Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 19, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 19, 1860 Page 2
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aim ? new of the country have us irncha Flak' 8 16 I?'l ItlC.JltiS JiAll . ItlJeti- III tOWUS Let the people at the ballot b?x seieet men t > rej -.-i their Hmlimubi m a ? ouveulion oi Southern .-ta'es, an I ik oiu- . an coioplaiu. As one, I uuuk4 Wi"'# o ir iwu bh s are t>vy jud reuiedv , and aiq thwritJrt, to #ee the wisdom of the ??utirf shuImwbW* Witav -.e ?owe mini for Ikflr witleinrot. Mtpe hav i uk been taken W provide Tor the preseno ? of ?I?-M CatcH trotll Tl'X.lS Ill ? IN 'IVCDIIdII of th" S nith ru Stati s. no l'i * -d p im u pr. ~"0U itself for the assembling <>f the U't.- : .!'.!??? Many good reasons present them wives ti. in.- win- t should not be called. Our Treasury m nearly ? xbaunti'd. and debt is accumulating upou us. The Tr . r ? r< ;? rt for Urn week eniliug Dueuibor 1. It** i ,\ bul jT0.?U4 U iu the treasury gubj.?ct to distu.r luetit. Tliu current expenses uf government nver.ig f J. 000 per month, which will exhaust the trea ,ini by 1 1. lit oi February. There are already iu cir cuit i u ^ ii ' ... ury warrant*, bearing t'-u per cent in t' li - : , f^l .U- -Jo. the bume being issued to the Hangers. Tl.e oi.l) mmti- tin State lias to |>ay these is out Of the appMipr uited by Congress t<> reimburse Te\a? Mlt expeti-es incurred lor frontier defence, which is stiU \j the Timed states Treasury. A number at the Kau< rs are > i t to |ir paid, which * .II exhaust the whole am nail and iiuve a balance still drawiuK interest. Were the hKvhUri' tawMiiiblf, the expense incurred would m> oessar ;y deter the payment of warrant*, and cause tb< in to depro. iat.- -till mort'. The Hangers have ulreidy been compelled to sacriiiee from ten to twenty jvr cut of their pay , aud nothing l>ut absolute neossulty s.iould oooi|?l ih' in to submit !?> greater lo>s B?*'ii.is tin' funds in tie' treasury, on account of State revenue tli re is nothing which mi be l-gitim il?'ly ap plied to the payment oi the expenses of thu Legislature. The n.i inn "i I uited States bonds belonging to thu School fund - M t apart for t lie beueflt of the railroad interests of Eastern rex.:.- , rnd upon which its citixnna depend to ?Arrv lorward the enterpi isee they huve commenced. To divert it from that object would ruin them. We would, tb re loro, have to go in debt, and throw oar paper iuu> the u,. i ket, v here, iu the present period of commercial dm ir?- ii would only sell at a depreciation greater than that *?> ied 'jo tlie lumgcrs hasm* t Tlie policy op -n which we hav* aeted as a State is u i avoid <lebt, except when neoes sar\ for purp<n-s oi defeuee. When paid, the pockets of Uk- |*eopl'- must sutler. Ano her important objection to railing the legislature Ik that they do not really represent the sentiments of the people tin this question, i'lu-.v were not eleetod iiD"Q it. ^in! i?i -:de- their whole relationship to the pi-oplo has kxv n . l...n.od by th iu. late o! a new apportininuent bill, which went into openuii-n April 13. l-itio. .Vt-w B? prr-ctiutive nd Senatorial dlstrn ts have iieon created upon the basis oi the last cenHUS of the St.it" It is a mutter oi' grave coti.-id< t ut ion whether the members of ttu> i-ightli lu-p. l ture did not |>ro\ ide tor thu expiration ?f Uieir respective terms c4 ottlce at that period. Many ?f the counties would huve more weight in the law-la tare thai, thut law entitle- them to. Miaiv of llu-m would hav r It the pre-, nt j?>p\il itn>n that is mterentod ?a the com >e Texas >liaJl take to lulerence to the niotnen Mms qnesi ion of In ion or disunion: ;iud those who pro. trad to -j" .ik u>r tlieui should c "ine directly from tle-m. Were the Executive desirona of shifting r?s|K>usibllity from hiuisell at tli.t try nig period, he w.iul't at once c .11 the legislature; but being wttlsfled that the public, into rt-stii do not require it, he will endeavor to perform lug dut\ . be jig r?s-|Kju.-it>le to the p"Oplc alouc. Ilehi- al rnuiiy n- - -ur.-d tiinsi wlio have p<-tit iifa<>d hi in for u . .11 of the legislature that he would ti"< Stand iu the w.iy ?l the will nt the |??n>lo wli.-n satisfied that ll #n< their desire that tin legislature ahoul-1 be called; but li - Ca'iaot ro nar.1 ti..- . xpr>t--i<'ii ol .i i.-w count i -? us the will of the people. I'be <4 1.' -tici now i.? will rexiis act a discreet part, and ?n;to s. ith th. otli. r southern stales in a convention whi. ii -li.ili take itiW coii. nleiatii-u the grievances we sutl. r through the passage of unoonstlttttional laws In mil. i ? f tin Northern stat.-s, cal. ulnte.l to deieat the exo cuti. n el' tlie I'uvitivu Slave law . ainl all other caus.-s whs h hav>- <list ,rb.-d th. Ii.irmonjr which should exist betw.- u the two -ivtuis ot the rutou.' When such a con Vent ion a t-tnb > - the >;.ga. mil.- -tut. men of the South will be iu its counsels They will look at the questions presented tor I heir oonriileration like men who owe riutic io thcmselve ibeir constituents aud postaritjr; atMl I tr -t that till 1 ? eh the inthu nco ot their .lehbent tx ns, tho Stai< - which . prompted by indignant feelings at the triumph of our sectional oppouents, have resolved to preopitu .to tie- . nlire M'utii into revolution, will hesi- | talc to take ^'M?h n step, but make common caun- with all the Southern state in the endeavor ? to preserve the f*(ual r gl.t.? of such States in the I uMi.'* Ihe question is now beture ytm. felkiw citteeno. Rely- | tag upon your sense aud imtriottsin, 1 plai-e it iu your Lands rhc people must SliAi.in the government by put i -ot . ? fii rt |.n.. ... ding tr?su a convictioa or right at.d dut . . i 'A will fall. When passion aud impulse, or the haiaiig iff imp --kmed ilcmagogue-. vihus^ only tMt?' i- :u atian hy and roil - or a -use of wrong* iu nw-U'ii drtrw the |S'..ple of any State u> rash or irn|x>!itir SMuiUM. let their tellow cituuns of othei Stales, uinteil trnih Texas calmly and With i.-ason r.msider the con^e queis es o; follnm ing iheir example, and if bett-T iudge ?i. nt -b'-uld (Mlu- <? i,s to decline such <i step, lei ih'-m be apfs'aieil to iu the n .lie- < I brotherhood ami State comity U> re<^>nMder th. ir av 1 1. u 1M us 4>'pend on reason, not rw r- ion. SAM IKM STOX. H0\. WII.IJAM r. RIVES ON the national CRISIS. C> n i.k BlU , Pro. R, 1S60 Mv Pr-i. ?:> I nb>- tv? thiil you bare tua If a prbprwi ttoa in \ < .1 ltou** tor hi 'Minn a mlemti fami'y .-onm 11. rMMuW' nt ?' ni?mbar tor aar.h Hint \ u|*>n th ? (??????? nt dielru (< il am! t-iii i . < i ? n' ? ? ? ? i iti<m <<C tin- nm!V :<? rarv Th * -ti, lit and pi - jnt . The jri .it \> <>rk of our father- ?h ti tut- jnc- iviit ua Ui pr-iee an t happlw-e frr Bear :hr <? quarter* of a century . .uu! gives rieo to u >portacie i.l ? growth .ilii! ilrvt lnpemi'Bt, Without i.ry, th r in,' fwia.'ii I id the history of tlie until. ? njtit not t" be .ii.iiiitone.1 without the Bawl ears-it tflbrtB for it* i*e*<ir\alloa Hut will Um**? of auy all. -it* , mii!'' Ir -i ,i \ ' r \ diflereat I'irtt Irom that which ?MM tl ' ?r to h \e klilBMtd both of the extreme parties i j ? !? ,-i:n i fhi'illy invoked, the pruepoct would be R?oo iy indeed It i? M* to iiHiukrr into the ran-"-* which have led to tl?<' pres' tit rotniitlMi of thin.'* The reoaat Irt umph of a powerful twvtiw I rrnrty, tn an eltftion tor tile two ti^h-^i o?re? oi t|i< eovcrntnent ? with it* Baitd n.tti- l.ikt n eirlUflVety frot'i it- own *eeti"U. win! for rvluflvely l>y its own pert inn. auii with a pohtx.il < ree-l in?i"!lr aauignaiatm to the tntrreaw ami Wtitutiana of the oilier jrrrat dtvletoa <.f tlicmi'le racy? r* an event whfc h naiWHirity aw 'ken* tx?th .utxi rtj ui. ! re* ntmcnt in thi oppoaltn win, mhI M>r dii.? to th> iikwI cNiwtjr nta.\un? of liuniin praden o Md ar!f rarpeot, < alle for an attitudaaf vlflloci', lirm si*. and need n- . inflexible rees imrc. U a th. Aral time .n *ur i-dlticii annul* that eueha thait h.i? I1 i'ii attempt*4?'r v utnr ? 1 upon, and .irtfut*. to -.i\ the ? .-t an exWaordi'mry tl< ..f I w.rit\ ati.l tieedje**l? ** M lb< part hI tfcoee who h.ive m ide t ?Bp*r lineal. m i'ie fat ?? '< th-' -nl-'mn ind o?t nnl'ri.-tnlly warning* w hi- b were ;id-!r tl to them li i* u?t tl*? tadu id .al -lirt.it, whoever benny he hutfhe hu^tl. aftMoal < lAtbinal on which afcctail him. thai- ? lUntw both till' iUnj:ei Mini th- I'd. I ? r WI...I theii ii> to Iw done- >h ?ll we n,?h ?t oaM to a HM'iuiNa nf wr ivu|*i!i if 1'tl<a '? tt ilowu tke pillaM mt tha teni|"le ? li nh ? .ri I . aw the |ire? i"ii* ?le|?>- ( i>f ?wir r^jhi# Hid lii? itie*. ti' <1 i.nrv out ehrw. '"r a lini" at leib-' in oia cooiiaoa rum vmh our del. id- d or olT ii-lmf Mfelrral^' Tin* W"iM v?W? to iw Itie coiir-'' ilra perati- ii .n<l I lnnltn - . not of reaaan aM delio. ration Uk re are feu if an> , ?ni"ii> "? ?lm do ikh fe l and arknow !? ii?(- tl at th- .?'iwtitut n<-f lie- I nit-tl Mate*. If b?'wt Uy and faitkfull> |mrMb4 in tt* lettrr and spirit. aP< i d? i v' ty d??ir..l>!< 'i.u a .u o f or th- rirbt* .tn>l liber tie of all tka parti<-? to it We I'litltM t'? -leniaat and iu- ? upon a loyal arf 'ipr ghi fulflltn-'til of nil tte ?hligai "i ? >m ihe lo atnl liidia|>'nwble ConditHni oti wli'< h the 1 '11**1 < aii i'< inaitil lined Theo, .il r.fh'- tl ? *tal- m Ihe < <mw< ? Ttrr.inrim ?4 th- ' ? *?? tbe immaaity ofth' rd<Hn-?iH' ln*iitat|ou? fW'?i ill! ? xterual iaterf'-rt-m e i"<! ? nlr->i. ?lir?-?-t "r Indi re? i, ami ih. fiafintkr of fiigitivea frvm ? r* i'-e, are f iiitlaii ? nlal i" i|4?-< of tbe tftiatltmlmi.il i '-mi>af|, ?rbi- h h?>w- ?-r t u lin- iy . art' prat in .?lly deme 1 In vantmp ?|'i wrtern ,v*l call, ilien ft.ie, f.-r n a atel tin M|iil\ot il ?? ? 'ir t if? for th> if future obaar \ <0. < If tbeoe unl ? * tw demanded Wttb t aim atnl diKllMed hut in flasihlr flrmni in>t with hltuiler and amuoriatioo-at can n. t diwil'i that tlw > will ha yielded hy a !.?rire majt. rity. it not ?>y all, 1 1 t.nr t o Malt If an> rli.aikl rein*' Vbe?n, by that art af rec iMMk-r tbay will r?iitniifa the authority f the < i.?t 'ut i it i ? i; . iad |hii ih bi-pIhh mutually out of th* i?le of ih>- I'iihw. Hach term* of n-ttW'tm nt th"*** beta briefly in II raw ' ? an* optiMe, in tie ir dt tail", of n, >n orleaadr. Wla|ii wi ai ? would, in n.y ?i .1.1 n. *at>fy tb viewaaf ? ia'r- UruyortW of llw *laveeoldlhg Htatw Tliey wimM not N? likely to obtalM tlw t -cei lane*- t< Ki-iili tiaro. Hi i.i uh" r?*i-i* d? '. rmln? I, by a fc-rwf??e nwahwaw, to go I'll of til I'l.mn, ,tl * pit t.f ?try |m."?||i|* n.n. tfiiHU. and to drac a? many "."I her Matar Ktalew a* !>tw rati a'ter be," W liat awBOM her po!H-y of tw't iaf otbar s;ait - into di*uai<ai j may have remain* to he aeen Itut It may, not | wir- ??.t>aMy. t-. praanmxl tliat t^-orria. wh" di I not ! raracci.-e hi* di t.tloMI an'li-T i\ m lMSaai lb IM|, I Wt'old ?tlU prefat her own platrt>riii. I.tltl t|"Wii with *o mm h u .-tV m awl iirtiita ??* ii. tbt lattrr y ? ?r, an.! win- b. With ? Be t>r two pnrirt ted ad'Httoi ' in <o utll a.|a|itfd to nn? t the reqii f'ti 00 .( the i"e*. ill rriei* Il ?. "r^ia. true to ih<- tr i?dit i ?tt? t l b> r form ? r |otri"tir p !trv, ?bould be -aital. -1 wHI nn tdjuafi Ul, the ?aaatitatiuMU r *hi? of ilia Mantb witb tbe prt ?er\ itlou rf tbe t'n*?n, the |trotta>iihty la that bar neigh!***, Ala bama an'l Klt-nda. w?aiM lw equally Hut. a bat ever niik'h' l?a thad-" am of Hi?aa Ptate*, tben can be littla 'toubt that Marylaad, fc- la ware, Vir fima. Kanlteky , Telitit V . r r f i Otrnlltki, Vfw??rl, la>ui*iana, Arkaii' i*. Telia, alwl. it l? tt- bt ht-p. .|, Mi? awf.'ppi aip-i. would rord tally unit- IB anth a ptaa of a.t jueimt nt TT?- *e are the nit'iral blllea of VlrffiBiB In every (Mat rrtaM of the rep-it I p'fie ran n< ver lnor ? herself from M*') lan<l, Keni-i- . Tanoea ami .Vorilit i' >liaa? Matea wh* h i mme<t lately *nrri>nnd her. ami w ith wlm-b abe ha^ ao many r.anmon Int- n-at" oi tin- rnn-t intl tn.ite ntid vital rfiar * it r Ami when it i< r?s ollrt t<*| that m or half or h? r lerrtlttrj *be ? ?*' tern ."late. ha\ n it r Ui.it portion < ! bef ilomaln, her n .:ural millet to Ihe m?. ib t.) i h" ri ver Vi*ni?elppl, ahe i*. b} th.it rir eum-t?r ? , a- well a* hy tha larfenutnHi-r rw hrr rhlhlren wh" tK w i* ? p'f ta m.iijiiitli rTit valley . linked by tbe tt n ??( k i irM ? ? im and a rfniiictt de?linjf|o I Ikh- flo i n*lt t K M??! I" "l+rou* Wati ?> wb* Ii liave ri?eti lo KUf'h Wim r wealla *n.l power apon <ta 'erl le l*.rtler* It ? alao lo be remarked ?iat tin- alarelmldln|| fla' * ?f tbe valley I f tb< Mi** .<ippi l.y tilt r |?iattkW on the bank* of v fr? at Mrr*m i|(twd !.? ft ?v dei i ;? a < "m W.oci avenu< of n tnmerri it>r t(i*i. ,?.?%, , aM other jwiwerfitl roinmuB ilea Inhabit n^' ita upper imrt<. and baviBc dmlBillar do? ie-tir u aMitthma. .> .id narer iirhi iy repiinl a "everai.t * ol the rbtan i>y ?tirh a line? an I ?vat wh" h would brln* wuh it to t' em ina\ itabla i on f i. t* ?mi Hie .ian^rer of Bet Kealeaetroverete* eed ware, Ml .* abundBBtl/ proved by the li 'torv f thr r.r Wh.-n tta n?'ith wn" held by an iBdepet;.Vnt aad t Tngn p..*,^ j While theae Matea. th-rafore are i-en-i ivelj al^e t? whatever a*rt? t' e aar-irity "f their domeatK: lnmiM i low or le.^mrtia their *qn?l ronatit it-'nal rtfht* ib h,. t'ti?W, and ar? ready at ill timea to make everv aa< ifli. .. to rlefenti tl?em m Ihr ?nal'-a cmtimtaily - died th* l-.r |nr alava Ktatea alee an-. II ey are ye* not ?m.tt?n? tay more ' th .n tbeee border SMea ? With a paaBlon for dituninn tor He own ?*k? or d ?p-?e-t to rath iBto it lieeJl <"ly n i VBiMH-eeaarily . let . then, tbe Stataa 1 have mentioned? relnforee.|, > |t to b? iK'pvd, by Uaor|..k and b?r two Lv ubtiurn? uu t? 'ii their di mnr.dR upon the non slaveholdmg States, .Hid k.v to tl.oiu frankly and plainly. but soberly and Kindly. that the time has < ome when the authority of th" < 01 st.t t, on, which is the noud of union between tlx m. liii. i t>o recognized, or that union will inevitabl y I* i ;ih tliat there must be no 1< >unr acts of state legis lation. m the gutse of " personal liberty'' laws . to nullify I.J set at ll.o.ght a Solemn ami uiif'iuivO" al ooni|*ct w r it teli m the couMltutton that them must he no at tempts. covert or open, by Congres-ional legislation to at?ail or undermine iheir domestic Institutions. anil that their full anil pi rfeot e<|ualiCy under lhe constitution, as ?'? States of the federal I '111011, must be loyally acknow lodged ami taitlitiilly respected. A* the.?e were the ti i in.-, well understood on all sides, on which they came into the I nion. so they are the only terms, consistent with honor i r justice, or self-respect, ?>u which they can be ? xpected to remain m it. The justice and reasonableness of such ?demand, urged with the solemn earnestness and dignity which the ? ci anion nil lor 1 1> , can I Hit fail to lie beaded, if not by ; II, by the major or most im|iortani part of our con federal! ,-j. Pennsylvania and New Jersey, ever loy.il and true to the I u ion ? who have stood itrinly hy their Southern brethren in the most trying periods of their history , Ih.Ui before and since the adoption of the consti tlon ? would, 1 am |iersiiaded, feel aud acknowledge its justice. Xi w Jersey bfl' already given her answer, in advance, to such an appeal, by her vote in the Presidential elec tion; am! altle ugli Pennsylvania voted differently in that Conic.- 1. it must be iHirne in mind that thero were issues snp|K sed to bo involved in the election atfecting the j.ccu lar inter* -ts of her industrial svstem, which, doubtless, mainly influenced her vote. Whenever an issue shall be distil. ctiy pres< nted on the preservation, by her good taith and loyalty of that I'n ion, of whu h it is her proud ?st boast to be regarded as the lceystone.no one con vet sal, i vviili In r history can doubt where Pennsylvania W ill be lotlltd. Svi '-iii I doubt, when the day of solemn decision shall arrive, ihat the powerful Northwestern States ? tak"ii out 1 1 the side of Virginia, whose children are still widely diffused mum * their bold and enterprising imputation ? berderii g, as they do, ?n Pennsylvania, Kentucky and Missouri, as well as on Virginia ? and having a eonimon Intel e;?t w ith the slavehi ilding Mates occupying tli'o banks <1 th1' Mississippi in the use of tliut great mediterranean < hatiiicl ol intercourse and trade, will rally with those States, cordially and frankly, to a' Union of equal rights, ol justice and fraternity. When we turn our eyes again to the eastward wo can not doubt cn what side will be found the imperial city, the centre oi .American industry and commerce ? in her self a sovereign power ? with all lier vast eonuected in tercet and dependencies. If to the internal questions now agitating the State of New York ? many of them deeply allectmg the rights and interest of the city ? be added Ibe supreme one of a dissolution of the ('num. it is no! an improvable event, amid the revolutions of empire, that we should see the Southern portion of the State, comprehending the city, se|?irate from the rest, and formed into a new and independent State, finally adhering to the ci ntral States of the confederacy . siaveholdiug and uoti-slavt holding, with those of the valley of the Missis sippi. I have ever believed that if, unhappily ? owing to the cei.trilugal ai d jarring leudeju h s soinetiuies manifested b> tlie states at the extremities of the i on fed -raoy ? our present glorious In ion should be broken up, the States ik ? upyiiig the central belt of the i outuieut from ocean to ocean, including those of the valley of tho Mississippi, would -till hold together, and keep alive, with befitting dignity and jiower, the ancient name and proud traditions i i the ( nlted States of America, and perhaps, In the end, will back to the fokl those who mi ;ht temporarily have strayed from it. At ail events, I see no reason to despair of the early success of the work of conciliation inaugurated by your proportion, to the entire extent of the states I hive ??numerated, if it lie prosecuted in the right spirit: and when harmony mid a good understanding shall have been re established among them ? the great central Mates of the confederacy ? w hat rational motive can bo felt by a few isolated States, whether ut the North or the South, to stand aloof in sullen contumacy or unprofitable dis content? We have lately seen auspicious inductions that ritlec.tionA such as these, with a reviving spirit of nationality, are making daily progress in a quarter of the (oulederacy where the antagonism to Southern institu tions has been hitherto the strongest', and I will not yet abandon the consoling hope that th<* present troubles ol the country, by bringing more clearly to light the dangers which threaten us, may end in placing the con stitution ami the t'n ion of our fathers upon more ?olt4 and lasting foundations than ever. \VM. C. ItlVI-X Hon. AixmM>KR H. lfciTWKK, House of Representatives, Washington. I.ETTER OP UTCirs Q. C. LAMAR M (' OF M ISSISSII'l'I. ? , ... WaUHXIJUW, nc.v 10 1 s?)0 ", <K ?s"1 ? ^ <w tellor. of ih? 4th inMaiu, rciuexf iiiK an- i?i |,iv you my -view* a# to the bent method of i | ,,1J rrto?l?or ur.-uU.ul ?u. lid. reeUtanie in Mism.-tUppl, and the South to r? pubh, au rule," * before Apart from my Mhoii to oblige an c?ti . met frie/id, the relation* wbH I. exkt b.tw.-eu tli.- I'v.ipl,' ,,f M?.->**lppland mys. If, "r ' '' V T representative* in the K-.h-ral i^,, th- i.nilorm kinda.** and conild.-nce 1 have experience* rrim the potlion thai form my immediate cmrti-uei.t-. ami it..' t.eree-ity I I.--I for fiank atid op. n hearted ,-oui mimical 101. w,ihth,-m. are addltkmal reason-. tor com ply ii, g with your reqncHt. lln r< pull u| tlif re. -nt Presidential oont. t ha* inflict ** ''""K* ,'""H I'-tllapw a fatal Wouud.On the .'..mlilemo t n'tiii rt " " r" t,lc "i ?li- federal gov I ?h! Vv7 IV^'T-V''1 ,hal tbp f",1"rul Ew-'Uiv* would | n!y.,\- . imimud llM- *up|iorl, or in-pir- . ?... and .->t.. II. hiih.i k all f h. peopli'H Of the 1 t.iou. Th- fraui.m -I'lutioii did Dot iui( ii lfNitc thai w? tt| ?a\> have a wiee, faithful and patriotic President ? may reaeonubly expect tliat d.-lu-ooin will often ' "f 'n/< ?o ?'"? worth ot a nomine. for (bat otfkv a" *7" UUl' t> may sometime* succ-d in dehai chii.g or minl.Mau.g the poplar judgm-nt m ,,r unworthy <au.li.Ui,.. Thereto io our eoinii ?ut?? important check. upon (h, i"ITt *ii I i h> l-uur.- o l office is not la?g it.i to enable a vi c?."h loan. tii.a--ij.t?-.lto do insurable iui.<chk-f. even iu th- lull p.*-..*, .1101 i hat power The pc.pl.. of |h.i Houth uiM.-i.-tan ! in i\ th.- nature and functions ot th.' federal li'AMMiii tt. I hey .to not need to l.e taught lluit Km l?-. h i mat.' -Irnctur- furnishes them ampl. and efficient 'T VV K tl.' % of executive a tntiuistratioa 11*11. m> lv.,BKall.-t th.-h.r-n:,. a.,,1 micotwi*.,: >1 Ml pi.ii**. 4 ot i|h- . x.?tu.g iu.-umf.fiit. Hil l OI .-\.-n reiMiriii^' - ch ?t th.- iuii.l.u -nui law .,-t ,,iav duri n t.rmol rr-.ir.-, b b.-vond U?. r control |Hf ? i. 'haiml.r ot Mr I u.c.ln an, I hn |>..|.ti, d '? rr".'"j;XV' "" l,,r r l,r' ?'?nt.-l th.it irtn ,1 ? tru .- ul.l. t. m. Ii.?-- - ? "ir |?-.?-e. and u., r..,,twi ...| ? ?I. -.?? a.l.it ?? i. and ,!i- honor i h.<- not form.-<I with ih.-ia th- Mily.-cj .a -it her inquiry .-r int. -rent The t. ,n -r- - M which him sp. i lai, -ly | fr,,m lh? h.arl- ,i th. ~. ill h.ril |? . pie, -im.llUj,. on?|y a?.| , with. ml -'"I* ...men, ftp. from r<-voliil ..i.,.rv *. ? ?r |M*rt> r.ikl.-'M.. -f. iii.lic It. - athorouch kimwle ! -.. ,,| it,,, r. iil I Ml 1.1 and lU-pll. of the irrn-vaiM. inttw t."d upou tl?-.o. ..lid ?!..-*> :? |n*|ii s.-al m.unrm m tli at p?,,.i,. .put. Io Hi-lv.- th.- pr.-p. r r.m.-dv and I'.rmlv to api-lv it '.; l l u- l.a.k at Hi* ev-nt in it.- mild.-M a.-p . I. 'l,^, n ..1 Ir.-iii Ui- -.-,th.iu.l hietilitiea in ?lit. h it orlKinat. | i'lmiXV. 1." 'i! 11 *an d.-K l-ii.-.I toar < iwiplt h n im ilirflm vt.-|i toward* tb- ?utov. rtk^i of Ane rt. an r* |?r. e. ntative lib. rty. ...I!" '' Vm klH,'w; * N"r'born ' Southern theorv 11 " r?'"?HWi.?; tli.- latt.-r ri-irardinK th.- I i.it. d sr ,i.U a- d.r...yo, a. r..u % ? ipial. ih<- lorioer r.-nur.llnii it a* on.- polltl.al ..imrounl ly__a ranMrihl?tw| republic. In which a maioritv of the pi rrn utxl?*r th? f ??riiw ??f tli** ? iIwIkxi" Kitb?r lb" IV may l?- a-lopt.-l (or the purp.^. of n. .,r - for llif .-ak#? ?'J .irvuui' iif , (4.j4i|it thr faff, r fj * 1 W... I con.,' mk* of r> )?-?*. utal i hi., rlv that the ji.-w. i- ,-i i.??. r.-,r?.-nl , .-I whk h tl?- .. ,V r,.l.-r - in t lh. ... ? t imp. rtaiit I '? dtetribut. dlhro.iehth.-. ntir. 1 1 - .-r tl.. ii*. ii'ft rill.- th.- point from nh.chall,, pr. . ninth .- lib. rty ,.tartf. and to whk h ,t mu? retum bat Ibe v. mral awlNirity munt derive its nutriment, ami draw it. f.W- from all th,- p.,rt? of the entire tM^y H*h ly, HO that, by tb.-ir r>. ipr?cnl Indetiendenr.- th. V (all < ouiit.-racl lh.- ti-mlrncy of any one ,w,rt t-. nturt. Ih. OV. r. MRHy of I he whol.- II ? reaulre'l tl?a all the jwrt- -ImmiM im k and roatribute to |.f iiintti. ru!.- in romnion ai d ir anv pa t. whatever their mini'., r, in ... late.. tr.?i i?be reel , aeeum, < the -rnm.nt >\*r Hit - Uhm h\ virtii.? of ,i j*? i\ ?? Hhich it IU ^ ate* to it-elf a. it? , ?clll?ire |i?. to- It t. ti* -l liberl) il te tvr.n.nv unmi\e-l. T.--H the r.< .III Pr.- I. Htial. l-?tk4i b? Ibat prmelpl.- rbe North . til Matee?or, II you pr. fer the . \pr. union, th- \..rlh- rn I- pi-? bave .mnrja^l in entire bran-h of tb- ? .v.-rn mn.t to the . X. I.I... .11 of the S-i.lb.Tli lax >p|e I do not WI h I e under l-??l a- a> :tig that the S-utheri, i? ha..- U." .|.p,?e.| th. prit I**., of d. i.^itln* their ' ?.-.vit.|f tli. mr.a,i.t..i w,th ,.11 th- torn! .in.-* it U.w My proportion |B, thai ibr principle not the !orm of r. j-r- -nlMlr. r>M rnm-iit . ha- h.-. u vmlat, .| fie >.!?> -.fa e..?,.,... , ..f tVwerba?ev,.r been to .In ? " f I' 'I1-" lhl 1 '-Hi.. ..f a ,? ,t- ?n.l. r the am. i. '.| . xternal lorlit i-t t. startle ih- 1.. I.. ftt ku-K >lt. -ran but ch-at th. m by reaiatt f..r I - it -.H-- ,i..t . .|.f . rn- into a. in the control wbHh t ...verily aaoim- ?v.r tlh-lr puld-c ara.r,. lie I.r.'. k r.pnt ,,e- r. utm.l all Hh ir forUK <h m ini | *? ??vertimenl? tb. Ir.-e t. m ..r lefi?l.,tive i iid ir ta I pr.rre.lin*- uncbinp-d?w bile allijr.-eee U? .1 tb. '--t .-f Ch lip. a -iih|.ik-?i. d n-.t on, lb,* ? ibe r. la tl..:, V ill tie >? -lit hern |X, , le. It tbev quietly -ml. nut to tJ?w r \> rtHii mill tu ? ti In tk? MmutiVf* U'mrttiHin 14' th 1 v. riu -nt "ti th 4lh <lay?f March. 1 vi] Th-v w I live ut..!. r a thief Ma? tral. wh.we power U.uche' th- .1 ? \-rj p?-tit prtielr.it in* into tbeir Mate., tb.-ir t. w. . .1. - v ill*^. ? ,.n-l eettb-menU., tlwir buxine--. ^r rahk-.iii.nl- and tamily relalama ? .1 fW Vttiiiumfr -k /./ .r. n? ;?irr b? , *,?. Ut o~r fA-m, 6v ,i..*W th, n ,n l-yilit*, <tni Mill nt,?v ? .. ,n /.!?..*/, trrJu.l?,t civil and domeatie In-tituth n*. than they are in if.*raphi< .U ik*i ten The obliiral ?ii to submit and live under a iSiief M .? iMr?te tbim electe.1 one I'reoidenfial Imi, imi.|i.-? b- .-bn.tKin 1.1 do *o under an indeOmte number of I. r.r- rever TV nyV ,/ tK. V.rrA t? tu?.u 41.-Im.nl m .m. A a rnki/..a? Ut f V S-,<4h?rr> . '*"* "" "" of the I'i'W r- ur.,? lt.it would ' bat be repreit.-ntai ire 1 b r tvr I lirrty doe- tut ex i?t where rifc-ht-< are on ,,ne ?ide cud |M.wer on the other To be liberty , rwht* munt l>e am.,1 with VI, .1 ,-iw-n. A ^,/e ranno, b. fr^ who do not part !C I pah) ,n the control the * .v.-m ment *h'ch opwnMa up?ti them |i t < irrcpon-ibleto th.m ,f ,b^v ?,nnot eontribule f. the check upon iti - i?"atii<|. the. are n.4 a ftee p?.ple b.,t fillet". dep?.leni f..r their ,|*hte and ,wer-X I ipn no ,nwrr In Ih, in?h. , hut ,he m-xlerati-n ai. I Ju-I.ee of ^rre-p-wuble ruler., or ,h?? r^.?|l|n tion.xry r-m-diee which con-t tute no n.| ?e nil eh.liery ot cirll mvlety Much will be the condition .* the s :lh< rn pronle if they remain In the I Ui .n until after the 4th of March next You will olwerv. tint t ? mailer of no importance to ibe people of the s, th whether Mr I Jnc.rfn wm elected accord in* to the form* > r the c*m?t 1'itiot. <t In diereirar.l <d tb form* li ,d l< b- en appointed by the l^iremiu-* of Ibe N rthern ' .led bv th. er.wt.e.| hea I- ? : f ,r .. , ?? i.rti. n ?? thief M?ft?trate ?ould have been, m e-ih r ra?.- , no toore in dter.-rard of the ni<|i. <. ni ri-'t. .. i ' '"wt ""jy?!**" Ih*? hl< 'lectm hae fS , Ti'. k "f r"*' r>rti>ciple- rf ? ,w.|n r<J ifc wT, ^V. T" " ?" I" element. . L*" ' ' ;':rr;^ ,n 'I* ihn 'lenvr ratio thecBlsf t>t r g jt ruini.iit *hart4 tbv fan of the repre ?? id?>a. Mr I incoln if elected by a minority of marly a Million vole* ? the South kelnx thus subjected to ?II the let ror* of a passionate dumocracy and tlw tyranny of a selnt-h oligarchy. It may be Mid that this is a mere temporary di-plac- inetit ? >1 the political fores, and that anotl^r Presidential ??ice uon w ill readjust them, and Tu tor u the hat m< nious operatfeo at our iwlitical syt-m. Hut our people cannot shat their eye* lotaefact that this revolutii 11 in tlx- government oul> man ''i*ts xnd era hodles a mightier moral revolution, v. Inch has for til t y \enrs upheaved the bosom of Northern societ y ? a revolu tion Wb icli has never gone backward, ami whose very law Is progression. They cannot hut see in (hit election the sword of empire drawn by a fanatical majority sec tion, in a contest wh li b cannot be declined. m.d yet ou the issue of which the existence of the minority section is staked that it is a movement impelled by a fanati cism, whose footsteps have never been Been in volun tary retreat , that it is a victory secured by lbs citizens 01 .-late' whose legislatures have Kolemnly recorded their lietci inn. .ition that nooathshall bind tlum toob seive Ike com tn it lonal compact in respect t< slavery. Tbey are convinced that this anti-slavery faixa'-icisiu la nte at the North, and that society in all its ele nents m surcharged with the deadly polsou ; that it inficts their literature, pervades their jurisprudence, is the animating spirit oi their theology, in taught in their academies and schools, Hud they behold the jwirty which reprewnta this spirit entrenched (bjr overwhelming majoritiM in all thflir States save one) in the depart incuts of the federal government, armed with the sword in one baLd and the purse In the other. .According to the theory of the constitution which pre vails at the South, ours is a confederacy of independent ai.d < qtal States. A confederacy of Itself, in the absence o! any express stipulation, is an implied recogtition of and friendliness to the subsisting institutions of us various members. Hi/ thii rlntum tke dm-iIimMNm Statrr hait triteil upon the jurwrrn of a common t/nmiiwrif., viih ihf Jn In rut jmrjMin* that thrf Statr* m* ??onlinus I Dirt tUirrhMiiig ami part rum-slurrMilin;/. There is no propositi) 11 better establ^hed than tliat the overthrow of the civil and domestic institutions of one people by an external or foreign Power is, in effect, a conquest and si bingation of the former. The Southern people ire law abiding, long suffering anil averse to rash innovations; but where the alternative is presented of a change iu their political relations, or an overthrow of their political institutions, they will not hesitate. stab an election (in view of all the circumstance* at tending it), in my judgment, not only justifies but im pcratively demands of the Southern States to take mea suri s for their security. I believe this sentiment is en ter tained from Mason and Dixon's line to the Riotirande. anil that hundreds of thousands m the Northern States who have opposed in \ aln the unrelenting hostility of our persecutors, regard it with approbation. There is ot course a diversity of opinion as to the ex tent of the measures to be taken. There is a large class iu the more northerly of the slaveholdlng States who will be content with measures of vigilance, and who look to a reorganization ot jwirties which will modify the action of the federal government, or insure the overthrow of the party which has succeeded in the pre en t election. The triei.ds of the constitution and the Union iu the North ern State, they think, compose a larger class than the Presidential election indicates. They have a natural dis like to wliat they deem extra constitutional or extreme measures, ami "are willing to abide the issue of the election. I tlnn it that in the more Southern States the time haa passed when parties can command confidence They rather latigue contempt. A second class fully recognise the existence of an arrogant and contumelious disregard of their obligations by the New Knglaiul States and Wisconsin and Michigan, in relation to the law for the extradition of fugitive laves, and that self-respectfc-e quires that notice should betaken of their measures of nullification, 'ihev are r<-ady to make a demand for re dre^s. and to put it in the power of thee States to take measures to place the Union on constitutional l'oundu tions. They require time for consultation among the Southern .- tales and for a change of sentiment at tlie North, so that before resorting to the extreme measure of disunion they .-hall have exhausted every other remedy. A third class?considering the long agitation that has existed upon the subject of slavery, its fatal effects upon the society of the i'mted States, and their conviction tiiat there will he no suspension or pause in the agitation, and that the conflict is indeed irrepressi ble. and arises in the antagonism that exists In the po litical and social ide?s of the two sections, and that the predominance of the anti slavery idea in the politics of the Northern States, has been and will be Sufficient to prevail agauiat the opposition oi the entire South, even in oombllloo with their friends In the North ? are in favor of secession. Hut ? oosidei ing all the evils that belong to any disruption of the government, and appreciating the value of the existing I nica. are wili ng to return to it with loyalty, if they can And adequate guarantees for their security from further collision and strife. This class would expect amendments to the federal constitu tion. so that the conditions of slavery in the State* and I'erritorie* anil in all plaees ot' f. ileral jurisdiction. lie placed beyond cavil or <1 iapute. and that I ho slitveliolding states should mutually guarantee their uwu right!!, lu lhat in the event ?>t the renewal of another slavery agitation ili? remedy will be plain and adequate. Thrri it <t /trunk ' ion ijf ?tiTrjrtir, r'nJutr atxt hiph <pi ritnt tn'ii Mko , nrifnlrr the Jtdrral ifnTtm^U a failure, th* con iwtK.n of Sorthrm arul Snuthrrn X tuts* at unnatural, ami th? Mniwinirr th* huh r a trprftw grnni ? fAesr art- fur immfduU', uncnatiHitmal am' ?*n aih r?i4 t~r>r\<m This class i* diminishing ia number- and influence, and tbe tourth class is increasing Thit < la<t ii <l<mmianl in one Stat ' nwmf* /wrhapt a majority in mr tihrr. and is rrry in/tv'Htial in nil. It i? pnesihle ll.at ail the classes which tav?>r some action would he bruoplit to act in concert it' they only undor?t<>od one mother- opinions. in my judgment this loag continued una rancorous agitation, which hu.- divided fsir churche-. n lit a. -under jHiimcai jiarti**, diminished and embitter ed the intercourse of M?lety. unfitted Congress for tlio ln-rfortnajice of I lie functions imposed Hy the coiL-titi tioii. tie iaCMNlMry dlspcgltlmis manifested (n its course l>> tin representative men of the northern States, ai d the I attltual attack upon the foundations of our sock ty by men occupy ing public -tnt sum or tbe h Kh" t tru*t ami reepoii*ibility, have e?traiig?d tbe ma(i>ritj i f the Soniiwrn |?i>|>!. from Iheir Northern connect inn. and I hey would preler a t'tiionamiuigthemsolves.othercondi tku being equal. That Is. if a Southern confederacy osiM t o formed w 1 1 Im 'Uf war. or violent change m exi-ting i ' ciitiou- . the |Hipnlur mind wimld receive no shock. Die |>is pie would anticipate more of security and happi thr.n in the prrsent I iism. Hie corruption o| tbe Plate and municipal government* S'-rth: t be magnitude of their citie" and the coo*eque?t ii norder and crime and <l>|writy ot condition among the inhabitants; the iOt reuse of heterogeneous pop, ilat ). i.s; iheirreil republicanism, untdclity and uuti (Tiristi.tn ideas; the tatemperaaca and violrrce and lmleeorum "f the Northern clergy, and the anarchy of eptal"oe upon ail quests of social interest, and the wunt of any sound public opinion, furnish -trutig evidence that soi?. r < r later eocialy tlure will experience a general overt i.rn. Bnt the dBlrost ef Northern itistitutioi.s and the d'like of Northern manners are rot active or stimulating em,,. tioas.Md tbow tlhemaeivea rath< r In the want of any arxietr 10 I'istuib or r<slr.iin thia movement. If tl.e formation of h Southern confederacy, to extend from the I V law ore or the Susquehanna to the western ' a* of New Mftlco, or to include t 1 1 : ? rum. wi re adapted, I believe a lorire majority of the southern people would i-e rejoiced. I Irlieve that the patience of ihe people w tb New England an t whip of the Western States is eshaaited in my npiuioii it is ibe duty nf all the members of the f^ootheia Mates. in the present rmergency. to ma'.ntiua a Urge, liberal and niagnnidmoiis t onrse of eendin t to oa* sm ther "To b<' subjeet one to another >s the of wi-<<tom m this conjunction of attx.rs. It i? not neces ?rtry for me to .|"Wre to what class of tbioe 1 h .ve enumeratiil I n> w iieloi t. for 1 shall not er.list as a par tisaa of any iTNMon. Mi ?ay part of thisoonte?i j ?iuU re-ipn niy own opinions w ith facility w I'. nevi r I e in per* Cclxe that gmsl ran l<e aco'inpli-he I W'h.?t t d? - re to h..ve, wh.il I d. ire to rrpn nt ard on iipere |<i with, is tbe s>"iim1 and dollhefate ot>iab? "f the people i f M. ippt tir.-t and fhea of all the A.uth' rn Wale* after ? , un lit, itii|<ntlMil and deliberate rex e* . t the whole -nb/Tt ami having ri terencc to all the re<prin>IMlltles , to tli' m> erhte. ihi r anrr-tors and their p>?tei ity Hut IJrfX it my riuO/ ti My Iha: I ,'A.nA anfuirjrif r th* part tkf .twiJi . in 'h ruah ,/ the vu* /*>><>?<? iwml initn*. \*f rnvgh' m'h hut- tiangrr tn f4? of %rr fy. thr tMnltfy ?/ Krr inrW <.'i'?i^ tkr fri 4tm >4 hrr ? iti:*ni ami ll'ess 4.J Krrprof , than (In i//y attrml any if the fiont '/ rfiaiifio tn liark tie r* |'|?-u the stability of ?la\ery ia th<> A>i|them !*talea, a* an mstttutloa of s?ictety. gnverament ai.d |*ert> ?HtMM to the rec'?it'ti"ti and protects* of the federal government nt h"iae and ahr ad. and the rikht to carry ottr |e j-ity u|? u th*? c ii -tn- -n Tifrlmtn of the I a Met. and to rns'V it th?re ai'l '*r or hindrance fr'-tu an\ quarter, I am pre pared tn advise tirmne-s. H" lieving as I did, thut a \ ,i?t majority of the ??, .nh- rn penpla prefer a union of tbe <oi.theni ^tat' a to the evMiag 'i?utectk*i with tn# N< rth- tirevidiag such a result could be se rnl w th,>nt radieal rbnag<s |a Ibeir r'taiiaMeatai stem or -<h'?k to existing o.nditheis? I si<iuiiitt<d, ft* the < onsideratioit of the le gislature ot our st^ile. th< plan to which *???*? let. ti r rrters It !* intended to avoid the perils thai attend transitu? fhai dlewa aib? mil to rii'tganiiat >n, ami ? l*i the ? \ ds ? f pmvlsSsml goyeraments. ihe leading feature ot that plan is the adoption ,.f the pfe?. fit government, either hjr a^ n rai Matiall<? ofthe Soetliera Mates by Comtntsstol er appointed hr til' r aull ..rily, who sltall provide that tl .? "uatitut.oa el the 1 ii t- >1 State* - ?>,? II r. tn no in full force ami eR>-. t atnniii; tbe Mat. < w ithdraw lag 'hat the lawg and decwiona <a court" which ate m>ar i< fori e t ttia repuhlte of North An erica under the autle r ty th. re of aha'! b-- adopt?l ns a laslv of lawa for the fi-ie'ral gi x- nimeat about to ho eatab 'b. d that Ifce petiple <4 tl?e y lain a>< w -tlidraw.ng m ui biini tb? to? in s t.> ..|.? -i aad eacradly carry out the stlpabMMai of ail tnatiee sub* atuut Isnn^u u.,, I ti'te t State* of North ABierica aad fhrrhrii goveriiiaetita aaterSir b? ilie Hate ot said ordimtjc", until 'icli tmtb s are changed ar altered, or are dieri r irded by (ucb tia ti< ii with thai govemni nt at>>uttol e isUblisbed Aa the first step ia ibw directk-e 1 siibmit for your ron?idera ts n tbe ordinal re a hi' h I tbii k ti ? aerjile of M *aiiv|ip| Humid a?lopt m their O iix? at ;? ,n of the 7th of Jaatiary ? An ordinance of the 1'onn-ntion ef the people of Muala?inn| *? rmbii d at the ( a|>ltol ot the ?t?ie, at Jark*oa, pursuant to ti - ?iecti..n ot thepe,'pieaur?aan(tiiaaaetot tvti,n<i. ral A?-embly ol Ihe Male nt JNl?i*Mpi t. ?ntitl?d, A" 4r wberea*. I'll lite l?t day "t Mair*i, III*, tae I ' n?r> ?? of failed Matea >a?^d an set, entitied "An act to ei.ahie ihs Me.iern part I't Ihe Mi-?i ? ijipt fi rr.'"rx M lotm a rmiatltu* ilon aad vate torr nm-nl, ami for Hie admi*?km oi ?.ieh Maie into the Valon , n xn equal fmitina ? ith the oriclnal Slaie*.' and, * bereaa, on the lUh of August. 1S1T, the peoole of Ml?*lifc ?Ippt, at a e.'iiv. niton called tor the purpose, did form for t),. ii,.. ? rotiMitiitioa and ^tate govsrna^at, and liv ordi. nanre tt'iii did em <ent to heei,|ite a m,ml er of the le?l, ral I nl->n. oa .in equal iiwtlns srlth the ri^inai Stale* *nd | W ? ereas ? i. Hah tin ember. 1*17. by rsaotattoa ar tha 1 ????? ' "tates, ih- stai? f Vi*-i?i|pp4 bi-mme I a n ember el the federal I nk.n ,.nd ha* remain, d ?ucii from ll>. i ee hMhi rt< and, *binss u rsutllebnt tauaes, la the atdaioaef Ihiafon ret?'i"n, tbe *?id iadeial Vaioa ?1 ouid be di**ound He it tbeielore eMained, ay Iti. Mithortttaf the peoole of 1 xti.. .?tv!'i tn Oanvtntkm assembled, hat the onlmati ?? of the Wb da* at Au^iai, IKI7 by ? hleb '1 e Sutr xii??tMi, , c n" n<< d to ?m nN a m> tnher o: the*. ,1, ral t'n on, be mid llieiaM I* hereby ppealed, md hnt the stale ot Mis***, ' sil'pt h ?xaoe sll I l?e rijil.is, pos-era mil lm' tl. r- ;>?. r.'is '-..n ?, \ ed, and be diX' ?'ed ..I *ls the re?tr ints noi ,1a >ra ta. I ti? . 'd la taxor Ot -he Mild Mderal 1 ninn. and tram h- n *. t.<rtb be * tree i?d in.ieie' d- ni *iate *. c. J |b? It l urtber ? restaed, rhai tbe "'ate . ' VlMiaaipt I ' h, I. hy .oojents IO forTn a ted' ral Uliioa allhtlie St of f lieinaase. Marxisnd. Mr* n'a, Soflb Ca? Itaa, Sou-h (Vro. | 'inn. tieot* ... t end. . Ai lsin..i, 1# <i??i n?. Arkae<a*, T" ' Tean. ese.'. K> ntie ky hi d ai**n irl, aMlt ? trrrlf r "i N- w

*nlee. and the Im! an r rro. r? we* a \ . a under the ? an ' aal sty ? el ih. I luted -? it.* ,.t ,ui e,,,r.t it'll to tbe tefcar ?ad ea'f 1 ef ibe cvret : ,; . n oi the i*a -ed States, adopted September 12, 17X7, mini; and excepting such pari* then ol as embrace other portion* than the Slates above IHMItl sec. :i He it further ordained, TUiat the :>?? ? nac ?d by the I nii? <1 State*, under th" suid ^institution, trom I'H'J until the ilay of the sitting ol this fenvonUou, aud all treaties made tinder the authority of the Kame, sli.iU be obligatory upon Ihe I? <iple of Mississippi In *o fur an they are applicable. Hi the unite manner as if this ordinance hud not been madc until the tenuinatioD of the Ural Congress of the government hereinafter mentioned. Sec. 4. He it further ordained. That all oflicer* of the I'nited Stutes, within the llmita of Mississippi, shall ramain In ofti.-e and iierform the same functions taerein, until Ihnmlwu I nion hereby ordained ahull be lully organized and esta blished. See. .V That all the regulations, contracts and enR.ii^nienta mad"' by the I'nited States nf America ahall continue tn be binding a* lief ore ujion ihe Mate <>I Mississippi, and that pro vision -hall be made for the fulfilment ol the oblmaMou in Re spect thereof. See 6. Thai the Governor ol' Mississippi ahall perform all ihe lunctloDa of President oi the I'nited State*, under this constitution, within the llmita <>i Mississippi, until the organi zation of the federal Union referred to ill the second section of thla ordinance. See 7. The accession of nine of the States mentioned In article two la requisite to give thla ordinance effect, and for the eatablishment of the constitution between the States rati fying the same. Sec. S. Thut it shall be the duty of] the Governor, irntne dlatfly after the event described in the last preceding article, to dliect an ejection of member* to t!ongre>s in( each of the < cngressionsl district*, and also to direct the election of elect or* of President and Vice President at the same time, under v " "?" '?lion?, except aa to time, us are contained in the plstlcgfrw* 'm^r^<Z^T*r!ZT7hat the jian priq**nl aims at n? ckn ngf in "it r farm of ytwrrtiMriu, but utrkt to jirattii rxitliiui form* /com. ihrtrudum. It propose* to give tin our old glorious constitution in vigorous operation, strong enough to suppress ili uiestic violence and repel foreign invasion, ?ale, in the allectlonp of our people, from the attacks ol fanaticism, and sectionalism. and black republicanism and red republicanism, all combined. It give* us all the laws ol the old republic, and those grand dec is ions of the Judiciary . which have grown up around the o< institution , att pin l of the fundamental law, and are almost aa sacred an the constitution Itself. It proclaims to the civiliz>-d world that us loyally to the constitution is the law of our conduct at liome, go wilt good faith andfthe observance of treaties regulate our intercourse abroad. It give# us the tradition* and the historic wealth, colonial and revo lutionary. of the glorious old Commonwealth of Virginia. In a word, it gives us the I n ion and constitution as ?ie fathers made them, and separates us from the enemies to both, who themselves have seceded from the oonstitu lion, and are mde?d rebt'U uiiU iraitors. With great re spc< t. your friend, L. Q. C. LAMAR. To Hon. P. F. 1 " <-'rr ' LETTER FROM EX-UUVJKRNOR ELLSWORTH, OF CONNECTICUT. Haktmikk, Nov. 27, 1860. JIvflH ar Fik: ? I cannot express to you the pleasure I bavefcxpcricDced in reading the speech of Mr. Stephana before the legislature ol Georgia We hear from over healed jsiliticians so many gratuitous ansertians which falsify the republican sentiment of the free Mates, that a speech of this character, so cam! id. so bold, so patri otic andj so full of gober truth, enforced by irrefragihle argument, delivered on such an occasion, is doubly re. freshing to my anxious mind, while it is an invaluable treasure to the whole country. Considering the position of Mr Stephens. I would rather have been the author of the speech than to have been u candidate lor the highest cilice in the I'nited States: although In some particulars, cs|?c< irIIv his facts. 1 may not agree with Mr. Stephens. I believe the North intend to be faithful and true to the constitution mid the laws If. in fact they are not, and have really violated them so often, the South ought to be able to tell us wherein. If tliey will proceed to do this, my lirm belief is that the North, on being convinced, will cheerfully and readily correct their errors. Decla mation. however, is not what we want; that does not pro duce conviction, it has hitherto only deluded and excited the South, and astonished the North. We here In New England. live too far North to be affected by words without proof, however much they are reiterated We want argument ? sound argument We insist upon facts, (as is said to be our habit; and before a successful ap|s-al can l>c made by South (Carolina to our consciences, to the God of arm H s, to the God of justice, and to the sympa thy of the nations of the earth, these facts must bees UblldMd, or else it is we. and not South Carolina, that will stand approved alike before God and man. In all kindness I a.-k. what it avails to apply to Mr. I.incoln, the President elect, who represents the .senti ? mrnts of a great, enlightened and conservative party, such ingenious and oft-reiterated calumnies y What is there in his sentiments, or in the platform upon which he was elected, that is false to the constitution of the country? and what is there in our own sentiments lios tile to the constitutional rights of the South V Mr I .in - coin cannot possibly violate the constitution nor impair the rights of the Southern states and no man soberly believes that anything of the kind is within his |*'wer or purpose |>et us then, my dear sir. cfwso. on either side, to utter words in haste and |?rsiou which only w iden the breach between us. Every day I meet in my walks gentlemen of great ex cellence and intelligence w ho inquire, with amazement, what are the violations <1 the constitution winch the fotith ci mplain of so much? I am obliged to say , "I do not know, fir.-' II it Ms titc fugitive Slave law, and I hear of n"tlung else, let ni' Bay, if there bo any wrong bore it should bp put right, and I have no doubt it would bo. The power of lX>ugre?-8 to provide for the restoration of fugitive slave-. is in my opinion not an upon question, and / iloutJ if thrre I" a J wipe i? n?y of thr hiyhrr rtmrU in AVte Emjnml vim would not fo thu of anion , tiui who. if \allnt I'/rm ?ijT>(io(/y t amid u]>hi4<l any unlawful a? <6? mrutii.n. There are, howevr. Home clauses in the law i wholly unn"i essarv to iu efllcietiey) whifli ought to he erased from it. as being exceedingly etfei sivc to a community of free and Christian |>eop|. But. as I have said, the power is alter all given in the eel ,-titutien. and as a Judge, baring b.vt, myself honored tor many year* with a seat on the highest court in this State. I should endeavor to do my duty im|NirtiaJly iu the premises or relinquish niyofli.o, If its provisions are ? orrei t. it x the law of the land, and the executive of the I ti it<-0 state* i* sworn to see to ?* faithful execution. If in any ease its provisions should he pronouneed union stitut'ional. the ?in<stion eould quietly he reviewed by tho >Upr< me Cm (I wl the ('lilted suites If any of our Sta!< lawn o.ntfi.d ? i/A thf aet of Ci>nf/r>ju, fjlrt/ ar < . if rnurtr, m? ?v ienrf? of / m/wr , ami rrrry mil '? Im>m< to /?n-nm/it" th-m a ni.-HUi/. I have no dutibt that the Personal Liberty hill ot tins State (wadH) ? and I -jieak more |?articnUrly of this bill, for I have not examined the law- of the other State- ? was |w.--od in good tailh by our Legislature to guard against the exer else of a |iower liable to great abuse, and one that is tdtous to these who are not laimliar with its sway /' u a lav to intvr ? "'ffig to fr? nm. ami nnc tit tAuxtrt 'V arrirtimj of the* who ar* <ln < < li these and kindred laws do, bv their extreme regulations. an in some of the States mav possibly be true, dei.-at the execution of the fugitive Slave law they are clearly of no avail, and every Southern gentleman nmst know it whenever the fact in proved ui??n investigation; and mrtaiuly. with all tho.r generotity of feeling, they cannot deny that the Xorth maxwell he as jealous tor freedom as the South are for slavery. We need ask no more. Anil ni ? that I ..m ?|? .'king of the Fugitive Slare law let me say in all candor, the South >lo not duly din snler bow ile? ply uor people are attached to personal freedom, and bow it disturbs our t-elings to see an in riustrlou" and Inoflinslve man. with, perhaps. a depen dent tainily. *ot?ed and carried away . to serve unotlw without reward, during his wliole life. When we see this, we have to ri press v.ry greatly otir deepest ro iiviots i s yet I m.ik> no question th.it the p?w> r 1" in the constitution. and that it ia our duty to yield to it. It slaves are refined let them be |?id for by the State. 1 tear, however, the Fugitive Stave law is not the real gne Xant e, certainly not with south Carolina and the (?iilf slates tor they have not lost a hundred slaves from the l>ef inning of the government by reason of th* non execution ot the Fugitive slave law. thr nisi nwt.'Brv rimiiihfirtiini / ran <lirr, / am mlitfitl ,v mth fanltntt l<?4 ? to a oynnu I'm of th* f'nit.n at tut king <T>?i rir-ton tSr nral nf \r*n Fort . and as rarrx t g le r and the South at unce to an enviable distinction in all that exalta a nation or a people in t it l? a deliis-n i mast believe ? a lata! delu ston, from which tt Is po?sibte she nuty awake tisi late For h^r 1 lukvc not <ne miVind feeling, and I will not re member any unkind words which she or the South have uttired on the tioor Of tiiugre-s elsewhere. I pray lint to give us all Wisdom, tortiearanee and national sym pathv. Once, Mr. Hue liauan might liaxe averted these ti rr h ? ex ii- I e fa isl in his duty, and they are nnw upon tit. The reject >on of Kan- ?.- hr the s nate of the I nitrd States as a fti e State wIm-i the/ had before voted to receive her as a slave Stat< . was a gt ievisis w.xind to freed- m. whteh dr'>e th< isuiki- upon th 'tis.ilids intu the r< p.it lic-L ruiks ? am ugh. pithap* to decide tlie l'resl dential election But I will nay no n.ore tins interesting ti>pic at pre sent. WM W HJi^WURTH. Hon .I xnw Pti"^. GOVFRNOR WI.HK ON THE CRISIS. F.s-tfovrrtior \\ ise, of V rginia. hav nig t>een written to by a gentleman ef (olumhn*. <>a , to detine what he means by "tight ng m the tnioo. r< plies a? fo||<iws ? H..iiWT?.<i, mar Norfo'k. Va. . Ittf. ] , i*no pr.?* Sr* ? Youis of the JM ult wss late ' on. cg to band. 1 now ttiank ymi for it As ta> my doctrine of t^hting tn the I nmn. ' it is <?e of tro? policy. 1 If a sovereign Mate is .lodge of the ntraennn a* well as nf ihe mode and measure of redrr?s, she may r- ina u in the Vnion lo re?eut or resist wrongs as we# as ut do to cut ot th?- I'mon 2. If other states have nfrarted the I'd >on , md sh-. th?' Male w r'?g'd. is bound to defend the ? oust tut i ?n ami Futon against those wlio have itifraeti.l the one and tin, at. ii. <1 th.- oth.r ' .* " i > . the I'mon belongs to tl, I*, who haxe kept, not to tnoae wlm have broken its covenants .1 The I'nwi is m4 an attraction it is a real, sub statitial thinn. embra. ?g many ???? t.tml and vital politi rights and projs rtH s. it lw?s nationality, lands, lre?sury . organ iziit" >tis of army, nax y . shi|W. doi k yards, atscBato. *? Slwll w> r< in mil. . th<-eo rights itnd |ssw. ? ? ons b< i atise wrong d<? rs attem|>l to deprive w nf oth< r r ghts? Is it not ( i wnrdly to r tannce one right to save Iit.otlur1 Are th<?' rights not ns pr?i: tons as the mere r'fht of prop, rty n n- gr<? s Hut, 4 If )o?i s< cede, )??i ia4 tnily r. no inoe the Tnion and lis |.fel. sslotis but you fall to mute yonr own people cn? se x nu do renoxmce tlnse rights Wake a man up to enstrex th?' I'nu-n and wwstitution. and he will stare at j hi snd turn awaj Hot tell him th.it the const tutioti nfract.^ and the I'mon threated hy Mack republican*, und call h in to a<?| roii in di'teudiug both aga nst tbns wisi would destroy both . and he will act heartily with ton i. Then hM? is this to bedom ' The th rd e .tits ' of the lentli s. ctioti ot the tirst article of the eotistitution of th ? tutted Mat' ? f>ermits a State to keep trooj# and shij? ?f war m time of |?-ace. au?l to enimge m war. witen ae tua !x inxa?le<|. or when m such imm nent danger as will not admit or ilelay Now ar- we not actu.illx invudeds Is our danger not mmtnent* l*? s it admit of delay? Way le t a sovereign State so d* cide 5 Vmi w hat s the d fler' tic. ' Will it not be revolu th-n ai I war n either Ment 1 any, then, stiektoiill your rights renounce none, fight for Sii and save al' IIKVMY A VIM, RESIGNATION OF \ I NITKI' STATKH ARMY Oh KM KU. ptixrt I est Co' W H W iiker of the I nit?l Statea Army l,.i? res ?i e.1 his eon niis?>oti and intheevetit of the -eceeevn ot t.eorgia will command a battalion ot vol i L'eei* in tlial state He comniMe ed a company in the Florida war. and during a desperate battle. Id the early pari of which he had been badly wounded, he was air ried around the tleld by a soldier, aud although bleeding and faint . he gave the necessary orders in a clear, Arm Toice. At the battle ?T Molino del Roy. in the Meiican war, Walker was again harked up in a frightful manner. He was carried from Vera t'rua to the city of Mexico on a litter, and his health improved on the way. though be plea.~antly rtfuced to nee company at the various stopping places along the route. He is now about forty-five years old. MAJOR ROBERT ANDERSON, U. 8. A. This galiant aud distinguished ottlcer wbo uow occu pies the important and trying position of commander of Fort Moultrie, is a native ol Kentucky, and was bom September, 1806. On the tlrst day of July, 1921, he en ured the Military Academy at West Point, whence he graduated July 1, 18*.?5. taking a high position in a large < lass ccmjHwed of such men as Alexander Dallas Bache, Col. Benjamin Huger, Col. Francis Tajlor, Col. Charles F. !-unth. aud others, who have beeu distinguished as well in civil life as in the line of their profession. His drat commission was that of brevet Second Lieutenant of the Second artillery, July 1, 1sj6. and bo was subsequently promoted Second l.ieutenaut iu Third regiment , dat nig from the same day. From May to October. 1832, L wan acting Inspector General of the Illir -^'lnteers, in the Black Hawk war: and it Is he' note, that our President elect, Mr f .it n, one of the captains of those troop- Tn t' 18^ was promoted I irst l.ieutenaut , and In i .id and i*37, was Assistant Instructor and Inspector at the I'mjed States Military Academy. In 1838 he became Ad-de-camp to Major general Scott; and in the following year published "Instruction for Field Artillery, llorse and Foot . arranged for the service of the United States. "For gallantry and successful conduct in the war against the Florida Indians." he received the brevet of Captain, bearing date April 2, 1838. July 7. 1838, he became Assistant Adjutant (general, with the rank of Captain, which he relinquished subsequently to being promoted to a captaincy iu his regiment, Octoi>er. 1841. In March, 1847, be was with the Third regiment of artillery . in the army of General Scott , aud took part in the siege of Vera Crur ? being one of the officers to whom was entrusted, by General Bankhead, the command of the batteries. This duty he performed with signal skill and gallantry, and ne continued with the army until its triumphal entry into the city of Mexico, in September fid lowing. During the operations In the valley of Mexico be Was attached to the brigade of General (Jar land, which formed a part of General Worth's divisioti. In the attack on 111 M<. imo del Rey , on the 8th of September, where he was wounded very "severely, his conduct was tho theme of especial praise on the part of his superior officers, liiptain Burke, his immediate commander, in his despatch of September 0. says: ? ?? Capt.i in Robert Anderson (act ing Held officer), behaved with great heroism on this occasion. Even after receiving a severe and painful wound, be continued at the head of the column . regard let* of (hi in and self preservation, and setting a handsome example to his men, of coolness, energy and courage.'' General Garland speaks of him as being, with "some few others, the very tlrst to enter the gtrong position of El Molino," and adds that ??Brevet Major B ucbanan. Fourth infantry, Ciptaiu Anderson. Third artillery, and Lieut. Sedgwick, Second artillery, appear to have been parti cularly distinguished for their gallant defence of the captured works." In addition to this testimony to his bearing on that occasion, we have that of (federal Worth, who particularly directed the attention of the Com mander-in thief to the jiart he had taken in the actiou. "For gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle of Mo lino del Key, he was promoted to the brevet rank of Major, dating from September 8, 1847. October 6. 1867, lie ma promoted to the position ot Major of the 1- ir.-t ar tillery, w hich he now holds MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA. GESTTKlrKX OF TIIK SKNATK AXll Ol TMK HofSE OF ROTiKSKV wnvw (ik rut gk.vmul Atenn ii.y ok the Otitic ok Loci sia.na: ? 1 have convened your honorable bodies at this unusual time to consider ttie condition of our present and future relations to the federal government, before the control of thut government is lodged in the hands of a party whoso avowed principles are in antagonism to the interests, the dignity and the well being of ljouisiana. Tbe occasion rails lor grave deliberation, wise counscl. cool judj:nieut and manly action. It will lie your province to decide whcihir its imjiortance .(ustities the assembling of the people, through Aeir delegates, in extraordinary conven tion. to determine in that sovereign capacity the remedy proper to he applied to existing evils. Never havo wo been more in need of the protecting care aud wise guid ance of that Diviun Providence whose aid and iullueui.cs it b< eoiii- s States as well as individuals to invoke. An event lias now occurred of the gravest import to the people of this whole country, but especially to those of the Southern States. Abraham Lincoln aud Hannibal Hamlin, having received the endori-cmcnt of the political |iurty calling itself republican? the fundamental prin ( iple Of which is an unreasoning and fanatical hostility to slavery ? have now l>een elected to the two highest offices in our federal government by a purely sectional vote, and in contempt ot the earnest protest or the other section, that -uch election woiikl be considered evidence of a de liberate design to pervert the powers of the government to the immediate mpiry and ultimate destruction of its peculiar institution Thirty years ago the public expre? sion of such opinions as are bow ent' rtained and avowed by these two men, in any iwrt of this country outside of New Kngland. would have insured to their uttercr swift and ignominious punishment. The representative man of thoi-e i.|.inions. chosen as the instrument to e Meet their practical o|x>ration upou the administration of the nation al go* ernuient , is Dow about to ocmpy the chair of Wa-h mgt'in. s> great has been the change of public .sentiment in the non sla\ eholding States of this confederacy ii|s>n a question vital to our interest* aud interwoven with every ramification of our social system. 1 feel myself oppn s-ed by the magnitude of the iseue involved in the action of our Mate at this crisis. 1 have beheld with admiration the beautiful and well - -opor tioned fabric made by our forefather*' hand*, of a In ion , of equals, under safeguards provided by a constitution I adapted t<> the wants ot the age in which it was made. I I have clutig with warm affect kin to the government under wbieh we have become so prosperous and great, and have endeavored to re(icl the com ictlon which events have forced upon me. that tliat government is about to be per verted to purptoes never designed bjr Its founders that the I nton is broken in spirit by the attempted destruc tion of the equality of the Mates which com|x*e it, and the forms of the constitution invoked to cloak the petpe tration i f outrages n|ion the rights of some of the sove reignties which formed it. Slavery existed in the colonic* in the Revolutionary era, and in every Slate but one when the constitution was formed. Its existent e was recognized In that instru ment by providing for its representation in the popular house of the national legislature. The master was pro le* ted by an express affirmation of hi* rixht as a citizen of one *tate to have '?delivered up to him his slave "r-captng Into another.'1 To th.s agrc<m<nt and com|*ct. sovereign States as sented: It was part of the bond; it was woe of tlie condi tions of fellowship? one of the inducements to the Siat?>s where slaves were most numerous, and slavery was thought to be most permanently fixed, to secure their ad hesit n to a Vnton which all then believed wouM "insure domestic trauquillity and "promote the general wel fare. '' In a few years the Stale* having an ungeuial c.ll mate and a sterile soil found they had no need of slavery as a qnti in of labor, and at*;, -bed it within their own limit.- They were prompted to this not by com itera tion-* of tuts k philanthropy . as is assumed in the hypo < ritual i ant of these latter days, but simply and ? x< lu Mvely by a regaril to their material interests. Other stati s. situated in a more tropical clime, and having ? 'hid thi tr borders a soil ndapt<id to the growth ?f pro duits which laori? e the happiues* and augment the wi allh of mankind, have relumed ?lavery, heeanae prac tical experience has deiiion-t rated that it i* useful, pro fitable and essential. While, however, the creat law of r< ceesitv and adaptatatloti luis controlled the o|ieratkoti of changes in the two system* of labor, we bave nit ignored the moral ami social aspect ot the que- tion. Mi n of intelligence ? politician* moralists and stati snien? formerly B|*>kigized for the existence of slavery among >is on the --ore of inexorable nece-.-tty . aud shrank from a defence of their people lor it* retention But when abolitioni- m . cmboldctif d hy inori a-ing >tri ngth, bi gan to attack our ! system ni lalx-r a ? a sin and n crime, the moral and re llglotis ssjiects of the question became tin- QnlJrtU of j m lutiny, and the remilt has b>en a Quaapli'te vindication I of our Institution and a correct**! of |iopular errors n? ? ?rmngit. We hat e derMed to retain it, and believe that any other )ie<jnle similarly circumstanced wilt tie t-eii. titte?| bjr it The lion >*lavi holding States got rid of it . and we did not < om plain They exercised their own j I'ldgnii nt and gratified their own desires by thatact. But 1 these States not only determined that they would not I have slavery themselves, but they have also declared i thattmniw sovereignty within the spin re of the ir in fiu< rice il.all bave It, and no new soil sba.l be worked by It. although the Inhabitants shall have car rted slave*, along with the other members of their hm.Fi hold and other properly, to their new home, and shall themselves de-ire the existence of the institution. This is an Intolerant and intolerable assumption of pow , er ? an avowal of a reckless resolve to ulsrigard the ' right* of Southern citizens, and to deprive us of one of the <nh< rent and necessary privileges which attach to us as iq .als. .wo long a* siw h sentiments were confined to scattered, ai.d unmt tential and demented zealots in New Kagland they excited no other feeling than cont? mptuou* commisi ration but they have nnw permeated the whole structure of social and industrial lite in thenon slaveholding states, and leavened the whole mass. Th* ir gr adual propagation has b*eu e* >n< >-d hy the legislation ?t tb?-e States. N'-arly every MM of them has nullified the Kufitlve Slave Utt, and ?na< ted the most stnnccnt penalties acatnst assist inw any n aster In reioveriog his ?lave Tltere are not more thai, two or at most thn e. Northern States, I think, tlmt ' have not lc|tslaii-d in some manner inimical to the clear ioi?t itutional righ's of the slave owner in this part ic alar 71 ie ii"" if Ibeir prison* Is denied for the lodgment Of e>t eaped slavet, sad evefy officer and otiaen i* forbl ideti. under pa n of punishment heavier than that indicted by thtmlor some heinous crimes, to aid or assist in i ny mannnr In the capture of ear negroes, while the n mplete freedom of the slave from any danger from ar rest and detent h n is *c< ured by personal Ijbertv bills They h'nst ct ? natty depriving us ot this spec.es of property to the extent of millions id itcllars. TTieir citi zens I ?irm nen.blnatlun* to prevent tbe emtgratum of s. thern ? itlren* with tiieir slaves into tlie unewwpied and ri u nion domain of the itiwvy. The mm who i* in w tlie President cle> t iif tbi'' republic of Stat<-s ha* do- I ? lured, at n rei i nt date, that we ccwld not Fi main a? we j have ever been part slave ami part free, but that th" 1 cot f < t between the Northern and f*nut hern systems of | l*b? rmnst end with the downfall of slavery. Ibe election of Mr. I.incoln by tlie Northern people ?? the representative of these opinions, and th. executor of such mMBt IomOM are fi nanadowed wltboet ambigutty ' bv the publi<- men and lOtNleal bodies having iffinity | w' th him. shows that the Northern Mind is poisoned aa-* i:St us. ami that it no kmg. r r-sjiei is our rights <*? | their obligations Tbe large majHttIM liven in nnQt of t|,?se stati s for tlie electors favorable to Mr iJncol 1 1. an evHi nee of the im v. isallti of this feeling of hostllitv u. mr institutions, at I of 'he depth to which tins dcinrton of the nopulnr m ud bus penetrated Tbe wise counsels of the lather* ate forgotten or inhee,: ed? the fraternal rem<?*trances of the ftmth. whether mad*- l<y individual i Itttens or severe gn state*, are iiis regarded? the sate ii>f of < uc ot their own statesmen, himself :if ex President, that the South neither wta.'f nor ought to submit to the election of anyone avowing their traitorous policy, has been treated as idle gas^ ? node . and a mad and senseless fouatii' ism has taken p< - session of the Northorn mind, as if they designed eitl - to drive ug to a de-perate remedy, or. deceived ^y < r forbsaranee, relied on our dsvoiion to the I'nion to fe 1 uk into a torpid acqulcscenca, if not an uuiuutiy autm > ? non. The time was when men shrank from calculations ? ? the value of the I'nion. That has long since passed a' f now thep who, during a long life, have ever rberi-h' I and cultivated veneration for the government with an ui".-t re) igious lervor. are driven to the contemplation ? C its disruption. The constitution is the only bond <> * Union. But if it is to be respected and obeyed by th > Northern people only when it chimes with- tfaeir the< - retical opinions, or conserves with their interest* ? If w<? are praiXically assigned the position of inferiors , when thqflt ttcr and spirit of the bond is that we aro equals ? Pte are to be oppressed and despoiled of our property, Qtjtl to be tyrannized over by a hostile govern ment. andrtpected to submit because the outrage is per petrated under the forms of law, then it is better wa should retire frcm an association which has ceased to bem lit as through perversion from its original design. In order, therefore, that the future position and proper l*4i< y of the state of l/>uisiaua may receive the thought ful a nd caliu consideration which it deserves, and that her citizen- may have an opportunity of giving form an<t e.\pr< mn in to their views in this regard, 1 recommend to your honorable bodies to provide for the election of mem~ hers of a Convention, as soon us may be proper with duo regard to time, to whom shall be committed the duty and rcsjionsihility of determining that portion, and shaping ih.it policy so far as affects the rclaliotu of I>ouihiana to the federal government. That Convention will meet, consult and deolde without regard to my opinions as con tamed in this message; but I do not think it proper, under existing emergencies, that I, the chief executive officer of the State, should omit the expression of my couviclions as to the course which our State ought to pur sue I have earnestly desired that a conference or Ccnven t ion <>f the Fl*v*'b<ildiiig States should be held, in order that they might counsel together and act unitedly in this ? grave crisis. I still desire that such a conference shall be had. if practicable in point of Mmo. 1/mlsiaua ought not to refuse to meet her sister slaveholding States its council, and there unitedly determine upon a ilrm demand to be made of the Northern States for the repeal of their obnoxious legislation, and the guarantee and security or those rights whk h have so king been persistently refused. Still, although such a course has seemed to my mind de sirable. and I had hoped that a practical and practica ble plan might ere this have been suggested to accom plish i Ins object, I do not think the action of Louisiana should lie unreasonably poslpoued under the mere hopo or expectation that such a body would be at some distant time convened. It should meet at once, and determine at once, before the day arrives for the Inauguration of a black republican President. I do not think it com ports with the honor and aelf-re speet of Louisiana, as a slaveholding State^to live under the government of a black republican President. 1 will not dispute the fart that Mr. Lincoln is elected according to the forma of the constitution; but the greatest out rages. both upon public and private rigbta, havo been perpetrated under the forms of law. This quest: no rises nigh above ordinary political eonsiderationa. It involves our present honor, and our future existence as a free and independent people. It may be said that whan this Union was formed it was intended to be perpetual. So it was, so far as such a term can be applied to anything human ; but it was also intended to be administered ii?. the same spirit in which It was made, with a scrupulous regard to the equality of the sovereignties composing It. , We certainly are not placed in the position of subjects of a Kuropean "despotism, whose only door of escape from tyranny is the right of revolution. I maintain the right of each State to secede from the Union, an<t therefore whatever course Louisiana may pursue now, if any attempt should be made by the federal government to coerce a sovereign State, and compel her to suhmissico to an authority which she has ceased to recognise, [ should unhesitatingly recommend that Louisiana assist her sister State with the same alacrity and courage that the colonies assisted each other in their struggle against the despotism of the Old World. If I am not mistaken in public opinion, the Convention, iC assembled, will deride that 1 /mixta na will not submit to the residency of Mr Lincoln. In the temper fof the Nor thern mind it is not possible to foresee the course of policy that Ongress may determine upon, and it is the p?rt of wisdom to prep?re ourselves for any emergency that ita legislation may produce. We are without arms to defend ourselves from attack should our sovereignty be assailed^ and it therefore becomes our imperative duty to adopt immediate measures for supplying ourselves with all ma terials for war. In the brief period which you are likely to ri main in session it would bsfimpracticable to reorgan ize our militia system on a sound basis. In order, the^' I ore. to be prepared for prompt and .judicious action, II recommend the creation of a military board or commission, whose duty it shall be to purchase arms and distribute them to volunteer companies throughout the State, under a system to be de vised by the Hoard. The Board should also be required to mature a plan for the reorganisation of our militia, and report to the regular session of the General Assembly on the Brst day of the session. It should be composed or men of military education and experience, who will tho roughly understand our wants, and the best and least ex pensive mode of providing for them. A liberal appropri ation ought to he made by the General Assembly ? not. less than half u million of dollars ? to lie expended, under the authority of the ltourd, in the pun ha.se of the best made arms, of the most improved patterns. Even if our relations with the federal government were other thau they are. 1 should still recommend th<* same approprt at ion; for the Stntc may tie said to be almost entirely _ without atnis. ns you will tlnd by reference to the report.' if the Adjutunt General, which a< romiuroie* the \l<wage THOM AS n. MOOKK. KxMTTiv*Omor, B?to.v Rot or, I >ec 10, 1S<50. VIGILANCE COMMITTER IX MOBILE. The Major of Mobile bun issued the following proclama tion ? MAYor'n Omnt, Cmr or Moan*, ) IH:iTMiirn H, lm*). ( The fee.iug <<f insecurity pervading the minds of many, and which baa Its origin in the formation of secret and irresponsible associations, renders it proper thai I ?houid take counsel w ilh my fcIKiw cltixcns. It over there wuu a period when it was specially incumbent <*i evory citizen, by precept ami )>y example, to uphold and maintain the supremacy of the 'law." of our State, now most certainly Is the time. We are In the midst or a revolution, and aro invoking the sovereignty of our State against wrong and oppression. If we be hone.-t and true. does It not b# boove u t lo magnify that soveretnty, and make it honor able, by a strict and conscientious oliedleace t? the lawn w hich have l-een ordained by that sovereignty? Do thoer who I'd rid themselves together in secret an. I irreepotisiMa as.-ociations. tor the purpose of exercising powers de legated bv law to the "worn otttoers of the law. expect to increase the confidence of the timid In tho ability of the state to preserve order and protect the righu of pence tnd property f tan thjit lawl?ssne?s jrive coafl det.ee of safetv* Can Uiat which throws contempt o*? the law. in that it pr<? laims its feebleness. tend, or be intended. to lacrease our reverence for the mnr from which the law emanates* Kellow citizens, be not de reived: permit not an over excited real In a good cau*t? to blind xou to the too certain coMeqnencee of an evil example* It your laws are defe< live, within tiurty day* there s ill l?e an assemblage with full and rightful power to reined) th??e defea ts. II your laws are not Selective, but their adnilnistration is in the hand* of unfaithful V?r weak Htid Incompetent oflicers, discharge ymir by iirvi lit.g them to resign. The Individual r<*pecU tuitty of the membcru of a lawless association aaonot ren der such aseooat ion respectable, but unfortunately only makes the example more pregnant nf evil. It may be very conservative snd right dispoeed mob, but it Is a mob lor all that How soon w ill it prove to have h?en the |? rent of a succe- ion of mobs, each more violent than ihn preceding, until anarchy prevails, and the fierce instinct* of brutal passion* inaugurate another reign of terror. There is no safety outside of the li.w. Itring me la conflict with ?b?in It mnv, I shall discharge my duty under tho . law and enforce the law* Shall I not have the nupprrt of ; every Smtbern man. of every good citixen, and will they : m>t evidence tbelr determination to give such supfwrt %v promptlv disbanding all ee? ret ami unlawful ussocielsK.s * | J. M. WrrentM, Mayor AN ENGLISH ABOLITIONIST LYNCHED IN MISSISSIPPI. [From the St. I*mii? f ?. wiocrst. Pec. g.j A respectable linking man t??<i| Wm Snuthymn. ? native oi yjulatid. an>l for several years ? re?sl?nt of Wisconsin, arrived la this city on TtH-dav . Trom Wi ping Mr. Mnitbvmati was driven from Misslss ^p, mat week, after sum-ring wvere injuries lor cnim 4 alleged again t him. but ot which he d<clare? Ins entire men I cent*. lb- ws? formerly < mpki- nt m this city for a l?n? wei kf as .1 tiwll. r. in ihe I'l.oiteis' Mills, on Krut.kliii ave nu< snd wi nt to Mississippi for employ nient In .Inn' last He > b'nined w<*k In I'anola and Hf N.inpi'inin y<r the Tennessee line. II" Worked |or eeveral parties. (treii mg mllisloBrs, and met with 110 opposition fmai aav pari) whatever t.'la w.-k sg? yestenlay. wlten he start rd fr< m l.ooxa In line. I* :-<>t.. county ~ f.ir Senatobia sta tion. on I lie Titine.-ee and Mississippi Railroad. s< vn tbiles dietaBt . empk>\ lag a negro to c-arry hiuv< It .??? tr<>nk iu a wag^i to ibe railrtsid. Arriving at St'na'i b a. after dark, be pr needed to l?s>k up -ome freight for tfc* negro's owtHT. and in doing SO Went into the fr> gltt de pot WhtU then t hre. or lour persons apprnu bed bi?r? and s?k? d li III where lie was going and what he was doing He told th< til hxkilig for st ?tile freight lor 1'ioiu hoioie. but tliey 1 barged him with l>eing an ahoiilHmiet and aaiispietous peis<si. and seiied and threw 1< jt\ a,t., k Ireight ear. wh > h thev lo. ked and tlien ?.eui up *ito tbe v illag* t<> tell the story The negro ?as aj*. ?j-r. -i.,| si j. as artirwards apfewred, ?m fhreateaed with insUuit. (hath if he didn t .< nless thai the m?n ?, i>,e freight ear I tad ende ivored to persuade bun to run og The negro th taking. probably . tosate liuoseit Irofn torture, saidtliat ruch was the ease.hnt liotwlUisUnding the cm left" ion. he was severely Hogged About ten o'eltsTk . a crowd of thirty r# f.^tv returned ' to the raiiroad station, t'-k >iiuih> imi, .an ? tlJ,r * liini into tin* w??"lr. n*re they -tripled loin naked rt*t withMsttdiiig the a.ntber w..? intei.s?d> c+l. nn,| ^?,vr 1 him a large nurrber of strips the v'lelim thinka twi hutidrrd. with a tin. I; l?sith?*r b* it, sinietines HU ainl son>< t .m< - w ith the edge A in..' 1 who appswred to be a d< ? tor then advi-.d them p. d relet, saying that the* wotiht linish lie i< b the ne*t day. fliev tts-w put hiti ? bs. k la the ir? i/bt cat w >tli nnthiitg but his . bdN -? and an old rug to protect him -luring the night In the us'rti itig lie W!.s released athl |? rtnitled to (iffy (?its I t a cup 01 1 1 A 1 vn i<r med for. sti ling tlieni?elre? iliotrtf 1 v'li then t.H-k him into ei,-t...|y afresh, went uit. , Hie sc.. Ill til.de hilu -trip tied III" lntrfK ? " 1 I'd a ttee alid then -hated bis h* id .1" el -?> I fhet 1011M The crowd urtrcd him to tell all abo it hts it? nigs In the inters*, snd auid that they knew he was guilty oi exciting slaves to hisarrectioa, had tampered ? w 1th thrrn and all that Thre?' or four said that id he w nti Id C- n fese his life should be spared, but th.it if he did n?>t he Would be -Unrig up It* this time Sndhv Buiti wae half dead from exh iiistksi and frltrht. and be In x ng that It Was his only chance of snfetv from bang. ' il l . he b"ldly avowed that be had tampered with s'avee. With a sbottt the e.'iifrr listeners sei*e<| him and Some ' were [<<r lianginK him tn attempt was mads to ret * rope around bis neck, but others were to taixiics for ' sti. tber opersts>n that the would be e*eenli.?ers faile t sttitthyman was stripped and liqu d ur, a most hot enough to scald, was poured over his head ?uid4fcaif