Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1860 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD WHOLE NO. 8875. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 26, I860. PRICE TWO CENTS. ARRIVAL OF THE ARIEL. Hews fro* Meiico, New Granada, the South Pacific and Japan* $1,225,217 DV TREASURE ARRIVED. Another Attempt on the Life of the President of Pern. Probable Triumph of the Government in STew Granada. Horrible Massacre of Emigrants by Oregon Indians. HEADFUL SUFFERING OF THE SURVIVORS. Ai American Cotton Factory Deatroyed in Vexifo and Murder of the Workmen, *?., iw., a?* The steamship Ariel, Oapt. Miner, from tipinwall De cember 10, bringing the passengers, mails and treasure, connecting wRh tbo steamer which loft San Francisco JDwoember 1, arrived at this port yesterday afternoon. The following is the specie list of tbo Ariel:? & a Weir $20,676 . F. Baker $12,000 Coleman ft Co 46.000 Amcr. Exeh. Bank.. 30 000 Order 22,248 Wm Hodge k Co ... 10,000 Wusostlne ft Brow ... 13,7601 Jennings ft Brewster 10 000 BaUta ft Sander 24.000 4 P. Savior 10.000 8tross Bros. ftOo... 38.000 J. W. Ooghill 10.300 Seboll ft Bros 39.600WRo?cnbaum ft On.... 19,800 Meusladter Bros.... 35.000?'Duncan ft Sherman .141.100 Patrick ft Co 30 >000 ; R. Patrick 30,000 Order 14,200 R. 1,. Wade 8,000 Sellgmann Bros .... 30,600 , C. W. Crosby 19.100 Metropolitan Bank.. 66.226 flarbeckftCs 2.900 A. Belmont. 12M.6O0HAnier. Kxcb Rank . 38 000 Thfle, McQahili ftOo. 28,600WeiMtsdter Bros.... 74.000 KoUy ft Co ft Fargo 227.600 Conroy ft O'Connor.. 18,600 BOrder 6.000 Butcher ft Co 6,000 _____ Total $1,223,217 hews noi wisomcTOM terutory. Horrible Indian Massacre of Oregon Knaigrauts?Mothers Rating tlse Dead Bodies of their Husbands and Children. OCR WASHINGTON TERRITORY CORRESPONDENCE. Post Walla Walla, \ WASHINGTON Tkxritokt, Nov. $, I860, J The command of Oapt. Dent, United States Army, has Just reached this point from the scene of the late Indian massacre near Fort flbise, bringing with him twelve ?MR, women and children, who have been rescued from this massacre, which has been one of the saddest that has ever occurred on the emigrant route. These wretched creatures were found almost naked, and sating the dead bodies of those that had been mas sacred, and In one case eating the head of a man that had been buried for ten'days. The party numbered f rty toar seals, out of which twenty-nine were massacred and fifteen saved. They bad moved from Wls i up to Fort Hull, where they recieved an escort of who guarded them to near Salmon Falls, on Snake river, when the dragoons turning back, they were Wt alone for 300 miles, when they expected to resell Walla Walla, W. T. Near Fort Boise they were attacked by from 160 to 300 Snake Indians. They fought for two when finding their men falling, they abandoned everything and (led for their livas. The next day they saw by the smoke that their train had been destroyed. They moved on for several milee on foot, the mothers, many of tbem, carrying their infants at their breasts, until they came to a small creek lined with berries, where they had remained five weeks, until the troops found them. Two men had tnade their escape and gave the in format km, upun which Colonel Wright ordered out troops to their relief. The troops moved rapidly, and when they came np With the emigrants It is said that the bear of every soldier was moved at the saddest specta cle that humanity svsr witnessed The poor people, men wuomo and children bowed themselves on the sand desort where they were found, and offered up a solemn and fervent pravsr to God at their most miraculous ea cape, and with one feeling the soldiers swore vengeance against the savages who have reduced this band of emi grants to this condition. Bat the most horrible sight was yet to be witnessed. They were without food or clothing, and had made shel ters for themselves out of willows and grass, and the in fants that had been left after their mothers had been maamered were eaten most ravenously, and one laity ate two of her own children that had died of starvation, and afterwards dug up her own husband. and the troops found his bead roaating upon the fire when tbev reached them. They said it was not until starvation drove tbem to it tut they could allow themselves to be thus reduced to live upon human flesh, and that too in a putrid state. The women had been ravished by the heili?h sav ages, and their naked dead bodies bore all tbe marks of horrible brutality. When will our government take .some action to guard and protect our emigrant roads to tbe Pacific coast? This last act calls for vengeance loud and deep. A rumor has also reached here that the FUltvad Indians in the Bitter Root Valley had risen, and were giving great trouble at Fort Owen. Everything has been done by Colonel Wright, the commander or this depart meat, that a humane and noble commander eoul.l do, and mock credit Is doe the officers and tmnps under Captain Dwit fbr their efficient aid and kindness to three emi grants. 14?utenants Anderson and Reno, and Dr. Taylor United State* Army, the officers with the command, did everything that could relieve these poor people in their distress. A body of troops hsd been sent nut from this post, as 11 wu sitppesed. to bring in and protect any emigrant* (hat might be left on the rued, but the troops returned here in August, without brl ging In any emigrants. We can only trust that tbe government may take warning from this, and initiate such steps as to prevent its re currence. NEWS FROM THE WEST COAST OF MEXICO. Onr Arapolro CamipoadtBM. AcArvuT), Mir*., [iec 6 1ASO. Ontrwtnm rf Ik* Am*rimn OntUm FHrinry at SuUwqo, and A'arrmo En p* at IV Wwlcmm. We are here without any pnat'tre new* from the eapi tal latei than the 'JOth alt. It ttf reported. howerer. that the atege ta going on with fair proapecU of an early triumph of the Uberala. From Teptc we learn that the large American not too factory at Nanltago (a village near Tepici had been de stroyed by the Toeada Indiana, and that a number of the workmen were brutally murdered. The official or/an of Klnoloa accitaea the bouae of Rirron. for be* h Co of in , sttgaling thia atrocity; but thia charge la aannredlr a baee libel, and merit* no considers! i?n whatever, the ranee of the atrocity waa aimply the hatred of the clergy party for all hreigner*. and especially Americana. Thh laat act againat foreign life and prnperty may be the straw to break the camel a bark. (tjntaJ "Ma high time This State ta perfectly tranquil and we are m tic moat diaintereeud manner quietly looking on at thone de part menu which are destroying each other. NEWS FBOM THE SOUTH PACIFI I Adjnnmmrnt of the fhllrnn fnagrnv Thr Indian War?Bellrlan OeTrramrat PrerUmatlon Hrremmradlni War on Perm?Another Dnrln# Attempt to Aesae atnate President C nattlln. of Pern?Vewr Pernwtan Conatltntlon. Ate., Ate., Ate. Of* PANAMA COa**!<rONIHtNCK. Put ana, Dec IS. 1<W0 The Ml l*h steamer Rngota. from Talparaiao and inter mediate porta, with two weeka later intelligence from all part* Of the Went Onat, arrtred at thia port on the Sth taat. Her dates are Valparaiso, November I*, I.ima and Oallao. 2Pth. She brought la treasure, for Ihtrope, I on us. Uhfcwin?INMAN mrwv?n aawaatr ro* (otJmrn, ro , nr. Thero Mae news of interent (*n thia republic. Tran qnillity prevails In every part of the Rate and all parte* are preparing foe the approaching election, which. In con*idem*ton of the strong measure* adopted by the government to prevent outbreak*, will, it W bettered, pae* og without any disturbance Congress which ha* been la egtra sea*ten for amp time, baa adjourned, after paaatng all the measure*, cicpt one, for which it was convened. The threatened Indian la vision of the Province of tram* hoe not taken place. and the force sent against them by the government, amounting to 1.200 men, will probably keep thorn In check. The Indians number about : 0W Tli? towns of I iU and Coronal, w> Ich have been threatened, arc in a state of complete defence. Congress l as pa red a aw authorizing the government, for the term of ten months, to pnrc1 ane the remaining shares of the Hantia n and Valparaiso Railroad in private bands?the grea er j art having already been bought up by the government. Two persons wt o a ere arras ed in Valt araiai In June last for making and circulating base coin, and for rob bery, have been tried, convicted aid condemned to dealt. The market of Valparaiso continues dull. The st ele if foreign goods on band is large, and but very little is do ing in tbe way of exports. Flour?Santiago brands, $3 to. Stock on hand limited. Topper in bars, $16 50. Copper regulua, $8; do. ores, S3 40. Exchange on the l ulled States, 60 to 90 day", 16 per cent premium. Freight for the Catted States, |13 a $14. HIHt. war with rate RcnnarcrnKO?nunc imoH-oemcrai. hmsC'm nrvasiow, Kir. Dates to the 23d November have been received fr< m this State. The Minister of the Interior has published a proclamation respecting tho differences between Peru and that country. He compiains about the grievances Hon via is constantly subjected to by the Peruvian government, which, by fomenting revolutions and a resort to all sorts of intrigues, keeps the former In a constant state of agi tation, and he recommends that war be declared. Notwithstanding this, it is rumored that the difficulties between Bolivia and Peru have been ainioablv arranged, which, however, needs confirmation. The revocation of tbe decree of non-intercourse with Peru recently an nounced would secwi to Justify tbe belief that friendly re lations between the two governments had b?en, or were atmut to be, resumed, General Belzu has lef fori tier and gone to Idma. flD'SH The Arequipa correspondent of the Valpar*., J.-r, u rtn gives tbe following account of the late Invasion of Bolivia by General Belzu, with the cognisance, it of the Peruvian authorities, whivh is somewhat fuller in detail than whathos heretofore appeared in the Hwuld:? On the 15th or 16th inet. information was received in this city of General Belsu's acts, having eluded tbe vigi lance of the Bolivian outposts, and crossed tho frontier by the department of Pan, entering the Bolivian terri tory as far as the town of Copacebana, where be sur prised and seized Colonel Torres and another officer, and retreated with his two prisoners, ?Mfc he afterwards shot ignominiously in the town of Sopita, belonging to Peru, rio the 22d further information wag received of General Belsu's acts, whereupon President Linares. justly indignant at the Peruvian authorities' conduct in alkiwi- g Holm to collect troops and make turunda into the Bolivian territory, ordered a detachment of cavalry, amounting to 760 men, to advance as far as Sepita, crossing the fron tier, in itureuit of Belzu and his forces. The Bolivian troops entered Sepita. where they remained some hours, and then rattred, taking with "them forty Peruvians, amongst them the sub-prefect of the town and ono of the judges. Helm had takou refuge in Puno. where General Roman commands a garrison of 6,600 men.'* rac. ixonrni nmn to xssswrvxin prssttucvt rawnujt? FRonruiAooN or thk M?? huh us, nr., ctc. On tbe morning of tbe 23d of November all Lima was thrown into a state of the greatest excitement in oonse quence of another attempt at revolution and to assassi nate President Costilla. The attempt was a bold one, hut badly executed, and more disastrous to those engaged in it than the one made a short time ago. It appears that a Captain lore, a young man attached to the battalion stationed in lima, and who has been a great favorite with the President, and five or six other officers, headed the attack, lara went to the barracks at six o'clock in tbe morning, and called out a company of soldiers (not bis own), and gave them to understand that the guard at the President's house had mutinied, and that tliey must hurry there to quell it. On reaching the house of the President they were ordered to Are on the guard, and the guard being taken by surprise, the officer* gained admittance and west in search of (hstiUa, they supposing that be would canto out of bis room on bearing the fire, and then thev were ready to shoot him? but such was not his fate, he having made his escape from tho bouse in a different direction. While this was going on the colonel of the regiment, having been informed by an old retired officer, who resided near the barracks, that a company had been called out and had gene to the President's house, be, suspecting that all was not right, went Imme diately there and asked the soldiers what they were doing. They replied that they were there to protect the ITesident. lie then undeceived them, and ordered them to fire on tbe officers who had conspired to take the Pre sident's life, winch they did. Five officers and two sol diers wore killed and seven wounded. Costilla was not hurt. Captain lara and another officer escaped and took refuge in the house of the French Minister, and It is reported that a safe conduct was granted them, ?o that tbey might leave the country. The a/tkir was all over in less titan half an hour. There was great rejoicing In Lima on Sunday, November 26, among the lower classes, at the escape and safety of the President. Tbe conspiracy was set on foot by the ultra liberal party, with tbe avowed object, it Is said, of placing Geo Flrniln Costilla at the head of the governmwt. Many arreeta have been made of parties of the highest respects fluty. A correspondent of the Panama Star emd UwmJA tavs that a secret society exists, under the name of-'Union and Pro gress," oomposed principally of ex members of tbe Na tional Convention, at the head of which la Dr. Oalvex, the ex Preaident of the Conveattoa, and from whence if is ?a11.pose I that all the attempts against the President's life ha\ e emanated. Dr. G. la one of the persons who ma le bis escape from the President's house, and wbo aougut refuge in tbe French legation. The revised oonUltutk* was promulgated y Pr??-d?*nt Ostitis. In the Plana de Annas, on the 25th, In the pre Hence of a large concourse of people. It haa many good features, one of which is the re establishment of capital punishment, which it is to he bnpedfwill lessen crime In Lima. Cnngram has approved of all the contracts lately | concluded by the goverameat. The American ship Lucy Hale, of Boston, which was partially burned at CslUo <>n the 6th of October last, haa te n condemned and sold. She was purchased bv the foreign Protestants of Oallao for a betha Tbe government has contracted with a person from ' hlle to the sunken steam frigate CklWi, agreeing o pay $?0,000- It la the general belief "is' she cannot be raised. The United Stales ?te?un corvette Narragansntt arrived t Oallao on tne 23d of November from Panama, and found everything quiet there regarding American affairs. THE EETOLOTOi IS SEW (BM1M. Oar Panama ComipaadraM. PlMU, N. O., Dm. 16.1660. Contacting Aremomti What the Uoormment HeUetin Myt? TV ffiMl Defeat*I no aQ Side*?Operation* Again* Santa Maria a Failure?The Untied Stab* Stoop Opaoo Sew Tax on Panama Tracts of War in Pari Oenrrsl J. met, United State* Minister at Santa Maria-? So no I Ball?f'nrreepandmre Between Caption* MiUer and Mont gomery?Onort Martial. Me., Me. One month * later Intelligence ha* boon received hern | fr' rn the neat of war at Santa Mart*, dale* being to the 4th met . but. a* uaual. the account* am conflict in* The file, at bulletia* pobllebed by the government give an ?ntirely different vera km of the atate of affair* in that quarter from that furnlabed bjr the revolutionary party. I The following t* a tranalatton of the official bulletin published by the Iutcndeot* General of thia State, from which It will be men that the rederal army t? hotly in pursuit of General M-quera, which I* in cautlruiattou of previous government account* ? He I* beeieged, *ay* the bulletin, on erery quarter. Col. Jacinto Onrtova and Senor Intendenle Zarama had -in reeded In getting up to Ttmbto, and daily bmatened to attack Popayan. The third dlvlainn, by way of Manialee, one column of 600 men, * tattooed at VbaquV command* the Qulndlo. The flrtt divwton. un let command of (inneril Pari*, had eroaund over the mountain* up to Tatoco and Silvia, tin general having lim trd httnnelf to thi*, a* the gorernmnnt. not wlahlng to un the leaat rlak. ordered him to wait far another divi* ? n, which wa* to leave Bogota imine.liately after the ar Ival of the ammunition, he , introduced into the country 'hrmjgh Mararalbo, and which wa* to be nerorted np to Pogota by a force of 1.000 men. Tin1 fart becoming known that ? eooeldcrable piantttjr of had been landed at a plarn ailed Qw.ha* for the rebel*, induced ?nme of the leader* n cant*Oder, wbo were enjoying the benefit of i wileo condemn granted to them, to arm themeelvne once m< re the government They opened the laII* and ?et at liberty all the prta.wcr*. They then proceeded to Velea, where they took by *urprlne the amall force who h uarriaoned the ctty. At tbie place they were beat.fed and totally drf> ated by the tronpe of the Governor of tbe -late of Santander. '* the 16th and 16Ut of November. (in tbe 6lh of November a email Bret, oompowed of eighteen boBg'W, four aklffk and twelve transport*, ar rived at l'enoo and joined the command of Oen Rnceno. whoee whole force ivmatata of about 3,060 men On the ftOlli a 'light engagement took place between a detach merit from thte dl v labai and the rebel*. who were in bongna, which rmulbd In the defeat of the latter. Dnrialve opera tion* were to commence on the let mat , and by thte '.me, no doubt the river Magrtalena, which, for aome time, ha* been Infeated by the rebel*, will be Oen from iknk. The rebel* at La Clenaga have made nerernl attempt* ..gainst Santa Maria, but they have not aucneederf in the icaat, and up to the preaent time had not obtained any advantage whatever The New Granadlan atewmer Panama had arrived at Santa Maria from Aaptnwall. but win he of little uae in defending the < Ity. The government paper, from which the bulletin In ?* tree ted, nay*?"It a evident, If the revolution let* of Bolivar and Magdalena. acting in concert, have not oh tatned any advantage, whil't Arboleda had only from aoven hundred to eight hundred men. now that the government force* are compoeed of nearly 6,600 mm, it will he fkr more difficult for them to eueeeed. Moaqnora* portion cannot be worae, If we to judge fm*. the tenor of the bulletin Omaequmtly we are led to believe that the revolution which actnally afflict* tbe Grunadlan confederation will noon come to an md." The revolutionary account* from Santa Marta *t?ta that Arboleda t* rbwely prenaed by the revolution wto. who have completely .nveeted the place by land, and that he will have to mirremler noon nnleae he la retn fvTted. Wbru the Engi,*fc *tcan>< r left Sao to Mar to considerable damage had been done to the bu ildings by the guns of the revolutionists. The bombardment had been go ing on for aome days. Arboleda can only expect rein forcemente from the interior, via the Magdalene river, but as all the places along the river are in the possession of revolutionists, it is scarcely possible for him to ex pect aid from that quarter, unlees the government troops, numbering tone seventeen hundred, who, at last ac counts, were at Honrs, which is the head of navigation, can succeed in getting down the river. To d ?this they have first to take Banco, a short distance below Honda, whose natural position is very strong, and which is de fended by about one thousand revolutionists. Indeed, it seems impossible to take it with such a small foam with >ro*3R at < ~ out great loss of life, as i1 cannot be approosBB at all by land, tbe face of the country for many milbs being an Immense swamp. And to attack it in front by water would probably result in the total destruction of the attacking party. The Inteudente General of Pana ma, who has already sent targe reinforcements to Arbo leda, cannot at present Rend him any more troops. His position, therefore, is a very precarious one. This Isth mus continues quiet, but thero is no telling bow long it will remain so If tbe revolutionists of the States of Boll var and Magdalena should succeed in defeating the go vernment forces at Santa Maria. They would, in that event, doubtless moke a demonstration against Panama if they could procure the necessary moans of transporta tion. Tbe relief of the United States sloop of-war Cyano hav ing arrived out in the last steamer from New York, the old officers and crew return to the United States in the steamer Ariel. The ship recently underwent a thorough inspection, and was found to be in fine condition In every particular. Ibis is due to her late efficient Com mander, Captain Samuel loekwoort. A special tax of $20 000, authorized by an act of Con grcFS. passed in June. 1867, is about to be levied upon tho people of tbe State of Panama, tbe object being to raise means to carry on tbo war. It is not yet known whether an attempt will be made to include the foreign reeiden s of the Isthmus among the numfier to be taxed. C. A. Anderson, Esq.. the newly appointed British Con sul for this port, arrived here a few days since. He is accompanied by his wife. The following ships of.war are in port??United States flagship Iancastcr, United States steamers Snranac and Wyoming, and United States sloops St. Marys and Cyane; also the British steam corvette Motive. Tho United States sloop Ijevant, now out from Honolulu nearly ninety days, has not yet arrived. The American ship AUegbauian, 1,149 tons register, of New York, with s cargo of 1,420 tous of coal for the Pa cific Mail Steamship Compauy, arrived here on tho 13th inst. Gen. G. W. Jones, United States Resident Minister to Bogota, was at Santa Maria on the 4th inst., where ho would probably be detained for some time for want of means of conveyance to Chrthagena. Tbe officers of the United States Naval Squadron now in Eirt wiH give a ball to the citizens of Panama on the 19th st. Tho invitations are already out. It will doubtless be a grand affair, Judging from the preparations that are being made. A court martial has been in session for several days past on board the United States flag ship Lancaster, to try an officer of tbe squadron for striking s sailor. The court adjourned on the l&th inst., but its decision has n?t been mode public. Captain Miller, of the British ship of war Clio, who is somewhere on the Mexican coast, has written a letter to Flag-officer Montgomery, commanding tho United States naval forces in tbe Pacific, in which ho agrees to all the essential points laid down by tbe latter, with regard to the duties of guards furnished bv sbtps-of-war for tbe protection of foreign consulates, which is simply to con line their operations exclusively to the consular premises, but not to be stationed in the public streets to hail and arrest peaceable citizens passing by, as was tbe ease in Panama, when tbe guards from the Clio were on shore ostensibly for the purpose of affording protection to the English and French consulates. But Captain M.. notwith standing he concurs in the views expressed by Flag officer Montgomery. as to tho main and only point at issue, wbeu tho correspondence was commenced between those two officers, has hud the had taste to say thnt should the occasion arise in tbe future, requiring guards from his ship, he would do the same thing over again. It is only necessary to say (hat if he attempts such a thing on this Isthmus while Flag-officer Montgomery Is in command of the United States naval squadron in the Pacific, he might have occasion to regret such rashness, for under no circumstances will British guards be allowed to chal lenge and arrest American citiaana m the streets of Our A spin wall Corisip?Memos. Asiivwall, N. 0., Deo, 16,1860. JKqpe of Santa Maria?Attack en San Pedre by the Go rernment Purcta?Damagrt to Samta Mart*? Hatting of i>? legislator* <f Bokoar?Complaint tf tke Rrititk Viet Qmtul at Santa Maria? /breed Loan at Panama? Preaidmtial Contert?ArMeda and Uerrtm Bunnell Frmck Etiquette?DtUht, dc. The British steamer Conway arrived at this port on the 7th inst., from Santa Maria and Carthagena, bring ing dates from the former up to the 3d; also full details of Arboleda *s attack on Bui Pedro, on the 8th ult. Bis total loss of killed, wounded end prisoners was 360? amoug them eleven offloers, who are in prison in Our thsgsaa The revolutionists have besieged flut* tUrU. The siege began on the 33d November. At the time of the simmer's departure from that place the city had been besieged eleven days. Several bouses had been taken and the forces in the city had been compelled to retire to tbe ptaaa. The plasa is a park in the centre of the city, and fortified; It is the beet fortification In the place. Tbe steeple of tbe church had been knocked down, and a great many other buildings had also been demolished or damsged. Tbe place will be in total ruin unless At boleda capitulates. Tbe consols and citisene had nearly ?n retired from the city and taken refuge on board the shlpa-of war, or gone to some other place for safety. The t'nited States government should have one or two men of war cruising around to protect our cltisens. Now, when there U occasion for their services, them ere none, and sometime since, when everything was at peace and quiet, there were severe! around hero doing nothing. Gen. Arboieda la beileged by 1.400 men under com mend of t icaersls Vega and labarom. One of Arboieda'# officers, by the name cf Martinet, better known as Peaea dito, in the evening before the O in way left, mad" e mine un<lerabou?? which a number of the revolution ists were in and blew it up, destroying tbe bouse and killing, It is supposed, at least forty men. It is very probable that this man will be applauded and pro mated to higher rank for hit most hemic act at kitting forty brothers and countrymen,an act unworthy of tho most savage Indian. Tli. steamer Colon (formerly laora Frances), which left this port for SauU Marta on the 2IHli tilt., reached the latter place on the 3d instant. When off Cvrihagena. her machinery baring got out of order, she was compelled to put into a small port or Inlet on the ooaat. near the city, to repair. Whilst repairing she waa atUu lo-d by two l*?go*, sent against her from <Mrthag>-na They e* changed a few shots, by which time she made the neoes sarv repairs and proceeded on her voyage as soon as pos sible to avoid a further atta. k from the bongo* Tbe legislature ?f the Htale of Bolivar had assembled at fbrthagens. Tbe message was presented by the Itacro Ury of state In consequence of the abecece of the Gover nor In the extract given by the Allansa there is nothing of Importance. Tbe Secretary of State <.f Magdalen* has addressed a long despairh p. tbe British Minister of Rngota. dated at Oenaga, September 4. complaining and protesting against the [art taksc by Mr B W Ibiyle, the British Vice Consul at Santa Maria, and Oaptata l.ynna.oftbe corvette Rscer, in the rsvohition. and lending their as sistance and protection to Arboieda The despatch stairs that Mr Doyle goes ?o far as even to superintend the works at the fnrts and other defences of the . ity. The Secretary also encloses several affidavits taken from per sons in Doyle semploy, in which they state that be (Mr. D. I set them to work making e battery. S'ieto lies at Chirtqnana. <? their way to Arena. 1.000 nun. under the ormm.ind of tieneral tpnntana, awaiting a land force and iwentr two bongos of the general gov eminent, commanded by General Brtreno, who was to I are left Honda In order to take the different places on the river and aid Arboieda in Santa Marts, but at the time no forces had yet made their exit. From tbe interior there has been no mail, ss all com mnnicsttno baa been stopped, therefore there Is not a word of news Anything reported from the interior hi all made ep by lnter< sted parties. Mr. Intendente Hurtado is going to make a forced loan to j>ay tbe expenses of the revolution T have heard that he has already damn Had the proportions to each r|t| ten in Panama and A spin wall. The State of Panama has remained thna far. sire e the breaking out of tba revolu tion perhetly neutral. y?m may say. although the Inter) dente has collected about 400 seidlers and arnt them to ffsnta Marta to aid Arboieda with little surreal an yet, and now have to contribute to a loan to pay the expense* of tbe revolution. This, you may say, is an Imprwltlon. but snrb la the wish nf hie Rxo Uency Br Osploa, and that, I suppose, la qntte sufficient. By a great many It lo aeppeeed Arboieda will he the next President of the republic, hut according to appear apeea it seems the contrary, In the States of Bnxaca and Omdlnamarca Arboieda ha# received S7.7W wtee against 4.100 finr fleneral Her ran The Plate of Panama has voted an#nlm"o?ly for General Her ran. Arboieda having nhtaltod b?t four vote*. In Anttoqaia it la supt* srd that Herran has -srried the Btsta. If that is the case General Herran Will he the next President. Tbe rther four Ftatea of the ronfedera ttoa which bar* revn'nttontrrd gffl have no etaetlme If H should happen the* everything will be arranged before the next President takrl the ahatr, Ui?n these-tale*, Vis Magdalen*. Bolivar. Kantaader Stpi Oanea?will go for Gen Herrsn, an that it i tn be depended upon that no will he the next President Tbe peeple of this fftate (Pa nam*) dealrra it an, fbr they know that Herran'# first step Wtn be lo make pr#c> very desirable thing here, as (he revolution la killing business The tax on commerce for the ensuing year for this

place hns hern Increased to nearly $4 000 m< re. it is a most *b< mlnshle step The merchant* are new taxed so htfb that they ran hardly clear their expenses TV "commercial contribution.'' sa it is called, amounted, last year to |7 ooo or f* iflo. sad was all p*ld by * population of 8,40(1?one-third of thoss "Wlv doing business, more this half b?mg forrigoci?. Then they talked of IV gug and protection this government gives to foreigner*. lUlf the time the authorities are net to be found in the City, their time being spent mostly on the railroad. Having free puwx s on the railroad the authorities of this place are hail' their time in Panama or somo other station on the line. 1 should think tbo railroad company woul l put a stop to it and only allow them a free puss when it in actually necessary. In the Star and Hrraid of the 15th inst., there la a card from the French t'onaul in Panama, who received an invi tation to a hall to be given by tho oitlcur* of the American squadron in the Pacific, and as it was addressed to the French Consul, instead of to Mr. Io Vm< omto de St. Hau vcur, he sent It to the editors, with the card, to be at the disrosal of the officers, on account of ite not being ad dressed to htm personally. Pled, December 16, or consumption, Mrs. Mary J., wife of John W. Bourn, Esq. Tile Bewi from Japan, The bark Onward arrived at San Francisco November 30 from Kanagawa, Japan. She brings dates to Nov. 1. A correspondent of the Alia, who oame passenger on the Onward, writes:? At the dale of our departure from Yokohama trade was exceedingly dull, and the prospect of an improvement anything but apparent. It seems that we have greatly overrated the staple exports of Japnu. From tho coir mencement to the middle of the present year it was uni versaUy conceded that the supply of such staples as raw silk, rape seed oil, tea, flour, Ae., would he at least equal to the foreign demand through the year, and that during future years the Jaoanese, stimulated to increased indus try by this demand, would bring more land under oulti vstion and thus increase, rather than diminish the supply. Time is now, however, commencing to provp that some of these were hasty conclusions, jumped at by us in our natural ignorance ol tho country and its resources, and not destined to equal the general expectations. Particu lar^ Is this the case in the matter of the much talkod-of rape seed oil. During the first part of the year thlsar ticle was daily intruded upon our notice at the absurdly low figure of 25 cents per gallon. Toward June and July It fell as low as 20c., hut now it has suddenly. and without apparent cause, attained the unprecedented value of 60 cents per gallon, and not to be had in quantity even at that figure. Tho fact is?and this very plausible explanation I received from the lip' of a large dealer in oil?that for years previous to the opening of this trade there had been an annual surplus of oil over and above the wants of the people, and that this surplus was yearly stored away, in godowus, to ward "a rainy day," as it were. Well, after some thir tv or forty thousand tube had been thus stored away In the different rape seed growing partB or the empire, came the opening of Japan to foreign commerce. Mer chants now, who had all thoir lives been selling it at 20 cents per gallon, hurried forward their reserrc as soon as they found that the foreign merchant oould afford to give them an increase of live cents upon the national price, If ore may so call it. Time passed on. Vast quan tities were bought and shipped to China; that market became overstocked, and the sale in Japan was conee quently stopped. a The merchants of Japan knew not how to account for this sudden panic In the oil market, and many of them, counting upon a continuation of the high price, had or dercd largely from the interior. With the daily arrival of theee orders, and no buyers, the Yokohama market now became overstocked in turn, end the natlvo mcr chants began to tremble as their notes became due. How were they to pay for all of the oil which.was lying Idle in their godownsf The answer was the same there as everywhere?sacrifice. Thus the price suddenly fell to 20 cents per gallon, at which rates foreigners of large means wore glad to buy?confident of a future rise. And in this expectation they were not disappointed, for no sooner had it ail passed into foreign hands than hea r rains destroyed the new rape seed crop, .inrt with this came the information from the interior that the oil gvxlowns were all empty, and that no more was to be bed. Now this rape seed oil is to the Japanese what whale blubber Is to the Oreenlamler?an absolute necos slty. No sooner did the sca-city, therefore, become known than native dealers In all parts of the country be gan gathering it hi wherever they couM find it, and an immediate advance in price was the result. Soon, the country supply being exhausted. they turned their eyes to Yokohama, and. singular as the assertion may seem, it is the native merchants who now look to the foreign mer chants for their supply of oil, instead of the foreign look ing to the native. This Is the reason why oil cannot now be bought In Japan nnder fifty oents per gallon. With tea, silk, and flour, the easels not so bad, but even there the prices have advanced so much that there is no pcasible margin for profit. It seems, therefore, that two It Justified In saying, trade In Japan is exceed ingly dull, Hbl the prospect of an improvement disagree ably poor. THK CTOWWOT. The currency quiet too is still in Its old and beautifully confused state, and our diplomatic powers that bo senni. Nero-like, rather to enjoy the fun than inclined to assist us out of the mire, our own particular representative, the Hon. Townsead Harris, seems to enjoy It with a moat superlative degree of satisfaction Soma months since be sent a written circular to all American merchants re questing ^hem to give their views upon the subject of remedying the evil. This we did, and bearing nothing further upon the subiect. were about to addrees hint, when a most Bunchy like opinion In the premises, which be had been beard U> utter, convinced us of the inutility of any such movement This opinion was an very torse, ?o exceedingly Bunsby-like, that It must not he allowed to perish for want of a little ink. Bald Bunsby, "If tbo ?hip is lhar. she's thar'" Said our Townseud, "Hie va tue of the dollar will find its own level 1" Oh, sapient Tuwnaendl HTOXICANIC A VP TITRJCK HDTrS LOffT. A most destructive bumctinc passed over Yokohama on the Mb of September Many houses and gndown* were blown down. moat of the shipping dragged, and one or two were driven upon the I .each?tle-se latt- r were subsequently got off, however. The djimitge to fo re ifn property war cellmate.) at about $60,000 Moat of the fore Mb residences leaked eo badly aa to drive ua from room to room for ahelter, and ?hnok to au< h an ex tent that many preferred taking their chance of eafety In the streets, where the component parte of fences, a tab lea. and atorebooaea were flvtng about In a moat exciting manner. Aa one of the reauliH of thia aevare gale, we bare to announce the loaa of three ve?eel? of war, with their entire crew*. Theee were the Rngli-h brig-of-war Camilla, a Prima ian achoouer of war. and a Japanese bark, purchased eome time store by a Japan cue prince The Camilla left Hok.ndadl for Yokohama on the lat of September, and haa not atnre been beard of. The Pruaaian acbooner waa left by the frigate near tb<> port. Juat before the atorm, and had not been beard ?f more, and the Japanese v case I went on shore near HImoda. No hope la entertained of any of them. mrMtANS ?rm \ txkatv. Speaking of the Prussian* remind* me that they bare now two frigate* at anchor In the hay of Mb). On board of one of them la a Minister, wboee object la to e?Tt ? treaty atRularto tbaaegrantedKngland.oiirMelvea. France Russia and Holland, ft la generally reported they meet with little or no enoouragement from the Ja paneee, and that the M in later had quietly nhrugged hi* shoulder* and Informed I be government that, being in no great hurry, he would wait until be should tnort with acme encouragement. 1BJUTAL or TU OTttlin MAIL. News From California, Oregon and Brit I ah C-olnnabJa?41.4 AO, VI3 la Treaanre ea rotate for New Yarb?Rxndai off t'allffore ? la Ofllee Keekers? State off Trade at ?aa Fraarlaeo, At., 4m. Foirr Knavrr, Dec 25, 1660. The weather la bitter cold here. TV pony expre??, with Pan Francaco1datiw of the 12th, jao-eed here at four o'clock thia morning. Ha* Fiakcpco. Dee 13?.140 IV M. Arrived Stb. bark Fredertckhea. Havre. Sailed Mb, Brit lab Maimer Termagant, Valparaiso; 01h. ship Iadogo, do; lltb ateamer I n< le Sam, Panama, with 176 passen ger* and |l .400,000 In treasure for New York. The ateamer I'nrle Sam left for Panama this fore noon, with 176 paMonger*. tbe malls, and f 1,400,000. of which $0,030 la gold are for Fiance, $1,000 for Panama, and all the real for New York. Among tbe freight arc 147 boxes silver, valued at $13,000, 1h? treasure list a as follow* ? Wells, Fargo* Cb. $?7n 000 B. S H*?llng? * Oo. 30 000 AlropA'o 211 611 Tread well k 0b.... 30 000 R Hsvtil?<'t> 144 000 Header. Inter* On. 16.000 lather A (bii'ch... ?t M*l J. It We*s A Co.. . 16,000 W. T Coleman A <>i. 6.1.000 J H. Th.mas in noo levl Slran** OB non Hell.'W Fare* 00.300 fl?i. Gordon 06 ooo Pick Insist, Itewolf Fugen# K. IK k On. 01 ?*l A Oi 7.600 PsrrotlACo 10.400 T. H A J. H Bwna. f. ooo I? AM Sachs* On. 66 700 F/lwiird A l*arker.. f. ntiO M Brumage# 6 O' 44 <100 A SlUhian 3,000 J *J H-Cnggell A fto ?o him Other shipjier*.... 66,56.1 J. t slcgmaii A Co.. 46,000 Total $1,406,015 The rnoeaoosable large treasure shipment by the Carle Ham Is understood to be a response to urgent appeals from Fastern etties. Business I* Inactive. It baa been raining for tbe last fewdatO, and outdoor opera I torts have been retarded thereby. But few good* are selling at former price*. Rutter I* lower; 2716 cents is obtained ft* Isthmus, Only such articles as are immediately needed are taaen; what ever anxiety there may he to sell and remit, forced sales cannot be made unless at a eerKwia sacri(toe. aad they are not urged. The steamer yesterday curried a large amount of trea *nre. A Oertfe to remit has caused s little demand for money, and tbe market t* attff at two per cent, but there is tm hesitation about lending or distrust uf the general solldneee of business alto Ir* here. Ibe light receipt* of wheat canse a verv Arm market, and ubipptng qualities would be bri*k at $1 TO a $1 76. There I- si me abatement In tbe tncltaatt< n to ship to Frg'snd. but tbe meagre arrlmls fully counteract the dl. mlnlshed demand. Freights are easier, and i-1 Hi the b st that can be got for Cork. The M*>lp Fair Wind gets i6 10s. to bad fn m Ibe coast of Mexico to a British port. Among the paaseiigere by tbe Vncle Hem were a targe rt n her if aspiring republican politicians ei mmtr for W?*bHigton where ihey prnpe?c spending the winter, expecting tbe Incoming admintetratioa lo select from imong their number the principal fmieral nlVrtt fur this toMl iA tb? springe mntic 1,000 bvd are tuppurled by federal patronage m CaU'ornia, and thousands of pla. " hunters have been developed. Several boxes of the Washoe silver ore west forward by the Uncle Sara, valued at $12 omi It is understood that Governor Wcller will accept tb position of Minister to Mexico. Captain Italy, the pilot who loat the steamship Granada, has bueu discharged by the Hoard of Pilot t ommiasKHsers. The pony express, with St. L>uia dates of the 27th ult., arrived at San Francisco ou the 11th mat. The Fremont mines at Mariposa are rogularhr reported ,ful if) yielding at the rate of $70,OtM) per month, lot th" penses are not given, no that the actual protlt cannot be calculated. An opposition steamer luts commence<l running on the 1 caeramento river, greatly reducing the pa-senger fare and freights. The republican papers charge that a secret organization ia concerting mcusurea for the establishment of an indn pendent republic on the Parlflo const in case of tbedfcwo lotion of the Union. The charge does not seem to be sustained by evidence. Colonel Fremont has commenced a suit to recover $2,000 worth of gold dug by a miner from th? mines on his land grant, the object being to test the question whether the title to the land gives the right to the mine rals contained in It. The list of passengers in the first and second cabins of the I'ncle Sara are as follows:?John K. Holland, Chpt.JMaaell, United tates Navy; A. W. Habersham. Frank Baker an i wife, John. G. Hodge, Isaac K. Huberts, Archibald Camp boll, United States Boundary Commissioner; W. Warren, do,, t'apf. eraser, rutted States Army; I.ieut. J. Mr C'leary, do., Lieut. Btoughti n, do., Lieut. H. B. Fleming do., W.J. Weeks, K. I. Sullivan, C. A. Washburn, A. A. Selkiver, O. F. Went worth, Judge Church ?trail, Dr. Woeeneraft, G. E. Kogers, Ohas. Hans 'ow, Wm. Wise, Ia'an Lefevre, B. T. Fblsom.J. W, Lingeo fitter, Chas. Hovenden, F. B. Owen, Y. Ferguson, Mr. Uaston and wife. G. W. Smiley. Mrs. Shermann and child. Bernard Bimow, F. Dan ton, A. PI for, Mrs. Hary MoCano and three children, Mrs. Stamin and three children, Mrs. Taylor and child, Miaa Hays, James B. Loatch, A. P. Jew itt, J. Madison. A. V. Horton, Chaa. Hadaell, J. B. South cm. Frank Luck, F. Quilt, R. C'. Dickey, A. I). Guthrie, das. N. Bailey, wife and infant; G. S. Smith, C. Master, S. Gammage, Phelps, and 116 others. BRITISH COLUMBIA AND ORKflOV. The steamer Pacific arrived on the 10th, with British Columbia dates of the 3d, and Oregon dates to the Ath inst. Senator Neemith will proceed in th? next steamer to California, en route to the scene of his future labors m the national Senate. The papers give an account of the murder of Mr. fhrter, a trader in Washington Territory, by the Indians. Reports are published that members of Lieut. Mullen's wagon road expedition have discovered gold at the head waters of the Columbia river, and also on the tributaries of the Missouri, while making the passage through the country this year. There is nothing of Importance from British CWumhia. The steamer Otter has arrived at Victoria from Fhusr ? iver, with $40,000 in gold. The Americans in Victoria generally observed the 29th ult. as Thanksgiving Day. Trade at forts Hope and Yale Is represented as lively, ?be merchsnte being busily engaged in packing goods for the upper country. The prospects lor the spring trade were flattering. Fires 1st the Metropolis. Fm* w Fa.'T Twentybghth Strew?Between four and Ave o'clock yesterday afternoon a Ore broke out on the "ocond floor of the dwelling house of ex Police Uommis sinner Isaac H. Bailey, No. 72 Fast Twenty eighth street. U was caased by a coal of firs falling from the grate. The damage to the furniture and building by Ore and water will amount to about $1,000. Insured in the American Insurance Company. Fire in Em imi Avenue.?Between eleven and twelve o'clock last night a tire recurred in the dry goods store of Morris Roberts, Jr.. at No. 191 Eeighth avenue. The ffsrai a were soon extinguished. Damage to stock about fl.000. Covered by insurance of $10,000 In the Commer cial, Imrlllard, Excelsior, Merchants nnd Trader's, and Columbia Insurance Companies. The Ore Is said to have been caused from a defective flue. Fm* i* FTltox Street?Shortly before ten o'clock a Ore waa discovered on the second floor of No. 77 Fulton street, occupied by HalTerty k Mellugb. dealers in corks. Ihrftlrst floor Is occupied by John M. Whitfield, plumber. The damage will amount to about $2,000; said to be in sured. Incendiary Fnui in Wwrr Forty -Seventh Street.?On Mondayf morning a mysterious Are occurred In the dwelling bouse of Mr. Bowman, at No. 28 West Forty - seventh street. Fire was discovered burning a lied stead and bedding in the second story room. While the inmates of the bouse were engaged putting out this fire, another waa diecovi red in the front parlor, which destroyed the lace curtains ami flred the window casings. These two mysterious lire* alarmed Mr. Bowman, and Fire Marshal Baker was notified. The Marshal went into un examination, which led the officer fa suspect one of the domestics, a girl or 14 years of age, named Mary McAvally, her contradictory stories .-auead the Marshal to put her in custody. Roundsman Grler made the arrest, ana during the night the girl coo leaned pi the Marshal that she waa the guilty party. As yet It don't appear the motive the girl had in tiring the house. City latrlll(?Bcr. Raw ark or Picxpocxnn.?On Saturday afternoon a lady waa riding down Broadway in a Fourth avenue om nlbnt; when near the corner of Chamber* alrcet two men, of gentlemanly appearance, got ia. The omnibu* being quite full, one of them rtnod up, while the other found a neat next to the lady, who bad Just paid her fare out of a welfAHedfpurae, which she afterward* depoalted in ber pocket, and for agrurlty placed her handkerchief on the top of it. The two men very soon left the *tago, and shortly after the lady,feeling for her puree,dtaoover od that it war tiilneiiig. and in the bottom of her pocket wax a bole auflcicnUy large to thruat her hand through. Sin- made known her lone. and anarch wax immediately made in the omnibu*. but of courae without effect. ft then became manifeet that the man who had been xwted next to ber hail managed, in a very adroit manner, to work up with hi* hand the eklrt of her dreea, no a* to reach the pocket thereunder, and with *<>tno aharp in (trumrnt adapted to the purpone bad cut the pocket and extracted her pur?e The etreiimaUun e of the caution di* played By the lady in placing her handkerchief over tbe piiroe in ber picket attracted the attention of the titevra, who were on the lof-k out for plunder?the one watching the panning-t* In tbe (tage, while the other wa* eiinitiiitiiiig the theft. Thie m one of aavrrmJ in rtanri * of tbe kind wliirb have recently taken plane, and xkould nerve ** a caiithai for lad tea to be on the look out lor the light flagurcd gentry. rata xm tub Bmncvrr ov hr Avnmtw'* (Vim -Tbi* fair will remain open till the 30th, and aa it la for the beneflt|of"the church, the alteratMoa In which have been rendered nereeaery by the wldeatng of fhiaae etreet, It ?boa Id b? Well mipported. ft I* certainly one of the beet aire llieljbaa been held In lb* elty for a long time, with in admirable neleotion of at t cle? of all kind* ueeful and ornamental, and aa the prioe of ad in l?? ton la only ten cent*, there ia no reaaoo why it ahoufd Dot be woll at tended. Amnrvr r> twu fltn mm ntu Tmr*.?The midnight train from IInladelpbia wa* d.hyed on Monday come two hour* by tbe breaking of one of the flange* of tbe main driver* of the engine Tbe flange* were new and rrry heavy, a rrvet fortunate thing fbr the payacnger*, a* the broken one jammed and waa carried along until the engine (topped. Had it broken kmee and fell lu-tween the rail*, the cotieeqocnre* would have been (trtoua. Palatini m White Girl ta make her a Nlave. fFrom the Kairhen f Ml** ) Free Trader, Bee IE] One day laat week a gentleman of thta city hailed an up country boat, the t'ora Anderxon, a* *ho waa pan. tog lireenville. Ml**.. whither he hail gone on buatneea, to retura home, M><>rt)y after being under w?y our Katrbe* friend nbewied a penelve looking little girl, aged *b? t 0 or 10 yaafl, wb"?e bl?<k tialr and yellowtah brown vktn would indicate that *he m a muUttrea* There wn* romethlng about her that intereeted him, and he inquired of tbe captain concerning ber. He w?* in formed thai ?tic wa* a *l*ve belonging to a man on board, whom the caputn pointed out, who ?aid he we taking her to New (trlewna to nail her. be having bought her for f 100 In North We*teni Mieeouri. on tbe border*. Our Natehex friend eyed the little girl and tbe border man w> flfcnahr aa In attract the attention of the latter, with whom lie wa* mm ? ngag d tn cunrwraatmn concerning the child, interrogating him ta *ucb manner a* to elielt an*wrer? not alway* agree-tog with prevtou* ataleraenU, and evidently alarming him. Thin wa* *u*ptctnu( The little girl waa tuken aaide and examined. hbe aaid ?he wa* an orphan, and had Wn taken from an aaylum in New York by thie man; that lierbair wa* light and ber complex ion brunette that lbK man told her he waa going to tbe South with her, where, a* hi* adopted child, ah* would have a good borne, that black nalr wa* prefer ed in the iViiith. and prettier than her*, and that he had Uk*n her to a barber and had her hair dted black He al*o told her that If abc would allow him to put enme vellow dye on her "kin that her eompkif? would beergne much whiter in a few daya and that lie had put the ntain on. <m hearing t been ?tatement* the girl wa* taken charge of by the captain, and potaeh. map and water being applied, |lw> dyra were taken "IT **d the light hair and light complex Kin brought to light Tbe pretended ma- lor wa* aelfod by the egelted paamngere, who were about to deal with him aum marly but it wa* Anally arranged to lock htm tip in a autemnm until the boat abotiId land In the meantime the boat had paeaed ft Jneeph, and when a Paw mile* below that town round ed to to take on wood. At Oil* point, how, or in what manner la not known. the border ruAaa ?*r*ped from tbe beat, leaving hi* baggage behind Tbe girl wa* taken by the captain of the boat to V*w Oleana aad placed ia one Of the orphan aeylum* la that etly Tux Kmc** Aact t <!?.***At fkxm ?The Waahtngton /wlrfHprwcrr of thr Ot l??t Wiyn Oaarral Scott, tempo rarlly In thie elty, 1*. we have ?een, the auhjert of aave ral notice* In the newapaper-. aneh ??. IIrat, that be in about Id reetgn b'* com mlm ton In the army; ?epned, that he h*a matured a plan far tnvaritag and conquering any a*re. if g rtate or Mate* and. third, that be t* op p.*ed to garrMnnlng onr Southern fort* an an to place them be i end raptnrr ?>yhe ted mob* or nnanihoriaed *>|uada oft volunteer* Ma ran >?> With ennlldeoc that there ?' but the leaat truth ia any of ihtra rumori. THE REVOLUTION. Another Effort to Revive the Missouri Compromise Line. The Defenceless Condition of Fort Simpler* Proceedings of the Charleston Convention. LETTER OF I0Y. PERRY, OF FLORIDA. The Address of South Carolina to the Waveholdinff States. South Carolina's Declaration of Independence. Address of the Mississippi Commissioner to the Georgia Assembly, Sc., he., As. OIK SPECIAL WASHDICTOf DESPATCH. Wswuvii-ni*, Dec. 'lb, MSO. Tbe city bee been very quiet all day. There were bo general reception* by the head* of departments, and bat tew private parties. There Is no hilarity in the national capital in these times, for the period of a breakup of ths government seems to be hourly approaching. The policy of the republicans, as developed to-day, with regard to South Carolina, is to re|* al the revenue laws declaring Charleston and other South Carolina seaports to he ports of entry. This will sdd fuel to the present excitement. Members of Congress from the border slave .States have been consulting, with a view to the concentration of all the Southern Stales on a basis of settlement, having for its principal object the extension of tbe Missouri Compro mise line to the PaciAc by a constitutional amendment. If tbey succeed in this they will invite the cn operation of those friendly to the measure from tbe Northern States. There is considerable excitement In the city consequent upon the action of the people of Pittsburg, Pa., In having refused to allow the arms deposited In the United States Arsenal at that place to be removed to the South. Tb? belief here is that the administration have already taken arms from Northern arsenals and sent them South, where tbey havs been, or w 11 be, taken possession of by Um secessionists. It is a subject of curiosity among the republicans to know whether the President will use coercion to protect the government property in Pennsylvania, when he re fuses to do so in South Carolina. General Scott expressed the opinion freely that forts Moultrie and Sumpter will he taken in less than a week. The plan of the secessionists Is to take Sumpter first, which, for its siM, is believed by General Scott to bo the strongest fort In the world. There are about one bun dred mechanics there, with about one hundred rounds of ball cartridges to each man. Not a man of these is a sol dier,nor is there any cannon there nor military expe rience among tbe men. This is the actual condition of the best fortitieations at Charles ton. Sumpter once in possession of the secession tots, with experienced tag lasers and the necessary muni tions of war, such as tha United Utah's government have allowed to fall into their hands, Fart Moultrie could be destroyed In less than twenty four hours. This is the opinion of the most experienced military others in tbe United Stales. In 1833, when South Ckrollna threatened a dissotutton of the Union, President Jackson called General Soott into bis counsel. The General inquired. "Mr. Presi dent, what are your instructions.'' Jackson prompt y answered. "General, your views on the subject are my Instructions?go and execute them." I'pon thin direction General Scott ordered eight hundred men to Fort Moultrie, and thai place was never attacks*, and sees* rton wu at an and. At preacnt General Scott's *lvtc? i* not solicited. nor bla well known view* on the aubject reapecled. 1 nut* what I know without fear of auccumful contradiction, although 1 am prepared to aee a counter statement. General Scott trui-la In the ppoptn of the I'nltod State*, and believes they will follow him in defence of the I'nioo and the law* when he lake* the flag and aonnde the bugle Thenar -hip Macedonian i? fitting out atKitterjr forth* Gulf, and not for the purpoae of being ordered to Char lee ton, aa la reported. If the I "re* ulem aenda the romtnuniealion of the South Otroiina Comraiaaioner* to the Hooae of Repreeentativee, aa be intend* doing, the m<*xaqp of the Creaident will bo read to learn ita object ami rcoommendatioa.and the com munlcatton of the Cnmini**tonera will be treated aa a pe tition from citlaen* of a sovereign State, and a motion be made to lay the whole subject upon the table. OUR WASHINGTON CORRFSPONOENET. Vf iwinmit, Dec. J4,1*40. .Vo ffopr of fiaapront iaa?Nnttmp in I'mtprri but Ihtun im?Tkr luat* Hrfurt tkr pwpU ?/ Out S'artk?TVs Stautn far li?? Cammi/iumm?Ttuir /'repeal* Can* man? (ft* Phrt* mud (A* Ollmium y ft waw BlamUkirmg .%**?< ?jf /tarfeol Hrpubluaiu. dr. All hope of com prom lee through the natrumeaUJity of (Vrgre*a la at an end. Mr. Crittenden haa given It up. So ha* Oorwtn. No well Informed man of any party, anqnat. with lb* proceeding* In the committee* of which theme gentlemen acre reepectively ( hairmen. **pert* any aaliafactory ad juatnn nt of the difficulties between the North and South from our federal legialatora, now or liereafler. There ta no prorprrt of anything better than a dleeolu iion of tlie rilatlng t'nion, and a reoonatructkm upon well defined and well underatood principle*, or the entab liabment of two or more ronfederariea by Stalea that are not diacordant, nnctally or politically. Rut there la to many mind* a prospect of something worm, namely, collision between Stale and federal foroea.clvll war and all the coofu*Ion and horror that would eventually follow. I apeak not on mere conjecture. or from any heed to mere rumora fabricated f<ir the hour. South Carolina la out of the I'nlon fin her opinion) and aa anon aa the Convention* of Tetaa. Florida, I/mwtana, Mtaalf-ippi and Alaliema ahall mart, they will go out cer tainly In like manner. The beat that can be hoped for ?ow I* that a convention of the people of the alaveholdlng State* may yet he called, aa waa intimated la a former letter. agree upon a fair propneitein to be aubmlttad to the people of the Don alaveholdlng Stalea, whereon the leader* of opinion might g" before the people of the North with the dMMct leaue.'? fntoo or disunion '' If the propnaitioa ?bould be accepted by the North, peace and II* ait*nd#Bt proeperlty and happlneaa would be re aured ami the In km would be prmerved. If it * boo Id he rejected, then, at leaal. let thoee state* which ohooao tr. separate depart, without disturbance, with dignity, and, if pmwible, with mutual good wtehee for the new and hatardoua career on which both aectton* are enter ing However painful, thle la in reality the very beat pr< ?prct now before the eyrg of many reflecting men, by no mean* habituated to look on the gloomy aide of any public que*ttoo, and they are preparing for Ha realtaa ttcn. The < om?i?atoaer* (Tom South Carolina will he here to trorrnw. Spree letInn la rife aa to their reeepttea, their demand* and the Item* of their miaatea. It aheald ha borne tn mind that they do not pretend to come in any dtpirmattc capacity, and hence there will be no dtAeutty at all about the manner In which the Praatdant may meet them when they preamt tbemeelvee. The queatton of reocgnlttag them ** miulater* from an mdepeadeah government will no* even tone up. Th*y are eimply r. n m lee tone** to confer with the general government In trlalloft U> the eiistlng or mpltc*tt?*i*. In reapect to the tmlltratton*. it la probabi# thev will auggeot thai an they were designed for the defence end p' dertiaai of south (an llaa, there la no r*ee**tty or advantage of re laiag the military force* of the I'nlted state* therein, ?luce the ?tate ttaelf la competent to Uke care of the federal property. aad will honorably amount for Ita full value, whether South Carolinaremains aa jftopintqat