Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 9, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 9, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. J AMIlS GORDON BKNNKTT. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OPPICI K. W. CORNER or FT I. TON AND KA"5-ir ST3. Volamt JUCV No. '4H'4 AMUS?MENTN THIS EVENING. NIH:.0'8 HARDEN. Broad war .-Au. Tint i.urriM ll Net Uojj-ami Rv(i> Bum.*. WINTER HARDEN Broad**/, oppo?l:e R?nd ?lreM. Uat 41 a?*?kuh.- B?tst B?k**. ROWKRT rniCATRR. Bower/.-Tbr Ti*R A*D ml TlaU^I or Lo.ijvU-M i FN'* 1Ha*a. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broad**/.?Platibo WiTB Fire _____ LAURA EETNE'8 THEATRE, Ho. (Ml Broad**/.? AllAS* A *00 V N/W BOWERT THRATRR. Bower/.?Past WOMIR 0? tus Moo*.ut Iimr?Ajruooiu. BARN JM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broad**/ -1)*t and t ?enla<?Jorrtu ARB Uii Br*tiaarr-Liyi?ii Ccaioii tlBA AO. BR T A NTS' MIXSTRELB. Mechanics HaiI 472 Broadway. UoauusiuM, Beau*, Darcm, Ac.?Scsrrs a: Phalok'i. KIBI.O'S SALOON, Broadwa/.?llooiav A ('ahfrcii.'* Mutarmai.'* ir Ktaioria* Soros, Borlrsuors, 1)a:.c*s. Aj ? 4 ikoiria Murht. NATIONAL THEATRE. Ch*th*? atrrf. ?M*. its Mm. rtTRR WaiFR? KBlJUf CuEBLSU?NRuRO BLB:?DaaA OANTRRHURT MUSIC HALL, HI Broadway ?Hcsoi, Darcrj. Hcruaucer. Ac. TKIPLE SHEET. Not I orb, TniidR/, October It, 1NG0. ?*n.s FOR KUBOPE. Vfet Raw Vorb Herald?Kdltlow for Earaps. The Cnni'1 mill Steamship Pervla, Capt. Judkins, will ipave i.'u? port U> morrow for Liverpool. Tbe BuropeaA mailt will close in this c.ty to morrow Ssoraiag At r quarter to ten o'clock. Tha Eoropra* Eumoa or thr Hrrai b will be published at nlte o'clock In tba morning Single oopiee, la wrap per*, ?'.i cents. Tbo oomeaU of the Ii'aorRAR En mo* or m Hr*al? WU! oembioe the row* received bj mall rd<1 telegraph at Ibo office during the previooa week, and op to the hoar M publlonl.oa. Tbr News. The largest and most enthusiastic political demon rtra-ion of the pro.ent exciting Preafdenti.l contest vti that which took place last evening at the C'oope. Institute, to ratify the Union hlcetornl ?I if I et Tlic vaat hall was crammed t? suffocation, and the adioinlng streets and avenues were crowd id aiU. the overflow. Meetings w ere organized nnd speeches made outaide, as weU ailu^d?of^ hall. The principal meeting was presided over bj the Hon. John A. l>ix, and addressed by the Chair man, by Mr. Samuel J. Tilden. James W. Gerard t haries O'Conor.Hiram Walbndge, James brooks and Others. One of the outside meetings was ad dicancd br the Hon. John Cochrane. Mr. t.erard. while denouncing abolitionists, confessed that he would not declare himself in favor of slavery in t al-tract, but that he would to morrow, if the houthe.n States consented, and if he knew what to Jo with them, emancipate every African save. As to lincoln, Mr. Gerard said, that if he looked |>ke hts picture he would split a rail by looking at it. "Let Abraham." said he. "as a lawyer, split hairs- as a backwoodsman, split rails-, but 1 V'Otes ngainst him trying his hand, as a President, in splitting the Union." He appealed to all patriots to vote against l-incoln. and trust to Providencefor tl pre-dent. Mr. O'Conor declared that the ques tion for the American people was: "Fhall this great and glorioas Union cease with IMS!, or shall it be perpetuated forever?" It * as not to be beho ve, he naiil that the people of the South would submit peacefully to subjugation, and as a necessary con aeqaenca, this Union must be dissolved, a line must he drawn between the North and SouUi. and that glorious Union formed in "6 must perish in 61. The report of the committee appointed at the Union meeting held at the Cooper Institute on the 17th of September was adopted, an! the mimes tJieie-u presented as electors were ratifieJ. Th? proceedings were harmonious and enthusiastic. By the arrival of the overland pony express we have oews from San ITanciaco to the 26th nit., and later advices from Oregon, British Columbia and japan. Trade at San FTanciaco was active, with a hrs.thv and steady demand. Wx or eight vessels were due from AUantic porta. On Uie 214 ult., while the British frigate Termagant was being placed on the government dry dock at ie . y \ ard. one of the sections gave way. and in a abort time the entire dock was a rouiplcte wmk* The dock cowt $-'00,000, and it will teorire several months to replace it. Nothing had been heard of the steamer John L.lMeplwna. which left San Francisco on the Uth nit., and which had not reached Panama on the 30th. the day of the departure of the Northern light for Aaplnwall. The political imbroglio in the Oregon legislature continued at last accounts. There was some talk cf a tu-ion of die Douglas and Breckinridge dem ocrats on the question of electing United Bute* Senators. The mining news from Oregon and Bi it Mi Columbia is highly favorable. We lean from Japan that the French Minister had resigned as bis reprf.rotations in respect to the treaty met no attention from the Japanese authorities. The laCdcl Conv enti<>n closed It* sittogs yesterday. The piceeedingi o( the two days were of the most extraordinary and yet not uninteresting character, hi hd ctaaa were pronounced by these ragan i.hiiaaophera can scarcely !>caurpa?ed in m .ndane struc t;. We have a full and graphic ieport ot the whole proceedings, which we purposed pu '.lahing morning: hot the press ot impo:tant matter upon onr columns compeN us to defer it* publica tion to a future day. Both branches of the Common Council were In last evening. A communication was sent to both Boards Inviting their c<> operation In the reception of the lTince of Wales. The Aidermen refused to appoint a < ??mmittee for die purpose, and the Councilmen received the c< mm- atiou. but took no other action on the subject. Tie ?em annual report ot the street Commissioner was sent In. The document may be found In our report of the proceedings. The stockholders of the Artisans' Bink he, I s ..riv.ite meeting ytstcrday. for the purpose ot as cettaining whether the bnaioeae of the institution wo. d be re-unicd. It is understood that a com niittrc was appointed to ronfer^nh the creditors of tl e bank, with a view to obtaining an extension . t , e to settle their affairs. ao aa to avoid the ax |.? i-.- attcrdant on the appointment of a receiver. The ca-e of William Warren and David Ha l, the \>1 us arrested on board the ship Erie. * hie i wt* tapturrd on the coaat of Africa In August last with nine hundred staves on board, w.n broLgin up hefors 11 itcd State* Commissi Mmiell yesterday. Hi" ac used are charged with piracy, an oiu-nce punishable by death. Ueute-| naot Di nnington.of the Marry, who brought the Uie hi me. * a? examined, and detailed the elrcum- I a'ances of the capture. Before he kad concluded bla testimony the case was adjourned t eleven ! O'clock this forenoon. A full report is elven in another column. At the opening of the Conrt of Oyer an 1 Term,, uer yesterday, twenty one mm. most ot them young in years, were arraigned to answer for ?a rion* crime*, including murder, homlc.dc. perjury, firf-geiy, tud off-nces of a vicious grade. lu t'ut GtBtiAlooeaiou* yentwdaj JoLa C. lo. ih*. and Michael P.; in were pla' ed on t ? < tcgcd with forcblj taking II 00 from the p< ? of a jouiig rountnman. who was a g?e?<t at the board ing house of tlie defendant, in Cedar street. The trial will be Unified this morning. The l inance Committee of the Board of Educa tion reported last evening that the balance Of fund for special appropriations for educational purposes nnappropriated oat of tire sum appro p:iated for thi; pt rpose is IS,937 63. The same comtnlttee alio reported the sunl which they retou mended to be appropriated for the payment of teachers and janitors for the year to be $>0,000; the sum for incidental expenses to be $5,000; the support of the Free Academy to be $5,000; for re pairs of furniture, Ac., $2,000, and for speciil ap propiiations $2^,000?making a total of $100,000. The Board adopted the report and transacted some further business of minor importance, and then ad journed for want of a quorum of the house. Mr. Curtis, the President of the Board, presided for the Giat time since Lis return from Europe. According to the City Inspcstofs report, there wore 442 deaths in this city during the past week, a decrease oi 9 a-, compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 7 less than occurred during the conesponding w eek last year. The re ] capitulation tuble gives 77 deaths of ureases I of the brain and nerve", 1 or the genera , tive organs, 7 of the heart and blood ves j sol#, 129 of the lungs, throat, Ar., 10 of old age, 34 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 3 premature births, 107 of diseases of the j stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 58 of i general fevers, 2 of diseases of tiie uriuaiy organs, | S unknown, and 22 from violent causes. The ua tivity tabie gives 263 natives of the United Btates, 1 C ol England, 101 of Ireland, 31 of Germany, 4 of F< otlitnd, and the balance of various foreign coun tries. The rotten market was steady yesterday, with stirs reported to the extent or 4,000 a 0,000bales, not over C OCO of which, however, we could fully trace. The trans actions Included purchases by spinners and for export, c? the basis of about lie. a ll l,c for middling np'aada Flour wis tn good demand and active, and closed at better prices for common grades of State and Western,* while good to prime extra brands were uncbange l. Wheal was active, and firmer for moet descriptions. Corn was firm, with fair sales at T0>*c. a Tie a 71 he. fbr Western mixed, afloat and In store; flat yellow was at 76:. a 78c. Pork sold to a moderate extent at >19 C6i|1910 for now m^sand at >14 60 for new prime. Bogus were steady, and the advance of last week sua tailed. The sales embraced about 800bhds.,at rates given in another place. Coffee was firm; a sale of 1,100 bags Iagoayra wis made at 14 jfc. a 15c. Freights were steady, but not active. Among the engagements to Li verpool were about 40,000 bushels, tn ship's hags, at 121 , w itb one small lot do., at l?4d,; and 8,000 barrel* flour at Ci a Cs. 3d. Flour was slso enga. ed for IxmUoo at Or. 10Xd.,and wheat wai exported, in bulk aad hags, at 12<1. s 12*d. The Presidential Election la the Hons* of Htpnuntatlrtt. C>ur republican cotemporaries affect to be very much horrified In view of the revolution ary excitements and scenes of violence which, they tuy, would attend the struggle for the President in the Douse of Representatives should the election upon the three highest can didates from the people be thrown into that body. But why the supporters of Ifr. Lincoln should be afraid of the ultimate result in the Douse we cannot imagine, for unquestionably Lincoln, by all odds, would have the best chance of on election there. TV Douse of Representatives, holding over from the last session, would havo this duty to discharge, and we therefore know exactly how the Douse will be divided in tbe event of no election of a President by the electoral col leges. In voting for a President, each State in the Douse gives only one vote, so that the one member frcm Delaware weighs as heavy in this balance as tbe thirty-three members from New York. Let us suppose, therefore, that Lincoln, Breckinridge and Bell, in default of an election of President by the people, will go into the Douse. We know, from the party divisions of that body, that the States would be thus divided:? For Lincoln.?Maine, New Hampshire. Mas sachusetts, Rhode Island. Vermont. Connecti cut, New York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohic, Indiana, Michigan Iowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota?15. Foil Bkk KiNRiixiE.?Delaware. Virginia. South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama. Florida. Louisiana. Mtoeissippi, Arkansas, Missouri, Texss, Orefbn snd California- 13. For Beu_?Tennessee?1. States Ecicai.i.t Divided, or Tun, ls tbe Doi>t, between Bi:ecki>riih,e and Beul.?Ma ryland, North Carolina and Kentucky?3. There is still one State remaining, whose deie I gation in the House stands five for Douglas and | four for Lincoln?the State of Illinois, the vote , of which, Mr. Douglas not being before the He use. would probably be cast for Bell. Ui AP1TCL ATION. I Whole number of Butes .13 j NeifeHary to eleit 17 For IJncoln 15 For Breckinridge 13 For Bell 2 Tied 3 This is a difficult snarl, turn it and twist it a? we may. It will be seen at a glance, however, that the laeue I* between Lincoln and Breck inridge in the House. Give to the latter the 1 casting vote of the delegation each of Mary land. North Carolina and Kentucky, and he would hare sixteen rotes. Could he get these. Tennessee would fall in and elect him: but Ls it probable that the Southern opposition party would thus consent to furnish the stick for breaking their own beads* No. They would prefer to sit it out till the 4th of March, and so with tbe Breckinridge party, leaving the issue to tbe Senate. But how about Lincoln' He would only need the additional support of two State? to elect him. and the odd member of the Illinois delegation and the member from Delaware or Oregon woi 'd be enc^gh to give him these two needed states. Between permitting tbe elec tion In the House to go by default, in which event General Lane, elected Vice President by tbe Senate, wculd become the I'reel dent, and the alternative of toting (or Lin coin it is quite likely that the odd mem ber of the Illinois delegation would as a last resort, go over to Lincoln himself an Illinois man Granted that such wculd be the case, wculd the patriotic member frcm Delnaare^cr I tie gentleman trem Oregon, permit the election I of a President to bang tire for want of one s ate Perhaps not. With the election of "Old Aba" thu - broadly forrshudowed in the House, why Is It that Lis 1: leu is entertain such a lively sense of fear upon this altercatl e They are afraid that these Northern conservative coalitions will lose tL'm the next Bouse of RepreeentaUve* in the Io n of Tarious Congressional districts This is the real fear of the republicans; and all the ccn servative force# opposed to them, especially in New York, should remember that 6nly second to the Presidency Itself Is tbe impcrtance of the bai m. e of p -wer i: the nect Hooar of K -ure- | ssatatiTM. The - CoaM| Crises Bad the ktock Mar bet?The rtnt Dropt of the Thunder Mtoim. Uiotoriaiid have remarked that in all great crises of human affairs the crash which con vulses a nation ard brings venerable institu tions to the ground is invariably preceded by a season of extraordinary confidence, of wide spread indifference to all signs of the times, and of apparently irrepressible prosperity. Not to range too far back into the chronicles of the past, our own times and those of our fathers ; formidably illustrate the truth of this observa tion. The great Pailiamentary conflict which ; cost England her American colonies, and loosened the foundations of her ancient oligar chy, broke out from a season of absolute peace, and of then unexampled national progress, won for the empire by the successful and magnifi cent policy of the elder Pitt. The Reign of Terror in France took the most astute of her philosophers and the most keen sighted of her politicians by surprise. When Louis XVI. convened the States General of the kingdom, after an interval of a century and a half of un restrained autocracy, it was the opinion of the shrewdest observers that no more favorable moment could have been asked for inaugurating the great political and social reforms become inevitable in the progress of the eighteenth cen tury. All the world of France and Europe was of this mind. Paris was crowded with students of politics and seekers after pleasure. The com merce of I'rance made head on every sea against that of its great rival, and all w ent mer ry as a marriage bell?the coming spectre of the guillotire casting no perceptible shadows upon the brilliant and varied animation of an excited and enthusiastic people. On the 1st of January, 1648, what throne in Europe seemed more secure than that of the Nape leon of peace? What exchange was more busy, more speculative, more reckless, than the Bourse of Paris? Who then would have dared to prophesy that within three short weeks the citizen king, the royal millionaire, who had ruled by the ledger and transacted the affairs | of a kingdom on the strictest commercial prin ciples. would be flying from his capital in a sixpenny cab, to seek a refrge on the shores of England, under the ignominious disguise of Mr. John Smith? These examples, as we have said, are near our own days. They stare us, as it were, in the face. For four years past the course of our own political history has been forcing the leeson they inculcate on every thoughtful man in the nation; and jet what is there in the present aspect ef our commercial and social world to warrant the belief that this lesson has made the slightest impression upon any conside rable class of the American communitj! We do not now insist upon the darkest possibilities of the great political conflict through which the United fctates are passing. We are willing to ad mit all that optimists can ask as to the uncer tainty of the course to be taken by the South ern States In the Union in the event of the election of Lincoln, and of the triumph of the great sectional party, avowedly hostile to Southern Institutions and to the influence of the South in the national government We are content to allow this course to be an uncertainty, for the sake of our present argu ment. however clear our own convictions may be as to the real drift of events; but we main tain that, viewed simply as an uncertainty, the contingency of armed resistance by the South, or by any considerable portion of the South, to the Inauguration of a regularly elected Pre sident, involves consequence* so tremendous to the industry and the finances of the whole na tion that nothing short of a positive judicial blindness can explain the reckless expansion of our whole system of commercial credit in the face of such a contingency. That this con tingency exists, that it is immediately upon us, to be decided, for good or for evil, within a few short weeks, no man in his senses, of any party, will deny. Would not the most ordinary prudence dictate at such a time a more than ordinary circumspection to every practical man of business In regard to the riaks which he ac cepts. and the chance* to which he commits his fortunes To krgr.e this point really seems tobeaiortof insult to the common sense of mankind. Yet what do we see? If we take simply the transactions of the past week on the New York Stock Exchange-that sensitive barometer of the atmosphere of public confl d^ace?they will demonstrate that never be fore in the history of the country have the ccmtfierciai and financial classes been more obstinately bent than they now are upon ?t*kirg the higher stakes snd playing the largest game on this great faro bank of the naMon. Never have the operators who control the ebb and flow of this great moneyed maelstrom possessed s stronger held upon the credulity of the public. No warning of the real nature of the operations in which they are Invited to risk their capital?whether it come in the words of the press or the more eloquent revelations of corporate dishonesty?appears to have the slightest effect upon the financial community. In the brief space of a few days the discredita ble failure of a prominent banking institution in this city has thrown its sudden light upon the secret of the money facilities which enable the operator in stocks to accomplish at will bis magical alternations of depressing decline and dazzling Inflation in the value of his wares. The eq' illy discreditable failure of a great railway direction at the West to make good their loudly trumpeted proclamations of the profits achieved by their road has laid bare the por tentous fact that the very men upon whom the Community relies for the sound and faithful ad ministration of great corporate properties are foremost In the game which makes these proper tie# the continual sport of reckless and Irre spon -ible speculation. Is it not little less than idiotic to suppose that the Artisans Bank can have stood alone among the banks of oar city In the practices which have prostrated its credit and ruined its stockholders! The system pur sued by the Artisans Bank in its loans and dis co nts dees not date from yesterday; it has bepn going on for years. During all this time this bank has been Involved in contln al transactions with other banks. It* rejection from the Clearing Uoues seen did not Immediately alienate from it lbs confi dence of all It* fellow*. Is It credible that the history of the Arti-ans' Baak. as the public read it tc bay. should le a revelation to all the i ther bark dirctcrs of New York' Why. then, should this bank have been suffered so long to Impede ifcelf upon the confidence of the com munity! There i* ,4a fellow feeling." *? Fbakspere tell* us, ' which make# u* wondrou* Liud," and it aeeds. unfortunately, but a rery limited knowledge of human nature to justify the suspicion that the financial charity which has been so long extended to this erring sister must bare originated in a common position and in common perils, rather than in the pro verbial tender heartednces of the dealer in money. In like manner who will venture to assume that the directors of the Rock Island Railroad are the only directors in the Esst or in the West who have been engaged In the business of fabricating a false financial reputa tion for their road, under cover of which they might so manipulate its Btock as to secure great personal profits to themselves at the expense alike of those whom they represent and of the general public? In ordinary times the Artisans1 Bank and the Rock Island Railroad would not have spoken in vain. Sensible men would have supplied to themselves the simple con siderations which we have here suggested. In the light of these instances they would have re viewed the whole circle of institutions to which

this bank and this railroad belong; they would have measured the actual enormous Inflation of all corporate values by these standards, and, without rushing to the extreme of such an in discriminate panic as followed upon the Schuy ler fraud and the fall of the Ohio Life and. Trust, they would have seriously considered the immense probabilities of sudden and sweeping disaster flashed out upon us by these catastro phies. They have now done nothing of the sprt This apocalypse of frand and chicane flgsses over in a day. The ranks close up, the dead are carried to the rear, and the jubilant army of speculators resumes its march. Once more we repeat that such phenomena as these. the face of the actual political condition of 0P country, may well remind us that whom the "gods are determined to destroy they first make mad." j The Volcanic Mais of Knrope?Progress | of (It* Strngdc Between Kevolntlon and lteactlon Events are developing dally, with Increasing clearness, the proximity of a great struggle in Europe, in which thrones and even society itself may be again shaken to their founda tions, as they were in 17911 and 1818. The centre of nil the hepes and fears of that continent is now Rome. There the conflict ing elements of the Italian revolution are about to meet--Garibaldi personifying the ultra revolutionists, Victor Emanuel those who desire a conservative regeneration, and Pio Nono clinging to all the forms and theories of the dead past. As the Italian question has ad vanced to a solution consonant with liberty and the spirit of the age. two distinct policies have grown into existence in the school of re volution. The conservative policy of Count Cavour, who aims to cement the walls of the Italian edifice as they rise, is not rapid enough in action for those enthusiastic haters of the old order of things. These wish to see all the time worn and motheaten structure thst has cramped society for so many centuries swept away at once, and the ground cleared for the new crea tions they Imagine they can bring into ex istence. Cavour and the statesmen of the libe ral movement know how vain are these hopes, and they strive to moderate the zealous policy , of the ultra revolutionists. Hence the strife between Garibaldi and Cavour, which the re actionists look to so hopefully. If the ultra policy succeeds, we shall have a general fever ' of revolution all over Europe, followed by ex* 1 haustion of the popular element, and a return to the tried organizations of the past. There are numerous evidences in the late j advices from that quarter of the world of the 1 activity of the revolutionary elements there. Garibaldi exhibits a significant persistance in his extreme views, with a marked oppoiition, | tempered by forbearance, on the part of Louis Napoleon and Victor Emanuel; Ma/./.ini and his followers seem ubiquitous In their restless ness; with unmistakeable signs of agitation in Hungary, Kossuth adopts the Napoleonic poll cy of preaching peace to hi* adherents when war is the object in view: and we shall not be surprised at any moment to see a vast re volutionary conspiracy develope Itself all over Italy, Hungary and Germany, and even involving France. Its outbreak may be as sudden as was the explosion of the Oroini bomb, and a thousand times more destructive. That the time is ripening for such a grand commotion in Europe may be deduced from the analogy of history. Sloce the time of the political revolution that was Initiated by Lu ther. and out of which sprang the Protestant dynasties of Northern Europe. It is s noticeable fact that every revolution has absorbed the eoergy of its generation, and no one generation has been able to accomplish more than one great movement. After the Protestant up heaval the popular element subsided until Vol taire and the Encyclopa'dlaiats again awakened it Their efforts culminated in 1789; and since then each generation has exhibited its peculiar energy. The first Napoleon exhausted his and gave its successor to the rule of the Bourbons. The next tired ot these, and the revolution of lKtf). obeying the guiding hand of the patriot Lafayette, confided its hopes to Louis Philippe. He failed to satisfy the necessities cf the ace, and a following generation overwhelmed htm In 1*18. The direction of this movement hu been seized by Louis Napoleon, who prides himseir j upon being s man that understands his epoch. Whether he does so the course of events will determine; but in addition to the notice able activity of the revolutionary elements all over Europe, it is well knewn that in the French army there is a growing dislike to what is known as the imperial clique. In considering the present volcanic conditio^ of Europe, there is- another phase of it that must not be forgotten. Much reliance is placed upon what is called "national developement;" but the ' nationalities" of the present age are nothing but forms of diplomatic expression. Europe to day is not divided among race na tions unknowing of each other. The Intercom munication that characterizes the age has. through commerce, the press, railroads and telegraphs, fused all the peoples In one great mots. That mass is divided into two great hos tile camps only. In one revolution Is inspired with the popular cry of libei tyond equality; la the other reaction appeals to the conserva tive fears of society. The conflict between them is inevitable, although it may be delayed by wisdom and partial concession. Louis Na poleon now rides upon the rising tide, ond if he can he will control it; but tc do so he must understand it and sympathize with it. The present struggle is one of the governing classes, each being desirous of securing to its own camp the fruits of flctory. What Should be Doni: With the Psrxcr rx the MtrrROPOUi1;?The Prince of Wales?as we may as well, considering the serai royal state in which he travels, call him?will arrive In this city on next Thursduy afternoon, and will have but two clear days in the metropolis. On Thursday he can see but little except Broad way. in its gala attire, and the military parade, which will undoubtedly be very fine. On the next day the Prince should be taken to see the city sights, beginning with Broadway, and, coming down from Twenty third street, stop at various points of interest, the great shops and bazaars which are^xternally, the most splendid in the world. He would probably be pleased with a look in at Ball A Black's and Stewart's. We have no art gallery open now, except Brady's new photographic establishment (the finest in the world)?a visit to which would un doubtedly be very Interesting to the Mayor's royal guest The tour might be continued with profit as far as Wall street, where the bulls and bears are having grand times just now. That will answer for a zoological garden until the uptown affair is finished. This, with a peep at some of tha churches, would probably suffice for the day. and in the evening we are to have the grand ball. On the next day a ride through the Central Park, a run through the suburbs, and a visit to some of the benevolent Institutions such as that for the Deaf and Dumb ut Washington Heights ? would be the proper thing to do. The royal party would also be much delighted with the view from the most elevated point of Washing ton Heights. It has been pronounced the most superb panorama that this country or Europe affords. Here there would be an opportunity to embark the Prince on a small steamer, pro ceeding under the High Bridge, and thence round to the East river, where the party could be transhipped to the Harriet Lane. Then the cutter, passing the city institutions, should run down to Staten Island, where, from the wooded heights, the Prince could have a splendid view of the bay and city of New York, pro nounced by travellers to be unsurpassed. On Sunday the Prince will attend church, of course. Trinity shonld be selected, ou account of the historical associations connected with it, if for no other reason. On Monday morning the Harriet Lane will take the royal party to Weat Point, whence they go Uf Albany, Boston and Portland. By adopting some such pro gramme as that we have indicated, the Prince's entertainers can show him as much of New York as it will be possible for him to see in the limited time which be spends here?so limited that he has been obliged to decline all private p&rtiee without exception. State Prison Birds rx the Legislature.?A quondam member of the Assembly was recently sent from this city te the penitentiary, where a too limited imprisonment is meted out to him, considering the revolting nature of the offence. There are members of the last Assembly now seeking a re election who ought to b? sent to the same place, and we trust that the people will keep a sharp lookout for them. Sing Sing does not cage any unclean bird worse than the scoundrels who, by various flagrant schemes, plundered their constituents and the public at large In the last Legislature. NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. The Presidential Campalgm?Activity ef the African Slave Trade?Titles te ?Llaes la New Maxlca, die , Ate. WAsanotwr, Oct ?, 1S90 THI POLITICAL CANVASS IS mNSTlTAS-.A, ssw YOU ASP TSS SOCTH. It if Impossible to exaggerate tie degroe of Intsreet which the politicians sal tbe people eiprass sboat the State election is PeuEMylvau.A (.renter hopes are la dulged, by most democrats here, of democratic ( of four or Are members of Congrew, titan of the a?..<*??? of Mr. Foster. Tbe oomlaee la Mr Ftoreare's district will very likely be bestea. Mr Cartia, la my opinion, will be elected Governor. Now for New Tork. There is the reel battle (round. The ti (best hopes are entertained by the opponents ef Lincoln tint New Tork will not permit bia tobechoeen President Tbe republic ans, however, are boaatrullhat no fusion can aave the Empire Slate from them If they carry tbe Keystone State. AVui SWWHIi. Senator Wigfall, of Texaa, ta here, end givaa the most encouraging accountl of tha South to the Breckinridge mes. Seeatsr Busier, ef Tiffin'.a, passed thronfb the eity also, and aatd that the O i Domlsloo was aare fbr Breck inridge. prroirrxr or wtbut com. The Secretary of tbe Treasury left this city for Georgia on Saturday mom of, oa a matter of pnrr.y private hi sneas. All the other members of the Cabinet are at their posts. DtvATorcs moa m arsrcA* ryrApaos Th" Navy Iwpartic at hare rere.vr i from the African -tundron, as I also despstchaa from tbe com ma. der of the Niagara The Nlifmra'a news I aatlrl paled in tha HiSAtispecial corrctpondancc from that polat. It appear* that our squadron art doing a profit able and remuuentice be lacs* In capturing surer*. Tr.s vlcmtty of Congo itrer ta lltera'ly alive i mull* eiigeged In that Inhuman trade. AfTAias m sxw xxxico an Tax as The War Department race rod e large ma., lbs morn ing from the department I of New Mexico and Texas Act Ire piwparmt .oaa are In profess by our troops for a elgtr cua campaign aga sst tbe nafrl-nily Indiana, who are mettactly making Incnratoas upas tbe white eettlere. Appiicet.oa having been made ti tbe fntei States Sur* vi yer ( eterai of New Mexico tor tbe recognition of no claims founded upon denouncement, tbe Commission 01 tbe General land OBcc, Mr. Wilson, his dispatched inatr ctlona to tbe >jrvevor General, inform log him that no prevent discovery or deeo ooeanent of mines la rec?go'zsdby the la > a of the failed States, tbe are tern of Spain sad Mex'co m regard to mi sen not having been Incorporated tato our Ian 1 v. stem The du lira of the Surveyor (.enerai la regard to hi of claim are coollaed to tbe ressfdiod of private lead titles lawful.y derived from Spain and Mrx co psrAsrru or tas habx.-xt laxi vox nr roax. Tic revenue cutter Harriet Lane returned last night and left th.s more ng for New Tork. ?tsxaaNa lax ft SAtre. JfomarCT-S dad n'geut. but inv(f?ctaal agpllcetioei bare beea made for the further pc Iponeaeut of the M'aneaota 'an i ani.-x, on the fro i t tuti t .* settlers art unable to make pay meats for ptr em pi ion r'af wttUtd t e preacribed time According to aa oticiai atatement ef tbe Secretary of tbe uMpor, tbe pre-emplor* will Inrv tably lose their i*ngg*aold and paid for by other parte# but If not ?old, ttey would, under tbe neelurstory not ce of aettlera, bare the beeedt of a years' cred.t allow#.] by law fbr paying for laadt, thus become subletted to prirate entry, orrexxx or rxs nam or wax tahpaus. The followtag aaaied t l eers have beea ordered to tbe sloop of war Vaa talla, of the last India squadron ?Com mander, S. P Lee: Lieutenants Oolllaa, Webb, W.tnoe, and Fleming; an I to lb# sloop ?r war Saratoga, of the African t. adroa, (Vi<mender Taylor; Lieutenants Gothria. Bays, Madcgan, Daltoa, and Pamsiy rvrirxivr ov roots..i The Petmaster Genera! today tnvel an order of wbtoh the following Is a oop> ? Whereas, by the act o.' th* 21 if March, 1-St. the postage cpen all >tter* except rucii a? are cat lied to pane free between pierce la the felted States, it reft rd to be props I. and whereas, the Department*, through r< urtee-. bnx hitherto at considerable *bor an 1 espenae e-tiSrd tbe part rs addrrvsed In ail InaUnpes In th snitera fa led ta preyay that tn r letter* w ell b? forwar :-d on rece.r-nd tbe poxtag due lueroa and eherva-inatcsd r tim'n *h;:ig, the eurab >r >f n .ch iet ten mUiM to tafwuii tfeui thawfeglit cm .%? n n prepay to Intentional It W" 'leref .re ordered that fro* and attar the lit day of Novell**. 1880, all suoh unpaid letter* be *?ot to the dead letter 0A00, to be disposed of Ut like manner aa other dead letter*. News beat HeitWi Kbit Oauuna, Oct. 7, 1M) By the arrival or the aohooner Potomac, from Ten Cru/, we have Mexican date* to the lBUi uU. The Potomac brings 960,090 In specie. Seoor Mala, the Juarez Minister to WaahingWa, arrived at Vera Cruz on the 14th nit. The United States eteam frigate Susquehanna arrived out 3th, and the Powhatan 17th. The wboto subject of the ooodaaanatioa of the bark Maria Conception waa referred to Madrid. The Spaniib M.a later bad adviaed aooocll.atioo of the Juarez government. The liberal* were eticcemful and hopeful of taking the capital. The Engl ah Minuter had propoeed to mediate for peaoa between the contending lections, but this offer arte re lected. The atramer Pocahontae, with later newi, u expected. The steamer Empire City, from Havana, hi* been quarantined ten days. Passengers all well. New OauuNS, Oct. 8.1888. The schooner Red Fox, from Tampico 26ih nit., baa ar rived. she bring* datea from the City o( Mexico of thd 17th mat. and 888 000 in specie. Mlramon was still in the capital, with 11,008 mea. The Liberal* still occupied (jueretaro aa their headqortere. Wasumok, Oct. 8,1808. The New Orleans Picayvnt of Friday gives a verbal report that Captain Jarvti pasted a note to the Spanish Commod-ve, in which he not only condemned hi* threat to bombard Vera >uz in case the Maria Conception km sot restored and damage* paid, hut declared he would eoneider the first shot fired upon Vera Crux as a ahot upon the American squadron In consequence of thie note, further action In this matter was suspended. Three Fisn ih vessels of war have returned to Havana. Troubles In Florida. 8av*inuH, Oct 7,1888. TbeQuincy (Florida) Kfmblic says that tbo people of Gadsden. Liberty, Jackson and Washington counties are organizing a force to operate against a band of deipera does who are committing outrages la Calhoun county. Many murders have been committed. In J acts on oounty the militia have been called out. Newi from Havana. Nxw Oklbaks, Oct 8, 1W0 The steamship Empire City, from Havana 21 met., baa arrived. The sugar market at Havana was quiet, aad qvoted at 8), reals. The total atock In port amounted te 100 000 boxes. Exchange on London. 16 a 15S* per oeat pretn urn; on New, York 3 i 4 v, per ceul premium. News front New Mexico. IsnsHSSDeivcx, Mo , Oct. 8,1860 The New Mexican mall, with dates to the 21th ult , ar rived this evening The preparation* for n campaign ?galnat the IaJ.aug has not intimidated them. A party of them wt nt into Fort l'auutleroy a short time ago and ran oil e.gbty beaJ of cattle belonging to B. E. Connolly. The volunteer* for tbe war against the Navajoee have marched for tbe place. Tbe election for member* or the House of Representa tives passed off quietly. J. A. HubbeU was elected to 1U the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Judge Baird. There is no news from the Plains. But few Indians were seen, and they were friendly The Ltdy Frikklla at Philadelphia# Philadelphia, Oct. 8,1M0 I ady Franklin nrrlTed la Ihla city thli amning Md la ?topping et the Ctrerd House. Mail) Facllltlee hetweea Blew ierlt aad BMtn. Rostov, Oct. 1,1889. Ma.I tra.oa are sooa to bo run betweee New York Ml Bc?toa, leering eech city et eight P. M. Death of aa Arkaaeae Ploaeer. Foci Surra, Oct 8,1888 Captain John RdJgert, aa old and esteemed oittaee, Ml one of tbe ordinal proprietors of this city, died Uat eight of paralysis The hate dev. WUUud, of Indlaaa. lM>iavaroia, Oct. 8, 1988. A romm.Uee or citixeoe of UM city, with the rwiln of Gorernor Wiilart, err!red yeaterdey moralag oe a ?penal train from Chicago, accompanied by Cot. Raaiey, ei raited Sutra Senator Bice, Major Cullea, Mr. Oochraa and Boa Wm A. Bowiee. Thev were met at the depot by mil iary companies, and a large eumber of cltneea, who received the remain* and conveyed them to the executive b ana ion, where they remained during yeater dey. They will he taken to the Senate Chamber WH afternoon, where they are to lie in eute. in charge of the military, until Wedeeeday morning, from whence the tnal funeral rerecaoe ea ta tbla city will take piaoe, aad the rraaatna be takee to New Albany, uader aa eeeortef miliary and cttiaeon, for interment. Minute gone were gred on the arriral of the rare yesterday morn lag. ml dcr mg the march of the prooeeeioe to the eaocutiye maa iioo ??? Drmid Hill Part. BalUmere. Bal*iwom, Oet g. 1888 The opening c-remoolra of DrulO Hilt Park hew bene postponed unit: the l?th of October. Market*, rsn^iSiLTSiA rroci moamb. PBLADmnaa, Oct 1.1888 Stock* doll. Peeaeylrann Stau 8*a. 86M ; Mead lag Railroad, JS 1 18; Home Canal 84Long latand Ball road, 18 Peonayiraain Aa .-oad, 81S- ?ght airWMga oa Mew York at par. ^ Bi nin. Oet 8, I860. Floor quiet Howard itreel aad Ohio, $6 MS'a04 T$. Wheat ?uaJr red, $1 SO a 81 88 white, 81 40 a 91 88. Ocrn 8m W"r.aioM steady Ood^e active, hut pcicee unchaagcl Whiskey doll at 99c a is'St. I'm: AhKLTKU, Oct. 8,1480. The election ahawoi the attentioo of the mercantile community, and there la little doing In lha market. Hour arm at 88 Ti a 88 Wheat la fair demand while at 81 40 e 81 60, red 8118 e 81 8v Cora qmet at TJc. a "4c. Whlaaey ataady Alsajit , Oct. 1,1488. Flour ataady Ml la good demand sales 2,800 ''bm. Whrat held out of lha marw-t Rye?Sales 8,000 hnahile raaadn at 75c Oals steady antra 16A00 boiD^i, al dM. for Slate. Cora 8all bat aaiaabla In Bit at 88c. a 8*c. for Wratera m.aed. Barlay?Tbla m.-rutag thare wne a ktr demtad, hut holder* ware firm, and hut few anise were effect <d. ie (he aftereeee mora was dona aalae to tfar 40 800 bosheia, at Ike. a 88o fbr Canada last, Ste. for infarior do 76c for four rawed Stale; 79c. fer ohetoe In car ! H* 79c. e Sic for \ ermoot 78c. fbr Oraada Waa* ria Bnflalo 88c. Ibr M Utgma. Tie for fa a ads Wma, dark, and 9*. for bright do Whtakej -Sale* of 8M bbla at Kt Hcpa?H't'uer pricaa are paid ,or 186* of 6.000 lha at lie a 90c M Br- Ait, Oct 8,1988 Flour steady aad la th'.r demand Wbsat stood/ saisa 10,000 bushed So 1 Cheng J spring at 81 05, 10,899 buihed Vo 1 M2wank*e club at 81 09. 8,790 btiaheia white M.chgka at 91 it. 6 000 bushels wtlls Ohio et 61 21 Corn etsed- nod in good demand aaisa 94.088 b allele at 66c. e 66 e , former Bgura a9oel. latter from ?tore. Other grater q a let ned eo ealsa Canal fre gbu? 60c on Sour, 18-,c oa wu-at, 15 He on corn, to New 1 York. Lake imports?18,009 bbla Sour 149.000 buahste wheat 119*0 bushels corn end 8 009 bushsle berley (heal eapnria-4 000 bb s f ar, 884.000 bushole wbsat. 70.0(0 bullies corn, ij 000 bus boll oats asl 1.008 bushaie '"rAT Brr> Atx>. Oct. 4?9 P M Four Jteady aad la fair derate* ear* 1.200 bbla. at 84 87 a $?' tor extra State, Canada aad W-.ieoeain 86 a M 60 lor attra M.cb'gaa. Indiana aad Oh o. 86 76 a 64 ? for doubia extra* Wheat closed flrmer aeira It *00 burhrla No. 1 Ch .cage iprltg at 81 06 18,000 buah^a Ma 1 Mllwa kee club at 81 0*a81 ?H ".680 bmbela wb te Ohio at 81 81 a 81 81 8000 bushel* white M cbigaa at 61 24 Corn ?teady and ta active demand unlet 90.C03 bufhe'a at 66c. ? ?6 '?c.. pert afl^A Hyw needy sale* 2 WO bushel* at 98c Cans! frelghu (irmer 02o on 'lour IT oe wheat. 18c oe wra to Naw Yora I.aka import*?IS,009 bbla flour, $08,000 bush-.* *.3rat. t-itOUEZ rare, 4 380 buahe a oaie J 000 b abeia barer Canal eaporie? 4 080 bbls Hour, 132,090 b ihsU wheat, 77 000 bushels corn, 18.888 bushel* oala. 8 W8 bnshais bar.ey 08W888. Ort 1?4 P. M. F.oar tteaJr. w th ep*4e-att damanl f>r inter;nr at Fnaiera trad'* sab* 600 bbla.. at 86 ii tor etlra stale Wheat Arm asi in goc-1 d-manl <c.s 1000 be-belt Mo 1 Mliwaakee cub at $1 1$. 6 000 do red talma at $1 20 2 00C In. I?, It COO do Omad-nj, and 7 080 do. bo. 2 (t rie) aprMg oa privBU term* Cora hill mis* 9.100 b^beia ladiasa at Me., and S i00 biane * dn at 80c ? oat Bar ey dafl aaisa 8.80O bn*beii r>r;aa apper lake Canad an at TSe Rro and oats qalet Oana freights a irancod lc oa gram, flour Sic . wheat lie . eorm 10 sc , to New Y >rk tek? imports?712 bbU float, 09.208 brabels wlsal. 46.08 bnahel* barley, l.OCO b.aheis rye. 8.C08 busbsti ,?-m canal eaporla?3.466 bbi* 1 ur. 40 900 btmboM ?b?rt. 24 400 bushel* corn, 84,880 juaho 1 barley, I.'W buraels CmcA .o. Oet. 8?0 P. *? Flour dull. Wheat 8rm, aud He. al higher m se 153 COO kartell at 98<-jc- ? , JL 1. aad 90-,c a 9?c Tor rt? 8 w ^ aclire and timd; raira *>.c;0 in atore O^U Brm e.lee *8.888, ? Mc afloat Reca.pU 8?8 bbW^ ? beat. 43,008 do com, 11 880 4k 2 >00 bbla. fliror. 198,080 bcabefa Waal. 116 08) de core Freight* actira at \8e oe t>era to ^'da-o I. . ? wheat ?gh\ etchang ? oe Naw Turk 1 per Mat CracrwwAr . Del 8,1'89 Tonr 4u. at 85 a 84 18 f?r aupe-Ona Whaat steadr Iftaoo flm nli >oid 9c? M?i V ^ ^ $19 Sight qtchangt oa Ne? Ywk tetbanged