M'V\ YORK HERALD. ?*?*? OUKUO.1 It K I X K T t. KlUrUH aA'U KKOi'KI.^IUK orrici h. m. oohwkh ur rcur<?M a>u na^a"' VdI?d>? sxv AW. hKMKNTH T< > ?UMO? KVKM <i'i HlMLUti HaKHKN. Hi u?m. *? ?> ? I ? vj v wryTKK u *-n ?*? ?HI. BnWKHy T?IK?TRK. B"?1T) ? f ,?i I" V. .* K.'.h Kul ? 1 ?!*> 1 I ' ? Walj.aCkv tHlATHE Urmeiw%j.? Lo>> i*a*o>>* ? I! 0K > I I kkl< TV L\CK? THK?TR? Wo g ? ? )'nr (I. ?jii> Fo.i ??> v Pvtlll K WKW dtlWKRI THKATRK H.1w? ? ? ' Tu> Bcumut AM> I I 1ll?nS) -V.li.rjTI!ll ami Cu? ? ? Hi.tCK Ktt.it Hl'sjl BAJtNL'M'H aMKKIOaN MI'XKI'M U'T?d??r. -1H* tort I TcriRR- a . t>. Cm: ;>i km -Livi.h . Co*: >-i ?? Ac ? Ir ,n i u>> HKTAMT8' ?I!NRTRK:j<, Mmuaiik*' 471 BmadwAf. 1*1 IILKtyl-tU. So. I.J DaHCKS AC ? L?I.O I V HOOLKY * i'aMPBXLI.'H WIimTR KL ' J?lbl/>'? N<U.i.n Dti H??1 fcTKiuriAJi hu?i>s DaKCU. Hi Ri EmiUM, 4u ? Lord IIIM.II9U CaKTKKBUKT OOKCKRT SALOON. AM Bro*dwit, ? fv.Ni... Ha.s. ?... Bi HI t-xji t.t, tc N?t. :< 4 i N?w Vork. ti?nil?|, lw?mb*i Id WW. Tat Our report - from the Sou'.li art- highly imp' rtant. Never probably since the I Ith o< f?<scember, Ii>-, the dry on which the Hrlt??h army evacuated Charleston arid thus virtually closed the war of | American independence, ?m? such a acene been wltnesstd iu that city at yesterday inaugurated J there a revolution under the Palmetto dig. The , ni>e:tacle is graphically described in our columns this morning. t u'. the description doubtless falls fir short of the reality. The celebration was coin- 1 nienced by hoisting the State fl.ig upon a liberty 1 jiole, erected by the merchants in a central part of the ci'y . amid salvos of artillery, martial mutic and the enthusiastic chcers of the populace, while the ladies added their plaudits from the window* and balconlca of tli?- surrounding bouses. A* the II ig lloited in the breeze the bl?ssing of Heaven on the new republic was invoked by one of Ch trle-ton s most eminent divines. Speeches followed from men whine names are perhaps unfamiliar to our readers in connection with public event*; but this circum Btance prove* that tie crisis has brought out those unused to active participation in ordinary political Movement*. Throughout the city and on the masts ?I the shipping the Palmetto flag was displayed, and nowhere was the eusign of the I nion to be aer a cave floating over the fortress in the harbor. All day the enthusiasm was kept up, and iu the eve ning another demonstration took place, at whicu addressee in favor of secession were delivered by several speakers. A minor prevailed in the city yesterday to the effect that the I'niied States mail steamship Colum bia, Captain Berry, which sailed at twelve o'clock, departed flying the l'almetto ilig, Instead of the j American standard. This rumor was untrue, though not bltofrether unfounded, for the Columbia left the pier with the "atar spangled banner' Hying ?t her peak, while the palmetto flag was hoUted on her mainmast, in place of the private signnl of the company usually ?nrried there Ctptain Berry own* considerable real estate in Charleston, and It is alleged that for certain politic motive* he was induced to fly the disunion Hag while at Charleston la?t. The steamship herself ha'la from Charleston, but is the property of a joint stock coaipany in va nous cities ot the Union. Tin re ? i>s said to have l>een ? na'-tlnr, of so ne of ficer* of the leading banks of tbbuity ytsterday .with the view of considering the propriety of adopting some measures for the relief of the exchange mar ket, and thereby promoting the shipment of pro dure. Among other propositions, it was stated that there was one which contemplated endorsing Ilrown. Brothers A Co.'a bills drawn against pro duce, with bills of ladint attached, to the amount of three to five millions of dolUrs. provided the proceeds were returned from England in apecie. bo far as we could learn no definite action was reached by the conference, which aliourned with out doing anything, but whether to meet again we coold not learn. We publish in to day's paper detaili of Mexican new* to the 7th inst. The accounts of the move ments of the belligerent force* are involved in considerable uncertainty no mails Laving been re ceived from the capital for some time prior to the nailing of the mail steamer Tcnen-see. The only thing that seem* to be certain is. that the city ^of Guadalajara had not fallen, notwiilwtanding the repeated "confirmations" of it a capture published by the New Orleans papers In the -nprei. e Court, yeaterdiy. Judge Ingra Imm grafted an order for an injunction re juiriag Commodore Vsnderbilt to show c.tase why he should not be restrained from erecting a pier or l.ulkbead at the It ittery. The order U r- 1 imsble on the 12d Inst. The steam -Jiip Atlantic willed from thta port yes terday for Southampton and Havre, w;th forty eight passengers and !7'>. 000 In specie. The KJin- ' bnr< also anlled yesterday for tfieenatown aud Liverpool, with 1?2 passengers. The newly appoin ted Judge, James W. White, j has commenced a suit ?f?'n?t the LeO'lrr for libel. , The mystery connected with the Kolyer mar I tier, at Eaat New Vork. has not yet been aolved. At the adjonrned Inquest ye?t;rday medical evi dence was heard * htch only confirmed what was known brfi re that the untortunate msn met hi* death by the breaking in of hi* skull In the back of hi* heid. Henry Lambert, an old man, np earls . ?>f seventy yearn of age. and grandfather of Joseph Ijuiibert. who was suspected is the perpetrator of the murder. wa* examined, but nothing was elicited from him to ft* the guilt on his cranJajn. The in pieat h*a been further ndj 'urned to We Inea day next; but the case bid* fair to be one added to those tnc \ pile able mysteiies ?f blood and crime which any time thii twenty year* have startled this commnnlty. A meeting wan held laat evening in the lecture room of Pr. Ckecrer'ichurch, ia ion?e1aco"eof the ?is months postponement of the question relating t > the British Aid Mission having at that tune expired. As aome doubts existed as to the succes? of the pastor 'a viait to England, a notion to postp ne the consideration of the matter indefinitely wa- ad >p* ?d. and the meeting adjourned, ater btin. n ?e< nion but n few minutes. After the ad aa n>s nt, several member* of the congregation nrr.vsd sol appeared much disappointed at the liul) Conc'.u aion of the meeting. A special and private meeting of the American Zoologlcnl and BoUnlcnl Society was he'd las', evening at the Athenaeum in Fifth avenue So business of public Importance was transacted, pri wnte matter* alone being attended to. It I* atavd that the ram of ? 11,000 ha* been nlrendy collected for the pnrpoaa of establishing the society. Tba aaaa* cause* wVe* ikShmm I U? mat? ants ts prod sos, prsvtossly soticad sosiisusd w'thout abstsm ml yaslsedsy Ths alrtsfasrr is m-m-j asd th* deprsMta* U stsrtlafl bills las dad to rbask ibs stsnet ?*?*?? far both eeMow sad brssdeisBb, as-1 to rasdw prVsa irrsgs Isr. The asles oC Us farww amtrsead abSit a COO lataa, wticb elaned at quo*s*w>ss |1vm by did ?st brahsra foe middHK np'asrf*. from lt>ie. a UH* ? the aujieity fa rorts? IJSe a ll Xr r-osr was navy, is I ? osm m ? dscllss of 10o. n Ue psrbsi. Wa?a- wa d.p, ui )B the sbsecos of purelusas o t aton ?st f >r abtpaMi prions wers Is a measure no t IsaJ TlistBt *> eama.t* asd the prteaa obtained wire tst rellabls *a * aatart %oo4nti9?a. Oorn, with a f* r domain : a?m*B 1 , s'oot ita \ I nod Utter, * Kb ? fair ?muul of iUe>, lunlultog Vitlrrg om-d at ?B ? 70 1 , ?u<1 T1 ?. fur round yellow re udcIwi *ed, while He ea>br?re<i ?t>oui I UO I !?<"? , tlKHil 1.0U) hl.di with 8,ra0 bt(v, It w?h?ki I. ?? re n < (purled lo ImoJou auiJ older I- i ope?Q porlt-, on i.wit-ik arcotiLi Col' w?.- ijuUt, anil ?%J?k limited It 0 44 ?i?i- Ki >, lu'rri'tr t'> |i?d quality, ai 10 ? 13'g : ?M.,L|f routloued firm, with ? l.ur amount of eu<m*? 0MkU> T?ir Appro*! hlng iitulon of Coagrtlt lad ? li? Ktw Kpoch la Our Political A fT*l?a. Apprt- fat iit<ioDH are widely entertained among our prophetic i>otii iciane that the coming ses eion of Congress will be signalized by scenes ?t actional excitement, violent collisions, and ' unite aLd contusion" unparalleled in the auuaJa of American politics. But we can n?>t regard thete things as inevitable, al though we fully adopt the idea tha* the reas ^embltpg of this Congress will mark a ue? epoch in our poiiiical history- ao epooh of peaceable recotstruction, or of a pacific or vio lent dissolution, ol the existing league of the I Uni'ed S'ates. Considering the deep and general excitement in the Southern States, resulting from the ad vancement ot the anti-slavery republican party ot ihe North to the occupation of the federal government, " would be folly to suppose that | tfcis short session of Cougress will hive the time, or that the Senate will have t he temper, to <Jo ?n> thing on the tariff question, or for the Pacific Railroad, or upon free homesteads, or upon the bill for the admission of Kan m? in'o the Union, while the absorbing question of the Union itselfis at stake. It will t>e well if the ordinary bills for the necessary w ants of the government are passed, pending 'his greater issue. o( the cominuince or dissolu tion of the government. The people of the , Southern States have been brought to the exact i print of demanding additional safeguards with in the In ion, as the price of their continued allegiance ; and (his we expect, will be the main question before this three months' session of Congress. The proposition, as we anticipate, from the i movements afoot in the So ith, will come before Congress in the form of an appeal from the i Southern States for a convention of all the States for the purpofe of *o revising the federal con stitution as to render the institution of slavery ' alike secure against abolition emissaries and j conspiracies, underground railroads, and North ern anti slavery State Legislatures and Northern minorities in Congress. The inquiring reader may ask, wb* refore this demaud for the rejec tion of the constitution of our fathers, and for this new charter 1 or the benefit of the slave Stales We may acswer that It is because the checks acd balances of the constitution of our fathers aie Insufficient to secure the institution of slavery from the hostile aggression* of the overwhelming and still increasing representa tive majorities of the anti-slavery North. j But what will Congress do with this demand for the adoption of a new system of government for the United Slates? We cannot tell. The two houses will probably reject the proposition. But if Ibey are wise they will give the subject a careful consideration, and if they cannot imme diately accept It, they will leave it an open question, as a safety yalve for the otherwise dangerous disunion excitement in the South. The programme involved in this proposition In cludes the alternative of the secession of at least the extreme Southern States in a body from the I nion. Their idea is that the junction of the South for a convention of all the States to re model the constitution will secure the desired Southern coalition for the alternative of dis union should a new constitutional oonvenlion lor their protection within the Union be denied them. It is also believed that against the move ment even of the cotton States in a body frcm the I nion no measures of ooercion will be at tempted. The alternative, then, which Congress will have to consider, will be a convention for the revision of the iederal constitution for the se curity of the South, or an independent South ern confederacy. Give the South a little mar gin of indulgence and of time, give them this idea of a new federal constitutional conven tlon to work npon, and within a year or two the North and the South may be brought into a ''happy accord '' Reject contemptuously this proposition for a federal convention, and be fore the end of the second year of Mr. Lin coln s administration the New Yorker travel ling to Charleston. Mobile, New Orleans or Galveston may have to cross the boundary of a foreign government. All the parties of this late Presidential out W-. exoeptlng the republijan party, have been broken to pieces and dispersed with the elec Hon of Lincoln. The reassembling of Congrew will give us an exhibition of the confusion of tODgutf &t Itabel. Tb# republican p wty, though a compact body, is in the minority in the Hot re and in the Senate. Of itself it can do nothing: but with a large and generous de rot ion to the I nion it may secure allies which will enable it to do everything essential to the public safety. We do not apprehend that Southern msn will come up to Washington to wrangle and fight as heretofore, over paltry Intrigues for spoils and plunder. They have gone beyond that small business, k was thrown up at the Charleston and Baltimore Conventions. Nor will Southern men come up to Congress to pre cipitate a dissolution of the government la sceces of personal or factious violenoe. Whether acting to remain in the L nion or to leave it the true policy of the South Is calmness, dellbe ration srd order. Thus, failing to accomplish u new federal constitution, they believe they l nwy quietly pave the way for a Ssuthern confederacy In any event. If the republican party In Can 1 gress would derive any benefit from Mr. Lin- ' coin's administration, they will endeavor, by all possible means of conciliation, te reetore the Southern States to the Union, Instead of widening the breach between them and the North into a dividing line between two lads pendent republics. As Important Rjt.ior* ij* thk ErrcTTOX or " r^'w.-rersons who have been fami liar with the progress of New York caanot fall to bare noticed the very Important fact that there has been as great an Improvement In the foundations of the buildings LMv erected In Broadway and other principal thoroughfares as In their superstructure* Notable example* of this fact? such as Stnart's new building, be tween Ninth and Tenth streets; W. B. Astor s, corner of White street and Broadway, and Mr Wallack s new theatre, on Broad way, Thirteenth ?tfeet and Fourth avenue? occur to ns. Ten or fifteen years ago It was a common remark, and too frequently true, that #ew York me ohniiiw put up the flimsiest structures, with the tbakkct foundation*, that could be fouud in the world All thin hM been changed by tb*> mer ebau's. *ud we are glad to see that kir. Wallack ban folic wtd ?beir example, and h<n laid down for his i*wtbea?r? the beat possible tounda tiop a Qi(?t important though often neglected requirite in a place of public amuswmenc Thk Rkco?i> tr Nfcw York on thk Fvuirn* Slav* Law.? In the statements g?iug the rouud I of the papers as to the 8ta'e? which have p*?? I ed i'ersooal Liberty bills, nullifying th? Fng' live Slave law. New York. ludUna and N*w Jersey have been errouewmly included iu the list, whereas neither of these Statu* hw ever enacted a Personal Liberty biU. The ?t Mo ment with regard to New Jersey hv already been explained ; we give a correction m re gard to Indlaua in another columo ; and in order to put New York right upon the record we publish a complete inde* to all the acts pa?M d in this .State upon the slavery question since 17h<;. We flrd, first, that in 178fi a law wa* pwed providing that all slaves who shall become the property o( the State la the attainder or con victlcu of their diaaters shall bs se? free and their support provided for by the Escheat Com nilsfh'ner*. Second- In 1788 several general law* were pot+fd respecticg the relations of masters au'l flavre such as then were and are now usual to I slave codes at the South. Third? In 1708 a law was passed confirming roanunmftionp made by Quakers. Fourth? In 171''.' an act was passed for th* gradual abolition of slavery. Fifth In 1?1 1 an act prohibiting Bluves from votii K- , , Sixth- From 1813 to 18U> tome special pro visions were made nearly tvery y-ur reepect ing the practical difficulties arising from the manumission act. Seventh? In 1831 an act passed in aid of the owner of a fugitive slave. Eighth? In 1810 an act providing that the Governor shall take meumrrs to have return ed all free persons taken out of the State by kidnapping and not by procets of law. Ninth- Alio, in the same year, an act to ex tend trial by jury to a writ, <fe hrrmine ? rpteyi ando, which writ was pawed in 1834. T?nth? In 1847 and 1819 periodical resolu tions were passed respecting the non admission of slavery in the Mexican acquired territory, and asking Congress to act upon them. Eleventh- In 1852 a joint resolution of the Legislature was passed against the African slave 11 ^Twelfth ?In 1857 a Personal Liberty bill was reported in the Assembly by Judge Samuel A. Foote, and was voted down. Thirteenth? In 1858 the same subject was re newed, and strangled while In the hands of the committee. Fourteenth In 18.V1 C. S. S(>encer, against the remonstrances of the leaders, pot through the Assembly, by aid of democratic votes, for pari lamer tary stratagem, a Personal Liberty bill; but in the Senate Mr. Diven, now member of Congress elect for Chemung county, de nounced it as a piece of wicked and unconsti tutional legislation, and it was lost. Fifteenth? In i860 the Personal liberty bill was voted down. Sixteenth? In the same year, on the f>th inst , the question of negro suffrage was put to a vote o! the people, and defeated by a majority larger than Lincoln's. Such is the record of legislation upon slavery in this State since before the adoption of tte constitution down to the present year, and think it makes a pretty fair show. It will b? perceived that ?very attempt to nullify the Fu gitive Slave law was crushed out. Eight Northern States only have pMeed laws imposing penalties upon those who shall aid in preserving the constitution Intact by enforcing the Fugitive Slave law, and these are Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts Connecticut, Pennsyl vania, Michigan, Wisconsin and Iowa. la addition to these New Hampshire and Rhode Island have paseed Personal Liberty bill#, making eleven States in all which nullify a constitutional law. Now, in the present crisis, what the South should demand, and what the North should comply with, is, that the constitution be pre served in lU integrity whole and entire, and that these eleven States should be called upon to repeal their nullification Personal Liberty bills. The Proomss of thk ffcinc.-? Wall street felt the panic very seyerely yesterday. United State* fives went down to nioety seven, a decline of two and a quarter. All the State stocks declined. Tennessees Tell two per cent. Virginias Are, Missouri* four. Central Railroad four, Erie five. Pacific Mail seven, Chicago and Rock Island four, and so oo. Not a stock on the list escaped this torri* ble slaughter, and there has not been such a blue day in the itreet since lfC>7. It is the opinion of tie beit judges? calm, cool, calculating, conservative men? that we have not yet reached the turning point of the panic. The news from the South is not calculated to rearsure ns. The secession movement see as to hold ita own. We only hope that it has tot gained grcund. Upon that point we are tot in a position just now to give a definite opinion. We do know, however, that private advices from the best informed sources ia tie South sgree in stating that the cotton SUtss are really in earnest, and that ths excitement there has only just begjn It U a moat slgnif csnt fact ttiat the panic of ;e?ten]ay w # heaviest in what have been considered the s?f*d lecmitiee- State sad United State# stocki So it is not a mere flurry gotten up by the brokers for t pecuU'ive purposes, but a downright exposition of the state of publi; feeling consequent upon the antigonism be twren the North and the South, crested by Seward, Helper A Co , and intensified by ths election of Lincoln. We may say, in addition to this, that ths cotirre of the black republican organs, here and elsewhere, is calculated to increase rather than to allay the panic. Greeley. Raymond, Webb, Weed and their followers can find nothing bet ter to do than to ridicule and taunt thoae South erners who hare aasumed an attitude which may be wrong, bnt in which they are most eer tainiy ilncere. The proper way to convince them of their error is certainly not the one taken by our contemporaries. As for ourselves, we do not desire to oreate unnecessary alarm, but can see nothing but gloom in the future. A terrible storm is about to burst upon our beads. I>et everybody take in sail and be pre pared for the worst Oik Radical Ahoution Okuams on nil SoiTUKHN Bockmmom FMirKMKNT ? We tranter to thin papttr au editorial extract each from the
New York Rational Anli Shivery Standard and ibe Boston Liberator, en the secession move Dit iiik t-et ou foot in the Southern States ''in ccntequence of Lincoln's election." From these extracts it will be seen that, although cur rtidlcai abolitionists repudiated Lincoln as too much of a Bubmlseioaist to ths Fugitive Slave la#, they are in a ?tate of delightful ec?<a:j in conteinplatii u of the revolutionary excitements which agitate the Southern States because of Lincoln's success. The ecetacy oi Llojd Garrison is indescriba ble; but so far as he can express his exuberant joy be defines it. He exults that Lincoln's elec tion "baa operated upon the whole alavehold ing South in a manner indicative of the tor meuts of the damned;" that "the brutal das tards and bloody minded tyrant* who have so long ruled the country with impunity are now furiously foaming at the mouth, gnawing their tongues for pain, indulging the most horrid blasphemies, uttering the wildest threats, and avowing the most treasonable de signs," aDd that "their passions, set ou fire of hell, are leading them into every kind of excess." "But," says Garrison, "there i* method in their madness; in their wildest pa roxysma they knoW exactly how far to proceed. Will they secede from the Union? Will they jump into the Atlantic? Will they conflagrate their own dwellings? cut their own throata ? and enable their slaves to rise in successful in surrection?" Garrison evidently thiuks this is too uiuch of bis long desired revolution of blood and fire to hope for upon so short a no tice. The AnHSIavtty Standard editor takes a cooler view of the subject lie saya that the fece?sionists ' understand that repHblicanlsra is tbe offspring of the anti slavery agitation set on toot thirty years ago by Garrison, and they see looming up in tbe Northern sky the dark cloud of abolition, rifted now and then with lightning flashes that portend the doom of slavery." They Bee that the elevation of the republic in party to the control of the federal administra tion "will develope in the Sjuth a strong patty opposed to slavery extension and fa vorable to gradual, if not immediate, eman cipation." They fear " the emancipation of Southern consciences from the terrorism that has bo long prevailed? the inauguration of the anli slavery movement among themselves. Hence they are not disposed to wait for 11 r. Lincoln to enter the White House, with his policy of conciliation and compromise, bat are deter mined, if possible, to precipitate the cotton States into a revolution." There is some philosophy in these views, bat the "terrorism" referred to is nothing more than that rigid vigilance against abolition emls Farles which the Southern people have found ab solutely neceesary for the public safety The emancipation from this terrorism means tbe pro tection of these abolition emissaries in the free dom of speech and of tbe press throughout tbe Southern States. W. H. Seward Francis P. Blair, Jr., and other shining lights of the republican party, have broadly foreshadowed this thing to be a part of the republican programme. It is not surprising, then, that the people of the 8outh should be putting their house in order In advance of Mr. Lincoln's Inauguration. We cannot read these radical abolition glori fications over this fearful Southern disunion ex citement without sensations of increased alarm. We can only hope that, South and North, pru dent counsels and mutual aots of forbearance 1 *tMttltMlllatlon will prevail, and that the Union, unbroken, will weather the ?torn. Mil rr art Visits to Fomiok CorNTRUB.? Some time elnoe we published some cor respond t?oc? between the AdjaUnt of Company E Ninth regiment. City Guard. Mew York State Militia, and the Secretary of Lord Palmerston, In relation to a visit which the company abort mentioned purposed to make to our British cousins. The letter of Lord Palmarston's se cretary was not over and a bo re cordial in its tone, and stated that her Majeety's government would beoitate to permit the landing of foreign troops, with arms in their hands, but suggested that the American militiamen m'ght appear ss competitors in a great shooting match, In which the beet shots of the British rifle volunteers will contend for prises ?s an offset to this reluctant attempt at a compromise we notice that the Emperor of the French has responded in the most cordial man ner to a proposition made by Mr J. K Row ?ell that the British Volunteer* should make an exctinion to i'aris The Empsror's letter is as follows:? of m Trait ursn. Oct 30, 1 WO. Pr*-Tt>? rcir?ror will alwava wltrtaa with plean* 11.7 this* that jut contribute to the frteaiilv relatlooa bo I?wd KnirUad act France Tbe prop^ for ai eiaur ? Ion or toluiteers to P*rta which jrou tare submitted to bis bu ?ceordiogiy bwo appreciated b\ him m It draerrert to be, and the reception fleao to voor oo? patriots will, <ou Mf Ue iMitd> worthy tbe pro. oeedlnf In ah.#* irroaip: ihoMI joa with to asstot AS to the timr, tbe p'ace or dettarfcatioa and other detain, three Blotter* must he left aatlrely to yourself Otber *tse, at you will unrtrroUo 1, tho man ^eolation would lose t? SfreatClttBt the itaraf'er of Opontanlety upon wb'cb lie raluo d< peada Bulrouma> eqnatly rely op<r. re oeltlr k all the tacilttlei which tt wui be pisslbl* to affjrd. f?.rb la the roph wh cb the Faporor h?a cbarfod me vo addreaa t> \oi. MOCgl aRD, Cbcfdu Cabtaot, SterMw; to tlM Emp-roe . Nr J K Rowssu. It may be possible. and indeed we hare been Informed, that there was a slight mistake on the part of Lord Palmerston In the matter of Com psny E. Tbe Sixty ninth (Irish) regiment was rehired permission to visit Ireland, and.lt is said, the letter to Company E was writ tea to keep up an appearance of consistency. We are assured tla* Lord Lyons has stated that there will be no difficulty in getting permission for our sol diers to land, and that they will positively make tbe voyage In August next We are quite confident that they will sustain the very t-xoellent reputation which the uniformed mili tia of the United States has already attained thread. Thf Rtrrntjctst avo Om MrvrctFAt Elkc Tto.v As might have been expected, some of our republican politicians, anxious perhaps for a dip Into the pickings and perquisites of an Alderman or Couirtlman stoutly oppose the plan of an Indepandtat ticket for Aldermen and Councllmen. resting ptindpally upon our tax payers for if* supporv We appreheifd. too. that the governing elem^t of the repnbllcM party, and of every other |*rty and faction, tbe roughs or ruffians of tbe city. w\M make a hard tight for their rights in this boston if ^ tax payers, however, deelre to do anythlb?, now is their time, for tbej can certainly cut in an^ four or five contesting factions, and carry ! the victory with acytbfng like systematic *ctim And such a vl;tnry will be worth winniog. If P U on'y to get at tbe items of tbe Japane**' balL At ( OMMtUMTlON TOR THK Sl'I'EUIiJR COURT. Tbe Judges of the abuve court have sent in a couiim.n at on to the Hoard of Councilman, calling attention to the insufficiency and un bealthiness of the accommodation provided for I their a ting-, and suggesting a means by which the > may be relieved trom tbeir present con fined quartern. It will be recollected that when th* ( ourt wad first constituted, by aa act of the Legislature, the two rooms now occupied by tbe Councilmen and Supervisors were set apart for its use. Tbe court continued to boid its tilting' tbere until tbe passage of tbe act of Ap< , 1853, creating a Board of Counoitmen, consisting of sixty members. The two rooms were i hen converted into one for the use of the Boar^ , a d the court held its trial terms in the chambers of the Aldermen and assistant Alder men, until it was compelled to transact its busi ness in the building at the corner of Centre and Chambers streets. The result of this experiment is notorious. Tbe complaints of Judges, jurors, witnesses and euitjis, at to the unhealthiness of the building, have been a constant theme of comment in the public journals. To persevere in boldiDg jury trUla there would be to ktll off or compel the resignation of tbe Judges, one after the other, and the Justices of tbe Superior Court think it but reasonable tlat they should not be exposed to either of these awkward contingencies. Tbe arrangement they propose is a simple one, and can, we think, be carried out with due regard to the com'ort and convenience of tbe piofcssion and the public It ii recom mended that the two large rooms on the second floor of the brown stone building in the Park be ai-t-igr.'-d to the Superior Court for jury trials, and th a a room in the third story be appropri ated to the Supreme Court for its General Term he first story being also retained by the latter for the trial of causes. Of course these changes will necessitate the transfer of the Court of Sessions back to the plaie where it was formerly held? a measure which has its ad vantages. It is to be hoped that the Board of Council men will comply with these suggestions. They would concentrate all the jury terms of the Supreme and Superior courts within the same building, and promote the convenience of the members of the legal profession by enabling them tbe snore easily to watch the progress of the calendars in the two courts. An arrange ment of some kind or other will have to be ar rived at at once, or we shall have tbe Juatioea of the Superior Court following the example of Judge Pierrepoint. As there appear to be legal difficulties in the way of the Board of Su pervisors purchasing a site for additional court accommodation, the remedy suggested seems tbe readiest and most practicable of any that has been as yet recommended. Doi oi.as ox Lincoln. ? Mr. Douglas is reported aa having recently said, in a speech at New Or leans, that Mr. Lincoln, from what would be his helpless position as President, was rather to be pitied than feared. We are Inclined to think so too, and that Mr. Douglai has occasion to con gratulate himself that the late election has at least relieved him of the cares and burthens of the White House, against all contingencies of the future, to tbe end of hla natural life. When a man is done with this While House infatua tion he becomes a philosopher, and Mr. Douglas begins to talk in that way. We next expert to hear that he is writing for the New York Ltd'JtT. Mn. Yaxcit ox MASSArm setts. ? We make room today for a letter from Mr. Yancey on the question of who wished to put down the slave trade, and who to keep it up, in the early daji of tbe republic. He cites chapter and verse of the Madison papers to show how the men who founded acd welded the constitution stood, and be makes out a pretty strong case against our New Kagland alavetraders. His letter is worth reading. NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. Waj?! kotow, Nor. 17, 1880. RMGSATTO* or am Li i u uctir*. a?d ii-rurniar or ?0 srixMKm The Bob Mr. Mcljuie, oar MloUtor to Mdxlao, tut re sigaed hla mlMtoD Got. Weiler baa reoolrad lha ap p. '.Ument to bl* etetd or* BSLATMm WIT* BCCAIXJB Adrlore reoelrea iron Kcutdor tnooonoe the re MUb lirtuDrDt of peaoe la Uuu republic by tbe triumph of Goo. Florae. The now foreman act baa appointed a* Minister to thl* ooantry Don Antonio Florca, a aon of Caa. Flora*, who baa already arrived la your elty, tad la eoan expect ed bare. !a the preaent atate of oar relatione on tba Pa elite coaat of Soath America, tba appointment of ? M 14 later from Ecuador la a good aigi, aa It ladloataa a deeire to caJtirato frieadly relatlias. There la plenty of room for tbwo, aa oar preorat relet I sue with IV ru Bad Ohill are not on the beat of fOotlaf . u( the new Minuter from g mad or will tad a gaod disposition toward* htm It la stated that be la alao Ueimcted to endeavor to eailft American enterprise la aereral Important worfca In tliat republic, escb aa atoaai navigation, aad gas and water works tor several important eltlaa. csubi.bs A(.At*.T tn mabtbb wob .bbb or tbb naooii.ni ?an tabs Additional cbargee bare btea preferred agaiast sevsral master workmen la the Brooklyn Nary Ttrd, for us.og their poaitloaa la defeating the regular democratic aomi neee for Congress tn tbe Fifth aa 1 Sixth districts of New York. Tbe probabtlten are tbat eereral remorala will abortly be made. General rrjret la maalftetod htre by all part.ee at tbe defeat of Jvha Oochrane, who la regarded aa the ablest and moat eDe'eat member of tke preeaat Congress, ea would bare undoubtedly htre tuooeeded K r Pinultgtou a a Speaker of tbe Thirty eereetb Oangreaa. Tut <asb or tub i.abri.bb* The lower court to day confirmed the declaloa la the oeae of Mat cue, the gmbler, who wta ooo r tried tad ?enteeerd fbr three year* to the Penitentiary by tbe Ptatrtct Ccort fcr keeplBg a rambling brute It la uoderttood that a raid will abortly be made npoo there eetaHilabairnls, wits a view of breaking them ay. It 1* neterted that ibtre are upwards of fifty realy to open at the uacmb'lag of Oong rees arjit cotbt VAtf u Ry order of the Secretary of War a Corn Martial ha? been ordered to meet at fort Colum >u? on the lgih 'net , or aa woo thereafter aa practicable, fbr the trial of such pereona as may be brought before It. Lieut Webb will act aa Judge Ad rotate ail Human. The Preeldeat baa appototed Revel W Kngllelt Deputy Pcntsaaeter at Alt*, Illinois ??iwc?rsa wm The Preeldent baa remgalxed Nljjtasc; Port*, a* Viae Cmsular Agent of Prance at Mobile T*a ormuurr> POWT bi ruM IV pony expreee, which M tadlapenaable to the reentry, trill reevme ita preaeeit eehad-ile ea the let of May irit, ualeea sooner ordered to do ea by the action 1 OofTSBB ?ormaan* or aatAtoa oornuA. Senator iwugtae left Maw Orteami a tow day* Btaoe, la good health, on arialt to his plantation oa tbe MtSBtmlppt. Re will make ao more public addrea*?a, but will retara to WaihlcKtmi In aboot ten day*. irrrtfi or mtt B oavib' mr uw Tbe Secretary of War te deslrosB of toetlag the utility of tr?y wagoon with patent Iron nbeels, ejectment of -bleb htre beet exhibited to b>?, bet IB debarred fr ti I I tb 't ? ' "'iJjT ?? i aM?r n?T ?' ?<?/ ??? of last rcetioo, I , - t<w t-'hj'p' rpotot I 001 DESPATCHES FBOI gPBWSFlEUi ? THE CABINET OF MS. LIHCOLI. WHO ARB TO COMPOSE II Ac-. Ac., Ape. 8rHUKjKi?LD, IU , Hot. IT, IMi. Jobn Co rode, of PeunsylTanla, arrived here this morn ing snd had a private Interview with Mr. Ltaoota, w4 left to the return train. There 11 evidently trouble about who (hail represent Peunsylvauia In the Cabinet. Tom Corwin, of Obu, wtU make a strong effort for Ito Treasury Department, but will be terribly aaaalle4, m unlit to manage I be flnauoee of ibe nation. The Sense Ury of Uk Treasury will be mora likely to ooms fruoa New York, and Moses Gnnneli's chance* will be good. I loam from high authority that Mr Seward will oat accept any p'ace lo the Cabinet, and In that event be will be tendered the miaaion to Eog'-ind, which lie will alao decline, with the Intention, at the close of Mat session of Ooogress, to resums bin travels abroad. Michigan will urge Senator Chandler, an1 Indiana press Scbuj ler Colfax, for Poetmaslsr General. There Is a strong public aenilment ail otot the West, and represented bere, fa favor of Cssslus M. Clay, of Kentucky, or Frank P. Blair, Jr., or Missouri, for deorw tary of War, and Ga.usha A. Grow, or Pennsylvania. for Bicrelarj of tfc? Interior. CmJldatei accumulate tor the Attorney Generalship, and W cd L. Dayton, of New Jerssy, is quite strong. Edward Bate*, of Missouri, may be tendered a place in the Cabinet, and If to be will decline It. Hit frlenda ?ay authoritatively that he <toes not wish to exchange, at his age, his present domeail: quiet for severe Cabinet duties. The gnaalp about calling Jobn Ball, of Tennessee, to lbs Cabinet, Is received here as abeurd. Thu State Begit-Ur (Douglas' organ), et to day, volun teers a Cabinet for Lincoln too nonsenMoal for comment. Sruxomu, Nov. IT, 1M0. Mr L'ncoln remarked to day to a visiter, In regard to an effected public definition oT bis policy In advanos of hla Inaugural, as follows ?"During the list liz years I have placet my cieKS on afl pub ic q uestton* 10 fuUp and frequently on record, (hat aU thote deiinng can learn IkeM b% f\mp)y referring In it if my part asurtiont obUUn no credit, present ones t mil be treated no better. Bprinufisu), Nov. IT, 1M0. Senator Douglas' letter to the New Orleans merchants, received In 3t Units papers this morning, produces quits a sensation In republican circles. Mr. Lincoln smiles, and bis friends are lsdlgoant at IU bitter and insulting reference to the President elect They think it a graceless performance oa too part of a defeats* riral. John Oovode, of the Oorode Oommittee, arrived early ibis monitor, but stayed only a few hoars. Hs was oto seted with the President elect for an hour, supposedly as to lbs attitude of the republicans in Oocgreas towards secession, and suppoeedly , alao, la rsfsreaos to ths Cabi net en J other spoils? the two great troubles of the In coming chief magistrate. Msstlai of Iks Kansas Tsnltsrtal Bsllsf Coaventtoa. UEARCRB8 FOB TUB RKL1KF OF THB 8CTFBK1NO FBO FLB OF KANSAS, BTC. LBAvnwosrn, Not. 10, 1MO The Territorial Relief Convention assembled at Law rence on Wednesday, and, after a harmonious session, ad orned the aame day. Hon. R B Mitchell, of Linn cosa ty, waa made President, and John A. Martin, of Atcblson, and R. G. Blioit, of Douglas oounty, Secretaries. A Ter ritorial Central Committee, composed of thtrWn msm bora, one from sach Oounell district, with Geo. & Posse roy for Chairman, was appointed. A oommittee or ive, Marcna J. Parrott for Cnatrmaa, was appointed to draft an address to ths psopis of the Btatee, setting forth ths condition of Ksnsss and asking their aid The Central Committee appointed an Executive Committee of Ore, with Gen Pomeroy, or this city, as Chairman. Contrasts have basn mads with ths different railroad companies by which goods and provisions for the reltsf of Kansas are shipped at msrely nominal rates 01 freight If consigned to the Chairman of ths oosamlttes. Gen Pomeroy, Atshl son, and marked "Kansas Relief Gosds." By him they will be distributed throughout ths Territory or seat to an j particular county, town or association, If so di rected. A resolution warning the people of the East against giving money to asy who are not endorsed by Uu Terri torial Central Committee was adopted. John A. Martin, sf Atchison, Introduced n resolution returning ths thanks of Kansas to Thaddsus Hyatt for his efforts In behalf of the people of K easts which waa adopted. Ths Coi rtntlos also passed a rrsoJutlos, Introduced by Ool. Holiday, requesting the Prsildsnt or ths Csltsff States to poslpoos ths land sales. The Territorial Executive Committee hold n meeting Is this city os Wednesday next There Is unqneetlonably the grsatsst destitution throughout ths Territory, and thsrs will he mush seflkr Ing unisss speedy relisf is afforded to the Inhabitants. Tits Orstt I sat therm Commerelal Ceavssr tlea At labia, Ga., Wot. M. MM. The ? .rest Southern Commercial Conrentios, which ad ourned at Tlcksburg, Miss , on the 18th of May, ISM.ts meet la this city on Monday, NoTsmhsr It, hss ??ally ?iven up ths ghost. Not a delegate was la atlssissss jsstsrtisy. Til* Presidential Klectloa. VIRGINIA. Ricti?owt>, V* , Not IT, IMS. Tbe election return are still inoomple'.e, oat show lb it tbe cost* it bu been rer/ close Tb? Bill m ere ssorc cocQdent to day rionsta SivAxiiAa No*. IT, UN. Offieial returns from (liteea counties in Florida indi cate that the majority for Brtck inridg* la the Male wW be about 3 ,000 P re ??i Oaibttak (? Kuiu. lJU' K T., Sot. 17, ISM. The fiwi, of this city. pul>Usbce a letter from IJmm county, Ktoae*, glvltg ai acxmnt of anew outbreak la that reftoa. At tbe date of the letter oae man named Russell Hied*, afwr a tral by I. -neb taw had been b?ug, ??<! otb? rw ordcrcl fi leave the territsry lmmc<5lete.'y. Tbe can* of the outbreak I# alleged to be attempt* at k id aappleg ad threetoatag towards free etu* mm by Blade aad bta astoclates The Unat Wertern Railway, Toaorro, C. W.,Not. IT, ISM. Tt? Orea Wee tern Rail a >jr traffl: tor tbe week eedtag yesterday, I* MS 8;>0, bi tng aa lacrner f urer ST, 000 orer the oonf oadlag weak of lost 7 err Rtwe from Plke'a Peak. Ton KiAur, Not. IT, I S00 The Western stage coach, which left Deeeer oa Ike lttb laat , with a fall complement of pmeeegers, the nulla, the meeeeeyer of Btacklay ft Oo.'i npna aad SI1.0M la treasure, paseed here at aa early hoer;y?rtar> day, bound (or Omaha, but by some aiataka the tele graph package tor tkls office waa not headed la aattl tMi aorntaf. ty It we bare tbe toUowlag Dearer City dates ? The Dearer JtoawtoMerr extra of the 11th lest, eaye ? "The Wsetrra stage enach reached here at half pea* twe o'clock oa tbe mom lag ot the 10Ut last . brlaglag Hlackley ft Oo 'i messenger. with a alagle deepatch con taining all the Prestdi atlai election returns reeetved at Tort Keerney by telegraph op to the eeealag of the 7th Inst." By prtThte c>rreepouilenee we leirn that this aiws r cache 1 Denrer and waa published aad started lit hours ahead of that teken oat br tho p->ey rip-ess. It Is ihonght here that the traTel Will j wt fy tb? Weet ers ttsge Oomf any In running a sctni weakly [roach ha.