Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 26, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 26, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAtltS G O K u u h bknm:tt, kD'TOH AMD PBOKRIF-^K orrira f. w, cormek of rutTos *>.? nas*a:* sra. ?? ? fc. u - n *-i* h r ?" ' tfw Htuftr. AW fc'il BuiJl Mb r e ' ?i V " )? ru? rur/r ffwun^w-r"^. Pi""' ?earn t ahut hmalu .?. w?? #.??. ??? /??' *-<?? ? <VMr ?? pw nnmu . Volnmr BXV :,:,u AMD^KMKNTII THIS KVBWIX'i AOAi>INr OF * LT10, PoartkMU ctrMt.? ItALUS 0r? i ?4? !u Jcirs. WtitU" OARDK.N. Ilruadwar.? Kim Let* ?\*"Tirft OKRT**V, Hrralnr-T'KHi H'WiTlT THCaTSX, Bowtry.? Smu -c t Bo?i':i B?rii?tti.tR liotirt,. WAI.I .ACk ? TtUCATRt, Bnttdw*?? Btoftrs to I .^i/r ,? K..iu Fi-unir. LAISA IBBNKS TUKA1KE. Ha. 621 Headway. - f ? ? l-C 1 ?'?! J. k*w B'.WIRT, Bowvt* - Wo*a> is W.uta? Mamac' hOVUL, BABHVM'B AM EKICAH Mt'NKUV. ?rovlwAT.-l>at And I?'D'I1(-Atlk I'jUlli.ikli? LJMNU CVnIi'-'.TItJ, Ac -Ho BHVAMfl XIK3TRBU1, M-clMO'ioa' Hkll. 4T2 Br i i m Bo.'?lI, 4c ? Djid Ur. tiOOI.Tr .* fAMPREI.l'K MT?HT<KI.S. flalra-i, Bro?dw*7.? ?Tnii.ri?> Hom ?. D*"?r:s, Bi l A. ? AtBUMKVI BlllM'l O. OAITTX^BURI MUSIC HA.LU 6t> Bro.vJ >*?/.- Hum.', DltCtl, I.OKLI VI ?3 40 UOOtKH INST|TI'TE-I.r< ?>?? ?r Rur. ,T. C Flitch* - Tub 8 busiua* ttlllil-'itm aud HOCtru. WA. HiWOTOK HAM. W -Wi.Ol?"- Ml*"' ?l I . Kruio 'ii* So:... Dimi , Uva... Au. Ui ?? s Mr in >?w ) iirh HIiiihIa), Nurtmber "O, HAILS FOE EUROPK. i<?i Hiw lurk lUraid? ICdlUuB for K*rup?. *>? ?rd ?kll Btfkmahtp Cknklk, Cap'. ?jui?, will l^art D etoa, or. Wcdn inlay, fbr Liverpool. TlufiA'Jtur Scrap wtu ctaaa la air raarrw VtornMm al k <ckrtac past mo o'clock tu|< *>7 railroad, M l av a '('iirto. to ttir.w o'ci'?a to (n by awamu at TUe I 'vii'kAk Kl .IHI5 <>.' raa Ubbai.u will t. puOUal ed M Uc O'vioak lb ita morniu? S.aj '? oop' *(Sp]>en, a'i o?oU Tl?o rontonU of the Fiib rui IQ'mot or tna Hikuj) *Ul oootiLai) tue ne*rk reooived bj mail aiid tolscnpti at thi> i darioy Ibe prorloua wank, kail ap to Ui? li >ur 9( puhltMtlOk. Til* lliwi. lae rteaui-'.ip ArapJ, from Lirerpool, w*th Ea fipcft 4 duti" to the 13Ui iiut., BrrivedoS Cape i are oa i riday night, but her uew? was reoeived ; t too late an hour this morning to notice tortLcr iu th? coliunu. All the news rc< eived from the s> r.tli Pa i'le by t:ie Ariel, I aptaiu WUnon. which arrived jester lay flcii A-j'. ikall, w more or lewi importaut. fron. Peru is parti' ulaily bo, Mr. Clay, cur Min Her, kavicK? pnrBOBul to instiuction from Willi i iflon, c. laai.dtd hi* jia-spoits and retired ft :u l.iau. ia cou^tuoacc o! the I'ciuvik:. governn. .! - t^at is, Picvidtut CaMilla? Latin/ refti-td to abi '? by the deciaioa of Pro<>ideQt t hanan or to ' ado|>! [the proportion of Mr. Clay, that t\ sum of mosey aLould be placed in U.e hands of a mixed eoniaaiiic L before the claims of the injured parties * ire examined. Pt ? u claima that Chile and France fcostaln ti e dc ? aioBof bcrowu coutU in the condi nnatioa of the l.i. ic li.impson acd Georgians, and inaists that tli> I nit i d Stati i, being ait inU :eated party, > anaot decide the controreisy. l ut fcLciild <eiect M<?iu b cadlv tliird Power a? art i'^at# r, ?rli jto ?iecisioa sl.t (I'eru) will bow. Mr. Okjr vai ex I"- !ed at t'anama on the .Oth in-U W'( ' are ii teliigeace of another iavaaion of ilo j...kb> Balcu, Bad the oMnui^doa by him of a moi' dnktniuly andcinel act. whi Lwiil moat likely prtc ipMate a war ?iJi Perti. In auch an event, what kitL tiro ?ar- nith flic I'uitcd Sutca and ltouria Ci??iilla will have his hand- full. I ron: New Uranada we learn fr< m the interior t Uat Mot?,nr:a *.u marching on Bogota, th. i Gca. Ilorran had re ,rned the command in chief, tad that con?i'ir?cj was rif?- against frnUM 0>piua. In facf. r.ll tLe new- is unfavorable to the govern meat: In.!, considering that the mail (rem Bog' ta li ?.i t ?> c < rue do* u the Mugdalcua rh < : aud pa?i throws' the rebellious States, it would be a* tr <.11 to reo? ive it c ?? <7 irmo talis. It is aaid that some mn t> belonging to British merchant* was s.Ued by the ginernmcnt authorities. Ti e i ( i Presidential contest in Chile ia ex pected to be very animated. The present iocnm l?ent seems un*UI. .g to la y down ceiUin poweu with wluch La *?.? Invested two years ago. ia a t.rne of public trouUie , and a proposal made by him that Congress would again and continue those power*, has created -oiuc excitement and a suspicion that he aims at ho'.ding tLe oflicc for life. The pioject of a grand COufc J. racj between all the South and Central A met icarv but<* it again oo the tapia aud sc . ta* to ht gather ing ?ti?iigth. toi? new* ttum Etuador ia that tUrf WA a aevtre sli< < I of earthquake felt there. Prom c ir dc*pMt<.bc? ur.J extracts pnblJihed to day it ? ill I e ac ca that the Southern States at II toaUn. < t? be violently agitated on the subj 'ct of aece?-i >*i J'roni Washington we learn that Attor ney Gorumi liiatk has given the President his opinion ft the qucstiona of law arising ont of the j<1 I reh f.uid diHicultio between #ie North and hoatL. Judge D., it ia aaid. Las examined the *ub ect a*, length, and hold that a State Laa no con utituMon i! rl>;Lt to accede. Step* liave been taken to liold a n.t ctiu of all tl # t- tithern Senators and lteprc-KLtji'he* in Waahiagtn in mediately after thee penis g of Ctnpreaa.for the purpose of c<>u f\ rrtng toget er on th)* preaeM state at aflaira In ic laiana. Alabama, Gaorpa and Bonth Carolina meeting* of uti/eiv were held daily and nightly, and ?' t- Muted that the feeling la ffcvwol seevs aionfc ut.animoua and enthusia*tiv By o r j;on. Waahingloa this moroinr it will l>e K.en iHr il.>g<-r IV Taney Haa ruigned hia position as Chlel Ja?: a of tLe n prrme Court of the (Tailed Mate*. It ia i umored that .1 udge Black . at present Attorney t.eueral, wlB be app ,ated by Mr. Buchanan to succeed him. in another column will be found Superintendent John A Kennedy *a quarterly report to the Po! :e t'on miwiooer*, firing in detail the wot lung of the present pclice system tip to October 1, whi> h wii: be fonnd of Interest at this period of crime. The Btookiyn force It? states, ia to) small for the want" of that city, and recommends an Increase. and ai? ? mc l.dcat i n In the station hoa-cs, both in N'cw \ ork and Urooklyn. in many instance*. The num her of peoona arraatcd d< ring tht last quarter it. it appears. 71.57^; of which l'*,4"**] were male*, and . 1,"M female*. It i? alao stated llhat out of that onmbev < .172 could neither fad or write, anl three for i tha of the whole were of foreign birth. The report of the -anitary l?epartmert ia eapc jially j laterestivg to all who wish to know how Xe? Yoik tenement houses are occupied The anniversary of the day the P?riUah troops evacuated Sew York haTing this year fallen on (tanday (yesterday ), a number ofoi r mllUary o:a l>atur< will celebrate the event te-0 ?y. i ' w pt* ja our p'j'M tlui moriang will be I i<ot lamation of Mayor WoihI re am i. i, ? ThK<-'*T ne \ t, Tlwnkagiring I'ay. !-? I'M a day ? ' hnmltiatloi aud anppiication. %tiU tuat Utviut jiajni bv VikiC?l UP U ' t ... A***. ;Ui> It atert the Lmpeadlng cvila wh'ch ; t! atra tlie JriWion* and latorcsta if the coaa try, A < ery drstrnc tire Gre troke out on Sunday irn ruing ta the serond story of the store corner of Muiray gad Church streets, occupied by lieaars E. Sum Co . dealers La gentlemen'* ftuaiahiog tonus. The weather tvu Lat. n?eiy cold, and though oar gallant fatuu a worked * i .h their usual Jieal and perseverance, (bey did not succeed in CKtinguiah lug the U'c until it had reached tx ver&l of the ad joimiig building*. The los, i* estimated at between $kK>,000 and &00,C00, mostly cohered by insu rance. The corner stone cf the First Catholic church at Ifaiktub&ck, N. J., nas yesterday bid with the interesting ceremonies peculiar to that "church. TUc Btv. Dr. Cumncings, of thi> city, delivered aa eioqu(r<t diacourao on the occasion, and was lis ter.-, d to by a large and attentive aidieaee. Tti-j cotton marttt was steady oa Saturday . with saisa (I abost 1,700 a 1 800 baias, ot whisk aboat 1,000 wore ta traaatt, ?iia (b* remainder waa taken from store b j a, tinners. Prioea okiaed wlUi mors atabUltf, thoogb w inout quotable chaage Floor ?ta la good deaaaod, wkik Mies were la soma Jagrve rueiwad I >7 the drmaaaa or a<j<ctrs; fet traaaacttone wsra rather larger loan aade ta the previous da 7 or 1 wo, whue quotaticot were uaebaaged. Waa at was IraU/ hetd aad wiif QMx.'erato, while pncca wore without caaage of nuaout Corn opoued bra r/ , b-t some mora spirit Tb ? iraaaaet'ons ?ere otaleBj male for drtarstie bod ? im^'oa, aad were to a fat.* extent at 61c. a 65c lur Weatorn m-.xad a? oat w'.tta some iota reported at i"8r , ar 1 OT; lor so> the*n 7SU0W. Pork waa la bat ter rrqneet. w'.th aalea of 800 a TOO bbii of .meea at MT *nd prime at gll 16 a >11. B. gars wero unchanged aui the aaus of brgsbtaJi ? cry Halted. .ting c :? j daiad to about 100 tahde , and 730 boxes were Suid for re Us Lag 1 Freight -.ugagemerts to Icrerpoo. were moderate wheat was tafcsi^to a ..mted utoo'. at 12-, I., la ah'.o'a bags, acd ilocr at 8a 3a a It- t -,<i To I oudoc 19 000 barb, is wUeat at llv,d , la balk aad a amall lot if to ir at So. 91. T-i Antwerp grain ? ** tat'i at lid, IB rt ;i'a a-~l flour at ta | Tha sa<-eaaloa Noremaat-Ptaa fur a Uraat aoatbtru ami Wcitirit ( oafaita* 1 racy. j The unanimous policy v.-aieh eriiieutly pre j Voile among th* Southern Isadora, and tha j rapid manner ia which p .blic cplaion in th?* | South ia being consolidated in their s -.pport, - give an increasing significance aul importance to the coitrte they propose to pursue. It has been Mtppowd by man/ that som* 01 the more Hrdent and fiery ol thJ gvcesaioa Mates would secede at once, and th:.s bring on a paxtial coLflict with the federal goverom *at. This ii not withiu the plana of those who are preparing to eetabiiah a Southern coutede racy. It is their purpose to proceed delibe rately with the preliminary arrangements, ia such a manner as not to embarrass the preeen' administration, but, through the action of Sta'e convention*, to be held during the present win ter, to prepare for a co-operative movement, and eecede on the :.d of March next. By this course Mr. Buchanan's administration, which has its organized power in every State, will not be interfeied with, and Mr. Lincoln will come in to the government without power to orgauize it* functions in the seceding States. This plan of proceeding is skilfully adjusted, and will load the coming admit istratiun into Immense difficulties, to contend with which will at once cause a division of policy in the dominant Northern party on the question of coercion or negotiation. Without a single civil officer or supporter in the S^uth, Mr. Lincoln will find it impossible to teud a hostile force there to con quer submission or a treaty. But the plans of the Southern leaders do not stop with simple recession. They will hold the cotton and sugar producing States and the mouths of the Mississippi, while their railway communications extend from Charleston and Savannah to Memphis, and from Mobile and New Orleans to the banks of the Ohio. A-< their social Interests are identical with those of the tobacco growing States, these will be in Tit?*d to join the speeders, to which they will usent eventually, II they do not participate in the morement on the od of March. As a great agricultural confederacy, and holding the mouths of the Mississippi, they will hare a harmony of interests with the indus trial Middle States of the preeent confed eration aud with the grain and meat producing States of the Northwest. Thete will be invited to join the new Union, under a constitution similar to the present one of the United States, but with such additional guarantee# in it as will forever prevent the po litical power of the new confederacy interfering in the social affairs of the several States. The New Lngland elates, deeply Imbued with the fanaticism of "the Massachusetts school," which, as one of her orators once aptly and truly said, has never supported any of the policy or the measures that have carried us to our present point of national greatness, will be left out in the cold to tread their path of em. pire alone, or to seek a little comfort with the Blueno -ee of Nora Scotia and the Kaouclu of Canada There ii in this echeme much that will wake the thougLt of reflecting men. A new con federation, with the cotton, sugar and tobacco crowing power of the South, the mining and indu?>lrial te-ources of the Middle State*, and the grain and meat producing power of the regions lying on the Mississippi and its branches, and without the intolerant Puri tanUm of NVsr l.ngland. would hold a fitality and a power in the political, industrial, social and commercial sense such as the world has witnessed faintly in the davelop*men> of our present confederacy. This develope ment has been continually oppxed by the Pu ritan spirit of New Lnglaud and hampered by its demands. To-day this same spirit, through the fanaticism of its social theories, its self rigbteor.snees and the intolerance of its teach ings, ii driving the Union to the point of disso lution and reconstruction. We do not impugn ? its motives. They are no doubt as morally pure at wheu the Puritans ol Missachusitts Bay drove H^ger V illisms from their midst Bu* the people of New Lngland are the slaves of an an tj slavery oligarchy. whl:h, through tbeir pulpits and their Minlay schools, hive Imbued them with a spirit as intolerant as th?*. which animated the holy men who founded the inquisition. the pure enthusiasts who established the Order of Jesus, or that which led Calvin to drive Ssrvetus to the stake because of a differ race between them ea a religious dogma. Ml of theee men believed themselves ailed with tbo spirit of Cod and doing Him best service, juat as do the anti-slavery oligarchy of New Kngland of tie preeent day. in preaching their brutal and bloody war against the stjUl instl bitions. not of tbeir own. bat of neighboring ^ 8?? es- It is this th?t ha? ?>!sn o'it the spi-'t* of fraternity from o ft pmeui ftsier.d on and wbLh Is drivljg sc Ur/? ? number :! t'i? States into a tww ccafedtracy. fr-im whl h N ? 1 oglar-.l and iti(^?r?'n ?> \l Hi 4 *' Maes v-'^ select" >e St." a-.i I T*? Rt4t!M ?f Oar Lata PmMwtUi SiNtlva. We publish to day a oarefcJSj prepared ta ble of the re&n.'ta in the several Btatee, to far a* *cc*?ible, of the lata Presidential election, which we rubnJtto the thoughtful Inspection of onr render*. Ail. or nearly ail. the pre-existing landmarks of our Presidential-parties having been broken down In this late campaign, it is not surprising that all the fig-area of our preoeding Presiden tial conteete were rendered comparatively worthless in the matter of anticipating the pro babie reeults of this election. The disruption of the great democratic party, and the division of its forces into a Northern and a Southern camp, as hoe tile against each other as against the common enemy, substantially, in Jane last settled the question of the final issue. Tbe dullest comprehension could understand that if the united democracy in lo.'6, with the pow erful Anerican party to help them, narrowly eecaped a crushing defeat, there could be no hope in I860 for the divided democracy, with the bulk of the North American party of 135t> amalgamating with the republican organiza ion. Thi* disruption of the democratic party hat elected the republican Presidential ticket. With the revolutionary dissolution of mocracy at Baltimore this result was a fore gone conclusion. looking at the Northern slectiosu from 185C to April, I860. Hence the*f tr**meadou? Northern majorities for Lin coln. Outside of New York and New Jersey all appt .. ranees of a coalitiou of the forces op posed tc him are lost, in the New England .Stales the coi"*rvatives were ?o disheartened shat tbey d-.t not briog up their reserves to the poll*, but permitted the election to go by default, la Pennsylvania the disgraceful de moral i*atioo of 'be democratic elemeut. and the weakness of the Bell-Everett purty, pro d' ced a popular rush into the republican csrnp which if really astounding. la fact, from Maine to Miw.iri, the h ipeless divisions and dissensions among the ant; repub lican factious, and t&e moral certainty of I In coin's election, operated in every way to strengthen hi- party and to weaken hi* adver saries. The Coating materials of all our oli defunct parties, casting about for the spo'.U urd plunde-, were quick to diicorer the winning side. Again, while' in one Slate Doi Klas men, preferting L'ncoln to Breckin ridge, uided the republican party, in another State the Breckinridge tactic u to weaken the cause of Douglas. ?trer.gth< ne I the hands of Lincoln. To a very great ert*nt, North and South, the fight between the two de mocratic faction* was for the ascendency in the general party camp in IettM,aadfor nothing else. In this way Lincoln, for evunplc, hi! ee cured four electoral votes even ia New Jersey, while Virginia. Kentucky and Tenu?*ee have been turned orer to Bell. But tbe fallacy of this factious soit of tvoriare to the Breckinridge wing and to the Douglas wing of the democracy must now be apparent, in reference to the reunion and oontrol of the democracy for the campaign of led. That which they had estimated as only a te:np> division of the camp, like that of lt?l\ has proved to be a vast and far reaching revolu tion, in the pretence of which all the Preaiden tial parties oppcsed to Lincoln are already submerged, and before which the republican party itself, in the hour of its first great triumph moat assume a new shape, or be swept away as by the heavy wares of an angry sta. Contemplating the results of this ltfe Presidential struggle in a more coo prehenslve view thau that ol L) one party rote to the several tickets concerned, *e And that, notwithstanding the overwhelming Northern majorities of Lincoln, he stands, h the vote of the whole Union, in a popular ap riority of nfftrly one million of i ?>?. Taking Mr. Breckinridge as the Southern disunion caa didate, the popular vote against hiui in tie Southern States would be highly encouraging, but for the great change that has taken pla-e in public sentiment throughout the South shre the election of Lincoln. And thus the Union is in danger. Sou.h Carolina threaten* to teoede. The general te liei is that she will secede from the Union on the lid of next March. The universal excite ment la favor of secession among her people has spread like a quick contagion to Alabama, Georgia, Florida and MlsstsalppL They mqr go on the same day. Meantime we discover in the Sguree ef oar election tables statistics highly favorable to the preservation of the union. Let us weather this crisis of disunion, and we have the materials in the conservative rote of the country, tad i ding the conservative element of the repnbllt*n camp, to re-establish the union and concord be tween the North and the South upon a firm nd enduring basis. But, for the sake of the Unlsn, this political revolution of I860 has not ??U decreed a reconstruction of parties, but a new arrangement and enforcement of the checks and balances of the federal constitution itself. The Preeident, in his annual message to Con gress. will doubtless throw out aoiae wlee and seasonable recommendations to this end of a new and satisfactory underttandlnc; on slavery between the North and the South within the Inion; and let as hope that even the repub lican party in Congress will be dUpoed te second his egorts in this direction. NKwsrArEn Eirxxum us TKUMumic P? +? patcwks.- It is charged against the Ucrua that the present political excitement is due to its efforts. We are the arch agitators who bar* brought about all the trouble In which the country is involved, it is, of course, useless to tell the unreasoning fools who make suck accusations agaln-t us that our interests are bound up with this great commercial commu nity. In the eyes of snch people newspapers have a vampire like vltali'y, which thrive- upon panics and commercial disaster#, and therefore we have only to stir up the elements of strife to grow rich upon other people's mis Tor tunas. The silliness of this assumption is rendered the more evident, when it is stated that In briogtng about thl* cataclysm we add en? r mo< ?ly to our outlay. The greater the politi cal and commercial disturbance, the more pressing the demands on ns for prompt and frequent information, and the heavier our wt pent". Take, for Instance, the -'mount of i ir last w< -It's bills for telegraph matter - Our special dfupatt In ? < 'I. "33 .It Our -hsreef AstrrWd ft ?? (leap Hebe* I ??1 Oi ft rat i ??t f r r J S, I ?f l -v. . . i: '??ad dlw.i: . th r:rj ?v? I', tire *? (f * 8i % If * ffVtl Hi #f f# ? before Lincoln's election we estimated car an

nual expenditure for telegraph matter at (50,000. The prospect at preeect i a that it will averag? double that amount for some years to oome The Interest that we have in panics m ay be accurately measured by these Oatlksldl ?( t*pr?r*?lMlf Wlttral him Tha annexation of Naples hat withdrawn (rem the Italian contest one of its most inter esting features. With the heroic career of its chief actor was bound up much of the sympa thy exhibited for (be patriotic cause by distant spectators. Many who cared but little for the principle> at stake were fasoinated by the ad venturous gallantry and generous self devotion of the man who, in a few months, liberated a kingdom and completed the great work which the timidity of his coadjutors had left unfin ished. The veriest partiaans of despotism ootid not withhold their admiration from feats wfcloh eclipsed tha most Quixotic achievements of the chivalrous aget What, in (not, is the fa no of the Cids. the Bayards and the Dugues clins. compared with the calory that encircles Lis brows ? Is his last act at Naples the great Italian pa triot has been tiue to the principles that have ewajed him throughout the wholo of his career. In no event of his life have the simpli city, the purity and the disinterestedness of his character been more forcibly dis placed. Although there la nothing in the gift of Victor Emanuel that he might not have commanded, he retiree to his island home, like CLodon&tns and Washington, undistinguished and ucrem&rded nave by the proud conscious net.- of Laving discharged his duty to his ccuu try lit believae that, for the oieeent at least, h* r?rvice? can be no ioDger useful to her and be leaves Italy in the hands of her future kiog. co' floing in the honesty and sincerity of his purpose* It is to be hoped that he will not oca another to the category of patriots who have vbibly put their trust in princes. There is no one, perhaps, whom thl? abrupt withdrawal of Garibaldi into private life hits mere appointed than Louis Napoleon. He formed the lever of his plans. The Emperor wi*f in hopes that he would persist in attacking Uome, and thus render French occupation a permanent Italian institution. Garibaldi is however, too shrewd and has toe accurate an appreciation of the Emperor's character to play into his hands in this way. Whatever may have been the in flr.ence that the arguments of the 'ini party temporarily exercised over him, he is now fully (ftnrinoed that the policy of Oouiit favour in regard to France is the only sound one. It is by avoiding all collision with her aad tbrowirg upon her the responsibility of violating her own professions and pledges, that Italy can best defeat any selfish designs tli at she may entertain in connection with her. It has been the pmdence and adroitness of Coun . Cavour which have carried the Emperor so far beyond the limits of co-cperation with that policy which he had prescribed to himself. The good emm and moderation displayed by Girl bald! in leaving the matter in the hands of Victor Emanuel will carry him still further. He has now no pretext for maintaining a large army in Home and in the adjoining cities. The decision of the l'apal question must consequently be left to the vote of the Italians, aa was that oi the DucLiee and the Two Sicilies, else the world will m* clearly that the French interest in the liberation of Italy had Ita origin in project* of sail aggrandisement. The retirement of Garibaldi from the theatre of political affairs i* by no means conclusive as to the prospects of Italy. Much remains to be done to con solidate her inures^ and to fortify her against the dangers which menace her, inter nally as well as externally. The question is whether Victor Emanuel and Count Cavotr will inspire confidence enough in the various dements of which the new kingdom will be composed to conduct it safely in the path marked out for it Between Northern and Southern Italy there are prejudices and an tagonisms quite as strong aa those which exist between the two grea* sections of oar own con federacy. Will the men now at the head of Italian politics be capabla of administering the affairs of both with such an even hand aa to In ?ura obedience' Will constitutional Institu tion* themselves be adequate to kaap La cohe sion the various and often conflicting !ruet*?U of the empire which has been built up oat of so many different States ? These are question* that time only can solve It may be that the s err Ices of the modest patriot now cultivating his cabbages at Caprera will - tin be called into requisition to heal the dissensions of his ccmpatrioU, or perhaps even to rule over them UbnX Thaskmjmino Dat? Mayor Wood's Pnoct.t ?attox.? Mayor Wood has leaned a p roc lams Lion calling upon the people of this city to ob serve Thursday next, the :i'th inst.. as a day of thanksgiving and supplication, in accordance with the orders of the Governor of the State. Bis Honor thinks that there is little to be thank ful for, either in the political, commercial or financial aspects of the country : but ha in vokas .be people to supplicate for protectiua fiom the evils which threaten us. It is quite true thst in these aspects we m tv not recognise much reason for gratitude; bat we are not disposed to bold the Almighty re sponsible for them, but rather Bis arch ene mies, the political fanatios and dtmtgogue*. On the other hand, there is abundant cau?e for thanksgiviug in the condition of the pubU< health, the rich harvests which have blessed the country, and Um works of grace which no daub' the sensation preachers have effectei We hope therefore, that our citlrens will give thanks for all these things, and will not forget to pny for the com erslon of H*nry Ward Beecher. Gree ey, Tburlo# Weed. Seward and Chevalier Webb, til of whom sadly need Divine mercy. Wi.vrin. A soft and genial fail sea*on staved eff the winter of 18<?fl for a long spell but it ie fairly upon ns now with a keenness that there can be no mistaking. Tbe bleak nor'weater of the laat two daya has brough' nipping frosts along with It that b tvs crisped the pools and wakened up visions of delight t j the skaters Should tbe frost of the past few eights continue a little longer, those who love ta locoanote on steel runners may burnish up the^r skates put their strap* ia ?-der and start for the Central Park B .t the ae%sot o buoyancy and ds'.!g^t to the ?':h is t #?*.??;; r. sorrow ai.d s JIeritf to the po. r Ia-'. >s net fenret -"f, God help them, there >s ?. ?. *4 ?*Tr* b?(ore maey of tha ti .-<>rnf>!,iv?<l r?;' ee >f bb wnaltky watmpolJa. Tax Sjccbmiok Xo.TKM8irr w North Cajio u>a? Tub Tuotb ot Oct. DtdPAToaca Vindi cated. ? W 8 have been subjected to 4 vast amount of rttuper&tion bj the republican crgaaa and Wail street speculator* for having published, cn the 8th of the present month, a despatch from Raleigh in the following words: ? Ra. aK.u, Not T. IS60 The Governor ui Uxino: are la ?aatloe To? oew? wi ruU Um> bollof Uut the LagUlature vrtll be called tnfttbar laMdUklf The peopia art rery m.ce oxcll*4 North GuroUoa U ready to wood*. The truth of this statement was denied in an emphatic manner by one of the looal office holders of that State. Mr. D. W. Coutta, who telegraphed from Raleigh on the 10th that the despatoh >u a hcaz throughout; and on the strength of that denial we hare been accused of trying to fan the prevailing excitement by misrepresenting and exaggerating the state of popular feeling at the South. But now we are in a condition to vindicate the veracity of our despatch. A greater man than Mr. Coutts givwe it the seal of his confirmation. That man is the Governor of the State of North Carolina? one whc is some few ateps higher in official po sition titan Mr. CoutU, the State Treasurer, uud who may be presumed to reflect more truly the sentiment of the oommunity. The extracts from the Governor's message to the Legislature, which we print elsewhere, will indicate what is tie sentiment of North Carolina in regard to secession. The truth of ou: despatch is thus vindicated in all essential particular. We have no doubt thjtt the Governor and Council were in session at ita date; but that point is an immaterial >ne. The Legislature is now in session; it met. in deed, in let* than two weeks from the dute of the despatch. If the people are not very much excited the tone of the Governor's meysigeis tei Uonly calculated to make them so. After dkc'ssing the present condition of public affaire, and declaring that the policy of the abolition party, carried out in Mr. Lincoln's ad UiiLLtralioa, could not be submitted to, he atjt: ? S . jt?. uW too tnconinc Admlfl-MrAl oa bOftulity M the f i.? u.a wtAwJ-i-aa of <t-aw'9g the tword ae Mast say ?->.lbcro Cute wheta people m*y cmaoe to look that or 3 tttUoa out c' Uio ft leral Colon uhltS 1* denied to thorn !a it iber m? of No'th Cwcllaa would ore It W varaeiTts ? ? ? to resist It to the uu>t extromii/ In our mind tiiat language is plain ono-gii, and feironj eacugh. and significant enough, to satisfy even Yanoey himself If the Legislature and people of North Carolina are imbued wi'h simi lar ideas, it can hardly be said that they are not ready to secede. We would suggest to office holders? important personages though they may appear to be? not to be too prompt in assuming to speak by authority, but rather to pursue the more modest course of keeping silence and attending to their own business. They might thus f-pare themselves some humili ation, and people might not know how silly they are. The r ashiokable Season ? Ohemng of a New Ofiratjc Caihv ion.? According to the laws of fashion -and U1C7 are not altered either by crisee or revulsions ? the New York season com mences about the middle of November, and ends with the beginning of Lent. Daring this ' carnival, a high holiday for the b iu momJ-:, New York puts on its gayest garb. Then peo pie marry und are given in marriage; then we bare the ' set'" dinner parties, private mas querade ball* and amateur theatrical.-: then the managert of the Opera the theatre*, the con' eertf. appeal to New York support atone, and do thf ir best tc deserve It. Tbe preseut season begins under peculiar circumstances, and It may turn out even more disastrous than that of 1?S57, when people Trent to bails in calico, and devoted the money usually expended for din ner*parti<* to tbe aid of the W ?rd Uellef Associ ations ar.d the maintenance of the soap houses. Just now, however, there are no signs of dis tress either In the upper or_ lower circles of metropolitan society. Japonicudom never was in fuller bloom, crinoline was never more ex tensiveiy expanded. We hear that the Sooth will secede; that the banks in the interior hare suspended; that revolution, civil war and bard times are Impending ; bnt in spite of all that we are all of us very merry over the prosperity of to-day, and take no thought for the morrow. This easy, careless, take tbings as they are feeling is eminently characteristic of our oity, and perhaps It is on tbe whole as well as if we joined the noble army of oroaken, and aflejted penitence for the sins of other people. Whatever the philosophy of the nutter ?ay be, there is no doubt about the facts in the oaee. New York has set its heart upon a gay wlater, and among its specialities the Opera stands first and foremost. Tbe little Napoleon of Irving plaoe has arisen after tbe manner of a giant refreshed with new wine. LlkeUold mith's schoolmaster, he is often overthrown, but never conquered. He rises superior to fate, and when his destinies seem altogether adverse, be throws himself confidently upon tbe public, astonishes them with a bulletin 0 <t/mr <'< f?N, and awaits the issue with tbe easy assi ranee which is the especial preroga tive of genius. At the present moment I 11 man is like tbe Little Corpora! when be returned from Fib a - he !? entirely stone. All hi* genera's and mar shals have left him to work out his own salva tiro. Wlirlher cr net be wilt be equal to the emergency remains to be seen. Tbe public irnst Judge as to that T< this great audience ibe untetrHk-d director of the Academy appeals this evening, when be begin* bis m<?t Import at! larpnlpn with sn opera which we are as suied will not only be finely sung, bnt wbicb will fee ? mounted." as tbe stajre phrve goes, in tbe met magnificent nunn?r. ft Is very important that tbe Italian opera the must mined ef public entertainments should receive the support of the New Yotk public: and we believe that this 1 blic < wee iim?U>log to Mr. Ullmaa, who ta.? ceitalnly il ne his btst for them. Hi* management may not have been altogether fauHtsse. but it Is certainly the most liberal and enterprising we bar* hid. We have no doubt lhat the public will give kits a f*lr beariKg, and be mint stand or f*U according to the result of bis works. The performance of to nigbt met in Ibe particular attention, not only of mtisical amateurs and connoisseurs, bnt of the general public interested is maintain v tbe artistic reputation of the m-'ropolls Thk Aavv im> rnv. Navv. ? A aro^ de*l has been said of late about the the body o' officers who command the Army and Navy Is constituted, with reference to tbe North ail 80 j 1 uir.chspe: tatlen hv been rife %' ; Ic lh? co'.n* Hum |etil -men would pnrwi* In j sasoot %Stw*X 'He two *e:tl >o? >' 'h cenrtry. ?- ?f?- *d *' Hn,k- *#rv ;j*. ?g men ?U?v# Mftrhlnf an I iUr# keep- ig :? ? tutiooa bad declared for the abolition of both, a hen be m apeaklng out in the Weat, where tie Navy La particularly unpopular. The impieaaioa aeem* prevalent that the ma jority of the officers in both branchea of tin eervioe come from the South, and have Southern prejudices; but we hare token the tiouble te consult the Army and Nary registeri, from which we have compiled the following table* ? UMTi Skn&i. North, (itinera;.*. 2 2 OloncU 14 M Lieutenant Cclenels 11 U Major* ? 61 5? Oaptaina 161 189 lututeoaau 238 293 Tctal #. 467 #T# KAVT. 3putfi. ff'/rth (aptsuu... 34 tt Command en 62 52 1 leutctuuits irt 19# burgeons "? 44 Assistant Burgeons 44 36 Paymasters 3* 34 Chaplains . 7 II Masters 15 2? Midshipmen 14 3Y Actio# midshipmen 60 17M Ik.dtswuina 14 27 (.'baaera 20 % Total .. 460 7 U liere. then, it will be seen, is a majority ia favor of the North in both aervicaa ? a majority of 11- in the Army, and of 25S In the Nary. Tut Griunoxs oi Wall Strket? Stoow U v.? Wall street ia certainly on incomprehea sible Institution, and aometimea Indulgea is the most ccrioua gj rations, which would puzzle aa acrobat to define. Immediately after the eleo tloo. when things began first to look equally ia the South, stocks tumbled down then at a fear lul rate? ten, fifteen and twenty per cent in a month? but now. when affaira at the South, ?e far from meudiog. are. according to all iadioa tions getting worse, troubles thickening ini revolution progressing, all at once stocks go up again at a marvellous rat", just because the new combination of the bank* has thrown a little more mcney into th#atre*t. At the last board on Saturday Panama #eut up fourteen per cent on the prices obtained at the beginning of the week, and Pacific Mull jumped up tine pec cent on the pricea of the day previous. The following table will ehow the variations in the rate of stocks since October 10? a month be fore the election? up to Saturday last Steels. Oct. 10. 2Te*. IT. Nov. 34 Missouris. 87| 6!' 7?i Tenneswes P0; 75 81 Virginias 80 81 New York Central ?*4 70 ? Panama 124 10. ? 1M Erie 38< 26 32 Beading 47 33 37 IJudson River 6.1' 4H 484 Galena 75 < 68 67 Toledo 46 2f. 3 0| Illinois Central 67 63 Michigan Central 6d 48 66 Micbi&outb. guaraat'd. 47J 39 Pacific Mail 67 74 06 Thia ahowa how curiona the operations of Wall street are, and bow little they are go verned by the ordinary rales of common aeaaa. Wall street ia, In fact, a grand faro bank. u4 fancy stock? are the t takes. IHTBRlSriBO f ROM CHICAGO. Tha I'ruUtBI ksd V|c? I'raaldent KI?M ?t Vkanh-Thilr Uiptrtari from G'fcl cam*. At., At. CBiano, Nor V>, 19M. Mr I iarola iearie here tor Sprlaffleld in the morning Mr. Htm. la Uirei Ibr the F**l ibl? crerlng eaeom pea tod by Senator W lkiieon, of MlinetoU Tbe rur mar wlU tarry with Ue&a'cr (Xan llcr, at Detroit, tomorrow, tad rcAcii on Tu.sday u. urn lug, oo a flail lo Senator Wade. Meat of I Bo time of Mr Lincoln baa been atr-irbad bar* by four or Ore men, who claim to owa blot, and bar* greatly aoaayed both Mr. 1 '-.cola aad Mr Haaalla perekiacl tarnation* to dlaner Robert Seheack and Dlou Tlatt, or Ohio, aad fl? rat Robtnaoa, ol Pitta barf, Pa , hare performed the part of aulte lo Ma Praaldeat elect Praaatceal gentlemen hare been hrre lo aea Mr. I4a - cola aad Mr Hamlin on Important tu.aloeee coaoeraiag pubUc ailalra, aad left without acoompilahlag their ah ject. Boaee would aat daa?a attendance, aad othera www dtaguatea with certain turrouadiaga through whieh ttaep would hare to paaa before reaching Mr Lincoln To Jay Mr L:nor.c ai. i Mr Bam . attaadad them ,'amee F.p-eoopal cburch, with laaac K (trnolJ, Maaabar of Ooagreaa elect, aad arurwarda dlaod with J. I. Scant Ma, BMaiber elect lo the State I -egla latere. II la ooaatdarad ee tiled that lllltioli wlU not hare a debtee! offioar, aad thi* pieaao the raak aad U?, who woald olharwlaa ha encrthced. KIWI KM IB liTMKViL CAPITAL. fha KaelgaaUea af ltegar I. laaay. Chief Jaitlee af the laprama Cean II la Mmcaaaaar. ?c. WAtmmrrm, Nor It. 1M0 The rea tgaatioa of Judge Taney create! little au rpr-ae artatk Home qr.eatioa Judge l?4'i eorBrmaliee, I f eaad la by the Prealdea , oa aoaoaal of the etpeclcd abaaaae ofBoathera Seaatora l*wgia?, 't leeuppnac* arltloppoae h'ai Varione camaa hare been auggooteJ for Jjdg* Black a ?eeoeaaor, aaioaf them litilett, Solicitor of the Court of Clatme John it. Old* HMrict Attararp ; Mam M. Ptaatoa, lawyer, ?' Waah;ngv>n. Aaot'.er po at againtt J.dgt Black la tha Tact thai Peaut/ltaa a baa at ready a Judge an the Suproaae Booce tteacr Fiorea, Karuy tram fccuador, ??? if Meaara' rent, rreatdeat of thai republic, a highly calt.vaua gcat'aoian, uaa arrived hero, and will preaoal a e ere<ea tiaij aad be rccaWed l?y the Preeldatt trnaormw. Tha Trwnblea In BCanaae. Pi Lot m, *??. JR. . -W Tha brigade ft EHtoorl trolnafcxra, cadar tar onm ?aad eg itrtgadlcr Cetera! > Mat, m-.urtl Lat> a rraa bp order of t.orc rnor Mcwart. for the pr-lect ? mi < f the weetera frontier, left oa ac extra Ira. a on Uie I'M' he>*d at twaire o'clock lo day. Tba brigade a- taharad about TOO, embracing eight ciorapa..* of infant// aad eagtac ? oorpa, aaa ? mpaay of caealry bj.j throe pluai of artillery, fully armed aad <>?iippit tor aae anata e campaign ? Ma. or Bel . of the raited Plate* tnata, f?uai'*ad a > fuB aapf ^yof thol aa<! caalrVr ftr the battery, 4*oa? pautd* m M'ilIc balla aad iiztp raaada tor eeoh a.' tha OoU'a rtrtiirera hat three or fear tboeaaed peepte aaotmbied M l*e depot 10 aea tha aipadltiea ?a, aad moah laueeat aathta aam w:.e man Heated ARRIVAL 07 TUI FOII I"BT KB*B*r- , S ,? U, m? The pony a apnea, fr?m Saa tnmu *>> Mth lalaail , peaaed aara about Ib.r o a'i?k th e a 'leraoee p?Me ? lag the aaew aad bad waathrr la the a> alalia, thai ia ?ah:ag good time. By thlt arrl a. we baaa l>wl la aawa, aa faUowa ? iuji i turn no, no* m, um Arrl red litu, Bru j?a *hip Charlea, fraaa Newcag ua. togtaad; whaJ ship leaaatu, "chatek <u llta, ahtp i Ladoga, huton; wbala ihlp iaba How land ArrUa ? ?eaa barv Taakee, Hoaoir. ; ji?h. tie* er ' at?e? A?e, Paaam* Md 1Mb, ah p Balrliara. torh, uaaatp Coagraai, crut ? 1Mb. whaia ahlp Jeoaatu, a/a 1 ee Trade with i aacovatry -a taaa actlta thaa * rtag tht precedlag wee't. O^aaMeraMe ram haa fclntf , ?> .t a >t avfflateat to latarf'^a 'wrV aaly with the traa# -onat r? *f goodi thnath t the aWrlor. Tha ?>Teal?i 'aa> bae*i up. I ,-itd. art s< r ( ho Itbrtailf WHbla the v*f ( <</1t I M ? u? *.i*vi?h 'a* pr i< t; ie#% t a?t tM *t (n |im t'nti# a i ?,)V. i .* '-r m lea' c" *tr ? ,, raar*i' .?c at,^ rawrtau- ?? >'f ./ ]?a i a*. i it '* "? ? ' **? ?V .< a>d M %awi? Ve t %.f J I I. # VM a %: t *' "?'a.- ??4' ??. ?? ?# /