Newspaper of The New York Herald, 27 Ekim 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 27 Ekim 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. J A m k. H C. ?? U li O M HICMNEi 1, SUITOR AN !1 PKoi'UlKrwU Of Mtfl K. w. cokmu or fctltdn and ka^ai bth. TERMS -%u\ *?, riti?aiic? ami ? wt'i '4# TUkd/ Ok* ewki#r Po*tng% ntumiM U $*lS ii-fott hon| {J* * ^ *' HERALD u > * y* r '-sip Vt ??* ?>? ?*'" THE WJkFKLY U Kb ALT) awrv ^tKr'%, a/ W> c+\t*ier O*' -*r cmfttim,' 'A* K M fittV. V ' *??* t a/ #tf ttfU* rvip? |4 |N>r unmH , to *n\ M0rf */' &**** .?>?& ? or +& to a/.fc jx'*tt of V?A - udr pt>*'u jt " *? Oa \r\/tn4xi SiHtum <m th+ Ut. Iltft W 2l?#? nf m?ch ?/w?t #S of #** ce*'4t>*r <sr f: 60 ix*r THE FAMILY HKH. All) <?* at i*r ?v>rt ?* li / ~r an'iuwi rox riV T A It Y COH K MStO Nf> XNC M, ** ??** "??* f fW?, ?olii'4t*d frvmi imp ir%M*rfor of ihr voor hi if ?*??? flit 1^9 Ab*ra}\% pu<4 for OCfc PiHtBtlJ* ' 'OKUM* w*n*?T3 tkl " Afcricui^ hi. r Kf?.i Ii-rn: to *?al am i^ftiui a*p PaOI Afit* SIPT -8 JOB PRINTING we*t~* a. cA* <*vJ <f>. VolBBI "U :lUO AMSKEMKSTK THIS KVKMINO. j'IBliO'H UARUfcX. BroidWHr.? Im Dead Bukt. W1ITT1K OARNEN Hm*1w?/t ppp.irft') Bord Clreet.? Uuii VIU? timnoa A Co. BOWERY Tli k aTKR. LWiwrry -Dkkim or DiM'tum? If if w Ton* Aa It 1a Oil tiDAKU? ?o? K^t? 'nti mi HkiOkokoOH. WlUiAl'KU THEATRE. Hrotdw**.? rtATISO W;m fill. LAURA EVENS'* THEATRE Ma tot Bru*lw?|F. AilHl* A HOOB. HEW ? |?I?V THEVTRK Bowery. ? Kitivur *4 Mount Uw?>- lliuiiwit.i" o> t*t KARKl'M'8 AVERK-AB UPSET* "mni'-'M -!??) m ? ??alur- Jo-?rn **d His IUbtb?b?? Ijtiwo <' ki..m Tim. Ar (IKTA T'1 MT>srRI5l>, MMtenl ?? H*!l 4T? BmvJ wmy ? hcniJr^fE.1. tv -W* i'ok* f. ? t.i? Hill* WIBLO'8 MA LOCK, nmv>*nr ?ttooisr It (npurtxi In H^nri* i.v Kt hi ????uk toxoa. Hum iwi, OaJ" *, 4c. ? Fbihci or Walb' Ball. CANTERBURY M' KW UiU, >6? Brov4 ?i>, - h.??r.i Imi'M. Ucmwru Ac. TKIfLE SHEET. RtH lurk, SAlnf.l?|, OcHitur ^7. IWu, The Ktwi. By the arrival of the Canadian in the river St. I.awrcnce yesterday we have European a J .ices tj the 12th instant, on.e d.iy later than the account* brought by the Arabia. The news is intermtinj, but not of special importance. There wan a lull in the civil war in Italy. No new movement is reported from eitaer Naples or the Papal States. The Sardiniut troop*, however, to the number of twenty thin. -and, under General Cialdini, had received orders to enter the Neapo litan territory, and we may therefore shortly ex pect news of Borne derisive event. The French army at Home was to be increased to sixty thou sand men. It is reported that the Frcach are secretly ma nauvring with the de-igu of annexing the island of Sardinia to France. It i? stated that since tin departure of Fml Pacha from Syria the Mu-sulmen had rrrni inenced their massacres and h.lled twenty Chris tians. The Mnasnlmen were furimm aga'nst 'he Christians, and had thrcitened he life of the Rm aian Consul. At I/ondon the money market was rather strin gent. in consequence of heavy shipment* of gidd to the Continent. Console on the l'2th were quoted at S?3* a '.'3 for money. In the Liverpool marke'a cotton w?e active at an advance of one-eighth of a penny, while bread ?luffs had a declining tendency, aid provisions wt re generally dull at unchanged prices. The Breckinridge wing of the democracy of thU city v as addrt a?d la- t night, in tlie large hall of the Cooper b.Mttote, by Mr. Jatn-a T. Brady, their randidutn for the Governorship. The attendance wa? not V(?y large, tLe hall not being mm- than half filled. TUa waa probably dm In pait to the j fact that there were no posters in the street an- | nonocirg the meeting Mr. Brady's speech wa- j I rim ipi.l'y devoted to a vindication of hi* own course In clinging to the banner place! in hi# 1 Land*, and he declared, w ith an air of triumph, , that he w ould do so. cren thrugh his ticket should not get two hntidred votes; for he looked forward to the time, w hicli would surely come, when the principle* which they advocated and the mpn who clustered around tketn wonld be recognised as the only principles and namea Iden'ifled with the na- ? tional di mo racy. lie eailrd on the South to re number. in the next national Convention if the I nien should be preserved tho men of New York who had stood stsadtast. and to bestow upon them the honors to which they were prt eminently t-t titled. The independent Democratic General foamklsf met last evening, and inform illy nominated Mr. Frederick A. Tallmadge for .fudge of the Superior Court, to All 'he place of .lodge Pierre pont. re aigned, and also a full liat of candidates for mem bers of Assembly. The ntmesol the latU'r are , given In onr reprrt in another column. The t lilted Su.ea Vice Cotiaul at Cop?nhseen, I'et.mark, furnish* ? the gratifying Intelligence thit an "official" package from l?r. Hays, commander I of the Arctic expedition. 1. oeen received by one of the Royil Greenland t on pany's vessel* from Cppernavik This assures the friend* of the expe dition of the prompt arrival of I>r. Hayes at the , |>ort neareat the field of hit labor. A dense fog covered the river* dnrin? the fore part of yesterday, which w as a source of considera ble annoyance and great inconvenience to the I thoi.sar '? wl o daily crow the fersit * to New York. On the llam Jton avenue ferry many were delayed f m upwards of an hour on the boat before It could leave the slip, ar.d consequently the number of passengers multiplied to so laigc an extent that U.any nervoua InJmdual* preferred waiting for a Use crowded boat The tViUiuntburf boat. which ahould have landed her passenger* at Pick alip ferry, discharge <1 them at Grand street, thereby Incommoding many whose places of bn*ii*e?* were down tawn. About ten o'clewk old Hoi made hi* welcome appearance, throwing "tight upon the aabject," dispelling the heavy mist, and enabling the ferry boat* to make their regular trips. Rrvirai. or Titr Haas team tx Srau.-Tbs departure of Fuad Pacha ba* b**ea tho al?t>al for fresh atrocitie* In Syria. No aooner had he t n reed hia bark than ?>me i went/ Chri-tian* wert rnth!e"e?lj alanghtor^d aid 'V rom lui"?g l>enone of that faith b*1 nu u'her ulierna i * left th? m th in U? einigrate to L?Vlii ?h?t h th? j .*?.?* f in crtiadi at tfce la#? ?CCOU ?> Th* wrfitsP ?-ihuijI?s a kO* l?> .<b Kain'i bi.ti It ??tm? beer productive ot ft ? f ? cu tte aiuds the fttrlo*. Wo ate *d l^r Ml?i 'bo author!'/ cf i?ir COfiea I i ti?nt ui O* "? inilnop't*. ?bat effurt* w? re I#, 't g w ie ?o *1. ?? y Fu i * IV 'ba's lafitttM ? tbsw* t?> pr? -j i ? d'?ttt?t'o?. It i* pro b?b)j UN b *?! bat Ir'riges Wottlci 0- r??i I th, ., 'te MtjtVw b o'l'bre.ik* Tntt 'sh ? I vori J 'a auhjeot Pj . fnany siidd'Q ? >na *j ?* 'he U ''"t. pt.pu aina have p-* j bav'^ a'trib +& tl" rut ?w A u. tia UWgrsc* b> fha i'ort". TI l ."?! wl all this 'a n*? etereWs of t e by tbo Pnltan ca? have anv f?Tma rent la laenco over bis fan* leal acv.)? .?*. %iiu that the Kuropean Powera wu; b* c^m. lled to place their coreligionists In the 1 ? ptrotoctlo* more efTectlee than tha wh'ch he 1 cm dTotd Ihem A Fienah arojr wl ' for tbe I- t .. A f . i.lij ? ?>? r rroi'ji.i'loD r>* ill*- country 1 u.uf' b; ir?'a' v eilyt. *'I us, sij.ii it!..- ui.d more comprfhecaive arr-utije li i lilr w ill I ui e to tx* li'Hi>r"d to Tt?*se will be r? in (1 iot .'roipi?,ih with the existing p'tllll i .! ?) ?>!! in < ( T : key and one or the oiht-r will I tvt t<> mi cinnh. A.? it I# not possible li>r the F i? ii I'ow. rs to ahaudoa ?ht? Christian j.< (.i.ihtiiiu <jf tin1 etripln in wh'>l?*sale slaughter, ? . ? war j wiii have to enter upon tt e ta?k of *tit ?'.ii if Ti >ey "within the iuflut-n^ of Ku'o P? icias tin<i habit* " Everybody kilobit wlai t his mean*. in tbe uiouth of a Kuropeun K'tiVntun. The case of the "sicli n:aa'' wji n?*v? r before so desperate as It U at th? pre sent moment I in port ant Ucvrlallunt-l'rtkt'htry In the ltr|iui>ll< an camp? Tut ItadlraU Ha *t?n ti'K? l.inicin .stilt tn Danger. The remark aMe letter which we publish to diy. from John P. Defrees. of Indiina, who F'ai'ii", we believe, in tfae relation of a ^onfi dt-niial friend to Abraham Liucolu. will ch tl lei ee the attention ot our readers of a'l parties. Tbin lttier dirclojes two important facts : ? First, that th?- n imagers of the republican party &te teiiously alatmed at the rn mifs-tations ot Southern pulmc opinion touching Lincoln s flection ; and, second. ibat to concilia1* the Smith thfj promise to bt tray the radical anti- j slaveiy wing of their party. From these two propositions we shall prt^eutly show that the revolt of the ranital anti-slavery faction iu New ^ ork ! I 1 1. which defeat* J IL-ary Clay, will V.?* rt peatid. and may produce a similar result in 186U. The republican party is composed of two peatdi\i?ioM- the first a radical anti slavery body til" mm, with whom the cause of human rvti'S human equality auil human freedom is par an otic t ; the second a body of demvgogucs ai d ex pedieiicy uu-n, solely in'ent upon the spi-ils and plULdT With tne first cla?? a victory involving the tacrilije of principle* ,'iid pWgee is worse than defeat ; with the s?o nd. piinciples. promises and pledges are Olily to be n-narded f.0 lar as they miy b?* usrlul iu i-eaiitiiig the spoils. Toe radicals p. a e the old ?tii^ party its death blow in 1811 though It did not die till 1S.">2 : they broke d'>*u the American party in 185G, and est* bli.-bed the a c? nd? nry of the republican, as an anti slavery party, iu the North. They were the founders. they have been the pioneers and th* flgMjug division of* the republican party, j Th< y hav?- foncht i'? battles. won its victories ! and Y x\" brought it to the threshold of a ?reat , ratii ml triumph. Tbey believe in Mr. Seward's "irrepressible conflict " De niil believes in iL They and he believe that the extermination of slavery from tbe United States U the mission of the republi can party- tint tbe Fugitive S<uve law is an abon:iDntioii, ant) obouid receive no countenance from a republican administration, but should be inftuutly repealed or repudiated. Upon tuLs siogle i*sue, we m?y say. the radical anti ?lavery faHion in New York polled a vote of upwards of 2.r? 000 for John P. Hale for President in 1 Vi2, r ot Aithst inding the prevailing imprea siou of that day that General Scott, if elected, would fall in with the autt slavery programme ot William U. Seward Sucli then, are the principles of the radical anti biii very wing of the lepublican camp, aud cuch is tbe teracity with which they stick to their programme of human freedom It is their religion and their duty at all ha/irds. But bow will this accord with their recent de cl ration* of the backing out of Mr. Lincoln from tbe true republican faitu: Mr. Defre?s says that his party ure in favor of excluding slavery from ihe Territories but that if. when 'a Territory form* a Su*e government, the people thetecl determine to have slavery and say h> in iheir constitution. its adniaeion will n< t be op pot- ,1 for that rea?on," and that the Fugitiv e Slave law is amoi:g the laws which will br pnforct d by a republican administration. Our own correspondents, writing from Spill yfirlii, cub'aiu these views of Mr. Defrees, si.d fr? m various other sources In commutlca tion with Mr Line la we now per?-*ive that. Unking to tbeSoutb.he is alarmed, and pro u.i*e> to abandon and turu out of doors the c *n and the principles, the * one idea" of ct? ri .il war upon slavery, which, if elected, v 11 Law bionght him into jower. A large b.dy of tbe benest auti slavery wing of I party will stiil adhere to him. trusting li lu.k. but tbe un ompumisiog rn licals by thou * mds, v,hi? ha* ? been charmed with Unrwli I spte:bea of Senators Seward. W li st i Sumner and otiiers, will now J eel, with ten. iflletil republican manifestoes from Sprit fcfti Id HLd el^eanere. that they are be frayed. and the; will revolt, and for President x te for C >'? ^tnilh, the regular honest aboli tion date. " '( ? mett of the Fugitive Slave law." Why, undrr tbe first impulse frua tbe procla n ation of that law. even John V*o Buren took tbe stun p against It. and tbe t we d .ubtUss in this State to day one hundred and fifty thousand men who regard ibis law with uulLv 4 abhor renre : and tb're nviy be flty thousand of this oturber opposed to the d.-mocraey who will re fu?- to v te for Lincoln because ?>f his promise to et,u?rce this law. This suspicion xgatnst Lin coln arra}?d Garrison. Phillip* aid the Boston *r?)0"l of ab*>im?Bists against him from the cu'set I' wan the s?cre' of the nomination of Gerrit Su l?h :?s the r-ctlar abolition candidate But tfces the pioml?ep of such republican spostlss a? Reward and Wilson operated toc< n oillate the gtt it body of tie radical anti-slavery repi bile ins N ?.tv-??' "ml (HkW iraace* tha' Llnroln \ is ab* Su'elf ?urn*<l bis baik II pen the v rth, and bla face to the Sjnth. In eluding tiM IVCognHttn <T t! r F' pltfve Slave '?w %sd the p' n.l#e of more slnve Sates. will ? I otly a word fn m Geni! Smith to make ?h. j ? iectkn M fttrflisiiig n? that of '*11 li t a? rsmpt.lgn the enthr.Masa of tbe whig* h i < iti ounde d Tl rj believed the s<i "ee?? of V ? "X inevitable dowr to th* third day after <b, . h i n In thU S' re. ( >n the evening of < t - ?> th?- feccr.I tl* j tattered bim l? ? I nc Mr Frrlitm' iisen. the Vice Pr* - -?<>, ?! I ear i 'date cn tbe Cay ticket, was ?<?** ii ... c ?? this c.ty in tenor cf the event, and o.s e ? -in gratt'atory speech on tb occasion. I t- v e had t o telegrspl * bod but few rail ri?i.s ir tl.a? day? when tbe news from v? >t tide of the Csy-.iga bridge i ?tt* to, to! and b*duld, tbe returns ?>t tL - anti alarery *ote of I'-WO or so 'r? I'itwev t< ok nwny ihe e*f?- it i asjority fcr Clay if . 1 oik **i fbii* e|>?r -<i President by ?ts' d'reiti- -j of U' abvl'Jon b?lance of powtr A"d what <^as ft* provocation' A little coo- f clliat"y ! tUr !tr,m Mr Oay to llabaxna *ny t' 1 if it cMiltl be d< uc quietly, so f*r fr m o> j> ell: g to ibe i?ni?ix ition of Texas? a tUve brldii g Si??e? be would be glad to see it 1't ik was b'i* whi;*h uot even tbe overti werfrg abilities, popularity and pre-emi 1 1 do* <ir Vr Cluy at a statei-man could excuse. V* tut. thru, nuiot be tbe feeling iiuw among these indical uijti-blav? iy men of New VorU iu ref?r?rce to Liccolu ? ?n obsture politician n< mirr.'ed on tie kin ii tid of exoeriienny, advo , r ??( d ; ?..? the chosen champion of this Nor'hern ctutaiV against Southern slavery? wheu toM thai be will enforce tbe Fugitive Slave law. will a<*mit riew slave States, and will do nothing to (lite offence to the South* What the result ra-iy be we know not, but we believe th At upon thin 1 ten Gerri* Smith in this Sta?? can change th'.* erpec'ed re publican victory into a defeat He i* worth several millions of dollar?, he hesitates Dot to sper.d hie money in behalf of a great principle, and be baa but to speak and fifty thousand men will respond to bis call. Nor ftm. id *e be surprised if the issue of this cor.ti were to turn out a parallel cate to that of 1PH. from tfce wrath of the honest abo litionists ftfj.ilnst this treachery of the republi can party. We have reasons for the declara tion, too, tbat the Gerrit Smith ticket in this State will receive a vote which will astonish the republicans, and in some of the counMes where tbey least ? xpect it. In revolutionary times tbe events of a day may change a victorious cam paign into a disastrous defeat. Thus Lincoln, in changing front to save bis administration in tbe South, tray still lose bis election in the North. Afiaws in Ita! y ? Convocation of the Elector a i Colleges in the Two Sicimbs.? Tbe advices from Italy, received by tb? Cana dian. art* cot of muck importance. Ma'tsre there seem to be settling themselves without di plomatic interference. The patriotism and good senee of Garibaldi hare overcome the argu ments of the Ms/vlol party, aud he is pursuing the only safe course that lay open to him? that of a fraiik co operation with Victor Emanuel. Steps had been taken by him to convoke th? electoral colleges of the Two Sicilies to vote by univer^l suffrage on the question of annex ation. wbich proves that for the present I be has abandoned all intention of attacking | Venice. Without: the aid which he would d?- | rive from the military and naval resources of j Naples, such an attempt would be an act of I sheer mudnt w, and therefore bis preparing to ! surrender bis authority into the hands of Victor ? Emanuel Is conclusive aa to his renunciation of the project. Austiia nevertheless continues to | fortify herself, in the apprehension that there Is , some secret understanding on the subject be- ! tween the Dictator and the King of Sardinia, i Another extraordinary credit baa been granted to the naval department for the construction of additional naval batteries to defend the en trance of ber ports for she feels that whatever fettle ment may be effected in the affairs of Naples, it can bring ber no alleviation of her burdens and anxieties. So long as she persists in maintaining ber iron sway over the people of Venice, so long must she pay the price of a domination sustained by terrorism, and perse vered In in opposition to the public opLion of Europe. The Intentions of Louis Napoleon in regard to Rome couUuue to excite a good deal of anxious speculation. It is not so much on account of tbe fate of tt>e Tontill a* it is owing to the fact that the Est peror is about to concentrate a large army there? recent order* having, it is ?aid. been issued to raise the French force to 60.000 men. The occupation of Viterbo by French troop? gives consistency to the report tfcat be ha* it in contemplation to secure to tbe Pope the extent of territory wbich was former ly reccgcired as the patrimony of St Peter. Viterbo Is forty-two miles from Rome, and was ic tbe Middle Age* the capital of this territorial ; designation. Should tbe Emperor carry out the project it will leave tbe Holy Father still very handsomely provided for. bnt It will be at'end od with this inconvenience, that it will require the continued pretence of a French army to maintain blm in possession of it? a necessity that has perhaps been tbe main inducement for the Emperor to extend tbe area which be had ( rlginaily considered sufficient for a Political appanage Military occupation has become a favorite lever of Louis Napoleon's foreign policy, and notwithstanding his professed desire to withdraw bis troops from Italy, it would seem as If their retirement was further than ever frcm bis thong Me. Tiir. Atii?.n:a.n Armnouct and Gov>.u.soa Hanks Our attention has been attracted to a paragraph in the Boston Eitnhuj JbtttOer, which state* that some of the solid men of Bos ton. who were of the Committee of Arrange ments for the Prince's ball in that city, have exulted over an intentional slight to Governor Banks, who, it appears, wan not invited te the supper room when the royal party retired for refreshment. 8everal newspapers published in the interior of Massachusetts have commented upon the above named circumstance in severe bat jnst terms, and we are reluctantly compel led to believe that there was, on the part of scire of tbe committee, a deliberate attempt to degrade the Governor in the estimation of the royal party. As tbe T aitflrr very truly re marks. It was an insult to tbe whole people of Msisaelnsette. ?hn have again and again placed 1 Governor Bank* In position* of honor. His public csrrer has reflected as muck credit upon Li* native State as upon himself, and he is the only Gorerner of Massac hu*ett*, in th?*e lat ter days, who ha* made for himself a oetioral reputatlcj. As everybody om*l be aware, c r political convictioi* are directly opp?-< d to tbo?e of Mr Banks, but we have al ways been glad to recognise hi* marked ability and en inent eervics to the country. lie is a capital ex*cnMve rfflcer. a thorough gentleman, ard a fnl'hful. bard working, never tiring p iblic servant Ni I withstanding all this? and it is ad mitt* d n? well by his vpponect* as by hi< par tisane- it is not improbable that so me < f :be*/.d StaU stie> t fofsll* bare combined In & snobbish ntter pt to it, diet a allgfct upon a man who is a fhmsatd ti re* their superior In every way. Tie tact that this attempt was not successful? t> at the re'stlcr. - between Governor Bsnks, ths I r'r ' e 1bt Duke of Newcastle and all tbe no h!eMi sid gentlemen of the suit*, were of the isost coidial t.ature- while it reflecti the fieateet credit upon the members of the royal party and tie G?verncr, brings out the mran tetscf tbe Boton stcbe in a still stronger tl*bt We trust that the Boston paper* will aat let tbis matter drop. It should be thoroughly it resist' d. atd the names of the nffi eds*s leM i p to <bat public scorn and contumely abkb tie j tc tirfc'y irttrvt. Tha Mew PhMM of Oar Ptllllrtl K rvol u fir. Bradjr*! Npactli at the Co*p?r UlWIt. No more coavinciog.proot cm b? desired of the deep and all pervadiog character of tbe po li'ical revolution through wfiich we are pacing than the rapid chauges that ar? being effected in the petitions of public men and great mat e rial interests throughout the couutry. A marked trid?DC? of this in the position ai Mimed by Mr. Brady iact night in his Hpeech at the Cooper Institute. This gentleman id th? candidate of the Breckinridge ?viug ot thM demo cracy for Governor of tbi# State, and ha? been recently making speeches through the Ulterior counties in behalf oi the party tbat bas placed him in nomination. Daring this canvass he hu eaid some unwise things, and giveu utterance oo tteveral occasions to feuti men's th*t <?e have h*<1 occasion to censure; but his speech last uigtH shows that be hits benefited by hw tour, and that in national politics at lea*t he is on a logical and sound track, llis contact with thx people in the interior bat proved to hicn th at. however the conservative masses may stand iu relation to the local offices of the State, they heartily desire the defeat of Lincoln, as the only thing tbat will save us from the greatest political agitation ever experienced in any country, and which threatens to involve bank ers.. producers and traders in a common revul sion and ruin. He has found that the people who affiliate with the Breckinridge wing of the democracy, which it the only one wil! hereafter have aoy affiliations with th* grca' party that it rising up in the South, Uttk up ou the success of the fusion ticket iu ttii* Slate m the only hope of the national poll -y, and thi' they will support it on national ground?. Hence he, in common with Mr. Dickinson aul many others of the old hard shell pacty. ha? come gallantly into line on the national q>ies tii.ii. As for the State ticket. th ?t it of minor importance lo the present momf ntous content Other changes of an important character are also takirg place on all side* ^.o.?e ia the Sooth are of a very signifL-aot character. From every section there we receive the evidences of a sturdy determination to resist at the oaMet the danger that meuaces tbem. Tne tritmph ot a political patty based on the idea tint ulavury is an evil and a crime will inaugurate a policy in our federal administration in deadly hostility to an institution woven into the very texture of society in fifteen States, and on which all tbeir material interests are founded. AUrai has awakened a strong feeling of resistance, and the tint symptoms are perceivable in the war like preparations of the people and the fears of tbe banks in view of probable exigencies. The first contest mutt be one bet ween tbe credit in stitutions in the South and in the North, each section endeavoring to strengthen itself for the coming emergency. Such a contest will pro duce a financial panic and revulsion more de structive than that of 1837, and every prudent man is already beginning to prepare for it. These revolutionary developeou'utti in tbe South have already awakened alarm among the black republican leaders, and they are preparing to make a show of throwing Seward. Gerrit Smith and the ad vanced abolition portion ot tbeir party over board, in order to restore confidence to their misguided conservative followers. They assert that Southern men will enter Lincoln's cabinet, and several prominent names have been men tioned, and that Lincoln if elected will enforce the Fugitive Slave Ittw. This ia a bold announce ment of an intention to cheat Seward and his friend* again, a* tbey were cheated at Cnicago, and to use Gerrit Smith and the radical aboli tionists merely as tools, to be cast contempt uouiiy aside after the election is gained. This I jt a double edged sword catting both ways j Gerrit Sml'h is in nominal ion for the Presidency by the radicals, and they can cast one hundred thousand votes for bim in this State. By so j doing they will repeat the remit of 1844. when the election of Mr. Clay depended on New York, and tbe Blrney vote gave this State most unexpectedly to Mr Polk The Lew phases which our po'itical revolu tion is every day presen'ing leave us the hope | tbat New Yoik will prove true to the Union ai.d to her highest and dearest interests On I tbe Eu>(. ire Suite everything now depends. If it fails the country in tlis emergency, nothing ! can save us from a great commercial revolu tion. The geograjhical division that has been ' established in onr churches, in enr public socie ties and in our political parties will at onoe ex tend to oi r great mercantile and materia! in terests The .>outh will be forced to strengthen itself against the Notth and tbe first operation of that movement will be 'be effort to ~,ri;re the specie of the country. If Lincoln is elee'ed on the fith of November next, the *rj among the people will be. ' Go for gold;" and there is not a bank in the North or in tbe ^outh that would be able to meet the call* of its depositor* and note holders We are all treading on a volcano the crisis of which is rapidly coming npon us Let every pnident man prepare to meet it OnVIOM Ot THE A MERI vV ; Pmiiue.? A thort time *inoe a literary lady, tailing from this ride oi the water, wu moved to pa; a viait. of curiosity probably, to Alphonae de Lamar tit.e? a wrj clever poet. but a very bad politician, who has by num? mean* or other obtained a reputation far beyond his deeerringa. Frenchmen are proverbially egr.ttsta. With I.amartine the disease la chronic. In the course of bif> career he has received very large tuni of m> oey lie might now have been In the pos session of a princely fortune, were It not for his extravagance and ostentation. The French people placed him ftt the head of the provi sional government of I - 1 - , b it b* was net equal to the position, and was therefore compelled to retire to private life Since that time he has been engaged in genteel begging and ?ulkl; a, because the people did net sbow er bauk notes upon his hes.d lie sent Mr. de Place- a gentleman ard a scholar? tr this country to obtain subscriptions lor his works, and klr. de Plaoes mission failed. Failed, because, in the first place, only a few of our people have * taste for 'r r??nch lltr.v ture; and in the second. becatu?* M de Lamar Une had no claim whatever upon us. Since that time be las indulged in very bitler re- j proacbea, levelled at OUT people and he was so irrpr Ute ?i to fire them al' c.T over agnln a> ' the bead of the lady above senticned. lie, in fart, having been disappointed in getting monej - from \ ? charges ua with bis own weakuess? ac Inordinate passion for the almighty dollar. The facts would seem to shew that It Is M de La martlue, not the people of the United State* vtioie cpsn to the charge wMch he aake -.frst 'S Mo-v ?har n't, claim M d* r.?m?rtlue u p< 'ii ua? If belie i^lereS ^07 imk*s tr> i?f>> body, either political or literary, tU> hav* beta devoted U> the Punch peoplo, aim it L> tor Hue French people to p?vi i theui M. de Lamarttne Fays tba' M. dd P'.ace got Co HubtCf il>?Th iu tbe United St^teo. V uj Ool 'bit j French firb* ;rip' >on at hoiLe and abroad at"-*- j rible itdluif? And to it uot pnoaoie to it M , de Lunartine i* uow lrvelli;>g at tu the re proaches which be inttD'b for hi< !>wn country tn?B? 811 *h we helieve to be the fart*, and it is to be hoptd, for th? bouor of th? literary pro 1 fee-ion, tbat M. de LftStarttn* wr!l leave ofT snivelling nod go to work A* to hta view" of Ameiica aud An eric to?, they *re do' of tfc* slightest t artbly sitfoifioance. PrugitM ot Id* K<toluiloi?-(t? (tvtci ? id Hciaiu. V.'e continue to publish cocrtspondencft f.-om the South descriptive of'ibe revolutionary W?an and d*?ip u- in tbat section of the UuiMn. pro dured by the revolutionary ide,?s and designs at the North. A general panic pervades all classes, in con.-i*quence of the recent elections in Penn sylvania. Indisna and Ohio foreshadowing the election of Mr. Lincoln. li Mich is tbe effect now, what will be the 1 dec' it that ? v? nt should take place on th Gtb of November ? Tt^e whole South will be in a blaz* Even the Secretary of th" Treasury, Mr Cobb, it in Mateii, is ready to go into the K-oe: ?ii.n movement the day ntVr Lincoln's election, when the Legislatures of the seceding State* will meet, decUre tbe Union dissolved. and proclaim Mr. Breckinridge Presi dent of the Southern Confederacy. That some cuch design an tbi* eiists, whether Mr. Cobb it connected with it or not. is probable from the fact that all the Southern .State- appear to be tbrowtrg Bell overboard and concentrating upon Breckinridge. Tbe Siutb would tbi;1* preceut one united front, and be able to (.'.aim 'bat, as Lincoln was elected by u sectiou*l Northern party only embracing a portion ot the people of the North, while nil the Southern State* and many of the population of ths North are opposed to him nod in favor o ' Breckin ridge, therefore the right of BrerklwMgo to the Presidency is more in conformity wi-h tfce spirit and intention of the constitution th? on- 1 gical compact by wbicb % President w<u to b? 1 (bo^en by atd for bo?h the North and th? South? tbe people ot all the Sutea Tbey will tuisher claim that Lincoln. by hia 0*11 ^vnwids and tbe admissions of bis supporter*, has beeu cbocen by tbem as President for an illegal and unconstitutional purpose, aad tbat bts election is, therefore, ab initio, null and void, beiag re volutionary in its character, and contrary to th* idea of a federal IVton and totiie meaning ard intent of tbe coi stitution. H..w this will all et.d ao man can tell. But | whatever be the final result. whether it be seceiaion or aot. the effect upon '.he country will prove most disastrous. The emotion of Lincoln will undoubtedly beget a long and ??rce controversy between the North ami the South of which, even if i? should be amicably pet tied at laM. which is very far from cert -us the consequences to the trside and commerce ot the States would be ni >a? ruluaus. Ev-ry opera tion would be paral>zfd In the temper of the public mind at, the South not a bile ot cotton would be permitted to come Northward, *a.nd no | Southern man would dare to ordfr a box of j goods from any State this side of Mvon aad Dixon's line. Urte is a prac'ical nullification of ( the Union to which the Southern people could re- | sort without secession, or without violating the letter of th* constitution, and a million of men in arms could not prevent It. In fact, it would be a worse condition of things foi the North than a peaceable secession. So that those Northern men who flippantly t?lk of coercing the South either know not what they say. or they utUr bluster and bravado which they are conscious cannot be su/'.alued by results. Jt is not necessary for the Sot th tv fire a ^hot or raise a finger to ruin the Ncrth; all '-hat b neceaeury to be done is that the Southern L^gis 1 attires pass non intercouse laws! and whit Southern citizen wiU venture to resbt them But If the Northern half of the l uion shou.l be gt ilty of the folly of attempting coercion of the South t\ ('? orwis. * C'VH war wou^ ^e begun. the extent and end ol which no man could forest e -To submit.' sajs the Governor^ of South Carolina, through Colonel Simons, would be to declare themselves unworthy to be the inheritors of freedom. Before, however, the federal government proceeds to coerce the South Into obedience to the consti tution. it will be only oven handed justice to coerce the nulllfiers of the North who have trampled upon the Ft.gltive Slave liw Emy bargain las 'wo ?idea to It. ^ill the black repv.b'.ican President coerce his c?n party, who in every Northern State have declared that they will not carrj out that compact of the constitution But long be'ore these hard questions can be Bolnd monetary panic, from apprehension of approaching political convulsion, will spread from South to Nor Ji and from Fast to West, and the manufacture?, commercial and ship ping interests of the North will be ruined, and all who are dependent tn them for employment will be reduced to starvation and the irre p sssible conflict of labor with capiial will be fought tot at the South, but at the North wb?*re tb*re Is far n ore <\ inger of iniur rec'ioo than at tie other side cf the line which divides the Union The Soath in the meantime would suffer notblrg. She If not dependent on the North for ?mplojtcent for her people, net for a market for her ccttcr. srd other productions. She ha* a teeming soil, a population to cultivate It, and tL? world for s market; and if she de^r^d to manufacture fcr herself. It wiuld be Impossible fcr the North to compete with her B<st I* It. not her desir nor ter Interest to bterrer- m .n the manufacture* and the jnu.n.?rre(,fth- Norih, unless ?he Is driven to ?b. ? ill ? beru Ia no ir-epressible conflict bet?e? o ;b* fi>e ubor of , the North and theslavelu or^i tf- S"U.f?. Tiih | Is un ingenious fiction of tt ? repiblWn leade.s. t Oo the contrary, there Is peifect i .rmo iy be tween the two sj stems, and Nor*!* cr>d Ronth vt> . adapted by nature and the progress of th. ir j civilisation to npply the wanU cf ^ottwr, and tc enrich each other, and a*iw ? *? | strongest community of interest ?ba? \ isted between so many Statea. If pollu d?m ? gt gttcs will manufactnrf dtooord, to sunlit , ?,.rT?mws that is not the fault tf U-? In own purposes, mat ? ??nuaeot on which they aro pUjtaf ^nt the people tave henrd enough of their ivt, *nd * ought to stop \htm ?? the bnllot box, before tber do any more mischief, and before a pro* porotis and peaceful oountry U reduced to r*?rty intestine s*xlfe ?d dbotdor The Piu.%r* ikd tti>. Pom.? We hare printed in to da>'H paper a collection of the poetic effu sions which tte *Mt of the Prince of Wales ha* called out. Of oeurse it was to be expected ttiat the poeta as well m the politicians, the publicist*, the painUvB, the photographists and the general public would bare their share at tre mixed wnsatiomt which tba appearance at :be beir spparent under the wing of the Ameri can Eagle crrated. The poerna which we give ? to-day include nearly all that have appeared la tbe columns of our cotemporaries, as well $m ft. veral which liw been tent to us and now sew themselves in print for the first time. They ww good bad and indifferent, but all interesting. Poem.*, like Mr. Snakp in the '"School for Scan dal," sometimes lire by the badness of their character. ai.d verses resemble conundrums in the rtfpect that tb?y must be very good or dis tressingly inferior to attract attention. From tbe batch before us we are fain t? think that tbe Tuneful Nine were not, as th* vboie. well inclined towards the bards wh* swept tbe I) re in honor of Albert Edward. They have treated him, however, much better than the I'reridential aspirants, which shows that, iu rpiti* of the progress of democratic ideas, the Muses are mil conservative. England, Ire ijj d uid Scotland all pour out their poetio cS'eiii gs at the feet of the Prince. The ladies nor ouly smile upon him. but th?y make bin ?>icime. and exprees a desiie to kiss bim for hie mother's cake, which is certainly very kind. One jo;.ng lady i-ei ds us some verges whiob are rror?- remarkable for their piety tban their poetry. She tr isj-te that his youthful steps may ne%er. like the Unirr, "slide," and deaires that be n,*v be kept until "tfce trumps ?hail w*ke" ? a rather mjsteriotia figure on the whole. We hove also several veiwiuos of "God Save tbe Qmen.' including thoss sung at Boston and Philadelphia; tt e) are more remarkable for the e?c?lletice of the author's intention* thau for any m#rit of their ewn. "Before th<* Grav? of Wa?bir-rten" was a good tbeae, and we nave three or four poems upon it. They are fair, bat not on the whole eq'tsl to 'he suVject. Tbe visit of toe Prince taTiini'j h {fords an opening for a clever atuck upon the. lay and cl< ileal euoba who made no mucb unnecessary fust over the heir apparent. Tbe old fogies who mismanaged tbe bail cojm :n for tbeir share. and tbe Prince's partners meet with due attention Altogether our col lection is an in?ereptttg ooe. ar.d forms a ra'.ber peasant an J agreeable souvenir of tbe Prince'* visit The RjuntAi. AB0UTi0kL<rs Auaikht Lia <i L.v ? The way tbe radical abolitionist rot* jc this State is now likely to go is beginning to c^uot- considerable unea&ineM among tbe re publican*. It was calculated at the outMt that the abolitk rusts, with few exceptions among the ultra*, would be content with the antf rluvery rentimcnts of the republican standard bearers, and to this end doubtlers was the vio lent character of man; of Mr. Seward's and l(r. Lincoln's declarations directed. But it would appear that the nomination of Gerrit Smith for Pretidtnt by tbe abolitionists is not left with out a party to stand by it Mr. Smith it very wealthy , resolute and devoted to his princi ple*. Tbe men who comprise his party are not ot the stamp of your ordinary politicians; they mean what they say, and are not likely to make any compromise which would reduoe the full meaiure of what they demand for the antf ?lavery cause. Nor is it the men alone among the abolitionists, but the women, too, who art actively, though quietly, working in bloomer past* atd huts all through tbe northern and * < -s tern portions of the State. The abolitloniet propagandist does not take part in Wide Awaka; neither does be rant from the strmp: but he goes quietly into the home* oi tbe people, and he appeals to them in the name ofGcdandthe almighty nigger to stand by tf-elr principle. and not to rote for a white man like old Abe Lincoln, who cares nothing for the negro, but only desires the power of office that be may divide the spoils among his frienda, and who. if elected, will probably enforce the Fu gitive Slave law. Tbe document* we publish in another column from the abolition organ, the Principia, go to show that the ultra abolitionists will not vote for Lincoln, and in variety other quarters we perceive indications thit they on working steadily against him. and for Gerrit Smith. Sup pose that they should poll a hundred thousand vote* for Smith after all. how would it far* with the republican ticket* Or even fifty thou ?acd "?for that would defeat Lincoln. All tha evidences are strong that tbe republicans will lcie tbe vc<?* of the radical abolitionista, and they are just beginning to feel that in this event they stand In a very bad way in this Stata, the turning point of the grand battle. NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. The r?*lls| at the Netk la U*?ird to t.torvla i KlKttoR? HcTiBirSU of Oar Mliiliiai to ( hiaa- Deplerabta State ?? Affairs la Koaara, Ac., Ac'. W*. aiiaoroa, Oct 26, IMS Litters reesteed bere from dutiBfu^be .1 <<9B*ervatlvae ta different jvla of tbe South, turn who are so aJaraiMa, riprrW ieteoer apprebeoatoa o' dMaator to tbe t'aloa la tba (Ttct of Llaooto '( eloctirci Tbe d Mtolni exctta meat, which baa btee hitherto attributed lo pvi'ti^taai naif aad aiaretoolde'*, a becoming gaaara, among aaa ?lavaboldere, white worklagaaaa aad necbaaies, Um la r'fW'ftc prerailiag that lb* repablioeas, If eaooassM, wtli aku to deetro? oaata batweea aafraae aad thea lelrcs by ? Wealing tbe afroos to tbetr rata aaacaaajn* at oawau. Tbf at leapted roatoa of tha BcU aad Doaftaa fbeoaa a Qeorga, reported from Aefoata by totegrapfc, <Mlf Ml atea to tb< w acquainted with Ororg ' ? polities, the ?tretgtb or nreek"..- .,* ta that mate Tbe traders a*r makerr, Hit the "tatr ?a a?re f r It ? -kiartlga Mr .tuMIre Wajae.of Iba W?| tew e <Wt ?' ibr Cated ? >at?e, atari a rltlixa af C o f U, ? lit traea "urn-iT-.* fbr ? i ?.?. H<- ta vjr >d, ?? hi >j. t his pa tttti n, la (t|?.*.'i ?'? vt v <?f f ^ittaW vuire, hut be I a* m> al mb. lt?o? ?h er ?t?^ >i f. t >i a M-r<eted ta tbe r*"Wi 'i <+ tl i Pr.k>a m aaf mta M tba folk l.ik? Firairt.1 bfla ?kh baat) a aay <m|M V- ha at what bu w. i d, |t % rti* te r<al1r?. try rrratleia* a?. 1 Jn-t, a dec- * r<?<? afcte ton artre, at t do t t t a cl mi by pa ?wtirre titbraarea. r ??iWi >ia*> P'iroaa wbra TUfi rr?> aaa'4 rait, ta his TVtrh a I ?%-e>-?, " lurlga . ai ?a< iw, ' *. ? ?|aU. rloteati> ???r >,1 ore i. !???. a'le^ J hi Mi c tvolaitbe flat ncj, um V Bfal Uw- aid Of. Tiraoot Wi'ta ?*-'?! ta tb? ? p weattar aad a^ttak d rr-U mrnrnm -"?in Miuuiai 1%t r<iw?ns ci Waabii.t -a . <ai detorat?e4 ?n bavlac rauvajsoaaitau t to u.a p 'borough.* .? an .mo* <a? Mint Vo better |ai f* of tM earl iaaaeaa aad ear* im'nmgtt pohlte MttBat ? a aae pr'H al q iaatton *i> be (?i4, tbaa ta the arttoa of r*U|to?* bodMS IMS baap labile ally arart Trum parti i sails toaatkhwa. ll a asS BBeewBK? new lee ?e be SMda tor Aa prttaria lto?c< tl* C-rja Bcab rrjif'-atloas oe^ht a|;>roptl

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