Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 19, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 19, 1860 Page 2
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nl Garibaldi, Vi tor Rmr nuel &Dd Franc?, you may expect to *mtli l'cwier.and that pretty largely, and Louie Napoleon need nut > e surprised to uave ?on o of the ie w?ja knocked out of las crown. In a possibility of 'Jaat combination, and loo \ing at the critical coni'ation of Turkey, the grave importance of Anglo- Trench affairs in China, the frienJ-l'ip "I Ki gland, for bard uia. and the conusor *' ue " Mty ol a peaceable alliance bet ween tUI? coonKy aiid France, it would not be at all strange ii Great Bii^in joined France againr-t the Eisteru and Southern despots, ami notwithstanding t > " 1 J1'1 9**a\ Royal and her babies on the bank* of ' '? 1H" tola. At any rate, a war between Rw*|? ^na Austria on uie hide, at.>l l-'rance and Italy the other will be a ternflc conflict, anu oim_^ eaunoi be contemplated withoulliorror. .-.a** And now, for one moment, look at afl.u. > m China. In the I*md? /< ? ?- of yes terday lea nccln.-t historv ??f ttie aiialrs between tuo great Oriental despotism and th* nan* (or the last ttJteen Of twenty years. l)o yon read among >?a. Danoni'e groat work on the ;.7T /pecie*," I'ho".- whj hare not bad toetti i look it ever. Ihc ground it Mmunes - '1- t in all animal life the vteorooa oualitiea concentrated In todmuaale give ii.< ru tlie - ip: - mac} , and the weaker of the *a*ic .nd kiudixd rao go to tue wall. And to Kit not so among nations.' We re not Julius Oirsar and the Humans earning out the nt'nra tTM.tm. ta of the race of man in making an irrup tion into Britain, and sweeping away the boar hutting h.ivages who lived on nut* and wild ani eeis, and planting a more vigorous people on their lands.' Did not the bastard, William ot Normandy carry out the same principle and obey the same in mi net/-' And what more natural than to see an exact parallel? and o. more powerM one still ? in the migration of the white Christiana of Kurope to the red man'i wilderness to America, and there obty the injunction made by the Creator - "increase and multiply, and replenish the earth, and su'odne it." And why did the KiigHsh in India and Australia; the Bpaniah in Mexico and !'? ru; the I ortujr iese in Brazil, and the Yanfct ? in California, override and ?nah the natives and resident* of tho?> countries, except by tin' same 1 ?w i 1 r. i re that prompt# the Hon to eat up the antelope, o th lolphjg to pursua the flying -IMi \nd can w? not -? the same causes at woi k in crumbling ?1 "? i th'- cll'ote and rstk n det-i otlsmu and i ,sia lical inimmera s of Naples and Rome, and jilantir.g at their places a ?tore vigorous set ol a- is and a m": ? active am' practi .i! CI ri ti.. ? \ 1 tl & e the jr? 'it drama tiiat if now being acted at the nm itb ot the i*eiho and before tlie aailn ol 1 el. in. <Ve need not as* how it is that a littl island einpif* ot thirty millkns of people seems able to take posies ion of a vast country that has a reported population of 400,000,000. We might as well ii--k why a red hot eannon ball wdl go through a woo len barn tilled with hoy, or why a shot of < act steel will penetrate a ship made ot pine planks. The d.' v has come, in the ceaseless march of events, wuen a ray of Sht from the West must penetrate the land the almond-eyed, and if it is necessary to fast. -n that spark of civilization, th it copy of the Bible, or that commercial treaty, to a hand grenade or an artillery niojectlle, 'lien the jun< Bon must be eficltcd, anu the mi.-si.o sped on its way. lam sorry to offend the su-Kvptibllitles of those rose water politicians and kid glove philan thropists who split hairs to a legical discussion of Che right an4 wrong ol tviry ettip taken by 'he Baaoi.n in their .'Ugh practice upon China. Could they not work ol! a little of their extra benevolence upon the fate ol the innocent grazing animals tiiat fall a prey to t.ie carnivore? The die is cast; the Tar'..r race have held their own till Uicy can no longer stop the cat of progress, and now th* ir vast empire is crumb ling to dust by precisely the same d..- riptioa of na tural law that throws down the trims of a dead tree that has lived its allotted time, ami comes to dissolution because it has lultllled its mission. What sympathy an we havu lot u people, and what opinion of their sagacity or worldly wisdom, who express sent'nients like th? following in their ataw papers' They are from a statement drawn ?p lor tlie information and guidance ol the fin Siror by one of the oldest and widest statesmen of e entire, Yln-Yau Vang:? The ecDdttiODF of pea *, It hu been lUely r-p?rt id, arc Marly *rrai,r <l, aiul anoug ibem are nub arliclr as taose | roTia.iif .D'leon.ij for *ar es," umi Td*- .* to say, ibai Cbica, ti e in gbi> , aa'fbty en ptro or Tj 1 --it p Mto be eoDfirsiced by a lew Utotitaaa bs'bsrta is; tb*i tfey t.aTe t-l to cmcLund , auU Fbe dm!; t m or them aer land or ber cities But of Uie ri wtvo .re m >?t Caleicas taere are none *o ?r > !,a a. ItuN wbtcu an ] rtM tti- cMabr.rtiir. x; ii a rsavtunee lo the c^pilai , trade p tbe riven '.n tbe Interior, "j<1 thi ;ir \ii in or I Us l??*!el n ice provmus. Tue he?rt o' tiMes wb> | bare U-arii It b'.ro was veMt.ua. ?,-? r> OM ~aowa, ays, area u tLs women and cbUirea, thtl it o-tfti; a>t la a*. To eo?e to '.be prop?^?vnn ef re^i^ .n Withonl tieing: UK it !b the religion of the Icr<1 of H-*ren, yoarser nit uku itageotfal S'V to d i-t'lfk **j? worl 1 ti bewilder tbe j<op;e, tj footer p-l*lly 1 Ji-iire fo.- wb*i i? straafe Were it otli'riruh-, wb\ sboutd IQ| u*iion? tn?' tare ? di braosd It? - ? b? , of coure- practise I; 1 ?" rrT/?j C'0 "*-vi|tizoi?, ' r, t .-acted ibe'.r right t6f?>n.fv.;< nr.. i r1-. it t'rov "esa, work'n? and siar :cfw they do, undau'if-it by Tbe rebels sf tbe late period have aiao male pro'esstoa of tno do -trln i ef tke Lord cf Hcar<n. The n.-n!? lufui-noe ot Its ?ropsfatt rs, exclt'r.g arid d?ce rtcf , b'n irr lh>"n? -Ici-e (a sn-ii aUl teres, is iiiainly spreadio< Wtuii tb<-y aaaii tsav<. travelled '.nrocgb tbe proviaote, ai. I inline?) taemsrlvte of tbe dlm<-us ons of th" empire, of the tea tore* o| U,e&'uutry and tbe ftrengtb of its positions, tba power sad weak u< ?( o( its Carets, tbe !?u,ess %n I lc?n mm of its lacd* tbey wfll relatloaa *-ih toe pawerfnl ani uiOuential la every pi toe ibey rlalt; tbey Wtf) ssaJt Ute p<xir ana needy so ?? to work <>n m-xi's ksails Tb<-re are good prooft lh?t th. Me are th^ meant rrcr emplcyed by Uie ?gh?b barbsrtaaa, at, a.lK#orm Uke, tbey eat tb- ir way into tittle ^ alas. What a luminous idea of t!i?- Christian religion 1 the old ra? al has! 1 think ho must hare taUeu Male Irssnr.s from the bo. k of J .? Smith. And bow sententious and graphic are in* Miuilies and ?gt. res ol speech! And lu adt : e as to the way to | keep oQ the outer barbariaii-: ? Do not, taya an ancient pro T eft, ore- at vast ve ? Irlbe cot yei.r cwi, . fnr \l will be criatn to fort-.* itaeif lata your piare How," laid Ifeafuuadtr of lb" tfunj dynafir, "ti.all 1 allow any t wo to (uora oo ibe lodg* at t*r bed on -hen I ateep myaeX ' The capital ;i a pre atouaapol. Had ibe cuter barbarlaoa bri.^bl Iri'jjta Uuibti, atUl tbotUd fro* logrtii ami egreaa bare be a f*oln5 u a ih'Bi, cUroourM wi Jit beat leaded n:r, an J, Uw rtmooj <rt ihp;r presentation orer.tbey MM bive reuiratd wtlbi ul bates alloatd ti loiter au.l de \j. li it, tfcen, wt'n Ihey r im" * lb vto;< CM aud hoattlnv, with a fevi thai bu '.ailed ibroufh get. <rat.ue? are IU.>/ lo N ?uHrrvU to nation ti.cer* bare ia olV.iiiat rn.Jfacoe, to La ti: UM' r tree 'ay, ' 1 roam at raniiutn abxit the cuttr? ?f U?e empre Uiln ( lie bi(tb?a;> an l bjt*aji witb the K LLi,t- and Ibe I (barbae lata from arrtl atJ eut). Never, fawn, tfol ftuc.en> Java until cur, haveeub lb ngt bees Mar d uf. * ? ? What client ol ro'ac'ii-f Mi uvr r bia/ta .o recret not ocbltmp.ate prrpjUaliof To ?dm. i item upon tbe river would be like k a ti far la ? batecar or mppcrtu.f a roM>er In "tie a btqae. Tbrf r.ay tM onl :ot? vtokm i> at any moiLetit ? n*bt ?u, once lor ail four onctny i vf tbc catura of a Oof or (beep oacc haatlecJ at> : enbdued, ba will nut darn to avenge :l. Probably true; but when tl eCile?t: tU 1 arc h?< tiaeil the fleets and iirmiea if I ran ce and f'njr'.ind ?o doubt they wiH B# quiet. Ho Inn;.* M th? ? fa tor ? ii cnti' n ' elanae it iothe treat/ between China and the United Mil**, it aecma alaic-t a pity thai your force* could not coo|>crat* wiUi tt.oae of Fran e noil England. V< i reply, probably, that Cour Miniate* ? i? penitHted to eo to PeWio ? ta a or??e bos' .md e\> hanRc the tri aty tb?re, and conaeqn? i.tly % cm ha\ e u Jibing t<? rei-cnt. it U n.it lew a wholktf evcryAing wan done with doe difiiity aril according to (rood mas'*' The act la p.i*-cil. w batever pood may come ol the Angio Freru h I'bioae ?w jou can xhare. I ain nre no cr.f ,n h? nenaea will regret Uiat tin- ?hell ?t that preat '? -a inf-gmtn ia alont to be broken. l.et ua hope that the kernel will be both A marketable comnwlitj, and will be planted and Cow into a tree for the benefit of fntarc/igea. With e va?t p-.wer 1 on the tn,rU? and wct.the Hf dotnir.ion ol Hritiali In. li t on Uie atiutli, the ??iMMMi Japan' ae wiUi Uicir Amcri an trade W ti'- ea*t. *iUt the ffeit- nntl armie* of the tw* Cate?t na^al and military I'owera of the world on aeaboard. with lli>-ir p<<ndei oM arMllery thun der ng at the very walla of I'ekin, and with per** Ter! i.k n.ercbantmi n of e?e-y aation crowding the port*. of C'ajr.ton, l oo chow fou and (Uiai.i(l).te, do we ?ot a?? tl e wntiag on the wall. plainly aa the ?oondajr ran, aaj:ng that the uijrMarnma ex otnajvecfa Of Uie Cbb< mjitre h?a j?a?a?d>way, and that hen oforth that pejple n. Mt oeur into a lire and equal competition with ?he reef of the world, and pri>re them aa vigorM* aa tfi* junior natlona of the Waet. or elite go down aul d>appear in li>e conOictf The fitate of afflalra in Kj rii. Tiiik^y and Erfpt (rivea r?e to the a.?me reflection* on the mutaotlity ul 1 omaa affaira, and atiU furUa^r provea that the mo?*. rigoroua ra> t-a mast frfdoBiMte, and the waker 'all and <1 'appear by the wayside. Iadi vm]'.*! natiotia. like iu lividnal men. can only, to a litiilted exMrt, create or bring about great rerolu ti. na or importaat ? raa : but u we arc wUe we can ?dwayert. , m-e tl.e march < f ereuta, atvept the ohanr<!? t tr.ey c?>:na, anl mike tht moat of them. job will purdon me f?,r dr voting ?o much of my ?pa e to foreign .ifTan?. Here. Parliament iaao' in aeaw.i't) , 'he C?uinet ia d -per?' d over mountain, rivei and loch, Ike </-ie?-n la in I'rjaaia. and v. ry iJttie i? ta d < f. ptu.te.1 r,T writt- n abotg, ex> ept fc/ie,gn transaction*, l took a run over to I'.iris tl- fore part ol the w.-.k, and there! f'.und all ?vablic at;?ntk n k. saip aMfewspaper writing atl- ! Mag in Uie same dire tlon. Tu?- 1 rec- h are und- r- ' g'-.t.ga snent revolniiori >n their on-.m i mi affair* mil- cinmerieen^ot at ?> * tpera'ton of th -nm r er ial tr.-.My with Kng'.'ud. A ia*t nnraber of arte let ike itl< ry ar.d :aa l.iner;. that w?r? fcrrr erly probiWted, are now adn. Mi l a? a rea- 1 -aoa.;"! ra ? of duty, aad !i.ore stUI ! *vo I tike duty rod i cad froai ooe ioarlh to 'hree w f made r ,?ny j ' trneya ggnng lff? .aa: dvatfi >?* i w Fru .'i Out ucvcr did i ' glide along with the same facility and with so little ? Extraction troni ptuw)>orti cuet*>me or o.teoi regu ! latino*. Ex !>t to show my passport on landing, I and getting it t irtd without .my chores or ten ml i mm - iKiuv, 1 ? not naked a quotum or inter rogated at all during several kmg mineysanda 1 -ta . i t ten vn In Parin. I ha i t-vn packages of l Ic'csge en I uding from Eng'a ?? I, i ut I wan only a*k*d if I had any dntUMo or prohibited articles. I and lepljing ".V>," I wm told to "Pasa on," and I t., ver turned a k y or siwwed wl.u 1 had. At | l'aris tin n.ul'itude loft the tri\in and dispersed I with -m that oid foraality of being cooped ap for ' from .fifteen minutes to three-quarters of an hoar, ?o see if we had our passports all en regie. The yearn of imprisonment, of travel in America, of exile in England, and a varied experience that seems like a romance, have unquestionably been a fitter education Jot a man in the position of the Emperor of the French than any other ?ver marked out for a Prince, and good fruit is it bearing. 1 am far from being on admirer of all the acta of Louis Napoleon, but he i? unquestionably a man created for the time, a pivot on which great events are turning. Garibaldi in another, but no far in a dif ferent career and in a more limited area. I sue the hero has defeated the King's forces in a pitched buttle on the banks of the Volturno, and taken 2, u O prisoners. The work goes bravely on. God ia j.- ri at. and his prophets carry out his purposes in n n'.jsterioua way. Let us accept the service with thankful hearts. Oar ParU CorrripoaiI?nc?< 1'akis, Oct. 4, 18ti0. Depart" if of Tre%ch Troops fvr limn*' ? Napo leon1* Preparations to ( luvkt'n t'leawe of Aus tria?Portion of J'i us JX " unci* II. Strong ly K reached at Oorta Kfect of Maami's Influent* Over QaribaUA ? The PrcbabU Sale of Venetia by Ausb ia?The Gnat Powers He tt'h'id to Maintain Peace? lna* ?i-itracie* of the IMy'ish Letter Writers ? An English Editor on hi? h acds, <&c. , d"<\ The great event of the day Is, without doubt, the sending by the government of twenty thousand troops to Itomc. Why this is done is thus account ed for: Aubuia is sending to Venetia the elite of In r arm< d forces- - regiments that were stationed in Ui.n portion of Francis Joseph's dominions have I ctn replaced by others, because the troops forming tin. m were more disciplined andinnred to campaigns, and other equally significant arrangements aie daily occurring, uch as replacing in all the for tresses v \th the heaviest guns those of a lighter calibre, and increa :.h' the num ber of guns as well as fortifications, while munitions of war are piled up In Venetit until eun the most careless can read the deavns of Austria, r- he Is getting Teady for a desperate spring t j > o : i poor Italy. It was feared here that were Gaiibaldi to enter the Roman States Austria would atonceatt.uk Italy; that 'he would over run the newly annexed provinces of Victor Eman uel, and that --he would place an immense force at Home, not molesting the French troops there, b .t virtually taking possession ol the city neverthel* ss. To prevent the oe current e of such a c >>p <1 nam, Victor Emanuel has already invaded the 1'apal States, and France will now send a respectable force to Heme- one that would keep the Austrian* in check, even were they Jo attack and defeat the forcis of King Victor Emanuel, which they are likely to do at any moment, although they have promised Fracce they would remain upon the. J? tensive, and not attack were they let alone. The French troops will also serve as a ch''ck upon Oa l .baldi, who will not be allowed to attack Venetia. The Garibaldians were repulsed at Capon, and bnve be. n ta . ,ht a lesson that v. ill moat llke'y pro lit them. Now Garibaldi uuJ. rstaods that irregular troops cannot ?tund against an army of di-eiplined troop*: their f accesses Lav.- depended i er> fofore upon the fact that the royaist* w o ulJ not fight. But once tliey m-ke up their minds to the reverse, the (laribald.ans must organize get artillery, and light with method as well as bravery, or else they must retreat. 1 do not Imagine, however, that the dis astrous d< test of the Garibaldi ins at Oajaz/.o will i have any serious re -alt ia their disfavor, although I j bin* been a>s red that tie vincr contemplated ? making an entry at Naples at tlie nca4 ot several I tin ,sai.diol 1 :s followeis. Were he to at to rapt this | boldly ni one '"an doubt tl. it at the prei-ent timo he would succeed. It is a remarkable f.t an 1 one i.! trative of Neapolitan gratitude, tliat when the Caribaldians wire repuls'-J by ti e royal tioaps the peat .iota fell upon th> rn with knives, clubs a id pitcMorkv. and despatched the.u witli bi it.il alac ! ritv. ! but let me rM rn to the Pope. His Holiness was a'nu 1 1! id< J upon , ivi.ig Home a ( 'w days ba k ri.d tak.i g n-li... in Spun. His Cardinals odvi-i d i im to this ourse. The l'ontid made known to tienirai <>uyon his halt formed deterniinMion. 'lhc result was that the M .rquii de Cidore. tlie First {Secretary of the French Em btasy at that c ty. wss despatched to Paris to 'on sult the Emperor upon the subject. The answer of Lis Majesty Is the sending of t *enty thousand more troops to Home to guarantee thf Pope's residence. sh< uld 1 io? IX. stilt decide upon leaving the Eter nal City, <?.<?' i is for his Holiness. Victor Em inu-l will then at once cntT, and Italy wii. tie umteJ uuder hi* lule. The Pope's retreat would no Jo ibt simpiiiy tin question much, hut the Kmperor will guarantee hiB bis residem e. Should tic leiw. upon bim must devolve all the responsibility of aucb a move, at I no excuse will exist tor exatiug the animosity of other Catholic I'owera iRtiiui France. On re you have the whole gi?t ot this i question and the reason why Louis Napoleon i garrison* Home. He is determined that uo reli 1 gioua enmity ahall be raited ?p linst h.m tbat I I*. Uised u;>on any seemingly go >d groitvls. The Pleamontese troops cave not wt^rtd, ?* jtt, the Neapolitan territory, anJ, by al l vi ;ee just received, we hoar that they have so loniiitd (?a?ta th.it. without ail, (iaribaidi cannot hope to apture it. An imm- camp haa been formed near the <ity, works biveb?*en thrown np, rendering the approach of fn m-iding force very difficult, and immense stores and munitions of war hare keen plied up in <i seta. Thai, nutans \ : tor Km ?nuel Interferes, the fat" of Naples ia not yet deekh d. UMflMldi had, a* I Mrarf pt in a previous letter, given up tne Neapolitan fk-et to Admiral I 'nana, U\e commander ot the Sardinian fleet. Now ho desires 1'isano to re: urn h;:n the ceded ves-iels, but the Burdlnian refu?< -i to do this. V on w ill observe by yoorfileaof Loo ion *uJ l'aris journal that tinlbildl i-? no longer in fnvoe. He is beiig atta .ked on all -idea. The reason is simply that the I?i:utor haa allowed himself to be omc the tool of Mazfttai and the revolutionist*. 1 am assured that he is awakening to the daoger c his posi-ion, at.d that he will maki-short work of tie Ma r/.inians. I Let us hope tbat my informant may be correct. We are osstited that during th- late oomhatt the yoting Neapolitan pilnces, as well ?s Count de Tia pnni, the King " un e, acted with great determl nation. The Count do ? a^ort a was vounded. Ibe King, v.iih his young wife by hi* aide, role on horse ba < k am nit the soldier* to aiit iat* tnem. They received tie t^ueen with lond aboots, au U were mneh more entLuafttttlc to*r?rus h?r th in the i K'r.g. Purine Ike absence of Victor Enumtel irom I Turui, the l*rr. e de Caruisn will, i'. Issud have the Mgnmg of decrer*. fbt? wou'd go to how that ti e K i.g onteniulates a lengthened stay from I his capit.il. 1 lie motives o! thi* at'Tuce ar>' appa rent to ail, and more than likely Victor Kma-uel a ill return to Tuita King of all Italy. It is thoucht !.? ii tbat one# Naples free, An-tiia will "h io<e the le ? t troublesome of tie b< ins to her Minima, and I sell Venetia. In Btilgana and Servia the p*'ple a'e evidently preparing for an iti?uri '.ion. #hi i will no douiit l>e Mstened ot retaidcd by t:.e event* I now transpiring in Italy. M i* n<>w certain that powerful effort* arc bring 1 n ade to form a c ali'.ioo again-t Frane. i! ?? ' ? .! and An -tna haw- drawn a >-er toct : .er, and uro rr.ccmrafed t) a*ow th<?mselve? tne oBprnri of Frenci policy ly ?e secret IntHgnee of Etigiand, > i rather of a putv in England. The Graad l>uke Mi< hel is now in Loadun, *bere he has just ar ( rived, despatched by the Musaian ftovernmeBl to ascertain tite exact iutenti. u ol ilngi iihl'i govern n:> nt, a fact hai'l U> ili?i- m r. I.- -r<i Joiin l< ;s?"il has jt ?t cor^mitt'd hit. -"If by ondinjr a stra- 1 circular to t 'int Cavotir. which h<* iiforrashtm that Knrlaml has taken < .re to pr> vcir Sard ii* from having an ally in ca?" ?he atta ks a istrin. The UiBiftct of tb? r'ly of Franc? th??? plainly threatens that r? wi r ot a< aiitioa at ?t her:? "Tiie only h >pe l.-ft Sar lir. i \er? ?' ? > tut t Austria, is tbat ?>!.'' n.ight ig*in dra v |'. au e iuto the bftttb I eld. Let nc* < ? >n* Car- iiidaig# in tl.at peruiclooa delnsion. The great Piwute aie teaolved to maiatoki | ? ae.an.l ilre.it lir tin iias interf-ts In Ik Adriatic wbi h she w.r r. <s witk c .ireful attelUon. ' What tho* Inter-aU tay bo i* were dMcait to "av; but Icre w# 1 hr\e a PnVsh Minister openly c-po?-:nf tb? i uise of lr?roi,,itn an. I ranging his govet -nent r I ? St a policy that Las ,p t.? the nres it tinie re ? ;re 1 'he open tBconraeement of all ci..ss?-s ii I ? .1. A' th s proee.- i- ;r >*n i 8'4t?aiptN)!e it*** .?y of : c towreasin^ , <wer j( it ancc ajJ I tsom fear that owes its origin to the consciousness , 01 a deserved punishment. The circular wan not 1 needed, fur the Sardinian Parliament has just sane- ] tinned unanimously Count favour's determination j of not attacking \enetia. audit wan easily to be 1 under jtood, from the fact of Victor Emanuel's in terposing apaiiist Garibaldi's attacking Venetia, U at he did not intend no doing, la one of tho Nrw Yoke Ukuim just received here 1 notice the following paragraph: ? A P?ri? ccrrcspoaieol of the I/radon fleroM 111111 Fraure has met purchased ten largo sveaxa Uu-rporld in I he I'nlted Statee. This is, as you justly surmised, a canard invent ed by the said correspondent, who is addict 1 to sensation writing and to announcing frightful in creases of the French army, Fren:h navy, < >ther resources. By way of a rtiarige, this ]>r? i'V ;iw coverer of political mare's nests has gone out of fiis beaten track and crossed tht? ocean; but hi- unsu :? cess will no doubt make hiui return to France as the * ceue of his discoveries, lor the English accept all that he stutes as being done here. Encrusfod in their prejudices they swallow the Jose, be it wer so huge. The a. earner that . onvcys this to yonr citv will bring over, as a visiter to Yankee land. Vr Thorn ton Hont, son of the celebiatel Leigli Hunt, and' pret-en: editor of the London Morning Ctirunkle. Mr. Hunt is en coiiyf for two monttm, his health re uuiring a ces<ativn of his labors, lie has written more fairly about Americana tlnn any other Englishman 1 ever read, ?nd will, as 1 am assured, send to tho < lu tiuii > the resu ta of his observations while in the United Ftutes. We may congratulate the readers of '.hat journal upon tne fict tliat, through Mr. Hunt, tliey will get a fair and impartial idea of men and things in the United Slut#s, aa far as one may judge ol ihcm during a stay ot a couple oi mouths. Parib, Oct. 5, 1W51. ? Political Excitement in Paria ? French Pride Wounded by the Defeat of Lamoricierce (}ari bcldVs Mission Supposed to be Accomplished ? Affair# in Nr>ple? ? The Mysterious Hup!'. ? JJt tirun Garibaldi awl Cavour ? The I\q? '* Al'oi-uti- >i L'jU Shooting in France? Serious Accident at the Hippodrome, it'1. It is not ea-<y to deser ve the mingled nati e of the excitement at present prevailing in Paris in re gard to political affairs in general, but to Neapoli tan in particular. The confusion and complication in the Boot of Italy is certainly enough to puzzle the wisot ccrdonnier, and there is little doubt that some of the longest heads whose hands 1 ave be?n busy at the secrct strings arc Just now pretty well mystified as to the results that are to follow. "J.> Liu Lit u et e people" of the Caribaldians have for the nonce been not quite HuBicicnt for them, and the fickle foolg all over Europe who would nightly sup on horror*, are now ready to fling Bcora on their former idol. Ro wc= it in the beginning, and ever shall be. Added to this there has been a whisper- whi?per though it was? of bearding France, and the gallant Lamariclere, a Fi tueh genual of Known, though not fighting un der the Fren h eagle, Las been tumbled in the dust! and things of this kind *r? not grateful to French a < urpropre. Perish Sardinia, Victor Emanuel, Garibaldi, Italia Ucita, let the whole peninsula be reduced to chac, but let no one so much as hint at the lo^s of a h air of the head of France. "AcarU tout la lYiiiict tt la <iioire," is everywhere the aspi ration, often the oppression. By all means occupy I: ire wi'h 25,000 troops, with 50,000, or 100,000, if j on w III; h read them forth like the sticks of a fan; let the Frcu h in twork r< ach its farthest limit; no king or kaiser, no principality or power, must for an irss'ant interfere M ith France. Every one, how tv-r.is very sjrry (or Garibaldi personally, but very pi ad that any lie k, any discomfiture, how ever mortifyiog, < aid serve to lift the French eagle on it pin; or?. To speak men- seriously, men s?em pretty gene rally ot the < pinion that the mission ot Garibaldi is e<- xpliahed? 'hat the hour has passed away for tiii di'appearance of the walls ol Jericho by the blast ol a trumpet, and that tLe honr ia come when only the heavy me'al ot experienced and disci plined warfare can tolidify tho good work ho has -o well bc-gua. So long _s his wonderful career remained .tAhg;ktd it was wimj tp on with folded arms; but in a country like Naples t lightest shadow cn his prestige calls for instanta neons actlc n. France and Sardinia will now throw ?<fl all disguise, and at once stand revealed as the 'stais" vi the real Italian drama. Yet, in the mids' of all, a new iceg^ergnr from Viples orrird^ , in the per a of the great Alexandre Dumas, in search of artirts and artisans to assist him in liis new office ot Phcctor of the Beaux Arts of Naples. He hiacself is a "star" of no trifling magnitude, and. after his own c1 ,uent. enthusiastic fashioa, is fill ing .ill the city w th the praises ol Garibaldi. Never was there on the face of the earth such another | patriot, general aid statesman. lie is the adora tion ot all Naples, and ere many days elapse will wipe out the disgrace of Capua wih new deeds of imperishable glory. In fact, even as I write, the wings of the telegraph bring the intelligence that "Uichard is L.insclf again," that the Neapolitan rcv.iliata are everywhere flying before the once more victorious Garibald^who himself writes to Naples, October 1; "Victory along the whole liae; the r yalists are routed: the volunteers are in pur* Milt." Without attempting to penetrate the myatery which h.is shrouded the apparent miaunderaUnd* ing between the principal acton in the great Italian drama, anl whether or not tfc* whole bu been but a more stage trick neceaaary to the proper denouement? and a very large majority of politicians here seem nnch of that opinion? I will now etdeav r to give you tonic description of the < urreut opinio* in regard to Koine. And pc.kaps 1 efore I po any further I may as well remark, by tie way, that the Moniteur of th;s morning, at ti.e end oi a long and thii kly printed column, touching the various architectural im; roremonta of i'aria already a complished or still in progreea, iaformt its readert that when the grand opening fa com pleted, pawing by the Cours la Helae and abutting through the Mai the Gate -m tho B< >la de Boulogne, an tnormoua place or equaie will be made, com. minding a view of the Champ de Mar* and the ire qnen? gr.md military spectacles of which it is the theatre, whkh ihall bear the title of " i'lace da Hoi de Iti'Bin. Thm, of conrtt, may be aimply a piecing ?ouveur of eld times, like the 81. Helena medal, the liice hi. 1 <-av< y annexation, and so torth, of no great political aigiuticMUon. but it ratker happei.a to coin Me witli r> marks that are prevalent in Utplo Biatic circles ju?t now ?na-nely, t!iat the Emperor i* dettrmiuad that tl.e y? ar 1*M, which aomidetee the decade of powir oiiginally demanded by him of the French people at the great d'tftjf, afcall wit:. tl.e Con 'entratlon of a double (f|vi that of Home aa w> II &a France in the rial faulty. In the meantime nl ilc the French garriaoa grow# strong' r.th" ties which ^onneot the Emperor with tlie iioly Father become, in the eatiinaiion ol 'hia last. weak> r efery day. The l'opf. through hi* cardiaals, make* knowu to the World throng i. a '?<??? ' ?<># whether. j? t'te ' >?? ?Vn.V lUt! nj*. -tailed b) ? ar t nal Urrarii or ( ai.iirm! Nardt ofnu ',onse?;'ience, bwt evidently ?icier the ir?pir.itK'n ? f Cardit a1 Antoaalll tl .it Frat eo is to i.*\e the island uf Sardinia unjor a lew arrangement- .in a?s< i'io? at which the sahl ?< nil i I'u iaJ jot rr.U ls< e th ?> ci> rning, i<rs up both its hand* In 1 1 um* honor. A (aim the Pope eeti'la the allocation, de!t\eird to the c?ntletory 1 1 ?? 'Isth ol t*p'.? nib' r. t ? the. I ml </' la HHlgkm, whi h.by the way, it waa pre*. nled flora publishing till the Kwperoi 'a opinion wa< tak?-n. The Oon*tu'>it'vi< utl reproduces it. anetringly ?i??rvwg that it is >/la<l t?? perceive tha' although the Holy Father expreaset no gTatlt*n'.e to France for the prot< ctfoa she i t< r.,ir to him, he ? not the l??-s content t'> nvail h.-a aalf of It. and ilia' he seems apparently determined to ) ? mnla wheti he i*. France It in rUot not posi tively na fd. '? it the wrath emptied oat .u-.im?t fatj'ir'rt by the | 'her oi l fai">itil is evidently ??*?t .ill m>?,.t tor that rower. N> on# .in read t! ? famers al' itioa with out c<w< lading that tho CM- is i? ?t hsiMk Ihe Pope, too, fladfl. litre hk P ? i ? Master be- I re Mm. treachery among his f?m..iare. The pri vate ?. . rutaiy of ? irdui.il At toneQi had ?X hro!!i?r, ai.J cotiA4< d 'o hint I'apai suci*. a ol he kiconti- ; n- n'ly betrayed them ' > <iari'i|Ji and the I'ndmontcse i ibiaet. It thr.a that Oaoe- i r?l lam ri fere* Inter, dej Jnnotioa with the Heap' .-an ti p? a is frn-tr ted. A-iJ we uf now told bat, in oa? ? , -k" cf a fnen<liy ?(Dir n* >'i r n th? part of the !"reji"i fov.r: .' th- :i ??:*?>'? hrotlMt !e arreted. S?a? think 'Ji# French g^verumen: might have remembered the old Soman aphorism: " Bu (kit qui cito dot."1 Now that the mischief is done, and his army annihilated, it little matters hew it o corrud. Much .ias been said About the contemplated meeting at Warsaw; but I know lhat at the Luglish Embassy no very startling results are expected to ensue from it. The relations of Bu-?ia and Fruice are believed never to have been once interrupted Biiice liie treaty of Paris after the Crimean warfare, and the beli f still prevails that a secret under standing was arrived at between the two Power# on that occasion entirely favorable to French ob jects. I am told that nothing has since happened to remove that impression ou the part of the Eng lish government. The French are not going to be outdone by the English in the matter of rile Bhooting. Volunteers are impossible in a land where the conscription says, ''Come hither, my fine lad, don the shako and the blood red pants, whether you will or no;" but a ball in the bull's eye if a* easy lor one coun try a* another: so the Committee of the Tir Na tional Francais have thus tlung down the glovo in all conrtesy and chivalry to the bold marksmen of j England:? Gentlemen? The high lmporUnoe that you nelly attach to ihe est ib,i*hmct,t of national rifle matches in F.ugiand, ?lc1 ihe remarkable skill which four marksmen have displayed to these contests, have Inspired us with tbe design of Inviting you to he present at the practice of tbe

Tlr National Fiancais, which the government baa al lowed to be carrlod on near tbe chiteau of Yinjennee. As rolriiers of tbe two great batlons who have achieved glory In lighting together on tar ofl shore* in favor cf civtli??iioii and humanity, let os unite, gentlemen, on tbe peaceful Held, where ft kill alone will triumph? where vic tory mil excite emulation, without disturbing that har mony which ought to exist between two people! destined to appreciate and esteem each Jlber Wo hope that Eag:tsb r IP . men and sportsmen will feel a pleasure In answering to our roll, and that they will, by their presence, add ti the splendor of this International fete The prizes offered amount to more than flrty thousand (rones. The Tir National will open on the 7th of October lnsttnt, and will last twelve days. Receive, gentlemen, ka. By order ol the administration. i. V. AN'GlKit. The decision announced in the Piedmontesc Chamber, of not molesting Veisetia or Home, meets w'tii general approbation in the Fraaah journals. To revert to subjects of, more domesiic charac ter. You have, perhaps, already heard of the wonderful leotard, whose voltaic performances have nightly collected such crowds at the Cirque in the Champs EJysees, having met with a terrinle overthrow. As it did not happen till after t.he de parture of my last letter, I may as well briefly re count the circumstances. Leotard, whose performances? not less graceful than herculean - have made him such a favorite ot' the fair sex that it is said he is obliged to keep a book of his vaiious engagements in the lists of Cupid, somehow or other? for men are bnt mor tal -a his head turned. He would not conde scend to don the manager'* uniform, assist iu the geneial business ol the establishment, and keep hitr self apart from the audience when not vaulting in mid air like a snipe or a swallow. Though re ceiving some 125,000 by the year, he was an in jured individual; and though able to flaneur along the Boulevards, he was so sick that he could not per form; M. Dcjean h&l taken advantage of bis youth and inexperience to entrap i.im into an engage ment, and he o tght not to be bound by it. But a very Solomon sat m ihe seat of judgment and con demned him to fuliil all his engagements a>i pied de la ? tr> \ to dismiss from his tertiie mind the luscious c Iters of more than double this sum he had received from London for only a perioi of six months, and to remember only that in default of each ollence against bis contract he mast pay a fine amounting to c ne-tldrd oi his month's salary. How Leotard jumps since 1 have not ascertained, Lut probably, like the wheels of Pharaoh's cha riots. his legs drag heavily. A far more serious downfall, however, has oc <*tirr<(J at the Hippodrome. Yesterday, when per forming what is termed the " aeriaiitripr" in which the actors form a sort of pyramidal ascension one hundred feet above the level of the ground, the three performers? a Mile. Louise and MM. 'lypolito and Francois? were, by the breaking of one ef the ropes, hurled to the ground, and new lay. if not actually dead, without hope ot recovery. They were observed to turn over a* they came down, and fall with fearful heaviness. Ihe perform an je was instantly brought to a close. Medical aid found them still breathing, but apparently beyond all hope ol life. An ago nizing shriek Lrokefiomthe audience at the ap palling accident, and many fknted. Tbe manner of the performance is in iiis wise: two men take their stations on two ropes; while thus poised on the tight ropes, the girl stands above them, partly resting on tbe shoulder of one while balauciug her foot on the balance pole of the other. In this man ner the three ascend till they reach the climax, the altitude of one hundred feet above the level, and it was just there that one of the ropes r^uppea, t and all three were violently precipitated to the eaith. Cur Berlin i4?rfcapo?de*c?. Bbkltn, Oct. 3, I960. A Hoie Ju QtwtfuenctM ? I'rutrian Opinion of F. >gU*hmm? The London Times Hetortu? .V' C n! Jmdignati< n mid Contempt? The J'rus rian Pchs Attracting Attention, &c., <tr. A pretty little qnairel has sprung :p between thin country and England, which, though originally referring to private individuals, has become a sort of na'ional concern, and ia occasioning considera ble initatlon on both aides. Some two - three weeks cince a British half pajr officer, by the name of aiacdonald. was travelling with his family on the banks of the Rhine. Arrived at Bonne, he left the railway carriage for a few minutes to stretch hi* legs and take a peep at the walls oi tne famous university which ha 1 the honor to number Prince Albert among its pupils, when, lo and behold! on returning to Li- place, he found i: occupied by a German doctor, who had settled down tl< re Tcry comfortably and seemed no ways inclined to vacate it. The Briton requests him politely to "come out of that*" the doctor responds In sonorous high Dutch, and, neither party uuderstanding a syllable of the other's ling>. Capt. Macdonald uk- s the usurper gently by the shoulder to explain his wishes in a more intelligible manner. Vp jumps the doctor, shrieking for as sistance, :Le railway officers rush in and com mence pummelling the unfortunate Briton, who, after a determined resistance, ia finally over l owered by n mbers, and dragged to the in fpeetnr's buroan, where he i- ordered to pay a fine if ten thalers on the spot. Fully persuaded that fce is in the right, Macdonald refuses to obey this decree, and, an a punM.ment fur tL -t contumacy ? is provided with lodgings in the city jail. His family apply immediately to the Eng'iah Con e ul at C logne, who offers bail to any amount; but the Pru-nian authorities decline to receive it; and. after pacing six days in durance vile, the Iti , kles* traveller is summoned to take his trial for a*-a ilt and batUry at the criminal coort. The Diatri t Attorney, Moller, who, conducted the case against him, not content with dwelling upon the alleged offence eommitted by the prisoner, ottered a vt h< meat philippic, denouncing the Engli-h na tion in general, and the English residents and tra veller- on the Continent in particular. They had, he Mid, made thr.mselvea odious by the boorish nc??, insolence and rowdyism of th?ir conduct; they must be ttngtit how to behave tliemaelve*. and the prisoner at the bar ought to be punished severely, to *? rv# aa a warning to his countrymen. The Court we?a evidently of the same opinion; several witnesses appeared in favor of the accused; but the testimony of the officials wa? preferred , and the Englishman was fonnd guilty and ?? ntenced to a line t>t twenty thaler*, with costs, L;s week's ira prison meat King tak*n tot > ousideratKn aa m'.ii patn g greater severi'y. So far, ao good. The Brilrn pail Ma fin? and went his way, cert itoly not rejoicing, but vowing vengeance, and threatening to complain to his government as soon aa he got home. Very likely Le .will do'so, or has June -o already, and a d plo matlc correspondence will be opened between the two Cabinets, whi -h tuay he expected to lead to the result that rsu ally attend* such diplomatic cor respondence? f. <?., nothing at all; but, ia the mean time, the af itlr has ?>e??n removed to the otgaisaMia of a tribunal in wliioh these mat'- r* are no? 'rented w*th the delicat* riiawt ? that h?m Writes diplo ma y. ThW are i <i'? a number of KngU?n families rt?iden' ,at Bo;. no, who nat'.ra ly fel* a^gri^ved by the remarks of the District Alt mey in reference to their nition. The fin-t id? a f 'nglishmen fn Auch case* Is to writs to the Lorxiitn 7/n'fs, snd to the 2%?k ? S'-cor#h?flf tfi v srot?. The r letter contained an indict lit pro*, -t acainst the ai>?. rtion oi M. Moller, that > gi ? i residing and traveling on the t ontineiit w- re u <t Tiotis rir tfceir rwh ness," A c ; i , i they asked how an offi cer al the Prtisels i >?u OOviid re on ile i' with f is high p' ? >n t ?suit h wt i? n?'< >n and a utioii t> Wh! tli'? wt-> f h'* -",*;r- king be forged, "fhe 1'. ncese ' ;?.4eri ;k ff iiiiais.' vhey observed, "5? an Englishwoman residing on the Continent; Queen Victoria it an Englishwoman travelling on the Continent ; mint they, too, submit to be dragged out of a railway carriage by railway officiate, to be lwtd?d witli abuse, or thrust into a iilthy jail, and then told by the Attorney General of the crown that they are rude and insolent vagabonds, , who deserve no better treatment?" The Times, which has always shown a hostility to Prussia ad unaccountable as its sneaking kindness for Austria, was not slow in inserting this epistle and making it the subject of an editorial, in which the case of Mr. Macdonald was commented npon in the slash irig tone of which the Thunderer is at a master. This was followed, a day or two . -arils by a furious onslaught npon the Prussian government, and especially upon the Prussian laws, which are declared to be "formed by sa\ages and admin istered by ruffians.-' Now, the Prussians (at least a good many of them) happen to be extremely ? Ei dud of their legislation; they are, moreover, tirm elievere in the incorruptibility of their judges and the intelligence of their lawyers, and they were roused to the highest pitch of indignation by the sweeping condemnation passed upon them by the English journal. Angry rejoinders ap peared in newspspers of all shades, liberal and icactijnary; the English are told that M. Moller was quite right in stigmatizing their insolence and blackguardism: that hitherto the Germans have been too indulgent towards them, liht that in future thev must be taught to know their proper place, anil be cured of the airs of superiority they as sume over other nations. There is doubtless a modicum of truth in these reproaches; for among the thousands of English who inundate the Conti nent in the summer season there must be some whose conduct is not quite unobjectionable; but their base offence consists in their habita of independence, whi:h prevent them from ex hibiting that deference and submission to which the public employes of all classes are accustomed in this country. Tho word of a government functionary is law, and no non-official person ventures to gainsay it, or. in case of dispute, he is sure to come off second best. A foreign diplomat of high standing said to me the other day, "You have resided many years in Prussia; did you ever h?arof a Prussian official being in the wrong?'' 1 certainly never dil; and this is the reacon that poor Captain Macdonald fared so ill ia his encounter with them. At the present moment this episode is not with out political importance, and it has grc itly discon certed the Prussian government, who are particu larly anxious to be on food terns with Eng land. The approaching conferences at Warsaw, and the apparent resuscitation of the Holy Alliance, can hardly be looked upon with a very favorable eye by the British Cabinet; and it was highly undesirable, therefore, that anything should occur to aggravate the unpleasant fee'iiug that already exists in that quarter. Till now , Prussia has been in rather better odor than her two Eastern neighbors: she was praised for her liberal institutions, her high civilizition, and the order and regularity of her administration, and people were not prepared to see her func tionaries conduct themselves like Austrian or Hutsian satraps. No doubt government wish M. Moiler at Jericho, and would, sub ject him to a public reprimand, if it could be done w ithout damaging tLe prestige of Prussian officials: as it is, he will probably be snubbed in private, and some other means found to appease the ire of the injured Captain Uacdonald and his incensed compatriots. At the late manoeuvres a Lieutenant Ostrowski, attached to the staff of Prince Frederick Charles, was severely wcuafcd by a conical bullet, some soldier havirig loailjp his mufket, by mistake, with ball cartridge. A iT-ench paper has a letter from Berlin asserting that this affair was not accidental, but that a regiment composed of Poles has had a regular battle with a German regiment, in which upwards of twenty persons were killed or wounded on both sides. As far as I have been able to ascertain, there is no truth whatever in this statement, and M. Ostrowski, who, by the last accounts, was doing well, was in re ality the only sufferer. It is not denied, how ever, that the Polish provinces of Prussia are in a state of effervescence, which occasions consider able uneasiness. The Kreut Zi-itung attributes it. to the presence of French emissaries: but the hatred of foreign rule that ha* always been evinced by the Poles is tjuite sufficient to acconnt for it at a moment when the idea of na tional independence has been roused to fresh vigor by the scenes now enacting In Italy. If this coun try should be involved in a war with France and obliged to concentrate her whole military force on tie iILine. it would be the signal for serious dis turbances in Prussian Poland, uules9 arrangements are made with the Czar to station a Miwovits I armv on the frontier stro^ cnOTgh Xa ovmwu ttie toaTdOtiithts 1 a.-iu it is very likely that tLis even tuality will be among the questions discussed at Warsaw. Tb< Battla of C*J?77.o. Frtit lb* i'ari* Oorrt spucdenoe to lae I/xtdoo Herald.] rk'UM" deia Jed account* have at last been NMlnd b?re fr 'tr. Naples and iitrru if Ihe second day * flgbtiog be tween the Uar'ba! : .&c? anl the rev*) roopt. which re lulled In tbe former being driven out of Cajatao back acrots the Voltumo outttl9.li, after driving oat the Neapolitan* (rum tbc tillage, It wasoocupted by the third hatta!i.*n of Meotc:'! divlf.on. commanded by Colonel Vac bier., by a Boiogneae company, unler Uattabenl. and i :>ns of other BMMML In ?? ab ml one ihiusand met. Vaccbierl, who law at onco tbe dangers ol hi* I a* t i , K Lt i.n appi.aalion for reinforcements to ra: Turr, but they never uade their appoarance. Bla ammunition was searly laed up, tbe men having barely twenty round* ( according to another veraian before me cn'y Cve rounds) u their poucbea. and Vuccb.eri dee patched a measenger with a request that tf remfutcemenu were not Mat up a supply of cartridge* ?bouid at least he unmea.ately deepatcued. The requuet was met with tbe Jocular inquiry, "Whether the gentle men had not their bayoiet* let. " Vaochierl, seeing that the rttmy wt-e we. I HMM with artillery asked lor a oouple ol guns. Tbe application was not even notioeJ. Vaccbierl foresaw thai be would be attacked In foroe, and that be oould not snooeaafolly ree'.*t for want of moan*, and bM *ntic'p*tlons were fully Tart bad. On the 321, about ntcn, Var. r . : ?* *entrie* a'.gna . -.-d a strung c.himn of tto^pa, which came out of the eastern gate of Cepua, and were advancing toward* Osjai/.o along the basks ol tbe Vol tamo. It was about 1.000 strong, and included a large proportion (some aay two, torn: three th.uiiecd) i-f uf \ad Bavarian veteran*? sol dier* whose mait'.al appearance and ateadlMa* under hre aay army might be proud of it wai support* it by Cve squadrons oi cavalry and a good many fl^ld plane* anl hj? tier*. Vaocbtarl. In order to spare the village If possible, immediately got hla little foroe under armi and west out to meet the enemy. He hoped to delay tbt'.r advance for a wb;le, while the round ol nring woui 1 wain Turr and a.dacw blm to come up with adequate re Iti'orremeat* At one o'closk ihe tabling commcnc. I, and for on* wbolt hour the Garibatdians stood ttie.r 1 grcund without falling back ? tingle step, although ex posed to* murderous fire if (rape, musketry and band grtnal*? an an r*?i.,oned Mfaatta the Mtoapoiitan* setm part.al to At the expiration of the hour Yaochl err* men bad not a cartr.dge, and he therefore had tne cbargc sounded. Tte order was gallantly obeyvl. Tbe Garibaiditl ruahtd forward, bit they were I met by the Pwlim at d Bavarians, wbo bore I tbe on*?t w lU out "inch in* Tbe earna*e I which then took place was frightful, and Vacrhierl, ?rtltg ti.at lbs enemy '? cavalry wa* trying to get in bll | rear, ordered a retreat, which wat performed In tolerable i order, hut not ? Iktst Leavy kM* (mm tl.o Nea^ ..t .n . ? ! *. Havr.g gam >fU?n bow? ver, he wa* met by a wen villained tiro from tbe .obab'tact*, who. aougly i ntrenched in the hou*.* lIM tf fliCMwIaiis >1 1 barely a yard's distance along lbs narrow *tro*<a which they bad to pa** Bc*1dea which the Neapolitan* were following ck* -j??o tji ,r rear Tuey attempted U throw i p barr.cade* to pr u-el u,em*?.\ea from tbe Neapolitan grape, but a ?<-w round ?b? t swept it.'ir away before ibey I could fa.rly be sa d to be commenced, and the Neapolitan* ' rufb.ng n . a band to band conflict took place tn the treeis of the town, the nal.v* st letto being tbe weapon cb.ety made oae cf. At ha '-pact three the Uarlbaldlan* | d .(banded, and *?p led acroa* country, whore | they were ha-.ked t' | e- ?* by tbe peaaant* or 1 I ut down Wbel*1a by tbe cavairr About one tl .o ! dred and f.fty Jumped into tbe rlvar, an I a port n 1 ? .rceede.l to sw'.mni.og acnaa r,i ,!? r a heavy muakel-y flta. Of Taecblul'a oolnsaa, accord ,ng to rriiabl* ac eonnta before me, barely oae hundred men relumed to Santa Maria. Tbe published aooouet ttate* that It* lea* wa* four hundred Thl* 1* wholly below tb* mark . but it >a '.mr?w*ible to expect an accurate return under such circumnanc* from the norretpoBdeot* n 0* r'.ba dl'a eaaip. ; h??e alio r^wtor to scp.-oei that tbe force <,f the Neapi.itan* ba* be >n grewtly overstate*! * private letter bwbre me itatee that tb*y may have i'?ea four tbouiiod, but not more, and tour to vf .* heavy "d*? to action. A rorrv*| i?d*r t cf :be Tar * ? '?.'( a<ld* |.im* :*tere*t leg parties, u He deter ?>?* * v ait he bad paid oa the | 34th tn tbrsdvan:eu poat*. and wa* struck by the ejo. I verllaer* ar.d ..iter eareleane** displayed by the Uarl ba dlana Tartbwrrka bare bean thrown up here and there, but there ww- not m- a enough to man them and keep s:p a proper lookout ? Tbe gut.* (be saj ?) h..ve not yet Inrxne op. and hkrd y | any eiertlrr" are being made to eetabc.ehs hattery en tbe I h noekS or fa'i Arc la an I -at Mlebel, whieh aommand ( apoa *n <* proWt tbe patiige of the V-Ht -vno. from v.u Maria op to Cajet*o It must be arid*d that tb* royal troope are la no ->eUer pvediearr.ett, fort unatety for Vaplo* ft>r If King ?*tif ?eo had a handful of reeofute mat. be onald march to tbe capMal Just v lia p'ewied, and ernnli na i ke ia*ectn. W* *r* wholly an prater. t*d. In the neigh ? borboed of Capua tbe ? o*e careletwneaa I* apparent, no reloubls or field trotkt to pretext the place fm* an sa . afci.lt. Tbe fn t iBcal Ion* ara pre'lrely In tbe *amt po*itiun a* if vo h**t IH lea were r > ng on Twterdar 0"neral Mail- > win (Carlbald an) sut vn Ckpua aador a <g of truoe for th< | urpo*e *?eiBg after th* woo*dn ! I"? th ? pre rlr ue (*a) ^al?ano had tent to T*f Wtaa.at !**r'* Maria, forr tne iMClf*. lteilw t7 wa* freely admltte I, ted weat about tbe lean e?e,>rt? I "ly a very pol'te ""leer. H? taw fia'tar.o, a ho told blm ? "Sir. be*** ured t) at your* and naroptal*M ai d f rinclpito are tbe a?me, bat w are ? impelled to until 'n de'<*ee of a flag whien w? have rorr?d all orr lite*, ard whieb at tbe elevath hour an nnfbrttinati evert m MtiniMed to ror honor. W? will abed tbo >%?? dn-p ?f car MoihI 'a It* defence. " Me.le'U n*> Bo r* r 1t? Klegt two br ber*, r>on l.0'|> *rd '' n . ? io- i ?o". were at P?j*r.?o dor ng Uii atu k tbe.r have rrlur-. <) ' to i>aeia. Tbe aoak* tlf^.ttus *ed with the (jar bai- I rtt*t* A p?iv*te letier ! b*ve e< on ?ay* their ct lot wa* ?>unit. Tbe i?m< onrree- -tdeai t>t * a g-arfc - ik?i b il tbe relative poaMltn o'tbe tw a'tt e* -- lb* ttoifii ?anre now faring e*i< \.Jm, tb* 1?- ba | dtar.a on the Ml, the royallaU oo tbe right bank Of MM Volturno. The King '? foroes ere supported, In military K lares, by GmU; I la basts of operation i la Ca?ua, and tie d extendi a> far as Cajassa Garibaldi's arasy has its headquarters at Maddalont. near Qaaerta. 12 000 men are oonceutratod tier* under the order* of Medici and Mell 7.mZ lu ?<tvaneed poets strech from 3an Lucclo to IbC hl". ut Ban Michele, where a tmali breastwork for tight rifle guns la constructed, to command a ford, by which the Volturno may be crossed On tbe nilloak. of Man Angelo an earthwork Is being constructed for another redex battery to guard tbe river and bom bard Capua, from wbeuoa a oonatant lire of artil lery la kept up to molest tbe working parties FWIT seven sheila were fired yesterday, but the only aafJes. cr was an unfortunate donkey, wno waa quietly rr??*"g bard by, after summarily relieving himaclf of tbe blrdei of a Capuchin monk, who aoconipantes the Bletllan brl I ado as almoner Whilst I wan there yesterday the Htl poll tans tired seven rockws ? a very harmless p? M?n+ s fl far as we are ccnoerned. Tbe Gartbaldlans are eafihw small slacks or those tbey pick np: of tbs 67 shells above mentioned on y 11 burst. Inkeveral planes tbe advanced posts of both armies are so close to each other that a good deal of chad is interchanged? uncomplimentary remarks on the King's mother, on our side, are responded to b? references to Oajtzzo. 1 wonder they do not ask each other to dinner. 1 would have accepted with pleasure, having dined off a piece of cuarie olack bread, and aeeing i be Neapolitan tauntingly holding up for our taotaltxa tlon roast fowls and well lilted gourds Tbe staff Is anxious .iborl Pledimonte, a eorpsol 6 0C0 men, which occupied the entrenched cimp bef< re Oapoa, having disappeared during the night. Tbe Garlhaldlans have no spies, and are therefore utterly n the dark as to tho movements of ,tb? enemy. The narrative concludes:? I may remark that the apprehension* of the staff were quite correct. The telegraph ? as announced yesterday? has brought tidings of the fall of Piellmonte, a success which will enable tbe Neapolitans to turn Garibaldi's flank. Vsrlbaldl and the Wounded at Caserta* The following eitraets from a private letter to the Kdltoroflbe M-dieal Timet and Qaxtttt, written by s friend who baa rocently via. ted Naples, will be read with Interest. Tbe letter a datei Naples, September 27 , and wss received tbls week ? A few days ago 1 waa one of a party which went dowa to Caserta to visit tbe military hospital, where the wounded were brought after the unfortunate affair of Capua. We first walked in the gardens of the palaoe. where we were so fortunate an to oome, accidently, oo a body ( f oll.i-ers prac.i?tu< ride shoottng. Among '.bosc vas no lens a personage than Garibaldi himself. As soon is he perceived us be came frankly forward to Mrs. W , who bad with ber a large hamper of lemons awl oranpe* for the wouodeO On her requesting him to five orders teat she ml|;bt be MUuttted to tbe bofpltal, he Im mediately offered to e?c<W her thither himacir. A few raimites alterward* the people Were a little astoulebed to toe Gar.btldl drive off wab an English lady and ber two laughters, without an> ol bis stall, to visit th9 hospital. 1 was perched on the box Alter a ten minutee drive wo arrived at the hospital? a flue modern building to look on from without, but tbe wa'ds arc too smiD, and lb* ventilation is bad. As to orgat,lzttlon there is none. When tbe crowd outside kuew that tbe general waa l here, they (Kicked into the ware's in such nnnbers that he could bardlv move aoout. It was a most affecting sight to see the tenderness with which the weather beaten warrior approached the sick bed. Kyery one was visited In turn, and be had a few words of consolation for eaob individoal. Be lac' bis rough band so kindly on the fevered brows of tbe most sufluring tbat the tears started from their eyes. It was a hot, sultry day, and the air was very carefully excluded. The reason given to me on my asking why the windows were not open, wan thai air too freel} a. milled waa apt to cause fever among wounded men. Of course there was no answering suca a profound observation, but after a few mlnates Gari baldi ordered tbe windows to be thrown open, Mrs. W? having suggesud to him the propriety of doing so. Bo fore leaving tbe war's, wbere there were about Sixty wounded? the moat jf them having bpen sent Into Naples ? Garibaldi made his secretary , who bad followed btm,g!r? each patient a dollar to get any little thing he might isncy. On seeing one poor fellow very unoorafortabla with a dry dressing, I'le usual Neapolitan one, be caosed him to be prcpeny dressed, and made some observations about using water for dressings, by whicb the surgeons bere might proilt. Be asked particularly If they .ised chloroform during operations, and was answered in the ? (Urinative. This a a step in advance. On the visit to the coxmon col liers being finished, Garibaldi went to tee the tff.ccii, of whom there worn about a doaen. Be kissed some of them affectionate 'y, and shook bands warmly wUb all, requesting every onogto make known to him aay wants, Ac. Not ons of tbem complained to bios, but on Being questioned by Mrs W? ? , It waa evident that there were many things required for tbetr oomfort ; above all, night attendance. Tbe place - a full of qoaeks and pretenders of all kinds, both medical and military One " gentleman,'' calling himself an inspector general of Garibaldi's hoepllala, waa offering quinine for sale the other day in Naples. Quiere, wimre did It come from* I saw a case wbere tbe ceaorrbage bad bees stepped by Or Plmpson 's plan. I cannot outer Into detata, as It is jest post time, and I write in haste. One of the rurgenns was present when I waa showing the modus opcrcuvki id the boepltal here. Be had tried in vain to secure the ar tery ? a amall one? and the man was getting faint frora loaa of blood. Be then thought of the needle, and roo cecded in arresting the bleeding Instantly, do yon sea they nay bt g'.n to use It by and by. Tl?a laplttUtlon of Aic?>?. 1 The Plrdmocteae Qaj'tte pnbltsbea tb? ten of tbe ca pitulation or Anoona, which is m folio w?:? Convention on the capitulation of Anwu, >|rwd np*s by the undersigned commissioners, by order of b:a it er llency General Fantl, Commander ta Chief of the /orow ? f Hie Majesty the Klnf of Sardinia In lbs Marches and I'mbria, and by order of bla Excellency General de lat morlci<re, CVamanaer in Chief of tbe Pontifical troops Art. 1. The flare of Anoona, with lta wbole-armamctw', ?l< rea and powder, clothing, provisions, ooal, t<numU u4 war, public ci Cera, borsus, carta and whatever else imv onga to tbe fovernmenl, both of tbe Ctrl) and military branches of the land or sea service, shall be immediately delivered to the land and sut forces of hla Majesty tbo K.ng of Sardinia Art. i The taad TVrci of hla Majesty the Sine of Sar dinia shall itnn.ed lately occupy tbe fortress and enlroocb rd oamp, the outwork i of the Gardelto and lunet'o snto Stefano, tbe fort of tba Capuchins and tbe ratea Pta, Ca'amo and larlna Tbe mole and the galea of ih) molt (ball be given up vo the rsyai nary. Art. 3 the i-outi acting par ilea shall appoint a miarO comm.saion, each composed of an officer of artillery , on* ?.f engineers and anothtr of tbe nary, and an Ml oi tbe Military Istcndanoe, to deliver aad r fee we rre^ec t'.vely, u akltg an Inventory of whatever belooga to lUo government in the place aad lta dependencies. Art. 4. Tbe wbclc garrison of tbe place of Ancooa, in cluding all the military functionaries, sb .11 march oq& with the benon of war fro? the Pta gate In the direct**: of the lorretta there oonatituting tnemaelvcs pneooerv of war. Art 6 Tbe troop* composing tbe garrison shall march oct successively by battailona or special orue of cavairy and artillery united, at mtervala of half an hour each. Art. 0 ? >n the arrival of the various defacements a*, tbe Torretta, the military bonois being received, Ibey i ball lay down tbalr arms, and be marched without inetr. to Val dl leal , w hence they shall proceed to FVdnaoot The offlotra, on defiling before his Majesty 'i troopa, sha:i offer their swords to tbe commander, who sbati m rite arm to keep them Tbe officers shall embark on board a> stiamer of the State and be taken lo Genoa, tba soldier* thai] continue by land lo Alessandria. Bis Kxcclieocy General lantl g'r^ bis word of honor that be will eter else all hia influence with the government In order t'-av | the capitulate? troopa. oa arriving at Getxa aod Ales sandria. may immediately be sent to their respective ! countries, on condition' that tbe offioera give their wordi i of Lrnor that they will not for tbe' space of one year, tight against tbe troopa of his Maieety All tbe ottioer* shall be allowed to taks with tbsa tbalr baggage tad torses, being tbsir private property, according to their rank. Art. T. The administrative, religion* and aatltary off. rials, sa wsW as those of tbs past offloe and telegraphs. I ha 11 be considered aa having tba rank of odk-ers. Art. t. The wounded shall be left la Aacoaa ondsr ?hr goarantaee of hla Majesty's government those avt{ them who are officers shall be allowed their own ordery officers and man are dt/ads oomprtsad ta this cap.uia tioa. Art. 0 The troop comprised la thla capitulation shall until they are definitively sent bona*, reoelva tbe f miow lag dally pay ? General offioers, lof ; soperlor otb an, U captains, iteutasaat* and sua lieutenants, Sf tbe troops ? ration of vcluale dally , besidee ? oen times to nos ma missioned officer*, and 10 oentimes tf corporals ur pr> vaus. Art. 10 While the gates aad fort! fl cat toa* are being glvea op to the l>ea>eg>ag forces the chief of tbe miltwv admtnistmlon la Anaona, aad all tbs nooo'jouato of every military oorpaor offloe. shall deliver op the moneys they have la hand, aa shown by tbelr books Tb>*e rums of the public treasury which nay latterly nave mo Irregularly introduced Into Anooaa shall llhewtas be de livered up Bigned in diipllnata at Ihe headquarters of the ftardi*>ar> army at V ila ravnrlta nadar Castro, oa the SB>b of sei Umber. 1M0 CHfV 4I.TKR L MAC AI, MARVIC!!) I.KPR , Pontifical Oomtaiasviaert. maior nr so w a/, chevauek bkri-oijc vuue. Sardinian Dummies ?>??**. OHMS OF THI DAY BT THB UNO OF *ARMN!A. The following < rfl? r of tba My at ka Majesty toe King f rard nla aaa been issued ? Soldiers I am eat) sled with yoo, hertna* yoo a'f woitby of Itaijr. By arma you have vanq i , ?.? nimiee, aad by conduct, tbe calumniato-a of tbe lla.ta*. i ame. The mrrcenariea mhom I set free w.ll ?;e*k of fla'y sad ?,f yon .u foreign countries, after having .cartel ;L?t God iteompense*' th?-ee who serve Ilia, and out thoac who opprrss people and despite the rt^bl of naltoas. Wr w at rrtab, jb a strong Itai ao tamarchy oa ta* !? barty of peoples who will ail ns with order and <-.?onr-l. TV? rational army will Increaae more and oaore .as g wry ? b oh aiacs eight centuries baa thane on U14 cmaj vt avt ,y. H.. tiers. 1 take the OTtnmand. !i w ?11 eel ee wx> ma! not to fc< ft rsKoat wberever 11 ere may be esager. Til* Fipnl?lon or Fflfppw Catdeva frsm Maplea. the f 0 iwli g peremptory order was aaoed on ihe 3Btb ult ? Bv order of tne P'rtatoe. yo^ sba!l I-<ate the k e r! raj r' NsfUr w thm twenty four bOura sf thle ,>*eaeot dw^ ji cric. A. Br.Kft -l , flbf&iva a v, addrtassd this letter to > at ffitu Gar) ' ba d' - i Gs>ss>:? Y ?- s mmrne-l me from Palermo, and. wMr. oa'. tuber ?ee ng or hearing me, you hi 1 me, thron?b yosr Secretary, P rtarl, to <i?!t ?ootberB Itaiy witais r uo-r? 1 declare, aa I gi, thai I y?M lo*se a lore a* there ta no right of any mtab-f ?<?' ite government (were It eve* yoar dictator hi) t wi. ct -Jir strike without listeoiiig I yi?d ic icrce, b?CMa tbe t.Be?oe I sm ch*r?rd With r r??.a i i -?un ng the ancevat'oa of Wctiy t,j ihe Italiaa *io?J ? ? irM.'ie' nr 1 ? ? ' . -jo.. : a?a tr and vgr rg yo*. tbroiigh tbe person of yoar Pio-i I rvatir. by tr<aasof petltiots of cit /ens an.! of stunk r pa MM Tt ssk and I beg was never acconatad a I