Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 20, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 20, 1860 Page 2
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THE QUE8T10H OF THE DAY. One of the Great Problems of the Age. Its Bearings Commercially, Financially and Fhllanthropically Considered. Ibe hate, liiioD, P wych an I Happiness of Miilioos bralved in its Solution. African Labor and its Relations to Modern Civilization, The most valuable discovery made in the tro pics of tie New World was in the fertility of its soil, within the tropics? capable of yielding, by cultiva tion, untold wealth to the whites of the temperate latitude*, but in a climate where no European could toil and live. While Spain soon exhausted its me talic resources and spent the proceeds in devastat ing wars, the soil remained uncultivated, from which vast wealth watt to be drawn. There only existed one species of labor which could be em ployed in the developement of these vast tropical regions to the fruitfulness of which no section of the Old World afforded any parallel ? and this was tlie servitude of Africans. ORIGIN OF SLA VERT. Slavery was the thinning of civilization in a savage state. where the only means of sustenance were derived from the chase. Prisoners tiken in war could not be supported; their captorn pos ?ewJ no means for feeding or maintaining them. Bence their constant custom was to put tkcm to ieath. This would prevail until their labor could be uade available in agricultural or pastoral pur ees. Hence, when savage chiefsfound they could ?ell their prisoners to tho-e able and willing to feed them for their services, the spirit of civilisation stepped in and rescued them from death. Hence Dm commencement of slavery was founded in hu manity and aided the progress of civilization. The labor of the prisoners thus purchased, efter pro toeing necessaries to supply the wants of them aatvea and owners, would have a surplus 1- ft, whiuh would lead to exchanges, and thus lay the founda tion of commercial intercourse; and its necessities would again call in the aid of the incchcuical art aad manufacture". ?MIL, I HP (SPOKE ANP AFTER TUB INTRODUCTION OP AmiCAN LAtOR INTO TUB TROPICS OF THE NfW WORLD. Afri tan labor in the New World has formed one ?f the most remarkable epochs in tin l.Utory of Baa. In no period of his previous existence wore Africans subjugated to tropical labor,- in no part of tho^Jastern World did such a vast aou rich iield ?Stat for its employment. Prom the date of the commencement of the AAiean ?lave trade may be dated the beginning of a aew era in modern wealth and civilization. Etatfand engaged in the African slave trade in the sixteenth cen.ury, in the time of Henry VIII., Which was vigorously prosecuted in the roign ot Queen Elizabeth. It was under her sway that re gular companies were termed, and a targe .lumber ?f vessels were sent out to the coast of Alrioa to purchase prisoners from the natives and convey them to the l'.rit -h West India Islands anl to her oalonies ot North America. Ti e members of the aoyai lamily, with many of the nobility of Eng land, vested their mouey in these expeditions. Aad many of her present nobility arc Indebted for their hereditary wealth to the profits their atiees tors derived Ironi the prosecution of the slave trade. When Bir'Jobn Huukins first visited an African tribe known an the Sambos, be fount! tLein oaani bais; and the first pan base he tuade wan livm a chief who had retained a certain number of prisoners as a provision against futur>- want. It is a little curious that one expedition fitted ?at for the slate trade under the patronage of Elizabeth's government was railed 'Jc-us," and another was called "Solomon.'' The British not only supplied their own ct>! nirs With African laborer*, which vastly augmented (heir value and productiveness. contributing wealth to tie British nation, but they coe?roet?\l to de hv< r, under royal charter, a large t. cm Her annual ly to the Spanish colonic-. To understand the immense advantages gained and tt" benefit conferred on civilisation by African laboi in the tropica of the New is only aeofesary to reflect upon what the condition of Bu rope, and especially of f'ogiaad, was prior to the employment of African labor, or before the reign of Qneea Elizabeth, and sobsequen*. to that period. While much has been attribute 1 to the Reforma tion, to printing and to the gol4 minea ?f South America, the vast material elements of mn lera civilisation resulting from African labor have be?n everlooked. England, when Elisabeth came to tbe throne, sraa in a measure without a commerce atd without a navy. The grand Armada, which threateced her destruction, would lie regarded now of I'ttle more femportar. e than a fleet 'of tiahing smacks. The dty of London was composed of muddy and crook ed lanes and narrow airy* for streets, orer which the gablea of wooden houses nearly torched each other. Her streets had no iighta, and n lien people went out at night they had to he car ried in haiwlbarrow* on the abou Jers of men, or were supported in their hands, while others ?arched in front with flambeaus to light their way. The crockery ware of the royal table was tittle better than that produced br the Dot h pot ? teries in New Jersey. Her pnb! roads were al most impassable. while her forests and highways were infested by robbers. Her inns were misera ble roadsidu Levels. It required about two or three weeks to make a jonraey from London to Bdinburg, or to the west coast of England. The aite of Masch ester was a bleak common, while Liverpool waa little better than a tiahing station. Prior to the reign of llenry VII.. the graadiathcr af Elisabeth, the people of Kugland had, is ?heir civil wart between the White and Red Boee factions, caused forty thousand of their ?amber to fail a battle. The masses were throughout the realm poor, abject and miserable being*, dragged to slaughter by Heal and contending < at thrifts, seeking to govern by fraud and violence. No man can travel through RgglanJ without meeting with the evidences of the ancient poverty of its masses. Few memorials remain anywhere of their existence as a mass, or as o upiers of the soil, fogtish wealth, progress, cematerce, agriculture, arts, sciences, with her naval power, all pretty macb date from the com men nt of the employment of African labor in j the New Wwld. and the same may ?ah! of the . DniWd Bute of imerice. France and the Con linen' generally, prior to the reign ol Kliaabeth. I were, if posaitle, poster *od worse off than fig- , land. osrar rnrTal* ar t*r rassswr ear. Aid what is the coi.dH on of Great Britain to- ! day Bhe VssesK* the most extensiv* com merce and the m<st po?orfal navy the sen has 1 ever shone opon. The declared valne of her I risports amount" to about MOO < >00 ,000 mma! y and the valae of her imports amount* to aboot tf>00 W.OOO per ananm. And this i smmerce has been inaugurated by African sla vsry, and te-dsy rests upon the backs of alar < ??. borers throughout the trop al world. -he, vV;a- ! ?U/. Ui I.OOO.OW Ali i:M iJovct lathing for tier ' in the l niu j States, in the production of cotton, tobacco &nj naval stares. She haa about 11 j<0 'aboring for her in Brazil, 1,000,000 in c >a, le*ides Urge numbers of coolies and cap ' j'td Africans in ber West India Islands. And no less t! an 1-0,000,000 rjotts and coolies, or Asiatio ?laves, laboring for her in the tropical regions of her East India Possessions. The annual exports to her East India Posses sions amount to $70,000,000, and her annual Im ports from thence to $80,000,000. The progress of the United States from the same general basis han also reached an annual average export of about $325,000,000? more than half and near two-thirds of which are the prodncU of African labor; while her annual imports average about $312,000,000. Abolish African labor In the tropics, and what wonld be the consequenses, not alone to the whites of England and America, but of the civilized world? The praises of Arkwrlght and of Whitney have been often told in prose and poetry; but what would have been the use of the spinning jenny and of the cotton gin without African tropical la bor, to the production of cotton in regions where white labor perishes? FhKK AND AFRICAN SLAVE LABOR RBCIPROCALLY UKKKKICIAL, AND NOT ANTAGONISTIC. In the Northwestern States of America white labor is devoted to the growth of grain. Where does it Knd its mo-t constant and reliable market? An-wer: In its direct trade with the South and in supplying the New England and Eastern manufac turiog districts. Where do these manufacturing communities depend for the best market for their goods? At the South. Thon the free laborers of the Northwest de pend upon the African labor of the South, employed in a climate where they themselves cannot work, for their best means of support. Again: where do the shoe and boot manufacturers, the steam cugine build' rs, the producers of cotton gins, sugar mills, ploughs, horses, pork and steam boats?amounting to millions annually? living in the free towns West and in the free cities of the East, as they are n auntingly called depend for their best market? On the Afiiean labor of the South. Yet all the white laborers engaged in these pursuits aro told that th< slavery of the South is their worst ene my, and they must unite to put down it and the South together. The fanatics talk of freedom, just as though there existed a single white man in the United Statu who dot s not enjoy as much liberty to day as existed in America when General Wash ington was first inaugurated President of the United States, on the steps of the old City Hall in New York. Such an insane cry only means abolitionism , which, if carried out, is to involve whites and blacks in one general ruin. A Mi AN SKHVICIS. OR 8I.AVKR7, AS PHO.'EKTV CNDEH TDK CONSTITUTION. But, says one, the constitution does not recog nise African services, or slavery, as property. How do you make that out ? At the time the constitution of the United States was signed, in 17s7, there were 41,000 African slaves held in the present free States oi the North. The State of New York held 21,000, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, &c.( also held large numbers of slaves. Suppose a clause had been proposed to be embraced in the constitu tion during its formation declaring that slaves from that moment ceatcd to be property, do you, can any one, suppose that New York? holding pro l perty in '.'1 ,000 slaves? or that Rhode island or other Northern State*, would hnvo signed It? Not "a bit" <4 it. How impudent and unjust, therefore, for th< -e States who sold out their negroes to the South now to come forward and tell the Southern people that there Is no property in African services or labor, or in slaves, under the constitution., too, in the face of the fact that the government has uniformly paid for slaves killed in Indian warn, aud has also compelled the English to pay for slaves carried off during the late war, or wrecked on Knglinh island* aud retained there l>y violence, when tarwtit luiu one Am< ffean port to another. NEW 0IUKII ON Pl.kVBHY AND Till M. A VI Tit APE ? position or wAssaciiiiirT ruin an? mow. Tlie n.overaents of the N'ew England Statea in re gard to -Ijvery have been of a mo.-: extraordinary character, During tlie debates in the Convention cn tic f> rui.iti n of the constitution, Virginia, with a majority of the Southern States, propwd a rluuM' in fmor of terminating the slave trade in the jear 1MX). This was opposed by a majority of the New England States including Massachusetts and lihode Island who hal a large onmbcr el vessels engaged in the slave trade, or in transporting slaves from Africa to the Southern States, and did not wish their trade to be interrupted. Hence these States proposed > to extend the period to 1*20. This the Southern States opposed. Finally, the period of 1*03 was offered as a compromise, and we find that Massa ? husetta and other New England States, who could have terminated the African slave trade in 1*00, actually voted to extend it eight years beyond that period, during which the trade was never more actively prosecuted. Massachusetts became res ponsible fur the Africans introduced in the South within those eight years. In that time M,000 were introduced into South Carolina. Does Massachusetts, when supporting the doctrines of abolitionism, repent of having been a party to the introduction of those 40.000 Africans? Or does she propose to purchase their liberation, and send them back to Africa? Not at all. We find that within a recent period she sends one of her lawyers to South Carolina to resist the legality of its no nit ipal laws regarding the imprisonment of Ore negroes, made necessary foi the protection of its citizens. What did South Carolina do' Ac knowledge the right ?f Massachusetts to iat -rferc In her local legislation ? No; not at all. The agent of that Stat* was summarily ejected from South Carolina. What follows^? l)id Massachusetts at tempt coercion ! No. She had no constitutional right to do so. It is now claimed that the free States collectively. Msssaohusstt . included, have a tight to do what the latter had no powei or legal right to do iodividus lly. A) Jin, we find a ^ei.ator of Mnsrachiisetts. who grossly maligns snd villifles a *-ute into wh'>se boeom Mssssehusetta assisted to pour 40.000 slaves, against the wi?hes of a majoiity of the Southern States, is knocked down, end, though not JnstiSed by any considerable number of the people even in --outh Carolina. yet the act found palliation both North and South. What did Massachusetts do' < o to war with South Carolina? No. She went to wark in spreading abroad the dragon's teeth of abolitionism, hatred, discord and III will i against the whole South, and to seek in this cru sade the co operation of all the free Stitei to 'pun l?h the whole South for the acts of South Carolina, or, in other words, to redress the personal griev ances of Mr. Hoar an<l Mr. Mitnner, to do what she wis, numerical,)- and onstitutlonally, was unable to perform singlshandt d. let ua look at the marsed side of this picture. Suppose tha' the Mmtheru Mates had called a con vention of delegates from Southern Mates, exelu eively, to meat at Nashville or at Columbus, and bad nominated Lawrence Keltt, of South Carolina, for I "resident, sad tin. I.. Yancey, of Ala bama, fc# Vice President, with a platform hostile to the North, and had posvesstd I the numerical strength to fore* * their j nominees and U.^ir messnres on the N<nth, nnfr <* ; ; constitution or no constitution? we ask, What Would have been the feelings of the North, ?' <1 of Ma?ss hnsetts especially. In ??cb * r"?'in K'n j We should have opposed such a se. ti.?nnl m ade against t!.e North with th?> same 4?u,mi. na-km wi i h we now J?) that Af ?be k r*r JUves agaiart th? Booth. | RESULTS OV ilUCiX LABOR J* TUB N*W WOILD. The total produc t of African slave labor through out the tropics of the New World amounts to the annual tram of about 1000,000,000? the yield of about 6,500,000 slaves. Of this immense sum more than one half is supplied by the African labor oi the Uuitcd States. IVriah all this, perish com mute, perish everything, so that the one idea of negTo equality shall be accomplished; perinh the white*, and perish the negroes themselves, rather than abolitionism shall not prevail. Proclaim free dom to the blacks at the South to-morrow, remove the fpardianship of the whites, and you would pro claim their speedy extermination. Had the negroes of St. Domingo formed a part of the continent of France, in juxtaposition with 32,000,000 whites, in stead of being placed on an island, who doubts but they would have been exterminated? FUST ABPAVLT UPON AFRICAN LABOR IN TUB TRO , PICS ? THX FIRST ABOLITION BOCIBTT AND I TO BB SfLTfl. The first check to the aid and progress civili zation derived from African labor was from the fa naticism of the French revolution in 17'.H) -03. The first abolition society ever formed was that of the "L'Atni <lt* JVicxVe," in Paris, at that period. It was composed of fanatics and infidels, just .is the same party in the United States is formed at the present day. The IJoyd fJarrison of that day was the fanatical Abbe (iregoiro. He proclaimed, with the infidels, universal "liberty, Fraternity and Equality," white and black. And, to prove his love of the negro, he actually embraced a thick lipped African negio who appeared in the Constituent \sacmbly, and hugged and Ki.-sed him, railing him his "dear brother.'' Madness ruled the hour. And in an evil-moment the National Assembly, which sent innocent men and women to the gui Urine in the name of "liberty, fraternity and equality," proclaimed 400,000 brutal and savage blacks in St. Domingo free, while there were only some 30,000 poor and defenceless, white people on the .inland to resist this infernal horde let loose upon them. The result was that they barbarously anu indiscriminately massacred thiin iu every form of fiendish cruelty barbarity could invent, white the torch destroyed their droll in j. s and desolated the island. Its chief butcher of women and childitn, nnd who poisoned the wells to destroy the French troops sent to subdue them, Touissont 1/Ouvertnre? the bloody John Brown of lib time Wendell Phil lips recently, in New York, called a hero greater than Napoleon or Washington. And to-day this abolitionist and his infernal pack of bloodthirity fanatics would, to accomplish their insane purposes, not only sacrifice the interest and happiness of the Macks at the South and of the whites at the North, but see the whites of the South, of all ages s#d sexes, slain in cold blood and their hou -es given to the Games, rather than their hellish schemes should not prevail. Some sixty to seventy years have rolled over since the bones of :50,000 whites have been bleach ing on the tropical hills of St. Domingo, and the monuments of desolation were made to blacken its valleys. Vet what has become of the "equality and fraternity" of the races? The blacks of St. Domingo are still an uneqnal race. The material prosperity of the island has never been and never will be recovered. While the insane "liberty equality and fraternity," claimed by tail* dels nnd fanatics in 1793, nowhere evist in France. An Emperor rules with an iron will. Hien what did the first Abolition So I cicty, L'Arui dta Xoirr, "tho friends of the blacks," accomplish? The mas- acre of .10,000 white men, women and children, in all the forms of barbarous cruelty. That is all. And wh.?t more I than similar butchery can our abolitionists a ? om pli>h It left to carry out their insane crusade? TUB SECOND aSWATI-T ON AFRICAN L4B0H, AND WHAT B I. CAME OF IT. The next check, or attempt to destroy African labor in the New Word, was inaugurated in t'ng laiid. The infidelity and Jacobinism of France crossed the Channel, Mr. Wilberforce and his Qua ker friends < ommenced operations against tho slave trade. Uaining '?trength, they adopted the princi ples of L'Auiidn X< , and became raupant abolitionist*. snJ finally forced the govenracnt to abolish slavery in her West India Islands, which I <1 to their ruin. Their attempted reoperation l>y supplies of ccoties and captured African-* has proved a failure. TBF THIRD l.?A>n ASSAftT ITON AFRICAN T.ISOH. GIU1 AM/ED IN '. HK NORTHI-IIN STATES OF AMERICA. The next grand assault to be made on the enor n.ously valuable labor of Africans in the tropica? valuable alike to white* and blanks, valuable to tbe cause of progress, of commerce and of civilisa tion throughout the world has been organized in the free States of North America, incited by British influence, again' t the labor of four millhjiit of slaves in the ?- States, with whmn they formed the most solemn constitutional com pa. ts. f oriiinat^ly for those Southern Statea, anil for the white* of the eivili/p.1 world, who m>t?t have sup ple of <300,000 ,00*> in Jetton annually, to ?ay no tlitgof tobacco rice.V , tliey are Independent and soverrljpi State* in ail thing* not expresacd In the eon?tituilon. They, withal, eve a brave and pa triotic people. a*.d in numbers of whites are n< a:ly two toooe a?aii<at tlie ldi?ek?. Theyposseai arm?. arsenals and military or ;aulzatk n*. Hence, when the < arriaor.s Phillips ??, Seward and other fan* tics of the North dream of Oonvtrtlng tliat fair and prosperous section of o> r I'nion into another St. Dooiiogo. when suppose that they can accoin pli'h the inA'scriminate massacre of the whites and reduce their dwelllaf"* to asl.s , tbe r dreains will never be realised. Neither will their equally utopian nonsense 10; ardinp a trrnnJ negro repub lic, to be orgao.'cd and supported on the border* of tl.e Southern States at tiie e.\pensn of the United State- porermntat. aow afkil ams rate cm* citiu to. You see a well dresacd ne^ro walkiu? the streets, about as well citilired as Ma nature permit*. How i^d he%ttaia that civilization' Did somebody send to Africa and bring him over, rear, feed and clothe him at their evpenae is order to civilize him' No. lie wss civilized by the services of his ancestors, without which, if he now existed at all, be would to da/ be a pig headed cannibal in ;Le wilds ol Africa. ?MIGRATION FROM 4 FRO AD I.AMEI.Y TVBSSTRn TO AFRICAN LABOR AT TIE SOITB F.JE KEANS OF TRANSIVOTATIUN. The abolitionists have appeal* d to the Irish, tieimacs and other citizens of forelj-a birth, and endeavored to per*ua.le ti em that the southern people, and African labor la par titular, are their greatest enemes. A great lie, of conrsc. Have the great body of this clans of people ever reflected upon the fact, that with out the South and African labor a great many <>f thi m would never hire bcea able to Lave reached our shores' It requires over 2.000 ships ao>2 40,000 sail jm t< > transport one crop of cotti n to Kurope. These vessels br ng back to the free ports of the North merchandise lesa bulky than cott :i. tobacco and rice, which leaves large unoejupled space, that is filled with steerage passenger* at a lov rat" of fare? % rate whiek would be unattainable were It not f> r the large number of tcsmIs en gag? d in tho transportation, of co'.ton. Tho* the treat - migration from Europe Into the free State* of the Wort* bss be. n largely promoted by th* African labor of the South. One of the flrst eflhc* of the d?*tn ? ??n or seri-,u? disturbance to this la!>or w< ild V\ in a mea^ir^, the ?"ispenaion of for- iga < n ,grati<>n l< a<i nc to the p?rmaaent Repa ration of frw-nds and kiuorrd in &>?? Now and Old Worlde. w?aT *1. aTE ia*oa has dove to *c*raiN m fi S AS CBS or THE ?BI'tmtSOVBRNMEirr. None ^an dispute that w'ien '.he thirteen feeble coloniex emerged Tr on the marde, ous and deeol*? ng ??fle '*s of *he R'vnl :ti'iiarji war they were ?.an* pt n e . ? ryh.-iK b ? honor. Without ei- i porta' > c. ney *ia %.u j and uebta r? mained unpaid. English prohibitory du'ies resulted in little else than non intercourse. The country n:.ide no prtgrets until the supply ui jo'.ton be juiiie a large article of export, between the years 1705 and 1812, which introduced largely inorcaMd w euith. The war of 1812 cut off thisresoorce ua an export. The South joined in the war of 1612 on j : inciple that is, to protect Northern ships fro. a starch and the seizure of sailors by Rritish erniseri, while gome of the New England States, when it had commenced, opposed the war. After a content of three years the States emerged from the struggle in poverty and bankruptcy. Cotton now sold at 18 cento to 26 cents per pound, and was as good for export as so much gold, while the exports of Northern growth, such as breadstuff*, were cat off by the English Corn lnws. The exports of cotton, therefore, not only aided In paying off the obligations of the Revolutioniry War, but. to a large extent, paid off the immense debt contracted during the last war with Great Britain, amounting to from >100,000,000 to $200, 0C0.000. Not only so, but they contributed to pay oti the debts contracted on account of the Mexican war. WbOe cotton has thus sustained so largely the financial resources of the government, it has en riched the manufacturing and commercial classes of the Northern States, as well as contributed, by its home market for breadstuff* and provisions, to eiirich lie agricultural free labor of the We it. CONCLUSION. To preserve these great interests of whites and blocks, to save our country and its institutions from" the revolution threatened by the madness of infidels, fanatics and traitors, demands that every patriot should rally in their defence by sustaining the constitution, and the equality of State rights, and that Union guaranteed under its broad man tle, now and forever. Oar ItlchrooMit Correspondence Rinwosn, Va , Oct 18, 1800. The South Determined to Demand an Amendment of th* Constitution?A Convention to U Called for Wit Pur

pose ? Secession in the South ? 3k, pp**& Collusion Bitwen Douglas and Lincoln? Douglas Endtavorinj to Klise Fund* in Virginia? O. Jennings Wut fur (hngrtii^? D ath tf Commodore Skinntr at Stmmton, in this State, <f , dc The ocnceded certainty of Lincoln's election has led to a complete change of policy on the part of the Sooth, lostead of an eOort to obviate black republican ascend ai cy, atteDtlon seema now to be given to the means best calculated to protect Southern rtghis and Southern in Uresis umter a black republican rigine. Of all the mcsns to this end which 1 have h^ard discussed that of an amer ilment of the constitution seems to be regarded the most feasible. So far ns Virginia is concerned, neither secession nor disunion Is regarded with aty favor, since they oiler no hope of remeJyisg the evils which the South apprehends from black republican misrule. What is locked for Is some sure and permanent guarantee against the -'Irrepressible con lict" doctrine originated by Lit coin, and subsequently re echo*-d by Seward. This is found only in an amendment of the present federal ccuetltutlon, and to accomplish this will henceforth be the aim of the Southern people. Virginia, it is supposed, will take the Initiative In this movement, and set the example for the other Southern States. It ie intended, as I understand, to inCuenoe Governor Letcher to call the Legis lature together some six weeks or two months earlier than he at first intended? say about the middle of November? aad submit to them this amendment question. Should they approve of this policy, a State Criivention will probably l*e called to determine what amendments are nesearary to a full and pcrfect guarantee of Southern rights in the I'nion. Having eettled this qucsticn. an address will be isMSd to the other Southern States, calling upon them to meet separately in coaven tlon, aad either ratify the action of Virginia or adopt a new policy, la all cases the action of the State Codvm ttous mast be subject to the approval of the eeverai State legislatures; but the action of all lb* Southern Slates must ultimately form me subject of a Joint coir sulfation of tl.e v. a^ir gjulh, m ibe hope that out of the several proposed tome ettootlve one stay bo tlimla?t<<l. We mail, therefore, probably have the conference saltans of )a*i year revived;' but as in that natance domh Carolina ?as foiled in her tiloria to carry oat that paajc policy, it is to be fearel she will net a|k>n co operate in any tcLenic looking to a |?*c fin vlBdicatiosi of Sooinern rlghtai .-he inviud Virginia t? a colli, recce last y*ar, but Virginia declined ton invlta t ion . and It is but reaiona >19 to presume that the cLivalry ol the Palm tto would s;u:rn auy advances l! a > purport f. oji Virginia. It is generally iboutht that South Carolina will a a# u:t ui>oo u< r "on n book, ' itil ju?p out of Ut* Vniou D?t?(H.n ibin nod Cbr't'.mkt neat? !?tvln? I tie otner Seuibern fltalut to act I of 11 < an ? <?? . f.ltirr U> loilow Fill or p-irene ibe Virata la pol.oy U It eon! lent'y wwertvd by punts '.b Vi.gibla, who teem to be well putted upon Uia matter, lhai a :i already formed belaeou the Main ut Suuth Uio,,u, Jdtatiaaipp:, Fi >nda and Al* bama t j tacede in tbc evcul of l-iucolnt el-vtloo. At all event South Caro:.L> .? kneu n to fav >r aeceaaiot ; aaJ 'a nider to make the mailt r curs octiain, a pledge la esatied frwn ?. very candidal*' for Ibe I "jU'aiurc to favor that policy btlorf'Q* It voted for. TLu?e ?b" i up]>oee that ibo t1 >ulu will tamely tubinit 10 tbe rlcci.oo ol J art In m tl kuow bat vn y lulls of tbe lone ami lecher ol tbe Sjuibcru mind al Ibla moment. Inere ta no bluatcring, no thrvatt, aa heretofore, Oi l tu?i .Kwrrtnatm It no lett rtrong to carry o l tl?? pur, mac Intimated. It Laa Im < ? tbc cy of tne uiauniua e?uert id ibisoam I ai)r Ui Co all n t Mr |?'*?r to ward ol toy threatened er.tia by tUatrtiug LUicoin't Jefea', to that they may re lure to their t,<mm and para?J? their uravatl'ng eflurla to ubv ale the due alternative to wt-ioa it wat known Ltn cotn't c'ectl?>c would f roe iSe I mth MMMPMM la Ubalf cf i ?l' a will have much l.iroe, for It eaanot be aatd U al tl.c dtauu uc leadera helped to bring oo th ? rria.t. bat that, uo is* oomrary , they ueed tbelr beet edofta to ae?rt u. For all tblt It b'ld rrep^cfJli by tbe great of the Soaihtia i<eop'e It !? very generally tntl mated that be It m coiluetm . with l.leoln, with a view to the ttcc?.4i'>o Our )tart beaoe; and thin charge derirta Wi.ob force fr *n hit atreno>aa rflbrtt to dl\ t le the utmocnaic party. Many tay be it ?e? k .Bg by tome meant u> retrieve hit iinumiM pecu aiary l<<at<t. but tne former idea It tbe m-wt probable. tin<? lilt elevation to tb? I'rctidmcy would rover all. By Ilia way, I bearu a get lirmau lUle a lew 4aya ago thai tl** ma te deepcraU ?fijrtt whi'o mak'og liit ttomping loar through V rgicia lo ratae (50, WO npon iila III now property, nut fa. led lntt denoiaa that all la aut rigbl w lb tfc? " O.aLt." It appeart that in kllllag the dttnocralle party be klltod bimaelf, pen?atarliy and pa Mtioaily. 1 aaa :re y >ti lie baa bat little evmpatay ao oogtl tlie (real majority of tlie (etpta of Vlrg a la aad the ?mid. I bear It a talc J here that Ik* frlendt of O Jtamagt W e, t>q , are 4atrrm oed to ran blm lor Congrtat from tbia d'ttn-t Ue it undoubtedly tbe moat prom'fing f oucg man a the -*uiie. aa I by far :be anat popular we bavo ib Alt dittrlct. He la aa orator iitle inferior to bk .ttiagaitlted lather, an-'. A a llagniat t>? bat few niuala la tha country ! haard him deliver aa ei tempore tp*ec). in tiermaa.wbaa .ai . <xt at a u eelieg ol (Mrmaa a topi ad c* ett arlag tbe preaeat campaign. Froat tbe ea BMifeeted, 1 could jndga tbetpeech wan wall delivered aad d' esed very tat lai actor y Ha M equally expert la tbe Freach. :ta:tau aad itpaniab lannv-e Cuiiinoter* *maer died a few daya ago at nia rati decoa, in ttauatco, Vlrgutla, after a protrasted tiiaeat Hit recutlaa were oonveyed to thit ctty yaateriay, by Ibe CawtraJ Railroad, and depoa.tad a the Capitol, where ???? ?? ay ia (late . ,r ..k laa l n :? ? t . ;nder charge of a guaid of boa or conpoted of detachotentf from aome o' rar Tolwtteer com ma lea. To day they were 'toavrye-l to the York Rivtr Rallr.w.l depot, uader military eacort . anc i at apa* the route Ui Norfolk, w'.cre they are to be : i-.tev red. UMtmodore Sk 'naer baa bd?n a rex ideal ef c<uuctoa tor nearly ei? yaara Hit Drat ladaaa ment to go tore waa to be near a daughter of h?, a demf ante, who waa educated at the l"-af aad l>umb laatltotwa at etautua. Ahe bad graduaiad loag belort ber laUtiar bad taken up hit r?eideore at that place ; hat to ttroog were ber attaofemeatt to the laatltu ut n that abe daatred to be ta dally ooamunioatioa w ik It, aad her lather, ike late Coat aodore, deferred to ber wwh aad traaaierred tit reeld'noe to StaaaVni. Hiia ycurg lady t taid to be vary intelligent. I hart eeea ber, aad 1 would tay that lew youag ladiea ta the oota by "ir.b r.e men fuuy tbe charm of beauty, tprigbt iiartt and atnlablMy U-au the doaa. m? It an object of love aad admiration aatoog the ettlrt p-iputalloa of the Vlrgiata valley. Tbe Ommodnre bat aiao a too aaaed Jaa H. Skinner rotldenl of Staunton, and a praetlalag lawyer of cootlder able sertt. He wat Hit regular dtatntratw nominee la the Team 1 egioa," or Joha Utcber't district, at the lttt ? ? ' t < n . bat wat defeated by the Hon. John T Har rtt, who ran aa an ladepaadeat candidate la oppoaltloa ta fcim. Mr. Skiaaar la a ttump orator of ktgb re pate, ha v ng tuaataaf ully oom|wta?l with aome of the Brat mea of the pretest day . of whom the Boa A. H B. Stuart w ?a Mr K. waa toe flrtt of tit fkm"r, LbaUara, who tettled la Stanaloa after hit titter cotamf aH bar ada ration la tbe Iwtf aad r>?mb IaatlteUoa. aad the father wat doubUctt tuMeqoeatly attrarM to the plaoa by raa r. n of tbetr retl?l?r. e there. Tht ( mrr, -lore waa hlgt ly rttef ed by all wbc ban the pktaara of bla arqutuat aare. and bla daath la vary gtnera'iy lam ?n tad Trade la Richmdk'l it very aottva thia aeaeoa, and pro / mitea to aoatiaaa to I >r toma t:tna Tlie cropa are un ntaally favorable, and the tttraaara, at a coaeeqoeace, are In Una epirllt aad rery wiillag to bay WiU aaah a ttata of tblaft, what a altv that *ay pol.Uoal evcai ah< occur to dtttarb tbe happy relatloat of the two taetkiai aad tht qaiet oparatK nt of trade aa it beretofcre "Tit lad between them. Bt ataure.1 that beoo forti. .Itt iactkiM wHl be earefully drawn by tbe ?iutb In the bestowal of pair mag' n yoar Northera .ilea The ate jraoce emar taiaed of the aaat^iaeea of tbe great bonne of A. T maw art of ycur eltv, ta the .Horn hern ?teeatioa, Will cootaaad lor it a c.onopoly of tbe Aratbara trale. n, luial "iblbttion of tbe T ra t a Air - .,t ral ?o clety will (MBtaaace here oa tbr i*T net. From Ue ax teatiew patpatatlatia aald ta ha la progreat throcghout the taaappoeed UiM ribtbitioa wiu turpaia la varlaty a?d ?agai*o?aoeaay beretofare made Tbe Agri .mural Doeiety la nnd^r tne Pretidency . ( an., t [ voae. i -q , k | l lew. aa of onanmaadtag in loaace aad an eaar gy wh.cb onuld lapart vitality to aay ?c.te?*. T?, t oc nation will bring tagcther ail the proi. uett men of oar SUttr, khd a good opportna ty ?lli be ad rded at tain lag the papular Mtiment of Vlrg nia <w the great preble* wi lob t.laooia a elec .ion wni origlaata. The manner of ^anlntlon, I lake it, w ..e :b?l indlMted n '.le fital part cl thkt letter ??i an amea>daa*n: of tbe n<?(1l1at)oa, to the end of greater ta ...? !ty aga net I a ? i a*>d -irwart! > 'rryreaa r ? u r C a A-t-.w Wt REPUBLICAN MECCA. Tkl Crowds of Political Worshippers at the Shrine of Lincoln. 8prisgfield the Best Known Spot on the Kap of Illinois. WHAT WILL LINCOLN DO IF ELECTED? Interview Between Him and Seward. THE PROBABLE CABINET OP LINCOLN. ANXIETIES, PERPLEXITIES AND UTR1CCE9, a*, a?H a* (Mr SprlagMeld Corr?ipondtnc?. SrRiNOFiKi.D, 111., Oct. 16, 1S60. Influx of Politicians to Visit Lincoln ? Axeg to Grind? The Interview Btticeen Seicard and Lin coln ? Why and ITowit Took riace?Seinard Xot to Hold Office Under the Xext Administration, Ac. Tliis handsome little prairie town, with its quiet look of a New England village, its unpromis ing hotels near the railroad station, its half dozen churches sending their white spirea high up into the clear blue sky, and its snug homes half hidden from view in the thick foliage with which they are surrounded, appears to possess at this time a spe ci.J intereit in the eyes of politicians. Every d?y some one or more of the republican stamp orators who are perambulating the country, from the banks of the Penobscot to the banks of the Kansas, find that tLey have some little business requiring their attention here. That business invariably brings them into personal communication wit'.i the great celebrity of Ihe place? the ex-rail splitter? who, to his own and the country's astonishment, sudden ly found himself famous by the action of the Chicago Convention. What can all these long vviuded but empty headed orators have to say to Old Abe? Much that is of consequence to themselves to be said; little that it would be interesting to the public to have repeated. One thing Mr. Lincoln ought to be satisfied of, if he has any confidence in the as sertions of such people, and that is that the unsel fish patriots who are stumping States for the re publican ticket, where there never was any room to doubt how they would vote, have been the origi nal and earnest and most nnyielding supporters of the Springfield celebrity, and did as mach as even Horace Greeley himself in ruling out the preten sions of William II. Seward. If these gentlemen do not get an opportunity of serving their oonntry for the next four years, In positions where there is little work and much pay, you may depend upon it that it will not be for want of blowing their owu trumpets nor from any modesty in magnifying their own achievements. But speaking of Wiiiiam II. Seward reminds me that the principal design of thix communication was to discuss the relations existing between him and Mr. Buchanan ?s successor in the White House. It has been remarked that throughout Mr. Seward's praud ovation in the Northwest, he very rarely, and then only in the curtest manner, spoke of the republican candidate for the Presidency. He re cogi.ized that the (Uttering demonstrations that attend' d his tour were made in honor of himself personally, and bad little or nothing to do with the republican cause or candidate. The men who ac companied and turrounded liirn were li'a own imme diate friend* and admirer*; and wliiie they yielded a I'ti-t-ive obrdicnce to the uk&KO of the Chicago Convent ion, they never tried to stifle the expression of thc-ir regret the choice had not fallen on tl.< ir favorite, or, as fJeneral Nye u*ed to put it, on New Yotk's favorite son. Seward himself would have beta more or lew than human if he did not, t<5 a very considerable extent, ??hare in this feeling. His heart wax not in the cause of Linoln and tlamlin. He might well have be?n deterred from trying to m.ike a shjw of loyalty towaid that cause by the reflection that in doing ao he would expose himself to the charge of insincerity and hypocrisy. And ao. while he talked at the irrepresaiblc conflict, of the backwardness of slave communities, and of the present and prospec tive grandeur of the great West, he never attempt ed to inspite his hearers with any elevated idea of the talents or abilities of llr. Lincoln. Let not Mr. Beward be blamed for this. Rv.her honor him for hi* avoidance of even the semblance of bypocriey. But, then, it may be said the proof of Mr. Sew ard's sincere regard for Lincoln may be seen in the fact thai be passed through Springfield for the sole purpose of seeing him, when he might have cone by another route, and when it had been actually arranged that he should go by another route. That circumstance i* not wwth so much as may appear at first sight. There was a little bit of policy In this deviation. Would you know the se cret of it? And it is not much of a secret either. Scwaid wfnt ly way of Springfield be it had been represented to him, and he ac knowledged tiie truth of the representation, that Lis avoidance of Springfield, when he might as well take that route would be sure to be construed into au evidence of hostility against Lincoln, and lafebt operate nreju diually to the republican cauae. That arg ument swayed him; although, on the other hand, if he should have an Interview with IJneoln. the same slanderous spirit might find in that fact "coufirma tion strong as proofs c! holy writ" that Seward was negotiating for the State Department or for the m. ? ion to London. How was he to avoid Stylla. and yet not fail nto Charybdis! By one of those very compromises which enable us, in personai I r.d political matters, to avoid so many difficulties, ana ? hi n Mr. Beward himself so contemns and rtviles when the slavery question is involved. He ' resolved, it seems, to go to Springfield, but at the same time^o avoid any private Interview with Lin coln, and thus disarm malic* of a weapon with which she might otherwise annoy him. That is how Me*?r*. Beward and Mncoincame to have that brief meeting In the cara, of which your repoitergave yon the particular' by telegraph. Cue of the great <|ueetioas that occupy the pub lie mind now In connection with the succaaa of the republican cause ia this:? Will Mr. lincola'a ad ministration be carried on In each a manner as to do cf|nal and exm t justice to all parta of tha coa fedcracj, or will the radical sod subversive Idcaa of Mr. atVWi, in regard to the question of slavery, be permitted to exercise an influence which could only have most rumoua conse?|oen-es? In other words, will Mr. Beward hold a place In tha Cabi net, or will be be at leaat a power behind the throne! One part of the question, I think, I can answer with some degree of confidence. Mr. Beward will , not hold a place in the next administration. It won Id not be Mr. Unco la 'a wish that he should, however much he might feel himself bound to offer It. He is naturally Jealoua of Beward'a Influence, and of hla undoubted abilities aa a statesman. He ia not inclined to follow aa a satellite la the orb* which Beward proscribes, but, on the contrary, j rather inclines to follow a moderate, fair, constita tiotsl course of policy. If yon believe his own as snran. ee, the moat violent Southern fire eater wdl find it diflcolt to question his pauioti?m or impar tiality. He k ft man of a rough, original tnra of mind, an-1 jost n?h a man, It strikes me, as wonld, ji tfce ',miri*'J-at'on which be sbo?i'd presi Je, i ?how rather much obstinacy and self-will. " Au Ootsar, aut nullum," would probably be hid motto, if he were conversant with Latin. And such a man would not be likely to tolerate ouch a visi Nff aa Wm, H. Beward. But, If there were any doubt on the subject, I think Mr. Seward's own dtoclaimer ought to settle it. The one thing that ho lecnied to dread most from his meeting with Lincoln was, a* 1 have before remarked, leat ha might bo suspooted of having selfish ends to promote; and the only thing of My note that he said in hia speech from the can at Spring tield was, that New York, while doing more for Lincoln than any lialf dozen other States, would be the least exacting of all. That waa construed at the time, by your reporter, aa meaning that Mr. Beward wanted no office from Mr. Lincoln; and I am inclined to thmk that your reporter was quite right in his construction. I, too. was present at the interview, and heard the speech, and, even at the iisk of being As tedious u i twice told tale, 1 will essay to give your reader* my description ot that somewhat remarkable event. It was about- noon on the 2d of October when the train on which were Mr. Seward and party reached Springfield. All the morning they had been admiring the richly developed country throngb which the road ran ? the far -spreading prairies dot ted here and there with fine farm house* embower ed in trees. It was one of those dreamily pleasant days that give such a charm to the season, when the leaves assume rich purple hues and render the woo'dlands so unspeakably gorgeous. At length the reverie, iuto which the travellers appeared plunged, was broken by the whistle of the locomo tive announcing the approach to a station: that station was bpringfleld. On the outskirts of the town a gnn was planted, from which a salute was fired in honor of Senator Seward. That indicated something like a public reception, and, indeed, there were collected around the station six or eight i hundred people who cheered vociferously as the | ctrs stopped. Then there waa a rush to get a sight at t^e Senator. The doorways were instantaneously jammed, so that there was uo getting in or getting j out: and the windows were stared into in searcl lofSe ward. Among the firbt to enter, and to make his way to Mr. Seward, was Abe Lincoln himself. I do not gee w hy people call him Old Abe. There is no ap pearance of age about the man , excepting the deep ly indented wrinkles on his brow, and the furrow ploughed down his bare cheeka, hairless as an In dian's; you can hardly detect the presence of frost, in his black, glossy hair. Neither do I understand why he is represented as being so prodigiously ug | ly. Put him alongside of Mr. Charles O'Oonor, and Mr. James W. Gerard? both of which eminent gentlemen ridiculed so much his supposed ugliness at the Cooper Institute in your city last week? and if he would not appear "an Adonis to a Satyr," he would, at all events, be set down as the finest look ing ntau of the trio. He is awkwardly till; but if ; he had had a military training; his height would , be rather to his advantage than otherwise. lie is "no carpet knight so trim," aflecte not the ' elegancies of refined society, does not care to imi tate New York aldermen in tho matter of yellow kids, but is altogether a plain, blunt, wiostenta i tious man, and I have no doubt that ihe epithet I "honest'' as applied to him is not misapplied. As i;e elbowed his way up to Bcward's seat his coou I tenance waa lighted up with an expression of plea sure and good humor: and wliile you would recog nise in his face a general resemblance to the popu lar photograpl. i and prints of him, yet you would say at once that none of them did him justice. The portrait that most nearly approaches perfec tion is the imperial photograph in Brady's gallery in New York. But in all of them his lace wears m stony, rigid, corpse-like expression, as if they were taken from a piece of sculpture, whereas in conversation he has great mobility and play ot features, and when he is thus animated yon fail to erceive anything ot the ugly or grote?qa9 about im. I had time to trace these observations of him oo the "tablets of the braia" as ho elbowed his way, followed bv a crowd of Sprin^tielders, ip to Sena tor Seward's seat. The latter rose as Lincoln ap proached. khook hand* with him, ntrodjeed him to the ladies and gentlemen in his company, and * then, without entering into a on of even :,<in:al courtesy with him, resurai 1 hit ?eat, from which, however, he was immediately called out by the crowds aronnd the car. who wished to see and hear him. Seward seemed to ooey the summona wiih unwonted alacrity, a* ifpla'l to abbreviate by -r> much the interview. Vour reporter. 1 see, fur nished yon the apeech liy telepraph; In4. ina^mn?h at> it iliuHtratia the queation <>! Seward'a hohling or in t ) '.Idinp- office under the next administration, 1 think I may introduce it here a train. 1: <s short. After alluding to the extent of lib trip, he -aid:? I im tnppy to ei[TM* on behalf of the party w lb whoa I in travel! irg.oor gratitude aaU aclcno# edgmcnle tor ktifl and gturroiii reception at tbe b u?o of your diaila guirhed fellow cttlaea, our eace'.leot aod honored oaadl dale Tor tie thief Mstialracy of Ux? '"nlted -tatoa. If there la Id any part o' the coon try a uueper internet frit la Ma election then thore '? id aay other part, u moat of ctairae be here, where be baa lived a life of uaefulaaaa, where be la iarrouad< d by tli com pw.: oca of nia iabora aid c.f bla public acrTle<e. We are t?i>rv to report to you although we have travelled over a Urge part of the e"nutry, we have fr\.nd l ? d'.ubtfnl Mm , \\?. .*.;ee ) Yon would Da t orally ripect that I thou 11 aay aoinathtag abotl th? temper and d.opcaittoB of lb.- -tate or New York The Stale of New York will give a generooa 1 aid cbrerfol and eir-ctlre aopport to yoar neigh bor, Abraham I.'Dcoln I have bear*! a'wut com , bioaiiooe aad ona>iti-ra there, and have oaao urged ft em the beginning to abandon lb * /oaroey aad tara back oa mi footatepa. Whenever I ahail Bnrt any r.aacn to auipert tbat the mai irtty wbu-o the *I*U of Nee York will give fur tbe repnbliraa aaadidate will I be !mi than to, 000? f boots)? I Mr do ao. The State of , New York aerer fade? never tlncbf ?b? haa beao cob muted from tbe bf'taaiBr. as abe ?H be to tbe ea*. under all ctrcuaataoce* to the great prlcolpiee of tike rept.bltrao party voted to eetaVlih thta a lead of frtedoni for yru la 1T8T. t-'he aatlaiar-, ,ne ordiaaaea of 1T8T till yoa were ah.e to take care or yoortelrea tmoep tbe drat acta of bar government ene aboltehed altvery for tereelf She baaarowa nothing of a ta prom .ace. notblof Of condition or qufd'ati'ia la thla grit priori pie, aed aka never will S?< <nU iwKia pm r .'utngmJuH nm^A I- r hrcmutt tkr kn> >'1 tt.*! kf U fn.? to hit crml ea d I At hat Arlptd h ? * Ay r '.Q at 'arye m at can br'nrm fcv any half <U.~n e'ktr .malt*, h.n vtu ri.l trd vobgfc HO ail leu, I I'tt.fnm Mm, end iMBfrrf htm wore faUkfttilii, fto* anp alker State nan ?f< Thft U Uu '?y It' lit d vi.k J, .km ' ">*nry A dan*, 'kt u ft/ ioey H'Hti ntd <un tmpiw, and htu U the wey *V trt'i t'.tfam Jtr Lut- dn. I Jreliete that neither nndrr Jol.n Q incy A<lamn nor under General TaUor did a Sew Yotker hold * i aliinet ofHce. Tti'at 1' the meauiop of the alla aioii. fnllowiDK the more e*j?l. ! ?r.itioo that New York ?ou!de\art lew? from'-?ln and eervo . him more fuitlifnlly than any other Hute would. I I think, then, tl>at all tlunK* . onsl.lored? Seward's I ill concealed dtxlikc of Utiroln, h!< *?(?? rnpt to im I po?e bf* "lrrepre?a>Me eonfllct" polioy on the next -triiti 'i., ' p ? ? to tho [ nomination in 1W>4, Itia tiumiatakeablediaelaiiaerof a deah* to hold offl' i-. I.iacvln'a jealo i-y of Sewanl's mi|>> n?r aliuitieit and party influence, and hi* con I sequent attrnion to lettini; him have ,t on'i oiling pi>?lt1oa . and. it may be. Lincoln 'a unwilinjfneea to be drapfrreri iutj heward'a radical it >d rtvoia iionary procramme Itamfillv . .. f,rr d^tion that Wm. H Meward Will hold no (Jebinet appointment, irill not ae< opt any foroitni mMion, I will < oiitinie to 1 o'-l hia aea't in -J..- Beoate of the I nit? Bull wt n i i k?<?p np the ami alavrry rpitntion. andthrooth -p**''hee exetciae more or lena influence on ptiblto "pinion, ' I liireetly, on Llaeofai's admlui?lratioo, and tumily aeutic the u pu'dh an nomination in 19^4. SraiNoriitP, 111., Oct 1, WF. J.i'.roln ut home?Th* Wfy ^prnyrrif >t, "Ho ? ml Abt't" i?ea?ln?r~ yiaghM A^rie** Abcmi the Pmidmtiol h~fi<on? 1 7??ion? to Ti t Early 10 H >uti Ik Rtud on4 Onto lAAaivtil //?* Bo"Ib? JiU(> tslfuj iwlolra ? Ihf Ia**oh Drrif^ti f,-om .? fceV' Wt h'l-y?IliM Pet fncU lpf>efimn.e n.-ti I Vho He I.ikt- Hi$ Ikiily ?*??/!* A</uaea to Anttrer LrtUr* of n fofirtrrrf ,T#(nr? Point* to Uif Cttwif I'lntfrvTi an Hi * D^^arxnion of y'rtio-^ee ? Hit Vie* i-m t'ie Tariff- Hi* Inttlh t t*al Capacity at n Im* yrr?TKt Opinion r/ an /Itaotf Jurist ? llf tr* on Starmrjf Ofqmm.l to UUtrffr ittrj trun II in the II II JlritX* I'mlfr the Omaftftift'o*? /#e trifl (Van Oft 0* Iv^eart ?VaWe? ? Hit lifiurd > <mtpa,vtt tri(\ Pro>>\nwnt Democrat*? Li'trrin and the Pru t ?/ U'nJea? Snrar<r* VI fit to ? Iff* TnWzino trith Lincoln Lincoln'* W.inH? Wftnl * >mrd H aar# and M hat H er <i D, u't Wanl?Th* Lot trr i* Afrakl of ',.rW. y Bank* 3 'at M tk? Kiiiy ? Coi. Ficrnnnf't Position ? /JeftMenw 2hn>ry of Fililmrin * - Hfortuxnt* JgamM lift ? i'V?Cat* tu* M i /ay ?Poetic Justice to Kan .??* ? Li net An' i TYmr to Visit Kfntmri. y a Joke Abe Mint* in I>i*pc*ing of Dintnuon Traitor* ut Yirpttia Diepoted <ff John iJrotm, Ac., Ac. Hpt injrfleld la the capital of tfce State of OUaoia? ooe of th? earlieat pia#aa aettled In the 9tat?, aad haa to be a haadaome. tkr i via* city, with about 13.000 tahati tant*. It h 'it ia'ed aboot ?e\?rty f?ve mllee from the Iflaata'ppi riter, abont jre boodred mftee from fH. '.ooia, and wc? dhtaac?