Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 19, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 19, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKB OOHDON l< K ft N K T T. EDITOR AND I'KOPl'.lEK'K. OiriCH K. W. C< KNKB 01 FlITOK AN I* HAMAC 8TH. TXK*,' ,,, I ?,lra M ' - " - J rt'l <>' tlt tthdrr, JHuhc but bu^k bill* ? ?? A'?W 1 til ? t< lltl f'AII ) ilf KM />'"?? ' ;?r. ? , ,*r<iK""M. ?nil Mi.'A/t in i;M /> ? m ??'?/" . j '/ / "? ?' / / , ii , y (r . nit It' itol'i ' . ; ' . , , < ' ' f ? i "< 4,, 7 /. . I ? II'' a ifSUfty'ai A ..uttM, ul ?ll fth', .'4# f*r 7/// / I".'/ I mi. Ml' II' ' '??.??? at four ( i(? j*t ^ Vc; i . ' 1 ' I'' 'yi*EXCK, tmpoHant , > ?!*"/ </IM# ' l't til* irtt/lil ij IMOltf, Will}* t, iii> K< in. M l ui in rami ?niH , .ill) h*.. Tl> b<U ill UliUi) iMl * AC i'h I if a run- ?/> < ii ? concqpondenM, WtJonot r,t.,,r ir ? ? .? ?> .</> I 'K ? /Sf'MEXTS r> >? ? / '"Tt/ / ;'rfi>'F""'? < u ' / !? i'. Humr llii'im, Family a?<J in (At <in(/WfL."i u ( A'- ? ?"? /'?ii'uiH-. J tilt VlillS ul?<i u if I. f.eafi.c, thiaunttr aui Uc 4MM. ivlauK XXV No. J'4;i AMU8RMRNTB THIS RVRH1MU. RIBL?? 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Tbe Niwli Our despatches this morning show that the sen'i ment of scce* ion has in no degree abated in the Bouth: Senator Fitzpatrick.of Alabama, has writ ten a letter recommending re-istnnee. but desires tliat the fiftefn Southern States s-hoi.U first hold a consultation cn the subject. At Millod^eiille, Ga., on Wednesday last, Mr. Stephens made a great spee:b, taking strong conservative ground, which had been productive of a calmer tone of lecling. The bills calling a Convention and appropriating $1,000,000 to arm and equip the State, had passed the Georgia Legislature. There were rumors in Chailcstoti yesterday that the President would use coercive measures to wards Bouth Carolina, but they only appeared to strengthen the desire for secession. The Hon. Mr. Bonham. member of Congress from Bouth Carolina, has re>igned. lu Vir ginia, it is said, one of the first acta of the Legislature would be to legalise a system of re prisal towards any Northern State which shall refuse to surrender fugitiv e slaves to their owners. Agents from Alabama. Georgia aud Mississippi have been authorized to make purchase of large quantities of arms and ammunition, and all the' Southern States evince a de-sire to place themselves in a position o! defence. llie steamship Vanderbilt, Capt. I.efevre, from Havre on the 7th aud Southampton'ou the 8th inst., arrived at this port yesterday afternoon, bringing four days later intelligence. The news of the victory of the Sardinians at ('?srigliano is confirmed. A large number of pri soners ami a considerable quantity of ammunition and stores came into the hands of the victors. The vote in tavor of annexation was very heavy throughout Si< ily und Naples. The fight lor the championship of England re sulted in favor of the Stalejbridge Infant in a short battle ot ot.'y live rounds. We give a full account tlsew here. Ily advices from Tamplco, Mexico, to the 10th last., received of New Orleans, we learn that $400,000 of the funds by the conduct* , previous ly reported as robbed, had arrived at that place. The American Consul had claimed the money as the property of American citizens, but the other consignee* demanded n portion. A re port had reached Tampico that Guadalajara had litially been captured, and General Marquezahot. We have received a communication from our Salt I.ake correspondent, under date of the 26th nit., giving the details of affairs in and *K>ut that place The news ia of no parti.'ulaipublie interest. The Me i mens, under their leader, Brigham Young, loae no opportunity to delay and obstruct the fede ral iudgea m tht administration of justice to offend ers. The new Judges a? no exceptions to tht self will of Bright m, and at the la* accounts one ot them, Julge Crosby, was subject to aome annoyance in the issuance of a wiit ordering a stay ot proceedings in a case where the "chief Mormon" was an Interested party. The Mormons appear to hue adopted the resolution of non intercourse with the Gentiles who came with the army a year or two ago, and since the departure of that body they have been aome what dependent on Mormon pitron.ige: b ;t since non inter ourse is the order of the day with the "Saints' they ha?e oaporieneed rather bad lu? k, an J are leav.rg the Territory as fa-t as their money ami facilities will pcrmu. The . ri ? has at Jcng'h reached* the pulpit, as no install, e, yesterday evening the Bef.Mr. sloaue, of the Twenty third street Tbitd reformed Presby terian church, preached a moat violent sermon againat the South and the Institution of slavery, lu ?hirh be declared that the hand of God waa in j the present dir union movement , and urged t ie North to come out boldly and ?how ita hand. The whole serm. n waa heavily tinctured with Garrl Ionian sentiments. the church was densely crowded. ? A public meeting in aid of the Msh Society an organisation establkabed In 1?1* for promoting the Beriptuial education and religious iuaUuctioa of the native Irish, chiefly through tt?e medium of their own language was held last evening at SU. Aeorge'a cSiurch.Stujve ant square. Bev. Dr. Tynj presiding. A nutne'ous audience waa In attendance. l?r. Tyng stated the object of the meeting and in troduced Be*. Mr. Gubbins, the agent of the society, who la Baking a tour of th* United States to raise money for the cause. He gate a detailed account of tbe operations of the society in the western portion of Ireland, and concluded with an sppyl to liberality of hia hearers, which was ortwrously responded to. ^ caosM which laflososel U* moTsawoU la wodoos, prsnoo-f so?u?d,sostlsusd wit**! shawm ?>t o?8M*,d.r Tt?s strtsgssey ta momtf sad tba .tepressins to suwiist bUls tsedsd to rbssk Iks sapoet it anus J tor sola cellos ssd bresdstsflh. aad Is rssdsr P?oas Irrsga tor. tha ?!?? of Iks fbnsar sssbessed shoot 1.000 bates, whtch etased at qootaltea* jtras by dlfhetal brefcees *r MlMiiac aptsMds, rross tlHs. s tt)ia.| tts sssJae ?r <*? Toetsc use Slixc. flour was hasTy, aad atossd a! a oaciias at 10a. s Uo. par hht. Whasi was doll, aad la Iks abssaoa at purahaaaa s sweat far Shlpsssst prions wars ta a assasara sowisaL Tba ?asall aalaa taads aad iaa prises ohtotaad wara ao\ rallahto as stoadsrt (MauM. Osew, wtta s tair dsessus aaassad, slssd ite groan* bettor, |w!tt s fair amoaat or sates, tsetadlag Weatara mlisd at 00a. a TOe , aad T?s far roand yellow, pnfara were ooebasfad . whila the talae rmbrseed short 000 bhds : about 1,000 hbda with 1.000 ba??. It *vn I, wr* -* eitwrted to I?sdsa art other Europe? pan?, oa owasra trmnal. OotTss wsa qai#t. aad s*l?s ta ted to a?4 ba#? R'o, inferior to to"-' susMy. at 10 He a U'<a frst?bts poatisas4 A/a, wltt ? U r an> jt * su(a<. yfttilA. ' I Th? RtTolaUoMrf Mot? meat at (hi ?Mth-IU Import, D?|?n and Trm? lUaadfi The Big of independence hu been hoisted at Charleston amid dea'eniug shout* from all clause* of people and salvos of artillery, and "the Star Spangled Banner'' and "Hail Colum bia" are fast ceaaing to awaken the sentiment of national pride in the hearts of our Southern brethren. ? Let no man in the North or in the South mis take the deep import of the mighty movement that has been begun. It U not rebellloa in the usual cense of that word. It is not a factious dee ire only to repeal certain distasteful or hated law*. It is the throes of a whole society enter ing apon the great struggle of self preserva tion, and ite echoes will be felt in every civil ized community in the world. Nearly a cen tury ago the fallacy of the anti-alavery move ment first began to be agitated in European communities, that know really nothing of the capacities and habits of the African race, or of the political and sooiai exigencies of communi ties where it inhabits in common with the white. Amid the bloody developement which the first French revolution exhibited to the world, it prevailed over the counsels of practical ex perience, and, at the mandate of the Amis des Ifoirs, in the National Assembly, the politicul and social fabric of the French colonies was overthrown. The interests of colonial society protested against the black wave of barbarism that was involving them in ruin, but they were weak, and had not the power to resist. The anti slavery fallacy, supported by all the power of the French republic, triumphed over them, and St. Domingo has presented since that time a spectacle which has been a warning to the world. The superior intelligence of the white man has been driven from the island, so ciety has degenerated into a congregation of the ignorant and inferior blacks, where the rite of marriage is unknown, and religion has lapsed from Christianity to fetish worship. Appalling as is the picture that St. Domingo presents to ihe world, it was not enough to stay the march of the anti-slavery fallacy. This was taken tip In Englasd, and. seizing upon the conscience of the Briti?h people, it proceeded to effect a similar overthrow of the social fabric of the British West India colonies. Here, too, the colonial interest exerted every power to avert the destruction that was prepared for them. But it was in vain. The government declared that the conscience of England must be appeased, and accordingly her colonial interests were sacrificed at the dic tates of the anti-slavery society. The political power of a government of white men has been retained over the Africanized West India colo nies of England; but even with the support of all the power of Great Britain, the white race there has constantly diminished since the act of emancipation was passed, and society in Jamai ca exhibits the advance of the same degraded social ideas that prevail in St. Domingo. Mar riage has fallen into disuse, and fetish worship, though strictly prohibited by law, and prose cuted by the authorities, makes great advance among the liberated blacks. In both of these cases the destruction of the social organization has been due to its want of the power, not of the will, to resist the physical force that sup ported the anti-slavery fallacy. Thirty jean ago these theories began to be agitated in our Northern States. At first they were rejected every \n here: but, addressing them stives to tbe moral sense, they have gained ground continuously. Little by little they invaded the pulpit, then they got into the schools, and sought to bend the young mind of the rising generation to their bias, and finally they were able to take hold of political parties. The pages of our history mark their Beady pro gress. They were tolerated by eommunitles that at first rejected them; then they divided tbe churches that had broken the bread and taken the cup of the Lord's supper at the same communion table, and led Christian professors of tbe same church organisation to denounce each other; then they ranged local parties in the Northern States, and carried many of these up to the point of violating the compact of our Union and nullifying the federal laws by State legislation; they Invaded the domain of federal politics by claiming tbe right of introducing In Congress petitions for the abolition of slavery; then came tbe Wtlmot Proviso, to exclude It from a single Territory: and now we have wit nessed the triumph in the Presidential Electoral College of a political party whose fundamental idea is that "slavery is an evil and a crime," and which proclaims that it must be excluded from ail the common Territories of our confede ration In these things erery logical mind perceives the steady march of the same remorseless policy that overthrew the social edifice of the French and British West. India oolonies. This, then, is the import of the mighty movement that has begun in the South. A society numbering eight millions of whites and fcux millions of African slaves is entering upon the conflict for self preservation, and the vindi cation of the wisdom of tbe theories upon which it is organized. Like the old French and Bri tish West India colonies In social construction, it is unlike them in tbe fact that it is not phyai tally weak, it possesses not only numerical strength of pcpulaticn, but these participate In all the moral and material elements that con stitute tbe intellectual and physical power of communities at the present day. Nay. more: in the great staple product of its agricultural labor, cotton, it possesses one of the greatest elements of wages in tbe free communities of the earth. Even a short delay in its transmis sion will throw seme of the most powerful na tions of the earth off their social balance; and its lose through the destruction of Southern so ciety. as sugar has been lost In St Domingo and Jamaica by their social ruin, would in volve them in revolution. The South, then, in turning upon tbe hydra of anti slavery that is seeking to crush it. is beginning a great battle in behalf of tbe material interests of society everywhere, which wll* rouse the intellect and ahake the foundations of civilised society all over the wotld. In this struggle there are objeole which should be the common aim of all right minded and patriotic men, both Notth and S rath. First among these is the preservation of the rights of Um South within the glorious Union, which our fathers founded in wisdem. with vast sacrifices of blood and treasure. If the Sooth Is forced to seek out of the Unien that safety for its society which all admit to be requisite for it. tben the great experiment will hare failed be fere the world of demonstrating that the right of self-government is compatible with all the tat emu buafta I&4 UtM pU: governed State*, having different social organi zations, can live in political brotherhood Th? f liitre of thb demonstration is involvei In the breaking up, even in peace, ot the American Union, and it will ca<ry withlt the failure of tbe free born hopes tf man everywhere. Next in order comes the neceeaity, If the Union inubi be dissolved, that It be dUsolved ia peace A union of sovereign and equal States held together by force of arms, is an anomaly that we cannot call into existence The immediate object, therefore, which all men should strive for, both North and South, is a Nati^uul Coo vn.tion of all the States, to take into conside ration existing evlla and dangers, and to com biut and propose to the whole people the ne ws* *rj .remedies. Thk FnwT Futnrn ok rut Jatamchf. MidSCON. ? Preceding tbe arrival of the Japanese Ambassa dors in thin country came a Japanese steamer? the Caadlcmarruh? to San Francisco, piloted by American seumen ? the fint time that a ves ael of tba'. empire had entered an American port This was the beginning of friendly rela tions with an Oriental nation hitherto governed by the most exclusive policy towards foreign countries. The minion of the Ambassadors foi lowed, with what good result remains yet to be fully developed; but we see the firit fruits of the opening of frieodly relations with Japan in the good feeling maiiifeeted by the government and people there towards us, on the return of the Candinmarruh to Jeddo. The late de spatches of Mr. li arris to the Stxte Department put us in possession of the fact that the Tycoon sect some of hid highest officers to our Minister to thank the authorities and citizens of ban Francisco foi the manner in which the steamer wart received there, and to express the kindliest feeliugs towards this country. can leadHy imagine that these sentiments of good will will be increased tenfold when the Embatsy returns with its account of the grand receptions it met with all through the country, and all tbe Princes saw here. The statements of the officers of the Candinmarruh, it appears, created quite a revolution of opinion in the minds of those opposed to the treaty, and we have no doubt that the report of the Ambassa dors will demolish almost entirely every shadow of opposition to the commercial relations pro posed between the two countries. Mr. Harris argues, from the fact that the Japaneee sailed the steamer home alone? the first time the Paci fic was ever navigated by Asiatics? that the Japanese are a progressive people, highly sus ceptible of improvement. We think everything in their history goes to prove this, and no thing, perhaps, more than the observation, the interest, and tbe desire to acquire information, displayed by the Ambassadors and their suite while in the United States. In view of the friendly feeling generated by the report of the Japanese officers, and the information which tbe Ambassador are bearing home with them, we may look forward to the prospect of culti vating a profitable trade ere long with Japan, and developing by means of American com merce the dormant enterprise of that curious people. We onij hope that th? course of events in this country will be so happily and wisely directed through tbe present crisis as to leave an undivided and prosperous nation to avail itself of tbe advantages of Oriental com merce. The Disunion Question ? Movements or the S?x.-tuehs St vt?;s. ? The Legislature of South Carolina adjourned the other day, after having provided for the election of a State Convention in December, and for the meeting thereof on the 17th of the same month, to determine whether the State ihall or shall not se cede at once from the Union. That the alternative of secession will be adopted by the Convention, and before Christmas, there appear* to be not a shadow of doubt Alabama has also provided for the election of a State Convention in Deoember, to meet on the 7th of January; and with the enthu siastic nomination of WUiiam L. Yancey as the leading delegate from the Montgomery district, we may guess the drift of Alabama. A special session of the Legislature of Mississippi has been callcd, the day of meeting being the 2Gth instant. A special session of the Virginia Le gislature will assembly on the 7th of January. The regular meeting of the North Carolina Le gislature takes place to-day (the 19th of Novem ber). That of Florida, we believe, alto meets this month. The Legislatures of Georgia and Arkansas are now in session. Thus, it will be seen, from the meetings aad appointed meetings of this schedule of Southern Legislatures and Conventions, we shall have the means of knowing the policy of the bulk of the Southern States before the inauguration of our next President That the day of his Inaugura tion will be marked by the dissolution of the Union there is every reason In the world to fear; but still the action of South Carolina and the other States Immediately co-operating with t her in behalf of secession may embrace certain | conditions or propositions to the general govern ment that may possibly save the Union. In ad vance of the Sonth Carolina Convention, Con gress will reassemble (first Monday in Decem ber). and we anticipate in the annual message of Mr. Pucbacan such suggestions in behalf of conciliation and Union as it will be well for Congress to act upon at once. In view of tbe rspldl* increasing flames of this Southern con federacy eicltemeot among all classes and parties of the people of tbe South, the quee t!on of Union or disunion will be tbe first and 'art question for tbe consideration of this last tetsion of tbe present Congress. Tbf Niw Trkamrt Loan? The new Trea sury loan of ten millions, which was bid for, was to be paid up on the 22d Inst; but oiling to the stringency of the money market and the immense dr?iu such a payment would make on specie in theee perilous times, it wae found impossible to pay up more than about four or Ave millions, leaving some six or seven m'lllons still due. In view of thla fact, and the general disturbed state of affairs, Mr. Cotb has decided to extend tbe time thirty days to all inch bidders as shall have paid up one half their offers up to the 2'2d Inst, as will be seen by tbe following despatch received at tbe Sub-Treasury mroKTAM- warmn rsourrfs stcurraaT orrn TiuuariY. Wapbhot tm P 0 , Wov IT, 1W Joa* J Cwro. A Mil taut Tr,?*Ur*r I' at *4 KUUi ? Such ?l?*srs for the loan ?? oa or t>?forr ihr M l last. *fc?! b?tr p?M oj> oo* half of tbf ir trims, I ha*s drcidsd to a lo? ibirty <!?>* rn>tn that Hi? lo |>*r the other half. Inform ?i;ct> bilJtrf as a ?aj ask """? BUWtti ODtl, SKratary of tha Treasury. Son* of tLe bids were made at 100 and 101, bearing 3ve per cent Interest 8lnc# then salea U I'&iUd oiates firci bare been MkU at 97, Vfc? OrUU ta Oar WmImuI Affair# -How It H>7 b? Avtrttd. Tbow is no longer any real or pretended in

credulity u to the action of some, at least, of the Southern States arising out of the election of Mr. Lincoln to the Presidency. In South Caro - lina federal authority stands now but the sha dow of a name. The forts, the Castom House and the Post Offices are still held, to be sure, in the name of the general government; but bejond these there is no recognition of its au thority. The populace of Charleston have, with a singular unanimity, declared against any further continuance in the Union, and have in ?ugurated the new movement by substituting the palmetto fl*g for the stars and stripes. All that is wanted for the final consummation of the secession programme is the formal act of the State Convention, which is to assemble on the 17th of December, and possibly the ratifi cation of such aot by the people at the ballot box. And no one who has observed the course of things in South Carolina for the last fort night can reasonably entertain the idea that there will be any difficulty or delay either on the part of the Convention or of the people. Other Southern States, as for instance Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida, are ready to follow where South Carolina may lead . There may be still a strong conservative element in those States which would restrain them from precipitate action; but the firat attempt to coerce South Carolina into submission to the fe deral government would have the effect of neu tralizing that element of conservatism, and of placing those States alongside of her in her struggles against the federal power. There is, therefore, no blinking the startling fact that the nation stands, this day, in a posi tion of the most appalling danger. We have been much in the habit of boasting that the American people were the first to give to the world the glorious example of a free popular government; but what cause for boasting will we have if we should now t^e forced into the humiliating confetBion that, after ail, the govern ment which our fathers framed with so much wisdom and through so many sacrifices was not capable of existing longer than the ordinary lifetime of a man ? Present indications are that we shall have to undergo that humiliation, and to confess that our principle of government, while beautiful in theory, was impossible in practice. And such mortification u by no means the wont that we will have to suffer. A breaking up of this confederacy, under such unfriendly feelings as now exist between North and Sooth, would inevitably beget hostilities between the two sections ; and upon the Northern hemis phere of this continent would be repeated, in a still more aggravated form, the scenes of civil war which have so long desolated and drenched with blood the cities and. savannahs of South America. Our trade has already begun to feel the direful effects of this insane agitation Tlx wheels of oommerce are blocked; indus try languishes; manufactories are on the verge of being closed; merchants realize that hope lees bankruptcy is staring them in the face; the banks are securing themselves against the gene ral paralysis that menaces all commercial ope rations; the securities of the general and State governments have already sustained a large depreciation; and as for railroad and other stocks, they are affected as they were by the panic of 1857. And, In the name of common sense, to what are all these evils, present and prospective, to be attributed ? Have the people of the United States been afflicted with madness, that they should thus combine to destroy the government which their wiser and more patriotic fathers es tablished? Are the peace and progress and prosperity of the nation to be ruthlessly sacri ficed at the bidding, and to satisfy the ambition, of political demagogues North and South ? We trust not If this is a popular government, let the voice of the people, and not that of con temptible brawlers, be heard. The people can themselves settle any difficulty that may exist. Let them but see clearly what that difficulty is. and they Dill know how to remedy It The whole trouble la about this miserable ne gro question. The South demands, first, that the commsn territories of the Union shall be free as well to the slaveholders is to the non slaveholders. Well, there is nothing Inequitable In that, although It is an unsubstantial Idea, and all fair minded men at the North will readily ascent to It as an abstract question of right Again, the South claims that the fugitive slaves which escape from her borders into the free States shall on demand be delivered up. Is that an Inadmis slble claim? No; common justioe sustains It and the constitutioa of the United 8tatee pro vides for it. Why should there be any difficulty about Itf Because the negro question has been too long made the shuttlecock of politicians North and South; and while the one set has been striving to obtain for It more advantagei than perhaps it was fairly entitled to, the other ret bas been depriving It of those rights which bad been hitherto unquestioned. The politi cians have bad It all their own way, and henoe the present critical condition of the country. Of one thing the South is justified In com plaining; and that Is, that Instead of the North ern States cheerfully and faithfully carrying out the constitutional provision for the return of fugitive slaves, many of tbem have passed taws, not only nullifying that provision of the constitution and the Congressional enactment passed in accordance with It, but making It a penal offence on the part of their citizens to at tempt to enforce the federal law In that regard. Amocg such States we can enumerate Maine, Connecticut Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin. Massachu setts, Vermont and Iowa. All of those, except ing Rhode Island and New Hampshire, Impose fines varying from 91,000 to t't.000, and Im prisonment from three months to fifteen years, on tboee officers or Cltlsens wbo shall aid In enforcing tbe F ugltlve Slave law In Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont Michigan snd Massacfciaetta, the use of the 8tate jails for tbe detention of arrested fugitives Is forbidden. Other States, vis : Maine, Wlsoonsln, Vermont, Pennsjlvsnla Massachusetts and Michigan, pro vide legal defence for tbe fugitives. Maine, New tlampablre and Vermont declare the alave free if brought Into the State by his master, and New Htmptblre declares him absolutely free. Is cot all tbls legislation unfair towards Uw South en States, and is it not well calculated to sow ibcotd snd cherish hostility between the two sec ik pi of the Union ? It Is just Mich acts a* these hat Lute produced the present condition of things In tbe country. # What then, is tbe simple and natural remedy* Every lali ol&ded man will answer L*t tfci States that have pawed these hostile enac^snts repeal them, or at least modify them, so as to guard the rights of the slave owner in porsoTt of bis fugitive. Their Legislatures will be la session next January? all save those of Connec ticut and Rhode bland, which meet in Maj; of New Hampshire, .which meets in June, and of Vermont, which does not meet till October. It is but right and proper that among the earliest measures for consideration should be the pro posals to repeal those obnoxious laws. We hope this will be done. It will remove the pre text which Southern States have for secession, and will be in itself a pure act of justice. After this, a great National Convention can be held, in which all questions can be discussed and placed upcn a fair and friendly basis. Let, then, the people of those Northern States dictate this fair and just course to their Legis latures ; and. in the meantime, let the people of the Southern States restrain themselves till their legislatures meet JPhis is a fair, simple, common sense mode of allajiog Irritation, and of preventing that disor ganisation of the confederacy which would be the key-note to social, commercial and political evils of which no one has now any adequate cooception. We have no statesmen now to steer the ship of state on the stormy sea on Which she is afloat Instead of statesmen we have mere ranting political demagogues. It is for the people themselves to act, and for the independent preBS to point out the course of safety. IIr. Liwoijs on His Diomtt.? In a despatch from Sprkgfleid. Illinois, dated the 17th Inst, we are told that IIr. Lincoln remarked to-day to a visiter, In regard to an expected publlo definition of his policy In advance of his inau gural, as follows: ? " During the last six years I have placed my views on aU public questions so fully and frequently on record, that all th s de siring can learn them by shnjyly referring to it. If my past assertioris obtain no credit, present ones tciU be treated no bitter How does Mr. Lincoln know this? Has he ever promulgated his views before as President elect of the United States? Are not all* his opinions npon record the mere opinions of a local politician, striking at no higher object than the election of a United States Senator by an Illinois Legislature? Standing upon the verge of the revolution of this glorious confederacy, in consequence of Mr. Lincoln's election as the Presidential candidate of an anti-slavery party, is this a time for Mr. Lincoln to stand upon his dignity and refq|e to speak, for fear that he may not be believed ? Come, come, " Honest Abe Lincoln," this is not a time for ceremony or equivocation. Speak out The South will listen. Speak the truth that is In yon, and your opinions will be respected. Speak out for the Union, and you will be heard. Tar Paktc is Wall Street? A Few More Frames for Sr?ErnKRD Knapp A Co.? After the first tumble down ia stocks, three or four weeks ago, the wiseacres of the black republi can press predicted that it would go no fur ther?that there would be oo panic, and that all the good stocks would come up in a few days. We beg to call the attention of theee prophets to .the subjoined table, showing the decline In the principal stocks since Octo ber 10:? Nockt. Oct. 10. Nov. 17. Dec One. MiiKonri* 87| C9 171 Tennesaees. .; i*0J 75 IS} Virginia* HOi SO lOi New York Central 8*} 79 18} Panama 124 109 lj Erie 3*| 26 124 Heading. 47 33 14 Hudson River 6.1J 43 15| Harlem 21 14 7 liock Inland 72 61 21 Galena 75| 58 17 8cme people may Lave Impudence enough to say in the face of the%? figures that there is no panic now? no financial revulsion to oome. These false prophets, blind leaders, and people who are governed by them, will speedily find themselves ia the ditch. The " MAR.sKru.ArHE at Charleston.?' The popular inauguration of the revolution of aa independent Southern republic at Charleston on Saturday laat, according to the graphic report of the proceedings on the ociaslon which we published yesterday, must convinoe the most incredulous Northern mind that South Carolina is going out of the Union. All the popular manifestations attending the elevation of the Palmetto banner strongly remind us of the re volutionary expressions and symbols of the people of Boston in advanoe of the Declaration of Independenoe of 177& We note a difference, however, in the favorite piece of music on that occasion and on this. At Boston the tune was " Yankee Doodle," or some other local simplicity adapted to the fife and drum ; at Charleston it is the more elaborate as^ter rifle revolutionary "Marseillaise." Our Charles ton despatch eajs that " the Washington artil lery paraded and fired one hundred gum as the flag (Palmetto) went up;" that " bells were rung and the band played tbe ' Marneiliajae Iljmn;' " ?b?t "thfo fired up the French element of our population." and that "afn?r tbe Marseil lalae,' tbe band placed tbe ' Miserere.' from 'Tbe Trovatore," aa tbe funeral dirge for tbe Union." Doe* not all this portend an impending revo lution, the threatened evil consequences of which can only be averted by a comprehensive revision of the fundamental charter of the fede ral gov err n.ent for the protection of the South. In view, too, of this peace and Union alterna tive of a revision of the federal constitution, ban not the time arrived for the people of the imperial city of New York to apeak to their brethren at Charleston in behilf of patlenoe yet a little longer ' Thf Cakamax Prks? ox the PassrocvrtAL Euxt'ov? We perceive that the CanadUn newspapers take a great deal of Interest in the late election and the seceesion movement In the South. From the fact that every one of them Is devoting leading editorials to the aubjeot, we Infer that there Is almoet as much Interest felt In Canada on that question as there U here. The tone of the Canada papers generally Is fa vorable to Lincoln's election, but they do not d b guise the feeling that, should that event re tult In a dissolution of tbe Union, It would be a very disastrous affair. They are skeptical, how ever. like many people at the North, as to the real Intentions of tbe South, and do not believe th?t eeceesien is meant by the demonstration* of the cotton Statee; but when the account! from these quarters of the laet few da;s form the subiec.t of comment, they may change their vhws <ipon Ihia Riattot. Toledo Illinois Central 4 (i 83 W 67 48 VI ?1 74 Michigan Central t>8 Mich. South, guaran d. 47| United Statu 6'a, I67?..10i< Pacific MaU SI Orn Poun cil Piirrncs or Two Wki Auo ? WutKK Aim TutY N<?wT-*Two ws< ago we had four Presidential parlies tbe field ? a Northern republican p*rty, Northern democratic party, a South rru dea crttic party, and a conservative catioi Union party. But wbere are these parti bowT The republican party have triumph in the ovvrwhelaing election of their Preside tial ticket, and with this result th# thr other parties ef tbe canvass are 'dispersed ai practically dirtaaded. Lincoln's election h merged all paTties in the South under tl paramount Idea cf Southern safety without, not within the Unton. The distinctions betwe< the supporters of Breckinridge, Bell and Dou lss in the South have suddenly disappear? and tbe vo'e of this, that or the other Souther State for Breckinridge, Bell or Douglas hi ceased to be of the slightest practical Borneo Lincoln's election has abolished and doa away with the Breckinridge, Bell and LtougU parties, and has created two new parties througl out the Scuthern States a party in faror of s cession and a Southern confederacy, and a part in favor of another and a comprehensive effw to secure the rights and the safety of ttai Soutl era States within the Union. The secoasto party are carrying everything before them i the M cotton States," and the Unloa party, ooo< pyirg the Northern border slave States, at "perplexed in the extreme" as to the movement andmeaeures they cau bring to bear to preves their Southern brethren from " precipitating the cotton Slates into a revolution.'' It is pre bable, too, from present appearances, ths Maryland. Virginia, Kentucky and Tennesse will find themselves unable to arrest tbe " cot ton States," but will soon be compelled, If ly to join them, to sustain them in the overt act o the dissolution of the Union. In this crisis, then, of general apprehensioi that th** days of tbis Union are fast drawing W a close, and that Lincoln's inauguration wil bring them to an end, what becomes of this ra maining party of tbe late Presidential canvass this domineering, boastful and overwhelming anti slavery republican party of the North What if it worth In view of the future? Can i survive this shock of the dissolution of thk great confederacy? or will it not rather b< shaken into ruins by the general earthquake ? These momentous questions cannot be ooa prehended In the brief limits of a newspapa article. A great revolution is upon us, Involv ing the reconstruction of the fundamental lai of the whole confederacy? the federal const! ta tion ? for the security of tbe South, or the saoei don of the "cotton States" to begin with. an< their organisation into an independent Southeri confederacy. Before this stupendous Issue of i reconstruction or dissolution of the Union itseli this proud and boastful anti-slavery republioai party must take a new shape, or be ground t powder ere the woods shall have again cast ol their summer livery. Mere parties organize) and moving for the spoils and plunder are bs the dust in the scales of a political revolution. The New Mecca, or the North.? It is curioi to notice bow suddenly the little town < Springfield, away off in Illinois, has sprung iat importance. Within the last few months it hi become historic, since the decision of the Ch cago Convention; but since tbe result of tl election was known, it has grown to be tl Mecca of the North. Washington is nowhei now. The leading telegraphic despatches i the newspapers hall from the home ot Old Ab the railsplltter, and not from the federal capita Before last June no one cared anything aboi Springfield, or Abraham Lincoln cither. No one is about as famous as the other. Verll there Is no god but the nigger, and " Old Abe is his prophet! BEWI rtM m MTMflAL ClHTiL. I>*ap?tclaee from oar Mfnfitcr to ( klaa| VltiMi TaraalBatlom ?r th? War. Wa*ih?oto?, No* It, 1M abttt* mo* cm ha PiapMuhid kl,N beea race! red at the rvepatrt?aaot State from Hiatal or Ward, with datee from Sbanghae September ? He Hale* that the war la conaMerod nl tuaHy at an and After the All kaa bad U.n tbe forte u| abw at oaoa aurrtadara*. I/orl tfa and Ban] Oroa ted bam larUed to Daa lata to atli:e U>a Uraa peace, aad fro* toronnalioa which ba had juit r*o*tn| froa* UMttaa Win it wia expected tba ambteaalor* wo-, I let their Matter* aettled U the oo-.:rte of * f*w we*k| and that iha troope under Admiral Hop* would b* rm la return to ladla imn'diataly. The terminal. on of war, It waa believed, would har* a moat >MM e?e| The poaoefnl policy puranad by our g-jTomnvrol tow* Cfclaa would undoubtedly prore beaofleiaJ to oar in ten tor la all the eoasmaataattoaa which har* pMMd hat* aayaelf and tha Chtaaaa, lay* Mr. Ward, they ?oUarw| the noat frleadly feel Lag for the Called State*. goTtrnnect b?ta| deairotaa of obtaining all the tatona| tiM paaa ihto, aad of learn! of the exact condition alUlr* at the aereriJ parti of that empire, CxinmrrelM well aa otharwtae, Mtalater Ward wtll rtalt tba prlnclfl oaea he for* hla return to tba United Stales. Tba Saflul baa bee n d? Ullod by Dag officer Mrlbltag for that p?rpea| t*'? rtM*i m ? *n*r> *jrr> vwa camiyn mum. The r nl Intereete of the Panama Ral road Company ail the IP. to prrject are lUaly te oejupy etwniioa at t| ormlrg waaion of Ovngreaa Soa?* rich dereiopei are ?fcfiy expected in regard to th* oparatuwa of | Tha Prtildtallal KIkiIob. uaom.ia. At .rm, f.? Ni* IT II WKr*ry en only except oaa n l-*"-g ? i ?-*e a m*|nrt( a*a',?et Bre--* m ridge of aot ,ea* taau 1 SCO, per tew dcxen mot a TIlOtKIA. R i?i. ?, - I a ll? L Tba Dtff-u <k baa re'.-. rut Iron IW ro iatte*. '-llti'tM glrli g Her Ml m?k rn ai ' '? ,n t??!ee oocnl . ?, mi <iH rial, t'Ttdir ??? 'I K* ie>tf>*<?y Tli? r?w* * r* ' ? -p (*rr tKggti TO ni?j f j loe rjurai ? .* are thai I ' t.aa carries the Maw by or*r tOO majority Nituaa Nawe. ??* i> ut v r 1", iim Ttie aoLooner Rrd Fit, ire* Tnaip'o loth :a*i , I arrived IKO 000 of the ae'red Mr i''U rordurta, a?rtred T*i?|. ?o? nn tbe let. la charge rrf tba B- ki?n toon! T AT" , *1, ? ?" f? ? tl ?l ?>!? ?1 ? ? ?. i:.g* Anif rtear ctljeii*, whilo the nher t>>a* (nera e *iai a f rata v^rt'oi Tl ? ?ti *irer T'*?i>ee ?u at Tam. ? ?tt..- : ? to t matter Tbe penpie tflad a rob It but fa, led Aeollrr re) , rt bad :ea Ued famt tia; ni.adai?i< ? *^ fli ? t?rn fwrtured <>-n Mi ? t???n tr and a hot llatatr T?e?waaeh laak. Lormrnth, Ky , No*. It, 1*40 Tbe iMav Teeoiwaeh l?yaa av ter fro>n Cinciaa >o ,N?* Prharn fin feeler lay ae- -ea tba aanuth of I ; /Milan' - ai>l ^n-na/ I (ara Her ra-<.i la nadir da a*ed Ko |le*e were loat F'ea r >m s ???????* ??aoa* at the ? ntrarn oftberara ud w . prjoaHf ohaan nar'iat'oa for atearal day* rhlhl AtcllMH at AlbMf AIXUT, !?"* IV Okriat'.pber Roby.a reapna?*ble yow?a ??? 9 ??er if the oar* near the freight depot teat al|MaM ? fbUUly injured He died at tw*4e* o eieeh to day Marh*ia. Haw (>*!??*?*? *<o* }* Ontun rery daU aJ*a to datp ?,00? b??ee. a aner qEotafnn* nann"t be|l?e?. ?efar daU at ?><?? ?) lor 'air to full* tolr Hola^w. Ciln in* at ?!> 10 for *upwto* * Sat*!; I '^r K trbaaaa l.indt*, 101 a . ??',?, . ,.? 1 a. < 1 T> g at rv ? l';! ' ' ~'ri> V m| c ? 4a ' < IV ?")'?? *' U'l' 1 1* ai eawy av r-.ebai* <e? Y?-*,pai 3t?',^i rhaati ?*< fraata ?if*a'?ab Arw:J?t*, Kit 11,1**. Tbe oa?? B3W wy Ihry purchaai N** Yjr* n*.