Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 11, 1860, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 11, 1860 Page 3
Text content (automatically generated)

(tncd vHMTtr be made claims m the "panstfi or as the French Minister All Ida communications wore ?evoked ia ibis tone until the Cabinet of Madrid under took tbe plan or reconquering "oar Americas," ?U: Mexico, St. Domingo tad Yenesivla. Since thsn the lan guage of the ?panab Minister baa changed and his crimi natory etjle proves thai there la aa arrifrt pnut? oc alienor pian for which the massac re of tbe lslenos aOords aa excellent pretext. Senor l!om*a arped apon tbe government tbe iauMdlate Bishmeni o( tnc murderers and the ooetpen tattoo of ,000. more <>r leea, threatening to break up tbe lega tion and leave Otraccas wttbln twenty. foar honra. r Tbe (OTernmeat waa unable to accede, aa tbe principal perpetrators are actually In tbe battle field, where the atnero.il yoocg mea of all the republic have thed ihe.r blood to defend tbeir families u>d to vindicate the good ?mate of tbeir country. The government answered Senor Homes, explaining their position and informing him that Senor Tbro bad been ap potnted Minister to Madrid, to offer to tbe Qneea aa many explanations and excuse* aa aboukl be neoessary far tbe re tab lishment of tbe nUnU oontiale. But Senor Home* MS It led upon having hia passports, protesting In the ateanwbile tgairtt tbe damages and ritkt which a delay would have occasioned him. It was bis second letter, and to such a sultanic demand the government bad no other answer than the passports Senor Romea loft Ckraccas wltb all tbe pomp and stage like anger which have made bis brother, tbe grand tra gedian of all the Spalna, so conspicuous. To make the farce more shocking, he canned bis meads, tbe Ministers of Brazil, Tern and France, to ao otvpnay bim from Oaraocaa to this port, as be eaid he waa afraid of being ill treated on tbe road. Be came on thnraday, and went on board tbe Spanish steamer Blasoo da Garay, to wait for the sailing of the packet for St. Tho mas, where from he wlU so direct to the mother oonntry, to throw bis complaint at the foot of the throne. Tbe Spanish subjects are under tbe protection of tbe Preach Minister, and the Oman late of Spain In this port in charge ?f the French Consul. Never was more injustice In valved or more petulance shewn in any diplomatic controversy titan In thin of Spain with Venezuela. It Is apparent that the object of Senor Romea waa only to pick a quarrel, anil he could not And a better pretext. Tbe navy and ai my of Spain? threatening at the same Ume Mexico, St. Domingo and Venezuela? will put the Monrot doctrine to a teat, an<l some knowing one aasurea ate iliat the agreement of ti e Congress of Paris in lb66 to regard to letters of marque will also be tried ; because the Venezuelan government have not forgotten the port wbere ti e General Armstrong waa built, and know the arm of feeble natlbns against the commerce or ttie so. called big onea. Cuba Is there? the Pearl or the Gulf? and wbo knows ir tbe Venesoelan tricolor will cover that merchandise? This people expect a great deal from tbe "North," as they call us Yankees , but tbe principal de ?Mce or the oountry will be trusted, not to the govern ment, but to enterprising rellews wbo know bow to sail upon th^^ts, and how to catch tbe wind ? and on land to tbe lance or the Llanero, to memorable in the victory of Trocadero. Perhaps it is a providential disposition that Spain taken heart to reconquer Venezuela, ror It will be the beat and ssost efficient meant to unite tbe Venezuelan! against a nommon foe. In regard to interior afTalrs, we are in the tame state that T described in my last. Neither the government nor the factions are strong enouth to overthrow their antago nists, and tbe war will be protracted, I do not know how *??? Oar Lexington Correspondence. I .exw.to*, Kjr , Sept. 20, 1800. Chine' in fit-" Pullic Sentimmt- Douglas Mm for Brock ,n ridgr?A Breckimulgtr't View <f the CimtsM?Thr I'M Pwt Dw in as -Befiwe* Bre kinridg' and Lin <An, dc. Xbe Prssident.al cutxi in Kentucky l> Ju?t now at tracting considerable attention. For some time after the ?veniai of the esnrain a BrecWnrtdfi orator coull not a^nt the st imp, even in a secluded croa. roads locality, without being answered by both Bell and Douglas ora tors. It was then difficult, however, to distinguish be tween the Bell ringers an! the squatters. The former landed Douglas and attacked Breckinridge while the lal tar were very complimentary to Brll, and as bitter as wasps towards Breckinridge. A combination was formed by the leaders, baring its origin in the weakness of the ?ell party an.l the malice of the Douglu fact.oo. This aombinat.on has defeated itself. The leaders of it were too open id tbelr inconsistent bargain ; the fusion among them bee.. mo too cordial to please the masses wio had followed Douglas out of tho true democratic organiza tion the organisation whose principles had been re peatedly endorsed by the i>eople oT the State; and.aan consequence, many, very many? perhaps a decisive ?amber of such democrats-have determined to return to a hearty co-operation with their old party associates, and at the elbow of each one of these may be found an honest man, heretofore of the opposition, who has deter Mined to repudiate the attempted fusion wtih the squatter leaders, and to rote the democratic ticket. I yesterday heard a Douglas leader, who has sign allied his opposition to Breckinridge by an unusual d- yree of asperity, sc knowledge that very many of "the best Douglas men m the State ' have been driven Into the Breckinridge ranks by the 1 union referred to. He might also have truthfully added that many of the opposition, who last year opposed Squatter sovereignty, havo been driven to Breckinridge bv the deftnee of Douglas made by the Bell speakers. Tbas hare matters progressed until there is n marked change in the public pnlse. The brightening prospect baa infused into the true democrats game, confidence and enthusiasm Breckinridge orators are now as thick as locusts sll over the State, while there Is an evident back tag down among the speakers or the two opposition fac KTn^ssof the State is of th. most eoeou racing cbarno li'^^eroo ruWed that the Hon Jo.hu. T Bell S- ?,n candidate for Governor, has declared for ^d that Mr. euthrie, who hM boon r* ?j?i III iii'nat, is now openly and warmly alvooatliig Cr^Bracklnrtdge in street conversations. gboull tbsse Smo^ve true, look out for at le-t ten thousand Plu ^?5^' *XZ?S55U had the happl-t ?^?flK??hout the State While It was an able and v.ndicatloo of his principles. It serve* ?Uo bsTilencs the many idle rumors circulated tohis preiudios, !L2ta?m? ti active friends that a vigorous and de teem oedbattle waK to be fought It wns regarded asa s.g S^Tcb^ge upon the enemy, and the charge la be. >g ?Hkdewitba will The rereat favorable news from *? 25? ^oopW w.th the increased confidence of suoo^ in KItiiekv seems to |ustify the claim that Breaklaridfe Will cSy^erery^Southern We. and 1 predict that this will abortly be one of the betting points . . _>lc It is d.fr.cult to keep together nny party which is i mair iJ . howlans Sgbt. andTdeey It who any, the friends of iMth Pell snd Douglns believe that such is the flgbt they ^en??id n Thry know tb* their candidate, are not to the fit" and tbe bent <*tonlstia?a they enn make de S.?Tlnm1tT fact. Kirst. wtthost the sasistaacs of Breckinridge democrats Doeglas cannot carr r * ? ... Period, there is no SUU certain for Bell, nad be ean only claim that three or four doubtful Kates may , pwr possibility, be oar nod for htm. * Stales and ?om? of frae Slates are oerta.a lotirth. Linoolo will carry nearly ?U Ihe Wtb- rn Sates, bit failure to bo nertsd by tbs peo Die being at best but a hopeful possibility. !?? much for ELir Mtimats of the voice of the people Their chao<*? ETaS^T in the Houas are w.smly hope I? sad dia bMrK-b .DK They do not expect nay thing bettor than a four iii rmltloi tor Mr. Dooglae, rr?o 'f lb* fallen to New Ck A? carry the !?lsW an.l give him an it. ?ote Claiming, as some of them do, that Mr Bell will <*rry one or m' re Southern states and get into tbe House ihrv calculate about as follows ? Conreded to Lincoln, In tbe House ' ! ^"no'C tbey oaaaot expect W> get Brec.inndg. s tblrtoen to ?o to Bell's one or et?? *>?? fire, If he should get tbs _? erf all the Jtatee sow tied is their longrsssnwai r? nreaeetationand if, as their oalv aiwroative, a union nf Li- rrlw With I.iocoln's Is ?u?g<wted to them with few esoefHioo. (s^ that hitter feel ,ngs have to a great stteol sassld. I) . thoy pro tZ ItT PousMI <>r Breck inr idg. to I inc. 4n With 5aStfS;W.-o. ti.ey have not Mledto note the ?f?Kt tf all the Soothero Wales vote for BrecSl.r-dgS ta^boBoone be enn be elected Su-b IS Ibe booei? oon d\iK?r oC tbe oppoa?t^ 10 Brest mrt4g? J^Tthl PractS7re-on. why tbe two nnraeut on nre becoming dsne?anissd Tho? of tbem ZSTdes^r t" have a vo?e in the soluttos of the gr??l Z^Ttbr ~.t contest ? tree soil?m (.bather by a eul nr a shot cot) on the one side, and ro"f*t4,'V"*. ESati equality "n the other-are either takias tbelr stand !L ?^r.orW?s. or nr. restrained from so doing only by Tm* dsltcar?. s f.ar of ridicule, or perhaps oy tae.r muidices against lbs demoeratlc narty? unworthy pre ^ ^i wh^h ought to be laid ss.<{. wb* * ?? n m evident to all that tbe loos and temper of the psb JUmd ^rotue.y has uojUrgoae n ? r harr^ vtfl favorable lo Mr. BreciTartafa. T^poi tlve oppw.tion to h.m hss to a groat estsint sub r^JTand he ? rap dly sncuring tho approval aal ?|T^ ?f the reople Pnssl.m oat been cooled 08 by the brasM. and tlms has ^rmitte.1 the people torn 0.-t to throw Mlde their personal prejndK* ' lectM r.? and siberly and ?eriouaiy taks cwisjisi pie. with a visw to lbs parformaucs of thsir duty ss ratr Oil. Hoviwvrrs cf Oaai* 1* ?Tbs fotlow sg U^e^ ?how the receipt- aa?l shi|^i???its of n*'" . Chicago stao. January 1. 1S?0, as well sa for the cor ^drngpsru-doflH*- ]<flo M m 749 J7H.0Tf Dse. <S#TI ?l,eat buah . 4 .97 7W 9 9M:?n IW .t.WjjW |y)T1J ) t MO 14 0M ..J3 IM-W.22-JJJ ......... :???? l.ntMO Ine. 404 721 114.0H l?o?* toe. MOM 2rlay. 1NW ttft.TM lnc ^ ^ , r,.Bb0sb ? I* 37S I4 9HIM 1 Dsn. W.3M Total 11.110.123 ts MS OM 1st It T87 9"J >-fo?r, bb? W4.JM T?.TM Ine 1M 400 Wheat bt-h 4.*?s,MT 7.*7a M7 lac. J ?7t.M0 Corn A0MIP00 12 114. MO fne. T?!1.M9 ? IBIS 472 000 80S 434 Inc. 17*4.14 Rye T8 444 loe. 37, SM Rarlej 49,9*7 V 000 Inc. .17 033 ?ra n. bnsh #.769 5.11 21300,004 Inc. 12,401 073 ?rain in t?ur, bnsb 1.321 ..''20 I JM ?? Inc. *72 300 kls' 11 (91 CW M^H.4!m Ist.JJ,l?J.JT3 , WlViL IF TIB AFI1CA IFF CAPB KI8& THREE DAYS LATER NEWS FROM EUROPE. SIB WA1 XV XTALT. >.-.^.rlLr?rv ? Capitulation of the Garrison of Ancona. The Repulse of the Garibal dians at Capua. H0VI8TERIAI CHARGES AT NAPLES. Threatened Flight of the Pope from Rome# FIRMNESS IN THE AMERICAN PRODUCE MARKETS, Ae., At.. *8. ar. Joass, N. K.,Oe?. 8. > Vu SiauiiJ, N. a, Oct. 10, 1860. J The steamahip Africa, from Liverpool on Saturday, the 29thult.,Tla Queenstowrn on Scnday, the 30th, passed Oape Race at ten o'clock A. M. on Monday, Oct. 8, and wu boarded by the newt yacht of the press. The Africa will be doe at New York on Thursday. The iteamshlp City of Manchester, from New York, ar rived at Queanstown on the 38th and Liverpool on the 39th alt. The iteamshlp Bavaria, from New York, arrived at Southampton on the 29th, en route to Hamburg. The steamship America, from Boston via Halifax, ar rived at Liverpool on the SOth. The steamship Palestine ha?l taken Ore la the dock, but the flames were extinguished, with slight damage. ( There had been a Ministerial crisis at Naples, and the Cabinet bad resigned. The Africa has 148 passengers. THE WAR IN ITALY. The Sardinians are reported to have carried on their siege operations at Anooea. Notwithstanding the despe rate resistance of the garrison, they took Fort Dellegrage. Victor Emanuel would leave for Florence and Bologna on the 29th. It was asserted that the Pope's ultimatum for France threatens that be will quit Rome at onee unless France interferes to stop tbe progress of the Sardinians. A majority or the Cardinals are reported to have recom mended his departure. Additional French troops had been ordered, and the French outposts ha.l been placed two miles beyond Rime. The repulse of the Qaribaldians at Capua is fully con firmed. One account says they lost four hundred killed and wounded and three hundred prisoners. Their posi tions nere, neverthei ts, maintained, and the attack re newed in force. The King's troops are reported to number flfty thou sand, and be Is determined to show light. ? The Oarlbaldian Ministry at Naples bad resigned, on account of the preponderance of Bertanl. Signor Con fortl was about to form a new ministry, professing ex treme opinions. It was reported that Lamoriciere, after his late defeat, returned to Acoona with a considerable number of troops. The text of Ix>rd John Russell's warning ts Sardinia not to attack Veoet a is pubitabed. FRANCE. The ('aril Bourn closed Sat resist 68f. 45c. The Pari* Covititwumnel posit vtly oootrailtcta the statement that French officer! had been lately permitted by their government U Berve m the army of I Atnorloere It adds that such permission baa not even been aaked, and that not a i.ugle French oil ctr .a serving In the Papal army. A terrible calamity recently happened at Crand Vlllard, near Briar .on, In the Upper Alps, which baa been nearly destroyed by Ore, eighty-two out of tbe hundred houses of which the Tillage waa composed having been reduced to ruina. INDIA AND CHINA. Tbe China mail of August 32 and Hong Kong of August 10 bad been rocsived, and the American portion Is on board the Africa. Tbe news was generally anticipated. Trade at Calcutta waa languid, but private telegraphic despatches of September 1 report tome Improvement Teas In Koo Chow Focfwsro In brisk demand for Ame rica. Tbe Phaaghae ailk market waa am vs. Exshange on London, fla 7\d. THE I.ATE8T NEWS. CAPITULATION OF THB 0AKKI80M OP AXCOXA. Tints. Sept. 39, 1800. Ancona capitulated this morning. Lamoriclerc is a prisoner, with the whole garriaoa. There is so other news of importance. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. LONDON KOWT MARKET. Consols cloeed on the 38th at 03 a 93 ; fbr money, aad 'jI a 93 for account The weekly returns of tbe Bank of England show a Je creaae of ?123, COO. The discount market s slightly mors tlrlagent. * vxkh a* aarraman. The market fbr American securities to generally un changed. litrrpool cotton n?urr. The regular weekly I.lvtrpooi cotton report has tolled to come to baad from 0a|? Race. An Interruption of the Use for two days doubtless cawed lis om lesion by our St. Johns agent, under tbe belief that the Qaebse steamer must bavs arrived with Um same intelligence. TAT* OP TRADB IN MAXCRRMTBR. The advices Tram Manchester are favorable, tbe mar ket for cotton gooda and yarns being Srm, with sn up ward tendency. litkrpool CKiAD?rrrpa market. Ijvaamot, Out 39, 1800 The Liverpool breadstuils market to geaerally Arm All qualities of wheat have slightly advaaeed The weather haa been uneeuie.i, aid not ao tovorable far tbe crops. Memrs Wakefleid, Nash % Co . Richardson. Speace A Co , R<p'and, Athya A Co . aad others report ? Hour Imi at 29s. Od a 31s Bd Wheat active aad ad vaaeed Id. a 21 salea of red at 11a. a 12a 81 , aad wh'tsatlts a ISs 01. Corn q .iet and steady >aiea of mixed aad ye low at 358. a Me LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARK NT. I.naarooi , net. 19. 1800. *!*rov noes are iteady, but active Messrs Btglaad. Athya A Co sal others report beer dull; private oaiss have beea made of India meea at about 90s. Pork steady gjad old >a 'inlet at 80a. < beeee haa decllatxl M., at which large aalea have been made, at C2s tor good aad 0?e. for very lae. Tal'ow quiet, but steady Amer .-.aa to ?loted at l.ls Od LITRRrOOl PROPfCR VARKFT. I.nsncoot, Oat. 99, 1SB0 The Brokers Circular reports aabea Arm at t7a. 01a 39a Od. for pots, aad gas a K* for pearls. Pager quiet aad qnotatloea barely mamtaiaed. Ktoe dell, with a rmai demand, prices weak Qeereltroa bark? Baltimore a'qaoted at Ta. Od. I.taaaed advanced 0d. a la. Liasaed 011 dull at Ma 0d CM oil m a Us. lOd. Ros a dull: rommos 'tall at Is. Id. ? Sc. 2d. Spirits turpsatiae dull at 39a . LONDON MAKXBT4. Messrs Bar ng * Bros report aa upward tendency la wheat, wltli aa art ranee of la. a 9a. par quarter aalea of white at 88*. a 09a , aad red at Ma a Ma -<agar steady. Iroa? Rails aad bar steady CoCbe Arm. Tallow 9rm at 89a. Tea ? quotations aomiaal Spirlto of Tarpaatiaa steady at 31s I laeeed oil 30a. Sperm otl? There have beea forced aalea of Aawrtoaa at ?100. rn LATwr marsi-n. I vrarooi, Sept. 30?1' M (Vmos ? TTe salea yesterday am on a ted to 1*000 bales, lecladlag 8,0(0 to speculators and exporters. The market closed Arm aad artlvs at fall prices. BaRAperr< >a ? Fkmr Irm. Wheat closed with aa up ward tendency, at aa adraare la ar>me casea of felly Id per csatal. Cora eloeeri qelet. PRomom ? Tbe provis on market closed qnlet I^amos, Sept 99? Evee'n*. Coaaoto closed at 9" - for B'cey, aad 93 t a 93 . for aerial. THE FALL OF AN COS A. Strategical Importance of tb? Cttjr? Ita Slag* la 1*40? Ita Farmer tlkgai? 1U Interesting Iltatory la CouittUn wtlfe tl*a lta 11 am Uaestlon? Origin ?( U?? States at the Cbarcli, ?kc. Anoona has capitulated? has alien? the last strong told in the Papal dominions. Such Isita strategical Im portance, that the Paris &n. tuUvmnti of tbo 20lh ultimo observed' ? "111 eye* are now turned toward* the citadel of Anooea; in fact, it la there that the final and decisive straggle must take place, of which the battle at CMtal fidardo wia the" prelude, between ?ieaeral Lamoriclcre and the Pledmoutese forces." It if not ihe first or second time that this Important stronghold of Central Italy bas stood a siege, or played a promi nent part in the revolutions of the Peninsula. It i* one of ita most ancient and celebrated cities, and the Power holding military possession of It oo <uptes the some position to the d>Jtr let of which It is the key and the oapital that the city of Venloe does to the territory of Venetla. Like " the Bride of tbe Adri atic," It la situated on the gulf of that name, and it only second to Venloe la Importance. In the revolutions of 1848 and 1840 Austria recognised its value la a strategical sense by laying siege to It, and after its capture occupy ing It with her troops till she was oom polled to evacuate It by the force of erects during her lata campaign with France and Sardinia. Ancona is tbe capital of the It area, or llarch, of Ancona, sad tbe chief city of a delegation la tbe S la tea of tbe Pope, comprising 814 square miles, an? with a population of about 116,000. Tbe population ef the city ia upwards of 40,000. U la built on the beautiful slopes of a natural amphitheatre, spread ing bttween two promontories, and from the angular form of tbe principal one, Monte Comero, tbe city has ita Greek name, Anooaa. It is of Grecian origin, and la sup posed to hare been founded by a Doric oolooy, or by tbe Syracusans who Bed from tbe tyranny of Dlonyslua. It was a celebrated port In the time of the old Romans, and was occupied by Career after tbe passage of the Rubicon. Ita Importance in the time of tbe Emperor Trajan is evi denced by the fsmoua works which he undertook, and which still remain almost without any change. Tbe port, which be began after that of Clvlta Veoclila, on the opposite aids of the Peninsula, la one of tbe best In Italy, and the best harbor on the Italian shores of the Adriatic. Ita commercial status was once very high, but declined after the disoovery of the pssasgs to India by the Clape. It Is now Tislted by some 1,100 vessels In tbe year. It is the most important naval station in the States of the Church. It has two moles ? one erected by Trajan, the other by Pipe Clement XII. Tbe triumphal aich of Trajan, erected by his wife, the finest marble arch In the world, stands on tbe old mole In singular and strlktng oontras'. to everything around It This magnificent monument is constructed entirely of 3reclan marble, of remarkable whiteness, and is a beautiful specimen of tbe Corinthian order. It Is one of the most Imposing moin menu of Roman grandeur now remaining in Italy. Tbo new mole is also adorned with a triumphal arch, erected by Clement XII. ; but what business an ecclesiastic bad with a triumphal arch it is hard to say. The harbor la defended by several forte? one built by Clement VII. In 1633. and improved by tbe French In later times, and another fort restored by tbe French when In occupation of the city In 1R31. Otber strccg fortifications occupy the heights of Monte Pelago and Monte Cardeto. Ancona was one of the cities of the famous Pentapolla, live maritime cltl<s whose territories stretched along the Adriatic from Kemini to Ancona, and extended into the midland country as far as the rldgeaof the Apennines. The Pentapolii was tbe inseparable dependency of tbe exarchate of KaTenna (to called from the chief city where tbe exarch fixed bis scat of government), comprising tbe territories of Ravenna, Bologna and Ferrara. Tbia dis trlct or Italy, now called Romagna, was governed by a llei tenant of tbe Greek Emperor, after the qpat of tbe Roman empire was transferred from Rome to Constant! noole. It was tba reoinant of hia dominion in ltalv. but which be waa utablc any longer to defend. It wo ap propriated by Pepin and Charltmagne witbcnt taking the trouble of conquering or occupying it, and beetiwed by tbem on the Pope in exchange for " mansions iu the sklss," just aa if Louis Napoleon, while Billing in the Tuileriea at J without Bring a shot, could now l>eelow the Two Sicilies, Iximbardy and Venetta on the Holy Father to aecure biocself a gcxxt lurcslmtnt iu " the world to come." At Ihit very time Ancona waa in the band* of the Lombard! , and waa not In the power of the Western emperor* to heatow. Future cmperora dis puted the validity of the grant, and ao did the peoi le, or the counts and petty prlaoee who heM thoee pooeeaaiona in lief from the German em perora. Accordingly, though thta alleged grant waa made in the eighth century, we And the celebrated Prla ceaa Matilda, the moat powerful then In Italy, granted the March or Ancona over again, In the eleventh eentary. to Gregory VII. She waa daughter aal aole hetreea of the rich Margrave Boniface, of Tuooany , and devoted her lift to the cause of the Pope, In opposition to the German Emperor Henry. Gregory, or Hildebrand, the name by which be la better known in history, asserted universal dominion, an'! claimed the Divine right of do posing anil setting up | rtaoes at will. Ills beat aad most Influential frlead waa Matilda, who ruled over Ixxnbardy, Tuacaay aad other parta nf Italy, aad secretly made a grant of all theee possessive?, including Ancona. to the Romaa Pontiff, though aba could only have held tbem lawfully as flef< from the Germaa Emperor. i*ocb ta the real foundation of the temporal sovereignly of the Pope, aad the eacctaeora of Hildebrand have vladlcaled at oae time with the sword, and at another with the "power of the keys," the dominions thus onaveyed A noma rrtquently changed han<ia la the storms of re. volution and coa quest. It auatatned more vtctasltudes than aimoel any other town on the ooaat. la the sixth century It waa besieged by Totlla, aad aftarwarda plun dered by the loo. bar da, who placed over It aa offloer who e title, i ntrrktM (ssodern marqnia) , gave rise to the general same of the March (or boundary), which the ter ritory of Ancona still retains. After recovering from the sack of the thraceas it became a rree city, and om of the medieval Italian republios Oom which Europe first learned lilierty aad public virtue, la the twelfth century it waa one of the ssoet important cities of the league of U>m hardy during the struggle betweea the Guelfo aad Uhlbe nea. When the German Kmperor Frederick Barbaroaaa, a 1178, teat the Archbiabsp of MaaU lata Italr as hie reprseentaltve, the warlike prelate induced the Ghlbeline cities of Tuacaay aad Romagaa to s?Md the attask up to Anoma, whicn be commenced la the following aprtng It was dsrlag the famtae on aaioned by tale stsge that the youag moth r known aa "the heroine of Aaooaa" gained immortality. Ubeervlag ooe day a eoldler summoned to battle ^but too much exhausted to iwoosed, this beau tiful woman dealed her breast ta her Infant, aad offered It to the warrior, who, by Una meaaa, she seal forth re rree bed to |ht for hlsooustry. Bologn* aid 11* pro t ncea of Uomagca were conquered by the warlike Pope Jattua U , ta ltd But Aaooaa sa Joyed its privilege* and ?ts freedom till 11-2. wbea it wta surprised by Goaxsga. general of ( em eel MI., who, under the pretence of de rend ng it agaiaat the incursions of the Turks, erected a fort aad lied the city with Papal Iroojm. The reeuit of this measure was the overthrow ??f the coaatitutiou of Aaooaa, whieh it baa sajoyed for two oaaturtea Its traa tors were haalabed, aad the ahaolata domlaton of the Holy fee waa established beyoad the power of the people ta resist It. Krom that lime it baa ooatlaued a part of the states of the Church, exceptlag those periods wboe political convalaloaa Blied Italy with the arm lea of the North. la 1TM, when the French ware extaadtag their trlampbe aad the democratic priactplea of their revota tion in Europe, thoy aelaod 'Aaooaa . and in the following year, under Geaeral M<-< nier, It suetalaod the memorable siege by the Raastaes, Auatrtass aad Turks, which termi nated la Its surrender ta the a'liee after a loaf and gallant realataace la thta siege, the R<iaetaa colors ftrst piaated oa the walla were palled down by the Austrian eol4ters, which gave oaoaeloa to the diaeeaaioaa .of the Ruasiaa Emperor Paul with the other all lea fiider the rule of Napoleoe, Aacoaa wu the cap'tal of the Itrpartmeat of Motauro, but la 1*14 It waa glrea ta Uie Cb'.rcb by the royal robbers of the Congraes of Vieaaa. la 1*N, when the oeeftad K reach revolutios^tbroeed Ci.ariee X aad made I/tula Philippe hie niioSnanr, aad 4hen Belgium successfully revolted from Holland aad establlebed its Independence la the teem of the treaty of Vienaa, Italy cat. (hi the name, aad aeveral eltiea roee tor democratic laettntiona among them Anooaa. The Papal wtatee were revelation i red, aad the Pope Implored the aseietanoeor Auetr a. Austria, r.ervoua for ber llaliaa pnseeestoM, was only too glad to accept the invltatina, and with a large army i arebed upon .A noon*, where the laaurgeata aoaceatrated tbemaelrea. Tbey surrendered on <-<nd fors of a general smaastv, which the Papal grrerrrrent aflerwardb refnsed ta rat !j, la 1M2 Aa cona *?? snddeaiy se red by the Preach a order to CtTtieri* anc* the ic* rat ra tf B- "fv* aad other r'f,r of Italy by the Aiatriana. The Indignation of Lbe Papal government Knew to breads, bat ibere was do halp lor it, and Ancona hi not evacuated till 1638. Austria has al way* been the greet souree of trouble in Italy, But lor her itierierenoe and eerreeeb*eati luly would bare been keg imoe fl*e from '.be Alpe to U>e Adriatic. One ef the greatest blunder* made by the other Power* at ihe Oongrts* of Vienna wm In consent tng to let ber bate, not only Lombardy and Venetia, but in permitting her to occupy fortresses on the right bank of the Po, and la territories that did not belong to ber ? Places aa, in the lucby of Parma, and Ferrara and Oo macchlo, In the Papal States? ostensibly for the protection of those states, but really to extend and consolidate the Austrian empire. Austria, It was distinctly understood, was not to Interfere with Km clvl! government of these cities, nor to occupy more than the fortrwues. Yet, la 1840, when all the cities In Ihe Papal dominions supported the republic established at Rome, and made m unlet pal speeches of sympathy and adberenoe, the A lis Irian General Wimpfen entered Ferrara with a strong brigade of lsfuitry, cavalry and artillery, while the citadel was still In possession of the Aus triana, and Ue General requested the Mayor to assemble the Town Council and the principal chimbs to deliberate and decide whether the cititcns would ag-iia accept the Papai dominion or remain devoted to the re public. The meeting was held and voted with great unanimity at the mouth of the Auttrlaocanooo, "The Ferrareae intend lo stand faithful to the republic." In the same way Anoona declared for the repub lic, but the Asstrlaa General did not And his way so eaaily into that elty. He besieged and bombarded It for ten days, wheD at last It was compelled to oapita- I late on the 18th ef Juno, and on the following day the forts and port were occupied by tbo Imperial troops, who continued to oocupy It till last year, In defiance of the treaty of \ leant. During the war with Sardinia and France, the Austrian commander attempted to exercise both civil and military jurisdiction over the inhabitants, but the progress cf the revolution aad the Tic. j of the allies compelled the garrison to evacuate. Bince that time the Pope has held It by his own mercenary foreign troops, and there l.amo rtciere took refuge with the remnant of his shattered army. It is now la the possession of the Sardinians, and plaoes them in a position to attack the Auslrlans in Veno tla with e fleet. With Ancona open to an Austrian fleet, i the Sardinians advancing upon Venetla might be assailed i In flank or rear by tioeps landed at that port. Bat mas ter* of Anoona, the Invaders are protected, flank and rear, from the Alps to the Adriatic. Besides, the importance of the port for the landing of their troops and heavy artillery can hardly be overrated, enabling them to invade Venetla j without coming in contact with the famous quadrilateral. PMCRirrioH or the invimtep citt or ancona. [Translated from the Horn tour do la Flotte for the Nsw York Hkrald J The port of Ancona, one of tbe mist Interesting points on the Adriatic, belongs to the States of the Church. It is the capital ol tbe delegation or province of the same came, which ooo tains a population of ltto.OOO inhabitants, three cities, seventeen bjronghu aid forty villages and hamlets. The city is built at the foot and westward of a moan tain remarkable lor its whiteness, and n the angle ol the roast. Ii is favtMfi by two whurti :n tho Khape of an

arc of a circle, and having a mole at each "nd. They have the rame direction and replace those which had been built by the Kmperor Trajan. Tbe latter were of marble. To testify their gratitude for such a fkv< r tbe 1nhab:tai:i? of tbe city built a triumphal arch In honor of that Kmperor Another mi i umect of the came kind Is erected to Pope Benedict XIV. , who was Bishop of Ancona, and powerfully aided to the prosperity of tbn city. ? The port Is closed northward by a great mole of sli han dred meters long. This is recungularly met by a email Internal mole, which has been, for a long l me, toe only shelter agalnrt the rr* Near the fort or beginning of the tnole there Is a point of rock* outside. It was between that point and the old mole, tbe beginning of the present one, that the old lazaretto was; the vet eels not prufwrly Mieltered by the rocks, which put out bejo'id the point, were not secure there. Tbe bnaotlful triumphal arch of Trajan Is in the ccntre of the ol 1 mole. Tlie bead of tbe small mole Is at nine hundred meters Jouthwardi f the hca.l of the gr< iu mole or lighthouse it is that wblch forma the opening of the port. It first goes for the space of three hundred me ter* la > south south" ust direction, and tl ecce, In a polygonal direction nearly that of a circle, It surrounds a big Islet entirely occupied by the new laza retto, w..,tb Ii a magnxoent building enclosed In a pin UgoLi, with a bant i' ti on the north met There Is abridge a mmui.irat ng from tbe lazaretto islet with the southern end ol tbe i*>rt and ihe city. The new la/vetto x went ward of the fortresn, ao<l the latter term. uatex l iw-ird* I the south and the bulwarks which surround the city of I Ancona. A email Interior buk, or sixty meter* Ionic bv thirty mtlers width, ii in * parallel llue with the uroal I mole But the smaller t vessels can only penetrate in lb it remote |?rt of Ik* Mb there are only rrom seven to ci;;ht Toet water, aa Id the channel surruuddlng the laxar tlo. Tier* is alao another email bank nearer and Inilde the head of the small male. The barber of Anrona la not large, but *at<>. Tin- greatest depth II In tho direction from one mole to the other; there art twenty four feet in tbe middle, twi nty eight near the llgbtbouae, and sixteen al tb head of the iittle mole. Iaalde Use treat mole we Dud fourteen, fifteen and its teen feet water. It la near the bead of tbe (anal of tbe lighthouse that the water la the dee;*?t there are aa much aa ten meter*, Inside the imal! interior in^le. wbicb la perpendicular to the large one, there are only from eletrta to twelve feet water. Id tbe middle of the port tbe bvttoni if al fourteen an I fifteen feet, while It la at eigbt^and ten near the WfcatTM. Every kind Of ra aouroes can l?* found Id tbe city. From tbe foregoing it may be seen that men of war and fr gatee cannot enter tho port. They are obliged to anchor ouUlde, on the coast, at half a m:lenramile north of the IMMMMi by ten ana tllWn faih-n. t Tb* city of Inrette, built on a height, the II rant Co nero and that of Anonna, tbe building*, tbe citadel and tb* Change of the ttMM <>f Hie roast beyond tb* light bouae, are, for that latitude, tbe beat tea mark* of Ao COM. Tbe population of Ut* city l.ai nearly doubled r.noe the eommtnoemenl of ihla oentary Ita popula i r. .",(>? r* * 43.0C0. Among the mmiument* one quota* *l*o tbe Cathedral, tbe Exchange, and tb* Theatre of Muaea. The fortress and tbe arte Ml are alao very remarkable buildings Tbe article* or ihe commerce ? Anr.na are, fur export ?Com, *blp timber, hemp and rope*, cream of tartar aod roorb tar tar, leather aod prepared hide*, lamb aklna, with their wool, wool -jf all kind*. eafTron. raw ?i.k, lailow, tobacco, and other article* of aeeon<lary importance I'ranco. log land. Russia, Auatrta, Turkey, IbeTwoSlctllca, the raited Plate* of Acierw* aod Piedmont ha** eonaai* at Aboom. Keaular parketa ply between tbla port and the levant. ? tualed eight m I- - r.'.rit.we<-t of tonal, M * r ty of small extent but enjoy ng good com mere lal ad vailag) a. Ita port la al tb* mouth of the small river Nl gola. There are two other points In tb* legation of An uma which leser-, e to l.e not, red- <M mo, in the Musone, with a population of 7,010 lebab tanti, and Jeal, * trading Md ?MMi 1 1 cltjr. THE HIAMi< ABTKMJI Or Tllg FABDIMAW UHV. T^entiim. a l? re the lioadmiarters "f the Mardman army have Keen M, .aa town of 7,000 inhabitant*, tie tween ten aad twelve mi lea aouthweat ofllaoerata. It bad occ* atrong fortiOMUiona, bat these hare been auf fered to fail, lo a great extent, into a utete or decay It o*cnple* tb* lite or aa old city of Ptoenum . bnt tbe m *1 em T'<lentlno dale* II* erection Into a city tt<xr\ 1(W IU okl gotbtr gateway i* one of tbe fioeel specimens ex tant of ibe mlSdle age eactellated architecture. Tbe o* tberfral I* Interiorly rlcb la car red work, Md it ha* alao aoroe good rrawoos* and paintings. This i laoe la celebra ted in b story sa the area* of tbe Irnatr coocluded on behalf of Ronaparl* no tb* on* hand, aod I'lua VI. oa tbe other, by which tbe latter yielded tb* Kc magna, la add tloa to Bologna ana I'errara, prerl oualy surrendered. llkew.se Anrona and Avignon, paylig alao a rMaom for other province*, ail glrlnn up certain work* of art Md m*no?c,rlpl* T- ral, where tb* InMblUaU bare risen against Papal rule, I* a thriving Iowa of 10 COO inhabitants, a tualed about fi 'loan mile* S t W ofFpoleto Th winding of allk Tr im the . orrmas .a her* carried on to a large extent. Md the manufacture of Iron and woollen cloth -npptlea a cuMllerable portlo* of the industry of the people. Tnral oecsple* the sits of tbeMcieat Interan-na. Md claims to bar* been tbe hlrtb place of Tacltua, th* bi'toriM . a* well ?e of Tacitus Md llorlM Bmperara. There are MM ?n; , .e remains still found here Ternl, however, i a chiefly celebrate. I on srcnt.nl o' U mean lineal rails, distant about |?? mil** fn m tbe lowa. Tbe height of tbe falls, which Re art (I cial ? tbe uianael being cut I* carry the water* of tbe Veltno into Ihe Nar, Md ao prevent the plains of Rletl from betrg inundated ? n rarloualy eat. mated at from 000 to 1.130 fe*t. but th* former eatimat* ta probably aeareat tbe mark. There are three flail*? the Brat not mor > thaa M> fret, tbe second about 000, Md Ibe third 250 feet in height. The road from Ternl to tbe falla paeans through the grooada of a villa oane occupied by (jtieen Caroline while aba was atlll i'rlnceaa of Wale* MooteOaeooM, where a p>rt|oo of the I'aMt troops bare been beaten, I* a town of abont ? COO mbab tante, situate I eighteen miles nearly due south of > T Tie to, and a taw mles from tbe southeast coraer of tbe lake of tomena, tli* "great Vol alalia BMre" of Maaanlay's "Ia*s " It oaeupM* tbe alt* t>f m ancient Rtruacan city, and aome r?ma na of tbe old piaoe ftlll exist oa aa almost laolated kill, surmount* I by ? feMry csatlo or glnal ? g n th< mi lie afne Th< ? ountry roanii about tbe nty was formerly, on account of II* being thickly wooded, greatly frequent* I by ban ditti, but tbe profeaeww of these gentry w aa latterly greatly Injured bf a clearance of UM foreat Oar St. Petsnharg rornspeadeae*. f*r Piratewtan, Bept M. 1**0. I kf K' laliniu fUl w*m Auttria and Kmns TV ImpmtA CmfWDc* tU Wtnaw? diraaadsr'i fnwrM f'niiivnu /w/faeaes Mirtie, Ptut m4 PrrtlU ? Bom+mU nf th* t ? \pemr? IrrrMt h ptwn im floard Uu HuMiem mmmrr FUutten Kumvan PoUcy in Me Km# . 4k , Sc. After what waa meationed m m j tanner teapatcbo* about tb* segot 1st loos that were going oa between oar Court Md thai of Vi?ana,you will not bare be*ti turprised to tears that tb* Fmperor bad at laagth conaented to re ceive Fraaeia Joaepb at Waraaw. Ala meeting * uaqnea tlonabiy an sveot of eona'drrai le merest, but It dona not j sllfy tbe e. ael'iSicna drawn from It by tb* BngHsb Md i.eraaa pre**, Md Sc^ordiag to which It iign lea sot blag |e*? this a return to tbe system that sxiste l here ua irr ti.e re ga f N cho is f aninv i?b Tbe poor fnaag Aaa t >3 KNM (:'f|e-l kj fcard f? r*Ta a ?Ion to csme U:at It would Uve Men abeoite ly n?uman us ret use it hits, particularly after tbe important concessions made by his gc\ ere meet, which amount 10 snbsunje to a comp ete rcviraal of Uie policy pursued by Ibw s ?oe H O noiMnenceiro at of thtOrytuitl d fflculty. Aurtria premwm to conform ent.rely to the wishes of Rum i* respecting toe alUIra ol toe Last, to re ?ounce ibe convention concluded with Franco and Eng land in April, 1863. and ?? vo'e for a revision of the ob" noxioua stipulations of tbe treaty of I'ai.a, and aii a be <ie rnr.nds in return l( that Russia will desist Tom the hostile attitude assumed towards her, and. .n case o. Mother war id Italy, will refrain from adding to her' embarrass ments, as was done last year, by demonstration* on her eastern frontier. It is a long way from thi. u the offen sive and defensive all isjics that was contracted between tbe two empires in 1840, and which will scarcely be re newed u> onr time. There can be no doubt that the self love of the Fmperor Is tickled by tbe court paid to him by the Austrian and tbe otber European sovereigns, and which lorms a strik ing contrast to the isolation id which Russ.a wss planed at the beginning of bis reign. He must feel no little satis faction in appearing at Warsaw, like his father, surround ed by tbe neighboring princes, dispensing his favors to them and assuming tbe airs of a pn tector, and it <a ex tremely probable that that this feeling wss an additional motive for bis acceding to the petition or Francis Joseph. Those who best know him, however, believe thai he has too mncb sense not U> peroeive that he is in a very lifer ent position to his father, and that !t would be dangerous for htm to attempt some things which tbe latter would undertake with Impunity. We m?y exp.'ct that Austria, after having succeeded so far in concl Hating her powerful neighbor, will endeavor to follow up h< r advantage, and to entangle us onoe more In the meshes of her policy; that she will, for instanoe, pro poae a second Russian occupation or Hungary, so as to enable ber to concentrate her whole forco on the defence or ber Italian provinces, without fear of being disturbed by an insurrection in that country; but the Emperor will certainly pause before be listens to such a request. Teople are too apt to judge or Russia from the aspect It presented under Nicholas, whose tremendous energy, backed by. tbe prestige or a long and, until lately, prosp<'roun reign, had ao completely overawed even the turbulent nobility that no one dreamt or opposing his behests: but it should never be forgotten that, though an absolute monarchy, there ia hardly a country in Europe where there has been more revolutions, rebellions and conspiraolM than in Russia, and that her sovereigns have frequently been called to a strict aocount for acting in op position to the feelinga or the nation. Peter HI and Paul 1. were both tbe vtctimaof an unpopular roreign policy, and tbe dinoonteat caused by that or Alexander I. emblt tered tbe last moments or bis reign and resulted in a bloody insurrection. Now, there is nothing on earth tbat would be so unpopular here aa a league with Austria for the subjugation of Italy or Hungary; and, in spito of the attachment of tbe peoplo for Alexander II., It would not be safe for him to disregard pub.tc opinion, which at th s moment is inoomimrably more powerful in Russia than it was under any of bin pretii-cessors. The Emperor returned last week from Moeoow and Tula, where he bad reviewed the corps oT grenadiers and some of the reserves, which he is stated to have found in excellent order. Oilicitlly, of oourse, this is always said; but It appears from private acoounts that the reorganization of tbe army has really made consider able progress, and that many of the old' abuses that Im paired Its efficiency have been done away with. A great boon has just been conferred upon It by tbe abolition of corporeal punishment in future, soldier* guilty or serious transgressing will be drafted into condemned nyimeuts, who are to he-employed in public works, constructing for tl tsssa sad military roads, and garrisoning the outposts on the Siberian frontier. Many or tbe old officers shake tbelr beads at this innovation, but It will doubtless serve to improve the spirit or tbe troops. A new locum Intent or the Minister ot War has just been appointed, In tbe per son or General Mllntln, chief of tbe stall' of the Caucasian army, one of the most talenUxl military writers, and for- | marly Professor of Strategy at tbo Military Academy of i W. Petersburg. A sad accident is reported from Revel, which has pro duced a most painful tmpreesloo and placed many rami I tea in mourning. The screw oil pper lias ten, forming part of the squadron or Com na adore PopolT, which was return ing Irom the Amoor, after an absence oT three years, blew up a few miles from tbat port, aa Is thought, from an explosion of the powder magaslne. Her ooinmander, Captain Mat/Jcevltrh, was not on board, having lei t at Honolulu on arcount of bad health; but tbe first lieu tenant, Baron IMsterlob, the second lieutenant, four other tfllc. rs and sixty nine men have loat their llvi-s, and only two officers and thirty men were saved, clinging to float leg fragments oT the wreck. The origin of the disaster will probably never be ascertained, tbe officers in charge or tbe |>owder magailne, and, In tact, all who were nut on deck at the time, havirg perished. Of UN survivor*, many have been severely scorcbed or otherwise l mured, among them Lieutenant 1 like, a son or the Admiral of that name, whose voyages to Nova 'Aerr.bla and tbe Pactfle have gained him a K.uro oean reputation. To make up (or litis low, we hare advloea from HcbasUpol that, aft' r unheard of everllons, Colonel tiowan ban succeeded at last In raising the farfam-d Vladima, which, notwithstanding her long suumer. lion, li proved to be (till Id a tolerably scrviceabis condl tloo, ar.d now Ilea moored to the Admiralty lauding plaoe at "sebastopol. The MMM many of whim bare served In the lllarlt Sea fleet, were be Hide themselves with joy at seeing their old scqus^ntanoe agalD. and the enterprising Amerl ran wbose onfliDehlng perseverance bad brought about thli prni Itloui resu.t was the subjeet of a general ova lion tie well deserves a more lubetantial token of grati tude, hie expenses being to great, that the rcrauneruim granted by the Russian govern meat will scarcely cover them Besides the mieslrn to Kasbgar noticed In my laal, a Ti gular <I||||>HW lilMMM ha* now been ripened with Herat, where a Russian omoer, Major l.tkbareil, will re side in fbtnre in the capacity of political agent tie take* with him eredenttali from I'rlnon Barlatlnsky ; fwr It should be remarked that those Astatic Saltans and Khans areaeldrm or never In direct onmm 'in icellon with the imperial gcvcrnmeat, but only with the governor geoe rata of toe Caucasus and of Orenburg, W with t Sudar of Uurg'.stan and the Hadar of < >r, as they call them, wheal they look upon aa semi indeprndsat sovereigns aid treat accordingly. Even the shah of Portia, at whoae coi-rt there is a resident Russian ambassador, at ways rrce v?s nfl:> tal notification bj a special eovoy of the appoiatroi i.t of n ry new Viceroy ?f the Caucasus; ard ??nda a h'jrh dignitary of bis Court to compliment the latter on his aoci-ffi'-n to the throne of Tliiia Tbs pr? sent connection with Herat t ate* from the expedition of Mr Nicholas Khanikoff In 1*48, la which, t bough chiefly devoted to science, polities were not a together n? elected. Mr Khanikoff, who la aa accomplished I la guitt and speaks Tarktsh and Persian with great fluency, BMt with a most fatter lag reeeptloa from the Kuan ? Herat and his m'nisters, an I ibe I'emre expressed by tbem to enter Into more iat:matn relations with the mighty Padishahs of the Mnscofls an 1 bis Caucastaa Ridar A/tm has if (I to the nomination ol Ms> W UUMMK Tbua the influence of Russia Is being gradually eitended over the wbcle of Central Asia, and even tbe mnat remote and barbarous trlliee are vicing with each other In their en deavors In obtain her patronage and support In a few Short years we may expect to s?e immense changes ia those distant regions, which have so long kept aloof from ail obntajt with tbo civilized worM. Leid Brsafhui oa the Absllttoa of llavtry. la an address before iba Natuaal Association for the promotion of Racial Science, delivered at (Jlaagiw on the ? 4th alt.. I?rd Brougham gavo the following vtow of the African slave trade and tho abolition of slavery n tbe Mate* ? While the holding Mrtaln opinions, and actlag upon cer tain pi iric | tee, more or leas m.xed m th pMMM or par ty foel rg* k ve; w,<ee op r ?u and (irtactplea a weight in the public eetlMt.oa greater than their intrinsic m portanco would have pnaoeeaed, they were all, without any exception, of fucb a dearrtptlon that they lent litem selves to the policy of eoailictlag parties. Bet ia the OOUIM of tine and tbe mpn i ? meat of men a vl?ws touch it p their real interests, their attention wax turned to opinions and principles amoog the most important of all, Put on which tbe leaders of jtarticular claeeos oould not fasten so as to appropriate them, because they an plainly concerned the whole OMmualty, or were of such un<v ist'onable soundness sad truth that no dlapute con Id arise reopectlng tbem, any diversity of views being t.eceasarily cmflwd t<> points ofdetail,atni,r<>oiie<|uenlly, they were p.aced bynnd the field of party conflict. The dsty and tho expediency of philanthropic policy in one sense compt J?ea all the eu>< >ds hotoag iig to thi* c.ase but even in a asore reatr nte 1 aoorptatloa it embraces some of tbe m<*M remarkable. <?ne oha rscterlstic of tbes. opinions has last b?eo noted , lh. r not looding themselves to party controversy another and equally striking is their belnfl beid hy those who had no special interest in them fhslr pr .lest rs might be betefltcd with tbe reet of the common' ty , but a any other res perl were satlrely disinterested Indeed. so see principles were unconnected with any benefit evsn t- the ' mnmunlty at large, and might invoice a sarrifloe of its inlereal to tbe bigher feelings of dnty The subtect he longing to this class, tho earliest ia date, ia alao the one tli at most truly fails within IMa doscrvtoa of having originated in juit and pure princ.plea. Is IMN of (ostlos and humanity? tho extiactloa of slavery and tbe aboil lino of the traffic a slaves for Ute first lime sta ^smen and orators were seen directing their exerl.ons to > subjert which no party la tbo ?ui? oaal I tun toils account, upon which all mea were agreed as to the merits of the leslton, ant could only d liter regarding the time and manner of iu solution. The sub Bt was first urge'1 upon tbe attention of the lefts ure by men who beloved not to its body, and wboas opinion* d: lie rod fr im those of the governmsnt and It wsa w? loomed by members of l ar amen l (Irmly attac ied to the ministry? nor evea dur.ng the half oentury over which the hlstorv of the quMtion extends was it mixed in any meaner of way with the ?<aHlcu of party, while they raged mors fiercely than la any former period, and the met engaged in tbem were oa all other tueat nas tbe lEfWl lavishly waioed and the most unsparingly emailed This felicity of the ireat ? w tloo has not altso<ied It is tbe New Rorld. slavery is not merely a * roan I sf fart) dlvisH*, but It ia thsgreatand parasaount, s sy almost the onlv ground both of oonflict between |?rti?W in eac.6 Rate of the Caloa aad of tbe difftareacee between the Mates themselves. The ureal |u< lion of the elect oa i f iTesidTl (now approaching I t .i-ae satlrely upon tb^ pr rciplea profeaaed by ihe candidstesreeiieettng slavery, sod this q 'estloa '.nvnlvi-s sll other dtSfutSB, inesm'ieli ss, to ihe unspeakable misfbrluns sf that great ontn rnuaity. tbe appiiatlr^at of all r-ok in functwiriar ea, from the >.'?! est la Ihe humblest, lepenls upna the else Hon of lis chief magiKtrste, and all may be r'-aieved en their partj be rs defijetei' at that eleeiloB. AS cejards tb? subject iteelf, 'he 'es' e of tbe mat wt ia raoet Tsrorlaal, for lb" 'inestk* w wt ethee sirrery Shoe d be perprt a ted sad riten !?-i by adopt rg tbe pr a cfeisat the sftttstwa IBMluwtl unl cmverssl, or lifted bj regarding it M local only, and author s?l by U? law ol toe particular districts. The rtmxu ff !hc African 1*1 r* utdr it ly no nuatu an iryxmiUe renUtt om a .xclc ry of the Southern .?nates uhert it hcu been ?<* Jtrj faint ly ainuiumed, a tut the utruggU which the y to *VvX I / aain/utn with the Xurih nay m*w bring about 'he tlir ruptwn of the t num, one if the yrtaiesl oaicimum thai could Kapi <ri L? Awurv a and to the world? to Ame/te*, US mdi-H) tj it diil nut ?yin, m < t I war (-> the world, at lA aiing the credit of all popular gmvrnmnu. Another oaiam.ty is far from uulikrly to be oausevl by the eon flict ? Ihr littratinn of thi 1 laws by inturrectwn?a amsuin malum ho be earnestly dryrtraird ai much for the nut iet 11 fur their .1 asers. When Dr Johnson astonished the trends of church uad king at Oxford, by propoe.ng aa a toast, " a epoedy revolt of tbu slaves In Jamaica, ami success to them," bo bid not lived to witness tbe dread ful consequences to tbe unhappy victims of our sordid oppression, 10 tbe misery, lar worse even U)?l oppres tioo, brought upiu them by the lasurructlon wh..:b shooic It off in tbe French Islands We ml|ht feel little com passion for tbe masters, tbe supporters of wha; tbey terra "tbe Institution,' and mi(hl ask them to snow bow the King of Dahomey shiuld not plead tbe immemo rial custom of his country, requiring tbe slaughter of bundreda, that he might float hn aanoe on human blood, aa the appointed tribute of flllul allcetion at his father'-.: funeral. Rut thoae matters art' not the only parties to be considered when there Is a question of slave lasorree lion ami u? mult otmUmplaU 1 ??ith horror the fate hi !V: neyroes fnmthewartt of UU, civil *<ar in Us word form, 1 inJ u<ir in the slaty Suites and mint rrgard at btT'ft uf all rlaim to U ranked among men whoever could, from par ty i*al or jterarrir views of personal advanlatjt , lend hi-n? If' to measures by bare pos*UiUity lending leading to s i.fi iidr ols h. mm ? An outlaw without kin or home, is he ? Unfit for public rule or private oare ? Tbe wretch who can delight la civil war. Whose lu<t Is murder, aud whose horrid joy To teur his oountry, and bis kind destroy. Iliad, uc ,83 But let us devoutly hope that no such fate impends over our kinsmen In the New World ? that their scheme of social polity will remain a blessing to all classes, master and slave, while the freedom of the one will be peaceably obtained by tbe gradual Improvement in the habits and feelings of tbe other , and that meanwhile the retrograde movement may no longer be threatened by a port' ntoua combination fatal to the morale of the community, aa well as to tbe happiness of its members? a combination -of corruption In Its grosser form, with the most unscru pulous and most profligate patronafe of slavery ard u.? s lave trade. Lrord Droagham on the NalM IJqvor Law in the I nllril Stales. Extract from an address oefoie tbe Society for the Pro motion of Social Science, delivered at Glasgow, September 24 ? This is a subject which, happily with us, has never, n any respect, been brought within the dominion of party, e4tner civil or religious. Such, however, has been 'is toi In the New World; and it affords the most remarkable illustration of ths evlla which sttlirt the I'mted Ma tee from the practice of their constitution, maintain ug :o every part of tbe country an Inc -stHut canvass, caused by the distribution of patronage and cbuuge of offices. Every subject of & nature to interest tbe cnirmunity, and thus to create a difference of opinion, bee imes the ground of rontnn ersy to contending parties, and po tbe Maine Liquor law btomea a question u|>ou wbirb Governom were chosen and removed. The evils which tbe ?';spen sion of that law occasioned 1ft the great Increase er pau perism and crimes which had, utder Its berefi-ect operation, been reduced wlthiu an incredibly narrow compass. Hut winch now rapidly revised, to seriouiiy Inipr' Ksed men's minds with the mischief of having made it a party question tliut a resolution wan passed the State Couveution against ever so treating the s .oject hereafter tbe repeal of the suipenslm law was efltc.ed, and all attempts against the Mslne ixw were afterwards MMritoMMM to the resolutions of toe Conven tion. Nothing can redound more to the honor of tbe American peop'e tban their thus flrmly persevering n their just snd righteous determination But It Is mpoa slble to avoid feeling bow grout is our hnpplness in tb'.a oountry to b' frto .'roni the lutluencc of sucb dialurblng forces up a our moat lm|v>rtant measures. We diac ira them freely on their own merits, and apply to the con sideration of them tboae principles which, on mere mat ters of scleace? Vut sclenc< reduced to praotic?? nould guide tbe Inquiry and dlrtatc tbe noncluxloas. We aro removed ab^ve tbe storms raised by p>p<M? |yy. nor are ever stunned by tbe noise which the pealMk 'im parts to that of tbe raging sea; and our vision la not ob scured by tbe clouds which faction drives together. The l.ady Elgin Catastrophe. | From the I/md"n Times, Sept '28 I Tbe Amcncan papcis have brought us detailed ace n I ? of tliat terrible disaster on fak ? Michigan, by wbicb tbree hundred souls were swept at onoe .nto eternity. Mi a catastro| ho as the narrutive dis-los<s has M l?rallel In our own anna's All the oonditioni, indeed, of the occurrence ire peculiar to the I MM >t*te?. It in only la a country (KixKefsing lak>? as large ae seas, and ri ers tbou ands of miles In length, that steamboat travelling could have taken task a i.m in as it a sumes ;n America It Is only where the practice had acquired such enornous proportions that a calamity like th x ootild bave occurred. In the Htatea of the I un>n the tragedy la certainly not unprecedented, anil we fear we ^tj, add that, if the same reckleasntvs of life which this ifty d'S plays is allowed to prevail, it will a., certainly not be the lari of ibt Wind. ? ? ? ? If the atory were not so little conducive to mirth t nxgbt almiet raise a smile to obitcrve the remark ? lb which the transatlantic reporters Introduce the narrative of tbe calamity. Tbe like, they assure ua, l as not t.ap pened In America for the upaco >1 three whole years % similar disaster occurred, indeed, In 1867, but never ?Inos. The truth is, however, that this flew of the use is |ierfe< tly natural An MMi three such oatastropbes a year, ea< I. eo'ting Its 300 llw would not cover tbe number of casualties actually attending tbe proci ce of suambrat travelling In the Mates. It Is not often that sia gle accidenu occur on thi tremendous seals, I but K was e<OTput?d si veral years ago that a thousand people at laaet lost their lives annually on board the stenmem p ung on the lakes and rivers "f Amerlc.a Siini'i m'S tiiaae vessels blow up, sometimes tliey are burnt, some times they get holes knocked in thel- h atoms, somet men thev come In olltslon with others but, as they are all sltgntly bi.ilt, heavily freighted, and driven through tbe water at tin utni wt attainable rale of speed, the conse quences of aa accident are usually appalling. At tto foundation of tbe evil lias. 00 doubt, tbe rrck!esei.ees uf Anglo Saxon character, In wbich thu Araeri ans surpaiu; eve a ourselves. What we are to coatlsental nat-oos thu Amertcacs are to us. Tbe feeling is onostiluiiotial, no doubt but il is rad t? see thai a sent ment so valuable in some of its aspects may bring human lire 10 be ro kooed as cheaply aioong an enlightened people as Is tbe seai barbaroos empire of China I From tb? I station Telegraph, Sort. 2 8 | Tbe New World i* almost barbaric a the developments of lla aoclal drama. Whether Id tragedy or aoaaedy, id llluatralloa or in caricature, it *urparaea the old. It* mur dcr* are 1A0 fearful, I la arcideata more porttatoua, it* politic* more confuaed. It nv-a too fast, Wave * too ra pidly, M reck leu of opinion, ho1 la human life cbcap, aart la altogether exaggerated. ?h< lh?r in art, Idea or ecoen trlclly. Ad American ateamer never explodes a cylinder or break! a pialot, t It muat eitber biuw up. -lak bodily, < r part Id two Ilk* Ibe Itoyal Charter An aiht ranVa I way train never etflera from a milgnte.i n am ty If It do** not thunder orar tbe edge of a precipice it leapa into a lake Traveller* of all classes have inscribed tbe random and dreparalo faabioo Id which transatlantic locomotion la con ducted. In remarking upon tbla fart we by do mean* impute a natioaal error to Ike cllizena of the gr-at repub lic. Our own colon lata are waroely lean beedleaa art precipitate than tbe New Yorkers and the "raMler* ' of tlaltlmore. It almoit apneas aa tbotigh tbe fre* range c.I k-vast cosntry rendered men lnd. lt rent to danger, to common aeoae, and to tbe ordinary rnepoceibllittea ol ex latence Atd ret from time to tlm- theae mooatrn a cataatropbea occur which toach '.a all bow va n and in efficient i* that tbougbtle** intrepidity loading to turh diaaatare aa the loee of the la-'y Fig in ? a a ? ? e ? a ? The capta ro and excnr*>oi at* ol ike North America* republic, who identify raabaaaa with courage aad foolbardmaaa with boo or, may r?*t apo* describing * hundred live* l<at on the M:a aiaalpfx, Ihreogb aa aiploaioe. aa "blowing aa unlucky cloud," or jaet upon tbe Michigan catastrophe Man ' in cnaTenienoe." but aurely our own onion let* are inspire*! With better aeaa* aad reeling They hare the navigattoo of tbe lake*, for the moat part. In their owa hand* and admirably aa they bar* organised it, we|eanaot [orget that * aerlea of the moat extraordinary accident* hare oorurred In thone restricted baain* Not many y *r? ago tbe eteamablp Central America weal down n deep water, aad ararnely a timber waa recover"! Wny do thea* ralemltlea happen pon thll fright/ nl Male? The lady Hgtn, It m only Just to remark, although Uanadia* built, waa probably of Amiruan owoerm p, but, In apite of tfcia fact, aad notwllhatandtn* thai I'rre waa a characteristic New I ug and del nen< y c f boat* and lifebuoy*. It la lobe roared that Qa nada mil* tea. la no alight degree tbe reck leeaneae and ? leejeraHoB which prevail la the I into! State* Mr Weld'* narrative concerning tbe fly driver who raned ag i rat a railway train aad paa*ed ao ekiae la front of the rnr an that it* iteam acrrhed hi* neck a acaroely in any re*i?rl an exaggeration Tbere la too much high peeaa ,re, ha land and water, I* the new world Tbe man who b<?eta4 of "a ?*e rail of aaow for a young conn try, ' and of "lb* beat thunder in tbe uaiveTae.' rtpreeenle.1 tbe wild ai I rerkleaa kaplrlt fof botb Americana and) Caned in* ami the tranaatlantlc preaa I* ita treatment of tbe ner trreatrr, ? imply prove* how facile la tbe taak of refleme* a poo aa event without extracting front lib* leaM moral or Ue ?lighten practical Interpretation [from the I -on Ion Pnot, Sept. 26 | to Amer'ca erarythiog. from a triumph to * dlaaatrr, la o* * rant anal*, or el** nothing that happen* la Ame rica. except it la on a vaat scale, it deemed worth rarord Ir.g Thla 1* peciiiar'y the oaae with Amer oaa ?hip wreck* River elee<aen> aav gating the Mississippi, lea* ateamer* flying along the great chain of lake* that aope rate the Called Mate* from Br I* ?b North Amerw*. a thouaand |i**eenger? on board the engine* Sud.lsely bursting and half tbe number as me-t lately droated - tb?we were a flaw yrara ag<> aucli oommo* incident* that their fre?penl occurrence aeemed araroely to provoke tM rteep frellng of aympathy wfilob wool! hav - at tended euch ao eraat in thia country for tbe last few yeai*. however, railway acrid ant* have take* their abare of oasoellke, an I ao ma what relieved *aa farHr arcideat* of iheir place in the " terrific rag ater' of America W> have now. however, the data 1 1* of a cat aatrophe on take Michigan aa fearful an aay of tbe Amer1 can a*eident* of oaat year* Mor* than three hundrwl human being* auifdenly etignlpfeed I* th* wave* of aa la land lake, at no p?| dttuwr* from either *hore aad with a* Mland ckae ta the aeene of Uie dlaMter, vet with hardly a*y m<- n* of enoape, almoat wlthont a boat for refuse no? (odde* ehlpwrerk . the eight Ho dark to ee? many yard* ahead , the ship which -aimed the diMter im med lately afterward* atnodlng away fyom the efrk ng re?*el, wind* and wave* ton fiifh fhr mncb onatroi over the natural mnrae of tbe eaUMtropfe* ? all theae ac.denta are rharkcleriatlc eaou(h of aa Americaa oaaua ly rm tha lake*. Naperler f aairt ? Part Hereadi fv^. 10 ?Judge Her repoti l aoao>ino*d I hat tha trial term of tbla ooort woald be adioumad ontil tha #r?t Mon day la November He did not -alend to ?ft any toor?r n theae room*, and the >a?? which he had heard at "per al and fieaeral Term would occupy him until Ike aad of tb? *3' i ll., ?be* b e rtaigMtwa would take tflevt