Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 15, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 15, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. jAUkB feonuofi ?**(%?? 'v i\ aJLii ft 'K aHV f Km'MlKftjft. ?rric> h. '? cobweb or fULro^ %kd &v ? TFK*X ?? adwnc* Honrs *nf A? .*? r*? -4^4 ii/" tht tmdtr. l*t*(uyr ttfntups mtt r**v*WW <i* mdmcrtptKm ^Tffl I DAI!- r ff MhA L?t t?oo ct+u* pm vo f% $/ pm T//F W EEK Lf HKhALl> KTI-ry ,N?f M ? *f -rtjf <M M* 0W , or fS jwr nmrwm, '/?<? f?ur<jf>*ii\ frhti.n. ?wi M 'vlw'Ciy , j< #ijt r**nt? j**" $* P"W a#MM4??? lo a?* ;wf <>'* Qr*m Hr4u*i%t ?n $? m- Ofmtiitmt hr*th '<> imrhtsi* OnfVrmin KtiitUm an th* l*t, 1 1 'A <m?#I 31 *f oS \kch month, at ?<* <**?? I *-r n- V i>r f 1 ftOj*W 'WH#wm fHA' JMJf/f. r MKRJin<m <al /W- twru* por ***/*. ?' t2 f*r WiWR Volam* **V ??. WW AWISK* KN m THltf KYBMIMQ. MIRLO'B GARDEN, BnWir?r -Kiito L?A*. WIXTKR (iAHiiK.V. Rmv!<r%r. oppuatta Bood Ureal ? UCT I* U?s*nl?(i? Iwo BOKNTI 4SIL?? )(? '*?HT TIIIaTRB Bow?ry ? Kiw Tom Aj If 1b Fi.?i of Taci. u ,A(.K'S TU BAT h K Brovlway ? Piirmo Witb ?"IKK I. Al'RA KRNE'R THKATBK Wn 611 tiroadwtr.? AlUtltft AKOUll. N K W B' 'WIRT THKATIIIC. Bow^rr ? fA?m* or A Fih? ?i>? Tift * MIL* or th* Mopkkn Iimi ? Kuta IN Till Dakk. ]HHv M'K AMArtl^AN' MUMK V, ? I>*v *ud !??,.[) -*rn AHI> 111* Hi?it,ik*h ? Ijtiko Dvuimi TlU AG _ RBTArW MiNRrRKIJi, MmbuN' H*D 47J MmartwAy. Bl 1 ? (i' *-'' PWCM, AC ? fcOtWBS AT UUKHEi 'a, NiRI.O'N l-AUXiH, finitu*uKT ? Rnoi.tT A 'Umnu't Vis-1. ..-- ? KtHloriA? MujM* HvitUCmiOBS l>AXC?a, &*?.. ? hi. .111 M Akfc ____ CArfTKkll'RT mnuo HaLL MS Bmmi?r?)' ?Bonos, Pimk IUm?iK?r*?, to TRIPLE SHEET. >?w lurk, l?, lHrtO. VA1IJ3 P?R BUROPB. Fk? Haw Vara. lltr?M ? M?Im tmr ICaru|M. The <\irtril mail slesmetiip Canada, Capt. Lang, will leave n, on Wedmeday, for Liverpool. At malls for B< r,H* wll< ?!<*? \t> <.n>? ait; lonorrow afWtraoon tl a iju\rl*r peat DM ?'clooa in ??. Wy railroad, and at aqoartar to foor o'clock t<> t" of The KvaoraA* fci>rrt'>s wm am be published at taci o'c'rf* la ??>? moeairif ^nrls nop**. 'a wrap par*, als emu Tb? iXHiiaot* of tor araora?? SDinon or m Raa>u< trill comb oe the newt receives hy man ami telegram at Mi? oihoe (urtur the :>rarii>u? -v?ek, and ap to U>* boor af pabiteatloa I in SrWI. We publish t)it* Morning a lot of correspondence from a!! part* of Mt > loo, which promt* a fair pic- [ tnre of that unfortunate republic. Th? Htriking features of the news are the retreat -it cannot be caliod anythir.g ei*e ? of the liberal# from before the oapi'.ii; the defeat of Pegollado, commander in-chief of the liberal#, by Vidaurri; the complete re?i?ri!ntiOB of Miiamon'a strength, who has. not * ithetauding I - recent defeat at Silao, a powerful army in tl:- !>ld; the postponement of the attack on Vira tru/ by Spain; a new attempt at media tion by the re-; .out foreign Ministers, and the rob bery of the cor ducta by Pegollado. There liaa al-o been a fib-revolution in Lower California, where an attempt was made to oast the liberal government appointed by Juarex, but it was sup preeeed, ti i ugh not without some bloodshed. Not withstanding hi* tuany prophecies, the end U not yet, but far from it, In Mexico. We giro thin tuorning some additional intelligence from California and Central and South America, brought by the steamship North Star. Tli" news from Pent states that there la no pro bability of the American claims against that coun try beiriR nil' wed. Nothing now remains, since negotiation ha* failed, but for the United States government < i'her to abandon the case or enforce it r< H From li 'lit is we learn that General Bclxu has :i a *> aiied a revolutionary attitude; he is said in l e supported in his de?igua by President Caatil la. of Peru. Intelligence from Ecuador represent* that Gene ral Flore* en; ere I Guayaquil on the 24th ult., meet ing bot little re? ?tance fi . ?ni h s opponent*; he hi j in full possesion of the rity. General Franco hav ing left that city for I'-ru. \n bitere-'ir g account of the sailing of eight hundred filibu?t< n. fri m England, raised and com manded t y William de Rohan, with arms and munition*. to uid and assist Garibaldi, will be found in the letter of our London correspondent, published t<> day. The Prince of Walea and his suite yesterday morning att? t dtd Divine service at Trinity chur h. j The services' were of the most Imposing i character, and an admirable and impressive ?erm on was preach' ! by the Rev. I>r. Vin ton, to wl.i'-h the i'rlnee appeared to listen with great attention. A fall re port of tl e setti n i* given m.ftar paper to day, to gether with report# of the of lb* Rev. Dr. Protliingham ar. l the Rev H*m?, the snhj*ct of both being the ti-it of the Avfoce. A large an 1 fa*viot>able audtenee was in attendance at Trinity. ?r<d from the great crowd outside the chnrch it would appear that the de?ire ta see a "real Prince" la in no degree abated. In moat of the chor ?hei of the city reference was made to the visit of the j Prince in the pra>?n i f the pastor#. To day he will visit the Military Academy at We#t Print, where be * ill ?pcnd t!.e day, and on Tnesdsy ' prc eed to B??tnn. i r>m a -t itement eivcnWi another colamn it * lib# *e n tiiat the democratic candidate for t'ongri >*i ? U Fir-t d "U-i t of Pennsylvania wa? swindled etit , o( hi* eir tie* by altering the returns of the F^artli ward. A nnab< r of the judes swore that their signature* to the r ct-ir r. - as handed in were fore ries. an that I" ? return fr >m tlieir pt-fine!? (.? I bc.<n altered. The mtn cha'fd with perpetratin Uie frand h*s bc? rt arrested and held to bail. Measrs. HowUnd and A*pinwall, the agents of the rtalway lit e m \,.w York, in. rm as of their I intention to act on foot a sab.^riptlon of a bsod- ! ?ome ehaltcter as a teetim >aal 1 1 how the Ame rican puNIc appro ,.?te ?h? n > de su l valiant con dnct of C'apt. Johr, WQaoa, of tit brig Mim.ie SrhafTer, in re#^img nearly six huadred human beings from tt.e onflagratM n of the steamship c^n ; oanght. It is |>r> baUe that when rtie facta are ? known to the eempeny in tlxiwsy, that they aleo , will recogniee the condix t of Captain Wii ?a ia an ? appropriate and beceming msnnee. We print thia morning the final proreedin?s of il.e ii.Iidei Convention, held in this oitv ;s?t week, I tju the evening of a 4J urnment a Mr. Murray m ?de u vHJent attack "U Je?as (Thrist, eoaieedin ? tkst u tu !i ind vidnal ? ver exiated. and at some lougth ? g*ve .> a Infidel'a views of the Cbristia* Hithbath. i The | 'f>po?iV,m to erect an Infidel ilall in this city was loet. Ths e> ?loa atrkit oa S?iif^ay was aeUre aat trm. Tns sal?a b?Sw?aa s 4oe sad 7 000 sales, iwoainj r * oa the bMtsof tl^ toiwa.eb^efl/ at Ue laslds I C?ars. tor triddlla# ap?ar,'*. Uot ,.1sd <a Us aaKW ware ?e/sas paiosts so spec*.** r> ad't foe etsort, wiUi 1 eoo halse I# traaeilu W?ero was a ?. Trinm iTi Ike ioor saaokat was steitad ant aet.ve, wtUi b-avr aais#, at aa s-naaoe af Ito. par hierei, aat , I ?ease eoaa# at Ua Wbsst wsa also |t u attir*, wtta large aaiae both bars and to arm*, at an advaaee ta prtesa of to t* ?c per ba?kei. own sr?a wtttMMrt ebtage of ainasoat ta p?<ea, * ut OUr m." at Tie a Tljfe N f?sisra Bived, sad a at* rood aa. at Tfc Pbrft waa lrrr<falar, Wita ?ndeeataaS'M iMtadta* aow m<aa, at >1# T? a II* #0, aod of aew pr at 914 W a title ft -S woes % arte stsady, with of akovi TOO bbJa aad Tl aoxea Oeflfce WW ^aiet F>*t?ht? i't< haBf?<, wll1* f-.g, . . ??! ? rale Al?" < tbe fchljianuu *?r? t" .-?*> i UM ? alS^d , Hi tM(p, <*?H ?u ??! 7-' > >* ul <M). pt< 810 lua , Mil Uour alk 1 I uiit<rr*iirc ral.m t'pjn ttir CoHgrM tloiul l'lcltcia The black r? publlt'ia leader* are confident gf the success i >f tli" Presidential ilcke* sin tn? election of Penn?ylv uiia, though the; h?ve jet to win New York, without which tb*y cannot calculate upon the result. That they may jet be disappointed there u some reason to h'<pe. The leader* ot the Union movement aie in high spirits, and the inaus picious event In the Keystone St >t* does no' depress them as much as might b* expected; on the contrary, they do not regard it as by auy means decisive, and speak confidently about the defeat of Lincoln in the Ivnpire State, whose proud ti'le they Hpegt to vindicate now as heretofore; while Pennsyi vatlia, by the trea son of Forney aud others, has lost her peculiar place in the arch of the Union New York holds the balance of power, and (he Union men have a strong and abiding faith let t*??* result But the blick republicans, white they appear to be equally confident a? to the Presidential conflict, cannot conceal their apprehensions in regard to the Congressional elections. They are afraid that a conservuive Congress will be returned, which in a great measure will t<ike away their control of the spoils, while it will prevent their carrying out their political pro gramme, and generally paralyse their party H*nce the Republican National Committee have issued the circular signed by Governor Morgan, of this State, appealing to the rank and file of the republican party on the important question of the Congrespiou il elections ? a ques tion scarcely second in importan -e to the Presi dential election itself, indeed, iu come respects it would be better to have a conservative Con gress' and a M.ick republican Pesideut than a black republican Congress and a conservative Pr? cident The republican rurty coasts ijaialy of two classes? fanatics. ><nd office seekers and spoils ! tnen If the republicans could only secure a majority in the llooM of Representative*, tha expenses of the government would amount to $100,000,000 tt year, instead of $80,000,000, as ! they are now. They are as hungry and vora cious as a pack of hounds in pursuit of an un fortunate deer, and if they only succeed in gain ing the prize, they will tear it to piece* and worry each other to death. The spoils in any event, if they are successful, will prove the ulti mate destruction of their organization. But the catastrophe would be greatly hastened if the spoils are reduced to the lowest possible amount by the election of a conservative Con gress. For such a ravenous multitude a limit ed public plunder would be like the five barley loaves and two fi-hes to the crowd that followed our Saviour, till they were multiplied by a mira cle. But the republican leaders can work no miracles of that kind unless they get po-.^essiou of the House of Representatives as well as of the President's chair. If tliey cannot make good their liberal promises to their follow ei a. the latter will feel disgusted with a party oat of which they can make nothing. DenioralUatiou and a breaking up will inevitably ensue. The republican leaders, therefore, deem a majority in the House of Representatives as essential to the security of ample ?potls and plunder for their hungry followers, and the preservation ol their party after the next four years, rh well as the carrying cut o' their revo lutionary programme The conaerv t'i?e lead ers, on the contrary, deem a Bajority again** black republicanism as e*?eotial to the uivu'e lance of the integrity of the Union, and the crippling and ultimate dissolution of therepib | lican party. Lastly, the effect on the South would be most salutary, for it w..ii',| rikes\**y their strongest argument from the fire-eaters SLd se< eesb nists. who are looking for '? good ex cuse to break up the Union, and form a South ern confederacy. Now the people have this matter entire ly in their own po ver in tf?e several C ngressiooal districts. and they will only have them*elvee to bl tme hereafter if they pei m'lt two or >uere conservative candidates to run in any district, instead of concentrating all their strength on the best man. about whtni they can easily igree if I iey wiil >uty uke the . trouble. Let them hold meeting* *?Dd rebut# and frown do vn all who will per?i*t iu rwi ? *n* | separate and independent instead ot I'ni. o Oon gresslonal ' keu. L< 1 only one man be run. whether he < nil - himself a follower ot B recti? ? rldge, or ef (Ml, or of D^ugla*, pr ivided he U 1 opposed to Lincoln and his patty Thi' is the one thine ne. ltul. New York en , ?nd %! i ?he i conservative Counties of thl? -tate fctte i i" respond blf i. y thrown wpon them. 'he. hivt a great game in tiieir hands if they do not reck leaaly thr??w it away, as the Presidents1 ei? - tion he* o?en thrown away almoai beyi.od the power of recovery The vory beat o of restoring this t early lort battle is the adoption of Union tickets in ali ?&? CongT-'-sional districts. It would have an excel -nt effect on the Preaideoti,| struggle, and perhaps be the mean* ol turning tbe seal in its lavor In a State in which the contest will be so Close, and may be decked by lao or three hundred vote*. Let only one i> ,j Mr be s?en everywhere, and let it benailel to the ma t and wwr?oei with ths word- '? U&s >n for the sake of the Union " The motto of '??? republicans Is, "Union for the stke ol dis i.nion " The friends >f conservat'?m ;?r? m">re numerous than they are. Let then on iy i te and victory is as sure as that to morroa ? son will rise. Tin Tiiion >r Tint 8ict M*v ?Our pnv ite Ccrre?por !?do* froia Cvii??Antlnop'>' that Rir.? I'acVabul re-*oUy bro'igbt before the -uf (U twT'ral per?rn? who ritp him indubt proof* of the eiiM#nc? of a conspiracy arun?t hi* 'hrooeand life. In ?hicb tbe r<'pre#onUt re* of aotne of lb* European <oTernme' ar*? Indi rectly Incited. The ??dd?n death of ll^mf Pacha Is attributed to tfcea# rerelftUos fbe SulMo b?* a<Ur????od ? renonatrang# to the t;o Ternm?,nt of Great Dritaln touch. >ig the origin of the plot Fund P.vhi? U reported ir h:?re q.itw t#?d Pani*?cu?- a reaction ti f*ror of par'iea concerned In the late ir.Wiore* ha*, jr ^ com pelled hi* departure. The inu*r|>r??Atl<>ti ?>t ?U tbl" *? take to b? tl.it the li?'ui Influences which were burrylnf the Porte to lu ruin, and which compelled the European fpfemment* Vi adopt the policy of *11 armed Interrertion la K/iia. are "gain wlndtnt thwlw* nund the Suluo. at 1 that be i? sbandnttrji b -rflf en tirely to ibr erin rol r f the i?*i li( o n-y ptr?y. If thin be ?o <h?- di'm> oil>ertn<>et of t?? T.i.kNb empire I* close fti tani. iitlth irl(ktia<i AbmiIcm Jum Our at'enticr i? p?ll?rt. not for the first, the pec nrf Dor the twentieth time. to tbe ton*1 o'1 j the KnglUh pr*-Ht in eommentiiig upon tbe rft- i potts ?>f tbe leaning New Ycrk journals descnb .m theiD1 idfiiu-ot ih? Prince's tour in Canada. 1 Tin* f.orirt'.m Times is al the head of thn Eug lihb in this, hm well *? m moot other mat The Times, in alluding to tbe Nkw Yokk UkualI) anit ?*h confreres, assumes * very pationiting atr. snd rpeak* in a most snobbish way of our ?? eccentriiitie*" Th?^- eccentri city " of our Teu?r?* coiiststi* simpljln the fact thut we have aecciibed tbe midenu* of the reception c?f the Prince of Wales exactly a* they occurred, our correspondent following the royal party, step by step, from Newfoundland westward to tbe praiiies of i 1 1 toiin. and tbe nee through the ceotral States to tbe com ni? reial metropolis or the Union. We have given the details of the Prince'* tour to Uie Knglish in- well ax tiie American public. The Lond m Thru s ,i?self ha* received from tbe New York pres* mme ver> valuable lessons in the ar' 01 journalism It in not our tault if tbU insirao tion has not been tendered in the ple*s*nte? way. We hav? been so unfortunate as U> o ?ve sjf teoiaticaj ly r.eaten th* London Times on its own ground; and it is nut rem&ikabie that Mr. Cull, wbo tnu- been compelled to adopt our repot '8, should gro#l at them Tba' is tbe way in which your bold briton often ??xpie**et> bin acknowledgment for favors rendered We believe, however. in tt the ltwson whi-ih the independent American press b^i tai.fht 'he Brit'sh journalists wiii not be forgotteo. In due time tbey m*y succeed iu preventing 11* from givi g them the ne-v* a wtek betor? they receive it from tneir sp- n*i correspondents. The gveut distinction between the British t;nl American journal is. ho?eeer, overiooken hy our critic** mi lbs otber lido of lh>- AtUu ic. The English newspaper in only jiwt emerging from the trammels of ignorance nnd preju u <?* In the last century new?p*pera were nothing morn than official g,i7ettes or vehicles tor ? n?* dissemination ot i<l?i u and obscenity. I'ho government kept tie printers under the strict e*t rurvelllftiire Tbey were not perniite<i r<? report the Parliamentary deha'ea and the ear liest account p of the pnxve lmgs of the House of C-ommona curne lr< in the pencil ot Woodftli. who. crombed in the strangers' gallery, was alwnyg in mortal tear of tb?? serpeunt at arms In time, u* the spread of intelligence be ame general the regrrfetfoo* wMcli sku kled the pre?P were gradually relaxed, and the news paper became a power in the land Some writers went no far as to call the pre?s the fourth es'a?e in the malm? a claim the validity ot which has been latterly denied by Disraeli and other statesmen The British journalist is now tolerated only Ilia columns nr.* used as a matter uf convenience by politicians. *bi employ er?*ry avenue to the public mini lu this way 'be London journals secure able arti cles; hut in n?-ws nutter* they are far bermid us Tbey seek, therefore, to make up in irro gance and pretension what they lack iu business energy, enterprise, tact ana onpnatity. On the other bant. if we look at the American press? we refer to the leading metrop litan journals ? we find that it Is really the first e-uate in the land Neither king nor kaiser has su *h power as a cheap, tree press in proper bands. It was an axiom of Nap leon that the world is governed by ideas and it b*s been reserved tor the independent American press to prove the truth ot that celebrated maxim In the Uol of Right* the founders of our government made a j wi*e provision for the utter aud enure tie.- Join j of the press Thti? left to Itself, the InMH ' iou h-j* llourixhed. It has grown with th> growth i and stieiiatficned wiifi the streng'h of n- re I public. It holds the puptil ir he ?ri in Its gr*?p. It it ths tbrokklsi pul?e of the area* nvion ? the v> ry life- bio >d of the bod* ,> ili'io. In this great mental arena all *u?je. t* of ibt? test are otsi u<eed from every p *1111 of ! view " Error," said Jefleraon. " h uo longer dangerous when truth and ?*** n are left ii?? to combat it," And herein >ie? the whole secret of the power which we and Ottf coteniporaties wield. The ilriti-b press hus no suoh power, because its wtitera and reader* have more or ie? 1.1 tieli-ren e- we miaht aa> sertte defer ence lor tbe i -instituted authorities, the my *1 mlly, the peerage and the whole family of 1.. mm lea. We know of on Mich tbmg bere \ t<'ti^."e?# elected for two year*, aud theu di??o'vea A 1'resnient I# cbowti tor ti~?ur years i't tben d?.'- ends to bis politl.-ai /'are, with (,? I #? se poor a* t'l do him revetefl <*. Great I <<1 ' ' ti pal ties, wteldlog appareur th- de?tl j no ot tbe n itlon bresk up In s ip-eij, ?ud | ? ? lr le der? run hither and thi'her. tactically I ? eivoHng to rally the broken rn.ed and i at- ? ? red ioii m n? Ohirch org .1 ."on? f a! I ! a?n'idtt uie t nn <r.<"ial st< itn- sa 1 ep iver tae I io?" destr- jmg th* olde t a- d aj-pnri'ntiy ihe most '1, ltd commercial bouses A. ? t 'us tim** t1i<? independent j >iroal holds ?te*-t1y ob its j - ur?? . net r f"r m mciaetit detiatini( from I trard yet simple ) rinciple* ipoti which. I?? be ' ?'>cr. -fill It tnusi be Oondii ed It *riti. *li?? jro?en -nent t'*e|y; orga' w of bre?< ti po.'ii.'?| parties, ao?i consi/ns suit. id or laccm peten se.. . ?n,eii ?. merited < l>? t t i? v U 1 1 t ?-nnai ein tmiitutloti oot for a day i. for ( I til t tur M>.ive nil, it tires U-e news It ad all < : the news and ?p. tithe poopl* M< the r own I j''i','iok. Whnt tli? l?oodon T ? 1 1 - th< e. ??cfitrli't'i* o? \>r. rican j?ni' " ? i? ;? rs DOl , ?CCentHi lft'"- s' al Thev repi t'f n 1 ' ml outpouring* of a free ner ple, v r nj i^? meftjil pereeptiAin and a i i *?? 'y s f fbe 1udict< tis ?s well as 11 ^{?r- j ceptioti if tbe *< iotza #iJe ol htunft.i tttN> fhe d ffer??ii,-e be'ween us and our I'.rii *h iN.iiiilai is very t-tniple. Th? v ?*?? t> ? the -r t <on that to be t>' pevt|?>)!# tbey Uu^ be dull, heavy, ?i>' ate and formal, and ?h,,y ttisri>f'.?re lmit?t?' that owl- fire tttipidttv under whi r the tuiltili-rmeo Knr i-hti.an attepipt* 'o Md" Hi? If no.ai te. conceal his d?tec?s, or cover 111 H-? ahortCOBung*. It '.be British pubUo like thkt Wt of thif g U?ey ar?* we!?>tne to I* We kn^w very well that oar p?" pie would cot havn it %t ' any prit ? ?e t?|leve trotn certalti InftlU ?i'? indlcaiii'bs 'hat tb? British public wW I, b?*tors long mania ch^tp paper*. | nb ?hed on the , American p'an Hiperim*nts which cause the Lt ndon Tiwm p^iple to tha^e ip the>r shoet ?re already niallri;. If we write warmly upon this -11 vect t h be cause our |?ople, llirnuR \ maei pcpulai Ins" 'uttoti, have tx en to<i oft* i s ,sj.> ,,/> ? iv, taur'-' and of sec ad *ingliab s.t dps. It is qi ite time that tket should be *oii' , little I plain iratb. ai.d that their arr tptnt i?~ ?rrn.-ioa should have a qni.'t dre?-siitg <1 iwn Awl Wr may say, iu (on ?lur.kin, that tbe rjtu*?ru?n and jouruHlis'H ot England will do well to nidy tbe accounts ol the reception of iheii hereditary I'riuee iu the commercial metropolis of tbe West ern ffiwli. They Mi l ascertain from^tbe inde peHi.nt Ainerioan press tbat no less than half a million of people turned out to receive a Diilo, umiiihiH. well mannered young geutlerntn, whoi-e mother happens to be sovereign of Eug land. They will bud that there people were uot incited by mere vulgar curiosity, nor were tbey animated by any Hpeeiil deference for royalty They only wished to assint at doing the handsomest thing tbat could be done for the reception of the im medial* reprenentative of a firin dly power and a kindred race. And it strikes U" that these Bri'i*h editor* and states men might inhe a lesson in m?griduiuiity ? come thing they never or rarely show to our peo ple? from this courteous and graceful reception of tbe Prince of Wales. The grand question is, will they do it? Tbe Ncwa froui Mriico?ra? Cuming K r?nt There. We give tod ij our le'ters from Mexico, wbicb present u perfect picture of tbe disor ganization, destitution, and almost deHpair, tbat prevail in that detracted country Mimmon bus concentrated the greater part of bis forces in the city of Mexico, ai.d those of the constitutional government have gathered in grent pait at Queretaro. It is not yet cert tin where they will make their atUcK. or whether tbey will make any at all. Tbe geueral opinion is, however, that operations will be commenced against either the r.apiUI or Guadalajara at an early day. Iri the meantime, General Degollado, commander in chief of the constitutional forces, has committed the blunder of seizing a con duct!. with a million and a qumer of dollars, thus placine his government in the name false position in whi<?b a similar act by General M*r quez placed ibatot Miramon some months since Miraiaon bad tbe energy to seize Marquez, ami has heil him iu piisou for lour months lor that robbery, only liberating him a few we?ks siuoe. It renins to be seen whether Juarez possraces bufli ieu' energy io deal in a similar manner *'tb Degollado. In Stress ol money the gov- rnuirot at Vera Cru/. has been ooliged to u-?- the funds of tbe Eug lish Convention lying in that Custom House - a step tbat has ^?-en tak?*n with the probable consent of Captain Aldhain tbe British nav,?l commander- while Miramou has resorted to melting dowu the church plate and his old sys tem of forced loans in the capital. Eveuts seem to be preparing in Mexico for ?ome great, cbanve. thougo what tbat will be no one can loreshadew, for the course of affairs in that republic always define all anilogy with what occurs, or would occur, in any other ptrt of the world. The contending forces are appa rently preparing for a struggle which may no' take place; diplomatic intervention between the belligerent parties is attempted, whicb shows no sign of success; external force i? threatened by Spain, and may not be used; changes in the liberal cabinet are supposed to be urgaatly necessary, and yet aie not made; the time is approaching for a Presidential elec tion, wbicb may never come off; and another a* aault is threatened on Vera Cmz, bat no one sees bow It can be made. In tbe mean time tbe country is ravaged by bands of robbers everywhere, tbe fields are untllled and dtaerted, j the population is crowding into the towns and citi?s, where starvation stares them in the face trade is ruined and the merchant* bang on the rerpe of bankruptcy, and property of every kind is melting a??y- tbo?e who were once es teemed rich find it g themselves now poweMors only of large tracts of depopulated and value less lands. This contest is seemingly one for political principles; but as the ruin whiob inevitably at tends it beeom-s more and more developed, it is evident to the pbiloaophl 3 observer that it is in fact a melting away of old things to open the path tor the new. The vigorous ware of popu lation * bu b is yearly throwing its thousands on the northern frontier of Mexico requires eveo now only a leader capable of organizing existing elements and statesman enough to com prehend ?t?at society and government m ist be established and governed ou the equal basis of public U* aixi public or 4er. to throw a flood over MeiKO mat will change the entire aspect of the country and lis affairs. This is the coming movement on tbis continent, and every mail from Meiico only proves that the elements are 1 b~tng prepared there for it, and the old bar j riers (bat miftbt resist it are being swspt away. FujiirRTkiUKM in Rh'4 ?Our adrlcea fntn 1'aatkun yeau-rtUy brought the important Inw-llig* hop that ex-i'mtdent Mora. bia brother, (i.'^ral Cinv and Colonel Arancibla. who b*d made <i fllituwter dm -ent frtm San SaItv d*r on Coeta Kica. bad b**n defeated and cap tiired at I'iidu Areon*. and incontinently oboL 1 here in * curioim coincidence io the death*, at eo nearly tfce Mint* urn*1, ot Mora nod Walker, Hi d u ml? r ?uch majiUr ciicua?UtDOW. When W alter t?t tbe btjrh* *t of b'8 career In Ntc?ruf(ii?. Mm a I'midi-ot of C.wta Kica m><4 ?m 'h? ?? "I of the Ce?p?*rate rtvix'^uc^ to tKe ?*.?n iit?urluf w?? ot rliihiMU . win 1>"U. t-xb<wuu<ii th**taeelvei> in ib? ?irutiK'"' both . ??t to r?nNin |M?wrr by the nam" UwleM m>*n? and h h have met death in the attempt r ?n if f int-iblng ?i#nWeu?t aud hopeful f<?r tbe fntuie ot t>ntral Airrn<*? in the np dlt? ard ?n?*iKV ahh which 'be catw* of lair a id public oidor ba? b'O v'tidlcatod on the per ?of* of M<-r* ?nd Walker S* wl ?? l? tbe p. f i?vh?i .<?. it* sanctity uauol be pre ?in?J tri'i* profanation hv desperate oieu, who p'ot'Ni to htiirv* tta**ir country in danger *bni*f ' own pmse? tie i-mpi), ?a<l tiAft^R to disw 'h.-ir "?nf An to save It, ?hen th?*ir otrr rot- ulcus d< iim* constitute really their o-ilj patriotic prompting* It can be thus preferred i lily by n> .kii>g nictf-sa the inexor able ilictnalfr' with rfeath Thi? prlrciple ha? U.rjr chamev tbe p v pillar i ,? ilse of Co-ta H'.^a. and i? In In a gr?i' tuoanv; u hw? prH??"'i?^d *hi*t republic from the r?*ol'itlone thai h?Te been eo disastrous to row <"t?jer of 'he Hpanisb \in?rtcan ootnmuul tfps Pre- ct Morutan tb?- >;rea'?-st, patriot Ce ntral Aaieri.i has known me* In Co*'* R!-s a similar f*ff to tbht ol M >r*. uoder (miliar cir eMm?taT1r??- and t be wai that oon?<tin tii'Dal law r >d ?bprf nnttl Moru wim anddcnly er?rt' i ?rr VuM y*nr hecauw hi* policy violm e<! eoi -ttt'itli iaI nlo. Th^ rxumji * ?h*t ba? been s?*r tn ti c?*e? of V alkf?r and Mora will 1' n(r l-e felt I a'l th ('"Oiril Am?rlc?n n-pnh I). r and if wi I b* wlJ If ^<i?rdioU in Hondu rw r^rff* It Quilriuli ia <an H*? r ,V.<r ? 1 II .i n In Nic?r?<n.? 't*arri fr<ia the hit tory and fate o* Mora tbe wisdom and moderation that are required to preserve tbein iii tbfir frfuta. Tbfj represent In their respec tive countries the prilci^M tbi?t Mora repre hfnti-d In Coeta Rica, and, by making constitu tional goven-ment merely au empty show, they incur the danger of the came tate that attended him. ik? PrlM* of Walu' from New York. Our royal guest takes his departure from the metropolis this morning, carrying with him the cordial good wishes and regrets of its inhabi tants. He leaves us under just such clrcum stances as should mark a visit of this character. Ail feel sorry that be is compelled to quit us so soon, whilst on the part of himself and suite we are assured that the feeling is reciprocated. Short, however, as hae been his stay amongst us, it has shown him more of the true character of our people and ftiven bun k jnst^r conception of our ixstitutions than he coitid possibly have acquired in hi* visits to the otner cities of the Union. To-day the Prince proceeds to West Point, where a grand reception has been arranged tor him by General Scott. There he will be in troduced to a clsu-a of men of whom the coun try feels justly proud, and who rival in mili tary qualifications and scientific attainment* the best officers turned out by the Sand burst and Woolwich schools, lie will find from his observations there that, although we rely upon our volunteer force for the de!cn>ive strength which a standing army is supposed to give to other governments, we not the less carefully cultivate those abstruse branches of military knowledge which consti tute what is technically called the art of war. This visit paid, the Prince will have received a separate and equally cordial welcome from all the classes of which our community is com posed. He was received on landing by our citizen soldiery, which is made up for the most part of the sons of our wealthy merchants and their employes. The striking en semiAe which this magnificent body of men presented so im preened his Royal Highness that be paid them I the highest compliment that can be offered to a military force ? that of reviewing them in uni form. Then followed his reception by th* masses, which wa-s a spectacle eucb as no other country or city could have presented. Nearly half a million ol people, embracing representa tives of almost every nationality, poured into our leading thoroughfares to join in this com piiment to our yourg guest. It was one of tbe grandest and most striking scenes that history records? that of the freest people on earth paying this spontaneous tribute of respect to the representative of the freest monarchical go vernment of Europe. And it was tbe more im pressive frem the fact that, although there are in our midst numbers of political refugees who are violently ultra in their republic uuism and who hate royalty in any shape, every hostile feeling, every dislike and discontent, was hush ed in preseuoe ot the overwhelming demonstra tion gotten up by our citizens on this occasion. Tbe Prince's reoeption by the pseudo aristo cracy ot our city was, though well intended, productive ot only one result, tbat of leaving on his mind the impression that aristocracy is and must ever b? a failure amougst us. We will not wound the susceptibilities of the vene rable gentlemen concerned in that fiasco by dwelling further upon it, and therefore pa*s on to the ovation offered by the Fire De partment to our illustrious guest, which is admitted to have been the most imposing spectacle of the kind tbat has ever taken place. The New York firemen .are, as is well kuown. composed almost entirely of the industrious mechanics and workmen of the metropolis and no sm*li proportion of them are German or Irish. Taken collectively, they are the finest and most intelligent body of young men that can be found the world over, and may be truly said to represent the bone and sinew of tbe country. Few if any of them absented themselves from the parade, even the Hibernian Hook and Ladder Company, which has only been recently formed. making up its full number for the ocoasion. In the fact that all the members of tbe department as welt as of tbe militia turned out in these several reoep lions, at tbeir own expense and uncompelled by any order, the Prince will estimate the sin cerity and unanimity of the welcome that was given him by all classes of our community. If it was oot marked by the servility of some of the Canadian demonstrations, it was mucb more to be valued, because it wu entirely diriote reeted and free from the suspicion of U><td vism to rank Tb?**e facte cannot fail to be fully appreci ated In England, where the political intelligence of tbe people wtN enable them to detect at a glance tbe difference that exists between the motives of the reoeption which gre?ted their future sovereign in the British provinoes and that awaided him here. But its moral effect upon tbe ctfspotirn* of Europe will be still more important. They will derive from it tbe wholesome conviction ths' in ali conflicts between Ue principles of progress and political retrogression, the policies ot the two countries will be henceforth as Identical as ore their in terests. Gent.iul Paf* in DiruoJiATic Position at Wakmjnotok ? TV government of Venmwli b?? >?)>? n ? wfce Mop in app< intlng General Jos? Antonio IVt IU Minister Plenipotentiary at Wwbirifr'oo in tbe precast critic*! eifntm Mance* tbat Attend It* pub. A revolution. grow inf out of tbe policy pursued by tb? Mootgu fati.ily in their ambition t j rul*? tb?fr count y? ciiirjug up the lowett ei?mer*?of society *ith all the %r?u( dMnsarociiicrn now mennc* not ml) the prf v rtm-nt. but all tbe iottreati of tbe b"'ij politic with destruction. At tbe Mine time, 'be inopportune pre*-ure of ^panfah claim* ha? broupht about a rupture of diplo matic relation* with th*t gj??*rnmer)t. and there are tot wanting ehrewd observer* who believe 'Jul tkt a o?i? military preparation* now be in* tr. ?de at (laraoa are intended for u*e, in part. In Venezuela, and partly is St. Domingo. In tbcee critical circum?t ?ice* it U not Mrarte that the republic of V>nw?ueln ahould l<M>k to Washington fir counsel and moral tup port. To at'ain tbe?e no man la betterfhtcd thin General P*fi I1m name U almost a synonym for fr-edon? in bit u?n country, and hia heroic pvt. M* Mgh character and bis eminent perso ?. ?l qualities entitle bim to respest and fympa tb> Irtir tbe government and public men of tbe flirt n pnhliiyT Uw world B* ha? filled eren the highest station of public ttmt and honor at brikf, w*1 bis large and v*r*?d experience in rubric nltairs insures to bit countrymen the ablee! d<>: X of tftoir lnU-riett served. At Washington be will be received with respeot by all, and listeeed to with attention by those who have the direction of publio affair*, and we doubt not that his counsels will redound to the benefit of the highest interests of both na tions. THe KlimaB't Pmm? sttd u? Primes mt Wait* Notwithstanding the disappointment of mm three hundred thousand persons who oould sot see the Prince of Wales on Thursday, oat of one million of population, besides the male titude of strangers, the ardor on Saturday night was unabated, and the numbers thai thronged to see him and the para4a were greater than ere r. All around the Ffth Avenue Hotel and Union aquare wan one dense mass of human beings, whilst from Fourteenth street through Fourth arenue and the Bowery to the City Hall, and back thenoa through Broadway to Union square, the side walks, more than half the streets, and the win dows, doors and stoops of every house, were filled with human beings, independently of tha five thousand who marched in processioa. Thousands were brought together from the da sire to s*e tb&t procession in which each had some friend, as well as from curiosity to see a live prince. It was a grand carnival of the citizens; and what was so gratifying, not an ao cident occurred, nor any approach to a riot. Where else could such an exhibition take plaoe without both T Where else, indeed, would their rulers permit the people to assemble in sueh vast masses as they did in New York during the lust week ? The parade of the firemen on Saturday night was one of the most brilliant spectacles ever witnessed in this country or any other. Whether we regard the variety of the decora tions of the various engines and carriage*, the splendor of the illuminations and the profusion of fireworks, or the numbers and character of the men forming the procession, and th? stead v discipline and order which they exhibited, it was a Fight of which the Empire City has a right to feel proud, and which muit have been highly instructive to the statesmen who accom panied the Prince of Wales in tis tour, if not to the Prince himself. In the chief city of no other country in the world is such a spectacle possible. These citizen firemen and the citizen soldiery who passed the Prince in review ou Thursday are organizations peculiar to our free demo cratic government. With such defenders the American people have no need of standing armies, and have no fear of any hostile combi nations against them. Their courteous recep tion, therefore, of the princely representative of a friendly Power cannot be construed into a timid servility, but must be regarded as the generous greeting of a nation confident in its own invincible strength. vVere the UniUd States less powerful, New York might well hesitate before it so la vishes its hospital i'ies. But it can afford to be liberal without the imputation of meanness la its motive. Nor can any one suppose that tha reception which the Prince of Wales met with in New York is a tribute to royalty, for it is se cordially rendered by the whole community that it forbids any idea of that kind. It is sim ply the expression of friendship and oourtesy from one nation to another, without regard to the form of government? a recognition of the ties of kindred and commercial relations. And, in addition to this, it partakes of the nature of those frolics in which New Yorkers love now and then to Indulge. We are earnest and grave and careworn in the pursuit of wealth; but we must occasionally have onr pleasure, and when we do relax we do it not by halves, but in a burst of enjoyment which astonishes not only Europeans, but the inhabitants of other Ameri can cities. But whatever may be the motive* which as sembled such multitudes in New York, the Prince of Wales cannot fail to derive instruction as well as pleasure from what he has witnessed - lie has never seen in any other city, and never will again, so many well dressed people. If any rags met his eye they were those of late ly arrived foreigners. The Impression made upon bis youthful mind must be favorable to this country and towards democratic instita lions, and may bear good fruit at a future day. He has seen that an intelligent and educated people may safely be entrusted with self govern ment, and that there is no goverumen: so strong as that in which every citiaen has a direot inter?>?t and a legitimate control. We tru?t the visit of the Prinoe of Wales to the United -States will not be without effect in enlarting the free dom of the British people and expanding the democratic element in English institutions. OymiU awd DnmtUc BlftUtri. Ik* jml Imflox of au-emere to eee lb* Prlaoe of Walaa Med the Iheatrea mad other place of public ?in iae? oat a eery d |ht laat v**k. The Opera mmoi oIomkI on Mm day The irtlM |?n HkMU?" Md lb? drat act of the "Traflaia'' M the PhUa' IpbM Ar?lM)r The Prlaoe of Walea aad aoite wort pr eat ?t thw perf<Kt*eno?, which ww an eicelleut ooe la tverj r.apeet Th?- Miipn Mt uooubm that ttiojr will tjapead efMraWaaa i.ett after tl.e Prratdtbtia aiectloa, aad that ?tt acv laeoa will coma**)1* about tha 7th of N 'eamber. Mr Torrrat hta (< M hM KTtad parfornaiM*. of-'Klag Imt" three timee, at Klblo'e Garden. The aame play wilt be repeated oa Mocday, ?"~tc today avi frlday ?f thia weak. Miaa Chariot t? toahman haa (K?c ptaj inf Mef Marrltoed all the weak to crowded t.iae?a, aad aa the temaa ? far e*ate la uoabeted, tha piece will probably r. tela Na jlaee on the btl. thia werh. \?oaf theatre (oart tha app?*rarie of t'karkitta ? aahaiaa la thia her great ah* recur la m art at af erarreiy leaa m'meet than the arriral of tha Priace of Walea. ThoaeahoUU to f aad we btr wUi regret It. At Uera Kreoe'f ihr.tre tha new (rut dr* na, "Aibna Araca," la atlll raaaiag, and fled* larar with re ?iiraral ta a td eanea ?? Ai eeo AIMS" wtU be plared trrrf eight thia vaaft. Mr Wallaek baa fa aad a (Old ?lue la Julia I i|ha.al rmaoua fraud?, "PlaylBf +1* Flre,n tha attrmeiWa of which lurraaaa with aaoh p*tfl???eeo\ Itfeeiaef tha pVaauiieat rowed tee ta tha iaairaace, aad * moat ea rn iraWy acted. " H?y*I wnh Fire" erery eight U* farther aut km, which la a locg way or. Mr Bmaftaaa ?a h, opaa Ji Uita coanedy at tha Hay narkat aatiiaM of thl* B<?th. At the Unwary theatra Mr. Chaafraa haa b?oa rw engaged. Be play* thia crewr* la "Haw Tor* aa it la," aad "Palae aad Trae ?? At tha Ifaw Bowery a aaw local ptaae, "Tha Oaraar * a Flrr?ea," will he pradaoad thtaaaea.ag. Tba pleae haa bewi yotiaa ap w!th a?w erei ?ry aad apt "prtata labtrMt. Tha third act of "Faat Woaiaa af tha Mo4an Tmm," and "A Klea ta tha Dark," wUI ale* ha ptoyWL Be roam "a Maaaaaa, which now haa a hMtorte dMMW Uoa, bar lag beea rial tad by the Prlaoa af Walea, haa bee* dntaf a lae bnatneaa wltk "Junph aad Ma Braah tm,* which will ha refwatad amy after*** aad ara atucof Ibla weea Tha tthio^taa Oparmlawt te^Wad by the at?r?a, r<?. TQhdoaa aad crteae whieh r ra w>i ita Irrla* place e -m pedltera. Mb ail of Rryaatt aad Haatar ? Oaa^haii a ar tieta are la tba beet ?a?hla wadittaa *??a ladiov tlea aa to their ?eft?i *>T adrrrtMa? nia? ?.

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