Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 20, 1860, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 20, 1860 Page 3
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from Chicago. !t is penetrated Yy the Chirago ?ml AJtoa Railroad and the Great Western Railroad, -which Utter coone-ta but an hour's ride east of here with the great Illinois Centra) Railroad. The city 18 romantically situated upon an undulating ?put, beitined in from the flat prairie, north, aoutb, e?ntaud we*? of it, by a deep and beautiful wood land. Xtar uy winds iho Sangamon river, a branch of the Illinois, forty miles distant. l\>Ik< a) event* In the nation have recently turned all eyes towards --pnngti'ld aa '.he home of Ike next President 01 the Uni>d state*. If a'J human sipis and :al -illations do not fail, the elec tions to come otf on the 9th of thla month in Penn sylvania and In liana will be handsomely favora Ale to the repnblicans. Snch are the advices received here. All parties concede that an thus*' States go at that time so goes the great national ?ontest in November. In view of these facta, already the traveller, as he approaches Springfield, is point* d to a fine double two story wooden dwell ing house, painted stone color, with green blinda, situated in the southwesterly part of the city, ax the residence of Abraham Lincoln. To seo thin "coming man" with my own eyes, and to liiten to him with my own ears, waa the principal ?bjcct of my visit here. Much has been said about him, especially concerning his personal appear ance, his intellectual capacity, his general know ledge of the theory of government, and especially of hiB ability to administer the government if per ?han< e he shonld be elected President. Having seen Mr. Lincoln, and taken considerable pains to post myself up on these and other points, I snbmit the result of my investigation* to the American people throngh the columns of the Herald. I take it for granted that the reader is already sufficiently well ratified in regard to the physical developement and muscnlar qualities of Mr. Lin coln, by the frequent relation of his early "rail splitting" fci.-tory. lie alludes with becoming mo. desty to the fact that when he first rcached the Territory of Indiana? for it was not then a State, 1 believe? be waa a poor boy, and sought such honest employment as the times afforded, and as would command the best pay ani rcnJer the greatest advantage to the frontier settlement which he proposed to, and did afterwards, aid in rearing. He speaks of it now with the same feel ings of pride and satisfaction that a successful jour nalist, in his advanced age, covered with the honors which honesty, economy and industry al ways bring, would allude to the time when he ftrst entered an appiontice in the printing off! e aa "roller boy," or, in the more common accepta tion of the term, as "printer's devil.'' Of course, many of the incidents of Mr. Lincoln's early tile, which are now so profusely poured out upon him, he had forgotten himself, so closely has he applied himself for many years past to the study and prac tice of law. There it hardly a Jay passes that does not bring with it some new reminder of his old friends and his early strug gle with life. it was only last Friday that 1 was first introduced to Mr. Lincoln in the ?xecutive department of the State Capitol of Illi nois a beautiful edifice in the centre of this city. Dnring our interview, having allifded myself, jo cosely, to his rail splitting notoriety. he said, " Yes, air, here is a stick 1 received a day or two since from Josiak Crawford, of Gentry ville, Indiana. He writes me that it is a part of one of the rails that 1 cat for him in 1?C5, when I was a boy sixteen yars old. He ba.-> sent it to me to have manufactured into a cane, accompanied with many kind expres sions." The quality of the wood is white or burr oak, and the stick will make a very handsome cane when it is mounted properly, bh Mr. Lincoln intends it shall be, out of respect to his early friend, Mr. Crawford. 1 mention Uua aa one of the many in. i dents that are constantly being brought to his mind by early friends who knew him well. The reader will understand some what the feel ings of Mr. Crawford, alluded to above, towards Mr. IJncoln by the following anecdote, which is related of the latter by a democratic member of Congress from Indiana, and which illustrates now, as well as it did when it occurred, in 1833 or "24, a marked trait in hia character? conscientiousness. Young Lincoln was then fourteen or fifteen years of age. Cooks were exceedingly scarce. ' Dil worth's Spelling Book," the Bible and "stoop's Fa ble'*" were the standard works on the frontier in those days. Next to these Lincoln, with tome diffi culty, obtained "Pilgrim's Progress, ' "Life of Franklin," "Weem's Washington" and "Riley's Narrative, "and read them over and over again, and became so absorbed in the life of Washington that he msde every effort to obtain a more extended history of the Father of his Country. At last he learned t^tat a Mr. Josiah Craw ford (the same man alluded to above), who lived not far from the residence of young Lincoln, had a copy of " Bam say's life of W*sh-a ington." He Bought out Mr. Crawford, who loan ed him the book. Lincoln soon read it through. Before returning it to Its owner, however, It aeel* dentally became saturated with water, and was nearly spoiled. Lincoln, upon hearing of the a - cident, was much annoyed. What to do he did not know. He could not purchase another book, to; two reaaona:? First, because he had no moner; secondly, because another copy of the same work wan nowhere to be found in that region at that time. After no ch annoyance, yoong Lincoln told Mr. Crawford that he desired to woik far him un til be pad hJia lor the cost of the book. Crawford refused; but the hoy insis'ed, and the former final ly said to him : " Well, Abraham. If y< u think you ought to pay me for the book, and yon choose to do so yon can 'top' my fieid of com, and 1 will square accounts with you." "Agreed," responded the conscientious lad: and, after three days' hard labor, Abraham cut the tops from the et.'ise field of corn, which were used as "fodder" for Mr. Crawford's cattle, and he thus be came possessor of the book, which, although con siderably damaged, was still readable and highly treasured by Use new owner. This little incident not only illustrate* a noble trait of character in young Lincoln, but, in'|oe.*tloiably. will never be effcerd from the memory of Mr. Crawford. In the course of conversation with Mr. IJncoln I alluded to this circumstance, informing him who related it In Wafhlngtob shortly after the Chicago nomina Hon. and Mr. Lincoln recollectcd it very well. Mr. lincoln is ti,e architect of hia own f vtone. like Douglas. Banks snd many others of our leading statesman. He doe* not claim to have been "born a gentleman." Like the rest of human beings, he waa born a baby, of ho nest parents, toon became an orphan, and, after reaching bijbood, and by dint of penerernacc and kaidship, he pasoed thro lgh esrly manhood, edu cating himself, and became what he now is- an Ac complished gentleman, scholarly otator and able Advocate- standing at the head of the legal pro fession oi llUnoi* sad a stab -man who has shown himself, by the popular verdict of the people of his own state, able to cope with one of the most expe rieoced debaters of the American Senate the ac hnowledged leader of the " democracy" of the llorthwest, and the regular standard bearer of the party In the nation. Ho much, in general, for Mr. Lincoln's birth, poverty, education, rise and pro grees. It ill becomes us, in thia country, especially while we are petting and feasting the prospective King and no^iee of one of the monarchies of the Old World, and 'casting to them of the superior Advantages of our government, of our free schools and higher free institutions of learn log, with an l!?a ?f impressing them with the great lesacn of the American republic that the highest office in the gift of the Amcri< an peo pie ia cip*n to every hcrn?t and persevering citi atn of aoBcient InteUigen e, from the humblest to the hip1 e?t bom? in the ??it!e h ir ?n?l wi?b al ?rost t? c ?< rrr <ra?* ' sny }?c e the " 11. lag man" of the nation, whose very < fe in cine of the most striking, praiseworthy pow erful illustrations of the genius and beanty of our system oi government that the b?u>ry ot the coun try ever produced. If the future King of hn -r.and, who but two days since passed through here, fresh from hi* exploit* at shooting prairie chickens w ith the prospective constituents of Mr. IJncoln, is r.ot quits old enoagli to appreciate this peculiar iu t inu r pa-sing history, be assured it will not i r- ape the far-sighted and losely scrutinizing 1 I>uke of Newcastle. It will be the ntnrft text of many a conversation in Buckingham palate. after the rev al party return, when they ompare oar pructi e with our theory of government. 1 w .s introduced to Mr. Lincoln by Mr. Hitch, ?? :retarypf State of lllinoi-. As 1 entered the Kxe u'.ive Chamber (tendered to Mr. I ., in whi h tn rerf ive his friend*), he was seated, engaged in conversation w ith strangers from different parte of the contiU-v : bnt, upon observing us, he rose six feet and a half, and stood that mmolc of* olid Ken tucky manhood before as. Isawaton-e that he was a man I should have to look np to, being short in stature mys< If. He received mo very kindly , giv ing me a cordial shake of the band, and politely invited me to be -eatcd. He entered at once into conversation upon the general topics of the day. His face is a study? especially when it is lighted np by acme Interesting conversation or discussion on national politics. 1 havd never seen a picture of him that docs anything like j^*ti *o to the original, although 1 have seen some that *onld be called good. He is a much better lookn?? man t'1'in any of tin m represent. The upj?cr J"lrt of his face and head, his nose, high cheek bones, deep eyes and heavy eyebro\7*? remind on** of the late Rufus Choate, of Massa r husctta. His uiouth, it is often truly remarked, very niuch 1'semblea Henry Clay's. After Mr. Lincoln's nomination I frequently heard it said in Washington that he looked, in general appearance, like Mr. Adams, member of the present Congress iron* Kentucky. Any person who has seen the two will readily olmejyre the resemblance. It is astonish ii^to observe what a vast number of people, of every party, and seemingly from --??> uen of the. country, call upon Mr, Lin coln. He has been obliged to abandon his prae J tice in the courts, and gives little attention to any thing else than the reception of his friends, the i reading of the principal political papers ot the country and the stack of letters that reach him daily. But comparatively few of the lat ter are answered, and those relate to matters of a priv^i nature wholly. Ha refuses .etters ,or publication toall, no matter from v ? 1 1 the re-quest comes. There are lots of -mall lioliti ,'ans ail over the country who magnify th> ir import*!] :# by pouring letters in upon Mr. IJncoln a t out unimportant matters which the chairmen of the different ^tate Central Committees never think it necessary to write about. The -c small potato poli'i ians di -ire letters from Mr. Lin'iln to 'arry round in their pockets, and thow as an evidence 'l.iit they ate in "confidential" commiic atlon w i !t the "next President." Such fellows will derive very little c> nso'.ation Horn Spiiugfield, Illinois. Wh< u Mr. Unjoin is asked to state his views <>u any < f the rational questions he very sensibly po.nts to the platform of the Chicago Convention and says: "I have accepted the nomination of the Convention upon that platlorm of principles, and I do not iuu nd really or apparently to shift the position therein aligned mc." Knowing this to be Mr. Lincoln's position. 1 did rot ipproach him, as I shonld otherwise have done, relative to his view on the tariff question. Turn ing to other sources. I find as it were everybody here of sufficient ape well remembering him as having been in 1H 1 the champion of the tariff of 1M2 in Illinois. They MI of a discussion between Mr. Lincoln and John Calhoun (late of Kansas l.e conpton constitution notoriety) upon that ques tion, whi h Kept up o'" evenings, for nearly a week, in the court room at thi place. Still on ex amining the !:les of the democrat'e and whig pa pers here, no reports of the speeches of either were published. But a Miflicient record is obtained from those sources to determine positively wh it Mi Lincoln's view was on the question ol the tariff, which now, as well aithop, absorbs a large share of pnMi ? attention in many States of the Union. Up"ii looking ovt r the papers referred to, I find that on Monday evening. March 18, 1844, Judge Caverly. democratic elector of Dliuois, delivered a | free trade -pecch. which the Springfield, Illinois, . Stair Jlff/Uler, of March '-'2, 1841 (democratic free 1 trad'- organ). says, "so disturbed Mr. Lineo n that ' n<- proniwee to (onrit us 'ear? ami ha ? i**trHT ir ho j ilul not demonstrate that protected irttelci have ) been cluaper since the late (1^43) tariff than be- j fore.'' "And, to our surprise,'' add* the IUgibiir, I ?'Judge Logan endorred Lincoln's promise,'' The . latter was at that time the ablest member of thi* | Judiciary of the State of Illinois. It Is a pleasant | thing to know that the democracy never demanded I either Mr. Lincoln'* "ears" or "legs," a-? he is jet in the full enjoyment of them. I notice that in speaking ol Mr. Lincoln the Register, of March 2!), 1 same year, characterizes him an "the great ftoliah of the Junto," alluding tothe friends or a protectfre or "coon tariff," as that paper then denominated it. The Register, of aame date, continues to dc rn uooc Lincoln ill unmeasured Wins for hia pro tective tariff opinions. So moch for "democratic'' t testimony. Turning to whig sources, I find that at a whig mas? convention a'. Vandalia, Illinois, on the 17th of July, 1844, the following reaolution was report- i ed from ? committee of which Mr. Lincoln waa a 1 , member. It waa adopted by the Convention, and ! Mr. Lincoln ?aa understood to be the author of It:? Reeotved. That we an o thvor of an sdeinate rere aue bom duties on Import*, to levied as to afford ample I protection to Amerieea Industry. The proceedings of thia meeting were printed in the Sangamon Jouitial, published in this city, of 1 August i. 1x44. The abore paper of July 4. 1M4, contains an ae- j count ol a meeting held at Peoria, Illinois, June 19, 1*14. It appears that Mr. Lincoln made a ireech at that meeting advocating the claims of Henrv Day to the Presidency, and supported, says tiie .h >i. ?al, in an "eloquent and atirriug speech," j the following resolution:? fU?olved, Thai foremost In tmpertaaae amorg these Blar pkt (the principle! which hare guided tleor; yr) we reecgalse and *mr? that of proviltrjr ana tvonal revenue by a larlft of duli#a oa foretgu imports ttori, *o ad mated that, while it will yieW do aor* Uwn ta rt wsaary for an eeoutmleal and efficient administration ofthsfefersl government . Wi I *t the same t me equal proteet'wn and toco'. wgemeot to every branch ef American Industry. Mr. Lincoln haa not changed hia views upon tbo tariff oaestion since 1M4, a* will be aeen by the following tariff plank from the Chigaco platform: ? 1 Itesilred, 12, Thai while profiling revenue tor tht I support of the r^neral government by duties upon tm pone, sousd pcivcy requires such *n a jjastment of then imposti aa to eero'irage tlx devc' >pem"tit of the lodu* trial mterrtt?of the wbole country and we comment t tiisl policy tf i stlooai ear barges wbteh secures to the i working men liberal wag< a, lo agriculture i< m .ueralujg , prices, t ' mecf.nr.i-s w>or and aalsffrM, and to Uw aa . tlce commercial prosperity and tndeprs leace. Ho much for Mr. Lincoln's riews on the tariff. While in Chicago, and during three day*' tarry in thi? city, I hare had an opportunity of convening with at lea?t three of the ablest juihus in tie Stale of llLaoi*, before whom Mr. I.ir. :oln Las practised moat of the time j since he waa admitted to the bar. One ol t* e?r indres ia an active political opponent of Mr. ' Lincoln, being a supporter of Mr. Ilell. Another ia quite as much a friend to Judge 1 ><>uglas as to Mr L., hn- been a Judge for eleven years, ia not a 1 ollti inn. and la r< ry cautious in the expression of . in oy:r . it. The oth?r Is an ex Ju^g*. and proha- ! My tV.e ab!r?t itisn that erer ware the jtidlcl.it fr mine In this Siate. The intellectual i apa< ily of Mr. Lir. oln. e?pr ially as an advocate at the bar, wa* vci y thoroughly canvas?ed ia tii" comertati" ts La<l wiiii them by the writer. I t xik the precaution ta convene with th?m separately. In ruder thai 1 might ohta'n th" nnbia?ed opinio* of eack relet re to the real sett mate 'hey pla- etl upon Mr. l.t?eoln aa a lawyei , I thereby securing for mr?clf a much broader and better oasis upon whi< h id jodge of hia legal at tainmenta and power. Fraui the onini nn* ol these gentl(m<n i am able to deduce Uie following aa aboot the au' atanre of their eetituate of Mr. Liii cola from the ?taiidp<>int of the oeneh: ? tnteHeetually Mr. Uneoln has i>een as little in i delited to schools, or the teaehing of others In early life, as any "f our pnblic men: Indeed, there is no one among them to whom ra?re emphatically and entirely the term ' self fanght" can be applied tl an to him. Hi* knowledge, general aid profea I aional, has 1 ?en the result of rus own intelligence I and industry. What he knows, therefore, he knowa , well and accurstely, and he nerer pretends to a knowledge which he does not possess. It ia abanftl j to assert, as some do. that Mr. Lincoln i? * fhfrd ^>r frnrth rate liwyer. He has been among the M !? n" ig practitioners of the State for many years, gmi ronahlf not a ridge or a memWr ol urn l.ar oan e found In the Mate, who haa been familiar n iih his forensic efforts, wl.o will e*pr? is a douht aa to his beiag a superior, man. While he is ex- , ceedlrgly wed Mbraed nnon all general snlijei t-. he i annotbe ? onalden d a lesrned msrr and while he is regaided a st!j>erlor he e?nnot ?>e ealled a vry learned lawyA\ The learning which la ap plli able to the case In hatd he nnder?taods. and it may be safely asserted that moat of the va?t legal loir which I po *^>*es has l?een acqmretl in tni? pia Ucat way. lie i> remaikable for the clearness of his \iew?, and the pre* hM n sith which be st.ttef the?. Thete is nevrr sny my till ath n shoot his presentation "I a subject. Vooeee .1 once that he commit hends it eleark- and it is Ui b? served tiiat he will not dls- ti*s it ntil he dorj Be l? by no means a diffuse spenViei ; when he 1 m? developed tie pr?nt strongly he haves it. and eorn' ted With fhfs qualitv. perhaps a part of it, j i? 1 1 bfofgrs pin- the ills] ?iJ c?-i.ti.4tlc me ota of a subject, and disregarding minor de tails. He In eminently a fair nd candid pro > titioner and reuaoner. He never inten tionally mistaken the position of an an tagonist. Ilo meets it manfully and sin n>lly, and grapples with it with what abiii | ty he can. He may o : ..isionaiiy give an undue Srominence to a trivial mutter, but in general he ikes large and comprehensive views of a wnViie V. He baa not, to any great extent, the faculty of ar guing strongly against his own opinions. It he at tempts to maae what he thinks "the worse appear the better reason," be is veiy apt to flounder; but let him examine a question thoroughly, let him feel that be ia right* and there is no man in the State who can present hia own convicMons with greater power, or can push borne an argument w ith more overwhelming force. It may be safely affirmed that ibe men who are most capable of forming a correct judgment ? those who have often met him as an opponent, whether politically or professionally will not feel much inclined to di* parago bis intellectutl powers. There is another quality also which he possesses in a great de gree, and whi< h 10 much endears him to his friends, and that is the earnestness of his mental character. When ho knows he is right. the depth of bis conviction, as felt by himself, will be likely to be transferred to those who listen to him, and thin is one element or his power over thoee who bear him. It has been sometimes said , that he requires a good deal of preparation, bat the ti nth is few men are more quick at turning a point or more ready at repartee in the rough ana tumble of debate, and no man sooner seea or understands the effect of a fact or a reason, npon bis own or hU adversary's position. His style id forcible and transparent, often like hia garb, plain and home c'un; hia language frequently idiomatic, very rare ly c.|, or polished. He Is sometimes impas sioned in d?bat<?? occasionally, though seldom, elo , uent his ''lustrations usually happy and well adapted to Uie u **rer.?d be has an inexhaustible fund of htorj ird a^cdote. of which ho makes fre queiit u*c aiid with goo* The leading qualities ot mind are clearness, vigor, sensible, sound views 01 things, a comprehen sive survey of the subject ^wter of debate, and en intense earnestness in enforcing his own conviction?, either to the court or to tie jury. In flno, Mr. I. ncoln has a good, strong nu'nd, and an hone't Intellect, So '<ir the opinion of three of the ablest jurist of Illinois concerning the intellectual capacity of Abraham Lincoln. in ci nverfation with Mr. Ijncoln I founl him eminently conservative. It will be remembered that Mr. Bcnjamia, in his place in the Senate of the United Stat.'s at tlic last session, in comparing the ontiutency and conaerrnti^m of Douglas and Lin coln, said, wi h reference to tlie debate between those two men in Illinois, in ? *-I mnst say here , for I mus-t be just to all, that 1 have been surprised in the examination that I made again within the In ?t few days of this discussion between Mr. Lincoln anl Mr. Douglas, to tind that Mr. Lin coln is a fur more conservative niun, unites ho has sin.-e changed bis opinions, than 1 had sup posed him to be. There waa no dodg ing on his part." In justice to Mr. Lincoln, and especially as all eyes in thenation are now turned towards fcim as the probable successor of Mr. lUichanun, and in response to the possibility, fuggested by Senator Benjamin, that Mr. Lincoln may have c Landed his opinion since his debate with Douglas, I can ai--?ert with great positivenes* that be has not. 1 have reason to know that because of tie great ability he exhibited and the high national conservative position taken by him in that famous discussion, lie was Rein ted by the Chicago Con vention as the -tandard bearer of the republican party. The platform adopt* d l>y tint Convention is in baimony with the views expressed by Mr. Lincoln in his discission with Douglas. He stands upon i hat platform and agrees that It shall be the guiding policy in his offl> ial conduct if elected Pre sent. IVrhspe his resl position on the slavery question and trie right of States relative thereto cannot be better defined tl an by quoting from one of his speeches, delivered at Ottawa in 1^58, in reply to .ludge Douglas, because he points to it now as a fair retiex of his senti nxnt-on that subject. Judge Douglas hid made what Mr. Lincoln characterized, in the presence of the former. " a grn?s and palpable misrepre sentation'' of his (Lincoln's) views on the slavery question, and, after clearly showing it to be so, Mr. Lincoln proc eeded to define his true position in the following biief paragraph. It ia right to the print, and more important Ht this time, espeeiilly in view of the pecuiisr position of Mr. Lincoln. He said: ? Now, gentlemen, Urn it the true ompletion of an I have e\er mid in r< gard to the tBSV.tutlOB of slavery a-.d tin' bltck race. Thi* l? the wh< le of It, ud ?n?thlcg th?t argues Et Into hi* fDouglat') Idea of perfect (octal and Eilttk'al tqualtty with tte m-pro 18 but ft apactout tn l LtMtle arrangement of word*, by which a du cm prove ? h tfe chestnut lo bf i cb< stnut hor*e. I ? II My he-e.'wbite a too thia subject, that I have no purpon-, directly or Indirectly, to interfere wttti the ium t iUon of Maver/ In the (Hates where It now exists. I believe I ha*-e no lawful right to do no, aad I hare no IscHnntkm to do so. 1 bare bo purpose to introdncc political and (octal equality between Use white and tho black race*. Thirc ? a physical rflfferenco between the two, whl.-h, in my indfment, will probably forever forbl'l their living Whether upon the footing of perfeot equality; and. Inaa Bach '* become* a necessity that there mart be a dif ference, I, a* well ** Judge Dougta*, ana In teror of the rare ta wbioh I )>el>ng baring ibe superior poeitlon. I have i ever tald anything to Ute contrary; but I bold that, notwithstanding *11 thl*, there la do reason to the world why the negro la not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated lu the Heclaratlon of Independence? the right of llfb, lib* rty and the pursuit of happiness I bold that be ? ai much entitled to lb?*e M the white man. I ajreo with Judge Iwuglea that be * rot my equal in many respects? certain y tot In color, perhaps not tn moral or Invitee ti.? encoa mem bat in the right to eat the bread with oat the Ware of any one ?l*e which hi* own band earn* lie to my equal, and the equal of Judge Douglas, aad Ibe equal of eviry llr'ng man So much for Mr. Lincoln'* record on the aiavery qnentkn. Jt ia not near ao radical a* MM oi the avowed doctrines of the democratic party. Mr. IWnjamiii F. Hallett. who ha* the credit of having framed ibe fin- innatl platform, when acting aa (halt n an of the Democratic State Committee of Ma*? 1 < ?' . in 1849, ia a State convention wrote ami t< n a resolution, which waa swallowed whole 1 i 1-od v, and be- ante the avowed policy of the v. Allien read* aa follower? rtr< .TCC, That we are eppoeed to slavery In every form tod cclnr, aad in lavor of freedom and free ?oil wherever man Uvea, throughout God's heritage In 1830 the democracy of New Hampshire, In lonvention assembled:? Ri a -ilveu, That we are oppreH to the admission of any tew Mate into the A merle ta l'alia, trirt Ike proctto tkat tlm-ir* thai I be Msrmttd. HraoiTed. That it M the duty or the member* of eat J"*te Legit'stire, wbeaerer tbe cibprt of aiavery (bail be brought before them, to fHn tXrir infinite* in fw of /rmiea. Id 1M.'> the democracy of Ohio Resolved, That the people ef t)tale now, a* they have a ?sys d joe, look upon aiavery aa aa evil, and uetw-oc* ble to the developed eat of the spirit and practical benefits o? free inititutiooa and that entertain lag thee* teat l tr.ent*. they will at all time* feel it to be their doty to use all powr clearly given by th* term* ef the eattntiel compact to prev? ni lis iccrsaas, to mitigate, **4 8nai:y to eradicate tbe evil. The mdip year tl.e dfmocracy of Xew <>rk, m Coutenticn .i*?embltd: ? ^--solved, That while tbe democracy of thl? ?ate w.il fklthfrily a< bete to aJI the otmprtmiete of tbe exMia Itu t aa and ma'&tat* all tbe reserved right* of Uie St?te?, they deem th * tn appro, .r'ate <?-woton ti .leeOars tlieir fltf ?* hartUtty to tte ttttMK>o of (iav*e> tato tr- e t-ri tary. I quote 'he above reaoIuiioB" to ?-how that ?< ii o of the lot trir* ?> contained in them art tar more radical titan ever announced by Mr I .to oln. If the ?'.*ve S'ate* arc incl ;? tied in " Otxl'a heritage " than nrely Mr. Halletfn teetrtoe i? e?ptivalent to a r<*< omntendv lioi, in ri'e of th" conaHtntit n, to invade A? Foutbwtt htate* and abolish slavery. The l??? ret tion quoted announce* precisely the doctrine laid <1< wn in the GMcagn repuhlicao platform. up?? wlii< h Mr. I.incotn atanda. Tl.e day before I reached bpriacfiaU tha Prin' e of Walex and suite p*fM'l quietly and imtioUceJ thro-;rh the city, t if roorxe it was a subject of cii tio>4ty to know whether the pro*pective potentate-* i-f the two moat powerful nutlon* ipon th" earth met. The following day, in coaver?atioo with Mr. I.it ioln. I i Mi, ulrcd of him If he saw his Royal nigh net-*, lie Informed me that he did not: tli.it ho would like very awh to hart -lone so. and ha 1 h" not pcc'ipb d lila preM-tit peculiar poHitloo. no that he - ould havo joined hi* fellow citiaens in com mon in a welcome to the rej-re-entativa of tl.e Rrltiah governmeflt withoot hating his motire i?ii?re| te?ented and a charga of Immodesty brought ?caiii*t htm. be would have taken meaeorea to no tlca proj erly the pa???ee of the Prince of Wale* tlronnh tl.e caaltal of the SUte. "Being thus *itu atcd," be added, "and not able to take any lead In the matter, I remained here at the State flooae ? hire I met ?o many ?overeign* during Ibe day that really tbe I'rince bad cnftie and goao before I | ktuwlt. I nntletfiaDd the I'rince expressed a desire to see Mr. Lincoln, learning that he waa likely to be tb# ne*t President of the r sited 8tatee; but the fact wa* not early enongh known to effijot the arraogemrnta for hia doing ao. A new and unexpected *cn?atlon was produced hereto-day by the arrival, at eletenoilock A. U , of Mr Seward (or ' I'rince William." aa the HtnAi n calla him) and his party. Tl.e 4tapatch ?rinot.iH ing his comlnp did not rent it hero until 'en o'clock, and aa the train c.?u!d only "ton twer.ty n-it.nteo, ami Mr. Seward waa ob'<rH to jtrocftd cb in it In otder to be re calved at f 1 icago in the evening, there waa r.o ? lmr? t? lrte A ??aaar.n tho principal mean* of .illin_' .t "rrpt-i-llcan mtcting here ta< brmglit out and i ed. m, I incola wa? BotMed, an-l by the tint# I tht tx ait ti rirti % c ? nl thM^aad pertvM a n. bled, in the midst of whom wan seen looming up the toiin of ' Honest Abo." The details ol the ar rival ot Seward and his reception will reach y?ii by telegraph before thin leaves Springfield. 1 will ?uy, however, in passing, that the meeting ot lau culn ud Sew aid wan quite cordial. Of :ourse, their interview wan brief; there was no time to din- j cum the formation of Cabinet*, the appointment ?f foreign Ministers, or to talk of Inaugurals, or of the 1 foreign and domestic policy to be inaugurated by tho j uew republican admiutatration should itobtain now- | er. In fact. 1 am of opinion, from all i have i seen, heard and learned since I have been | in Illinois, and especially in Springfield, that j Mr. Lincoln has avoided indicttiug to his heft fri? rids what course he will pursue, if ' elected, in his cabinet and other appointments, i He very wisely thinks there will be time enough tor that alter ? lection. While he adheres to this , policy -of refusing to say who he will appoint to

offiet ? let it be und'rstood that he does not hesi tate to declare who he will remove if elected. He will sweep from place and power every offi e bolder nnder the present administration, from the highest to the lowest, from Maine to California. Any person , by conversing with Mr. Lincoln for a short time on national politics, will see that he is firm in the opinion unt the whole government wants overhauling and cleaning out; that he is potted to an astonishing degree in the details of our govtrnnu nt in all its departments. Me seems to me to be jost the man for the enormous work before him. It is clear that, should Mr. Lincoln : he elected, nothing that he conld do would ho readily win him the esteem and confidence of the whole people as a thorough reorganization of the whole goveri menf. Although Mr. Lincoln in silent on the subject of | ajipointniei.fs, you can be admired that the men, in different part* of the country, who were the principal .mtors in brineing about his nomination, as well as thos? who opposed it to the last vot<\ are not inactive. Many of them carry cabinets and i foreign appointments in their pock<tst, and occa sionally show them ?'^?011^0?!*!!)'.'' It in really 1 amtiMng to hear some of th< in talk, announce their 1 own positions under the l.incoln administration, ! and tell who they intend to have removed and up- 1 pointed in thin, that and the other pla'e. The ; boldest of these men aro, of all others, the very person* who, from thtir pBst relations to the tia?"(y> an*l especially to Mr. Lincoln, should pre eerv*. A'r their own sake, a certaiu degree of silence. ...... .... Perhaps, from 1 '?? standpoint, a little fowip about Mr. Lincoln's au.-uniatration. should he be the fortunate man. may noi oe cut 01 place. It is genetally conceded, 1 believe, that Mir. ,J eward will be tendered the. first place in the Cabinet, the office of Secretary of Sta'.e; and the impolitic friends of the latter, except Mr. nnite in de claiirg that he shall not accept any place under" LUmo'n, but remain in the Senate and be in line for the nomination in l*w>4. The more polt'.lo frieedd ol Mr. Seward advise that he mo an Minis ter to Kngland; that ^liquid LiCcoln ? adminis- 1 nation be a failure he will be burdened ! with ki of the responsibility than ho I would if he was Secretary of Sta'e, or I lading the administration in the Senate, from which latter place no man ever stepped into j the Presidential cliair, which historical fact may | be consoling to Breckinridge, Douglas and Belt, who are all members of that body. It is said that Mr. Weed is decidedly opposed to Air. Reward's going al r?ud, but insists that he shall remain 1 where he can hare a controlling voice in the ap- j pointmeata. Weed's policy is to head 08' Greeley, ( and he knows he can a vouiplMi his purpose bet- j ti r with the aid of Mr. Seward. So fearful has Weed been that "Honest Abe" will be influenced by Greeley in his appointments, the latter having contributed m largely towards the eb ? tion of Lin coln, that he (weed) haa made one, and some (? say two, pilgrimages to this eity since the flilcsgo nomii ation. Of course he was ; courteously r< ct ived by Mr. IJncoln, bat the lat ter, haviiiL received no overtures from Mr. Greeley, was bound to adhere to the policy he had adopted of treating all alike, Mr. Weed could get no pledges whatever from Mr. l.incoln. and let 'Spring- I field "a w ser, if not a bett? r man," by his infer- 1 v ew with "honest Abe." 1 have no donb'thit , Senator Seward, if he could be left to his own choice, would prefer to leave the Senate an 1 le* ! present onr government the next four ycari at the Court of St. James. (Governor Morgan is exceedingly anxious for this, in order that he may take Seward's place in the Senate, S resuming that he can beat Bvarts, who also 1 eaires to go to the Seriate. It is understood that Governor M organ f* paving the way for the aerom tOMimrnt of his denirea by a proposed dmnar nt | bli rtiidesce, ia Albuj, to tlie Fringe ol Wales. j at which Governor Seward liaa prom Wed to be pie- . t-f'nt. It will take place alter the Prince* visit to ; New York city. Weed, it i.-i understood, i? twit) J bin jrrentext l efforts to procure for Mo?eg H. Grinnell the place j of Herniary of the Treasury. It ia to be regretted that Governor lUnks, of Maf-?aehuM tu, who stnnds among the foremost statemii n in the United Statea, retirea entirely from political life, and intends devoting himself to the great material intereat* of thia State. His far aighttdneaa, great executive and administrative ability and experience would be a great acquisition to Mh Lincoln 's administration a* a Cabinet officer. Thl* cannot be, however, and probablr no man fn the country regret* it more than Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Seward and Mr. Banks may aafely bo placed out side the Cabinet programme. Among ihoee talked of lor places in the Cabinet, anil from whom, moat likely, Mr. Lincoln will make hit) selection, are the following:? m IlKTARV OJ IT4TR. Ju.lft HcUae, of I'eaaaylranut. J udft Head, ot i'eeasjlvani*. Hocalor Ki nt Ed'D , or tVn?tor Ckaac ofOfclo. Kilvard Baica, of Miaaoart iwvld WilBHit of Pmnaylvta'.a. ary or th* twustoy. Moate H (irliwll, W Naw York. Sraator Siiciaoei, of Rhode 1*1 tod. ?lobn %rriDia, H C , of Ob to. Keooelb Htjoor, of North Carolina. tteaalw Oolluaer of Vrraaal rO-TMA-TEH OtMRA I.. Fltx Henry Wirres, of low* Senator Cfcaodltr. of Mlrhigao. S.-huyler OoifkJt. If C , of la?t*aa V. B Jcdd, of interna -imiTARY or WAR. ?ratk r r. Jr . ot M iinnii M Oay , ?f K?otu kj\ JoH Minor Bntu, of Virginia. Ber)*m:a V, w ad*. of Ob <>. DMKKTAItY or 111* WAVY. -'men Chmcn u, of 1'n.r*) Itatiui ?iofca A. Cilroer. M C ,of North Carolina. John P. Dale, 'T New Hsoipahtre. S|U IOTARY OK 1MTKIOR. Oal'iana A fir?w, of Prta?ylr*ol?. Ftoerarn *tfierVjr?\ ol Tnr.Drfr? Jeha H'ltnui, of Poaoeytraal* ? HTIWNKV UllltllAt. Will I. Pajtoo, of Mow Jtttrj H Wirier Pane, of Marj !?od Iw'r' Nr'sro, of T?r,r, WW, JnJf (t "<?? Alt' o of Musack aalta. Wb> M I'varta, of New York. One item in the programme mu. U tiikelol is tie nrci'iae pi ? riot) to be extended to C '<>nel Pre* ' menf. The poet of Minister to Prince i named, ! ami it is Mid with how much truth I know not, that he would ar. ept M If It should be tendered to hiiii. he speak ? the French language eorrcetly, , :iP'l greet ea?<\ and Is ecqnaintea with Mvaral oU,? r language- a man of great flrmnesa. wilt military taste and experience, and an accomplish* d c?ntli man. and would undoubtedly represent the United States at the Court of Napoleon Iff. with dlrtir iriiehcd honor to himself and < red < to the country. Acre h a theory .n..ong the r*f nblioMM that New W- xHo will l>e the htut scene of operations of the AliiustaM agttin*' Mexlci*. and in view <1 tin * I iii' t it will l>e urged ?p<>n M'. Lincoln to invite Cs>- ^ M. ( iv to at ept the (.overti >rat> ip "f New Mi \bo, in * lifch event he will be anpported by I a fi ree of I'nitei Mates tr<">n?, nnder -ome ofUcr'r ol ski t and bravery, who will prove c?iual to the ; Occas cn. Col. Sumner la axnocg the oOictr-> who * ci;!d be I kely to re< tire the confereni e of ?'ich an li'>n<>r in view of h<* signal eervice In Kinsaa. it Kanaas Is not admitted at the next ?e?iion ,,f | < ongrees, the countrv will witness an aet ol wh it n>'?y l>e termed pretle fo-tlee. In the event of Lto c oln's election. Tlie j io?? nt federsl ofllcera in that Teirltory. clwll and jndf' ft!, will l,e removed wltl. Out dela.i . and Gotert.'* Jleeder or Stant.m i r n<>bir,?" ti will be appointed to the ihief rfficein (hat Tiiritory. liov. Oeder l? a candidate for Mr. Riser's place in the United Mates Senate and would probably decline the Governorship of Kan- I aaa. Among the mo?t importer! and dlflh-nlt mhwlons j to t>e cT' sted by Mr. Lincoln's ndaunNtntlon will *>e tli osc to Spam sr;d Mpivo, on f o int of the peculiarly complicated ?ia*e of affairs between Uiote oountriea and the United Htate*. I a iked Mr. Lnuoln how it was about Ilia * aspect ing the Keniuckiana of an attempt to inveigle him into their Htate in order to do violence to Ua per ?? n as Ita* l>e< n stat.-d by one of the Hi mi n's cor ren.ondet?i?. He said he regretted it Wcanse it hnd greatly annoyed many of Ida (Henda, who had | written to Lim on the subject; that he did not Mip- I pose the correapondent had Intentional!? nnsrepre ??ntrd him, but iha? he i > rtainly !,a.f tnisonder stood him. at least: that he never had expressed, or entWInined, any UMpkiot that the Kent'i' klan i, oi any nf them, desired to do him violence. Mr. l i n sali thai ttofl after 1! e Chicago noiu na tt< "a av old acioalntanep of hit fetter wrote Hm . finrt ?r>d s< i ond U-tter from Kentucky, in 'he letter of nh.eh lie asked: "Would It cot be piea-iant to you to revisit the *i i?ti?? of your childhood' ' to t wl h ?lr. I.in oln playfully repl1,. 1: "lv ? iid, in le< "? ! if w M ?, on nc Ivn *. m* " w ? ' 1 rc.'ucndt nt *a? here, Mr. Lincoln's KeuUckv frienJ bad not again written him. Mr. IJacola says he supposes be related the anecdote to Nome of his frienos, and. perhaps, to the Hkkald correspon dent, though be does not remember it. He ia very sure be *aid nothing from which an imputation agbinat tbe Kentuckiun* of design upon him, or of life rearing to go among them, could rightly be in ferred. ire was never invited to Kentucky at all, and in quite sure he never said he had been. in cloving this letter about Mr. Lincoln, 1 beg to say that 1 Lave endeavored to present the man a* he really is; in representing his political views I have, in every instance, appealed to his own record as the best evidence. 1 have been gaided somewhat bv the prevailing opinion tljat Mr. Lin coln ia to be tho next President of tlie laited States, and with a -view, therefore, of inform ing the people, reallv and truly, who and what he is. In con<'Wion. perhaps nothing more lifting could be added tkan a brief ex tract of a speech delivered in l.eavenworth, Kansas, during last winter, by Mr. I.in>-oln. It ia in answer to democratic threats to dissolve the Union in the e\ent of the election of a republican Pmident. I observe that Southern puueru are garbling it for party purposes. He laya down the policy and practice to be pursued by such officer when elected, not dreaming at the time, I dare say, that he would probably be that very man. This makes it more interesting. It has the ring of Jacksonism in it, and if Lincoln is elected, I have no doubt he will carry out hia own programme. Here it is: ? But >oi, democrats, are for the Union; and you (reallv feir the sr.ccess cf tbj republicans would destroy tbe I'd it n. Why:' Po tho republicans declare agamsl me Viilfi,? Nothing like it Youruwnsiatemiotof ll is, lb*t if the ''black republicans" elect a Prssttcut yon won't stscd it. You will brt as up tbe Union. Thai w til be jour aci.Lui ours. To justiiyit, you must show that our policy gi et yco just caune for such d< sporaln action. Can you do thai? Wfcen you attempt, you will tlud lb?t our poll cy In exsctly tbe policy of the men who made the Union N< tbiig morn and nolhirg lesa Do you really think you arr nihliLtd to break lb-1 government rather than have It ?dmiuistered as it wua by Washington ?nu ovber rf'out and rood men wbo made it, and first administered il>* If yoj do, you are very unrutw inabla, and mort reasonable uito caLLot aud will not submit w> you. Wnile >ou ale- i Troildei U) we submit, neither break eg nor attemp.ng to break up ike Un a. If wo shall constitutionally elect a rresii'stit. It will be our duty to see mil you also submit. Old J. hu Brown bas been t-xoctiied fo- treason agaluila Stat>. We csniot objeul, cTen thouitb ho agreed mib ns in thinking slavery wrong Th; t cannot excuse vl >l<raos, blxdnbed and t.-tason. ll could avail bim nothing thai he mi(bt think Himself right. So, if const tutionally we eiect a President, and, tborelor, you anuerlakt to deatroy tie Union, It will be our duly to deal ? i.h you a* o.U John Brown bas be?n dealt wilb. We shall try ui d > nur duty. We hope and believe ibat in no section will a m?iorlty so act as to nnJcr such extreme measures ne xssary. fins Arts. "thk BaMFrt mm.." David Klcbardr, the scclp'.or,bas ,ust finished, in wh Italian marble, a beautiful figure of what be e,*ii? ? The Bashful Girl." t has been executed for one of our promi nent merchants. The features of tho girl are 'ndessrib v bly natural and sweet, and seldom, !f ever before, hi* in anin ate marble been to thorourbly Tlta'; r ^ 1 The while figure, wltb its light and deU-ately wrought drsi fry. Is exceedingly ^ra> ?ful and ample Tne features require little beyond the jnw-of speech to render their expreff on almost perfrat. Th- whole ideality of a m nic-t or bssbtu! Ititle girl is buautlfnlly s?sta r,?M The work i much admired by artlrta who bare -r m pi-d 't It h*s been placd on exblblilon for a few 'ays at > ?abom'e jew elry store, under tie St. M :b<i'?s li K w?* e Mooted at a c et of 96C0 l'revlot s to its removal to is pr.r ctfiSM of exhibi tion 11 fon' "d one of tljo ornaments among tbe work* of art In the apartments oi tbe I'rlnco of Wales, in tue t Fifth Avenue Hotel. Tbe t'ruioe and unite expre?i*vl *>i | is. ration lor It, aud uiadu l'atu-r Lg Inquiries regarding j tbe arUtl. Re ei nterrplates, fboutd bis patronxre 1 n-ttfy It, e >m- | menc ng a life size Rtatue of I'ocaOoot ?s . of wbom nothing I of th-- *ibd d'-rcivicg tfce name bas jc-, api>earo<l. while ^ lo cbara'.ter icvclvts more of itic ldf.n l.) of romaace. i It will d'trsri nothing from tbe merits of Mr. Richards, ss s mcrcssfol sculpt'* of no ! ordinary genius, to ttste that be i? tn)j'Uit cally a Sell tiught artist. I ? fx an frfhan at the s- ? of three years, he ??* bonnd o"? to n f .i rnor, where b worked until be war nearly grown. He ncvei went lo rebool a week in his life, tkengb he succeeded in a fair (Jegiee to educa'.e h!irs< If. At twelve jo arsof age be rime near bellg ll >6ge-t f? r loslrg time in drawing pictures on rwks A patron < f bis Ltigbborbi^d, whom be saw U*hti.g for trout in a brtok, wilb a sloue.bed hat.ard a little dog by bis side, was tbe unconscious subject of bis carioaluie, wbu-h du lv appealed on tbe rocl-K on the roa'side. Th. formed a KbjM Of n-mrl?IEt against li m by the Hdy of the j*r eon, who Uirt atere<l to .?rry her grievaiu a b<.f?re tbu a?git>Ualo if be young arlift'.i aallio* were doi B'lpproea rd.whtih mulled In a aevcra reprimand, with a pro mi*" of chaetiaeoieot in raec the offaaee waa r?pf??U<l. Jle lul tuck cblael in bant at a marble yard a L'tif*, j N. Y , where bo roon ontftrlpped all compUii ir? in t&e 1 l<eamly of bia wn?\.matiiih>i>; and bl* "rounvnle for man telplecea enabled tna employer* to rain three pre it. I ana at tbraa diligent laira Tbey beelng fai'el la buflnif, be ?">n after appeared lo New Votk, poor am! and wllh no < Iher recoinmon lati >o lb>o tbat f.f a lltlk* band." wtiirh hob*! mod' !!<??* and ere ruled in white Vermont marble Tbta littlo trurk bore Indellit I? wltnrra to the genma of It* author, and Strongly enlisted the sympathy ?( a friend, who, with what little iBllnaaov be bad. tried n procure him work in aritjr mar ble yard, bat la vs'n He bad never attempted aportrait bvtl lo tbc rtgular ray Aa a dernier resort for getting blm known sad ti aid b'm lo procuring employment, this frlrtd, in the spring of 1847 engaged blm to model hl? cwn buil. This, a a the result of a Ural effort, wu re markable. ft was lemgnisrd aa a flne likeness hy all wbo knew (be original, and galted the artlat OanaidsraMe re pvUUlOB A era captain, trading to Tunla, on the Mediterranean, vlalUd the ancient site of Uartbage, wbere eioavall.m* were <n progrees, aul where a medallion ba/ relief like ness of Qneen I'ido waa found, eiecited In rod ;a sp-r. on Its ?brrrte waa the name, la Hretk le.trrs, * ? f ?Mi?< " Tb? ?lac of U.e likeness, representing drectan features, cur'.s, coronal rf pearls, trldeat, k? , eon Id be covered with a ten rent piece A copy In see'iug wai was jlven by tbe raptaln to Mr. Rcharda' friend, f rom tht* saiail, bra ill fm image Mr Richards model ed a h*1! Ufa sixo ropy, which torirrd a pcrfejl repreacntatlTn of the original Uvirg opvoeite to bw 'rx-nd's residence waa a highly r re pec table family wbo bad an only too?* bright an 'I primming boy about scren yeais old, wbo unfortu n?l?:y died rather toilJeiily from an attack of croap. Richards waa oailed In acd look a full length poat m >r i Urn rut of tba deoased, from wh'cb be gMwBi'M bla fuli (ik d statue While preserving hia fe*t'iros, be imparted a spirited ideality to the Ogure. Tun body waa l.ghlly I drapi d, while ?M baad resud on tlie rustic en I of a small b'oken tree l is Mbtr waa altghtly sxteadad and ra:i"d to tiie i? tel u( bla eyra (Jo tha firafloter war tolstd a little b.rd, wltb its winga exUnJ> aad iw hctd ! bet.? towwtil the 1 ody, wbtwe cy<* ware lulantly k*ar..nf at It, aa tbmigfc it ati t*l. i?j him to f ioo* it ? th "T idral /irg tba leroe, by makiug tbe bird repreaeot a ? xlateritg tpirlt, :n <xmaoaaeoo a. lb tba aaiiiitneat ?*f I it. tjn.0 Wgiaaiag wltb \itaTeparkof Ikf enly Same, Quit, ob ' nuii u? QM ttai frama. | a 9 ? dark ' they whlaper, aogela My, j dialer opirlt, nome away. I The < lin t of Ibia i.lea i tlloo prcdurad a l/Mioblag edect ! uj on all wbo raw II The f ante of 1M7 aeeaed for a lime t<. h art tbe bopia vf tbe airvggl.og artlat. At tbo dark ! >?l period of hia adrerelly. wbeo without meaoe ml uu ' able to rater money lo pay lor a poor ^>ro in a tenement 1 bov.n , t,( railed it bla triead to i late that be waa abuut to leave tba ally in dcswlr. and go to tl.e o uctry. in i garret r< om wltb a amall rable wlmlow be bad mod?Ua4 a beaulilui I ileal baa r<i??o i.reelan forn e 1 bead and , 1 ot?r*S, (4 ?Lat Ix >ailtii Hope, which be had lioeiy ' ? ??rulffl In white !tal an marble fie aald that be U?1 . bal Iwo M ara l< ft. atid wo <ld owe very au?n "ve tollara , in auvat.ro lor ble rovOi Hia friend gave uiui U-a 'tut i lui?, ?mi wid him to t>r io?! bla bead a( " Bopa H to bun Tl. a be did, ?h?n bla fr'rn I btred a porter *od < 1 4 ?rti no Ui a r i.mbi r of wewUby n.ea whom ha knew, lt d eMail rd ordria for biX Juplrate ri| i at t- 0 e*. b Tl..?e be < * eule I \lielrg ar. ? \i:?euii.giy rajx l etilaeilar> ; lr. al'< ul Ib'ee weebr.aol afterwaeda ma-'e t? i ottjer iea to or<li r He alvo bad previr. nit mo Jailed to or <li-r a?v 'iidl*m' i nnteLt, ? lb aOg<jiff< f 'terera' W?jne, lo rinmia<rrla tie iiomir.g of . t .i > MLM which be I" I are ter?!v? i tbe n-'a.-.-e ?>;m of $Xn i but, owing lo tbe negket of hm omplufM . be wit otter paid a r> It 'f, aad llie ruodei i? ? >J aae tl t?fi>ar<!( brckcu .p m ill ieu. .val W U tba Bale of , ' Hope" l.ie forture rbaagrd. He aflerwarda ete. i,te<l a be? Ufa) bt*t at a H Rntvy Bey," Whleb rrprearntoil a I b .| In eoetaci-a of d? *ht. without a gr.inar*, tt?'? be re d lo tba lady of M> l.'awltl. the daughter o' I' t-r (' uprr, r?<\ He cett toot a plaater r??t fV.r tke Rer i r i rate a Hawitra, of two full ? re.t ?tatue* 'roen *>utb , Aimt.ra, which ibi Uilor aa pr*aet,u vw tb" : floj ?! .-orlely of I/*don He text e??ri:te.l ? flue an i I lifb ire luao relievo boat Of tba l? <Uir b.ii ?e f, aot d i ! plicated <t 'er reveyal it. i i>?r? if hiefhurtfli k iter aar?!? rxteoted cvtral hi >la f. r privab' fa?,' e?, n flBe 1 n a ble. t#' rg wh . b wa? a rt Heritably atnk rj ooa, la | lla^?r marble ol I r'rr O ' | er, Oq He r xl ak* rated a beast ft iil-al in lu an mtrb'a of " Tbe Boy aal Rnfrrfly.' ehich vaa e. i l hy atiMtoa. at tbe Herfbwrie' Kr'-hai ?e, for f4J0 H" 'a?i ortdt elhvn la tba " Ratbful Uiri," r'f?rr?d to abova Hot atudto e at titi 11 fo nth aver.i o, i p ata.ra ftaliroad CemtBlloa. An adjourned mtcljug of Uie repreaeoial vaa of tbe fire AHaatic trutk I ara of ra.'roada ha* he?n ta aeatlon for tbe paetjtwo daj* at tha M. N idMaa H >tal. Nr J. F?'gar Thcn t^r. of 'be IvnaTirama road, ar'in* aa ftialr mar. aad Mr W haniy, c>f' I he (iraal Trujk lta Iroad (( ai.at'a) , aa Heeretary Ibe follow .?? roa.'a were re j.er rented ? New Terb >ntrt'? Fjati ? Corn.og New Totlr arvl Krtr? N Harai (4ra^>d Trunk, t aaada? W fhanty riBrejlTasia ? I {ulgar Tb' taaoa raltitnr.re anJ <?'>? J W. Oa-ret. Hel!efr>cla re? I Brontb Maiietla tnd all? N. I Wikf-a. r.tubnrg, Coli n i>ua and Clf e anal ? f I. Jaweii I 'It'f M air I, Vol nit. in.' aid \er. a? * H (l-?er,ta At d a d?r '? ^lal'f* fr'iri Ibe Jte-thweet-wn r"a '? Ther.i!atlp? bit?16?#? traortcled ?aa t<?? ittflrming ^ Of Ibe pre.-eedlrea of the noeel B( held ob Friday, tbe H'b N tie*. her, nil , In re??i I W> tfc? a h pi ? of a iibi fiimt)?t?ni of lr' ?bt* the rtm. ? an aa to I r< t'ti I rivalry beieiea tba vaiK^ai Pr.ra _ . . Tba m eelirg arter ret ? rt the Art e of Afrre I ? L. , ' *? *? i ? <* * POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE. Gov KHfOR Sxwaho Com Bac* FKKairawD ?In cm ?t tail Western spcecbea Ben* tor 8ew?rl declared that when be became convlrced th.t New York wtuld not give sixty thousand majority for Lincoln he would rctvn una stamp tbe Stale. We should judge that the conviet.on bun nl. ready forced itwlf upon htm for we K<lt announced that be will speak at Bingham'on on Uie 24 tb met. , u4 afterwards be will viait Onondago, Wayne and Chautauqua coon ties. Lo-'K Orr to* rm Niogxk ?It should not be 'ergot tea that tbo people of thix State are called upon w> decide, through the ballot box, at the November election , wbe iber negrofg should be pi ?d upon an equality wim white men In ibe exere'** of the elective franchise, li the black republican* ? cd they fain a strength of fifty thousand volet to tbeir party. Tin Cotkadk Mk? and Ifivrr* MX.* of thk Socth ? We published a paragraph a few days ago announc log tbat the South Carolinians on the receipt of the new - of the rerult of tbe October election ? were ''mounting lie cockade." Tbe South 'Carolina paper* bring the explanation of tbe term. Armed band* are being organized In South Carol 'na called Minute Men, and intended ax an oflict to tbe Wide > wakes of ibe Nortn. The badge adopted IX a blue rosette with ? military button in the centre, to be worn upon the aide of tbe hal as a cockade. On Saturday night but the Ifinuta Men nl Columbia, S. C., turuid out In a torchlight proces sion Tbe Carolinian say* ? Tb< re wire about three hundred in ranks, nik!nf * very ln.po* lug and bml .am .isp'ay. They eacb ware a red s< arf, with li e lutrri V u imprinted on it. Tb? orgs nlxxt ten li> rapidly extending through tbo ^ute anil Ibe South. It is deaifned as an organizai.jn for Urn pre K'lUliin of llio iBUretta aid iastuuttoaa of ?ho South, and Ibe formatir n of a 8o'ill.?-?ji coo:'- deracy Ti.<; receiit tlectoLX will denMleax stimulate its growth aud wo would not be SurprMed il, in a month, with proper drill aud uiHtipline. it tuinish<* an army sliong though to n.alnUuany Indupeodeut iuhi tbat maybe nu-Je by the Sontf fill -tati i. TTc Cbarlestou Mtrcvry tars ? Wo m-e piad to*e? the people of our Slite everywhere preparing lor the ertsl* whh-b U at hand As an effket to tbe "Wide kwakes" of the Nortu, ' Miuuu* Hen" are or - gaclilng in all tbe principal district* of South -irolioa. llieir object 's to form an (.Tnied boly of men, ard to join in w itli ov.r fellow citizens, tin v forming in ibis and oar sister States as "Minute Tutu,1' arUoae duly I* lo arm, equip ?td drill, and be read) fur any em rten :y tbat may lulsr in the present perilous post I too or tbe 'outhern MM In Keirhaw, .M bev t. - a.!'! Riotalaul dm'rct* tbei orysiii/attru is airesd) compete and powerful, embracing the (lower of the youth, and U .1 on l>y the m.*t induen tial eltl/ens. The badge adapted la a bl .0 rwtette ? two acd a talf inches in diameter. with a military button In tie centre, to bu worn upon the aide ot the hat. I*t the ui| < 1 t?iil work f > bravely m, aad let ettry son of Oro llra preprc lo n<o"nt tha bliie cockado. Tux ro>.,i *.''--?NAT Gaix* tit Ohio, ? The following is a e rrfr' Hit of ibe rcprerentatlvea chosen at the !ate elec tion n Oblo to Ibe Tblriy Fevcnth Congri-** ? DUtriit District 1? H. 1 ondkloi). dem. 11? ?S 8 Cox, dem !i ? JjIu< A iiiiiay , rep. 13? John rib" man, rep. 3 ? J L V?:iaudigbam,ilim. 14? Q 3. Biakc, ie,> Allen, dem 1ft? George Nu,;eut, dem I? J. M. A?liley rep 1# ? W V Collar, rej. 6? C A White, dem. 17?1 K Morris, dtm. 7? Thi 1 0>r? n, rep. IS? S. Edgarton, rep. 8? S .-'bellabarger, rep. 19 ? A.. 0 Riddle, rep t? Win. Vuhie.dom. .'0 ? lobn Hirtahloa, rep. 10? c A. Tiimble, rep. 21? J. A. ttinghain, rep. 11? V. it. Burton, rep. Republicans, 13; demc:ratx, 8. f'reeent delegation, re publicans, 16; democrats, e. democratic gain, 2 The gtina aie in tbe 1 flcenlh and Seventeentii d.siricle, where Hot. Wm. lUlmiok and lion. T 0. Tt ?. a? ir, both republican n.cmbera of tbe preoent IV gru, were de feated. Tin Nicog* is ntx Ka*ii ? T'. urteen IhoiasL I i.i!groe? voted Ibe black republican ticket In Oblo at the lal? election, under tbe decision of JuOge Br irk rhotl. TbH will account for ibe majority there, wblch a not large for Obi ), even with Ibis al I. 1-lokii .i rxooiXLT n>n Bu i *.*n Kvsnrrr ?The riti rtx from Florida come In llowly They indicate that tbe Brnktnridge democracy bare tleotcd their ^undldaK*. Tbe IK?.*la x men bad no ticket la tbo Held for t^ia ekc t'os, but bave an elejUral ticket for tbe I'retKlealia context. If tbe iStmo. ratlc majority la Una <>eoHoa 8 ridcce' ? a* undoubtedly it will be ? Bell and Kverwtl will carry Ibe Stale. Fiuircu Uiimucr Of I'aatMi Yixu ? J. K UK uly, dcm , bit fc'fn e'ecled to the pri-aoul Congrets a y.aoo ol Bob. John ^.uwarli, duceaaed. Thk VaxatiLvasu Kii?-no? ? Tbe ofllcta) vole of twee ty t< vca c< antic* in IVuqkj Wiuii* b*n t?-w> rvculvod, ltaviug thirty alx to be heart Irom officially The coco tie* received, however, reprttcol about bail the vol* ot the State, which ia likely to ascend the vote of 1850, My 170 000 rote*, making the total vote of the Stele tpwarca of half * million. The role for Governor, u ftr tt n relvorf, oomparea with the vote of 1840 in lb* unc nemo tic* H follow! ? Democratic R>\ Mkmm Governor, 1800 140 Mfl 149 T02 Auditor General, 18(9 !*,640 112,117 Irrrear* In 1100 40 897 47,486 The majority for Curt la, republican, for Governor, aver Foater, la 2T count lea. la 13, 1M. The majority for Cor li ran, republican, In lb? lamecc co Ilea la 1840 waa U M>. Com I* ?The dabeaectady Sum, a lery democrats Journal of tbe Brack Inrldpe labool, baa anally bo tied tba I'ntoa ticket Sorwnv Bi.mcn Paaraatvo ran Tin Pot tout Cuma ? The Raleigh (N. C ) lOgutar alatca, oa "undo . bud au thority,' that the Slate Baak of North Uarollna, ta new of the alarm mi condition of the ? oontry, baa determined to aurpond dttcountl|f until future reaalta aba I be da ?eloped, it add* ? That great pecuniary ttat'eaa win r-*ull from tb'a atep cannot he doubted. Tbe Bank of North Ca rolina baa juat gone Into operatua. wttb a large capital. Tbe fact that It would be ta laVereat to lend nut Ita money freely, douhtleai 'DiO'l many to make oaatraeta aad engagement*. on the faith of being able to fulfil them hv aooom -aoaaitoa* at that taatllutkia. All mx-b ?sen will of?aur*t ootse up abort, and thoaa to whom tbry are under oM (>[ u will ta turn be red-xxU to great ;?sTinl*ry lac nrmfuee Id a word, It I* bard, If sot impwi.ble, to foretell tbe end of thta beginalrg T*? Oktm m. Or Cooa, ma l*maRrTia>*i ? Amoog tbe democrat* member* ol Coagraaa ,u? e -cted ta tadlaea i* the Hoa. Iv W Voorbeaa, ?b ?r great *peer.b ia behalf tit Cook, oae ?f the foilowtr* o< tad Jt Lo Brown, ooadaaaaad aad execatad at Charteetowa. Ta , gave him a aatloaal reputation a* oadof the mut hrtlltaat orator* of tbe prraent da/. Ba lint a Nmiil ? n?e Maantoa (Ta) .%?-? 'ear *ay* that wbllft Boa William .Smith (Extra Billy) waa making bla apaech at lUrrlaeaburg he alluded la a ceatempteoea manner to the t'alea party, whea nae of ita frieada, la a load, clear votoe, horzaed tor Bell and Everett. Mr. 8., thinking there eould be but few, aad that Uie reap oaaa would he very weak, exclaimed, "That Id right hurrah for Be 1." In rcepoaa* to lilt mtitatlon li ihe fr ? a ta U BJ to rpeak out, there wttt up *uck l >ud aad ni'merooa vhout* tor Ml ft r eev< re lalrntea that ail war- *.irprtaad, and Mr ?mtlb pe/fc:Uy atlonaded. A |H it wMswirat ttrr?r?? Two Pou-tn : ?*- ? A dual wm f. ?, bt near Nodaway. Mo , oa the 18ih mat , tx-tweea Itaali J. 1'oritr, Ekj of Um Demo rat, e Oab aad 1 1. airman of the *X"vB?'ve ( ommiiue of "t. J'aapti. ai.it t ol nel Marten, of floon-Mlie Mr Porter waa ad di*?? ig a pal tie al m et'ij at Nodaway, wb?o Ooioet I Itarlei taled htm a lltr H lh part tea were aerto'iely thovgh not fatally wounded Mh. Yastar *jrn raa Bourn* Woaaim aa<t ?The follow ing memrrtal ta la circulate* ia lloeton for a-raatarra ? *? , th? > ndar*tgned. worklafiaen nf B^'tea aad Ita ?tr?i tty, believing ta lr?? rpe? h and frae dlw ?? tm, and tie ? ibg i cu to be oae of the ablaet etpooeal* of the a<l Taottgr* < f i" gro *lar?ry, haraby lavlta yo? to add roar tH' m n Tane.nl Ball, na Imtu-dny erenlr f ae<?. or f" a*y Ither erttlng jott taay appo at u(khi tha ? 'bjoi of tt,. < ? t e'avery liax itad upon tb* White labor >r at Iba P > h, ?' i *;? o the f 11 i t ? rro alavi-ry w> ' jyjhabljr h*v? ? u the froe wh te W' kl"*men lb* V -rtbara Stain, *nd of the T?r?iter!et, ?l?ould II b* 'ntrxfeeail therein _ Tlia Turf. H tttnv ( >.? v??t k*r * TROIT.Mt MATCH. A aiiaitxr of grntlMnen, Infreeted la impeov ng ?ho Mtal > I fcnr*a* and eoi oura?inf (port* of tba t^rf, ba . n ir,a.' ? errar*- mettle Ibr a ? taeahat attal ram*, tt come off oa tbe ?a?l>ma Onirae, I org l?!aad, a?xt Tho?aday a p r?? t.f ?M0 liaa beoa given , aa a prlta, hs Mr U'?hOt, ?B'' t'? r' " ' " are to br adaiiltedl aoaapt af horata be ?orgi*f te r'ltW' ?*atl?men raaMlag la New York or * i i ity T' ? i* to ate ade tfca prufltiakaia. borta racer* Mr. M< naot 'a Tartar, Mr feltoa'* Putaam and tbe bay aMra /Iril* Bi aadon have already h.*o *utered,e i tbe I ttW.Wo belier#, ara ttiN or**. The hll'e at no.mce that aataiK t ?? tl e *rrargr (rent* ?re nader tbe dlrr lloa of a eomaill fe 1 1 trath men with afcrm [ircviniary prcf.i la (<? cob p i p , r?Hk<r pan ? ribr 'tpeiee wi.l te aparad to rer der tt>c ?r?lr everyth'ri! '^atoo'j'd be 1?r r-r !"*? il I amctrr of the gertirr-en coer cted ? lb It *1 bat* t II doiM that Ilie pr>v "e will be faV.ied i V ia?e .? i, t>? mil* heat*, baat three la flr* l -u m -*?\t - lie ?bifn *d t r' abeat It mail frio H.re . deriag Mie e?f i ? w?k ? " ?> m >earte?t tl targe amona' ?f I ' ? WO '""belt. *"? ? ? uprec#. 'Ir f l^ff Tht ill i ?t ' f '? ' ft'< '? 01 ? fa '* ' f tf '< | v a fci kv \XV M li, *i/t v,i ? 7 'AV