Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1861 Page 3
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tfUuge frtuc Ocrlr uubcr 13 (My hours Uif Average from .jreriooj, 13 days, 1 bouj* Average from Cork W bor, 12 days. ? JIUMDER OPPAJWBNOERH BY BACH LINE OP STEAMERS. --.w Tte .^Mowing tab!'' shows at once ibe number of pas nenj'T' on phi to and earrled from this country by each Jtieof steamsrs, during the past roar ? &ut?>ard. IVrrtward. Intnl. Cun&rti line l,?ij ^,714 4,330 t'unard line (Boston branch)... 1,403 1 859 -i<>-> lJverpool mi l Vew York screw ?w?. 8,241 18,846 27,089 Southampton mu liawo (Van dertoiit> 2,145 2,?03 4.948 Havr* line (Hilton and Arago) 1,642 2,123 3,766 Jiavre line ^Adratic and Allan 1,370 1,196 Glasgow line 100 201 301 Hamburg line 3,00a 8 183 11,192 Bremen lino 1 485 3,948 6,443 Galway line 1,821 4,244 5.8&> tialwuy lino to Boslou (ouo trip New Yorkl 200 1.099 1.389 Liverpool and FortLmd line 1,140 1.B3S 3,082 Cunards freight steamer* (twti ? mai?d) 400 COO 1,000 Great l)astern (one trip) 100 42 142 Total in 1800 24,044 49.7.W Total m 1850 24,860 30,145 74,440 01,010 Increase in 1800over 1859 13,430 Arrivals at thin Port for 1860 from Fo reign Porta. To the gentlemanly ana obliging boarding officer at tho limited Plates Revenue Bargo office, at whtehall?Mr. John C. l'.oach?we are again Indebted for tho following accurate statement of arrivals from foreign porta for tho year ending December 31,1800, together with the num ber of passengers, both from California and otborwise:? 1868. Steamers 218 Foreign war steamers ? Corvettes ? Ships 723 Barks 723 Barkeutuies ? Brigs 1,086 Galliots ? Schooners 735 Yachts ? Canal boats ? Total 3,481 1859. 208 713 872 18 1,209 887 4,027 1800. 319 2 1 797 978 20 1,336 2 9.72 1 24 4,461 Nation. American.. Austrian... British Bremen.... Belg lan ? Brazilian .. Dutch Danish French.... Hamburg... Hanover... Italian Idoiklenb' g Hex lean. .. Norwegian. Neapolitan. Oldenburg . PrussiiMi.. . 1'ortugiiese. Russian.... Sardinian .. Spanish Swedish... Sicilian Tuscan Venezuelan 165 798 0 433 17 1 2 16 9 8 2 1 i 71 6 3 6 4 ? ? 2 4 1 6 1 540 2,951 16 1,132 100 2 a 25 12 20 54 0 6 6 1 26 8 8 21 10 9 4 7 8 14 1 1 Total .... |319| 2| l|797i978|20|l,33o| 2|972| l|24|4,451 Tho number of steamers from domestic porU for the year is as follows:? Wherrfnm. 1859. I860. New Orleans ? 2 Savanah 159 168 Charleston 101 104 Richmond and Norfolk 106 190 Washington, D. C. 17 63 Baltimore 136 334 Philadiipbio, vi? Sandy Hook and via canal ? 067 Portland 62 93 New Bedford 150 Iff2 I'rovidence 385 410 New lxindon 104 63 Wilmington, X. C. ? 15 Total 1,486 AKR1VALS AND fASSKNOKHS. hbrtrign Passerwnrt, Ttar. Arrivals. Fbrrign. 1860 3,487 226,287 1861 3,888 299,081 1852 3,822 310.336 1863 4.106 299,425 1864 4.173 381,809 1862 3,391 162,234 1866 3,869 169,284 1867 3.902 203,499 1868 3.483 97,632 1869 4.027 101,320 1860 4,461 206,627 2,201 Passtngert from Cal'a. 18.207 12,158 15,517 16,929 13,400 11,926 11,266 8,800 16.249 10,710 RAILROAD ACCIDENTS DURING THE YEAR 18?0. The following taMe shows the number of rallreal ac cidents which have occurred In the United States during the year Just closed, which were attended with loos of life and injury to persons, together with tho number of killed and wounded, compared with tha number of like accident* in 1869:? ,?1860. ?,,?1869 Mvnlhs. January... February.. Man b April May June July August.... September. October.... November. December.. M Total | 74|67|M5||79|I29|4U The above figures do not Include Individual accidents, caused by the carelewKne** of travellers themselves, or deaths or injuries resulting from the rerkle<w conduct of persons In crossing or standing upon railroad tracks where trains are in motion. The following additional Ublo show.: the number of ac cidents, and the number of persons klllo l and Injured by aoeidents, to railroad trains during the lust eight years:? Y*ar*. A<citlm)t A'ilM Wotmiiti. 186 3 138 234 496 186 4 193 186 589 1865 142 116 539 1856 143 195 629 1867 126 130 630 1858 82 119 417 1859 79 129 411 186 0 74 67 316 Total in eight years 977 1,166 3,926 STElIHBOAT ACCIDENTS DIRING 1860. The anbjoined table chow* the number of person* killed and wounded by ("teamboat aeccldeiit* on the inland water* of the United Stat?a during the i**t year, com pared with tlie number of killed ami wounded by the Mine eauMa Id 1*50 ? r- 1M0.?, - M r.Nt*. January.". February.. March .... April May June July .A usual ? September. Oetolwr .,, November. J)ccember.. Total , W >?7 134 2l"|i42 1? During the pant eight year* the numl>er of llv?* loat ard peri?>n* injured by *leaml>o*i accident*. nut inoiudlrig these which occurred at sea, Is a* follow* ? ypart. Jri-uient*. Kilted. 1*M. IfM. 1WW 1W7. lWWt, 1?AV. JH?0. :ti 40 27 29 '27 VI 2? Total in eight years.. .342 319 M7 17 fl rum 32a .too 342 m 3 001 1M 2at 107 >27 HA 107 lift 134 1,090 The IVnth Reaoril on the Lakri for 11AO. lake imvlration opened on the Ath of March, lHflO. and closed on the 14th of Deoemhor. The aggregate uf loai of life i* fearfully hriro. It I* larger than that of any pre Ttoua three fenxma. Five hundred and slity person* met tbeir death, between the 23 I of March and lb" J.Uh of November, a period eight month*, by water "team and cold, and the caaualtic* mei ienl to working nail vr-moU In thla calculation the Iop* of the l*dy 1'Igm in put aWot> ton I*. Seventy eight livea. chiefly if not entirdv those of seafaring men, were ancr.fleed to the demon or the w*t?r? and to tV fr?*t and *now in the t*rrt|ie pale th;it swept the lakra on 1he 2'M and 24'h <tay( of Novembe* Twctij -??ib'.Pj op B?ir'y *4 many d iff rei.t *er?el?, JL'?f fTwforaAnf' 01 daty, were swept over board during lite season and drowoed. Thirty Ave person* met their deaths by beinr scalded i/y violent oouousaiaM or by bemc drown*! w conse quence of explor'ourt of boilers. Six entire crews wero k*t, Ml one being left to tell the tale. ' LIVE6 LOST BY FUSS DdCIO I860, The tab'e anrexed exhibits the number of liveg which have bct-n k?t each month during the year just in the I'rite States, In buildings which were destroyed by tire, compered with the number of unfortunate by similar catastrophes during I860: r JW? , 1860 ? torn LioaLott. ftrtt. Uvei Lutt 13 MonlliS. January 7 February 9 March.. 14 April 7 May 5 June 1 July 4 August 4 September 8 October ft November 7 December tt Total. 75 29 38 M 1 1 11 8 2? 0 10 17 168 10 4 4 4 7 2 1 2 4 4 4 6 61 18 9 7 10 22 3 1 4 8 8 9 16 122 The above table doot> not include tho victims of the terrible accident at Lawrence, Muss., which occurred on the 10th of January. During the past seven year* ih<> number or lives lost in burning buildings In the United States is exhibited in the following table:? rears. j\riS, 1804 1865 ?2 1840 8!) 185 7 72 185 8 1869 ???? Jl 1880 Lives Lntl. 171 119 183 158 152 112 186 Total in seven year's 490 1,081 LOS3EA BY FIRES MJREVO 1860. The following is a record of nil the Ores, together with the value of the property dest-oyed by each, which have occurred in the United States duriiig the pa*t year, where the loss has been estimated equal to and upwards of twenty thousand dollars ? JANUARY. Date. Plane. jym. Place. I aw 1?Sheboygan,Wis. 150.000 21?Marietta, Ohio.. $20,000 1?Cincinnat i 36.000 23?San Francisco.. 20 00O 2?Jejaeyrtllo. IU.. 20.000 23?GdKaplds.Mlch.ioo.ooo 3?Albany, N. Y... 20.000 23?Delavan, Wis... 20 000 4?Hernando, Mims. 20,000 25?llolliston, Moiw 30 000 5?Oregon City, Ore 20,000 27?Memphis, Tenu. 70.000 6?Ravenna, Ohio.. 25.000 28?New York?ship 200 000 8?l^avenw'th, Ks. 60,000 28?New York 175 0O0 9?Duncannon, Pa.. 25,000 28?Forbestowo,Cal 30 009 ???Cincinnati 30,000 30?Garrison's, N. Y. 20I000 10?Houston, Texas. 130.000 30?Northa'pt'n.Mas 41.000 16?Hunts vlllo, Tex. 25.000 31?Burlington,Iowa 30,000 17?Philadelphi a 80,000 T01*1 FEBRUARY. 3?New York $60,000 18?Boston $46 000 9?Cinandaigua,NY 30,000 19?Baltimore 50 000 ?Cincinnati 20,000 22?Salem, Ind 60',000 JO?Brooklyn 27,000 22?Danville. Ky... .300,000 JO?Canton, N. Y... 45.000 24?Richmond, Va.. 25,000 10?WoodBtork, Vt.. 20.000 27?St. Louto.. 25 000 12?Sabatus, Me.... 20,000 28?Vew Orleans.... 60 000 14?Elixth City,N.C. 40,000 2tf?Meriden, Conn.. 20 000 17?Pranford, Conn. 60.000 _____ 17?Tarrytown.N.Y. 30.000 Total $007,000 MARCH. 1?New York, two.$70,000 18?Felchville, Vt. .$30,000 *2,?Boston 60.000 20?Owensboro, Ky. ,10 000 2?St. Louis 20,000 20?Wtocaaaet, Me.. 75,000 4?Sacramento, (VI. 26,000 20?New Orleans... 25 000 Jfew York 26.000 21?Oswego, N. Y.. 36000 9?Tehama, Cai.... 100,000 21?Yel. Springs, O. 50,000 'Ala 40,000 22?Clarkfvllle, Mo. 30,000 10?E. Saginaw,V.Y. 30,000 22?Pekin, III....... 90,000 10?Rochester 20,000 24?Wind'rLocks.Ct. 20 000 10?Houston,Texas.275,000 20?Mt.Clem't.Mlch. 25,000 11?Naples, HI 20.000 27?Brooklyn 60 000 13?Mobil e 275.000 28?New York 20,000 14?BeUowsFalls,Vt. 40.000 28?Vo?r Orleans .. 80,000 14?Newark, N. J.. uo.oou 28?5uk'nprirt,Ark.l60,000 16?Mobile 36,<X)0 28?Washington, Pa. 40.000 10?Havana. Ill 30,000 29 ? Indep'dence.Mo.lOO 000 15? K-x.Wl.Td. in... go.000 31?Kenosha. Wis.. 40 000 1??J*au|. Min 100.000 U1?Brighton, Mans 37,000 18?BlkRir.F'lls.Wls 30,000 L? Total $2,172,000 ?. ~ APIHL. 4?Nr.Chartstn,S.C.$26,000 10?St. John's, Mich420 000 4?Louisvllle 40,000 17?New York . 80.000 6?Manchester,Ohio 50,000 18?Chicago 150.000 $?CineInnati 20,000 22?Kenosha, W is... 100 000 7?Columbus, Ga... 20,000 22?Chelsea, Mass .. 26 000 8?Memphis, Tcnn. 70,000 24?Chicago 47 000 10?Nashville,Tenn. 30,000 24? Algiers, ... 70 000 1J?Ga.. 86,000 26?Portlaiio, U* ... 60,000 I'^.Y. 60,000 29?New York 40.000 14?West Troy, N. Y. 26,000 29?Vew Orleans.... 100 000 14?Vincennes, Ind.100,000 30?Warren, Ohio... 100000 16?41. Raphls, Mich. 26,000 1?Brookly n 2?Aurora, III...., 6?South Boston.., 7?Philadelphi a 7?P't'd Post, N. Y 9?New Orleans.. 11?Hannibal, Mo.. 12?Nebraska City. 13?Presque Isle,Me. 14?Rahwav, K. J.., 19?Weston, Mo.... 6?Philadelphia ... 12?Belvidere, 111... 13?New Orleans 17?Oamb<igport,Vt 18?Cincinnat i Total MAT. $36,000 ao?Springfield, Mass$26,000 . 20.000 21?NewOrleans... 80,000 30,000 28?Austin, Texas.. 100,000 26,000 28?Saccarappa, Me. 26,800 80,000 27?Monsoon, Me.... 40,000 60,000 27?New Orla?ia... 40,000 .300,000 30?St Josephs.Mich. 80 000 126.000 30?New Orleans. .. 70,000 26,000 31?Newton, Ma*s.. 20.000 f 0,000 21,000 Total $1,161000 JUNE. $40,000 18?Storr's Tnshp.O $25 000 60,000 25?I<eavenworth,K. 36 000 aort.o00 28?Vew York 46,000 36.000 28?Nr Nashvle.Ten. 28,000 26,000 ! $481,000 JVLT. $?"lng Sing, N. Y.$85,000 14?Marianna, Fla. .$20 4?Hannibal, Mo... 50,000 15?Cuthbert, Ga... 60 8?Po keepsieJf.Y. 30.000 18?New York 100 7?New Orleans... 28.000 18?New Orlaans... 50 8?'Dallas, Texas 300,000 19?Vew Orleans .. 36 ??Blk JaekGrove " 30.000 22?Philadelphia... .100 8?Pilot Point, do.. 60.000 23?Vew Orleans .. 26 "??enton, do..... 80,000 23?New Albany,Ind 46 8?lAdonia, do.... 25,000 24? Philadelphia.... 20 8?Milford, do 100.000 26?Newark, N. J... 60, 11?fid. Rapids,Mich 60,000 26?Vew Or leans.... 20 11?Wheeling, va... 20 000 28?Austin, Texas . 00 11?New York 60.000 30?N*w York 20 12? Frankltn, S. J.. 60.000 31?'St. Louis 45 12?C manto'n.Tenn 25,000 13?Philadelphia.... 35,000 Total $1,008 ? The abolition incendiary firws. AUOt'ST. 1?New York $40,000 ia?Sucramento,Cal.|90 6-Ho. Roynlt n. Vt 100.000 14?Philadelphia . 20 8?Salisbury, Md... 96 000 18?Near Bust'n, Pa 30 8?New Orleans... 60 ,100 ~ 9?Mobil e 80,000 9?New Orleans... .500,000 12?Henderson, Tx. 200.000 .000 1,000 1.000 >.000 .0OO ,6oo .000 .000 .000 .ooo 000 .000 .000 ooo 18?Houston, Texas. 38 27?Cincinnati 20 .000 .000 .000 ooo .ooo ,000 2?Cincinnati .... 11?New Orleans 16?Albany, N. Y.. 19?Philadelphia.. . 20?New Haven, (t Total $1,273,000 SEPTKMB*. *26.000 20?Vew Alb'ny.Iud.$23,000 21?Vew f>rle?i,s 150.008 22?Vew Orl?*an?.... 78 ooo 27?San I ran. iseo .. 35.000 1M 000 r-o.non t(>.<KXI 40 000 20?Fort Smith, Ark 200 000 Tota1 $771 ooo $80,000 .. 25,008 .. 30,000 .. 30,000 .. 35,000 .. 26.00$ , no ooo Y 75,000 .. 20,000 $125 0O0 OCTOBER. 2?Healdsburg Cal $20,000 15?Xew Orleans 4?San Francisco.. 20 000 18?Toledo, Ohio . 5?Baltimor e 24,080 19?I'hiladelphu 8?South Boston.., 200.000 19?Vew York 10?St. I/mis no 000 21?Salem. Mass ! 11?Tro y 80,000 22?New York.... ia_Vrw Haven. .. 20.000 25?Opelikn AU 14?Stall. Si>rlngf,a 28,000 26?Oananda a, N. 14?New Orleans 40 000 27? Chil.t4eli>hm 15?Philadelphi a 86 000 Total NOVKJlldfc. 2 New Nork.,.....$i,l0,000 12?Pnlrnvm, Mo....fjo noo 2??t. .Iweph, Mo.. 25 000 12?' harl?<ion,S.C .200 Ooo Brooklyn...... .120.000 14?St. I??ig 80 000 3?Cincinnat i 60,000 18-Cre*tllne Ohio. 20 000 Spring Held,Mas* 80,000 18?Vew Orleans... 80,000 6?HooRlck F , N T.200,000 20?Boston 30 000 5?Mass.. 76.000 20?1/tmoia. N. II. 125 O'KI 6?Ft. Games, (ia.. 60.000 20?Oswsgo. N. Y... 4 , ooo ft?Columbus, ohvo 21O ooo 22?Albany, Oa. .. 26 ooo 7?Charleston, f C. 72.000 25-Vew York. .. .800.00$ '?Jf mston, S.C.. 75.000 27?Dundee, V. Y... 50 ooo ? af* 66,000 30?Hopkinsville.Kr200 (SK) 10>?BnSklo 120,000 ToUl MOBMRKR. was nominated on th? Monad ballot.... The tAiislatureof 1?B<*t??n. ...... $26,000 18?Vew York, ship 125 000 2?Oi.wego. N Y.. 32.000 19-Vew York... .100 000 3?V?rJbb?*o. 3/,,000 20?Adam*, N. V... 60 OO0 ??Klkhart. Ind,... 30.000 23?Petersburg. Va 30 000 6?Beivldere.N. J.. 20 000 23?Nashville,Tenn.loo.noo 8? Provldeme. K.I. HO.OOO 24?Kast Boston.... 40 000 7-New fhrlean* :t0,000 26?Vaagatuck.Omn 75 oiK) Albany 111,1 60 000 25?Milwaakee. Win. 70.000 12_IWtlmore ,175,000 27-Une, 111 W ooo ta-Onuige N^l... JIO.OOO 29?Brldge|>oi l Conn 60 000 14?Memphis, T?-nn 100.000 _ 18-Po keepsle,N Y $25,000 ToU! $1,304 OoO _ , ? ,**<"APtTri,ATfoy. The followitig additional table shown the total of the above during each month, compared with those in the Corresponding months in 1869 ? ?. 1859 Xumber Month.' January 2"> February . 18 Marrb. 88 April 23 May 20 June 9 July,..*.. 80 August 12 September jo <?et??>er 19 November. 26 December 22 ? 1880 ? .Vu mber "f firm Ijntt $1,276,000 ?HIT 000 2,172.000 1,302,000 1,161.000 481,000 1.808,000 1,273,000 771,000 825.000 2,517,000 1.304.000 of fire< 23 16 13 16 19 18 10 17 19 23 24 12 Ans $1,178,000 910,000 842.000 1,828.000 1,610.000 1,267.000 410,000 1.602.000 I .*2,000 I WW .000 2,068,000 1.182.000 ToUI 261 $15,597 000 201 $16 058.000 .4<M lo :hc ibe aioootit of preperty dwtroyel i>y ?re* m the ''mud fitatee, where in ?.ach instance the loss ?u e*t .mated at iMti than twenty thousand dollars, and the aggregate would be increased to probably twenty-two millions in 1H.09, and to about the same amount ku 1800. The following tigi.res dhow Uic losses by fli os where the damage has btvn put down at twenty thousand dol lars and upwards, and the estimated total lues by all Area iq tbe United Miit.* for the past seven years: ? L >st tiivnth UhnuanU 'Ibtal lou by oil years. dollars and ttpumils. fir ft. 1864 f20.678.000 2."> .600,000 lh.">5 13.04?,00d 17,000 000 18-ifl 31,15(1 000 27,000,000 1857 16,792,000 20,000,000 1868 11,Ml ,000 10,000,000 1S5? 16,063,000 22,000,000 I860 16.697,000 22,000,000 Total in seven years $113.794;000 1*9,000,000 NEW YORK HERALD CALENDAR FOR 1861. ?? s ?" :J0 31 J. 'l\\Tl

2b 2!V ;0 S 's 7 [nils u '19ISW2I wMfSStii Ktllpuca for the Trar ISfll. There will be four eclipses this year, us follows.? 1. An annular cclipteof the sun, January 10?invisible in America. 2. An annular eclipse of the s>un,Jnlv 7?:nvi3iblc iu America. 3. A partial eclipse of Hie niuon, Dooember II?13th in California?early in the morning. Visible. Sin only 2.22 digit.*, or alKMt one fifth of the moon's db-c. fee the fol loving table:? A'om?\? nf flaw. Portland, Me. Boston, Mass New York Philadelphia, Pa i .. ... Utkva, N. V | ' Baltimore, Md 2 21 3 12 4 ft> Washington. P. C 2 19 S to 4 01 Rochester, N. Y . 2 16 a 07 j 3 5S Bullalo, N. Y 2 12 a 03 3 64 Raleigh. X. C 2 12 3 03 54 Panama, N. ?; 2 lo .*; 0i :: 62 Charleston. R C ... 2 07 2 58 fi 4'? Cincinnati, Ohio. 1 60 2 41 :* Pu Chicago, 111 1 37 2 28 3 19 Mobile. Ala 1 2 25 3 lrt New Orleiw. l^a 1 27 2 IH 3 09 St. Ixmw,M<> I 20 2 17 :s oh Austin, Tev*s Ml 1 47 2 38 OrefQD City, Oregon, Dee. 16 '11 2.'> 14 1 05 San Franciwo, Cai *11 17e' a l>'? * December 16. 4. A total eclipse of the sun, but only partial in the railed States, Iieoembor 31. The sun rim-i* eclipsed, mid the AacwattOI will be visible in all th?- States ?a#t ?<( the Mississippi river, and In those States adjacent to it on the west, except Iowa. It ends at Washington at 8h. 36tu In Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois and Wiaooniln, the eclipse endd just nt sunrise, and east of Maiue it begins at sunrise. Sue in the Atlantic Stated about ti digits Begiitt. H M. 2 46 2 43 2 ol Mil'tlr. H. M 3 37 3 34 3 22 A'rtrfr. 777m. 4 28 4 25 4 13 4 09 NEW YEAR'S DAY. How It WM Celebrated !? Olden Tlmr? C?rlo?i Gnitomi of Varlom Coaaatrtee-* Sew Year's Gifts, At., 4k. Ringing out the old and ringing [in the new year, with "X morry Kew Year I A happy New Year to yoo I" oa Now Year'? day, were sounds and greeting* that in for mer times moved sceptred pride and humble labor to urn lies and kindly feeling?, and this cheerful ruaiwn of the Old World has k*t none of Us pleasantness la Its trans porta lion to the city 01 New York. " The birth of a new year," writes Charles Lamb, in lu? charming ' Essays or Hia." " is of an Interest too wide to be pretermitted by king or cobbler. No one ever regarded the lftt of Jaau ary with indifference. It t? tl>at from which all date their time, aud count upon whai is left. It is thsaativi ty of our common Adam." '?Of all sound ol' all b-'lls," he eonliaaM, '-mo l solemn and touching is 'the peal which ringj out the old year. ] never near It without a g.it Iter lug up of my m nd to a cm rent ration of all the images that have bec-u diffiued over the patit twelvemonth ; all I have done or aaffer?i, per formed or neglected, in that regretted time." Who, tjo, Wt ne remark, can see a new year open npoa him w;th<n:t being bettor for the prsapect?without making mndry wise reflections on the steps he propwea t<> take in the future? Everv i?t of Januai y thai we ?r rive at >4 nn imaginary milestone on the turnpike ira< k of human life?at once a resting pUce for thought and m dilation, and a Urting point for freeh exertion in the I>erforma.:<e of our Journey. The m m who d<?e n<: at len?t propose to himself to b - better tlii" year than Uc waif last, nuwt c.ther be very good or very bud in le-1 There Is a tu)>ertlilioa In vom, purls of Ltiglaud that If yu do not weai some new article of attire oa New Year's day, yon will not gain much during the year. We fancy that lh<*re ;ire many twn in tlie Wcrld who wo Id !uo-e lik h to derhe benefit In the next twehnewwth' byoo this day. donning a new ceasttenc* instead of ? new coat. The 1st ol January i< marked ui the olfOdara of the ftom'.hb and Kp:wop. I tan churches a- the IWtha! of the Clroancfck*, which fe^ival is -?id to have been iosti tuted a beat the year 487. and ilrrt ?pp ??!<? t in the re formed Engl:. Ii liturgy m lUt Tltr. WASSAIL BOW!,. In former limes the waeMil howl vm n r -gillir .ui at tendaat on New Vear'.- eve aa tho yule lojc ou the e\ ?> of Cliri.-tina(*<i i>. Th1- # i bowl of i ulc, wliu-h was carried ahont by y< unn Worn SB, who w?nt from door to door In the r s**veral villages. singing the WMsai! ?-ong, a carol ootiiprised for the occasion. an I pre.^ent t.g Un liquor to the inhabitants of the house* where they < iUci. it is unnc wary to observe, with the expectation of re ct ivhlg rr(*"nts finm tho? the) this oougr.itula'-1 -1. The S' >ni liquid composition th'is tftC'l consisted of ale, nutmeg. sugir, towt and rone ted apples: the poetlcii compi-.tien *i? gene rally of a lens spirited nature The wa-ail is -aid to liavs originated from tbe words of row.-,a. the daughter of Heaglst, who. pr> ~eut,aga bowl of wine to Vortigern, the King of the Britont, raid, "w tea hast," or "health to yon. my lord, the King." If this derivation of the) custom be thought donhtful.it certainly has the authority of ant,unity on Its tide. Thorns* de la Moore and old HaviUiaa state that ?mw tail* and itrinc hril were the usual aac.leM phrase:, of quaffing among the Khgtlsk, uH rynm/rao'is with tb? "come, here ? to yon," or "yctir health, sir,' o( the present day, "the wassail howl," say* Wart?o. is >hak*pcre'agos alp's bowl kn tbe Midsummer Night's Dream.' Ben Jonsou personifies It thus:?' Enter Wussel. like a neat sem*ter an I songster, her page bearing a brown bowl drest with ribhamU and rosemaiy before her " Peldon alludes to the custom In the followingemipari-oo '"The I'ope.ln ending Keliok* to lYlnres, does as wench - d< tlietr Wassails at New Year's tide; they present y<?ii with a cup. and you must drink of a sialiey atuff, hat the meaning is, you must give them tumey, tea time more than It h worth.'' '?iamb'K-wnol" is another name given to the ? compound as wassail. This name ie thus elytnologiied ? ''The 1st day of November wax d"licate<t to the ang?' presiding over fruits, s'<eds. Ice., and wa? therefore named 1m fl(t? Ubhal?that is, the day of tbe apple fru.t? and being prononnced lamasool, the Enxlleh have cw rupted the name to lamb'a-wool " 1 hough the cnah>m of "wairaaU" Is now obsolete, a fragment of it remains in the nsnge of the festival held by the various corporate bodies of the city of l/>nd<? The person presiding stands up at the c.lo*e of dinner, and drink* from a fagoo, nwaliy of silver, having a handle oe tttch side, bj which lio holds it with txUi han't*, u l the toastmoster announce* him u drinking ' tho b'utithof hi> brethren out of lb* kiviugcup." TIm loviug cap, which it the ancient wasfail bowl, us then paused to the guest on hi* left hang, by whom it w paaaol uu, and, as it find* its way round tUo room, each guest in hrn turn Stand* up and drink* to the president out of tho loving cap. CURIOUS SCOTCH CUSTOMS. As Christinas day is n>t celebrated as a holiday in Feotland, many of the customs which iiro observed on that day in England ure by ita Northern noghliors I transferred to New Year's Cay. Amongst thorn: we may meutioa mumniniir* un<l masking*, In which the actors dross themselves so as to resets l>lo various animals, real and imaginary, and vie with each other as to which can excel in hideoueness. Tho people have at all times carried these performances to such excesses as to have been punished by tho civil authorities and re buked by the ecclesiastical courts. In a work entitled '? Popular Superstition* of tho Highland*," there is some account of tho Ouidlemtis ball on New Year's eve, as introductory to the near year. The term candlemas, applied to this season, Is supposed to Lave originated in some old religious cere monies performed by candlelight. Tho bull is a passing cloud, which Highland imagination perverts into tho form of that animal. Ab it rtees or lalls, or takes pecu- j liar direction*, of great signiliciuicy to the scots, so does j It prognosticate good or baJ weather. The laora north ern nations anciently assigned portentous qualinos to the winds of Now Year's eve. One of their old legends is thus versified:? If New Year'a eve night wind blow south, It betokeneth warmth and growth; If west, much milk and fish in the sea; If north, much cold and storms there will be; If east, the trees will bear much fruit; If northeast, flee it man and brute. As Boon as nlgbt sets in it is tho signal with tho gtrathdown Highlander for the suspension or his usual employment, and he direct? his attention to more agree able callings. The men form into bauds, with tethors and axes, and, shaping thotr course to the Juniper bashes, they return home luJen with mighty loads, which are arranged round the tire till morning. A dls creet person is then despatched to the dead and living ford to draw a pitcher of water in profound silence, without the vessel touching the ground, lent its virtue should be destroyed, and on his return alt retire to rest Karly on New Year's morning the iuque-cat> nichrl, or wa ter from the dead anl living ford, is drunk, u? a potent charm, until next New Year's day, against tho spells of witchcraft, the malignity of evil eyes, and the activity of all infernal ageucy. The qualified Highlander then takes a largo bru.-h, with which he profusely sprlnklos | the occupants of all beds, from whom it is not unusual for him to receive ungrateful remonstrances against ab I lutlon. This ended, iind the doors ami windows being tho roughly closed and all crevices stopped,he kindles piles of the collected juniper in the different ajiartnionts, till the vapor from the burning branches condenses Into opaque clouds, and coughing, sneezing, wheezing, gasping and other demonstrations of suffocation ensue. The operator, aware that' the more intense the rmurhdan the more | propitious tho solemnity, disregards these indications, | and continues, w.ih streaming eyes and averted head, to increaso the fumigation, uutil iu his own defeuce he ad mits the air to recover himself and the rest of the ex haustod household. lie then treat:', the horses;, cattle and other bestial stock with the same smothering to keep tlii m from harm throughout the year. When the gude wife gels up, and. having ceased from coughing, has gained sufficient strength to reach tho bot tie <lhv, she administers its comfort to the relief of the sufferer*; laughter taken place of complaint, and all the family get up. wash their faces and receive tbc visits of their ucighbors, who arrive full of grstula tiuut iHJculiar to the day. Uu wife cAnil or?!?"iny Cuudlemas bond upon you"?is the customary salutation, and means, in plain words, "You owe me a I New Year's gift." A point of treat emulation Is, who shall salute the other lirst; because the one who does so is entitled to a gift from the per-ion salui d. Breakfast, consisting of all procurable luxuries, is then served; the neighbors not engaged are invited to partake, ani the day eads In festivity. In one of the Orkney Isles there is a large stone, ton feet high and four feet brond, set upright in a plain, about which no tradition Is preserved as to the cause of its erec tion, whether in memory of any signal event, or for the purpose of administering justice, or for religious worship, hut the parish priest states tliat, on the first day of the v<ar, he has seen fifty of the inhabitants assemble there iuid dance by moonlight, with no other music hut their own singing. 1) . Johnson, ui hm "Journey to Um Western Island* of Scotland,'' says a gentleman informed him that, at New Year's eve, in the hall or cas tle of the laird, where st festivals there is always a very numerous company, one man dresses himself in a cow's hide, on which other men best with sticks they then run w ith ail this noise around ti?o house, which the compsny quits in s counterfeited fright; the dooc u then shut, and no readmi'sioti obtained after this pretended terror, except by the recitation of a verse of I poetry, which those acquainted with the custom are pro | vided with. It Is considered of much importance that the flrst I person who enters the bouse on New Year's day should be a worthy and esteemed friend; this interest prevslls v..th in Enplaud and .Scotland. In the lat?<-r ????>? ?? tlnd that the first vuuer tin* eoiur peculiar privileges, which no doubt induces the female* U> use some little ooutriiance to secure the entrance of a favorite for l tans it is sung;? The first foot's entertain *tep That sudden on the iloor Ik welcome h?ard. Lie bind ing maids have braided up their hair? The laugh?tho hearty kit*?the '-good New Year,'1 I'rottounced with honest warmth. tt BIOt'8 Ol.n KNOl.tSll Ct'^TOMS. There is a curious old custom called llacman Heigh observed in some part*- of Yorkshire on New Year's eve. The keeper of the pinfold, attended by a rabble at his heels, goes round th- town knocking at the various doors and s.ng.ng a barbarous ditty, which concludes with wishing "a nicrrjr Christmas and s luippy New Year." | When wood was chiefly aaed as fuel in healing ovens j this was the most appropriate season for the h;i;man, or woodcutter, to remind his cuatoiuerh of his services and to solicit situs. fhc word hag is still used in Yorkshire to tog .\ j wood. Th. ha,.!! ' oppos'tc the Abbey of Fastb) used to supply the monk! with luel, and the word Vt man rn:.y hav been tlin? derived hutsomeeoo bi.lei that it i n" ?- I rout a Oi.vk word signifying tho holy month, wh n tho festivals oj the church for our Saviour's birth are celebrated. Formerly on the la. t day of tho year the ui?nk< and friars used to Inak" a ph ntlful harvest by begging from <!? t" <ii ?' ?>! ' rei t;ii(: ?< kind of ca- .? -it th" end of every stave of which tle y lntr?di - I the words ayiu -alluding to the birth of Christ. A very different interpretat. >ti. howev r. v.a ; gr. by one John I>;a a hJPie.-h\ terUn mm. ter, wh-ti h 4d::ig f-?rtli igii'ist 11.1- . 'istom in lie ei hi.s sermons at Kelso --'?S*ir* do you know what tiie hngman signifies* It lv the devil to be in the bou-e that is the meaning ot its ll" )rew original" iher is a whimsical cvii-t tn by which a right of sli. u it' l l ,?t HuH-.il f' nje-v, iii Yorkshire. Scar tli- t"v n > a ' .,-^e rabbit wsrreri, belonjiug to the lord of tie- manor poo which the inhabitant* of six U'wrtt-hlps iLtve i r.glit to e*tr ?y their sheep, mbject to paying fealty upon the tun day of the year. This con s^tts ot the diepbtrd id eaeh towuihip (except one) briiignu to the manor house a Lirg apple pie, a two I*uu. -w? t ri>oid . w.xMien s|ss?. Rich pie, which m"?t n>t h- le^ than ?ixte"n inches In diameter, and ?*icli c?W", is dirW-d into two parts, (?tie l*rt is ift u subdivided into thre". for three odeer* of the lord o< the manor, aud the other part is dlvld'M betw is'U the r ? Hephords allud'vl to. Tho b;?ili!T pro vide? f irnieut* m . >rd, chei to and bread, and one oi the shepherds the . x option mentioned, pays slxt-on pence for ale for the company. The furmenty Is placed In a di h, and buried in the ground tb' top of the dish b- iiig lsvel with th-- Hie 'ace thereof. Every sliepherd i.- compelled to cat of it, ;m I if he has neglected to bring a wooden spoou with liiin he lias to lay himself down upon his stomach and sup the I'urmenty, with his face to tbe dish, st whjch time it Is v*ual by way of sport, for some ot the bystanders to dip his face in the furmenty (sometimes s shepherd, for the sake of diversion, will purposely leave his S|?>on at home. "Kitfltigstang" t*a e .atom which *1111 prevails insomeof the northern counties of Kngland. The "slang" is a cow! Maff?the cowl bemg a water vessel borne by two person* oo the cow I-staff, tbe latter being a stout pole whereon the vessel hangs '? Where's the cowl-staff?" cries Ford's wife, when she purposes to get Falstaff Into a large buck basket, with two handles; the cow! "t?ff, or "sting," is produced, and being passed Ihreugh the handle., the fiat knight I* borne off by tw<> of Ford's men. A writer in the Gentleman * JfOf/aniw-. 1781. says that in Westmore land and Cumberland, on the 1st of January, multitudes assemble early In the morning, with baskets ani stangs, wd whoever docs not Joiu tlicm, whtHher Inhabitant or stranger, It mmcd iate!y mounted acrocd the " ?d carried, Hhoulder high to the next public house, whore the payment of sixpence liberates the prisoner. Women are seized i.i thi-i way, and carried in baskets?tho sex being privii god from riding lUe stang, in com phiucct, perbap , to tho use of bide saddles, in the same part o; the country no one is allowed to work on Mew Year's day, however industrious. It appears thai it was a Vew Year a custom i i ancient Rome for tiadesmon to work a little only on that day for luck's sake, so that they might have constant bnsiueas al! the year after. At Cambridge it is the custom to have hot buns, which U?y call "New Year's Cokes," for breakfast <<a tho morning of the New Year. These aro cried and sold In tho streets in tho manner of the "hot hp ma buns,'' which, to the pr?sent day, are in vogue in all parte of England on Good Friday, the only deference being that (he New Year's cak? i are uot marked with a cross. In somo parts of England the shopkeepers refuse to give credit on this day, Wst they should have to do so all tho year ; and In Cornw&u it is esteemed unlucky to pay money on New Year' day, from a belief that ho who does so will have the pleasure of making disbursements all the rest of the year. The following description of a New Year's celebration, which occurred exactly thirty yearn ago in tho country mansion of an English gentleman, who Wl not barred his door upon good Old customs, is interesting. It is given in the letter of an eye-witness, to tho lalo Leigh Hunt:? As the clock 'struck nine In the morning of New Year's day, the doors of the drawing room wero thrown open, and the family and friends entered, followed by the household. A most pleasing surprise seized upon all; at the farther end of the apartment appeared a group of allegorical personages?Janus, on a ]>edoetal, with an altar before him. smoking with incense; Aurora on his loft, with the bright Morninp Star, day's harbiuger; and on his right, winged and beaming, a rural crown, stood, smiling in youthful beauty, the Angel of Peace. Now entered u train of villagers, gayly and tastefully deco rated, preceded by a banner, inscribed, "We wish you a iittppy N' W Year." Tho baskets of the villagers were filled with gifts, which, elevating, as they approachod the ultar, they offered to Janus, and addressed him iu an ap propriate hynm, accompanied by mu. ic. At the conclu sion, Janus, after having been crowned, descended, haud in hai.il with tho rosy Aurora, and, led forward by the Angel of light, he approached the master of tho man sion, and, addressing him in verso, presented to him a vuse of fracrant and emblematical herbs and llowors. The lutter then reccivod baskets of New Year's gift3, each accompanied with a billet containing tho name of the person f<>r whom it wus intended and the party pre eenting it, together with some wish or compliment po etically expressed. These gifts were afterwards dis tributed according to the directions given. New Year's day in laindon is not otherwise observed than by a holiday at the public offices, little social dining parties among friends, and the ringiug of merry peals from the belfries of the numcr< us steeples late on tho cvo of the New Year, and until after tho chimes of the clock have sounded Its last hour. 1.X jom d'an IN PARIS. Of all placcs In the world, lu no other is N'ew Year's day po much thought of ae in l'aris, whei e it is called, jvir wel Ink, , "tho dny of tho year." For Bevoral weeks pre ceding it various clafses of ingenious artists employ all their talent* and skill to shine with uucommon lustre on tho auspicious opening of tho now year, and tho stores on this day display a degree of taste and magnificence totally unknown in my other city. Du ring the month of December somo three or four thou nam's of wooden booths or boxes are erected on the boulevards, closo to the curbstono and facing Inwards, on the counters of which oro exhibited for sale every Kort of article that can bo conceived suitable for a present, and the sales eflected at these temporary establishments are, if the weather is favorable, some what enormous. Tins is the day of universal greeting, of renewing ac quaintanceship, of counting how mtuiy liuks have bee* broken by the past year In the circles of friendship, and what new ones have replacod them. All persons, what ever be their rank, degree or profession, form a list of the names of persons whose friendship they wish to tcUla, and upon eoc-h of theso a call is made, or a card is despatched to thoir residences by a porter or through the post. Millions of cards are distributed, and nothing is seen in the streets but well dressed persons going to visit their friends and relatives, and renew in an affectionate maimer all the endearing charms of friendship. As early in the morning aa people can dress themselves they set out on a round of vialU; first to thcee nearest In affinity, then those that are further removed, and lastly to acquaintances and friends. It is a contest of politeness who shall start first, and anticipate the call of a relation or friend; and this conflict to anticipate each other's calls occasions the most agreeable and whimsical scenes among those proficient in polite attentions. Carriages may be soen rolling through the streets with cargoes of bon-Umt, souvenirs,land the various et ceteras with which both littlo children and grown up children are bribed into good humor. No one able to give must on this day pay a visit empty handed. Kverbody accepts, and every man gives according to the means which be possesses. A pretty woman, respectably connected, may reckon her New Year's prsesats at somo tbing considerable. Dresses, Jewelry, glovos and arti ficial flowers till her parlor; for in Paris it iu a cust.-a* u, dt?piay all the gifts, in order to excite emula tion, and to obtain a? much as possible. Indies alone are excepted from th? elmrgo of giving. It is indisjien sable that sweetmeats, in some form or other, ohauld b s presented, the most prevailing form being that of a cornucopia tilled with bon-Urni. A writer ou this sub ject, as long ago as 1826, calculated the amount then ex pended In 1 aris for presents on New Year's day for con fectioner) alone at a turn exceeding one hundred thou sand dollars. At that pcilod the day was a complete jour tIt /<fe in the palace of tho Tulleries, then occupied by Churl'* the Tenth. Every member of the royal family was ex pected to make handsome presents to the Kin*. For the half year preceding tho female branches were busily occupied in preparing presents of their o?ru manufacture, which would to! at le;_it two wagons. The Ilucb -n <??> Bern painted tut entire room of jipaaaed pannels, to be set up in the jalaoe; and the Duchess of Orleans prep.ired an elegant screen. An Englith gcnilcRi.in who ww admitted raid n!y into the presence of thoDutheee do Bcrrl, during this time of preparation, fonnd her and three of her m n is of h-^nor lying on the cat jiet, painting the legs of a et of ohal s which were intended for the King. NEW YKAK'8 PAY IN (.EKWANT. The day Is spent In Germany very much aft-r the fashion which prevails in New York, in making calls and presents: but neither Germany nor Getfaam enters mto the spirit of the day as it is observed lu the French capital. Goethe, in his memoirs of liim elf, thus speaks of a Mew Year's day of his boyhood:?'It was the beg,lining of tho New Year?a day on which th" gcueral b u>tle,oooasione4 by the vi.-iui of aObfcfutuL'.t ion, set the whole < lt> >u mo ti<>n. 1o us children this day alway s at!' riled a pleasure long Ml eagerly wished for at our gran (father's house, where we used to awcsblt by break of day, to hear a concert performed h) all the musicians belonging to the t>wn,the military bands, and all who had an) pretensions to I a idle flute, clarionet and haut boy. We were entrust-d to distribute New Yost's gifts to the jwoplo of the ground story. The number of re ceivers and the crowd of visiters hourly in<ree*<-d. Relations and conttienlial persons < am1 first; function* ri?* and people in subordinate situations came next; and ev u the members of the Senate w< uld not. fall to pay tlieir respects to their pretor. A solect party use I to sup In the evening in the dining room whi< h was scaioetjr ever n|ienedagain during the ren .tinder of tho year. Wo were particularly delighted, as will easily b- b-dlered, with the tarts, biscuits, macaroons and sweet wines dis tributed on the occasion. In short, on tliiilwnniversary we enjoyed, on a small scale, everything that Is usual ou the celebration of more pompous festivals.'' NKW YKARfl (HPTS IN OI.PF.N TIMlifl. Undoubtedly, Now Year's gifts originate ! iu heutlrMi ob servances, and were gr<* ly abused in after agon; yot lal terly ihoy became a rational and pleasant mode of com ey lug our kindly remembrances to those we esteem. Boiirtw says ?"lflsetnl a New Year's gift to my friend, Hsbs" be a token of my friendship. If to my b-nefactor, * '"ken of my gratitude. If to the poor, which at thi? *eaeOO must never be forgot, it shall be to make (heir hearts sing for Joy. and give praise and tderdM to the Giver of all good gifts." Anciently, on New Year's day, the Romans were ac customed to enrry rm?H pre<*?nte, as New Y'ear sglfhs, U? the Betmtor* under wln?e protection they were sere lally placed. In the reigns of the Ktnperors they flocked In such numbers with valuable ones, that various de cr.'oe wi re made to abolish the eastern, though it a!wa> con tinned among them. The Romans who sett' d In Britain introduced the pruptlce of printing New Ye u t gifts among the pop|e, who got into the habit i)f imklv New Year'j presents, <v?n to the magistrates. rk>iuo of the fathers of the church wrotO against tho practice, as being fntught with iho greatest abuses, and the magistrates were consequently forced to relinquish it. The origin of thane presents is ascribed to Romulus and Tatlus, and wo learn that the usual presents in those days w> re figs and dates, covered with leaf gold, and accompanied with a plecc of money, which was expended to purchase the statues of dei ties. Fusbroke, in his " Dictionary of Antiquities," mentions an amphora (ajar), which still exiau, with an inscription, denoting thit it was a New Years present from the potters to their patroness. He also instance* other pieces of Koman pottery and medallions, either bearing the inscription "A happy New Year" or deco rated with the laurel, fig and date. The IiruidB were accustomed on certain days to cot thfl cacred misletoc with a golden knife, in a forest dedicated to the gods, and to distribute its branches among the people with ranch oeremoriy as New Year's gilts. Bishop Btilllngfleet informs us that among the Suioris of the North the festival of the New Year was observed with moro than ordinary Jollity and feasting, and by sending Now Year'B gifts to one another. Mr. Fosbroke notices the continuation of the Roman practice during the Middle Ages, and that the Englifch king* and nobility especially interchanged pre sents. Old Matthew Paris states that Henry the Third extorted New Year's gifts. A MS. of the public revenue of the fifth year of the reign of Edward the Sixth contains an entry of "Rewards given on New Year's day to the [ King's officers and sorvants in ordinary, ?155 5s.; and to I their servants that present the King's majestic with New I Year n gifts." An orange stuck with cloves soems, by , reference to Mr. Fosbroke and the early authors, to have ' be^n a popular New Year'i offering. It Is suggested that the use of this present may be ascertained from a remark by old Lupton, that the flavor of wine Is Im proved, and the wine itself preserved from mouldiness, by an orango or lemon stuck with cloves being hung within tho vessel so as not to touch the liquor. Eggs of various colors, especially those died red, were also anciently sent as presents. Tho latter custom incidentally proves the common origin of men; for in Persia a similar custom prevails at tho commencement of tho solar year; and not only is a feast celebrated, but the people of that country present Mich other with colored eggs as tokens of friend ship. From th* household book of Henry Algernon Percy, the fifth Farl of Northumberland, In 1511, wo And that when the Karl was at home on Now Year's day he used to glvo various presents in money. To the servants who brought him New Year'B presents from tho King, the Queen and his various relatives, he presented sumB vary ing from twenty-four cents to twenty-five dollars, the servant or his son and heir receiving tho lesser amount, and that of the King tho larger?an increase being mado in tho latter caso ir the Klng'B servant waa "a special friend" of his lordship's, in which caso ho re ceived a sum equal to $83. To his own household he also gave presonts, for himself, and, in setno Instances, for his lady also, "if she 1b at my lord's finding and not at her own;' tli?F<> instances being to the minstrels of the household and tho six trumpeters for "playing at my lord's chamber door on New Yoar's day in tho morning." A manuscript of services and ceromonlos at Urart, In tho time of Henry tho Seventh, entitled a "Royalle Rook," supposed to have been written by an esquire or gentleman usher of that sovereign, contains tho order of regal ceremony on New Yoar's day, and not only gives tho proper attire of and attendance on the King as he Btts In state to rocotve his presents? tlio first of which comes from the Queen?but it suites the proper gratuity to be given to each hearer of a present. It also regulates the rules to be observed by tho Queen in a like ceremony, whoso "re wards to them that bring her gifts shall not be so good oci tho King's." Honest old latimer, Instead of presenting Henry the Eighth with a purse of gold, as waa customary for a New Year's gift, put into tho King's hand a New Testament, with a leaf conspicuously doubled down at Hebrews, xlli., 4, which on reference will be found to have boen werthy of all acceptation, though not perhaps well acoepted. In the days of "Good Queen Bess," the maiden mo narch, who had the soul of a mantuamaker as well aa of a sovereign, reccivod whole wardrobes of gowns and cape, as well as caskets of jewelry, and it is said that theso departments were principally supported by the aunual contributions on New Year's day. From the origi nal rolls published in her "Progresses," it appears that the greatest part, if not all tho peers and peeresses of the realm, all the bishops, the chief officers of State and several of the Queen's household servants, even down to her apothecaries, master cook, sergeant of the pastry, he., gave New Year's gifts to her Majesty, consisting, in general, either of a sum of money or jewels, trinkets, wearing apparel, 4c. The largest sum given by any eT tho temporal lords waa one hundred dollars, bet the Archbishop of Canterbury gave two hundred dollars, the Archbishop of York ono hundred and fifty dollars, and the other spiritual lords one hundred dollars and fifty dollars. Many of the temporal lords and great officers, and moetof tho peeresses, gave rich gowns, pettlooats, shifts, silk stockings, garters, sweet bags,doublets, man tles embrolaered with precious stones, looking glasses, fans, bracelets, caskets studded with Jewelry, and other costly trinkets. From ber household and tradesmen she rectevod most elaborately ornamented Bibles, pie lures, gloves, boxes of loaenges, sweetmeats, cherries, apricots and other confectionery, pota of green ginger and preserves, drinking glasses, 4c.; herc'itler presented her with "a moat knife, having a fair haft of bone, with a conceit in it;" and her dustman with "two bolts of cam brick " Dr. Drake says that though Elisabeth made re turns to tho New Year's gifts, In plate and othor articles, yet she took sufficient rare that tho balanco should al ways be in her own favor. fir John Harrington, of Bath, sent to James I., then JaiueB VI. of Scotland, at Christm-is, 1902. as a New Year's gift, a curious dark lantern, richly ornamented, aii'l e >utaiolng, among other devices, representations of the sun, moon and planets, "as It is found graved by a king of Scotland (Itovid II.), that was prisoner in Not tingham." Sir John cau?ed to be Inscribed thereon, in Latin. a passage the translation of which reads, "lord, remember me wbenthouoomeetintothekingdoin." U is affirmed that this present "was evidently fabricated at a moment when the lamp of life grow dim in the frame of Queen Elisabeth, It is curious as a rolic of txiurt craft, displaying a 'darkuess visible' In tho character of the politic knight. ' In the year 1004, upon New Yoar s day, Prince Henry, then in his tenth >e^r, sent to his fath-r, James I., a short poem lo hexameter latin verBes, being his first offering of that kind. In the following year, New Year's day parked without any solemnity, and the exorbitant gifts that were wont to be presented on that day were to far discontinued that "the accustomed present of tho purse of gold was liard to be had without asking. Among the various New Yoar's gifts that were wont to | be presented was that of capans from tenants to their landlords, which custom is versified by Oowley and by Bishop Hal!. Poetasters used to "niako verses'' and present them t) their lady loves or their si?i>erlors, tho boys of Kton school used to nuke and present them to the provost and masters and to each other. Pins wore acceptable New Year's gifts to th" l idw-s, n Stead of the wooden skewers which they used till the snd or the fifteenth century. Sometimes tboy received a compensation in I money; and hence allowance ror a wife's separate use is still termed "pin m m.-y. ' Oloves were also customary New Yoar s gifts. They were moro expensive than at the present time, and occasionally. ?s in the latter case, a money present was tendered instead; this waa calli d "glovo money." Sir Thoma.- More, as I?rd Chancellor, decreed in favor of a Mrs. Croaker against lord Arundel. Oa the following N?w Year's day the lady, In token of her gratitude, pr.-entod Sir Thomas with s pair of gloves, In which ws* obtained ? ,el,-the an -el was a gold ooin *0 having tho in,pre-, of an angel, and w- In value about W SO. Tho Chancellor replied that ,t ?? would he against good mawer* b, for*.ike a r niton osmn's New Yoar a gift, and I acoept the gloves; t!wlr lining you Will be ploased otherwise to b,Ti'MS ffcnierlv the custom In Scotland to send Mow Ymr's *itt? oti New Year's eve, and on New Year's day ,n ?r<>!> es> h ut'ier a hapry new year and ask for Iheu.. ' 7he usual mode of asking ror this annual present by the I rustic popnlatlun In taigiand Is In the form of a rude oou ! ?'wts"b you a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. I Your pocket full of monev and your oellar full of bsw; An'please glvo me a New Year s gift. This distich i? also used on Christmas day, and roths ' following or ? ? boxing day," as It If termed, by the sub ; Biitulion of ? Clu istmsa box" for "New Years gift In the last line. It*-' have tio lack of New Year's presents in our day. Articles of use pr ornament are prepared therefor in [ abearance, and of these richly 'Kviud and toviahly Utas ' trated books form so inconsiderable item The rlen caa I easily present a gilt worthy of their extensive ?>*?*>?. at'd in the pleasure of presenting even th- i_ir?i I humble can -hare, fhi the feasant ciin even present a I tiossaar. N> w Yew soifcrlmr* are now only mads wnai I thev ought to be, pure expressions of affection ami ?"Hi ?lil, a purse, a f' g, a fan. or any othor I tiling aril, le, obtains a real vnhio wh^n pi -amit >d as a token or leva, j friendship ..r o^tc, ,o It. la rot the value of an article b it I the Iltrnd' i i*ltli which it ?? given, that b.*t' * 'I' ? ' it Its real w-rtB.