Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JANES CORDON BKNNKTT, EPITOR AMI) PROPRTVTUR. orricK n. w. corner or ftlton anu nassac hts. TKR W.S, m*h in tulnnnrf. Money ?ml mail trill br at thr ri*k c/ the itendn. Ntmr fvt btU> car, nit nAnr t'urk W?. 7"ff/. DAILY BXRA I. D, i.ro <?<??/? f*i ? ? ???, $7 f*r annum. TlflC WFZKL V llf'RALI', m*r$ * tuning, at fix rrtilf art *"!?> <" |l I"'' <"" MR, thr KwtVAHl t.diturn ri fry We.iufmU.iy, ml *u rrnl ? j>er $4 per ?inimm to any part mf O rnU Britain, or?5?. ant t j nt i thr i ut, >*?th to iwJwlt ptMatfr, th* I i^kHjsrrttiu f.<hh?i> ft 'he 1< U'A, and 2i* aj' ortrA nitmih, at ?i. t vmi* r?r/ ro/?y, ?? $i 5 P" 'iiwuwi. TUM FA *11}' U Eli AID on H'cdnrniay, at four c+rU* prr ?nf ?v, <*r fk'J iirr ????? w. VOLVSTA AT ( ^JjiHK<POAr PENCE, canLimintj imjvyrian iwv>, <tr*t f i "*n ?>".V t/tuitier ?y f/ir ? rorM, ly ?#*<*/, i nil h* Hhexitfy ? KOUKIC.H i'OKKKSrONOKNT!* AM K i*ARTlCUL \Hl I K*4iUK3TKD TO HkAL ALL LkTTIi.Ua A?D PiOt A?j A.t UK NT t'H. jVO A'or/' f anonym* ma* rrrrr*A/*>r.(<-rvv\ H7 Jo ?v* Tftui n r^?r? ' ?/ r^HMvuifd/uHil, YhWl ISK.M AS rtnrtrml wry il.iy; adtvrHvmsnt* in *ritf! a* the \\ i.kkut IIkualu, Family ! I khalp, ami in I ! fiiA; ' r i'i hi.'/ tarty ran JOH t'HJS I J y<i% tuor* utui h Uh nsalns/M, chtcpn*** and de fftU'h. Volum. XXV IV*. '*? AMUSEMENTS THIS g . KXINO. ACADEMY OK VC8IO, fourteenth street ? It.ujAK Oniu-Li Kills ok Riai>nr. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadsay.? Mac?ktii. W I N TKR UAUDEN, opposite Bond 8tre?t.? BhjikWeu. BOWERY THF.ATBF., Bowery.? 8r*i.ni*n A Kojkr'? ?ill'UTkiili Tkoi i*k. Al icrnooii and Kveaia{. WAUJV.CK S THEATRE, Bn *dw?y -Modkl mroCKitK. LAURA KEENE S Till ATRE, N<>. ?M Br adway.? S?.\ kid >J*T> Us. NEW BOWE?n THf ATBK, !*??? ?r y Afternoon sad Kvenins? Wi.ji( iu.m .< .s< > J- 1.0", m lit'KfcT Uauuutkk. HAK.M M \ > MI'-KI M, Broftdusr. I>?v and Krrnin*? Massajiikixo? azti.c (.'iiiLUMKfi? Lin>u Cuuio?i TIK-, .ti BRYANTS' SIINSTRI ' S, Mech*n W Mali, 47J Broa! way. ? Hi KL*.s?t f U imh, AC.? I ami l'r. IIOOl.EY A nVI'W'1,1. S MINSTRKI.S, Nib'.o'i S?l>?n, Bri a.lwnv Kt" i ! >n ,<on . BcuLKattt'Ka, AO.? lJILLV fATTIiUMI.N. CANTKHHI UV Mrsir HALL, oat Broadway.? Soww, Hrm t .sgi i <t Ac. MKLOPKON, N\>. a.'J JI:oaJ??y.? So.nus, D.iwt'i.i, Bui; UtMKi)>, Ac. NATIONAL V< ' VM'MV OK DE>ION.? E*?lWTIO* or TI1K AKT1*1> KlfiU SlK'lltTY. New 1'ork, W ulin ?day, Dercmbcr l'<, l^BO, Thf \ i *? ?, j Hy thr arrival <>/ riic Kuropa off Capp Ilaie I je^terday morning, wc have Europeao adviros to tlie 2*1 iiisf., one week later than Cite account* previously received. The news is inijiorrant. The lntelliu'eDt e of tfie American financial crisis had, as was exis ted, caused shipments .?f specie to the United States. The Kuropa has a conside rable amount on board, and the Atlantic will doubtless l.rintf a large sum. The iiank of Knj< land had reduced the rate of Interest from six to five and a half per P*nt. Thr Uverptmr cotton market was active at an advance in prices, while I breadstufl's had declined. i There had been no chanire of importance in Italian affairs. Tlie garn?on of Oaeta had made a aortie, but were repulsed by the Neapolitans with great loss. I Our summary of the European news i? very brief, owing to an interruption of telegraphic com- I munication east of Calais, Maine. lly the bark Honduraa, Capt. Kates, from Belize, I Honduras, we learn that great excitement and alam prevailed at Rnatan. Truzillo and Omoa, in consequence of H report that a number of men b id arrived at the former island in fruit v easels, Hup posed to be filibusters. A large steamer, with a I achooner in tow, was seen off the coast, and both I V ? .s lull Oi men. The tv' is also another report that no Irs, than a thousand men have bi en landed on the Mosquito const. Trade i? neglected in con .-?qui ii' i : ari l ITM it it should r i : r n mjt to },,? a I o'innrd, the reports will have a mischievous effoct | on business, I Mr. Toucey. S?-crelary of the N'avjr, has been I appointed by the I'rc-id. nt Secretary of the Tr. a- I sury ad inUrim. In Congress yesterday the Senate, by a vote of I '.*7 to 20. took np the House bill of the last session I providing for the payment of outstanding Trea- I aury notes, authorising a loan, and remodelling I the tariff, and referred it to the Committee on Fi- I nance. A resolution wa* adopted directing in- I quiry as to the practicability of reducing the ex- I penses of the army. 'Hie consideration of the re solutions of Mr. Powell, relative to the state of I the country, was then resumed, nnd Messrs. Big. I ler, lv. rson, tJreen. F itch, I'ougUs and others par- I tk-ipated in the debate. In the ilause the dis cussi m of the motion to excuse Mr. Hawkins, of I'Vrida. from service on the Select Committee of Iliirty-three was renewed, and the House re- I fused, by a vote ? f !? . to 101. to excuse Mr. Haw- I kins. TV House, by a tie vote, also refused to excuse Mr. Boyce, of South Carolina. Mr. Mor- I rill, of \ ? rinoiit. di'sired to be excused because of I oth< r AMw VUtl fully occupied his time, but the I House rvfus- d his request. The Diplomatic and I ' fibular Appropriation bills, and a bill providing for the support of the Indians, w. ri- reported. A I memorial for Uie relief of the Kansas sufferer* was, after som? opposition, referred to the Ter ritorial Committee. Atcsolniion wa introduced directing inquiry as to whether any Superinten dents of Indians or Indian Agents can be dispensed with. .\ resolution was adopted that all bus in.*ss relating to the I'uion be referred to the Select Committee of Thirty-three. Amass convention of the Union loving men of tlie State <d \, w Jersey was held in Trenton yesterday, at which Col. Willimu C. Alexander presided. The design oi those who united in the < alt was to take su b action as ?i?dom should suggest la view ui U.e |Te-e?>t perilous condi tio ol the country. An address a?d resolutions were adopted callinir. on the part t .1he North, for a rep< s I ot al! the Personal lil.rty > i||<*. a strict Wfercemcnt of the Fugitive Slave law, and per- ! mission for the Southern master to enjoy the *er- I vices of his domestic sla^e, while sojeurain^ in ! the North for busin' ?s or pleasure, while they ,? I pealed to the South for forbearance at this time, in order to save the Union. The proceedings did not end Latmoniou^ly. A full report * ill be found J on another page. At the meeting of the Board "f P<ipervi?ors je?- I terday an important communication was received from the Comptroller, giving hi? finan. ial estnnaU* i for thf county expenditures for the ensuing year. 1 The estimated amount of appropriations is ? 14,377,422. The appropriate ns for ld?:t will ex- j teed those of 18M) by #72?,174. The balance m tl?? treasury on the Cth inst. was ?l,74.">,!?|.i. John Wilson nnd Hans OI?en, the second and third mates of the slave bark Cora, which was captured on the coast of Africa by the frigate Con steHation and sent to this port, were brought be fore Commissioner MoreU yesterday, and after some preliminary proceedings the further exami nation of the r*.e was postponed till Friday next, i Alfred Pnchanan. the youne man suspected of the murder of Mrs. S.r*h Shaneks. at No 22 Kast in ?f ( apt. ( affray . of the Fifteenth ward police The circuiustanres of his capture are detailed in another column. When first arre-ted the prisoner denied all knowledge of Mrs. Sl,anck?. but ?ubse quently be admitted that he *?, arq?ainu.d wj1h the deceased lie is a native of thi- city, ab .ut twenty years of aire. re?i, led with h-- parent,, at No. 1 '7 >^?t Tenth -treet, ami h? hci-?of,rr borne an excellent character. ^arigation is closed on the Coanectfent river The steamers City of Hartford and Oranite State harr diacontianed Ulei, trips to Hartford for the j waaon. Tht- City of Hartford, arrived h"re yester day morning, reports the river full of ice, which tthe came through without any damage. The Granite State will commence running to New Ha ven to-day, and run on alternate days with the bt tamer Kim City. In the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday the trial of Dauiel Unlay, charged with the murder of > hia wife by stabbing her with a knife, on the 7th of \ October last, wa? commenced, but was not finished ! at the adjournment. The mleg of cotton yesterday embraced about 1 ,300 | twice, cloning at uneven rates, but chiefly on thu basis <>f j \?\c. for middling upland!*, and at 10c. a lO^c for mi 1 dluig Gulf cottons. The receipt* at the ports hiiic<? the 1st of .S-ptomber last have reached 1,296,000 bales, against 1,805,000 in 1S89, and 1,385,000 is 1888. The ex ports have rtdClW 629,000 < , against 806, 000 (wiles in 1859, and 023,000 in 1858. Th ? stock on hand Amounts to 671,000 hale*, against 762,000 in 1S80, and M-1,000 m 1858. The roo ipts at the ports this vt?r have 1 alien otl 290,000 balm, compared m .ah those of la. t year. The export* have also fallen off 183.000 bales, compared with that for the same period last yea r, while the stock on hand is less by 91 ,000 bales < >? inp to the decline in the rates of freight there was a better demand for tiour, with a slight improve ment in common and medium grades. Whoat, from the ; anie cause, wa.- firmer, but Kale* w? re moderate. Corn was in fair request, both for home use an-I for ex port, at 89c. a 89^,'c. for Western mixed in store and afloat, anil 6.1c. for yellow. I'ork was dull, and sales limited. Sugars were sold to a moderate extent at un changed price*. (Vilfee was stead y , and sales light. The stock of Kki an'l Santos embraced about 21,953 bags, and pat kngee of all kinds. 38,186. Freights were lower, both to Liverpool ami Ixmdon, especially for wheat and corn, a.- will be seen from quotations given in another place. rt,f Republican Platform Itcjrct**l by ?h?- Piaplt.Thr I>nt> of Lincoln. '! hi ie in very great misconception as to the position Mr. Lincoln now occupies. He is in the curious and anomalous position of being elected President upon a great issue involving the integrity of the constitution and the verv existence of the Union, while there Is a largo majority ot the votes of the people recorded against liim and against the principles on which he was supported. In another column we reprint the Chicago resolutions on which he was nominated la.?t May, and appended thereto a tabular view of the popular vote in every State at the election held on the lith ui lust month. It will be seen I that these resolutions assert the equality of the black with the white man. by a misapplication of the language of the Declaration of Inde pendence, which was never intended to apply to negro stares; that slaves are not property, and that the master is not entitled to protection under the federal government by land and sea; unci that to uffirm thut the constitution protects slavery in the Territories "is revolutionary and subversive of the peace and harmony of the country;*' and" on the ptound that "no person should be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law,'' ?he resolutions further maintain that "the normal condition of all the territory of the I nited Mates is that of freedom," and that it becomes the duty of all republicans by legisla tion to maintain that principle, and to "deny the authority of Congress, of a Territorial Legislatuie. or of any individuals, to give legal existence to slavery in any Territory of the United States." Lastly, that on these prin ciples, which are in direct violation of the con stitution, "the Union of the States must and shall be preserved," which, of course, implies force of unns; and to that end there is a neces sity for a perpetuation of the party, "as the causes which called it into existence are per manent." It is very evident that these principles in volve the abolition of slavery, not only in the Territories, which are the common property of all the States, those of the South as well a* those of the North, but in the Southern States themselves. For if the Declaration of Inde pendence applies to negro slaves, then liberty is their "inalienable right." and the assertion of it in their regard "is essential to the preser vation of our republican institutions.*' And by parity of reasoning, ir a slave has a right to freedom when he enters a Territory, he has a right to it when he enters a free State, not withstanding the Fugitive Slave law and the constitution itself; for the "higher law'" es tablishing his right to liberty as "inaliena ble*' is above all constitutions, and sets him free in the slave States, and wherever he Is found. This is the logical deduction from the resolutions. To accomplish it all that is neces sary is to amend the constitution, or to have it so interpreted by republican judges that it will answt r ihe purpose. The object must be attained by some means or other. In the language of Mr. Lincoln himself, "the ultimate extinction of slavery" is the end of the organi zation of the republican party. This was th" great issue presented to the people (.n (he ?/ th of la-t month, with the foj. lowing result: ? Whole number of votes east 4,699,480 Auainst tuk I'iucai.o Pi.atform. Pongla? 1 ,376,780 l!re? kiuridge 812, .">90 Hell 7:16,?04 2.824.874 For thk Chicago Pi.atfokm. Lincoln 1 ,868,200 Majority against Chicago platform No Southern State voted for Mr. Lincoln. He is a purely sectional President elect. Against him personally neither the Southern States nor Northern conservatives have any objection. These do not care for Mr. Lincoln per at. Hut then' was a majority of a million of votes against the principles on which he was elected ?n the day of election. th t* i.i n mi fOtity of at least tiro million* opposed to the principle* of (he pirty thai pla'nl Mr. Lint In in poirfT but month. For him there was only a vote of 1 ,858,200; against him there was a vote of 2.831,280. In consequence of the con * servative votes against him being divided be tween three candidates, he wa> elected on the plurality rule by a minority of the people. ha\ ing a larger vote than any one of his coin petitors, but less than a majority of the whole. I Had there been only one candidate against ; him he would have been defeated, and the President and the popular rote would have been or, th. same side. Hut owing to the pe I culiar forms of the constitution, the number of candidates, and the sy-tem which generally prevails, of giving the whole electoral vote of a Mate to the candidate who obtains a plnrali 1) . Lincoln ha.' obtained an accidental majority of the Lb ctoral Colleges, while he is ;he re preventative of only a minority of th-- people Now the whole theory of ?? ir government is founded on majorities ami in the very mom -nt of his inauguration Mr. Lincoln find- him- -If not only in a minority in C'ongre . tint with a ' ?ve majority ,.f the p. . .pi, in a u r- , w h on Ibf fundamental principles of th? I nlud S'ate* government. It is very clear ? hat It is hi? duty to throw overboard I the platform of the republican party, for I if he doc* not secession and revo lution v IV g*> on. The organs of the pa ty api eal lp b? decision of the sovereign I ?oj le n ainst tb^ action of he seceding State*, and ax a jaetificatk)D f">r their coercion by the arm of federal au hoT* J- But by the supreme judge ? the people ? Uf whom they have ap pealed, their principles fcnd their policy stand condemned, and it will bo impossible for him or them to carry out their programme. The ad ministration of the republican President can not be conducted on such principles against the will of the people. The sooner, therefore, Mr. Lincoln abandons his untenable ground the better for himself and the better for the country, whose peace hangs upon the course he may pursue. If he has the calibre of a statesman or the soul of a patriot, he can be at no loss what to do, ami he will very soon make up hi? mind to bow to the decision of the majority of the people, and thus save from dissolution that mighty Union of StaU-s which the people established by their votes, and under which the American nation lias become "great, glorious and free.'' Thk Bvitm DrvoncK Cask.? The verdict ren dered in tbia case will surprise no one. The issue put to the jury could not well have been decided otherwise. Between the hard swear ing on both Hides, on the part of witnesses whose position and antecedent* entitled theiu to credit, there could be no verdict on the evi dence. The jury, therefore, acted upon cer tain well established principles of ethics to guide them in this difficulty. But few will quarrel with their decision. In cases of this kind it is a rule of law, as it is of morals, that the plnintitf shall come into court with clean hand.-*. In other words, he must be able to show that he has in no way connived at the offence with which he charges his wife. We do not impute that Mr. Burch knowingly did so, but there are some facts in the evidence which wear that appearance. The reputation for gallantry of Mr. Stuart was well known to him. It was, in any view of the case, highly imprudent for him to throw his young and at tractive wife so frequently into his company. Tut that imprudence became the more seriom when others felt it necessary to remonstrate with him on the subject, and he disregarded their warnings. If he were a simple minded man, inexperienced in the ways of the world, we might not perhaps feel surprised at his unbounded faith in Stuart. But he does not belong to that class of persons who are easily duped by appearances, or who ar<' apt to place much trust in others. Mr. Burch is, in short, a successful money broker, and in saying this we imply that he was as fully capable of protecting his domestic as he did his pecuniary interests. Of course it is possible that in looking keenly after the one ho neglected the other. But thin unaccountable negligence on the part of so sharp a man would probably not have weighed much with the jury but for cer tain ugly facts that transpired on the trial. Without laying stress upon the effort made to establish a counter charge of criminality against him, we would ask whether the convey ance made of his property previous to these proceedings was the act of a man who felt that he was going into court with a strong case? If he had laith in the confession which be ob tained from his wife, what was the necetwhy of this precautionary measure! And then the circumstances under which this coot- . ?ti was extorted. Was it necessary for hi* purpose that he should renort to the brutal expedient of threatening this already humiliated and enfeebled woman with his clenched fist, in order to wring from her the ad missions which were necessary to make out his case? These facts, taken in conjunction with the evidence brought forward by the defence, im probable as it may be deemed by some in the face of .Mrs. Burch 's confession, fully justify the verdict rendered by the jury. Had that evi dence been less positive, they would still have been warranted in discrediting a case based upon so much indifference to his own conjugal interest#, and such careful preparations for the legal consequence^ of the defeat of his suit as wen* exhibited on the part of the plaintiff. It is but right that when our laws afford such facilities for the rupture of the marriage tie, the severest scrutiny should be instituted by our court* into the motives and conduct of those who seek to avail themselves of them. Rijm? Rkitbijcan Panic Makkrs. ? A pro minent manufacturer asked a geutletnan the other day what could Ik- done for the numerous persons whom he had been ? compelled to dis miss from employment in consequence of the universal prostration in business, occasioned by the effects of Northern a?^ region upon the South!" " I voted." said this per-on, "for Mr. Lincoln; but 1 would give one hundred dollars willingly to be aide to recall the fact of having made such a mi- take." He averted that his neighbors were as badly off as himself, and that be bad received accounts which made it certain that over fifteen hundred laborers had been sent away from the workshop? of his own immediate friends. Thus those who have sown the wind are "reaping the whirlwind." And not contented with the evils which are already perceptible, the black republican oracles of the North cry aloud tor their increase to an extent which will paralvze commerce, cut off the I sources of trade. clo?e the outlets to exports, and destroy the value of all American products and securities. There is but one single possibility of saving the I'nion. or. if it shall be destroyed, of recon stituting it? disintegrated elements. This is by strenuously Insisting upon the peaceful policy whkh was laid down in the 1'resident's Mes sage. and by avofcling every measure and word w bich can tend to exasperate the present state o! disturbed feeling. Yet. in the face of this evident necessity, and of the manifest benefits which would result from a conciliatory policy, wha course do we see pursued by the lea ling black republican journals of this city and of the North? They declare that there is no remedy for disunion but "war that those mistake greatly who suppose that "disunion cm b> accomplished without war." They advocate bloodshed, famine, slaughter, rape and deso lation hs the proper opening of the next act oi enr national drama. Tliey say that if thou sands of laborers have been already thrown out of employ, the number mu-t be increased to tens of thousands: that if securities have de creased ten or twenty per cent in value, they moat go down fifty; that real estate mu? b?-come worthless, the ? ulture of our cotton an?l corn fl? Ids be abandoned, and that an "irre pressible conflict" with Sharpe's rifles must be f;ln at the earliest moment. TV.is panic mak :: g by profession of the Uack republican pre?s, in to be hoped, will prove unsuccessful. The n tent Mayoralty election in Boston proven thm the people of that ultra abolitionist city repuciate it, ar.d are willing to make atone ment for past wrongs; but the pernicious re commendations of demagogues who are aggra vating present evils ought never to be forgot t( n. They are striving to reduce the country to pauperism, and if their efforts should be mercifully frustrated, they would none the less deserve to be the scorn of all who wish for the continuance of the prosperity of the Union. The Twelfth Stmt Murder? The Police ?ad the Preaa. It seems very probable that the perpetrator of the late daylight murder in Twelfth street is in the bands of the authorities. The young man whose suspicious appearance about the store of Mrs. Shancks excited the alarm of her friends was brought to the city yesterday, and lodged in the police headquarters, where he is kept in entire seclusion, no one being permit ted to see him, and no information concerning the cas" being vouchsafed by our very efficient and sagacious police. The reporters of the press, it seems, are religiously excluded, and denied the slightest hint of intelligence upon the subject. Some bright idea seems to have struck the police authorities that the newspa pers have been encroaching upon their privi leges of late; and the idea is perfectly correct, because it is not the police, but the newspa pers, which arrest all the notorious criminals. Were it not for the minute descriptions which the press give of the suspected parties upon the commission of some great crime ? descrip tions which follow or preclude their flight, and are always in advance of the police? the guilty persons would not be discovered in one case out of ten. Vet we find the police exercising the powers of people ' dressed in a little brief authority," by endeavoring to conceal all the facts and incidents connected with the arrest of this young man. Whether the cause of this course of action be traced to stupid ignorance or petty jealousy, it is equally contemptible and reprehensible. Deputy Superintendent Carpenter, it ap pears, has expressed an opinion that the police force will never be perfect until it is reduced to a completely secret system; but we are strongly inclined to think tha'. when it comes to that pass, and is deprived of the effl cient aid of the daily press, it will have become worthless as a means of protection, and odious as a despot ism. The Police Commissioners could not do better than transfer Deputy Carpenter to the service of Louis Napoleon or Alexander of Russia. His opinions precisely coincide with their system; whether his capacity would cope with that of their agents is a question which his career in this city may leave in some doubt. It is notorious that the newspapers of the metropolis have done more to effect the arrest of murderers than all the police put together. It was the newspaper descriptions that caused the arrest of Hicks, the pirate, and of Jackalow, the oyster sloop murderer, after they had fled from the city. But in no case, perhaps, was the arrest of a criminal more clearly traceable to the press than in that of young Buchanan, who is charged with the Twelfth street murder. What are the facts? The police were entirely off his track. They thought he wan in the city; and on Saturday night they confidently stated that they knew his whereabouts, and were almost "on the top of him," while, at the name time, he was three hundred miles away on the Krie Railroad. In our report of the tragedy we stated that inasmuch as fresh blood had been found on the handle of the outer door, whith must have been left there after the mur derer had w iped his hands on some of the gar ments found in the inner room, he must have cut his hand in the execution of the bloody deed, and. therefore, that any unknown man with a cut hand should justly become an object of sus picion w herever he might turn up. The conse quence w as that the appearance of the alleged criminal, a stranger, at a little town on the Krie Kailroad, with his hand wounded and bound up, at once caused some person to make his su-pic 'ion- know n to a justice of the peace, who caused hi- arrest. Our police bad nothing

to do with it; they were looking for him in the city ; and bad it not been for the newspaper re ports the chances are that he would have made good bis escape. The truth Is that the daily newspapers are the real police of the city, and not the Metro politan force, w ho draw their pay to such a handsome amount from the treasury. In al most every instance it is the newspapers that cause the arrest of alleged criminals. How absurd and stupid it is, then, for the police authorities to attempt to keep the fact* from the know ledge of the pre-s in cases of this kind. AnImPOKTAXT 1 M ntOTKMKNT Demanded ? R* USr for thk Working Cuumch. -One of the worst featam in the present condition of affairs is the dreary prospect before the working men of the metropolis. They fW-1 the crisis more tfTWflf than any other class, m very few of them are able to lay by am thing for a rainy day. In panic times, too, the price* of provi sions at c never lowered, while the wages of labor, if any labor is wanted, are always re duced twenty Ave or thirty per cent If the pn-? nt stste of things Is to continue, at least twelve or fifteen thousand mechanics and la borer* will be without employment after the l?t of January, and of these one-half must be taken rare of at the public expense. How much better it will be if we ran manage to em ploy them in come way or other; and it hap pen* that the w ay in open to us. Three or four \ears ago we advocated the establishment of .he Post Office and other public buildings in he Five Points, where a large amount of land s covered with old wooden shanties and dew* of iniquity, which really cumber the giound. We And now that our proposition lias been adopted by certain parties who intend to bring the matter before the next Legislature, it i? proposed that the city shall be authorized to buy up a sufficient amount of property about the Points to make a great public square, ,n w hich the Post Office. United States courts, the public offices, law courts and chambers of the Aldermen and Councilmen shall be located, bus leaving the present City llall to the Mayor and heads of departments. Some peo ple propone that the property on the other aide, about We?t ltrosdway. shall be bonght !or this purpose; but the original proposition i infinitrly the better. We trust that the city, the Sta*e and the federal government will join tog(fh"r in thl> work, so tlrnt it may be com nuncfd at the earliest possible period. Jt will not onlj beautify and improve flic lower part of the city, afford aeed?d accommodations to the long suOring Judges and members of thti bar, and root out bundmls of plague spots upon the town, but it will give employment to hundreds of worthy men. who otherwise may be compelled to beg tb<- bread far which they would prefer u thousand times to labor. In the event of tecession, New York will still be the commercial metropolis, and the new build ings would be quite as valuable, if no* more so, than under the present rfgime. UPORTAIT HEWS FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE EUROPA OFF CAPE RACE, ONE WEEK'S LATER NEWS. Effect of the American Crisis in England. Large Shipments of Gold to the United States. DECREASE IN THE BANK RATE OF INTEREST. Advance in Cotton?Decline in Breadatuffr. Sortie and JLepnlse of the Garrison of Gaeta, &c., &c., &c. Cakk Hack, N. F. , Pec. 11, 1R60. The steamship Europe, Captain Leitch, from Uverp>ol . on Saturday, December 1, via Quoenstown 2'1, was boarded off Cape Kace at four o'clock this (Tuesday) morning, by the press yacht, and the following summar} of her news obtaiued. The Europa will be due at Hali fax on Wednesday night: ? The political news by the Europa is not of an important character. The American money crisis has caused specie ship, ments from England, and the Europa has a considerable amount on board. I^rge shipments were expected to bo made by the Atlantic, to sail on the 6th. These movements caused a renewal, on the 30th, of gold withdrawals from the bunk, which had previously reduced the rate of diseout to .r>,S per cent. Consols closed on Friday at 03 X a , for money and account. The bullion in the Dank of England had increased ?403,000. The money market was very active. The Bank ot England had reduced its rate of interest to 6}* pi* cent. The kituation of Italian aflairs was unchanged. The garrison of Gaeta had made a sortie, and were re pulsed with great loss. The L'uited State*, mail steamship Atlantic, from New York, arrived at ('owes on the 30th ult. The screw steamship Edmburg, from New York, ar rived at Queens- town on the 90th. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. LIVERPOOL COTTON MAKKKT. The brokers' circular report* the salea of cotton for the week at 70.000 bales, of which 8,600 were to speculator*, and 4.600 to exporter*. The market opened tlrm.with a good trade demand, and closed buoyant, with a Mixta advance, principally on tiio middling and lower qualities. The sales of Friday were 10,000 bales, ihclud iig 1,600 to xpccula tore and exporters, closing fi-m at the full prices of the previous day. Annexed are the authorized quotation* :? /hir Middling New Orleans 7 V 7 Mobile Upland.... b'. The stock in port was estimated at 626.000 bV.'-\ of which 4M1 ,200 were American. STATK OK TKAPK 1* M ANOHKfTKR. The advices fr?m Manchester arc fa\orabl?. Tbe mar ket had an ad\ ancing tendency for ) aru* and there was an improved demand for cloths. I.IYKKI'OOL KRKAUSTCFFB MARKET. Meters. Wakefield, Nash k Co . Biglan 1. Athya k Co., and others, report ?Flour dull and slight!) lowor; Ame rican is quoted 27s. 44. a 31s Wlieat dull, and Id. n 2d. lower since Tuesday: red. 10s lOd a 12s. 6d ; white, lis. a 13s. 6d iX >rn quiet. Kichard-on Speuce k Co. report wheat 2d a 3d. lower. LIVERPOOL PROVISION MAKKKT. Heef quiet, though there was *ome bus;nc>-.- dotog for export. Ftirk quiet, with some export inquiry, at 67s. 6d a 07s. 0d. Bscon quiet: go.*l *hort noddle*, 60s lard firm at 70s. a 71s. In retail. Tallow dull at Me. a 60s for North American. LIVERPOOL rROPfCE RARKKT. Pot ashes steady at 2S*. 01 a 39*. IVarUstea ly at 20s. a 30*. Sugar dull and 6d. lower. <Mbe quiet. Rice qir*4, and had partially declined 31 . clo-.ng at former rates Flah oil* quiet but steady. Linseed oil in good demand at 30e. Olive oil advanced 10* a 20*. p. r ton. K *.in heavy at 6*. 2d. for common. Spirit* turpentine d ill. [The line* earn of Cfclai* gare out here, and we are con pequently unable to obtain the remainder of the Europe's despatches.] Abolition Meeting In Ronton. Bowo*. Dec 11. 1M0 Owl .Hrhur*. of Wisconsin, this evening made a brief address on free ?peech at th'- Tremout Temple. Tbe place ?as crowded, but no particular cmtknsiasm was tuaui leettd. lie admitted there i? a great crisis. 9Ir. tintkrlt and the Trenanrysh'lp. lel'SMUl. Ky., I*ec. 11. IttdO. The report frcm the East that tl.e Hearetary ot tl?? 1 Treasur)*hip lias bei u tendered to the lion. Jatne -i.uthfie I u. entirely without foundation j A 44?r*tlon of Jurisdiction llrtween Ohio and Kentucky. l/it'SVliiJl. Dec 11. 1*40 (k verner Magoffin has order?d a motion on tb-' J^nnr-me Court lor a writ oi MMMiaMus against Governor U-mu -it. oi (Mt( growing out the latter'* refusal to snr n nder "I*go" tipen Magotiin* requii-it ?n. It the tootiaa tails, other -tep? will be immediate!) tak- n. Markets* pit it a nit i rm* rroci wukp. i'HIl Al-KU Kl.t, INV II. IS*), stocks firmar I'wmaylvaim SMwto si'i', lloiiimr Knilroad. l?\ . Morrl* <?ti ill. 4* I /me Wan ! lU.lrnvl, 9, ftnbe? Uai.i* Kailroart 36. exchange. 1 <4 a 1 % par c*ut itrnnum Nrw Chtuuxn, IV*. II, 1**0. Cntton? 1" day 10,000 b?l ?. Th?- market Ip ir rrRiilar at &l?r. a inrv.iMiu apiande The *alea lot the paet thn-r <in)? havi b>'> n 21 ou> bah*. reC'-ipt* midc time JUi.Oi *), aga'Dnt 40.500 th ? HIW 1 int ?? U-t yrar; , ecetpta le** ijj^i in.* I yf.ir. |iw,500 bale*. IkTroa-'nl ret. ipte at nil MMtwn port* 2Hl,Ciuo bal< ''i|f*r Brm fair u> lull) fair. <4 >.??? a 6v,e. Wola??", lw>- aS3c. < ?.?!<??? dull Hmi Mr ? io?,e Freight*? J'. tt'Hi to l.iver f??>4 %d Kxrhaife I ^ *nU> m e4 ? W> <m New York, v a H di-coonl tW n, !?<?? Cotton market nMrtllnl an ; iWlu.in* mIh ?? 'Juo b?ip* at a t'Sc. for ftiMtlUap. Apauimioiui !>????. ?, lvw Cotton no ??le* elnr?? the Ut h>-t rotal rveijiu IS. AM bal<?; *to?k in port. 11.000 l?le? fnlgfcll' ftill n t> Lhcr|<ul. v 10d to Boaton. 11 !#? Ve^vl* in port ? < ? i tl?rtd lor l.irerprtol. < lifton fof IkMon Haiti* 11,1*00. IVmr firmer aale* of I >hW ?t $???.", ? an Mrmoo of i2'?r l? ward ?>trret held at th- Mm price. City MlU*. nt ?4 !? wheal MnbM k re i #1 IV white, fl 25 ? 14ft. ftofll ad> arret! .V. a fir a. Joe of white.it 4 He af-c., )alliw nt#lr a Mr I'lrrrtatuaa itall an I nomi i , rati* <t ,'ce dull at 13r a 14r. Whi-ktn ?toaly at I7>,c. a 17\e. inn iMnn*, t*e. 11, is?o. Floor v? r> dull. WlMM i!i?lined 2c aaJ' ?? 1 ?W bach ? ?V al $1 16 a $1 2fi for rtil and $1 a fl .16 for white, i nrti itull nalea 3.000 burbot* at 96c. a fl?c. Whmkejr. lHr a 18 >,c JUjujtt. Ivc 11, l^w. l ight boah- eanio i? from tbt? c.itwl l?~i nisht Rnata ure tin ? ii K at 1 ort .l?t?<on and Sclo'nttctoi a Flour ? iiiirtv. Uliaat No ?alea. Corn. in ear Mta. ?te <?.??? afic ' liar Ir) ?No *?!<?? mitekoy. Ittfe. It #' dill buyer? t'fTir fl So ptr lb. for bea\ > ; 60 piga * 'd at h'.c t Hl< ? M. I>?" 11.1 Flotir ft ady Whfat drrr and advann-d I > 1 1.1.000 b'1-1 at 71 II 73< for No. 1 . ?? W * ?* lor V" I. ii -t<-'i Otr-i ?t. i ly. ?>it to o ipte-? 1 4TO bb o ttoi r. lO.OOObwtltelKwhfnt .1 1'?o h i h !r ,>rl, - |M t *i baiiCi' Arm and r> arcr nt 10 i? r r nt p, i (feiiniTi. Ihv ii, int) Flotti? rrtce?? llfigrtaf: aocurwte atioWioiia cam -t bi rt?n W1' akey devHWM ?? !*'??? H"** d#H and t?f*red lie \ i ?v l.ttt ??")??' ?> d'tnitftdwl a -?-<t .etKtiv an t a?in wrri k?. . WW at ?4 ?8 ? |fi !'.oc?lftr of the #e..k? . c, otw llnf k at t!4. ' Mlk ?nd ahullMerl at t ffr j i ?? n fn> .<ta ?t 4?- a ls?e. Wil int tolwibtf *%er | M< rx 1 marlu t MMbMm^l. Mtfht e xrtunf. in | .Sew ^.rk IS percent pr??iini the edict of the people. The Republican Platform and the Pop?* lar Vote. Tb# foUowtag are the anti slavery re->ohrt**v adopted by the republican parly at Oucago U>l limy. when * notn mated Abrnhiun Lincoln for l*re?ident, which tho reader can compare with the subjoined vote of the peo ple:? THK CHICAGO OB HHPTTBUCAIf FL1TFOKM FOR 1860-4. Kcsolved, Ihat we, tho delegated representatives of the p publican electors of the Culled States, in coovaaHoa assembled, m discharge of the duty we owe to our con gUiueuiK and ttvr country, unite in Uw following dec.fcra tions: ? That the hintory of the nation daring the last four year* has fully established the propriety and necessity of the organ iaal ion and perpetuation of tho republican party, and that the cause* which called it into eiistencw are permanent in their nature, and now, more than ever before, demand it* peaceful and constitutional triumph. That tho maintenance of the principles promulgated in the Declaration of independence and embodied in tha federal constitution, "That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in alienable rights; that among these are life. liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure the*e rights governments arc instituted among men, deriving Uieir just powers from the consent of the governed," u essen tial U> the preservation of our republican mxtitutkMM; and that the federal constitution, the rights of the States, and the In ion of the states, must and snail be preserved. That the present democratic iWoMlltta has far exceeded our worst apprehensions in its measureless sub serviency to the exactions of a sectional inturest, art especially evil c d in its desperate exertions to force tha infamous l,e<ompton constitution upon the protesting people of Kansas; in construing the personal relation between master and servant to involve an unqualified property in persons, in its attempted enforcement , every where, on land and sea, through the intervention of Con gress and of the lederal courts, of the extreme pre ton sionc of a purely local interest, and in its general and unvarying abuse of the power entrusted to it by a oon fiding people. That th' nrta ttngmo that the rnnstUuticm o f iU own fbret, carrvt tlavery %, w? any or all of Ou ftmtories of the I'm rd States it a anngerous palttiaal herein, at vmrie avre With ike exj, licit premium* of thai internment itself, with cotempcraneous exposition, and with legisla tive and Judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its ten dency and subversive of the peace and harmony of the country. That the normal condition of all tho territory of tho United States is that of freedom: that aa our republican lathers, when they had abolished slavery in all our national territ??ry, ordained that "no person should l>e deprived of life, liberty or property without due procetM of law," tt becomes our only, oy legxsimm, whenever tuck legislation is necessary, to main/am this provision of the c nstitutum agatrul all attempts to violate and ice iemy the authority o' Ctmgrtss, of a Territorial Legislature, or of amy individuals, h> give legal existence to tfanwry ?n any Territory of the L'nttea States The Popular Vote on till* Platform. THK VOTK OK THK NOKTHKRK STATUS. States. California Connecticut. . . . Illinois Indiana Iowa Maine Massachusetts . . Michii'un Minnesota New Hampshire New Jersey.... New York "hio < >regon Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island... Vermont Wisconsin Lin coln. 38.03fi 43,783 172,695 139,013 70.234 6 J. 370 106,533 SO 000 21 .284 37.519 68.341 5,062 2711,170 12,244 S8.H88 86,110 Hrerk Doug inridge las. 31,424 16,493 2.399 12.295 1 ,033 6.3HH 5, WW 5 .000 770 2,112 242 i 11 ,40ft 4,866 1,869 (*88 37.X36 17,374 100,823 115,166 55.043 29,476' 34,370 60,000 11.898 26,881 4.468 187.230 3.860 17,360 7,707 8.748 65 .021 Hell. 7 .1*42 3.337 4.951 6.3*9 l .756 2.008 22.592 3,000 44 417 121 12,316 148 12,756 217 161 Pu ?now. 1,678 62.901 313.790 176,436 Total Il, 831,1681103, 6131*32, 2311 77,163|654,801l Wliolc number of regular votes in Northern State* 3,398.?6T Scattoting and informal votes 6,31*2 Total vote in Northern State? 3,405,260 Vote for Lincoln and Chicago platform 1,831,168 TllK VOTK OK THK SOITTHK-RS STATUS. States. Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky I/Miisiana Maryland Mississippi Missouri North Carolina. South Carolina.. Teunessee Texas Virginia Lin coin. 3 816 1,364 2.895 17.028 1 .0281 Hrerk- 1 l>,rug nrid' i | Ins 48.831 28 732 7.344 6 572 UJU 53,143 22.681 42.611 40.797 31.317 4* .5391 36.000. 66.0631 2* ,946 74,335 IX 646 6.227 1 .069 j 88 11.613 -?;> S61 7.625 6.963 2.283 68 801 2.701 11 384 1 000 16.223 Rett 27X16 20.094 3.868 3,6'.i: 43 .0601 65 .7 lo| 20.20-1, 41.7S5 25.040 58,3721 44,990| 69.710 9.340 74.584 AW rum Total I 27,032 586.9311162, 964|608,310| Total number of rotes in SouUvrn Stale? 1.284.22T " 44 ?? Northern Stat'* 3.406,260 Wliole number of votes in the t.'nion. 4.689,4*4 Ow lYamm ? lancoln received 1.868,200 I'mon Puma: ? Itouglas 1.276,780 Breckinridge 812.590 Hell 736.504?2.824,874 Majority nvainst Ijicoln anil the Chi' ago plat form in the Ihion 966,674 WW*. The fusion vote is divide above as follows ?In New York Douglas is given eighteen thirty fifths of the wbotn opposition fote, Hell ten thirty fifths and Itreckinridgo seven thirty fifths In Pennsylvania Douglas is given one half of the fusion vote, and the remamuig h<lf ia divided between Hritkinridre and Hell, The same in New Jersey. In Connecticut the fusion vote is equally divided between the three candidates. The official returns from some of the Southern State#, which have not yet been received, will increase the total vote of the country to 4 700 000. rmd the minority ag iinst Lincoln to nearly 980,000, The Knn?a? Trnnblro. Ijmrswi/Rrlf. 1 >er II, I860. We have information from tho scone of the late trou ble" to the 7th inst. Ijirg ? psrtles of troeps from p'ort l4-a\etiwir h bad mo\e<i to Mount City, there immng a ft rev ot ISO men from Km Kilay. Attempts were mile io ii nest Captain .leniiison, but neither lie nor Oiptain JlentKemar? owi Id be found. The rumors of Muntgnmo rv's entreiiohment and resistance are simply ah ,ir?t. II.# mhiibitants of Mount City and vicinity were much excited, leanti* harsh tieatment from the fedonil a 'tho rtt tea. Thi Boaton Weekly Hank Mtatemeut. I?ec II. 1800 The follow H'g is the taf.-nient of the conditsm ot the Boston hanks on the 10th inst.. as compared with tha week pr?<vh?us ? Iter 3. tier 10 Cap Ul stock $3K. 3*1.700 38.231,700 Uaiis and discounts 62 urtf 800 61 .870.700 lOC >1^? 100 SJK^-Ie 3 .55,1 t*00 3 532.700 I nc 20 300 f-ue frmi other banks 7 ,!W3(8jo 7.72;t,?*j luc 27<M*w l>ue to i ther banks. . 7 8s6 iss) 7 6?4 two Inc 2U2.00U llepis-it , 17 32* .000 17.I77.(*I0 ln? 151 ,/? 7 469.800 7.245 0is) lnc 214 M0 Nalllag of the Arahln. Her ii, IM*. 11, Ints) Ti e mails of the Arabia cliee at eight o cl ick to mor row She sails at eleven. Le,? of the *hlp J. .P. Jone<. Ni? tii.MNS, D.C 11. 1860 The ship J J. J ii'i fri 'in t'ardilt for thi* port bilg 'il ye-tei-d?) sixti n miles from 1'ass I tiutre. and b-'came a total li?a. Th' captain and crew were savi-d. >ai l||allon of the lludaon. ?Vl"*>r, Dec 11. 1*60 Tliere are no ot-tructions in th'- river on account of the ice. The I -oat Irotu N< w Vork arrived at Uve o'clock this morning Court I hI) ndur? Thla Day. ST'-Kfrwr Ot HT?t'ifrrr ? Cart 1? Oyer ana T-rmnee I art 2 ? Ni* 1U04 1900,101,1.61. lOA I.MKi 1152, 1872, 37* . 1996, aooa, 3010, 2012, 2016, 2018, 1124. 1987, 1988, ll'8l?. imn? 331. 839,3009. Special term ? N< s 129, 130. I.'i4. 136, 143, 143 86 147. 148. 114. Ill, 149 In 167. .Nr?*fc>s C<?TPt ? Same aa before. to**i \ I'lJf is. ? Part I? No#. 61. 2204 261. -106, :162. 2293. 1961 2247. ^ t'-o 22*7 2.. "1 . 1970. 2544 I'irt l? N< s ;i31,si87t ?J393. 1773. atn?9. 2lo6, i?;u zjw. .99 1908. Arrival* ? nrl Drpsrtarra. AKHirALH. ? Wfwfclp Aleben*? ? K O'lrlN .'?? Ayr*. 8 1" hmiih. W Wrwmt, U UfwR, C W ? ym mh. II II I'rti.-h nrrt T ???<? H C?tnf*"tl, f Tfrtummr, K Kan\ (.itrlnn II W.it, W Ia?i?. J M i ? . Or- It lm*n, .1 V i no, t .1 Ho?tk ?. r!h. I T nn;. W K Ctirttv < *|>l Ulr, X - Cummin*. |M A I :-i< b< r. I l?. mint. ?.<??. W I ?.n t ?, vf R sim,,n?. \ B*? mM, Ur* 1 O rAin, II R X- n , K I > n?n r, li > Willi .ma, V Mr. k. r hihI lm?> . Maat' r A V R> . k>T--,?n4 ?S In thr attMRfR T'KPAHTI RKJI. Ixwt'OKrmtr awn U' nmru ? carnhlp Nor* Sr>ita, fr> m r-T'lnwl Jffliubry k. W l.j RllPJCfc, R Olirtr. ? iff turn |W<> chlldi'O; Ttr rna? lh\ n, n in R?r, Ilia lira -nr|?lu?, .1*1 laffinv I T?l ! i , < :*< Dor> ikl. I* l> n*ld and ? iir. ?i H ?(?li. R nllU. II (Aram, U Hmwtn, UJotHHH'tt, Y WiJIard ?ml I' hn W yl<1, i f Ni w V. it ; vBIn \v ,?k' !?m, A' i'f iHirlmR; II A Haw, Kdw arrl Ta/I'tr, wlf? ami Child; Mr Ml*> kir, Hrnry l'r> ???, .li.hn ItiiWIc, <>*>r.p* M U*i, ,V;? -?M Uftr, W 111 >? I'lwt, II Arma<n>nc and I" Arm ?ir> nr, ? f T. nt.>; lli.b. ri A 4WfrHu% *? Hu?w. liM'? R HIii. It, .1. hn ,!*nkm. W f ll'itraln*. A R rMk H I ?- n?, Wm H'??. V I aiwr?>n, WRlJMft? n, \ J*? W l.o.v \| ?> 1> inn, Mi-? l?.> I' hn and Frrd IW* ?#, T^i m ( ;r?* ?' ii, Th- ? H< \? Hk mid ti.iw ibiMn-n and Mr* I'mn, .if Monti- ai: \ r?lkmu>r? mm* *>t<\ Mr ??-*,.??, R l? '< n M4 A l> Wfhro, f Uual"-*-. A \t. k?u?d aud T UMttaf, of liirvli. n. I II l?..i*v and A f'.nlrr Rtci'wMfet . ".laiMhlt .Inm> * o<- 1. (f*R Hann ??!>, V LKMMl, Wn BiiMMrMk H I'1 i kiiw and wlf., Mr??* *?? d< . (Wi III-* ?h. lad; ^nd hl-d J. .1 A l?r?w. itund l?d . M > MrJIJij bM-mIM >* i? liHrm', I IrnrJ \\MiC, llnttv Mariln r.nd ? Ur i MaIrn Mr. W m I \> I . ?, M . in Q Hff anj . blid. Rim jr?, ?;kJ ? id u.? a'?C! V