Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1860 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD WHOLE NO. 8861. - , MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1860. PRICE TWO CENTS. NEWS FROM Interesting procesdings of gong ress Another Speecb. from Senator Iverson on Secession. Speeches of Messrs. Cobb and Davis in the House. Refuel of the House to Excuse Members from Serving on the Select Committee. IB. HAWKINS STILL DECLINES TO SERVE. Mr* Toocey Appointed Secretary of the Treasury Ad Interim. 0*?iHIXAT10* OK TIDE CRISIS CO\VE\TK>\, ilC* Oil DESPATCHES FROfl WAHIHCTOT. VmbHIOx, Doc. 11, 1960. The dction of tfao IIo ise to day iu refusing to accept the resignations of Mr. Hawkins. of Florida, by voto of ninety live to one hundred and ten; Mr. Boyco, of South Chrolina, and Mr. Morrill, of Vurinout, is regarded as a determination 011 the part of the conservative portion 01 the House to submit to no excuses -h >rt of death or e riouB sickness. in the solemn exerciso ol' legislative itu Mm In this crisis. The .sentiment Is, if representatives decline serving on so important a committee as on - which ie to endeavor to devise and recommend measures ef reconciliation and harmony in the present dis tracted condition of the country, they have no business to be in Congress. Tbe proceedings to day were more boisterous than auy day Since the session commenced. Th ? republicans are pushing through business as rapidly as possible when ever they obtain an opportunity. Mr. Smith, of Virginia, in his conservative speech, drew out a shot from the republican camp in Wisconsin. Tbe Senate debate today did nothing for good or ill, but was listened to by the largest number of spectators in attendance this session. The feeling to-night is more prevalent that the Com mittee of Conciliation will preseut some measure calcu luted to restore a natural pulsation to the national h"art All the members speak confidently on the subject, and express a willingness to abandon ail speechifying, and proceed at once to the important business in hand. Th subject of employing a stenographer was considered, and it is believed the idea will be abandoned. It ib understood that Mr. Humphrey, a member of the Crisis Committee from the State of New York, does not reflect the opinions of the members from the city Of New Yoik upon the grave Bnbjecta committed to his charge. They are unwilling that their constituents should, by implication even, be supposed to assent to his probable action |in the committee, in pursuance, therefore, of what they sup pose to be the inclination and judgment of the city of Sew York, and of their own opinions, they have addressed and delivered to him certain recommendations of eiieciflc con Rtttutional amendments demanded for the country and the permananee of iu institutions, which they w ih him to advocate and vote for in the committee. As tbe paper is an interesting one at this crisis, you will be furnished with a copy. It is signed by John Cochrane, Geo. Briggs Wm, B. Maclay. Thos. J. Barr, D. E. Sickles and U. F Clark, all the city members. A letter waa received here thin morning by A. J. Smith our Consul at Lag uayra, from two of the m<?t extensive planters in Texas, and they assert that three Oft ha of the people are for immediate secession. 1 am permitted to make an extract from their letter : ? Upon this subject our minds are deliberately, fully and unalterably made up. We are for secession, disunion, civil war. pestilence, loss of property, of life, or anything you can inm+.'lne. rather than to the rule of Lin cln, ele< ted as be was by a purely sectional vote, and pledged. as he is, to a course of policy SO ruinous to th" South. Tbe "lone star" is flying in every direction, and we don't count the coat or consequence*. There seems to be a settled determination not to submit. A meeting of Southern politicians to oonsldcr tbe stat< of tbe country, is now being held in Vice President Breckinridge's room, at the National Hotel. The democrats from the Northwest have had several conferences relate e to tho present condition of political affairs. They generally take the position set forth in Messrs. McCIernand and Vallandigbam's speech"* ye* terday, namely, that the Union cannot b- dissolved peaceably; that the Northwest will, under no clrcum stances, consent to be cut off from the Gulf of Mexico and tbe city of New York; that tbe government, whatever may be ita fanlta, is of Inestimable value. The leading idea ia a central government, embracing the Middle. Western and border slave Matea, but depending for it consummation on future circumstances. lieutenant General Saott will arrive here to morrow. Tbe bill which passtsl the Hons* yesterday anth'>rixing , tbe Issue of ten millions In Treasury notes, gives power to tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury to sell them at th" ket rate*, sa tbe wants of the government may require, tbe bide to be invited by a notice of ten days. Tbe Senate Finance Committee will meet tomorrow, for tbe purpcae of core idering the Treasury Note bill. It has paaed the House. Two of tbe democratic members of this committee. Messrs. Toomb* and Bright, are ah sent. It la understood that Senator Hunter will attempt tn amend it in several particulars, but It Is believed thai not only a majority of tbe committee, but of tbe Senate are In favor of passing It ss it ca:ne from tbe House Tbe pressure upon the Treasury is too great to admit of delay. Mr. ttnhh to day formally took leave of the President, the interview being pleasant and of a private character. The Secretaryship of the Treasury i? still vacant. Hk President last evening tendered It to lawrence O B Branch, member of Congress from North Carolina Mr Braneh addressed a letter to the President to lay declln big It. The statement thai it has h'* n offered to Mr Guthrie ia untrue, and what is more. It will not b" tfrrel him. Secretary Toucey ia at present dn-chargiug t h duties, and for tbe present will continue to do so. There ia no doubt of the accuracy of my announcemen' some days since that Mr. Treacott .Assistant Secretary <? Mate, has submitted hla resignation to th* President, p la surmised, and with mu< b probability, that H<>ury I'M yard, who has occupied an honorable piaitlon In the d piomatlc service, will be his successor. Many of the foreign ministers are present in the Senat every day, an l appear to take gr- at interest in the d> bates which take place there upon the fKBtMM of dlf union, secession, he. The Punt tfflice Committee of the House met th s morning to consider an overland mall bill submitted t > them by Mr. Colfax, chairman. After consultation they uaanUnously adopted the bill, the detail* of which are as follows ?That tbe Postmaster Oeneral advertise for proposals for carrying the eat Irs mail overland dally between St. Jnseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California, by the Centra) route, from July, IM1, to July , 1M6. Denver City and Salt Ink" ?'lty to be supplied weekly without extra charge? the amount not to exceed 9*00.000 per annum ; letters and paper* to he carried through by tbe conductors ia twenty days, and pamphlets, magaxinee and public docu menta in thirty days. Th* bill also authorlaes temporary steamship aervlco from New York to San Francisco, at the rate to be paid to Chmmodore V wider hilt the present session. The service la to be subject to discontinuance on ninety days' notice, and la to continue nntil otherw sB ordered by Congress, In ouee the daily overland mail contract is not taken within the sum limit ad The bill la to be reported to the House this week. H>e Department of Stale received lnt"lligence this morn trig announcing the death of Kl isha K. (lark and Wife, formerly of Connecticut, who W> rn drowne 1 while crowing a elriun In the vicinity of Talca. iu Chile. The report relative to the difficulty b twe n two South ern members of Congress; wiu on w count of oao calling the Governor of a State "a huarv headed old traitor. The phrase wa.< not used toward the member Kb i feels aggrieved, or there might have been trouble '? twtu the parties ere th.s. Mutters are Manning a more q .iot appearance this evening, the fact that the committee of e a. ill itio'i havo met and organized being received vsith satisfaction in circles not violently opposed to any effort at ac.comiuo dation. Washington, Pec. 11. lsrto. A desperate conflict is going on 111 the Cabinet to decide whether Mr. Guthrie or Mr. Holt shall succeed .Vlr. Uobb. The strongest iuiluences have been brought to bear upon Mr. Guthrie to induce him, against his own interests, to telegraph here that he will accept the position. If he would do t-o, it is argued that the fact would give the greatest contidence to the financial world. The Comptroller of the Treasury examined the law to day justifying the President iu apioiutiug a .^??creUry of the Treasury mi imtenm , and Mr. Toucey ha* consented to officiate in that capacity until a successor to Mr. Cobb is appointed. A simi lar position was assigned to a Cabiuet officer un der President Tyler, when Attorney General Ij6 gare was acting Secretary of State. This rules out Mr. Clayton fr< m becoming acting Secretary of Slate, and i pou the arrival of Mr. Guthrie, should he be appointed . Mr. Peter G. Washington will probably bo restored to the j place Of First Assistant Treasurer, which ho held under j Mr. Guthrie in the l'ierce administration. A statement is made here, and may be sent to the country, that Secretary Thompson has also re signed his place in the Cabinet. 1 learn to night that such Is not the fiut; but it has been Intimated to him that the Governor of North Caro lina. Mr. Thompson's native Mate, will tender bun the , appointment of Commissioner to South Carolina, and in such an event, should the President tike exceptions to hij serving in that capacity. Secretary Thompson will im- | mediately resign and accept the Oommlssionership. It is 1 considered by those who ought to know, quite likely that the Governor of North Carolina will select Mr. Thompson as the Commissioner. Mr. Keitt leaves here for South Carolina to-morrow, nnd the i (her members at the Congressional delegation from that State are expected to leave in abmt ten days, j The House Perilous Committee of thirty three met th s , morning, anl organized by th" appointment ot Mr. Cor- i win as chairman. Tlie House subsequently authoriz e! ( the appointment of a clerk, and granted leave to the t orn mittee to sit during the sessions of the House. It being understood that Mr. Haskin introduced !iis forty per cent reduction of the public printing at the la.-l session under a misapprehension of the facts in regard to ! what the profits of that business would be, bis action In the House to day has astonished those who luv the best ; acquainted with the facts. I learn from Mr. . Ford's attorney and agent that Mr. Haskin had stated to-night that when he ma le h s speech he wad uot aware that Mr. Ford was sictc 1 in Ohio, and had never neglected or refused to execute the public printing under the forty per cent reduction. It is expected that Jlr. Haskin will to-morrow, or at some early day, Introduce a resolution to reduce the profits forty or fifty p' retntonthe binding of tho House, it being a mui h more profitable br in. h of the public busi ness than the printing. Mr H.tkm accidentally over looked thia at tbe last session. TREASURY ESTIMATES FOR THE ENSUING YEAR. TUF.AXVKT I>Kf VRTH1NT, Vov. 21. 1KAQ Pin ? Agreeably to the joint resolution of Oengroaa of Jan 7. 1846, 1 Lave the honor to transmit, for the infor n atlon of the II- use of Representative*, printed esti mates of th> ii| i r< prlat ion* proposed to be made for the ilscu! > i* ui; 'ixe so. 1MK, a* follows, viz ? Civil:. . fi ,, n intercourse and miscellaneous. irvlud irgcxf -m < < Heeling the revenue fr< n> sales . r pub lie Uinu.- ati^ ? m # ol court* $10,402,511 ^6 To mpply 0( l.ii< rci? s in ih'i revenue* ol the general rust Olllce 5.312.175 63 I 'elisions 1 0*2,000 00 Indian lieparliiicnt 2,OJ7,tiud 34 Army proper, 4c., including miscellaneous objects 13,710.759 02 Military Academy 144.337 oo Kortitii aliens. ordnance. Ac 2.1S).VS46 00 Nasal e-tabli.^lunent 11,513.004 01 Total, $40 -">30,227 20 To the estimates a re added Mat-Trent* si* wing ? 1. The appropriation* estimate! for tbe service of the f.'cnljiar ending June 30, 1K62. made by loriner acw of Gongrers, of a specific and indefinite eharacter, an fol lows. vi* ? Miscellaneous. Including expenses of collect ing revenue from customs $6,220,014 14 Otnpcnsatlon to the general Post Office for mail service* 700 000 00 Artmng and equipping tho militia 200 Wtf) 00 Civilisation of Indians 10,000 00 Interest ou the public debt 3.405.472 04 Total fit 026 3H6 20 2 Ihe ?-?? imat<v] ba'ancesof existing appropriations whii h w ill he unexpended on June ,"10, 1**>1 . part of which are ri quired for the payment of the l.abiiities of the pre * nt fiscal, but whi< h wdl ieH b ? drawn from the Treasury until after June 30. 1H01 . and the balance ap plied to the service of the Uarol year ending June 30, 1*42, Tl?: ? Civil list, foreign intercourse and miscella neous ff> H40 4.r? 42 ltit< rior Department (pensions and Indian). 1.06*. 7H7 33 War IVpartment 2*6200000 Navy lN partment 2.936 HS6 m ToUl CI2.1M.U2 62 Grand total fM, 303. 720 U H appears by the statement of the estimated balances of existing appropriations win. h will be unexpended on iun? 30, 1861, the sum of $444, 6 VW 13 may bo carried to the surplus fund. Accompanying the estimates there are sundry papers furnished by the several departments containing expla nations In r-'gard to ihem. It appear* f rom the ab<>re statement that the annual ?ml permanent appropriations required Tor the aervtoa of the fiscal year ending June 30 1K62. exclusive of the In terest on the public debt, amount to f62.670.141 43. I am, very fcapei (fully, your obedient servant, HOWHJ. Oi IRR flecrslfy of the Treasury Hen. Wnuan IWnmmi, Speaker of the Hocmj of Ke pn?entativea of the L'nlted Htates. THIRTY-SIXTH t?\GHKs?. BECONO KKtWtON. Ncaate. W.**Hi!?<rT?rv Dec. 11, 1M0. nre TKKASTKY JKTX MIL. The H"ttso hill to provide for the payment of outs-tand tng Treasury notes and an thorite a loan.fcc. was taken r.p after some remarks from Mr Rkt. (<-pp ) of Mild., against, and Mr. Cahvuv*, (rep ) of Pa. , in favor. Mr. Rt<n moved Ms reference to the Committee no Finance. The bill wan referred to the Ounmittee an Flnanf e. mmT i* not saw. Mr. flail, (rep.) of If. H., offered a resolution that the Committee on Military Affairs be instructed to inquire whether the exp*mea of that branch of the puhl c ser vice r.tnnot be reduced without detriment to safety, and that if they can they be further instructed to report to what extent ami what particular branch or branches ran be dtspenM-d with or reduced. The resolution was ?MpML rn* n*ijtet Aisnnrw* or to? i.*?t ?iss??nv The Mowing t? th.? vote on the motion to tak*> up the House bfll from the last session. The bill provld-s for the payment ot < utstan hng treaauijr not< ? to author *?> a loan, to regulate and tlx the duties on imports, and for ? titer purpose* ? Aa??!rT-M*??r? Wrleht, t'hesnut. t'lsr. Hammond, John ?-n "I Ark . Mall .rjr, Ma^.n. Rle?-, f>?bai-lian, I ?imb? ? 10 Ts ?n? Me??rs Anih^ ny. hnker. Hlgier. Blnsham, i ?ner?m, ( hanrtler, I'tark, < .illntner Crittenden, I?iti>n l>.? UtU<\ l>ur. kre, Ke**enrten, Poet, Ko?ter, (Jr me?, llale, llanil n. Ilailnn Kins, He * ? rtl . yinm"ii?, Htminer, Ten Ljck, TrutnhuU,W ?le W Kins' n, W li* n W Ttie re?t of the >enale mted nay? 71. Tli? i? gc*<l7<>? ? m-w H or M*. SK.iRM tkhen the resolutions relative t<> the seoeasion p-irt >n of the l'r<eident s Mee<<age were taken up, Mr. fk'.im, (opp ) of I'a , k* k the fl's-r from yseter day. He said? It was my intention yeeterdav to indxate my own paMtM on tb" gr<-??t question which has a<ri tated the p>-' pie of thm cuntry. Ibis is my outy p ir piwe this morning At some sube< qu< ot period 1 profx m> to diwu?s the que?t|on more fully. Sir, it*** truly re msrktxl by th? S-nator l?om Mlsslsalppi, who sat oeU to m'- yesterdsy, that "evil t,n?'s hi?l falien oo as." It Is, I regret to say . too sadly appar- nt This great republic of ours ts In imminent danger of dissolution. T1?e whole social, political and rnnim?rrial systei., is seriously dls ordered, and sh' ws unmistj?k? sbl" evidence of depri?<ion and distress. (Vwiaerce Jtrade and finance ^red?rang'-d Wie banks have ceasi'd to rMwm lb?irnote-< ti >f?ec|e.and the Treasury of the I nst<-d - ut j la uoaole u> me?t its curreut demands A general ?l"om is fpri ,*d over the entire country. Why i? all this, sir' Hivij the great elements of prosperity and progress suddenly benti hansteitv Mo. sir Tksie were never more abundant than now What ts it. then, sir? Why, sir, di?g use it as we mav. It is the result of a political pan '- F alm"?t shrink fr< m enunciating the [de is# < au?e, i hvions as It is to every Ksaator and Intelligent mi?n in th<' Ian I We hear 6f l/gt'lstur^s befti. sss. mbleti snd eonveatlons heiri ordered to ? '?raider the great qucM n whether the r'd i lions ibst b ikI u? together arc to be touticuwl or not. U IB thu* llu-.t we have wd manifested deep concern and distret-B. fir, this is a sad picture. It seems to me that it is the purl of patriotism and duty to 1< 4 k thu danger tlial In sets us fair in the f&ce. Vv (wu impression* at flist wero. that the least said the b. tter I have changed that impression, I bolievo t h:i t I hi times require that the public men? the aelii't m. ti of the natiou here, should sum up the great qu' S ti? U. Let the p. ople uudvrsttuid what view is taken of it here For one, 1 nni prepared to separate myself a* tar ms pots.ble fri ni patt prejudices and party allegiance, tnd . icusioer the condition of the country in the spirit ot de votion to itg interest*. 1 must heartily coniineud thep<#i ti< it ot the Senator from Connecticut, without understand- , ing the i'esires of men of his own party lie has told it hero recardii ss of connection with his party prejudice* for 1 believe be is a friend of tlie President elect, lie has came forward b< Idly and taken his position for the con st. ti. tii i ? lor the I'nion as made by the constitution ? lor the i quality of the Mates, and for justice among his fel 1< w citizens of the United Statca. A convention of all the SUiti s call be only called when two thirds of the Mates p. titien Congress. Every way. Congress miiBt have a ici n? ction w ith this subject. We should inquire calmiy . t. b- rly. and earnestly of etch other, what can be done here. " The Koutli has received my co-operation long. I will resort to any honorable means to save the I'nion. 1 wifh to see this government maintain its diguity and it licence in the world. If it was worth the sacrifices that were made for it. it is certainly worth the effort o jtresei vlng. If you want peiuianent peaoo, you must .-tr ke at the root of the disease ? the hearts of men mill le changed. Northern men must put down the abolition tecling an I give the South ber rights, while the South mutt act Justly towards the North on the tar ill quosti'n. Manufacturers and mineis believed that the democratic part\ was prejudiced again; t protection, and therefore have gone over to the republican*. No man is war ranted in saying that the State ot Pennsylvania will aiihere to the doctrines of the republic-ui party Thu issue o 1 the " Irrepressible conflict is not fully inter preted in that State. Wi tt ! because of a party vi'torv is the country to be torn by violence, riots and mobs in your c< mtnereial cities, and business completely derail ged? What! is a party triumph to eause misfortune r It is worse than dissolution. I thai do all in my (s>wor to adjust these unhappy differences. I am not despond cut entirely. I cannot bring my mind to believe in a y pa rat ion of these Matis ? much less to contemplate the consi quenci s which woti'd folio*. 1 predict til it thu re publican party will never gain another vidtory. Mr. I\kkkm>.\, (opp ) of (ia. ? lam not willing to vote for the resolution of the Senator from Kentucky, and I reside briefly to set myself right upon the record. I wish to give the country the reasons that influence my action. I object to this committee, or to this proposition to sub mil all these d.llicullies to a committee of thirteen I don't exactly understand the object. What is intended to bo executed by tins committee has not been explained by the hoi < ruble Senator who introduced it. I don't under stand whether Congressional legislation is to be invoked to relieve us from the impending danger, nor do I under stand that constitutional amendments are to be proposed by the two houses of Congress. 1 am not advised as to * hat is expected of that commitee Whatever may be the object , whether in the shape of Congressional legisia tion, in (he shape of amendments to the constitution, in whatever design or object may be contemplated, 1 have no confidence in the accomplishment of anything. Now. sir. let us look at this question from a reasonable and c< mmon sense standing. Is it designed to make Ow gi issn n.?l legislation to remove the objections which the southern states have to remaining in the I' motif Is it designed to introduce legislation for pro tecting the rights and equality of the South cm States, more than they are now by the constitution , and the present la wgf If so, what is Con gressu tial legislation, so far as the Fugitive Slave law is & ncerned . to the rights of the Southern people, under the ol structions and difficulties ? uiBurinouutable difficui ti. f? which are pieselllod to the execution of that law > ? a vitiated public sentiment in the Northern States' W bat n ore can Congress do than Congress has done? ?> have a Fi gitive Slave law of which the South does com plain. It '8 sufficiently guarded to accomplish all the < Huts tor which it was designed, if there w is a proper p M i nt iinen t in the Northern States No betier p,, tjvo Sia\e law could bo devised, by this hh or any ? ther. It Ciothed the judiciary and e^^jtiv,, ot this verntoet t with ample power* to ',Ar?ute the laws. We . i n't i . n.pirnn thai any exec'^,^ ev0r been derelict in b'>- iiuty in the dil'Jtirvrge of this law. Mr. Fillmore was I'm it cut wl^,? tikis law was passed, and it received Ins and I am readv to say that . so far as he * *. .?olicei i ?<! . ho carried it out. General Pierce carried ?'? Out, and the pre.-ent executive. So far as tbey have the power thev have done their duty faithfully. Hut we know well that no slave has been reclaimed from the Northern Mates except under circumstances of the greatest difficulty and danger, and often loss of life. It is net a defect in the law Itself, but it is in the tact, to which no man can shut his eyes, that a vitiated public sentiment in the Northern Statee is so strum- against slavery that no enactment can ever be carried out while tins state of public sentiment lasts. It is true that now and then a slave is reclaimed but it haw been dotie at the point of the bayonet, and at an ex|?-nse of ti n t iim s the value of the slave. Why is it, sir? Not bi-caiise the law is defective, but because pubic senti ment is defective and wrong Nor do I charge the fail ure of the execution of this law upon these Personal Liberty bills. No, sir. they liave never operated to pre vent the e*? cut Mm of the Fugitive Slave law. It is. as I said, mob law, in all circumstances, which has produced these results, and will as long as the I'nion and slavery last together. Whenever a fugitive slave shall be dis covered in one of the free States, and the owner goes in piirM'ance of law and the constitution to reclaim him, w hat follows* They obtain the arrest of tbe slave, but be fore the case comes b-fore a Justice, or b"fore judgment can be rendered, there Is a mob of free negroes, and whites who are onlv one degree removed from their colored brothers in 'brutality and Ignorance They assemble ar.d wrest the negro from the po^ssion of the owner, while the conservative masses, the " gentlemen, ' tbo*e who are in favor of Justice, who believe the owner is en titled under the constitution and the law, to reclaim the s ave, what do tliey dor They stand with folded arms, and lock upon tb'*e mobs, and laugh to scorn these Southern pe< pie. Even the Senator from N"w Hamp shire said the other day that be believed th" ."*>uthern pwple were entitled to reclaim their slave* But how often has he stood by and seen these mobs execute their fiul purposes* lias "he ever striven to correct this vi tiated public sentiment* Sir. he has stimulate! it, and so have other Senators from the North. Mr H*ut, (rep ) of N. H , fin hta seat)? Never. Mr. Imnooi* ? What more can Comn-ees .!o on this sub leotr I ws the Senator from Kentucky propose to amend tbe Fugitive ^lave law* It has been suggested that a reciedy night be found in an altera! Ion of the constitu tion in some act of Onngress, in which the free states, wbo secrete and refuse to bring back our slaves, will ti llable iu damages In the first place, what would such a law be worth* You can't *ue a State A Stale in its sovereign capacity cannot be brought into court. If a thousand slaves were received by Massachusetts, an l refufcd to be returned, how canyon cue the Siat? of Massachusetts* That woul I b- impracticable and impo* ?? ble. Ill -nides, yem would have to sue in a court of Massachusetts Tbe Jury who was to decide on your rights would t e a Jury <>t abolitionist" The detendants who are to be millets are Uie parties who com the (urv . and the judges who decide on the cla m of owners All such premonitions as that are BKn mockery . and no nita can fluppoee that lOfi a ren.edy as that would be worth a dollar or a cent Then, sir is it proposed to appease the Sisithern Stated by the sc.opt Win of tbe doctrinm of the thngresssioa! protection to slavery in the Territories' Is that the remedy th?? rtrolution is i la tended to find outT I want to kn"W wbo ex|*cu such a remedy as that will ever be accorded by this Corgress or any other* We know that the republican iiart v are a unit upon that qui stion. It is tbe great shib boleth "n which they fought this battle and won It It is tl e very principle which standi at the basis <4 their poll t eal organisation. It is. that slavery shall not advance beyond its present boundarice and shaN never pant* fxrtprlnt in the Territories of the I'mted States. It miist n?cvsarily in?t the dtsapjiroval of every one of the 1 s.V) noo republicans wls> cast their votes for Lincoln and lUmlin: and how many Northern demo crata will be brought to its support? We know w. |i that, as far as a portion of the Northern democrats ar> concerned, they were as hostile to this principle as the republican" thiMBelves. The Northern lamglas nm itteifer. nee ?qxaMV sovefelgnty party is represented on ti ls floor by the Senator fr n Illinois, and b < friend fr m t'hlo Mr Pugh. Would thev vote for it ? Wc have already hti.r 1 the Senator ft m Ohio say be would let his atm rot from his shoulder in it* Bocket , before he would vote for Ct>rgresskical proti-ctlon I tell Senators here to day that the Southern people will never be satisfied with anytbirg short of Congressional protectioii to slavery in tl e Ti rritor tes. Wi know our rights under the const I tu imn We stand as <-qual States in this confederacy , and w< are entitled to equal participation In tbe common pro pertv. We kt ow well that wc never can enjoy equal pos si si'i ti of the Territories without protection to our proper ty I km w well where the Wllmot l*roviso and mm in tlrvention i q> alter sovereignly would lead It would load to tbe total exclusion of the Southern States from any Territify which is now possessed or may be here after acquired We will never submit to any such dicta We are entitled to tbe protect** of our pn ta rty, and we intend to hive It, in tbe Union if we can get it. and out of the Unioo If we cannot get it In. 1 understand the object of all this prohibitory legislation The result Of both Is to exclude the Sou lb from any en trarce Into the Territories with their slave property. It ti. clrcumscrilie the trea of slaverv, aiifl to hem it In on all sld "S, and by the operations of the federal govern mi-rt upon the border SMrtee, compelling them, as a matti r i f policy and Interest, In order to get rid of 'heir slaves, to precipitate them upon the cotton States. Tien, sir, it will be but a Tew months liefore the border State* In the Union %m become free States. I#t this government pass Into the hands of the republican party ? let them be installed In power? let them get pos session of the two houses of Congress, aa they will get preset* ion of them In less than two years, let them brmg tbe power and patronage of this government to bear upon the border States, and let It be undenitood that the government Is in the bands of thoae who are unfriendly to slavery , and let It be underst'*4 that the government Is divorced from slavery, and It will be left ^htlrelv to the (Hates themselves, with no .-ynipalhy fn m the federal government or assistance to us in diffl culty or danger. list tbe 11*1 Offices and the mails be put in the bands of the republican party , sending their .?editions tracts to every portion of the South n't all the pewor of the government be brought to bear to help on ?. endlartsm. John Brown r?ids, murderlngs. p-.lwininr* and revolt* , what wwlii b* tb*4 mnditk?n of tor Mro?*r htatii^ HlaT#?rjr wo?ild be a ctifpe. tnf?t<id of a Ing, then, and tbey ?would get rid of tueh ?lavc? as were not taken off by the onn^.r-ro,,,,,! railroad, and tbey would be sent to the Jtouthern states In ware. Maryland. Virjmla. Mts^mrl snd Kentuekv w'nld, to a few year?. ?dd to iIh* p??wer of the fre* of tnli government The slaves thus carried off frem the border j states and sold to the South will be ronflned in a few I year* k> eight or ten OuU tjtaiet, Now, kit, IwA ?t the proci ph. Wo have now m tho I'nlt ? ! -Uif.g four mil lions ucd u half of Slav .-. They incro ? according lo the last census bill, at the rate of abou' thirty two per cent every ten years. If you prccipitato ill this popula tion into eight or ten (iull statiswewll have, in ten years, fl.COO.OOO? in twenty years we (.ball have 8,000 000 or 9. 000 .C00 uud. iu thirty years, lii 000.000 to 000.000. In l<M tlian twenty years the slave popula lot. of the South will largely preponderate over the wli to. Then will c< ino universal i inane i [.at ion by the federal ^o\ern un til, and such scenes ol murder between the tw r; ecu its bus never beeu men or beard of in the whole wor d's bisl? ty. Such, in my opinion, is the Inevitable reau t . nd su<b ik the policy of the free States. They under land ns will as 1 do how those ihiuga work out, and it m espe<iul!y their course to bring about this very state oi tilings, and in that very form, Long before theae even'" occur the 1 roe states will be swelled by a majority that ia Irreristible. The border States will be free, tbe Terri toi ies West will be planted into States by tbe hot bed pro ess uf Northern abolition emigration, and the South will lie l\ lug at the very feet of tho North- Yet the border states c< mplain of the cotton States in the movoinent that is now in progress. They say we have n<> right to take tbtniout of the I'niin against their will. Sir, I wont to know what right they have to keep us in tbe I nion against our will- If we want to go out, let us go. If they want tostay, let them stay. They are sovereign States, thi m decide this question for themselves. I will not complain, when and how and where they go lam satis fied, however, that the) will go when the time comes for them to decide. They complain of us, tluit we make so mi ch noise and confusion about the Fugitive Slave law when we do not lose any slaves; but it is not for tho wan of good faith in the Northern States, so far as the re c la mat ion of I ugitive s laves is concerned, that tbe South i rn States are moving in this great revolution. We look infinitely beyond this petty loss of a few negroes. Wo know what is coming. Sir, in this In ion, it is universal ematiCi|<ation, and the turning loose upon society, in the .southern States, of this mass of corruption which will be made by emancipation. And we intend to avoid it if we can 1 lie border States can get along without slavery. Their climate and soil are appropriate to white lalior. Ihey can live and flourish without slavery. Tin- cotton Stated cannot. We are obliged to have African slavery to cultivate our rice and cotton lieii s. African slavery id essential to our ex istence as a people. It is not surprising, when we Fee this storm coming from the North to overwhelm us, that we should seek our safety when we can, by set ting up for ourselves an independent sovereignty u|>on which none of these causes can produce any ellect. And now. auain recurring to the question. 1 tell Senators that the Southern states now moving for secession will never be sutislled with any concussion made by the North that iloc not fully recognise not only the existence of slavery in its present form, but also the right of the Southern people to emigrate to the common Territories with their slave property . anil their right to Congressional protection while m this Territory. The recent battle in tbe South was fought upon that very issue. l'|<m that very issue the friends of Mr. Breckinridge put him u|?n tbe very groi.ud of protection to slave property, and it wn? on thai ground he carried tho cotton States. I know there was a small party opposed to that principle that followed the lead of tho Senator from Illinois, but bow small! I bad almost said how con temptible tbe element in the Southern States that advoca ted that principle. Ixw k at the popular vote. That will tell the tali*. Tlioee who supported the third caudidate were iu favor of protectii n, and in my State they called on the people to support Mr. Bell, on the very ground that he was in favor of Congressional prolectiou. And now it is a fact well known that a largo portiou of the friends of Mr. Bell are the most ardent leaders in the prisent niovinieut. It is because tin y have lost all hope of getting protection from this government, (?er.tli men need not mistake tho feeling of Southern States, that is, the cotton Mates. Jt 14 iu fjtvyr Of Congressional piolectiuU, no amendments of U? cr.Uitiitien. Whatever will fall short of that will not be of any weight, or even be accepted by the Southern States. What jirospect have we of getting that? None here. urine anywhere. Why, therefore, the necessity of tnis resolution? But, sir, suppose that the objict of this resolution be present amendments lo the constitution, and to give Southeru Slates additional guaiai t- es 1 want to kri' w ?'! tic irn nils 01 MM resolu tion what i>articular guarantees they exp?*t. or what con cessional I do not believe any concessions can be ob tained. and if they are obtained, of wlutl value would they bo. granted in a state of learf I do not use this word in any ofli nsivo sense. But the North, if it yields at all. yields to the fear that the South l? going to dis solve the I'mon. What value would such concession* be to the Siuih? Nay, 1 want to know what valuo any pledges or guarantees would be from the Northern Statis? None, sir, a? long as a vitiated public sonti tnent of abolition exists. And when Is that going to decay? Never, so long as the Union lasts. It is a part ol their political creed. It entera ii t<> nil their ramiticatlons ot n-cioty, into the pulpit, tho All teach lhn doctrine of the ?? irrepressible con II it t and how many arguments iu favor of Slavery , its morality, its social blo-sings, ever reach the Northern ear" How are you going to reach this feeling? 1 here is but one way. That is, to let the South go 01 1 1 ol the Cnkm: and when the North see* it folly, tin n the teeling may r? coil and a sound state o feeling may arise, but not till theu Suppive cou-titu t onal guaiauti-es are presented by thin Committee? they report the proposed amendments to the constitution What reliance can the South place upon the good faith and observance of these guarantee" b) the North? What better guarantees can be made than those <? the restitution? If they were carried out in good fulfil. It would be all tbe South would a?k or demand. I low inany of them have been violated bv the Nortberu people! l/*>k back on the history of our country. The constl tution was formed as a compromise. 1 me was tliat new Mates mi.; lit lie admitted, and tbe existence of Sla\ery should be no reason tor refusal to admit. Th first state that mine, the North refused to admit, be cause her Consl itution tolerated Slavery That was M s sourl. The obstinate opposition of the North in this ro spect drove the South to a J ishonorable compromise. Mr. I. then referred to tbe admission of Texas in 1H44. to the Territories acquired from Mexico in 184M, to the Tariff Compromise of IKill and tho violation of plighted faith b\ two North in the tariff of 1H42. and then Continued: 1 ask . tncn. h< w can Ihe >outh rely on any giarai lees the North may make, espec ally under the circumstances which now exist, when those guarantee* are to be wrung Irom them under duress I have nocon lidi nee In the plighted faith. I'untra fiiUt of tbe Northern p. i pie 1 don't believe my constituents are willing to ac ci)u my compromise, no matter how plau.- .ble, u|>oii pa per . b? cause we know It will only be a pap< r compro mise, which is nut worth the snap of a man's finger. I look upon this prop>?ulion as nothing else than a di Iu sion and a snare, intended to operate on the public mind in the^e seceding Mali*, and to put arguments into the mtaitbsof tbe submissive l?riy at the xxitb. and urge i, pi n the people a little more delay, a little more fold 1 ?. of hands a little more pro< rust mats >n. I'ul It iQ. put |' l off b t us see what this groat propo sition will work out. Try everything that is is suggested by my frieud from rennsyivania (Mr lligler). We have been trying lor twenty-five years, and what has it produced? Twenty-five years ago they had but seven tbouaand men to support ibeir party : now they have car r tod ou* of tbe most ultra, I had almost said one of the nn<st ml unions, not In person, but In politics ? one of the moat ultra, aye, two of tbem. In aa President and Vice President, by an overwhelming majority Tb.s Is the result of our leavers and expostulation's They have accomplished all t&is without the power and patronage of the government Now, when they have that power and patronage, wluit are we to export" but a rapid consummation of the dire trouble* which I hate depicted? 1 believe this pro|a?ution crn end In nothing but delay I belie\e the question is settled, and no l?iwcr this side of lleaven can avert the result. South Carolina lias determined to risk all on tins die. and other States will follow Those west of the Mis-i-sip pi are moving. That this Colon is to lie dissolved is a tixcd fart, and no tinkering of the constitution or of committees of thirty three or thirteen can a\?vt the 0 n-equi nces I desire to say a few word* by way of suggestion to the States of Virginia and Maryland, and especially to the District of Columbia I hear every day, not only In the st reels, hut see It in the public pi ess, curse* loud and Corp poured out upon the devoted beads of the Siiitbem States Th' people of the district of Columbia haw turned all their wrath, not to the true cau?o Ihr ab< litionists of the North, but they are venting tbeir sfb^n and spite a, a r ?- 1 us berau ewe are vindicating our c.wn independence and liberty They export the dissolu 1 ti of this In ion is going to destroy the Ifepilol. and their property is to be valueless Thai may or mi) not be It will depend very much on their own conduct. In my opinion that Ave slates will go out of this I nion b? I oi'e the 4lh of Marrh and lortn a confederacy of their t'trn adorts of no doubt, and fliat tbe other slave States mn?t follow in tbe rapid process of time, I have little has doubt. Well. If Virginia and Maryland desire to have any influence or part in ihe formation of our government and I'mon. to which they must finally owe allegiance, they had heller follow our eaample quick ? (laughter;? and send delegates to join our to frame a government for our support and pro lection. II may lie a government will bo formed and a constitution enacted before Ibey have lime to fake a pari Inll. and when they come out of this I nw?. at tbe tail end of whiAi they must leern to follow our ex ample, they may find in the elements of lhal ronstitutsa thing* that may strike at some of their peculiar interests I understand one of the things whs h Influence the tardy mov? menl of Ibi se Mt?t?-s. They are ? little afraid rf the opening of the African slaie trade and the cheapening of negroes. I am opposed to the ripening of the Afro an slave trade, because the negroes increase fa*t en< ach for our Interest . protection and security. I beliew the grett mass of Ihe Southern people are tMUWd lo It. Yit I will not stand neourlty that If the iott<n Stal<? alone form a confederal y, they will n< t op* n the slave trade. Then, sir, what will bers me of the gnat monopoly which Virginia, and Mary land and Korfb (krollna now possess* I give no advice. Mv notU' has teen to give no advice when II Is not asked. But so fir aa the District of Columbia is en rernid, 1 want t> say to the people, In all kindness, if Maryland arcedea and >ilns us. as she ought to do, and a Southern Ormledi racy la formed. I see no rea son why Washington City shall not be continued the capita! of a Kmlhern Confederacy. (laughter In the gallerlee and on Ihe flooj.) The buildings are ready to our hand. ( Increased laughter ) Ttie fai ip.ties fot travelling have almis'l annlbibiteil dm t.itice, and our 'xtreme Southern Senators and repre sentatives woul4 as come to Vtashmgton as to (ieorg a orAtatama I fir no Kir w.mld lie in favor of ci ntlnuing W.-hirgton as the r at of government. (Ijmghtor ) S? t?o p?opl?- lamh 1 lon't know why. ( Renew I d faugl t?r.) lh 1- >lu|< rtant to tl I SO peopp> wbo own brick tnd'n.orlar for, Sir. if goaded aa w? tr.iy be by Hie Isn tn of tbi? (>le f r-ie, an1 ntWrurled : we may be the bn ly Si lion of Virginia and V >r. In 1 In thi- great niow riient, wo tony fomt our republic and ettatlisb tbe seat of government so per munently tliat it may never be removed. Then these marble palaces, now teem ng with life ui luxury, the I abltaliou* of bea t v and grace a:> elegance, insttad of echoing to the scenes of mutb and melody, will become the habita tions of the bats and the owls. But to go back. I tell you the question is settled in relation to this great movement. Nothing can stay tin hand of the Southern people or cool tb<- patriotism which is burning m thu Southern heart. When the urbitrary government of I.oii>K 1 hilippe, in 1H4H, had raised the people of I arm to a KIM of dan er and rebellion, and ih>' lai ricudt s of 1'aris and the musses of that great city were upheaving, Louis Philippe saw the danger, and uttempted to avert it by chaugiug his Ministry, but the words "Too late. ' "Too late," went through i ha MrtetH of I'uris. The next day he abdioated the throne in lavor of his grandson. The same v.orcs, "'luo late," rang through the streets, ring ?g out in sepulchral tones, like the trump of the Archangel summoning the dead to judgment. And so, titw, you may tinker the constitution, you may sug gest legislation, you may present additional constitu tional guarantees, you may attempt, by all these means, to stay the storm that now rages, and to pro vt nt the people from marching on to deliverance and ?berty. IHit.sir, the words '-Too late," "Too late," will i ing out here to day, will be reiterated from moun tain to valley, of all the South to the North sounding, the death knell of the confederacy. Mr. Pvuh (opp.). of Ohio, said ? Do you hope to continue the I Lion from the extraordinary speech just heard? Whin the people of any State, organisation, or Territory or c< mmunity do not desire to have the institution of slavery, my right arm shall fall from the socket before I w ill force them to accept it. Mr. Ivkkso.v said ? I refer you to my speech of February 'J.M, last vear, when I was in'the chair. You did not say ? yes" then. 1 referred to the Burns fugitive slave case. -Mr. l'i on ? That is only one case. Mr. lw kson read from the Qmvrruional Glnb* to prove that Mr. l'ugb did not adhere now to what he had stated previous to this session. Mr. Pvuu? Let me read tha rest. (Laughter.) I con t indict that the Fugitive Slave law was trampled under foot. Mr Ivmv.N? Twenty vearB ago an elaborate report made by order .if i b?- Virginia l^islature, P^vimk , n<' hundred thousand dollws worth of "liiVtK wtro annually fr< m its limit* by th'ir being fugitives. Mr Pt"?iH I do not believe that all the ?kvo States have lost a hundred thousand dollars by their fugitive. Wr n?in ij(B 1 did not propose to enter into thi!< dif ? ,v??^Vlhf7ment "me further than to remark in response to the charge made again* , my *? 'Ctton .f th I 'Ti'Vi! ?r?S ?S? ? -? wavs enforced 11. all case*. 1 Kui.iK.He there m-ver was a statute law that was not sometime violated with imp ^ ii it v . or not enforced with an much li e i > 01 liht to he. 1 suppose the Jugitive Slave law is en r;anWMa,eS Trade. "ffi" l'&? TSJetv Ihe-'-cont^rron'th.r suKt a?r^dede r^tTin^ . -e- j ,n l oth sections, to collect and give evor> tact winch would inflame the |.a*sion* and prejudices oT oii? srctic n aguinst the other. In that way. i>art>al am lun lair statements of facts are ^ C jta w.i tu n art un<lt?r an apprnhensioti of we omer. . h r ??* tur ;.s Illinois ik concerned. I am prepared to Bay that in nineteen cases out of twenty where a fugitive slavn enter- III nois, he is arrested and retume<l without an> Ii riir al uroccs.- whatever. Those portions ot the . tate which bonier ou the Kentucky and Missouri lines aro in w hich Doroer ?u iu ^ the other side, and a tu SETS! STu z T zsz&srsixs ? rT?r? r, r,zH ?Sl Z^JTrnt 2?Z Lm. he'll- returned If he turns out to he a lugitive, uid tciud. and once in a while a r.*cue is mado^ th n h new -taticrs are tilled with the horrors of that rescue. And the one cane of the rescue is paraded by the new* 1 aper -S2f.r the C;SZ Mt*T. I rcoiltect one instance of that kind recurred in mv own State, and that nistanc. K ^,c.d ta more than twenty Southern news within the last two months paraded as ev 5r?? VK K v.u ' '"h iK ?u.v have recorded the further Let that the ir.?.;d v: . s? sstjsls ri'^eri^ ? have "occurred fluently m our Northw^n, coun^ ? a .i m seliloni that a rescue made where the lr> ^ law lire ts.t I utltc ted upon the res 0 er'f " And then civil suits are brought to j>ay ...I fi. t . lIv the damage, hut smart niotiev gt anted ?tli ink theref<>re there Kile ground of oomp^ M, tar a, the^ectiou of t ta people srssys kU/s:" ? >???? r? 'r ii* wth tal is p ne lorever They are to think so be the cu.-' s of aetual returns are never publt: b.-. In ? V the exceptional cases of re*, tie Come to the and oiilv ?u f . j wl(.h ww cult have a h"l V( the fut-itive tdav .'H that are returneil and of the li>%t <?l tin - #i?<* uh^Tlion. that MSA nc up thai subje* t ^/7n,;!,nlLeIcm^ 'no ?^Ut?rnthe? Personal l.tberty bills. 1 1 il,Vk II - m all a vmlats.ii of the spirit of the conHit.r , iu -htli?r? wt* i i.ii* ^ i plaint ? Ii* otta-r Mile While we hear of Personal Liberty any r se of disunion, we are told ? and, Ti r:: Z .uL,.,. is true-that in n., .... hMV. tli.-e hills tieen the Cause of depriv ; '*? ?/" V?; Z return of his -lave Those bills ?? ne - w,r ?jzrz hi1? ^ I'here i < ver was a tune when my friend from lllr tireeu) and myself caild not ^av-e umstsinb) ret err mg It U. the just of the pe^ .? . ..ia ni the river with p?iwer lo ch?*s??' a third, ?dhw. ^r.e ?oablde by lta? Hut wh.-n yem " Norib*. Vermont, where th.y -e^ ?"r?* IT sl?v<- and would know how "J1* , ' ?hev are dlelurbe.1 about the wrong* of th? .lave ' ^ ! ,|,,wn South to < Georgia and Alabama, tZ \ m-yir l'?e any slaves, they are disturbed by ih. .utr .it'sof these bills and the non enforcement of T v. > me <lave law Junt In pr? portion as they ha*" ^r^it UtT^i doJJ-t know 'what th. y are a b. ?ut (lA'ighter In the galleri.a ) T1 . rsiyit K?T (Mr Kit *pat rick in the chatr)- Tlie Oiair utated up< n i be repotitioo of applause the galleries would '""Mr "' -k.i ap-Now sir. as between Illinois and Ken , ,i\ ?t?e.ld have no d in settling th? . so in tact between all the border Mates who' know the evils of which they compla.n. ' i Tin ,#nwr if thev could be i?rmltted'U> ? >r irr i ? Vr.r. v#.r If thin rm< n \* to Ik rrd. U i* up-n ttn croun.l that th<? two rxtn m^, *o far from ? aah <?ihrr hat' hev do not und. rsUnd the ev Us of th. j^lM . ?e r,,n" ^Bssrsrss sbssvft ,'iT. dlscussi.'*! of the subject My oh>ect in arising was to sustain mr friend from f"hlo in his .If r "rations, as fur as our Northwestern Oountry Is orocerned , that ihe Vuff t i ve Slave law la executed with as much ndellv as most of the laws upon the statute bjs.ks, . i I K.. . ill ? a U> h ave the <in? stlon U) Judge M< Is>an, l^th^ ta ever tnew a jur> wlo refuse.! iX a ver di t wtare the facts would permit of a verdict Judge Ml I . *1 rep' blican as he Is. has Mecuted the Fug^lve wiave Uiw w 1th entire tldelity . so far as I know. Ihere m?\ b- m^tanrrn wh??rc a fufltUra alave ruw awi> , ^,d U> never found There are to-taacee where toM,? sre stol. n ? and we never 6nd thrtn Itut !Wsm s%,k,.g o^ WtainUt -blrh ?? ir, m th#? non #t*r?tkm ? uf tho law. My /bi.rt Mnot tortf a^#TTiUtion.b?tU>wioth^tlir WltM stale Of feeltna, In order that we may discuss this ques ten tn proper temper and upon Its merits My purpoe ? li tomeet ibis quest k* fairly. Ut us as^TUtn prerjsely the toints in disptiie. and lay aside all aeetiooal f.-eling IndSrty strife and s?- if we cannot agree on a lae o tsiliev which Will secure equal rights, squal pp>ter.t ion and '?quai lustice to every State and the c.ti?n? of every M Mr Tviwai'? If* a fugltlTs Is found secreted In a house one day, on the ne*t morning he la qulfc Ukeljr to b r'*%ir0rn>f Krr?. (rep) of N. J -A single Instance Ilka tbst occnrr?l in S. w .ler?e% Tlie fugit ive was r in off It # the one in.'aioe known in th'- ^lale Mr ?.??; Mn? ) of Mo ?If a man mr,. h ;i? j ap?c'inary co?i? 'deration on'\ h . , o ? is i.?, th m.^e , w sh the the government to discharge IU i^w,er have that won t do it 1 would spit upon I w ^ ^ (>f Walea the despotism of I/iots Napoleon qn oommand over me than ? goverwneBt lhat wuui 5Vr:;r' h(.rs. a or negroes . y,,, execution of Mr lnn d-ae?l fp'ak only as the laws , knnvmr state Forth U - re has l-een but one in.Unce of Ih. rev.-e. I ? ' ? ? ' ; ' , negro ran fftn 'k " V no ? SI .1 the l.o,r.n. r of the latter Com . . ? jj.l . , ? |? r ?' F |T) h * ' ' " t V , .^p.nt i' id tat .h.wtbsl th. party was ever in Ken tucky. Mr Powkx ? The gent enuw (Mr Wide) m ev.d<utly mistaken. Mr. Wai>* ? I du not know inucli about it Mr. Powmi. ? You had better, then, InvwlijiU iho facts of thi' case before you draw the attention of iho Senate to it. Mr Pi'GM? Is the gentleman (Mr. 1'owell) tware of all the fact*!" Mr 1'owki.t ? The Governor niinoU w%t w> iir Mr. liiviK, (o|ip. ) of Mich. ? A lap ! resulted in crim iiiation and recrimination. Mr. M am in , (opp.) of Va. ? Our grievances are threat. We have bero humiliated. Mr Dortii as? t'ongr ss should apply the necessary le gislation. A convention of separate States to settle this matter is not necesaary. Mr. Mason ? We have become natistled that unless we have evidences that the constitution and the laws will b?< i pheld by a convention of the di Hi rent States, we aro not bound to remain in the Union. Mr. Coijamkk. frep.) of Vt ? Ttie State legislatures should aid in < stabhsliiiig a fraternal feeling. Mr. WicfAM , (opp.) of Texas? slaves have been recog nized as property In at least three places in the constitu tion. Our rights have been violated. Mr. Doiolas ? Because the rights of the Southern Stated have been violated, docs that justify them iu leaving tho 1 Dion ' Mr. Wiovau ? The Senator from Illinois ^Mr. Douglas) , nstead of answering one question propounds another. Mr. Davw cited the bill annulling the legislation of Kansas. This caused a general interchange of expressions bc ween Messrs. Davis, Wlgfall, Brown and Douglas, pend ng which, on motion of Mr. Wigtall, the Senate, at hair past lour, a<ljoumed. House of Representative*. Wakhinctkx, Dec. 11, 18?0 "* latnCHrV'; ?"?*?*"* SKo* SKRuv,; (1V niK <^Kvr nuKn nu^~^TK OS THK mar. us Mr. Cobs, (0pp.) of Ala.. resumed the debate .,n the motion of Mr. Hawkins, to be excused from serving ou the Committee of Thirty three. He Paid, if bo under stood aright, the first quests in order ?*w on the mo tion to excuse the gontlem.n from Florida from servin* on the Sp.H:Ul Committeo of Thirty three, appointed <>u Thursduy Uu-t. It was not his purpose to make a sp. orb because be was satis, i d that the eye. of t|?. whole coun |r> were now directed to what I hi Hoase should do and the report that thin commitue should make. He wan miZ"h 8"In"U""R ,,1"'uU1 from that com mlttee boping-though be ist conf, bishops W(" very faint-that something wouM result fr?m t(ll. of that committee to restore peace to the ?? .untrv if anything was to be don.- which would have the , ?? t causing his State, Alabama, to remain in the I 'uion, It must I'O done immediately, for an election for representative* to . State Convention was u, take place on the 24th of this month, and the Cont ention is to meet on ih ? 7th of next. He would like to present his views in r,.lati?n u, the various questions which th.,. committee would be .ailed upon to consider, but duty admonished h,m to withhold those views, and iu?k more particularly rh if th<. previous question be mismmed. In order th u t'C milb! ba\e a vote upon the nroix mtion t., .? ?rem Florida, as ,hey ^iT" s^ ? ? a<t upon In regard to other members, and therefore thn TEXT'S r*?ZZ ~2 'ZJXZ, *jn x d'tte n mediately What means the crow Jut. o? ? sdgvu";,;;?r.re7e:o,^v' u* M ,h" ^ , , V re ? *0) , t?CCau*e Of tho rxciU'rn. r f urkuK fhl ell ?h0lp ro"n,,r>' N"< ? ' lv here, but all o< e r ihe Muntry they were tookit.^ dail/, vet. hourly f',r i/e i&TmL7? VT''i .'T i ,h,'v monopo lize the time that should be occupied by this committed in .lis. usen g questions which w..uld come up. in i.l! p ob i bilit> , after the report of the commitUc lie thought not lie trusted that when he asked lor the pre vs. us question debate would be terminated, und his call sustained He was glad to see bv the papers th.s ruoruknT h..' actlnr IW? J being bad in th? North which would hSv^a t. nd. ncy to change the public mind. A gleam of light had already come from Boston. He hoped that the Xofth would meet in her C<>n vcnti< n.?, and wherever an election was held d. mom.ti.te to the c..u3? that th'r ^tw "f ^"1 that H" q lestions Which ^ hv the country heretofore would be uk< n hold ot b> the people themselves, and so disposed of as to h.",w h ^ ,Tl" n U' the c,,u"tr> ? wain express >d th.? h p that the committee would endeavor to or. sent sonio tneasuris which would restore harmony to this now dis ract.d country As far as his own xute was concerned be would hay that he kn. w she would ?..t r. a I c'.nf,'d< racj lonp-r than the l.Mh . t .i.uiuarv utiles "<mejhing was done. Mis prayer w..? uwt ?iinoUiiM rn^ht be .lone to enable her to remain in the Cnion uron < onstitutional and equal principles, lie wa? n >t i m. . sionist He desired peace, but he .l i re , , , , upon the principles or the constitution, lie now al J the previous question iai.oa Mr. luvts, (opp i of Miss.. Mr Speaker th^n'^rfTo^Kr ??<???? by Mr IMVB4-_| hope th" j' nt'eman from Alabama will HouseTong *f"W ni0n"DU ,w'" '"'t detain the ??Iriude!d7~WUI th? *mt,0|na" r,,"ew H whan ho h.a Mr. Ilivf ? I will do so, sir. Mr. (V?r? Then I withdraw it. Mr I'AVIS said? Mr. >|xaker, the member from Tirol ( /lir iKV "Vd ,h" "'Th*r fro'" ^"'th , H?iyce), have each rcpiesu-d this House to relieve th.m from serving on tin ? rornniittoe, and have . (riven th-ir r.a^ .ns there tor It ma) not be tmprop. r in me u> irtv?. some explanats-nor my det.Tmin.1 cur*- of acts* i accept Ihe app.intment . ?n.t shall m.-t and aot tlw! committee. V..r this curse I may b- klTmed censured at home; it ill. as mjr ju.lgtuent dtctauw ' thiM course ss proper and as my onset, i re approve it | ,i,. fy the world's opinion. 1 stan.i here to d . v t.ot the ren resentative of my own preferences, but .is' ih retiresen tative Of the feeling. ,n,| tnter.sti^ f.^rwnKlSi of^act^n whil'^'rh" rf"' ,h' lr W'"h*" *tm'1 h" th- nil., ?>i my action wnili* 1 h<>l<i 1^11 niH.n ibif rt?N?r i truat however, to be allowed to ?pr. JZy r^tl tw lbl' Kaolntton creating this committ?-e came from a Southern w.'al'ih oi V^!,,r,K,''"h!''1 rTr*W "r lh > Oomm.m w.aith of \ irgima. and wh. r-e action was en l.irsed bv a <t V.? 1*e niiyority of members from the S.uth-rn .totes I cannot, Uwtfm, consider it dishonorable .. serve on it While I expect n .thing useful to the bai ti tix ..I the c .untry from the i. uon ..i this c mmitte. | fuard against its being ma le to , |?.I14t( u, arr, lh pres-. lit a. lion <?? ih" N uthern States m ih. pro gr. -? ih.-v intT 'r ,h"ir 'T al'i.v an I rights u? of th^< I nl. n. since they have been unable (.. it P^'Pcr resist for the dignity of the Hnath kemar.. s that the m. ui ben ot this . mii.ut. e fr-.m . Z! M*"'" 'b"'M ",l * "hdraw,and leave <ho republican members to m-i t, . .msulf and sutmH an : <?i,sKle'?tion ot the dele gain us fn m the N.uih. rn .?Ui. ~ Siuce. h .w. ver ih.? willnot be done, I abulia, t w,th them m the b iN.'thal execute.) I do not hope to find ?nv w?r?y pronnse.or in reconduction of the cn-titutkm r?, mi) safe guarantee we ran rely ui? n |< ... an - . , . ; that fanaticism has be< n extingnisbed ? the mmds " tb* No"h and that a sen." of ,"i" JH5# hit#' f'Wfi rivtor#'! It Ham noil ?,4w,tl In "T r"**' "P0*1 public (ipimon Then if it '.ive^Tt all, it mud live in the affections of the iws.ple but that lZb'*rr> at lesTt so far as ^he r.p> b ean .?rty is cr.c. rn<d. I have i*, . Afij |*|.cy II, en oMbe",'V * r" p.'bl'i^n^rt v :r.: r; Stn je.1 Hie only t|,? r tl b . h ' ?>y 1" Ju.ijmint the sublet m?tt..r ref.rred t?. tt H i. my .l.?sr..d proiNTlv' IsdotiJ 10 it. 7. n '* mmttteo bava t.rffi UM|bI,ihi ik*""' and sboubi not - w s? ?.*?,; ;j;x? l^'LZTrw whirh naticm <tows out < r r.1 . miml of tbM great lb- d.mlnant party* ,n lr,". */ a hlch, in the e?i n?ti.n .r .?! . ' nK,?. Imrrri th? ..V mr ? djrerf wuo Ik* ?*m ? t i\<> utivii flD 011 V bT th+m. the ?!?!.* .. i ] ' '"an ntmreray like this to bml !!'* ,"**? ?'"1 '? ? fruit In. In try It. The Senators are bv i rJT . Maio. and if any action is had * , ' ' "D tlap Pufijrrt tt f>h* ulfl havs ^ri#inat?*"l ^ jln tncm. ?rd ik t with M I ran hut r* fard Unp <*? m n Bh ? tub thrrwn out to thr mhmfr ^??m^lPoor^lv till tl.e 4th of March ?. xt and tl, n arrest the present no ple and manly movements of the Southern Ftatea and to provide by that .lav for their security and safety out of the t mi n With tb? .e vh w. I take my piece on the c rrmti.e f-r the purj? e ..f pr. v-ntmg it being ma. o a ti .an. of deep,, n by ah . h the p. blic n,in^ i. u, >M ?T.i-I.d aril mog> '-.I. >er irt.n.'irg h-reetlv and t? lo entertain any fair pr. p. >,tH n for ' " *h>eb ,b? membwi rHn""s u> "c ?? ** iuwkiB? ) of n" Wl a""*'-* *o*M be con M? .I I . T W,rT" "" 'he committee. Wished to My, Willi nil d? f?-r? rn r and tnod rrrlin# for thdM *k . r,Mr ?*T!z:yr: ,hM h* set v Ire oB C ' ?Kkf d. * bc ???^ frt? Mr Miith, (, pp ) ot Va , objected. cnVe Jlul" ',TP > ^ ? thoeght the reTnaal to at un thimi T" w"" r*trar>rdlBary, aOer thev have ma.le 1?-!^ 0,1 "'ature reflect tea, and m justioe to 1. 1 .?lT?Tr t*t?tes, that they cannot nerve. He wm atistied the committee did not . xpresa the sentlmsnta of ? he various sections The representatives of Houth Caro nna will remain here only a few days longer. Whr then, refuse, to excise Mr Beyce* Is force the mod* nnrf n .nn> r ?.f Institi.t rg measures with a view to ra. .t/ire p.. nee and fr**i feeling in the country* Mr Mmn of Vtrg'nta rrpiM be would' not naa rorfW Me wn. one of th'*e whn refused to excuse Mr llawkm.' st d after the ketare of Mr rturrett he rslt tt h s dntv r? V . ste bis TO,.. 1' ,re b,g wi(h , ^ ' ? ^ 4???iob the quest Kn wm net I likely Mi do nr v gr>< d H*1 . howr vff , ^iprrm^ hw hcmlnuu. on woma riUj

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