Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 15, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 15, 1860 Page 2
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Wacom had tp tiht r the record nor 'b' r<p'iin' "n ? ? , u-tinon. Hvklitig m-ntiinunlH even nmr?> "dioim twin tl m of Howard, be wan M?M(4 <o tb0 < ? ? ctirtty nf bin position for n tr.umph oW D' ' ktmwu competitor By th b. ' ??*? i"'J ilb , lK> w.hirh Mr. S wtril tttd ?dvi*?Wl ^[1 V! h lil wher tew " awl " the lm-pr? bl? ?o?iict, h< ? U) th. public a character eo iidiuiiuu. . i h.U . \- u , leans ?. ikl II I baaard ih'' use ?f bi? nnmi. ? ?? republicans ?*. _ i__ _ .... Tv t.tnl a candidate "I the ni|tni principle!* noto riety viui ib<* gn*it work be perform*4*! by iV * nicaflo OnVCBUflB That dut> wad SUOC' t >fully J.M.fcgci ill Mia Ht'Wl)!'!) ami ii! minatiou ol Mr. l.'JK' .n. n<< jklj [,1m <d on record hit- calm a J golem i dots a nations i.n the cubj?v-t of Mia very , pent intent.* which ro wan to this hour without retraction, r even ir.odiflca Uou by bmiM If. 1" 'be pamphlet ropy of hm fvtut'hon, rev iatd by himself, and circulated tbroughout tie- l'r?*s? dential canw'! hi hi* supporters, we lind tfco following ?lear ,?d uni qawoal declaration of hiH vk?i and feel fciyx no the ?ubjod of slavery . ? I did not even say that I that slavery should be put tr ? 'ii roe of ulUmrte extinct*. .n. 1 do -jiy so now, however; M) there nebd he no lonriv any dllltetil'.y about tuat. ij ? ay be w ritten down in the jre.n speech 1 have slavery, I think. aa mot h an an y abo I laaist. 1 have been ui uM llna whig. 1 have always hated u; but I have ah* a.. s been quiet about it until tbia umi era of the In : reduction of the Nebraska bill began. I always be Im red that everybody wasavanisi it, and thai it wa* in c lunaj ?i ultimate extinction. Wf aif mm tar Into the fifth year since ft policy wu initl at?d with the avow rd objrcl ana confident promise of nutting as and to slavery agitation. h'nder the operation of tnat po key thai .ifc-iu.ti.ui has not only not eaaaed, but baa constantly auginei.ted In my opiuiou it will not cease until a irixU aliAll hue b?>n reached.* nd pHsend. ' ' A house divided a^; nat Wwii eannot ?tand. " 1 believe this lEOitnimeiit eatiuot en 4ure I'ernianentlv l.alf ..lav ,? and hult tree. I do not exnoet Uie I'nun to be dinaolvoit; 1 do not etpeet the houaa to fall: but I d.i exftecl it will aft^to to he divided; it will bee.ume all ?nr thn.f! or nil the other IMllier the opiHinenta of ?iavery will am hi the further i^raad of it. aud iilaee it where the pnhl.o muKl kl.all r?st in the belief ilia' it !?> in the r..uiiM' of aU.nialr exxinition. or iU advoratea ? r.l puob It f..rwar<l till It ahull bwvnne al'.ke lawful in all the Siate?. old as well a* new, Korih as well a? K-'uth. ComnK-nting on tli be afterwards fciid . ? 1 only ?m<I what 1 e? (. "?.! wuuld wki' |ila> e. I made a ?PMlictiou -on ly ; ami- have b? <-n a foolinh ?.n^. ]*rhari? F aid not rwn nay f deaired that slavery aboiild be put in aaiuriM i.f tannine >-*kiirti?n 1 do now. however; &o there ?ee.l he no I- nee i any lifliculty about If I w'?Te iii Cnncr."*", knil a v.rto ahould come up on a ??. Htloii ?).? :li< r slavery should be |ir, liibiud in anew Ti-r it?<ri. in "pit!: of the Ur?d Sc it deeit bm, 1 would vote that it abeuld. What I do savin, U.ii no man in good moiuh to g..v<m aiH lht r man wi'ihou- <h" other's consent. 1 say this in tbe leading pnuel|4e, tbi' ahei-t kix lmr of American rrpubU aanl?ni. (lui IWl..ruti' n of liul.-|H-ndenoc says: ? "H'r hold tht-w troths to b?- self evident ? that all men are t*vu.ed < <,ual: that t Jj . ? > are < ;>d iwod bv their Creator with ?ertaln iniilteiiable rtirhts; that ani'?ix t^iese are life, lltierty aad the |>un>ult ?>f luppinent: that to secure Ho se right* go. ?irnui. iiH are Instituted among men, deriving their just f?rw< r from the eons, nt of thi K?*erned." I have <|u?b-d *.. eiu? h st this -mie nuis-ly to show, that ateoidli.e to our aneient faith, the fKiwrrs of 'government are derived from th" n.iiM nt ot th>' gi^erued. Now the relation of master aiui slave i?? a violation of this [irln iple Tlte masli r io t only governa the ni. v w Ith 'Ut hi- ?nsei.t. bui he governs bun by a ?vt of rules al'.oireiber dltreieut from those whleti he prescribes for laniseif Allow all the governed an a^aai voire In the g..vernmcnt; and that, and that only is self, garenunent .? f/oir./f* /.//? qf Lintoln.i'ti/r 27V. Again in n ^is-ecli dt liveri'd in Chicago, during the la?t Freaidential ilectN.n which we find publinhed in thi' Miki" u< J wnrl. tlo- Mate or#au of the black repub Menu |wity<'f Illin. is. on the lbth of S-ptcmber, 18.'?tJ, Mr Uaeolo aid -- That central Wen. in our political opinlo'i, at the beginning was. ai <t until rwenUy eouilnued to be, the etjualny of men Aa4, although It ?a- alwnv submitted patiently to, whatever Inequality there seemed to be as a matter of actual neees-lty, Us constant working has b. i n a >tiadj progress toward the proetica! equality of all men. I^t | a< t ilitre:s-i ci-k a> iioihiug be; and, aith steady eye on ?>e real i>^uc, let ti< re In.iuifuraie the food old central Ideas of the re| nblli We ran do It The human heart Is with us ; Aod is with us We shall a^aln be able, not to dei lare tliat all Ike Stju> as Statt -.are e;u?l. nor yet iliat all eltlzena, ai eitlr' i.*, re equal; but lenen Ilie broader, tv '.ter del ineation, Inelvdii.g both these aud uiucli more, thai all men are created ?QMU Yet afttiu. in hi/ speech at Chicago, on ihu 10th of ^uh'. 18M, Mr. ! ..tit'oiu soul . ? 1 should like to know If. tskine the old Declaration of Tnde w bt< h deelarea iJiiit all men are equal upon princi ple gnd ni..k,n(.' exci pii. ns to If where will It atop! It one ?ikb ^vs It does not n n un a negro, w hy m t another say It Aors not nil an * III! I Ili't inun'.' If d'-rlaratlon Is not ?he truth, let lis pet the statute b-' k In w hich we find it and tnar it out. W ho la do bold us to do ilr If it I* not irue let us tear it. ut. i< r.cs of "N", no.") us stick to it, then ; let *? sttnd finely bv it. then ? ? ? ? I/>t us discard all this Cibbluig ab. ut this man and the other man? this race and I il race and the other r.o-e being Inferior, and theretore tbey meet be j Uoed in an inferii r |s ?ui..n? diw ardirg the stan dard we hare left us. 1+t us dis aril all these things and unite a# naopte thumghont til's land until w>* sha:i Mo1 mere stand up d<-elanng that all men are ? reatnl equal. ? ? s s | leave you, hoping that tbebiinpof II Iwrtjr will burn in your b im until there ahall no linger be a doubt that all men are created free and equal. In theae d< durations Mr. Lincoln haa covered the cn Mre abolition platform ? haired of alav<T>*. disregard of jud detiaK'ba. ncfro eqtiulily , unit, as a matter of ?mitae. the uiiiniat?' extiiiCtiiM'. of slavery. None of fht ??> dostrinca, b< we ver. arc Wt to inference, mo tar us Mr. Lincoln m c nci rncd . ac ve he linn avowed tbetn In tbe | lain at and cl-ar<M lang ag- Tbey are n?t ex ?aade<l hy the boidMM of S ward, tbe malig- | alt> <i Ciddiagi or Ikl MMif of OvrlMB. It w.u< tbe kii<iw lr(ig? of thcae facts wlucli Induced hia nomi MttMin bv t) ? i col |?rty, and hy the Hm r.u-ii mis n winch iui.i b- < u given to Uietu in the raiiv-uta. It would Mim that Mt 1 ir.ioln is ln.lebtid to their popu Wlty for Irs eK ct?ai. 1 In insincerity of bU disavowal ef the doctrine of negro equality, when pressed to the wall aft< r the .-<?!? inu tieciarati iu.' I Iuitc quvited. Ls too traiir|4itint to ritjuiri remark. ftuch. then, are the sentiment*' ac<1 principles which at ?verwlielntltig majority of the North have i ndorsed by their vot? s for the men who announced and defended them hi thi# It irairy Into the doctrines and principIeM of the Mark republican party, we cannot leave tinuoticed the announcement- wln< li liave been ma le to t)>e country by their al ii t 1 1 1 ? . t . would I turn from Ihe nameatiug recital, but to learn and appreciate the truth of the rate, we niuat look to the whole record, how rrer steeped in Infamy, or covered with falseh<Hid. I altii lo tL> extracts the names of the Senator* who tit tered then. ? name*. I regret to my, too familiar load the renders of American politic*. Thus, the-e anureto-:- - ?v items are e.,nilnual!v coming Into afieer .mm t, ai d atllMai results. Shall 1 t<4l you what tins Oalltsion mean- They who think it Is a> t idental, n use. s sarv, the work of Interest! d farstlci. agitators, and therefore e|.l inn ral, mistake il . <ase aHoge''.rr It Is an Irrwpreeslble wmBlct betwren opt oslng and enduring foroea, and It means It at th- I lilt, d Htates nm?t and will, mnwr or later, be. onie entirely a slaveloldlng nation, or entirely a free labor nat "in. Khher the rotten and rb ? field* of South Camiina, and the sugar jtlanlallons of lxnii'-iara, si 1 uituuatrly be tilled by tree labor, srnl f*bai e?tot, and New t?t leans beo.roe mart* for tegkUn ale merchandise a one. nr else the rye fields and wheat Held* of Ws?sehusett? and New Vork must again be aur render, d by tb? Ir fanners to slave euliure. and to the produc tion of t laves, and K?-ston i.nd New Vork beooaae once more a wiaikrt for trade in the bodies and souls of men. It U the failure to spprehrnd this great truth that induce* so many un oaceessfnl atempta at final compromise between the slave and free States, and It Is the eitateiw iif this great fact that ren ders all such pretended enrolment**, when made, vain ephemeral - M' Mnrw <? The interest* ot tbe whi'e race den ai d the ultimate ervan Ctnation of all men Whether thst mikuh 'nation ahall be aDi'srd fe take effect, with needful and wi*e preeanitona ?dams' sudd' r -bfl-gr atld d!*asi. r. < r be hunied on by vlo leoee. .s all that remains for yon to di side - Nr. SnctrH. Slavery can be llmlt'-d In Its present bounds. It can be am* Unrated It CM be aud It must I t . si,. .1, and J hi and 1 ?an ai d H .st ,1 It The task is as ? nifie a d easy as lu mn ?uimatbia will be benefteei t and its rewards clown, g It ?dy requires to t U >w lids alii pk rub if act ? to do everv where and ? n every evasion what we car and not to negbv-i II refaae to do w kat we ran at any time, beeau** at that pre Clue time, a .d ' n that | artieiiiar . whin, we cat.n ? do m r? Clnainistar c. ? deter' one (swaibiliHes s.? Knend a cardial wek-ome lo 'he fugtuve *1 lays bis wi-ary limbs at yoar door, and defend him as yrei would your |?n rnal gods. Conect y. ur own error that slavery ha* any <v>n*tltutl nal guarantee* which may n?t be r?b ,.s?n4, snd ought not |o be re Hoqulsbed ?? You will s,?in bring the parties of the country Into an effective aggression upon s'arery ?Mr. fie^i-vf. What a a mroenlary upon Uie history uf man Is the fact, thai eighben years alter Ibe death of John Qulm-y Adams, the people have for tbeir standard bearer Abraham Lincoln, ?oafessing tbe obligations of the higher law. which the sage a* Vuincy proclaimed and eontendlng. for weal or woe, (,t Uf* or death Id the irrejw east hie mi. filet bet wen free, dnn and slavery 1 desire only to say that we are In Ihe last stage of the eonUtet, before the great triumphal In .ugura Hon of this policy Into the goverunv at of the I nlted State* ? In what I have done, | eannr t claim to have acted from any ?ecalUr coasiderutlon of the entoeed people, ** a separate and distinct c ss |n the r immunity, hut from the aSsripl" cnnvictlon that all the individuals og that it**' are m'-aribers of th* (s tamunlty, and. In vtr toe of their mauk'sd. enUtbd to every original right enjeved hv aur ther member. We feel, therefore, that afl kaai dlnlnetion beta een ln<tlvldaats uf t>.e same r miaa ?lt?, ?? und' .1 't. S' i sueh elrrum?ta?"'es | f r'.n Slid the like are b< sole to the gen. a* nf our ItistttaUoaa a ad la rompatlhle with the true th?s.ry ?*f Aaseriran lib*rtr. Sia eery std eppr ssi. il mast, cease, ..r American Ub. r:> fxrvh In Maaaaehuartta and In m^at, If not *11 th* W*w England (hat. a, Ibr <"> |. lid mail at <1 ttc w%lt* ?!>' abtmlUtel) C|U?I b*f' f Ikt law. In taw York lb* nah r*<t man la rrn'rt.-u-d aa lo tb* tl#ht f rullrie. bva ir?|?rt j 'luaittoaljo*. Iu other rrapccU the aaaae eiiaalt'y pre* alia. I *a?hran* ? ilk pteaatM thla onpn?ttialty at d^-lartu rar tftaappr- t-atkm i f 'ha' riaate f ia* cxra'ltutlon whir h aenlea to a portion of th* ?-.,l red patl' ik? rlaht ?( rafrn|'. Tra* d*ni<< rary iaak> ? no inquiry at> mt lh? cdor of Ik* ?kin cr place <4 aatlTttv. ?c ant vth-r almll*r '-liruinaun.-* .* r..?4lUon I rfiard, ther*f?e*, th* nrhtann of the <-<.|.ir*?l tirorl* aa a bod< frrmi H?- *l*mre frai.. hlac aa Ino mpalUaia with tra* d*m?rai?r prtnHplea if < >*%? For mya*lf, I am ready to rrucw my pi*d?*. and I will ran tar* in apeak In SjehalT of mjr ro w?k<r?. tbnt ?* will gi ?tmi*ht en, without faltering or wavering, until *r?ry miif* ?c mrwltm akall ha eraaed froat th. .'auila book* until ?h* aaa, In ail Ita joaraey from th* atmoai *4?*m koriion tkrmigh th* mid h*a??n, till ha alnka behind th.- w*at*m n-a ?fcali not h*hnM tb* foot jrtnt of ? Hock- alar* la ad our truad ul glortotta land.? If'. I ?* ?IM la f?pMa u> npr. ?a all lb* eanrmlty of thla l-.atl twtlon, wbl'h la now Taunted aa In llaclf a form of rlrlnn ?ton. eaaabttkg, at i??el, to th* Mater. If kot Ih* alava. I,.<nfc ?t t? In wt-at>-**r light yovi win, and It la alwaya th* ?mh, th* ??M?krr, th* t>ar? hon*a, and tk* ?ham* of tb* eotmlry ; wror.c. mo' mm, j in th* ahatrm- 1. aa It la often admitted by tla a?< o ?|a??. but wrnnt ta th* <-oacr*l? *l?o, and pnaa. ?tn< ?o alula *t*m*ot of rt?ht Lank at it in th* light t<f principle, and II la (kmMiii )??? than a hi** ln?turrvtlon aar itnat th* rl*mal taw of tjed, ar.d kioo th* d- nlal of th*l d.rtna 'aw in which t.od h!ma*lf la maalfeat, time bring p?f't*aUr th* ir-a-at li* a?,4 lha ath*i?in Bar Mrrm* m Otirn t arharr-n, in ita law barhamiia in all lt? Rriatotia; t?rt>ar?qa in th* Inalrum* !* It ?mi'loya, Nu-. la in ??na*qt).n.??, s*rW. o? In aptrtt . ??""f i? ab.-wa n**lf Maaan mtrnt br*< d harha i?n? whtl* n d***l?>v#a *a*rywhar?, allkaln lha mdcidual and In tk* *?.*iTof which ha forma a i?rt iba *aa*miaJ eiem*nta if ba.rharl*B> TW*? **. bmtali'y lnluatl*?, barha-iam, mnat bo r*pm ditwl In tb* Ut*? ..f all who I t. wlthtn ihi-tr fa'al anhVr* Tk* meat that la aM*n Ny man *ntar* Into and bma a oari if ht? bo4?; th* madd*r which la *at*t, by a 4oc ckanea Kia b"-t?*a Ui r*d. and th* alBTary on wbhh m*n i * u Ita tvcfoM (oalnraa, mnat ba*- m? a part of t i -rner ?wl"inf that r aatty knnla. hktttin* th*tr ck*rvt*nC ?(Id hr*ak n? forth la wkt*1 leproaf. Thla lao(iku> ta trvng. bat lha rrWenra la a*an atroniw tk*r* h* of hai i * nature* ltk? hon ,rah?e Srr>?t' r?. who ran th?a f**? and not be barm*d NlthrMai-a fed on p> lafin, and M*ed: aad H may V- th*r>- la a moral Ml UirVdai** who can awallow "tib ial ban* the (?4?>fi ,4 ata< 1 rr -fr. .awwn" k*M It ahr *d on th* ainfia of th* wind thut I am < mrnit ?*d. fally i-ntntnltt' d " mmltt'd to th* ftilW-*t Mlte>i', in fa t?w if inaMlil" nnd ati? iia<Mh?lial ?hftlHI"n of ?lar*r* wher?irr It rilat* midrr the authority of th- i-. of Ikr vitw'd atat*? ?Mr. " If all ai*n ire 1 11 < a tad *<|ual, no ow* can rlflhtfallr .i-onlr* ?r ho>d d. arinl. 1. ovrr. < r pr prrty |n, ?t . ihrr man. without kia *n? ?*nt If all air 'i ar?- rn at-d *<tna1. nn* man >-aanot rtfMl oily *?an Ih* w rtV* or th* labor of another man with ?at bta ?a>ii**nt Th* aubjiifatti n 1 f .m* man 10 ??...ther h* 0?ircr. at. ?? to roaipl tt>n.i irtary labor op ?< r?l. - ? brcri* tl at Kjni.tltj t>? i'.rrn the partita which tb^ Creator eatab- I b?liu- J/t. i ^ I >11 lll? t jtirt ?n?l wiuixl, but assuming the ?*u.e |.nni?s<n, to * it: tlml kU nil are aqua t'\ tin- i* w of rut 11 re ami of nation*, the right ? ' ly n - k\< >- lall? to llie g'tmrul; for one who 1* aiiuaJ to tin i L? r, iki.nol Imtlrotmrroi prop*' tv of that other, hi t v?u m vfi iliut tfie tcD?UUi!)(in ifiognUen piouerty in - ;.m - It woeM be m flcirnt, thru, to leply that thU oon?tl iti.w. uii ia' i?ti mi K be vo.d, betausell lv repk.giatnt to the U\> w catui? ac<t ol iintinii" ? Mr. Srutud. it *s mi :it( ti iu tli?* <?, institution ? ?! the I niled States, In vlo lam ti ot Hi til vim .aw, tl ut we shall suriender the fuel Ive sU.'e. You bii th uot ui these things, becattke they are rami IWi a tomtloM vioitU. ? Mr. Heuaid. lies (urine Com i also can revei s? It* spurious judgment '.i. i. if easily tliuii we tan reconcile the peopV to Its tiaur;* t It'll. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 he pci | > of the I'nlted States never ran. and the* never w ill, i?i i pt principles ?u unconstitutional and so abhorrent. Never, nerei . the roui t recede. Whether It reoedes or not, ve fl ail reoigani/e the couit, and thus i-efonn Its political M iit i[,?nt? mill piai tires, and bring tliein into harmony with tl.e ? i j..- 1 ltu tinu and th# law* ol' nature.? Mr. ticuwd. Similar extracts from the same and other equally high authorities m ght l>e produced to an indefinite client. I have c< nfmed myself to tenutorr ? mm high in authori ty. uiid who brii g to the support of their doctrine* un questioned evidence of the sanction and approval of the pci pie they represent. All ol these Senators have been endoised by re-election to t he Senate, and by elevation 10 other js+ts of honor and distinction. Some, if not all of tl.i in, are inditted for their position and popularity to the very avowals upon which I am commenting It ;s wt im than idle to say that the people condemn these t o< triors, r.nd that they are the extravagant ebullitions if excited partisans. Tins ia impossible. Other wIho these sentiments would not he repealed and reiterated, n und out of i t asm, by these Sewn tors, and always with more than usual emphasis and bitterness as the time for their reelection approaches. Nor would State 1 egls Int ur? s continue lo return them to Congress it the |-e< pic did not approve and sanction the doctrines thus i.nuounted by th< se chosen u> represent (hem. in the other branch of Congress the black republican representatives have gone even farther than Senators in ihcir abuse and di ntineuition, not only of thu institution el slavery, but of slaveholders. No language is dee-nod tei h? tfc ? no ipithet too coarse ? no denunciation too b iter, ui th< csluiation of these men, to be applied to the pi t pie of the South. The official record of Congress hileii wah the tut -t inflammatory appeals, not only to th< [Kople of tin North, but t<? the slaves of the South, ir.iil.rg it, sunn tn n, stimulating revolts, encouraging urf.'ti a: murder, and denouncing slaveholders as pi tatid &'id barbarians. I shall not stop to make quota tions fnm ihise speeches. It ia only necessary to open any volume of the ComjrtMvmal GUI* for the last few v eats, and turn to the speech of any black republican on the si.bjt 1 1 of slavery, and you will find ample evidence of the truth ef the statement. To such aw extent has this hahit, on the part of mem hi rs of Congress, of abusing the people ? . the South gone, that a citizen of a Southern State cannot visit the capitol ol his country and linger for nu hour iu lis halls during the session of Congress, without hearing language and epithets applied to h niself and section or the most ofl'on sive and insulting character. Ihe venerable men of all sections, who served in Congress twenty live and thirty years agn. li.-ten to these discussions or read them in the papers w ith equal a:!<m ishment and mortification. I will in t pause to ci mmcnt ujsui this state of things, but will proceed with iny inquiry into the principles ;uid objet ts of thi* party. W hi 1st these amn univmeiifs are being maile in Ihe halls of Ct.ugri ss. si.d b> those who h u e been commis si! ned to speak for the pinpie of the North, it is not strr.nge that (he public press should be filled with vimi lar entiments, only cli thed. if possible, in more vulgar language. I simply allude to the fAct. without intending to wiaken the argument by bringing to the wltueso stand the lower i rder of black republicans, of the t lass of Webb, Vent worth, Greeley . 4cc. They simply do the bidding of wiser heads. With them it is "thrift. " With tho others it? is sentiment ? puss ion ? power; olid tho fact that so many instruments ran be found to do the menial work is < uly evidence of the extent to which the f'octriues and pr.nciples have taken rout in the pf^iu lar lieiut. Tliere is one dt gma of this party which hits been so so 11 mnly enunciated, botu by their national convention* and Mr Lincoln, that it is worthy of sersms considera tan. I allude to the doctrine of negro equality. The stereotyped expression of the declaration of indepen di nee, thut " all men are born equal," has been perverted from its plain and truthful meaning, and made the baf.s of n political dogma winch strikes at the very foundation of the institution of slavery. Mr. Lincoln and big party assert that this doctrine of equality applies to the negro ; and necessarily there can exist no such thing as property in our equals, fptnthis r? int both Mr. Lincoln and his party have spi ken w ith a dmupt tness which admits of no question or tqimwtation. If they are right, the institution of slavery, as it exists in the Southern States, is in direct violation of the fundamental principles of our govern nicnt, and to say that they will not use all the power In their nancts to eradicate the evil and restore the govern mint to its "anennt faith," would be to write them seivtl down self ion victid traitors, both to Dr indole aid duly. These principle* liavo not only been declared in tbo im passioned Uin^i.aKr of its advoi ales and defenders, but nave ut length found their way into the statute books of ton of the N< rth. rn Kate* Every good citlsen North and Softh admits that the nuttluttw of tlic United States mexpic-m terni-t re quires our fugitive Klave* to bo delivered up to their owners, when e-capii.g into another Statu. Congress has discharged It h duty iu puK'lnK Uwa to carry out this < < i.fctituii<'i..i) obligation; und, *o far, every Executive La* n mplied with lux oath of oflice to see tiiku law duly executed. TI.I impediments thrown ui the way by law kwmM; the threats #f violence to which the ownur krj bfvD mi diO^rrat occoslon* nibjectod. and the ox l*-!i*c to which b<.th the government and the owner have been p'lt . are matter* of (-mail consideration compared wiili the moti pr<gront fact that ten wvereign Mat.-? of the 1'Bkfl have Interposed their strung arm to pro t<" t the thief. pimi.?h the owner and confiscate the pro perty of the otir-en of a *i*ter State. Sin h are the law* pa*, cd by tbeee Northern ^Later to defi-ai tbo Fugitive S'.ave net of (on^re**, and annul a plain provision of the i < ?!.)? 1 1 tut ion of the United Stated. Th??e law* are tbo legitimate fruit* of the principle* and teachings of ihrb republican party , aud hat e, therefore, very naturally made their appearance upon 'he ???htiito took* of Mate* under the control and in the han.W i f that p&rtv. Their exrotcnce cannot end should net bo overlooked by those who are desirous of knowing what this party will do on the subject of k la very when ever they ha\e the |*>wer to act. 1 call attention to th< m. not only s* an important item in the evidence 1 am '"Wriag <?f th< principle* and objert* of the blatk republican party, but for the more important purpose 01 priventit g a plain and palpable violation of the constitutional cWnpact by ten of the sovereign parties to it. Ib'Se very Stat.* are among the loudest in thiir il< tnand* for unc< n litl< nal Ftibmipxion on the part of the South to the election of Lincoln. The inviolability of tbo In ion it the magic word with wh:ch Ihey summon the South to ?ubtni*eloii The South rtt-poi.ds by holding up before th<?i a constitution ba?elv broken ? it compart wantonly violated. That hr< ken c? mitulioo and violated compart i"rm?l the only Union we e\er recogniied and if you would still hive ua to love and pri ?erve it. re?lore to it that vital spirit of which it har been robbed by your sacrillgtoua hands, and uiuke it again what our fatherw made IV? a Union of good lalth In the maintenance of constitutional obligations. |\> thu . and the Union will find in all this land no truer or more devoted supporter than the ever loyal Km* of the South. This however, the black republican* will not do, a* th< facta 1 am U"W developing will hbow, beyond ali doubt or onestlon. In the riection whi<h h.vs Jn ? t transpired, the bla< k re publican* dM not bee'tale to announce, defend and Ju*U fy the doctrmc* and prin jilc* which J have attributed t< th>m Puring the progrc?a of the canvas* 1 obtained copies of the dot timeout w hich they were circulating at the \orih. with a view of aM-ertaming the ground* iipm whuh they were appe aling to the propie for their support and confidence. With the except ton of a few dull --peeiho* in favor of a protective tartlT, intended f<ir cir culation in I>nn*ylvaiita and New Jersey, and a still fewer number of pitiful appeal* fur squandering the public lands, the whole canvass was condt.i ted b) the meet bitter tun I malif aant app>?l* to ti e ant i slavery sentiment of tl.e North Under the sancttoo of S njitorn and representative* utCcmgrM" the> Wb* n<>oded with t^mphleta and epecche* lcld ibg up ulavebeldrra aa "barbartan*. mora criminal than Murderer*," and declaring unbeaitatingty In favor of im Mediate and ui ccndltW-na! abolition In every 8tate in the confederacy where it now exiata? doctrine* which are the in eeaaury and legitimate conei'quencee of the uai trwmally rtcognired d< ftn?* of the blacJt republican ptr ty. It i* w?r*e than idle to deny that such are the doc trine* and principles o( tb. ir party be. auoe a., of them have m t readied that point of boldix ** and hou. ?ty which indme n>< a to f?>llow principle* to tlteir kgtti tnate r<?cb*.ons. One thing at least m certain the managers of the canvaM belied that auch do'tr.ue* were popular, or they would not have rpent Kith their time and money in gn mg them *uch general eirv u la t ton to the exclusion of all othw matter Toe e.ari^n of I in cola ia re*p<?ee to *ucb * show* that the-' men properly iiiid*r*tood the popular aeutinient of their woo tin? . to whom alone they appealed for vote* to elect their candidate In m these doctrlnee. principle* an.l acta of th black rrpihlican party I pr<<pi?e to extract the aim* a i ! ? h je*-t* el tbe parly. It will be borne in tniml that 1 n ly upon the dei iaratan of their principle* ?1. A* by their natiocal coi.ventmn J As ronutneil in the delibe rale and rt^e.Ue?l declarai ?>n* of their ?ucc- ?*ful caiuli date for tbe I'reeiden. y. 3. A* announce.! by th< ir ro.isl bombed and tiwtel leader* in tbe Senate of tbe United State*. I Invite attention to the following prop MUone. a* th<- plain and legitimate ohiecta prupuaed to be carried out to the rxtent t>f their power ? 1 'I bat *'avery Is a mora! *>cial and political evil, and that it i* the duty of tho fc.loral government to pre\ ent its ? xtensif?i. ?i That R^ivery i* not rer* gniae<l by the nonet. tntmn of the United Stati-*. and that the federal government ?? in bt w .f.- (? niiuitte<l to Ita protection, ?*< That |ie< pevly In *!avea i* not antitM t<? the *ame protcfta^ at the hand* of the federal fovemim-nt as ? >lher pri jerty 4 Inat so tar from protecting, it ia the duty of the f? ?1< ral govrrrmeat wher<%< r It* power, to prohi bit ft: alid. therefor-, it si tbe duty wf OwgreiBi, by law, to prevent any s< v>th?-rii man from g".ng into Uv- oan nit'tt Termors* of the Dnina with hie slave property ?t lhatatavert i* *mh an evil and etwee, that III* the duty of every one. te the extent of his power, to onntrl bute Ui It* ultimate exttn. Ii *i in the United ?tlatei fl That there i* *uch a conflict between *lave and free labor, that all the Ptatc* of the Union must beonme either slave or free, and a* all block republican* are oppn*e*t to slavery and slave stat< ?. their pidicv and doctrine* look to all thr*e SUtea beonennimg tree, a* not mi!v the natural but deeired result ot the 1 trrejcewibla eou fliet " ^ 7 1 bat the Declaration of Independence *xpre**ty de, and the eonatitutlon rer?gni?ee. the e^ini ty >.f the nrgro to the while man; and that the hoMmg the i.egro in *lawrv la violative of hie eqiiality . as w.dl as i of Ih*t fine rnt fa th " Which *r tdMnln aay* i* v^? ! lale.i ia the preaent relatioo of master and sla%ein tbe : f'lutheru stale* * That the Southern ?tate? do net 'tand apon in eqma ty With the n<? *laveb< ding Statee, beoan-e it la the rer gnised duty of the general government to protect the latter m the enjoyment of ail th-'ir rights of pr .pery ?nd would ??*p<eia!iy be required to protect tlie r cinseri* fr?m any net of ri?fl?catien m the common Territ. rb* t4 'N r? ? r it wo d be tfce h,h, , f id,, .4IUC f m-n' p, vernmeiit not oiily to w.thh- id mich protector from the c ditto of a Soutlvrn Stau* with but mUvo pro party, in the c< mrn? n d.main, but to exercise that power for hie exclu ik n fr? on that ('Mumou territory, 9. Tliat the ar'.tnissiou of more slave states into tho bHIty. " rmd * r""raJ lf n,,t * physical ItnpoMl Jra ft? Lfu" in'P?rt (,r these doctrines and republican parly, they should be " connect nn with the eom-titutioaaJ rights bru nu'' Southern States. Thej are cc!U!!'tul*m ,,f United Slate* recognize* ernBuui "H U tu the hftoen South 0f th? Swu,h have the right to go th<! rl 1 J* ?'roP?rly tato the common Territory* of !!lt. i ' j e Hnt,tlwl 10 Protection for both tlieir t mVr froln ,he general government durmg it* Territorial condition. ,J" I'l* hy the pUin letter of the constitution, thfl i? . eutilUnl to reclaim his property in any Mate into which the slave may escape, and that bou'i the general and State government* ure bound under th" constitution to the enforcement of this provision :ho general government by positive enactment, u haa keen done , :tnd the State governments, by inierpoeing no ob stack* in the way of the execution of the law and the constitution. 1 decline to enumerate other const It nllonal right*. !'r;, U' 7\Krrfrr to conllI"> ?ny>-lf ill th* argi.Rit ut to lilt BC which have been fully recognised bv the highest Judicial tribunal In the country No law and constitution-abiding nian will deny that the right* here enumerated are within the clear provisions of the constitution, and lhat the South is fully Just in,, I ui ?It mani iug their recognition and enforcement. Otherwise e are asked to tribute and give allegiance to a *ov ernment which is wan. ,g. eithe? ,n the w.Zr ^wef^o ptoteit us in tho enjoyment of undoubted rights. Ian prebend it is equally dear that the antagonism betwZ . Mh/hhl" k! " an'1 lho doctrines and principle^ cflaWe P ??" T5' pUin- d,r"' ?"? irrecon cilable. Ihe one or the other give wav. Surely no ? 2! '5 mAn ' ? U?o?xi?tenceof the nihi* ' laimed by the South, will say that eh* ought to yield It only remain* to inquire whether the black republican par t) will recede rrcm its position, and thus end the "irre preseiMe conflict" which their doctrines have inaugural Th'"*' who indulge the hop* that such will be tha h?u?tt/r' .my bonttit ju'^wnt, greatly deluded. Tho boldness and earnestness with which this party have avo wed their principles ? the sacrifice* which they have i . Kl sectire their triumph? the deliberate? with which their poaition has b.-en taken? the clear and em l hatiro.mmlttuls of their conventions? their candidate, und uN their leading men ? the solemn acts of their State Ugislaturer? ull indicate, with unerring certainly, that ihore u* r< HF<?u;ibU* hope of t?uch a result. ih 1- 211? l^t thtn; ?re who Pay and believe that this party is uicaj>able of exercising the power it has ob Ihni'i ,wu?"ut breaking to pieces, and they look confi dently to Its overthrow at an early period. It mav be H, ' a co?' phlkieophy, locatrd at a safe distance from tho mu>' plausibly ui*>n th. chances of o erthrowTng a purtv so utterly unworthy of public ^rivn,rH,.Uv! men Jv'k,"P t" ,ho B0Curit> of their pro ' I ,tt,h< rR and husbands anxious for the satety t'i ' ro''uire w'mo stronger guaranty thau n ?f rvtia&u speculations to quiet t . ir apjirehensions and allay their fears. Ihs mav b< c r?v oi; !hl ^'?,V\VU'h T"r Ul" f"turo P"*e ?e cunij ol the .S'utb, the* which mav le.?i to its dis S. fMfJC feal "'"W ?"??ide of tho aiavery question. .. .h , !J '""1"n ^ 'lavery leading tosueksMMll it is the only subjt ct upon which the party thorouglily iuir I , v* y slavery is then ngic word which holds I ihem together; and when torn to pieces by other di?*?n< I Idl'otK^f M v'^u,h mnd her Institution? swallows up I tr-b ,' ftnd r,r8tori* harmony to their distract ? hl> p<J'n' we *re not luft to more conlec ture the history ol the party In the ten nullifying States ^ 'tot ^M,r| Ck! Prf ?Ltb0 facf ,u which of these n^TrifTr r^ h i -"?pubiwan party I ,se power in conse nun?fTi,,t M r r***hD* K"K" ire Slare law and nullifj tug the constitution of the I'nitcd State,-? Ko far I i!r !n1,i",Uver-v being an element of I w eakness it has proven in all these States the shibboleth of their strength. In New York and Pennsylvania the I corruptions of Ui is party were so palpable and lnfamons I that their out ipre?.s cried out against it. Those of the I Pretension of honesty felt the shitme and iSKW ?P? U^; Md yet whea the Presi dential battle was to be fought, it was only necessary to I raise the abolition banner, and these acts of fraud and I m,r^!pt?!"11 K, re f''rfr"'Un !U"1 for*lv, n ? the greater and I more abM.rbing feeling of hostility and hatred to the I South snd her instttutiotis. SJiall we clos.- I SSL, f\Z ,0 th,r hll,t"rif&' facta, and to- I dulge the vain lmpe thjit these men will plaj a diflerent part, simply because they are transferred to a ra w theatre of action 1 I do not doubt that th? hlark I ZSETlWy b" *""ly ?' Hin"t"r ?'"1 Kreater h?rurJ T 'a Kov#'ril*ient; U(T (lo I doubt that Sge w II plMjt in their j?rty the seeds of strife and die I ' W?UiU ??dl?MU-lly to Uieir spi ody ?wntall and overtlir<>w: but I feel a-sure<l, by the leach I ing? of th, the msgie word of antl-aUTecy will I '''hittion Win to a cordial and fraternal reunloa I to renew and continue the war upon slavery, until they I ^Tt W r^M^.TP h'-d tha great object of their organ izatiot ? its ultimaU} extinction." I What are the fueta to justify the Ismr that the black Klt?V'i|,'','s'U' fh "" Wr'! '",e 1 1"M,lou ol ih v . to the south and her institutions" Are lL Ve l' III'' r .' a ?f * Oterfi Who . it > '?"?'red in favor of the*, doctrines I . r 1 1 I- Ih,- hoj.P bnso.1 upon hi far I lh?t Ml l'\ i i \\ !?? Ill1 ,l'g majority ?,f the pe,?,l,. ' , rV;r>\N,Mf - <-?s? their vole f?: be f?'. II ,r 7," 2!"1'"'* ? M mmm from I la< tl..,t >11 1|?. 4,}, ?f next, the Chair I u ' ?d by " mnn who hate* the tnati I u i ion of slavery as much as any other abolitionist I and who has not only declared, but uaed all tha powers ui I his intellect to prove, that onr <Ua\ e? are our equals and I IhVlt , n*,w T .'C h7W *re vioUlive of the I ivclaral ? n of Independence, and at war w ith the law of I t.ix.? a man who is indebtod for his present election u, I the Presidency alone to his tbohta*! s?n!m.X^nd ?Bfl*ia"< m,S ^ ,,f "the irr? |iresa,b!e I conflict, and, un.eo*!, rliiuu* to l>? it * flr?t a?lv(^v .?r I j!1? ?"** for this hope la the wlosperod intluialion I 1- .! . ?>f hta oflire Lincoln will prove I faitnleas to the principle* of his party, and false to his I pledges, or in his emphatic declaratiou of May, lKAy I !** i .4 1? J'Pr's? the lowering of the republican I lax, lard by a hair a breadth, or in the public an I nouncement made by Senator ?Trumbull," of Illinois I 21m S"' m th* of Mr I jtcoln. that he (lancoln) would ? maintain and carry forward the prin I u i'i .^ iT, lch ^ electo.1 , ' at the s.ine time hoMing up the military power of the t nited sutes as the Inatru I ^0? to the inc><nii.g abolition | adminisi rats, ii should any Southern Slat" secrsle fn>m the I I BtoB; or in the prospect of a more efficient execution of I the fugitive Nave law, when the \U, shalt O files In all Ihe I Northern Make ? have b?>?>n filled with Lincoln's *bo I lit. on appointees , or in th- rWusal of Veru sSA Si Two toV/ L:hKn ,'r T '?r *c v"te a? more 'hin l wo lo one. in lfcrr htwlaturo, to r?*noAi thn Para.u,ai I ajjfy ^*t?; or nball wr look for it Id tfo I d<?trlnee of nerro equality, which llads anM>n> its warm I clc n. llfhU th* ,'1" k r<-p?d'lt. I can p?rt) or iti the announcement solemnly ma<le hv thliV^t%n' il a"<1 "" "lh?r organs of hr riahisof tho N,Mith to tXra' ^l propi-rly shall ver be I rate, or n la, t, th?|>ail> . n.>l ,.nl\ s. , li,.i, .1 |>> lt> principles, but i,ecta>nal in n< memU-rship th re tygh'Cg t".h,?u.h .he pre- r rw,|,,?.?,!|?.h. ma> hope lo r.-celvefroni black r. , iblieana tn th?ir newiv ?ss. m.ii < haiscter of guardians and masters, or m th ?Wis^s TV/ Jh"r thu the ?lecisious of the (our I in favor of our c..nsi,lutk??l rights are to be met"' mu T K ,K?f"n *"d ar?t,"ur''? for reversal , but * ffiore p,,tcm auj practical remedy of re '>f ,,b* ' h) adding a sufBrietii numb, r of aboliQoanto to rererae existing decisions, or in the hy the eensus returns now com 1^5- rf!}l "**?' he .numerlcel majority of tSe Norih is rnrtkM "6d. rM?idly Increasing, with th, prom mm- of still ol.r7 fL. y %<k,l"on more free Sut,? earytdontof th..t e< mmon territory , from which the uir ^lu n? ? ''y ?ryu*t tBcooetitaiioaal leg -tail, nr er in sock manifestations of Northern senti mint as led to the nomination, bv Una party of l< hn A ^drew fee tremor of M.w;( liusetlT .r^r t l,aa declared his sanction and appr<*ral of the John Iirown wvealZ lh* Au tf*w to that by arveBty thousand maK-rity. after he had declared in hta arxlety to abiJisb slavery, that ' he oould t^? wan for Prjividenre to wipe it out, but must himself under tiJie that dutv with the aid of hla hl-w k reimblaan *1^1 Ti" b*vTjl"">d <,,Unl ton,, of trmmpti wha b fill I the whole Northern air with the wild > tout, of Joy nnd Itiaaksglving that the days of slaverv are niitnbired . and the hour draws n<ar wheo the "higlwr lT?L. !"? ''?Trr) **? ' slave holders' sliafl be hr^Thl i ^ ' ! ?*"tll?tion and the spirit of former tiTir^e" /Tk ^ irony which ?peak? through their press , of the ?< Inconvenience-' of negro in-urrec tlces ars** and murder, wtiich may result ia the ^.uih fr> m the < )ecte? of l^ai^ln In n?ne of thw>e. nor of ?i * kI 'IJ0 wk'fh I '??** before referred, can anv he 'ound to jwtily the hope surg eted by tbo<e cordding friends, who. tn thia hour of g|.?.m u,i dr^ dests*den^ v are d ?t-?.,| to hot* aaaiaet hone Turning from tin t ttMlicat on* in tho political world In the mi?? and pmrriul walk* of portal and rell ftfM life. I. I u? |*'.w for ? VMl mi<I look i<> the pul pit . Ihe V.nda) *chi*d* atd ail th< *ourree o< Christian Influence , for one cheer inf bmrn of lifflit. I'nfortunate Iv, wl.en vrr yon And On- pre*. nee of kUu k r> publican tn il I* < t.f?ped in Ihla work of rduraling tli. b<art? of the people to tale Um- ilk itlni ion of tlavcry. The pulpit forr< t* every other duly and doctrine to thunder It* an* th<ro?? *r- in?t MUi MMMU n. ?hHH Um Sunday achoat ri'Sif mart# Up auraery of youthful nbolit ion .at* Thu hope w? ?re **fced to adopt w ill And in Ihcae *on rtm no eoc?ur?K?nvct it nrj port On the contrary, nothing rontnbuu it more U> the ere ?! ion *f that bitter fueling of hatred wb* h now pervade* the two *ect?wwi of the n><m In than the relig<<>oa trurlncita >f the North It tun I roken ?? c hi relaiK.UK mm < rlmn 1 . ^.*n.l now ?nr. tn company with ita political t.mdmatd. Muck re publican if m. to overthrow our one* happy and glor tot* ( Dion. I refer to one other wimc upon which the ??truth i a*k?d U> rely. and will then elo?r the argiment. We are Mprcted, In v lew of all th?eo I acta, to rely for onr aafefy and prole, i^iii upon an uncertain, and. at hart, trembling n.a>rHy In the two hover* of OncreM, and told with an

eainc?t appeal for further delay, that wlUi a majority in f'engr?n* ??r?tn?t bim. Lincoln I* powerte?8 to do tii f,*:m 1 doubt not the otncrrlty of thoee who preee-it I Ihl* upT**' Nf"l???t Cithern ?rttoO; but their confl i d< nee tn tt? merit oaly *how* bow superficial ha* he n ? their ?one?deraltoe of the ?ubjert. It la trw that with out a majority In t ocgre^e l.mcoln will not be ahle to wrry ?!. not preaeni. all the aggreaalee rnextnrra of hut party. But let me a?k If that leebie and cowtUntly it* crraelrg majority in <>*igT.M ?gait?t him ran arreel thai tide of popular sentiment at ll?e North afmet * la very, whrh. *weep?rg down all the harr, re of truth. Mialma and court it at* ??' dnlv baa tome Mr Uncln into the l*rr? .dent *1 thair' Can that rongre*a>?aal majority, faint and feebV a* it I* known to be repeal the ua- .*i*ti l>.li< ral leglelatioa of thoee ten null fy mi Ptetea of the , N. rih* f an it reatore th?' h*t equality of the 9mith<?rn vtalr?f Can rt (tree to thr South ita >tptitii'ional ri*ht*' < ;.n It r**T> iee it* p? wrr in ??e Pinjrl?' a t of |o(ipUUh n tn our f*?er wilb???it the ronrorr.fMe of I inroln. or -an it na? I hr"t.?n> rf Peerhrr ?.arr^on (teo^r and W*b dill Phillip*, or i*i tr tots of Seward. Chwe mad Webbt Ou that majority in Congress control the power and patron**0 of President Lincoln? On it stay his arm , when no wields the ,t>Bce* and putronage of the government, to cement and etrenthi ii th' ttnti- slavery sentiment which brought bin party into existence, and which alone cun preserve it front early and certain dissolution. Qui it prevent the oe of that patronage for the purpouo of or ganising in the South a band of apologists ? tlin material around which black republicanism hopes, Jjr'rg hia four years, to gather an organization in N uthern States to be the allies of this party in iU in lidioul warfare upon our family fireside* and altarsT True, but over anxi"tis friends of the Union at the North, faithful but over confiding men at the South, may catch at this Congressional majority tsirawj but it will only be to grasp and sink with it. Ibc facts and consideration* wbicb T have endeavored to bring to your view present the propriety of resistance, on the part of the South, to the election of Iineoln In a very dittereut light from the mere question of rcslstltag the election of a President who has been chosen in tho usual and constitutional mode. It is not simply that a comparatively obscure abolitionist, who hates the insti tutions of the South, has been elected President , and that we are asked to live under the administration of a man who commands neither our respect nor confidence, that the S'lith contemplates resistance evu to disunion. Wounded honor might tolerate the outrage until, by hiioth< r vote of the people, the nuisance could be abated; but the election of Mr. Lincoln involves lur higher considerate us. It brings to tbo South the solemn judgment of a majority of tbo people of every Northern State ? with a solitary exception? in favor of doctrines and principles violative of be r c< ustitutionaJ rights, humiliating to her pride, de structive of her equality in the I'nion, and fraught with t he greatest danger to the peace and- safety of her people. It < an be regarded in no other light than a declaration of the purpose i.nd intention of tho people of the North to continue with the power of the federal government, the war alr< ady commenced by the ten nullifying States of the North, upon the institution of slavery aud the consti tutional rights of the South. To these acta of bad faith the South list heretofore submitted, though constituting ample Justification for abandoning a compact which hud been wantonly violated. The question is now presented, whether longer submission to an increasing spirit and pow er of aggression is compatible cither with her honor or her safety. In my mind there is no room for doubt. The is sue must now be met , or forever abandoned. Equality and safety in tbe I'nion are at an end: and it only remains to be seen whether our manhood is equal to tbo task of as serting *nd maintaining independence out of it. The Union formed by our fathers was one of equality, justice, and fraternity. On the fourth of March it will bo sup planted bv a lTnion of sectionalism and hatred. The one was worthy of the support and devotion of freemen ? the other can only- continue at the cost of your honor, your safety, and your independence. Is there" uo other remedy for this state of things but Immediate secession? None worthy of your considera tion l.ns been suggested, except tbe recommendation of Mr. Buchanan, of new constitutional guarantees ? or ra ther. tbe clear and explicit reoognition of those that al ready exist. This recommendation is the counsel of a patriot and statesman. It exhibits at? nppr<? .atiou of the evils that are upon us. and at the same time a devo tion to the constitution and its sacrod guarantees. It conforms to the record of Mr. Buchanan'* life ou this distracting question ? tbe rccord of a purr heart and wise head It is the language of a man wbiM heart U over whelmed with a sense of the great wrong and injustico has been (lore to the minority section. minglod with an ardent bops and desire to preserve that I'nion to which be has devoted tbo energies of a long and patriotic life. The difficulty is there will be no response to it front those who alone have it in their power to act. Black republicanism is the niling sentiment at tbe Nertb, and, by the ek ct ion of Liimln, lias pronounced, in the most formal and solemn manner, against the principles which are now commended to the country for its safety and preservation. As a matter of course, they will spurn these words of VMM and patriotism . as tliey have be fore turned tbeir back upon all tbe teaching* of tbe good ai <1 true men of Um land, or elf o tlo'j wi 11 play with it In their insidious warfare to delude the South into a false security, that they may the more effectually rivet their iron chains, and thereby put in the future be yond our power. They have trampled upon the constitution of Washington and Madison, and will prove equally faithless to tbelr own lodges. Yon ought not ? cannot trust them. It is not tho constitution and the laws of the United States which need amendment, but tbe hearts of the Northern P?i pie. To v fleet the first would bo a hopeless under taking. whilst the latter is an Impossibility. If the ap peal ot tho President was made to brethren of the two sections of the country, we might hope for a different response. Unfortunately, however, black republicanism has buried brotherhood in the same grave with tbe con stitution. We are n<> longer "brethren dwelling together in unity." Ihe ruling spirits of the North are bla.-k republicans? Mid betw een them and tbe people of the South there is no other feeling than that of bitter and intense hatred. Aliens in h< art . no (>ower on earth can keep Ihem united. Nothing now holds us together but tbe cold formalities of a broken and \ loiatod constitution. Ihaven has pronounced the decree of divorce, and it will be accepted by tbo South as the only solution which gives to her any pr< ml.-e of future peace and safety. To part with our friends at tbe North who havo been trne and faithful to the constitution will cause a |*ng in every Southern breast- for With them we could livo lor ever, peaceably, safely, happily. Honor, and future seeuiity. b< wever, demand the separation, and in their hi arts they will approve, though they may regret the act. Pi llow citixei.-- of Georgia. I have endeavored to place before tou tbe facts of the case, in nlain and uuimpas siont d language . and 1 should feel that I bad done in ju.-tfre to my own convictions, and been unfaithful to yt/U, it I did' not, in conclusion, warn you against the dangers of delay . and impress upon you the hopelessne-s of any n mcdy for these evils short of secession. You have to deal with a shrewd, heaitlcas, and unscrupulous enemy, who. In tbeir extremity, may ivomise anything, but. in the end, will do nothing. (Hi tbe 4th day of Marih, isfll, the federal go\ernment will pose into the blinds of tbe abolitionists. It Will then cent to have the sl.ghtest claim either upon your confidence or your loyal tv , and. in my honest judgment, rat h hour that (ieorgia r? mams thereafter a merit* r of tbe Union, will be an hour of degradation, to be followed by certain and speedy iuin. I entertain bo di>vbt either of your right or duty to secede from tbe Union. Arouse, then, all your man hi od f' r the great w>>rk before yo?, and be prepared on that day to announce and maintain your independence out of tbe Union, for you will never again have equality and justice in tt. Identified with you in heart, feeling and interest. 1 return to share iu whatever dsatiny tbe future has in store for our State and ourselves. UUWKIX COBB. VlMHM CiTT, Dec ?, 1M0. SENATOR JOHEPH LANE'S SPEECH. The rubjutord I* a verbatim report of the ?peeoh of Senator J<?eph lane, of Oregon, tu the United suu* Senate, December J, 1840, on l ho ih< o pending qae?tk>o to print extra numbers of the President* message;? Mr rrrtM?iit , It i* not my Internum to coocume the tin* ui the Senate at any length, but merely to Bay a few word* tat relation to the unhappy condltioa of our conn try. Wc are all aware, Mr. Fre?ident, that there hi treat di*patl*fartton ia thi* country, and a rerv near appr<?icli, unkn eomething ran be done very apeedily. to a dbw>olu tu n of the Vnk?. It b not very Ftrange. a a I kx* at it, that th * condition of thing* Khould exlet. It ha* !>?*. n truly Mid tbr elcetk>n of any miui to the Pre*kl?ocy would not be good cauac tor a dmaolulM-n of the Cukhi I am prepared toaay (hat theeimple e lei t Jon of any man to ttukt ( flicc. Ill rny Judgment, would not be ran#"'" fur a d .aeolui ti n Nor i? lhat the cau*e of complaint in the Country; but It ia the prtnclpU* upon which Ihe late ele, lion to* taken place that have given riae to the trou''.-> Never in any previou* Presidential election lu the i^nia t>een *o fully put. *o directly made ?? in ihe late one. 'I he queelioti everywhere wa*. ?haU the eq'ialil) of the st.itc* be maintained? ahail the |?wple m every Mate have a rifcht to go luto the common territory with t ti?-tr property* And the verdlet of the people ha* boon that ? quality in thi* country ahaii not prevail It i* to the effect that Blteen State* of thi* I tikri shall be deprived of equality; that they *liall not go into the eommon lerrl tor y with their profwrtr, that they are inferior*, and moat nut mil to inequality and degradat ion. Th?n. *tr. with ?u< h a ?iate of fact* before ua, la it elrang* that there ahoulil be (t|?*all*fartion and trouble? The pUi form upon which the oppoeltton hare euceeoded in elect ing their Preeidcut 1*. aa I kx4 at it, directly in conflict with the raMtltallon. It i* directly in conflict with the equality of the Male*; and though it ia laid lhat thin election i* In accordance with the conatitut ion . 1 miiat F*y . In my hone?t opinion, that It M in violation of it* rptrit. It never wu cont. mpiate.1 by thi*e who m.ide the coi.*titutton that a eeetional party, wit hoi, t an electoral ticket in nearly one half the State* of the I un n u|x'n a platform conflicting with the consti tution and with the r ghta <4 the stutea in one half of our country, ehould clect a lTeeident Though it may not be in eon II ict with the letter of the oooatitunon, yet. a* I look at It. it i* in conflict with It* *pir(t. My opino* to day i*. if our father* in forming that uwtrumcni had provided any mean* by which the legality of th* eleotion ronld be teet<-<i ? before the Supreme IVnirt if you pleaae ? thev would in thi* caee decide m equity that the election of Mr Lincoln conflict* with the r< netitutioti of the Vnited stau* aad ia ooaoeqntutly void. Mr. lUtr ? No donbt of i?, Mr. La>?? And, ?ir, while I know there la no mich redriee, I an, r.ev*rth< lee*, notwilh*Lu>dln| the omilee or lai gh* of gei.t;emen on the oppeaite *ide. folly convinced of the corrector* of my poeition, lhat It nerer wu contemplated, aad H cannot be oonatelent with Ihe ccmlitutton. that one *ertkm of thi* country, without rrfard to the right* of nearly <eie half the Slate*, abo<ild have the tower to alert a l*rr*ident on a platform in conflict with the constitution and in oitiflict with ihe equal Ity of the State* of cue half the emintry, depriving them of equality, and depriving tlx m of the principle on which th< f'nion wa* fmrned Without the mamtimanoe of that principle Ihe t titan never could have been fortaed ?nd the ("n*titutM<o never could have been adopt ed Sir that equality mud be maintained or thin X nlon cannot and ought not to Inet to (ay that the pen pie of flft< ? n ftatc* of th# I'nkm *hall he inferior* . that they eball be i,neqnal* . that they Khali not have right* equal with tb' other portion of th.- emmtry, ia a degrada tion that ? proud, honorable at d |u*t people caanot *ub mlt to; and If thev ahould. I would not entertain Tor them that rrapect that I do to day It I* not con*i*tent with titi ri>ot\ *?n*e ? It I* not o<?*i*tent with right ; it i* not ceM.*?enl with ln*tice, to *ay tliat one pnrti>>n of thi* country ^hall < xclude the other hair of It from the com ii on ten Itory acquired equally by the bkxid and treasure of ?ver> pertt? n of M, and appropriate the whole ejclu ?ively to their nee and deprive the other half of ?nrj | art icipol ton therein I hav, wltneaaed the proceo* of ecaatrleg terrMery. I know 1k>w it i* do*'. I wit. ncfOed It u(> n the N tile fc-M when I a*w the brave Ml* *i?*ippi re* ment, led <a by the gallant Pavl* I *aw the R<atr.ckr regime nt, too. behaving gallantly in th> name battle, c mmir^tllng their bkod with the g??d *<>ldter* of the N??th?ta suite* Ity the vicMirlea achieved In that war. we arquired territory and now gintienf n on th* ether ?idc pay lhat It ?hall h? ?pprr nrlat <h| to their ceatn el*e ure *i>d that of th< ir flection I ran aee n<> juattoe In rarh ?l< ciar?tM?*. I ran *???? no iffocl *? nee or pwtrM>tt*m, frstirnitv. or (quality, or giod faith in iwk h a declare tM ncf pVir.ctpl'* I pen wliat prii eipie of right nan a .V rtl.trn *<ettoual p riy ml up eiclueiv e claim to terrl t( ty (.rqr ired at *>, h lecriHoe of Hwiborn a* well aa VumI . i ii blcetJf C?e ?ueh hi . tuet prrteremaa V allowed, or c?n the Union be preserved an ?oeh terms? I think not. To preserve the Union we moot be Just. an?l carry out in gcod faith every provisiou and guarantee of the constitution. It is not only true, sir. that the platform of print ink* sdls forth ail that I state, but I recollect lately leading the speech of the Senator from Illinois, Mr. Trum bull made in the presence of Mr. Lincoln, in which he spe ke of the great triumph ? the election of Lincoln. Ho Raid it bad secured one great object. One great thin# had been accomplished bv this victory? it was free territory; tbat nluvery should never be extended upon another foot of the territory of this country. In addition to that, sir, we bave seen a letter from the honorable Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. Doolittle. I will have it before me direct ly, in which he commences by saying that it la indeed a great triumph; that it has settled' forever the question of fi ee territory ; that slavery shall not be extended into the Ten Stories, by any act, however bold or however spe cious; neither by border ruffian invasions, nor by the decrees of courts, nor by congressional slavo codes ; but tbat tbe territory uow acquired, or to be hereafter acquired from Mexico or (ireat Britain ? throw ing his eye all over the opportunities of acquiring territory, seeing we could only acquire it from the one or the other shall for ever remain free. He doos not stop there, sir. He professes to own a portion of the Cnple of this country ? Florida, Louisiana, Texas? to ve purchased them, and tbat he Is going to hold on to thi m; that they paid a large sum of money, and sacri ficed forty thousand lives and $100,000,000 to defend b<m.andheis not going to permit them to go out of this I'nion. They cost a price thut ho enumerate*; and he intends to hold them here, and they shall have no lot or part in the common territories of our common coun try. Will our people in tbat portion of the country thus spoken of, knowing that the platform of principles upon which that party succeeded lti tbe late election is in con flict with their equulitv. is in conflict with the constitu tion, and with these threats at meetings rejoicing over their success, and the written views of distinguished gentlemen on that side ? wiil they sit stilly Will they submit? I ask you. sir, and the patriotism of tbe coun try, will they submit to this kind of inferiority , to this kind of insult, inequality and degradation? If they do, sir, without a guarantee that cannot hereafter bo broken, that they shall have equality in th is country, and enjoy rights with the other Statos, then they are not worthy to be culled American citizens or freemen. I would do anything, sir, to save this Union; but it must be saved upon honorable terms; it must be saved upon the principles of tbe constitution. The obnoxious laws ? laws violative of a faithful and prompt execution of the Fugitive Slave law ? now on the atatule boolu of the Northern States, must be repealed, and such guarantees made as will satisfy every man tlmt- hereafter their rights shall be safe. I would not advise them to be vfery ready In ai repting promises. They are easily made and easily broken. Then, I say, sir, without such guarantees as will secure to every portion of this country unques tioned equality, without such guarantees, as will enable every man of every State in this Union to go into the common territory and take his property and enjoy It while tbe territorial condition remains, there can be uo peace in this country; .there can be no Union. It does not exist to-day. That fraternity, that good faitf that honorable feeling and just action that controlled our fathers, does not exist in this country to day. There must be a change of head, and, I would to nod. of heart also. Heaven can work a miracle; it did upon Saint I'aul, and 1 would be very glad to see it done in this country, and the hearts of the people throughout the land changed, and good will, good faith. honorable feeling and just action restored, and then the country would go on together forever. Hut while I say these things, I want it understood distinctly that I would ask nothing for Ore gon that she is not entitled to under the constitution; but that I would have, and nothing less. And. sir, I say If the South had the numerical strength, and could, by action here, or in any other way, deprive the state which I represent of her equality, or her rights with the other Stat<s of this Union, I would not submit to if. I would have that winch we are entitled to, and I would esk no more; but that 1 would have, and every State of this Union is entitled to it. and ought to and must have it. Mr. 1'resident, I sent for and have now in my hand the letter of the distinguished Seuator from Wisconsin to which I have alluded, aud for tear I did not quote it correctly, I will read this letter. It Is a beauti ful document, but just in keeping with the principles upon which Mr. Lincoln was elected. He says: ? Racink, Nov. 1?, MOO. W. T. Kfiijci, Esq , Corresponding Secretary:? Sir? An Important business engagement, beyond my power to postpone, will prevent me from joining tbe republicans of Milwaukee thi* evening In " rejoicing over the glorious vie toiy lately obtained by the republican party " It is, indeed, a great victory, e?tabllshlng two things at least:? 1. That slavery shall not be extended Into the Territories, by any means, however bold, nor under any contrivance, however specious, neither by act of OongresiL by border ruf fian Invasion, by Judic ial decrees, nor oy Territorial slave codes: but that the free territories acquired or to be acquired from Mexico or Great Britain shall remain free. And. 2. That the majority, and not tbe minority, by their votes, constitutionally given, shall determine who shau be President of tbe United States, and that It la the first principle In repub lican popular Kover^ignty that the minority must aequlesee, peaeefsOy if they will, but they niu*taequ!e?"e in the enforce ment of all constitutional laws unacted for the country, and for the whole country We have not purchased Florida to protect our entrance into tbe Cnlf of Mexico, nor Louisiana to control tbe outlet of tbe Mi>sl>-*ippl Valley, nor annexed Texas, and defended her again ? Mexico at the eiper. w of forty thousand lives and IlCWt mi.WI, to suffer i hem now to pass under a foreign and hostile Jurisdiction. It cannot be done. Mr. IJneoln will be Inanfimatcd President of all the United Stales, and must taks charge of all our foreign relations. Now, here Is the modest part of this letter:? When the passion aud misrepresentation of the hour are Rssed; when the people of the South, who have as yet re sed to hear what republicanism Is, except from its pulttieal em mlea, -hall learn from him what it really Is, and how grossly it ha? beeu misrepresented to them, every considera tion or Interest and of patriotism will bind them anew to the American Union, and lead them to a peaceful acialeaenoe In Mr. I.ino in s administration. J. K. DOOLTITLE. Mr. President, It Is not the election of Mr. Lincoln that Is troubling the country, as I said before, but that he is regarded as a dangerous man . tlu?t he eutertalns view" and opinions, a?- express, d by him- :f. which are da?ige roue to the peace, safety and prosperity of fifteen States of this confederacy. It is because he has been support ed aud elected by a party holding the views of the Sena tor to whom I have Just referred. Mr. Lincoln himself, if he were not m the liands of such a party, would not be objectionable, nor would he If be had no views, or had expressed none, but be has had views; be is an " irre pressible conflict" man; he holds tbat the slave States and free States cannot live together. I apprehend the result will be that they will not live together. TV mo tion Is to print the Message. It Is a very Important State R per, and I approve a very onudcrable portion of it. ere are many points in it tbat I like; and before it goes out to the country, I have thought It proper to say this much on the subject. LETTER FROM JUDGE NUTTALL. . [From the Newcastle Democrat ] Xwnill Rives, Not. M, 1W0. To nr* Firm* or nm Nidoxal Dkmockjit:? Dius Sin? That Mr. liDCola ia to be our next President is a fixed fact Thai hia elect ioa will be in conformity to the lava and the c-mstltutioo of the I'nitad Ptalee ia Just ascertain. Ami that the people ought, with paticocc, caimncw and qaictude, as III all preceding instances, to submit to it, however much it la to be deplored, until ha shall declare war upon our institutions, ia also certain For however unjust to the Houth, lna election la no canoe far tUMOMlM ef Ihe (man. Hut as e*c ling evi-nt* Ci j poeeibly follow It, in consequence of the alarm which lu.K iimpirrd in the nni.Jj- of the |??op!c, It is our duty to resort to all peaceable and constitutional means, con sistent with our allegiance to Mir country, that may In our sober Judgment be sufficient to inaure our future safety and protection in any emergency that may trains plre. To tkis end. I ?haD. at the proper time, propose to a public meeting of our people, to hnve our representative instrvcted to introduce and \ ote for the following bill* ia the next legislature of Kentucky ? A bill to provide for an efficient patrol oo the Ohio river, from tin mouth of Big Sandy down to the Teuue* aee line oo aaid river. A bill to repeal all law* oo thle Mate authoriiing a citl ren of a Mate wboae legislature in any wire has obstructed a citlv-o of Kentuaky in reclaiming hia property in aucb Mate to brtog nulla in our State courts. A bill declaring all catracte void made after Ike 111 day of June n< xt . the subject matter of which Is good*, warts. merchandise, or other article*, manufactured, ra ieed . or gn wn in any euch Plate as above referrwl t?>; and providing further, that it elMII he a lawful, full an-1 MMMtkl d< l? we to any act. on brought agaiuat a ctti *? oof this Htate upoo a bond. bill, pronusn?ry n<He, ?? acrount. or for any liability that in whole or in part the same la due and ? wing for any of the matter* And thing* above ment lined. A bill to make it a feKay la any poetmaeter to give or aid in giving circulation t'i incendiary document*. A bill to malte it a capital otfrnoe to steal aegT o** in this Plate, or to advlor them to rebellioa, kr. I propose speaking ?p? u these subjects on the ?-e?md Mttiday la IVomber, when I will be prepared to eh <w that all lb< >? measures are mtiit itutioaai. expedient. and proper, and demanded by the time*. Respectfully. K. F. NtTTA!!* FOT'TH CAROLINA. THE VAt ll'il loHY MMSAVR OF i.nvmsn* i.'-r Kxart-nva P*t?irrwrxT. I Oirw*t?, Dec .7, 1??0. / Ctjmnuun or wi S'tvat* akt> llms* or RsrnanaiTA m xe ? Alk w me in thie, my last official communication a part'i gwi rd nth ( jrollna, aft< r many i'>ng years of earnest but fi mtu > tt"j Is to arrest the pengreiw of fa niittcKm end stay the liat.d of agrreesioa upon her right* by the Northern Plate* of the nafederaqjr , 4gter vain remonetrancee and the solemn assurance thai a free peo ple could never submit to inequality and dagridation . has at la?t dit. rm>Tnd. * itli unparalleled unanimity. t" -.eer t> . ? ? .1- i list l u d l.? r to th'#?- ~tales and part . nrn{ my with thoee tbet treat h- r citlset s aa aliens aad enemies, rather then ae friends stid brethren. The comparatively una II slsr which reprrsente her on the national banner, snd whirl) has hitherto illuminrd the path of the travel ler in scsrth ?<( ci net it illegal liberty, must Ben<-e|.>rth quit ll? appealed nluce. and -hine only on a banner oon M crated to equality and Justice and Puuthefn rights. 1V? petmit it to i< main longer In Its present nestx l it loo wot Id oaly dim its lustre and ultimately queach Its light. We were told by eur great states man that the of the X nioti were saapplng, one ky one and now th- last l? broken Could he have lived to witness sur regetx ration, he would feal himself amply rewarded for aU his tolls end sacriticee. and would say, like Ptaneon of old, ?'I/ird, now lettest thou tk) servant depart In peace " A few more days and the act of seoessiea wlU be Oocsorrmial*! by tb?' fo'< tnii of a Omventioo of the p>-?iple. aad the glad tiding* win go forth with lightning ?pe<*i in every Swithern Ptate^o rejoice the hearU aa<l elieer the drc oping spirits of mlUMM anxiously awaiting the .jgnal for a general deliverance We bnve progreaee-l th i* far with firm and evua ueed.wlth and delibe ra tion but with a ceastaaev of purpoee not to lie shakes by daager or suffering A "ingle huso, or the least vecilletieo aad all will be km. However anxious we may ka fkr cooperation, or however certain we may be ot obtain tag It, H ?? 8'*t move ouraelve* as the beet met ne of effbetiag that object, an^ having forever el<e<d the door from ?h?l. ?. have paeeed out af th* limn. SO tbat no in-Mi.":- d. Mcea of the Ml. ',1 <.r false pi cm lee* of pretended Mead* can avail to npcK K, then, and not until then, may we safely ?eefc co-operation and unite with other mate*, who have rtei n *d their sovereignty ami are preperol to lo-ni a ,. , rrf. .tin. ii and ?hare with us a common <t. Iki Kv<r) sentinel sh<ml<l remain at h<s p#t. ami not relav a t.bre until the greet work is completed, tb" great battl* fought Hid a glortou* victory achieved. The delay of tt* Convention tor ? single wwk to r- ? the ordinance el m> cession will have a blighting and chilling upon the action of the othur Southern States ami tin iiihimIi of tte movement everywhere will be enoourand U> mala another effort U> rally their now dtsorganlied MMLsoat tered force*, to defeat our action and to stay oar <wwar<t marih. Fab i us conquered by delay; and there are those of bin school, ibougb with a more unworthy purpose who. shrinking from an open and manly attack, ?w thw veil to bide their deformity, and from a masked battery discharge their missiles. But I trust they will Mr ike tha armor of truth and fall harmless at our feet, and that by tbe 26th of I December no flag but the Paluiotto will float over any part of South Carolina. It only remains for ftic to request the wpointinent of a committee to examine tho accounts of the Executive De. pertinent, and to inform you that 1 have no further com* mun><.at ion u> make. Wlf . H. GIST. proceedings or the leoislattoe. Among the interesting bllla Introduced In tha #>nate of South Carolina, in the Bitting of December 8, Were tbo following? Jl BILL to FROYIl'K KOR Til* *ST*R1JSIIMKN7 OF OCR VOUOGM DIPUIKACT. Be it enacted by tbo Senate and House of Represents tlves, now met and fitting In General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That on the ratification of an ordinance by a convention of this .State, withdrawing tha State from tho federal Inun, the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shal&appoint repre sentatives of the grade of Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the following countries, who Khali receive an annual compensation for their service* not exceeding tbe amount speciiied herein for each tha'. is to Nty - ? To Great Britain, dollars, to France, ? dollars, to Spain, dollars; and to Russia, dollars; whose term of office shall be six years, unless sooner re called by the legislative authority of the State. a Bin. to m>\ii>ic for oca coast aito harbor dbtocm. Be it enacted by tbe Senate and House of Representa tives, now met snd sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That the Governor of this State is hereby empowered to purchase two submerged steam screw popellcrs of light draught, with all necessa ry equipments, to carry six pieces or long range cannon and one twenty -four pound howitzer, and to place on board a complement of men not exceeding one hundred and fifty, including officers and privates, each to bo under command of a skilful s<? captain, to be appointed by the Governor, and to hold their office at his will, sad at the rate of compensation now allowed by law to offloers and marines of like grade in the navy of the United States; and for the said purpose the sum of thousand dollars be. and the same is hereby appropriated. Ihe following was agreed to without a dissenting; voice: ? Ihat the following pay and rations shall be allowed to the commissioned, non commissioned officers, privates and mufciuaius while m tbe active service of the State:? FOR TUX LNFAXTRY HXRV1CK. J'er month. Ration* per day. Major general $200 9 Brigadier general 166 6 Colonel 125 4 Lieutenant colonel 100 3 Major 86 % Captain 60 1 First lieutenant 40 1 Second Lieutenant 30 & Third Lieutenant 30 \ Sergeant major 26 1 Quartermaster sergeant 26 1 Brum major 20 1 First sergeant 20 1 Second sergeant 16 1 Third sergeant 16 1 Fourth sergeant 16 1 First corporal 12 1 Seoond corporal 12 1 Third oorporal 12 1 Fourth corporal 12 t Private 10 X Musician 10 1 KOR Tine CATjtl RT HICK VI fn. Each officer, non -com missioned officer, private and mu sician. shall provide their own horses, and ahull be al lowed the same pay and rations as are allowed in the in fantry service, with tbe addition of forage for each horse employed in said service. FOR THK ARTTLI JCRT S1RVHW. Fach officer, non commissioned officer, private and mu sician, shall be allowed the same pay and rations as are allowed to the infantry service, witii the addition of fo rage for each horse employed in said service. Each ar tillery company shall furnish their own horses. Esch sergeant, corporal, private and musician, who shall be called into the active service of the State, (hail be allowed two suits or clotbes, two cape and two pairs of shoes, in addition to the pay and rations hereinbefore allowed. The commutation of each ration shall be thirty eents. The commutation of forage for each horse, eight dollars per month. The commutation of clothing for each soldier, per year, shall be fifteen dollars. THE REBt'LT OF THE ELECTION TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA CONTENTION. [From the Charleston Mercury, Dee. 8 ] For the information of our readers iu other parts of the State, and also in the other Southern States, we publish below a list of the gentlemen elected according to our previous classification. Each name will be numbered 1, 2, 3, etc., according to the numbor of votes cast for esch gentleman. Thos? in capitals are the gentlemen elected who have responded publicly and affirmatively to both of the in quiries of our correspondent ??Secession,'' touching the course they will pursue In convention If elected. They are pledged to carry out the following proposi tions : ? 1. That the Convention when assembled should with draw Eouth Carolina from the oonfe lerucy of the United States as soon as the ordinance of secession can be framed ml adopted. 2. That after South Carolina withdraws from the con federacy of the t'nited States she should never be re rnited with any of the non-slavebolding States of tbifl Union in any form of government whatever. A. (?. Msgratb, John H. Honour, W P. Mile*, Richard DeTrevllle, .John Townrend , Thos. M Hanckel, R. N. Gourdin, A. W. Burnett. H W.Conner. Thos. Y. Kimoun, Tbeo. p Wagner. L W Spratt, R. B. Rhett , Sr. , Williams Mtddletoo . C. G Memmtnger, F. P Richardson, Gabriel Manigault, B H. Rut ledge, J. J. Pr ingle Smith, Edward MeOady, 8r , I. W. Ilayne, F. J. I 'ore her. aorrn Carolina static armoby. Tbs follow Ibm is the Oral section of B bill Inirod Joed to tbe South Carolina I-egialaturs on Thursday laat> A bill to promote the manufacture of arms la tha South 6rD SUUCf:?> * section 1 Br it enacted by the ftwato nd Room of Rrprmentativea, now met and sitting la OlTsl JBmrm ? hlv . and by the authority of tbo umo that tbe Board ot < rdnaace of this State b?, and the mum are hereby , au thor Icrd and empowered to make a contract wlUi such responsible person or persona or body oorporata as shall within tbe period of fifteen month* from the ratification of this net establish and put la operation, within tha limits of this State or any of Ika cotton growing "late*, any armory capable of turning out 10.000 ataad of arras, or staadard military patterns, for the delivery to thi? State of (?0.000 worth of small arms annually for the term of five years. TUTIMORIAL TO JTDOt MAGRATH. A massive service of sUvling silver? a salver, pitcher and foar goblets ? liss been procured by spontaneous of. ferlngs of a largo number of citizens of Charleston as a testimonial to Hon. A. 0. Magrath Tbe salver bears tb? following inscription ? ??To Hon. A. O. Magrath , lata Judge of the Uaited State* for South Carolina, from the people of Charleston, S. C , in appreciation ot the resignation of his judicial otilce, and for his active devotion to his native State. Xovem. bfr, 1M0.'' PROCLAMATION OF GOVERNOR MOORE, OF ALABAMA. We published in the Hbbai* a few days ago the p. "it resolutions passed at the last session of the Oeaaral As sembly of the State of Alabama, call lug a Convention io a certain contingency in the election of a President tbe t'nited States, and calling upon the Governor to lasus his prxlamatK.n to that affect. Governor Moore, of tlia?, Mate, has responded as follow* PROCLAMATION. Kinrrnva Pwurrwn, > Movmcnresv . Ala. , I*c ?. I M0 / 1, A. B Moore, Governor of the State of Alahonia b f vtotoa of the power vested In me by the faregrHn* rws.. lirtsns, an. I in obedience thereto, do hereby proefcun and make kaown to the people of Alabama that tha omit in gency contemplate! in said preamble and resolution* haa happened in tbe election of Abraham l.inoota to the I'resi dency of the I'tlted States. The q nab fled voter* of the several counties of the Stale aro tberefbra hereby calUvl upon to assemble at tbe several plac s of voting in Oftr respective counties, on Monday . tli' -Jtth December to elect dele paten to a Convention of th< State of Akba-n t, t" be held st the Capitol, in tbe city of M i.n n. Monday , the 7th day of January neit, ' to consider. trrmlne and do whatever, in the opinion of aatd 0?v ?n tion, the right* interest* and honor of the state < f Ala bars a require to be .kme for their protection." In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set any hanrt and ratrsfl the great seal of tbo State to b<' aftlie.i m Ui? eltv of Montgomery, this 0tb day of December, a. D. iwio fty the <;< Wroor. A. D. M**rRK J H its ."ocrctary of State. OEORtilA. mumpicr MWOUTinM apopiep pt mr L ATI' RE. The followlrg preamble and rcaoluf ,ona were re entTr paarrd by the Georgia Ugia!i>ture ? Tbe grievances now aflbcting the Northern Mute* mn*? be effectively rtsiMrd The interests and destiny of the ^lavelioMing "totes ?t this Vnion are and must remain common. Tbe> sscesaion of one from the I'ukia must. more oi lers. mvclrs at.d ?flbct all. Tberefire resolved, by the General Assembly of Oeor gia. Thst in llie judgment of thi? General Assembly . any Male in ibis t'nton hr.M the sovereign right tosseede from the I nk n whenever the- dn nu It ue< eneary and proper for her safety, honor or bapf i nesn . and that when i\ -Halo e*?r? isea this right of McaMtaa, the federal grvernmeni has no right to cooree or make war upon her. Because of the eier< we of rarh right to ??rede; and should any South em Hate tMi'de frin tbe Amern an Cm n, and tbe fisli ral government n.ake war uj?.n tier tlierefhr <i. .Tfri-a * .|? | g ve to the seceding Kititbeca Rate the aid. encourage B ent arxl nasiatanre of her entire people. And should U* Plate of Georgia eecade from the Pnlon by the se tton of the convent ien of her people on the 1Mb nf Ji nuarv Beit, she ssks tbe like aympatbv and .insist an re from her float hern sister* whib -he hereby ofWi t ibirp I j i n their passage the area were loj nays ?/ 7 ATT?KrTW> NiMRO t?s?t RRr.i TIOV tR CRAWPVB COCRTT. % H is ->ta?fd in ?ome of the rje.^ , pipers tha the gro. s at Hickory ttrove nnd vK r>ity i <*o? n