Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 20, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 20, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK ^ERALD. NRiklTT. JAMES GOKOU J Ilk fcPlItlK AND ?*KOPHlRTOK ? -94C 9TS. OF? :CS K. W. COKKt.H Ot KI LTON AKD NAt x_^.. .-.Ul!---"- it (h* Tkli*f% m*h in adra*tc*. )! , r ? H A o/ th* >? ?" ,ier, Kofie hut Ha . Oil'- ru ',e * ! A v 1 tafcr* . li'it uAJIT. %rnA ' n "rn i" npTimmm. t V'kly ? ?" " "??r* a '?"< J^rre," h(..u,j, -? , j.r?, /??;. J e/f1*"' ^ fh* '? *?J" Ei it iv> Oft I,/. II.'/, u <ti mitt qj ea</t ft<n Uk. m ?UJ WW* I" T ftfHj ?* *'* 77/V fA.Vli'f In KALUo U jT.' /our rrnlt f*r ?t, ,.| i, ) (>!!% i tin <1,K A S rOAP txcg cet-LtMng i-*o"inf r?<- ?' ' ??> ??i .; <?<??/ ' !hr VI '?< ij tuft triblu It l* ? al '? >?lW ?l> "<?" KoWUtt* ?'< M.UM-OKDEBTi AKt Fa?ti(t' Am * Kixitstm to H*ai ill Lutuks abb Pack 4<.U .SKHT P* ^(1 MiTJt F. Iftkf nr' ammtiv i forrttpoxdnv*. W> Jet** r . T0> r**mm uniratn'T' ADVtlK TI* > MUSTS '? 1 rr+nt t/"V. wlfriitrntf* ** ?' ' / ??, <A> W'kmlt iUKAi.n. Kahili lliiHiUi. atflm :!:<? On^'orvia I ft Hurap+m Etiition*. Jon l'JiJ.\TIMG,v?rutni icitl, tit at w ehfapntm and ie Volnma XXV Mo. 3*44 AM L'HIN EXT8 THIS ITEMING HliiLOfi HARDEN. 'rOKlwmy. ?Bull W atsu Re* I Pi* ? That Ulbub* Babt. WINTER UARDKN, Broadway.? CJor MAKTCuixa ? Loa* Or A Lotbb, BOWltHT THEATRE. Bowery.-KrALDiN# A ROOtae ItiSUTHiAJi Taocrs WALLACE'S Til BAT it A Broadway.? Plati.vs Wlia fiam. LAITRA EEENYS THIATI1, Wo. tU Bn*dir?r.-I,aT. U AJB Kahct? Tooduu a Fatbek. HBO BOWER! THEATRE, Bowery.? Thk Rc.irrom A-id tal TiiEu.ib? Valkk riot wu Wow? Black kiui Hwilm BARNUM'M AMERICAN HUHEC*. Br*<1w*y .-Day Bnd ?vrnliur? Arr*c Chilukaji? Li*i.imu CtitioMiiB.*. Ac ? Uou feau. B-tTANTS' *INSTKKI.?, ?.yh*nl?' Hull, ill Broadway.? Bcu:.aKiuta. So?ca, Damck.". Ac ? Usbd Ur. MOOLMT A OAXTSBLLt MIMRTREI.S. Nlbl<v? H\tooo, ? ETifioriAH Mo*o?. Dascu, Hcbumjuu, Ae.? LOTK'a Dixit ism OANTKRBCRT MCBIU HALL 663 Br.j?dway.- SONUS, ??lbb. Bekuuwum Ac wcr caj, I ! AI-U Brooklyn.? Woon'? Mi?stbbiji is Iimio ? Hnii.ak Dakciui ftUKjjuucu. Ac ? i'ttaa I'i. bb ftr I'IM.B ?w ?r York, Taetdfty, HoTtmkar '4U, 1H60. flilLS FOR THE PACIFIC. n?w Tho ** .kii port i The ntalU will eloae at rte Niw \ soaUlcioc 'h world, with i L mutwr, wtti ta | flUif le copxt, U Afettd will pMM lork il?rai<i? California K<tltl?n. iloamiship Nortti Star, Oapt. Jonot, will lear# ?morrow, at noon, for Ajtpi.twall. for California an J other pari! r>f the Pacific leu o'clock t<> morrow moroiug. 'out WutKiT Beham>? California olltlon? i Laloat LLU-u.|Mtjoo from all paru of tb? rge quantity of local an1 mitceliaoeoaa uhliabrrt at nine o'clock Id tb? tcrninf. wrapper*, ready for mailing, tlx con la. ?end la their order* u early a* poa MAJU ' F0K eurOPE. -rt>? H.w York "-raid? MIU?? fcr *rop## The Canard mall xVA&mtb ^ J**?la, Oapt. Jadkiiu, WlU Ian tbia port to Borrow fo. A 'r?r,>'"'li The Kenyan malla will <u ??? ll tW. Cily to-morrow ?iratm* at tea o'clock. The Brmorm* Rnmoii or m * ??au> win t* pub'iahed * half pact nine o'clock la tfca mo ' *"*? 81a*1? oapiaa, la , rrtppan, all ceoli ? The ooeteata of the EuaoraA* E? T,?" 01 ? Ha?? ? a oombiee the oewe received bj ? * ^ tel?fr?rih at 1^, oSm during Uie previooa week, u <? ' <? **? hour ^ 4 mbiicatioo. . Th? News. We 1 have no new report* of a stort'u tg character jotn t Hoath this morning. News ? ">f that sort nay be found nearer horn#, ia the gen ?ral depre ciation of pnblic oecurltien at the Stock Exchange, and in the general fall in the price or I'read-tuffli in Uxi* city and at all the principal grail ? depots at tiie West. Oar reader* are referred to the money article, city trade and telegraphic report for par ticulars. The banks of the metropolis hire cotuo forward to the relief of the merchants. At a meeting of bank officer* held yxterdajr a fie moon at the Bfnk of Commerce, at which wert ropreaented the fol towjf bank*;? Bank of New York, Manhattan Bank, Merchant*' Bank, Mechanics' Bank, L'nion Bank, Pheol* Bank. City Bank, National Bank, Bank of the Ktate of New York, American Exchange Bank, Bank of the Republic, Metropolitan Bank, Shoe and leather Bank, Continental Uank, Park Bank. Rank of Commerce, It *u unanimously "resolved, that the ba> lVf repre<?ented will unit* in the purchase, throng 3 a eemmittee, of sterling bills to the extent of tWo million* five hundred thousand dollar*, and p.v f fQ. the name in proportion to their capital pro npon the rail of the committee." Mean. Jol j, A ' Bterens Moses Taylor and Thos. Ti lest on wer e S(, painted such committee. The basine?s of tmbi miMioa of the bills, Ac., Is to be conducted ' ,y ,^r Hack of Commerce for the Joint ?scooal ? }f ^ banks interested. We learn from reliable sources that a ver /great ex it.-mrnt prevails among the offi era of th 6 naTy in C0DjC .uenre of the present state of af ^jr, the South, and that so adverse are they 'o , , s.on iKI. tlieir fellow eitirens in that qn ? tfr tfut there will ?>e an almost universal resti ia:?.m 0f their r Ksnii?lon) as soon as hostilitie* l> ?stiout. They will not imbrue their hands in the .Wood 0f their breUrreo. H'nrjr Ward Beecher delirered a lect err ;n ^ C'oopet Institute last eveninc, on the cot uJao on of whuh he treated the audience to an ex w>?it ion of his sentiments npon the present stata of tea l 'nion. Hi?rtm?rWscn this subject will be f.-jaj ^ M c the? coh mn. n.c drnpnt. t . s w'lich wc p t) a r.-irun^ I from Springfield, Itlinota, arc intoreatinr. There ia a urea t deal of speculation ja?t n 'w .1* :? the co? poeition of the Cabinet of Hi* PrwiJcn* elect. nimH which *fM friren in the llixus of the I? ' ln?t. and which are reprodn< ed in to-u*y> ^ irr.vt ?re awnrcd. nearer the rark than other*. Mr. Lincoln will tiait Chi -a?o on WV day. where he will meet Mr. flami'3. the Vioe >'nM dent elect. The republicans haro a preat ? "'real nlatorr iu'iilee at Springfield to-day . whoa '"STat Tnirabnl! will. It la expected, de?eIop* J^n.itor coin'* viewa on the affair* of the nation. ' P.t the pony expreaa wa have novar FrancUco to the ?th, and from OrrgTr s*n ?nat. The retnrna of tha Preaidectia/ . * lat California, ao far aa heard from, lad' . V0" electoral vote of th? State will ? ^ coin. A despatch from Waahii ^ or I"*n" Mid to be reliable, giie* Doug' ? v?ttr> orer Lincoln and 11,000 otm ' Ot*|P>n the repobUcaoa were rr n OAlJ?r '**? 10 Um.?, of gone ow to their party. I, b m ,, ? ? l porta of the preparation for memkm Southern Atlantic Bt-^ had prodoc*] b ,, effect in S?| ^T>i*co. They had. ? 0%;^lUtU# T? fTOm m ** M ?* -"ii T. #Ul ia*t- Tr*d# WM rftU?? dull fn'i, diTfrt?<> attention from bo At ? cm nf Of the 5??r4 9 f 4! Jer^es evening (he Croton Afpednct De art-rent was directed to eitend their main* from i-eventjae vejth street to Nuioty second street. A resolu tion direc ting the street Comminuocer to purjluue a sieuai (ire eDgtne for Company No 1, at a cost of t4,W0, was laid ever. A repor ia favor cf purchasing the brown stone statue in front of the City I all, for the som o.' $2,000, ?n> adopted. A repo infa\or of pure ham; a steam fire engin? for Ho-* Company No. 57, at ? co?t U ? - ad- ? ted. ihere diet of tli p k * fommunication frcm the ! ???? L*Z T CT'. " men. deprived ?t rOBO'ntion of the .Board wh,ci 'Idiuir miem r?0ms ta the bfown stone btv ,.th T. aI)f'roPr!?ted tbeai to th? 8u peifer Ce*k ?n 6 remotts,ranU say that they have not c?v r ?u?c?'nt room to accommo date aM ttcir ? lhe P&Pf wti referred lo the Committee on, ?ptlT* an<! Supplier Thereport in favor of appro* the *um of **00 to pur chaae a portrait of e* *'nSineer Howard wat adopted. The Be* d tfeen adjourned to Thun day next. The Board cf Councflmfi ^ a short aesa.oc ia?t evening, a 3d, after rscrS 1Dff a number of re ports from the various commit* '*e '? ?d^ouracd till I Thursday. A rjmonatra^ce, "Ti*. ^ bj' aL' tiie 1 Judpes of Uk> Supreme Comrt iL fc'ving the 1 rooms now occupied by tlat Gem 1 the ?of the Superior Ccnrt , ww refrrree ' t 9 the Coir ra ittee on Law. The cterfe of |the Superior Co ort hare been miking streoroua exei'tfona to dls} >lace the Sapreme Court and i\ e (Vaeral Seaa ons, bat the majority of the commilitce are cppooei to an7 change A ,regolcti?-n i vaa adopted directing tho Corporate t At'jor ? ' ney to 'urnt'h to the Beard a list cf ali S^ie ncita prs?ec? itcd ?or a violation of Ctrpora'Jk* i ortii nan??* since last May. The Boariconcw red to increa-e the salary of the Assistant Auditor ?of th? Fin?a'-e Kepartmcut to 11,300. The -p ecial Aldermanic committee tf.po.'nfc >d to ioTeztiftu e the amount of LtU-rest pail on the city .deposit- i iml the security riven for theb safe le ep ing wet y esterday afternoon, and received a cam aiu'? "alio n from the City Chamberlain declining- to a.pp*ar h eforc them, w hereupon they pa*?rd a n ??? ?l;iiio? to onbpa-na him to attend a meeting ?li i i tbe y propose holding tc -day, at tlirc-c Vtlocte F'. ? . 1 l.e murder at New Lotts continues to attract < or t-idirtble attention. About four o'clock yes t er i %y morning, Joseph Lambert wan arretted in t b< j woods, near the residence of his grandfather, i a V>*tche#ter county, on suspicion of being the 1 1 irderer of Mr. Kolyer. Yonng Lambert was c t creyed to Brooklyn, nnd lodged in the Fifth v r ard station house of that city. He will be taken b ?> sfare the Coroner's inquest to morrow. The case of Alderman Russell against ex Alder n an Wilson, for an assault committed some months m oce in the Cits Hall, was tried yesterday before a nherifTs jury, who gave the plaintiff $5,000 d amges. The Tammany Hall Per^ratic Geieral Com n ilttee met last evening, and apppointed to morrow (a ight as the time for holding elections for delegate.) t? ithevariou* conventions for tlie nomination of ci indidates for ci'y officers. A committee was ap p< jfaitcd to prepare an address on the present crisis in public affairs. Captain M. C. Meigs, corps of United States En gi aeors, having been ordered by the Secretary of ' W ar to relieve Captain D. P. Woodbury of the ci ?>r.iand of Fort Jefferson, Garden Key, arrived th ere in the steamer Magnolia, Captain (Jrowell, on ti ? 'til inst. The transfer of the charge of the for ti Ications from Captain Woodbury to Captain M eigs took place on the lOthin^t. Captain Wood b' ay returns to Washington. There * panto In ll>e market for [rain and Hour I ?terday. To effect Bale* at all heary WO? Hi had V ( | > axv'.e, an i not much waa aooompttabed at that. Hor f xltnr ' 10c. a 'JOc par barrel Kilra State aold dow* w jv.t barrel Wbf at waa !n the aamc predlcamcnt, tM could only b? tflocted at a decline or 4c a la Mbel. Re* W cetera toll down to (1 22 a tl 25, M jwmu. ee dob to $1 15 a >1 18, and rhi?M? anrlnr to ? t #e ? 1 14. . orn fall off from lo. to 3c. per Knahal. 0olU)B m irregular, with aalea of 9C0 a 1,W?0 bale ( which waa la lYorlalona were duU ? ^ (o(r#r were dull and aalea llmltei. Frelfhta w ^ with a moderate amoon t of eogacemeata. FradMM of Ihi R?val?tta*-P? blj? h#mM. ??at and Pwkllc Actios M Thm, KRr PtratofW* In contemplating the movemen' g fct th|l go^. care should be taken to dlicri between that which really constitutes t ^ pnbllc action of a State and those indie* tiona 0j existing public opinion which do v conatituta pub lic action, although tb?*y ? eventually con trol It The excited movemen a which have taken place In Charleston In t> e ]ut few dayg culmi nating In the raising > jf ^ independent fl<tg, and saluting It with tb & .Marseillaise Hymn,'' ?mld the aclamationf ( of tbt. pw,pie> instead of witD Uie once popv 1&r atr .. Columbia," bwr the tam? relat on to the spirit of the timet In the Southern St ktiPa ^at the throwing of the tea overboard ir Boston h-tfhor bore to the spirit of that er T1,a ^4r 0f independence did not begin f jj gome time after, and would never have b?f ? at ajj had the Brfcish govern ment and Pf ^(lament rightly Comprehended the public ' opinion of the thirteen colonies and the prlr dpif* wbi;h underlaid It But In stead of seeking to eiunlne these, and initiating ' #mf dies for existing evils, the policy of <V' "<? ? WM adopted, and the bloody war and p' -v tDt consequences which followed are !*?' w? all. i?a in the South tidings come to "* ?' ' , i-tate of excitement in the pub ^ nl. All parties, of wba'ever political com P1'1' on hitherto, are uniting In the universal og of defence for the social organization of ^ ir o?n section. Seward and the black re P* bllcan party have proclaimed the bloody ? od brutal doctrine of an ?' lrrepre??H>te con Jiit" against the institution of A'H <n slavery. which is tital to Southern society. The men of the South have seen the same doctrine pro <l*lm?"l year* ago in Trance, ard hoir it swept with ineiorable niin over St. Domingo; they saw it routing th?- conscience of Kajland. and t em< rsolessly sa ? idc'ng the nuUrial and social interests of the nritlsh West India colonies: And now they C" .''template the Mme fallacies appealing to the moral sentiment in the North, l and placing a political party in power in every I Northern State, without one single exception, and routing the conscience of the people with 'he uncompromising assertion that "slavery is an evil and a crime. " In this the South feels that honor, as well as its dearest interests, j Is Involved; and it presents to-day the specta i cle of a community of twelve millions of people turning almost with unanimity against the j j people of the North, who fester the bydra of 1 anti-slavery fanaticism thit would crush out their social existence. Unanimous as this ?etitin.-nt is in the public mind of t be South, it nweai.urily takes slowly and delibTately the *orm of public action. South Otrc. na. which is the most advanced In movement, has, through bar I legislature, called a state Convention for the 17tk of Deoember, anthorl/ed Its executive to raiM by loan one | million of dollars, and removed tb? rwtriotiooi ' on the r ?peo?ion of sjec'* ptyoisti by tbf ? banks. The Legislature of Georgia baa thus tar merely paawd the act calling a Stale Conven lion. The Governor of Alabama who wai authorised tome months since, in view of the present contingency, to do the same thing, has announced that he will call th? State Convention as soon as the electoral ool Ifgesihail btrerari #w- - votes for President. No other State has jet taken public actioa, tbcugh it is believed that Florida, Mississippi, and perhaps Arkansas and Louisiana, will soon follow in the movement. Tex km, it is supposed, will not do so, as tbe Legislature is not in ses sion, and Governor Houston is opposed to calling it together. These are all secession States. Virginia will alio probably call a State Convention for the I purpc*e of harmonizing, if .possible, the views of tbe far Soot h. with which she sympathies*, witb the preservation of the Uaion. Tbe action which these Southern State Conventions may take w?l probably be the foil mi iiig:? Appoint meet of CoanriMiouer* to Cowgreaa asking for ! a ran or a Coavratioa of aM th.% States, to eoa oider existing orfls and propose remedial rcea eures; appotn tinea t of Commissioners or da legates for a Conference of Southern State#: passage of resolutions fbrvsefcadowirf the remedies and comtltutioaal guarantees de sired by the South, and probable action of the South in case of failure of these expectation*. The present oocdhaon of the cauntry is ra pidly tending to a itate of thingafavorabls to the connideratian of tt'ie necessities of ihe South. We hav? lived fifty yearn of politic al existence and e:qoerlence in the last six weeks. The old democratic party no longer exists. ami the elements that once cot istituted it are rapid ly ranging themst lv 'a on new lines of party policy, in 6ix months the re will not be a rem nant of the Lincoln port} t left. It is already broken and personal facti< >ns are beginning to be formed ont of itii c?mpot lents; but the alvi sion of parties vtfhich no w seems to be ap proaching is of an entirely ? new character. We have cleared awaj the old lumbering and ra- ' barrasfting politic al crpaa izations. and have come down to the real issue of the wisdom or wickedness of 1 ifric&a sli tvery. On this the j great conflict bu to bs fou ght, and the States j which retain it as a vtiee a ad necessary part of their social 'system maid receive, through amendments 'to the constitution, guarantees agalnat hoetii e attacks firom the fanaticism or misled eon pc ieoce of th<? Northern States? or the Union mi jbt be dissolved. The Mom. nr. LlBdltf, J*. P., MMI Mia VoIbbIi er cocmukUV Mlwlaa tm tt? '*>??<> 8UUI. It is not improbable that the practical results o' ? the voluntary ccmmerei&l mimioD of the Mm wm. & Lindsay, *. P? to the United States' tf-ijh a valuable lesson to the offi cial gr aduatee of the European circumlocution office |D the trne scienca of diplomacy. Since r .nival oa cur ?ho9?&, some two months ago, 1 jas traversed the country to the extent of *T e thousand miles, ban more or lew elaborated to , our commercial clashes, at publlo or social ' meetings, in thirty different place*, the pur posed and proportions of bis mission, and, lifter a flattering official reception at Washing ton. he bas returned to thin city, whence he will depart In to-morrow's steamer for England. Ills propositions of commercial reciprocities submitted Ur the President and the Secretory of Stale, were, we understand, most kindly en tertalMri; and we are led to anticipate there from certain practical benefits to the merchant, the shipowner, the ship captain, and the sea man engaged in the rant commercial exchanges between the two countries, of a highly gratify ing character to all concerned. What they are likely to be Mr. Lindsay will most probably indicate to the Chamber of Commerce to day. In conjunctioi with Lord Lyons, his familiar conferf nces with Mr. Buchanan, Gen. Cms and Mr. Cobb, as we are informed, resulted in a fall and cordial understanding upon the seve ral propositions discussed; and we learn, far- I ther, that this successful volunteer ambassador received, before leaving Washington, the fall consent ef the President and Cabinet publicly to make known the nature of his conferences and the views and purposes of the administra tion touching the several treaty stipulations suggested. We will not undertake to anticipate farther tbe contemplated expositions of Mr. Lindaty before tbe Chamber of Commeroe. We may venture tbe opinion, however, that his intelli gent audience, after hearing his statement of what he came to do, and of what be has virtm ally achieved, will find it becoming the ocoa slon 'o recognise the valuable services of Mr. Lindsay in the work of removicg the numerous stupid restrictions ncd obstructions. in the way of petty taxes, criminal prosecutions. Ac., which embarrass tbe operations of trade be- ' tween tbe ports of England and those of the United States. Of ccurte we cannot undertake to pro mint any immediate treaty comprehending the reciprocal concessions embraced In tbe programme of Mr. Lindsay, but we doubt not tbat he bus town the seed which be lore long * ill produce the ripened fruit of inter national law. In no event, however, do we preeume that the objections of our government and people to a free participation of England in our coasting trade will be removed. That re ciprocity. which would be all on one si?le. must nec<-?*arHy be indefinitely proponed. But the var'rus other reciprocal regulations proposed by Mr Lind?s\ are *o manifestly the deduction* of cr i.. men senre. good will and liberality, that there cannot be much difficulty in reducing thrm to practice. M~ Liod'iy has had an interesting tour of obsen a'i n in tbe United States. As a volnn t#er ('??mtnerHal an,bas?ador from John Ball to Brother .lonntUsn hie enterprise was a novel one. We <lar?? fay. nevertheless, that next to the tour of ? bservation amongst us of tbe Prince of Wales, this smiteur dlplcma'Jc visit of the distinguished n,? mb?r of Parliament order review will prove to t?e more valuable to the -t of peace and gotd will between tbe ? v giea* ec irmerclal naMons concerned than at eir old md formal red tape reciprocities ? i *je las? ri>tfy j^ata. Tv:? mMf,n of Mr. Lindsay? an Americas idea o'iptnatirg on the other side of tbe walsr? has been cartied ont in tbe true Ameriosi ryle. Dr. Franklin, at the Court of Louis XVL, was tbe founder of this Amerioan school o ( diplomacy, which simply consists In a plain,

honest, straightforward system of dealing be tween two governments, as between two honsst men. Tbe Bcnrbon Court of France, trained to tbe arts of deception, overreaching, equivoca tion end rotpiolon, at first embarrassed, was noon vanquished by the honest simplicity of (he Amerioaa philosopher. At this day, towever, Louis Napoleon, from hid biuntoess <ud frank, oeaa in his International affairs, is as much a mjetery to the old school diplomacy of Europe a? was Dr. Franklin. . *w uii?o unngg better, uid hence the flattering receptions ot Mr. Lindsay in every contact irith our commercial or poli tical representatives and officials. He wiH re turn to England sttiefifd with the results of his vitit, and better qualified, perhaps, to givs a correct report of the United States, their re sources. their institutions and their people, than any other Europe in traveller from two months' observations, not even excepting the Dake of Newcastle, the cUaely observing Mentor of the Prince of Wales. NotUmiw JovuIImm apei tmitlura AgtUtlMI. It is somewhat interesting to note the fact that just at tfaii perilous juncture, wilen the cotton States are ripe for seoessien, and when the ooneerratire aei of the Booth need all the aid that the North can possibly give them, the tone of the black republican press continues to be defiant ha the extreme. The Tribune warm ly opposes an 7 attempti to conciliate the people of Soctfc Carolina. Alabama and Georgia, and says, in effect. V they desire to go oat of tbe Union, let the? go. The Tints b jiot quite so candid, but ito conclusions we similar to thoee of the Tribute. The heroes of the Mlncio have leen all along very brave, evidently antici patiog that there would not be any very great trouble in the 8cuth; but latterly the deliberate way in which the fire-eators have gene to work baa frightened our quadrilateral contemporary, and be Bb owe signs of weakness in the kneee. and softening of the backbone, Tallin* back upon the old idea that a State cannot secede without procuring the paaeage of an amendment to the fedsral constitution authorldng the breaking of the compact. The Chevalier Webb says, in one column of Lis paper, that it bas been his great objoct to do ?-verytbing in his power to allay excitement, and to induce our Southern brethren tc look at the truth as it is. This statement is remarkably cool when w? oonsider that not very Iceg ago tbe doughty Chevalier declared that the 3onth i should be "whipped into submission,'' and that on aaother occasion he informed an astonished world that he would shoulder a mnskot and march, Uke another Bayard, against the seces sionists. On one pojpt? and it la a moat Important one -we find the black republican press united. It has been suggested in various quarters, North and South, that there was more feeling in the cotton States with regard to the hoatile legist a tion of the Worth than upon the mere fact of Linooln'a election. With a black re publican administration, federal officers of the same stripe, and all other per sona in many of the free Statea prevented by local law from carrying out tbe provi sions of the Fugitive Slave aot, the Couth. It Is alleged, would have no longer any righto in the North, and might be better off out of the Union than in It The repeal of the Personal Liberty law* w^ld, It is believed, do a great deal towards calling the South, becauae under thoee circumstances the incoming adminis tration (Jonld not aay that the federal officers were unable to execute the law in certain State* on aecoant of the oppoaition of local enactments. In otter words, the South believee that uw w?.t? au4 fcUci >i Mtboritiaa could and would combine to render the Fugitive Slave act null and veld. Tbe idea of sending a black republican marshal to catch a fugitive slave, where there was any loophole through v.hlch the officer could escape from the performance of his duty, according tc his oath, is extramely rich. Under theae circumstances the conservative press of the North has called for the repeal of the Personal Liberty bills, and thto call haa been met with scorn and contempt The Tribune statee, in the first place, that the Per sonal Liberty laws are practically of no account; that all the clamor about them Is hollow and delu eive. and that the States will modify, repeal or I retain them as and when they see fit. The Tribune has more about the arrogance of the South, and declares that no halfway measures should be I adopted with such people. Tbe M takes the same ground as the Trilntne. The Times, doing the Blondln business, in ita usual stjle, proposes I that tbe general government shall reimburse the owiurs of the slaves who may escape. If the people of tbe Stote into which the slave flees could be taxed for his valne more of the fugitives, we opine would be returned to ser vice or labor. It ivmaios. as usual. for the Ock- to cap the climax of all this absurdity The Chevalier I Webb elves an elaborate abstract of the Personal Liberty laws Unorder to prove, first, that they do not nullify tbe Fugitive Slave law: secondly, that If they did the States had a right to enact them , thirdly, that it la the intent of the laws to make 1 It difficult for the claimant to obtain the return of his slarea; fourthly, that it would be as well tc mollfy tbe laws somewhat, but that there I can b? no hope " for such repeal until the F ugl I tlve Slave law Iteelf shall first be shorn of Its I offensive features;" sixthly, that the law ia now executed as fairly as can be asked, and if the I ? United States officers do tbelr duty quietly and peaceably the law can be executed In every Northern State, and we believe that under a I republican administration it will be thus exo I cuted." We have little to sav in regard to the Courier * false logic, and only a word as to its misstatements of fact Fverybody knows that the Personal Liberty bills do practically nullify ? federal law which is founded upon the consti I tution ; everybody knows that in some dis I tricts the execution of the Fugitive Slave law Is a pbjslcal impossibility. What chance would the United States officers have for doing their duty " quietly and peaoeably" In Aahtablila county, Ohio, or Worcester county, I Massachusetts, or Onondaga or St Lawrenoe. la this StattT What chance had they In I tbe city of Chicago last week ? Tbe Personal Liberty laws ought to be repealed, for various I reasons other than tbe conciliation of the 8outh. I They raise a conflict of jurisdiction between I (lie State and United States ocurts. and place the cltteen who wishes to discharge all his I duties and obligations between two flres. If the law* are practically of no account, as the TrOnme says, why not erase them from the statute bocks t Certainly the republican pwty ran afford to be msgnanlmo is to the South not that the Sooth, as we understand It. claims any grace at the hands of th* party whloh Is I oow taking so impolitic ?ad dang^rotu ? poil don a? ttftt of bullying a fallen foe. If w ise cc oebpIb prevail the journals 1b the Interest of Unco la will modify their tone towards the "outh, wL'ch Is daily becoming more and more *xarperated by the taunts heaped upon its bead. " *"*" * **?? kJ.Air ?oubticin j< urnale is to help the secessionists, why not proclaim it boldly? If not, why do the Gteeleys, Raymonds and Webbs, to nay nothing of the small fry in the rural districts, persist in bully ng the South? Mr. Lincoln may as well begin to pray that he may be saved from his friends. Tot: Vanitt of Poutioil Aspirations? Parallel Bktwekn Italian and Amxritan Akvairs.? It has been remarked by one of the most brilliant and forcible of English writers that history is but a cycle of events in which nations are brought again round to the point from whence they hare started. The observa tion, although somewhat arbitrary in its terms, is just now receiving a singular illustration in the respective aspects of political affairs in this country and in Italy. Here, after seventy years of a progress un exampled in the history of nations, wo an again drifting on revolution, and the dissolution of the glorious confederacy built up by the patriotism and sacrifices of oar forefathers. The experiment of the ballot and representa tive institutions would seem not to be capable of sustaining itself against the efforts of the miserable demagogues and Incendiaries who seek to elevate them wives on fee ruins of our national prosperity. To what their wicked schemes will bring cs it is impossible to foretell. Who can say that out of the chaos Into which they are dragging us we can again resolve the debris of our in stitutions into their original framework? Whilst events of such melancholy gravity are occurring here, what spectacle do we behold In Italy? There, in the country which gave birth to the doctrine of the divine right of kings, and which enthroned in its bosom the worst ecclesiastical despotism that the world has ever witnessed, its people, after centuries of enslavement and suffering, are returning to that point of their history when their institu tions were most favorable to the developement of their intellectual and material greatness. They have learned, as in the fable of the bun dle of rods, that union Is necessary to strength, and that the force of a people lies in the con centration of the national energies. Hence, notwithstanding local prejudices, which at one time amounted almost to the intensity of hatred, we find Southern Italy voting with one acclaim its annexation to the Northern States, under the rule of a constitutional King. Whilst here wo weary of the fraternal bonds under which we have become prosperous and happy, the people of Italy are content to make any sacrifice* so that ail thfe membors of the great Italian family can be brought within the same circle of influences. Dut a more impressive fact still than this as sertion on the part of the Italians of the right of expelling rulers distasteful to them, and of choosing their own institutions, is the emphatic approval given to their course by the English government, in the recent despatch of Loid John Russell. That Fn gland should thus dis tinctly admit a principle which strikes at the doctrine of hereditary right shows that she is prepared to make those further concessions to the popular demands in connection with her own domestic policy, the resistance to which has bitliervu uIKm Oed feci iicud; teal cuuse ot anxiety. That which Louis Napoieon demonstrated in regard to France. Great Britain now fully re cognizes in regard to herself and all other governments? that sovereigns for the future can only reign by the favor of the masses. And it is significant that, notwithstanding the practical illustration of this doctrine by the people of Italy, and its endorsement by Eng land and France, the despotic governments of the Continent dare take no steps to nullify it The fact is that they find their action paralyzed between two dangers. If they assume the of fensive, revolution weakens them from within, whilst at the same time they will be assailed from without. If they yield a passive assent to to the new political theories which are being formulated by the constitutional governments, they will themselves be ultimately subjected to their application. Thus, whilst Western Europe is advancing in the path of political reform and regeneration, our government, which was looked upon as the grandest political experiment that the world had ever witnessed, is disappointing the expecta tions that It bad inspired. Wo had hoped to teach other nations that republican Institution* were compatible with stability and cohesion. We are now, alas! taking steps to convince them that they are the frailest and most unoertaln of hu man ties. ' Mr. Lincoln Rnrm to Bft.ak in Favoe or I Peace ?Mr. Lincoln. It appeara, obstinately refuses to say anything or do anything to alley ' (be excited feelings now prevalent in tlx South, hnt coolly refer* to tbe sentiments expreesed by him six year* ago. when be waaa petty losai politician In Illinois. This course of Mr. Lincoln very plainly show* that he does not comprehend tbe nature of the crisis' through which the country If passirg. Be does not peroeive that we are at this moment In almost tbe name revo lutionary condition a* we were when the confe deracy wan formed. Here are fl'teen Son them State* actually moving in a revolutionary dlreo tlrn. under the coercion of eighteen Northern States. with grievance* to complain of just a* beuvy ae tboee under which the ooloniea suffered from a foreign government; and yet tbe President elect declines to take any mea sures calculated to moderate the excitement which is driving the South to extreme*, and already producing at tbe North tbe mo*t disas trous results to trad* and commerce. Nero (Vdllcg while Rome waa burning la not an inapt illustration of Mr. Lincoln smoking hla segtr drinking bis lager bier and oraoklng hi* fsmiliar joke* up in Springfield, while tbe coun try is on the verge of ruin. lie I* probably occupied over hit lager nod segmr with the question a* to how May of the endorser* of Helper's book b* will pat Into bis Cabinet? a course which will lend to increase the exasperation tenfold? unooneckms, we pre en me. that at this very moment w* are In the midst of a revolution, that all parties are broken up. all old political system* shaken, and that within the past few months the oountry has un dergone a more extraordinary change of ideas thaa It has experienced during the whole of Its previous existence as an Independent ca tion. Crock oc New Yowl? We see it stated that John Horrigaa, the young man who vm M tenced to forty years' imprisonment by Judga Ruseel a few yean since, on the charge of gar rating, has beea pardoned by Governor Mor gan. The pardon, we are told, was brought abmit throogb letters from both Jadge Russel and District Attorney Waterbury. The causa of this request for pardon on the part of Judge Hostel arose from bis ascertaining that the tes timony of Travers, upon which he was con victed, was false, leaving the youth guilty only ot assault and battery. This sentence, at the time that it was made, was the means of break ing op the garroting in this city, which was at that time quite prevalent, and, therefore, provai a blessing to the community. This mode of highway robbery is agaia breaking out in our mllst, with every prospeat ef increasing, through the hard times that art now knooking at the doors of the metropolis. Several gentlemen hare already fallen victims to these prowling bands; yet our polioe are per fectly silent upoa it They make no arrests, but, on the other hand, look oa with perfect in difference, and seem to have no special busi ness bat to protect the gambling hells aai bouses of prostitution from all intrusion. Both of those institutions flourish under their proteo tion? In fact, a part of their principal occupa tion appears to be to eeoort their rural frieads to see the lions exhibited In those houses oa their arrival la this city This may be oae ef the modes that they have for returning Dm favor of the rural politicians for legislating them into offioe; but it is not what the publis, who pay liberally to support the police in this city, expect in return for their money. ?EWI PKM m IIATMM4L CIHTIL An Aaerlcta Slav* Set Fr*a by a BrllUti Cltltf Julie*. Wakbmioton, Not. 19, 1M0. It la ncdsr stood that Information hu boea recdr** from the Governor of Washington Territory, that ft stow on board an American which entered the harbsc of Victoria, Vancouver'! Island, haa been taken from Ik* vane I and aet free by the Chief Justice of ll? Island A pretty high handed measure this. Tin MINQON TO KXZIOO. It la not knewa by the administration that Gorans* Waiter will accept tbe mission to Mexico. The atcaaasr which leaTea New. York on tho 2 1st Inst will earry Ike Information to htm. If be acaepts, his Instructions ar* I* proceed to Mexico without delay and roller* Mr. Mnl a? It appears from the despatches of Mr. MoLaa* thai Mexican affair* am la a wretched oondltloa, and ha ha* giro* up all hope of accomplishing anything for oar |? Ternment. They absolutely refused to make a treaty that would be acceptable to the Cnltod stales iwarscros or miviu awd Asuoan During tbe absence of the Inspector of Arseaal* sat Armories, these Important datiea will be perform ad by Colonoi Craig, chief of Us Ordinance Bursas. Aiioami Bins bt ihb rsssrosirr. John N. Merrlam, Collector of the Customs at George town, 6. C., compensation $400. Jsmea McFttrWge, Collector or tha Customs for Iflaao eota, at Pembina, compensation |1,M. A I (red Palmer, Surveyor of the Customs for the port tf C/blaa, Virginia. William B. Morgan, Bnrrej or or tbe Customs for Iks part of Havre de Grace, Maryland, compensation 91 TO Jaoob C. Hewlett, Surveyor of the Custoaas at Ootd Spring, N. Y . ?com penaatlcs , foas. All tbe abore hare been re appointed. William Prirhard, Surveyor of the Cnstoaaa for Newha ryport, Mass., la place of Nathaniel Jackson, whoae oaaa mission baa expired, and who declined a reappoint maa? oompensatloa four bondred and seventeen dollars, ma iiaaar'a muni Iks Praaldaat haa oomplsted writing hk anaaai na MM. ?An AOBBT OB TBS TACVnC OOAST.f Mart; a T MeMahoo, of the Pest Office Department, haa been appointed rprcial ageat of that department liar tha 1 "act ac coast, and cosmlssloaed to visli and report opaa tbs lad las tribes In Texas aad Arlioaa. He laa*a* ta morrow morning for St louls, and will go thanaa I* Baa Franc laco by tbe ButterOeld oTerland route Tha Praildaallal Klaetlai. TUX TOTS OP CALIPOBNIA. WaMDIKITOM, Nov If, 1MD Reliable private California despatch** say that IVmgtaa haa 3,000 over I.lncola, aad 11,000 over Brook taridg* Til* ton OP ILLWOIS. Cbicaoo, m., Not 19, UN. His official vols o t Illinois is as follows ? Uaoaia, ITS Mi; Douglas, 1M.649; Ball, 4 *40, Breckinridge, 3,711 Iks laoraasi la the vote stacr into Is 108,1(1. Tka Illinois Banks. CKicaoo, Not. It, 'MB. Oar bankers to-morrow, will throw oat the notes of Iks following banks ?Americas Exehaag* Baak, 8 tale Baak (Pawnee town), Baak of the Ootaaaaawsallk, Bank *t Raleigh, Com Exchang* Baak. Natloaal Baak aad Bank at Aurora. Bnu>>. til.. Not. IB, 1MB. Iks Bank Commissioner* bar* bssa la aaaalua as ml day*, aad bar* Issued a call span twenty two baak* af tbs Stair Hrr additional aecurlty, In amounts varying focal three ta eight per cent of thslr clrculatloa, ta be paM within thirty Bt* days. Tbs deSctt k lea* tbaa thrsa hundred thousand dollars. Ns doubt k entertained bat that the banks smbraced la tha call will promptly as apood. Ik* clrculatloa of the other banks sf tha Slate, aumbenag aearly oas hundred, k amply seoarsd Tka Pfelladalpbla Waakly Bank Mtata aaant. PHJiAnaLrniA, Not. 19, 1MB. Oar baak atateaasat for tbe past weak show* Us IM owlsg:? inaariaas la loaat BM9JM I<eerr**a In deposits 421MB I >rcr?*s* in circulation 10* 00* lacreaaa la specie 104 OM Tbs may market today k easier Maw* traaa Pika'a Psak. Font KaaaaBi, Nov 19, 1900. Two soacbr* of the Pike's Peak earoaaa. wblch IsA r?e*ver ea the lllb. pa sard hero for Bt .1 r eepb at SM o'clo-k )<wurd?7 afu ronoe , with full load* By this arrival we have the foitowtag navies* ? Iisbvbb Cm. November It. 1MB. A sn< * stwm set In oa lb* evening of the lllb, aad lasted tweatv fnor boars la Utla city tbe ground waa harrly covered at aay time, the aaow melting rapidly. M (i< Idea City it aiaiaed a da*?li ofetshi Inches, at Or* serf 's twelve inrbea aad on Ute Dlvtoe, twenty Or* mhs* ?oath of be'*, twetr* tM-.bra Tbe fall na b'gb range* appear* to hero been verv heavy, and tbe *irn raaOi v> the vesiera elop* are. doaht < s blorhed ap for tha srta ter Tbe weather \ester<l*v an<? this morning waa vary (lor. w-tti dear t ighti-' r?.'d and frnsly Oo'eb mtnisf has a si nearly ceased Vsst quantities of ssartt for Sprlrg operations ar* belt r rawed frnm deep If ads Tbe I rovwcnal legislature assembled oa Moalay aad rrpar'r'd lempoearll) . and o* tbe toil<>wleg day perma sestiy The f;.. vert rr tben d*llv?red bis aMasace, aad both hi uses sdjoaired rnul Mrsiday. tbe 19th Inst S rht esrhsr ie is Nrw York is at 9H a > per real pro ? as d oo St louts at S a 2H r*r <eot premlom Tbe average 9r.e*e*s of U-e gold sow offering k BIT P? r aaasr in the bar Tl.r shtimerts of ireesnee ih ? week are as follow* ? Oa the ItUi test hy B'scklev h Clo'i >vprrss. 910 000; no the 1,1th, by ttie OalKi rtla Oterlard Csatral and Pike** Peak Fif. "? tro 000 alro this rorslrg, by tbe latter mrnpeey M MO Two Ira'nS of Bfty ftnr wsgore for )< ihs A OartailskL and o*e team of Ulrty Bve wago**, f-r J ? ISoyTe h Cn came la yesterday? la all, algbty aiss wagons? with ro w*a of goods I ergs m mbers *f m'rers and others ar* still ssttkg nUw the St Juan mines. Oil Bt Train nrrtied os Saturday New M*st*a. B< is unite err 0d* n I that tha saw 1 a*si SilaS m MM* lanse will prire vers rvb Twesty mills have nearly all stoppsd for tha vtatBP, most I) oa scooant of the failure *f water hy th* I Tka Bnrrk Dlvsrr* Cast. Nai mil ma. Ill , Not. IB, IBM. tha Bansh dlroroe oms W day wssa ^?^WW^WIbiiaatioa <* ladlrldoak with raforaa** lo Uielr qoallftratloas as Juror* A foU psasl HM Baallw ohtaiaed, consisting of the, foUswta* Msmsd p*rssa*>? & Tha proceodlags _ oonBned to the rwsm g of tM following aasasd parosas: ? m J Wllsot, L Clllford, *. Wills ?d. P IMrtkn*. 0. * Kama, 0 Struck maa, Wllltaa Flacb, Joaathaa Malllar^ W. Hughes, A H Baraard, H. W I.ymaa aad AMrad Watar* man. 'Pie jury was then a worn, s*attaasd by tks Osurt to keep their, sal rea free from nrajadlc*, sad dkohargad. Th* Ooart ihsa adjouruad till ala* o'cMk lawmw A Blra at Raiiaad.Vt. muss, Vt. . Nov M.1M0 1 SryaM ft Wboloonb'9 tad At**odt Urwy (lahMO,