Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1860 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

ktcvrri iguty, or whether the pn < -it controversial are ad justed or not. In rooiwt to the collnfttou of the r< \ cnue, they ?U probably propose thai un >1 the i?-'i ? of the controversy one w?* or another, the revenue inav he collected as heretofore, and a ri> ul..r account kepi, tobeherefler h> tthxi Iwlvveen the ftdi rai govi. n.neul aud thai ot ouuUi iOrollna. It Li well understood at loost that the Oimmi'-bivncr vv :1! not come with pen tnplory d< uiaudt or under tii.vg is lerutl instructions. loyal as they are to South Carolina, they art -talesmen of eon e, tact, modi ration an I exne ri uce. So long as they are here, at least. there mod be no fea. of collision w ith the federal power v> thm the limits of South Carolina; and so the friends of the poliey that w i b for a peaceable solution of our tr< ubljb, have ibu- the ten. tit of that gn at jiae.ti iter?time. The bloodlhusly spirit of bono i.n.r imbU inpurwrles. it this crisis, in dislaiwlng for m-'iuve no aaiires, would he ridiculous If it were not calculated to have a una chu vou. eft eel on better uai'i - in ug the ardcul and excitable of their lollow. How many of the ? paper heroes will bo ree'v t ? rak their place.- in front in caaa of ioi actual Irruption Jf the nuli slavery hordua on the Heenwtoil 1st-* Mo lid he who valiantly got out of the way of lhift Green's " man gany rti? k, at the Capitol gate, lead the forlorn hope" or would the graphic delineator of the eilMiwv of the 11 m .o be less alert m running from the fc* .libera tire eaters ihan he was on a l anions occasion eulebrati 1 in the HmctY REPORTS PROM VIRGINIA. ? Rii-iatotm, Hcc. 26, lstio. An iounded rumor of a ihrraleitod negro iruurrec ti. a found currency here last night. The military re icivk. orders to l?e hi readui"?K to turn out at a given signal, which was the discharge of three rounds from a cannon placed in Gap.ml ipiare by order of Governor le U-lier 'lbs is tie uugrotM' holiday, ami the p-culiar oppnr iunities for intercourse which they have at this time give tailor to ucy little alarm that may be lai* d. 1: W. ItHrnvx-ll, Junea l., orr and ex-Governor Adanif, the three South Carolina Commissioners, arrived here i.i:s evening, on thoir way to Wu_-u.i.giou TUey aro t-l. ppiu,, at the Exchange Hotel, and will leave in the morning, 1 HE SOUTH CAUOrjNA 1'ONVENTION. i ll. H i ll DAY. Oniiisnw, lav. 26, litW The Couv. lilioti met at noon. Mr. Jamison in the chair. l*ra) er was offered. The Com wit tee ou rvt.t .u_- w'lh tb< Sli vuholdiug btat.w oi North America, reported the f'dlowinn re-?lu tions.? lteeo! .ed. first, That this convent apuoint <? mm is i ti.-- lo pn ceed t" ? < !. - l iveholdmg Slate that may mumble in convention for 'li purj laying before tin in the oidluano o| .- e.-si u.iuul r> sportfully to in ; ae their co operation in lornun^ a buuthcru Cuulixte ; My. Second, that our coraim&aioncis lie authorised to sub ?nil the federal constitution .?- the li..-i- tor a provisional vernmcnt for such Stab m- -hall have withdrawn item the connection with tie- government of the L'nit.-d cUles of North Amen-u. Third, Th it said comiui. siouors be anlbi riied to inv .le |i ?Cli ng States to meet in convention at such n 'uue aud pin o n may be agreed ujv n. for the purpose of l'oi mitig ; .-rmuieut guvi-ruw-u: for th'-s* Stnu*. 'lb' l'mawwr read the iullowlug ri mrr miration:? Ciiakuvuvim It-o 24, IWO "o mo Piumromrr ami I'l.ueoeon oi xun Comsvre?.v ot nir Imikitcniikvt Srer- ..t SuCTB filMM I ? UKvn km vet?I have tlii- mouiert be. n Informed that yo t <l U me the lionet by resolution, to Invite me to a ieat on the floor of the Ibnienl.on. 1 am wntiting in lan guage, genllomeu, to express my feclingr, which this very enevpected cmirtef at your hands ha - given ri-e to. In the coarse ot luy ii.e, now neurl; half a century? u life not entirely de-.o.d oi incidciiu cnicuUtod to Inspire a laudable, manly pride?1 have lie vet been itooored wiyi a rest w th thfiso smarting under the wrongs Inflicted by the leaders of a |s*r virted government. a:.d who luve, will. uiiAii.iu.ly unparalleled, broken th link with the faithless oonfedu racy. You ar. engaged in a h ?rh .nd laudable aim?aye, the loch and holy purpusii of tlevialug a government whirl .-hall oiler tho pre u? -t liberty com shua with the ?ighta. liberties a; ?' Uippoe ss of the go, d In ovary particular your ordlnntne w In good t?id< . to tho point, and i ?vers the whole ground. Permit me toopsore you, gentlemen, that the ..sliaut little State- of Klitrida will foil -w your l'-au. On motion of hor Gou vention. IVrld* w'll. as certain as anything in th ulure ran be. wheel into line with the gallant old i'ul nietto State. We art '-nt ti<-<l with the name inlerexu. ? nil then ? a deep di tn mlliati U not to submit to block ivpuhltcan rule. Y- ,r common de: l.nv mu-l bocomo 11 .at of others. 1 regret isceed.Ljly Ut.l urj-fi>t ofileiol ?lnty. which 1 < nnoi pot-ipone, will d privc m>- of th- |?1 asiuv of m ?i pt-.fg your kindly asirtcsy. With the tender >f uii sue-ere thank , for ll*' honor ?wf. rr< d upon nic, I am, grtitlemen, \ rry respectfully, your obedient servant, v S rvjutv Mr. P.sihv ottered a r .olirth*. for n r crag from to morrow till th- 16th t?r<*fm?'. l/*t. ilr. M ivuur-T'* i nl.'tton, lustrorttnif t> tluvi-mor ? m*k'> forthwith *11 preparation* wlreb tuny bo m -dod <i rt by fon-. th.- rtpttt and Jtsrtodlrtinn oi A*uU ? *roi:n* in Hi territory, yt.it lout. W ? Trmjtv iih.red :i r-eolitinn that rop'oti of the Or.ll aahrwof Secewmti by the Convention, w itb the 1 "C.xrotkw of Itu mediate?tun-w whi.-li hato i?.l iced and juMitM-il the wwr - inn of Carolina from ihe fed *1 Cn ?n, nd i).- a.tdres, .'* of the p. ..pie of .*-uth (hrullna, tn Con ?..>vini?i<wt t<> the r'ov.-hoM'jt/ ita'..-* of the i nlte? .-.tnteo, ho ?r in niltt.'.l by the Covert* r of the M'air to the Governor af th. klaveliokimjt Mat* r-. for the norm alt.? of th or nvp. tire Jrnlidiitnre* or kconven >oM, where coavenr-i of the pmplr hoi -bee . >W1>-1 ' in *n; of the Blaveholdin^ S':?t~< Mr W o i.?w th .'it . b?d b> r o h the njw*rt of the < bili.fleet ah-n * a re'err-d th. <j-tn r mural ?o ?( the Lay 'latere of i^oc- * eeverei mm torn were na.ie to am-"nd. Mr. Itew.wjt aard. treor tw? ?? there/ Snath fhr> l.Vi ! ? <1 be?u one of the r> -obi ? ? f W2* - if -1*>e- -.ad ' 'he ooQMit jtio0 m a t- -n;*.*, -? Tere pec. feat ?.vnre v* Mateo. "*.v h * unl.mt. ? * V-vht pr-por to ' ? i-mae bee a?v?r jm r nht to w'tJnfraw fmm I 'hJ Mdrral hmtwe . ?nm*< the? p propriety teat it* I state ahe-Id am-fy b-v itr oaf* :--*. ? v twUier boo j > avtbolua,, or ata* -?br>.'1 xsUlw, that ha* w.ih ? .--ion from the t'n -c and to r?-rtify g je??r fo, th. e .nee* of her wlthdrw* %: fen the omfrt Th > if... ?WIM.f al' Jttate. hmtld r?ee;we Oft-rJo< f w tod th ? *'?*? .mat fyitu; the ".1-m ton. tMeal r>s of the t> ti<* on liwerttnj th> word* mm 'ia.rhotditir b'-'orw <le?ohi>|iitr". Mr. Imr r " end that ?*ipieo o she tir4i? *nr? i 91 of t'.e re ,i Jo?tif\ nit the renew .? ?4 Mr-Mi (Hridtaa *h?'ild he seiil t- the th rer?..'ft of all the t*ut> wt fi?( i of tl.> ftddrire to the I* "f Honth ti?ro'in? ?hot:M her nt the (et'HIf 'W of elavofcefclttiy Htateo orly. Ii.- wtk'd, *U) i t itw.irt ijt^'-.tel, Craiif. and .11 jtto IVw rO*?and oahl, w.- wep- lately in a Im;i. with not. .-lairln litin*? riv.it. ?. intthre 1* uot' n,; ibvui i.-toot w'.th 'hedhrnlt} of t*mth OvfM'ua la f? do'nj, more or iooe, .han the duty of rmrtegy ?h? owe* to h e lat ? oaafMe. rotea, to anito'inoe her wltfcdnwal fr.-in Iho I a^ue >? d ?r ,n.r.>rta fh-m "i t i\? ?>?* whielt 1j?1 iir to Mr Mn.vaT.mp" p I that the t jv- nt n ? 6-rrkj flie jra-txeof th. tine . io?l not e"tmoenl?.i,? w'vh th-i t h elarehoJd.ijjor ?>o ehoMttic Mtahw e th whieot, take tlx rew tiit|..|, I fuatty "<b"riat vt.^or sari it e m ealirely peopi-r th i noxic-j eboiiid tie ([tt"? to our Ut* OM fmlerTtfte ??' ifir with I neol front the r..ntr.|?r?i..y. Th-reehie' d be a ftVBtal xtbetat i idlre (.?<? 1I? tho*-.j(ht It wrr.'d t? -nB -.wt i.. send u> ih? tret ?i ?\. hot'.inf ."tatr* a i .|>y of the .+? ..ooioa ffrdiaance It w.*a utlCTomwir;. -rl th in a i taleaeot ot* roa?oi, He tbou(ht it wuuM l?e be~-t to rWtid to al. the aU<r n Ui? lat- omfml' - ? 'y v^.ics ut th? ?r..:r,aaoe of oeceeei.oi. and lo the rlo*. h. tiiit; Suto* Uth tddr.wi U> the pro**'- of 'Jt. ? Slateo, with thi> ?< -i..-atij? of raweo Mr. riv.jrr .>oi-pte.: t.' the arc- nuin et Mr l?tao?> ?i?;4 th ordlaaaoe ur r-j>tv a <tt?iita?at. It at: *?>oe* M> th C*r- rm'o wttbdrawa'fbie* theCnl'iri It it .!?? our loi? p at." -rateo. whHher et-mw * or aot. In an wrr to tl front Craaeo and Ka/Ur d th- reopen,* to tabor.; Mi hove >e? lew ;oo. an pHtipaet wHh foreltrn t\ w r?. He hu* e r e-otly irer ti-e-i the p?atun of ymtr t rethMitof the a m olore raaiw." It to aot true, la point o fart. that ad horth. ro people are Wulte la the r-fbl- of the Mteit!) Ufa hare frh-nV lb-mi, and oi. M-r^art miomiatii'n to dno !?? them, to aim* ihat -jr d,etrr far tm-neMiow withdrawal from aeaociat on with ?he hmtile Mat-* b found"I on ad appreh-a?.< a w? h. ?t . abort on p*rt) x>-n retttrrf -?itr-d of 'h- ^rr-wn Meot, Mr kxm bol -Vi-d that all intereooro.- tvtww-n th Nortl.em aa-1 tmith. in ttateo bod he, n hpa-a off oonre time 'go He m- ?.t .*t?4ar !nrt*jj.-?. wb.ro Virria'a had ?"krd t*h " fur i'a?r.ttveo fr?m pdlm, and the Governor i t tliio rrftwed with treat di.reop.wt. If an,toaM>> r-U ttoao ft ill r* sated it w *tl b? prup-r, bat now It wawild he iv proper. Mr. Iw.ii* thoujrM It war. due U? W- OiBfOd IWdWI to not them ta mnt- fbrm and In an ottk-i.al m*oaer <tn I he " ear e? win B Vlrf Bla ?*at rewvlntvono to 'h. \<wth em dtolew. nrent alt eaino Nwk w.than mmtftot ropty. V.e t'.noM t 'ttplr tawIfjr thorn the' we bam enwdeeod r? lot Ham. Mr Mfmnot* *wt*l ?h?t the Onero.a ? pmetetaeitde ww pi.lil ilie* the ma-iunt. ?rnr-uo inr th?t Pmiih C?r?4iiM i* o free, oovereifa mote. TleftwaM of ? to tepwobwi State ?a>. ompty otiflV hat to nntif? lo '**d MtWrr*te<, or .th rnptro of the irrdtbaac. Mi Md'flW?The fact ?< ?-ctidr'B Mr. 1?< wx taM hr deaired a l-oodUe? re volution H? thought tb>- in t o '.mot wax proper Hp believed it wea legal propr ety w herever there w;u? a duaa<lutK>a of aaf confederal y, partuemlnp or alienee, to give infurmalioa. lit thought it btxame the mover of the d^uhtlioa to ao t.fy tl<o*e htretoforwoo operating The qutet ion v .18 taken oa the adoption of the am*ad iim tit*, and they were all lost. The < riginul resolution was adopted. Mr I'tuiiiN met ed that the Convention go la to secret s< -r. >u Carried. The pMOMdings to night id the Convention are in refe rent t? the customs. The Indicatl as ate that the Convention will adopt the I iiited Mates r venue laws. Hirect revenues are to he pa.d to the Slate Treasurer, the o(Beers to swear alle giance a ad fur lK?nds to the State of South Carolina. The free trade party 1* at present email. lie proceedings are marked with prudence, to avoid injur) to commercial internets. Tin present condition of affairs la r.tther embitrr.uviiitg to foreign vc-xjIa in port. THK SOVEREIGNTY OK SOUTH CAROLINA. THE APPIUKSS OK THK I'KOl'LK OK MOP TH OAKOLINA, AMKKHEI.KJi IN CONVENTION, TO THK KKOI'I.K OK TIIE 81. A V KHOI.IHNU 8TATK8 OK THE CN1TKO STATU. 1! ii- now nevontj three years since the union between the 1. uited state.- aa* made by the constitution of the United Stales, During this period their advauco m wealth pro;- ) erity and power, h s been with scarcely a parallel in the history of the world. The great object of their union vs.?sexternal defence from the aggressions of more pow er! ul natrons; now complete, from their mere progress in j?w er, thirty one millions of people, with a commerce and uaviga on w liieh explores every sea, and of agriculture productions which arc ucrewary to every civilicd people command the friendship of the world, But unfortunately our internal peart has not grown with our external pros peril v. Discontent and couteulhui have iu >> ?d in ihe INMOm Of the confederacy for the last thirty five years. During this unie SoiiiU Carolina ha- twice called her peo lilc together in solemn convention, to take into con bideratton Ihe nggretvu us and uncoiietitutional wrongs p. rpetratud b v the pitpleof the .North on the people ??f ihe Smth. These wrong* wore submitted to by the peo |ile of the South. Qnder the hope and expectation that lliey would he final. But these hopes and expectations have proved to he void. Instead of hemg incentive* to forbearance our submi* ion has ?>nly instigated to new Sjtiii* of aggression.- and outrage, and .South Carolinn, again Mk-emhling her people in convention, has this day dissolved lier eoiuiex.on with the States constituting the United Statei Ihe one great evil, from which allother evil- have flow i d, is *h overthrew of ttc constitution of the United Stale*. The govt rnnieut of the United State-; is no longer the government of n confederated republic, but of ;i I'ouaoiidalrd democracy. It m no longer a free Govern meiit, hut u despotism. It Ik, In fact, sueh a government n. Great Britain attempted to act over our fathers, and wh < h was ( si*tud and defeated by n toveu y oars' Strug gle fur lull p? lulcnoe. Hie r< volut >ii of 177C turned upon one great principle, self govcrntiKHi and self taxation, the criterion of self government When the biure ts of two people united together under on< gov enimi nt are different, each must have tlu' power to protect its interests by the organisation of the government or they c.otnot be free. The interest* ul Great Britain and of the colonics were ditlerenl and au tagonlatic. Great Britain was dealrons of carrying out tin- policy oi all nation.-) toward* their colonies, or making them tributary to their w ealth and jwwr. Slio hint vast tjid complicated relations with the whole world, tier po licy low.iids her North American nolonics was to identity lliem with her mull these compliant d relations, and to ni ik" tbcin hear taconimon with the ri-st of the empire, the i ill burden of her oblig ittenc and nece-aitie.-. She had i at public debt; she had it-Kurepeiui policy umi Asiatic policy , winch had oeoaMum-d the accumulation of her p ib).c debt, and which kept tier in continual wars The North American colon 1c* saw their in tercet* political run) commercial, xaurittced by such a policv. Their in toresti- ri-quired that liny should not be incut lied with the hurdena nud wars of the mother country. They had he.-n settled under charter* which gave them self govern ment, at least no far as their property was concerned. The; bad taxed th? mscire*, and bad never teen taxed by tin govcrnmi ut of Ureal Britain. To make them a iwrt of a < MSi'lidat) d empire, tho Parllameat ??f Ureal Britain determined to aaetimc the pow r of h girlaliaff for the colontes .11 all cwae* whatsoever. tntr ancestors resisted the pretension. They rcfuued to he a tairt of the oon - didated gov rnnient of Great Britain. The South* M. State* now stand exactly in I lie same js-iton towards tin- Northern Sta'Vs that our ..iMM-Kt'ira in uIh i "lord- did towards Great Britain. The Northern States, having the majority hi CungrcMhdaim the fame i?wi of omnipotence in iegbdation aa the Uritieh Parliament. ''tte geoeral welfare" i# tho only limit to tin legislation of either: and the majority in C??gr'H , a in tho Britali l*ariumieut, are tie aole jinlgc.i of tic xpedieney of ib? loftUlntion thi* "gewwral wel fare' require#. Thuj the govrnmcnt of tin United states ha* becoute u tout*>1 Id ated i.ov rnmcct, and the piopl of til ? South' rn Mutei- arc eompe'led to m<t-t the v rv d< ;* tisui tic u 1 itilur* liirew ofl? lit the Kevolut.on ?>r 177P. Tin conwi datiao*f the gi-vernB eut of Great Britain t th ool'titi a.. ut'iNuptcd to N' cart ied out by the t 'i-. Tti' B-ilah Parllanmnt Midi rtoolc to tax theooio u<vtu ? rotu< t- British Intu ?- f sir fhthers resBtod thL i? reti niiiou. They rlatme-! th" right of self-taxation 11.:iy-ii i.. i < ? :->ni ?i u>! .intuit*. racy were not rtprctsmUd ui li: British I'arljuneut. and litero tnr? could Led r'ghtly be taxed by it* 1. gin l;it .r?. The ltr l.'h covermneiit, h'owever, of th m a reprow ntattve lu the ltrltirh lurlin : < ot. but ;i wm not euflV- '-id t? enable them to iwntect th ? i?clvi' front ill" majority, end they refused It. Rt tw<-tu taxation without any repreaeiitailoi], and taxation i u r>']H-< m-musuo .niequnie t?? pr<H?etioo. there ? i>no<li , rwitv. By wither would the coionke lax tLietuj* Una. ili m o tlev r? i'u.?<?l to |?y the taxi'' laid 1 b.i tin Uruteli Parliament. T1*. S utb-'i? Sinlea n-iw eland In the name relation to ward* il? Northern StaUW, lr lb#1 vita' matlrr of ta?a t m. tmU out WHX toflhim*! toward* the peebof fJrral 1 liritain lb* v n a minority lit Oaixre**. Their rrpre i r .it i h i. ti i. ru*- i* it*' It* h to jiroUx't lb'm .igam-t I l;n,_ I to ,:?! -li itml liny &i? UUUvl I'; ibn pt*plo of the Krth for tin 'r benefit, exactly ns the peopl-i cf t.-.at Braj t.?\M our aancatcr* m the U l.-h 1'ali ameitl 'or Unit liOUelit. Kor the In* I fort > t r r tie- tii * laid by the Ooo|{re,v, of the I n-te . s. ite? liar? be-i, I' d with a vh n of atibaerrlaa U ' er-- I of Ihe North. 'fh*? |* .pie of the South ht> ie-n la.teu by dulse ue trip-ota. aot lor rove t ' . ..rt i> . o; .he-trb *.eut with rtTKM?to pro a ' I,. ? - ? ' ? I. ,1 -Uterf) Inter, -p; in th' prMt.C 1'i.ct lb.- ? rjMiee and mwttU'wf'ire*. .? ? -woo! er vJ at lie* ocii-ld.'jft of the Southern '? * ? V -th ru vtati -, wh.Ji our .nicertoo re ?'toli-tr tr>? trd-1 .t iValn. Our ance. tern not ? .y mv*i tiiet: thw tin I *11 the tare* collected ftrtn h-n. ?er exi""raii>d n #oet t*ietn. Ilnd they hohmltted tt> ti- |"?t. n .? in i?t' the Br.ti-li eottrmncul the taxe* n ,-?! from them would hare le-'fi expended on otlier ?w.tho. he la r-h emp re. fhey were fully aw are of ?I. .1 ? 11* ii h a }?. :< e in i'npoM rtahlB J the prrple r mr lmnut" er, collect *i. and In enr*'hiuy tli<?e who a.e t|, bet - tit of lb r-xpeiidttnre. TO prat en t ho i b' of li i >. I'cy an* oi.e of the mother* which ?it ??? tiiflib *i to (evolution. Vet ihlh Urn .-h policy line ? n rally d / ?' I' v rd the - -uii. n Statcfby the N"? rthrrt. St I be peoybi of ?lie Smitlu m stx'er are ouly ux> d I,* tie bweCt of thi Net them -Uiten but after tlie l?v* nr? rxdlcted thr<e ? e rt la of toe?n are ixpml d at the North fh^ i?"ye, with etheir c>atn<?t4*! rtli th? eprra' er of th ?? tu rai S 'vernitient, lm prov'jeiollwd the eittee of . V S-utlt lie r itn wth > ?-d, wbilal tte-y are !? h I Ni n'.ein eit - Th Ml' af fbe fort ru rnaiorrc ot the I uilvdStaW- are the nfrtrultnral pur dti ' ? an er Ue- Sooth, yet t.i- thwtt ClUaa do cot ? tarry tt ,<o Oer l'?rei|rn trndo Ir atme,t art.ill 1-itud In 1 ?P? lie re we?e lire -?litp yardi* in fV>i"b Chrollna to buftd h |? li earn oft our d ri'-t trj?|i with ). trnfw llrtareen IJUel n.' IT7 'thero wen bu.il tr th ee }aril" twenty lv. , r :gn< d vr-ecla, be.oii- a a yreat u irubor of ?*e>| oud -elejme r . to oarry oft our e,i?ai .-n<l Wenl lu Ita iradi u th h.4 l ? ? ot r> nirni >lial< !y prrcedlnh th> Ki viiuiiou fr ni ir^. Ui ITT.i, the popu'.itMiti if ?*a.th t ,r.i| -U ircr< ?*e?t ??r , ti-foM No iiiac rat, r a ni ut m !el>?n that our a, ? t- t tati-od d to dabttKh over the'r prule I rit, . ? ily tV mis wwt of )p>r, .-rment ie ; .'wd <w -hr>iwt'. Tho trr-ot older.t ,rf tie- i* i t.t-t ? c ,>f the I'ftiw*'. r'uoca, in lu iaicr ltd operatic*, war. doubt Ice 1, tocrcure the (treat clU of the Ibrvvl-latv - ? l!uul?i free ict>vrnaient?a govern ?ie-i.' Inn U'l to than- natter' only which werofMier.il v*t ir-ini'-r to all porti .a eT the I nlUxl Sia'oW An t ? do, )<*,?? ti retv* w rt to be left to the SVatca. ? ? .i. ! \v obtain free etyvans Bieiil by aw aUttMiOll at' nam U ?i VJKt a lOBfedaracy V t ' y Tr ' at] a- ' liady -'ueroa-thaier t? on th? part of th-> p"T f tie N.rtl>, and rdimer *ic na the part of ?.. ? .-rub. th iui. aairui n the ?*uitdilution bate been I - v rp',iw?; . und ? o: the i i ?: -eater ha*! ?< &m> ? <> n rial*. . with %c.aita of llmitkwa potran In K9 cperater a it ?? r.4.t at .dl *?.rprir> og, wh 1*1 awcil <* the charaeter ft II ? (iovei;.; ? a. ??T its* I Qlt 'd rUttoa. th*l It .?Imuld ? e io j*> *. -? i?jr over all tlie tiut tnuoor <if the ,*a.|itry. ,ie ??. lolicwa m the ?i'jj?a-.i m slavery to tie couth . f the n aural recc'M of the con ??'.?la taei Of the A** rt iu?mt lb?po"ih Itty oPuwa pn? ? r; n,l' il the pi?plo ?if the North luirn lb- pa r by tVuc-tw "to promoto the gwuiv ratW' ttne I U?o Uatbd Staler," by atymcH tltey oe. ai ve - i aid Ihey wot aaaali -tad over-1 throw ti* " o. slavery in thertowthf Thay art NMnplbla for Ma onUaaw or exiawooe, la ptwtiia ituw . >h power. A majwrtty la OMgMa, aawl og tn th?'tr nte .?i?,l . rd ("Tvcri'd t * wa, k ocunpitect. upon tie* i.tijeclof aiavtrj . under mk dkeuuwtanerSf aura ao Mpenoa> an to aaourt altii'?? to aliiC.ai n e?**<ity. P? inake, Uwrever, tbetr vanwrrlai i. rrf ava.Iab!" toruM the laicw, Ujc North uei.-t ccawlidMto their |*rwer It wewld red o?' united, hi nj pitl-f '.emci ' t" I lie while l'?cn-J -dbor w-'id-, otanyuM' V tit tonal ribka-V?for ou aucb ct, ijocta dirk***- ?r> a'liV -ly V" ex .t u ll~e NVirth ar in th fw-Htl' SU\?ry v ? rtraitiy a?-<:t!>ja.U InWi.'t. If thir r<wiid be n if th v.bwt n of portle* at the Nortb. the N'*lh o Id If un e-l Ui ltd |-"?r. und then carry " t its # . *. ir* of *>Mtntud ara biU<?, eorrmolniirnt pad a.vr.OK1 rem -at To build up tbetr wclional pv?.dot...nau - tn the I'Bieo. the oouMitu tioti tnurt be mat ??* ?*'. ?l by court rim' lour; hut that twlnr <V<oe. lie tMi iat a of the Niwlh to rule th*" south, by (be laiiA' add rkvwy aauee, waahitleiob v.iiu* <*wtrw of thm^K Tlie ooe'iliitioU <?l the I nit-Nl St.ilrc \?a uW ? \peri to nt ibo tiperiirual eon. -ttej in uiul.ug uud'rooe 8 'verMuent lUiirrenl |? Ofdee, Uvum tr, dllf-W' at cl.mwtea, m i hit t* differ at |mi?uilc of iiidu?try ami H waiter-ii-d bow carvfufi) tbo Liu il ea* if roch a X'iv r' in- nt lie laid down ia tit" tcsitai oi?__jia Kuroe?, DiUai .it l wt d< |* 0,1 ipw Ike (Mi faith i( t> pwrtiea l" th.- i ,r-i ''ew, ,on.,-a, t in i*ufeceiag th"ir. It la net tn (be pew i "? h iiom i*n|padte U> eM-'lud- iai.. in P reerHt, ?"?i-lruet>'it u d perver- n?k in an; cecst't i I low; and wh- n tat 'e<-t!eoal iatcreefr arc to be t-up. ?erii-d. luietiinji (lie .iiipnye atioo of cour.ibwt in,I lews ?* w It h? ot ifen th" ' "T?J ewe-1 of mankind that words ao parchmcat can arrest I ewer. The com-titutioa of the United States, irre >PN(iv? of the interposition of the Stalee, reeled oo the aesumptuu that power would yield to failh?thai integrity would be stronger than interest, and that thua of the CMialtUiUon would ba observe! the limitations __ The expenmeut haa bean fairly made. The Souih ru butaa, irom the rouuuenceuieal of the government, bare striven to keep it within the orbit prescribed by the con etiutfc? The enjx'rinient lias failed. .The whole consti tutioa, bv tbe ctnstrucqoBB of the Northern people, has been swallowed up by a few worda it) !t? preamble. lu their recki<*e lu*t for power, they seem unable to nun prebend that seeming paradox, that the more powor U given to the gnueral povenment the w.wker it becomes, its etieiiglh consists ill Its generality and limitation*. To l ateod Ihe s.'iipe of its power over sectional or local in tercets, is to raise up against it opposition and resistance, in nil Herb matters the general government must neces sarily be a despotism, because all Bectiuual or local internets must ever be represented by a mlnorit) m the council* of the general governmoni? bavins no power to protect itself against the rule of the majority- Iht majority, constituted from Umsu who do not repr< seut these sectional or local interests, will control nud govern lliem. A free people cannot sub init to such in government. And the more it enlarges the sphere of its power, the gicater must be the dissa tiAiactirn it must produce, and the weaker it must be come. On the contrary, the more it abstains from usurped (lowers, and the more faithfully it adheres to the limitations of (he constitution, the stronger it is made. The Northern people have had neither tlie wis dom nor the faith to perceive, that to observe the llmi tat.un of the constitution was the only way to its perpe tuity . Under such a government there muat of course, be many and endless ''irrepressible conflicts," between the two great sections of the Union. Hie some faithless ness which has abolished ine constitution of the United Slates, will not fail to carry out the sectional purposes for which it has been abolished. Thore must be oou'iict; and tbe weaker section of the Union can only tiud peace tuid liberty, in an independence of the North The repeated efforts male by South Carolina, in a wise conservatism, to arreet the progress of the general government in it- fatal progress to consolidation, have been unsupported and denounced as faithless to the obligations of the constitu tion by the very men and States who were destroying it by their usurpations. It Is now loo lalo to relurm or restore the government ol the United States. All con ildenre in the North is lost in the South. The faithlem ncee of lialf a century has opened a gulf of separation be tw con them which no promises or engagements can till. It rannot ho believed that our ancestors would have nut ntcd to any union whatever with the people of the North If tbe fcelingE and opinions now existing amongst them had cxieted when the constitution was framed. There was then no tariff? no uegro fanaticism It w.ts tbe dele gates from New England who proposicd in the Convention which framed the constitution, to the dele gates from South Otrolina and Georgia, that if they would agree to give Cbngr-Hi the Bower of regulating commerce by a majority, that tliey would supjs rt tbe extension of iho African slave trade for twenty years African slavery existed in all the States but one. Tbe idea, that they would bo made to foy that tribute to their Northern confederate*, which the;, had refused to pay to Great Britain; or that the institution of African slavery would ho nuelc the grand I'ttsiHol a sectional organization of the Norlli to rule the South, never crossed their imaginations. Iho Union of the i onstitution was a union 01 siavehotding States. It rifts on slavery, h> prescribing a representation in ( Vingrese, for three-Qftlis of our slaves. There in uoth ing in the proceedings of tho convent .on which framed tlie constitution to show that the Southern States would tiave formed any other Union; mid still less that tie y would havefortiied a Union with muro powerful qyn slavelioliliuc Stales, having minority ill bolli branches of the Legislature of the government. They w, re guilty of no such foUy. Time and the progress of things have totally altered the relations between the Noi thorn aud Southern States since Iho Uuiou was established, 'lbat identity of feelings, interests aud in.-ulu it<w which once extend is gone. Tliey are now "livid, d, b.lwcn agiicultuial, an.1 ni.iuuiactui ,ug in StaleM r and eouim. rciul State s?between states holding and Don ilavcbolding Stales. Then institutions and industrial pur -nils have ruudc them totally different (a-oples. That equality* in the government between the two suctions of the Union which once exists 'Xistod no longer < vista. We but imitate tlie policy of our fathers iu dissolving a union w itb non .sbvelioiding confederates, and 1-cvkuig a cun ie<leration with Flav .-holding .states. Experience ha* prov.-d that sis* elioldiug States cwnoot ic safe In subjection to uou-slaveholding Stales, Iii.l">d, no people ever expert to preserve their right-" and liber lies unless tliey are in tlieu own custody. Topiuudar and oppress wh?re plunder and oppression can 1>. pr.ic. Used w ith impunity, seems to be the natural urd'-r id* things. The fnlrcat portions of the world luiv c been turned into wuderDeeseu. and the most civilized and proeporooa communities have bten impovcridled end ruined br anii-.-lavery fauiti ?? in. The pooplo ol the Noriii huv e uot left us iu <l"Ubt tut to their design' and policy. United as a section in the late Pre. vl'-i.iiaj elect'oa, they have el<nted *.? the nqXMll of their policy one who ha* openly declared tliat nil the Mates of ill" Cluted States must lie made free States or ?!av< Mat**. It is true th.it among t those who aided in hi. 'Ixtioo, inure aro vai ions shade * of aiiit siav'T.r hoetility. But if African slavery in tlie Southern MatesUe the evil tlieir political combiutlnu* aitlriu it tube, tlie requisitions of no inexorable lug ic must U-.ul thetn to otnanoipatttm. If it is right to preelwto <?r abol teh slavery in a Territory, why should it be allowed to remain in the Stale * The <?e is not at all tier* uncoc stitutional than the other, accord.og to visedecte. ioa of tlie Supreme Court of th" United States. And wle n u ia considered that the Nortliei n Stales will soon ha v the power to make that IVmri what tbey pie a*", and Ua the conatit'itioc never has bans any barrier whale- .-r to llMir (WcaM(|iw('r.?bil?lirii cantuer- be in < i- un r< .Htmla-dcoim-i 1 of tie-North toenuiiio pulx-u. I in eymjiath}* ir. oaaoc ration, which e-nrriea menalong w ithoul priTfiplc. but wbra their* ? prlnclgW, and Hint prtoaifto h> fortified by long resting Brvj-nlR-wa and t.nl.ugF, nnso r.ht.on t onin.p-lent tii paity uifururc-i. Lu rpiteof till disclaimers ana nrcfawtimx-. th-re ?M be bat one end by the submhr.on by the death tu Use rule of a wet> iud un ti-rtavory gorernmeel st W..-.U-ugion-. u4 tii.it .ml, Ui rortly or indlroctli, tavf l>e th? i':oi>iri|?ttion of the *l.irw of the Strata. Tie lit i-uri -y of thirty year; --the falth'eei-nrsE of thr ir whole oourwe from the ci>mnn-nc meat Of oof nmioti w lh thi-m?eliow that the poopi- of the n.-u-lu rebel, ling North *r# not and eaunot be a.ife aa *oc later of the alavubulding .Mouth uud.-r a c?M g* Ternment. Not only their ianattcl^Bi, but their n unman views of the prin<--plea of free aovrrnm nti, r.-nder It doubtful *h< tli 'r,-u'latratod from tin- Fouili. they ran Buiinta.n a frei gnwrmatrmt .*iu<?t u--1 lie tnarh nr. Brute ?umber, w.th them li th* gr>-*t element of free government. A Uiayor tj U UnMUble ami cualpotoat. ?''iTir rlirht UHSue to rub- in kiuga" h> only tnuitfmd to ih-;r maturity. The very ntgect of all oaaatltnUans, in fy.e prjmiur J*"-.eraiii'ni , ia to p~iu.d the majority. t>m*1':i!tivii?. thiTefore. according to >h ir theory, aiuai bo moat nwlfhteoua ili\ out est-. r. -ir ,Jtg lilK?rty. None iii;-ht to eric', but th" l-ody polit..: ought nntply lu ha.c .<l> Iitical or,;anlxeUm, to Wing out owl eni.-roe lh- will ?f n majority. Thbi llaory tu..* be liarmW* in n -mail lomtuuc'ty having un 1 b-nltty of iMerntfaand pur an. if. 'eitovera vjM Si.ite- -tillm re ot irate** oool-diracy, Imvtbf; vvlou* and conflict inn iut>i uaud purenit*?it .a a rttoonwlnw depotlMii. In roaiet.un it. as appi ,'?bl<> to ourselTes, wo are > indb .iting the gi ? ?i n.oiM< of freegat trtas at. more tmjport mi perbxpn il?e world than the ? 'Kistener of all thel nit. I State . Nor in rem-t jig it, do we ia'end to depart from the oafi iwtrumt uulity I be system ? f >r'%wpnirr"'nt we have MtaUhbel With the-n reuutrca. In Forn'-'tinv from them w- .ninleii t ?hu?no iaterett rf theirs. Wr vleia'o no obV.dlon or duty to th, at. Aa : rperaie. ndep< nd. ut Ftii< - In eoaventtoo, we ma-le Ute renitllution of the T'nited Stat-v with them; and, as w 1 arate m-teye-ndent SUit-~, i .ich Sute anting for ,tM-lf, w? rdopt.d a. NoitUj CaroUna, actin. In her i iv ui-urn cwpw rlr.M* th nkr pro; er to tocedu from ttie l uwo. bhe did teif p-rt with h"r t-urorelgnty In **"ptin? tlw wweti tdtvm. The Ixst tblUK u State can 1m> prewimed to have ?'i""e*i.le*.*l i? her aovretjrnty. ller ?.\eri l)jnty l< her If,- KoOfte? but a eletf, eisrevr trrani rau anviiai*' ,t. Inferior* bo?M b" dumb Ti t it i? not at all. "rpr.-.iv tit f those who have eoartrtrul away r,!l tlm UBMMlina of the .n.uetitutf jri ahould also by e.ut 'r iet on ? la.ui t.?' arm h .at m of tin WTTtWlcnty of the -?aU . I la v tr^ htm!:, hod all barriers to th r t niD?|a<teiii-o by tb< ir falthl** enr,etr<tri,<iN la ttte opeiatiiuut of the gmstl pea rw ient. it Ir raort onhtra' t'nst ttvy MsretM ee*A? \or to d" Ue> Barm toward! ua in ihe ijtalaa. Tu. tra'.h id. Usar ha% !ug violate the ejiires.; j*ov eh*a of the Mn-tltntion. tt la at an rd ox a compart, ft Ir r ur dly ol-iigatory ?ity on tlmor wlio cbo-*w to m-e' iH ltd pert .rt"<t i, rma. Moulb thrnhna. d>-nilfiK thr soru pwet n't only v io'.it'd tn f artlCii ?r feat Ore*, bat virtu .illy abol! d>d by h.-r burth?TTi '"ifWorai'M withdraw? bt? If :is a party from lta obit* it'ore Tt ? right to do fu le <!? mad by h- r Northern mn>f?dai*tee. Tb- y ileaire tocetabtlaha ik-jotipwi, u"t only omnijFiti''ii la C'ou rrewi. hot omntrot- ut o-.-wr th- Mtuea; and en tf to man! real tb > meeaeitj <-f our anc.re"Ian, ib- y tbro-vt'-n a? w'th tb<'niroid, b? egeree obtnMaeai to their nh. i.'.tirefiR of tb" ?la- i Noi-lo* Mt tfe* of tb" ratted v"Vi??. Cirrtirtr'anoe'- beyond our eia.Ti 1 have placed n? ta the taa.it" ti. ,-r-at "entroi r?> bete *-u th- NortWi. end Brother s:vm. n r uld h. pee!""T?d that idle r St it'v ati-ejJil Kv?" ,uni?d t'o tewUKW we now ooeupy lad i>en. -I t oure 1 ve?-, ? ? dtoeb im any d. sign or d-'sire to lead Itoaoooteoh f thiol r n-oh-Ti "tottw. I'nwi jeac-i hv ea*? .w.r ice tofetl ?f, sy aatT-l ag or r u? aa idontitf of p?'-o.t totet etx ? ' Wltutiobr B nth '\tro otini ileeir-'i a i drrtlay eeyar ? d frem ;-o< ra. lb l<? oae of a gr.d knl khii? cenjatc-rary. ?tnuohina tu armw--rah i'*ory larger t?<?? .j pnwnrlimrope p waiv-n-e?-< h a fi-oulm a ' cr fm*a reeier h.m that of the whole I Iil'. -l >. itw . Wle? th -y arh todthelrla dypeud-nee of th-i Itr in'h tup ->??wi.h prwluetx-ee which toake oW o>rtoaoa more Impartial to the world th-ia that of aty otherp -.1 nhabitiiB M?w ltbcoaumm .1, ti lt to I-, ad, sad eon-m 4t -l/irp-n to mi ?s*?ai?r?wo vk yi-r.r eytiitwthy ami r<?fotora:ma. Whist awdtttattn#? ? w rtl ? of th-> United Stvtai, tt hue b.v-o your tatoemer hipwliH h bar guided t ta Its nuhty Fir dci U< pow.-r iind evi-aiwioa. IB the 0-'Id, ?w lu tb? c..btn t, } -u have 1M tt?e ?r.y to m rr now n ind gran li. ur. 1* -u bai In ed 'he tfuioa, in wboee serrlee your are it stato-i-eo bvre LiHr? -: and j-wr crew snldi-e* hare fought aid Onogu.-roA?not lor the material b- uotits It ouaftored, but with i ie laiib ?.f ?a- n,eou? net devoted -h.\-'r> ^on bare long In# red and h-gewl over tlm (halter- -I retnaiaa of a br ik ii i-mi titn tmn ttwnpmrr-e Wr eorrp vntos for-nod by y -:r oxi-wwootw. iiw been Uwmp'a-t on-i -r fo-a, by your North ?r* enofoderatea. AK frat?rhlty of f-s-iing brtw-ea the North and the .-south ? tout, -w haa ti i??nvrted into bate; uwl we *r Mmth *t? .at lar dr-v. n tofeth * by Un- stern -h liny wbiet. enotiWa th - -viFt<mee of na twwis Tot* bitter i tpdtn-B of tin fa thlrton?w nnd ri(iai Ity of vour Nonbera e>Aifed"rat - m?y bar* b-- n i,.-e-vvirv to evolve thoye .r at pr n- pt-4 of free gov erameni, uf-a which tt-e libertiee >4 ihe w-rtd d.-p- n.|, and to pr-parr you for the g ind ru.--F'B of viadioatiu< t p- -to -hOfhiac th-m We rejoice that other nai wis nlmukl be aalwOe-l with th-ir o?-ituti?>o<. HeSf<-om p aeei-y in a gr at -lenient ?i hagaintsa, with natFin-i with 'wilt idttal*. W> are aaUatMl with oura. If ttim pr-fer aajat-m of indu~i'y. m wli.ch ca)>ito1 ami It.lier are In |Wp toal roahlet?tad - hrwi'e 'arvatl-in Vi-pa down the natural Inir- are . i p. p-il-ium?ami a man la worked out in right ) ir?m l t tu law iw laiin that ch Mr-n aball be w vked only ten hour* a da j -oud the aabre an.I uoet are the ui-iru?rieui? - f or-ler?be it no. It c lb- r a.Tklr.not owra. We prefer, however, jwif a)?letn "f ml yn%, pj nhs- b labor and capital are identified iu Interest. and capita', therefore, protect* labor, by w bicb our population doublm every twenty years; by which starvation Is unknown, and nbuiulan '' crow>i? the land; by which order i* pre nervid by an unpaid police, aud the mott fertile regions of the world whom the Caucasian cannot labor are bi ought into uaafulMpM by the Ubor of the African, and the whole world 1* blstw>ed by our own p redaction*. All w e damn nd of other people* la to be lei ..lane to work out our oire high deetlntee lotted together, and we must lie the moel independent, a* we are the most important among, t the ante-ox of tlie world. United together, nnd we require no other lnclrumeul to conquer (asuv ih tn our beneficent jiroductioiu* United together, and we uiiiel be a gre.il, free nnd prosperous people, who^e r<> iiowd niuet epnltd throughout the civilised world, mid pa?x down, we truet, to the reuioteat uge*. We ask you to join ua in forni.ng a confederacy of stave-holding Mutes. MMlLAlUTlOh Ot lNltKWDKNCK O* MOUTH CAROl.I m, im?ke isetmrmmm,mkmkek, 24,1MI Thi Male of .South Carolina having determufed to re sump her .separate and equal place among nation*, deems it due to heraelf, to the remaining Culled Males of Aiuer

|. a, and to the nations of the world, that she should de clare the causes which ha\ e led to this act. In the year 1766, that portion of the British Kuipirc ejobracing Cre-at Britain, undertook to make lawa for the government of that portiou composed of the thirteen American (>>1001111. A struggle for the right of self gov ernment ensued, which resulted on the 4th of July, 1776, in a Declaration by the Colonies, ?? thai I hoy are, and of right ought to be free and independent Mates, and that as free rind independent States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, roulrart alliances, establish com merce, uiul to ao all other acts and things which iodepen dent States may of right do." They further M.'emnly declared thai whenever any '?form of government becomes destructive of the ends for which it wax established, it is the right of the people to niter or abnlirb it, and to institute a new government." Deeming the government of Great Britain to have become destructive of these ends, they declared that the colonies "are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all poliMcnl connection between them and the State* of Ureal Britain is, aud ought to be, totally tlis solved." In pursuance of thi* Declaration of Independence, each of the thirteen States proceeded to exercis* its separate sovereignty; adopted for itself a constitution and ap pointed "Uiccr* for the administration of go .-ernment in all it- departments?legislative, executive and judicial. Kor purpose of defence, they united their arms and th?-lr counsels; and, in 1778, they entered into a league known a* the articles of confederation, whereby they agreed to entrust the administration oi tie ir external relations to a common agent, known as the Oongrexs of the United States, expreerly declaring, in the ilist article, "that each Mate retains it* sovereignty, ireedoin and independciu e, and every power, Jurisdiction and right which is not, by this confederation, expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled. Under tie OOQfadarsUca the war <>t the Revolution was curried on. and <>n tho 3d of September, 1783, the contest ended, uuil a d' tinitive treaty was signed by Ureal Bri tain. In which she acknowledged the independence of the colonies in the follow >ng terms:? Article 1.?lib Hritaunle Majitty acknowledge* the said United htateh, viz: Kew Ham;ire, Mtaoacliuaetta Bay, Ktiode Inland and Providence Plantstious, Connecticut, New Vork, New ,lei>e>, l'enn?vtv*nia, XVImwarr, Marylnna, Vlr idnlu. North Carotlna. Mouth Carolina and (ieorgta. to (*? free. ?avera|s aud md- prudent Stata*; that he treats with them as rueti; and for luium II, hie lieuw and succeaaors, rcllnuulshca allilniuis'o the government, propriety and tenitoritJ right* of thi raint. nnd tu ry part thereof Thus w.i ostabli.ihf d the two great princiides oxsert ? d by tho cdonicx, nunily, the right of a Mate to govern iIm li, and lite right of a |?eop)e to abolish a government when it bi-cotn a do. tructive of the ends for which it was Instituted. And concurrent with the establishment of then principles was the fact, that each colony became nd was ri-cogtiiw d by the mother country us a free, overeigu net bub pendent Mate. In 17&7, is pill" -, wi re appointed by the Mites to re vlt-e tip' articles of confederation, and on 17th Septem Ix-r, 17*7, tlu-si fi poties recommended lor th>- adoption of the Statue the articles of union known as the Consti tution oi fbo United Mates. 'Ihe (<artiiv< P> whoni this ronatitution was submitted, were the gev? ml sovereign State*; lliey were to agree or disagree, and wle n nine of them agreed, the com(>act wo* to lake effect among thon coucurring; and the gene tal government, as the common agent, was then to bo In vested with th'-ir authority. if only nine of the thirteen States had concurred. Ute other four would have rent lined as they then were?sep? iate, sovereign M ites, independent of any of the provi sion* of the 11 n.-t i'.ution. In fort, two of* the Mates did not accede to tho constitution until long after it had g<>uo into operation amuu; th*< other eleven; and during that niter v ,tl, thi y ix^rviaed he functions of an indepaaAMt nation. By this constitution, certain duties were charged on tliu several Mate*, and the exorcise of certain of tbeir ? ?w. I> re.-lia.liis', vv iiielin c. ss.iril) Iliipl.ed their con imucil existence u* uovcreign Mules. But, to remove &U doubt, ua amendment war added, which declared that the pow er* uot deic-gal. d to the Untied Mates by the constl ."??on. iut y. Jubil-d !>y it to the States, are reserved to theBtatoi resporttvefy, or to tho people. On 23d May, 1788, Bouth t.-iroirnu by u convention of her peopl'e l?<?t i d an < rdinauci a**entiug U> this conetltiuIon, and nftcrwardf altered her ow n constitution, to conform her ?ell to the obligation* she lurl undertaken. Thus was cfctabimhod, by compact between the States, a government. with rtviluivl obj??-t? and p>w< rs, limited to tlie express words of tho grant, and to so much more only ss wan DTeasary to execute the power grouted. Tliui I imitation left the whole rems'ning mats tu power subject to the ela ise reserving It to tlie States or to the people, and rendered uatt?c?eaary any sjHJC.li cation of re served rights. hold that the govomnient thus established Is "ab Jort to the two great principles asserted intlio fv- lor.it,on of Independence, and we bold further tliat the mode of its formation sublet* it to a third fundamental prmciple, namely?tin- law of compact. Wc maintain that inevenr rom|*ct bctv.evu two or nwr< port lea the obligation U. n.-itual?that tie 1'aUun of one of the oaalracltag parties to jierfivrm a mat. rial part of tho agreement entirely rej buses thi obligation of th" other, and that, where no ar bitnr Is provided, each party is remitted to bis own Jndg rmnl to il< tuii .ui tin fact of i dluro with all iu c. nse IJ'li IH1M . In the pr.^euf cw? th.it *itrt in .ntsMLshed with r?r ta-nly. \\ v o?-? r t tli.it Of ???en of the Stilts* hav" ddlbcr iMjrrHWd for yrats puit to fulfil their constitutional lbll(tlluei<,uilttt' infer to their oun alatulosfor the proof. The roti.-titntioti of tl.o I'Dtted >(*t<*. tn lip 4th article, prut idee w> l'oJlu*m>? ?' No prtvon hold t" r' rvicc or labor in or*- State, under th ? li*r thereol. escaping into another. .shall. in ...ox i||.mico of any law or reyilutmn tbe-etn, be dls< hnrged fri in t tirti H'rv.f or Inlor, l?it shall be del vcred up. ?c rluirr of the party to wUotu such service or labor nu?> bo du?." Ih.i slipo!*'.* trio so material to Die compact, that without It that u?n|?irl would not lu\u N-en made The gnatr r ntimhrrof th" c nlractirg partie* held slaw*, ?ucl th" State of Virginia lud preciously divUred lit - i-l mate of it- value bv making it the coedition of her cie "u of the u-ir.tory whicu now ootnpcac the Hate* north ??f th" tdiio Hi.or. The eiune article ?f Uie ruaxlifition stipulates also f, r the retal.i 100 by the sowrai .sun- of fugitives from Jut tar from the other Slate*. ITi general eovrrament, > the common lavai. pu*v-t< d l.iwa to cany lot - effect tl?*e stipulations of th" Siatea. | r aiaagr voars three Uw* wen- executed. Hut an at i -? .C Jiff burtlih ou lie1 part ol the NcrUiarn Sum, u> the In tttutlon of slavery run M to a d.<r?g?rd of tlicr 'OHjptUpoa. tad tie law-- of the (ewt-rrj gc \ erumcnt have ?voted to ?CKT the oMacic or the c.astttattoa. The Stat K of Maine, New Hin.|ehir>'. Vorinotit, Kawliu sctta.Oumccticwt. Rhode Island. New York, IVun^jlva Illinois, Indiana, Obi", Miiblgan, W:-.on in ..?,.1 burn have enacted laws which either minify the act* of I -sign?m, or render uuW-oaoav ntaempt toeserute them. In wuuiy <ff th e- Niua the fugitive lc dkrbarye.l fr..iu the no-rice or lob- r c (.timed, and In nor." of t^etn lot. the Slate government ? oniplnd with the et'puiatij'i made tu ?ho cuMiltlka. Tie' St.ite of New Jersey. at an < rly day, pare.*! a L.v. for the rruMiot of fa^itite lavir n cniurtr ry with h'T eons! tat tonal undertaking, but the current uf itDtislarprv fueling hae led her mot" r -e. nth to met laws which render inoperative the re medies I una ,de?i by h.r "an law and by the lawi of On rers. la lis- statu of New York ersn the right of Iran* t fur a alavr bnsbcen denied hy her tribunal*, and lite Stat-e of Ohio and Iowa have refused to surrender to J'letter fugitive* charged wttU Riurder and w th in e tini; atvlie lu-.rT'.tom in the State of Virginia. Thus th.' renstttwltaaai compart ha* been deliberately Vr.4t.Ti and di-regarded h> lb ? leo dar.-holding Sthtea nd the < un>? <i<i< u e folio ws that Smith Usolit Is re !? isaed from its obligations Tli ' ends lor whleb this ontwfKutioa <u framed are ?? lured by iwelf to lie "to form a mo- p. rtert ftoa, i 'abliah ^uste ?. tiauro d?aw?wiie tr.iane iity, prr.vlde tor the cwimou defence, protect lb" gwieml welfare, and as enr" th" ble?s og-a,* lib -ty fo jcrrelves aud our pou t'-r ty." Thee eu'ie t erdearwr.it te aroaaplVJi t>y a federal i ?vwrnoKct, ,a aluol. reeh State w?? rwongr iM m aa ? ;UU, run I had oepar ire control ocr Ita own tnatlt-itlnna. iV? right of pcoerrtv lr sla. ?? wis rwerifaiard hy giving t > free poruun-dist hct p>'bi4wl right* by g.vlng iberu the right to r.pr-r- at, jo i uaru tdoi ibem with direct i.U'W *" t thr.?- lifth of their ..ta *w; by .vith?.r;*1ng -be i i*Tiat>ui of slsvea for twe* ty y?ar?, vnd hy stipw. liliig for the rail.tron ? fugitives trw.i btbor. We .uDrtn thot th> ?? emit tar ah eb this goTomtru nr **? mstlt'ttcd haV" b"*m de'eau-d. and tlie g orerunei t ur'Tf lie. been mode tnatruetiv" ot Ue tu b> the action of t'.e n.? -lav-lR'Uina states ih- *? Staleu hire we ma! th" right of tiei'iv* u? uj-ti th" prigTtei* iff our domestic Ini tHutjoaa, vid ha -e denied the rights of grupcrty rw. bib'tr-liol in blte"i) iff Ibt Mat.? and rurugn'rwd by lb*. eougtttutiCU: thay have d. i**me.?l an ?trfm the tnst'iq t?rr. of rUvery ; they baro |"TtBiUo?i tlie rgien ? rtahbahment ai-euig ttaai of sue "ti<w slirae at.rwed ob'??'t t* to .listnrh th" peace and to miiotga tie prupariy of the cilia.TW of otV- Stated. Thar havd en.vnir.iaed .did at* Uteci tie ? and < of mwr slaves l>> learo tie T burner, aad lh<?d who remain bare been incited by sur?, book* .vn<l pwluics tdarcvils aairrootlod. I or tw> nty tivc yeora Una dKitatkMi hod been standi!/ erf a* jib. until it Itaa now aecurod Id Ita aid the power of rbe cowman gue- rnm-'iit Obicrr'.ng the forma of the c * ditut'oo, atKVtioaal party has found within that ar te!" establishing the ea.wuttv* degartoient the uviaa oi Mihvert ug th. eowatdiMoM IteaiX. A geographieaJ line bv- b.m draws series the I'aiuU. and alt the Stolen north iff that lias have ?olU<t! in the dart too of a man to lh?' high ufli e of IT- *ideat of tba Unlbd Slates, wboae ap'npm?' and pwrnoaot are b elils id gtarsry. lie Is to be ertru?U4l w.lh the admiaistratlou iff the ontnnvn go l mtnent, becauro h-has d vlarsd that that "gorera In- nt cannot endure prTwanewtly hslf alsre, half free," .ii.d tiiat tho p'thllo mind atust net ih the hdiaf that ?* i' ery is la the nsir?" of altinRateestinat'ou. Ihl-eeeti ami comb natk n for the subrhiwiou of tba 0 Ii'tltution has N? aided in sonio of the Stair- hy ele vating to . Ill/each I p pefwwe, WM, hy the supreme law 01 the iau.1. arc uuwimbk! of beoowtlag ctttsmis, md tli' .r rotes have teen u*. .1 to inang'tnile s B?w policy b-olil" to the Soatb. and destructive of Its pcare and t-ufsiy. Hit tlie 4th March naxt this party will take pn-- wn'Ui et the government. It has unnourved that the south shell b- ox' luded fr>>m lb" cnmioTt lerrtiory; that Hie indb till tribunals shall be made ssctionsl, and that a war neist lie waged agsiast *.U\ r> until It *halt i*ears through r? t the t'aited Male*. The goaraatrss of Hie coestttuttm wilMbsn n< Weuje ?list the equal rights or ?b* HUtw will be b*t TV Waveholding HUteM will no longer have t?*?- pow. r of ?c f Svvwrtimeofwf s-'if protect ?r , and the Moral govern meat will have become their enemr.w. Fectioaal interest and animosity will ...ur aadal! hope of r.-mady is rendered vain b\~ Urtlb^Tpilblic opinion at the North bos Km jSIiuSu on?r With the aaDCt-OU* of ? more erroneous re ''^JVhiiJwf.re the pawl* Of HeuUi Carol tw. by our delagaUW tocouvi ulioB assembled. appealing: to Iha . ii oewgau* world lor the rectitude of our rateu priHi.e Judge of the w ortu it r heretofore Ur I other StaU* of North ^eHca ^ di^dvud, and that the Slate of South Carolina ha"TTKES" "" H war include pence. contract nlliantw. -/tcJ ai.^ctsaud things * And ation. wlth a firm re banco on the protection ol lb vine Providence, we mntu?J_ ly pledge to each other our Uvea, our fortunes aud o tiu'ifti honor. BPKKCH or OOVCTNOK ril'CTNB Mr. Pickens, the new tmvoraor of l-outh Carolina, wa? serenaded in Charleston on the Hint lust., to which the Coventor made tho following response :? Kmxnw Crrm?"?I return you my sincere thank* Tor the verv kind and cordial maimer in which you are nlwuid to receive me. If there ? anything calculated to SStSn me in the critical and difficult situation which 1 am called upon to occupy, it if the consciousness that 1 am euatain.-d by a brave and patriotic people, (t^eer Allow me to eay to you, fellow citiasns, that the ^entSoftt^ollnihi pU-fd nroud aid glorious position before the world. That t?>n ^nt -n i? now assembled- ?nd under such it woSd be obviously Improper in ?e U make any lengthy or protracted renuuti. (Cries ol C.0'*>*?? i c !??') But, fellow citizen;., allow me to sat to jou that I , hirtH- and trust 1 am in posssssion of informal ion which induces me to believe that, perhaps, there may be no sp- | SSiV n^JTon the Dart of the federa' authority And lrl ? rKer to to vou, that if I am mistaken in 'this that, at least, so far no 1 am concerned, we are pre- | i *???*? (-?m OovPhm?*-I hope and trust, under existing ciroum ? tauce's there will be no imprudent, uo rash appeals U> SSL acting under Impulse or under false rrnioff; that we wiM prove to the world that we are not onl} free ami independent, hut that we ar .mtiUed to^^o rom our virtues and from our character. At present, ail ?w ,?,? t<> ?v to vou that the Convention which Is n<?w sit !?? r in this cltv in all human probability, will send the ordure to W?K<m which proclaimed you to he as ou have a right U) be, a free aud independent republic. i Or eat cheerrag)? And that they will not present the *HuTnutll th^timmissionees from that convention pre M the chum to your forts and public places now ra pomeeston ol the federal gov. nimcnt. It t ? f i uta'n that Coriveution by FhowtoR thot we are vTiUing to wait a free and fair demand Hut 1 say to you further, gentlemen, that in the meantime If there Is any attempt on the part of I ? >< t.-de ill power to increase the force* at your forts and lor ! liMttaM ? & W 11"" concerned. it shall not be done W?l to arms. (Cheers.) 1 since relyden ire, lie lar as 1 sm concerned, that wc shall triumphs II) p through this great .-ontroversy w ithout an appeal to arms or without tli ? issue ef blood. I hop and tru t the peace orwiinouitu isoev ? . . k? nee.iasarv of the oountry mav bo preserved; but If it bo necessary w m> country, .he Situs twin'wh'Sh you have placed mo in, i vow to her all tho t^wer I have bhuU be averted to mainuin to the la - ei^ tremity the independence ol South Oirolma. (Applause ) Allow m. to say to sou that there Is nothing at present in Kr?n?EL U, excite the sllgh^t a?m. Ue firm ?.? iiixitwi \>?* cool true to your country en a the c? if^e ik tfe i l>eft you to remember that it in not the first lime n ic iivSn of ^ro*0;l lh''1 pb" ^ ?HT' .in a memorable occur ion?even VVi^pSgntW (?on kof Budipeniienoie?we fought?snd^trlumrhantly i..light?the battle ot Fort Moultrie he .ore ^?>uth i Hi ol ma was an indt pendent State, hhe fj>0Cht it cnon her own resources aud her own re .jmneibllitie.and, aC-.i be, she can hght aions again 1 say to you again, that at the trreat battle of Cburubusco the l> .met-0 rt ?i u-ent was called upon, and they male the most raltani . hargo in the history of tlie campaign; and when the New \ ork and I'cnnevivania regiments felt it necessary to rot lie and the South Carol in? r or i merit was called |lO roll r .lo.uv.ia lo'iiinr /if thli fflff mfflt. i<Don? the*eallant and glorious lesdor of that regiment. with a beciWKl in niiumnuii, wo ?*?* r~ . . . ?Von marched oc the field of Chnrubu ioojUouc. Bnd fought end won, and we can stand and inarch alone apiin. ? el low citisens. 1 desire to say nothing that is rash I desire coolness and calmness. I dee.re that nothing will b? done to prov oke any d.?c.dty, or premre lurely hurry us into a war. ld.siro tvsry man to he ready standhig at his gun, at hla post, ready when the word is given, and when the lact word shall be given to march forward and onward to indi per.denoc cow and f?w evor There are other circnmswuces in tho cane of South C'.ircliua. She asks uo favorr?South Carolina asks no suuport. There she stands on the drfooMye. with not a feather quivering. liaise the I-.?lm? tto flag ?>> *u em blem?not only as ac emblem oi nationality. but as an embleui of Indspundonce. Wborovor that wavee ,1 know n ihat it w aves over a fr? and independ?u.t p ople, (Great chivring and mu?ie bv Uiel and.) <i?u Vi W. lisKU*i: was then introduced hj the ih-u. Jotc*. A. dviJiers, and spoke tn mbetancc as foPowa : Kujow tynrrrm ov Cu.vuijmw.?I did not exj?e< t this i f rii limrnitarT attention at vonr hands; and if 1 had, an l^&^n under which i have labored tbreughlhe (l?i wo'ild have totally unfitPil iu? from attempt ing to tircparo a suitable reply. Allow inc, briefly, to torn gratulate you The de?l is d"Oe. ^oiir^BUU' is lros. Tlie i*oudcsl day of ray life was yesterday, w"^'1 ir vour fair cltv 1 attached my name to the Ordi nate Ol section'; as a delegate to the Marion. 1 desire no prouder honor than that act cccfer rrd. We have done nothing but our duty. and. at far a i am eoMerned, 1 sjwak of my own peraonal knowledge, w hon I say that thero ts not a woman nor a child In Ma rloti who would not bavr spurned end cstc from that district who would not have done Just what everv memtx r of thi Cometffitoo has <lo?e I un-.e most heartily in all your worthy td>% ernof hijs uffiored^In rwferewce to hie hope# for prwoe, and I iotn htm r. s.t he rt'v .n w tint he tss wid wisilJ be his course in c.-e w^arecompi'lled, by force of arm a. ?o vtodlc.fi- our po nil ion. In case our just expectation* Pfovedel^e.wc must prctvire lor tlm worst. Tb re ts not a man, uav M-arcaly a woman. In the !*tnte who has not Adlj reiuit'xl the c-wt ef the poeiHoo we hsve assem'-d: .Ul the Foutbeni State* may not piesiblj jo.n us, but ev.n II not one com. - to the resmi . tlie fir t gun fl'ed. or the first b-igle wHindod.will be echoed bv the n?eu frien the redoubts cf the Sw imp l .? and by the^dt^ scendanu of tbi t.ain<- t>* k. l'wp'e l>-wn all q^a-te'* ure ren.lv to m.ct the ft?* of Hwith ttsrokiii. <ra the i.ead Iv 11. .d. "and the men who tread the soil <x?oe trod h\ Marion and Puiuter will uot be the last to ruth to your rsiKoe. Botpepe.yieV've the ides that we took tor tod from a foreign faWrv-that Krwce stonds rtwdy to knd us a helping Und. N", leilow dt-senr, such Is not1 the Zl TS.rt bgbi mir own battltw, and we are ready l. do it. My advice ?. and a I way, shsll sid is h.'oken cf?"llaa let*! th< blood of iteuglsf w .11 i rotor* itself.' " Aftor th. oofirliif Mtt 01 <."ti*rai HarTeech a f-w LHirc airs wore perform..i by the bam?, nr.J tbecrowd riovod on to Kri nadc oil* r diet .nguv hod citiaens. lb" I i o.'Sh of the hour .uxl 'ha extiaordiaary pressure upon < 'i* column, prevent u.- trnm gu .ng a mom eiWuW "m |<*t. sgcttaiwN ACcaurusiiKD?Komi cabokka i* iniimiT. (Vrurii the South Grrel.ruea, law. ill.] Y<st nlay tho pmv and qui"* or oor city was die t trl*-! by the ringing of the oily boll aa.1 th? tiring of rrt.ll- ry. F.verj OMinrv u one- what It . ?gmuod. and i \ a few noM the street* to. rc filled by men, worn-* i .d children: all wearing the look of pp-wo.! catdement. 1 rh 1 wk.d the other to the aoe. and thooordUl f\m I tit., is a r.imrtion jatr i?t.e cau ? wreathed th..ir l.rces i.i wnilm an.) V n 11.-1 the habic Or# if < ntlix-la-m. All i'-'t that th. UnioB. In nrfclcb ?? had noOlrj. h it danger a t ii*quietc ie Um xpeot, %jm broken, and that b*n.e ?ih .South Carolina ?* Um ca'y IV war they had to . 4 to she waa our dror iuotb> r, and, under her vgu?, . 11'> It thil no praportUas to r fa* nn protoot'oc. n<?? I ? ptwadrr w by unequal uaati.*, nemo to nvnk<<a >u> 1 ? <3 oo rui. Hurling lam, ve>u.a ever ha made, tho Would Icgtolnte fur us. not arminst nr. S.*< was our giiern t at, crolrolled by as. No alien majority, orci rkt lay our repre -nUrlivi* and making o?:r vn:e- ia th* governments farm, oouid now threaten to put Ita Je>el upon ua or crash fur (stereo at upper and Mthsr ar oils tone, or wall ar in w th a ooeteutn lag fire. Her litecutlro Is ours, b?r Iwgu-idure m o>'olrullod ruMjr by orr ?wc mMHMTM, and her oonrta mra, tadmd, (eurtc of jwtloe, und M n-? ba <\ nUD-aa by mo ?ait dr nentlmex.!. work rt th-ough hortilo tr. ha and hedti> jnr:?a We mm now m powrrastcin of eef ^ rern meat. fbo hee-.t-ige nf ur '..tiers *j* prater v?4. u?<i w th nnabached look na. h oo? '-d bar* fa^nl th* b?de.? of t!". lewx?ed f'-mfathr't who fought tho l*tt>> ?t the ' ? . .Jul on. t>uj people were (trend, Iraow U State t tiviii * ha 1 dand k.af?r ??> do rkht. Ibcy ??* ex ultant luvanaetkay felt that the Bouin war ua th* oad to ru i lrpet d< noe. and that, though In other .South en. Stole*. wuMni.<utoBiaLil be-' and laorr, K*ght reril# Ihil Mliis. tM than win gVJiut tea* chough la ovary en. ^fthisn"to r<wput>d h*vs ty te the attempt, agd woaW, hi ihaoouraoaf o few hriaf vmdtr, whe- t tb*tn hit# !io<, and tb'M a?-rt, li t* tcnoe, th? right of the HoiMh to gee rra th* Soatl. T?iy AhMT Wf.l ?V IMWTII OAtOL'S*. Tin. Bj.pniprial .oBi f-wUmdef'-rtco of the .<tati *iade by th< tkoth CAr .iU l/g.?ilure .unouatc in over $?..500,000 lkhMm IbMBe an aaf<-id?m>? t ?mral olttncta I "id and <*u< r oOh"# ? for ten e g 111,3 llii'-ar j for aH the above -1.12k 10 out' pr-vaui' pay. nfilone .ind rlothtmr 2 <?'*? omo UtaleiiH "7 .n? t he airy b' - -<a 2>M utKt Art ifa ry horses U,9V T Hal $2,007 ri Tbi> ?h? f. not lorlu je tlw ooat .f gvar. nt tab, en 'rda, nnaou, MWdW an-t .tlx remaathti ragukbhw tor a mlll tatry ~t..b..fhiurat HAW t RO ox IBIIT. The Charket.ai tferroev of tbe 23.1 tnal ?aye:- Vi lw day aflrraonn tbe brig Jahc HL .lonea, af New York .com manded by tap*. Cbae. R. Hula, prraeated nil* a ehrnr lug ap; aaranoo. A i era! of the ? harloetoo fMaurtit id t he capta n,ad?iir ag hla ralkuit mod'trt In throw.eg led act y to tha hroaw. <a New York harbor, ot?r nu; of 6UM*, dctermimd toprmeat him w th a proof of th*ir appm. jtten and .?t"-m Aiwordtagly a h.m^tlijl j;rfd beaded oaca was gn up tor the p rprve. t'poa the bead In tntorihnd, ? Prtwaiieii toOant Hiw K mills, bt hut Charleston frica.U. Itro. 31, isoo." And or one ??de a palmetto tmn. 0. (aanb Burt. Keg , toa'e tbe pre*,-ate Hon In * ne.it and ipprnprtate ?pe-ch. ITtc r.vptam rt crlv* : th- g ft with many warm thanks and w- pat cea that h would ovar be with ear b*ltrved State heart and hand. Among the rurele pre -vu wrtw tbe Sane L Orr and I. M Knu, ?rh?. on being londly railml for, oaum forward oa<l re-pemtod ia their itrual happi' -tylro MlrtSlSHIPPI AND OKOTKJI A. aitPBiM or HOW. Sr. I.. HiattlR. COgMieeiilNbii VBOd THK ST ATX OX MtASISAtrn, 1*1.1 Tlta?:t? Al niRK tw* orxmat a^ksbi.t ot tiik atat?. oi OMlKUt A, OK VOKhAY, KKl'taiMI 17, 1*?. Ma raasnaoiT and (.aariaami or WW* ?*b n-rnw rv ftarWMarrtTirut or raa savarr or 0aMru?b~( e*n prefbundly reuibk of tbe del tort* and Impart ?*t dwty Imposed upon rue by tbe roovtcny * ???:#? pubWe r? ceptioa. I ndt-r iliilwwjt circuuialaurti* it would Inn f^gNedUM^rciei jileainirr a^ a native (,.1 g.an, reared <m her (?ml, to i-rp'i'" to you fullyH ? views wbichprt'vaii u) uiv .vdcpti-d Mate id re i Alain te tin great natesur,-** of riollvet aw 1 aud r< 1 of from tk* (.uoclaliv and pu.i-y o* then- * tdiuinbiratiou wb.oh arc there in ptontu I cannot consent h wivtr, upon the very hw i of your aruu.M^aac exc i.Lik w>tiOD. to tnl myself of yMr rur-ye. tful oociu-hj to the Mate I have tha honor to repftwiii, a* well tw your per.-** :i?l k.uduues U b?-r humble representative, to prul.-up tj,,, discuarioa of a subject which, however important and absorbing. baa doubtless been nlroatiy en hati-tcd |n vour hew ing by sotne of the ttrst intellecta of jour lift* 111 not of the ihUh.ii I beg, ib?r*-lore, to reft* you to the arlH-n of MbiHiSHipp?ialrettdy submitted to your Kieoo tive?to auk for l?-r the -*vmp?.by and cootieratioa she .seeks lor the commou good aiidur .eflyto8upg.-atto.ee nine of tlie motives which influence her conduct. I aaa instructed by the resolution from which 1 d.-rive my m? t-ion.to inlurua the btato of <*oorgis Unit Vi-.-i-wippi baa y-sed au act calling a convention <>! her pi-ople " to oue aider the present tbr*.tuning relations ul the Northern and Southern section* of lb" coDt'i-rtcrnej?aggravated by the recent t lection of the ('resident upon principles at humility to the Sta re of the south, aud to express the cnrbeat bop? <>f WiseiMippi that this state will oo-ope rutewith her in ti e adoption M efficient measures far c -tnim-n defence and safety." It will be remembered that tbe violation of our conetitutional rirhte, which hue caused such universal dis-ath-factiou in th- South, m l ot of recent date. Ten years since this Union wan lorki-d from cmtre to clrcuinfereuce by tbe v cry same outrages of which we now compi.ua, ? nly uow --aggiaiated'' by lb'- recent elect.on. Nothing hut her devotion to the I'nion our fathers made induced the South then to yield to a compromise, in which Mr. t lay rightly said, we had yielded everything hut oar honor. We bad then in ItUsistdiipi a warm content, which Anally ended In reluctant acquiescence in tbeoona I ionn.se measures. The North pledged unow her faith te > add to ua our cooatitu iooal rights in relation to (lave 1 rbptrty. They u.-e now, nod h*\ e be* n e\ t r since that . 11, di mad U> us, until her broken forth and imp,ideal threats had become almost Iwullerable before the late cli-ctk.n. Ibcre were three candidates presented to the North by .Soutliirn urcn, all of win an represented thu last i e><rre of conservatism and concession which their re spective pnrtien wm- willing to yield, to uppease the fa uattcism of the North. Some of them were scarcely doomed boor.d, In the South, ou the slavery i question, and none of thorn suited our ultra men. And yet the North relectcd them ak, and the'r united voter, both before and bines their overwhelming triumph in this election, has ho ii m re defiant and more intolerant than ever before. "1 hey have demanded, and now demand, equality between the white and negro race, un ter our constitution; equali ty in representation, equality in tbe right of suffiage, equality in the honors aim < mulutuents oi oilier, equality in the social circle, equality In the rights of matrimony. '1 he cry hub been, and now is --that slavery must cease, < r American liberty must perish," that "thesuccess of black republicanism is the triumph of anti-slavery," a involution in the tcudei cioe of tbe government that most Ik- carried out. To-day our government stands totally revolutioni*e*i, in its nisla features, and our constitutioa hrokun and overturned. Ihe new administration, whioh 1.. cfl'cctcd this revolution, only await., the 4th ol March for the inauguration of the new government, the naw principles, aud the new imlicv, upon the success of which they have procla.ined freedom to the slave, but eternal degradation for you and for us. No revolution was evar uiorc complete, though bloodlew, if you will tamely sub mit to tbe instruction of that constitution and thai I bion our fathers made. Our fathers made this a gs verniiient ter the white man, reji-cting the negro as aa igii. rant, inferior, barbarian race, incapable of self-go tcniinent. and not, therefore, eutitled to be associated w illi the white man on terms of civil, political or sooial equality. Tliis new administration comes into power ua dcr the t<4emii pledge to overturn and strike down thia grout feature of our Uniou, without which it would never have been formc-d, and to substitute in itsstead their naw theory of the universal equality of the black and white laces, our fstlierb t cured to us, by our constitutional I'nion, now boing overturned by this black republican oile, protection to life, hlierty and property, all over tha rui, ii asd wherever Its flpg whs unfurled, whether aa land or tea. Under this wrclchcd. lawless spirit and policy, now usurping the control of that government, citizens or tlio South hate been deprived of their property, and foe al 1< nipt iug to seek the redress promised by the compromise laws,hare lost their liberty and iheir lives, fcquality of rights becurcd to white men, in equal sovereign States, is .?mong tbe most prominent features of the constitution Dder which we have so long lived. This equality haa been denied us in the South for years in the common Territories, w hile the North has virtually distributed them as boun ties to abolit iai fsusticb and foreigners, for their brigaad rcrvice iu aiding in our exclusion. Our constitution, la i rmistakcable Isnguag.-, guarantees the return of our fugitive slaves. Congress ha* recognized her duty la this rocport by enacting proper latfs for the enforcement of tins right. And yet thes<< law? have been continually nullified, and the solemn pledge of the compromise at i860, bywhkh the North came under renewed ohliga i ens to enforce them, has been faithlessly d is regarded, r<ud the gov. riam-t.t and its oiilcers set at da Dance. Who now expect! these rebels agalnat tiie laws )wwc*l by th"lr own consent and pnk-uro mcnt?rebels against jastict- and common honesty?to'be come pious patriots by the acquisition of power? Who iow expects Mr. Lincoln to become conservative, when tbe only nmrt of hl? hucce** and tbe only foandotion of lus authority is the will and command of that robber ? lan whore mere instrument he h, who hare achieved th>s revcpition in our government by treading under tbelr unhallowed feet our constitution and Iswh and the I uion >4 our fathers, and by openly defying high lira' by w ill'ul and corrupt perjury. And. a'.iovo all, who is It * descended n the South, born or dcccosded of Kev uluttonarr sir who so lev* euch con.piny aa that he will long hesitate before he can obtain tin ennaont of a virtuous and patri otlv In iiit and a consciiu.ee p, aepamte from them for {??? Missl 'sippl is- hrmly convinced that there la but one alternative. This m-vr union with Lincoln biark republican.* and free negroes, without sis t ry, or elsvary under our old c-natltutiocal bond of union, without Lincoln black republicans, or free ncgrm-s eitlar. to rooisot us. Ii' we Uk" the former, lh<-n s'ihmissK/u U> u.-gro equality Is our fate. 11' the lat ter, then sec" ion is Inevitablo; e-tch State for itself uf by iteclf, but with a view to tbe Immediate formation of a Southern cool, derauy, under our preHeot oon>litutio?, b\ such .if tb?- rlaveh hling Mat** a-* shall agree in Utcir "OMT*>ntl"u* to unite with tw. Mi.oissippi socks no delay, 111" I-. ue 1 net le w to her |v ,pie. Th, > have long and anviouBly watched its approach, I hey think it too Iste now to negotiate more compromises with bankrupts In (Mil'tiCiU iiiUf.-;ty, whos, recrooncy to justice, good faith and constilution.tl obligatluns is tin: moat rhnrwhrf few tun- if iheir political "rgmiratlor. Klie haa exhausted her right*- in saoriflcial uU--rUigs to save the Union, until nearly all is luat hut hor honor and the courage to defend it. She has trkd conventions until they burs Irccme the ridicule of both our friends and - n-mlte mere insirument*- of traudulent eva .,nt .-I'd U--I.i.v, ui wear <e.t the spirit of out ii- ill* and ewcourage tl*? hop* of oar oossiasn eneaty in .-rort. ehe Is slrk and tired of the North, and paste fur Mtfuc respite from eternal di.-turhanoo and disquiet. .She i oinea now to you?our glorious old inuthui - -tha laad of iVdwin, who first del)antl> akseru-d and p*i-cerve*t >our i km s>; to Flavery, in the Inderal ciiveiiiK*, m tipn to.M wrr. Madison, Mason and Randolph, Mid Uw vliolr Ptiinr, cvept the twoOtroliuaa?I ho (Mid of Jack . ?*, \.b" 'inifcort.iliz.il himself by bw bold rtpuaurr aad mk- an-.fi 1 ?ivt rlhrnM of a U*Ula..?u fraud and onrpal ira r r?-0 Uio rii-hta of the people?tb? land of Troup, th* fern est Roman of tle-ai all, who, ?iuK>hande?i and alowr, v tlhoul roofi rnt 'on, wtthi> ;t 0dm 'illation, but with troth ?adJustice Hhd the courage of fropni -n at home on bin <ta, i?5od tbo tiatiooal gov ? rnraeai in lie usurpwlioa* on t ir r1 ,rht? erf11" ? r^'ia, and dXMUted your laws in spit* of ihf Ihf* ita of federal coafukm. It la to you wa owe? thb brbfhteit ?x<mp'*r among the advocates and de I c Irrr of (dale r>-im*iw. i?to take counsel and solicit ? vtnjntUv in Ibis hour of <->dsn>ea trial. I ask you, n*U Mi.1* isripjd follow In tic ftiolidejK of ticorxia, whan 1 il bf h-r fallnot Troop, or is it reserved for this gnaw r tic* to repudiate md apugfa tho hrthltaat |utge in the history of my native huo r Impossible. liod tar lud It. Forb.d it ye jsople ot all Northaru and Wsatera 0 asp's who t. -daj' owe > .or cxiataac* and unnarallaisd 1 rwperity to the maintenance of our rights nl the rMc of cfrli wnrf I ?ae MWIttd in- ??m< .aliant spirits whs ier? their share in the dinger-. and n>w wear with honor 1. re to d.ty. a tliiii ball, the laurels won on Ui# m4s ot tl sir Ptatc, under Or banner inscribed "Troup and tb* Treaty' in that memorable i.truggk\ Neil I appeal to then on behalf Of my adopted yut" to know an wlfcU >i ir they will range thenwrtve* In th!- >tm?ie of right, against aawunptto.i of brat* force, a* i r.-l the ronstita t.-*i\! right* of a aster of this confederacy of egaai Wales* I make at. such app aL I know where you stand. T" ilotibt .t would be to oflbr you tho greatest ta auk In this "??h.id ot otd republican orthMoar I drew tny (Ini breath. It was here I lint stndied, the* eta ? rared, and ne?t fbefclj adtooated lb * principle of Htnt* r git* and Mate ro?edlc?, of res*3tm<~* te t/r*n*r?of the rupee mary and sovereignty of ihe MWMa >?* a ,4ut?, and tlx MttarrkMf of gortnubsnte to thair prwos a-i lUapb'te rr an I fh??e pr aciplea Wil. descend w .tb r.e u> the part, whoa thu frail tenement of dust inert perish; but they will lire on with t**, aadoaly V neh whi n ty runny aha 1 he no tnoru. 1 need nat i'-mind your grant t*ut? if .( thousand* and thousands of h'-rnoB. and daughters who bar* sought and found hap Mr Ivwujh and pnoperou* forteem a the itatatit foreat* i f her oul noi< aial domain, thrush ams adopted childreu of MlWuegpi. stiU ' I'ng with tb* food embrso* of filial !<to to th!.i <4.1 mother of stake ui'i of stMeemeD,from ? iswn b>dh they tad tl>*ir ailoptad Mat > derived their ort RU-. It willbodifficnlt t?* >iorf? toe tse've that they ar*not still the objet u of your kind ? ? wttud* ?nd mstsraal ryinpaUij- MiraMppt indulges the most oonfldeat eypoc ta: ton wtd beiirf, fwiruled on wwirtre of taformrtioa ahe o .. not tNM, ar well aa on th* sx sl rue of causes, ? pTstinc upon them, sUte as upon her, that avarj otfcar Ouif ?.nle ?ill atsml by her -ide a drftmreof the p**tiea ?ho * abu-t te K.o um?, r nd she soul* repruMCh herself, and "re.y (wocgla i?wi * tb .i ut u would awell withkb digaslHW, If rhe he tated to ve|; r# that fleorwia, loo, wmtl'l hiead her fate w Mb her natural friends?bar sh* aad daoght"T>?^ber neighhc*a>g tueurrs n tho nwpoadiwc str'tgx'c Wh.itrv t may h" iht result ?< your dclil?*ra tions, 1 beg te .*? nr'* h*e, f>. r#ir.y irt'm ite know Icigs of b? mini md iilcctioar of .eJtvp*>tf?S that w.- enemy te h- r oc*?titutK'Hsl riphti trap una idsr hie rh.t?r> won, wlifle a IfwV rpii.n live* |ir<-:oeg th* o etr^t. Miak . r awl's, I \o or tile, survlraor parbh, th?. part ..r H ais sipid la .Jun e, -Vw.ll mtrer ?ubmit ??> the principle* ?uid |<oh< y r>f ibis bur k^' pub-uun cdm o.fUatM*. Mm hadrathrr M* ib?i +-t w bm* r?*., met. ? >mra sad hlllren in ewmoo fuse-si p| ., thsr. e?w them mtb >t)t*l m tb- Pwradatlon af atrH, p^Htw.d aad social equality with the ne,;ro rs. ? nvraobax or T??i i n. i Ki.tri hi.. Mr. Kas? from th- J< lit sdcqt ?vwuattl?*, k wft. in w is r.f.m*i tb?ce?i.m c cttl Hi of the iktrsv ucr ci Mir-in ctil t.j th" i.orenmr id" this State, asked lawtre to submit th" foil' wax report:? Wfcere**, t itrre |??rte* if th? peopl* of the non elav?h<4 liDg ."tufc s lt,.ro for tuuty yearn past shown in n,my way?a fsttatifsl bltt r!y boelllc to Ute Poetberi. -tab and barn throngh the in irnmeatslity "i be.nd wry pu Idlest mas, the pulpit and the aempapi i pros, tally ? rgnii.srd i political p. rty for th* af owed pnrpweaf d ^iraying the tm;t;<.rtkiu of elarary, aad cook qiuMit))- iqw? ad .ng ruia ar.d denotatloa among the people in "V.?rj' por tb* <h the NUt"* wltere it egkMa, and M It. ress. This spirited fiDatkmm has allied Masif With * disigit long rati rUined by lewling politicians Of the berth. la w mid the tatirg poww af th? gorseexaeat #w