Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 3, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 3, 1860 Page 2
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SUIT HERN SENTiMENT ON LINCOLN S ELECTION. letter from BCr. Scitt, of South Carolina. Dion'rn Proclaimed as a Neoessity to the South. the' orl antl 8?nlh Caanol Live ?n Hinflony Under Elack R?ptibliran Rifle* Ta twv: Hon. *'?? Mtnasr:? Mv I'kak * !K I haw had the honor t? receive, through the V. i .ttr;/. the pr?KX?-.tlings of a public meeting ol '.he citizen* of St. John's OoHeton, over which you presided. In one of the resolutions adopted by it. I have been put in renoininat+on lor t < .ngc-v*. For this flattering commendation of niy past services, as well as of continence in my tu'nre crurse, 1 mtke you, ac.d those who were as st.. lated with you, my sincere thanks. The relations between c representative in the federal councils and his constituents are deli cate and important. The many question* nffe'ting their prosperity which conic before hir.i for review and decision, as well as tlesso which touch their dignity and pride, make it so. Tins is true, even in a time of great tranquillity ; it is cotsplcu ouely true during a period of sectional and politi cal exasperation. VVitb.n the ir.t b'O years have been agitated questions which have shaken the Union to its foundations, while the sectional bitter ness and recrimination which have been excited could not be increased even by a disruption of the Unioa. Whoever shall write the future Listory of this republic, let it hereafter lie what it may, will nod 'hat the last ten years constitute an influential epoch, and that throughout that time its destinies were under critical decision. In the severe party and sectional. and, I may safely add, personal ex citement* of this period, the rcprcsentat ves in Congress have had to rely upon tin-ir constituents for sympathy and support. These have been given to me in no stinted measure, and throughout all the p?*sag.-s of the conflict I have felt that 1 was oordially sustained at home. In return, I have given my he *t efforts to the district, and have tried to promote its interests truly and well. in retiring frotn Congress Ht this time. I do not the less appreciate the wishes of those who have urged mc to continue. Circumstances of a pri vate nature ind ioed me, eighteen months ago, to announce that 1 would nut lie a candidate for re election, and in 'onseqnWce'of this announcement, several gentlemen have engaged in a canvass tor the succession. Although the circumstances to which I have alluded do not now exist, still it would not be gra ions in me. at this time, to inter pose in a contest which was begun solely in conse quence of my withdrawal. This eoti-Kierafion, sufficient as it is, is also po tentially reinforced by the present condition of federal politics, and "hv probable proximate Oon tingem-ies, The hopes which were recently en tertained of defeating the bla 'k republican party in tie ohiirig I'i"* election have already vanished, or are fast vanishing; and it is apparent that the North is uni'ing to s< ize the government, and subject the South to the dominion of numbers. The failure of the fusion movement in Pennsylvania and New Y >rk realizes the consolidation of the North m a purpose to seize and otctipy the corn ?on government, and brings the two sections faco to fb*e upon the great issues of free government and so ta "'ability. The success of the black re puhhenn party 1 hold to l>e *<> imminent, that com mon prudence require* us to consider, and, as :ar mi we may proper! r. decide the policy win h wc abou'd pursue in that event. It i* clear that the free >*'ati? would not combine to seize the govern men'aga rc-f the slave States, except through the persuasions oi material interest or prejudice, if ?hrengli the former, then the interest mn*t be grave and vital. It through the latter, then the prejudi e ' Biust i?e deepscated and dangerous. Any t .?? wfio enderauitid* the Anglo Norman Character, and par ticularly that phase oi i* which is exemplified ui me United States, knows that it is too eminently prac tical to l.e stayed hai k or diverted in its cour-e by Insignificant. "or trivial, or temporary obje m. Tar reaching and overwhelming must be the anta unuuu ot material interests between the North and atii. or irrepiesalble and vital the pr> indices rhirh oiiitnii it against the latter, 'vt never ta may he, it m certain that it cannot be met sud beaw n ha'k by Senate resolutions, merely d' - la- j ratory oi pi in> iph s nor by parliamentary atrug glee in the House, where l.umbers are against us, and numbers make the de ish n. If the black re- , pubic an party gucceeda in the coining ale 'ion, the issues lietween theNor'h and ttr South will be witlulrawn trom tb<' federal arena, and :nut Oe decided by the Stoats s theni*elvea a? sover< 'gn*. hi this contingency my i oavicttou* of duty and poiby are clear and well M-ttl< I. ( shall advise dnmmcii promptly. 1 do not underrate either tne responsibilities or the difficulties < t tl is 'ounsal, I know how unwilling men are to be drawn frmn their old fastenings of indolence and 'ou.'orf. wunu Rout. even to truth and duty. 1 know how hard it w To stop th<' ma-lottery ot government, even when its rew? are loose. and mire ha* gathered apon <t* whrcla. Hut I know nI?o that h i nan Iree dom ha* bf-'-n achieved only through self sacri dc effort*. and thai the great march of humani ty h?* been "ver broken system*. The South '-an Clead do exemption to thi* lot. Liberty precedes rr tiann'T. Co .race, patriotism, self devotion ?n*' attend and uphold it. T' ? ancott* i\t th> black r*publican party mill Arripr a <jua >i'i luiirtrn t' * Snath aiut vhi/V Which no <xoii/i'o)i<iju i'iw r< ih fi, ni?i irhii h tub wiirioH trdl otu'j 04f_fraralr. Il the two sections were divided upon a mere question of material policy, generosity, forbearati e. an enlightened aenee of the common weal, might, and probably wosld harmonize them; hut this qnarrei stretches over government, m iety and mora'*. It ia irre concilable, because it ha* taken possession of the Imagination and the emu* ten -e. That it ia irre concilable. is declared tv y our enemies. The plauonn of the repuou< no party affirms that the nodal and industrial institutions ml 'f.e 800th ar< and he ii.-,f>ynl. Its presses inflame Northern aentino nt and unleash Northern bate against them. lt? leader* proclaim that the ??conflict Is trrepre?ihle." and ? an only end in the destruction of Ni ithern <r Southern society. Irreconcilable esm iy.s embodied in the very platform oft he par;v. Inextinguishable hatred gleams all through the recorded declaration* ol its chieftane. and flame* out through the avowals of it* nominee*. Abraham Lincoln, it* obscure nominee for the fYssidency, ha* a record who h bristles all oxer with *iiti slavery fanato 1*111. On the 17th of June, MM. Mr. Lincoln said "Hlavery agitation will not cease until a crisis shall havo been reached am) passed. A house divided against itself cannot ?tauo. This government > annot endure pernia nently half slave and half free. It will become all one thing or the other." Here he proclaims an Irrepressible division, which ia to end in an en forced nnity. The pt.?w - must all he free or *!ai e. Whi h is to be the victim, the North or the South* He leaves no doubt upon his meaning. He said: "1 ?Inn's that slavery is wrong, morally and political ly." Mi lHutglaM contend* that whatever communi ty wants slaves V*. * right to have them. Mo they have, if it is anot wrong, but it it i* a wrong, he cannot *ay that the* have a right to a wrong This la the real issue which will continue in this conn try. When a power shall arise winch will treat alassry a? a wrong then there wdl be an end of it, and that end will be tin ultimate extinction Here he avows hlmse'f ar a ho Itionist, and declares that and slavery legislation will stop only with the ex tiaction of the institution at the Month. < >n the 2;th of la*t February, in his vagrant but paid election eertng tour for the republican nomination for the Presidency, he -aid. in his speech at the Cooper laatttute "Th<ie is a ju firm- nt and a feeling against slavery in 'his country whi ;h i a*ts at lesst a miilion and a half 0/votes. How much would yon gam by forcing the sentiment who b created It on* of lite peaceful channel of the p.i lot box into acme other channel*" Are not the "higher law" and the ' Irrepressible confli. t" her* avowed and approved' Whatdre* he mean by "forcing the sen tine n* <nto some other channel'" He means that the t*>utb mnet yield the government to the repub ican* to b* used by them to abolish slavery, or *be must cap. t more John Hrown riida. more htistil" invasion*, more torches to her dwellings, and mor pot-on in h?r fountain*. If* mean* that the Month i-ist be abnlitioaizcd. or she must b# ^ lighted with the of th* incendiary. and har a ted With the steel of tl ns?a*ein. What docs he n ego by *avliig. " I hofi that there I* no reason in ttar world why the n'gro is not entitled to all the natural right* ennmerated in the lv>. laration of lR<> pendence." <>ne of these enumerated right* la ib*- " right to liberty." l>oe* h? not declare thtt ti,* n* *ro baa a ?' natural right to liberty. tn f th tt h ha? ?*??? wrongfully taken away front him " Do?s h? t"*0 d' ">Jt " repnblh vn par ty baa bt vn organired to treat slavery as .? wtjoz and to den""J rt'"' h* nt>' w*"t the s 1 h| too *hat it" nne rcsieta "the republican sentiment will be forv ed into another channel ?" HI ore it ever at yott i/iay, It mean* that the Snu'h mu s >>. abo Tier 17 ed. .ueaceably or torcibl v. It metna that the ? natural rig'hf'?f lib? rty ha* l*en wrongfully torn from the negro," and must b? r. *tor*d to him, th' ugh it be over burn 'og bome and hntchcrad Hr -sward aJ*n aroelaUBt tha* thnr* ia aa "lr ?fj;t*X# fcc:?c?? '4?? 2^'Ji iod Uit South, and that the last Ameri an slaveholder haa already been born."' Mr- Wilson declares that the "auti -I.ivery agitation will never cease while the foot of a Southern master presses Southern soil." Can even infatuation blink the meaning of the re publican platform and the object of the republican party* Is there any prospect of future tranquillity in ?be Union without entire and degrading surrender I to these < onspiratora? Mr. Lincoln said, a few days ago, iu a public speech "that thi- apitatioi would g<> on long after he had nusaed away;" that "tears hence his purty would be engaged in the same cause."' Mr. Reward. a few days ago, ii a speech in Boston, uttered these words: "Mr. Lin coln'* claim to that seat (the Presidency) is, that lie ? onfeasea tlie obligation ot that higher law which the Sage of tjniney proclainted, and tkat he avows himself, for life or death, a aoldier cm the side of freedosn in die irrepressible conflict between lree doni and slavery.1' Thus be announces the cou tlrmance of the' agitation ami declares that Mr. Lincoln is the apostle of Joltn Vuincv Adams, wfco began lite by betraying his father "and his party, ued ended by betraying hrs country; and who. iu 'lie rapture of his fanaticism, exclaimed: "Let eman cipation come, though it come stained with ihe blood of five hundred thousand Southern men, women and ' hildren." <>n tic fstli July, IMi, Horace Greeley, in the New York Tribune, the controlling puss of the black repuhliean party, um-n this language:?"Admitthat abolition in the States is what all men ought to strive tor, and it is cleat* to our mind that a large mJfirfty are not pre pared for this, and the praeti' si question is this? shall we not attempt that which a majority are ripe for. and thus by our consequent triumph, in vite that majority to go further?" This was an appeal to the Garrisonian abolitionists to unite with the republicans, and an assurance that the latter would soon occupy the advanced ground of the former. Kere a an authentic ex position of their policy; for the present, the wilmot Proviso in the Territojies, arid no more slave States, because "public sentiment is not prepared to go further." As soon. however, as it is "ripe," the republicans will march abreast with the foremost abolitionists, and will demand the ex tinction of slavery in the States. The principles of the republican party carry them irresistibly to the abolition of slavery in the States. The leaders have created a public opinion at the North which would sween them tuto oblivion if they dared to re sist it. or even to pause in their course. They are the slaves of this opinion, and the menial instru nouts with which it works out its ends. I bold it. then, to be evident, both from its plat form and pno' lples, and from the do durations of its leaders, that ih<- republican par'ynns* continue its warfare upon slavery, and ihat it would use the federal government to abolitionize the South. We cannot look to the Supreme Court for protection. for it is pledged to reorganise that; and even if it were not, it would be compelled to do it, or re ject its decisions. Belie*, ing that slavery is wrong, and that it is their duty to abolish it, and be lie, ing also that all power is in the hands of the majority, the republicans could nut pause be fore the decisions of the Court, any more thin they have paused before the stipulations of the constitution. We '-annot look to the Senate for protection, for that body will soon be under their control. We - .inn it io k to the House, for that is already abolitionixed. Where, then, must we look for protection? I aaswi the States themselves. The states of the south must take their own safely into their own hand*. I confess I see no hope fori he preservation of the constitution. Poison has lurked under the wings of the eagle from fell eai lytime. The con stitution was a matchless instrument, but still it w as of human creation. Its great authors knew this, and provided for its amendment. It wis created in an early and trying time, when a viol poeds were closing around us. and when the purest patriotism and the loftiest statesmanship were needed to conduct as through the threaten ing crisis. It was made for the original thirteen States, and then almost exclusively to regulate and protect their foreign relation-. f rod) from an ex nausfing war?wi'h systems of polity ju-t steady ing themselves?with new relations rising up on e\ery side, ami wi'h for ign Powers menacing, us with conquest, the constitution w>< framed, and the Cnlon created, to fe'ijdst the relations be twee n the States, ami to combine the resources of all against foreign aggression. The constitution is the publi law of tbe -overeign States, and the j Union w as established to protect certain inter-State j and international relations. No immediate acqui- | mtion ol territory was ontemplated, and no pro \i-ii n wa* made l?-r colonial |ownn*iil& The Constitution provided b>r it* own amendment, aod its fruuiera intended that uni'oreeeen exigencies ab mid be met bv the giant of new power* in the manner providt a. The constitution is but a gran' ol ape died power*, and i' wax not <\ Ithin the our v>ew ol ii* tr.mur* that the I'nion which it create d -l.i uld exercise nay power not strictly granted. It diM - not weaken "tin* argument, that the first evt '-e oi government it authority aver territo rii * oretirrtd ntidef Mr. Jeffer* >n. Kurope w?* -btken with warn; the undulations of the atrife were afle-ting i-; our commerce tu repelled from outlet, and onr people ?<re arniirg tor hostilities Ifr. Jrll.-rxoti sie/.-d the riiirta of "happy chance," and puri based I.out si.ra o tree our commerce. di?arm onr people, .lint -me the repubiic from sharing in an European war. ! ouisiana tieingacquired,Congress governed it without looking to the ' om-ntution for its jmwer to do ?o. At that time all of onr statesmanship ?. iiin ted to foreign alTair*. To strengthen the ft deral government in our relations with foreign Buhotia wax xuppoaed to he onr policy, and tlie ex ?r i?e id p* *? rx to this i nd wax nut watched with racer scrutiny. Florida wax acquired under analac'iu- circumstance*. and the name explana tion ai'pliex. I'p to the acquisition of Louisiana all the Territories were portionx of the original States, and Congrex* wax exempted from the ncee-xiiy of ever ising doubtful powerx over thein. At the threatening approaeh of arrn? tlie constitution wax silent and a* no sectional hostilities then existed, under tl.e d- minetring plea of necessity, Congrex* was allowed to organize Territorial governments. In I*-JO, fi r the first time, our statesmen began to look i loxely into the constitution, and to scru tinise every estrcisa of power in connection with thst MMMh Then bei sine clearly defined tin dlxtitirtivb between the btate rights and the federal parties. Then, for the first time, onr statesman ship became intruxpective. Before parties were sharply and derisively de fined, and the philosophy of the new hool tho roughly establidbrd. occurred the "Mixaoori qnea tn n." ' It involved the exertise of only a negative power hi C'ongrcxx, and this fact, aided by the ? i mpl ? aliens of the Louisiana and Florida caeca, bdrsyi tllbe country into an boneet but Inanspt i ious" compromise. Far bet'er were it had tne men ol day grappled boldly with the issue anJ established an enduring pence, instead of a precarious armistice. Confused with the novelty of the i!i*cu?#ion, stnnned with the popular clamor, itrnl clinging to blear and noxious precedents, they compromised a great struggle up >n timid policy, instead of settling it upon constitutional principles. The powsr of Congress over the Territory was got oy construction, nnd. since 1*W, we have been living in the delu-ive hope that we could limit construction by implication. A majority pleaded ita te< exsity, and then its convenience, to ext<ndit? powers, and we have tried to limit the e\t> n?i'* by refining on tlie analogies of the ?y? trm. This h*x prow da failure, and the failure n ight l..?<e been foreseen. The grand old pro phet* of the Kevolution, who still lingered among ?*, and upon Whose foreheads had de-. ended the bapu?mal fires of that great struggle. foresaw and imouctd the calamities of that compromise. To Mr Jeflt rseo It was the "slarm of a fire bell at ti ght." To Mr Madi-on It ws- a geographical line scorched with fire and ?talned with blood. The "fire bell"of tin on< is aw aketnng us to see the onxtitntion wrapped In the flames of fane ttchm; and the vision of the other i? realised in the tot. h of mil ?trif# which lias been brandished, and the blood has been shed along that fatal line. Thi* - mpromise iisd its course and at the ac quisttion "f territory from Mexico it waa thrown a-idi I t rtbM-h. Th> 11 foe tlie ftr?f tiae the Berth ami the South were brought face to face upon the question of slavery. The issue then pre -. nted reuld not be met by* an adherence to past precedents, by resort to a u?ed and worn out pnli. y. or by timorous inaction. Territory had been won by our CWHMB arms, and umfcr the fLig of our common republic; equality in ft was firmlj demanded by the South, and Uiat equality . ohm only be accure.l by the poidtite a. lion of the i-deral government. This brought tie two tec* ti..ns into shock, and betrayd the lack of constitu tional provision for the emergency. It would h?ve been well had we at that day foreed a settlement upon prm. Iple. Hut for this we were not then resdy. Baleful precedent, over cnutious conser vatism. parfy organisation*, and extra agant ere dnllty. first mailt u* halt, and then tied ux with the running threat)- of a new compromiae. Th?-?* are now giving way and the ret-rning quest! m ni ? h>- ?< tried finally and up-.n principle. It ctn settled only by an amend m> nt of the constitution or by disucion. That "dark curtain wm h" Mr. Calho' naeld. npon the acuubitlon of territory fr >ra Mexico, "hung between him and the future," is about being lifted, s-uee are now upon us and they must l?e met. Vain are the palliatives of the dem(rogue; i sin the shoutaof the l"ni<?n savers;" \ iin die prayers and the corwe* of baltinc patriot*: vamth. struggles of effete and dying t ar-ies; vain iiirythlng but a renewal of the constitution or a d -soltJtl n of tl.e I'nion. Thus, tt will be seen that a whole world lief between the Konh and the Honth, both upon the question of slavery md the character of the gvverti meot. We have seen, too, that the North'm ma jori'j *31 cat if power of 'hf V&wa u> limtroy slavery. I have do hope of a review of the federal , coaatitutlon. and its amendment, no as to ae< ure the ! safety of the South. What then ? I say frankly, I that, in my judgment, disunion is the only remedy it ft to us against the dangers which menace our very existence. And why ahould we not adopt it* is the North nearer to as than Great Britain was be fore the ltevolntion? Art the spoliation*. eoojisra tion$ of j;ro#*rty, iwMtiou of our toil, insu tn O'jainst our ditjn inroad* upon our /*me, dan tjrrs to iKir dsfntmc tranquillity, Us* note, from. Iff North, thau tfi'u tr+vr tiyhty year* ago from (it tot Britainf The Booth ha? been robbed, through the Union, of five hundred millions of dollars. What calculus can count the ages it would have taken to rob her of so much, at the standard of a penny tax on tea* Great Britain claimed unlimited au thority over us. And does not the North claim it also? Has she not told us that the powers of the government are to he construed by her majorities; and that if we resist her decisions she "will whip us into subjection?" Great Britain subsidised the savage Indians In merciless war upon us. Ar.d. ha iv not thr, North instigated our autre* to tarn our huum*, poison our mil* and murtlir our profit1? British statesmen mourned over the cru elties of their Indian allies. Northern leaders boast tin- inhuman atrocities of their seduced and maddened negro instruments. We had Chatham and Pitt, and Burke and Fox, in the British coun cils. when we broke the bands which united us wdthGreat Britain. For Chatham, the republican North would give us Lincoln; for Pitt, Doolittle; for Fox, Duikee; and for Burke, Wilson. Burke, 'tis ssid, could talk so learnedly to a shoemaker upon his craft that he would hold him to be master Ot it; Wilson, a born and tramcd shoemaker, as pires to talk like Burke on government. If we would not let the great men ot the mother country settle our destinies then, will we allow the vulgar ami wretched pettifoggers of the republican party to settle them now? What protection does the Union give to slavery' Tell me a statute which guards it in the South? Tell me a statute which protects it iu the Territo ries' Tell me it the flag of the repnolic, under Mr. Lincoln, will protect it on the high seas' Can we recover eor negroes at the North? Northern statute books bristle with prohibitions and penal ties again*' their recovery. Does the Union pro tect us against their abduction' We have lost more slaves by the theft of the abolitionists in one year under the auspkrea of this "glorious Union" iiisn the British army carried aw?y from iw all through the war. Does Uie Union protect us from hostile inv.idera? Virginia still smokes with hlood shed In the invasion of her soil. What domestic security does the liuion give? Texas tells you in Iter burning villages, the ashes of her smouldering dwellings end the graves of her butchered hii dren. All the Southwest is telliog you in poisoned wells, and midnigtit tires and loul conspiracies faat hed hy republican followers. Does the Union secure our dignity? Why. So in may m-tilt our very coasts, and the freesotl V>rth will stay back our blow, through let r that we may acquire Cul a. "Great Britain" has exor. ised the right of search, for which we fought her in 1*12, and yet the republicans forced the administration to submit to it. 'this Union, now, cm neither avenge an insult nor redress a wrong against a tor < Ign nation. What nrnte<-tion then does tic Union give us? B has been said 'hut it saves us from the invasion of the North and 'he conquest of our insti tutions. Shame upon the Southern man who wonld triad our honor out of our own keeping ! Shame upon ibe Southern ninu who would trust our soiJ and otir rights to aught other than Southern cour age and Southern patriotism' The Union, it has been said, gives us freedom. Freedom i< a word of m <ny meaning", and it often takes its color from the reftexot the interests of the man who uses it. In Sparta, it did not tn - in that the helots were not to tie put to death if Uiey grew too numerous or troublesome. 77 < eharartor of tho fforrrnmrut ha* no>r to V nettled a* irt/l as 'he qutsfion of riutmj. If one btute cannot secede from the Union then the *>tttes are not sovereign, and the government is consoli dated. We should seek the union of all the slave Mati ?, but the sovereignty of each State should he inviolably maintained. If one State return s to re cites her wrongs and protect her honor, because -lie cannot get others to join her. ahe puts as'dc her sovereignty, and virtually idmita the c>n solida'.inn of the Union. A single State can break up the Union at any time. Coer -e her. ai d she is a province. Subjugate a Stats, ami what becomes of the Union* How can ?he be forced to elect Senators and Representative* to Congress? With one of the original thirteen S'u:*- captured and nupjugated by a Meral army, what would become of this compilation? Would not the Union then be ? dc*uoti*ni. ani mated by a majority, and barked by artnie*? Hi w long would It "bo before -nine demagogue world be lifted into royal Mate !>y a triumphal tart. n. or the jiurplo tie *old by venal cohort*' \thine\er a -word ?hall gleam, behind the eon atltution, aeHir-t any Sta'e in thia confederacy. the Mtal tie which bind* 'he I'llon together will be revered, and the government conxoHd* ted. The right- of the *n*ereipn States are bound together in it tlrtf, and not one an be Itroken without hi raking the u hole. It a Sta'e cannot *e ede from the Union. th#n our confederacyinmImprove ment opon tie government* of the want, ii it be *i>, tl en 1 rn in right" wt re Mill kept at ttie merry o( ii . !?? n.a.ioritje-. aid our father* made human Iridium the nie'e t? v of brute force. It thia be ?n, the* (ought ?). )<i vi lot'on to i lofhe the i roducf of violence w ith the more caprice* of a najurtty. But thoae great old loen were not the vulgar copyist* ol the bloody and hlut dorlng workmen, in pofittoa for three thouaaad year* part. f"hey cMnbl.Mied rourUtntional freedom, not ihe Moenee of major! tN" or the de-poti-m Ot brute for.-e. But It hi* been **ked. if any State can aecedft at her pleasure,what guarantee i* there of the I'ni n' I answer note, none wbat< ver, except common in irren. good faith, and public opinion. And there ehould tie none but th--*. When 'he?* will not avail the l'Mon |a a. < ui-cd. and only a *Uve or a ty ran; -to .Id ling t<> it JMitCi. > ll thi rrpmt iran party in piarrr, that'h,r, i on '* tnithfr pence nor truiajniiify ia ", V' on. |t i? organized 'mat* i?m led hy or gan/id venality. it" ehatneful -*i ulatoip". faloe j hood*. onipaion* intrigue* and corruption* b.tve ' di*gr*. ed the rtCi lib of every State which it ha* , controlled. 1'* member* have heen expelled from Coogrev* for bribery; it* Governor* have been a ?? i rn*?d ol wwindling: it* I egielatnroo hare been cm victid of enibeiuomilt; it* .lodge* have w|| the ' law for a prlr--. and it* Ityderw have pallutcd their venality by tlie limit* with in which they ,-on tine 1 I*. Can th* Scntb look to the** blwtenng record* ?rd bewi the domination of ?urh * party* !?? leader >aya he would lain epeitk on Southern ami, but hi* prnence Itaelf would invoke personal vto 1 irnee. .t j tniy tjfuv to rulr we, ft r chi h leader qf trh rotim' apptar in a Snth, Hafr, for j ft a of i*r*wtii iMttifhmrut; the truM*d men of winch *nnot titter a word on Honthi rn soil. b*. 1 cati-e that word would be Insurrection; ami the N adtnc press** of which are ex'hided from almo?t ball the State* of the Union becaiM they are incendiary document*. And the South * to tub ' mit to the dominion of such men! Shamt upon I *uch < ouneel! The South i? h? r-e|f *n empire. ! Through her re*onr< re, -he cover* all the ..-can* 1 with e? niBieree; Mart* enterpri?e in almowt forgut j ten land* atdh*- wonadiad> m. which no power on eurth can tenr from her brow. Mi?t and cloud *nd -firm may ?rronnd her. hot *he e*n live ! through all lfcr ca-c i? like to an Fn-1 h ve?*el which wa* lati ly surm-cd by a irclii.g t vpho .n in the KaMern ?< a*, it I* aaio. that while *iie wua pcrrmmded by the tempest, ? little area of *?*>?>? lnte calm lay in the very centre of her coir-*. The atmm nil*t Wa? m?hlng all around her; frag | merit-, ai d wreck, and pe er* ot ae# weed from i I*-- happily placed ?ea craft, retard by the whirl wind. w? re net upon her dn k; yet *o long a* *he j k< pt within the circle, not a breath of wind ton !i i il b r. and not a wave heaved onder her. she , regie, t. d no pre lutkm. bulabr waited, and when the criat* came, following the known rul* ? of*ev , man-hip. -he ran out of the atorm, and wa* the ?*.!< -urvixor in thoee acaa of that day'* general i wreck. [ In < oneluaion 1 may he permitted to *ay. that I do not rapport Mr. Breckinridge, hecawM I believe b tn to he adlmtm ni*t. He i* a Union man. i>n ' the qnt ?t(on of the Union I differ from hi* a* wide i Ij a? from Mr. Bell. I rupport him he( ;?n*? I agrer with hint more ?early on the principle* on which the government ahould be admini-tered. I ahall he for diminion if l.incoln i? elei ted, hecana* th> n Mr. Hnchanan will he the laM of the con?ti tutn nal PreMdrnt*. Ibtpit* tht ram r ' f ptftiHi, fta bittirneM of nation, and (ton/aruht <f en*' tint*. Si'', lhnharuin't mtrohuf'ration 'on tmn . Olid < j ighf. Jyoyal tottn eo ntito'mn, and > of to th> rttnttUic, a katwmrn* at home, /lift tut ,lM trxan Pr, niili-nt in hit iwhttmiriw <r.lhf>>r rit n nafnmt, h>. fr>?h hit Othinfi, trill Ion-e to tha trt Hit an exnnipr iffitriity and patriotic The laft >f a 'h>r < ft, nhmrt at pat, ?? 4ic at the firtt. If Mr. l.incoln la elected I ahall urge dl-uaion, hecan-c the South will he In danger from the prin ciple* and the policy of hS admini?tr* II la one of the maentiai > liaracteriatica of f.inatk'i*m. not to he undeceived by experience. If th>- South ?ul mit* to hla k republican rule, her ftiture la ?et Urd. A cloud of Witne??e? may rf*e tip to convict abi litloniwm of excc?? and terror; field- of hootleaa *irt abken-ng Miinihtcr may agaiaat ita I h<rt>r?,hut Mill thia party, en. *mpc| behind the gi.veminent. will drive on to the conaummation of it* a m* Slavery mu*t be in the keeping only of ( the *otifh. The republican party would na* the Union to withdraw _ it from ? ch protection. "on 'I, thirty fore, ttrffdit Aftif 't that party I '-i nil, therefore, wrpe < , >?>. . ii, to ,1,1, nd an inatHmtnm -fiard, i hy g/ re . of tf-e tr- rld. I?y fh- tradition* of ?J ! i . ? * an hoit; >,y Jht b?i o if hietorg and the . ftn ,ii if thing* t and, 'rithont >r\ick the i A'* ' Mt t,?d tthk <k ton Wo flov#. 8i?r? ry antedates all historic sod originates in the uei-essitiea of society. The inspired Scrip tures, which cany us back to the sacred original* of man. unite it with the radiatenta of our social slate, ami surround it srith '.he nriitiive images of the hoo-ehold relations, with spi willing corn tielil and paUiurrhul farrows. It is in the drat records of the iiateJn which we can trace back to the dawn of human eorioW; it fit in the heroic poems of ?; it is in the hieroglyphics of Egypt and As Greece; _ syria; it is, too. in that glorious literature whiih is the precious legacy o:' the past to the present. hlavehoWing i'iato and Marcus Tullius will outlive free soil Buinner and Mrs. Beecher Stowe. But, even if slavery b?* the product of rapine and violence; even if it be the hideous wrong tlie aho litioniste declare it to he. still tlie Houth is wedded to it in eternal union. If Me/.entius married her to it, the union s'ill cannot be broken. Vioi tua qutn eliam jomgebal corpora nvia. She -till must abide the ceremony. 1 will not. then, believe that a Southern man will be the hired or volunteer cut throat of our Northern enemies against any Southern State which shall defend slavery, even by secession. 1 have the honor to be. Ac., LAWRENCE M. KEITT. Orangkbvrg, C. H., Sept. 22, 1800. Crime In the Metropolis, TflK BCtmilMlOV THE LEGISLATCRK IN THE RBCF.NT uw RR.-r?CTlMI CAPITAL PCNlHHMJiNT. otkk Ann miiin. Before Boa. Judge Ingruham. Oct 1?The October term of the Court of Oyer and Ter miner was opened tbla morning, but no caeee will be tried uLtil Monday next. The following gentlemen were aworn on the Oread Jury;? Isaac H Bay ley, Foreman; JameaT Bertlno, Henry Allen, Kra*lus S. Brown,

i. or a on Beruham, Aaron K. Cohen, Knit -n Cutting, Benjamin H. Ogr, char ten E. Converse, Wiiaon O. Hunt, ! ranrm Endlcot, Robert 1. Randolph, Fletcher Harper, Jr., J hn I) Scott, Ssjnuel Reeve, Jamcn Vacbrunt. JaBiee P. I oderhll), Jod?e Ingrabam then proceeded to addresn them. He called their attention, in the Qrst place, to the offence? vI.h-ii the law dire -in blm to charge thein specially upoa. lu Mi thug a bill egal >st a party charged witn feiuuv, and not n sui'iody. It wan their duty and the duty of the Court not to tiscloae the name until the party wan arrest en The Court wan required by statute to call their atten'oo to certain things: Csury, which c<>i tit's id taking more than seven per com p?r annum. Is an i n< rce against Ibe stamp-. Soiling lottery tickets or (a lie tee is ajo prohibited and punishable by law. The law also requires the Court t ? call too attention of the jury in the sale of liquor without license, or selling It on Kunday . or adulterating liquors, which are offences *l*tnr't the statute. The other special cases are the law r>gn aiirg elections and the Are laws The Judge then concluded an follows:?I am very sorry P> add, gentlemen, to these general remarks 11 Is mv duty to make, that tb? cai-.-mlar for crime in this city, to which your attention is to be nailed, is wery large, and to what that increase of crime la to be attributed 11 in pot or tne to say W-th respect w catoa of homicide whu b come he ore you, the number la larger than hut ever before taken place during the same period or lime I t must be within your recollection that last w uter the legislature so altered the law relat ing to capital pttni bment as to make it al nn-st mpraollcable under the present provisions of the law It Uaa deemed fit to abolish woat baa long been tin standing law of ih<s -laic?tl.e defining the mode by which sentence of death aras p> be exeuutcd and carried o and thereby tbc law is Mi without any mstrnc til n to the officer calltd upon to carry out tla- aentenee, or any Instruction to hun as to the mode In which be Is Pi put a party to death, fhnt law has also been altered so far ss to throw upoa the Governor the obligation of fixing the time wto n a party la to be executed, and array It has Involved the administration of criminal justice .n a difficulty so great that lu some districts of the Slats fersoi.* n?sr coder conviction of leach for murder, ai d tulqei.ud to a sentence which formerly would have been lrr|ssed upon tor m, are now left unscntenceJ, be cause tt * Judges are In doubt a> to wnat ecntsDC" ought Id re peer oumid upon them. Whether to this cause the IP or i are of u, order is to be attributed or Dot, It'a not 'or me lossy ; but tl.o fact ? that rases of this kind are very mnrb increased; and 1 hull lu my hand a list of aureus Committed in this city stone the let of day, aihlch amouhU io the large number of thirty. Many of tb>m will be submitted to you, and it is your duty to per* open them. The Grand Jury then retire!. The D sdlCS Altoraey seid that >n the cane of Oiarles Orvlin be bad r, vetve-j a not,* from the one nasi for the aect'sed that he ntended to m<>ve to quash the indict m>nt tie (the D.strict attorney) was not prepared to j argue that motion now, but would be ready on Thursday. < Counsel for Mr lievlln said that the difficulty was tbat 'be Otssriet Attorney wanted to send another indictment before tbs Grand Jury, and be hoped that the Court would isnrnet that body that 'hey should not entertain any nth r luiiein i nt against Mr uevlui until the mutton to quart) the first one la disposed of. The Judge said tbat he did not think be bad any r ght to nterfrre with tbe I'lstrict Attorney in sending any bill* before tbe Grand Jury which be oeeined proper. Counsel lor Mr Hevim thought tbat Ibe Court bad a right to instruct the ' .rand Jury tbatlbey were an lost ru in- nt of protection to accused partes, and not su instru m-i t of nppreasion. The Court d.d not Consider that queaticn properly before t now Ihe mot on to quash tbe .odicimeol a postponed to Thorsday. Nwperlor toaiL B<!' >re Chief ,!u?ltoe ft ? worth LUH1L1TY TO PKRfO\?L TAttft. R^wortb, J ? IKraol Katin It** brcn brou?a'. b-'ur* me ?n ? iubeaa corpua, and the Ntartfl of New York, n ?b> ??' cuaiudy bp l?, rplartis that he detain* him bt v:r I ?? o? auritnr pnc-M of c< mm,tiu ul. ineued by b' Nea York Common lew*, which bK pro.l i.? , %n I * copy (I eh ~b if made p*rt uf L ? return It if maiated that lb a ?rtli Toil ou it* fane, the writ la id the tarre ?.r Uie I. ople of the -a*t*. It ta '.ned in the nam* of IbeCial Judge C tie Court la eraled with ILeaeal, aab porpnria to be 'aaued by the order of tbe uort. and i? ?'iutn by ita clerk The writ rocitr- tbat th Court of foamm fVaa, od lie Slat of R'ptrnib'ir, 1M0, ta tho mailer of tho epp nation rf Jarur* K*Py, receiver of tan a la tbe eity .1 New York, aa appleient, au I larael Kaba aa MtpuLdrnt, "to eoloroe pal meat of tbe per k< tial tax arareaed at J oor tinned ag* net" the aai.l larael Kara for the year libit, "ay rraeoa of the matter alWgtd la tbe application of lb* raid Jamie Kelly, receieer, aa afbrrra.d, daly Ycr,l*>t, aa well aa by rea?o? ?.f the fa mie of the aaid larael Kaba to alow tbe Court aaliKfarlory and a. rh -ient rear -n aa delebin or Mruie of tbe matter* ei eyed la raid ap pitcalko ' adjudged raid Kahn guilty of the m a c.'Diiurt in m it applKst.nn albge-l, to eit, "the Deflect ?< ? I on, raid reepondent. to pay the prraocal tax aa ?r*?.d, mpreed and agninel him for tbe year IMS '' ihat tb ? m(aeon<1 oct prejudged. fee , the right* of raid applicant tbat Kaba atan I c?mm (tad to jail upua aaid mawmdeek, their to remain etitti be paid raid tax, bell X |vn 41, ard tbe fo*ta an! ripen*** >1 aa'd pro ceec iff, be u g IV6 30, lb all 1)24 71. and that a warrant leave for that purp. ee Tbe writ lb n require* the hb*? iff toarreat and detata Kaba la jail until he pay a the ? 114 71, ana tbe efeerin'a feea on anua writ, or aotil tbe raid Court of Cow.row t'lear maker aa order to the coo trary The Jnngr roocludea an elaborate opiuloa by bay. It* ?Tbe court ..I torn mo I'leae no ut therefore be re (arced aa baring diapuded of every quntiua alfecuug the mem* uf lb.- pr. ceding, aa it baa made a Saal determi nate* thai tbe neglect .4 Kahn In pay bia perwwat tax war a miaoedwi with n tbe meaning rf there atatutne, and waa nreirur.-d To tbia view tliera w no aaawer rtoept Koch ar la f> una Id tbe argument that tbe act of 1142 la, at to tho oouaty of New York, repealed by tfee art of 1*41 I of article IV of Ute act of IMS (p s-j*), deciert* rerla D peavwiotte of tbe R. need Nutubw ixa;p'trable to the city and county of Nrw York, and reel** two 'page tW), rrpeam Mi act* iDcmatatanl wtb i be act of Is to The a. I of April 12. 1*42 (chapter .71*), M no part of the Rrviaed dutoten. and no part of it tr uokikkWlI with the act of IMS (?bapter JM). ei ept tbat by the act of 1*42 tbe application to the onurt to ecforre payment of a pernoral tai ir to he made by aa "aarrnor." abereaa hy tha act of IMS it la to fee ma>ie la lb- ally of New York by tho Rece ?er of Tax** The part of rectloa two of th* act of 1S?S, abort ,novel. ta g? neral, and applwa ta tbe whole mat*. and If not mono rie ent with the act of 1M3, H a. t repealed by it In ften I of be.or nerertnrtly mm ? ?tent with tfee not of IMS. the exleteace of Ita* aeenaa to fee enaattal t>. dear authority la tfee Common fieri to commit n party In )nil for anch m.a ondurl aa la cbargad ic ihir oaae For it meat he ohacrvad tbat aeettaoa It and IS of tfee aet of 1M 1 11 are SSU , do nc? ta terma C rnfar aay po ear to puineb. nor prescribe bow tbe ta# that may be impuaed la to be oclkcled Ofettaary. We are pa ned, ray a tfea Baltimore A men an of tfee lrt itrt , to aanouane tbe aealb. at b.a late reaidenne in tbia city, of Ptoftaaor Ciiane A H*aaj?. tbe fatner of tb? *? 'tree* of American deatiatry, an t .** ot the moat laborioua aad oaetnl pr"fm?iot?*l autfeor*, tea. bera bad prart'i .onera la our country. Tbia aad event occurred no ai rday MM 1 ? MM> i" l waa M NMtl of may til nee* cc tit I acted by rheer overwork ta hie evevw've and <a> led labor* m the llae of h<* *-i<ace. to whi It he war hut loo ?rdrollj devoted 'to career of !>r Hart a '.?* hee* fi-.n of lelerrat, and he ha* aehnved in hi* tb rty tear* of pr. 'eea.oaal lift* very marked rnaolta ta elerat lay aad drrrloplrg tb* imimrtaat brancv of mrduiae for ahicbbefolony ?nd*o?*lll*b.ued H > waahora in ISM. at ivtnpty , Onondaga coi.nlf. New York, and graduated with honor ?? a rryular phyaViaa aho it 1*30 Aftrr p?act airg birdicine ercral year* he turned bta at letU' b to dentlauy, than hardly regarded aa a acieoce. and cnaifwralitaly little underatond a? a dtatlart pr?c tier. In IS40 be founded the Raitimor* Oollrg* of Itertal (?uryarr, tbe flrat of Ita kiad ta th* worid iif th aajc r?KKtul ii ai Itutkm he waa toe laad .bg profeaaor aad lec tor?r fbr taeniv yeara.amca t* r*enm< Hit elaborate "t'leiionary of I vital ftaleacc," 1?4W and mora etteadel ? 1 rk, ? PtcIlonary of feed,Cine la-alal Surgery nod the Onl a.e?al H rncea," ISM r Src . pp ?0fe. the '? fVu. I ha ai .1 fracttc*'of CSMal Airgrry,'1 l*m, eighth mil lion, IM* Sro , pp ?? are hut a Ifew of lb* principal literary tahnra of hi* Mf*. He ha* elan traoalated fr.itn tl' French rereral rainable medical work*, and tu trrtdily edited ata. a It* oommcrc mrnt in HPU-. r-r twtbty ytaraago? tfee Aawrtcaa Jeurnaiaf i>wtul.Vf ?o? A |. r?vh men Ccrwamtn ?fe? ?h H, ?tewvrd, s grand Ivr. r, of >rw London, Uoaa , ??? aeaauHed a Cu.? rtf. ? t, tb ?? at city, o? Thnralay afterc* c, and eowh i-i bv a wi-tear namrd Tccretta -tn'th M:? iNaltfe, It ap prart. at* .n amate of a n torlou* e*iahl>hmcnt an >?rn a* 'h? Wry ? cm ?t Hon re, la the rvinlty of s>? 'on'on, and ur.drrtr. k the rnntabmeat of gMnrf for nterfer og a lib I he *8aM Of th* bouae to h a raptcty aa graad aror. ?fee as* arrreted aad flaed ST aad CO*la. I n Pr f a W:arw**-tr?Rs rto ereer nvrar-w, of w. ,,n?!n, i ??'cmmeeeed a lihef ? tit igatrat the poh i at - r f tfe* S'ufiin ewrpaper, fd 4fearqlag tfefet In* s tt-Tcrnor rofefe d U? Ifwtr.ry of W'fecoff a. EHTERE8TCIG FROM BRAZIL. Taking the Oath e( Fealty by the Im perial Prlnrein, Ooaaa Isabel. Heiress Apparent to the Throne of Brasil?The Oeth? The Ceremonial?Addresses by the Legislative Bodies to the Kwperor, die., die. [Trssslsted from the Jornal do Commercio.of Rio Janeiro, (or tbe New York Hkoald ] In conformity with snide 100 of tho constitution of the empire, the solemn set al Uku>g the osth of feslty by the most serene Princess, her Impensl Highness I loans Isa bel, took piece on the 29lh of July Issl In the Senate Chamber st Km Jsnetre. St hslf pest tec A. M , pnrsusct to s cell, there were ssnembled thirty-til senators sod ninety six deputies, under the presidency of 11 Manuel Ignsclo Cavelcaall de Lscerds, who on opening the eeeeion sanounoed the ob ject for wbicb tbe sssembly ess celled. A deputation to receive ber Imperial Highness was then named, consist If* of six senators end twelve deputies. At eleven o'clock, the arrival of the Princess having been an uounsed, tbe deputation was Invited by tbe President to descend to the principal dour of the building, at wninh a guard of bocor wss stationed oempoeed of toe Sixth bat lalton of Infantry of the National Guard. The Imperial suite lock their places as prescribed. Her Highness was accompanied by the Gnmd Chamberlain and three G>un cillors of Slate, acting sa grand stewards, and two ladies of honor. Tbe diplomatic tribune was occupied by the legations of Portugal, England, Prance, Prussia, Spain, Home and tbe I'nlteu States An immense crowd ailed tbe g.lleriea and eorrtd-rs of tbe building,and every part of tbe chamber its elf that was not absolutely barred from tbe public. Outside surged a vaal multitude, to whom admittance in the bitllUg was of ooursa impossible Arrived st the -enIre of the salooo, her Imperial High ness was received by tbe Preeident sad flrit Secretary of tbe Senate, .-be replied to tbe applause end greetings of tbe atsemblage by ib? mint charming affability, and a sat e<l heist If in tui arm chair placed below lbs steps of tbe throne. Her Imperial Highness wore a dress of white gnnae over another o white satin, and bora the Grand Cross of the Crusader. Then tbe members of the Ministry occupied tbe left of tbe chamber; and, the Assembly rising, tbe President of the Eenate placed bimstif on the right, and the Chief Secretary on the kit of the Prlnceaa, who iaid h -r right hand on the missal and pronounced In a clear. Arm volns tbe follow log oath, the form of which was presented la her by the Secretary ? I seier to maintain the Roman Catholic and Apostolic religion, to observe the polu cal constitution of tbe Bra zilian nation, and be obedient to the laws and the Emperor The oath having been signed by her Imperial ITighness, tbe Secretary proceeded to read the instrument, which wss as follows ? Know all to whom this Instrument may ootne, that In the year of our lx>rd Jesus Christ 1000. tbe thirty ninth of independence and of tbe Brazilian empire, on the JUih day of July, at eleven o'clock in ine forenoou, in ibis much 1 iyai and heroic city of St. Sebastian, of tee K o Janeiro, capital ol tbe empire of Brazil, In tbe palace of ibe Senate, where were assembled both tbe legis lative chambers of which the General Assembly la composed, there being present thirty six Senators and n nety stx deputies, under the presidency of the must excellent Councillor and Senator Mtnoel Ignsito Caral. canli de Lairds, lor tbe purpose of fulfilling the lO0'.b article of tbe constitution of ibe empire; tbe mou serene Imperial Princess tbe lady Donna Isabel Christina Lropnldtna Augusta Mlihasla Gsbrleila Raphaels Gou zsga, born ibe Stub o' July, 1840, legitimate and eldest living daughter of l"on I'edro 11., canBiiliHional Emperor and perpetual seieader of Brazil, and of tbe lady Uoona There m thru Una Maria, tbe Empress, his wife, recog nized si Imperial Princess on the 10th of August, 1860, being present, the President preeenied ine missal, un wbi ;b Ihe tame must aereue Princess placed her ngbt band, and tbe formula prescribe t by tbe 100th srtlcie of the institution be ng read by me, ber Imperial Highness prooouncd ibe oath in a loud voice. And la perpetual memory, this instrument or auto was p-epsred la dual! cni", m j- with the rules o' tbe General Assem bly , and wss sign d by tbe most lerene Princess Imperial, by ike PissifliDt, thief Secretary of the Senate sad Chief Secretary of tbe l>oputies, and I, Manoel das S*o los 6!art:us Vsllatques, Lb.el Secretary ef lbs Chamber of Senators wrote it. PRINCESS IMPERIAL D I?IBEX. M IGNAt IO C t?E LACERrlA, President. MANOEL DOS SAND IS M VAI.LA9QCCS, 1 rat Se ireUry of Sen Us, ANTONIO PF-REIRa PINTO, first Secretary of Deputise At tbe conclusion of tbe reading tbe Princes* ruse, amid ibe renew, d salutations of me assemblage, and withdrew, accompanied by lbs same deputation and wub the seme formal,tie* with which she bad been received. 1 id the return of tbe deputation tbe act of the seaeioo ol tbe General Assembly was read and approved, and tbe I kres.deul clasoivwd ibe srssiou at half post eleven. At one o'clis k P If bia Majesty the Emperor was passed m reoe;i" at ibe palooe m me city itw deputa tions, d by bo'.b Chamber* to otljr their congratula tions on tbe anniversary birthday of the must serene ITincrsa Donne Isabel. The Coono. - r Euscbto de Quetraz Contmbo Matoso ? amaia as orator on the part of the ?enat? deputation, sp"ke as fulluws:? Mao?When a greal people reposes tranqu.lly under the shadow of constitutional monarchy, when that people binds up with the leigning dyuasty all Um great trad I llvus of the past, eheu it owes it .a addition to the J is coverv and nvthzatiou of tbe country which it occupies, Its independence as s nation, end even tbe liberty and wisdom ol its mat tulloes, tbe natal anniversary of a prince and bnr is bailed witb tbe eathuaisvm of the tin runt love wbicb springs from tbe besrt, and not with faio ry's meornrr ,1 phrase, ei,quelle frames fur the pe. bu. which conscience repels ttappi.y, sire, tbe Senate barged i s on ibis day . doubly great, to coogratu lair your lm|ierial Majesty to be but lb" faint echo of our cwr pp! ?. tlioa* of the enure and oftbr wbu.e nation. Yd, air*. It la But ucly the natal noni s? rmrj of ber Iidi* rial Highness whom ibe donate |rMla tocnj. U?'Burma oath which tbr fundamental law of tbe Mate bae outre, rated aa U>>- symbol of alliance be t?rrb Ibt beif 10 tbenruwn aud thr pec pie represented la thailetmal AiMaWf, by ita ili-weD repr- a-otati t-ra, u ) rl a xtadii f iu b> r rare Tt.e purity of tor liot wb?o pro Bo'iDKd II !? fur Br?/.ll thr m??t prectnud guaranty of ita a notrity. thr august loiperiai Friocrar bt mtd hy Pro sidtnee with bo* talent* and with the noble and lofty prntimeM* wbicb characterise her aagiial parent*, uarefbJy eaurated uader their eyra, a constant w.Loral of U>e r triors of brr (Bulbar. aa>l tba wisdom and Jcpl r wlib wbicb year Imperial tUjealy rtireeaa the dea tibIra ?f Krai'u, ; fail to .nap re a.I Brazilians with the prwBsandedl ooBlid'tre In tbeiomre prosperity of the rn.pire It ia In obedle :ca, then, to Ita mot Intimate coat rllotp lha tbr Senate erne* ud, a Imputation, In pre art)t to your imprnai tu ?wty Ita rropeci 'ill cmgralate tH t*. with protratatinaa of tba greeted fidelity and do ?nttre it can Oder to your Imperial Majesty and your august <ty Baity to which bi* M* r*ty replied la the follow tag words ? | It ? with tb< *r-air*i pieasure that I rtceire the ?* , prraaK* of (b* leatimrtu of tore and wblob lha , senate mpailrita lor me and my family. The < aouo Juaqulm Plan dr<?mpw, m orator of tbe depuutloa trem to# of Deputies, ibao additaaii bw Majesty aa follow* ? fist?Tbe *l*cii*e Chamber charged us. ow Una sua : Bm-M'us day, to eiprraa. lo pr rasa us if your Imperial | ? raty. tbe leatimenta of Ict* and wbicb the pt < p e < flrr Ui the Ibruae ami trntfty This Ba I irma day. a* He b rtbday of ibe Imperial Pr i,. rat, It makaa L? ibitkfui to the Almighty fur tbe gift he has bcatowed on tbt* ration At the epoch of ber oath lo the fun darn, r'al n. ropart, lb? future aorareign la politically wedded to tbr country of wblob tbe i* already the idol. I Bow map-Mii , In per* lire, I* Ibe Ppectacie we prearol to lb* world. What mrrpnta of blrdaitga deaeead tipno u> irooi thr tbroae of Him who ?' tit* .a the hlfbetl" IVaca, prosperity, order, greatness all amile * our dee liny, and, laewherr, the moil sacred priactptaa 1 are qutltmaod, Braall la organ | ug aud H mogUi-mug beririf. lo tbe turf* of mooarcbin moaarrhy is ahateo. ia tht Amirtea ol mpub, aa m marefey tea?a stronger loot. Tn thai oM'.ttitioa, so m.cb our own, Bran I owed, | IB a great measure, from her dtnoreery to ibe prmaat day, the progress * b < b i iacee ber ia lha front raoJi of Hnutn era Ame'tca. Tbe pwl acta of year Majesty bare dona .m .cb. bat ualy id our days hat yo#r worfc bead com ? pleted W en it waa that tbe ampiro bad fnrafoaaler i yaor august lather, a warrior and lorer of liberty; that it abonld Bud aa organiser ia a phi .mnphki aoeervigu? la sou. aire mat la a noble prtnoeaa it shoe id rest its guides bopra of barmoay pod kies. Though tba Imagl tat loo may shrink affritbt?d from tbe cuaiampiatioa uf that rent d ef w id iwbuod and mourn lag when tho oooa try mutt War ter Brat ell*tea, nature neBtr relents, sad I that aneptre, the symbol of io many glories, will hare to paaa one day?which may tend aeert for many yaasa?lo the baa da at the adored prlnoewa, who hound herself to day , ltd mora intimately, with the nblocta of your Im perial Majiwty No. It will doubtlem not bo wa, tbe alentad of thta fbltbfal people, w bah but B i a?srday watched orsr you ta your eradio with vsodereot nJTwetioe? wa. the interpreter! ef a gsaoratKm which wtll paaa away boh wo that diadem shall crown aaotber brow?it will not bo we who will reap tbe benefit* of another reign. But if men grow old and die, nation* lira and increase To the thousand llUea of cur soTcreignr? tbe gratitude of thmr peoplo?la nihil ib* grMruua seal w lb whMh they imdnntoe to rrgslate the b?srt aod m.od .f tba kelreca to the tbmae. a.ready an dtBtaely bleared by the Supreme Ihnpoaaer with graced wbicb wlii etable ber lo be the oretre of all attaotun<-ni, tb? [da ig* uf ersry radaSBoe Tbt bod will be a been t 'ul Bower, rich la aroma; that oath wbicb wad pc> aouaced to lay by .oaarwat Up* ta a pruTidsaitai estei, which assures to tbs empire or tbe Holy Crua*. for dm last timet, aa empr**^ daughter of thta gr blessed r. urlry, r-rt-iiVsa bos segue! mother, prudent a* ber rirollrsl father, tubl* as hor ulattr'<wM aaoervure, I a guard'as argot of tbe nation, aa She le is truth lb't bimhsr of ttrpuuen, ta eapr?daiog to yoar Impe I rial Nan sly Ibe ssatlaMWls of gramad* and rasfwt wbicb sr n pi, i It, ukiS a most lie-If .sternal in the solemn SBSSt which bao asaerobied us here In LSld It ?,* gratola es y >u. uro. and your |werleoa consort, both as merer he sad as parents; It magraiulataa Ibe adorable prlteeps as bslrsgs asd fbture rrcip erl of ao much leg,tl mate allaebmem. It oosgrstulatas IBs Bra/ I an peopte on this pew pteCge of .IS future Infinity It coogratulaua u? if that tba f'or) falls lo it of cisdlhg lis mbors by 'tin a t am io %a>tber monument la tho rumd id pr" greaw of this fetes ale rmmtry. His lm|?rial Ms eaty waa pleased to reply that bd ro osleed with much p'easord tbe asntimentd of WrBd and k.j pit* ?h rh tbs < bam ber uf Deputies addramsd ta him an. bm family. Yer ens (stainltteea were aabosnently rocs I rod. all ba*t*g ?dUt>s??s a ssan'ar rowgratulatorB rbarwrtcr, " d in a brief maaaor w> all 11 ohich ih? Fmper w rrpl-ed Bte find ia ibe fVer-Bo JfeBconftl ->me rerdaa addnans.l 10 l er Impsr1!! N ul.nesa on tbe abcB* nocaalon which ?? iluk wi.rihB 11 a place ber'from the pocallar aeeti i mttita ilwy sipfd** Wa translate tbem * a pmaa torm ? Minces, do ?ot 1st tb* act. aonoBBl to tbee. deewlr* ? thee h Brutl trrni lbs p? "pie alone cui- -mmeqd and royalty Here sorersigaty resided In tbe huh* ai-w>e mm srrPy smrngit va la do nxwa tbaa a mimmn Ancieit rights ufotbrr umesare a Jlarepnte ntbtaoonn- | try, ?brre it I* the will *f I*rnB?dei?e that a lew ? rcra i sbnald i isaid. Tl * ibroad a lb* MMMB ? wlab of the r at od b b-eh dd'egat'P la thy band* lh? '? ptr? of liber t. ta tbe IwWt temp?d of tby eoaitry let s;rt?e bd ib' obyrdl cf thy worship: mb'>? "bom thyyotrhop th* wet eiar-pid of tby fhtber, Th? Lata Slave Nardtr Cue In VecklM *??' K Conntya-Convu-Uon of ibe Mar eterer. [From tbe Petersburg (Vs.) Express, Sept 29 1 II was announced in yesterday's Exprm, by our (Tlarks ville correspondent, that at the lata term of the Circuit Co irt of Mecblsnberg couuty Charlea Hud.- on waa triad for the murder or Uia Slav* woman Jane, coavicted of murder In the second degree, ant sentenced to the petti, tatliary for oiph'een 7>ara Wood Bouldin, Wood Boul dm, Jr., and Edward R Chamber! ftaqt . appeared toi tie prieonrr, and Col. Thomaa F. Goods for tie Common* wealth Tbe 7b6aron Plant says, very truly, that it la ooe cC those cas.i which thoroughly vindicate Southern charac ter against tbe aspersions cast npon us by our euenuew at tbe North. 11 developer what Is as true of ue aa ol any other peop'e on theclvlli/ed globe, that we utterly detee*. and abhor cruelly and barbarity, whether to whltea or black?. Tbe evidence in the case was that on tbe morning of the 4tb of July last, at eight o'clock, ooe of tbe boltaal dayt - of the past summer. Hudson stripped tbe woman naked ar when rbe came into the world, tied bar to a perstmmoa tree, and whipped her for three ooosecuttve hoars, with occasional intermission* of a few minutes, until be hwl worn out te stumps fifty-two awltcbes, sod until the bark on tbe body of the tree was rubbed smooth and greasy by tbe attrition or tbe body of tbe victim. Tbe ground around the tree for seven or eight feet, though it had been freshly ploughed, was troddeo hard One witness testified that he heard distinctly, at the dislaooe of sis hundred yard*, both tbe ooiae of the switches and tan ?creams and entreaties of the woasu. The poor creature was burled the same afternoon, "t% some tan .nr.bee be neath the ground, In a rougn oox, without any shroud. Tbe overseer suggested that the neighbors hat better be set for to see the holy before burial, but Hudson die ented The body was rahumed on Friday, two daye afterwards, but was In such a state of decomposition that tbe esterual marks of violence were well nigh obliterated. But tbe testimony of tbe physician who diaaeoted tbe body, and of aaveral othe- physicians who were es soined aa esperta, waa dtatlnot and positive that lbo violence used was aufllcient to produce death. It was also in evidence that after tbe protracted punishment Hudson untied the woman and sent her to tbe creek., some one hundred and fifty yards distant, to wash' herself, accompanied by a negro boy, with instructions to bring her back to him; that tho complained of groat thirst. and waa accn to go down to the water's edge; IhnS ?be remained there about fifteen minutes; that on her re turn tbe slopped two or three times, and oompiained c'f having a severe ooilc; that Anally she stopped and cow*!' proceed no farther, when tbe negro boy, at the cocacaand of his master, took bold of one hand and Hudson cf tbe - other, and dragged her towards the tree. Tbe mala ar gument of tbe defence was baaed upsn tbe Idea that the woman went Into the creek, remained 'bere fifteen mi nutes, end drank to great excuse, and that th? In alt probability brought on a congestion of tbe vitals, and produced death Such la an imperfect account of this horrible transaction. Tho jury hesitated much between a conviction for murder ia the first and murder in tbe se cond degrees But Uiiuiiy they agreed ant ascertained tbe term of imprisonment in the peuilentiary at eigblasc years, tbe longest term known to the law. Hudson lw now sixty eight years old, and them is scarosly a proba bility that ha can survive bis confinement. Indeed be Is already exceedingly prostrated. On Monday morn tig, the last day of tbe court, Judge Gboleon pronounced sentence upon biin. At tbe rerjueet of iba members of tbe bar be permits us to append hie. charge to this account. It cannot fall to interest the pub lic at large, and especially our own Immediate communi ty It struck us at of lie delivery as being most appropriate aid strikug Charles Hudson, you have been regularly tried for tbo murder of your own slave. You have been defended with great ability, and a Jury of your own country bare found you guilty of murder in the second degree, end Axed the term of your confinement in tbe penitentiary at eighteen years, in this verdict tnia Court entirely concurs. I will not go into the details of the shocking deed. Too tied end stripped a female, who dared not raise bar band against you?whose only protector In tbis world yoc should have been. For three hours did you, In one cf tbe hottest days oi tbe summer, oruclly whip and torture tbisbelpleea woman, until, in tbe language ol counsel, "the angel of death del vered bar from tbe hands of bar tormerur." You have thus committed a crime against both human and divire law. You have outraged tbo leellnge of the community among whom you lived. Yoc have enabled their enemies to fan tbe tlsme of fanaticism, by charging against them the enormity and cruelty oi your hard and unfeeling heart, although that communi ty cordially loathe and oondema cr leltv towards black or white. Rat If your crime has been great, your punishment will bs heavy. Yoo are aa old man In all human probability before eighteen years have expired you will be dead. Tbo remnant of your days are to he i;>enl within prison walla. The labors of the day wilt never be followed oy tbe pies suree of borne and friends?but atghl after night, until tbe lost day ol your eartoiv existence, will you be osrried to your narrow cell, and hear, as tbe prison house keeper departs, the harsh grating of tbe henry key that ksepr eate tbe dcor of your dungeon From man you have no thing to expect Yo ir doom is fixed a murderer?yoc are now a convict and prisoner for life And your sen tence la Joet?nay. merctrul. Nor ia there hope for yoc beyood tbe grave, unltwa you truly aud deeply repent it you will sincerely repent yourself of this norrlbie dead and your other sins?If you will how your bead to lbs ba ser*. d puntsbm'nl, and pray Almighty Go 1 it pardon your sins and sultan and regenerate your heart, there Is hope. Yes if your reprntaaoe is Siuoere, it is certain that God will pardon >ou: fur rest aaau'ed that tbe ami power wbtcb translated tbe criminal from the cross lo Heaven can and will savs alike the penitent ooavicL Peso late and dreary beyond description is your present oocdllKn With a hard and unfeeling heart, human blood resting npoa your brad, and your u<nbe lettered with a felon'? ctains, whenevir wary and tired you way ask, "Wbtn shall I be tr*ev ' Uiis verdict cf eighteen yearn will atawer, "Sever, never" Tnen I treat yoo will, with deep humility and sincere repentance, feel and coo lees jour crime aud sins, and that this sentence may do tbe means of saving your soul. Movement* at Giutm. Riurv is rirruorT?I'b# r<>1 !?>??.oir ladle ih?*i ibe ra oe ipie by rallies! at Jviroil of a lunMr of im priactiMJ armies or coBibfC during Ibe pun I week, the week pra vlotit. and aioee the )>l of Jamari ? fan vwA /Vrvw uvr* Siitce Jan 1. Flour, bbla 3d.low 40 441 39b.Kf * bushed 48 f'Ji 91 880 95" HI'. Own 9.86T ? MO 341,90. data IS Ml 9^10 90,00. Total fiiun* Rantim at On < too roa 1800 -Tto total receipts ol flour aad (ruin ut UMIcago since January 1, 1900. urn rqmrujfst to 15,122,303 busbeia. Ttia m 13,952 Ml b'lUhrln mom than im reo?)p(a uiumium line luat year, und 0 534>90 buabrlt mora thuu to lh? nunc limn la 1850. Th-re u u decrease, ?< compare.', nub luat year. at 91 4C? barrels floor, und an ocrwaae <4 S'XT 104 boabnla of wheal, 9,T9S,OSO ouubnlu of corn und 149,199 buabnla of onto Tito Ha tiro art ?ad AceMnat Star Plttsbmrf? Irlut ?( the Irjarvt. aturdaye I'uuburf / ? - ng ' * .- t v? tbatub joined hat of persona who were mured by the aiiriliaal on lb# Praaeylvaala Railroad, n ar steward ? atunoa, nc. Friduy At lb# ritUborg depot some of the wounded wrrr# token < Large of by their friends und the bulaaoa ono T#y#d t> the Scott Hour#, arb#re the com any will art that they are properly cared for Many of toem urn b .. ahrhtly. aad nn>y three of the whole are manly wounded. Tbatnaa glevsaa, brafeeman, daogeri usly hart; Cbt* On Dry, of He'd* in A Cheney, eermu#l? injured, Johr Cigar. New York, aerloaaly lojared, Mr? lotbrop, Al kgrbeny, collar bone brokoa; Mr*. Byron H. Pa oler AUrfltbr&y. slightly .mured. Jacob Bpeer, at Hall K. I-! rrr, Pittsburg, hand cat: Jaia-e Bruwntee, Pni*ad tlfcln, band oat. thpl. John Yowng, Jr. Alleghewy county. rligblly aeraicbed Mra. A Hulwor, Vorta Chro tlna, badly hart. F R Fowler, hrulaed slightly. Tb? following ware bat eltghtlv injured ? Thome* #. juwreat New Tork, Michael and John Hill, North Carolina, f S. Tboanaa Philadelphia, Mr*. Worth, North Carolina, Will MoClelland and wtfb, California. Mra. El tube lb Rom ?tror aad two chl drao, Seuh Caroline 4 B Moot I, W*ab Irgiio rouaty. Pa A 0 Hay* 1'iltarurg dnmo-i Meat or. Oiaton, Ahegbecy ramy. Pa . Mr* KJt??rvth ??? It ford aad daughter. Perrysvtllei child of Mra Oner, Alia gheey; Mrm. Thompson, Philadelphia, B tenth Jooea, At legbrcy. Id ward Me I loo, IHlaow. Mra A'gre, PitWburg . hdwaru JotDaoo, Pittsburg, I' K Pettlt, Ohio; Mrs Lo th rop aad her dang bier. Mra Painter, were return tar frotn New Tork. In mm|iaay with Mr Fowler, bring ua. with ito m the oorpee of the wife of the lattar, Mrs. U thrnp i daughter The whole party were more or lean in jcrtd The body waa brought to the olty safety after the accident. Rtrv-na, we under-tan 1. thoueb -ertooely hurt, will prebably earvtve hie lojurtea H - wrist ww bedly Inn red and be received a (rightful gash oa tlx bead Meeare Cheney aad Qdgar, too. are dolag wel>? aad ao feats whale Tar for their recovery era entertains J fral to State Prlaoti fwr I.If# for foaall" (lag Rasa. (Fro? the Rochester ratou, ox. I.) The cam- of Rodney la <>aa of deep o u rrwt <a the vicinity where it oeoorred and has created lateawa as rile n not Kodney it a aatlva of Itaaera, aad boa el way born- e low and Tillanoue reputation on tbn 1Mb at Mey last be toefe pe-nreetoh of a gert'e-nen'a boggy aad drove fro? Ueoece a few ail lee lain Renera oounty fie railed at re vera! houses, and by artful atoriea aadeevorec ta tad roe parent* to send their daughter* to a oa*' n#?rt bw. who be pretended waa suddenly taken etch and bad rwpwyrt htm lo eerk eaewtanoe At three place* bw wae regardrd with suspicion aad seat awaf; but flaai v. ralltt g at the hooee of Mr Jededtuh Pveeaoa a m ai re farmer. 8e ao IBM#1 apoa tbn fatber tout be allowed hie daughter to aneo?paoy htm R -doey drove* lo a e? eluded prnrw, where the girl's rrtee witd a t aw heard, aad there forcibly ravtahed her mor- than oars The reapectakility of Ibe gl?|, and the peer Wo# rbernrle* of Rodney imfce.'. alely rawed aueh a norm of ibdigra tma that Ibe peopie ware with diflV-ulty pre veal#. I |r tyarhiag the aalbor of the ootrage He waaurrravl, lodged in fteabdatgua ja-l. and at the >en vi Cir-urt. newt atovtd Mat week, he waa arraigned and pteada-l n >t gatily He rnhar^uently withdrew hi* plea t?r tbal of gal ty, ?td rereier I lb# lollowrlag rnaierie ? The oflbnre for which ran have been indicted, aad tr which yon have pleaded guilty, la owe of lb# Mend id the ratalogie of crime* II If belt by mict la groaler ahborrrdii? thar ki'.rdae Itself lo my own j i lgmnat. If arv eriwe deaervea death ft w thld ore Coder any new est rehle rircum?ua -<w it w a -l-i#eub'? cr me but indae the rirmmriaacea of DM raae it wal ulrorio m Wear* Informed that oa lb# evrnlag of the lkih day of May leal, hat eg laka a pfMit a ib rnt ,-ermi*?>na of some p-r Mb ? br??e a.hI bi rgy wagon, yon t*<l the Vl'iage of d? nrva, e hire yon lite, ti d Weal lo the baoae of Mr Jale dtab Pleyww, owe of Ibe moat respectable dtriaeea to OUT cnupiy.and ffeee, arvr the false peer-ore thai urmr asighnnrllif *i nun aaa T-ry tick and Beaded rowdlate (Xie.jr n laduerd him i? ht hta daaghtr r. a-xeit iba ago of aevrnteea yeai*. acr enrany yo? on wba; be 'or pcweX wae an erraco rf m?r.-r Rartag iboa 'urad bee fr.>? her horw. and lak-a her lo a place where her rrbwwmld nod tw h-ard. yor< forced her t? tuomx to I iw gratifl-at'oa "f yoor lost We ran sea n w that it waa .a reet ft?r Mr Pietaon lo allow bw naswhter to go w th yev. a riraoge- t* hint oat the pad man if>. nghi -niy of the "sir* neighbor who reeded a wopsb'a ra'e," aad doablleea the ibougM. up to ihe t ma of ibe - mmwaion td th a crime, aevar owe* rntaad tn w*iid that iberw could ba j> tba w da waetd %