Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 6, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 6, 1861 Page 2
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INTERESTING FROM EUROPE. Oar Pari* Correspond <-nrr. I'ams, Ilec. 14, 1898. ffif Brtwrrti IK, tipifropaU qf P. ancr ami tk< Js.'mjwnar? Rfjiikunr U> Imperial tie IhnUd? /'rofjtd (4 Sptfdj/ Hottiliiie* in Jtsly?(W'Wa'vofii of limit Napuleon? Ajij/rr-fii* Mraturts Again* Ihr Ci-ryy? Hw(*i? in Kmf <tr*?I'opul ir IhrnimUrt?Litter /mm a ffmptUtem I*rirrt?Ma*.orrrt in CSiWfia ami the Abticn?Signs </ IHxiffeiiioit in Ti'sc itiy?Ijdtrr qf tht fimjirru Hu{,mie to the f'o/* (ft , <fc. Tbe war may tie said to have fairly cuuttimci 1 between Ihc episcopate and clergy of France and I/>uis Napoleon. I*st week appeared In the French papers the protest of Father Ikckx, Ucnrral of the Jesuit*, against tlie acta of Mio King of Sardinia, Since then a manifesto has been mm a toy Cardinal de ItouaM, artdrt tsaad M Mlninlre de I'ln terieur lilllault, defending the bishops of (tie empire again.-! the aggressive measure* at tbe French gorernment. No npwspe|>er has dared to publish Cardi nal de Bonald's letter, though It to privately circulated, and has created an immense excitement, fie aeon** the Emperor of protecting and fostering Irniigioa and infi delity, and conniving at the most insulting injuries to the Catholic church, while he, at the same time, persecutes the latter, violate* the concordat of 1901, and trumpU-s ?ij>oe the rights and privilege* of the clergy. There is no doubt whatever thut Napoleon ill. la Pre paring for opon variance with tlio l'o|>e nod the hierarchy t?f France. Ilia recent concessions to liberty of speech iu tbo Chambers, and of a freer discussion of public ?vontx iu the daily papers, are the great brlbi* by which the legislature, press and populaoe are to be bought over to ai>t>robation of the *? home* of aggrandizement with yrhicb he intends 1? astonish Europe in the spring, and which w/ll involve the complete overthrow of the tem poral power of Fills IX. His first idea, undoubtedly, vras to recreate, In the imperial Inte rest, by Ailing vacant episcopal sees with creatures ?f his own, and arraying them against lb) old school of feishops. The i>ereuipiory refusal of the I'opn to conQrni the nomination of the Abbo Maret to the bishopric of Yatines ban frustrated this plan, and since theu the Km peror has neglected to send any nomination* to Homo whatever. Thus thcro are so von vacant bishopries, all Under provisional administration, and if a few more of the Older prelates should die oil soon a considerable portion or tbe faithful of France would bo left as " shnep without ? Shepherd." The Empress Eugenie, who is devout in her Character, is scandalized at this state of things, and Is Bald to have shed, in vain, bitter to.irs or entreaty that 1/Ouis Napoloon would change hi* anti C'hnftlaa policy. This and his too ostentatious attachment to the Counters Csstiglione are believed to have had more to do with btr late illuosa and pilgrimage to Scotland than nny of tlia Causes assigned by her physicians. Since her departure Ihc F.inpre?: b stated confidently to have written a letter to the Fope, in which she expresses her horror of the us filial conduct of the Kinjieror, and beg, hi.. Holiness to nn derstiind that she bus no sympathy whatever with Ike movements against his temporal power, but has done hsr ?i?most to prevent tliein. The UU*t pretext for restrictive measures n gainst the Church U ll.o (fewfcr dr .fain: l'ir,re, or the subscriptions for the support of tho Pope, The omitmiuuioe of these bu boon jirm ticMliy forbidden; bat the bishop* have slm ply refused to pay any attention to tho orders of M. I!U la,lit, and they will bo collated ruid for warded to at usual This iu..noy affair is, however, buta feint on the part 01 tho tuipuror. 11* pohtical board If arranged iu every Other respect to hi* satisfaction than the determined hoa mu#l encounter from ainoere K.'mui 0? tiljBWki li ^,n H?l taken active part wiih Vic- I tor I .man u el u? the approaching cnmjiaigii In Italy He 1 Jwf'nT co,-dimte with Kugland secure, and f^ByJaPITObend any interference froru the other side Of the Channel with his schemes. While Sardinia is at tacking \cnCia ho counts on an uprising m Hungary, for ?n?Me future fate he cures as little ax his unclo aid for that of Poland, which will keep Itnssi* fully i-ccuoled in ai"**/^ w olliiiuco between Krnncu Joseph 11 and 5r". . " , Iho interference of Prussia arid the Gorman Confederation In behalf or Austria he uutirlpaies M the long cove ted opportunity for advancing the iron 1 ,Mi'C0 tc',ho With an imperial a run of 700,000 men, and Uv.lHH) Italians. the risk,- agamst a warlike enterprise which shall regain what Napolean I. lost, and unite Italy under ono monarch, virtually trlhu tary to France, s(.pear, under tho circumstances, to ho t>ut small. Iho only adversary he really fears is a poor i?< "S1!1 t('nilK'f;lnl) powerless, pecuniarily <lostV tut,, retained in a small corner of his states l.y his owtt troops and with no stronger hold upon the nnnds of m-n 1- ^.7" ?? Sf " w ,lM* dr,'a(1 which lills the nund ol *apoie..n or the consequences of assailing the cmbodi nirtit of an idea, winch, if fiom Cod, may prevail against lorn alter all, that lint, stayed his hand so long. Hi* mind >*, however, made up, and bu iho roKiilt nnat it mar f\er> thinking man iu Trui.te believe that bofore the' imm< of another } oar the question will ho one of lire and death between the Kmpcror and the Pope. There is little, for a whuo at least, the turn will bo tram I ' ,!i J!'0 du>ti?*>'< 'I >f not improbable that the epnco ' o or r ranee y ill be among the flrst to experience the ttlun * already in fact rising agamat llie dot elopement of reaction ng.iinat the of the tie pa rant u mo, m Iho kingdom ol ttoo Two .Sicilies is rapid, Mid I leoniont e compelled to reinforce its truo;* there continually. Tho rec eption of Victor Kunnuelat I ?ilcrnni ?i? characterirod by illuminations, preordained Md piiid for out Of III - last loan: but thu may see of the rcopl"- laugh (it the farce of itulian unity. rho races vhich Inhabit th Italian peninsula rire too diverse in ?i it>itr and ta.-t.-s tn conglomerate into one c unin m Nationality. Sicily was peopled originally by tho (ire kn I he htrusi ans are d. eluded from qiuto a difl-r J CMctital source. Northern Italy is a mit ??,*>? sii' ce.s -.u'p ot tho old Gauls, over laid with Lombards rind other trib s from tier luauy. I ven under tho itotnan Kmporors, Italy hover Jiree. nted the semblance of uuilloatiim. The I'ieduion tese Lombards, Venetians, Tin- m" (toman* and Nea isdilaua are as essentia'ly divided fn.rn ,.ne anotnsr as I the Spanish and the French, and no cabinet maki/iarao Uo\etad such het.-rog'rio''s elemrnU! together ao that Uie.v w ill not, betoro jealousy h is ?.;ie<1 mug up..n tbi ?k'."C.V W ,r'* a*l""'l'r- lb " pa;>ers aflWil to buliirv e inat the iiisurrections, invixaero* ant fuaillad.* in I t?lMbria and the Abrunl, un 1 throughout the rural dls Incts of iho southern extremity ol the peninsula, are the result of factitious causo , suc.n ns tho price of salt knd certain odious imports, ih.-. >* not tbo case; neithar is tho unirersil disatl ction of the d. rgy to he considered w a cause ?? much as nn effect. They r. present the ten timent of their jiari-le*. a Neapolitan prm.t la! -Ir Vrcole to Paris ns follows? ?J'. r''P ,'lr,i "in Jmtmot ,l,t Ihhitt Wiat several btsbope, nil the c inons of th" Naples t'aihr flra , and severnl fhousauds or relrglous" had v.Hed for Victor Kninnuol. This is a wholosale falsehood. Not one tisb 'p voted for him (?i thj twenty nine canons of the Utrnxiral not on. voted for h.m?not one of them but re fused to lake part ir. the IS /Vim of the Till of Men temher. The clergy, regular and socular, of the citv of fiapiea numbers about two thou .and. of whom forty Ave'rvrr.?- ?ut ,,r **<*? "?nt-r,i.n or twelveonl) , and these notoi ioua f.?r tn.-.r previous ba I fcud c4?nducf, cotiM be in luccl lu vote for (be to?w ortf^r -r things Not at, (Irat .ri .n, l.l7. .r.r t It-lemn Trto'f riau, Augustinian, Capucin or lather of Kiint Oainiliua appeared at tho poll* Their I Coura*eo.u, c*atnpi? w.w mIiiiohi universally Imitated in JJh( country towns and mountatn cura< iosof th<r kingdom ? lew *< .tiered clergym n ter I tefiX m.Vr'^u Wlth Whllh ,h">' wore erwhel'incl. I In fact, martial law jirevaila throughout a largo i?,.r ?i.? of the Neapolitan districts. The?reu. h pap,4" m ly acciise th? loader, of the Ne.politan army andXr With having been t sight with vf an t i,!a ^ Tlielr gaill la tacitly ? kwwledg-d The effort to raise troops in tie- cause or || ,iiHD ,,njiv- o., | railed utterly In S, I' ,ly, 1 ,? liave suppressed the N u.ouul (l iard in \aplea, on account Of their evidont attachment t . Kr.uicisll. V,, k.rnr L ' a I. s own at (,,eta, and th. sj tnpai,?.* ef e,/ht,, a* f orhUMtueersnrewifhhim lh cru? f f nea J KinMaiFu-n Or..,.,, ,, Ave. I a,m | mJr if ? ^ Sardinian Soldiers, h.n e .pi.-lled outward dia- I nffection but intensified ih hatred ol lb ? p ..pi, tK ilimi ! rav . r, rfl w ke,,! "P- r t/"' S'lspi- ?. r : l.av itil, and a few mi called priests r?f like < alibri a.. . nrnied paH ^bo ly^of insurr^t i?nn torrori-1 m Naples it I fr'I< M P" 0111 ?">wl|ug lief.ire the lit lac ' ?1 rtrdln;. Worn, emptyuu Into thoir throats I lUid ayu, ,-(Ut ca-k- in Ihe li.p.or l.-.u?. a?.| living "I the wild ex. itement of th, hour; out the r.itur ? w ili?h w i tho complete bun.lM.Kgery ..f th. m ich \.o?ni d p ,|Mr ' ,Un*l>r "r "io* ] . r nT^? rhl'.W "?l"o '? HI Of the p, >pl, ? ? ? 1 I .fallout of the fry "Ig pan of ordinarj su'o.ra. y ,ni , ?J'" nro of ? bruUl itciip^?twm, TTi. perfldy recently pr?eti?ed by tho Farhii govern 1,1 " ' "'nsl the Oirdioal Archbi.?hop nl Naiiles h\? >-1 ?? "1 nation throughout Kur.,x? Th^Tn.f p,P-r rbieh pretends lo justify It. Uo was entreat-M U, return ?bould Ii.V W'iH ,h? <m lerst.inding that hj had be bie^Ta'l, , 3 "? Vet scar . ely'! ami il M 1 palace before the clubs as m ,,h ?ru,u>^"??. ?L revolul?Sr^^ The iTnli'10 in'''N, "pon ?,u' ?<u" t'""0s' ?ut pretending to iateVr^o '""kr>il 011 m'b riot, whi. b would hare r. s'uitM . "a. a (?stiAdtiory attituds which ih.-i t'1' tar lhr under the riroulost tern* f? ,,, 'lU*">ought proper, 4hs? he will again he lu.?n.i a .s.t^V ^ lr#lwrt - Measlea as well mn atill holds ? Bniontwl. rior. nre U homy uunbed wDl iCt0r hare increased, the"vhTuUt,,^ Corrup!, mor als are .it the |.,we?t ebb and if ik.^ %n<1 |iond< m-e received in Parts from there and T w rtU, IMo be Credited, a ration cannot ^ i i , T' i'" l>rr^"' Ma,? of things The CW .' j .t irallt Incenaed at the outrages offered to their bu h ,1 M to til* rrdigttue order., Kp^op,! ^ a " Ihorf incumbent._e*|led or ImprMmM, in every p'r^of 4!.t K"lns.,U Th" .teaults are haul, !odout?fth,?r ftmnM and rollegOHjutit as they w,? In the lasttoBtnrr Wllhout an aocusati.m being mvle nsfa'ast th' tn. on tif* n*'"emsnt on their |urt, simply h? 0*2?" Mx y *rc members of the Society of Jealis rie s ibterran(?n working* > I It ?Iy are not for Victor i? ' r.1M*P4,nP tb.i lolg-a of .ocrei soe.VuJ r, -n tl -e Mugh at him In their sloe, m. Md re?M C, ?* 'if * fu,"r? Italian republic They * 2- "?,?* *":! TheeflV.)' .f the ni, tlie top bubble* ?t, ?r,? F?r(v . ?-Sf 'If tfte r?uiud? Df the fTLiiuaU. u ?aaJweto.^ Hint Franco is not to bo without her rfWftrd, u<l the island of SarUuia wtll certainly be c?dea to the empire if the e of France is needed ag.unst Austria and the future allies of Kruos Jueapb II The isbuid oi Sar dinia, the Rhine! It it no wonder that I<oui? Napoleon is willing to consent to the downfall of the Holy Father, with audi a prospect befoie hltn. It is still leas lo he wondered that be has already begun to apply Ut pe ? ( fane H dure te the clergy and episcopate of his owu J' ? 'minions. Paris. Dec. 21, HW The China War?The New Fremh Ministry? ReUttioni With Austria?XegaiitUimu fur the Sale qf I'm Hmi?The A uriier tf M. I'oin&ot?The f'renchCu^rt, <fc., rff. The soreness exhibited by public feeling In England respecting tho report of the French share of the pillage at I'ekin hae almost been enough to neutralize the happy termination of Mr. Cobden's labors in the accomplishment of the Anglo French treaty. M. de l'enigny has tthserved to Ix>rd Cowl<y, ofl more than one occasion, that he hoped the report was uot true; but If, unfortunately, U ?heekipiOTe to be so, he waa commissioned by the Em poror to say that It should not be tho fault of his govern ment if any real cause of dissatisfaction resulted from it. Tho official journal announces to day that the Miuistry under the new liberal rtgime Is thus definitively formed :? Count WalewKki, Minister of State, IL Baroche, Minister without portfolio; M. Monitor, Minister of Agriculture; Marshal VaiUant, Minister of the Emperor'? Household; M. Blll&ult, Minister without jiortfoJio; M. Uoulard, Minis ter of Instruction and I'ublic Worship; M. Hclaagle, Keeper of the Benin, Minister of Justice; Count Ptrslgny, Minister of the Homo Department; Mar shal Itardon, Minister of War; Count Chaste loup-Ijkubat, Minister of Marine and the Colonics; M. Thoitvcnel, Minister of Foreign Afl.ilra; M. do For cade, Minister of Finances. The Ministers without port folios enjoy tho same rank as those with them. Count Perslgny hug come among ua with a vorituble Anglo, mania. 1 beard him myself, addressing M. Billault, at a party of M. Houlard's, respectingthe IfeglUh proas,say:? '?I am morally convinced that public opinion and patron age id all sufllcient for the conduct of the press. I havo watched it narrowly in England, ami observe that the only way to preserve its moderation is to take no notioe of its occasional violence. If it is manifestly wrong, pub lic opinion will right it; if it is right, the sooner the cause is known the happier for all psrtles." It is under stood thai, under hisauspices, the Oil duel Council system, first introduced into tog Land after tlie revolution of 1689, will be secured uuder tho Imperial regime. Many seem uin>nbensivo lest Perslgny sh iild urge th? Emperor too fust in the present Anglican movement, but tho Kmperor is doubtless well aware of what he is about. He flndrf the high game he has been induce I to play since the Or sini attempt w ill never do in Jinglund, that iu fuel lie has only armed the w hole nation by It ntp a-jiied. He sees that be has already done enough towards what he once termed "restoring the brilliancy of tho French army," and that while lea\ ing England alone there is still a line future left for the said army. He has, besides, certain plans of his own respecting the disposition of the Pope, wtiieh the good word of Knglami mav aid; so,on the whole, 1 believe Ins Majesty is probably serious in patronizing a liberal and n commercial policy bctweon the two countries. The commercial spirit struggles violently with the uiartial spirit of the French people, but I have no hesitation insaying thit the former la gradually absorbing the lUter. The examples of Kng land and America in commerce are every day exhibit ing tlieir influence on the French ctiaracter. Affairsaro e\ iduitly not as yet niade safe with Austria, spite of all that is being said about the sale of Vonetia. Hut since Perslgny's return M. Thouvenei has, it i-. said, written a despatch to Vienna in winch it was plainly inti mated that u victory over Sardinia, in the event of an outbreak in the spring of IS01, would simply re call Franco Into the tlekl. The answer to this has been in the same dogged tone of sulk as before, and it is certaiu that tho Emperor of Austria Is mote disposed to light than sell. The ?enti-CofflfcM tionml does all but threaten him, ill fact, with the con sequent ok. irancis II. is evidently on his last legs, but tries to be lord?and certainly tho state of things at N i ?/es, under the .Sardinian rule, has given him n handle for is last manifesto. 1'rlnco de Motternieh, the Austrian Autbuesador, had, on Tuesday, a long interview with M. Tlioiivenel, the Freuch Minister for Foreign AfTairs. The sum to bo paid ns uh indemnity to France by the Chinese is tixed at CO 000,000 francs, or twelve millions of dollars, of which 3,760,0000 francs ftero to be paid tho 20th of November. The emigration of coolies is author ised by th< t'fiinese government. The churches, cem* tertcfi and their dependeneiee, formerly belonging to the Christians throughout the whole Chinese empire, are to be restored to thorn, owing to th>* interference of the French Minister. We are about to have a new issue of bronzo coin, to the amount of 1,600,000 franca. According to the astronomical division of the season^, winter begins to day, nt five minutes before two o'clock, and the weather is on this occasion very suitable to such a division. Paris is covered with snow, and it appears that nil France Ik in n similar predicament. The murderer of M. l'oinsot, I'rcsl lent of the Imperial Court of Paris, Is not yet apprehended. lie carried away with him the following articles:?A rug of English manu facture, n leather travelling bag, containing some books on gardening, a work of Dubrouil, and a knife with buck hoin handle; a gold wutcb. No. 2,934, by Sour Inn, Ruo de la PhIx; a gold chain, having a key attached, set with a ruby, engraved with the letter P; a portrmonnaie, in black morocco, with a steel clusp. The description of the rutffl Is as follows?< liar les Jud, twenty seven years of nge, five feet seven inches in li i, lit, browu hair, high forehead, long ..lid thin ffcee, a scar aboro the left cyu brow, some of his teeth brok> u, beard reddish brown, and, if worn, not more tliaa of ten days'growth, lie has sometimes gone by the names of Montalti and Matricon. Tho estate of Thiiley, one of the most extensive win producing properties In France, and the property of M. de (jimaitine, has just been sol I. There is to bo no reception this year at the Tutlerlee on the 2d of .tanuaiy as formerly, in consequence of tho Empre?i iiiourtilnn for her sister, the li.iclies . d'Albo. it is not improbable that the occa.-ion \v 111 be seised to disponso with ttiis ceremony altogether for tin- fu ture. It is found to be not only excessively slow?this having the Bofter sex to make their bow before their in portal Marsti' <?but to bo the means of admitting some very Improper characters, who, und' i nootht'i possible cirMmstum-ea, could hare guiued an entree. Here again. It is thought the hand of M. IVrsigny, after his long resilience acros the marsh, is visible. What with tlibinet councils, abarace of rap j<ori*, free trade. English carpets, cutlery, crv? kcryand coal, except for the tin/fun f-\anr*i. wo Savin sb iTl hardly beliovo ourselves, by and by, dcniiom of a loroign land. Oar Berlin Correspondence. IUkijx, Hoc. 19, ISM. f of thr f'rvuian Minister o) Ju<ioe?.4 AVie Orufntlr Aynintl thr 1 'rest? />u>trga*ita't n of thr Cabi nrt~ I'msriti awl Au?lria?1Kt JVdtfenal Auncioivm nf fiTmnny?//?*? (\vnrtl anil thr llaiian Cimlitutim? 1H" Ajrprnfhing y.uropean Cri>ii?AUUndt of Promt, <fc., <fr.. <fe. Tho Mortiteur of Saturday evening contains (be det reeof the PriMW I'.eeent relieving W. HllOU from Li-' pt>st of Minister of Juatice, at the name tim< exprw mug tin* gratitude of bia Royal Highness "for tho tils fiiiguwhrd r- *1 and coiiscienliousneat' with which he had performed the MW of hi* ofll ??, niid conferring upon him the (.rand Cr<?s of the Order of Hoheuiollern, the title of Minuter of State, and a pension. Tho reluc tanoe frit by government In yiolding to the volco of puhhc opinion i* exemplified by tins document; even while cIl- mi wig a functionary who had rendered himself generally odious ?nd contemptible, th<>y loud him with honor* and rewards, and outrage truth and decency by givimchim credit for virtues he never eriui powitej of. and tho want of which u the real caiuio of his im olnuUiy retirement. Tho nat ion are rind to get rid of II. Slnum* on any t"rnM but t bta doe* not prevent the royal letter* patent fruui bring severely criticL-ed and nn article in tho AIvbirradalscK? the llerUn runrh? In which the congi of the fallen statesman it commented upon In a very different tone, has led to the conllwation <>f that print. Ihirfeg the XinteuSM ad minixtration the h lml'lennUU?ch whoee witty saying* have teadrred It extremely popular with all clMftc*. has always man.iged to escape the fling* of the police, and neemed to enjoy the licence accorded V> privileged jesters in the mitldie uge?, it waa reserved for tho 'liberal rj. ft me nf M'-arfa. Anerawald and (luRpiiy ta confls .ito it for the Drat time. The Cologne Gm-'tr, which had been indulging in some atrw 'iiree upon ih<' conduct aI government, haa also re ceiM-d an airiiiMtoneni. but such punv attempts to sup pn Kit publu opinion will certainly fail in their object; at it moment when even in Auatria tho prem is beginning to be emancipated from ita fetters, a eruaade against it In Prussia woulil be aimply ridiculous Indeed. the Prto'l Itegeat and hia advisera are evidently conscious of having committed a fmtur pa* and to atone for their mia take they have made ha-.te to appoint a aucoesoor to II Pimt-na. although It waa stated In the decree above men ? i<<ucd Huit th" management of the Department of.lutUce, wout.1 be left to htm until he should have weund up the currant b imw a el hia office, ou Monday evening al ready tbc oflk'iaI paper brought the nomination nf M. d? Benmth. Iilthertu Preatdi nt of the Court of Appeal at fa^n, whom t noticed in one of my former report! aa the meat likely candidate i<*r the vacant porUftvi'U. Re Is a man of unblemi?bc- character and moderately liberal principle*, and la one of the twenty new members wlio were lately addrt lo the Ural t'V'iuber as a OflWlsry' n to the feudal In tiitti sw. mbiy ft la very oncorla.n, however, how long be w The whole Uahin. t ia in a state of dlaorgaaiaatHM, aa.i if || ahunld hoM together till the ?Mettafof ?t tagi,Mature U will probably e*paric?ceeon iMerable Mdntcationa ??? ,rr r, or |>erliapa break up altogether, lairing the two ym?is of ita existence it haa ctadrived to diaapp. int all the hoj>< s founded on the repu lati ia that t-w,. - M. ra^ w|,a? in ?'PV-a.t" ?, at..i it ?,u ^ ?e)( . i'jgta rofom. ?T ';m:a, cr baylo^ UkA h ?dtfl? I enactment of the reactionary period from the statute K>ok It* good intention* are undoubted, but they have ?II been marred by a fatal taflmity of purpose, which t? more injurious to a government than cooakaleny even in wrong. The question that now arises is, whether, ia the event of ita dissolution, it will be succeed ed by a ministry Vineke (advauoed liberal), or Arn'un Boytaenburg (conservative). The former would be more acceptable to the public, the latter to the court and to our illustrious personage himself _ who regards the opinions of Baron Viueke as verging too nearly towards democracy, of which he entertains a holy horror. 1 ain iu dined to believe, therefore, that the brook iug up of tha Anerswald Cabinet would be followed in the Brut instance b) the advent of Count Amim, but that, in spite of court favor, an administration formed under his auspices would be still more short lived than that of his predecessors. On Friday lust the Berlin branch of the Native Assoc ia tion of (Jei mutty held its tirst sitting, which was very numerously attended. and has excited great interest. M. Daneker, editor ol the t'oopU'* Otuttte (democrat), was In the chair, supported ny a committee, consist ing of Profussor ViiChois (democrat); I>r. Zobol, editor of the Nahonal (democrat,); Dr. Blemons (liberal); Dr. Votl, member of the Chamber of Deputies (liberal;, and Jir. JJndner. editor ol the Fo&ipjteXeitung, (liberal), ihe meeting was opened by the Chairman In a speech, iu which he gisve a retrospective view of the ac tivity of the National Awoci:'lion, aud alluded to thu ei t<?uied sphere U operations that awaited it. " rhe union of Ocrmanv," he said, "depend* upon an external or an interim! crisis. To be prepared for such a crisis, and to take moaaarea for profiting, instead of being surprised by it, is the task which the National Association has pro poned to itself. Ihe |asople must exert a pressure upon the government. tor in the long run governments o*nuot n fcist the iuiptilnt given by the popular will. .In 1H1S, when a crisis occurred, the people were ready to take ad vantage of it, and carried the government along with them. I<et us be equally ready to meet the crisis which is now imminent." An addMM was, then delivered by Dr. tJoschen In reference to the aflair of Hesse Camel. Ho remarked that the Hessian constitution had b?en sanc tioned by the oaths of the sovereign'und the people. The sovereign had broken his oath, uiid for ton years llesse hail been the Men* of a long tragedy, in which I'riissia had played nn unenviable part. The Hessian people had given n splendid example of political courage; with indomitable firmness they had maintained their legal rights, unit it was now the duty of Germany, aud especially of I'rtiK-ia, to come to their asslrtanee. The Prussian government should kn"W that the whole uatiou hud but one opinion on this subject, and to git e expres s?>u to this opinion lie proposed the following resolution ?' To the unanimous recognition of the Charter of 1811 by the Hessian people, the KJectoral government hail dared to respond by the dissolution of the popular branch of the legislature. We ex|>ect, therefore, that the Prussian government will show its pood faith, not only by advocating, as heretofore, the consti tutional' rights of the llts?uin people through the nie<lium of diplomat.} , but by dafeiKiing them energeti cally if au attempt should be tnude a second time to sup port the arbitrary ride of the Msotor by lon e of arms " This resolution was agreed to unanimously, and aftsr Mime further proceedings the Assembly broke up, having fixed au early day for their we it mooting. About one hundred and llfty new members were added to tho Na tional Association on this occasion, anil it is expended that their number w ill Increase still more if the Berlin branch continue to hold regular sittings The agltati<?n is evi dently glueing new strength, and In view ol tho decisive event* that ait preparing for next spring, it is gradually uttnitiing projections which will render it formidable even to those governments who are moet disposed to ignore its existence. I hat uu eventful crisis will take place next spring ap pears to be generally admitted and regarded us an inevita ble necessity. It is' |s?sible tlmt the catastrophe iniy be delayed bj' the voliait.u y surrender of Veaieo by Ihe Austrinns, luit even in Ilmt case, so many own bustlbie materials have accumulated In Hungary, in I'o IhikI, c 11 the Dunube, and in Germany itself, that the pence of Kuropecan hardly be maintained in.ich longer; and It is the mote advisable, therefore, for the govern ments to satisfy the Just claims and secure the attach ment ol their people, which they ouglii to know is of In finitely gr. ater importance to them than all the military armaments on which the\ are now lavishing their ener giis. Here in Prussia, the reorganization of tho army, which was undertaken last summer, Isalmostc unpleted, and early next year tho fortification* projected for the defence of the Baltic coast are to be commenced anil carried into execution with all possible despatch. At Konigsburg the works had been liken In hand some tiuio ago, and are nearly llnisliod already; but Dutiiaic and!-li ttin, with the udiomiiig forts of Wcichscl. muntle met Swinemiinde, which had been greatly ueg bcted ot lute, are to be provided with new batierioa, and SfialsunU, famous for the siege it sustained against Waliei.steiu dm ing the thirty years war, w ill be raised to 11 fortress of the nrst class. A naval arsenal, which is hi the course of erection on the island of linger, v. ill attbrd further protection to the const 01 I'omerauia, and a lino of railroads along the sea lioard w ill enable Lugo mioses 01 troops to be concentrated Immediately on every point that is tlireati neil ? ith the descent of a hostile force. t>f course, Prance is tho enemy against whom all these preventions arc chiefly directed, but from the anxious at tention paid to the defences on the custeru I routlor, it may be inferred that an alliance between Franco and Itussia is net considered beyond the bounds of probabili ty, notwithstanding the ancient friendship aud the ties of blood that connect this Court with that or tlie-Czar. Un fortunately n great part pf the Baltic littorale is under the sway of iHumark, besides a tract isolated in tho Gran t Duchy of Mecklenburg, ami as the Prussian government bar no power to interfere with the military arrangements of thet estates, it will always be easy for a French or Kus sian fleet to land a corps at keil, W lamer or linstock, and to turn the fortifications erected by Prussia, on her own territory To be sine, the Frankfort Diet Is discussing a general system of coast defences for the whole Germa nlc Confederation, but before that slow moving body h is concluded its deliberations the country may h.?ve suc cumbed to the dangt rs which they arc intended to guard sgalnst. Our Naplea Comipondfiwr. Xaiim, Dec. 11,1??0 The Si>'<y of (lotto?The Attempt to Assauinat* (ItnerM. I>uvm?A xvlent to the Skamthiji Iroquoit?The tWn^h I III tint/ urn <fc.. t/r. The Sardinians have planted a mortar battery within twelve hundred yards of Caeta,aud have boon shelling the city ever since the 6th lost. The) have al*o planted two Armstrong cannon within short range, which are Mid to be doing terrible execution. King Victor Knianuol is raising twenty regiments of infantry, sixteen of riilo inen and t< n of grenadiers. Sever*] of Owe regimenU are being recruited hi re. (lateral Dunn, one of tU" most distinguished of Ctrl, baldi's officers, was* phot m the back, on tbo night of the Oth inst., by an unknown assassin. Ho now l'oa #1 the point of death, a* the ball cannot V>e extracted. One of the oflicers of hin brigade was suspected, but he succcod e I in proving an alibi, (ien. Dunn was .lust recovering from wounds ieieivcd <?u the IOtT f October, lie i-t au Knglislimin, and the youngest g ncral in the army, being onl> thirty years of age. 'Iho Iroquois, on hei i<nsssgc from hern to Spent la, ran upon a reef,through the ignortuice of tin- nativw pilot, and was somewhat Injured, but to what extent I have not boon able to a-O'Ttalu. She is to return to this |>orl as soon as she is repaired. Mazzmi bait returned to this City, and is said to be actively engaged in maturing his plans. Alexander Dumas is still here, lit nig in a splendid palace, entertaining In princely st>le. He hasjual com pleted his work on the Italian revolution. Due. 12,1H10 t!en. Gnycn h?s sent word to King Francis that he must capitulate within llftoon days, as the l'rench fleet will be removed front (laeta, and ha will then bo left to the mercy of the ftardtnlans by sea and land. Accordingly an armistice of tlftecn days was signed yesterday. The general opinion here is that, at the expiration of the ar mistice. King Kranrl-will emb.trk for Homo or Madrid, surrendering unconditionally to the King of Italy. The Amrrltsn President's Nrttagr. fl'ront the I/>ndon News, I?ec. 22. | Tlio words of a man surrendering i tower are always in ten-sling. A King who nbdtrates, a Pope who feels Itlm sell dying, a Commander In-Chief whon-tilgns at the close of a war. and a republican President whoee term of nffloe has readied its last stage, are listened to w ith eager iute rtst because they \ irtually pronoun*? judgment on their own career by bringing Into comparison their professions on entering upon and quitting office. Hie American Pre sident* have iioen listened to with very variousfMllia from the day when Washington bade farewell t" public life to thai day of the present month on which Mr. Hu chaiian opened Congress for the last time, " * * It was not that it mattered much what Mr. Itucliansn now advises, proposes or thinks. tin ft/w Ui-n o? wort untucreqful ?,/ tb vhtJ> line <>f Am*ri<nn Chief .Wfy/i< hoi*/ ami ku adtiee, tMer>ftirt it not raliml llisprophe cies have been singularly unlortunate, and his proposst-i naturally share the discredit, lite man who professed to in < ept power for the sake ot consolidating the L nioit and extlugui.-hinii causes of quarrel, actually has to devote the chief part o( his Lot exhoi tutton to 0>ngrc>>-< to the discussion of the case of disruption: and lie let* had to put aside all hU usual coni|>ai en< ios about the calm which a Northern man with Southern principles can spread over the troubled waters of politics, and to re buke the honest spirit which refuse to say thore is |ieace when there is liolte. Hie Message would still dwell on the great prosperity of the country lu regard t? its material Interests, but that here again the political trouble intervenes. It wss impossible to overlook tie panic; but Mr. Buchanan h*s done his best to Ignore the causes of It There i-i no se cond opinion about tbo late panic Iteing Crested by the S/fcithern stati h, to work upon the North; and it U equal ly cliar that tb" way the North was worked npon waa not exactly what was Intended Indignant at b ing so skirted with, tl?> mcreitant* and bankers set aside all their difference* to combine in support of credit and currency. Mr. liuchanan venture4 So tar iu> theetietiug troubles to interlorenco with * by the fret state* but here atrain there I* no ground far th in one opinion among 'ho.o who kiHtw tba fa< U ot the raw? via., that nothing lute t>een said or done iu the tree st*tes bnt as a convenience of some eac'roachmcnt by the slave Stat' <. All this is Perfectly understood ou the spot. Hut t-Merc tk-tf it un4ert4>?A hy anyhnty, itv/ that if, vhdt cm* (?? auTilc <4 Mr. Ilwhoinn i ilnrtrm* cti'iif mwki'm. Ho declares that there ia n>i constitu tional provision?uo const it ulional opening?for any ftatc, or number of .vt-t?l^t, >tec.>uliig ft out the 1'nioii; anil yet ho denies that any constitu tional right of cooroion of such Male resides anv where. Some |icra?ua Itohl the ?ne v i< w and some the i/tber. but it is probably a now thing to w<> tlieio lieltl in combination. If It weje necineary tuoonie to some im mediate decisflSii whether to retain South Carolina In the I'nlon or t" punish her for attempting to have it. the rreatdent'S do< trine would show that no action eteild he expected from tbo Wtecntive Il.tppily, his iH'tion m that particular way is not likely to be wanted, if the peeple continue in tb?lr present mind to I t ,*mtii t'aro IIIW go If she ffctsiaes; but the chsriti teri^tic exhibition i,' ' rlf of ?uhsort len'^e to the < Ist e power, under nn ? ai>o? of u nipromts*, will be ri:memc?rwt among C'.ujii -m i tik'it wniUweUt.^ua, ? ? ? ? It ooulu Dot ha\ e been forgotten by uy who list *ed to It thai iU> pre?*ration muU have Iwo ? work of diAoul t\ aud curemu mortification. Cub* baa nut boea u uesed; Kansas ha* not been mailt mm to the Southern (tarty; the <1. uiocratic party is split aaunier, ana all other partus liave merged in a strong aud rietortooa re publican paity, which was actually created by the cor ruption of the a'tuituiatration now doting, public oen sure lun lout; res to. t on the existing government for lU corruption, which baa been inquired into by Cougreaa; tin- llnanri s arc in a state whicb compel* the retire nient ol the finance Minister; tbe policy of the govern ment about repressing tbe blave trade nan been changed ami charged again, without or against Mr. Buchanau'a will; tbe di-credit of tliibustciing enterprises r<*ts wuh the KxeCUtive, which did nothing to repress and mu;D to promote th< in, aud, finally, his rule ha* not only fall <1 to settle the amotion which ho specially and b atslfu ly undertook?that of establishing slavery as national a id antitdaveiy sectional, instead of the reverse?bat hts issued ui a resolution of the great majority of tbo nation to reverse ib> policy of the last thirty years, anl throw out "the p?culiar domestic institution" fros* the political progi amine altogether, leaving the oareof it tu those who like it Under such circumstance# it must have been the most irksome of tasks to prepare this Message, aud it ciiu be no surprise to the President or bis Cabinet thai it UiapleiWff fverylK^y wh<?e opinion is of practical Weight Timid utld rhufHiag men may praise it as defer ring tbe <l?j of action on the secession question; aud South Carolina leaders, bent on believing that all mankiud are tlieir enemies, may be agreeably surprised thu tbe Preatuent scotus their toee, but true men of all parti** and section* see plainly enough that matters have gone too far for trifling an< false prcteucen They need not light?at I cat-1 so it apiieara at present but thov must de cide upon a line of action ami principle of (M>iicy It ia np use now being angry with the departing President; but they take leave to despite his UiiiU gioztngs, as a good mikixy ol them did his first, In that inauguration Message wbiih will stand in history curiously cotuiocted w;Ui the annals of his rule. Th? r?te?ppy Homes of EbiUb<< [Fiom tbe Liverpool Fust, I*e<*. 11 ] A Frenchman ban .1 iMt published a JOJk in Para on tb<- -,nn lltion of Kugiand. Hi- claims to derive bis knowledge from several yearn' reel lence am >ngst ua; aud hu, opinion is that appearauces here are deceptive. II, fcti.U-3 that the few are opulent, the ni*nypoor; that the i>alaC.;B MtlaTy the casual observer, bu. tM tMMt tag. s art the abode? of ajualor aud misery. The l/mdoa critics laugh at him, but rldioule Is no answer. What are the lac tat The rural population, we fear, no longer pre sent these aanniea ofminliness ana beauty whlohatltt tieur? on tte ?t#ge in o'lrotd ccwisdlcn. Ail li ciingM *o iar K3 tbe yevmntrv we concerned, and fur tbe; and we are now apareheuaive that we must rf**U our ww.ts written last week, when noticing Mr ?' i?ht? speech respecting the com;iarative condition of the lalsirers in town and .aaintry, That speech w curious y ami iiainfullyiUustrated by proceedings at the Varringdoa Agriculiurai J.ibrary dinner. A few w -etc* a?ro a clerg) ? man had the courage at an agricultural baunuet ? Ml it,.- s.iuires who were granting rewards to prize plough men lluit they were luting hardly the farm laborers and in the Ttftu!" vcftfrdfty. Mi'- II??nry ruck"r> iiiaglstreto of tli?? county c?f Berks, pithluilM n docnnKnt which iB quite pitiable enough to (ill the nation with pi in h. The song of the " Happy Homes of EngUnd cm no longer feesung exceed as a fiction, for the rural dint riots i.(lord specimens in abundauce ot the unhappy '"Si^ii-.'something very wrong in ther. latioli or the la borer lo the land. Kugiand is an agr'cutturiil gardeii, I he do mains of the arisUs avy crowd her fields with Pu*ur<*4"? beauty, and art aud skill are taxed to produce th< most perfect state or cultivatiou. Th ' hand* w Inchefl s-.t those delightful and boafttful results ought to expoi leuce Ihe advantage of anccw^fttl toil. In the olden tlnx* tho n.iat<?pt? were stalworth, independent and strong; the men we.c brave and sell rely ing, contented with th?-ir lot hating ti?o French, but envying no one 1 lie worn n were beautiful us English women only are, and chasto as "the icicle that hangs on Ifiaua's Temple, brilliant with gladness, and living happily in happy h 'MM. Now all is changed, "'lhe Deserted Village v is premature in Goldsmith's time; it appertains only to the pros ?t day Mr Tuck, r employed two competent persons to obtain correct information rosp> ting the condition c. the rural oottaaer, and he la'.il the result belore th.* meeting or tlie Km ni gdori Agricultural Library en the of last month. In doing this he expressed liis belief thftUha '""'JlV.Vi of F'arriugdon Union is only a sample of th:'agricul tural |H>piilation of England. ''Indeed, he savs. I have been assured by farmers that ?h<- want ot decent aecommodation lia* lor some past b -n i r'v,ni- lt'" superior cln.-s ol peasantry to emigrate; and that unless Houie refoi mutp?u bo brought about, n ?: e #ut the fee bio and most Ignorant will remain In places whet* dec! longing is not to be procured." We subjoin a lew ol tlio items in the '? Digest:"? Wool-TDK*.?*ui and wife, two grown up sons, and an Illegitimate child of the daughter, ull sle p in one room; man and wile, with a son and two da-ighthps sileep in one loom; two married couples and a chill h!"<tpiuo room; man aud wifo, with daughtt r and two sous, sleep in\\"VunKi.!>.?A father and three daughters sleep iu one room on ground floor; seve. persona,in a two roomed cottage, of whom two ure lodgers, sleeping in the pantry : a father sleeping with his daughter, seventeen yeara of nee and the wile in another bed. l,(i.\iii irr.?Man aud wife with a child, one widower and one single woman wltli a child, m .king si* sleeping in one room; two .laughters, each with an lllo gilimate child; a son, agud twenty, cohabiting *"h ? woman, and four other persons, making ten iu one loom, Fkknjuw Eleven persons sleeping In two bedrooms, both on the ground floor; seven p<-rsous do.; ten per sons do.; son and daughter, over sixteen years of age, with two other person-', steeping in one room; three sons and a daughter and tw > younger children, with father and mother, sleeping in .. room eight by 1 single men lodging with a man and wife, with fmir imi drtn, making eight p. o,.s sleeping In one room, two brother, ami two sift' ? , above mxte n years of age, with rather, mother and four children, making teu persons ^'V \vlis.''s?'iMe'en cottages iu Red row. This is stated to be the meat wretched place the reporter ever saw. Nine cottages lately lmllctid Tor a nuis iuce, but still very bad In one cottage the drain flow s into tie sitting ? and iu another the drain at trout door is oir,-usivc. Ihree cottages are bedly otf tor water. Several cottages tn a bad Hiatc of drainage. ... , , , ?A man an?l wife, with ;* f? maU; lodger and five childTcn, sleeping "jm-11 meU" together. Hi hi am>.?? \ man and wife, with iv%" grown u)> girla and two other children, all sleeping in one room; u man and wife, with l'?ur cliildrou, Including a g owi up girl, all steep in one room; a widow , w ith grown up sen aua danglite'-, afid a lodger, all sleep in one room; a woniau ?|t pt lor a long time with a son aged twenty lour LfiMiWoltrn.?Most of th< collages in lb s village are very old, some of them acarctly lit to live tn. (said to be ecclesiastical property.)* IJSU!.?Most or the e-ituges have only one small bedroom, yet the families are large, and the uvyo ritv take lodgers. Example?Man and wife, with live children au.l two mill and three women lodgers, making twelve persons sleeping in one room. Um kim .?Man and wife, w ith grown up daughter ami son, and four Illegitimate children of daughter, all sleep In one small room. , . , .stam iiuk.? A son over 16 years sli ep? with rather and mother. F.?ur wretched tt-nemenU, with oulv one ,-loep inv room to each, oer.upi "! by Isrgr families, of another it is said ? a regular stye, not lit for human b - lugs to live in," yet -CV . ptiSoue live and Sleep iutho same rot'tn. _ .... , , , ? In addition," s.>ys Mr. Tucker, ''li> this <...-gra-le<l an.l degrading state of the agricultural laborers or EngUn l, re ards domestic l omfort, ma/ y of the viJJajtes are reported a1 having no school, and hence ign >rauce an I viw go han<l in band, an.l no exertion appears to be made to check the demoralisation ol so larg - a portion of the community. Surely, sir, ihe act of Parliament whic'.i authorise. II.?> govwur.snt to ad vance money to Lmded pi -prlt lor Tor the draining <>r land, erecting rarm buildings, he , might ext??ad its pro vislous to the more Important duty of housing tue poor, if it were only w ith even half the comfort In which wo house our cat tle and our horses." , What caused this tniserv and d"gra<lati n U Ua been asserted that the Immigration of the lri-b laborers ha.-, t lianged the cliaracter and condition of tue Kuglish lal-orer, but the Irish nr. seldom kxaUJ in agricultural district*, and, strange enough, tu?*y have a d.state for husbandry. They like up their abode in towns, and gain r, thing in ihe way ol character or comfort by coining Iu hagUn I. With the En; liidi ploughman they eer.ainl.v do eat inter loie, at le:isl directly: and. then fore, tlio condition or the rural dntiic!s mn.?t be ?. erilHHl toaoiueoih r can?e, or to more r.iiis< s than one."Before these woes lnjgin "every root I of ground m.tlLUiucd its man, but the man now ha? no land. Even the garden is gone, and custom lor bl.i? him. the con xcre of the li l*h poasant There Is no dllllciiliy of tracing this to tbe poor law .th- land monopoly, aud Improved agi icullwre. I nge e tales ad mitted of large farmj. Lwge farms diminished the nee.* sarv Mim of employment, and thereforee there was an in crease of pauperism. Farmers l-eing tie* vestrymen, wages and poor rates became identical; and as ihe law ol ?ettlenient rorbade migration, Ihe poor rat. a W re sought It. be risbictid by a reductiou ol poputitiou. No new cot tages were built, aud where possible the old ones w i.e pulled down. >mall rarms were absorbed by the large one.- and the lalior?r who owned a house and garden was denied rcln-r In his di-lreta. Obits-- he gave up l?lS garden, and ceased to keep pigs, di^gs, orpoultry. In a stu-rt time the land was in this wav practically cleared,, and tbe laborers had to herd together in distant villages jj. vtmd the coutnil or tspiire Tarmers and noble laudlords W'iij*liion and opinion and ea-e ian igainst Hie penant. Malt bus h td shown that those who were not invited tn nature's least were not entitled to rood; and as there was a fashion in considering Isrge fat mi essential t" Improved agriculture, the owners of estates turned out the small holders, and lonnd comtort in drawing their Income fr.un alewraihsr than msnv eultlvstors In this way Rag land lins parted with her bold (leasantrv ; ami man being reduced to a latxr machine, he has parted at once with his Independence and morality ; Ibe base born, in the Cot tage, as In olden time In the cb*Uo, becomes one of the unhappy family. An Established cbunh and a neh arta tociacc co exist with these monrtrotu evils. Public opi. nion and public e*e? ratios noiat be brought to bear upon theni and then they will disappear, a?d rural life will tgnln be nsstxiiated with rural felicity. A New York Wtfb HllnrtlMgc ? lln?ba*a. (From the l/milon Times, IVc -I 1 .tone nai.nsh Hay nes, a native of New York, surrender ed tn take her trial Tor feloniously throwing ui?oii lam s flsvne''a ipiantity of sulphuric, acid, and thereby oc-a stoning grlev ous bodily hsrm Mr. ,1aioe? Hay nes, the ?reaecutor, d- posed that he was in p-a H-e as a soli citor, at Firisbiiry Chamheis. Iu liecember, 1H .0, he was (n New York, and he was married to Hi* prisoner at that place on the 24th December; and In tho following February I hey came to England, and lived together at dlflereut places until the year 1 s''i Ihe transaction that w is tue subject of the Inquiry to.>k place on the lit (i of .luly in that year, end at that time they were llvlug ?I No. .TV tJrafion road, Kentish Town. If" hi I gone out in tbe morning at hall past eik-ht o'clock, anil did not return hoBie until elevwi o'clock at nlgtit. The p i i?oner wa- out when he retimed, but she ctl.i' home shortly afterwards, accompanist by seol her worn tn, an I neither of them had a bonnet or cap on lie remon-tr it. d Willi ?!*" prisoner, and told her he bop d tlia' e ?"i" w .s a married woman she would net onndnot hers"lf xs *ii? Uad bu{w? h?r auu rlsf*>, pr?u?r tary violent upon h ? m) ing ibb-, auJ went into an a Ijoiniug ro?m, and rt'lurut"! will. something ui b-r baud w hich ho thin glit vu a knife. He went up t< ber to try t>> get it fr< in her, at the wint moment the thrr* soatethi ig In bis face Which hail she effect of ua mediately blinding bmi The prosecutor went in to HUtu the effect of the iiuuiit* be rwrivwi was to compel bim to keep bin bed lor nix ? ???kn> a:i<t in the rtwu'l be completely lo?i tbt* t-i^'bt of our eye, and the other wa* seriously injured. The prosecutor thru proceeded to state Ibat bo a nst-titod not to go i n with the charge up<>n the condition that the prisoner should go back to America, anil not molest bun auy further; ami t-he left Kuglaad in February, in 1HS7. She r>tu'ii'd ai{utu to Kng land iu August, 186g, hhen hbe was guilty of further violent com]oct, aud m November last i-bi* forejil Uor way into hit boom and aide ase tt threain of \ ialMtp towards bin., in consequence ot tliia proc.edmg on b??r part he resolved to give her notice to appear an I Uke Uor ti ial upon the charge that be bad originally preferred against her. 'Jbe prooocuti r admitted that while be wne in conhneuitni in the Queen's Bench the prisoner Ivvl at tended upon bini and l>?haved very kindly an I properly. He also admitted that upon one oacasion he ha 1 struck her and caused her a black eye, am) that when tho pri soner returned the last tiinen la<Jy was living with him who paused at> bis wife. The Hecorder having summed tip and directed the attention of the ptry to the la* it refertuteU) the charge, they found the prisoner guilty, but recommended her to mercy. Mr Metcalfe lntitnaW that the prosecutor bad no desire that any punishment should be inflicted upon the prisoner, anil all he wmh' 4 was to be prot. cted from her violence in Mure. The Re corder baid be thought the best course would bo to ro tpite the Judgment to the next session, and iu thu mean time the prisoner will remain in custody. THE BED SHIRT OF SOUTH AMERICA. The Sallor-Seldler- GarlfcaUU and Hh Early GipMli - Personal KeaUKCBCN ?9ft* peratr Daring, Hard Fighting and MwrtlallMH I Yankee Merchant Bum a Sonth American Block ade with inanition* of War, fcci, fce., kci, I Th'i following sketch Is from the journal of Mr. Silas F. BurrowH, and as it retains to a portion of tho history of the groat Garibaldi during nix South American uareei, it 1 has an especial interest at th.i time:? The gallant defence of tho city of Montevideo, capitaa of the republic of Uruguay, river Ijt Plate, South America, connected as it was with th<> early hi-lory of Garibaldi, should lie known to ail. General Riveira, after having tilled tho President ia chair for the constitutional term, was succeeded by Gen. Oribe, who soon became unpopular, when Gen. Ki j vnira succeeded, through n revolution, in regaining tho Presidential chair. Gen. Oribe escaped to Buenos Ay ret-', and .joined his fate with General Rosas, Governor of that confederation. Gov. Rosaa gave Gen. Oribe command of his army, and sent him to the interior departments to put d?wn insur rections. This General having succeeded In this, claimed of Governor Rosas the liberty of invading the; republic o Uruguay with the Buenos Ayrean army, and agiin plac ing himself in the Presidential chair at Montevideo. To tlib Governor Rosas agreed, which decision cost him his reign at Buenos Ay res and made him an e<ile in a foreign land. * General Oribe invaded Uruguay with a large Buenos Ayrean army, considered as veteran troops. The citi zens of Montevideo made every exertion to repel the enemy. Montevido stands on a peninsula, and a ditch, eight feet wide and live feet deep, was hastily thrown up from shore to shore, protecting the city from tho en trance of cavalry, and offering, as tho result proved, per fect resistance to the invading army. General Oribe came marching on Montevideo with his victorious army, and when near thai cltv General Kivelra left with all his cavalry, about three thousand men, and placed himself outside of the invading army, with a view to out oil the supplies ol cattle from the enemy and be prepare I to raise the siege at nn> moment, when his forces and those in Montevideo might be strong cuough to attack lira be siegers. General Oribe strengthened his position by erecting a foriillcation, within which he placed a strong force, and around which his army encamped for tan years, during whleV the siege lasted. Five miles east of Montevideo General Oribo established a port, the Boseo, where the foreign commerce concentrated, and where tho imports and exports ol the country were Iran, hipped. lor the defence of Montevideo the lrunUi inhabitant* formed a French legion, and the Italians an Italian legion, who contributed greatly to the security of the city, and n many conflicts outside the walls many gallant and blutxly battles were fought, in which no quarters wore shown. Geueral Oribe, in order to intimidate the French and Itallsi.s, together with all foreigners, from joining hi tho war. I-ued an order that every prisoner taken should have his throat cut. It was a day of gloom and s.oiuess at Montevideo when fifteen Krecchmeu were made prisoners, among which number wag a promising young Frenchman of about twenty years of age. lie was a young man of great pro misc. and actuated by that martial spirit so universal in bis native land, enrolled him-elf with Ids countrymen to defend Meat.-video. When h? saw bis comrades' slaugh tered, one after the other, by having their throats cut he appealed to the otlicor to span his life and nottocut his throat like a beast. He said, "Hpure me for my ag d mother in Franco Tor I am her only son and support." His appeal was In vain, arid he shared the fate of his brother soldiers. When the enemy retreated ti,e French legion wont out and burled the'r butchered countrymen, with a solemn imprecation thai the invaders should receive their re ward trom Frenchmen for the blood\ deed. There was itoeveut during the siege tha t so perfectly united all in.the defence as this de d and the ordorof Oen 'rpi Oribe to cut the thro,it? of all taken. Men y ho |>tevintisly t?>?.k no put in the war united with tin ov eminent of Montevideo in defending the city n?ram*t the brutal enemy. As an American citizen I lelt indignant at such aa order an. front it abme determine I t., -dure in the dan gers of aidii* and assisting the defenders i>f (lie - it v. ?i,, d General Oribe ut h.s camp, with mv el son. ntnl nt that time had formad no preferen<os*for da contending parties, and did not till this order was reiwat. ed to nte from General Oribe hints' If. In u conversation with hint he said to ino and my son ?I have sent my troopc to MaldouaJo with an order to kill every man who sells cattle, lmvs cattle, aids In shitj ping cattle, or in any way assists iu sustaiuiig ?!,.? d' felice of Montevideo, and this I wHI continue till Mont*. , ThrV'rd, r w',s'0 frightful that I re,.llod, ?Will General ttribe be pleased to reji ui that order*" which ij?* din. The farmer selling his cattle, the buving. the la lT'rfir M h,1,Pl'ln*' M" w ere ('..noun, ed, and to dm If the invaders pos- -?ed Hie power Tltis on|. r made me and evert Amerlcsu in the plae volunteer to take our chance ot danger lu such a war. I fought no battles, sited no blood, but hearing the oider from General th-jbo himself, I felt desirous ot showing him that such threats could not mt imidate Americans, bet would invariably m diire them to nal the suffering. Garibaldi at that time noble character which has shone with such brilllan. t u the deliverance of Iii- own It i|y. Everywhereshore and on the water h? was the sanien bl. -pirPt, i? coi?p||,f?,^ ? i,,.,, v,.r h ? wn. gre?t ?;hi< v. -.Mil- I knew ban intauat Iv for vsr--, dnrinc i J "'have knownhim tit CV, yp.~itiniM.ld.- dution and in commanding his ..lors and soldiers butt liM.Tkneu atMetofhis but weal I have approved by W ashington during the Rev..hiti >nar\ war Garibaldi is a. perfect a sailor as soldier, and I have seen him |itfht his little schooner m Montevideo harbor so beautifully that he received the applause of everv sped ?tor. The littenos Ayrean squadron,cMuinnided t?v Admiral Brown? a most noble son or Ireland, an I who ws* never known to do r croel or Improper deed dnrl ig ih<> Ion* and i ii W"r 'v xv ,,il U 1,0 w 1 engaged -in ? at. ert w ith th Invadn.f aimy, rau iat , the hart.-, or Montevideo wii'i a south wind ami mucked th<'tort illnat ton on Kit Maud Coftcral l.anV '.|i I el: comma- I of a mimII s, hooker of, the Mwtfavi-Vaii-. and, at roo-ket sh"l dl-i*non, (rent constantly talking ahead of Pm enetnv, ksepiaa iu? n roti: t.vtit tire These, wvs very ronirti i ? Ih >' t iat tine the wind, in, Admiral Hi own from getting under w nigh, an I with everv afl<>rt on the part of the eneme, with gra|ieslmt uid l?t>ritee th")- did not succeed lu lmrtiiiK Garabal li s little Ve-Mo| Pnrliig the war his g.-nlus con, ei I ,n.l put in ex ti<in a must hold and gallant deed. II proposed to the government to tiermit him tost tempt reach ing the River Parana,ascend that riv r to the city of Asuncion, and, tf possible indue th goverutneui of 1 araguav to join in the war against fleuos Ayie-= His corvette was a ship of OtU t..u mountmK tw nly guns wi'h a crew of ISO men, and with a fsif wind he possed thestrone Buenos Ayrean n.rt ol Mai tin Uarcia snd a*tonish?-d the ltu non Ajrrean government bv pa-j mg up tho River Parana, cap! .ring every Ba. no AyrcMn vessel ?.n the river, and poshing oU with nil the power ho posseaaed. knowing tliat he would be followed by a strong force of the Huenos Avrenn nav v. ? Hr."Mr?. w,ut ortlersd to parsna this daring sailor, which ho did with a f ree f.,r ,,,perior of Uaritialdi, w ho mtHt nobly led the v m of ih? Parana tie t sweeping and capturing everything' be|.,ngiug to th' nutnna Ay rears on the rlv. r. Mad the e? during llie last war, SIS...sled In getting,, ship <if on Hie waters of the I piw>r Mississippi, it could not have en iMifl gm?(or merit Hwn (i irih ikir* urmc.irAQoo on tho nmn?. Adm ial Hrewn had the adv antage in bringing up tie river the strength of the wind, and In being able to place twice a." many iitmi <>n his warping lines aa had In his crew Notwith standing this, whenever thn Admiral's ships name within grape ami caetster dlstniv-e of (,'aribaldl, ha was enable l, whilst his pewder and shot Usied, to keep his cinemas at a distance Admiral Rrowii ha I grtrit s lvsn tsgw in the assi?innre he re. eive I from the inhabit >nts en the banks o< the river, all of whom we-e his friends 'Hie !.*ft|? w . eirft tint, ni lit Ht,d dsv, until Garittatai? ?-?,? parfe^tijr e\hau?tal, b s j<c?'ia* r?sa ai.-o'st s^eo-cJ, a^d Un too far fuMii Paraguay to re.o ti that land or security, when, as In* last Had only wove, h? re^olvod t<> abandon Uu> ship blow her up, mid tight hut way through the country with hU brave men, till of which La accomplished most successfully. When <;?ribal(ti returned to Montevideo, he was r? (-eivtxl ii<? our noble Port*! was when he reached Uut Uuited State* from hi.i gallant < ruiae in the frigate tltMt iu the war of 1814 Colonel Garibaldi, as he theu ranked, was oue of the Burnt el tic lent officers of the uovornmeut of Montevideo, aud ready at all time* to tl^lit the eueiuy, either on the laud or on the water, and hi.-- name wa> a terror to hb theniien. ? * Hi* exfieditiun from the waters of the Uruguay, with three hundred Italians, tea tnilew tuto the country, to at tain pros is ion, was a most noble en Ms prise, lie ?? surrounded by I we ktotuaratf of the enemy's cavalry, when he formed his tnttt in a hoi Iner square, repelled aft the c ha i gee, and made suclidestructHMi ta the ranks of tlie enemy that they ware nilllug Iu allow him to return to his vessels on the Uruguay without any further owden tation. . - ? 1 had the pleasure of. tiding Gnrtbaldi in seme of U? operations during the war, j?hit h atl'ordti jm* at thb tuuo i?rrat saiisfacMes. At that time I u?rocUtked hwt Half created, daring oharanter. aad wnee He had fought hw way with hut own sword in aohieving the deliverance ui liut native land, sad placed hi* name try the side of Wash ington, 1 look back with pleasure to iiiy early recullHtiot laid knowledge of the hire and assistance rendered him Contrast the present situation of that greal and good man retiriug to his quuri home after having redeemed his native laud nod delivered from expression twenty iiiilin at of people with what it waa when I knew him. On liosrd my ship in the harbor of Montevideo, one cold morning, 1 received the following from an officer iu u launch:? Mn Bt'iuiows?T have no moat or wood ftr my men Cua you help me this morning" Yours, CARIBAIDI. With great pleasure 1 gave his officer a barrel of beef ant! plenty of wood, as uijr contribution in aiding the holy wift. - A cavalry regiment ?tf General Rivoira'a army was commanded by Colom-i Silvs,. who, iu a most gallant man*er, during h dark and stormy night, dushod through the thus of the-encmy tfrltll his entire regiment, driving in Uve htmdreU head of cattle. This supply of beof was i-oon exhausted, when Colonel HUva's regiment added ta the distruss of the government in obtaining supplies. Garibaldi, who was the soul ?f thegovernment, said, gtaro me n ship and the regiment of Colonel silva shall be placed at a point on the coast where fresh horses can ton obtained to remount the meu. Application was made to me, when the bark Elisabstta, Captain Rowlands. Malleit?a most etcellent man?wan placed at the disposition of Garibaldi, who embarkud this regiuimi in my whip and landed t hem on the roast cf Uniittt l.iiera, where they were soon again in their stirrups, battling the common enemy. It whs fiw iA the darkest periods of.the siege, when the government of Montevideo had made great exertions to obtain clothing and supplies for tneir army, under own mand of Ueneral Riveira. that the Resident and his Ofebi net went lor rue at midnight U> wbi) to the Government lloiioe, whnie I had been sent fur before in the same w*r. . _ When I enb re* the President mi id:?'Mr. Burrows, we have Hint for you on a subject of great iui|iorlaure to tis, and one which we rely upon your honor, whatever you limy do." _| . His Excellency was assured the government might rely on that. He then Raid-?"Wo have received despatches from General Kiveirii that if he can be supplied with wiulec clothibg for his artny, muuitions of war, stores, &c., whieh he is now destitute of, he will in the coming win ter for ye his way through the besieging army, and, unit" ing with our hi my in the city, beat the enemy and bring lis delkcrani o, peace and independence. \\V liav?' with great difficulty succeeded iu obtaining all the wauts of General Hiveira, and the cargo is now afloat in the harbor. 11 has been transhipped from the tlrst vessel to another, )?ut we have Information that the enemy know it* present position, and we know not what to do. Col. <;ar;b,-ildi says, there i> one man who can save us if be will, ran "accomplish all we wish if he will un dertake It; and, Mr. Harrow*, ho says, you aro the liersoir, and we have approved the nomination. Will yi>u do it lor us? will you save us in this critical position# Unless this cargo reaches Ocneral IUvoira his army must be disluit.ded this winter. If it can be placed in his pos session the siege of the city can be raised and our sutler - ing.-i eud." This was the first information I hod of this important business, and for a few numir-nts hesitated and reflected how to act, knowing the dangers that wore to be encoun tered ii the tusk was undertaken. 1 tliun said, "Have you perfect confidence iu uief" He replied, "We have." 1 continued, "You must, as the first step, assign ever to uie the entire cargo us my individual property, and then 1 will do aU I can to accomplish your wi-dics." The Minister of Foreign AiTairs, Va.-*quex, said, M What will you do then, Mr. Iturrow -i- " I replied, " No one can know that but myself." There wjis a snort consultation with the President and hi* minister*, when he :-aid: " Mr. Burrows, wo will tie it?will do all as you say. and lesve the result to your own discretion, knowing lint you fully realize our posi tlo.i, and that everything depends ou your success." An invoice of all the cargo was made to me, agreeable to the marks ai.d numbers of the packages, on rocolviog which 1 said: " To-morrcw you shall hear from me, and when I give orders for the cargo to be transhipped, it must be done In the shortest possible time, that the ene my may not kni.w what ship it is in, and I will ondeavor er*>n to trouble them t<> find the ?hip in which tlioy aro." 'ihe next morning I wcut to Mr. McKrken, an exoclienl Scotchman, nnd, showing him the invoice i>f the cargo, number of lockage*, marks, fte. wi-hed him to liave tin m f-hipjiol in the American ship Herald, iu hitt name, to his house in Kio (irande, which is the lu .^t Bruxiilan port In Ka?tern Montevideo. Mr. M> K. ken wa< n good friend of the government, and 1 think knew the character of the shipment. I sign ed the bill of lading myself, and said to Mr. McEcken: " It is usual, 1 know, for tapper* b> have at least one bill of lading, but iu thi.~ case you will permit mo to re tain all, to which he consented, and 1 took all with me. My son, who hears my name, and who is well calcu lated lor such mi enterprise, was directed to lie in read' nc?# for the \ oyage, to sail that evening, and to put ou bo:ird the ship twelve good men. with stores for three weeks The ship was cleared with her valuable c trgo nt Ihe Custom House for Rio Grande, Krazil, very l-tto in the day, without per nut hug the ilcuraucc (one made nublii (Jiving the least ixnwibl" tiuie renuired to tranship IU<J cargo, 1 wnt t" tin! Government Iiouto, ami twl'l In t!i<? Minuter ? >r Foreign Attiirs, "The cargo must all b? placed ct? board the Ifer.iM before eight o'clock tonight," lit which time I embarked, ami my Son soon had tn<* Ship under way. imc uo thi? period knew my in tentions, tVie undertaking was attended ?itligroat dan ger of life, should we be ruptured, and nothing but eat ting the tliroaU of prisoners Ukeu in hatlie induced me t lake a share in the hazard. Ship* at that time were allowed hy tiie block.idinu squadron to l.nid cargo at Montevideo, and Uicn run up to Buenos Ay ret. Heing F.iiiHlli'd the enemy did uot know the military 8ii|ipli(s were in my ship, us the government of Monte video had )>y land and water,as far as possible, prevented all Intercom*** with the enemy, 1 determined to mn past (he blockading squadron directly for liuenns Ay res. flio night was bright moonlight, and we ran southwest, with a strong nort licit-1 wind, for two hours, when the ship was hauled up southeast towards the Iluenm* Ay nan shore. The next morning was lovely as a Northern June, not u sail m sight, and we were running directly from the army, where the cargo was destined, which was iu destitute as Washington^ when he retreated throngh New Jersey. We kept a man at tlie masthead, who. ot three o'clock V. M., cried out, ' .Sail (??a brig on our weather quarter." This whs evidently one or the blockading squadron in chase. I hi)id to my son, ?? Do not change the coarM of the ship. IH> not lot them sec auy alteration* iu uur movement*. |Vi nil you ran to help the sailing of tli-? ship, and time the elmxe fi>r one hour, to see liow mue'i fhe gains on us." At four o'clock we found the chase hail gained about two miles, and that she could not be up with us before (lurk. which hgppy uwnieut, us thoeo ca t rcall/e who have been t hased by ait enemy they had rot strength to meet. we looked f?.r with ini|>aticnce, au i then squared the ship away west. For four hour* we ran this Course, and then hauled the ship up again noutheast. The next morning nothing was in sigtM but the beauti ful waters of tho 1* I'late.and when we ha J reached its southern shore we were entirely clear from the track of (he Itueoo* Ayrcan cruisers. We then kept the ship for I'oint M. Mary ,s, (he northern entrance of the La Plate. Having rea<bed this point, which Is the territory of Montevideo, the ship was hove to to examine the prac ticability of on'landing the cargo at that place, and see if the surf on ?hore would j>ermit it In our light boats I went in)sell on shore, and walked back to the kightwt sand hill, with which the cap> abounds, hut no being was in sight. Aftei this I wept on board, and said to my son, "Op to this period of tlie expedition our clearance |<,r Itiofirandn is all legitimate, but the moment " 8 commence landing our caigo here our voyage partake* of Its p al character, and if one of the enemy's ship* mmr upon us the ship and cargo are prizes, and we arc prisoners Of war. In addition, cur boats are too frail to land the cargo If Coneial Kivelras troop- were hore to receive the cargo a.- we land it, there would be some prospect of placing it in his pot-e**ion, but the danger of staving our boats in landing, and of capture and destruction of all tlie muDitlaas of War, tnd'i'-enie to determine that this won't do, fur my < harnetct and judgment are connectod with a mn o-sful result.'* 1 then said to my son, " Vou must take the surf boat and saila. with si* men, and go with all expedition for .Muldonndo, and see if any of the Ituena* Ayrean i rui.vw< arc there Take the red (lag with you, and If the port is clear of them < onie back as soon a.? pot wtble and hoist the flag." i he ship, during my son's atwnnco, was kept on a wind, which bleiy Strong from the east, but although appearing, tf seen fte the enemy, to he heating to tm* windward, tlm saila were kept -shaking In such a manor* that we vfprc driving fast down inwards Maldonado, which was in poep'iwion of Ueneral Hlreira's troop*, aed is Aleut one huwfrod miles east of Montevideo. No one on board the ship or in the lnjat, except my and myself, knew I It" mission Die lout wa? sent oa Auxlonslv we watched the bout's r>4nmi?g. and whnn the red flag was sean flying the ship was kept away; ran do ab to Die boat, took tuy son on Isxtrd. who rfported no em-iny'a ship oi war era* there. Tlie ship waa then kept awa> for the Itarhar, and when at anchor I lan leg, tv* a li?rn?, snd roge two miles io the ronimamdtng oHic <rf lo nhom I said, 'Onboard lluit shipnir all your military ?uppttoa; we have beeu chased by tatc of the enemy 'a * >*v Is. and If you do not nuload tlie ship, in a few ftount the enemy may be In and capmr? ulL I have done my duty, and you must now do yours." There was such ft noise and confusion among the offii ers and mldiors till the cargo was safely on shore a* no one can realise except they luive seen n A'uth Am^rl can army. Win n I returned to Montevideo nnd re|v>rtcd the ,fuc ' "*a of my cruise, 1 was, aa is nsoal, warmly embracng by the government ofneers.and called Amrricam eoKmte fp to this period not a word liad been mentioned bj' myself or tlie gmernnwtit in ?elati<ai to anv pay or eiwn )M>nsi(llon for accomplishing what 1 did, arid it was It repoeetl in me by the government which din ed me to undertake the Important movement If*' ?' been an ordinary transaction of signing hills of lad to deliver th" cargo at a certain pl:ice. 1 should have sen. n cantain to have performed it. ?Kii a cargo wiixUi could hove l^an i?ud to Censrrf Qtal Uut; *. ?ti at Ut? fMoo, &y? >?d?h km of I

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