nt engaged in re m r ill. i-hinif r ^r rule 111 tbe |>vw'(tt|yiui republic ' -1* Heir. h curpe of active and ? i.ti^tiic ifhcerx to St. D-iiuingo, where thay ka*e lb* service ?t tha republic aud ?-? bli-)iro a newspaper; and front H-ivan* w? mm- informed tha' uiany persons iL?*re believe ?to. ihe It./** expedition. ostensibly being pre pared t<. operate in Mexico, if really iuteuded Sot Si. l/'.tnlDgo. Whatever view, therefore, in i% t-e taken of tba fact* rava tlad in tha com uiu location we to-day publish, they are worthy of consideration by tha statesmen and public m*n of America and Europe, R*a wit ofloutuln'tKlcr ton mt tile South?* Opinions of Senators Toombs and Ste phens. Whan a country it* approaching a gratt po litical crisis it in not always upon tba disturbed surface of society that the truant indications of counng recti Its. and the bant evidence of the in tensity of popular sentiment, are to be found; they lie deeper than that. Like the wealth of the mine, the pearls of the ocean, or the waters of the artesian well, they must be sought for far below the surface. In the present crisis through a bicb our own country is passing, per tuibed as tha aspect of afTaira may present it self. in tha assembled masses of the people, In tha t-paacbas of vagrant agitators, at primary elections and in the columns of the newspt pers, there is a surer test of the state of public opinion to be discovered in the inner life and language of the people, underlying all political agitation. Conscious of this fact, we have been endeavoring to elicit the true state of the pub lie nund upon the excitisg question of the <lay? the issue of the coming Presidential contest an issue fraught with more serious import than any other which has engaged public aiteation since the foundation of the government, by bringing ourselves into doner intercourse with the people of all sections of the country through the medium of trustworthy correspondents. We have laid the results before our readers from time to time. We have given descrip tions ol the homes, habits and opinions of our leading statesmen, including the candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency. Our cor respondents have visited the residences of Mr Lincoln. Mr. Seward, Mr. Bre;kiuridge, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Douglas and Mr. Melt, and have given our readers photographs of the home life and political careers of the men in whom the public take most interest To day we publish an account of a visit to the home of Alexander II. Stephens, the leading statesman of Georgia and one of the most prominent conservatives of the South. From the manufacturing towns of the North, from the risiiig cities and village* of the Weet, from the plantations of the South, we have drawn a truthful expression of popular feeling upon the great political question now agitating the country, and we are foroed to con clude that in every quarter there exist alarm ing indications of trouble and disaster befalling the best interests of the country, should the sectional, anti slavery candidate, Mr. Lincoln, be elected to the Presidency. In the South, of course, the strongest ajmp *om> of the disturbance of our social and com mercial system are to l>e found, because it is against the interests aud very existence of the Southern States that the success of Lincoln will militate most disastrously; and whether the consequence o his triumph be disunion and revolution or not, there is no room for doubt that disturbance, bloodshed, and a partial dis organization of our whole system of trade and commerce, must ensue from his election. The South is not prepared to endure such a po licy as the speeches of Mr. Seward, the declara tions of Mr. Lincoln, and the avowed principles of the black republican party, foreshadow, and though there may be sufficient conservatism and love of the Union in the South to rebuke the ultra secessionists snd repudiate their violent declamation, still there is no power strong enough to prevent the occurrence of scenes of disturbance and bloodshed in the event of the success of the abolition candidate. Even Mr Stephens, who may be said to be the repre sentative of the moderate party at the South, and who is opposed to disunion, avows that an attempt at secession and revolution will as suredly follow Llnooln's election; that blood will be spilt, and that some parties will be hung as traitors. Our correspondent fell in with Senator Toombs during his vis It to Mr. Stephens, and his language upon this subject is still plainer and bolder. " What do you Intend doing,'' our correspondent asked, " in case of Llnooln's election?'' "Resist him," says Mr. Toombs. " And who will commonoe the re volution?" "I will," the Southern Senator answers, " If I have enough to back me to make treason respectable." There ts every reason to believe that the sen timents ef Mr. Toombs are lesgeiy shared in by the people of the South, and to predict, with Mr. Stephens, that civil strife and bloodshed will inevitably be the consequences of the triumph of Abraham Lincoln. The course which the canvass of the republican candidate has taken is calculated to exasperate tenfold Log people of the South and fill them with alar^ 'or their future exliteoce. Takn?^ *T*,pl^u?e declaration of Mr. fojooln himself, that the re publican ty was a progressive party, and that it was only now beginning its onslaught upon slavery and Southern interests, which was to be developed as it gained strength and attained power; and the announce ments of Mr. Seward, that slave labor and free labor could not exist under the same government?that the army and navy would be abolished as one of the first acts of a republican administration, in order the better to coerce its policy upon the Sonth; and his recent declaration at 8t. Joseph, that the per fect freedom of all men. black as well as white, should go through the fifteen slave States, as it bad gone through the eighteen free States. To every intelligent mind, North and South all this means war upon Southern Institu tion*?war to the knife?despotism of one sec tion of the country over another; n policy so flagrantly at variance with the spirit of the con stitution. and so destructive of the very idea of a confederation of Statea, that the party adopting it is entitled to be considered the party of disunion add revolution with more justice than the most rabid secessionists of the South. Viewing calmly the condition of the public mind at the prevent hour, as indicated by all the information we gather from every quarter of the country, and from the booth in ptrtion lar. it is time that the people of the North should give serious consideration to the mo lututCwb vv&U ?. m* Wn ?*?c - -s-a -i. it were vain to tppral to the politicians, fur tbey do not understand the era In which they live, nor comprehend (be crisis through which r; gref?ii -f spoil have blinded ttem u question at <Mu? ^pw is one that affects the people themselves, not tbeiT blind leaders sod guides; affects them in all their dearest lute- l rests?the peaee, the commerce and the pros perity of the country in which they live; aud it behooves them to take s<-ms sure and speedy measures to defeat th? sectional candidate of the republican party, and thus avert the calamities which his success is certain to entail upon the whole couutry. The War la China. Elsewhere will be foiwd some interesting cor respondence from Shangnae and the bay of Ta lien-whan, in the waters of which the allied fleeta were anchored at the last dates. Although the summer was pretty well advanced, there ws6 no appearance of the expeditionary torce being in readiness to take its departure for the Peibe, nor bad aey plan of operations been agreed upon. The delay, which involved an expense of a million sterling a month, is attri buted by the correspondent of the London Times to the French, who, not having taken out artil lery horses, were compelled to supply the omis sion by ponies purchased in Japan and Manila, the training of which takes time. This and other unforeseen difficulties necessitated the disem barkation of the troops, who wete encamped on the hills overlooking the bay. By the 20th of July, however, the French were to name a day by which their preparations were to be oompleted, so that the sailing of the force was probably not postponed beyond the end of the month. In an address which had been presented to Lord Elgin from the merchants of Shanghae. it will be seen that the latter, disregardful of the rLks that it may cause to their own interests, recommend that a vigorous aud decisive policy shall be pursued by the allies. This is Bound advice, and is borne out by the results of the course adopted by Lord Gough in lt*42. when, sailing up the Tang-tse-kiang, be occupied the grand canal, cut off the supplies of grain from Pekin, and marched upon Nankin, to save which, and restore communication with the south, the Imperial Court cauie to terms. This plan of operations, however, cannot be repeated, for the all sufficient reasons that Nankin is in posses sion of the rebels, and that the traffic between Yang-tee and Pekin is now transferred to the Y'ellow Sea and the Gulf of PechelL The idea of blockading the northern coast, which at one time was deemed likely to bring about a solution of the difficulty, was abandoned because, during the month of April, the whole of the grain junks from the south had arrived in the Peiho, and the year's supply of corn re ceived at Pekin, whilst, owing to the delay in the receipt of the imperial answer to the English and French ultimatum, no blockade could Lave been effected before the end of that month.' To have Instituted it then would have produced no effect on the bel ligerent spirits In the capital, whilst it would have inflicted immense suffering upon the harm Ins population of the northern provinces and ruined the trade of Shanghqe and Ntngpo. The plan of penetrating to Pekin, or at least so near it as to terrify the Imperial Court into the desired concessions, is evidently the promptest and moat decisive way of arriving at them. It is only to be hoped that this time the allies will bavo accurately calculated the obstacles that they will have to encounter, and measure their strength accordingly. The Pekin Ga.eite makes some disclosures in reference to the personal habits of the Emperor, which show that, despotic as he is, he is still amenable to public opinion and to the institu tiona of the empire. They are contained in a protect emanating from the Censorate. a body entrusted with the care of the public morals, and exercising their functions with remarkable fear lessness. They reprove his Majesty for "his drunk enness and dissipation, his attachment to actors and his love of low society." These are habits, it most be confessed, that but illy prepare him to meet the dangers that are threatening his throne on every side. Of the progress of the rebels nothing further is known than that they are within fifteen leagues of the capital and (en of Sbanghae. They will probably ^pemain quiet, within the limits of their present conquests north, until the result of the English and French expedition is ascertained. As it has been the policy of the allies to hold aloof from communication with them, they will not venture upon any operation that will bring them into their near proximity. Their leaders must here judgment enough to perceive that the closer they press the imperial ists at the present juncture, the more promptly they will bring about an accommodation be tween them and the foreigners, and thus render their own objects more difficult of attainment The Genlai of the Kami Prvsv. 'U tk Aaaablf AiatMU"^ Tbe conrse taken ||| metropolitan press in regard me renomination of a number of 1 - 0 leader* in the last Legislature, by the re publicans in the interior, has. it appear*, ??'rred np the sleepy rural editors. It is no easy tn?k to arouse these gentlemen through any moral means: but hold up before them the paltry sum of a thousand dollar*, and they are in a blaze of glory. The criticism upon these nominations has fairly awakened them, and has bad th* effect of opening their batteries. We And the editor of the Syracuse Mmd frtl relieving him self in the following style:? W> notice that tin New York Trfbun* sail Hi*mo are aim-wbat exercised about our lowloatimi for ?<? uJrer of Afwably; but we he* leave to aecire them tbel the re puMlrane of Onondaga ooc-ldsr th-me-'re* fully onmpe trot to altend to their local nomination! If hew York city wtll keep iteeir aa free >or? corruption, or do as well lor the republican ticket, aa Onondaga, the ferall will be entirely tattafaclory. This cry abont corruption In New Tork may do very well for the country politicians, who, whilst, pbarisee-like, pleading their own superior honesty, rob its of oar valuable fran chlses. We make no boast of the honesty of our politicians, neither do we defend them in any of their plundering schemes; we make no pretensions in that line, nor are we in the habit of playing tbe hypocrite, by holding them np aa pure men, whilst they are Invading the right* or plundering the inhabitant* of any i of tbe interior cities; this is the special work of tbe rural editors, who seem to have the na tural talent for defending their representatives and calling them honest, whilst they are reach ing out their bands and rdealicg those franchise* I that are worth millions of dollars to our city. | and transferring them to a set of speculator*. Did the rural member*, whilst occupying a Msiiaik Leglwihlur(t httcad to the bullae?t of tba-ir own immediate constituents, and let ua til New \ ork alone, there w?*uid l>e no <iu*p<??i Con on the part of the city p'*-ag to criticise tbelr Dominations. The fact of the matter is. tiw rural m**mntHl b*vp Wed the Ijaderj In every raid upon the right* of our citizens thai has ?akeu plane at Albany. Any person who fead the reports of the pro'.'-eedlngs of the last Lepielatuie moat have noticed the fact tint m?-uj?>ere (row 'he interior were the month pieces of the lobby upoo every peculating hill tJta' wo before them. The projects which no poison tronu 'hie city could be found to defend were boldly and without the least ebaine ad vocated by those gentlemen representing In terior towns; when the moat intelligent members from this ciy roe*- in their place and asked tbat eouo- i-alf^uord should be thrown around the rai road gmti's. theae very philosopher** whoee renominaiion the press of this city has denounced were the persons that sneered at them and led on tbe forces that defeated the amendments, to please tbe lobby, whose tools they were during 'be whole tessioo. If the rural editors do not wish ua to de nounce their nominations for the Legislature, they must not hold up tbe leaders in the pirati cal crusades of the last infamous Legislature as boneet and worthy legislators. All we ask is that they shall cot send men to Albany t* legislate for tb? mercenary gang that alarays infest tbe legislative halls, and who, whilst oc cupying their sea's, beed no demands but those coming from the lobby. Let them send repre aentatlves who cannot be* influenced by tbe professional legislative brokers, and they will bear no complaints from this direction. But as long as they elect men to invade our rights and to enact laws against almost the unanimous wish of the peoole. then they must expect to hear tbe metropolitan press speaking in thun der tones. As long as they assume to legislate for our city they are morally responsible to us. It Is therefore not only just, but proper, that we should criticise the action of every Assembly district. Thk Hon. Thadokcs Stkvkns at this Cootkk Institi'tk.?The speech of the Hon Thaddoos Stevens at the Cooper Institute the other even ing was very much out of season and out of place. He must have forgotten that be was in the city of New York, and supposed that he was speaking to a gathering of coal miners and iron manufacturers among the mountains of Pennsylvania. A different sort of argument was the thing for this side of the river. Mr. Stevens also appeared to labor under the idea that he was talking to the old whig party of twenty years ago, and while he was about it the wonder is that be did not give General Jackson a raking down for his removal of the deposits. The republicans of this city, in choosing their campaign speakers from abroad, should admonish them in advance to leave their old local speeches behind them, and do up some thing for New York; and young men of new ideas would be better than these old chape, whe never leain anything and never forget aay thing. IMPORTANT FROM HONDURAS. Tha Kixulloa or Ota. Walker?Col. Kwaller SaiUaead to Fowr Tears* Ioa prtaowaaewt?Arrival of the Filibuster* at Htw Orleans. Ifsw Ouuss, Sept M, IMS. Trs British war steamer Gladiator has beea qaarwa lined. She has oa hoard the remnants of General Waiaer** army. Walktr was abot oa tha 12th instant. Ten ahots rare Brad at him amid the cheere of the natives. Be was alter war la burled by lore ignore, the aattvas refusing to take any part la the ceremony. Colonel Rudler has beea aeateaoel to foer years' Uaprl A NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. PrtfrttliH f?ona Chlaa?ThrMtr11 Ittk of tha R?b?li oa Nhaaghat-Ea barkatlM af llalitar WarftaBMN ? ?>aa# TTar Ac. WAranutox, Sept 18, 1M. Tba Nary Department. baa reseleed tutelllgeaoe from Commander Btrlbltag, of tba Kaat India aquadroa, Mat Bhaagbae, July 9 Tba on in try around ^utnghae la rk pnrtad to bare beaa at that date in tba huada of tba rtbata, with erary raaaoa to rvppess that tha plaoo wouUl brtakaoaa oooo ta tbay couia do ao witboat tot; of an aouatarlag tha frw?? and '^tgUah fcroea aUtluaad tba-a tor tha protectloa of the aetUomeot Mr. Ward, oar Mln.gte, to that country, bad emburknd sa tha Bag-ehtnSarttord for promotion, whtoh waste prs oaad with him to tba Salfof Palebell ?art aorraa. at Dabaqaa, aad ?tneiabar af the Democrat* Nattoaai OommtUae fo; baa baaa bara tor saota toy a, baa tba rsaatabtlto Dabaqaa aad si. Paol. Mr. Walkar t poatmaatar at Datralt, baa baaa raataesd, ?*? it M amdaratoad that Col Baail, who raaaaUy dacliaad tba oaaaahbtp to tha Saadwlah lalaada. bar baaa appoint T-r?T aoaixxt on or tea roucor sum mm It M atatod that a Mia Mar to oaa of tha South Amerirna rapabltaa baa baaa aagagad la traaaaotiaaa which will aa aaaattata hla raoalL Tba matter la aow uadar tarmtiga Uaa by tha porawaat near ?oimimh or m aucr aarmiean. It ia aadaratood that tber# M a are rat adtMtalioo la MP elty, aad tta aombara increasing tolly aad algbUy, who barf glraa la tbalr adberaaoa to tba eauaa of Uaooto. Tba nombara who harr aabaerlbad tbelr names already amount to sfreral hundred, embracing many of the elerta aad employ 'a of tba gOTarnmeal, aad art a offloera of high m ran or exxmut walkxb. Tba doubt aad uaoerUiaty ta ragard to tba fata of Oea. Walker ellella vary amusing comment* la aat only politi cal but diplomat Is clralaa Tlba t'mltad Stmtos Court mt Trenton TBS KTTX90N XJKCTOXNT CABS?TEE TKUt Of JACEA tow roarroMn. Taswroa, Bapt. 21, 1MB. Tha Caltad Stales Oaart ? atUl la mat too. Tba Jury ta tha cast of Elliott rt Taa Vorat ran tared a eardM tor tha dsfoadaat. Tha OBart thaa took up tba eectment caae of Taa Bam Ry arson ea. Nab am lab Parry, 111 tba petit Jurora were dlaehargad. aroapt thorn am paaaalled la tba above aaoaa. Tbta aatuar tba queatMa . that Jackajn* will aat ba triad at tba preaaat term, am If a bill aboaid ba fnand agataat him. Tha Oraad Jary '? will raaarembla aait Friday .and will probablyfraport^a bill , oa tba Batartoy following Jackalow will thaa ba brought Into court and nhargud with tbe Indictment, aad his trial f aat down tor aome day la Jaaaary next. Arrival af tits CmllfhrmUt Oreriamd Plan. FOat tomw. topt. IT, Itdt. Tba Chi I torn la orurlaad ami), with Era through pas seagara aad Sua Franclaoo dates to the 7th mat , arrived bare tba mora log at half peat oae o'clock. Aanri tho paaaengnra M J Horace Kaat, of tba ha I FVaaelatio Pmt, who ta m null to Boat-w The Attaalle aad Faeifle tetegrmpb Una waa to ha tpnaad to Tea Ai gelf? by tba JM laat. tonaior I album and family w*r< i > tnare ton Pranei.. . an the tlth tMt tor Wash eg'>? by the tri-.-.t rm.u? Anet'Tii ? k'u' t tb"r