Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 18, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 18, 1860 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GOHDOK B K "V IV KTT. EDITOR ANI> IKOTRIFTUR. OFFICS K. W. COKNKK OF KO.TO* A>f> NASBAC ST*. Volume 35* AM0BEMFNTH THIS EVENING. N tlll.O'rt GARPFN, Loci** dk LiuKE tOLLKS ?Moot* at tuk .Swj.t. WINTER OA It IV, Ki oadway, cppoltf Bond ?tr?el ? OtiiilMo ROMI-'RV THEATRE, Bowery.? SfALDiNC A Roctft'a T?oii*k. W Al. LACK'S THKATRR. Broadway? To MiRRr on Nor TO MauHT? A iUCB roit A WllK?W. I. AI'KA KKKNB'S THEATRE, No. 62 1 Bcoadway.? gnH iwnat _____ M W BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? IU r ?r, iHt II ujt ti i. ? Maniac Ion >:>. RARNl'M'H AMERICAN Ml SHI M, Broadway-Diiy anil r.wuiug ? Tub S?:a or leu ? AlTrc Cuili>k> .s? t'ti.i IMlllS, Ac. BRYANTS' MINSTRRL8, Mech into*' Hall, iTl Broad way ?Until Sonus. Oanou, Ac ? IUciiaiid III IKiOLKY * CAMI'BRM/S MIM8TRKW, Ml.lo Ralcwo, Broadway. ? KruioriAM Sov<;s, |ii?cn, Bur > Ac.? 1)111 HI' I.AKO CANTERBl'RY MI'SIC HAIX, 66-'! Br. t '.way ? So.vrt, Dam hi, Bi.'h:.khviI'k, 4> MKLOUEON, No. K<9 Broadway.? Sokc, n htk?, Bi.i Li ?yi I ?*, Ac lurk, Tu? ?*!*>'. I>< ??*????*>? r IN, MAILH F'OU KlUtOPK. f)0i. \i ? Yoi k IleriOd ? Ktliliou for Kur?|?c. r\l).. rtl 'nail stc..;> -b.p Am.i, Cupt I . , will le v ' tbi> |*> ti - morrow h >r I,ivi ipool. 'ii. I'.i.rt'i .in will rl. in thi-- c ly lo morrow n? ruing at it quati r to ion o'clock. *l'li< i i '.. '"> >*? K' t ? ti; will be published 01 n 'I <.'ci ck in the morning. Single copi"?, in wrup js-rs . six cent-. 'Ihe <-. nicii' of th?* V:'koit *.v FnrnoN or tiiit Hirmh vrl uNi.h. ?? tl?<* now* n i'i'iviil h; mail n ml telegraph Hi tie- Ml ? <lur.ii; tbo pr? \ i'Sis we k, and up to lh. hour ol pi bin uliou. Tin Sess*. Thf spteFiioi; pxcilfinciil received nnothcr im pulei.- yeaterdnv by (ho iiifiHmmaiory speech .>f \|r, Wadef.i the Set ete. Mr. v ade a-<~e"lr . in iho course of hla remarks that tlie North, intended to ?<?unc a protectorate over Mexico and Central America, ami then colonize them with free blacks. Mr. Wade scouted all n tt omj't - at compromise aud declared that the republicans had none to offer. The Hpeei h created much -en ation ammg South erner^ and We tern democrats and is well calculated to precipitate c\euts. Whilst Mr. Wade wa- indulging in hi- incendiarism in the Senate cbaml cr. matter- in the Houms were assuming a nior" conciliatory aspect. A resolution declaring Personal liberty bille unconstitutional waj adopted b> a large majority, a* v. as u'-o one declaring that 10 cause existed for di-sidution. The Sece-sion Convention of South Carolina as sembled yesterday at Columbia. Beyond e^m pleiinK the organization of the body, nothing was done in regard to the subject which called them together. Owing t the prevalence ol small pox .it ('ohm b> i, th" Convention adjourned to < h.irie-ton. where it will resume its labor* this afternoon. fiovernor Pickens, the newly elected C.o\ernor, was in. indurated yesterday, nud ia his addre-i ttprtuvd strong secession sentiments. The trouble at 'he New York University Medi cal College, in Four. ? nth Mp i, continued yc terday, as will be n by our report in another column. Prof ?or I>rapcr lias resigned in con seqnenc ? of the difficulty, but the faculty have rcftii?"d to accept h: r> rrition. A preparatory n << ti?g of the friends of the faculty wum held last evening to sustain l>r. Prcper'a course, and an otln r uiet ting ? ill taL place lo day for the sum, <4 j?s t. Ihe steamship Bohemian, from Liverpool en th* ? ? i h , >ia !.endou?|etry on the 7th in*t., passed Cape Pace m ? t>i ilc for Portland early on Sunday morn i:.jr. Ilerad\ic< .ir ? ix day- later than those re c 'vi d by the Kurnpa, but are not important. The American panic ha produced some effect upon the Kn dish markets; but the idea |>re\ ailing n comn ere il circh s that the *coe??-i?>n movement ? - merely a temporary < uthreak of party t e ling which will soon anh*ide, canned a dight advance n New York Central and New York and Krie slums, but a corresponding decline in Illinois Central. Further advice* from America were anxiously awaited. The following table will show the chmigc in the three leading American railroad securities between the lit and 7th inat.;? /**? 1. A 7 N-w YiwV Ontrsi share* 74 a 76 7? a so New YmI wdblr sUr?s 31 a :fct .!4', ,i :~J i>, Illinois OuiriU ?Usre?. JO ? "1 ^7 .? as Illinois Central and New York and Erie were es pecially In demand. The I'eraia. from Ijverpool on the 7th io?t., and du? here on Wcdte sday or Thur-ilay next, has a million dollars in gold on hoard; and th^ Ktna and Ailantie the latter m w lully due at this port have about half n million more, n ikiug. with that re ehed by the Horof a 1 ?st we, k, n -arly or quite two millions in specie from Knglnnd since the 1st i instant, the prlnnlpal j>art of which ia doul'tlc s ! intended for the purchase of cotton. A deputation, including two metubera of Parlift- ( meat, left London on the 1th in-'ant for O^rcra, to invite (iaribaldi to viait England. The political new* from Italy ia nnimportau'. The siege of (iaeta was progressing favorably. Tke < onnt of Syracuse died suddenly op the (th instsnt of apoplexy. We are in receipt of files of Vera Cruz paper* to Ihe 7th iast. There ia very little new-, U Is s?i,| that in consequence of the outrage on the British legation, Roblea has resigned as Pre-ident a<l mlrrim. and that his example has been followed by Senors I -area and Sagaccta. two of Miraumn's Ministers, and by several superior army officers. It i# further averted that Miramon's two brothers ha*e received ten thousand dollars of the stolen money. au3 Marqucz twenty thousand, as an in demnity for the loan of hi? baggage at Tepatitlan. M. de haligny. the Freneh envoy, left Vera Cm* for the capital on the 4ih Inst. Uen. I>egollado Imm issued an addre*s to the anny. In which lie prote-ta against hia dismiss*], ?Uii promises soon to expose the ma< hinaticna of his enemies, and make his ionoceace appear. Lord Lyons has communicated to th* Depart ment of State the expre Ion of the f-clings of her Majesty Vn^en Victoria relative to the treat mint experienced by the Prinoe of Wales ia his recent lour through the United States. The Vu- n highly appreciates the kindnesa and conrtesy shown him by our cHixeaa, and expresses the most pi ofound Mnse of obligation. The comspond ence is given elsewhere. In the Board of Aldermen laat evening Alderman Cornell presented the bill of uoata for the Japaaese reception, giving U?c items. Owing to the reprc- ! eeatations of the Japane. a Committee, the Coap* i troller placed $105 .000 in the tax liat f?v the liftd- ! datioa of this bill. The amount waa afterwards reduced to ItlO.OOO by the committee; #u-t now, when we haTe all tba items, it is atlll further re duced to $82,822 73? a different of more thaa twenty-two thousand dollars. The p^u will be found In our report of the proceedings of the Board. In the Board of ConacUmen laat trcvtng ? reso lution was adopted dlfrfng the Comptroller to draw hi* warrant for tio.ocxi to pay the salaries of the m< mber? of the Common Council. The report of the Fire Commi-siorers in favor of disbanding Engine Companies Nos. 13 tud Ji, for engsf <uf (a light- in ( 'Latham Had Broad atrt-cU, Occasioned an rkciting debate, ami a motion to concur with the Aldcrmea, who refused to ratify the declaim, vu lost. The matter was referred to the Fire Depart ment Committee. The Board concurred to pur chase a Hteam fire engine for Rngine Company No. 42. An appropriation of $7,000 watt made for the completion of the Infanta' Home. A reply to th? letter of Mr. Richard Lathers to Henry U our din. Eaq., and other prominent citizeus of 3outh Carolina on the secession movement, has been received from those gentlemen. We have i been furnished with a copy of the correspondence, but the late hour at which it was received last evening precludes it* publication in our column* this morning. A meetiog of the New York Universalis Mis pionnry Society of this city was held last evening, at the Rev. Dr. Chapln's church, in Broadway. The audiouce, though not very numerous, wan highly attentive, and evinced mnch interest in the proceedings. Addresses were delivered by the Rev. Dru. Sawyer, Halloa and Chaptn. A communication was sent in to the Board of Aldermen by Judge Moncrief, of the Superior Court , declaring that he had been compelled to adjourn the business of his court from Jack <>f -uit able accommodation, and that he now awaited the action of the Board in the matter. The case of (fans Olson and John Wilson, | charged wiih having served as mates on board the alleged slave bark Cora, came up yesterday before Commissioner Morell. After the examination of several witnesses, further proceedings were ad j journed until Wednesday. John Duggan, who was indicted for tho homi cide of his wife, was acquitted yesterday in the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Three more trials for murder will take place to-morrow iu the i-ame court. Wc are indebted to Adams' Express Company for New Orle ans papers of the 13th Inst., in ad vance of the United States mail. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 372 dcfttlis in this city during the pant week, an inerea-e of 34 as compared ivith the mor*aii%r of the week previous, and 02 less than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The re capitulation table gives 3 deaths of diseases of the bones, joint.-, Ac., 70 of the brain and n'*rves, 7 of the general i\e organ-, 12 of the heart and blood vessel*, mi of the lung-, throat, Ac., 10 of old ag", XI of fkia and eruptive fevers, 8 premature births, 4$ of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 39 of general fevers, 4 of diseases of the urinary organs, and ! unknown, of which 22 were from t iolent caiifc*. The ualh ity table gi\ es 241 native* of the United States, 14 of England, 76 of Ireland, 3D of (iermany, 4 of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign conntrlcs. The ( kutpltr of the foreign news, with the announce ment of specie being on its way to this country, a con siderable portion of which waa said to l>e intended for ll purchase <>f cotton, impurted greaier tirmness and ac tivity to this article yesterday, and prices advanced from 1 a per pound We now quote middling uplands in 10)ac. per lb. , which exluliits an improvement from th?> low 1 -t priie? unce ibe panic (say from P!^c. a 10' c.) of J?'c. per Ui., or about $2 87 per bale. Ft 4ir \uir dull at the opening, but after the receipt of tie foreign wws the market became Uraiir, with Mips of 8,000 a 9,000 bbls., ill*::*: si n slight improvement for tusido bruads. Wheat was tolcraMy Arm, while j-.ilas were light. Corn w s m?re active, with win of Western nme<J, in tUore, at 63c. a Ui'..''. ; 63<'. a 64c., afloat, and 68c. for round 1'urk w is dull, w 1 tb limited fides, at #16 for <ld nn uew do. (10. and prime at $10 a $10 60. m: : -wo>rc in moderate request and prices unchanged. Oj/Tbt w*a quiet and sales limited. Freights wore steady, withatmr >no .lit of er.iMgcmeuts 1 or Kt gli^h ports, at r;?te? , ivrn in nrother place. 1'lir (i tai? of tlir Counti*) ? Tlie Itrmi'dy In Nr. Llntola. The danger which is most of nil to be appre hended in the present crif ie;?l condition of oar national affair*, and which upon its face is tho tin -l discoui ;?ging with resf)eet to our future political destinies, is that, while the onormous growth sud increasing ncce-d tie* of the ioun tiy afford an abundant explanation of every feature of >!??? not one of the leader* of otu various political parlies pomessei the ability to mi ? t it. Wc are in the mklst of a revolu tlon i v epoch which lia* long been fbrcteen as Inerltable, whit li should not have been nece sarilr alarming, hut has become so became no measures haTe bivu lakeu to provide fop iL This is because fliiizcn* of fmighted sagacity ? true state-men h.ivi gradually secluded them selves from fnbllc liotloe withiu the last quar ter of a century, and small, petty, plundering interest* have forested with power politicians of corresponding celibre, who have usurped place for the b< n? tit of clkjne* and pnrtie-i in stead of tho general good of the nation. The source of all our woe? i?, that while the country enjoys an unparallel d degree of prosperity, and never presented to the world so bright an ex ample of greatness its leading tut 11 are un \s th> of its fame and ualttod to control its destinies. Fifty years ago individuals did not di<re to a-pire to po.-ltlons ?f confidence in the gift nf the people eteepting upon Some real or tiffo. f< d ba-is of evperlent e. fiAga cftj an 1 worth. Popular rrprcrn nl itir< * in all st .1 Ions, from the President down 10 the rffluje constable, were selected with a vii w to their fitness to ex ercise their re-peefire functions, and to shield their constituent* froot the trebles whih are in epafuble from the umtHtion* of time, the in stability of men's mind*, and the fallibility of hnmau institution*. Political storms were little feared, because the -Up of State w.n known to lie staunch and -troag. and to 1>e guided by skilful pilots. Within a quarter of a century this happy state of thii.j^- ka- -lowly but surely changed. Party lin?-* have b?t u gradually drawn away from ac tional to Individual concern*, and the rlocth* frnnehi-e ha* been prostituted to fill public ofllcf s with tricksters and managers, so tint pl?c> has become the invariable prey of the ino*l venal jobber or ouuniug and success ful intrigii' r. Not only in our large cities and I upon our lines of communication, but in the na j lional and Slate Capitals, moneyed interests have < nuofr Iitrrly outbiddea each other for power. I until the very exist? ce of great men and pure minds has become frayed out of political life. The nomination and election of Mr. Lincoln to the Presidency of the United State* ap? last and mo*t striking proofs of the truth of this as sertion. Without any refeu nce to personal merit* or demerits, no individual so obscure could, in more halcyon days, or in a healthy state of the confederation, hare been brought forward for an office so rv -possible a* the Chief Magistracy of thirty millions of people. The consequence of tbi* deteriorated state of the country, and of -nt h an inferior represen tation of partie". in view of the great crisis which is upon us. is easily told. In the natu ral course of event* the constitution of 17*7 has become too cribbed and narrow for the re quirements of the present generation. A vast na'ion. extending from the Gulf of M- vico to Can: da. and from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pat ific Ocean; whose population is over tea tlm?st*bat it was when the landmark* were laid *hlch still guide n?; it hose means of communication have outstripped the the most fabulous fauta'le* of the imag nations of our forefather*, are not to bo governed now by the tules which were prudent and wise three-quarters of a century since. One of those crimes ha* been reached which character ize the progress of nil nations, marking the diffcn at stages of their growth. English his tory, from the day a of Alfred, abounds in them. They recur under llenry II., John, Henry VIII., Charles I.. James II.; and the Reform struggle , within the memory of our own generation, la a noted inrtance of peaceful revolution in con formity to a great national necessity. France has witnessed many similar epochs, from the coronation of Pepin to the straggle which placed Napoleon III. upon the throne. Italian history presents a kaleidoscopic succession of changes consequent upon the varying nature of the affairs of that peirlnsula. The throes and heavingo which have convulsed Germany have been many of them owing to that pettifogging management which ever measures the present by the past, and afford sad examples of na tional disast' r hastened by the imbecility of rulers. The annals of ancient Rome are div i ded into different periods of national greatness, each of which was inaugurated by sonip new shape of existence rendered indispensable by the exigencies of the times. So it is and ever w ill be. So it has been within the eighty years that the Union hits endured, and the convul sion which now menaces its integrity of fers but a new proof that increase of na tional rs well as individual stature necessi tates a change in the garments in which it is clothed. The future of a people is only dark and fraught with disaster, under such circumstances, when it is weakly governed by those who are destitute of the statecraft which the period calls on them to exercise. I'm ties, as the representatives of ideas, have become within the last few months entirely obliterated. In tb<* nation at large there are no longer, in fact, any distinctive *ots of prin ciples which divide the country into separate organizations. What still appear to be party lines are bnt the skeletons of the past the rattling of bones and fos.-ils. through an in terested press, or the crackling of the skin around them, as it dries up in the heat of the present content. It is a time when all other considerations are merged in the common want of a great man? a man of the time? who shall resolve the political problem which must speedily be solved ? how and in what manner the crisis which has arrived is to be safely passed over, and the institutions of the coun try established upon a basis which shall give them fresh vigor and stability. A W.vshington, a Jefferson, a Mudlson, or even a Monroe or Jackson, could they reappear in the political arena, would now have an unparalleled oppor tunity of renewing their laurels, and acquiring til/1 gratitude of the country. It is such an opportunity as may give to Mr. Lincoln ? it he w ill cust off the slough of past re collections. and meet boldly the question which is proposed to him? a place in the foremost rank of those patriot* and public bene factor* v. ho*e names adorn the pages of his tory. 11 h<- w ill comprehend the magnitude of the emergency, and display the needful character and decision to meet it, he will not only be enabled to distdpatc the storm which is raging, but disperse every cloud that overshadows the future. Pigmy hands have bound the nation, likt* Gulliver sleeping, w ith innumerable cords, to the ground; but it U conscious that its pros trate attitude is not owing to any inherent strength in its adversaries, bu( to it* own sloth and folly. It requires but small outward aid to rescue it from it* supine condition, and it is for th<> head of the incoming administration to render it. There never was a President who, upon as suming the Chief Magistracy of the Union, was in reality bound by *o few ties and obligations a* Mr. Lincoln will be. The party which elevated him to power was a temporary conglomeration of heterogeneous elements, lo which he can never owe any allegiauce, because if is irre concilably divided in it-elf. Since hi* elec tion tons of thou-ands of those who coiuri buted to rai*e hiiu to |?ower have signified their wish for a reversal of the policy which they advocated u few weeks ago, and look to him to save the country from the consequences of the mistake they have made. Mr. Lincoln b; but to declare that ho w ill not be the re pri tentative of Mil obsolete idea, but President and father of the whole people, and he will have the undying m 'lit ot having preserved the integrity of tho Union, lie has but to con sider the mce-ity of the confederation. North us well as South, in 1H'>H; t ? recommend for t )>. b'-iielii oi e o'h I h< ?? * ' amendment* in th ? on -tiiMiiou which shall return to each iU rights; to mark the policy of his administra tion with the firm and stern purpose of a great and national man, and he will deserve to be classed hereatter with Washington and Jeffer ?on. and i?erhaps to occupy a higher place in history than eith? r. Tiie Power ani? ihk Ilnsrt>\>?inii.iTY with ret R*jtbi.h an Party -Perhaps before the < nd of January the ?withdrawal of the member* homeward from four or five weeding South ern Htate* w ill leave the republican party in both Iioujm'x of Congress in n majority. From present appearances there in no prospect of any NatlsfVctofy compromise from Congress in the; so that the wholo responsibility in tbi work of reconciliation or coercion in Con gtvm will, in all probability, be thrown upon the republican pirty. And what i.? the pros pect, looking to this party for relief.' Mr. S nator Hole Imm spoken, and says that dis union mean* civil war: Mr. Lincoln, President i lect, It appears, entertains the some Idea; and Mr. Wade, of Ohio, yesterday, in the Senate, threw out very little encouragement in behalf of conccMion.* to slavery for the take of the Union. The republican party will not aban don its principles to save the Union peaceably: nor will they permit the dissolution of the I'nion What, then? Must we prepare for a civil war That is now the most important rpiestion be fore iv. DM*nMI and Ekcoshtwictiov. ?Granted that the Union cannot be s?tvcd from dismember nient, the question of encouragement stilt re cut*; cannot the Union, even after its dissolu tion, be restored? It may be. provided that disunion be not followed by civil war. With forbearance and conciliation towards the se ceding HUtes, they may be reclaimed, and the Union may be reconstructed upon an enduring tasty but the first bloody act of coercion, we f<* ?r, puis an end to this Union forever, and brings upon um perhaps, a ruinous war of hos tile government*, sections, factions and races. Kven with di?nnlon, therefore, patriotism and the law of self-preaervation shoull liold us all to (be hope of reconstruction. r*i?l> for Hit lt?U?n*>TKr U?rtt>;-.ti!l Meet In? To-night. T1 p Citizen* of Now York, u ithout distinction ' of party, creed or nationality. a rv invited to as- j ? mblc at the Cooper Institute th! ? evening, "to j

give expression to the sympathy felt by the American nation in )>ehair of the cause of iioerty. for which the Italian people, under the lead of the heroic Garibaldi, have no nobly aid i-ncccssfully struggled." Thin important meet ing i * called iu response to the person;^ appeal of General Garibaldi, and we have no doubt that it will be one of the mo?t enthusiastic and memorable public demonstrations ever mude in this city. And in this connection we are reminded of a popular gathering which took place here thirteen years ago, in aid of the efforts which the Holy Father was making to introduce oortain reforms into the govern ment of the Papal Stutoe. On the 29th of November, 1847, the people of New York assembled at the Broadway Tabernacle ??to express their sympathy with Pope Pitts IX. and with Italy." Appended to the call for that meeting we find the names of the Italian patriots Foresti and Ave/zanu, and of several otla-r gentlemen who have been instrumental in getting up the meeting of to-night. The call iu\ ited the citizen* of New York to unite in a ??public expression of the earnest sympathy with which the \ineric;tn people regard the enlightened policy and liberal measures of Pope I'ius IX, xnd the efforts of the Italian p??ople for national independence and constitu tional freedom." The Mayor of the city, Mr. William V. Brady, presided over the meeting An address to the Pope w as read by Horace Greeley. Cordial letters were received from Mes*rs. Fdward Everett, Martin Van Buren, George M. I 'alias, l)..niel S. Dickinson. James Buchanan, Albert Gallatin, Kufus C'hoate, John A. Dix (v. ho will preside over the meeting to-night), Thomas II. Benton. Wash ington Hunt, William H. Seward. Reverdy Johnson, and many other distinguished men. The speakers were Messrs. Benjamin F. Butler, Theodore Sedgwick. Joseph S. Bosworth, Sam uel J. Tilden, Junies W. Gerard. Dudley Kelden, Kobert Kelly. David Dudley Field, Felix Fo resti und Jnmo? W. flliite. The meeting was one of the most enthusiastic and spirited as semblages ever held in this city, and thousands of Protestant voices hailed the sovereign Pon tiff as the pioneer of a new era, the dawn of a new day, "not only for Italy, but for universal man." Mr. Field predicted that if the people of the Roman States were sovereign and trne to themselves, their own virtues and the sym pathy of Europe would ' prove an overmatch for the menaces of Austria and the craft of the Bourbons." Looking at the present aspect of Itulian po litics, this glorification of the Holy Father w onld seem to have been misplaced. The truth w as, however, that the friends of progress had every reason to believe in Pius IX. He initiated and carried out several important reforms, but was afterwards per suaded by wicked advisers, like Antonelli and Bedini, to retrace his steps and biud the people of the Papal States in stronger bond? than ever. After the unsuccessful attempts of 1848, the sun of Italian liberty seemed to have set for ever. The Austrian cohorts held undisputed possession of the Lombardo- Venetian provinces, the Ponrbons seemed firmly fixed on the throne of Naples and Sicily, tho French troop* over a#< d the Roman liberal*, and the prisons were, filled with the brave men who had declared themselves in fnvor of constitutional liberty. Joseph .Ma 'iui walked the London streets a poor exile, and hi* friend Garibaldi sought and found an asylum upon our own soil. One little raj of sunshine illumined this bleak pros pect. Sardinia was governed by an Italian prince with Italian sympathies and Austria would have gladly crushed him. The war tocsin sounded. France came to the aid of Italy. The veterans of Algeria and Sebastopol fought side by side with the, Italian youth who were yesterday schoolboys. The Italian exiles, wheresoever dispersed, rained a bhout of exultation. There was still hope for the edd classic land. After one of the most memorable campaigns that the pages of history record, the Austrian* were driven out of Lom Tiardy, and the Italian tricolor waved in tri umph over the walls of Milan. The moral effect of thin brilliant stroke of policy by the French Kmperor was enormous. It pave new life to the Italian liberals, and en couraged ti e people of Naples and Home to hope that their deliverance was at hand. Every one looked to Garibaldi ss the Liberator of Italy, and he has proved worthy of public con fidence. His splendid success in Sicily, his ca reer in Naples, and his retirement to Caprera, plain Joseph GariHaldl, farmer and wine grower, have made bis name immortal. Save Washing ton, no military chieftain, in ancient or modern history, can be named with Garibaldi. The work of this great man ha? not yet b?>en accomplished. He is no Pins IX. His motto is that of John Hampden. " NvOa tv.Wiju? rr trartifm." Borne and Venetia are still under the tyrant's heel, and Garibaldi has told his bravo followers that his ab-ence from them will be only temporary. In a few months, it may be we ks. the General will again take the fleld, nnd the American people will wat< h his isovc ments with unabated mtere-t. Th > commercial metropolis, which holds, n? not the least of it* honorable souvenirs, that it ha? been the resi dence of Garibaldi, is called upon to *peak to night, and to express the universal feeling of the popular heart, which beat as ever Tor Italy and the Italians. Our own Kevidutioniviy trouble" wore mild compared to the pres-ure of the de-pot's yok- upon the neck- of the Italiau* of Venice and Homo, and we should be glad to have an opportunity of aiding. ?s in 1847. in the efforts of the Italian people for national Independence and constitutional freedom. The cause Is the same, and a true man now lends the van; so we shall have to night a great meeting, eloquent speeches and trenchant resolutions. Something more is needed". The Italian canse needs material aid. Men. money, arm*, clothing, ammunition, the sinews of wnr. A Garibaldi fund, of which our esteemed fellow citizen. Mr. John \nder son. is the treasurer, is to be raised, and we trust that our people will give liberally of their abundance. In England the "Shilling Garibsldi fund" progresses famon-lv, and why should we not have a dime subscription for the same purpose! Let the "Dime Garibaldi fnnd" be commenced to-night, anil collected in all the cities, tow ns and village from Export to Ssn Francl?co. Every man. woman and child can then express their sympathy with the Italians, and their admiration for their heroic, faithfal, unostentatious and fsnervm I> id. r T! o Mood shod ly the l'ope'? m. "rce* - at Ptrupi cries ouf from the groulw ? ti u Veuetiu pants under the Austrian yoke. Ga: ib. mil in the Hole hope of the oppressed autionatttk *. Let us, then, give him a substan tial jioof of American sympathy. Tin; Oiuro. o? M il Livooi.n at Sprinokiki.d. ? It seems that " lfone*t Abe Lincoln." even as i l'r< id -nt elect, ha# found it expedient to h?ve an organ, mid that a newspaper at Springfield. ? Tllinol-*. called the Journal, has been promoted to the high distinction of his " home organ." I Our Spi ingfield correspondent has been giving us Home extracts from this organ, and some comment trios thereon, touching Mr. Lincoln's views of thin great revolutionary crisis and the policy of hit* administration. We are thus in formed that while Mr. Lincoln denounce* the violent course of the Chicago Democrat towards the South, '* he stunds fir inly and immovably upon the platform of the republican party;" that '? he will do his duty feurlessly in any emergency that may arise," but with a con stant regard to State rights; thpt "John Bell's Inst letter does not improve his chances of being offered a seat in the Cabinet;" that " peaceable secession is an Absolute impossi bility;'" and that, in regard to certain ??out rages perpetrated by Southern mobs upon quiet, conservative, unoffending merchants of St. Louis and Chicago," Mr. Lincoln " took no pain* to conceal his indignation at th<"V* arbi trary and altogether groundless persecutions, which reveal a despotism worse than even prac tisod in Russia." This is the latest information of the views ?nd purposes of Mr. Lincoln in regard to this crista that we have obtained; and though we beliove it to be reliable, it still comes to us in a second hand, roundabout way. Put. taking this information as scmi-ofiicial, we can find nothing in it approaching the necessi ties of this crisis. Mr. Lincoln sticks immova bly to the Chicago platform and the spirit and essence of that platform are, "no more slave Territories," and the ultimate suppression of slavery throughout the Union. Mr. Lincoln holds (hat there is no such tiling as peaceable secession, which is equivah nt to a declaration of war against a seceding State or States. Mr. Lincoln, at Springfield, takes no pains to con ceal his indignation against certain outrages of Southern mobs upon unoffending Northern men, from which it may be inferred that Mr. Lin coln, at Washington, will look after these Southern mobs. In ull this there is nothing approaching the demands of these revolutionary times. There is no intimation from Springfield, as yet, of the shadow of a concession calculated to satisfy the South. But if Mr. Lincoln for himself, or if his home organ in his behalf, can step down from the Chicago platform, and go even as far as Mr. Corwin, of the Crisis Committee of Congress, ib willing to go for the Union, there may be such a tiling as the final submission even of the expected seceding States to his administration. Otherwise his administration will bring about the fulfilment of Mr. Seward's predicted inil lt iiium ? to wit, a Unien in which Southern slavery and the "slave power" will have ceased to exist; for they will be outside of Mr. Lin cola's Union, in a Union to themselves. Moiu: WocuHBr MaIit-trs.? It is amusing to S4>e the efforts which Wendell Phillips und Henry Ward Bein-her are making to become martyrs in the cnu*e of abolitionism. They seem to be quite envious of th?? reputation of old John Browm, and since the attempted apo theosis of that jnstly hanged individual- they art" craving with a great hunger for the honors of martyrdom. On Sunday last both these gen tlemen tried hard to compete with old Brown for a place on the red roll of martyrs; but neither the people of Boston nor Brooklyn, it aeeins. would oblige them. Mr. BruiASAN Vkksvh Mu. Livoouv. ? Cheva lier Webb denounces Mr. ltoch.i'.ran as "a trai tor;" Philosopher Gr?"eley pronounces him "a lunatic," in connectiog with his offlt ial respon sibilities at this crisis. But while Mr. Buchanan, the President soon to retire, has b^'n using his bent endeavor* in behalf of the Union, what have the Chevalier Webb and Philosopher Greeley to say touching the do nothing and say nothing policy of the President elect at thiw crisis? Ilia voice just Dow in behalf of the Union would be heard. Why is he ?ilcnt? Tan the Chevalier Webb or Massa Greeley en lighten us upon this point? Tnr FroiTi vk Sijivk Law i\ Ohio. ? We perceive that the Grand Jury of the United States Circuit Court of Northern Ohio has in dicted seven persons ? one of them ? clergy man lor obstructing the Marshal and his deputies in their legal efforts to secure a fugi tive slave at Xenis. ami for asasultingthe own ers of the negro. We shall see whether the people of Ohio will assist at this critical time in vindicating a constitutional law ot Congre* , or whether the spirit of the Personal ,i?. rty bill will be carried on t to the letter alien the indicted parties cane up for trial. Kami's fljwp. law, night Mr. >'orr*id ? <mti??ae*4 the fotirtr^cUi we*i of hi- t ncmrcnif at . an<l plav<*d " lUthard HI." to a very Urge at.d. ?? 0^.1*1 evomlti^ty fntli'-'iaJtic tnKlkocf. Mr. Voire*!'* coe pti?n of lb ' ? rrr*4. ha? ked Hranl" differ wmrwlMt from thu which Is ueualty a<rept*d by actor*, and approximate* the but lorW it i.!r? liai lull. tn< .'I. writ t'ui*h -I ru .ni'ii ? lid wdl ratify even th?v? r> p<-cf th! ? jv r? who ad here to tho ?Vd tradition*- ntnph t.'-iu-e th"j-,<r? eWI The play waa welt mount' d and Uirlv . t d thiuu.h ,t It wilt be lepeated ou Wednt -J.>y ni*tit. Wut_?ix * Ttrr.i'me ? Mr?. InrMwId'S nlm<xt forgot! -n r?nwd?. To Marr> if N"t Ij M.e r, , w.i- revival h<?re '??t l..,jtll, and livt .? di I'ti I. led.* ' Ii'limri mill' it '* fncfm. Mr. W;<ll?cW l.a* on'- .-<1 UiC'iidv into three act*, and it* 1*1 'jmauo* ip.iai-nl) tw> bouri 1|.|. | T"]^r I'lllil f'T liyiit 1 I' . :?' ' "tin I ' lh' |? M l? te rf the present day. The ptsj it?* It" Is ??? cf lh,t I Irvrf.^t of the etd -< I" <1. aud nut < ?; dally nrt<<l Mr? Mi*y. Mie* <??nr>??, Mi K ;.|< -r? 1 ? la K ? ? Wal "tSJjl |. .t*r V.'Ui.. k I'll' ?"1 ? I'll -' II1H 'i 1 irlt . I) make tbe rntrmlir quite perfci t In r- ? ?> ?!>???? to it hearty call Mr. t "ntsr Walhck r >de the <? .1 ? u n ? ? n mnit th.M the piece Wfutd be jwrtorm' d r\<r\ night till far tber noi k f Tofjt'W n Nkw You*. ? The criacipal motnhorp of the JSeuarr tbeatriesl eeinj>any ?bl'-h perfiTrnM jn ltw> ramp Sr J^afnjw'l, and r*?>lrf<l to rtult Inn deo Had New York, hav? arrived here, and atlrn t< d a irrrat d< i| of attrattofl in ltro?,iway je?l^rd'?y It l* Mated lli'U arr*i f^nienl? are la proirresa for th? ?|'i>e?r aiMeof thin untune mrpn dramo'i'i** at Kihlo'* (.urdrn The wear the oeiml cost jfll*of civilun-, eti ept the ten r ip, a dlntiiigutehin*; mitrk ol the arm of the per Vtce to whi' b ih*y are attached. Arrival* *ad Drpartarr*. AOS TV At a. S**A?*.M-f<.??B'dllp_ M"ni(rom?-ry-Mr? 8 I'.- -ev- nnd rt lid. A 1 Brni. n, W J WrldlM. J Elbs ? tt T'H i.rr ,?r. .1 SrKwdra I, t TnflK. f?|?? lty 1 arr. t. Mrndfl? l n. 1" ( .?? lilt.. Mrj A ?*old?trln ?od J e?>tid"-ii, J H? litre , K wlll? W Wrt.wK*. K NrW'.m?K Ml* A lltnt, V It Kk.ugkttr, Ail pheoa. M llariw. ??d M> In Of "l?*r? ? ?tiC??r*P. - sieam?hlf ? V. iil, . 7)f (V^)?T *Sd t?dT. Ml" .1 r Sw?n. Mim M wn. Mr? r K Nif n N??l?<?, t*dy an4 ? ilil'dt 1 \* m I m- h, II vr? Mfit#, T I M M ?'*rr ? ?, I ', I ?T,?..,n ? Of nj P*? *.?fl Ji'dOVJH, I ?t ??? of., ? J 13 la tterrHT SIX CATS LATER FROM EUBOPE. arrival of the Bohemian off cape race A MlllivQ and a Half in GoM on the fay to Aaeriea. GARIBALDI WHTED TO VISIT E36LAND. Anticipated putbreau io LMile Wallaehia. DEATH OF THE COUKT OF 8YUACUBX, 8ocoe?fal Termination of the Horth At lantic Telegraph Survey. STATE OV TOE LONDON IHONEY HMtUT, &c., Ac., dee. ?} St. John-", K. F., Doc. 16,1 (via Hackviux, Dec. 17, > I860. The steamship B^.emian, from T.iverpool on Thursday, Iieceuiber 6, via 1 otidou.lerrj 7ta, pa-el Cape Race at four o'clock I*. M. to-day (Sunday). and was b'?rde<l by the press yacht. Her news is not of M itripot tint character. The si?*? of (iaota colli inui il, ttU'l liv o battcrie* had opened lire on the^lace. The Inn don ChMniiU says lhat IV liament will mN>( on the 6th of Ft brnary. A deputation, which includes two members of I'arlia mint, has l>cen appointed to convoy au invitation to Caribaldi to visit Englnnrt. The Knipress Kugcnie paid a brief visit to Queen Vic toria, at Windror Castle, on the 4ih. Tho visit only lusted two hours. Th? liondon Timet publishes full details of the expedi tion of the Bulldog una Vox for ascertaining the feasibility of (be projected North Atlantic Telegraph. The results are pronounced highly satisfactory and encouraging. Tlic I .on don Tin has another editorial on the political split in the United States, and expresses the hope that the quarrel may give way to a culm, in which the real difficulties of the slavery question may be met andquieUy answered. The steamship I'rince Albert, from New York, via St. Johns, N. F. , arrived nt Galway on the 6th inst. The steamship North Americau, from Quebec, arrived at Londonderry on the 6th. Tho steamship Ki.ngriroo, from New York, arrived at Queenstowu on the 6th inst. The steamship Br.'irr u, from Vow York, arrived at Cowes on the 6th inst. FINANCIAL AFFAIRS. The fuuds on the 6th continued buoyant; consoU ad vanced ,'4c. , but the advance wu3 partially lost before tho clor". Firfauusl advices from New York were anxiously watched for. Those by the I'rince Albert were contra dictory, and produced but sl'ght e/T. el The discount market was moderately active, and thu supply was adequate to the demand. The l>est bdls wero negotiated flMJf p or cent. Business at the Bank was moderate. No gold w.u? withdrawn on the Mb A ship, with two days later news from Melbourne, and, it was sui^osed ?125,000 In gold, had rwh -d the Fiiglish channel, but her advice" wen not landed. William Moxsn, an extensive contractor, of lx>udou, hud suspended. Thomas Piper & Sou, an old und extensive building firm, were also in ditllculties. FRANCE. Varsbal Va llant has l<e*-n created Minuter of tlie Em peror's hou.-ehold. Il is staled that no one was aw.tre of tb< Ktnperor'a purpose respecting tho decree relative to the ron.?itutioa till he revealed the document to his astounded Minister* In fcouncil, *here It met with some opposition. Al>prehensiOD9 of a monetary crisis iu P?ru had subsid ed. Tlie Bunk of Franco was largely gaining specie. The Bourse was firm and high r. The rentes dosed ai "Of. 70c. V. Barocke, President of the Conned of Stute, lad been created Minister, without a portfolio. Count Perslgajr had pr< -ented letters of recall to the Tnglish Court, and returned to Purl*. The Kmperor had granted permission to the Ball < mora battalion to \ isit Paris, fully accoutr. d, next spriog. ITALY. The siege of G:e ta < outmued, but it was reported that the fire of the beeeignrs bad slackened. Pit? ivion.s wera getting scarce in the fortress The garrison replied to the (Ire from th? batteries 9t t laldtoi. Four batteries had couunoneed op rations oa the place. Victor Fjnanuel continued at Palermo. The Cwnnt of Syracuse died suddenly at bixa on the tth of apoplexy. . The Oonsulta Oen^sale had opened at Naple? The go ?ernment expiaaatKiOK to the GonaulU | produced a good Impression. l'oerio was elected Vice President of tlia Consulta. aft' r having refuaid the post of Minuter, with out a portfolio. General Benedek had inspected th" Austrian fortrmaea of the Venetian quadrilateral. He h.?d also awtembled the o?errs at Venice, and told tb< in t<? |>rt>pare for tb? eventualities of an energetic defer, e. There were rumors of increasing insurrectionary mora incuts iu Abrurxi. I'niroportsnt d'tno oatm'ion-, in Naples an I elsewber* were put down. It was te|?rted th-t Napoleon hsd iuiimaled to I'rancia I i he inutility of further reeirtaBca. Ihere were vag .e r< murt that Cardinal Vitooelli had naigned. The official Austrian journal contradicts the rmnor* of negotutHius lur the rew-HUiot Venetia. lAter datia iroui India bad Iwo received, but wera nniniwrtabt. tHs#art*ieeS wer< inmiuent frotn tbe coUectka oftba meoaie las. Thr thai tbe Kiiriub prt<ooars at Pefcin bad beaa maltreated . and e\ eu tw iieaded, wa^ Dot credited T1IK PIllNCIPAMTIEa V< ar were euiertaitu'd of a general risiug iu latUa Wkitarbw Twenty of the ptinci|>ai nilflib? ts at Cra yt.i.a hud b?eu killed by the Bulitia during a disturbance Ibe Anhbirbo^' and Preiiident of tbe to'i??il hn<1 beea* ansstsd at itmy, INDIA. Tbe IVurhay mai! of November 10 bi-diKciv^d Ibe n< ws ??? fetter-aMy aniM'ip.ited At lt>?ul>a)r b'niK ? was i>iu>|>ende<t ?? i?ns<<qaence .?f ib>' l<as?A? d<aier? lta\ n?t < -uibiui ti to sw|>end all |aic i bssw till the autb< roieo jw'l attention to tbe griet a^eaa of tbe ioi ? me tax t^ilciitta dates are to November 9. Rx< bsnge ???)<? doa Id. IVeights to l/adat Aim a 6.V ptt tor. COMMCHCIAL INTKLLir.fwNt E. I.1V1.M-OOI. CUTT?N a A HK KT . Ii\xnr*wu, l?ec. ?s 1'dBO. Tlie ^ale? of cation In this n?? k' t for tl# tbn e dsy^ ending yesl?^dsv fWedne?Hv) f?wd up 1?,.XK1 t ale-, .if ?hi?h '.'.joO were Ukm by i-pet uiatocs axt fu^oru-. :. Th> Riarkct Is n. rslly oacbnuiied and c'^md <1 rjl. HT Atk or TBtKK. The sdx .ce? from MamlioWe sre f?v*??.le Thenar bet wax firm for yartw. but doth bej a (Veel junij te?. denty. i.iv?rooi s*.t?>P-Tt:reia M< ??rs. Kleha rd -on, spetce K Oa and tVak'Oeid, Vawb. It Co rep< rt hny^r of btead'-tuflS armeixkirw a rednctmi, n r on?e?|iieree at l?e*%y arriv 4b Irota tm 'iki Pieur du!l and issier, bal q'wie'.toiii- ?t,< tu bbed Wlieat tei^l mg d< wrmard, but a >?b more feuiand. at s slight deciina on the inferior msIMM; re>i, 10< art a l'i?. 6.1.; abitA, 12* a l.>. bd. l>>rn 4* tl, mst M s W. lower , mixod and yeil? w, 37s. t ! rTBr<rrn. THO VISION M4RKKT. Tlie same flrniW p r-port !?<>?? I dull, pork <1?B bacon st^ad) . lard tinn ? t 7tw . In retail; tallow doll at Ms i'B%?rt?i. raovciE mirkkt. B.ein dull st t M % tm. "?i. lor eommoa Spirits turp^n t Ine ? > f'lsc tViffee steady. Rice quiet. l*ot a*b? K qtl' i t at 2Ci; tvarls quiet at 'J9? M t.OS'lOS MMtKRTi Bresilst * itb s .ietli'iHg tetidence S>wrar <1"iet 'offeefir . Tes <<>.11 an 1 ?.i?ier. butiirices ua cbsfi^f 4. Rice dull. Tai!'.w Heady at 60 **r -BTKimr A merieati rr 'w..r securitlf* wero In active rcques , ?V i rstcs ol all kinds had advanced al ghtly LATEST VIA LONDON HRRRY. _ Uwis-.. l?ee. 7, 1*?0 TJiere is ?>t? rclitUaJ n' wt of imp-'i tatn.e. Tin l>r s. to -all to mot-row for Nes Vork , is expert . rd t?. ba>? fuity two huadred tb<si *n-i po iu.- si >rlin^ ,u foW. * M VERrOOf COTTON WARKItT. Lrranmot , lw>c 7, i The brokers' circdsr reports lbs mes o( vj-j *4