Newspaper of The New York Herald, 30 Kasım 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 30 Kasım 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. j A Ah.* OO.it DON BKHNKTT, fclllTUK AW" PROPKIKCO*. 0 -rma *? w. ?k>i?kkb or rviron and HaJ? iac sts. \xmt. S wA ?<. a/ltno*. notion ?'?rf ? r<?i o"*' *" <*? *"? " I "??A *'!? tMtreiU in ii\ i? ' taJtPM* T/7f llAI' t i ' (t ?f? n?r roy*, VI p*i ,tv? m, Xltr f ill! i * tiiltlmt W'iwmlay II four rrv'. r>? ///? ?/ >i .4 ' f. ?<???* .*i(ur<ta < uf Wx <?->. m K-liHon ?? W' u v < ?'* foonyiwc ?/ ?; . !? / rM'frt , ?i *n( b.Mk t<f in ?*. (* t i-* t*t '?? 1 1 'b in-l il?( of i-'i /. - s ,u ?i i ?????( .VI '?'? .'A 'Jt (?>n .> -i it,),,', riu-U ? rf - V <??r(*r </ llfin.rli / ?. ? ., ,H ft, ? I, , . ??r- Uli Kuimiux i .1 ?:?.? 4 .*? ? - 1 T??l fO Hfcil 1U LtJIT .?*??*!? ?u. . .?i atrrmpomit.tM. Wt ?k.tvn r - f, ,o cy J ?*??? i*i?, ? ...?? ?n ? I '? V'KK'T M*k.'i?, Kjkilt Uauu.0. omifc.fA* <,, ?' >. ? >-. ?/? <?. tik>K*i*. JOli Tr?4'j.i ?cJ>?i)mMr (m*Ma Viilniat II 1 am - mknts ntih iriHilu. A'.'aMKVV of MC810, FiwteorJA ?vrooL ? llAlUn Opera? '. SM ' * * MS. NiBura *a hamut. WIKTIK waRI>SK, ai-.?i?ur.? KitJAUlJ. IWiWva. v HATHA Bcvrnrf.-SJ'AUIIIO ft Boots's :n* Tn. ..jm WALLAUl* TIHATKB, ?r<*1w*y.? rnTI*G WITH Vim. I. a I K a iErS B'S TftKATEX. Ha. KM Broad *AT. Prr** BOWIRT, B<<a cr; . - Won * in Whit?? Fop.tt 11114 (IaKKI'M'H aMKRIOAN *C?*U*. Bru?.iw?y.-I>?y d ?t C'ru? Ko?* ?rTKi Cuuntl-ldruM l-Vtt liM. Ac na*A*T*' P.xu, ifl UrottLrrkf. Ockntw* ?v)?a? liimu Ac - l?ir> ur. HOOIJrr A "AKFBMXH UlUTT **LM, Ifl'.Wl n, tTUK'i'im vjmJ. Uadcu, Hvuiuttuw, Ac ? AlUCtigi Baakcmo OANTUatAt MUMIO HALL. Brocd w?f .? So.'G* Damb. BsAcaiacu Ac ? ?? Vark FiliUf, WoTtwbfr U(l, g?ii H MNi rnc phifiii, ?tW Tsrk >1 rwfa? OAltftoral* CdltloB. The ml ?teamotiip Arttt, t)?jn Wil?on, wilJ leare UiK p>rl M)-morro? ?i hood, for AAp'nwxll. The id tila for Otnroram kp< otbar part* of Ute firlBft wilt elof ?t tan oytop? tn ? mwc'nf. The <tw Taut *IKLI Hibald ? OAllfornl* edition? BOD'Aioing Ut* UMtt lLU>li!|eoo<> fhim *11 p?ru of tbr ? ft, KlU? a lAT(? qBAAi.ly of lc*?l Ml HlMaUAMOiu to. , t, will tie pnfctlkbed At nloe o'clock In the morning, f Rl* cop Ms la ?rApper?, r?Uj for m?Utn|. ?tx oenu. Ac i.u ?U1 pleM* tend la tholr orders M ?u-ly ?i po? Tn? N*w?i Th? m*Bs by Uie Arabia, wlxich arrlred at Boa ton ?*rly y wterday rooming reached this city over the Luke Bhorr r<??tl Mt la^t er?ilng, pa'tlng n* in puaacwioa of our Kurt^ean flics to tLe lTtli la etMt Ihearrirtlof the Prince of Wales In Englnad ?u the occawob of grctt rcjoiciog aiuoug uli tla??e?. We ebowherr puhlJah a fhll tcccmnt of hk reception by the authorities of I'lymoath am] Deromhir*. In oooimintiug upon his arrival the English press are generally very compUuicntary la their Rlbimoti* to tbe .?mtrtcans. The I^mflon JCcirf, In an editorial on tl>e lflth, ??y*: ? *M!c ha-< b? t n a nation of soldiers without au army? eiril order wfthont a policc wealth, luxury and C ulture * iliMMil A OOUtt or M wlatMrcrJ. Jle <J l?> uuagU- wiJi Ut? busy wjhJ of men withcut the iuierveattun of ckamberiaixis and < tur.en>. he liu- fouinl retpect without oeremony an.l b?uor aaulatlon." The Pqtt, in. an in tirle open t!.e Mitie nol-Jert, goes <mt of its way to in tulfre in a ttiop at the people of Richmond. We publish both ardclcs tine irhere. In anotlcr cohinri wfl! he fonnd two brief but important fpeet he*, relation to the foreign policy of Engluud, delivered by LorJ< pAluierstoa and Jubn Mu-wrll, at th l^ndon s.iltiere Company din ner, given in London on the 14th. Tlic itr*ji.*hip ijuAk.r City, Capt. Schufeldt, ar- , rivej^as* night from New Orleans and Havana, with dates from the Utter to the )6th inat. Bheex* periea< td very he*. y and boisterous weathar on her pi*ssge to thl? port. Hoslness in Havana was mu.h prostrated by the news from the States. Health of tly? city guwd. Filea of ltennnda papers to the l-ith Imit. have come to hand. There in no news of any interest. Violent northeasterly and easterly winds had pre vailed during the first week of the j^lsent month, accompanied by unnsnal fAlte of rata; but fine weather returned, anfl at latest dates the Bermu dians were enjoying the tuoat delightful weather. Our eorretipondent at Anguilla, W. 1., writing on the Xd inst, mjr -TIo bark A. A. Drebert, .Captain Hewitt, salle to-day for Philadelphia with salt Md 121.000 in spec!*. This island is but sel dom mentioned In American newspaper*. It* pro ducts. tic. ? gar, cotton and tobacco, are of a su perior quality, and Ka^land is the mart of m!i?. The la .t crop shipped to Loodoa and Liverpool consisted of 1J.OOO hh la. su^ar, 1,770 hhds. tobso c o abd 14,000 imlr* cotton. Large tracts of wood land are beiflg cleared, also over 100,000 aares of hes hland. banked and secured against tide water, all of which will be under twic*eiwftil cultivation t>e at jf ar. The weather la of a mixed natare, wet sod warm, wW'l: Is heslthy and favorable for the growing crops which promise more than an average yield. O t advice* from Waah?ngt<>n and Charleston still indicate the prevalence of the >eceMlon feeling at the The Cabiaet held a meeting yesterday. It U rumored that the Boutl oro members were aver?e to Mr. Bu t.Anan dievussin^ the qucation of s *ssi?n la th* HesMj". t' > y deeming It advisable to r alt until a Ijfir J dfc'traUou had been made by the i" -fling Btates, w'.en tic subject could be trcs'ed in a s^eetal aisassee. The Ree. Henry Ward Beet her and t>t. 1t*] ?-stl dellrtred dttcounes on thia in portant topic ye??*rday. 1U porta of i both are given alaswhere. A car on the Bea??r Meadow Rallrotd train *il r>r*oiHt*t*d into th? r1*et yettar dat ai^rniAfC. Four of 111 |-M*n|ter? and tiie con di; tor of Use train ware Unearned. The car coa talneg twenty eight per?o?a. The accident vm i tuaed by tbe br< akia* o I a rail, and occurred near Bear Creek Hani, where the water In abtnrt fifteen feet da* p. The reaoned poaaeo?era vara aared by t<r?i\ktBK through the top r>f the car before R sunk. Several of tbe member* of the Chlrlqut eoaaato elon reacted W?,hington yoeterday. Their atato cneota confirm the report* of tbe entire aoeoaee of (he expedition . and of tbe great benefit* that will inaore to conoerce aod civilization by their as gyration*. Coal of t>* be*t quartty fur airaaaara, and an lnexhanatlble wjTfy hae been <Jl?corered. The barbora are repre?*ated a* eaej of aoeeaa, and of great deptl. of wat?r. Tb< practicability cf a railroad route la ?ouftr?ed. Henk?glrtog wae oh*?r?eri through. ?* tlte eHr jrtlerday by a general ce^Mt.ua of b .iiat^. Tbe weather wae de%htfto?. and U?? p^ori^a! t^T>rr>nr** j Jaree were crowded with pe^trieos wttidiflff their I Way to chnrcL or aceaaa of /eattve amavment. 1 h or tibt> pre*nt the Be?rJ?le.i dirorcc < a* * at I an end. The Jury ye?terdiy reudf r U a ?crli< '? w* *>, lr t> ?nit of fa< ? aan.tr cnrilt- r.<rai? ? I fOJ, a^J, c;f *uk la it. ? I t-ime position, legally speaking, that they vrttt ! the trial, with the disadvantage of the mutual exposure. Th? P?rt*-lU Trl tMtli MUl lu PrnpMU. As a liberal embodiment ot the principles, purp?*? and expectation ? of tne republican party we publish this morning the congratu latory address *'to the repubioms of Oftio," Irons 'heir Central Exe?utive Committee, on the cigDfti iriiionph of the party In the late Presi dential election. In r*gar?t to tbe great Issues which underlie the present fearful dituaion excl'ement 'u the St.u'h there is nothing very definite In thU ad dress. The committee toll us that " the plat ftrm and candidates of the pa.ty have beeu nppreved and adopted by the popu -r vote of the American people," and that " we n ay now look confidently forward to t real!? tion of there hopes In which the republican orgaalz* tion was founded." But whit la tbW platform, *Ld what are tho?e hopes? Tha republican pUtform of 1856 deolared that " it Is both the 1 right and duty of Congress to prohibit In the Territories those twin relioe of b*rbarinn, polygamy and slavery." The republican plat form of I SCO declares that " we deny the autho rity of Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of any individual*, to give legal existence to slavery in any Territory of the United States." According, tb> n, to the republican platform, the South, nndei all circumstances, la exclud ed from the Territoriee of the Union. Wnat :ext are the "hopes" of the party In connection with this platform* They denounce slavery as *a twin relic of barbarism" with polygamy A party entertaining this view of the peculiar institution of tbe South will do everything in ua power, to far as It may be expedient, to abolish this "relic of baibirism." Nor have tbe "hopes" of the republicans on this sub ject been expree3ed to mean aajthing else They have declared that thia Union cauuoi en dure, "half slave and half free:" that 'the States must all become either free or slave I States," and as to what they will become the ' enthusiastic "hopes" of Mr. Seward from Mr I, ncoln's anticipated election have sufficiently indicated. In one little sentence Mr. Seward i?u3 told the whole story, viz : "the election of Liucolu will be the downfall of slavery." But how? By a revolutionary suppression of slavery? Oh, no. Mr. Seward tells us that the work is to be done in a quiet, constitutional way, comprehending a due regard to the reserved rights of the several States From his speeches -from Mr. Lincoln's speech es -and from the speeches of a regiment of republican leaders, orators and organs, tbeee constitutional processes for the abolition of this "twin relic of barbarism"? slavery ? will do. First, there are to be to more slave Territories; secondly, as a natural conscience, there will be no more slave States. Under this system of action, in the course of a few years the free States In the Union will stand as two to cm against tbe slave States; and what then? Then we are to have a reconstruction of the Supreme Court "on the side of freedom,'- the universal enforcement of the "freedom of speech and of the prees," including the exer cise of these rights, under federal protection, by abolition emissaries and newspapers la the Mave States. In thia way, and Including the prepare of Northrm free labor Into the bor der slave States, the ?oaseauent i ibt-jr slaves further Seoth, and tbe consequent duogeie to the whites of "the cotton States," trutn these overwhelming additions to their slave population, Is it not to be Inferred that tie cotton States the ma elves, peaceably or forcibly, lor fear of Insurrections or under the bloody terrorisms of servile uprisings, will m-tt be compelled to adopt the policy ot emaneipation It Is to these facta and abolition "hopes," foi ('shadowing*, promisee sod probable conse quences of republican principles that the oountry Is Indebted foe this terrible disunion agitation In the South resulting from Mr. Lin coln's election. And the tremendous Northern popular majorities by which he has been elected have enlarged and intensified tbeee Southern apprehensions to tbe full extent which we havs indicated. And yet this Ohio RepublWhn Executive Gen tral Committee argues that there Is no daarr to the Union; that a better understand tng than that which now exists will soon re etore peace and harmony; that Mr. Lincoln's opinions and purposes have been freely ex pressed, and that -there is no suspicion that he will depart from them, or Introduce any new theory dangerous to any portion of tbe 'f What art we to think of tilt" Do these Ohio 1 rcp-ibllcaoa really suppose that thla tort of r prt. ial pleading will meet the necessities of the caut* Mr. I.lnooln's intentions maj be good, but way doea be remain silent at thla crista? If It ia hla purpose to oonoiliate and aot to eubja gate the Sooth, why ahould he ataad back 1 upon hla dignity! Ia a apeech delivered , In Kansas a year ago ha very broadly Intimated that the parties deliberately ' attempting to break op thh Union ' in consequence of the election o! a republican I President in i860, ahould that event take place, would deserve and meet with the fate of John Brown, b this to be the policy of Mr. Lincoln after his Inauguration as President, against the responaible secessionists of 8onth Carolina, for j Instance, should he And, on the 4th of March, that they will have set ap an independent go vernment for that Commonwealth. Or|will ha rather invite these to return to the Ccion, and give than a reasonable Una for re flection. and aoma aatiafajtory promfcee to the whole Sonth of security within the Union for the future! t With the "platform" and the "hopes" and . purposes of the republican party, aa they have t stood for the laat four years, and as they now j tand before the country, this Union cannot be i maintaiaad. This rswhtlsssry aoti-elav<ery > orgeniaeHon must Ml bank at this Uniea will ? Ml to pieces. In any event, the eleotion of 1 Mr Maeoln, which ts the flr?t, will be the last | gentra! victory of the republieaaa as aa anti slavery party. To pcsaene the Usdea and 1 their pour they must take a new shape; If they hold on to thair ' irrepressible conflict" this party w01 be deetrojvd, for with the deetrnc ttoa cf the UaiM there will be a revolution ?Mot will laeolv nil oar eclating parties In (tl'utlona, political, comastcisl. reU*iot? and sooial, In tke ganeral ohaos of dissolution. We nant the thaMfore Oct It onma ap to the demtxl* of this ert?N. i ard we srant to bear from their elected chief | a? rr.MMre r>f th# wivs ruear* whr'^'tT *i" her e?" to ttw!tta!a tte I'Lkn. ?ft* Pop* tend UU World >y ? ft* Oa?kt w Da. The impending storm which thmtom to sweep awav the temporal power of the Pope luads us to glanoe towards the Pontifical throne, and attempt a solution of the qu*etiou whether the tenure of bit* splritnal office U wholly Inde pendent of revenue or dominion. If we a- low ourselves to be guided by the circulars and allocutions emanating from the Vatican we oannot but feel confident reliance on the metaphorical stability of St Peter'a chair, however much it may appear endangered by externa1 af itailons. If, nn the other haud. we allow public opinion in Europe to influence us, we must conclude that the loss of his tem poral sovereignty will have the effect of materi ally changin < bis relation to bli> spiritual sub jects. His mistortunee may in part quicken their devotion but that will be but poor com petition for the low of his ancient patrimony. As sovereign of the Roman States, he and hi* predecessors b?ve for centuries exacted ec oleeiHstical obedience from many millions of the Christian world; and the question now is. will his supremacy be equally effective wfcen, in oeasLig to be a prince, he of necessity becomes a subject! Rome is not yet lost to bim, but when it is he will And himself In the embwo*eing position of a pretender, while be set by the restraints of one amenable to do minion. Ho will of course sustain his claim ot sovereignty, in defiance of facts and traades, by ecclesiastical ficUoo ; bnt the contrast be tweon that and the realty will be very melan c -oly. The R?man Church will flourish not w * 1 -tandit g, for its elas*. :iiy in adapting it >w t to ctrcumatanoes is the sscret of its having ?urv red to many revolutions. But the admi nistration of the church is Indepeudent of the p en' machinery and appendage* of the Re man Co-iTt When the temporalities of the Pope expire a com* ponding cbauge wilt take place with the oardloals, who will become mere titular (l<irtiltnrifs, and the Monslfraors. wbo?e a^si/tiaUe futicti .ns and maintenance will b? C0D?lgiied to uihiiity. Even the title of Einl nence will die out; for It was owing to the theoretical participation of the Car rtintls iu the temporal sovereignty ot the Roman States that their high rank was preserved. The magnificence of the Roman ceremonies has exercised a potent iuflu euce upon the imaginations of the Catholic people; and although in exile. Pio Nono may be equally entitled to the veneration of his prelates, be cannot take St. Peter's to the E?cu rial, or St. John Lateran to Munich. It is un fortunate that of all nations professing Catho licism the Italians respect the Pope the leaot, and that the government of the Holy See has been the worst, not only in the peninsula, but In all Europe. It maj be that France or Austria may maintain the temporal position of the sovereign Pontiff: but in that case it is highly probable that the free Italians of the new monarchy will avoid the consequent usuroa tion by plunging into a religious schism. That the Papacy will endure we feel convinced; but in order to secure its prosperity. Plo Nono or bis next successor bad better consent, on condl tion of retaining his titular rank and resldenoe, to become In practioe the first subject of the new Italian kingdom. Thus the desoent from tem parol sovereignty would be smoothed, and peaoe and barmooy would take the place ot hrMtlle prnt?<ta unit inmli m(>uniti>rai4iidln? Both to Victor Emanuel and the supreme Pon tificate this arrangement would be advan tageous and we hope yet to hear of its con summation. Thi Aunwtixw CusrtsT.?la another p?rt of lo-rtay'a issue will be found a aketsh of tbe struggle that Is now going on in several of the districts for sea's in the Board of Aldermen, from which the public will see that the politi cal cliques, of every name and nature, are mov ing Heaven and earth to secure the anticipated prizes at the City Hall whioh will come under their fingers when they secure a seat for their representative men in the Aldermanic Board. This squabble for control in our municipal Senate has become a matter of bust new with a Urge class of the barroom philosopher*, who manage thus to either obtain enough out of the candidates to keep them In gin, and so forth, from one election to another, or else to elect one of their mea, and thereby keep up a regu lar supply from day to day, with an occasional deb placer to work at They have, by their activity aad making politics their busioeas. managed to oostroi tbe machinery of all the parties in several warde, and have thus prevent ed honest and worthy men from beiag nomi nated for the offices to bs filled. They have ttirarted the wishes of the people in a ma. ori ty of tbe districts, sad are marching with fly ing colors, confident of success, and in many instances even defying the public to defeat them If they can. There b bo choioe as to parties. Ths republicans, who are constant ly boasting that they are more Intelligent aad honest than their Opponents, have presented some of ths most illiterate philosophers, with tbe wont record of any on tb? Hat Tammany has marched in her old beataa track, succeed ing. however, in a few instance, in patting down the whiskey braves and taking np men who had been presented by taxpayers. Mocart, in many districts, is la a gaasral elate of com motion aad split np iato factions; whilst ths Union party controlling a mere haadfol of votes, are alio quarrelling over who "bail be set up and knooksd down. With this general noise and tumult, la whioh ths ruffians, blaohguards and sUUmms are echoing the cry of regular party nominations, the only thing left tor the public to do fr to fe pudlsto all party ties, aad select from tbe can didates. Irrespective of party, those whose an tecedents are sooss guarantee thai they will have a little regard for pablic opinion and com moo honesty whilst acting in an official ctpa city There are a flaw mm nominated arhoai we believe to be koaast, aad wbo will discharge their duty with reference to tba wants of thslr ooastitnsots, If elected. We trust (hat ths la telltgrnt and order loving dtlrens of tbd severs" districts will be found supporting than, wtuiotu regard to ths party that plaoed them in nomloa tton, aad win so discbarge their doty on Tuns day next that an entering wsdge cm f>e so Hired la lbs Aldermanic Board toward nb tainlng an honest municipal 8soato. It it tree that ths "Ring - at tbafLtty Hsll was bmtow. sod ths tricksters that have bees f?**mlnr 1 there at the public expense drlr<?* to other localities to oarry sn their s.*' tnc ?w* p!t;n<!?T leg crusades. The claim of hiunaaf'y up * ??ery Toler to io ait Ail j.iQ tw boiitat and upright nG tal* U i .r ?.i? /ior t? tbik' ?f itoy p?rt\ Let. |iwti lL<i' rf f "*t #?? * ? ?r oe?e? t -? Hrt * i Aide. bumJv ?iragg<4. ' " Thx Old 8tumsr A3i>utxoni3M d. the CikDts " ? The Journal of Comvierc4,ln Wednes day '? l*u?>, bm- tb? following TM Colon ???*! toe BMb to bt Uiran ?? *7 If It If ot? i.o? 0.. al It la Iiwm Ih Nurlb tot made It otaer ? i? m? f ?o "Irrnpraaaloto cmuiitt" between -ha Nortb and e ttoutb, 00 too contrary, I bey vera ?n*la r?. ivbn'i.f One action muaTKUiroa or prndar** ?Ul tfle 'it er ?uiii, ?nu t-ioe i^ta Tttoy Jirad Dap.ittf 00 1 p'o-i? ouaij ok bar Mil t&a old aarpeoi a?'>>o loaum if aded h | > ?!????, and If bit baad worn aroelied IN- j- wo 1 !? It* it $p our If aad happily together atlll. W# <haok tb?e, Jgw, for teaching us tb-tt *01 d. Never bast thou spokes so muc h truth ui eo email ? oompaae before It is ft pity >tiu did not tbluk of this lo time? think of it hetore you originated the abolition ormade tnthlsBtae some twenty Are years ago. At ilia' time the Journal of Commerce was esUb li?b*d as the first anti slavery organ in N?w Yoik, under the ausploee of the Tappao' and cber leaning abolitionists. .As fir as this State is concerned, therefore, the Jmmuil of Cora mere* is "the old serpent" which stealthily en tered the Eden of the Union, aad introduced political dea'h and all the woes that must en out should the secession and disunion more tM-nt be oon>uir sorted, which our Wu reer cot temporary prooouaoes to b? "? fixed fact" According to the Jou* rail's own showing, therefore, the onioo between North and South was undisturbed, and tftey lived happily and prosperously together, til) that ortgtBal organ of abolitionism in New York, like its prototype tu the Garden of Eden, invaded the sacred en closure, hedged by the constitution, and from 'bat day to this the country has known neither i>?-uoe nor happiness. except at lucid Interval* ml now the whole Union labors in the throes o> revolution; and, according to the authority ot 1 be old terpent," all this is but "the beginning ot sorrows." Tbrre is ose liiicg in whiob we do not agree * itb tie old sinner; and it is characteristic of -?he father ot 1 9" to mix up error and f*Ue nood wltb tnita. The Journal says: ? "If the -erpetit's head were cru>hed the North and -vtinh would live prosperously and happily fo cetter still.'' No such effect would follow. It is tar easier to destroy than to create, to pull down than to build up. If the Journal of Com r ere* afcd all its abolition brood of journals were extinguished a' one fell stroke it wo<i'd not leurdy the mischief that Is done. Any nin* com pot p cau burn down a glorious edifice, like the tool who set fire to the temple of Diana at Gpheeus; but to reconstruct it In its primitive grandeur Is a different aft tir. To put to death the Incendiary would not restore the mighty titbric which be destroyed. Well m *y the Journal of G.wverc* stand appalled at tht ?otk of its own hands, If "the old serpent" could have any bowels of compaseioa or feei remorse for the ruin of which it Is the author, j Thf Cheyai.ifp. Webb Givts Us a New Sen ratios.? Tbe Cbevalier Webb U out in aa elaborate defence of the milk and water school of journalism. end la excessively shocked by lie fucoese of sereation newspaper*. This is exceedingly inconsistent, for the Cbevalier hw given ns several first class sensations Read the list; ? 1, The great bank sensation very good, but exnesstvely dear. Cost fifty-two thousand and odd dollars. 2. The oelebrated Graves and Cilley sensa tion. Webb astonished aU Washington by rua oing about threatening to cut Cilley Into little t)tta. (Cilley was dead at the time.^ S. The wonderful mahogany stock sensation Think what a fine thing It would be for the pic ture papers: out mtemporary back ing away from Huff Green, after travelling to Washington with the avowed intent of fighting him. 4 The Tom Marshall sansatlan? the trial, conviction, sentence and pardon of Webb by Seward -splendid chacoe for half a down thrill ing articles. 5. The sensation experienced by Webb when the Senate refused to oonfirm him as Minister to Austria, when he had his thing*, cooked hat sword, breeches and top boots atl ready. The anguish of a small boy sent to bed without his supper is mild compared to the feeling* of the Cbevalier on acoount of this cruel blow. 6. The sensation created by the Chevalier in 1 >36, when he declared that, at the first sign of secession in the Sou*h, he wuuld shoulder his musket and march against the dlsunlonlsta. It U understood that the Chevalier is now packing his trunk and will soon be off for Charleston. ) The last sensation wbich we owe the Cheva lier has been caused by his statement that the i South was to be whipped into submission. This tone, assumed by many others of the Chevalier's political stripe, has created quite a " sensation ia the South as may be wen by our letter* and deepatohe*. It also made quite a " sensation* in Wall street (see stock list), and has given a great many mechanics and laborers a " sensa tion." suoh as is caused by hard times and wln I ter coming on. . distinctly, as it appears to us, the Chevalier Webb is the last man to object to sensation journalism when he affords so muoh valuable material for it. The Chevalier himself is a sen sation of the largest dimensions, and the most extraordinary and versatile character. We Hope that his days may be long in the land, for we really don't know what we should do with out him. gvo or 1HK LaomvixT Doctbtkk in F.c at>w.? I?roBT?NT DscLAJtanoK c? Rr-Mtt.? We Guve Wltowwed in the last doren year* more to-yortant changes in the international law and political Ideas of Europe than occurred d ring the whole of the previous century. Toe elec ion of Louis Napoleon to the French throne ?j the pcpnlar vote was the fir*t serk t* breach made la the old legitimist doctrine. Its re maiding bulwarks have been demolished by Ifte annexation vote* in Italy, and the practical HMertlon of the right of la populations to cbooea tbefr own ruler. England, through Lord John Russell, was the fint of the European governments to glv* a diplomatic *aucU>n to ?y* prtnoiple and she has been Allowed by Brnr*', the most progressive aad liberal, Aough outwardly the meet despotic, of any ot them. In a recent circuit* to the Rr.ulau M!ol?ier? at foreign courts explaining the cause of the recall of the Russian Ambassador from Tarle. Prince Gcrtcbekoff protest* against the Idea* attributed to his pawnapnt of wishing to uphold the prfodpt* of legklmaoy at ait bazar*, without regard to the recrement* of the present eg*. To recosoMe these reqnlr e (cents with ancient lights, hf a*j? 11 *oajd ^ *-xp#eleat to awmhte a ooner?ss to ee?ahll*?? a uew basis ot public aud international law. What an advance tipon the ttieorlM tbtt gi t,<r->e?< i?ei|i*era?< nf (Wsree* ? Vietu?a. toe tl^M of NvUu'l^a tad ot tie ' C <> c ft ?u era by the people were at that tim* in the category of iapoeaib li'iM 1 T e principle of legitimacy wu to override all other* is the public lev of Europe. Now that p it o vebegs for A secondary recognition io t ? d? w c d?*. wbich the despotic governments, itutSft the pressure ot their fe mb, aie willing to couodx to public opinion. Tn? time, however, for diplomatic legWa t on hu passed away. The laws of natural | riglx have superseded those of politlc*l con (treeee*. The European population? will profit by the oonoeesions of principle m^de by ihetr rulers, but they will not hold themselves bound by the reservations made by them in their ap plication. Either legitimacy is absolute in lu right* or it la a delusion. In admitting the in correctneee of the former assumption Russia supplies an answer to her own proposition. Henceforth there can be no limitation to the rip hi inherent in the masse* to chooee their own forma of government and ruler*. All the arrangements that congresses and diplomatists ttfe) devise will fall to impair the force of the precedents established by the acta of the Ifa Uan populations. Gkkat Bx cram-NT ABOtr Tboops Gomo to Fokt Moultri*.- ? rumor that federal troops ead left New York for Fort Moultrie, at Charleston, 6. C.. has created intense excite ment in that city, and another that the Custom Be use at Charleston bad been seized by the State troops has also agitated Wall street like an- aspen leaf. If there is any longer a Union 'rntiment at the 8outh it is kept in abeyance, and. with some few exceptions, it is dumb and cowed down before the triumphant spirit of disunion The seoession movement in the South has become epidemic, and the panic in the North is equally so. The slight est rumor creates a ferment in the morbid aud tLii immable public mind at either side of the line which divides the sections. Were the North and 8outh at actual war this mo uj -tit, ?ke popular feeling at the South and the commercial classes and monetary interests ot New York could not be wrought up to a higher pi'ch of excitement The most trifling intelii gence bearing on the question of secession, like a straw on the surface of a stream, or a feather In the air, indicating the direction and force of the current, quickens the pulse and fires the blood, or chilis the heart with forebodings of what is at hand. The most inconsiderable in cident will raise er depress stocks from three to five per cent On V edneeday the rumor that South Carolina troops had taken possession of the Custom House produced the greatest consternation in commercial circles here till the truihwas ascer tained. If mere vague rumor* can cause so great alarm, what would be the effect of the reality t Horn Charleston, same day. we received a telegraphic deepatoh stating that the moat in tense excitement had prevailed there on account of a telegraphic message which had reached the Falmetto City, saying that the Jamea Adger bad left New York with government troops for Fort Moultrie, and requesting us to send an account immediately by telegraph of "the number of troops and all particulars." In reply we telegraphed the following facte, which have set the minds of the people of Charleston at ease upon that point: ? 1 orts Wood, Lafayette. Richmond, Hamll tcn and Schuyler are without garrisons. Fort Columbus, the only remaining fort at the port of New York, has a garrison of but one company of troops, and they are under the command r>f Mai or Johnson. The* have posl tirely received no orders to proceed to the South or elsewhere. Six hundred troops, In three several detachments, have left this port within six weeks for California, Utah and Texas, and one company of artillery for North Carolina. 80 little foundation wm there for the rumor in question, and so little Is it in the power of Mr. Buchanan te send troops to Charleston, even if he were inclined. We trust that such idle rumors as tht? floating about will not In the future be permitted to add fuel to the flame. The truth is bad and fearful enough without misstatements or exag gerations of any kind, and those who give cur rency to falsehood at such a moment as thL? In cur a serious and gtave responsibility. nTEBESTDG FROI WlSIHGTtfl. j WAsaiMTos, Nor 39, 1140. or* uuron- wrr? cam. 0.lrai adrtoss bar* b??a rsooirsd by jorernmeat from OhUe, with dales to October IS Minister Bgler says that the Cb'leaa Onfress woald adjoors on OcUber te, after which be la leaded to ad dreea himself Tlforooely to the prasecutloa aad adjuat ?eat of all paall^ qoestloas with that republic It hM bSM thought Intspedleat by the r>Tarnm?at;'ta tba preseat aspect of aflairs, t? frast Mr. Blf or the leave of abeeaee ha asked for He will, therefore, nun at his post. masa* or wo***. Kmereoa Eihrtdge, of TeaaasMe, arrlred here to day, and has tales quarter! at WlUard'a Mr. Vallaadlgtiaa, of Ohio, also an trad to Say There arc sot ?ore '.has tee member* la he city. The Nary Peparteeent rece.vtd detpatehee fro* rhf Offleer Poede?raa, with dates fro* Vera Craj to No rem ber 21 The political eew* Is ua'mportant The liberals were la inlrt porieeeloc of eaarfala ara. Mr McLaee wes at .talapa The libera* were pre paring to attack the City of Meitco The robbery of the Irtish legatlne, whish was la rharia at Ue time of the Vpaaish MlaMSar, Is sea lra?4. The healtt, of the officers aad rrew of the s.aadroa Is good. The Bt 1 oa is had arrived at Vera Cms Tba Pawnee K na her way how, aad wlU go tats fblladel ph a urr',11 <r m owt! jr. ?t"w> iius. Cctd? Jore Rcfr, L)*?t Mortca, Or fraos aad t.lsai. Jtfler*, e^wpoatsf tha Chlr^iol eorreytng party, arrived here to day The explorative* have bees saost saiUfas tory aad aucceesta; U moodare Keg Is rwprrsrstt the ChtMqet lafooa to be a hafbor of c equalled ncr'mK* Its water* ara deep, Ite ibaraa bold. Its locality health'. !. It If aot oae. bat a eyalMB of maay harbors, wear of which, Booh as Al mnraoty bay, Asabrcsl* bay, Tales T ag**" aad BtewAeida hay, afford amy rsoatsus fcr cas arrctal or aavsl pmpsssa The eatraaoas ass bold aad ?eer, both Me entrances ssd leteriar* belag from elfbt to (oarloea fathom* A liar of haul* ship Is most of thrtc may lay aear the ah ere aad tats la saal or wa*,r which thotr aides eappfj ftcse harbors aa 1 tbs eatue lagoea la its laafth aad b'aaeit, are at eitsrad by the < etiaj ing UlaaS* aad heya atl stsnsa-osiy fsaUa taa<t aod sea brasses are known. Ttc Tndtaa racier sari gate at a?1 t'WSS sad aeesees the WaSrtt of this great system irf barh rs Its ahrree pro duee erw; Woptaal Ira* aai is the ?raat?ct ?bg. -taacesad sT tss most sstraortlaar- alae aad dell r *07 tkigu sane, ocltoa. ? ff?e. ao-i me r 00s or jhooo ?aie aot lira wild aa<t la prrfasma. qc tv.ir* aad ?? O'to, OC tba Pirlfie, art t pmlaA by L.tttt ?h? was charge', vr h their at?rlai WW ? SS sntpssskoc * ) barfc?r sc >b< notlre th ?wa iraali.r th.a Ctiiriqa', ha <Sf?-?a it .. S - nn.. r 41- i' St* fWmM 'M ?%Vr? ipmfl tbtpi <?i OMI M/btMini I* ftt afcoco, wblloa d< railroad Mf eaotrele the ladboro pwt of Mm *?>w mn^iitttmriwMiw n?rti?i? i 'he platao b*|W wr* of Mr pawing beauty, oflvtag Iowa end villa olioe, mwhii ihoUlttea, while tbe oa trance la bckl, dw, strong!/ defined sad adapted bf tattire for pnrpcees of defence. I leu tenant Morton be* had great difflwitlea to oeataad Willi. Ho woo ooot out In tbo rainy oeaoon, ud tkli III tx*n ? eertrc one. The mountain streams were swoUsa to torr en U. The rirers of Uu PUlno hod ove wile wad their banks ood extend* Into the forests, snaking thoai ip[K"*r in oome plaoaa as doup nod lopooaMt ?wamps. Mot deterred by theoe unfavorable clreaa atacoea be went gallantly through, wading frequeattp tor milts w? ft deep to MoerUla w bettor IM bo it on ik were solid. Bo boo fouud end looalad the line of o railroad, wbooo grades and bridging ore for orllbio toe coot of o profitable commercial Investment. Tbo mountain passes were ot 11 Tt deemed onsalted ut iai practicable, bot be oaerfetloally renewed bio labosa, oad hod tbo (root satisfaction to d Hoover o oieft or pooo tn rough tbo monnuma which established tbo oerUiatf of the profeoled lino. In con?idt>r?lion of bio ontlrtaf 0 Aorta, his companions unatilmooaly tamed this illnoovery u Morton's Pass. tad It will baar his name Uereater la honor of bla exertions. Dr Erase examined the entire Atlantic shores of Um Loguoti aL?l the lslaa It wbluh are lis barrier*. On Mm Cboo|atiola the coal Is of the tti.es t quality for ateaa pur pteeo. Its ftame la bright end strong, its hoot lot ?a, and it la free from sulphur, pyrites or ollaker Whoa burted. Tbeoools of Pope's Island and Shepherd Ho* bor ore hard and good, bot do not bar* so well oa tbooo of ObMgoBoU. The oool of Secretary Is Inferior to an/ at the group The Chaogaooia oool oorero an oxtoot, and kS of such thlokness of vein as to show It la lneshaoatlbte. Dr. Evans visited the PaclBr and found oool there, tat oot of ifquallty which con bo uaefel for steam purposes, fur which that or Cbangaaola Is oo eminently adapted. The entire Surrey lag petty bore hod much to ooooao tor, but they hare gone through all. No better evlduaoo ot the healihluiness of the place can bs givea than tbe fast of every member of the party returning to health Het erol o' them suffered revereiy from Intermittent fever, brwybt on by constant exposure to its rata; but IWa disappeared by the uk of quinine. OBbSBVASOO 01 IHASKeOITTWC. Thanksgiving has been generally o'jeerved at the na tloral capital. Sermons were In nearly all caaea devot ed to the salvation of the Union. The Roman CathoUe riergj men were particularly eloquent and impressive oa tbe topic Tnc chief cflloers of the government at ten led thslr several churcheo, and assisted In the oeremontea of of fering thanks to Providence for the blessings that had been voucbtufW us thus far as a free people. otu>a?uktio? cr ilea's rut raajuvoor. There we some whisperings that President Bochoaaa will recommend tbe organization of Pike's Peak Territory undar the rame of El Hart. Tbo late lntolllgeot expmo ol the condition and wants of the people In {that region, published in the Hb&ald, has awakened quite a ltxely la tmst In prom lion t quarters here. Beaatcr 8?oard, Mr. Colfax and others of the H>aae arrived to nij;bt, and the preliminary work of the seaaioa Kill oommei.ee Immediately. Th? Hiwi from tnth MnllMa BCSFWWIOM or ALL THI CHARLB8TON BANCS ? Ml* TANCrr A DKUEUATK TO OHAKlJtjTON ? Til &E4JM0ION TKKLINQ ? OKDNANOI AND AJ4MUMTl?b FOB FOHT MOCLTKIS, BTO. Cbabubwos, Hot. ?, ISM Another meeting of bank director* ?tm held this morning, and all agreed to tuipead Immediately, aot wtths nding > hat aoat of them oaa pay dollar for dollar |B fpeole I. la deeaaed probable bare, from Information reoelrod to day , hat Mr. Yasooy wlU be appolatad by the Ala bama Lefttlatnre (ha Oommlie loner to atlaad the South Oaroilas Oonrenttoa. I 1* sow ceaaldered oertaln hare that the ord Inane* *f aeoeastae will be paaaed either on the lTth or ISih of Oeeaaaber. Mr. Hanomoed haa written a letter to the Georgia sesos ?too meeting, aaylng South Carolina will be oat ef the Union, fetch, dry, and foreror, by Deoember lStfe at tar thaal. Our roprasaalsllias are learlsg tor Waahingtor, W. Porofear Mike go** to-morrow. Ordnance and ammunition bar* lately bean landed from achoonera at Fort Moultrie. Some of the army odl oer* aay that so* Moultrie la almost Impregnable. The ditpoaition of the peopl* la deetdsdly is resist lbs landing of bmk troop* there. r?an?l Kalltoad Aeeldaat-riTt Panel nrawaad. * Match Cum, Pa , Nor. 39, ISM. lb* Bearer Meadow possessor train, leartag her* at quarter past elerea this morning, was thrown from tfea rack near Bear creek dam by the break lag of a rati. Its pas?esg*r ear, coatatnlBg twenty etght paraoas, was precipitated into tbe Lehigh rlrar, a distance of Sf tsaa foot. Poar passagsn aad the ooadoctor were drowned, *i? Mr* rarrow aad sister of Bearer Meadow, aad two Mimas Smith, of Maaefe Chunk. lb* reat war* reocood with extreme disunity by ftfee bands of the train, who mountod the oar aad broke away a portion of the roof before It suak The bod lea or lb* Tlettma were roomed. The car aaak In twenty ftet of water. Tboaa who ea oaped snstalaed oaly alight lajartas. the Veta ol Virginia. Ricbbo er*, Not. M, ISM Got. latebor'e proclamation to day dlrlda* tba elec toral role of Virg.nla as foilowa?Nlae for Bat! and six for BieeilBridg* Be la brought to this onciasion la tfea hoe oT an apparent majority tor Bail by aa Implied as qqicsprBC? la the opinion of tfea Attorney Ventral , a* lutstloni artilug from UtonftaJltlei in the returns. Maraei*. Naw OaLaaa*. Not SS, 1IM Gutiou Arm; aa'es to da y II MO ba'ee at ISe. a K>',e tor middling Starling eaobaog* 1SI >; a 101%. sight (xehaage on New York X a l \ p r cat, I ulaooaat Nor lb. Sot SS 1M0 Oottoo Bale* to 4?; 9 100 bale* at 10c for middling Market dull Sight ricbaoge <n N* * Tork at par, to % per o*at dieoount and dall Kirhnrge on I.ondoa at par a S per oeu: prenit.im tse.haat* on Franca nominal. Political lat?illg?nr|i I .HfOiJl'* CaRiVBT ? Our rtpritg Via corrraposdant let My mentioned toe name of Gldr-jm We it*, of Hartford, aa be ing among the promlaeat ' See mentioned la oonaecMaa ? lib Mr I.lnnoln'* cabinet The Norwich (Conn ) AuJU tin aad tba Harvard four art are of the op'ama tbe! oar eo.-renpondent la right, and that Mr Welles maybe eat down for the Poetmaatar Aen*ral A f orra?r*T> ?b*? l* tub Anm*T, t ?Tbe Syracuse J mm Ml aay* ? T.e ?l of Aratla Mjree In lb* rait Honee of teeembly la t<> *? roeleefd by Rllcnr Clark, hte competitor at tfea altctlo* Mr (n*ra baa taken tba Initiatory etapa la tfea ??ieet and tbe taatlmoar la tba oaee I* balng U*?o ha fore Jedge Wonl worth Both pnrt?* are repieeeetad by able eoci.aal. Rjurno* ? A ? pacta! rieilJt waa beid aa the STth itit. la the Eighth M'dlkeas didrtet, eoapoaad of the trinii of (ie? to* and Brighton, to eboae* a repraaooUtlr* to the MaaeaebnaatU I?f*iatnre, tbarr baring baaa a tie mte *t the geaeral election between Maoere Ueorge K. Alits, rape a l loan, aad Frederick Berdea, oppoeitioa. The aasM caad idatas were lupported, aad the following was the result ? Alfi. ErvU, Aardm, i Newtna STS Brighton M 100 Tots* in at Mnamt. ? re* Rbttkucab ??**? O bb twb ? Tbe Rr pnMMaaMBts dfesMiii will meat at the oeiaran Msaae, any eg AMa ?y, sa fs? ay, neeem?er t, at ?z The Baswiey OlTarte lata. OTTTT cmcrrr oontr. Before the lion. Ja lga Lou. Not. B.-11 Bta* o'olock this morale Jadg* Lett efwaed mart, whan the jary, who had boea look ad up *? sight, entered* nad raaderad * rardlot oa the Sra Mass pat to them Tbe tret two ware merely teahateal , ratsS* to the elty aad county la whleh the partlea te tfea eatt ia SMed. Three war* affirmed by tfea jury. tfe*> fortfeas io*ad. ea tbe otkar teeaoB, that tbe marrlaca alaayad to hare bee* o*lebrat*(t by rather MaJoae, ea toe ft* <* I*. <*?"?, ISM, bad > nan celebrated, bat tbat Mr* Meres ley bad a?i prenirad tba ralabratloa of aaoa mwriage U at the ?arrtage baaleg baaa oooeaeimated, tfre. fetna ?e^ wae rally o? ntul ary . hot thai Alfred BeydMay, tfe* f 'alf.t'tT l* ttie r*r?, ban aim br*a gaUty of the asm* cr.we Tb- jory aa* IBaa dmfeargwt. Tbe oare. rot ?<^??nt.) , eland* )uet aa H wae before tba trial, aad It m *?pv**? th^r* wi b* a a#w trM. H i fulaard V flirt ??? f*?*'?ia. ?v ?t? ?ke? with >*** !??? ?^il? *<Mrr-a??t a e^waieref the r . ?? ? ?- ?? 1 ? trea'.rr* <v? iff., !. ? .- 1 i.yr9

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