Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 10, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 10, 1860 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8859. MORNING EDITION-MONDAY. DECEMBER 10, 1860. PRICE TWO CENTS. OUR VATIOHAL TROUBLES. (?porta nt Proceedings of the South ern Caucus in Washington. Another Anti-Abolition Outbreak ^ in Boston. IMPORTANT XOFEXKRT H NORTH CAROLINA. The Southern States Falling One by One into the Line of Secession. Interesting Opinion of the Attorney General of the United States. VM TWy Say hi Ml Car ?Una el IIm frwMttS fcmic. # The Character of Abolitionism. by the Rev. Mr. Yin Dyke, of Brooklyn,! fcfs, ItCe^ JtCe IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOUTH EKN CAUCUS IN WASHINGTON, i WAHHL\im?(, I)ec. 9, 18fl0. Secretary Cobb has completed bis lettter to the people of Georgia, and it will be made public in a day or two He avows the moet ultra sentiment*, and scouts the idea that any compromise or adjustment can be inado witb the North. lie discusses at great length the issues involved in the straggle between the North and tho .South, and maintains the clear and unquefitionai right of a State to secede. His views are diametrically opposed to Ihotw of the President, so much so, indeed, that the moment they are published he will be compelled to retire from the Cabinet. Ho is in daily ex pectation of intelligence from bis State that he has been 'nominated as a candidate for member of the convention. The moment he receives despatches to that effect he will leave for G'-orgla at once. The great importance of tl>p caucus of Southern Sena tors has Induced me to follow it up. Its action set ties the question so far as the South is concerned. It 'was attended by all the Southern Senators in the city excepting Iverson. Ho was invited, but refused to at tend. Breckinridge was also present. Its deliberations were grave and dignified, and the debates exceedingly able and interesting, but no programme of Congressional action was agreed upon, or Indeed seriously urged. Senators i'roin States where the Legislatures hare been called, or conventions ordered to consider the pre sent p<?ition of federal alburn, held that Jft subject had been Uk> n out of their hands, and were quite unwilling to commit themselves to any course of actiou in Congress. Thoy Said no earthly power could arrest the tide of di.*?olu lion, and that the only question to be considered is ono of reconstruction. With (heiu the proposition of Senmor Powell, to raise a select committee, met with no favor. It is even doubtful If an> ono of ihem would consent to ?erve <*i ssch committee. The right of Hecejsi??n seemed to be almost unanimously conceded iu the caucus , and the doctrine of coerciou as generally repudiated. Indeed, it is not certain that any Senator , except Crittenden, dissented from these views, and even he did n<'( Ihiuk coercion wi-e or practicable ^lt was in tin- regard that tho action of South Carolina considered so potential. She was determined to go out, and wj.->n out the other fourteen slavcholdmx (flutes were committed to maintain her Whethe: r action was wise or unwise, they held it U> right, and they would not stand by and sec war wagud on her for the exercise of that right, though an Impolitic *eP for herself. Thus, it was hei.i, if South Carolina out she must be treated as rightfully out of the Tnion, anil permitted to remain ?ut, else war between the slave-holding and the non-slaveholdlng State Jnust follow. But South Carolina need not go |out alone. One of the most conservative and intelligent meml>ers of tho caucus stated lito-day that the developements had convinced him thai fdlsruptiou to ibe extent of live, if not seven states, he ore the Is. u of v. was inevitable, and that no |tfcing that can be done in Congress will arrest the dic The great eitort now among the Southern men is to get together and to induce all the States to act together, in that they may be able to command such new guarantees for their rights as are necessary in of reconstruction, or to be able to take of themwlTec if it be determined thai the free d slave States most separate forever. This new sr-t important and formal programme hat presented for the consideration of the Southern ?&nators, and was talked over m their caucus Iteina from lamar, the able representative from Missis ippi The Urst oh)"Cl is to get the cotton Stales to port ic Anal act wo SO as to give time to the other South Stabs to cooperute with them. The plan to have all tho Southern States in separate veotions at the same time, and to adopt the present vernnient of ?*? I'nltod Stales at ilr*t. without any ierati<>rs. to provide for the execution of nil lands ana ties, and for the general and peaceable <>i* ration ot ^ the machinery ut the present government, even after verwl States bad eoh-tnnly withdrawn from the I'nion, d in* lie .til the other State# to joiu with He m with the i ti.i i New l.ngland will stay out The tlrst feature in ibe programme is to have all the uihern Mates in separate convention at the same time, <1 have |ut h p-rfect undt r-t.u.'Ung thai lie > should on ..ui,. i . loj.i Hi ?.iw flttMN ft rntim. Second, ihst Mich ordinances, whilst severing in a sol way liie bonds which unite the said States to the ?it?*d suu-s of North America, shall provide that the Dslitutiou .?nd laws of the Vnited States shall run.'nii full force and effect amongst the se< eding state*, aud ni the prt'-ient constitution shall be their t netitu * sihI Compact ? (?t.r.: <!??' 'te law* and tttctssns of curls which .in .w of for e m the republic of the Palled States of V>rth wrica, und-r Hie authority of ths government thereof, ill be a<i' "tfN| .1# i body ?>! Ia?? |or the federal *> ? u >nt of this, the Inite-l Slates of tbe South. fourth. il??i the |*?ndeof these t' tilted States J* nth hereby bind themselves to observe and soundly ano redly carry not the stipulations of all treaties subsist between the I'nib-d States of North America and Ign governments anterior to the date of this ordi . until such treaties are changed or altered, or are arded by such nation with this government. Ifth. that the following persons sre her- by appointed for the State of and are hereby au ised .n? I emp-iwered to east the rote of tbis Stat" on b day a? may tie agreed npnn, for President and Vice tdeut of tbe t'nited States South, and ?nch person' as receive the highest number of votes, according to cnosti(titi<<n which has been re adopted, stidl be ted and inaugurated, and invested with the powers erred by the ?ame constitution 'Hon the Kxeculive twentieth day after tl? adoption of this ordln.irtc < xlh, that the con veal ions are to provide for an im kite convention of a Congws of the I'nited Slates h. sdher appelated by themselves or authorising the t representatives to set and thai all officer <? mail rectors mar?liale and judges shall retain their cgBc<w Otherwise ordered WiMDNmi, TVc U, |hiie the nest KWtrvative Onngresameu freely ex III. I<el iet tlial there s no proepe, I whatever of | t nliric oth' i -i.ile- T'om rollomng the ... iv-moii e? I of South Carotin.' other- sre hopeful ..m.' may yet he dime in the way of compromise, wbi< h msy at least preserve Ihe border slave Knar state* in tb? I'n.on with ibe n"n -! ivclm' ' .n? ' Amnig the plans *nggeet?d by gentlemen Sinw to the letter class Of Ocmtrresffmeif is the es" I sh^i nt of a lino, hy an smesdmeat to ?!?.? ,*o??*til'i ! | ? re .11 t< || lfi-N?iuri ? inpr t .i ? 'nil r *:<. | (?* b*Vt '? ?' ?ul.t?i!'..l lo c>.r ?. i-i V bers fro?i a!) i?eei ions of the country. As they have re eeived MMe degree of favor, it may be mentioned they provide ? > km, Territory shall not be acquired ether wise thiin by treaty. Second, the whole inhabitants of any Territory numbering twenty thousand shall' the ripht to elect all officers necessary for its government under the rules prescribed by aa act of Congress, and the Legislature thereof may determine whether to recogn n>e slavery or not during its Territorial nifctwi' TUird, Whenever any Territory, preparatory to its assuming State sovereignty . having white inhabi tants equal to the number required for a representative in t'ongress, and having submitted its constitution to a vote of the ]>eople, applies for admission, it shall be ad mitted into the I 'men, whatever may be its provisions in regard to slavery, upon an equal footing with the original States. Fourth, Congress shall not iutert'ere with slavery where it exists under the sanction of law, nor shall it prohibit the transportation of slaves from one slave .State to another. Wauhpwto*, Dec. 9, IMO. An absurd report is in circulation that Mr. Lincoln sent a telegraphic despatch to a Southern (Ire-eater informing liim that as lie, Lincoln, is now declared by the^action of the Electoral College to be President elect, he shall no longer hesitate to issue a manifesto that will be perfectly satisfactory to the South. There is not the slightest foun dation for the report. Mr. Lincoln does not make his views known through any such sources. Considerable interest is manifested here to see tho let ter of John M. Hot if , wliiah appears in the Alexandria Gaictfc to-morrow morning, on the subject of secession. He will take strong ground agaisBt the right to secede, and will ap|teal to Virginia to stand (irmly by the Union. A South tWolinn democrat, holding an office under the present republican House, who fought gallantly in Mexi co, and who would prefer to remain in the Union if his State mould do so, said yesterday that South Carolina would have to take Fort Moultrie as a matter of necessi ty, and hold it, as her principal point of defence against what now threatens that State in the event of secession, which all declare to be her solemn intention. 1 learn from a direct source that the men are already picked, and are principally concentrated \ lu Charleston, who are to be assigned the iluty of tukiug Fort Monltrie. ladders fo sealing the walls are construrted and other preparations arc made for the attack. The assaulting party are only awaiting orders to strike. In the meantime the fart is manned with a force weak in numbers, with strict orders from the President to act only on the defensive, wffich deprives them of the privilege of preparing to meet an enemy who approuches them under the pretence of peace, when effective preparation will be out of the question. It is stated by some persons here that General Scott advised the President, some time since, to strengthen the force at Fort Moultrie; but instead of complying with this advice, the President caused the troops stationed there to be ordered to California, when there were plenty of other I troops who could huve been detailed to that duty. North ern people here , as well as Southern . are writing letters denunciatory of the administration for what they allege 10 be its dilatoriness in the present state of affairs. It is rumored here to-day that Governor Hicks, of Maryland, bus decided to call together the Legislature of that State to consider the present national crisis. It is guid by many to-dny (hut the Vniou feel inj! is strengthening. Thta parfly grows wit of the fart that developee itself that the disunion [*nit now pre\ ailing results mainly from the action of ambitious politicians South, and from speculators in ! stocks North and South, who have succeeded by ralsrepre -entiiig the views of the conservative republicans of the North, anil also by giving currency only in the South to ihemo?t intense abolitionism of such men as Uarrison ?nd 1 hillipe, who are antt-repablicaoa and denounce the republican party in stronger terms than slaveholders do. Complaints are frequently made that the pre? nt times do not produce the men for the occasion, as has been the case in former troublesome times The answer made to that by the republican* generally is that the pa.-t has always found men ready to compromise away the cherished principles of the North, and thus succumb to the South, Hence their greatness They say that the present ? rlsig does not demand tin style of greatness; that compromise* are unpopular and obnoxious; besides, that there is nothing left for the North to compromise away, were th-1 people so in< liued. that the North has committed no un< onstltuttoaal act nor made any threats that she will do so. lite republt cant, Insist that the South have got everything. Th -y have u Fugitive slave law.aSenate, a Supreme Court, with its Dred Scott dec ision, and in the next Omgres- they will have both houses iu their favor. The North have r,< thing now but State governments . and on the ith of March next tbey will have a President, with all the above influences against th< m The republicans do not believe tliat the South demand the xiirrendei of I belt Mate organ ixations or their Presi dent elect. The inquiry naturally arises, iu discussing tin (fae-t uh.? What do the South demand* The an swer rally follow*: the surrrtider of fugitive slaves To this demand the North do not s.-em to object. They only ask that the f<<4eral a<nil will do the work, and not attempt to impose ih<- ob- j noxious duty iif*>n tb< local oflicers of the several Mates, j nor violate constitutional State laws m the nig?' r catching business. The people of New England are said to be Strongly im pressed with the idea that nearly, If not all of the fugitive slave cjiM> aver Ktuired within tbelr limits . were specially s< tten np for political edict, aud to humiliate New Kngiand . and Mnwai hu-etts especially. It is bt licvi-: here tliat tb? people of Massachusetts. and every other State in the North. would not 'ih>vt to tlii- execution of the Fugitive Slave law If j the federal government will do It fairly, in wjooriUnee wltb the In*. an?i not in spite ot it ? a ill execute it mode tlv, with t lie simple uitfnt.oii "f doing ?hat may be claimed as pistioe to the slave claimant. and Iwt wiih an air of ario^anei a diepiay <>t troops, and with tbe avuWtd pin |? -c of bnmili.itiiig itid disgracing the North Tin- is the tone of the peix ailing feeling hero now. Further than tin- 1 do not Monk the republican* will go. The) arc very re-o|ufe, ire ver\ united, and po'itive >g?iust the right of an> State to -.svste peacefully. With them it Is: TMaa and pewc*- seoev-K* and tight. There is no halfw ij talk about the matter wnh them, and it is deception on the part of an> inan 'o#ii..mpi to dieguiac it. It 5s pro? l.omed int sht fr'en th?- htgfeeet aonri ??* that Se. r< tarj fohb lias d?s d? d to r< -ik?- 1%s I'tuoti con-er -ai 'V< -ar>- coagntalaf tag llein-lv' s and th<- < <wuiry upisi the fa< t Another re|s>rt is in rir< uleiloa to night, to ilie ? IT ct . that IvOrd I .yen- ba-< taki n exceptions to the recent lett. r . of S'cretary >1' yd and has demanded of the Pr ^id- nt to know wbcth?r the sentiments contained >o tliat lett r ' r. I?i i\ ' to Kngland are endorv d by the administration. ?n<i f so hs? ?' unified his Intention of demanding hla 1 passports 1 am anl isfled tliat there Is not a word of | truth in the rumor, as it is known tliat the fNHeit j does not entertain the ?entim< in- cuniatuod m Secretary | KViyd letter. M tnber* of the Committee of Ways and M<-ana expect | to be ahle to put throogh the lfoqae to morrow a TreaMi ry note hill to the amount of ten millions W i?ni%imor. (tee 9 ? 0 ?? I' M I'pon tavc-t ig.ii ion. I Warn from the mn?t respimsibie source ?hat there Is no foun4ati?t? in truth ffr the report I that Secretary (V?bb lias reigned B- -ides his future engagements with gentlemen to tran*A< t buslne- with the depar t meat forbids the possibility of <tcfc liemg the ' fact. The flab met bad a long special ees-imi ye?|. rdav. and It is -<.pp? ?'<1 by ninny thst Mr 0obb'? resignation was d,s cu?s*d at tbst time but it is undoubtedly a mi?take W*?nv?rrr?jr. (lee 1, laflo. Senator Powell will to morrow call up bia reeolutions ' ogttre<l la the Senate on Thursday last, dor ? In km savnn committee, and Senator Wade, of Ohio tril ??? ail them In a deiant speoch Sftalr-at the sec-neiumsta. From fire seat appearances he wiU he svstaiaed hy the majority of republican Senator*. A re]>ort says t bat Senator ftenjam n m*le a dis mioo ?peecb In tire Soutbera Senatorial cauens yesterday. Her Mr Stoekt' n, Oiaplain of the II'mi*". pr"? Ml 'ronjt 1 nioo s'! mon in lb'' liall of tl,.- I|ai-e today. wbW h drove oat nmeij the dlsuottiilst IMPORTANT FROM CHAILKflCON. fV?*1JCWTil*, fVe. 9 1<M0. ill' r# it gi .?A Mtirity ?t Fori Jloiutne. Hicd- fcnc# ewy day is r<-ud?'r?d stronger. The wives of officers and men haw packed up their effects, ready to quit at a moment'! notice. The Legislature will probably ait daring the Conven tion. News from Florida shows perfect unanimity in that State for secession, and the enthusiasm is increasing daily. Lincoln was burnt in eitlgy at Fernandiua on Fri day last. The Convention election returns from districts which went for co operation in 1862 show a great revolution in public opinion, the vote in favor of separate secession being twenty to one against it. ANOTHER ANTI-ABOLITION OUTBREAK IN BOSTON. Boirros, Dec. 9, 1880. The Union lovers were at work again to-day. The Twenty-eighth Congregational Society held a religious meeting at Music Hull. Tho house was crowded. Tho negro Douglas delivered the lecture. After the lecture, be made some remarks relative to free speech which caused great excitement and tinally ended in .? row. (tun man put out of tho hall. IMPORTANT FROM NORTH CAROLINA. THE CALLING OK A STATU CONVENTION TO DECIDE ON TI1K SECESSION QUESTION. RnuncH, Dec. 8, 1800. f The Joint Select Committee on Federal Relations bare agreed to report on Wednesday next a bill to call a Con vention of the people to determine what North C.irolius shall do in the present crisis. GEORGIA. OCR MACON COHR&jt'ONDKNCK. Maoo.v, CUt. , Dec. 3, IStiO. Ihe St ni intent </ the South ? Will there le Stceuionf ? What (hf People Think and Say. <<v. The revolutionary feeling here seems to be a deep seal ed sentiment in the bottoms of nil classes of people, al though with differing decrees of intensity. Those who aim at on utter a# filial M'parntiou frotn the non-stave- I holding Hates are the fewest in number, but the most excited In action and violent m expression; while among the majority there ut bottom a love for the futon our fathers made and a desire to p<'i-|s-iuate the benefits it conferred, provided the fraternal idea which |>ervatlcd the spirit in which the federal compact was once held can be restored in the North as well as in the South. Hut the unanimous sentiment here iaethat thero can be no fraternity without equality; that the idea which lies at the basis of the black republican party ? that the States having the institution of shivery must not only be ex cluded from the Territories, but also belted round with a line of free States with a hostile social organization ? is the most complete denial of equality to th-' -lare States in the Union, and therein is insulting to every citizen of them. This reduce? the question to the, point of h< w >r ? to that point where every interest, where all questions of mere dollars and cents, are discarded, and the issue takes the form which rouses the nobler und the baser passions alike in self-defence. I'nder this impulse Georgia will imitate Ihe anticipated action of .South Carolina, and by a convention of dele gates of the people declare the State out of the Union after the 3d of March next. In tak ing this course it Is sup]?eod . by the leading men here that there will be co-operation , of five, and probably of eight, flutes, aud that in these j 110 federal authority will bo allowed to be exercised from the moment Mr. Lincoln takes his seat In the frosidential | chair. What practical ste{? will be taken after that time ' in regard to the revenue and other federal laws i* not yet | developed. There is an evident dtafmoitloo to arwago all matters relating to property, rights of the federal go vernment and other similar questions in an amicable j manner, although some of the uiore enthusiastic eeceo ? ?ionists hope tlu>t a c<.UiS'<>n will take place, aud blood ' be spilt. 1 hif would mute the whole South in a spirit of i resistance, and be hailed us a second 1 /'ling ton in Amen- i can bletorv , rendering ?U amicable arrangement Iiupoaat- I ble. As to the practical working of Secession, there it .is yet no (.ombincU plan of operation on the |mrt of the titetet i resuming theii rights ot sovereignty m full. I am |ier . uiitted to send yon the follow ing extract irura a letter ! written two da> s since by a 1> a I mg se< Hseiunist iu Smth Carolina to a g> ntlruian in thla Cit> : ? "We are all of one way of thinking here us to the mam end, but there is a hliii<!ne.-s. an incapacity, or an unwil- [ lingoes*. t<i look into ihe future. which causes me no little . disquietude, and 1 fear the trial Is yet to come. ? ? But go out we will, cost what it may eventually. '' Tins state of things leaves the public iniU'l here, and even in South Ifcroliua. well disposed to receive impres ' sions from the tone o( ihe President* Message and the discussions ihereon in Congress. Should tbeee be mode rate, anil the proposition tor a National Convention to ??end the constitution, to as to recognise the equality of | the states ,n the comtu<>n Territories, and protect the South from Congressional action iu a sense hostile to ' sl.i\ cry. l>? well received in Congrr-i and m the Northern Slate.-', all may vet be well. But nhould the black repub- j l ean members take a deiiaiit posils'n on the floor of Uun ! gress, and the idea of a National Convention be rejected , in the North, nothing can save the t nton. It is of uo avail to tell a Southern man that in fighting for the right 1 to carry slaves into the Territories be Is con I ending for an abstraction; the reply tmtnedt.itelv i? that If it fi an i abstraction for the South, it I- much more so for the j North, for it natusel obstacles and private totereeta pre vent slavery from going into the Territories, the North should let endeavor to force the South t<. gut up the ab stract right ol equality, as this would convey a concession of honor where lei practical benefit would be gained by the other |?rty . Pram lbe Oboverant lone 1 have had with many pubic men and private citizens bete, I am led to believe, that although ihe coming com ? ution will declare the State out of the I n.on fiotn and titer the tthof March, ami may authorize and Instruct the vlat<' government to resist and ' prevent any ex< ic se of federal nutfcority within its lira lis lrom tUit ilav . still the J^l-tle w 1 1 go into a Nattanal Convention to re establish the federal oompaot, if it can be done on a basis ?f equality But it is mi|<<s>sib1e to ignore the fact that all the \ tains man, of wh oever po lit ical creed hitherto, are now united for siceeeioti, aud that there is at yet no indi cation of a ? ish or a |??-.bili ty on ihe Part oi the older men to restrain them. Although the moat netive secession mm amenta .ire in ihe cities and towns. 1 have bwn sil >ick With tlie feeling ilmplaved by the country p?ofMe. It ts not violent in ita rban.cter. hut evinces ? calm aud Itrm determination to defend their rectal n.siltntione, ia? prita .pie from North ern Htiirri-seMiu. which l>ears in its .ippnui inoe a m irlced | rem inblance to the ifener i| anti slavery fnettog w i*nas>?'d i In the rural districts of the North is<p?eeted oahH , and careless of coe?equctic< - OPINION <<* THE ATTORNEY GENERAL 01 IHE UNITED STATES ON SECTION. AnoKMil UMUl'l ???>!(*,? Nov. ?. 1M9. / Sit. ? I have Ind th< lioii'T to receive your note ot the I ITtli. and I now rcpi> to the grave que-tin< therein pro )?>' nded as fully s* tb' time all"W<-d ine will permit. Within their respective sphere* ot actual the federal government and the government ot a State are both ot thctn ind* [end' nt and supreme, hut each is utterly po? er- j less Imm ud tt' limits assigned hi M t>> the ?aaatnutloo. IfCMMrw would attempt to ehaa.e tbe law Of desocota, . to ni.ike a new mle of personal finws iQO. or to dlnaotrr the family relate Oa existing lo any HMs. the act would be simply void, but not more \?>td than would be ? State law to prevent the rt capture of fugitivea ftom lat"*, U> fWr hid the carrying aC thonnis or to stop the colter Ism ' of duties on Imports lh will of a state, whether e? prissed in to constNutMl ot law '. cannot, while it re mams in the confederacy , abaolve her p?si|de lrom Uw I dut\ <>< olievlng the Jmd and eansUMUDtutl requtreuMbts of the central government Nor nan atty act of tbe ceo tral irovernioent disptaee the |ui isdivtuai of 0 State, bo i .uise the law oi th< t alted states are aopreme and '??rid ing only *o far a- they are d iu por?uanee of U?' e*>n ? "titntii n I do not "ay what might he > Ih-cted by mere revidntiooary fcece. I ain s|s .king of legal and oeistitu- j t Nina I right. 1hi* ts tbe view always taken by the Judiciary, and so I universally adopted thm the etotemsnl fd it may s*iH?i i nmnma place The Supreme Court of the United Motes hae declared It in many can- I need only refer yon to tbe I'nited States va Hnoth. wheio tin* pre?oni i'hief JnstlOe ? >P?' -?ing the Iiiii.niino i> . (m mi of him sell and all his brethre n . enunciated the doctrine in terttw an clear and full ibat any further detuonalrat on of it can | srarc.-ly he reqotrod. Ihe duty w Inch thi e pi lactpsa de\-o|i e not only upon every oBcer. but every i it.zen, is that which Mr Mmt- ) >on expresseii so inmtwmliously m hia first toongoral, namdj 'to support the State govertoneota In nil i heir rights, as th<- rois-t comtadent n<irninistratioiis ftor their | ?lomestic conoeraa, and ine surest bul?. irk? against anti | repuMaan tendem ii*." combined with - ihe preserva- ! t ion of the general government, to it* wfcnlc cou?ittu- i tional vigor, aa the shcitanihW uf our p< ace at home | and safety abroad " To the Chi' I Kxi cntive M.tgiatrale pf the f'nioo is eoo tided tbe sol? nin duty of s?-eing the laws faltbfaHy fts cuted. tiial lie inay be al?|r, to meet this duty with a I power equal to ita performance, lie nominates his own . subordinates and removes them at bis pl?>asure. Tor the ! same reason th?' land and naval fhrces ar ^e under liia or- | dersastbelr oommander-in-clilef. But his p"Wsr la to i b<' used only In the manner pr< sci ibed by th<- leg ?iatlve ' department, lie runiml nrtomgltati a legal pnrpoae by Illegal mean a, or the laws hints 'If t? prevt nt then frcm being violated bjr others. Tlie .icte ?>f Congress sometime? give Ihe President 0 I broad discretion In the nee of the inem.? bv wbteh they are to be ex?*ut?d, and si>me|inies limit his power ?o that lie can exercise it only la a certain pre?crltK-d 1 ncr Where the law directs a tbtiw to be done, witlioiit aaying how, that implies the power to n ,-ueh m> ana 1 as may be n?e?w.sary uxl prop r to aecnniphsh ttie end of Uie l>gi?lature. Hut where the mode of performing a duty la pnint"d out by Ma lute, that li the i (elusive mode, and no other can i>e follow si, ibe Cnited .-'tatea have no nemm-ju U*r o f?U back upou wUcti tbe oriit. m U'v is U<.i?ctlve. If, therefor* , an act of Congress declares that a certain thing shall be done by a particular officer, it cannot be done by a different officer. The agency which the law furnishes for its own execution mum be used, to the exclusion of all others. For instance, the revenues of the United Stales ure to be collected in a certain way, at oertain established ports, and by a certain class of officers; the President lias no authority, under any circumstances, to collect the name revenues at other places, by a different sort of officers, or in ways not providt<d lor. Even if the machinery furnished by Undress lor the collection 01' the duties should by any cacse become ho deranged or bro ken up that ii oould not be used, that would not be a legal reason for substituting a dtfl'm cut kind of machinery in its place. The law requires that all good* imported into the United States within certain collection districts shull be enteri-d at the proper |<ort, and the duty thereon shall be received by the Collector appointed for aud residing at that port. But the functions of lite Collector may be exercised any where at or within the port. There is no law which ron lines him to the custom house, or to any other particular spot. If the custom house were burnt down, ho might removed to another building . if ho were driven from the whore, he might go on hoard a vessel in the harbor. If he keeps within the port he is within the law. A port is a plan- to which merchandise is imported, and from whence it is exported. It is created by law. It is not merely a harbor or haven, for it may be established where there is nothing but an open roadstead . or on the shore of a navl galbe river, or at auy oilier place where vessels may ar rive and discharge or take in their cargoes. It compre hends tho city or town which is occupied by the mariners, merchants, and others, who are engaged in the business of importing slid export ing goods, navigatiug tin- ships, and furnishing them w ith provisions. It Itaitadoa also so much of the water adjacent to the city as is usually occu pied by vi sselu dWclmrgtjig or receiving their cargoes, or Iv mg at aut hor and waiting for that purpose. 1 be first section of the act of March 2. 1833, authorized the President in a certain contingency to direct that the custom house for any collect Ion district be established and kept in any se< ure place within some port or harbor of such district, either upon laud or on board any vessel. But this provision was temporary, aud expired at the end of the session of Congress next afterwards. It conferred upon the Executive a right to remove the site of the custi m house, not men ly to any secure place within the legally established |>ort of entry for the district ? that right he had before ? but it widened his authority so as to allow the removal of it to any port or harbor within the whole district. The enactment of that law and the limitation <'f it to a certain period <>f time uow past, is not, therefore. an argument against the opinion above ex pressed that jou ran now, if necessary, order the duties to be collected iiu board a vessel inside of any established P?rt of entrv. Whether the iirst and fifth sections of tins act of 1833, both of which were made temt>orary by th>' eighth sert ii>n. should be re-enacted, is a nu. stiou for the legislative department.

Your right to take such measures a.-< may seem to be necessary for the protection of tl*' public property is very clear. It results from the proprietary rights of the government as owner of the torts, arsenals. tuuKazines, dock yards, navy yards, custom houses, public ships and other property which the I'mted Stall's liavo bought, built aud |iaid for Besides, the government of the (Jailed Mates is authorized by the constitution (art. 1, sec. 8) "to exercise exoln.-ive legislation in all cafes whatsoever * ? over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same '-hall be for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dixk yards and ether needful buildings." It is believed that no important public building has been bought or erected on ground where the U'gl-lalure of the State m which it is has not j?ai--ed it law consenting to the pur chaw of It and ceding the exclusive jurisdic tiou. This government , then, is not only the owner of tlioee buildings and grounds, but, by virtue of tho sn prime and paramount regulates the action and punishes the offences of all who ure within thein. If any one of an owner's rights is plainer is that of keeping exclusive possession and repelling intru sion. The right of defending the public property in cludes also the right of recapture alter it has been un lawfully taken by another. President Jefferson held th? opinion', and acted upou It, tint he could order a military force to take pof session of any land to which the raited States had title, though they hail never occupied it bo fore, though a private party claimed and held it. and though it was not then Deeded nor proposed to be used for any purpose connected w ith the operations of the government. This mav have been a stretch of Kxcrutive power: but the right of retaking public property in which the government has bse|l carrying or its lawful basinees, and from which its avcers huve been unlawfully thrust out. cannot well be doubled; and when it was exercised at Harper's Ferry in October, lS6tf , every oue acknow ledged the legal justice of it. 1 come now to the point In your letter which is proba bly of the greatest practical important. By the set of 1807 von may employ such part' of the land and naval forces lis vou iiai! juugo wceesary fur the parpoee of (?using the laws to be datar executed, in all anse* where it Is law fill to use the militia for tie same purpose. By the art of I7t?& the militia mav be called forth "whenever the laws of the I nlUid Stab's shall be op|a.?ed or the exe cution thereof obstructed is anv Slate by combinations too is werful to be suppr* -?ed by the ordinary course <,f i.i I pris ladings, or by the |?.wer vested in the nialBal*." This tepuees u|sin the l*re-ideut the sole re tponslbfiRr of deciding whether the exigiwv has arisen which reonlrss the use of military force and In propor tion to the niagiiituile of tbfti rospraisibttltr will be his (are nut to o\er.-trp the l outs of his legal and just autho rlty. The la* referred to in the net of 1W> air mantfeatly tho-e which are administered l>v the .indue- and exe. rnlril In the imiilf i?l ? -Itl. ? i - of ih- curt - ft* the punii-hmetil u( crime agalnM tin' t'nlted Stut<'?, for th protection of rlgblt- rlBirrx-U trod. r tbe !? di-ral rmwi ilutt..n nod law. and (?r the enforcement of aaoh obligation* a* rntoe within the ckuIhuo' <4 tin- ied?ral judl< lary. To c tupel obedn-nce to theae law* ibe court* ba\i? authority t" ptinii-h all wb'i ob-truct their, and the mar-hal- awl their d< pntie* have Utr tumx Cwerr kr -herlff ami tin ir drpulim In the aeveral .-tale* executing tbe law - of Ibe Stale*. TTir-* are tin- ordi nary mean* provld?-d for tbe execution <>f the law*. and the' whole cptrit of our ?)*tem i- oppeed to Iho employ ment of any other except in caw - n( extrero- i?ec.-?*ily , arleltig out of greut and uiiu*ual ? ombiiintko&r ogalnat them. Their *???!?} mu-t coutluue to l>e u*.i| until their incapacity to C"pe wah the power oppo-ed to them ?hall be plainly d?-niou-traU-d. It in "Bly ti|M? dear evidence to that effert 1 1 iat a military force eau l?e called into tho Held. F.vt ii then It- operation* mu?t he purely 4Ki'MtT?. It can ?u|'p" -? only *uch combination* a* arc found dl rectly if|? -mg tbi' lawn mid ol?tructlng the execution thereof. It can do U" more thfui what mitchi and ou?bt to lie d-tie ?>y ? civil poeec, it a clrtl poeeeoonld be rawed large en<?vh to meet the *ame oppaitkou. mi *u< h oc i *mti- ? ?perittlly the military power mu*t lie kept in Mrlct aul-ordination to the civil authority, *ince it In only iu aid <4 lb'- latter that the former cati act at all. Bnt what If the feeliu? io uny 'tate a^aim-l the t'nited Mute* -h' lild Im i nine no universal that tie f< deral officer* thenno Ive- (im li?d nt nidge-, d.-trhl attorney* aud mar *hai*) would l*1 reached *>y ' V ame influence* and re ?irn their place** Of co" drat Key wmM ha to appoint oth?f? In their her* could be got to ?erve Ihil , tn ?ucb an ? i- more than pr<>i>ahle thai grent difficulty would lu and in lillluit Ibe ottlei-a. We < an e?H|ly conceit e bow U m.wht l>er.t me aitoifether impnaeibl*. We are ther?*<ire obhired m <'<<tiriik>r w hat . can be done In we bave no caairM t<> t??ie .ludl<-kal pri-c<'?p. ami no mln?terlaj ofllet-re toexix utc it. In tbal event tr'?'pe n- old rwtalnly b? f?il pta<-e, and tb"ir u?<- wh"llv lib- al. If they an -eot to aid tb'' ?-? >ur t - and mar?lialn. tbere ami h?' court* aiid nun -b. We tn Im- aided Wlth"Ut the exercj ? n( ib<"-e rne twn? which ix-l.-ng i>V In" Iveljr to the civil wrvli e the law-i i .nmot ba M>' rnted tn any ivuit. no matter *h.?t may l>e tl?e phy ? ,cal atrtnkth wbi-hth'- |/f?vernm??t In* at Itacom mod I'l der -nih ' "r< ? m - * n t. ? e- to -en I a mill tar)' forte mi" any M ite with order* to act at onM lb- w. ? ;d he -imtdy mak'n. w?r np>-n tb m Th< i xi-tim law pot and k'-epth<- ral fwreranrat -ltl< tl> "i. tb' d< n-|ve Voiicaiill- force only t<> re. j? 1 mi a?--?'iit 141 II.' fwiMlc property aud aid the curt in Ibe |>-rf' imanci of their dni\ If tbi- iieant given ti || ||- I lk< t th'- refKlli' and execute the other law* In -i. Hi nt t't that jinrpi -? i'o..|tr''- m.ij ext nd and mail- th< m ?n?r? eflwetnal to thai end. If -III 'I tbi1 Mnti-f V|.;!.I diilnr- her Ind'pndenr ? j our action ranm t di |? i d ? jioti the rfc htfulne-- nf th r -i tfxii ah ?h *m h di i it.' I- hi-, d Whether tin ri I n mi M ? ? a Wat. ft' ni the I t, ,|i )>?' th" ? x.-ri-l oi a ri, hi I -? rred .ti th- -titi.t ? -i. or a rev. Inti -uary ninvi in" nt. it I* certain that ymi have i ? in nthirr.i*. th?- anther Ity t' ree . gi i??- h< r lnd?-pi tidence or to ati ?.H? her from ber frieral oh|t. itton- ? "? .'.jrr> ? or tin <4 her Mate* in eoavi ntion a**emhle4 B ut take MMh m. M-Iir<? a. mn* and proprr In <? h an errnt I ?ee no ri'itw for y< i but to *n -fraVht onward in th- path 1I"I have hitle rto trodden ? that I-. ? x?cut I III ! .?- t- th" < xt' lit o( th d?-feii*lvi tn n - |. I n i i'ur hand*. a> d a' t jp n?-ri.Ilj npoti the a- nm|Aion that the pr> *ent c?? ctlttiHo* al relation* hrtwen th> aid th<' federal frertiment cotitltiiie to ?xl-t nntit a new nniar of ttHpg* ahall ba aatabHabed ? itio-r Iff law nt fnrre Whethor 0<m-re*? h?* the ron?tlt"tiorial rlt lit to make war ayain>t i-im i-r nw>re Slate- . and rmnire the Kxeeutiva . t the t. di 'al if?'v.'?ntn< nt t" carry it <? h) mean* of force to he drawn from the otb- r Mati ?*, I* a q'lertion fi^ MwrM lt?elf to c#?- der. It twi.-l l?e admit*- d that it- ? *tu h power t? exjirr ??ty nvrn nm ari- there au> wiTd? n tin i i.?Mnt ? n which implv It \mo?g Ike power* ? numerated In article 1 , ?e< tiun *. i* that "to d? Ure war, irrant letter* of marfue and reprisal and to mak" rub * r. nrertnnif i-apture* r? land and w?t?r."' TIii? certainly i .-..ii ii- ilnnif th.n tn* |- w t ? ? ?-.i n- and carry i? hoatlltth " atain-t the fore nn eo<'mie? or th- na tK.n." ,tn< ther cl*li?e in the **rrte *e.-tlon (five* I'.'tlKr I'M the power ' t-. proTid" for .-all n? forth tl.e militia," and I lb-row dhm th. I ml- of th-etal- Hut t hi- power u r>"-trirle?l by the wottl* which HnmHlatelr follow, that It can be x-ictiu-d of th? following purpo?e*? . J. To ? xecnte the law* of the fn'on ; Ihnt l? to aid the fed ?l ' ' ; I" ' " ' in i h. rr.guUt dtit'e 2 T? *uppre?* 'n-"iirrectii'0? again<t the ; hut tbi* i* cenflrnd by aitlcle 4 *eeti<m -I to ra>n In wht-h the state DcrM'lf -hall apply (lor a?-tann- acau-t her i?ti p>i.p|e. ? To rep?-l the inva*loa of a Hlale hyenrmiea who e. me IV< m ahrond lo ??aall ber In her own 'errltory .Ml th' *e provlakm" are made to prot^-ct the State*! not to aiithorire an attack by one pari of the country upon an other: to prewrvc tb' ir p<-?ce. and not tn plunge them Into clrtl war i'ur f?*< ralfcer* do not ?etn to b*\e thorght thai war wa* i aleailat?l " to form a more p^ rfi-ct uiiH'B, e*tatilt*b malice, in*un- dnwwatie traoqn.ilitv. pro. vide f.-r th<- r ninnH. d< I- no?v promote ibe f?'ner*l wal fare ?nd *>ctire the l.let?lng* ?if IUvrty to wclTM and i ttr p< rt.rity. " There wa* undon^teitly * *tronv and iiBlveraal cor.TtetH'tt an aig th*' meii who framel and r-i t'fi'-d till- Hit" th. ; u tiiiry free w<?lld not only ?-e r*.'le? - b >? p. mic. Ir ** a l?> an" f biddltig the St/iU a I t<? tlfl II 11' 1 1 ? -Ibowai r i ? d< i-.t d r*? ?'?? I vf t"' u i-J h r,U.t.t? cwrM4 % <>) :bt ce^irJ g"t ra ment against i state, then it wnw to follow thu at. .it tempt to do so would be ipt< far;o an e*j>ulsion of snob State from the Cuton. Being treated as an alien .md an eneiny, she would lie compelled to act accordingly. Ari l if Congress Khali lirvak up lb<' present Union by unOMMl i tutiouully puttiug utrife aud enmity ami armed hostility between different ?ections of tho oountry, instea i of tho " domestic tranquillity" which the constitution w is ? meant to insure, will not all the StatcH be absolved from their federal obligations!" lis any portion of the people bound to contribute their money or their blood to carry on a content like that? The right of the general government to preserve itself in its whole constitutional v igor hy repelling a direct .md lenitive aggression ii|>oii iih property or its offloers c iuqoi be denied, lfnt this ik a totally different tiling from an offensive war to punish the people for the politicil mis deeds of their State itoverumont, or to prevent a threat ened violation ol the constitution, or to enforce an ac kuowiedgnieiit that the goverttmeut of the I tilled Stales is supreme. The States are colleagues of ou1' another, and if some of them shnll conquer the rest and hold tbelu as subjugated provinces, it would totally destroy the whole theory upon which they are now connected. If this view of the subject be as correct as 1 think it is, then the I'mon must utterly perish at the moment wbe.i Congress shall arm one jstrt of the people against .mother for any puri**ie beyond thut of merely protecting the genera) government in the exercise of it* proper consti tutional I unctions. 1 am. v?ry respectfullv, vours. & c. . J. S. HI.ACK. To the I'tih.-inK.vT oi' the United States. THE CHARACTER AND INFUENCE OF ABOLITIONISM. Sermon Preached in the Flrat Presbyte rian Church of Brooklyn l<?st Even Ing, by Rev. Henry J. Van Dyke. The First Presbyterian church, corner of Remsen .md Clinton streets, Brooklyn, was densely crowded last evening with a highly intelligent congregation, who In tened with marked interest atul attention to a discourse from their pa -tor, Rev. Henry J VanPyke.on theChirae tor and Influtnce of Abolitionism from a scriptural punt of view. In his opening supplication the reverend gentle limn prayed that Providence would bless our Southern brethren and restrain the passion of the evil among them, that tho must, r might be made t"hrnt's servant, and the servant Christ's freemau. and so both -<it logo, ther united in Christian love in that church founded by Christ and Mis Apostles in which there is neither <!reek nor Jew. male nor female, bond nor free, hut all are one in Christ Jesus. He also prayed that (j<<d would bless tho people of the Northern States, restrain the violence of fanatical men, provide for those who, by the uglti tion of the times havo been thrown out of employment, keep the speaker himself from teaching .my thing winch was not in accordance with the IMvino will, aud disabuse the minds of bis hearers of all prejudice aud pa ^ ion, so that they might bo w illing to be convinced of tha truth. His t>xt was chosen from Paul's First Epi ;tlo to Timo thy, sixth chapter, from the lirst to the fifth verae, in elusive:? 1. I*t as many set vuatg as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of nil honor, that tiio name of <;<>d and hi* doctrine he not blasphemed. ?J. And they that liav e believing master let them not despise theni,' l.ceaii-o they are brethren but rather do tluui service, tiwau-e they are faithful and beloved, partaken- of the bene til. Thcso thing* teach unit ex hort. 3. If anv man tench otherwise anil coo?ent not to wholesome words, even the words of our I?rd Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which in aooordlug to k<kIIi nesH, . 4. Ho in proud, knowing nothing but doting about question* m .J at rife ot words wherouf cometh envy, strife, railings. evil atirmisln^s, l'erver.-e disputing of men of corrupt mind-', ami destitute of t hi- truth . Mippoetng that , is g.slllm-. from such withdraw thyself Ipropoee hef iul, todlsruwi the elinracteran l ice of abolitionism. With thin view I hare aeleeted a text from the Bible, and purpose to adhere to the letter and spirit of its teaching. We acknowledge in thin- place but one standard of u?>rals, but one authoritative and in faliblo rule of faith and practice. I'or we are Chris nans here; not 1'apisM to bow down to the dictation of any man or church: not heathen philosophers, to grope our way by the feeble glimmerings of the light of nature; not modern Inthlels, to appeal from the writteu law of God to the corrupt am 1 tickle tr itn>n.?t ot reason and humanity . I"it Christian* on wh ? > -><? banner is Inscribed this sublime chalk-m/.-? To tho law ami to the testimony if they speak not according to this word it Is because there Is no light lu them." 1*1 me dircct jour special attention to the language of our text. There Is no dispute among commentator-", there no room for dispute im to the meaning of the expr.-s ftoa "aervaata under the yoke ' Kven Mr Barnes, wtio If himself a distinguished abolitionist, and has done more pt rhape, than any other man in this country to piop-uate abolition doctrine , admits that "tie addition ot the phrase * under the yoke' " shows undoubtedly that it << e the original word is to be understood h 're of | slavery. I-et me quote another testimony on this punt from an eminent Scotch divine, I mean Pr McKnight. whose exposition of the epistle W a standard wotk in Great Britain and tn thU couutry, and wh se a- -oeUtwus must exenipt him from all suspicion of pro -lavery pr.-iu dic<-? H> introduces hij exposition ot till- chapter with the following explanation ?' lv-cause the law of Mo-. al |owe<l no Israelite be made a slave for lite without his own consent the Juda mnr tearher toallire sl.iv - to their party, taught that m .- i the go -p. I likewise invo luntary slavery la unlaw I This doctrine the a|*^tle condemned b?* >" inh" other epi?tle?, by eiy-tnlng Chr -t *u slaves to honor and obey their master" whether th )? were believers or unbelievers, and by assuring Timothy that if any person tenght otherwise he apposed the wholesome pr> r? pt ot .!?? us < In i-t and the doctrine of the g?-|?'l. Which in all point is conformable to godliness or sound morality, and was polf-d up with pride without pons. s-iut any true knowl ig cither cf the Jewish or Christian rev. latioo." ?mr V ri> i d Scotch trie ud then g<?* on to expound the paaear l? the following paraphrase. which w - cou.uienil to t .. pia)l.rful attention oT all whom It may concern I t-t whatever Christian -la*.*are under (he yo* of nil It* If V er? IWl itieir own masters Sll reaped Hid ntx-.ll that the i I, arm tel of (i.-l whom we wor-hlp ma> ,',V t.eralumnated. .mill', doctrine of the r?l" '???>; OottH evil s|*>k" n of as t. tiding to destroy the political riBl.ts ot mankind And trio-. Christian slaves w lio hav.t I lu ll- vine refers, htthem not d-sp??e them, fancying hat Zy "rTtheir .-(Iiata mean- thev are their hr U In IVM; for. thongti all Christiana are equal as tore ffimiK nrivlb-g. s, alav' S at' Inferior to their masters In s' ataT *t-rrfore,l.t them -erve the ? mist. r, more dllUrntlv, beeau-e th.ywho ? n.|oy the benefit of th. r ... I vice are helper, and h. <H ?.??! ''Th- - iUu?< I. a. h.audVxl .*i the br. thr.-n tnpr.ctlc them It any ?,!.< i ? if i? <1 'ft* f ? v 1 1 v bvuliriMrg tlmt un t T !)??? ir?? p ' v.a. : L.nWs.rv. II... r but ou he niade II. .... I no. consent to the w hot tin ron.mslidn^iits whsh ar. our lord ? hrist " at. I In tlie do. trine Mile I whi.l. In all pnnil- I .-or. f. r t able totr ? f ? ?r.ililv h. I- p.ifl I up will, prt ? and know ' th tsnhirg ?h. r of th- .1.- wish or the _? hn-iiaii revelations, though lie preietnls to hare great knowM*' n f trtiili Hnt t* dwt' r?i|" rr?l In !?*? tiil?i?l ?boul Wh 7or seeh a d.s trine. I.ut ,.re the w*ir. e of entry. ?0*' irnlinn? evil >*?*?*. t Is not sit.?ire|\ nia.?ta.n..t. l'?i dfp'ttinn- ??irl'd .m ! .rv to hv w ? oily .-orr..|ded tn th- ir minds nil d.-lii.te.f I lie true <l<*trtne .d the g.?|sl who r. <k<4i wliatever pristoc. m<~l m-?ev Is lli fn m all ".eh Itopioua t< .cher withdraw and do not dis|?ite with them Th-- text, as thus expounded by an Amsriean alx.'l tst i.-t and a vctch (?l..s" t? .timony ??sd t,..i I,e c nnnmsl i-> l'" ' 1,11 ,l'' m'"' nU 1. 1 i- < prop1 cv written for th'-e day and w-nd- r full) :.| I'licat.l.' ?" ' I !??? I'lclr. m-u...* It give |,k, at ? II -m III It- f'fin. p|. It- -I' rlt and it rf?< rr , u "" 1 ' ' regard to our <h V In th< pr. nn- <?re ent. i mg p.n ll?. d, .*."-n< < the .1 slrov let define th- term . Wployed lt> ???.I|> ."in-m we m. .n th- principle- and mes-urei of J'- -lit - 1. -f And what ?n i'-i -m-i |,r <'? ?? -l ?" !?' i * I* ?? ?"'? ?'?' therefore t* be ala I -h- d lh. i- the fnndanv ntal, th cVaract. rlstlc. the i -ential prlm .pl.- of ab.*.ti .t. -in? that slaveh<4.l ng Is -in? tliat ls.iding m- n in in voluntary eervitudo la nn Infringement ttpm tin r Ktiis of man, a heinous crime in the fight of (iod. A man may believe on p.lltical or ot^.im rial grouftdj. tha' slavery l? an undeelrahh- r "? m, and thai alave lab.* I- tw>t 'he m<s"t pr oft table, le m*> Im.\o various view* a- to the r ghts id slaveh.dd.-i" "?1- r the ron-titu. - n ol the rountrv he may think H - j that law u|s.n the statute IwaduU sWh. ru M | I wrong; hnt this d<w? nut constitute him "> *b"'1' ^ unl. s- lie believe# that sUvl -Wine ' wi?n| Tin- all. g-'d s -.f' in- ** it la the ctMV?cl"r?Ma .Hsinw. " ' atretigth of ataditeKism m ?? ?* ' i,n .V' ' " forms It la l? th," .l.?trm- that tt I- ^ the In at ta and cw -ei-ne.- of ni'ii. tha^ 1 " " " ^ dtstnrMnn fore- ????" '",r " ''' I |r, 1 n> 4 to I the Mrnofltot he.nalt |*we?ti?y, tn parte a peculiar intensity to every contest iuto which it enters. And you will peroeivo il in just hero that abe. littonism presents a prop>>r subject for discussion lu (he pulpit ? for it in ont? great purpose of tho Bible, and therefore one great duty of God's minister* in its exposi tion, to show what in sin and what in not. fhoiw who bold the doctrine tliat slave holding i.i sin, and ought therefore to be abolished, difh r very much in the extent to which tliey reduce* their theory to practice. In some this faith is almost without works. They content them selves with only voting m such avajrim in their judg ment w ill best promote the ultimate triumph of their views. Others stand oft at what they suppose a safe dis tuuee, ah Shimei did when he stood on an opposite hill to curse King David, and rebuke the hid and denounce di vine judgment* upon the sinner. other? more practical, f not more prudent, go into tie very, mi 1st of the 4I ledged wickedness and teach "servants under the yoke" iliat they ought not to count their own m isters worthy of all honor ? that liberty Is their inalienable right ? whicli they should maintain, il necessary, even by tho ?bedding 01 blood Now, it is not lor me to deckle who ol' all these are the truest to their own principles. It it not for mo to di cide whether the man who preaches this doctrine in bravo words, amid applauding multitudes In the city of Brook lyn, or the onv who In the stUlnes of the night and In I the face of tlie law s terrors goes to practice the preaching at liar pel R Kerry, is the moat consistent abolitionist and the mo-t heroic man. It Is not for me to decide which is the most important part of a tree; and if the tree bo |M>i sonous, which is tha most injurious, tho root, or Um brunches, or the fruit)' But I nut here to night, in 'iod'M name, and by His help, to sbow that this tree of uboli tionism is evil ami only evil, root and branch, flower and leaf and fruit; tliat It springs from and Is nourixhed by aft utter rejection of the Scriptures; that it product* n<> real heuettt to the enslaved. and is the fruitful sourco of division and stritc and Inlkdelity in both church and State. I have four distinct propositions on the subject to maintain ? four theses to nail up and defend: ? I. Abolitionism lias no foundation in the Scripture". II. Its principles have been promulgated chiefly by misrepresentation and abuse III. It leads, in multitudes of c<iseu. and by a logical process, to utter infidelity. IV. It is the chief cause of the strife that agitates and the darker tliat threatens our country. I. ? A Hoi ITS ?MSM II AM NO FOI MIATIOM IS HrRinrW. Passing by the records of the patriurclial age, and waving the question as to tho?? servants in Abraham'* family, who, in the simple but expressive language of Scripture, "were bought with his money," let us come at once to the tribunal of that law which God promulgated amid the solemnities of Sinai. What said the law and the testimony to that peculiar people over whom test ruled and for whoso institutions He has assumed the re sponsibility? The answer is iu the :J6th chapter of Leviti cus, in these wnrds ? '?And if tby brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor and be sold unto thee, thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bond servant but as a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be w ith thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubilee, tuid then shall he depart from Ihv, both he aud his children with him.'' So far, you will observe, the law refers to tho children of Israel, who, by reason of poverty, were reduced to ser vitude. It war, their right to be free iu the year of jubi lee, unless tle y chose to remain iu perpetual bondage, for which case provision is made in other and distinct enactments. But not so with slaves of foreign birth There wax no year of Jubilee provided for them For what says the lav.'' Head the 44-46 verses of the same chapter. '?Both thy Iwindinen and thy liondmuids which thou fclialt have sliall be of th" heathen that are round about you. 01 them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. Moreover, of the children of the -trangors that do sojourn among you ? of them .-hall ye buy and of their famtlk-H that are with you, which they beget 111 your laud, and they ,-hall be" your possession And ye shall take them as an mln ritance lor your chlldri n after you to inherit them us a | losses!! loti; they sbull be your boudue-n for CV?T. there it is, plainly written in the divine law. N'o legis lative cimciunnt . n<> ftutute framed by legal -kill wan ever more explicit ami incapable of pervision. When the abolitionist tolls mo that .-lavrlioldiDK l? urn, In the Him |ilicit.v of iu> faith in tin- H?ly Hrrtpturw, I point ban to thin -u. red record, and tell htm lu nil < un<lor. mm my tut doea, tbat bi? teaching blii.-pbi'inoa tbe name of Uod and Hih d?H trine. When he lu'wln* to dual shout question* Iiud strifes <it H'irdF. uppi nlitlK to tbe Ik" ion <>f In dependence, /nd ;o?ertmg that the Idc.i of prop- rty in men ui an enormity and a rrlw1, 1 Ndl ImU bun to tho record, saying, "H -hall lake him as un inheritance for vour < hildrcn after you to inherit than lor u pnaactMoon. " Win n ho wav - warm ? a* he always does if am opponent quote Scripture (which m the great tent to try the spirits wbethT tfcay be of tJod ? the v. rv spear of Itburiel to t' \ - ill their true character)?' when be get* angry, and !>? gins to pour out hi* evil surmlalnga and abuae upon slaveholder' ? I "bey tb< precept wbi? h nay*, "from am h withdraw thyself, ' comforting myself with thi* thought: that the wisdom of tiod is wrr llutn men. and tbe kind ue?s of (i<si kinder than ne ii l'liil -"ph> in may reaaon and refortm r* may rave till dusmtsday, they never can eon* ne? me thai tiod, la the I >-v iti< al law, or in any other law. sanction* d tin; and as l know , from the plain passage I hare fluted, and many more like it, tiiat H? tiid muk iioti sbtv>'h"ldiUK among bis ancient people, 1 know, also, liy the !?>?,> of ihut fanh wtiu b IkIktm tho Mild. to l? llis Word, that -lav 'holding la not -in. Thern are tnen even uu<"OK prate-wing Christ utnt, and nota few ministers of the tUwpel , who answer this armament from tbe Hid Testament ferlpturea by a simple denial of tin tr atithoiify. They do not ti II us how tJ>>d could aref or anywhere comitenMM ? ? that which is toot ally wrong, but they ewimi thomef^*"* wltitaayiug tluti ut<- 1/ law is no rule "t action fur u*. and liny appeal from its i decision* to what they consider tbe higher tribunal of the (jospel. I>'t us, therefore. Join issil'' with them be fore lb* l-ar "t tile New Testament Scriptures. It M a historic truth. n< know !? dyed on all bands . t luit at the ad * vent of .lesus Christ slavery en, -led all over the civilised world. >uid was Intimately Interwoven with ita social and civil instilMtnna. In Judea, in Aria Minor, in tirooce, in all the i (Sin trils where the Niviour or his A|s?tlcP pr?ai h ed tbe U<?pc|,>.|?vehtifcling wart fnalaa ?? mm. ma- it is to day in South Carolina. It m not all* -??d by any on*-, or at |.?-t by any oiie having any pretensions to s< holar fhip or candor, that the Hainan Uw* rcguUtinK ?Uv?ry were even us mild as tbe wry worst atatotea whtch hav? Im i n |mswd u|s>n tbe auht*> < m modem times H will not Is* d< nied by any honest and well informed man thai modern civ ilixsi ion atid the restrainlnc inflmmow of tb? (>< ?|s I havr -h?d ameliotat iiik laliiencea upon the rels lion between master ate I slave, which was utterly un known at tin- ad t cut of (liristuinity. And bow del lesua and hi? Afwttes treat this subi?-ct* Masters ami -Uve<* met tbem at every "top in their miMSiouary work . and were even pre-ent u, every audience to which they iirt H< bed Hie Itom.iU li.w Which ga\<- the full power ot' lit and death Ato the ma-'tor s luuid w?a fattnliar n? Ih< in and all the rrila ooeesrted with tb<> syaK<m ?ur rounded them every day as obfkiialr as tb<' liubt of heaven' <ind ?et It m a r< tuaikubli- fks t, which tie- abo litiotiM does not ts ? an-"' b'1 cannot deny, that lb* New Ta* lament > uttartj sil< nt la n ii?rd to tie .?ll* v-d mful n.-ss o< ?laM le kllni: In ?I1 tb" instruc' otis of ibeS? vsiir-in ?I1 ibe report ihI -erMM ul ?l?e inspired t|. ili- ? In all i lie rpiatles lb<| wire mo\e<l by lb<i Itolv Mfurlt to writ* for the In- irm'tion of ronmi* $? nera ! tionr ? there la not aaie distinct and explicit danuoclalion o| ?Im vi h"loov , i>"r one pr< < ?-pl rt quiring the n ukiw lu ematH'tpnte hi- ?iin o?. Kver \ a< kii"Wl<il*od aln Is open Ir and r^pe^lodh conii- mn> <1 .ind in nnne-aaorod t<-rai ImtnkeniKt wel idultery. tle li nnd murder ? all the moral wr>ii ? which evor have been kiMiwn to stBu t m< eictr, wo forbidden by mbk and yet according to tb? taorbii'K of ib< tiiiotii-m this greatiwtaf all -n, < ? this si tu of nil \ 'II .nN ? 1? never spoken of ??> pt in taap ct In! i rwia llow ? in th - be ai ? "tint' d furT Ji t lir Wav in I. wle~o work oti moral ael<neo m tan lit m i, mil) ot our < l.<?. an* wer- tbi question and l> t I'n '< 'ii wh"-e children at'- tiid}lfiu le> k diUt renth eoander his answer I quale f r ? :n Wa;land'a Morni 'Cienee |st|fe UI3 ? "Tie fVi-|s-: >? . iie.itrtx ' t. it ' r one rite ?? or for ono time, but t?'i all t?C and l"r all Maies It l<s?ke<l not to the sholiti'iti of lavet v for tbit af" alone, but for its unl vernal aboliljtm Henre tbe iii.|sirtunt ob|ect of in an tbar was In rain for it .il"' ''icnt in every part af ilw kin wn world ?# that In it m ii ranl dlgl ion among all C'-i ? is of -??. ii iy it in hi quii'Ut and |si?c fully uesllfy and i bdue tbe <\ d |?s?ions of men In thi? manner sli neoiuld Its oh|erl? a uti'ver mI moral reyoliition ? ham been ateomplt'-h"d. > < r ' it had forbiddwi the avtl, In ImH of snbvertlftir 'hi |iritie ;di it It ba>l proelalmod tha nniawfiibii ?of -layer} and t/i'irht slav?n to re?isl th i ifyn ? n ot the# masters I wisild m-tj?iitly have ar n?yi I lie two turtle In dea !t> iK'-tll'tv thrieiubout tho rivil'/e I wo, l i lt? itii ' it" i ifit waniil have hi?n thn - nal of -mill' w i ind tlv rerv name of th'' tT?ri?tiat? ri'imion would ban Isi# for^atUia amidst the avitatitin of i nlreraal htoadsbe4>" V i pwiue not now to romm nt upon the admltt'd fact tbat Jesus fhri-t aid hi- .tpivtio |wir?u?wl a foaraa en tlrely illlbl'ilt It'an tint S'lop?o<l by the abolllsiOi't* la clmiinK the bar to d sutbor hitiKilt . nor la inq'iii* wfieUn-r tbo tnaetimg of abMMIaal'tn 1? not ,n !,keir la prodimo ?trtfeai I bloodshed In tb> edsna nthefl' tageaoftha rhiitrh W hat w<' mm- call atteiii oa wand protoM iirsinst ts the ini|?il*tlf>n here ra?t nnonftif aad his .tfs-tle? fin yaabci'i-v tbe -i<\ neu ?nt t 11 inu?t.'hisr< ii|t ion into ibe earth bv onnrealinr its tesl -Ign and pn-serving a profound >iiene< n- irird f one ot n,. very worst sins It oatnetode-imv- Imot believe tbat when In- howled H? - act rant ah?m cv.ry h"n"si ronimonu Ii^ .i/j. have I" n a -tave> and nronounc?d H?at. ir?i ? , ii g ? up in tin marter. I have not n-en att great Wlitb l*rael '?da ion Misfl that Jeeu* rnfb-rad that u' "Tl "n ,n *in c bo Anreeated the enaeequeftrr* of araaehMg aboil tsiii-m ? *li<n faai -t""?l upon Mar- hill, mtr rnaaded by tea lien -and tine - ,i* many alavelvoldrw aa there *' re idol? m Ibe city, do j mi lielleve be kept l?ack ant psrt of tbe roqnlrenie ^nfs ? i tbe grwpel tiecanae ho ii d ot a tam "t wtmavg lite pi offal Woaektbetm a> o'|i|on i 'i lo-opht i ? wlietlier, as a matter of fact, doliiry ?i d tb? i k-i'" ooMK?ted with It were not even mofi inttaiateij interwovi n with tin ancial and otvti Ufa of tbo liontan ? mplre than slavery waa' Hid the .tp<* IV ? atistam fr< in preacbii 7 .i;?air 1 'dolelM * V '' ""bo does teit ktH W iltat by d< nonti< tug thia sin they brought d wn nfa ii tin m.-< l*e? tbewledi jiowi r of tbe l!i'tn*n 1 11, 1 ? i* Nor o covered the Nd" "I the Ch' ?' ?n mar lji? ? Hi pfteb and lighted Up the City ?th Iheta burn It . bndlet* in-t ' ?? " the> w mld n<d witbl.' I I <>r ?*om imtttifi the tiuth >a r?fwrd t ' itw worshipof d?l?. In i!i -?,? ,.f that ten ? 1 ? -ec'ition it l? ? profano trifllnt for I r W tat),' or ar\ otbot 'nan to Ml us that J' -f ?a> p??\ bold tise* theli bom - 1 niioi of tlnverv ft 1 wr <-f 1 a - ? ' lo war 'it wli < b 1 b*' 1 't nam 1 of 1 1 e t hi 1 1 ?o r? l<" "'li ? I ? ' e b en 'of Hi a " Tb nvtt.e "f H o < t.ri I .. I , , . t ... " n f - re Cod a re. It pr- m . ?t ? ' ? ?' ?? ?' > 1 ?? i, i.i (..?? .1 . 1' n ' 1 ' v 'j'v.i rv aud