Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1860 Page 1
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THE NEW Y WHOLE NO. 8866. MORNING EDITION ORE HERALD. MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1860. THE NATIONAL CRISIS. THE REACTION AT THE NORTH. Fears of the Abolitionist* in Boston and Brooklyn. The Crowdi Yesterday to Hear Wendell Phil bps and Henry Ward Beeehcr. TNI POLICE OUT IN FORCE. ImIob More Demonstrative than Brooklyn. THE NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Hiaion of the Secretary of the Interior to Horth Carolina. Rumored Resignation of Gene ral Scott, Ac., &c. mm, MSFITCBE8 HUM WASHPKJTO*. WAgmwiw*, Dec. 16, 1M0, Ckkb Gushing, who is here, Is pressed for the Attorney Generalship, with * view of continuing Attorney General Black, who ia Secretary of State ad interim, in the latter place as the permanent successor of General Cfccg. Postmaster General Holt U reported to be better to night. There seems to be very little excitement to day on tho State of the nation. Everybody is awaiting events. The assembling of the Secession Convention of South Caro lina, at Columbia, to morrow, Is looked to as likely to precipitate some positive and immediate result. It is a fact that, with many intelligent men from dif ferent parts of tho South, there exists a greater fear of servile Insurrection than of anything else, and Jfeey openly express the opinion that secession will has .ten rather than retard it. Koine of the leading men of the South, who, I think, best comprehend the whole sub ject of lRevery, do not deny that the slaves have been wrcogffcMy educated by their masters that the re jptblicaM, under Mr. lincoln's administration, will libe ral on the 4th of March next. Everybody who I knowtu* 'MU ** *w*r* that there Is not a word of truth hi the stateme^4" The committee of 111(1 Me*ns ftre preparing the regular appropriation If"1?' ?ni1 w"' bring (hem forward at as early a M possible. There la little doubt that Congress will .vljc'uru ?VW the boii days, and probably make a longer leap than usual, upon the theory that the principle of delay and inactivity will prove moat profitable at the present time. On Tuesday next, by special kssignment, the Pacific Railroad bill reported by the Committee of Fifteen, will OOtne up In the House for consideration, and a strong ef fort will be made to pass it. It is argued that the passage of the bill will do more to strengthen the Union feeling in the South, and especially In Louisi ana and Texas, than Its y thing else th.it can be done. While these two States are largely Interested In the Southern road, an Immense amount of Northern capital is invested in the same direction, and the aMaentthe btflbeeomee a law Una isameoee moneyed Interest will be directed against secession. Cltiaen* of Oregon and California, of all parties, are here appealing to members of Congress for the passage of the bill, for the purpose of developing their great interests by opening a communication between the two oceans. Th? represen tatives of these two States are more directly interested in the Northern route provided for in the bill. The leading men of the Mouse are In favor of the measure, and there seems to be little doubt that it will pass the House and Senate. There Is a movement now on foot among the moderate and conservative men of the republican party to induce Lincoln to announce his views upon the questions at issue between the North and the South, with the view of allaying. If possible, the excitement existing throughout the South. They do not propose that he shall announce the entire policy of his administration, but to disabuse the minds of Southern people position touching their constitutional rights. It is believed mat Komethmg of this kind now would have a most beneficial effect, and arrest the movements now in rapid progress for secession, and possibly avert the ruin that impend* A gentleman high in the confidence of both section* tia* been appealed to, and will, it is understood, be the medium of communication to Mr. Iincoln This is a move in the right direction, and indicates that Wisdom and patriotism are beginning to have their right fui influence In the founcils of tbe party. It is well known here that a fierce war Is now going on between the Heward and Greeley wings of tbe repuMican party, respecting the offices In New York. Effort* are being to induoe Mr. Lincoln to steer clear of both wings, and to take moderate men, not Identified with either faction The only person who has been off-red a place in Lincoln's Cabinet Is Bates, and his acceptance depends upon contingencies. There Is a growing belief that to meet the present issue men must rise superior to tbe factions of party. The whole of the New York delegation, without distlnc tion of party . are In caucus at Willard's to night, to con sider some measure of national pacification. WAsmwmwr, Dec. 1A, 1W0, Tbe Sabbath has been calm, bright and beautiful, the rburcbes well attended, and fervent appeals for tbe salvation of the Cnton have soared to heaven from every pulpit, but tbe Internal political convulsion still cootipuc* | Tbe venerable Executive remains grave, but firm, amid the crumbling ruins of bis administration, and will act with de< is km whenever the emergency of a conflict be tween the people of a seceding State and the federal loops arises. Ho far from there being any division of opinion between tbe President and tbe Commander in Chief | of the Forces, IJeutenant General Soot l, upro the propriety of the President s antl coercive policy at U). present stage of proceedings, precisely the reverse is tbe case General Scott stands by the Fjt?cullve. and there be will stand as be always lias stood io moment* of peril, a pillar of strength to the government and a rows* nger of pacification to th? people Tbe departure of the Secretary of the Interior to North Chr<<liaa. n response to a summons from Mississippi that be should art in tbe capacity of a State commissioner to tbe Old North State, has given rise to many rumor* Beports that he had resigned were current and gene rally credited; but tbe fact is the President gave him leave of absence to attend to the duties of the mission to which his State ha- called hint . and he does not therefore surrender his portfolio. Mr Thompson has been busily engaged to-day In collecting the views of prominen Southerners. and be *111 cairy with him to N>?rtb (W" Una a budget of matter pertinent to his mission which i important, and must produce a corresponding effect No efforts will be spared by the conservatives to effect a settlement, and to night tbe New York de|?gs tion Is in earnest consultation at Willard s for the purpose of considering the perilous condition of things, and to devise if posaible some mode of adjustment But in the face of tbe manlfMto of the seceding States, to which the namm of at least flf teen other members of Congress would be attached , If tbey felt at liberty to act according to their own Judgment oon ?ictlons. and in consideration of the reports continually being received from the South, encouraging the seoe*. foonins in their movements and furthermore, in view of the declaration of a prominent member of tbe Committee of Thirty three, that secession wm treason and should be met by ball and homp and of another distinguished republican, that If the republicans should advocate the re peal of the Personal libert y bills they would be swept from ?he fees of the sarth at home the secessionists are mors than confirmed In their convictions that conciliation ? ottetfy and entirely out <* U>e question The New Yorkers, however, will deliberate for the Union, am! so will the entire North and Northweat, but while they are deliberating the South m arming letters from Alabama received today Fay the State will undoubtedly secede immediately after Convention meets. Gov. Moore, a o*'? think ing, conservative man, writes positively to this effect. From southern Tennessee the Reports to night are to the game effect. Well informed citisens of Memphis write, referring to terms of concilia tion heretofore mentioned, saying it is no use ? nothing that Lincoln can say or do will prevent disunion. The only thing that can do it is the amendment of the const i inn, to a* to settle the slavery question finally, and In accordance with what the South claims to be its rights. Tare* >al Liberty laws must be got rid of, the ren dition of escaped slaves be made certain, and the rigb.s of the South In all the common Territories uuqual.Qcdly admitted. These three propositions would harmonize matters if they were practicable; but they are not. and the North will not agree to them; and therefore I have no doubt disunion must come. Bvery day strengthen and consolidate* the feeling in favor of it hero, u every day convinces the doubting that it 1a in evitable. The Territory of New Mexico, with her hundred thou sand inhabitants, is awakening to a sense of her own situation. With dissolution her allegianoe ceases, and she must cling to her nearest and most powerful neighbors for allies. Owing no allegiance, she becomes independent, and the arbiter of her own future. That she will attach herself to the republic of the Pacific, which wiH include California, Oregon, Washington Territory and Utah, is the conviction of her representative men here. Mr. Otero, the able delegate from New Mcxtso, takes this view of the case in the event of a break up of the gov ernment Fie has already written to the territorial au thorities in New Mexico not to accept any more United States draft!!, but to require pay in cash. Reports are again current to-night that armed resist ance will be made to Lincoln's inauguration, and that twenty Ave hundred men are already secretly enrolled to prevent it. The reports are doubtless exaggerated, if not utterly without foundation; bat nevertheless, the Mayor of this city is considerably exercised about it. Senator Wade's speech to-morrow is expected to be a sin chlng cutting up of the seceders. taking the extreme views of the coerctves. There has boon an effort among the republicans to get Fessenden, of Maine, to fire the first shot from their side. In the hope that he would be more moderate and discreet than Wade, bat the effort has been abandoned, and Wade will let fly his shot with out regard to the sensibilities of the parties be may assail. Postmaster General Holt Is better to-day, and will pro bably be out to-morrow Wmubottok, Dec. 10, 1M0. Among other resolutions which will be submitted to the House at an early day is one of instruction to the Committee on Judiciary , looking to the amendment of the neutrality, law so as, in addition to preventing armed expeditions against countries with which we are at peace, to restrain volunteer military forces going from one State t>> another for the purpose of aidiug in resistance to the federal laws. A number of Congressmen hare prepared speeches, several of which are strongly in favor of coercion, and of guch a character as cannot fall to produce additional ex citement. leading gentlemen of Missouri are privately discussing the question of the separate independence of that State, rather than be involved in the extreme s^ewloo move ment. Postmaster General Holt, who has been Buffering with pneumonia, is convalescent. The CvM/itukon is noticing the resignation of General Class, says ? To avoid h11 misconstructions and misstatements of the reasor.s v. hu h caused this event, we have taken pains to ascertain the true cause. It is uot that Mr. Cass differed f 10m the President in regard to any portion of his late menage. < in the great question of coercing a State to remain in the Union by military force, the President and General Cass were perfectly united in opinion The diffl cult v arcwe from the fact that Mr. Cass insisted that the naval and military force should be sent immediately to CTiarleston to reinforce the forts in that harbor, und that the President was of the opinion there was no neeessky fur any such measure in order to secure the forts against attack. This being the Presi dent's eonvlcttoo. he would not sanction a movement which might lead to a collision and bloodshed in the pre sent excited state of feeling in South Carolina and oth^r Southern States, and at the time when every friend of the In Ion Is using his best efforts to prevent Its diwmlu lion or. If that b? not poesible, to avert the adoption ol any measure which would render its reconstruction liope leas. The President has resolved to appoint Attorney General lUack to the vacant Secretary ship of State. Ills nocnlaa tion will be seut to the Senate on Monday. Wawo*oto*, rv<- lft? 11 no P M It Is a fixed fart thai the name of Attorney General Black will be aent to the Senate to morrow for the place '* Me* retary of State, and Chleb Cushtug Is ftiU urged for the Attorney <*vw.i?hip General Scott, accompanied t>> tu. secretary of War, had an interview with the President yesterday There is no doubt bat that it was violent, and ttiat General Scott declared hi* intention to resign hi* office; and there are numerous reports to-night that General Scott lias Kent in hia resignation. There ii no time to investigate the truth of the report owing to the lateness of the hour. The Rev. Mr. Sunderland, a Presbyterian clergy nan i?f this city, ottered a prayer In his church this evening imploring the Almighty, If it was hia will, not to avert the calamity likely to befal the nation by the net of a sovereign State; that he would bring darkness upon It; that he would confine and confound the tongne that would giro utterance to a disunion sentiment, an 1 that he would palsy the arm that would b > raised Kgtlast a sovereign State The prayer, of which this Is <?t j a slight idea, produced the m<?t profound s< n<atk>n. THE SOUTH CAROLINA CONVENTION*. Ootrou. 8. C., Dec. 15. It60 Tie House yesterday, by a small majority, vot>?l in favor of adjourning the legislature to Cfearketoo. The Senate may concur on Monday. (Fbit few delegates to the Onventioo hare arrive.! Messrs. Cobb and Mill* are here Mr. H?>ker. Com* m*sioner from Mississippi, and Mr Ean >re, from Ala bama. are here. It ia the beginning and rnding of all conversations that Seuth Carolina ? ill promptly pass an ordinance of nece?slon, and for weal or woe, rcsnme tV' powers of sovereignty Considerable gU?tn appr ars to pr vail am org all el* see at the prevalence of the small i*'X. d. t^mog hunirodf from v tatting here WENPELL PHILLIPS ON "MOM AND EPU CATION ' Hts I FCTt'RII ATfMt -|C Hill. t.AR'f FOR. K fir rOLICI IRRMCNT? T1IR Mil ITARY IN RRAI>IVr.fM AT TttKlft ARMORIF.S? HKMONSTRATIONS of AITRO 1 A! ASP m"AITKI'VAI I.T Hill I II ?' AfMFVt K - THE I KCTVRFR FOl t OW*I> TO mil IIOMI PT A I.AIU.R AKP F.Xt ITKIt ?ROWD IOI1M KltOWV ( KI.KIRATtON TO BB rugTI'ONtl) FOR TUE r BI SK NT, etc., rrc. Dnsim, Dec 18, 1M0. An audience of thousands assembled at the Music Hall thi? forenoon to Ii. *r Wer. li II Hi.ilipV d ? .> .,-<n on Mobs and Mn at ion " Anticipating some ilisturdance, the Chief (4 Polire with a large for e, was pnv. ut. and seveml m ' tan r> mpanie^.-. acting under private order* from the author it H'p, were tn readme** at their armories. Hi' umli'lur 111 th* b<?l i of lh<' ball f- ? n?i 'l onrnposnd Of tb<?" ??nally attending Sabbath aervires there, and u>eracing about an e^ual proportion of ladies. Tlie galleries and wings were crowded with men, apparently ctrangTS to the preaching of Theodore Parker and those who succeed him Mr Phillips spoke of mobs In general, and the mob which broke up the late John Drown meeting In particular. Ills remark! were distinguished by hta usual eloquence of words. In the denunciation of everything and everybody disagreeing with the extreme views peculiar lo himself He spoke of the ignorance of the dally press of Boat on and the miserable incapacity of the city government. Under the first head Mr Fay, who presided over the meeting raised < n the ruins of the John Brown convention, re ceived the full measure of the speaker's abuse. Cnder the second, he said that, with the exception of the Aflat and Rer.no daily paper has uttered a word of hearty , fitting rebuke of the mob, and the dally press were nothing but despicable tools The Mayor he held personally reeponsi. ble for allowing the disgraceful attack upon peaceable < it isms In Trrmoat Temple Mr PtMllipc "puke o<arly as few and a half. acd wga listened to witb ck*e attention; the mating being mte ruptcd occasionally, but wry briefly, by ?Uuaping and hissing. At the close of Um meeting a targe crowd had gathered outajde the building, and, on the appearance of Mr. Phillips, a great rush wms made, but whether with a purpose of violence toward him seemed uncer tain. Ilia friends at once rallied, and with a Urge force of police escorted him to hut residence in kssex street, a mob of several hundred pressing around, cheering and yelling. The mob for some time blocked up Washington and Essex streets, stopping the horse cars and crowding the people miscellaneously. The oold weather and the urgent arguments of the police dispersed the crowd in about half an hour, and the usual Sabbath day quiei was ru stored. There were many contradictory statements yesterday about the military; but it is a fact that several companies of the Second regiment were notified to be in readiness, Ibut their services were not called for. Private meetings have recently been held, and It is be lieved that an organisation exists with the determination to prevent Mr. Phillips from speaking on any secular day or evening. Had the present occasion not boen the Sab bath little doubt exists but that a fearful riot would have ensued. Boston, Dec. 1?, I860. Wendell Phillips spoke to day, at Music Hail, before the Twenty-eighth Congregational Society, on the subject of ?'Mobs and Education.'* His remark* were bitter, sar castic and vituperative. Puring his remarks Mr. Phillips was frequently hissed by some, and loudly applaudod by others. The hall was crowded , and the excitement was very great. A detachment of police in disguise was se- i creted in the hall, which had the effect of awing tho j people. When Mr Phillips left the hall to return to bis home, he was followed by a crowd of thirty fire hundred per sons, yelling, groaning, hooting and threatening. Phil lips would have been assaulted but Tor the interference of his friends and the police. It was a most boisterous and exciting scene. The I'nion men are determined and des perate. The military were at their armories, ready to be called out in case their services were needed. To night a John Brown apotheosis meeting was hold in the Joy street colored church. The Rev. J. Stella Martin spoke. He said the mobocrats had so dampened tho John Brown teal that his admirers have concluded to have no celebration just now. HENRY WARD BEECRER ON THE CRI8IS APPREHENSIONS OF A RIOT ? POLICE ARRANGE MENT8 ? CROWDS IN AND A ROUND THE CHURCH PEACEFUL TERMINATION OF THE AFFAIR. It was generally supposed that the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher would make the present crisis the topic of another discourse yesterday morning, ho having an nounced last Sabbath that at the close of the morning service a collection would be taken op for the suffering, famine stricken people of Kansas. His subject was < The ministry of suffering/' but no direct allusion was made to the political revolution through which we are passing antil the close of his discourse, when ho said: If Uod was going to savo the slave States he would raise up mar tyrs. Bunker Hill, Concord, Lexington, and all the tlelds that received the blood of patriotism? these were our con stitutions and sources of moral power. If there was going to be a ransom from the abominable curse of tyranny and oppression in tho South, they might be sure that out of the church, or out of the oommunlty If the church WM not good enough, God would bring up martyrs. There would be men, and women, too, who would die for the sake of their faith in liberty. "Don't weep,'' said bf. ' but weep if, when God calls, there is nobody to Mswer." If there was no feeble form rising up in beauty ssying, '-I can bear all things for Thee, Master, in the person of Thy poor ones," they (the South) would be given over to destruction. If there was to be salvation for them, God was going to call up witnesses in the mar" tyrs that would suiter, and there would lie blood shed. There were crimes to be washed away. Where were the ?ariors and the sufferers? On the other hand, 1m talked with pleasure on a State that suffered nobly, and alluded to the suffering the people of Kansas were called to endure. The people of Kansas went there and suffered for a principle, and he would stake his credit as a prophet that there would spring up from the loins of Kansas a race of noble men, compared with which we had none on this continent. They had Ore revivals of religion In Plymouth church, but none was more sig ni (leant than the endeavors his congregation made for liberty by helping the people of Kansas In their first strug gle He exhorted them not to let their late generosities sutler by their earlier benefaction, and, according to the notice he ga\e last Sabbath, they would have an oppor tunity to contribute in aid of the thirty thousand men women and children who were suffering in Karows. A liberal collection was taken up, which will bo handed to the treasurer of the fund. Towards evening. In consequence of a rnmor having reached the police headquarters that it waa the Intention of a mob to creak' a disturbance In the church, instruc I tons were sent to Inspector Folk to take measures to pre vent an outbreak, and to arrest all persons guilty of a breach of the peace Accordingly aquaria of officer's from nearly all the Brooklyn districts were detailed from the In.?|>ecUir s office, dref -ed in plain clothea. with in true lions to mingle with the crowd about the church, and to *f* "~"Hy m'ght require The utmost secresy was <>b-? r\ ft! ifi Tnlttn . unl ilm ? i, ? , th> slightest information thereon, by orders mmi wnn quarter* from a notion entertained bv the astute g-ntl? man at the head of the department. It would appear, that through the publication in this morning* |?pers of their plan of operations laM night, those plan-- might be frustrated Sufficient linked out, however, to indicate the purpose of that unusual gathering The Plymouth church was crowded to summation, and there was a great gathering in the vestibule and In front of the building, which was augmented every nx>m?nt, ultbough hundreds had fone away, disappointed The gr. at attraction was a report that Mr Needier was to prer eh ,n the Union The staircases were h looked up with 11 dense oast of human brings, among whom, anl min?l i.g witn the crowd generally, were to be seen the ?In > uiee.l members ?f the p<4ice force All their Iroable, ?n I the secre- \ t> at waa maintained howerer, wont for n.iUi'bt, as ti e M p N were n>4 afforded an opportunity of riii alisuig themselves by any deed of valor The unusually largo gathering waa attracted to this fatoouM temple, where the great anti-slavery apnstle lias lor yi*rs atlmln t k red. and where he has done more than nil the pulpit orators of the North combined to arouse op l*st.n to tho institution of slavery? tho immon>o gathering that throng' d the chur h lai-t evening, we aay, inlerre : i ?? Mr her would embra." the earliest practicable moment to reply to the discourse of Itev. Mr \ >ii l>yke on 'Abolitionism. published in tie- Haiti o a I * da., a since. Two hundred policemen, in citiieus' c ss. ? 'i iL'tr ht,t<-.| th-oi ghout the bui'din.- In '* l?r t.1 n oet suy emergency that might arise port?.|i >4 thif nimber was detailed from tbe headquarter* in Now York. Mr B**<wr* said his trgt would lie fonnd In tbe First f'< rir.th ans fifth chapter :.nd the le>t elau-o of tho four teei.th \srse. which reads thus ? He |?tient toward all men He announced hi? suhiect to l>e_ fb" nature ai. l lourcos of Christian patience the condition* of lt? '>"ri i'e nnd the motives for it and the occasion that oist tor it in our time and community." When, in his witr<?li.ct' T) ni -errations. he wm saving that wo must ? xeri.se patieno* toward all m*n, some individual oat?ide lhr< wr a missile, which reached one of the windows, s'artlli g those jieraooe In immediate vicinity, but the si i item, lit was only momentary Mr B. aptly remarked, ' and we must be |iatient even to miscreants " The speaker then dwelt upon the Importance of exercising l*tience at the present time. Mod wascainng us to live in t mes very difficult and very gl.iTMiua. and as warrior*, tbey should go to tbe batttle properly equipped We ought to I* cheerful and courageous and In a religious fram > of soul In this day of rebuke. We were in .langor, he said, of treating men improperly who did not agree with us In our sentiments The differences of opinion among men might to he re*pect?t. and the largest lllierly given to all If some men thought that they were fools, we should not disagree with them, one.* tho ways to encourage patience was to give liberty of speech both to North and South. Wo were in danger, too, of being im patient with men who suffered themselves to botray tbe times in whirh they lived by timidity, fear and moral cowardice Those who wore Inclined to' aay that certain m< n wore t me >,.r\er> 'eight to exerrteo |M?to<r>cc to ?urh l'T?oi,s Tliey were in danger also of being iri iig nant to m- n who wcgheri God's providence in the seale of commerce tj,ey were likely to show great wrath against selfish and scheming men who thought that by ex cillt g the public their chances for gratifying their pur P""-* would bo better; and tbey were in danger of using violence against lawless and corrupt men He thought that tney were not going to see convul sinns, although the limes in which we lived were " lively "?a remark which caused laughter. Patience would do a great deal to mollify the present ex citement What If property went down ? nothing was lost nntil manhood was gone. If the prospect waa of a truer and a higher pnblic spirit, of a purified administration and of a more universal justice, were not those the very thing* for which the people of God prayed? Men In the Houth had prayed for year* "Thv Kingdom come," and their prayer waa being answered. Home people said to him (Mr. B ). "Why dc?'l you go to Charleston and aay these things? ' I would a great deal rather Charleston wonld come here "Why don't yoa go to Mobile?" said another. Because the pulpits are short lived that preach such things in Mobile. He wanted to live a few years lOMsr. He was not afraid to die; but he did not want to be killed He loved to work . and be was not *?cb a fool as to run his bead into a halter when he knew tbe halter was dangling on the gal low* and they wanted to awing him Men*ald to him, 'Why d'Si't yon say these thing* out of Brenklvn?" Because, said Mr. II mv Master said, ? ahfo U?ey perMCute ? fM ?ty, flee into swUnr, ' and that man wan a fool who, when he got into danger, dkl Dot bo place h imself a* to be able to turn and fight ?fata. 1 Khali stay at home he added ; I am goiug to stay here, and I am going to speak just what 1 think , and you are going to hear it u you have always hoard it. I understand there have boon threats m ule that there would be a disturbance here this evening; but such threats are amusement to ub. 1 do not thiuk we art) the set of folk* that bear mobbing; we are not tho kind of people that provoke it. We aro good natured, and are not of the sour, vinegar hearted claw, we have gonial sympathies with poor men; our young men visit the prisons and hospitals. and tho children of the very men who would mob u? are going to school to some members of this oougregatiou. Him hearers were carrying the loaves to theee men. If there 1h to be any mobbiiig they will have to import vagabonds. Tho house is full of polioemen, and I am very glad that this is ho, because it is not often they have a chance to go to church and hoar a sermon that will do them good. We welcome them here to spend an hour or two. 1 know they will he as valiant as lions in defence of fre? speech, but they can lay aside their laurels with their arms, and eiyoy the reel of God's house I hate slavery, continued he, with a growing hatred. Although he thought slaveholders wicked toward Uod, he would preach repentance to them, as he did to the abolitionists of his own oongr?iga tion. Still he was not justified in recrimination He made a thousand allowances for the people of the South Hi* own conscience said to him, "Ho you suppose you would do any better than they if you had been born there f" He wus afraid be would be worse. He was also afraid that a great many of his people would not do a whit better nor so well as they. Slavery was wrong; but wo roust bo patient to those who wero sustaining It. They must be patieut, but tlrm and unflinching in sustaining their principles: they must speak tho truth, but main tain it ui the spirit of love. He charged them to bo clear minded, firm, conscientious, courageous aud bold in their tongues, hot moderate and patient toward all sections and parties. After the sermon was concluded the congregation sang a hymn and they wore dismissed with the benediction. The entrance through which Mr. U*>echcr goes to reach the pulpit wa* guarded by a strong force of policemen in uniform but it was n"t their intention to MMOflBf Mr. Beecher to his residence, as there was not the slightest symptom of any belligerent demonstrations or that his person would be molested. A PRAYER FOR THE UNION. A most earnest appeal was offered up to Hoaven yester day for the safety and long ooutinuance of tho Union by the Rev. S. Malone, of St. 1'eter and Paul's (R.C.) church, Williamsburg. He urged upon the members of the congre gation the great necessity of fervently and devoutly pray ing for the safety of a Union where religion was free, and a man's conscience his own. He prayed that no internal troubles would alienate or separate the State*, and bogged of all to pay to the Almighty to avert such a calamity. And he thought no better or more appropriate time could bo chosen for the purpose than Christmas and the opening of the New Year. MOVEMENTS OP THE MEDICAL STUDENTS riFTY-SEVEN STTPENT8 IN TIIIC NEW YORE UNIVER SITY DECIDE TO TAEE TP BAQ AND BAOOAOE? NAMES OK THE PTTDKNTS? PROFESSOR DRAPER'S 1.ETTKR RESOLUTIONS A DOITED ? AMOUNT OF MONET SPENT IN NEW TORE BY 8CUTHKRN g TIT DENTS, rrc., etc. At the meeting of the student* in the Now York Uni verfity Medical College on lust Friday evening, upward* of tlfty student* resolved to leave the Oolleg.., and ttnUh their medical education elsewhere. The following is a full list of thn*e who took part in the mooting ? Dr P. A.Holt, Oiairn. , NC. Mr. Oirlyle, 8. C. rrHFvw^y' V V A R Sumner' 0ooa V.R S Y ? B. F Kaiux. Va. w w ^ ' ** J L Fuller, Ga 1 1 t. ?*SOOU' AU' J R I?unt, S. C. J ? K, v V * w Frankl">. KJM. w '/lm.T. ,N Y W H S C. Brown, N. C. a T. (.ardinrr, Ala. F. Thornton, N. C. W F Furgusoo, Ga. T. G. Weatherly, S. C. w - B- r OolMnar , A la WR.MM, Tenn L. J. W.itkuiK, N. C. J. M. Sloan , 8.C I). J. Jcncs, AU. , d L"ber' & C A B B*1"- N c O. R. Rroilc*. S. C. B. L. H.wtor, Tenn. B. H. Pa vis. S. C. O. K Turner, Va. A. J. ArnettRC. K P Harris, Jr. , Ga n ^ .P" T J' Applewhite, N. C. Si J^}?r AU' F M Moye, N. C. P"* (Vyw? ? C. W J. Gilbert,. N. C. I N> 0 . J * RoOitum., Mia* A- H. Stearna, Ala. F. H Comptoo, Ky. i' ? J' J' Jew,on' Ky. J. ?. Taft, N. C. C. C. Welsh, S. C. ?, H. 5?5r' V* J F Htrode, Ky. 7m Alm- ?? H. Puok.lt. 8. a S. H Hay, Tenn W. F. tfeuth.Va. f H mwffl ll.C. John M ration, Al. John E. Fry, Tenn Charles Haigh , N. G J. V. Johnson. Ga. F. J. Drake, N. C. P. Binford, Ala John McDonald. N. C. J H. Baker, Ala. J. R Nicholson . V. C. H. G Planner, N. C. OH. Owen.N. V. R. F lewis. N. C T. W Bidkelt. N. C W. P. Newman. Ala. A. J. stoue X. C. J. P Gibaon, S. C. The letter from Profeiwor Draper at which the student* have taken such umbrage la aa follow*:? P*. Avfjtmt ? Dear Sir ? Will yon plxaao give me re plies for the use of the Faculty to the four following qne*t ho* ? 1 Have yrai informed any student tkat It la not ne

rewary to take out his ticket* al the beginning of the sermon, and that the Faculty did not require their fees until Christmas" 2. Have you tak^n money from student* who had brought it to New York for the purpoae of paying their college fee*, and Inveated It, for your own proot, with business men* 8 lUve you after receiving New York funds, given to any uocurrent note# at a heavy discount, keeping the difference for your own use' 4. Have you failed to repay any *tudent who had de ptwib-d hi* money fur safe keeping, no the cicuac that th'*e to whom you lent It were unit tile to keep their m g*g?m rth with vouT Your early reply to theee qu<?t?'n* will greatly oblige J. W. DRAPER, ? Pretideat Medical Vacultv, N Y. lT. M. C. IIT r. J \y*r%+*r m,%* bw????rru tvHwfVMi n?a>ii street college a* a private inetructor to Southern student* with the esjieclal sanction of the Faculty, and although blind, ha* enjoyed oonaxlcrable reputatioo a* a teacher of certain branche* of medicine; and, hailing from the South wa* extremely popular among the *ludent? from that section of the rouatry. It is said that hia claan num bers annually over one hundred inemberK, and they im mediately aa*embl?d tngether, Irreepective of party or section, and a committee consisting of eight? four of whom are Southerners and the remaining four are North rrner* ? waa apppolnled for the purpose of drafting reeo luttoo* suitable to the occa*Mm The com mil lee prepare. 1 the following resolution which were adopted without a d Meriting voice ? Wbarsaa, a eommnBleaUon waa received bv Dr P A Ayletle, mir Mwhli and friend t mm I'mfmmmor job a W. I'raeerliTeldeBt of, and to hehal/ of the Paruliy or the Ma dlcaT Department of Ike t nlver-ltjr of New Vort. prapuund Ing eenaln lntem?al?1ea, which. In tbetr manner a^d Ian ?"age, we think, eonlaln laapuUUona againal ike rkamcter of Dr Atlelte. which we know to be unfounded and untrue and which deservedly meet our unanlmou* disapprobation and which, we regret, are calculated to militate ?erVmaly' a?aln*t the prrmerlty of thl* Inatltutlon? In proof of which we have only to look al the large majority of etudent* from thai tectkm of the country which haa been, and will be In. Ouenrrd by the eilatlng state of affair*. Therefore, Reeolted. That In our profeaalonal. ?oel*| and personal as sedation with Dr P A Aylette, we have ever found him the entilieon* gentleman, the prudent counsellor, nrmpanlon and friend, and that any Imputation cast 'ipon hia personal Integrity Is untrue and we boldly aaaert that the niiftnainr of theae charges Is guilty of a malicious and unprovoked slander Re?>lved, In our opinion, the long continued and most stje eessful Inatrur'lons of Dr Aylette. of whk h oar pred?c*wors and ourselves have been the rerlp|.-nt< In the me.lleal depart ment of this I nlverslty, have maleilally contributed lo the attainment of lis present prosperity Resolved, That in our connection with this Institution, during the present and previous session*, we have always found Dr Aviette Its unflinching frlen l . and In order to pr*> moie lu Inferesta has left no efforts untried lo prevent students heirg led astray by the political s?ltation of the limes And so tar from deriving pee in la ry profit from the use of i heir money, has Incurred, to our knowmtge. personal Ines In affording tb- m a.-rommodaUori, 17 the r.i change of un current (or current funds. The Southern student* are. we understand, to leave in the steamer Mari'U for diaries ton on Wednesday n-vt The average numlier of Southern student* wImj have been in ibe habit of attending judical lectures in New York, chiefly in the dcparttnelr of the i niversity in f ourteenth street , ha* l>een about 200 The money spent by them in varkiu* ways for each course is variously ?w t mated at from S140 000to t'JUli 000 The person* chiefly beneoit/'d by their patronage are boarding housekeeper* ? many of whom are widows struggling to support their families? rhitblng and hoot and shoe dealers, bookseller*, surgical instrument makers, not forgetting their tutor* and professors. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PRESENTED AS A NUISANCE. PRESENTMENT or THE ORAND Jt"RY OF THE rNIT*T> STATED FOR THE Ml DDI E DISTRICT OP ALABAMA. The firand Jury of the Cnited sutee for the middle district nf Alabama, em panne led and sworn to inquire and true presentment make, for said district, a* to all violation* of the law* of the United Slaim, do hereby Ecsesit ?That the several State* of M'<**achusett*, New in.pshire, Vermont, New York Ohio and <A her*, have nulllOed, by act* of their several Legislatures, several law* enacted by the flmgre** of the confederation for the protect Km of person* and property, and that for maay y??r* said states have occupied an attitude of h<wtilitv to the interest* of the people of Ibe Mid middle district of Alabama And the said federal government having ut terly failed to ejemte ita enactment* for the protection of the property and interest of aaid middle district, and ihi*cmirt having no jurisdiction in the premises, this Grand Jury do present tb? Mid government aa wurthle**, impoent and a nuisance The Grand Jury do make their acknowledgement* to the pre?id ing Judge and the District Attorney for t It* able and tviurteons manner In which they have both dta charged their respective official duties C. O. GI'NTER, Foreman, and nineteen otfcsrf. I VHB' SriTWt DsWRi'T 0>rirr December term, 1900 DISTRESS IN RICHMOND, VA. The Richmond ITMp My s hundreds of indoatrlotu m* rhantca in that city have been deprived of employment by th<- financial pressure, and that at the close of the yar there will be a greater number of men idle a that city than hat f vtr bttu known Uirre Nfvr?. MEETING OP THE SOUTH CAROLINA STATE CONTENTION. The South Carolina State Convention will meet to day at the city of Columbia, in that State, to consider the grievances miller which they labor, by the alleged viola t ion of the federal compact by the Northern States, and the growing aggros.- ivo anti-slavery feeling of the North, which endanger th<> peculiar institution of thoso States south of Mason and Dixon's line. Th? measures that will prcbubly be adoptod have been pretty well foreshadowed by the press and public men of the Suite, and the fuel that every one of the delegate** elected is pledged to vote for immediate and unconditional secession from the Union. Subjoined will be found a list of the names of the dele gates. Ilia list is complete, except two precincts, viz.: Lancaster and Newbury . ? ABIlKYlUi:. T. C. l'errin, Edward Noble, John II. Wilson, Tliomas Thomson, I). L. Wardlaw, John A. OUhoun. ALL HAOTK J. Isard Middle ton, Bcujatniu K. Sessions. amukkhun. J. N.IWbitner, J. L. Orr, J. P. Reed, K. F.*Himpeon, B. F. Man dim. hahmtiu. 1? M.fAyer, W. P.lFinley, J. J. Braliam, B. W. I aw ton, 1). F. Jamison. odottr A. Q. Dunovant, Thomas Moore, John McKee, sr., Kichard Woods. JCHWnCKUKU'. T. Jackson ,<] H. Melver, J. A. Inglm. ! > UAKKKMW. ftOV. J. V. Richardson, J Got. J. L. Manning, l?r. J. J. lugraliaiu. cu tiwr CHCECH. Peter P. Bonneau, W.jP.[Shlngler. DAKU.NOTOn. J. A. Dargan. E W. Cliarks, ]. J). Wilson, J. M. Timmons. DMIDnKLD. F. H. War 'I lii w, R. 0. M. Du&OTABt, J. P. Utrroll, A. J. Hammond. James Tompkins, James Smiley , William Gregg FADiimr. J. H.|Meaii?i W. S. I.yles, H. C. Davis. J. Buchanan. c.kjoc?tii IX | Pr. James P. Furman, Col. W. H. Campbell,} Dr. James Harmon, . Perry F. Duncan, Gen. W. K. Kasley. noiutT. T. W. Beaty, W. J. EUla. ?BIkkkwaw. J. B.Kershaw , James Chesnut, T.|J. Withers. LmSOTOTI. H. J. Ckughman, John C. Gelger, Paul Quattlebaum. fll-AtllE-NM. H. C. Young, H. W. Garlington, W. D. Watts , TbonuufWeir, Pen. , John D. Williams HA1UOK. W. W. nartlee, W. B. Rowell, C. D. Evans. A. W. Bethea f'tmM W. D. Johnson , E. W. Goodwiu, A. McLcod. OKA NCI. T. W. Okrver, I. X. Kutt. Donald tt. Barton. nc* em. William Hunter, Andrew F. Lewi*. Robert A Thompson, WllliamS. Orlhham, John Maxwell. I'lUNCB oaoKtiH, WUTTAH. F. S. Parker, 8. T. Atkinson, A. M. Forster, B. F. Duncan. I'WNI'K WILLIAMS. John K. Krumpton, W. F. tlutooti Mmu.it. Wm. Hopkins, Maxcy Gregg , Jaa. H. Adams, Wm. F. DaSauasure, John H. Kinsler. SUMT*H. MaJ. A. a Spain, Rev. H. D. Green, Rev. Thou. R. English, M. P. Hayes. m'AKTAVttCKU. J. 0. landrum , S. Bo bo, J. H. Carlisle. B R Foster, B. F. Kilgore, Wm. Curtis. ??. ANDKKW3. K M. Clark, A. H. Brown. tm MATTIHWS. John Wammtuiiker, 175; *l>r. L. Dantzler, 166; *I?r. A. Darby, 166; |K HT. J A Mm, (KJOKK CKtXK. John U. Shingler, C. P. Brown. HT. PtULLIFH AND HT. Ml - (TUKL'H. A. G. Magratli, W. I'orcher Miles , Jwhn Townsend, R. N. Gourdin, H. W. Conner, T. D. Wagner, R BRhett, C. G. Me mm infer, G. Munigauit, J. J. Priogle Smith. I. W. lUyne, .1. H. Honour. De Treville, T. M. Hanckel, 1. W. Spralt, A. W. Burnet, W. Middle ton, T V. Simons. F. D. Richardson, lieiy. H. Kutltxlge, Kdward MoCrady, , F. J. Porcher. ST. PAULS. F.. B. Scott, J.'K. Jenkins * ST. JAMUl' 'BASTBE. A. Masyck, Rev. D. I Hi Pre. ft (IBOMlE H DOKCIUOmCR Daniel Flud,| D. C. Appleby. R. RMLCTA. Robert W. Barnwell, J. D. Pope. *T. HAJCnOLOVrWB. E St. P. Bellinger, E. R Henderson, M. E (fern, Peter Stoker. ST. JOH.VN, BKXKLET. W. Cam, P. C. Suowdea FT. JOirNM, OOUJCTON. P. W. Kottbrook , fir. , John Jeak ins. ST. THOMAS AXD sr. HKNNT8. J. I.. No well, J. & O Hear w una, F-. M. Scabrook, R. J. Durante J. 8. Palmer, T. L. Gourd in. langdon Cheves, B. H. Rhodes V*KM. J. M. fiadberr) , J. 8. Sims, Gov. W. H. Gist, James Jeffries ? inn? inn A. W. Doxler, J. G. Pressley, R C I "fan TOW. W B Wilson, 8. Rainey, R. T. Allison , A. B Springs ?There being bat two to be elected, the tie in the laat two vitiate* their election. THE HARBOR DEFENCES OF CHARLESTON, 8. C. | [Fr< mfthefCfcarleelon Mercury, Per. 13 ] ACTIVITY AT FORT HOC LTKI I ? Til E STRENGTH Of THE OAKRIBON? PETAIl.B OF THE COVBTRfCTlON or THR MOAT AND OLACIB? NEW AND FORMIDABLE (OITWOKKB? ARMAMENT OF TBI FORTB? WHAT IB OOIKU ON AT FORT 8CMTXR AND CABTI.t F1NCK KEY. ETC., ETC. ITie viipul nmjj oltn *HI1i mirk tm u<>? being pushed forward upon tho fortification* erected for ttie protection of the harbor of Char tea ton i* something At once new and extraordinary To keep the reader* of the Mrrrviy fully prated in regard to events transpiring around th< m we present below an Interesting account of thee* active operation* of the federal authorities It IB proper, however, that the people of Charleston should know that the Executive of the tttate In fully oognixant of all that in going on kn relation to thew- fort*. and that their honor and defence la safe in hi* keeping. I'ntil late In the pact cummer tbe defence* of Fort Moultrie have nmaimd in an unfinished condition tbe Rand of the b?*4b, pili-d up by the wind again I U>e umtb wall had rendered Uiem easily accessible almost by a single leap, and the empty gun* were suffered to gate out In liar to letw majesty upon tbe noble bay. A fur might has worked a marvellous change. ww wieuiui I* an enclosed water lottery, having a front on the sooth, or water side, of about .100 feet, and a depth <?f about 240 feet. It ix built with salient and re entering angina on all side*, and b" admirably adapted for defence. either fr- m the attar* of a normlng partv or by regular ap nroartx s Itolow we give a rough diagram of the line of f< rtiiicatk.n* ft AN OF FORT MOCLTRIX. *r& /\* ?\l D // \ \ / V " K\ A ffinte R New abutment commanding tbe approach to the gn\r I I ?>ld *ally P"ri?. now closed tip with mirnry fi 1 "or lion of the moat already flniabed F. K. Newly^erected bastkmette*. commanding the RM?t F Furnace for preparing hc>t shot. CJ. lewder magazine. Tbe outer *ud inner wall* are Of brink . capped With ?tone, and filled in w lib earth making a solid wall Of teen or sixteen feet in thi< knees The work now in progr< ss consists in cleaning the saud from the walla of the lort dit.hingit around the entire ? ireumferenne, and erecting a ?Wi? rl?tlrg up the p^tern gxt> s in tiie eae t and west walla, and Instead ? .tin e ? .. ^ |?.rn win. h lead into strong outwork* oti the *outhe**t and southwest BMgttg In whl'h twelve pounder bow it *er guns will be plat <4, enabling the garriwm to ?weep tbe ditch on three nlden with gra|>e and rantator The northwest angle of the fort has also been strengthened by a baxt tone tie u> sustain the weight of * heavy gun which will oommuxl I be main street of the inland The main entrance has also been better aeeured. and a trapdoor two feet square cut in tbe door for (agrees and egress At this time, the height of the wall, from the bottom of tbe diteb to the top of tbe parapet , t* twenty feet The ditch is from twelve to fifteen feet wide at the base, and fifteen feet deep The nature of the soil would not seem to admit of this depth being Increased , quicksand having t?een reached in many place* The work on the south side Is nearly finished The counterscarp is substanl tally MM plank, and spread with turf Trie glacis la also finished It is rompr?ed of sand, and covered with layer* o< loam and turf, all of wblrh is kept firmly In place by tbe addition of sections of plank nailed K> upright* sunk In the sand, and croeamg each other at right anglea -tnak ing squares f I, Thep-irp-^- ?rf theglwls whirl, is an Inclined plans. M to eipoae an attacking party to the Are of tbe guna-whlrh are so planed aa to sweep it from the ereet "f the counterscarp In the edge nf the beach f?n tbe north side, all tbe wooden gun canes have been placed rl<*e t.*ether an the ramparts apparently for theipnrpnas of ring tt against an saoalade. t. slbly as a screen f r a battery of heavy guns A good I many ato are engaged la ckar*g the rampart* of turf and earth , for the purpose of putting down a very ugty looking arrangement, which consist* of stripe of plank four inches wide, out* inche mid a half thick, and six or eight feet long, slutrpenod at the point, and nailed down, bo as to project about three feet horizontally from the top of the wall* A noticeable fact in the bastionettea to which we have above alluded in the haste in which one of them ban beeu built. The one completed In formed of aolid maaon ry. In constructing the other, however, a framework of plank lias been substituted. Against the inside of this wooden outwork loose bricks have been placed. Both boMiourttcH are armed with a email carrooade, and a howitzer pointed laterally so as to command the whole intervening moat by a crows Ore. In tbe hurried execution of theae eitenaive improve ments, a large l'orco ? about 170 men ? are constantly en gaged. Addition* are daily made to this number, and the work of putting the post in the bent possible oon dition for defence is carried on with almost incredible vigor. THK CAKKB-oN. A few days ago Col. Gardner, who for years had held the poet of 'Commandant, and whoHeoourtesy and bearing had won the friendship of all wh<> knew him, was re lieved in the command by Major Robert Anderson, of Kentucky. Major Anderson received bis first commit ? ion an lire vet Second ljeutenaut. .Second artillery, July 1, 1825. was acting Inspector General in the Black Hawk war, aiid received the rank of Brevet Captain August, 1838, for his successful conduct in the Florida war. On September 8. 1847, he was mode Brevet Miyor for his gallant and meritorious conduct m the battle of Molino del Hey. The other officers are Captain Abnnr Doubleday, Cap tain Seymour, l.ieutenont T. Talbot, lieutenant J C. Davis, Lieutenant N. J. Hall? allot the Kim regiment artillery. Captain J. ti. Foster and Lieutenant U. W. Snyder, of the Engineer corps. Assistant Surgeon 8. W. Crawford, of the Medical Staff. The force, under these gentlemen, consist of two companies of artillery; the companies, however, are not full, the two comprising, as wo are informed, only about seventy men, including the band. A short time ago two additional companies were expected, but they have not come, and it is now positively stated that there will be, for the present at least, no reinforcement of tbe gaarison. VIOIUNCK I* Till FORT. While the workingmen are doing wonders on the out side the soldiers within are by no means idle. Field pieces have b<-en placed in position upon the green within tlie fort, and none of lib' expedients of military engineer Ing have be< n neglected to make the position as strong as possible. It is said that the greatest vigilance is ob served in every regulation at this time, and that Uv< guns are regularly shotted every night. It is very certain that ingress is no longer an easy matter for an outsider, and tbe visiter who hopes to get in must make up his mind to approach with nil the caution, ceremony and circumloru tion with whi< h the allies are advancing upon the capital of the Cell glial Empire. WRT SCMTBt, a work of solid masonry, octagonal in form, pierced on the north, east and west sides with a double row of port holes for the heaviest guns, and on the south or land side, in addition to openings for guns, loophoied for musketry, stands in tne middle of th? harbor, on Che edge of the ship channel, and is said to be burnt) proof. It is at present without any regular garruwm. There Is a large force of workmen ? some one hundred and fifty in all ? busily employed in mounting tbe guns and otherwise putting this great strategic point in order. The arma ment of Fort Sumter consists of 140 guns, many of them being the formidable ten inch '? Columbiads," which throw either shot or shell, and which have a fearful range. Only a few of these are yet in position, and tbo work of mounting pi<?e? of this calibre in the caaematea is necessarily a slow one. There is also a largo amount of artillery stores, consisting of about 40.000 pounds of pow der and a pro|<ortii?iate quantity of shot and shell. The workmen engaged here sleep in the fort every night, owing to the want of any regular communication with the city. Tbe wharf or binding is on the south aide, and is of course exposed to a cross Ure from all the openings on that side. tXtMU njcKNir is located on the southern extremity of a narrow slip of marsh land, which extends In a northerly direction to Dog Island Cliannel. To the harbor side tbe ao called castle presents a circular front. It has uever been ooo sidered of much consequence ns a fortress, although its proximity to the city would give it iraportanca, if pro perly armed and garrisoned. From hasty observation we find that there are about fifteen guns mounted on the parapet; tbe mj^ority of them are eighteen and twenty four pounders. Home "Columbiads" are, bowaver, with in the walls. There are also supplies of powder, shot and shell At pn-seut there is no garrison at tbe post, the only residents are one or two watchmen, who have charge of tbe harbor light. Some thirty or forty day laborers are employed repairing the cisterns and (ratting the place generally in order. This concludes <mr sketch of the present aspect of affairs at the three forts, which were meant to be, and which should always remain, at once the prate and tbo safagaard of our city. man op adjustment prebfvted by GOV. mao orris, or kewtuokt. Got. Magoffin him addressed the fallowing circular tot ter to the Governors of tbo slave State* Qraoswiumi or Kanrnr, > Exarrrrvt Pvunwrr, Ftuxaroar, Ilec. 9, 1M0 / Entertaining the opinion that nme movement, ahould be instituted el the earliest ptsieible moment . to arrest the progress of event* which neem to be rapidly hurry i rift the government of the In urn to dismemberment. an no initiatory step 1 have, with trriat diffidence, oonclud ed to submit to the Governors of tbe slave Mate* a scrlee of propositions, and ask their counsel and co-operstmn in briuging about a settlement upon them an a twi. Should the propositions be approved, they can be submitted to tho aKsembluifl legislatures and Convention* of the slave Stat**, and a Oonven turn of all of said Stales, or of ibos" only approving be called to paas upon them, *iui a?k ipMMMnSlhitfllllM State* of the I'nion that may be dispned to meet us oo ibis basis for a full e n frrence '1 he prweiit good to be atoinplMx'd would be t?. arrest the secession movement until the question a* to whether tbe I'd ion can be preserved upon fair and honor able terms can be fully tested If there be abac in for the adjustment of our MMMi within tbe Union, nolhiug should be left und<>n> la urder to its developcmoot. To this end It seems to me there should be a conference of tbe States In Home form , and it appears to mo the form above suggested would be moat effective. I lb" re fore, as Governor of a State, having as deupastake in tbe pw|wioit>r of the I'nion and at the same time as much solicitude for the maintenance of tbe tiiatilutMm of slavery as any other, would respectfully beg l'-avo to submit for your consideration the following outline of propositions ? 1 Repeal, by an amendment of tbe constitution of the United Mate* , all laws In the free Males in any degree nullify ing or obstructing the execution of the Fugitive Slave law ?1. Amendments to said law to enforce Its thorough execution in all the free States, providing compensation to the owner of the slave from the State which fails to deliver him up under the requirement* of the tow, or throws obstacle* in the way of his recovery. 3. Tbe passage of a law by Congress compelling the (kwrnors of the free States to return fugitive from justice indicted by a Grand Jury in another State for stealing or enticing away a slave. 4. To amend the constitution so as lo divide all the Territories now belonging to tbe United Mates, or here after to be acquired, between tbo free aad tbe slave States, ssy upon the fine of tile thirty seventh degree of north latitude ? all north of that lino to onmo into tbe t'nion. with the requisite population, as free Mates, aad all South of the same to o?me In ax slave Mat**. 6. To amend the constitution so as to guarantee for ever to all toe Staled tbe free navigation of t be Musis slppl river 6 To alter the constitution so as to give the Mouth the power. say In the Coiled Slates ft-nate, to prom t Itself from unconstitutional and oppressive l-'in-lati.n upon the subject of slavery. B. MAGOFFIN RK8I0NATI0N OF HDfATOKC. C. CLAY, JR., OF Al.AKAMA. Nrw I iikkia , la. , Nov. 30. 1M0. Ilis Excellency A n Moors. Montg mery. Ala ? sis? I hefewlth tstider you my rnsignaitou of tbe offline of Senator ol Alabama in the < ? ngrees nf the United stat. s U- lake ? fle<.t on tb>4Ui>f March neit, unless the State should, at ari earlier day . daps rise with my ser vice* in that b-dy? as I f< ?twlly hope and expect ? by ee ceding fr< m the present Cnlon and assuming the sove reign powers of a separate, free and tnde|>endeiit govern ment, as of right ami in duly bound she should do at the ear!i< st prarlicahle moment My resignation will not surprise you or any who have read my ?|<ee< bes, in sewral ol which / ka~ diMtnrtlf m timtuM my fmtrp* not to Hi in the Umtmi Statu .Smofe MntUr a Utfk rrjmUirtm admxnutratmn I hsve delayed this com mm neat ion becaaee disabled fr> m writing at length by sovere bodUrafllx tKHie and de slrous of elaborating the reasons wbi> n have brought my mind k> tbe < onclutx.n, that the .south ran have no l**>e of permanent peace, or even a temporary respite from the threats and actual at'greasNffl* "l her fc"rtbern sectional en. my . save by each Mate ass imlng the full powers of sovereignty heretofore entrusted, in part, to its agent, the federal government, to be u?-d for certain specified tmnsaes m i ? ItTr trf Ihr rrTP i-eneflt and geaernl welfare U all the states tt Is, however laBoaeible for me to elaliorafe or evsn to enumersta all tbe reason* which iafluem < my iiidgmenl to Its cmcluskms ferhapn tbey have been sufficiently Indicated la my speeches and iriter* abend* before the publte. I hare again and a?ain called the attention of my fellow cilisens of the n>uih to tbe fell purposes of the Northern Abolition horde to subjugate tbem by a perversion of tbe powers of the federal fovrrnment from the legitimate objects pre sented la the federal < onslltutioa, by a reckless dis regard. la their Mate leg I slat ion ami Individual inter ferer re with our peculiar institution*. of nil the specific -Mirations of that ooastltatioa. and of tbe ordinary obligation* of comity aad friendship which obtain be tween nations that have no political ooaaecilna whatever. It must be obvious to the most ordinary eadsr stand Ing that not a year trsnaplrea nay not a maath, a west a day? Without iggriseto? by tbs North against the Unath, which* if committed by one foreign nation against another, would present a cmtvt Mfc, If not immediately ?toned for by ample apology and sufficient assurances of <? indemnttv for the past and security for tbe future ? Ho far from sech apolojjy and assurances belt* rendered by iboee whom we hsve been accustomed (from com mon traditionary friendship and glories, but whom It now savors ef Utter irony,) to call "our Northern brethren, I bey glory in the hsbitual, persistent dinre gard of our dearest r institutional sad natural rights, and of thslr highest rofMtltnttonsI and moral obltoatioas lo us. and appeal to a ' hither tow" (OUNTWID ON EMHTH fAQEj