Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 18, 1860 Page 4
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ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the N?w York and the Arabia's Mail*. Keluforeciiif in of fie Frcneii Porti o ui Koine. Sftpokoo litJ-sttlveii 10 I'rotect llie Katrinim) ?i >1# Peter, lialliiiit ( '???.?< nci of the Irisli Iiro;arie in Iraly. THE KKHKIJ.IO.N IN CHINA. Onr Constautinople and Florence Correk^oadcnco, ??., \c.. Ac. The (tramililp N>-w Y>t<, Capltm Von Panteu, from xmthkmptob October 3. ?rns Ml ?s tU.-. p >rt at lis o'clock !?y moralr* The Kurr,!?<m mail* In tbe CIj loit , l>r<>pcbt by the Arab*. reached Uiu> clt; from Boetou at u Uto bour iast a gbt. The main point* of the DfWf by tbrae ai Lave ilrrndy borti |iuMii>bed Ttie iiU imtiStp ADiirir.i at t.' ob the COth of 1 ii |ilmT i r. ?i tl ?t (. vs-rp""! i n Mou Oct 1. The tWltni i |~ IUvaru arm ? i ul C<>* uu lae ?v<? c : Of tbo i#!n ol x pu k'? r t?ar Fiorent r Cor**?* ?. Flohhm ?. Sept. 2*. WiO. OarihahJi's Want of lHncret on? Probability of (It- Sardinian* <>< spying l(< *??< sil ?f A',r"' (Sold ? > owl hmif icier V-< Pro- ? Dirta t.,r Cattanin- MUM** llV.i tker-fhs Yin or?Jstrge Vt< C:ht?tp Fruit Tburuts? Ahuriratu 1 in < > it looks a little too much "s if the dlctatnra nt Naples wished to bee me the ti.'Utora of all Italy. But w there i< u ? onsututWm. a Parliament and a King iu the North, it wbi? a* if it would he enfer to let cban?e* of men nn?t r< bl' trM'' ' hv t>'l> re pular processes. The day Mm -A fin the meet in" of the Legislature la now on'v n week ahead. Th.. MmU-ry.in *.l " frat.k-4 an i t.. st loyal manner, wisl to preaeiit ? ? the at credited repr. ?cniativea of the country tl? ir account t.' the condition of ufiaira and of the court-e ? ! conduct which has b. en pur sued, and which it is tueir iiitcn'ion to follow, to be confirmed or cond.' "<1. . ac '? ?- to the wia dom of the PaMinment. It is the opinion of moat people that the Minis-try w ill be m tained. No in consistency wool 1 t,e preater th in that of d-smi-a ing a Muii?ter, or pronoun ing BRSiin-t his policy, at the n) 'tnent when that policy was in pro of n# of triumphant execution. Other mca:ia wi?l doubt! chi he used to reconcile Oaribaldi. While the talk at Naples is of ni ir hiuiX atraight on lir?t to fiphl and diiie out the still resolute King from hia last stronghold of Oaet*, and then att.u king Home, with it* French garrison tin* ad van e oi hin< Victor KmanueFa army from the south. toward* the Holy City, i a mueh more rapi 1. I? would not he the moat extraordinary thing which ha.-, happened, or may happen, if the l\ .-uch soldier* should receive an order to retire fr<im Rome aa t. e troops of Piedmont approach the city, so well pi - pared arc Uiey to have transferred to their hands die duty of taking care of the Holy Father. By various ai ttu whhih we witneaa. the conclusion 1a naturally enough rune to tl at au< h la the inten tion. If France will allow Piedmont to march upon and occupy e\ ? ry other tow n except Home an I I twu Vi< , Lia, no reason iu tbe world . an he con ccived why the-, ai^o ahc UI not be given up to Sardinian garri*ona. The temporal power of the Pope U gone certainly from the moment that the venue are cnt ? ' by which alone that powur an he matained. lib. lloltaeaa cannot fish out of the Tiber, as St. ^eter and the otheT Apoatlea might In- re don- , the mean-, with whhh to a istaia bbTU *'ege r.f Aneon# i? going lor* ard so auc ce-^ully that there 1 in be l."t lif le doubt tl.at ., A ven tew d'?v. Cen. ?? iiai.fi Will be able to rei ->rt thai he l.aa I" raasteroMI1.1t trn it tunc, be an ?dditioual ' T ?i.n t mi ?u to I, en. lam 01 ciere to be ?? mque ? i l,x 1., ol.. .ch-.olf.o-w. It aid that i laUiini livl I V" >ri< lere w?re uot > nlv at t.e I1. lyt, ;'hn. , ,1 in part, at the same time, hut 1.1 the sauio !?. , 1 nvals a. * altv a.- tlien, V , c . w in - troru Naples of the ap comti o :.t of Cham * fattanio a? pro dictator ts ,0' 1 e, < ived with lavT here, l.ut is taken as a ?,?n ,.f a tendency <1 tliit.p* m that nuarter ntore I ? ote unfavorable to an adjnstineut wich aa K , red The 1 ha?Rc. n.ade at Naplea ot persons ?i.nnected with the management of civil aflain under the new order a di?> rder "f tliinga, are ?., frequent, real, or at len-t reported, that one indai' difficult to r> mewl r or to know who are holding conspicuous poata ot pnblie tri*.. Oie Marquis Pallav i.-inu Trivulilo.h wa* bene*e?l. would hax. the chief place, with the 0 ntlden -e ot the Kmc. in the direction of affmra. n* >->'OU aa lii ribaidialuHild one# more tak. the ne l. We are enjoying inoat deli.-.??ua w. ? o r n w . tlifl par t of Italy. 1 he atn , -pbcre !* fu.l of a jolJ en -" en which ?l;.r./le? the eve li*e the dir - 1 be., of the sun. Ho- aky is brighter, and ot a clearer and purer hue. than at any othe ? MtmM the vi at It. 1 >ed. the weather. ?nd 1 e w n h# *? pp.-t of earth and skt. are ! ar.lly U .? eiutifu' iu-t tin w 'ban what you are ep|;>ylng of oar >?? ? cons India 'i summer. I e ?? '??<' ' ? tiui.he I and the yitld is more thin .1 "ih.e .Ua any M-a-. n for Uie ,...-t 11 .e year-. 1 >?e people art' bop in once more I. r < eap wine next to the c- , over* of iu Independence, the grcat-atjo) 1. 1 cm- ? ationofthec mntry. n.e ?** ill ti 11 ^reat w atei melona. a id now they are leist ng upon frenh fl*a. ??' tl . se .? .to /.en of the best 1 nay b- bouizhi for one ..f oar cents, and two d .? 1 ot Ui? not ao go ?l for Uie sam- palL - M ' V(.'V tinest trrapes for the table niayno' t* three ami foireent-. the pound, and 14 ao tempting that one indj.ge* prut) ??.??> ?" Tl\et ne weather begina to brine bi ? 1. - ' rnoi hill side, and th. shady vallejs Ho ?a of ? im ..er atwrnU ea. W 1 th tlie?e be* in also m be m.\ea , K ,?t proportion of incoming tourists and an ,LVwav!^T. It Is ? x pec ted t! it Horence wiU l?e rrefy full of foreigner# the eomaig wim r. 1. r the niatt< r i- a ""ulv made >ure by the Inrgt n 1 n ber of I. Miaea t.*k- u. Hin-ial centre# ior our c?un trym-n are ui w ly to be forme, I. several Americans, b ud of the festlvtUea whj h our be *ir tiftil c Kintrv women s? much a lorn, have ae ared the beat house.. Among Ho ^ that mar be named. Mr. Jamea Kwing (3o le v -r ? ? ,s that portion of the vast Piu 1 Pala -whi U waa the reaWence of the l it'" *natrton 4?baas?d.*. Our < 'unaul (lenenl. Mr. I I- ird Millet t h^ ? blialied l.imself in the Hand, lia Taj > the 1 -t bMntiml. ita exterior d- . ir i and in 1 ? " *? ?.f all the Florentine palace*. It Is 1 -n-... a m nt his:on. h- 1- '? ? ' -s than beeaose ita plan was made by Raphael. It m.a f .v. - a n w decoration, gieen to it t-y ? tr n?'; >nal sh,. d and flag: the shield and flag, indeed. O' 1 ?; . ntry w 1 '1 .. crrown up on the ahorea of a c .nun it >n. j dts o v er cd at the time thi* house was h i lt. ^ P ?s a satisf. -tion to know that oar c??ula'.e is the . r tabli-hed here tinder the m -r aj st. ,11 -. ktn-s and iu fact, the ouly P?e whioh ha. je. b^en opened. ___ Initrnllnil from Tarlity. ov* oo*?ra>ri)?'?rux 0OH?*sei>ai>?M.Tt. Coni?TanTt*?>rL?. flept. 13. IS .0. J^af O'i'f Rnrryy of f'.f Urond Vi if?T? /afri^?>es and /K#<e? 1* of ;> lf, <<, m V ~ ? 77.e I 'n TKtt'Vinhrr'nrrtf of Tnr' /?If ' "t It b 71? ile MeMfd-Cboamerw Si*>j nU and M m ey tbaro* ? l'a>hn' t V. - .<?*? i n ,?Jyr!<r ? /Vojximi .Ver frill of Otr Bu*i vn lt ? 1 /fc til of Mr. Jo/.iwsf >1, V itr* fbn-l (/ftrr.ii-frntr C'/ r^e * A.i u,M s.r 11 nry H>ti W* /.'?> l*> atpu l- lh<w . ;/,ji Hii/U*** Kl H<"?i ?* Rank ?l .to .r,? mrnt* HaMnxvt tn HnMrndji. fa.. Ac. 1 he (.mod VUer. Meboni't Kibrtsd Pa lia. .?-ill eonUniiea hia via.t V the n therB provi-i a of th" ,B., re. and ia doing niu- h goud by his. -al ai l j.j rwUt eiWtatu ha*f |ail?ce <ltMi.' ' ? ' '! !? A" of the Sullfen'a subjects. It is said bere that hp hu found ahtiudant prsof of the intrigue* of the L?u# wan govtrnmeut to rouse die <rdert< [in these pro mii '<%, especially through the (ireco-Baasian clergy. Fr< m Preetina, ia Albania, his I lighuess proceeds to Bosnia. aad will probably then be to oslled to this capital. Notwithstanding that there in i < >t the leant occasion for it, the liusnian govern ment has urged upoa the allied Power*, in connec tion wit* the late outbreak in Hyri* and th? nomi nation of the < ommisMonof investigation appointed to tr$ the perpetratora of the atrocities committed there, to allow the Czar's troops, as ever, to occupy the two province* of W&Uachia and M<>l lavi*. aud the soldiers of these smut- provinces to occupy Bulgaria. Thin denotes mistrust on the part of Bussla of the Ai glo French ert/eiuV und the policy of Austria, and clearly shows also that tne Cssir b> not yet understood with Louis Kapw leon on the subject of Turkey. The pro jected dismemberment now spoken ol h?re is to give the two principalities above named to Austria Constantinople to be a port put andcr a joint protectorate; Russia to take all t.i th ? ruiu? of Kan and Krzeroum.Ac.; France Syria, aud Ku&iland F.gypt. The islands ot the Archipelago qui;.- small bone* of the turkey are to be "snafHed up" by (Iret-ce and Sardinia or perhaps even the t uiu d States, which, it in generally belit wd, i< ' d.r im. 'toict an inland for their naval f? ices in the Archipelago, You will be aurpi ised to leva that by this arrangement KtigUiid i? to get Kgypt, inclu s if of l/aseps aad his wonderful t audi; but such i* n illy tlie case. Indeed, any one who ba> ob served the for ^n polit y of lirea' Britain will readily nee that she will "go her death" on the point of keeping Fjzypt tiom France, .. : i'u-i ti. wu-t Louis Napoleon well knowK. Commerce is tpiite t-t ignant h< i >. The reei :pts of U e < 'u.stoiu House ire being very uisiguiiicant, ami :i is not seen how the Porte can continue to support itscl . It pa>* iu ciiy t . ? ? ? j . .1- last a t po ? ih'e, and tin Sultan's mint i- busily engaged making copper ? oius from old i tnnon and other copj r Irnianent ?. The p*|e i? rurrer y is t ? ! I iu < ir :!atiou, a; d the e.vch.i ige i.ti London i* again rising, though , Indeed, this is iii"- ? due to the po erty of till i >uutry and the abieute ol trade than to tlie iu'Tesse ol the p*p?*r money in il>e i l, ital. Why Pi te doos U'H e it>!.-,'i a bail i or sub-treasury, with tit* power of emitting notes whit h w u..d i in ulate throag'i >nt the whole extent ? I' tii' t inpire is out seen. The Ottom?n Ministera think that the pecuniary diflieultiea of Austria aud Ru? .ia are doe to tii r iuit eu c- paper turrency, ar.d end s vor not to full into the aann siiare. Bussia ia quite bankrupt, aad hi r be*: troops have not been paid lor nuuy month*. Fuati Fa iia < i.tmues his energetic measure* in Syria with t i t, success. His condilGt hat in spited a whole me dread of him throughout ill tlie Hoothern provides ol the Soli ft It 1* sai l that be !iaa recommended the renewal of the old I i-tern Institution of the Bastinado and! Iie\e that its abolition by the suit ;ri lins dot e ni lc?i lutrtu aitiong a people whose violence is m fio ratio of the power giv?n them to >xeiut "iu aeives It might do oood in more couotriea than tlji-4 , where perturoers t?f tiie publ peace uro mote nunierou.- ihuu patriots, a:id auuuaaiy justice tfleeta much good. Kelijious dMIereuces are the baee and blight of this country, and are even more di-.i -m -u> than some political one-, are elimwht re. ia?( li <?l wiucH could iw portly cilm ?'! by the use . i t le baxtluado to the feet of ttie leadt. of the people wl* u law cannot reai h tbem We have heard with ni ch p<in t!". d nth of .Mr. ?Tohnston, lately appoint*)! Consul (reti* al for the I nitcd St ites a' iht> capital. 11 is aaid tliat b - left > the Putted State* in ill health, ami titer reaching ! Malta with hi* utnil) was compelled to proceed to Italy, w here he died at Florence. HUlongex perieuce iu the aR'tiir* of the government iu tlie l>e f>artinento( S'ate. rendered him peculiarly lltted it the now importaut post of Cons d (ieatra) I .te. The number of \aierican citi/.i na here an ?ni.'lv iiu re as**, and the jurisdtctioD poasettsod t? y the ? oiisulate lieiietal over them, iii all civil aud I I itjiie .! t an s, rentiers it highly net ? s-ary that the t ens, ,1 atn'iild be a gt ntlein i i p t:ig ;i i .iroi h t'ducution, with a i ousi lera ie knowledge of law, s'eaily and correc t in I i< conda ! and i Mir t tin t< his fellow country nut;. By all iue.in* lie shou'd 1) ana tue .tint rit. <u cititfU, for tlie w >r-?t i oil; i i,ui net* eti ue from the apooiniinent of tor . . r eis, or even ni." n.ili/.ed eitaetia. possessing liiore interest in the It ling ol Uieit pot keis thaa in th> wellare and standing of tAe gtiverument ol tite I 'nited Htates. 'I to re is a strange t?!e In circulation here re , ? ting t hi Krttisli \uiba? .ol t. >ir Henry Bui wer. wnich his friend* are iadispoted to belett*. It is s .! it! that he has bi ?? tie embroiled in th>* at tempt to deiorone the preseot -ulutn. AtMi ui-Me- , J, in favor of his bro'iier, \btl-ul- A/ /.?/., aad that j the s.iltan lias asked li's recall by the i^ueen. Tue w ell known poUey of the British government to ,-!.mi Turkey, aiider aitf Sultan, rentiers -m h ? rse on the part of its Ambassador perfectly u t ,ess, and if it really prove ? t<? be the case, it will t erutinlv alto turn out to be a pers.'nal India crotionofSir lleury Bulwer, like that romoutied ?y him in Spain, tor which it* sovereign demanded hi.- recall. tine of the Sultan's ?'>ns in law. H Ma'iii Pa ha a crand-on of Mctnmet A'i Pach't. of I- -tpt 1 is lately died here, vt ry - ..! !."ily, by. it i tip; o-ed, it stroke o! apoplexy. 11 ? wa< he r :o he \irt royalty of Kgypt. anl a ri\al of tin* present Viceroy, Said Fat. ha. Ho wa- exti-emely rich, and poaseaaed large estates in F.gvpt. He ?po k i h? glish very tlueatly. having hud na Un^Uali Hirst* to attend him whtn a child. The Sultau has thre.> other daughters, married, y'l to per >ns of rank, wl.o e in tue chil Irin. by court rule, nre u >t t<t rmit'fd to live, and ao inoiea-!- the number of ,t ? imuts to the throne, i he ruilrojil betwe ti the ' cle u>wn of Kus t "ji, oath* Mac'. Sea. and tae Uanuhe, kaial '?-t b. en tiui-hed. and ctMMk'ncad operations. Tins is dt ?*.. nt 1 lor ; he nurpo?e of carrying f oo la ,'t I p.ism ngevs during the season of lee, when flic i iHnube ia iroaen. rhe railroad from Smyrna to ?td.-i, w ilnot beiialihed lor iflM three y au. RlflkBdi iTF-cnoN or L'M.i ?j vn.it or utKtuni, On inn*) , t-' |>t 8P, Mr Wni tat.?hti, M i'.,A. ! * n n- k r ?wMvt j l?r>l M i> or o' Ux. : i M?r i i ? ? ' .. J- ?r f. Ti ? CHttMl 1W PA"!*. h U iiular bt.irm lu I'urU, .? conne -tten m tit i# irvta u OMtlaatf, vm oiwa?4 an i n t?r i ? ? f ? ? |-.?ui.c? in fcori?i?? >a whK-S tti' "? I > t .m l tiM wi M U' reolf ut tan - c>n'efTe?l n -r, U. cuanoD with lie I .. bi t h> to ? > ->u?'il?r ?<??. THE HANVMT IN IRRLA.VP. be at ?,* !? tl uur* Bn? tad rmmlik. ii! <i I '? ? u<< r* ? itttM t .?>*?? *tl th? eropa la ?<-il circ.ua ? ?. u i diatrirta ? t>? qo t? *?f? ran* t N?rou6j?? * vt*tT to mm.A*n. II ? lr.per>al li il.oaa 1*11 I'j^lm m itti j?y MMrn'if ' ?r <U'.i btrloa 11m- FrltM rM irni l a?tm to l'J?' ? law l>' ? ?*t en~ 'i(, ?t It ?] t ? K g* |u? a , he MlwkM, Alb h ?am>, r?a bmr i It a \ It'.. that II ?? -inoe ht? Hi#e to U>i *. ii*i hi or th? mm. or jw.mr. "> ? UW't'Hi !\m i H rvj Mou la fecar ut#i it ? MiM, i ? * iti' i-.ir < 1 t ? m^lu *1 att .i ItiiU . ' tie h?rl >rf it, t'ttl h ? i r >1 p h?< pv <1 tBr>) i(H I tt 4M> ' * Mr. nt i ?? atiMk hr H 'cji h? ?w MMti.cd, ?o4 t .i he t prufr< i-?tV( ropuiijr i ?r?.-d? rcouvery. vtx* rt.iiB. ? DMftl II -larn r,\n th.%t Un Vtrtaba* l?>i?a<1 up i u lie ? ?n I ? l??, B u out uf re??' l TtIK - IK- <>* Kti|.tfir 4CI TT??*T?. Tft I'ejmr en?ti I' .H?t , of Juo* l??t. th* f?*?al Vn m Ike v 1 14 t<o !>?"? a ?'im fiaa Cf 1U t ri l.nfc . >, ttllN Idf VHiMM M4 tawl T>r I'M ? ?*>rr.?, lit if tfc? l/oi?.lmi Pott ufi - * t ir*ctfort MM t> coo?>*y vna H : ' -oiBle <i.r RiMBe b?e? reoalrod l!?e i>'i to r?T# :?ti n (or M?rii'iilr?, wti?ra the eo')?rka I n wi.i take t< *v T di'r TW# ??t? ? t >ett> r TiHttM of IT* SHI' ?W. im "<u i Hie <<rir.kii"H of ? ni>* Mfil din ? i ?nil the .(eepiwh uf fr*?l? tru ?* t> H >n?e K?*f v 1 mirn Phrw w W ' 'tttni tn fmr*. Me will !???>???? ? t the ?????? ?U'r<? of ttie xa* Kjrl?n ?t ' rootautr, j *nj the (team ft ;?t? I'.milre M ? (llt i m |? t > he (it t ? ted ?' T u ?" t ?>? r??fly any ?T?t wlneh m?f I ?r*>e v rtif* ? if T 0u? timi i? to lewre T?f'>o ?t um* fi.r Civ'.u > torn ?. ?-ii it i? c pr>hiii? th?t in other JiTl'.oa ? Ttly fw Front e r**i?, i?, im*. Tho M mi'**' i~ "'B l?lr? 'he ful'.'iii'i* ? tb? rmp>vi>f ha* ttr >l?d ?;? *i 'irtn. *l%i- Ijr re nf->eet?f tte ffirr* '?! NHfllK'i ?t K. u.r, hf ?? 1 ig * 1 -nloniTf Infuitrv , itro *q i?dr"t? of car*' v ?na a Ij ?l>ory of IT ti tery The f* -'m (Ot" 'M -a "/ wmo ! tlMi Q? nrrii flu) unto -t" i < M(aart*Mf bta m ? n ?? t ? the u. i urr onaJ i > ?# l<? UN i t-*ii? I" ? ?? e *iil txenit hia it Hfperlr -f the |tr>al ?* e? ai>?eiijblM lo 0?? ? ?mlnprv ? <"te? t?r ?li i?n ta-' ijuwti ?n' whl t h?*e tr*er? tc Il?'jr otfl of UI* trerta; b?t ?<M!l th?? tie I ? en ev ?.t ?* tl rlmfwror. .o < hi' ? ?U" Wtllb* m* r ll<fc>lf, will ? >n?ln t > A ? *?'.? ?t^e lntt ? fni' '-*<m ?t? "0 ?'"> HI i' . - ?r ? ?t ? (???> ' ? "i<- of our ('?? in iu?M,ii Wf*tter,.? ot,r? ,n T>-' ? '? Jer? C0?U ie>1 tn? ?aawMtee Uitt cabodjr i'< plored mora Uu the Bmperor . ib? cihum ukea bjr -- rdtnia. Coder actaai dmim ruccea, however, th m e of force, inwead u f aimicixa 'i ft, would bat i|(|rt ai? the eni, by pliu^lif Italy i uto * rtniffle from wtu n t. peoeral war might ?ri*e. The reply also stMed the to order t? afford aa aUJcacioga pro toctioe to lUe Holy < e, the French trajr Is the Papal Htab-e would be la na- ed to 34.000 men, whoae miMioo { would be u> make t i atrlmony or 8t Peter respected ? ! tbia "patrimony," ,w< erly *o called, onmpnaiuy * |? m | latino of 420 000 ao : in, and Including Rome, Uinta Vjo < itia and Vilerl>o. Var?hal Valllant. tb* defender of Rome In IMP, will, In 1 cane or Dead, aaeuine the command la ohler of tie army of occupation, fbould tbo patrimony ol til. Peter Do threatened by (iarlbakll or i'lddmMt Paw*. Oct 1. iaao M Tbouveoel tem'nred bla resignation 10 the h nperor while at Ajarcio, Instating that a more elli -aciou* ureter t.oo ahould be grwoted to tlie f opt . Since t? return ? >t the Kmperor and tt.n reply given to the Uofco de Cbuoie, M Thouveoel hu withdrawn bis rea.goauou. The London Aivi t**ru- r irr-*pood*nt says ? Tie panic created In the cona uerclal world by th# In ntiou of tbe Panal Kui.e ba* to some nuturi ?T> B doo , tiow that It t? n?*n that the Auatrlan govern snot laakM qu'etly on while the I'aoal arrnv was destroyed, ll wa? l.ared that Auatria woul I have defended tti ? I'*j*I "ttM< h. and that to ia a general war wi>uld h ire brr>W?u (Nit. The Immediate duiger mat wan dr. ad ed h>a tl is disappear! <1, kf Preach irit'etuu n bavn beeu obliged for iMton month* pa?t to nve from day to day; they unit go on w Ibeold uay i?itll *oiue new canoe of aUtrm B'nil ariae In tbe meantime <-om nerctal irarstcti ms are wrry mucb restricted, i<arliouiarly Ui tbe mauaCactunog town* Italy. Havi^ia, Kept 3d 1S90 Tbe hKirjt*n<lfrw* Bdyf ?ay&. ? Tbo portfolio oi l.tnii>ricii're baa fallen into the h&ads of General I1 auti. H uwtatua letter* ol tbe m wt oompro ratail K character, aod the inort positive proof* of tiumo r< u? iiitrikiMD etitrrid into with the legitimist and even tbe red republican |>arly, aga.n*t toe go verotnout of Na potooa. Pbkuoia, S?t)t. 80, 1880 Tlie wbnle |>oi>uUtlon of Habina an 1 l,viu karu r^ n 1 1 the t ry ol '?b.uiauuol forerer." The Cbamour* of the Tiber have 'let, atea Uie Kmitirtoal ^oodar oiw. and aavo li(ii-w?i the ItaHao Hair >o utr left aide of tbe 1 iber. i.i i, r?l H '2uon'B columii is advancing \ rb? Ne*p. I tan |k>,iuUiioi of tti? fruutier.i are imi'!?r th| the proti ctiiKi <?( Kmaiuel (tie King held a military review to dav at B>lo|tns Hi> Ma|e?t> u I leave to morrow for tbe otber pari* of ?to i: miatna Or at irritation prevail! at P.omo Trj?ht?. Sept SO. ISM), 'he rtawii, M-filgBOd for li e nr^.erii ettiu<uii>b the liu I w ( i: tli' V.-ti?tiMo iu>?at is that OarlnaldiV *jr ia tie . ori ti> > i.Uviv. the ia* sjub ut nittot tn order u> ukoi .,jnd , Turin < i t 1 1SW VI tit Knao ? I will pan* the nljftii at Kortl, and Will ! ?#*? u morrow tor Ravabna, wbor be aiiI c nuaric for I at '."nM I,'. !'? ii^.< o si- "? ihi eaioini*' '>n a? Am iia *e? mt yet kin wii at Toi in file Sari'.mana tuuud 140 oaauona aud | 'W 0< 0 ll tbe 'ortr?*a I : i r? fr.,in n .|>i * to the !!7 h lilt mate that t*?e r.ow a.ii.1 ryii'iu.i >.j i.ai.i aiui oumj>riM tl'i;..uri Bianco, j t.t ,>? i-.. . I* ? r. ? i The il> i> jlati 'ii from S.i 'ly h.ot arrived at Tunn. i 'aHik, Oct. 1 ? K/oolng. Tl <? J'ttfri < 1 ' ' i' *' * tbit I irtC"*r arnrinetita bare iM-eii ofdarao at tin- iua rl?B r ri# in Ha Adrlalta. ib< ?in ? ,?? . >-r nay- -!i tm thai I nan iet, after i>? i, ir v-iiw. a i? . a. ?o, , .o.\vj toward* Uv NoapiMi ; t<? ?ro? tier Tto In.! ! ii 4i? i! ? ?a-ee newn,aad aids ? It 1* a ?? aiu ti nt tore*' Sirt . . ai . lbion* are about to eater the I. ogM in <1 Naoie* M 4MPRHVO F V K min i' <to nj- M -t/.'iiii. hi tded, "Neithf r Apoa fa'"- nor hole," han bf n i-iaed. The folio .v.iig ' ui> the ci'urln iing parage.-: We ciHitit Uk> ?<rly of i-aylaf, AOt that a republic li tlx* ln*t i in el p. temaetit, but iu?t we, Uo.OCOOuO "i 1> - u > M In tii> DUI'TI of our own e.?uoiry; th .iv.i tea b.' en M wo all wnb It; lUat our liberty 11 it "f <?., ib' !?. iut o' nur beyueeta an 1 iu Urn ilrm reeolu tit ii ii( . rrntiuli* lh*i it it in In ibe o? taHi'la aad act i '' ^ ? rr hik| (haaot-ries To nuke II <l"pon imil npoo ft ?lnn ??! i 'ii 1 4 Naivleun or air. .ita- r man m to proattute It.torirk ioemf it a.-aio.uud to declare ouacItm uu i v. nby ot ii We claim the liberty of ray at Uiat bm-neii the pro ?:'?iiinii of Oi?ouf unil that'' < ?rioalti ?-e pnlpr lit ? "?ii tmt without ftone aud \ i-uloa there If no Italy thai, eacepttog tie war of 1K09 provoked by Atuiria, a: 'J ciaiiiitiuei at fi ? i rl ? of Ni e ami >*vuy, by the a-ma of t..r Kta eror if i ?e Krercb, egneptiag toe inra ? I<0 of tfcc I an r""VH a a, prunMl hr oa, by a dn'.m mi, ?tiii h vi it' uU-'i. u? koltla'ireof ltau to .??uaoeipt ?to* b? l"ii(i la Hii |mnfi?nif (htur; tb-it K >to* end \ l ine ? i,i ream :a eleve* of tfce etntagac If the toaurr x tli* .ii d oar of the roiuut era doea ujt Mat ro vim a to fti ?? i nt ' ? t..i ? n tbi' Mxrty of ?ay Inr (h?t a free and united coot try v I til h I'm Med by ato. xieg thil or 'hit potuie in r tilaoal but by emai< tmaliof Pied i. nt and all Ui< nruvitcce of lut'y, and Italy *ith H m e. wtmh la ll? oeotre auii heart; t*i a.t tbe mill . i' a o anesitlon of tfc ? r inquired pro viuor* that l.av? acquired liberty, by placing thetn uolwr th'' | r> ir'anmir ?l UvM>, ana liking l*teiit away from uarthaldl, ?' p* tbo ?orement, taa.-e nu thi engU) of tin' root tr) :r, m Um huiitaof blot ah-. ploy ihi-f? wi-ii, hi pi*"" th?"D a tna baa>l o' a mi i vm I *i?ht? to CiailffBii i him I* liatllM, and for a ti mo to 'U ?culhe luatinf patriot;'' idea W ii i nitn ttvl>. aail i.olh'i % <*l*o Kefute, but di n. 1 1 a : nmn it 111 am al? t<? ?llll)? or wn ?i!<tl|f reueat ? VI at ? u -r* tor a repahijr, wq. n fi r l?o *fnr5 ?re hare ' i errr untie of a r- puhll ItoMMnl'niW; ulceut ? liheet^rra 'Tf ua. l''0.>l ri-peai, blia l arraaia oi may m om . rial On. <U I! -iu?ti. n? a hu dfed Mmeeileol 1 by f?i i# I *? iji'l ? xi m? H9aii.il ua. t?y p"ril 11 Hit falavi iinKtr, itio 1 '..i? ?!i 1 re to oa in a crvat rria?ur. ? ia< Ihrj fir' an : what lQ"y h?reaobi'-v -1 by 1 1 l.y >a ?? Ijimd la the b**t? weapon *Hu c ? a jrdi ;u iw- ..f uiiln ut Inraeti^aiUH. if tin won* of iiiot* ADi'MB** or rnr h^imurtin n ncrM mvrK. Tlit- loilowiiip addrr-i to V'irt >r Klinniti I, luug of [talv. has heen ntintrroualy digued at Xapli t: ??'trt V'Ki are our Ki' ( W ' hat ill mm:i? 1 you lo ?ar arnri-t u, ?linen *" hatr? aaluu."' you la ,iar juhllr p *1 . # *e bare pnelaNknl ym by rt.-iu( lo ?rm- a:. 1 ttir (iii iator tttaaeppe llanbaidl, wB'iea loyalty la et|itaf ui fc m cvuraur, and hia murayv t" We furtaae, aetere4 Nat'lee aitb the wonts ?Vlof r K nacurl anil bn ^(?vv'taata aie yi.ur Kii(a ami tbo Klaita <>C luiy " Mre, why ahw"M ?? bi> the laat of |*ie Ita ana to n?i? aad ?vlnime y >ti tr U? boa..? (f our i- iutryf Why ai "utd we b.? tbe la?t to et.Kiy tha WdkHb of a rorrrnmont ta vrhiru all tbe twii i-lpl' a of liberty, order, tirocreea aril atabilltr wbli'b ymi repr'a^ot, are th<- rol" as J fnaraot"" or tbe pollti *1 itireetioa of the "tlaU P H:*i>? (loine W? Nea ?>? Inaa* are ar <4oaa tl at }o.i an. u d c >taa to Nap<?a to "m ear rate -t > iau cni'v, ar.l r-ature [>??* and tranquilly lo tfc? hiii jj'iiHB. Mawiabtoaae Umaa Teteeaaa wve de '? ded )?n and lta'y at 'ale?i<oand Sao Mtrtmo. frater ? 1/ i f m 1U1 th<?! h-are yiutlii wbo. laatlag at Maraa'a, . w .u ni 1: Dt . h it allied by ibe poiiulaltno, hate de lirered the mort faithful at 1 not the lea* I lair of the pro Tin?a totniirg y?mr kinK'itoi, la order tha* wa all, (allied by your ? HKlom . may ma-. h het'?, wi.i tha rtrerpth if yar a?m tha akill of yo?tr r'."??rala, the botbaree and irealaa of ?.%r"i*lli, to orerthrow the re nt'Di: \i loearua of Italy, and complete ttc work of oar 1 exemption Km* trim. Vniai, Sept 39, 1MW To i'ay tin isrmixraof tbe CuuacU aeru reoeirc'l by tlitj Km <n r m tioal audieree. 1 Tnf hni> - ? aedrra^-i tli m a* fnlhei ? 1 1 hare lii a'd Witii ul .? art. .n tbe iYpo?u?d ?*prea?ivia .< rear lute for 1 nr cuulry an l of yoor loyalty aa auh J .-Ota. I rootoeatljr 1 ?,i--et thai my roaolati.m roapactin* your rtewa will, when pmnnlgatrd, u><> t wltb rrvady imreurrri.ee. and that iny grx-l lutoutlnoa will be grata fully ar .aowlrdgrd 1 ala-. 1 *ie?-t that tha laatictralioa t f P"P,i'*' Institution? a ill o^ta'n yonr crwrjetic ?up p rt. Tiniti, Sept .10, 1M0 Tlia rjtiperor haaaetit by t?lc*ranh ti tji. ao Victoria urn I'r 1 or Albert lix a'reere ei(.-aaaniaa of iviedoteose 1 upon tbe drtnlM of the mother <4 Prinje Albert V (?*?*. Oct 1. H?0 Ntia?re.m* a're''a hare taken pla-e lo flunjvrr 00 as I r.v nt o{ the dirat tr.lnation ot ruTOtutionary pmciataa tKHlB The Bi. tare r ,i*te? of HIO, 1W, 1?H, 1H37, 1V.6, I i?itnp"aitig yooi ? n.ea oi the i|e ot ttx'?ea yea-a, have rauert to ?i rr^-e. Tbe L'vy will Urtasoate oa thai t Slrt rVrtmbi r itit. Tium*. 'Jet 1. 1H40 I Arj.irt'l g ti adtl ? re?- ln?d tiere f-otn tie oitn , tntr. 'er in rhwf t.f the Frrj" "1 lutn at H-i ront. b.' liaa declare.' m ftt.i *kha that oe l a* rre>i<ai nrtera fmu I'arie ?o ptaee h>a>eelf at hieii.upMal, and 10 art eoeori'iir to tor inat'n. t '.i a acted apuo tw the luth ilt . at oe riatiMnopir, wta..n tnn l'.irtr aad the f.ire ftn ep aaeo 1 latitd !n?ee tnttrcrt cna ata'.e tha'. the rnropean iXuntnlaeioa of Taqu r/ r uM to* elalia an I vitionf ?r eiecat're powor?. the .am. beii jj e?n,t, reit rtaer-.^l to ibe r * liaoti kaary ' < ;rm< .i ,r >r the -u.tat I ? llrralr t'vnilail or tiie Pop* a Irlat) Hrl (ailr nt Npnirta. [Front the eorT'ttnti'l^eee f tne IHiltita Mvenluf Ne r? ' 1 Thord rannut harr bwi niueh rairr than 700 or *00 men. tf *0 nrttir. in Spulrto. while the attark iiig fori e w.t? at lr t?i It.QtM or Iw.fVMi men. A ? 1 otinrll waa held. And of eovrae , InetanUnenoa atir render w*? |tro,Miw,| l.y ? ime a* the moat military roan* in the fai l' oi vh h odd*. t> lieilly. at l*n?t, for the Iriah in the pnirUon (two cocipaaira, Vf6*> m?n). nVer'y de -lined to he a party to any ?nrh pr.ii eenfinif, ?nd iltstlAred that the man who would take upon himself to even atmouncc euch a atep to hia men would mn tiie peril of hia life. The conn ed, 1 can gather, *?< violently di*tract*>d on the point of eapitnlatinn or no cnpitnlatJon; but tiltJma'ely nn evpresa WM aeni o(T (o l< >me. to the Mlnii't'-r of War annotorlna that it was reaolred to defend the town a< beirt they conld, mid, thAt come what might, the Irl^h eonipartira wi re reatdred to hold the cita del till the l ourit r returned, or blow It into frt^ merit*. In 'he morning the Iriah at dawn went to maaa. And I believe every India idnAl man among them approached Holy Communion. In an hour or two ufterwarda the'y were called upon to meet the foe. Hie Hardiniana poured in through two of the chief utreeti'. ai tempting at first nutuing of a . annon td". and evidently confl lent of i arrying the place agamat aoeli a r.t-re h:tndnl of men At the bayonet'* point. They re. kooe<l raahly. For h(>?rt ther were held at bay. IJttie, of eotirae, | cotiM be done in the atreete i.v *tv.h a n-naii b >Jf . air;i -t It.ffiO 1 r 1 " . rw a ? t iort: arid, nt Uat. pre**cd ? on 1* err p? ? t. <)'R? iily tl'rea him.. If iofo the 1 i'a le| to nalii- the I 1 t a'aiid foe life or dnath for I death alot' I mijH ?v 1 r win-' ti e outer gate ' cr 'el t' 11 t li* 1* ' wo?n4?i| M nn* I tStetJe?>n,<ler **S8"d in,? the q^drangle. J X did^nf ,?!.!, ^V" H" the ???? ^ to die 1 1 u H 1 faken hi* stand there I to ilii. i itoy threw tbemsclvea upon the walla I ?', , If'"", i ? u*n <^ I Joplioiea rawed " Hit- leaJeii hail with deadly effect upou the be-ieger*. But ' how old walU proved miserable d^fruoe*. in d the (Tcniy, afi< r m brief bat deadly HTuggle of th* Sold y'lrM re'H U,e*,r- ?*???>?*?* toe old t ? u. A crash, a roar, and a petard blows ii into fragment*. Then the struggla commenced Indeed. In poured the besiegers into the outer lel'r nV'f ' l'0*'? mPnl'on do* not appear to belong to the citadel proper. However, a bloody reception met men. there. The Irish had two guns' I loaded with grape. planted iudde in a portion commanding Uir entrance, ami no sooner *v the

^'"mu 1' tli. Htuoite of ** ?*** than a tuurderoua tire wis o,?,ned mowing them down literally hke corn Uofnre the *i? We. Again, again, again the besiegers dwhed tlirouffh the gale; ugaui. again, and auain a per feet hail of grapeshol from the two fiecea in the yard, and musketry (run the ci'alel walla Ut'Iii n<] met them from the |n-i, i,?ide; while about, that would stir many a heart at home in Ireland plainly told that the brave fellow, felt but / i? lit"lor of lr''Ul<l was on the awful Make of the day. It was midday, and the ou,t* ya'd was still uncarrled. and the citadel it self behind untouched: but all t.?iis was uot Mod to list much longer. The I'iedmontese brought uu a piece or two themselves, and after the tirst di.s charge poured en through the sate M> SS MW,ert,i that ?f. tl,e ,l"r"ir Iruhoien who i ? iH . Kuns ,nHlJ" not 000 escaped A r i D0 1asr*r and they received none I ih iy fought at Tom the carriages of the pieces; they In e^?y:rMed. a' U'-lr T'"". however7 ! p D t, "J?!IW yard, ami the hoary price J. which it had been curried undented to t'ie he I w-igere ao easier and more cert tin -vay of d.-i?li-ix ! ? t ort r?C 3 u r'Hlf'DPf another vain gloria eftort at assault or eh Made. They drew oil m'L'v 0n* frora ,h,,ir ?"-*vy ar- ! .li 1 T' !Jf* STn iU ''N1' "Utdde. at oi-t?ij<e at which the oid metal in the tortre.s waa utterly unable to even no much as reply. la li-s than half an hour two breaches wen* madu A m-astgo was sent by the I'ledmoutese co-rim tnder o 'i MnVr ' '[ h""f,rs Wi*ri' ">ev aurr -mlered.' i? illy made his answer in the mid-t of I, - m ?ir' r'"'K ,ll!U "n" ??ave th?iu;ht procUnueil a victory, not the deatiertte re- >!ve ?t men rej,-,-tIUK -ol - ch.tuce i.t lifd ??l{,.iarn ; 1?!.' i,!wf"lU'' " ,r" y'""' that w. , V"""' 141,11 11 Hv ,l"iJ tbi- cit i del for . I ami the Pope. Ti e Ir-h who serve the p. ,r>. ne ready t.. die, but not to surrender." Hie <v'r? Ha? returned, hut If o'lteillv Imaged the S-i dii i,m? w< u!d give him i chance of a li *' t at tl ? !? mi-t tken. Th ? n. ? .,i once more, u::ij It I.. ;inie plain that the I.< in ? 1 ???? *????>' the ..i: ''-V " 1 "? while t;.<- i ii i d . I'f I ""k.' ' 'I'lf-iv oil, tl,. If pie. , I. of i i. ,t <_? like t,ii> >. ;'.ii. citlibr \ . iri l > inoi - t" >. ir. nd-r v.:.. the , ? ....... r .. r,'. ; 1' 'i ' V -here we:e:i.. - lire ? . ,rl f" t. The w.'i - wt re in ruin-. \t ' i - mii, !uic I'up-.l de:, -ite, ?iUi au'liw ? ?? fi ?t left (1 K. ;,ly no 1-eaource l?it ohedien, ?? . e'lpe, an hi.- ;, r I. ,d reached fr,,,,, Mon-i<aor.- de M ,",t 't i> -o a-erte.i a ri ? I is ,,r ,(,a ?' orfif-rrsi ni uiipeiMfii . Iv ??? . i-? . , j , , u. e o ueiiiv il'^'iuiT"". ",>k t'*" I *'*~h in ir-h .u, H.rh tl hon< " ( ( wjir uu undertakin*, hon ver it j.-ade at a", n,.' kept. f|..>v ,j,js < ?f th'-ir hl. odj tn.-. re. ei ed l.y th - Irish' With f, ,.] i ? " i : ' r 1 ' 1 ! u??. whi.-h on* ??..!? ,n , ?l ot illu,ti.,i<i c?ri.,iisi* ,.ri,uh. Vs i;ia lrt-li comraniea were drawn,,,. i?,ide. ami th* s'rli nn. s t ling ?i n -cording t.> term-, of tfj } ''""'I trvmen, n i-rlv unable orook the .? i lit he, /i d a larce jar, bottle or ofl.er vc?.I wVh,|,T;'n' v- 11 Ch^-I d to be lying bv. xn.i I ?' one blow all but brained one of the Sa' li- ' nians It wis the work of a mo u. ut. when the mi|.e.,,ous f'.lt iiid one o. h-a compani.,,,^ wh<i j ? 'e * ?tri-ke in hi- defence, fell befo-e h ,>l it.. >n I ri'iU#d with bullf-t*. Th? r? hi i> M<K>nto! l. Tiii i'fy I and all prisoner* were marched off next dnv Z Al'.aaaadna. The imbliu ,, y. also publishes the following private letter; u . S?tit. Ifl. Is id. Many crimes of the M?ek,-t Iiti- have bc-n oer Pi 'rated him e I wrote last. The con la - ?f the oa'diaian government h^a be- n m ?at itrm on- The I :?rW,' imt !hl' 14 pr*t-xi, and Wit.!,. I if -ny declaration of hostilities. hav? invade 1 Hke robbt rs and banditti, the I'ope'a Sti^' aad l hrf^.pd on several towns and fortresses. ' | ja ,!?'1?. r..l' hy ,,rr> columns one of 1 TO.raa.. the other of ?.,0o0 Hardiaiana. The -mrri. kon I nia'le i,n heroic re?i,Unee. but was over- 1 wo? h V, r"I" ,or' e- ' io't ral Schmil' wa * ' ?"?< *d and made priaoner. A com. ,y of t? Irish brigade shared the fate of ?he ^t-r. -ral .-,1 .e two o, beers who o.,o,mand?d. Ilia Ai.ev and luunC' C"rri,'d- 11 ls sported, to I'ied- , rAb'.Vi' ^ .,u"!n rl'" Po|.e*a array co-niuand-.l bv 1 rolot.el de( arten ha, . , v .-red it-Ml wit!, ,rv ; nun bered u .out l.ooo m-ri Injuns, Bel/nn". tt ] I < lie company , I t!.e Irish from \ri -oa i. Tfi jcol )- ! ml Set out t.1 r.-lie.e IVsaro. l i , Ji?,u K.i.ombr.m ? i 'iKo. V !r?i r/lini,ul '-" '|.;.he ? , .rued ri.-rn flock oT^!: . i r rJ0Dvl ?*?' ,' ; ov" """? '"?? ?? Jt In for., biin. Kin Img the ^ar.lini n nmivtiiat wa, att, King IV^ro^too strung he rna.le a iilOh' masterly ,etr,at. e,,tU:ig his w,v thro. It'll a body o I .... tJl,t t; to mt, I, ept hint, bringing baek to Ancoua nis?.'i ty bo'h mcu and artillery. ??uii.aie,y At Pi-rugi* there wna very ae\ re flihtin-- beforn it snrr. ndered. nnd one of the grand?unn of the eelcbraud l)e Ma,stre? waa either killed or wound tb^ IrtVf'vhh*dr*yrt n? detalle of the lo-se, ?f Tie Irish, \vho_ fought with their u |Ml)llV lleVardiniaw.14' easily Uk. ;, b> j Major (? |{, .11^ nnd some of the Irish threw them jHves into the citadel and sent a mea.,ge iT W that they Would Wow Bo tl,e f.wti-? r.,Ui- i than m. ende, ,t to the Sardiuiana. Mosi-iiiore \| n. I Z P,* ,Ut th" < oi,ld not hold 1 M?i r i?- i""o M orders , Major O li.-illy to anrrenj -r. and he a t I his e . n si3?,K:sr^^^r- 1 ?Tsas bjti? i The IW a regiment, called the (;-ii !? ,h-i? o i SwTVi?';, ' n""'."""1 '? is ?"?' I hi Miirtlp fope ? troopa. a-cord.ng a< t;. v Ut.,,0 to Lome. Will be di-irmed by t!,? Kr,-,i i i ft, i-L"" k comt"J?v * coming to a-i ??? J. ,-,j , lt'. rji peror ia abont to tfir iw otrtu ? m*.k IVohi .1 ei?Jo;?,'luf,?i" Un"P V' Itonian* in '"f ?r Pro^ "<HI K,ng o| ri,.. s.wsa'""" m''" <? ' We have no account whatever of iencr il l.rnn. ' ber?reh, i il, to felr,*<1 tUt' ?*erwhelnei by nu n Vot to achieve any expM, n i l " l,or,?i''r u " """ " 'w i hi ,f : o Hi, Z I K ,|l0W''- "nJ mHnv ^ thetaai ? e l ftfP lH?ina"? te?PP?tr. M?yOaipro. The Papal Nnrmlnaljr Orer the M?ri hr?. t (?< ?n ih? t.->u i'?i t wtitag I\Ot.) W had ot eacion, three day* igo, t. reprtj.i'e in our column* an extremely aMe pup -?r which ap peared originally 'n -V'f " <*. of Plorem <?. ?n Uie pre-. ri? <%tc of that portion of Central lt?!y comnionly < illel the Marchea. the upecula tioaa of tiie name writ 'r <>u the -n'conaive *toaa by whit h the C. iiit of Rone c>ntri.e 1 to t?t*bli?h a temporal ?o*. rt lgnty on the rotna of th- free fun rutin.* and petty principalities thro win *<> mn'h light on the queetion* now M ta*ue re?p?ftio| the pretcn*iona and tin* power ol Home, that our reader*, we l< el ae->tred, will feel grateful ?' bar* Ing th em likewise brought ander their notice. Prom the internal evidence of the paper itself, we ha\e \err little doubt of it* bci it frum the p>n of tiie aame advocate, Cit-nnareUi. wn?, by hi* e li* toohip of the do. umtrati n ibliahcd during Signor Parini'a a<l nunietrati ?n of IVoiogn*, hu rendered ngtial aerrteee both to the interest* of Italian pr >? grrae and to tho?e of historical mqniry. The arti cle treat* of the ri-e of the Paoal sovereignty In the Mar. he* !n the ftltlulM term*: ? The Court of Rome, which ln?* always endeavor ed to create rights and put forward claim* for the parpore of putting them in force a* -.ton a* the proj>iton? moment -iionl 1 arri\e. atel in the -ru - via? with the Marches of Ancona. After the imagina ry donation of Con-tantine It invented the donation* of Pepta. of Charlemagne. nf(H. Henrv and nu merous other*. with their re ??)??<? tive confirm ition?, ami to that epoch M > aut.es its title* to d trninati >n to a*eend; and. a* if these were not cn ntith.lt created *ponianeon* offer* and snrrendera ofjciwer on the part of the people preceeding th - dona tion* aforesaid, donation* which would not even have been nece*?ary had the other title* poaaeaaej any foundation in fact. Meanwhile the people , of the different province*, knowing nothing what ever of the surrender* of power which they w re alleged to have made, and profoundly ignorant that they were, or could be, tnade the subject* of a dona- 1 tion, kept pursuing their own conrae and governing . themselve* in a popular faahion without recog nizing a primacy of any kind whatever in any 1 quarter. A* retard* the Marc he* of Ancona. when the C-onrt of Home had net it* heart on obtaining possession of thein. it be fan bv frequently ending in the th rteenlb century a I'rev |e. vith a?? i ?rity mi i .i ; :!io.e ?<r. \m.*e? Tin-' i' i-i n ?? -t ?..? regarded ?n the -a-ni liuiit with a li -hop i? ;.i rti- , '?>?.?. I,*caw*e lo* authority wa* ret igtu/ed or re ape led by nobtwly; ae-l when he wa* refused I o*pit.o'tv In tV- r" <t riflee li ? wae ohligr-d to tnVe up hi* i ?rter? n M i era? t it tha' ti-ne an in?!.g*i''H an* p'a 'e -- le'ct * nvtime* !o the of Fermo at other times to that of Cameraino; and when b?- had the crotchet of exercising ?QIr*?"j earnest hip repudiated jurwdicti ?? the c'Ues. both far and new. took up arm*, and proceeded to drive him away from Macerata. l, l, i... la the thirteenth century U *w though. y nocent VI. that tli.- time had at length arri ived to conquer all the recal urant. *nd1,w'lh./1^ji* K',. despatched from aviguon into Italy Hardin ?l hg dio Albornoz. At one a politic an and a , w trrwr, making use of every artali e. hiring meet.- ar .??, forming alliances, creat-.ig nva nea bet <??* ? rent poll acal taction- an.t between ruling ; ?owing hroadc*Kt titles and excommunica i. . < , born. >z *nceeedi'd iu subduing cities iQ(t:-air?> fa in ill.-*, in planting, now in one > district and u.. * in another, the nuud?rd of the Holy tve. and u | obtaining outlw of allegiance But it wis not m hi* power to su >due and vsuqniah the natu.rt ?>? things. As the apostotie authority which he i r-d to impose on those provinces was redacted oj the same. it coutiuued only aa long w it *i< im puted by foroe, and it cnaaed oa the departure of Albornwz. Foreseeing what would lup lien, be wished by some great legal document to establish a right which would remain in force as a new title of sovereignty in lavor of the Court ul Bo ne. H? framed a code for the vhole of that province, an I having summoned a great popular Parliament in the city of Fano, be promuUatud it fend cauwd it to be accepted at this great meeting Thi* com pilation ot laws, from the name ol it-, aut i ir - Kgidio Albornoz is known to the learned uuder the title "Conatitationea ^Egidiana*." But in thin circumstance we are struck by a fart which historians have left unobserved. \\ hiUt thjjj code waw impo-ipd by the Pajml on the* I'icenc province, all the cities, oil the i-ominunw, drew up their own charter*, and treated the law* of Cardinal Alboruoz as a dead letter. The I art of Home cont inued, nfter thi- epoch, to send - though at long ineival* the I'residi ufore-aiu: but, a.i we have slated, obedience w*h everywhere refused to them, and the government reumined i-i the hands of the communes, with all rtifc right-, of sovereignty. Down to the time of Pope Innocent Mil., the I'opes, ? hen they wished to l>.- s-rvlct able to any lriend or pvrt *an ir the provinces, r> couiuiendel him to the lavor of some one ot tilt communea. However, whilst the fact.-, were so, Uie Court ot Rome wa> always aiming at the extension and continuation of wii.?t U put forward as H rights. although tho-e right- could not I -e e tercl- .1 iu cooM-queiice ot tlio iinanfmot:- utrersion of t!v people. It ?<??? irdi'igl* had printed, in UI7, at ?lew, the " Constitution, s .Iridium.:' it caused them to be reprinted again a* Perugia in UJ!. Thei-e two edition* are .i!m?.*t unknown t i !n-'o rians, so tl.at it l* h urtful it more thin fo .r or tiv< cop!"- have b<>on pr. - -rved, which are no.v bnrh I in so in.uiv (liRei. j1 litiraii'- Subsequently, un I tli. time of Cardinal di 'w|?i. at least I nirt -en edi ti ma were put.'.ishi d, nil - I t'lem including 'Jk- 'irst two, in the po*sei*.;o : of tin writer of this artiele. But in treating of t'ni* tiling. l?-w perh.ip-. at ? .. '? (|ii \ititi d with the trick e.nployc I hy tl e < -irt of li. nil . It took -onicthiiH' 111 IV from , or it ad't>"t something to, i m il sm ri.i'ivc edition ot the cod?* in order that tlo- ngh -. ol the Holy See ruig.it ! l>c more folly e? >, Mi-lied, -i id in or ! r t 'at 'isle, ' inijUt be , to Ic^iTirrKi*?, in smirc ?1 * * it t **c , ' the fut or#* uHur|i?ti'?iw wmch they f?>iv ?tl. Ill till-. I. lot Ave have the hi.-torical e < ,>i nntion of the exiretne scarcity ot the lirst two e.iitioiis. T ley were withdrawn trout cili ii' >"i .1. an I. a- fir a i po?siMe. suppressed tiy tli - c??u ' <>' Romn. to which the thought of tle-ir heiii* collated with t1 e later editions must haveb- eti extrem-ly disagree able. Nor, indeed, w is ie-h a ta-1 t:a'lert il'.--i; nor. indeed, co.ild it have 1. en underlake'i l?'iore the present time before lortunute and aiino?t in credible eveuts had coiubife-il to put 11 single 111 m ill pis-.^e.-viion of ill I the do-'uui' 'it* that ou^-it t 1 - ?' examined aud uule^ th:s 111 in had possessed the patience to 1 o'er into sue 1 an examination. Meanwhile the Court ot ISotu ? tried ev. iy me ill* to luedJie in the itlaiis ,.| the proviaee. toe folio vlng is nn example: \s the e'ti ? 'tis of Amandoia. in t'ie provin < of i>foli. were dii.ded into hostile tactions. Hie P..|.e at oace sent, as piicificatorH. a Dominican monk, wwl# pr?lHte, VI 'U* sir: 1 ore NiceoJo Buonapaite. Alii they t-.i.-ciod t!i" objects of their mi->'on, and ?re. moreover, the a nth r? of n charter wh. ii w a lopte.l hy the citi/eiw. But even in thi? charter, if we ev-ept tlie n;. re forms of laiiifii.i^e, tli* real sovereigntr j remain* \e*ted in the people themselves: and Rome only assumes tie- semblance of the ri^hl i.i propo?lng this pa> ifte in:dlati >n. 111 putting h.'i.-c.f forward, and in employing phrases capable or being twisted in the course of time as autliortte-s and precedent* for uer ancient sovereignty, l .w happened in UG'J. >aid the lluo:ioparte iu .|ne<ti?n wa> a member ??! the very 1?itai?y wliicu now r ilesi in France: so that the " irlb'sf ItglsUtnr known t < ? have belonged t<> the Bo ui.iparte family achieved hi- tn?k in the March - of Aneuua. Tli use Papal arts were at irst nnsuce-.sf.il Tlie people paid do 1: tcnf .n t? them; little, Indeed, that we positively are aware how m ll-l the communes were not merely inpo ?i'ssiou of their own -m file <>r mixed government, but that, even iu spiritual matters, they did not acknowledge tlie unjust laws ol the Roman eiiria. In lact, in that very rear the piibl e P.irliam. n'. ol I'trmo intimated to Si\tn. I\ . the proprie y ol r> movinsr Bi*hop Capraui ' 1 Ir.'iu les see, Pecan*" fin M-uiid .loos conduct off -nd'Hl the whole ei?y. S.* to* IV. refti-'d to comply w .'t t'se request, rhere npon Uie I i-.hop w.i* thrown out of a window aud dragged along the street b> the infuriated peaple, without the ( . urt of Ro:n< ever venturing 10 tako vengeance a;ninit a commune possessing. I ke a!l tin- othera ot t he province, tu'l.is ai?-l soven-i .iitr. The Court of iU.uie had u? itiier the right u -r tue power to do so. Tlie minutes of tlie pr vecdings. the speeehe- <le live-red by ail tlie orators, 'he resolutions of tlie Parliament, are still in exi-ten e, and they com ple'.-ly exclude every idea of sovereignty u.ide-r supreme authority in the II ?lv >?ee. The ^ame thing holds p "id of the other decre-? of <,ther cities and the nets of the Council, pre served at tiubhio in eighty parchm- ot voluaie-. supply incontestable pr ?ol* of this fact. The ar chtv ea of all the communes attest the aame. The first tni" aud real conq testa were ina le f.y Alexander the Hiith'a son, Ca*?ar Ifc.rgia, by the sue <-ess of his arms and by tin- masaacre ?f the principal families then rulirg in their citi-saml in their . astles. Alter that epoch Jooqtiests fol lowed upon cooqii' sts; various revolutions were J repressed: several ritie* re .Riir -d the aover?-!gn ty ot the Holy 8w, >ttt tccordin* to the condition* i or the bi lateral tretUe* treaties that United to a lofty and fx ::, f. etit d->m- the rov ?i rights. I ii" conventions pr .-r\ ? I * 'i* ar> hive ? an 1 111 t:,e 1.1.-; . ies of t h ? ? . . ..i n, s, a.i l the r. - ... r h ? -r of B .me. in e\p ** ai d tUgriut vio l?'i. n ?.l all tli ? j.s "s a_rr.-. 1 to w'o-i eon- leie j in 1 otine- 1 ion. ..Tii]i!"t?-iv tnv 1 i.late all the r ;V< ... 1 .it .->1 bv the II >ly s-< I * It IS a*i elementary ptini ipi.- of law and : ' that, with the n-m 1 .mpllatire of ti.e -tip -dated road ti -ns. the en traei loses all its lor. - And it ii..ght even be affirmed that, as the or -in of t'f - .ver-lgnty wis marked by a d.-fe. t ?> title - e* restoration to tha lloly ts.-e of -Ls Boiuau pro* ,:e es w.i ^ also null an 1 vt.il be '.use the motisrchy w is illee.Mujte; n ?r can at. - plo vie; what is ill-^i' mate. or <v?if. r v ah lit 1 on 1 c ?u' act na' irally vitiit. I. AH th-ne righu and tit! ?. th-refore, wlv -h lea I ai In nj*1' a- v(?rfigntya.spo?so?.i>iga leeal f oindi fon tec wanting m t ie Papal government for all fts province*, but more parti, ularly aaJ especially for those of the Marches. It would have been some compen-stlon had it endcavort d to mnke its rule accepts '.le, or even P^eratile. by it* kindness. But the wors' of ill systems of laws be.sme more nnb?ar?h!e still tiiriaigli the pemooal conduct and bearing of the governors. Th re was lirst the civil government of ttw prelates: f.w the nv>?t part verv young, pro foundly Ignorant of adinmi*trative daties. without any previous trainiug. viewing themselves as gTestcr tlian the laars. mid shamelessly trampling. >n all Ju-ti -e and homanlt v prelates, w ho, r*r?ivinn their inspiration* direetly ft- >m th" card n ils in Dieted on their provinces double evil* of nisgov*m n >-nt. Then came the Pishot>s, who with their civil and criminal couita, and with their prisons, cotisti- , tiiuvl a second gcvernm.-nt, wholly independent <4 the civil one. And aa if these w.-re not enough, the tribunals of the Inquisition t. wined, in their turn, a third rovemment. dependen* on an Ignorant and fanatical monk and noi . ompelled to pive my a count of their ncttooa except to t?od at the day ol judgment. Su< h was tlie history and such the character of the Papal government in the Marches of An una. And here wcanaot terminate these (- msideiati >na without calling to mind how, whilst Cardinal Fer rets! waa Bishop of Fermo, that city witnessed tlie terrible specta. le of torture applied to the month and tongue of two unhappy creatures guilty of irreverent language In tl.eir cups -the torturo of Mordacchia publicly inflicted in the presence of the whole people; and how, still later. In llS't, four young patriots were led out to death for .-run-** of which they were wholly innocent, their inno cence being acknowledged both at that time and now by all the world- an esectition which spread horror over the province, and. Indeed, over the Roman States; how. In Hinl|raglla. theColonel ?,f the National Hoard, BiaonreUi. wan killed thouirh completely Innocent; how. in Kobriano. other three spotless victims suffered punishment on the seaflold. am'dst the nniversal sympathy and Indig nation of their countrymen, only for having loved : their country. The description of their death, the | exposition of their Innocence is roistered in the ? pociimen'l stilla Corte di Roma." published by 1 tie auvwav tiennarelll. and. n his ho.. It, w hi" n is entitled " I laitU Pella Mat ? Komano," th - f icfs therein narrated w-.old cause the very alone* to ween. " Bnt the henr of Hod's judgment ha? a' 'esgta anlved, arii the est cut. n?ra have l<ut holit the means and the strength to wield the lie. Even aa we now write their sovereignty ha* come to an Mid ia those unhappy province*, it calls forth meuioriea of horror, bat, God be thanked, they ?*e only memories. Let u* gratefully rMMiM tue Land of aa avenging Providence." ^?*e> Victoria la Uonaaay. rtmui. or tu uowaoaa ueoaaua or ??i? oo ?OKQ OUT* A. IFrma th- l.>ud?u e.i?t, om t.1 Field Marshal Lieutenant Count Alexander MenndoiifPouilly haa arrived at Cohort, charred by the Emperor of Austria to congratulate her Ma jesty on her arrival in (iermany, aud on her near approach to the Austrian dominions. Already considerable preptrati.ua have been made at Coblentz for ttie meeting between her Ma jei-iy and the 1'iince llegent of Prussia, and nume rous net* of ai>arUnei>ts have been taken at Ik* different hotels to a (lord acoominodaiion to the members <?f the suite by w hich her Majeity is ae 1 rontpanied. A great number of handsome court carriages will arrive fro u Berlin in a few day*. On llmraday many distinguished pi-riHiuages ar rived at (ioiha, from Coburg, to attend liie funeral of the late Dowager Due lit of Saxe-Coburg-tJo tha, and amongst those present were the reigning I)ukc, the l'rince f-onsor of Kngland, Prince Pro deric William of I'ruMita, the Duke* Alexander and Kriiet-t of Wurtemberg, Prince I'nilip of Wurtem berg, the l'rinae of Lowenstein, the Uoverntnsat Presideut, aud the Chit I llanger of Uie Forests, \ on Ziegefar. The funeral took place at seven o'clock in the morning. Aa the procession moved torards th* church from the apartcuen a in the east wing of the palace lately occupied hy the deceased, th* beilh of the ctiurch announced that the funeral ceremony had commenced. Hie church, whioh adjoins tue palace, was soon reached, when the rnftln was placed upon an es trade. aud aa soon as all present lad taken their places, the chief court preacher delivered a funeral ontlou. After ftiui a hyuin vsa aaag. when the nActoMsg mi n inter pronounced the tilesainf, and the < Hlin wan placed in the vault prepared tor its reception. Beside* thone already mentioned ax being pre sent. all the official and inili'dry offlrern and the oltic i.tla attached to the Couit, attended the mourn ful ceremony. At the conclusion of the pnceedinjrs fie rei*n ing l?uke, ttie Prince Couaort, I'rince i'rederic WU li?ni and many of the oth *r mourner* returned to Cohnrg. where the rent of the day was p laaed in entire prira< v. i'l.i gtmrd of h >nor "va* f irmed by the battalion ol the In. in the service ol the Duchy and by the coii iuutial guard. The Court went itr-o mourning on Wedneainy, an' th" theatre nt (#oburg i.- ordeied to be closed i- 1 eight d ?vs So iiiOBeroiis Is the un't? in attendance upon her Mujr-hty that accommodation cannot l>e iouud f.?r nil m the Coburg palace, and tunny are quartered at the Lion Hotel, in the '.own 0 1 u Optw I <?(?? [From l?*t< I. >ua<>u rim<?< 0?t 3 ] 1>e papers (if this morning report ai considera ble length the proceedings at tlie adjourned in fluent on tlie body of rhoui.io Murpliy. one of the men ?hu fell in tie confln i with the Oraimemen it lairgafi on the I2'h of July. The reanlt of tlie in quiry tins aire inly appeared in the 7V" s. Throe witnesses only were ex# mined by Mr. John ' ae a* , aj."'iit for the father ot the deceased, one of then a Mr. Daudeork. a magistrate ot ilie county Ar magh and it member ol the Established Churoh. This geiitk-iaa.i's opinion of the Orange in.- ituttot iimy he g.iaiered troiu his examiuatiou by Mr. i.:ie: Mr. Handcock was then sworn. He said lam a tm'jve of the county Antrim: I hare been u long 1 tine resident in tin'- county Aimsgli. and have been twenty two years acting >u> a magistrate HI j tiii!- district. In it tact tlint breaches ol the peace arising | from party feeling arc more common iu ,'uly than ! at nuy oilier period of the year? 1 should say m. Kxcept cases arising from extreme poveity, ! does not the gn-?t?r portion of the crime of the country spring froui party leeliug? A very largo amount ol it. l)o you believe it is crested to a very great ex tent at d ke jt up ny the ( Irange Association? 1 do. I)o you con>ider it would tend to the future peace of the province of I ?"er il that Orao^t A a soriation were dissolved1 1 do. Do you think, in point o| uct, tint if it be in tended to tint a stop to the recurrence of such out raged ax those which were laudy the subject of in vestigation it should bed me by voluutary consent or h^i.-lative enactment' I tmut ?1 bo far an regards the ll i hand Society, have yot had occasion to suspect that it exists in fne couutj Armagh? Not iu this portion of It. I have novel heard of It. So iar as vou know the C?tUolic* have no a*>o elation, either for aggrcssiuu or deleu e* So, nol in ttii? neighborhood. Do you consider there is any pretext for that Orange associations are requisite l?i neli-de lence? Certainly not. Do you believe that the magistracy an l the po lice lon e are r' uerally adeqata for the p'eiectioa of nil her Majesty' aul^ecta iu this d- lliitf I think so. I suppose but for Orange association.-. thej nmild Va\e very little tod" A great dial le->- l? do. The Coroner, hiniaelf an ex-member of the Oraiigi< brotherhood, was luidly less enipbauc than Mr. llHiidcock ia hi.. < >uik-mation of the in stitution. In charging the jury Mi. Atkinson ob served: As tar as your verdict Is concTiid, my duly will tie very simple; but. beside? that, you are asked to agiee to a resolution on the words ex pressed by ne last Wcdue-day from thi.* place re specting tlie Orange Society. I am not gouiu to vary iu the lea-t degree what I then e\prc ? J. Ibelieva we should be much letter without that soiiety. and, while I difler much from what were stated aa the i lor its beine abolished, 1 entertain verf ?irongly the opiuiun that Christianity lias sufl. red more from that society bt ing connected \. lib the l'rotestant religion than from any other cause. I know troni personal experience In connect, on with a Uitile Cla-s and a I'emperan* e Society timt both these causes do sufVr from the Orange So iety; and yair personal experience leads you t > know that (I oiite-. ill will, and * .ii ii "is other unpleasant tuntti is which we would gi idly avoid, have sprung troin tirre to time out ol party processions, and by t le e\:iibition of drums aid flags, and other things, which, instead ol promoting peace an ! good will ? the example of which the profess >rs of a religion 1 f peace and go..d will should ahow h*\c had directly the contraty effect. The jury then r<iired.aud after an absence ol ten piinatea retuim d to cu irt, when the following brief discussion took place: ? The foreman said he was requested by the rental I be Jury to :i-k the Coroner if it waahis wish to have any risoln inn a 'pended to their \erdict. aa *< me ol the jury were under the impression lliat the Coroner i m tin led them that they should cive ex pression to their o.nni n aa to the Orange Society. The < oroner sai I he h <d not given any infrac tion. He left it altogether with thenseh es who tf?er they would or would not agree to any regula tion on the subject. Mr. Rae I < nly put it to the common sense and discretion of the jury. The ('oroner 1 ouly left it to your discretion a* to wheth-r such a resolution might or niifrht not be for the public bent fit. The recommendation, if any. will not be on yonr oatha at ail, it will fct merely an e.xjire?<i'>u I if m n, Mr. Ilae ou may act on your ow n knowledge of the country; it is to that I am appealing, and if ) ou think I have t-tat?>l what is coirect, agree wiA Hie. Tlie jury retired, and afW about a quarter ?t an hour's absence saain returned to court, when the foreman handed in a > - rdict: ? ' That the d>-alh of the de ea?ed, Thomas Murphy, was caused by a minshot wound, mfln ted on the 12th of July Ia?t, .i' l*errymaca*h. bv jnme person or persona to the jnry unknown." They also appended to their ver dict the following: ?,,The jury are of o-dniori that the peace of the country twiuid b? mm h promoted by Ui< discontinuance ol party displays of every kind." Mr. llae V*ry well, irentlemen. It will be for her Msjesty'a government t? take the requisite measures to carry that recommendation into effect. Tliey know very well hoir do il. If tbep are inclined. Tfea Itivalatlaa la Chlaa, itiutTiM or a visit M t? rai risaa. irrtaii ths tor tno Tun, a. <)oi S) We have so little authenti ated information ca? cerningthe Chine* rebels, that the following nar rative by the Kev. Joseph l?ktns will be read wMh inU rest. Mr. Kdkins is by Iar the most learned and intelligent of our nii-sionane* in Cluna, but even he cannot quite govern his desire to see a nascent Christianity in the blasphetnona pretensions pot forward by theae rebels: The approach of the Chfneee insurgents to tbe neighborhood of the foreign settlement at Shane hae has revived the Internet formerly f?lt in their tnovementa. r or some yearn they have been de clining. tather than advancing In power, b it !??? has proved to be the epoch of a remarkable im provement in their prospe^ta. Reduced to great straits In Nankin eaily in (I J f ,r they made a -trong attack on the Imperialist forces at Tanya'ig, a placc wklch lie* 'in Ci>> shanaliae siila of the ancient capital, and has beaa (icenplail with a lsrtre army by the imperial ff-ne ral- lor a co ?iderab> tiro* psst I ortn < iteU fur the rebel", the two f nmm .m'< r?. i ha i >h l.tvnjr and Ho-e.hoa. were at v ?r mee Aticiiry was won. Ho-chnn died, and h'- eolleatue eo? Mil ? ? uictdf ia tht ?ppf>v?4 i, l>f