Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 10, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 10, 1860 Page 2
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at *11 times And yet th.* phito-.nphy no dishonoring to 4lu wt .Hid hi? Ai**-U ?*, U moulding the cbaritcl"' of our venial iuen and women Ii come* mio our school* and mingles with th.' very liieblood of future generations the ki-dIiui nt that Chi irt uud his Apuatles held back (ho truth, and stiflend sin to go unrevoked for fear ol the wrath ol man And all this to maintain, lit all hazuds, and iu the face ol the Saviours rumple to the contrary, the unscriptural dogma that sl.m holilinu in ?iu lint tt must be observ. vl iu thU connection that the Apostles went much further than to ah-- 1 tin from preaching ugainst davcholding. They admit' al slav halders to the communion of the church In our t' Xt . ma- 1 th are ac knowledged a* "brethren, faithful and beluv J, pi: takers ol the benefit. '' If the New Te t inv nt i< to be received as a faithful history, ih> rr. ?n ? evii reacted by the apost'Utc church upon the ground that he owned slaves. If h?* alms u hi (*?? > as ? >11 . ?< , .1 h av.uied himself of the authority eoufi rrert l>\ tl Human law t ?? cominit adultei > or murd r, ur ci iii it.v, h" waa reject -d for the** ci iiu t as lie would l>e rej ct 'd now for Similar rum - tioui any < h :immu church 111 our. South* rn Male*, if junut- ubu-.d 01 negl cted tl?'-?r childi n they wi re c n*ui?l, not lor having children, but for not treatin,; th< m pio^ rlv And so with lb - sl?v. holder. It wm uot tin wnui oi -lave-, t th ? manner iu which he fulfilled the duth ? of hi - station thit nvde him a sub ject for church discipline. The m< r< fact (hit he wa 1 slaveholder no more Mibject.-d hitn to censure th in tho mere fact that he was a fath r 01 a Inn-hand. It 1 - upon th ? rvcoguil d law fulness of till' 1 elation that all the pie cepts regulating the ri-ciprocal duti ? of 1U.1 ! relation ar ? ba^ed. Itie^e precepts are Bcattei ed all through the ms, tiled epslli*, There 18 not 00 v ootnin tiid or oxliortai ioa to emaii(4|)ate tlie slave. The Apostle well knew that for the present emancipation would be 110 real hie sing to him Hut the nuitr is exhorted to be kind and con aidet.ile, and the slave to be obedient , that sn they might preserve the unity of that church in which there is no distinction between lireek or .lew , m ile or letnile. bond or free Oh, if minister* of the tiuspel 111 th.s Wudor ?:;e had but followed 1'aul im lie followed Christ, and, instead of hurling anathema* and exciting wrath against hltwhoi ters. Iiail sought only to bring both mister aud slave U> the fountain of Kraauuel's blood; if theagoucieH of the blessed tiospel lial ouly been sutlered to wo. k their way quietly , us thn light atvl dew of the mwmug. into the structure of society, both North and South, how different would have been the positiou of our country this day before (iod! How di(J< rent would have been the privi.eges en??yed by the i?or blackmail's soul, which, in tbi* bitter cont si , has been too much negl ecled and despised Then there would have been no need to have converted our Chi. relies 111I0 m l laiy harrackK lor col lectmc lire.iruis to carry <>n ?var ni?n :i distant frontier. No need lot n seven i?n Slate to execute the fearful penalty ol the law upon the Invader lor doing 110 more than honest 1. 10 carry out the teaching 01 abolition preachers, ? ho hmd Ikm\ > burden", and ^rlevoiw to be iiorne and !?> them 0:1 mens s'iDiil lors, while they touch them not w ah one of their lingers. So neel for th- vMm I the 01 ph 'a MlTMplt .<n^:t:sh ol' heart over those cold pravce, for w!:<*e di-iho.ior and desolition ?.od will hold the real -uthors i's|iOiis,h|e. No occ.tsiou or pretext loi ftlaveholdiug state* to s ich stringent laws for Ue p .ni?l.tnenl 01' the s >< rot inceudiary a. id thy prevent. on 01 servile war. < -hall not to show what will be the condition the Mi a hi 1 no- m this country w hen the Uitspel shall have brought ail cl t-- under it i complete doinlniou. What civil anil social r> lations men will -ustain In the times 01 tnilli tiial glory 1 do not know I cordially em brace the current opinion of our church that flavor) is permitted and regulated bv the divine 1 1 v. tin ier both the .lew-ill and dis)Mis4ti<uis, not the liual destiny of the cnsla\'d, but - an lmj"Ttii:it and ne cesr?ry pr? c 111 then- liaus.llou 1 ? 111 heathen turn to01i!i-tlanit> ? awheel In tL,1 great 111 ichin-ry of Providence, by ? Inch the final redemption i.? to be ac complish. J H. wever thU may be, one thing 1 know, and ever) ib, It 1 1 : . .1 know 1' it he would, UmI there are Hi Ktian families at the S 'llh hi winch a pa iriarclnl tah l.t' .nd nil -cti'-n sub.-i- ' b tw.^n the b >ud mid the i . r and where ulave- ire better fed and clothed ?nd insti i.cti d. and have a tlMlf Ofpulvlt} for uilva t i4,u thai, the uia.' irity of laboring people in the city of New York li the t ngue of nbolltioiii-rn had only kept silence the ? twi nty years pant the number of auch la milits would be tenloid a.- ?i . jt, l'ai ulici- m ut t!ie North is uot chief itunibling block in tho Way of the (j>*>pel at lheSniith Tills i*. one preat gri'-vance that preesi* to ilav uptxi the In arts of our Christian brethren at the south Tins, in a measure, explains wbv -neb men as l'i Thoruweli. of South Carolina , and I>r. I'almor, of M-vr t>r! an ? men whose .eniiw md learn ing and piety %vould adorn any state or -ilation ? <r<- ? .111!.* to sceedc from the I -11 ion Th' y le.-l th i' th ? influi'tu-e of the Chr ? tian miti iry li hindered, and 111 11 l?.?i rto d i .0,1 to both muter and slive crlpi^e.l, by the const mi agitations of abolitionism in our national councils, and the imosant turmoil <-x<'lte<l by th im scriptural dOslua, that . lavelailUmg 1- sin. n ? rrts miMiiiiai or hivk tu-.rv ?0< llIKriY HT .aiSKM'HWhM 1111" asi> mi. -r llni mg ui> foundation in ttrrlpture, it does noi cmfv on its warfare by scripture weapons. Its pn vailing -"P rii i? tierce and proud, and its ling uage in lull of wrath and bitterm-ae. lad tne prove tins b> testimony from it* own hp- | ((iii.i. i?r Chmnmg iif itoKt 'ii. who*- n.itn,' w t lnwi'r ol strength to th" abolition, ami whose iii> in?ry is their continual lu a work publi-b-d iu the ?f?r IK., 6, | tmd the follow lug words: ? ?? The abolit:onbis hare done w rong , I belie ve ; nor - tin -.: ? rww to In* wtuk> d at heowiiic done >? ally ot ? iilt K""d int.nttons. for bow much miachi-1 may be wrought with good design* ' They luive fallen into tli? ? omnuNi error at riilhiMi;uda, of r* mg< rating their object, of feel, tig na it no evil slated hut that which ih y nppo*?-d and as if n? guilt eouhlbe compared ?t count. m mu and upholding it Th.' tone ol t b?-ir ncw paper*, mo :m 1 have aecn th- in. b m often be. u tlercc bitter and nbu- ve. The) have acnt forth their orators, Mimi' of them trmxport. <1 Willi Mecy ml, 10 round the alarm again t >l?nft through the laud, to gath r lo gi ther young and old, pupil* from acbool-, f male hard') arrived at year? of discretion, the ignorant, the caciteable, the impetuous. and to organise th ? into a .-,h- ail -to lor the battle against oppression Vi ry un happily the) pieai'bed their doctrin e to the colored p o pli- and eolleci.'d tb in into hoc idle* To thl- mlv d and ev table multitude. minute he irt rending dscrlpt lou o* ? trrri were given in piercing tone* of pa- sum. and ?.<?eholdei- were held up as UiollHer* ot cnwitj and c-inie Tli' als'litiooHt, indeed, propofid to eourerl a'aw holders and for th:* end h* approach' d them with v!i'j|M'r iituii and evhaiiKl'-d on them the vocabulary of ahtiiw And be has reaped as he ?owo<l ' such is the festimoa) of IT fhantnnK. given in the vear 1H. A What would he have ib.auh' and said if lie had lived until ihe year 1 VX) and -<en tbt? little stream . over wh<w- ml ant violence lie lam. ni -d swelling into a torrent and rloodmg the Und' Almlt: ioui*m U abusive m it* persistent misreprewntati "ti ot the l.-gai prlBrip'e* involved m the relation brt?i<?l maater and s'?Ve. Ih'-v reiterate in a tbo'.ind "Xcitmg forms ihe assertion i bat the idea of property in man blot' out his matib<*id *nd degrades hira lo the level of a brute ?ra*t?ne ' flo meatic slavery ," n?vh Pt W'a\ huid. in hi? W'Tk ob Moral ."Science. ?'Huppoxe* at l>e?t thai the relation h.'twe- n master and slave Mi not thit which "Xist? bet w. ? u man and man. but i? a mml ideation at least ot' that whi. h ? 'Xiat* lwlw.i'D man and the brute- fix nol these abo lltumuit ph)l<?-.>pber? k?>w that an-ordin/ to the laws ot every civilised country on earth a man hu< property in hia children and a w<>man baa pr"p> rty in h> r li mband.' The statutea of the ft?|e \rw Vorlt and of e\.. ry other Northern Staff reongn.*.- and protect : thia property . and our court* of Juatic? have repeatedly aaaemifd M value if a man is kilV-d on a , ra.lroad h:a wfe may bring *uit and re< over damage* tor the pe< un.ary low -he lias mtttered. If "tie man en' e aw.?y lh?- daughter <4 another, and marry her whde ?he i? ?till under a?e. the latlh r may bring a civil amt i't?r damages fur the Iom of that'ft nerrloM, aud the p^- uniary com |? nation i? the ouly redr?-?a the law pro itd? Thw llie ( .million law ot t'briai>?dom and the statute* of our own Wale recag niae prop^vty m man In what rtoew that property e?*ai??? t*lm|>ly In awh ?*T vices V a man or a ehiM niay pr<iperlv be required to render. This i- all ibat the l/'Viti cal law, or any other law, tn'stn? wlien it aaya, "Your Nindm n -ball ho your poKw-s-'oo or prop-rty'and an ?? for four chil dr?-n " The |>roprriy i-onsista not in th" right to troat tha slave like a brute, but simply in a legal cli im fof -ueh aervict - an a m m in that position m ?y prop 'rlr b.< required to render And yet aboliuonists, in ihe ia< e ot" the divine Uw, per?.-t in denouncing il>p tr?-rjr f< latiou i>etweefi m.iater and "laxe, ' a? a m *1Mle?iion, at |vi?t, of thai wfi k tIMN kM?M BM Ik knl - l'h . Iiowever, is not ihe wor?t or m<jet pi. val nt lortn wh h their abusive spirit assumes Th?ir m"i" of <rg i ng 'he 'luesiion ol ?lav. holding, by a pretend e<l ?j>p ,?| lo i?, t- , iiatiseueot m -'epc.- .-in it ion fr /m b ginning to ";id l*t me illustrat'- my m-antng by ? par alii ca-e. s.ip popw. I undert'lke t" prove th- wick die -- ot in irr..!*' -s it exmta In lh" City of N-w York In lb d? -s- a suppaM tlie It, We i? . t lud< d, or at I is! I ha it - n ? recogn i'-d ?s having e? lu?ive jur - li. lion t'. ui'd ?mn of the qm ?tion My lir?t ?pp <1 - to th lawlt' law Of the <H.tie I rb"W tbeie rn< tOient* which U'lUlf> the,?? I, "I an t make div..r< e t iii nkct <t"le an I ' b i|> ' . iiiai ' !y I Co !*> t the a Hett m tii-uf i ur daily |>a ? ,u w'hi 'i lawiwr- '-ffer l<> pre ur^ ih ? legal separatum "f mm an I wile lor a MipuiaiH price, to aiv ti"th .lg I place of oth>-r i iverti?em -ut" wbe U d ? ? n \ forbids ma |o quote ihen I turn to tb*- re.-<T - ot our 'nunil onnrla, ami ttn i ib'U every day tue t. lei b . Inui I beat* hie Wile, or -an nnat iral piieni m u e - h .hid, or s"?i?# diwoolente I w"e -r h -t-an I ?e.-ks th? d snlalioa ig ihe m irr. age Ntt 1 In the ne*i p ace | turn k> Ibe orphan asylum- and b"-p'.ta.-, aud -h- w there th ' ini^c ranlo wr?>?-k* of i?mi'?tie tyrannv in w v s de?.?rte.l and ? hi Id r en ma i met by irunken parent* in tha in.-t pia, I go throiigb '>ur -trweta an I int ? .en t.-:, uienl h * i-?a. and t o mi the iboitanbda of h.Mren, who, .i&iM ?tx>rance and Ulth. are training lor ihe pr m |..w- Mimm i ig all fb^r facls tog, Uj.t. I j?ul ilim fo, th aa the fruit* of m irrtaf* In the city of New Y ?rk. an I a proirf thai the tela! ton itself I* ?Infill. Il I ware a novel ist , nttd had wi iti. n a twok to lllu-tfal'' th.- <aiu<' ?? - inne, | whim rail ttn* nrrny of fact* a 'Key." in the* key i aey nothing ibont th" ?wert . hintie* an t ifl<? lion* thai Houriali in teg th "i-and homes, not a wor t a'aiul the multitude <h loving Vin lne?-ev th,?t hara? terl??< the tUily life of honot people, about Ihe la<trncf nd dis. ip m? thai ara tram ug < htldren at ten tho iaan l Hies lot ior uaef illness here and glory hereift -r, all th ? I ignore, and <p?"te only ihe ?utute bnA, the newspaper-. th> record* of crimiual eretru and the mia* ru'< ? tue aho-l- a of poverty Now, what bare 1 done I have noi in s J'?"? m JL'W"* * An4 yet am In.' .. falaifler and atonderer of the deepen die* |j tbere a Vir tuoon woman or an boneet iu*n in tli? city whose eh"ekn would not burn with md 'nation at my one ?t w .nd .n rartona statements' Mrw. thia m fm what abotuMii-ui haa done in regard to aLix ahold in * It >,.>? ,ade, uk u to fUuatrnt* its cardinal doctrine m w or ?ciam ,1 then, to auatam Ihe creation of ita lancv haa aiieiiant s) to underpin it with an acruniutaUm of rfcl facta are collected in preeiaeiy the w?) 1 h?v* Vac i>. : Tbe atatuta hooka of nlaveb?lding itea are a?arc'.is.i and averjr wr<?g enactment ciUale.l, n-a.jM^f r>v*la of eruelU and cr me <w? Uw purt uf wlckad - <>ar? ar? Ueaaurad up au I jk .?lb)sl, >11 Um o??ri,-aa 'h?i iiara parpetral. t -by towd tvifcrnaf Um.M?r whom Iberv r,. ?int,, t* Uj Xo ?yi urA a at^, , ??ag?rlr ae?ae<r -'1 - u* "? - K> f >?d llth isglerl |. ., U* k iMk o.| - w M rf ??. ctaty ? (Kit for I ?nMlM UtM jImt m d\*wUL. ?ienalnra m thv Pb jj-| mlliMwa Wl t!># p?t!pH " thM raw mater li) t to the more reflnel alander th?t southern aoc.ely ?? -aantiaUy harbirow. an I fhat aliv holding had it* ori, n tn bell '? |/> ?.?tive bole-e ni ' VI 1 rc enirt Matm>. which dwt>re that aNwehoflmg us such ao m.wmowi ?. moo dm if * Southern inta, ? under the brn?d ?hioM of the ooMBitatiM, and with th* den.-inim of I lit .Supreme Court of 111" country in bU ha:d shall i <>tue within I heir jurisdiction. uid *'t up I i <un t<> s fugitive slave, he i-hall b? punished with a line i#-.(X)Oai.d lUWn jwi. nnpr. ouui' iit Th;.- tn?lh<><l ot argument ha? continued until multitudes of bouest j Christian people in tb? aud oth.-i lands boheve thit fclaveholdlng is the sin ul sina, th? sum of all villain ?*. 1 4*1 mc illustrate th.. by an meid. ut iu my own exp r fence a few y i-ars kiDc? 1 took from ti??? ?~<-utr<- tut>l<? ?'l a Chrirtum faiuil> ui boot land, by ? linn I hid been iin et kindly rutvrtaiiiMl, a book entitled " 1 .If - uud Man Uura in America <Hi the blank l a) w.w- in luhrlptiun, ?slating thill the hook had llWU bc-tl>Wed UpOU ODO ot the children ot the family a.* a reward >>4 diligence in an iu>t. tutain of learmug. i"be froot u-pieoo wa-> it picture oi a man of heree rouiitriumif beati iig a naked uuwiii. lh ? content- ot the book were protcin-di/ compiled irom lie' test i iu(* i. v '?! Anirrkiiar upun tlic -ubject of slavery. I dare iWt quote iu th. . place lh- uttrick which I made m my memorandum It will be sutli lent to sa;, tint the book ai--ei ti as i:..d'eibli d fa" t- that the banks ?l the Mississippi :iii -i?dJe<l with iron i;j lor the (miiii li metit ol iii v i ? thai i i th' city oi I'h.n ii -t m the bloody bill k on wh ? h IIii.steiK i lit off til liaild- of d -'in dieut servant may be .-. en in the public square , and thit am-. against chastity arc common and uureo'ik d in pro I * "bsedly Clirutiiu lam.lie-i. Now in my heart I did not feel angry at the author of book ii rat th- -? uool U\n h.-r who lie-lowed il upou Ins.- hotir, fur in Chi -tian charity I Rive livm credit fi r hotiecty in the nv; bin .Handiog there a slrauger aui' 'Iik 'le mai tyr memories o4 glorious laud to which my h> .u t had .-a often made it.- pilgrimage, 1 did feet th it you and I, and every man in America wi? wrone>d by the rcvild- of their nut iv? liud, who leach foreigner* thai hauginf and culling od hands, aud heating wora ?n, are the i hararterutics of out lite aud manners But we ui*d not no to foreign lands for |wtvi|' thii abo litionism hak carried on its warfare by the language of abuse. The annua) meet hi* of ihe Amei ic.iu anti-slMvery Society hriu# - the evidence to our d *?r> We hive been accustomed to laugh it th< u vrnul inhibition* of famii cism, not thftikuig perha|i? thai what was fun for u- was working death to "ur brethren whose property iiud repu tation we. ire bound in luotert ITie fad i.-. w- have suf tered a tire to be m our mal t , >pirk- hare been .att< K-d far iirid wide: :iiid now wti 'ii ih' smoke of the coulligiatmu i omen l>a"k In blind our eyes, and the. lvat ol it begins to -' or?h our ludastrtal and coininercrtl iuten-i-ts , it will not do for us to -oi> that the utterance^ of that silli ly ate the lavmgs ..t a lauatical and m -.itnilnant few; fm tlio men who compose it are honored in our inidit with t ill and offices. lt> 1'resiilcut l-? a Chief Justice ot the Mate of New .ler-ev Hi- iiiiuisters who have thiown over its dohi^.s the -an t on of .mi holy religion ar* quoted and nugn. lied all ovei the lali l ;is Ihe represemal ive men of Ihp .iKO, anil th ? inin whor-trcut up iu ii? ilello.u at ion- in the i yeai iSj.' .mil ixhai.iteil ihe vis a iulai i ot abn-e upon the cotupioinise ine.i- ie-.ini t'ae grc?i lateinen who ? framed tin iu, i- now a .luot;e m our co ul- ni l 'he j ur ? ill in ot our live- ati'l our profMM'ty. Il w ill doubt le.-n e said th it nii u epi e-eiitation arid I .ibii.-i have no' been - ./ollneil, iu th'- pro^re ?t th.s un , hippy i ontist to th.' alvi|;tioni-t ? ihe V>rth th..t I iletna^omii aii't it -eekiiiK men a' ill" -"I'l'.n h ive been \ ioifut an i in .ce, iicw-mpe. , p, o'i . .xfly in the inleie-iK ot the -oiitli, w :h i -pull .\h;>'h ? in '?e ! i luira. ter./eit a - little ler- thoi <i .!> >'. t . ' , have cire i leted ov -ciitelai ti th- uio I am(r.iv I *it mil irritat mi; I'ortn. Bui -lipposi .ill lli. to lie Kfantisi ? wh it then t ali I hi . I i.i i uieii ii i - tit > ii ji.illi.ite lie vvr.i h ar.d evil i -pe..k ut; wlii hioi'ti' i Iw i i own doors |v>int :i^r to the irt..nat :<i|i wh.vii tin' pro >ki*il 1'ioiu th-n net rh*?or.-.v il 1 were |> ichnig l ? ? .y ? ? i miheru au;l:en?e it VI'MlItt lie lliv '. ,t \ , i nd 1 il 'J-l t.iHl would .ill'tf me ,;l ice tojM'ili,ni '. t.t'lllh in "l Ihelr -Iiif ti Ihi.- inattei , and e-tHM .illy vrould ii be m i pnv leue , n minister oi the <>iTpol ol pi'.n o ? u pnvih'KO irom which uo false views oi nianhis'd should prevent me ? to exhort and be-eech thrill ?> bnthreti I would a- tir. T he 1 n thit there are multitude- here who .-nil her -li the niemoi v of the b.ittle fields and Cornell ehimb. r wheie our iuiher> icmeut. d this I u.ou ul Matoc ind who still -t.iUd l?y Ihe compact oi the con-tit iitioti to the utmost extremity. I would tell the thousands Chrittliau minister-, among whom are -nine ot the brightest ornnn. ut-oi the Aniencau pulpit mil the leu ot ihou-iud- of t hri ti.ui men aud wmneu, toward whom . w h ie the love of t hrist burn- in me, tuy heirt never can M'ow cold, th it it they will only be patient and hope lo the end, all wrong- n ay yet be rntbt' d Therefore I would beseech them not to put a great gulf between us and cut oil' the very opportunity lor reconciliation upon an honorable basis. In a revolution wliose end no human eye cau see Bet. then, I am not |'ro.nhili? at theSiuth I -toid hei e. at oue ot the main fountain heads ol the abase we j h i \ e com pla med ot 1 -taml here to rebuke thin sin and "ihort the guilty l?rties to te|n nt and torsake it It is magn in tiious and ; Uhristlike lot tho?e irom whom the nr-t provocation ! came to tuake the titj-t couce-iions Ill# enactments winch i re 11 opfn and xckuow ledgcd \ mi llion of tin- conaitutiou. and whose cblir dmigi * tu ptil u -biuui ii|?>n alaveboidiug, must tad w ill be repealed Truth. md uislice *ill ultimately prevail iiad(i?t'? ble-slng .ml tb* ble^muaof genera tion y<'t MU born will rol up. -n tljnt isirlv u uli.ipp) i "Blest who lint -imd iorth in utter th" language o( conciliation anil protlhr Um olive bran oh o:' peace. The I gr> it I'di is that the retraction will onm loo lute: '?:il oihm hi lui'i it will come \ is il it ion ism ought to and OM du> w ill . kauge tb>' mi ale ? ?( il- wart ire ami adopt a new vocabulary. I btUeve n t h?* liberty of H?c ptw? and m freedom 'it speech Itul I do not bche*? thai an) man ban a i iijhi before Hod, 01 iu ih" eye el eiviiir.i-d law t<> speak Mi 1 publish what fee please* without re prt to tor tonwwinK*'!' Willi th<- wuiscientiou* coo \ ictmn* "four lellow-cili*<ni* m .the we U'?v tin- law hit any right to iateriervrbut the luw ?>u:lii lairutNtifl men from the utterance <?( libellous ? >id?, ?n 'io only eflia-l i to mate dlvMou and ~-trit .? 1 tint hud pray, and rail upoa you *?? no lie with ra? in (lie uppl nation, that Uod would ^ive aboJKIoiisu re j* mam ?? and a bettor mind, -o in time to rnni'' they umy at li-u-t propagate tbiu princlplem in decent and rr-pectful language III ? VHnimoWU I kit** IN KCITirrnl* !>?' I VIM*, VXD HI * im.nvi raonee* m triiw unnun. (hi thi* imiat I woolt! not .mil will not be in launder Ktood. I ilu not .-.ii ihui ibfllitMwHtni m InStlelli y I a|x ak otily oi the (endenci. a ?( the njnicm ? indicated 1 hi it- in "Mi d prltr fpJ. >ii<l hmoft'traifld iu its pructi 1 cjI frtui - l( di Itui try pinery by the Bible, but n one of it* Irulini; iidvi? ill * h:i* re> ? lit ly declared. it tries the Bilile by (be pnui i|4e* of freedom. It laatila ilu( (lit1 word ?l i ii id mua( b? nnde to auppnrt i iTtun huinau opinion* or forfeit all l Umift upon our taith Thai I may nut be iwj? pe. le.j ,,i exaggeration on this point, let me quote from the ik ml work ot Mi llarnca a passage winch umy well ' am at the .ilteiiiion of all thinking men ?Tli' re are great princtpl"* iu our aatare ?? Clod ii.? nu'le u- wlncbcau never be a't a*ide by .my au thority >>( a profcaaed rvveUtMi It j book elaitniiig to be i reveWtH-a from Ibid, by any flit interpri taliuti dc teuilud slavery. or |4ai -"l it on the ftwe baii4 .i? the re Lit ii ti ? >t hoeKiiid .iiwl wife iwri'iit ami chill, vmrdttu in. I w.ud, AUi'b ?? b'- k would not. .ind .mid not be re Mired by the in i-j. i t nunkiijd .i- ? Diviue revelation." Thin iN-ninption. that men ir>' r. ip. hie of .induing b " 'orehMMl wh.?i i* to be fSpNtrd in .? Ihviue nrilMloi, ik the i mk iiru i iu, ir.'in w Inch mill ??!??* bfTiwi have bri-n li.itrhe.l lb- * I be <p?Jer? wehb wMb men h.tve e|Nin out of I hen own bralux. ? nd rlmp iv i.? whu'b. ibev hare ittenipted to swing ovet the >awiiing at>)w< oi uitiitalitv. Alae, h"W in iu) have lalien In a;i<l Ix'eu daahed to pteeek ' When a mm net* up the great principle* of nur nature (by which In- alwaya lueana hw own preeonc?ive<l oplniou-ia the aupri me tribunal tx-fore which e\ eu th-t Liw of ?.?xl muat b<' trieil ? wh.-u a man ?aya "(he Bible niuat teacb abolu wnii-in or I will uot receive it , he h*a already cut l?<w? trotn th" -Wt awebnr ot failh. True to-lVet a*yn "."peak, 1/w.l, Ihy aervanl wail* to bear ' AbvliHooiam aa> ? ' .?peak , Lord , but apeak n accordacco wiih lie' prliM-iplea of bnmtn nature or (hey cannot be received by lb<' Kreat Dtmi at luaukitiil at a Iht ine rete tat H 'ii the fruit m a'lcb principle* u joat what we nii^ht e*|>i>ct Wherer^r the ?eed o( atNiliimni^iil i ha.- tx-en aowo broailcaal a plentiii>l crop ot infidelity baa -prm ? ip In the OoMMkiuittk* where anli aUverv e* ? r in 'lit baa beeq moet prevalent . the power of (he ( ?oa I- 1 Iii? invai mblv deciimvi. an. I when the tide of i clem tx'gir ? t.i aub-ide, the wnvlit ot rhurch order nn l ot | < hri4(uu rliar.ic'- r tuvf Ii. en roatietol nu I be shore I ?teen i.o diare?i?4( to New Kn|(Uni1? to the gooil m?w who there *t*inl by ihe ancieat iau.lmarka an t roniend ' iwrucetty lur (he truth ? bur to the ilhlatrioua dead who*" | iiraiw m in nil lh-- chnrchei, but who iIin.s niH know tbtt ihe I* .(en iti which eboiiUiMiiaa h?a achieve.! tla moet ! alg a! (fi'ini)'li- are ai tie -awe time thi great atrxig h. id- of uiti'i. fv mlbehwir I h.ive often thought th it it - me oi ih ? "Id pilgm father* couMrmae back, in the ?lur i! Mid pow r oi to attend a grand celebration ? I rtyinouiii i k, tli"y might ??!) prei hon ihi< test > ? It ye were \braliaiu - ibildr u yi would do the work* oi Ah . .i.i Ihe ? II t ot abolu oni-in upou udividit I air i? no |. -? -Tike, and iimhuh >1 iliaii ti* iuduea<'e |"*?| uinmlili)' - Il la I ri Inarkaiii ' Hid i.Htrui tive I, I 'I otje I whi. !l till ?l ell men ,.o>lld <to well to l-i - and < or- <i i , IhM in Una euuntrv all tin* promt ecm i ???'. in <in i uiaii! >1 ih. n nwtiy have |> ? ti ivow. il .i lid' I4 . and (hat all ?m n >uiriou> almiilimi preaib' i- i. ivi r. ihh i ? i In g, ,i do. inaraof grai ?> *? '!? i ir ? ? .gh' nil. nMndaril* ? in ri fortint chlfrh r? ? luivi i -i?. .1 o (hi mtmi ? loienl pio. ? ? <H nlei pr Uliofi to iviitd th> obvMMIi III in ,' 'I plan ~ r pin i?l t> Tl?, ai 4 ?-? rib> il to the .<po?(l - oi t'lu i?t ipl.w from wli i. h pe ty and moral ? ourag ' i??uii< lively rev.ill. lb' > make '!wi to be na whi. h the tible <i.i * no* ?! eiare (o t.e ?in Tbev il'-n<einee in language -u h ? theatern eit pi i -fat i ? ' - of the lew never empiov "d ? r- Lu am winch .I| " la MMl bw apiMlhw ^?. Ogln*i\l Hill I e .iilatei! They e, k to weliMM" tei in? and ii \ta ol < Ui .-K.iu commMiou utterly ut > iriaU' ? wtib the organ law oi the chur. h m* ieuBded by ila Dl? tae Head and. attempting to fiat ify tine iiaurpatina ot Dn ,ue prenMtatlve< b> .in a(>P'a4 froiu ? .?*; * law M the 4ictat?a of falleu bumm nature, they would ?? ( up a ?pirit'iil tyrnnny more od .mi- ml meuOetabte. l>v* aoee more mbnrarv and un. rum ii i!? .1. . i- nun than IVj* ry ue- li And a* the tree * -o have iia iruii* I th It w no' * iletTy, but ?? demowtraii-d fa that alvi. ii lanMii e,i,in tn Inftilelliy f<?ich men *a tlarrl ami an.l i.t-eiu g?, ami te-iril .?milb. have yielded to Ihe current m their own principle ^iul thrown the Bible ever board. Thnwaanda of humbler men who II leu to al.oiiieai pi . ?< h< i - will gn ami do likewia.' \n ! ? hether K be the restraint* of . thcial po* ieai. or the preventing grace of Uod, thit enable* ?uch pi eacliem lo row up the atrivim anil repai.i the authority of ^pripturf in i>lh<'r mailer*, iheir influence upoa ?h,* one aubie, t i? all (he u?or? pernicioua l>ecauae ihry arophmp iu Hie i.inm oi ("briat. In (bia sincere and pkm utleranc-' o| my i|Mip convictioiia I am only ?] laclmg ig my r rnm irnpa lo war t* the flig-k over which I am net \Wi n lie- -b-ph r l a?ah the wolf coming he m bound u> give warning I?e? iU'lffliXM B* nui ?jn? ?* till until* mat ai.iti?n ?.*n th? oA.v?,g* mar twimar?**oca mmm. bare, ae upow u>e preceding point. I will not be mi* '?oUei -<u*>. < I am not here a* the advor ite or oppiii , ui 01 uaj political party, ind It IP no more than umpie |ua (toe form in im pumly thai I do not Oonaider Rep ib t e*? nod Aboti(i..iii*t <? ni o?wif lly *ynouym.>u? terms ?t ? v?e ten* ot tie ?inrU nf I'hriatian man who vW v tu >? sure.**! ni p^rlv in Ihe late election wln? do l??a t iV>.lbi?e wtih the |.i ? or a ut* oi ?l it *ii ?oi 1 " 'ha*" ire anitin i>?im a I n m ier* of m own J1' el who a II m>< beat tale .i monieut to p' t the *,?; of liiif iMi'iitin-itt p-ai 1'ie ti^tr.ue of i)i * d lac mrae .tlld What ? *li I more t. ? (be |?. -I , r<ete *een?* to h" ?u?CH t e* hle.^e th it the amn w 'm In - ..encN.-i t" te I i 'I I ol I , , . ?? ?ative and Bible tovng n> -n or hw party. We have Do fears that if the new administration oould be qui etly inaugurated . it would or could abolition*!" the gov eminent There are honent people enough in the Northern States to prevent such a result But, then, while tlii in admitted as a a.mple matter of truth and justice, it cannot be denied, on the oth?r hand, that aboi't:un<citu did enter with all >U? characteristic bit temrns mto the recent con'eat; that the result never Could have been Mwnipluhcil vnttioul ita ana t* lance, and that it now appropriate I lie victor) iu word* ot ridicule mid Kvm that sting like a aerp-aut. l/'t me give >011 ae a single specimen of the ao.rit iu which abolitionism has carried on it* political warfare, an extract from a Journal which diini.- to have a larger circulation than any othci religious pi|x*r u> the bud 1 qi.ote from the Sew i'ork ht , of September, The 1 ft* 'i At will not levy war nor inaugurate a revolution . even to rel.eve Kan***, uutll they have hint tried what the) ran do b) voting. If th t> peaceful remedy should ' lull to Ih- itp|4ied thi* year, then the people will count the coat wisely and deride for themselve* boldly and firmly v . ich is the better wa> to rise In anus and throw oil .1 government worse than that of oM King treorge, or en dure it another lour yuera and then vote ukhiu Such 1* the spirt*? euch the love to th> constitution and t inoii oi tli ?<? state* with which thw religious ele ment has entered into and seeks toi.outrol our party politics. But we deceive oar^dvee If we mippo-1.- that our pre Kent danger* are of a birth so r.v.'iil a- lH.?tt. As the qucKiiotu- now licfor-' the l Ouatry rise in th.-ir magnitude rbove .ill part) intereitt- and ooitbt at one - to blot out all parly lini-s, ho tlietr origin i? louud far back of all party organization* an tle-y now e\i~t An article published twenty ye:irs ago in 111" Princeton /ferine, iontain.1 this remarkable language: ? The opmiou that sla\ eholuiug is iuelf a crime must operate to produce the disunion of the Statea and the di vixiou of all cccleniiuit leal societies jn this country. Ju-t ao far a* 0u? opinion opera t *> it Mil! lead thos- who eu tertam it to submit to auy sacrifices to carry it out and give it eflect. We ahall become two nation's in feeling , which must soon render us two nations in fact. These words are wonderfully prophet!*, and they who read the Mgna of the time* must a. -e that the pe riod of their fulfilment draws near. In regard to ecclesiastic*! societi.x- the division foretold is alread) 111 a great meaaure aoeouipli-hed. Three of' our great r el 1 gious denominations have been rent in twain by the sim ple question, "la slavehoidiug ti Kin*" It yet remains to be seen whethei the American Tract Society and the American Hoard of Foreign Missions will be revolutionized and dtfmieinberad by a contest which, we are told, is to be aa. uulli renewed. Iu regard to the t'nion of thuae Slate , there is too uinrh reiison to lev that ?? we are already two nations :ti feeling,'' and to an ticipate the near approach of the calamity which shall blot nut some of the ,fars in our en.-:i?ti and make us two | nations in I act. And, what Im* brought u* to the verge of this preci pice* VN hit ?>vil -pirit has put enmity between the seed of tb'M- wlioiii <i<ni by his on the wisdom und tcriftce- Ol our I itlirr's made one !I??(i Whit has ere ated iiiil fi> -feted tt?i~ alienation Iwlwifn fU North un 1 Hit- Soutb uutil il'-unifin? n-.-d ta b.' w'nsp Tfil in cm Hit.- ? - t.ilk - forth n open da > 1 -.'lit and i< recognized us a ? !l \ In multitude- ??: thinking Uieti ,ti all sect ot\- ot thi> lundr I believe before <?od, t'uit tins di vision i?; nxditiR, ?l which actual disuniou will he but tUt> >'\j)i . ssion and ciub'slme-nt . was begot t-n of aboli ti<>0 Mil. It.- been rocked in it* cr.dle imd fed with it po,xon<-d milk, and instructed by lis until gilded with a -Uciiioh whii h cuuii-- not altog -thcr o f t?i s tippet world, ii i- taking hold ujsui the pillars of the con stitut.ou and shattering thr noble fabric to il* There was u time whi'ii tin- const tutional questions he tvn.M ii t lie North uud South ? the conflict of material in Uire-fs grt w uig out of their differences in soil and pro duction, were dtscuiMcd in the spirit of statesmanship and ("in i-tian courtesy . 'then -ucli men as INutel Web ster on the one side, and t'-alhoun on the other. stood up face to lace and defended the right* of their respective const ituemy in words which will be quoted ;i* long as the tongue shall ? ndure, a.? a model of eloquence and a pattern ol man)} debate Bui abolitionism began to creep in. It came first ana purely mtrriil quest ion: but vcrv soon iU doctrine* were embraced by a sufficient ti umber to bold the balance ol power between contending |Kirties :n many ditwrir's and .states, Aspirants for the Presidency seized upon it ;.s ti weapon fogratifying their auibitiou or avenging iheit d!?i|<pointmenis. I'nder the shadow of their imtronnge. smaere abolitionist* became more bold and abusive in advocutlng their principle". The unlawful and wicked business ot' enticing slaves from their mas ten was pushed forward with increasing zeal. Men who in the better days of the repirblic could not have obtained the smallest office were clected to Gangrene u|toi, this single* issue, and minister* of the tloftpel descended from the pulpit to mingle religion" animosity with the boiling cauldron ol |<olita'iil strife Nor was this process confined to one side in the contest. Abuse always provok<-s recrimiuntion. So loins as human nature is pas sionate, hard words will be r-spouded to bv harder blows And now behold 'he result' In the balls where Webster and (hlboiin, Adams alid Mcl*ifti? tendered the very name of American stat- -ni l i . flip lUustrioos and revived the memory of Classic eloquence, we have heard the <><!?)?. >ni itig of l?Oth Northern and Southern violence from nv-n who must be uattvless n tbi- sacred place; and III the land where sm h slaveholders as Wakhiu<;iun UD<j Madison united with li t mili'iti and Hancock in cemcniing the I'ntoo which tlicv fondly hoped would he p. rpctual. cotiiin r e and manu factures, and all our ureal industrial and governmental interests, are treniidmg on the verge o| dis?>lution aud as lonism is the ureal in isi hief maker between North and Kiuib, so it is the great stumbling block In the way of a peaceful netllemem of our dilticullb-s. It* ron e is still for war The spu-il of conciliation aud compromise it utterly aidiors, and, ininKlinu ? horrid mirth with its rnudm ss. puts into the hand ot the ;idv<s ates of sec> s ston the Very l?u.s alt h whii'li to blow the embers ..f atnfe into it flame. t?ne man threw a torch into the great temple ot the Kplssians and kimll.^l a coutlagra tiOQ win. h a hundred thouw?nd brave men could not c*t lUg'i It I Hie mail llddled aud sang, and made Ins courtiet- laugh amid the ot Humr and tit- ab >? lit ion preacher feels good and overflow* with merri ment when he see* out marc html- aud laboring men run mug alter Ihetr cheats and the bread ol tie ir families "as il all creation was alter them uud aiiufls on the KMltbein hrecte theacent of servile and civil war Oh, sliame ? hame that it should come to this; aud the name ot our hol> religtou It so blasphemed ' lad u? hope in t hrlelian charity tliat such men do not comprehend the danger that tares theui in the lace Indeed, who of us does fully comprehend Itr In the eloquent words of Ha n tel Wsbrter, While the 1'nioti la-ts we imve high, ex Cltilif.grsl fiin* pi cepeot. spread out before us. for us and lor our children. Heyond that I seek not to penetrate the veil tesi iToit th.>f in m> day, at least that cur tain max n t rue." t kind and wonderful provt deuce hat o tcttt'eri'd the body of Ihene State* together. ? 'j t.Mind interlaced them with cummetcial it"d ?<s'lal les. to say nothing of legal obli^Ktions, thai no member c.m be se Veri-d and t Sjxr allv |>o contest call l?e waged among tbe members, v ithout a qutverisg and anguish .n evcrv nerve, and a st. . .-nation tn the vital currents of all h t one star be blotted out Ircm tatr ensiini and the moral gravitjfioci which holds ah m their orbits will be part l>*ed. If not utt rl> d.-siroy.-d llie hving example ,',t aticees.s/ul wcwsioo for <?i- cauae. will surest the same Cours. t. r a nolle r and unl. ss i?d C|Ve4 our publti men a [ Wisclotn and fnrbevrnncr- of ? hicb the paat few vears bate afford -d too little e\ td^iice, the dissolution of this f nton will b<- th' signal IVir the disintegration of its e|* nnots. In such a ehaoa l< I us not tin tier ourselves that we shall be in enure poaee and safety. The oontest on whose perilous edge we seem to stand cannot be merely a sectional *?e ? all tbe North on the one side, and all the south an the other It 1a a conflict that will run tho Mottghehare of divt?!on through every State and Belch Ifcirhood la the land. Abolition orator* mav t?lk about what "w?^of tbe North" will do and will not do. a* ilaiugh all lb- people had bowd down to worship tin* ima^re they had a. t op, but other men bemde. tbem will cisnu the r'uht to speak ? other int'*r<at* will u.-.-d to lie conserved tsxdes the ratine ti|ioo which they anogantlv aoraata mat victory perch- s and the smile of h"aven h'ro wh" P,l,t' ,h Pn b,i Ttnor ?>oast a* he that poileib it od w h. n tbe thousands of workmg men whose se.bststenoi- dep nd.- upon our trade with the .-smth. many 01 whom have b? . n delud-dhv abolition d wafognes. shall clamor in our streets for bread free , r ma> present some ptoblcm? which iwlltical ??conomv ^r.t'^.'e"'. A?d "tl"' ,hr ,0?merc? Of thi* , osmo poltlaa ctly m paral)?ed, and ill het benevolent and II dustrial .netitutiop* are withenng m the heat of this un natural aeteat, it may bieonte a question ? nav It tt not a In ady whis|>er<-d in your counting houaes? whether thl? great m.-trffmlia can be separated from the |*-ople with whom het -mtercnt and her heart is bound up, and con lintte to be controlled bv a leftslative lalT, ,.,", which she ? continually prot-.ttng or whether, folio w ^r^'rrV'h,r ?'"? *<? *' "II bazar, Is set tip lor her*Wt and unbolttnj the gatewav of her mi niu-ent bar Is ? mvit- the free trade ot the world to pour tsrH b|* into her bo*.m >uc!i are a few of the prob t. J*. "* t'1' s'ton ot a diaaoluton of the on i Th i" U W"r ""r" ?' l*-ccrul soiu I? ' rwr* ortal sacrifice, w. would not i eel -O ...s*s,.|> no, -,.?k o?ri|,..IK Ht Who knows that it a ill p. .rtseic,:- VV|,?mo 11k ?*!f| i?on who run rvon K,'w^;n Vr ir,,vi"" t>l. -il Where i,. th -t.|. -man or noltt:ci| win. ,4.k' lhl iwr' -1. or dtrert the udi.s triai imteresta of ,in> one Mate, am.d the c?*fttMi? and *iarm ??f <1^.>|i;(u tl f , t un not ourprlvt^ th** no*?'!'- T,V.r. "1 ' J ""1'0* ???> ?. i?towh?w d.pths Ir ll'f * 7" ru'ttai- ' ther men may err h-T. l e* r and whNtle to keeP ,he.r conrage up b tl I onfe?s my li ars. Through the c>tru.n that s ? ^idiVkr""' t.T" 'Udown th? horror <4 s of ? 1 t a <,,;wn l,p"n m> spirit and tha hair f mi fl> -h stands up I -t us appxil to the t^id of d. ace in w he-e hand- are tin- le-aru of all m< n. to di pw the fearful vissm. to nfuse hi- lov.n, spir,t our connctte loytvemir public men the m- kn -s of wisdom b^da of b'rih.M r-T'e^.ettiore m t'f Dnwrlv ki||><D'H

Bt.t II we would hare these slipplii ?tto0? ao-wercd let tut prove oar laith by our works take the beam out of our < wn rye. and "hey the twofold prcept th>- text ' ' " 'h"1*4 teach ?nd egboit. and if art man I a. h olhet wiae, in.m sui h w thdraw thi'self Aft. r prayer, hy the Rev. Mr l.-e, of the flrc.-n ,Ve. nnc l>. -byt' n.ui church, and the ?| ngm? of a hvmn 'he long.egatioti was dl.-mi-s^d with the benedictMMi THK Ht?r?K OF RKPRKhKXTATlVKS UNION Cf)MMITT?:. We give iielow Ibe names and political standing of the m< m'>er* of the spei lal t -mm ta-e ot the llouae >f fh?p resents Uvea to nbom w,s ref^red that portion ot the Preshienl ? Message renting to t ie prweot alarm n* eon dllion of the rotialry ? At ???a? ? t>orge k Houston, p tftb district Cnn-cr relive democrat, but o!*a!e righis nun Aaasntsas ?Albert Rust, .?second dieUs t Demociat. >nd oppo-ed to dis nl<* In consequne* . of his avowed !:-,,r!" I." flv r "f ,h'' 1 "'"r he ? is thrown over hTl , " 'hr "ieBlt?er- 01 De A Repre-i atulil cs t.%s ,V..?_#1 rrf a ivrry V th t,,e? \ rsrt ait an. 1 niolerate republ.can, but a :th nu nonet , ' ?">" -? ? It- ,h s. ?' r, , d?^nioerii w m 1 i,,nn UllUtiM -W , ?i; Uk, .., a - . I t" It h ?to-et,. yr:?H.i>*.. Cwp Ilnwkicu. A democratic *?.<<*>? I s,ani*t lor tweutj ye?r? . ? luter I. Love, First district Coo.MMv?tive democrat. 1mii>sa. ? Will >ui M. I'uuo, Tb 'd district A black [ republi'.iu iiij% i-. ? Will. >ra Kellagg, Fourth district. On " ra^re o! the Helper, ten. An unadillraU-d ? republican of tti ? ii'M'i r> m iLle ruuilirt sibool |f>?A -Siiwifl H Curt.*, Fir-' district. A Help-rite | republi <n KtN" ? Fri:n -M Hiiatow, 'lhirtf district. H?* m ' 1 1, d as .1 ? nHbcrti >t in Congre**, but would i, w be mon proprly termed a national Union man. He ! i- -tr n r'v t u.-crv ?I <>t -i? >. ? Mile* Taj lor, Secoud district. A national ilrm<? . ?t , nu t it in iu who would not wish U) dissolve tho j I uloii if the .-'nuibecn stales could b> anj bmm W re Mvred to their r glu W ,:m ? Krmiwu Jl. Monte, Fourth district. I* only known ?>." .<u eudursor of tho Helper book Very little account. M*voi Hrswrw. ?Charles Kraui is Adams, Third district. An a hoi it ion iat. He 11 a son of John tjuinc) Adam* M ? tv i >\u. ? Henry Wiuter Daws, Fourth district. For incl* ;? Know Nothing, now a republican. H is alleged ti; i he gained his seat in the llnuso by violence and frail !, perpetrated uutlnJ) h/ organised cimh of riotous'luaa.l k.i wn a* the -'blood tubs" aud 'roseouda ' 01 Baltimore. Mi' mi a.v ? William A. Howard, First district . Kepubli Can A new in.iU to the Mouse; elected to fill a vacancy. M??KiKHirfi ? Reuben I*avin, Second district- licuo era tic ssceaetouto't. A ? onsiet'-nt Mail rights man. Missockj. ? John S l'holps, Sivtb district. Democrat anil Strong for the l.nion MlsmsjOTA.? ' William Wmden, Second district. Black republican follower. N?:w lliMiMHiitK. ? Mawti M Tappan , Second district. A Helja-rlte republican, Johu Brown *> tnpath./.<-r and abo lition Ut. Nkw York. ? I tntes Humphrey, Secouddiistrirt, Brook lyn, a quiot republican, ->Wdom heard, and but little kuowu. N?w .Twotrv ? lohu 1.. N". Stratton, isecond district, a in Id, I'niou loving republican. Noktu C<k??i?a. ? Warren Wiualow, Third district, a conservative democrat. Ouio. ? Thomes Corw ni, Seventh disir'"t, Chairman, an ulna republican. He was in Congress in 1*47, whore, in h spee. h in the House of lifprrocntMiveg, be hoped that his countrymi n would be welcomed in Mexico with bloody hand.- aud lio-pltable ginv.n. He wan formerly an old lino whig. ork.o.v? Ijinsine Stout, democrat, on th? fence be tween I'nion and disunion PejiXkyivaam ? James H Campbell, Kleventh district. A republican w tliout aigument oi force. KaoDK Isi \M> ? (hri^t. phei Robin on, First district A plain republican without the poli.-h. .-otTii t'AKousa ? William W. tiujir, Sixth district A seceesionift, of course TK>M?n: ? Tin nias I I! Ve!-cn, First district. A na tional t'tiion or ilellite. lie i? a youi.g man and a jRi.ver ful debater. Tk*aj?. ? A. .''lton, second district, dciocrii; willing to IikIiI the hattli-s ot the South in the t nio . VmoiM ? John ? MOIson , ot Norfolk , Second district A nntionat conservative lU uiociut. Vkhsiom.? Juy'in S ilorrill, Second ilistrict. Another of the liclperite reptiblicans, and u rabid abolition ift. \\ i.-< <in-i.n. ? (Jmiwaliulei C. Wa-hbuMi, S-cond district. There prohftbly in vi r wi.h in Congress a nr ater politi ul demagogue lie i? blaik ri puld.cau to the core; endorser ot the Hi'lpei Ixx-k, John lliowti umpalhi/. r, and a loud proclaiiucr oi Sew ard'8 irreprrvibio conflict doctrines, lie is one oi the three brothers w ho iut\ e lor u lonn time occupied seaU in tVogros from Maim IUinoi aud Wis COUsill. SOUTH CAROLINA. XEfOKT Ot TIIK COMMITTKI ON KKUKJIAL Kr.l A TIONH or THK LEG ISI. ATI'KK. We subjoin thr report of the Commit lee on Federal lb-. 1-itioi- ol the South Carolina I-egi-laluro, win h -ub united to thai body tits i week. It i.- necessary for us to my that the Coventor "fc views are stated therein in the et rouges l that eflu be employed \oother re port was submitted on the sume subject , but want of .-pw-e prt its publ ir n ion to-d;?v THK KKfOKT. The Committee on frVclerai lb-lilt ions, '?> whom w?* r?i felled so mutb Of the Message ot b.- lv\t elleuey the Co vernor, a* relates to our federal relations, have had the .- nine under i otwul'T a ' ion , Mid ask leivt- to -ubmit the lollowitig report ? ltt\ Cooper, jest after the luillificalion contest, in In* ptelimiiiary observations ?s to ottr federal relations, aid ? Nor is the coiile-i over. Kvory year produces rea.-oual>le apprehension of souio n?w attack. From that time to Ibis, the policy of the North ha- been ag greMiive. The South, to maintain the I'n ion, bus been yi' -l<l:ug. if not submissive .Mid now the bold rjue-tlon i- priecut'-d, shall we yield to a s-ctlonal in?. iorit> ? th< tyranny of uumbem ? ?.r a- < it tin* right-ol the Slates, and that sovereignty for which the battl* - <>1 the Revolu tion wer< fought , and th< Soul h has contended ever -i/iee the initiation of the government? In 1776, th'* colon i s formed litem" iv ? into thirl. en distinct ci uuiuinlti s ot nations, iarh iud>'i> ud-nt "f tie other, haviuK well defined limit*, territori- and forms of government Kor the purpose* of w?r, tb. v lorm d the confederation of 177? In 17H3, as a confederation of Statm, they treated with great Biitxiii lor peace, and were recognized hy (Jrent Britain, and th ? rest ot f'urope, an di-tinct independent sovcr igntn-s. The < out. deration lingered from 1778 to 17H7. At that time. Undinit that it 1 1 id not work well, th- Statin, the sovereignties, not the int-jdc Ot the confederation, assembled in convention, " to form a more perfect I'liion." Th. y were call* d as States, met as Stat s, de ibe'mtedai Sta'i s, voted as Stte<, verified as States, and formed a 'Qmstitutloo of the I'nited States of America." This Constitution, thus formed, wag not rati tied by the people. but bv the peopl. of the several States. The t'"rm National wa- adopted in the early pr?M-eediug* of the Convention, but was stricken out m express nm Htl, and the words Called states substituted Thi* alone :s -uHaicnt to show that the Ounventiou did not represent one undivided people or ualiou but indepon dent communities or States. All who take the pains to review the pnlit tcnl his'or y of the count! y. w ill see that from the very beginning the claim bus b< en Mib?tanti.illy set up, and arrogated by th North, that the m ?jortty ha* the right to govern w ith ah rolute -u.iy In an tin ion of independent States a Con st it ut ion is only n?t-dod to protect the minority? the ma lority can alw ?vs prot -el it-elf The South will soon In* 'in a hop* l< x- til inwrl'y in every department of the Gov ernment. Tile House' of K< iTeseiiUtlvcs and the Ksecu live are gou- lit" S nate and the Judi< ury will stain fol low; and no w the que. c ion comes, shall we dissolve 'lie I'nion. and maintain 'he right* ot the State*, or remain in the I'nion. aud not ..nly -urrend'-r ihoM- rt^a'*, hut the institution upon which is based our civilization and jirop eityr This is the ,r?\e issue, nil- is the great ijit. stion It vlll baldly be C"Dtrlidf?J, at th'8 late day, that tiie general got ernmetit s anything more than a mere .?en c>. created bj the fouvention of I7s7 for -po?-ifi. p>n p?n?w of general p?bc) and whether it be so contended or not this h.u- alw iys been the doctrine of -South Caroli na and the teach in,.'* of the pre it republican leaders and expounders fioni the da> s of JefP-iHon to 'he present time Tlie S>'ithern slaveholdiug s'late* caunot surrender this ps.tion withimt aurreiKlei inp their independence and aoversmnty snd -inking into the vsaautsKeof colo dies. Which "of ilieM- free. indep?ndeni . siivereign States is pre|wreti toi ibst' South t arolma is not She has d?teriumed 10 make the issue Th? cot.-titut.o? of the I'nited States >s anexpreM grant. Whatever power is not delecateii to the govern ment is reeei \ ed to the Stale?. An> cla.m <? th? ptrl of tli? majority, or the government, outs do of the ronau tut en, is all usurpation, wh ch should be re-isted. Now where is ihe const itut ou? ,n wli.<l Clause ? in what won:? cau there be ivuuU it WWNit oithci for the ? vernnieut or a Biajority of uie *Ute4 CHtipoamg the I nion to interfere with the institntion of <Liveryv It i* not there and any attempt on the part of the govern nieui or itie nia|ot ,t> to interfere with th?t property ia suflictent ground to d -?.|re th? t ? p>..ic?al?iv. n we can ? forcibl) , it we must." llie i on-titution and tl*' I niou are .^ie thing iud whatever act of the gtivvru nient is in ? total W >ti ot' th<- constttuiion i? i di-sobition of i the I uiofi ijiil* -s the Slate impo*i-?l ipou decide to sub nut. At Isat it is bot almere qn<-.tion of aubmicsiou. | ^rh Male haii the so* ereign r'nht to adop' the con?titu i tsm and come into th- I'nion and so each State !>.,* the sovereign right to iu4ge the infraction* of the constitu tion ana go out of the t'nion Any other l<*;trtne is con solidatiou and tvrmtiv If tte-ne SoMheru State* are | UK-re tribuiHK* to Northern wealth and iggr.indizemcnt let us kuuw our fate and aCConinindst. o'irs. |ves . ?tir ' station Tbe Uwory of our nownuut ,on ? that <11 powers not sxprt - -l> de|eyat"d In thr g -II ' lellt t> |.,!]| to I the Slates. The practice of the ifov ri in- nt 1ms l?e<-n ? \acilv tbei't'i-e ai.'l tin- right- i 'le nin'>rit\ hive never been ci>nsidece< in fact they hive been utterly I a tui ih iL< teal Kver ?mce |s.-a this government has b - n a d. ?p>>ti-ni . ti ? ill' li tii? lilli r ty? that .- the ?*aitj?? I ha? igrcpd. II it ti"' been rouipeiled to ?'ib i nut? tb? smaller b?*ly - aliaolutely ^noTt-d The ?bajoritv ru|r<. tlis egtrd- th- elalm* ot jtiatiee ^^tuses to list-n to t In" voice of ttw -?Mitli, tramp! - ) on it? rights, forgets the ciaistihit >n, aitd new. in tli ? very arrogance >?! power, Jui* duoim-l in to a ??it onal tyranny which claims the ?.o riilceol tint pioperir winch alone is able to develope Our r. sources ind in en'ta n wit civilization. We have felt and lamiplained "f flits in.ius tit* for ye?rs since 1H.1-J we bate nt ide pa'tuod c eilort to reti.eo.t this jaiettioo ot' inter or tr We hai-e ,|.p. <( ?-d to onr ?i?ters. snd n deterence to tb^ni hat e for btir ne to etterctse tbe nre?t and 'ast r' .lit of -ece -ion It is bo longer a question of lime? it i? no lonafr > tj'ie< turn ot lorbearafiee ? il '? now a question ot p>?itt M*aal ex 'itience We ot South farolina ha-. ? detor' nued t?i|i\e irer or die We caa live a-< a free. indf]? ndect . hapj y prosjieroUB pe<>|ile. If our al-ters of the So'ith. the tuit ton south, will -land by ua If they fail it?. we cau live alone, and aMboiii;h we mav not he great He will yet be fre#. If H cofnea to the worn however, we can but die and it m better to dte strnggi-ng f?r our ristht? and liliertien than to live a dependent -ubiert tieofile. wbo :i\e and movo at tlie will of a vulgar What are State rights* Tbe rights of sovsi otgn'v and 1 ndependence Mate these rights ever l?eeu ? 'Hieeded to t onureea or lo ? niajor lly ot th? votei cvr umly nol be . ai??t ?4gresg caa legitimately exert- se no i ighta or pow er< bill such aa are expressly delcgat.-d? and t-vrv right ?ad power not delegatetl I* reserved and rema ns vested a tbe Mate*. From the b'ginning, frotn the time of Ale* ander Hamilton to the pre?ent day. there has been a par tv in tbe country wbnae aim It was and la to establish a great oentral government Mr Clay spent hi* life In this attempt he was constantly restated by Mr. Calhoun, and died yet making tbe eflbrt to consolidate the govern ment W'Jiat Hamilton and Clay failed to nflV-ct is about to be cnaanmaalad under tbe lead of Mr Mnoola: and the ones Hon now ariaea. has a State the right to seoede' Will tbe government attempt to coerce ber' If Smith Carolina is not sustained by ber sister o-ttoo Slate* tbe attempt may be made. If sbe is sustained tbe attempt Will not be made, or If II be. we can can resist It with perfect sue oefs In sny event, feeling that we are right, relying upou tJ?e Justice of our cause, preferring to have tm known <Unger* than to to present inferiority, lie lievina tbat we cuii aaetaln ourselves, ami conddent that those having the nme interests with ouraelt es will not anil rauuol is rmit ns to be submgale<1, we have deter mine I to niaich i 'ghi <ai -a tin |<st!i of ilnty, an I lo re r- me that indepen'let rs .xtl(| all the sovere>gnty which we had I "tt we formed llie totuparl of In ion 1-iIv.h i ?tt,s|s?U j, in r^Uit n Iv llie d Corgri** to iit?rf<art either dirx-rtf iJ?4in*My with th'- attb}< ct ot slavery , Mid emphatically, "Tbut 8 *t ' <iui and never will ttu far compronrlt her later U, on a sul net of such deep And vital concern to hw a -11 preset vatioti , am to softer this question to be brought into dtM u-?iiun. K on- interference on thi^ subject wh the quit von on the part of the slaveholdmg Statu* iu lortaiii^ the I' n ion and cot< ring into tht< federal compact As the Southern States would then, so they m'ist now, or hereafter c- joatdrr any attempt to interfere with this deli rate subject an agg reunion hAving a tendency to product) revolt and insurrection ot the tnost hideous character " 'the 1. me lias come! The vvry evil, the very wrong which that great State deprecated is upon us aud h -r I Hie conflict is at hand ! A fi ctional President has been eiecUd upon this vnjr ground that slavery w a Ma and inuM be oi udicat*>d. Will Georgia, this great state, Uus liiiplre Male, with this record, submit to this sectional majority, whose aim and obj< ct is to eradicate ss very ?or will slve join with her sisters to throw off thin tyranny .and ere? t ourselves into a groat repub lie, holding th>' keys or commerce and manufaeturwi, and regulating the exchange* of the world T Georgia can Diake the movement certain, .she may rt-fiwc her co operation, and thud embolden our emmit? and dispirit our friends. Hut, whether she redeem* h>*r maintains her renown, or decider to wait for further ag grerxioo, is lor her, and not for oh, to d<-cide Kifb Mite must act for itself. South Caioliua cannot falter now. The quest lot. is one of honor and political p*dI ence. frhe can wait no longer. Hit people and her statesmen have detertnlned to test the rights of the States, relying with coutldence upon tho concurrence of h-r sistcis. It' they, however, having a comiuou interest aud common factory of plunder and aggression, determine 0 let her struggle alone, and thus imperil the great 1 ight* lor which our ancestor* contended, ou them he the blame, on her be the conse quences Kor, whether we tie successful or unsuc cessful, impartial history will re. nrd the fact that this State bad the i evolution to act atoue in the great cause of deliverance and liberty. It we succeed, we will reSCUH all the teat. If we fail, wo, at leatti, will not be dis graced. 11 we persevere to the end in thisgraet coo lest we can but tail If we submit. we only |KJRt|iooe a destiny which we cannot escape, auu to defeat will be added diahooor. Your committee recommend the piumagt of the follow ing preamble and resolutions ? Whereas, the Union of tlie United State* boa failed t* establish .tuslice, nature domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, pi oniote the general welf i.-e, and s<?ure the blessings oi liberty to ourselves and out pos terity ; therefore, liesolved, Thai in the opinion of this < enenl Asaem hly . it is not only the right but the dut,\ of the Statu of South Carolina to resume her separate station a* oae of the nations of the e.'irth, anil to III* end the right "to fcccede Horn the federal I'mon" is again affirmed. 1 Unsolved, Tlial in 186'i Ninth Carolina forbore ' the e* ercise oi tins ni.iiniegt right of self-government fiom toLsiderutious of eupcdioncy." and that in the opinion o( this ti'eneritl Asstmblj those considerations uo longer exist. H1K VKKSIDKNT'S MKsSAUK AND 1'HK SOCHI CA.KO LIN A rKK??. [Khp'ii the South <'.?! olintan. IVo. 6 | We publish in another column so much oi lu? Me v. i ol IVeaidcnt Buchanan i.? boms .ipm t'1 J,,!*' d.\ It i- very evident that ho realise* full) the d.llleul ticV that cuoompm- bun. and be *eea no elesr and safe way ot txiMCutiou. Mr. Buchanan ha* Ined .in honorable life, Hcluie made h connti > the object ot devotion, uiieiiilmn assed b\ the conflicting requlreiiieutj of the domestic relation We c an appreciate tli"tiou bled emotion*. ol his h> art. and can therefore *y miwlhiie with him He kuows the South aggrieved? he ili-t.uctlv ill hi- M.-age, that;. ,en-eof purity 110 Ionizer exirts around the Southern family ultar, springing, as V ssvk, from the intemperate llileler. nee ol tho Northern people wilU the que*ti<m ol .m the H>utheru State'*. Vt* thv other hand, hi* Ion* p<?l it ical training under Con. Jackson whoso admi tiint rut ioti was but a HtTH'r ot ettorts to overthrow Hate M>vei eignly iva.< little tilled lo prepare U.m for the ptac I j< uJ iM-ue ol wceshiou. I hi - bo consequently denies as a cou.-t.tutional ri^ht, and, denying it u- forced to m? I theqiof-tion Are ? people without any redrew against tyranny* Tlin-, as oue imbued with the spirit of uevotiou to the great and fundament .1 principle of the rikht of a people lo altei and abolish their forms or government, he lit obliged to answer by recogn /aug the riithi to change government, aud -ays sece.^iou, na revolution cau be derived from t lii- fundamental principle. 1hw involve- h.ui in the next <pv-tiou: What .-hall Ik- done? Call it secesniou or revo lution, ran coercion be uwtfc rhis we regard his Mesi-age answering very positively in the uerative. on i wo ground- ? Urn I that no power ol coer cion ha- been delegated to (Vmgrs- or lo any olb- r di nar! men t of the federal gov rune-tit , secondly, even if the federal government po- -eased the powr, it would lie unwise to exereute it under cnUing < .rcttuistance. So far then Mi . Buchanan and the si-ceding Southern Mat.* get 'along very weU by difl-r-nt roads, it is tru. but undersUndiuuly Now . h-w are wo to nvo.d an app. al to lb' -w ordy l?" ause n desire to avoid this is fairly dedu cible from his position He says the forts were purchased and are now in the possession of the government l?ui lie does not Mgnilv how South ifcrolina is to rworer ikxw ,? ob i<c*' eably* and w >ihout ' bloodshed This we -tifv po*-c . niav be seitl-d by commissioners. Hu. still {j,. duos * not ^ive any practical .solution. Again he is \crv uiifallMfactorv oil the reveuue oll-d ion issue. Heaaiii.'if imfortumteiy, the present (Elector should, another may be appointed, but what il none can be appoclite<lv What if he can find no one to aCC *Dt* Then whatY Will revenue cutter* be iiBed* It will be seen that, when we couie down to a practical nolutiou ot peuding difficulties, the Message devolve* the wnole re sponaibility to Congress Such are the trouble* which encompaw the venerable Preaident With the IV-clara fiou of Independence and the bill ot right* iu every Slate constitution claiming the right to alter and abolish government whenever it fail* to obuiu the cotweul of the governed, he in forced to recognise the right of revolution . ae be calls it? of seceaeion, aa we call it. With the impossibility ot pr? nerving the I'mon by co.'rcion and the Impolicy ol attempting It, staring him in toe ,ac he la old i, red to follow the dictates of wisdom, aiul advi e against it. With the action of the legislature nf Vermont now bet. .re him. from the very po?itl.? he has taken in his Me- sage, he must justify in his heait the court"- of the South, tm the whole, though obsctire and nexpreaelve in most of the practical difficulties that must arise, we yet see in the Message a spirit of anxiety to | avoid bloody revolution and civil war. and if t'ongreaa meets the recession <4 tb" Mate in th ' spirit, and the authority anil p?*oplo ot South Carolina act with thf* prudence and llniine-s iMioinmg the critiml iun'_ ture, th< country may em-rge from it* p-ril* with each i>ection in jieacenbie "n.cym. nt of aelf governnieut, each treating renpectiully the rmhis of tin- other, and each niovinir, without iut?TDi?l iu ttie eron j tenor of ita legitimate and prea? i'?ed course The portlou ot 'he Minwj' referring t" foreign aftair*. spei itli and >d valorem duties, ma uevweity of a higher tariff ,. a he says. t? protect tb? rt c-uue and to secure to our manut.kcturiug iute'.a?a that amount of aicidenial encouragement which tuiavoidably fromareve nne tariff." are all subject* which no longer concern u* in the preaei.t I mkw We, Hi- liave not pre*W them up *ii the atteuteHj of vir reader*, hoc crowded our own columns with them [Krom the Cbarleat?? Mercury. l?ec ?] The ool> rwrt of the President - M??saa?e in which South Carolina is iBter?-ated is that listriK <>?> the weeewnm of the Slate. Ill* positKHi-t are anoioalou*. He dani's the right ol' a State to secede from the I nlon vet. he <1en|e? also, that either the Kxeeutive or l^mgress ha* .? right to coerce her back int.. the I Dion in case -be <eced?*s - The Execvtlve has no authority to decide wliat -hall In* the relati' ua *>etweeo the federal gov eminent and .vuith Carolina." rhould -L" ?*ced? from *be 1,'nioB: nor h m CVagi'Cae aii v p> w*r toooerta lier "The I uiod rests on public op'j>i'<4i. <nd ' ?!??' -wo.. I ?*? not placed in their h.ind (O-o-ie-si to pre-erve it b\ force If there Kre. roogr- s wa< to attempt to re-enact the Force bill pes <>d m la*!, under the rocomnienda tivo* of tienei al Jackson, lie would be compelled The -ece -ioo ol a State Irom the I n.on he arctic*. ??< ,n ,'v??n, ??*tefnp>ata4 hv th>- cons'itutem </ HW 1 ni'ed s.aie?i and ?her^.?re. not provided f.* hv that He speaks of the i.^ii ,n our hay -a. property to he I n.^jd Slate* No attempt to expel the V n.I?] , J* fr ?' their property has bevn made ' but ?hool.i ithe made "the oBI< er m command of fbe forts b,.s received pfdera to act atnctlv ?>n the del'ensive. ' j We infer, therefore . f'roln tbe-e |?*iti.>n*, tba? the nulltarv p< ?. r of the I nited st?i?? will noi b.- ua.n1 by Mr Buchanaa to .-oerce South tbioliua after ?h" goes out 'ot the t'ui' n Tin* btigbfwr, Ibcr.-fiTc, la at au end. | II i* due lo the Pre- Men t ?nd ouraelvea to (W re-t an rr. >t we committed with re* peel to bun We vi id n ' former ediKwial tbn' the Preaident bad voted for the Kor eb ll Hie Pn -idem when Uiat act pi. -e-l was <?ir Auib issa.ior In Ku%>ia He. therefore, did not vote for this bill. H"tice the views he pre el, Is n hi- t|e--a?.e are in no way incom iwthla with any pravlou-. act ot h1 |s>|iiichI lite In reading the ln-t inu'ul M --?>.? o< ?' l*resideni of the I nite.1 Mates to t'onifte--, we cannot loibear the ?\pre . n ol our \ ii. |>.if li% with h in in ihe dilBeoltles whwh ha\e 'Uv roned h II- the h>a<l ot ? sr-.-t ?o\ eminent ili-.-olvtBg under hi- a (inlui-tratK*! t'au ?- beyond his e. Iilrol have . . n the ll P ?? ~t ? . e mil.! ' ihe br.-akei - whwh .ire tow sbakrtiu her to piece- We - nc-'rely be ? v.- that h- In- ti> md t .!> done hi- I ? - 1 to avert the c ta In pile t a di- olut ion of th.lnen He has , i ' ? ? ; iil,i!.?ei'C.v.'l,o ill. Ill I o:!d ll .v I .mi All lie . .ui do now a<- a magistrate and a etticen i to make the dis?olula>n of the I mon |? .iceable THK Mil. IT IR V FOR. f OV -><M TH CAKOMS*. From the re|?,.f of the Idiutant ireneral ot south IVroiiiia we b'ar? ihat the mllitarv force of thai stile coneists hs fnibia - ?4K infantry there n mpani s ormtng iiiuel' siv t<atlalioti> . for* vat* re. iment* ten bricade# and tiv? divuooits ill the caraln there are Oft v ccropiin >?* forming tweitv ilion*. e^hi reg menta and four hti*.ide? ii< ih" artillery there are eijhteeD eompauies lotminv l.sit?la>na and one re?i nunt l? rif>rnen there are ?i*i? two eom|wuie*. three baitaliona and one regiment LETTER I ROM HON*. J. L. PI'OH. M. C. F.l r itli , Nov U. IMO n?ja Brijnm ?l (eel ttwi it m due to my oooatituenta a* well a* myself to make public my reaeona tor going lo Waahington. amce Ihe de*iructioa of the federal govern ment. by the elect on of I. neola. and vou will oblige me by gitalin* |?bem in the .1piri I Of ne*t Tuewlav TT?e sole object of my visit la to promote the causa of aeoaa sioa I believe tn .ch goo.1 can he done md evil prevent ed by tho preaence of Southern member* The *cben??a of te'mportaer* and f'nion savers may ho fruatratad . tbo pi. o f oif the ?emv''inderstood . and valuable service ren dered the cause of Southern deliverance, by comaultatloo, and espwialljr hy conaolldating and putting in aetireope raiam the influence, wisdom, eiperteeee and learBlee, the faithful After doing all In my power to eewtre tne apeedv deliverance of the Southern peo^ rrom i?a thrahiem of an abolition goveraaeat, I ahalt bW rareweii to the Oty of WaahinKtOD. never again to 'J te the seat of a government that has Juried kj* ion the .-ute of Alab-una. _ .. . . . whether the ctmn of I ncoln la a T?nlt_to be de plored bv an" true ."ithem man. depends upon the rir lure action Of slavehoidiDK Stales It *' negotiate for new guarantee* ? palaver aboot co operating or entanale oursHves in the m^hss of dtpjoycr we are a d?aned pe.n>!e P'lt If Alabama covers heffelf With the rlorv of beina alone ff she must, in the wc?md declarattoo of in dependence, then ibe historian wdl record i? ind oor poM.-r.ty ccl< bratv l?, M the c^tje lb.?i ??u.?J W ?????> H?p bbwiifi^' ot a i-touUi <nt c<WMi>ra<"v The m.uihood ?ad *'lf restwoi of AUbauiian.. ? iM bejtiil)!*ec(0<l,bow***r, to no kucIi U?t, for mi event ui Ui? Cut ire M more Cor t*iD than that we >-li*il have ul>und*ut co-operiition , and while *" may tx< f?iM oo to w?ep i utile over Uw dead body ui the Oid I ukm, we nball reioae that tlie K?itb ?? <l*e. j. t. IT till ALABAMA. OOVK.lNOll WIOnhTON'm I'OblTlOh. jKrvui Iho Cababa Cuhm. j Wo h.'ive bceu poimitted 10 rent two private letter* I ruin this g. oUomas. adiir. ??si U> a roupt ? ui friewla in Ibir county , in whirh tin e*pr*?*e<? hi.* opinions <m (lit prtwt-al loud.tioo of aflhirt. Tbe?e Ictlert vrero not writ tin foi publication, but we wo p*?? to uke the r?l lowing < Kti acts from tb"?n. (.ovi'rnor \\ ia-i'?n aayu ? 1 have ui t t>een a peo rnionk>t, ;*v ??/>, for twelve r+\in, and ha\ i' all the I n? looke-1 upon tba i?*ue **. a quentioa of I itn e After atlud:;>g to ihtduuuptkmof the democratic party in the late i mn i?.., i i.viiinr IViaiton aluo 1>?: ? But, au you bay, lhiit matter i* pi.-t , th.- | ,>r im jant nnd vil li questions m the pre -eat nod future are unw t? foe considered. I have jus* written to friends, ysterday aud today,, ..curing uo ;?*iiioa in any movement , 1 am compelled, from my teel.u*;*-. -ytupath. - iny ?nte cedents and a aenw of liut) to uiy own lUtertsU ui.t honor, a? well an from ? Ki n-e ot p<*t> tolic obi. if iti >o, u?4 to give my C'>n*<-iit to B'muieMnce to a cont;nu:itiou ia ? |k4iIk u1 association, wbu U is uvv tably bound to r"Hiilt in our disgrace and ruin I look upon the poMl.on of those who talk about an overt if t a.-- a Liu1' and nupot-'ut pre text to evade the Uu? Wh? are to decide wb-u lb* overt act *haU have been > ommittcd, and b jw" ? ? ? Overt acU have been alrntdy CommitW-d liy Nortbora people in their individual capacity, in all their private relations, by their legislative bodies, by their polilictUM in and out of Coogre??, by the.r presses, pulp, Is, acbMi I booko.aud indeed iu every possible manner. I * ? **??* Ait for oo ope. at ion, that i* out a device of timidity m! 1 cowardice, or a piece of strategy for delay and po*<puae? tuent. My own views are that we ahould go into cm I ventK? and take Mtepw for a nrparacy. In lb t^?w tiov. Winston aUo n-iya thai we shoal* | endeav."- to foiw a Huutbern confederacy. In both loiters be reiterates the aume sent menu wbMh won for bun, whilHt in the ksecutivethilr. tk* enriabla title of the "N>ulkcru Kighu (iwcruor. " THE HERALD ON THE PANIC Kxtrarta for the lllat k Iirnuhii^ ? Prom Ilio II mr uji of October S 1 Wo know, then, that tho election 01 Lincoln will t>.. th* signal (or Mft,on?l d.scord*. for llfk of 2i 0 r .w lion and *0M>c of violence in the HtwtUn & vdyrrod },IUua), f mmm.-rri.,/ men/.. ?fr?" '<*!'? A etc lor*? M,. cih/ and M- SUlie ,-,M hinge will follow the election or l.incoln as mwJt* the pre bank erpenalons 01 m,i ? w,.f ? f0li0 Mr. [J * terrilic financial n vutetooa w ls;t7 so iri .t , r ? . ?too-nour political affair* :iu th,TmvdV& * i Zl"? election cannot t ike place without t>r n >1, , ,1 H Of political and tlnaartai d, We," tr "? . | From the IIbkau. of Ortober 0 1 Wc do not now msi?t upou th.- <Urk -t i>,,a)ii,t?.? * Vln??r,:it J)0liU,,'al IhlOlluh Which th ( optmu^Hruna-k '1^ to th.' une^Jftv ' orVlie co^'J^ Roverumcnt. We ?e content to Xw 1^2 to he an uncertainty , for tho -A- ?i our un^Ti argument, however char our ,,,,, , ' T ot may he a* to the real drift ?r evXilL h,u 1 ^^^^sss-JBssss. th' rri-khss rupatu*4>n tf m>r i*hol, *u</ m Yr ^ . 1 crc.0, ? s?r/?,5 %?*$? *""*?- -? ??*? [From the IIkraio of ftctoliei l'4 I ro-dnv we publish another batch orrevoluiioiwr d >c.i mi nts, winch are 01 the m,?t terrible minor! 7?hTk U rn, with which they are inv, -ted is Wed ^ melancholy 1 act that th" people of th- Vorth d? !?? icalize 1 be ilanger which m at hand The'r are b L nl and w-lbuff . and marri in* and making merry aa if 21 cloud darkened the horizon, *,?l a? ,1 ,k, caUmVwer! looming up before tbem .N. did tho iiihal^i . ,7 r ..T^ buried Cine. of Herculaneum ,.tid Pompeii jn-t before m -r'ri /il'Clmn ,?"*v fi<kUpd *n<l daneed and -inlf m.-ir? and pursued their orduun acocat...o- w,tl?m7T tliiMijrht oi the future, when s.iddenlv th, v w7r, over * helmed (roin the crater of Veauriu" with' r^rf k , i. we? a Ue.uUnd^^ " '.f bo Wt k11 lh? commefcW citif* of u M.iiMmra r??u b\ ih?* merth.intM oi th * , itv Mi uw ? eVulMorTof iK^r '" SO"'h "?"??rrible tin.tneui eriem'^1 ,W'"'U tb" N'r<" ku ivn wuw exi?'ut KpretMlin? pnn nnd tltvm ?w if ^' ,1" l>BOW -hr-?.enM ,? .h. ^nhlUid /CiTev wereTTilT' V.V^ N"r"' W"U,J ^ w ^ |%S to WtbJ r,>"rSC 'oud\ for zr^'-^ST1' < nti caUimitj) tothr AvrtA. T" T ???*'?. m-.av -y (*? rnMuvn an,! y ^,,y< hu'iul ,1 rhTx.Zi. "I*'?" ?> *>? ? -W m tZVZl artg vAu A >,<u broueMnut. rv.? ??,? tiV rouJ^ ^T, r"n rt<? Mv>v W tanning <fthrir ?rro,?^' [From the Hkt m> of October 2o.l .nXTu!"i " 1,1 'M,RinninK dawn up.ui the flnaaoiaf indu*Wul commnnitv. that il a* whose ver* e*isten< e ha^ed upon the idea that Hlaxarv tt M wTl *nd a rrinie m triumphat at the ' ominK election 1 V "f m'T ><thnr ami trn.i, rn^tutumiioi ' 1' "vr rr~ht ,r,l) drft-rwd to >.ive >0 n new n stem and a new fabric marL\.<h the prislucl- of - !,i ve U.bor shall ' J' .7 ,K ?n<1 wo.- are crriar oti? (Hi there is no danger there - nore??>oto be'aUrmed' My. onh the -ebbh merchants who are fnchteoed ' B':t who. we ?sk , will lie the Urst to meet the - ^ wJtbi.'^.e^tT^n'r And"rht? rum attend* the full of the merchant- These selfikh im B^Kr^?'s?5Sff ,-tence ,n ^rv l,e?,t. Kverv ^ \,7!L :vu\ o,uurv ? o,j'd ^ -1* b,'. Wi^n -L * '"PP^ ?n<J pr^ sper>,,?i ommuiiity * *p*waj the meri hant' and everv merest 2;"?"'*" '? '^~iSTnSf *trtlctton which followed 8 * lh de" fFrom the Hit* ?j, of Ortober M ] x ward. I.ine.'ln. and their blind and re< klr<? follow ?r? are hurr> inj. the south to a tinan. , .1 / ' , *** partly f SB. !l-r 10 Uyngj- 1W7, but *h|rlj {' ?J more blaattn* in It. cfTr. ? yvrt?rry, rr^li, an.< " wul R. "Hiltdn Of the l h"n' The vorth ?nd of the iiwra wl". Vn, t' aZ"\'! aU#Dd **'rvi,,> ^whKhS"",h'rn f,i,Tr<' ktHiwa^no^r^ 0TZ 'I'm end ind'JKlrUI lBtere.1. \ trned IB , on "n;Mln?' scene, ot de?olat...n 1 1,-1 m-rfc H .u before the -imil.i, , iV- ,rr^ ^ J,,P of a n?? fepeat' d 10 mm and dtHtnaj it. ? l "?* "iw?in of Ortob. r 27 1 -y.r-"- ?' b. '*1/ rn?t, u iff i.r c* I"J7 pill/, W re Hw ?M t7e m^7,T * V"n* fW ^^^lil ^ rf . I ^rn / T! * "ryr'oM, of latmr fL. M/,?. *'J S"u/* '??<UtK, \nrrk , t*?f it* ?ftL Km ,.rTr",*fw 'Ann <?< '*? f* r?< 'irx u*?eA iltruifi th' I'ntnr It the ?.i Vk""' "r, n?^"? of October ? 1 again,., Nor.h^ %???!? JOff ? ^ ' X be re'rnhr ,th' " t l .r/ll^ The aetMltu e tlbTr* of cap! w ?Jker atnr ka IsS k** f**1 th* r""in? ^ TW credit *\a??in whtch are merely (he growth of owr 1 1 ltl> ^?"?iB?ly f.l|,M beneath UwMnrm, and l'Hnn^r ??t?. "*>n fe?i ,ta fury tf tfai. content .? !"* V11 Wl" ^ fln,t "r"1 **? greateat h !Til V,<' r?i her today liee the determtnation of thi* nattie tf the Kmplre Hut* permtu the black repahll . tr""npb the .Houth must and will take a hoe 1 lie attitude at once, owl (Aen nt tka/l Karr a PHIHC Onrl n rfnrat rf nrtn nmtmp tmr mrrrhanu mnrmft. tUrrrt. nn.l ryyrm ataln-Mil HttrrfJ. tknt will nrjri in rk^. ur? - "tvAhh; Iht world kat rmr tn|?<Mi * [Frosi the HmALB of October A 1 pBut even if there ahotild be n? aeceM,on. and If tlM ^ emitted in the er? of h? for Uhi Mil fotir \ mn i ihw m,ih k? ? mm 1 terrible oonflict between the Worth^nd IS vU^k lb* m?!, ?^to?ent Z^iITmrer^r T J" ,ori?' '"??tTrtiSTS MMfial Mfmncit tb? (jomnuni North and the nmh would be t|Mt the hnaiiii attona between the two aoctioue wt?,Li !*T ^" d later bed, their biiaineee mierr^J^l ?**??????/ tho parmetit of * ^fP-de/, Northern bon^. wenld Bw^ctal and mannfaeturina M . ,, ??T: L *^l <r*^*'r ??*^o ori* <mt nf * Z r*1 .>o?^ ?e* 04 Me eeanfr, fcy Br-er j. , [Vr?wi the Hrnju, Ortotvr .111 flJL^LHvelWS ,,f whp? ?' come wZtl J^U i," 'u,,7r_W"1 P^O*,, th? revu N Liim h . ' fr,,,n *" ' >n,,',r r or a p"r..Tnw"n, continuance j^t b.,t . it TLi. nn mnB r ,n *"c ?be end tmeth-r ro M . r P"" ut tin ?m ant pr,?p,,|.v ?<? tho . t?'U.r"l bv fvdtffld?j *CCC?Mqq w Mid actt<?