Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 7, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 7, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW.YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8886. MORNING EDITION-MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. HPORTABT FROM WAfflfflCTOH. Special Message of the President to be Sent to Congress TMty. Tie Correspondence with the Sooth Carolina Commissioners* The President Determined to Maintain the Laws. THE POSITION OF MARYLAND Sloqnent Union Address of Governor Hkks. 0 Meetings To-day of Southern State Conven tions and Legi?tatare<. Movements of Governor Floyd and Senator Mason. THE SECESSIOIFEELDK IK VTRGUIA. Another Cabinet for the Presi dent Elect. General Scott ??^cn ^ Secre tary of War. 1IBTTEE FROM MS. L0ULN AtfnCIMffib, % klii u Washington, Ian 6,1861. Hw President, in BubmiMlng tbe correspondence with tbe Sooth Carohn* Commtesioner8 to Congress tomorrow. wiU accompany it with a special message, Betting forth the condition of affairs in South Carolina and other South ern States that have and are still engaged in taking pofi tcnion of property belonging to the United Htatea and setting at defiance the federal laws. In submitting these fceto to Congreae be wlU leaye to them to take such a?. jjop in the matter us they may think proper, whether it %? the ftbfcctment of a force bill or any other measure Which will meet the exigencies of the times. H ia generally believed that he will recommend some Oung in the shape of a force bill. He will inform Con nrees m he did the Commissioners, that he Intends to eoBec't the revenue, execute the laws and defend the government property with all the power at bis com Bifid. Tbe President's Message win be accompanied by docu ments showing the position of Major Anderson, which, it hi said, will reflect tho greater credit upon that gallant officer than he has yet received. Nothing will do so much at this time towards allaying the tendency to treason, now so rampant, and uniting the people, without reference to party, of .the Northern and border slave in their adherence to the Union as the reported firm position that Mr. Buchanan will take in his Message te-morrow. . . Hie Southern Senators and members have got an in* ? Ung or the contents of the Message, and are preparing tor an onslaught upon the President. They intend to at tack him after the manner of the South Carolina Com missioners in their communication, charging him with deception and falsehood, and will attempt to prove that he had given pleJges to the people of South Carolina that the status which existed up to th time that Major Anderson chuiged his garrison should be rigidly maintained. They intend to road tho reply of the Commissioners, which 1 "resident Buchanan refused to receive, and let it go on the journal as part of the corres poodence. The action of the Secretary of the Navy in garrisoning Fort Washington with a company of maripes, is severely commented upon by tho Southern men. They regard it M an indication on the part of the administration of the policy intended to be pursued towards the South generally. The statement that Ben McCullough is engaged in re crutting volunteers in Maryland and Virginia for the pur pose of making an attack upon this city, or to prevent the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln, Is without shadow of foundation. He left here for Texas several weeks ago to attend to some private business. lie 1b not expected bere for several weeks to come. Tbe confirmation of Mr. McKlbben as Collector M Charleston is the toplo of ceaseless dls cussior. It is understood that the Senate wm into executive session to morrow on that question, but under tho rules one member ? cause tbe nomination to be referred to the Committee of Commerce, and then no action can tako place until the oommlttce makes a report on the nomination. Mr Blg ler, who is nowfehairman of the eommittee, will doubt Jam call it together Immediately, and Messrs. Bigler, Hamlin and Chandler, of the committee, will favor tbe confirmation or tho nomination. Messrs. Toombs and Otagman will go against It, and the decision will be in tbe hands oT Mr. Saulsbury, oT Delaware. Unless he goes Tor confirmation the committee will be a tie. Mr. Clay, of Alabama, being absent, leaves but six members, .imI the chances are that tbe committee will not agree, and the notion of tbe Senate may in this way be post poned for aome days. Thurlow Weed arrived here this morning. The object oT bis ml?ton hero at this time is understood to be to arrange some mode of settlement that wiM restore peace to tbe country. He has been engaged all day with tbe principal chief*, and he is backed up by a large number of New Yorkers who are here, among whom are lUmil too Kieh, Krastus Corning and Wm. H. Aspiuwall. They are determined to edect an adjustmeut. They are urging the republicans to come forward honestly and frankly, and to put aside their abstractions and miserable quib bles and tofgrapple with tbe great questions at issue and bring about a settlement alike honorable to all. The Mississippi d? legation had a meeting to-day. All were present, incluLug Secretary Thompson The gar rtooning of Port Washington, and the report that other forte in the South were to be garrisoned, brought tlvm 3other for consultation. Secretary Thompson assured m that no such order had been given, nor was it in contemplation to give any such order at present Tbe present is not to be changed. When fi Is changed, and an trder is given by the administration, Secretary gbompeon will resign at once. The l.incoln Cabinet as pilbllshed in the TrOmm of yw terday. is not relished by tb<- republicans Many or the republicans denounce its construction as being too old feyy tab The antll.ecompton element It appears is to be Hi out In tbe cold, ^-rney and bis party are 10 high dudgeon _ WAsmii.sos, .Ian. 0,18ftl. The uew Lincoln (Cabinet will take the followtog shapa, Judging from the best e*isting evidence* known her*:? Secretary of State Wm. H Seward, N. Y. teiary of the Treasury *imon Cameron, 1 a. Secretary of War W Infield Scirtt ( S. Secretary of tbe Navy Kmeraoo KthrfcVP', Pem. t^cretary ot Mir Interior. Caleb B. Smith, Ind. Voetmaster General Uldeon Welles, Own. Attorney <ten?>ral Mdward Hat?s, M<>. Of tbe above list S? ward, Cameron. Smith, WeU? i and Hairs are fixed facts. Since Mr. Seward has been tendered tbe place of Hue re tary of state, rumors havebeen cln-'ilated >n high -oiirces Uiat the itatement is not trne, and some responsible g>n tVmen go so far as to say that Mr. Seward aiya be will not take a place in Mr Lincoln's Cabinet. In the faoo of all 1 assert that he will be Mr Unooln's Secretary of 8tate, and the report that be will do so, instead of ex citing any indignation, is well recerred by the repub licans. The statement that Mr. Cbase baa been Invited to a plai o in the Cabinet is not true. Mr. Lincoln could not select Mr. Chase without conflicting with a line of policy that has controlled him?not to take any man from Con gress for a place in hie Cabinet. The offer of the Pre miership to Mr. Seward is not a violation of this rule, because his Senatorial term expires on the fourth of March. But for another rule adopted by Mr. Lincoln, not to go to Maine or Dlinois for a Cabinet officer, I have no doubt that Mr. Kessenden, of Maine, would stand a better chance than Mr. Chase for the first place in the Cabinet, if by any possibility Mr. .Seward should decline. Peesen den lias a good deal of strength among the conservative Union loving men, North and South, and would give great satisfaction to the entire republican party. Everybody hereabouts is regretting that Governor Banks, of Massachusetts, has plaoed himself under such obligations to the Illinois Central Railroad Company that he cannot accept a position in the Executive Department of the government, but he has mode ltis decision and is now out of the ring. [ The appointment of Mr. Cameron is fast growing popu ! lar. The main opposition to him grows out of the fact that certain venal lobby men, who figure about the execnttre departments of the government> are not ?au?fied with Cameron, who will not allow such vultures to approach him. They are manifesting great indigna tion at the appointment of Cameron, but have no in fluence to do mischief. Those who best kiow Cameron us a business man are satisfied with his appointment. The appointment of General Scott at Secretary of War is discussed here by somo of the most intimate friends of Mr. Lincoln, and is considered very probable, if General Scott^hould accept, General Wool would succeed as Com mander-in-Chief of the United States army. Wherever the subject has been mentioned?and it Is only discussed in confidential circles?it is received as the most impor tant appointment that could be mado. Mr. Kthridge has many strong friends for some place in the Cabinet, and his chances will be greatly increased if Mr. Lincoln breaks over his policy not to select members of his Cabinet from Congress. Kthridge will soon be heart) from. Mr. Smith is mainly indebted for his place over Mr. Colfax in consequence of the policy alluded to, and the personal application of Mr. lAne, Governor elect of In diana, who desires to go to the Senate in place of Mr. Bright. Vhile Seward, Smith and Bates will hold the position assigned them above, it is not certain what the exact po sition of Cameron and Welles will be. It is not unlikely, however, that some other placcs will be given them. From present appearances John C. Fremont will be of fered the mission to France. Every train brings a detachment of regulars to this city to take possession of the forts in this vicinity. Yesterday Gen. Scott issued peremptory orders to tho troops at Fort I^avenwortb, Kansas, to proceed to Fort McHenry with out delay. The presence and activity of Gen. Scott is sensibly felt at this particular Juncture. Mr. Robinson's plan of settlement, Introduced Into the New York Legislature, and its endorsement in the Kpuid, is received here by the republicans, and a large number of representatives from tho South as an omen of good. The proposition is much liked, and is the same as introduced into the Senate by Mr. Rice, of Minnesota, and amended by Mr. Wade, of Ohio. Tbcru is now a fair proe pcct that it will be carried. There was a caucus of Senators last evening from thoee States which have called secession conventions. The question under consideration was the propriety of advis ing their States upon the question of immediate secession or a little delay. When the vote was taken only one was found who favored procrastination. All the rest were for immediate and precipitate action. Tho conference lasted several hours. It is believed hero that several prominent secession leaders in both bouses would prefer to remain in the Union, If they can do so upon what they term an equality, but who are firmly determined to go out other wise. 1 am informed that Senator Brown, of Mississippi, and Representative Hawkins, of Florida, arc among tho num ber. Alfred Huper, Postmaster of Charleston, has written a letter to the I"o*tma8tor|(ieneral, in reply to the circular Hoiit to the several postmasters or South Curoltna by Mr Holt, that he will continue in the service of Hie tinted States, and will perform his duties and render his ac counts faithfully to the department at Washington. Other postmasters in South Carolina have responded in the same way. The belief here is that this course has been recommended to the postmasters by the Secession Convention as a matter of policy, as the State will save greatly thereby. The annual deficit In South Carolina in the postal de partment is eleven thousand five hundred and twenty, three dollars. The total deficit in the same department in the five States which propose to go flkt of the Union, is one million and forty-nine thousand dollars. The mails will be continued and blanks and stamps arc forwarded as usual. Rumors have been circulated that Maryland is In favor of secession and that the conduct of Governor Hicks in refusing to convene the Legislature Is doing violence to the opinions of the people of the State The fact is Gov ernor Hicks' course is sustained by a very large majority of the*people of his State. The people of Maryland are for the maintainance of the Union and their rights under the constitution and in the Union. The present legislature is believed to be in favor of access too. It was elected nearly two years ago. It does not reflect the sentiments of the people at this time. The majority of the people are unwilling to trust it In the present crisis. The pressure upon the Governor to order its assemblaKe proceeds principally from disunion influences outside uf the State, with the hope of using it as an Instrument to attain their ends and to carry out their programme. There la no assurance that If the legislature should be convened It would order a State Con vention1, but there Is reason to believe that It would refuse to do so on the pretext that the State constitution authorizes the legis lature to call a State convention only for the purpose of amending the constitution. With this excuse the legis lature would assume to act with reference to the exist ing crisis, and pass a law annulling the cession of the District of Columbia, and Claiming possession of the federal capital as a part of Maryland. This would give the disuntonists a pretext for seising upon the na tional capital, and If the Southern States, or a ma jority of them, can be dragged Into the move ment, Inaugurating there a Southern disunionist as the President of the United States. Governor Hicks is too good a Union man to permit himself to be made even indirectly a party to this scheme of the rabid dts unionists, and will maintain firmly his position, refusing to call the legislature together until, in his sound judg ment, It shall be necessary. In this determination be Is sustained by a very large majority of his constituents and by the whole organization of the Minute Men at Haiti more, numbering four thousand active members, com prising the flower of the Intelligence and energy o( that city. The disunlonlsti, chagrined at their ineffectual of forts to influence Governor Hicks It become a tool of their purposes, are bitterly denouncing him. but h? will not flinch, for bo knows be is right, and intends to re main so. A letter received in this city to day, from a prominent republican of Indianapolis, Indiana, who had just returned from a visit to Mr. Lincoln, with whom he had a letig in terview, says that Mr. I.incola entertains some Idea of publishing a statement of his views and purposes soon, believing that the unprecedented condition of tho country may require this unprecedented nation on his pert He had not finally determined that he wooM do -o, but would not say that hemight net. In regaid to the ac tion of South Carolina his opinions were decided. ft< mja that the lews must be enforced, tbet the gen<r.?l go\?>rn ment can do nothing else till tlio people consent to re lease thit State from her allegiance to the government. Msjor Anderson's conduct he approves in the m<> t em phatic terms, and the fwriter snys It is certain ttat if Mr. Buchanan should dismiss Major Anderson be would be reinstated the moment Mr. Lhicoln com#'-- m'o power, and probably promoted, and if not dismissed, would be cordially sustained by the incoming administration. I 'nave just learned that a cvicus of Southern m< has been held to-day, and they agreed to recommend to thoir respective conventions Immediate sec# m They a!?i determined upon calling a Southern confederacy, to meet in Februarv next. There Is a rumor tha- Mayor Wood intends to communicate a message to the Oonamou tV>un cil, announcing secession as inevitable, and counselling the secession of New York city from the State. The House Select Committee to investigate the robbery of the Indian bonds from the Inferior Department, left for New York this afternoon, accompanied by Sergeant at-Arms Hoffman, investigations that hare been going on for several days win show that almost every depart ment of the government has been robbed of a greater or less sum of money, and deveiopements mora startling than anything now known will yet be made, and some distinguished personages may yet be implicated. It is known that the proper authorities of Maryland will tender to the President to-morrow five thousand men to protect the city of Washington against any attack. Wamictoto.n, Jan. 0.1M1. The Crittenden compromise seems to be gaining friends, who entertain the opinion that if it were fairly presented to the people, it would be accepted by them a a basis of settlement. The main difficulty, however, in the way is that some parties are at present indisposed to offer It without assurances that others will reeeive It in a mutual spirit of accommodation for both North and South. Officers from the city of New York aro here endeavor tng to ferret out the complicity of tho government offl cers with the theft and sale of the State bonds taken from the Interior Department. The object is to proso cute in behalf of the holders of the bonds, who are threatened with loss in consequence of the attempts to recover them. The enrolment of the District of Columbia militia will probably commonce to-morrow. A plan for its reorgani zation was matured more than six months ago, but all the officers were not appointed till recently The move ment now is bo to conccntrate the militia as to be effi cient for service should it be necessary at any time to call them out to preserve tho peacc. The Alabama and Mississippi delegations held a con ference last night, and afterward telegraphed to the con ventions of their respective States, advising them to secede immediately, saying there is no prospect of a satisfactory adjustment. They resolved to remain here awaiting the action of the State*. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. WASm.niTo.v, Jan. 4, 1801. TV Day of Prayer?Warlike Intelligence from CharUtton? Font ion of Major Anderson?Imminent Danger of Imme diate CoUirum?The Seizure of Unoccupied fbrti in Georgia and South Carolina?Some Gleam of Peace in Cvngrea?Nmninaiicmt Hung Up, rftf. The day of prayer for the nation is generally observed throughout this city by all religious denominations, and a Sabbath stillness reigns, except in those "dens and Wyes," the barrooms and saloons, where politics ar* dis cussed by the men who are mighty to mingle strong drink. The President and his household attended divine ser vice?the former at the new Presbyterian church of the Rev. Dr. Gurley, who preached a most impressive and suitable sermon. One of the greatest discourses of the day was that of the Rev. Dr. Hal], of the Church of the Epiphany. He is a native of South Carolina and spoke like a Christian philosopher and minister of the dutftt of individuals and communities at this crisis, without a single word that could be construed into "preaching poli tics." He traced back our country's troubles to the pre valence of self-will, which leads to lawlessness in every part of the land, and urged as the only proper correc tive a conformity to the Divine will in our own lives and in our intercourse with our fellow-citisens of every section, and In the measures and conduct of all men in authority. The church was crowded to overflowing with citizens and official*) in every branch of the public service, aud many portions of the address produced manifest emotion. Steps liavc already been taken to have it published. The solemnity of tho day has been increased by intelli geice from tho South, which increases tho probability of a collision in (ftiarlcston harbor at an early hour?in deed, at almost any time. Deep eohcitude is felt in re Kad to Major Anderson and lux command. It is not true, wevcr,at the time 1 write, thai communication be. twtfen Fort Humter and the general government hai been cut oil. On tho contrary, by an arrangement with the local authorities of the SU^), Nl^jor Anderson still receives and transmits correspondence Should such a proceeding be resorted to by the authorities of Mouth Carolina it would bo quite indispensable that a way of communication between the govorument and its officer in command should lie opened up, even if force of arms were necessary far that purpose. H t to suppose that the authorities th<>re meditate au attack upon Fort Sumter is to suppose them utterly ignorant ol Mmor Anderson's l<?itioii and his means of defence, as well as tho power and resources of his government, and absolutely inconsiderate, too, of the consequences which such a hos tile net on their part must bring <>n themselves. It is understood that Major Anderson has been instructed, while repelling invasion ami assault, to forbear from at tacking the city of Charleston. From the impediments which have been thrown in the harbor, vessels of the United States may not be able to get up to the fort, and troops may, therefore, require to land, and cut their way if opposed. Th< sc intimations give great anxiety here; and, in view of tbc rashness and audacity that have al ready been displayed, fears are entertained of an imme diate collision. May God. in his mercy, prevent so dire a catastrophe' The announcement of the seizure by troops of Georgia and" North Parolina of certain other federal fortre-sr* causes little sensation among thoso who are acquainted with their condition, except as showing the progress of the revolution." Not one of these fortresses had oven a corporal's guard, and some of them were unoccupied, ex oept l?y a family or two to takocare of them. It is credi bly alleged, also, that possession was taken of them in order to protect tbo federal property from unauthorized bands. It is now considered fortunate that the President did not send In his message on Carolina affairs yesterday, as in the excitement among Southern meu, caused by the abrupt departure of the Commissioners, a stormy debate would probably have arisen. By Monday there will have been time gained for reflection and prudence. Tbo reso lutions of Hunter and Davis, already given in theHnuiJ>, the President's special message on Carolina, and the ad justment proposed by Mr. Bristow, <>f Kentucky, and adopted by the Committee of Thirty three, will bring up tho whole subject un Monday, when, It is hoped by some sanguine persons, such a conclusion may be ap proacbed as may lead to pacifications, unless in the mean time the proceedings in Charleston harbor should lead to a bloody encounter. It is said that the Southern Senators will resist all efforts to act upon the nomination of Mr. Peter Mclnlire as Collector of the Port of Charleston, by refusing to go into executive session. This is very inconvenient toother nominees, who are anxiously waiting for confirmation. Among them are Mr. Bullock, t'nlted States Attorney for Kentucky, Mr. Walsh, Secretary of legation at Paris, Mr Romame' Ittlion, of New York, Secretary of I/-gat ion at Turin. Ac. Mfes lane will begin her morning receptions to mor row. WAranHimn, Jan. 6, 1841. Somr of tkr NrptMican Catrimt (iottip, <*c. Notwithstanding the great commotion which now agi tate* the country and threaten* ita very existence, the political manager* are Juat aa buoy aa If the danger wan ?Kit imminent and the ship of State was sailing on smooth Man. Kvery sort of intrigue in on foot to secure place in Lincoln's Cabinet, especially by those who are least qualified to fill them Ohio la In a snarl betas-en the friends of Chase and Wade, and la likely to be put Mid*. Indiana waa promised a seal at tbe Chicago Convention, and she now exacts the penalty of the bond. Caleb B. Smith claims It an hia right, but la much opposed. Hchuyler Colfax, (he present clever member uf Uie Douse, also aspires to the place In Pennsylvania there la a struggle between the friends of Judge Read ami General Cameron. The new Governor, Curt in. to opposed to Cameron, and will bring all tbe Id fluenee of tlir State administration to hear against him llr. I.mcoln hsa become disgusted with the pressure, and sa>s be *ill not con.mlt himself to either wing, but pass th<'Htate and take a tariff man in New Jeraey, who la afteaeepttobabte In chiracter and political standing. ?nd whem all sides must approve. If thia bo done, W I. lisjrtoti will b? that mnri. perhaps. Wrintor Owner on ha* Iv-en working like a heaver. MooTehead. with the aid of Campbell, >f Sehsylkill. baa succeeded in obtaining ten signatures of Up delegation in Congress recommending blm for the Treasury Kepart iii'-nt. Ibe following are tho names ?William Miilward, John Wood, Henry C. Ijrugmcker, John V. Killinger, ?Janus II. ttompbell, .lamns T. Hale, Benjamin V. Jnnkm, Fdward M' Ibcrson, .lames K. Moorehcad and Hljah Bab bit. The arran^'ment la to put Moonhead, formerly de mocrat. In the senate in Itigier's plaoe, and Campbell, formerly whig, In Gsneroa's, If the vacancy can be creatnl" Time of the members who sign tbe recom mendation are seekers. having been repudiated by 1 th?'ir t "DetHuents. Most of th" others have been pv | sui'led, under various considerations aud appeals to in dividuiil interests The nther eleven republican members of the dele ] iratien have signed a paper addressed to l.incoln, pro 1 biting against the selection of Cameron in the strongest terms. Still, he Is not deterred, and la pulling *11 tbe wires to effect bis purpose. < ameroa is smut and able. Wjtsaiwvrarf, Jan. S. 1841. Iht Impelling Ruin nf th' K/jmtJir. #r. The Impending catastrophe seems to be hastening to Its consummation too rapidly to make any dismssfan desi rable which may not tend to arrest the calamity The military view is clearly the most obnoxious that can be taken under existing circumataaocs; but, as the public prints will not avoid the matter, it ia better, perhaps, to correct mistakes in regard to it. Immediate oolliston oan only arise from the attempt of tbe United States to col lect the duties, or of the 8tate to redaoe Fort Sumter. The fifst step to the one is now before the Senate, in the shape of a nominal ion to the collectorship; if taken, the next may be to act on the presumption that the pro cess may be pefcceable; if this proves nugatory, the question will come up as to the employment of force. Before this can take piace, tbe political problem will be nearer its solution, and all parties will have defined their positions unm.t-tokeably, which will enable them also to judge better of the measures proper to be taken. If fifteen States are to be arrayed against coercion in any shape, duties will have to be collected at other portg than Charleston, and other forts than Sumter will have to be under consideration. In a few words, it would be a fatal error to suppose that tbe decision liee at Charleston; it does not, and our lead ers must look to the council chamber. If they should be so far infatuated as to attempt enforcing the revenue laws at Charleston, it would soon be necessary to do the same :U Norfolk, BavannaB, Pensaoola, Mobiw, N? w Orleans, A<- , and if the United States hud suitable vessels for the pur pore, tbe result, in the mildest form, would be a block ado of a whole coort. Now, tho only vessels in the navy suitable to this end are the new guuboats, seven in number, and at this time scattered over the world, with one ei'-epiHH!?tho Pawnee. But fifty such vessels weuld not collect tbe duties, and if they could, the duties would not pay a tithe of the expenses of collec tion. Will these nfteen States remain passive? By no means. Navy they have not, but letters of marque and reprisal would command in very littlo time such a force that the commerce of the North would be only safe un der a foreign flag, and Northern seamen in Northern bot toms would be privateering under the palmetto tlag. Pride ;.nd patriotism would prevent this t I?id they prevent a treasonable spirit in 1812 from giving aid and comfort to the giant forces of Old England, in the shape of supplies to her cruisers otl' our coast, or hinder the meeting of the Hartford Convention, or extinguish the blue lights that betrayed the purpose of brave Decatur to put to sea? No attempt then to enforce federal laws, however suc cessful, ran save tbe t'nion from dissolution. The principle :n the body politic is but an evidence Of

the disease that harbors in tbe very vitals of this empire of republics. Tbe general government has not the power to Ftay tbe e?il; it is a mere creature of pub lic opinion, and when this is divided the,force of the con tra! executive is divide<l too. Let us abstain in time, then, from such a gross error as tbe cauterizing of the vital issue. The malady is organic, not functionary. Keep bayonets and bul led out of view, out of thought even, and support those just measures that alone can still the heav ing of the vast multitudes already almost in movemont: encourage and sustain those firm hearts in our foremost ranks, who do not yet despair of the republic. Washington, Jan. 5,18fll. Ihe Actum cf Die Border State*?A Southern OnutUuenl ContetUitm?Eacition of 1Veto England?Major AtuUr ton?Tke Alleged Compart between the Adminittration and the Governor of South Carolina?Ex Secretary htoyd? Pette Prospect! and Reaction at the South, rfc., rfc. Telegraphic despatches will already have Informed you of a quilt-work arrangement of tho affairs of tho country by that vague generality?the border States. Nam.* enough are quoted hero, but, on inquiry, each individual repudiates anything like "whole hog" responsibility on the subject. The truth is, it comes too late and bears too fvidgot m impress 9( fws rather th^ ot Southern The whoU mMtor was discussed largely at the house of a very Influential Recession Sena tor last evening, and opinion was unanimous that tho plan was a snare; that it yielded to Northern aggression all it wants north of 36.30, while south of the old Missouri compromise lino tho elements of discord would become more excited than ever. It guarantee!) to the South ab solute!y nothing beyond semi security in relation to fu gitive slaves. It may tome before Congress, but it will be rejected by State rights representatives to a man, and will prove, as was shown to day in tho republican caucus odious to u)tra.fct0 from the non slaveholding portion of the Vnion. Cushing is pushing with his whole power the idea of * Southern Constituent Convention. His influence is groat just now, as having more completely exhausted tho sU very subject in his Newburyport Sfieerhes thnn any other man. His views entirely coincide with those that have been put forward by thj Hxjmld within the la=t few la. s. Senators Slidell, Gwm, I?avis and Mason are quoted as believing tliat tho adoption of amendments to the constitution by the I'nited Southern States would b.? the most safe and sure method of testing public lecling north of Mason ft Dixon's line. Pennsylvania, New Jer sey and New York would adopt any mod 11) nitons tint are reasonable, and then the peace and unity of the con federation would be secured. If the exclusion of the New (England States were the result, no one would be dis pleased and they would willingly be permitted t<> shiver in the cold until the day of doom. Those who arc well acquainted with Major Anderson are much amused at the descriptions which are given of him by Northern paper*. He seema to be thought a phlegmatic statesman rather than a soldier, and to have acted, in removing tho troops under his command from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sutnter, from motives of pure national policy. The very revere.' is the case, lie Is a highly honorable army ofilter, and has done no more than, without contrary Instructions, would havo been instinctive and natural to any well informed, judicious military tactician. That is, knowing that Fort Sumter was the key to the entire federal strength in Charles Urn harbor; that the militia of Charleston, once in possession of it, could not t>e dislodged, and would |weneas the com mand of Fort Moultrie; and having been informed its seizure by a mob was imminent, be rctire<l to a van tage ground, which it would have been next to treason able to have permitted lnmirret ttonists to hold and menace him from Any diplomatic afterthought no more entered his head probably, than it does that of# any responsible commander of a post in fulfilling present duty, leaving the consequence* m the hands of Providence 1hc effect of Major Anderson sconduct, neither foreseen nor dreamed of by the administration, was the accusation ? brought by the South Carolina Oummisosiners, and en dorsed by Secretary Fkiyd, that Mr. Huchanan and his advisers had violated sn agreement entered mto between ; them and the Governor of South Carolina and others, to the effect that jtist so long as the government was per mitted to collect revenues and |sistage,and federal pro perty was left inviolate, do interference, direct or ui direct, shonld be made with accession agitation, and no display of military fear or authority take pWce to chec* ; it. That Mr Buihan.m, individually, ha<l a part in such a compact, is seriously credited by few of even his bit terest enemies; although there are not wanting individuals high in influent e who seek to propagate the rumor It is supposed with every show of probability, however, that Secretary Floyd exceed bis power and authority and gave pledges which he relied upon bis labinet paatiion and Mr. Buchanan s easy good nature to enable him u> fulfil. He virtually confirms this in his re* . i.oti, the mode and tone of which ore heartily r.-p<i<l.4t?c s* all well minded men. Savagery ii at a discount witbla a day or two. The border State theory is not liked, yet it m thought that something will turn up soon to di?pe| cloud* and bring a return of snnshine. Ureal hope Is placed in the pernio at large, as distinguished from the imberiiity manifested bv politicians. The presence here of-Hon. Hamilton Faih, M'^es Grinnell and others I* look.-d on a? boding well for the future course of Mr. Seward, and letters rrom Maana 1 husetts. and especially rrom Boston, speak of the pro gress of reaction there as immense. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON BY THE WAY OF VIRGINIA AND SOUTH CAROLINA. [From the Charleston Mercury, Jan. 3.] W*snis?iToN, Jan. 1, UA1. There ? as intense excitement in the Capitol When it became known that a Message from the President to the Senate had arrived. The abolitionists immediately urged that the Senate should go into Kxecullve session, but the democrats and Southerners would not listen to the proposition, and Suc ceeded in carrying an adjournment. The Message wss then examined by the Senators, and proved ta be the nomination of one McKibben, of ihe Mate of Pennsylvania, for the office of Collector Of the Customs of the I'nited States at the port of Charleston, I Sooth Carolina. This McKibben is the father of Hon. .Munps MnKlbbOi, late member of Coogresa from thlifornia lie will not go to Charleston, but Will rem >ve the Custom House to tho deck of a man of war. under the provisions of the Force tfill of 1H.T2 I It is stated in well infnrnftM political olrclee that there may be no Message at all on the i-object of SouUi Caro lina. but 'imptv a proclamation. This, however. I learn, depend* on d<'velopementa yet to be made. The cabinet remaln.'d in toastou imtH a late hour, discussing the proposition or the South ?arolloa Commisakwiere, who are now satisfied that no *ati?fa< lory arrangements will be made. Trescotl ha* already gone, and the Owimissloners My that they will follow hiin in a day or two, They re|ili>-d to the President * communication to day, charging him with 'penal pleading and with having endeavored to avoid the plain Issue fairly presented It is not true, as has been reported, that Seward in tends submitting any proposition in relation to the crisis or to speak of the subject Great doubts are expressed whether the nomination <rf McKibben will even be confirmed by the Senate Advices by telegraph from Richmond stale that Cover nor John I etcher still per* ists In maintaining the con servatlve' policy 10 which nine tenths of the people of the State are opposed His hobby Is mil the central eon federacy " Ibe rumor of a change in his sentiments was groundless Members from the slaveholding States, just returned from their hemes, say that the secession movement Is rapidly oti the increase therein, while those who have been in the non slavt holding States report that the peo pie are us earnestly rallying 10 ether directions <?eward to day said lo bis political Incads, lUnt ihey ought to cull on tbe President to five him their sympathy in con sideration of the position ho has assumed relative to re taining Anderson at Fort Sumter, and bis disposition to maintain the federal authority. Tbe abolitionists generally ore beginning to crow, say ing they can and will crush disunion in the bud. No one here appears any longer to contemplate recon ciliation The select "crisis" committees have ceased to excite any interest, and a general disruption of the Union is now regarded by ail as a died fact. Tho only dilferenc I of opinion that exist* now ts in relation to the time; most people, however, shrewdly believing that it is not far off. Serious apprehensions are entertained here for the safety of the city. Suspicions are entertained that Northern rowdies will swarm here on the 4th of March, with a view ta tho plan derand rapine of the capital. Husinei-i) or.-very kind m ut terly stagnant, ann universal gloom hanijs over tbe city [From the Richmond Dispatch.] W^sw-KiToif, Dec. '28, IHiiO. It is believed that Col. Anderson acted under orders from General Scott; but this is denied by the tieneral, ami the administration also. one tMng is well known here, vu. tliat General Scott is in favor of immediate force, even i > the ?rtent?f sending large bodies of federal troops into all of the Southern States. As a military man it a natu ra) be should urge strict obedience to the government and having lived so luug in the North his sympathies are enlisted there, rather than on the sido of his native State and the South. Civil war is as certain, in my judgment, as anything i the future can be. I had an interview last evening with Lovejoy, the pro slavery brother of the abolitionist of that name. He is one of the few Northern men who have studied the subject of slavery thoroughly. His views go the full length of any Southern man's. He says we of the South are a purer people than the North, and that our form of society ensures at once a higher morality and a more stable government. How war is to be averted he cannot tell. The abolitionists will not yield; the South cannet and ought not abandon its rights. Deprecating fra ternal strite, he ^et thinks it inevitable. The Inflamma tion of interactional feeling is so violent that it con bo cured only by blood letting. The republicans, fresh rrom a visit to their constitu ents, confirm this opinion. They are more detiuut than ever. What can we in Virginia doV A good deal. Our Military Institute has tilled the State with competent officers. Our citueiiH arc brave. Wo are better org:u>ized than any other State in the Union. Every county bos its volunteer compuny, armed and equipped most of tbem, aud accus tomed to military discipline. Wo are well supplied with guns and ammunition. Tho Harper's Kerry raid ba i put us on a war footing, and events have kept us so. In the I'nited States army we have the great?-st military genius of the age?so pronounced by General Scott and all tbe army officers?I mean Major General I<eo. He is a son < f Virginia, und will be true to her. At home, in Richmond, you have one of the ilnest regiments in the world. Its colonel has in his veins that Celtic blood which always seekB the hottest front of battle and conquers there. Its General has proved his courage on the plains of Mexico. Moreover, w? have Henry A. Wise?a two edgod sword of living Ore. Would to Heaven ho wis Governor now. Yes, we can do a good deal. We can fight. If the abolitionists are determined to try conclusions ^ tho point of the bayonet, Virginia is prepared to meeRhem. Our only danger is from treachery in our own camp. More than thirty letters have been received hero from the valley and Northwest Virginia in regard to a ques tion of taxation to be raised in our State Convention, if we hold one. It is believed, nay, it is virtually known, that these letters owe their origin to the suggestions of high authority. The man who, for selfish purposes, and when civil war is impending, could stir up the embers of an extinct quarrel and divide the house against itself, is denounced ns infamous beyond the power of language to express. Such a man would not hesitate to murder his own mother, if by so doing he could secure the object of his contemptible ambition. His motive, in tbo present instatco, is us transparent as glass, lie will meet bis reward. Our tb?mbArs have been tardy ia acquainting tbo peo ple with the imminency of danger?tho impossibility of peace. It gives me pleasure to state that tbe member from your district, Mr. Pejarnette, has been less derelict than tbo rest. Ten days ago a paper was drawn up in his room while 1 was present, setting forth tbe simple fact that there was not tbo least hope in Congress, and that tbe people of Virginia bail no other alternative than to rely on themselves. This paper Mr. Dejarnette carried around to all our representatives, but obtaining only Ave signatures thought it inadvisable to publish it. It is but justice to make known this fact in regard to a man who is as true to the honor of his State and tbe best interests of the South as any man living. The paper to which I have alluded will probably be sigued to day and at once forwarded to your city. Harrin (Letcher's successor) and MiUson will bardiy sign It. Clemens is doubtful. THE HOUSE UNTON COMMTTTEE-NO COM PROMISE. Tbe Iln'timore Sun of tlic 3d inst. says:?In addition to the exhibit made in Ihe.Vuraof yesterday, showing that tbe Committee of Thirty-three of the lower House of Con gress bad not agreed upon any general plan lor compro mise of the polit ical una sectional difficulties of the coun try, more explicit statements, denying a loose local re port, now reach us from Washington. A general despatch ii another column denies the report; but the following, from Hon. Oeorge W. Hughes, representative in Co igress from tbe Sixth district of Marylaud, goes even further in its statements:? Wurnixinm. Jan. 2,1861. To TitK EnrroRs or tiik. Srrr?I am authorized by Severn members of tbe Otmnittee of Thirty-three to say that tlr> committee has not agreed upon a plan of compromise, nor is it likely that it will. GF.OR3K W. HI GlltX THE INAUGURATION OF LINCOLN AT WASH INGTON. TO THE EDITOR OP THE HERALD. >'or tome three weeks pact a movement of a secret character hasfbeen on the tapis among the Wide Awaked in dlflferent sections, having for ita object to enforce the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln at the national capital against any nod all opposition. The Wide Awake organization was originated in com pliance with the demands of young men, many of th< tn boardlese boy?, whose enthusiasm could be bettor wrought up to the proper pitch by some military demonstration than by any other process, and amo in time to lutvn proportions which its progenitors never deemed it would assume. Among tho other designs of the organization was one originating with the Caribaldian Wide Awakes, of New York, an association of Italians, which was to make a friendly visit to Washington on the 4th of March, to assist in the inauguration ceremonies. In this idea they were promised co operation by the German Wide Awakea, but the leading minds of the party, per ceiving that sach a demonstration would create inlen ?o sectional feeling, advised the abandonment of the enter prise, and it was accordingly decided that the oKcurston should not take place. The threatening aspect of aflairs at tho .South, and the repeated announcement that Mr. IJncoln should never take the oath of office at Washington, gave birth to a feeling in the more impulsive of the Wide Awakes thut has Anally resulted in the construction of a secret society, with the known, though not publicly avowed, design of sustaining the President elect by force of arms. The association is known to its members hs the Inde pendent Order of Wide Awakes. It has a constitution and by laws, a commander in-chief, adjutant and m.^or generals, captains, lieutenants, sergeants ami subalterns, and all the paraphernalia of a thorough military organ I sation. Much of the old maclnuery of the Know Vothinga has been pressed into service?the signs and grips being nearly identical, and the constitution and by-laws being printed in figures. Three weeks only have elapsed since the formation of the first company, and there are already in New York city the skeletons of three regiments fully officered, but with not more than one sixteenth of the proper complement of private? Knrollments arc pro ceeding nightly at the respective headquarters. The ?e< ret agents of the organization are diligent in their labors through the Northern Ktatoe, Initiating mem Iters, installing officers, forming companies and admou mhiiig them U> perfection in drill and discipline. In Boston and Philadelphia the movement is rapidly pro grAelng.and It la confidently expected by the lender* that a large force of armed men can be coucentrated at Wash ington on the 4th of March, every one of them sworn to maintain the observance of law in the inauguration of Mr I.incoln, In spite of any intervening obstacle. The programme, aa far as determined upou, provides that the men "hall not visit tho ? ipltol <??? nuuute, hut that ofliiers and men shall appear there any time from one to ten days previous to the inauguration, by auy route tbey cfcooae . that their weapons, consisting of revolvers and side arms, are to be ooaoeMed; that tbey -hall be known to ea< h other by a peculiar emblem, hereafter to be f!xe<l upon, and to be revealed to the mem tiers on the 10th <A April. Aa an espe< ial body Euerd t<> Mr. Lincoln, M;i*<itchuiMjlta and other New Bng ind States are U> furnish five hundred picked men, New York two hundred and Pensylvanta the name number. F< me portion of these men will be on duty the entire tune, being relieved at stated intervals. The movements of the companies. In the event of a collision, are to be governed by the call of ntimWs. A peculiar cry. denoted the alarm cry. will inform one member of the peril of another. The service of Initiation Is simple,almost to insecurity. The candidate Is not bound to itrny that he is a Wide awnko, or that he even gives time to occasional drill? He is bound not to disclose the object for which these drills are ut?dartak>n, and also, not to re\ enj the recognition by ihe hand, the signilt) at ion of numbers the *l?rm cry, and the emblem by which members will be known to each other at a glance. The i haracter of the originator! of the organization ia not. on the whole of the highest respectability A Urge proportion of the officers ate young and ineaperienceri men who yearn for something to do in an official mili tary capacity The wiser heads of the republican party have, as yet. neither countenanced nor discountenanced the movement, but aeem content to let it take such coarse as it may, regarding It on the whole as a piece of ma<hinery that migtit be made effective In an emer fency They * ill give it their taqfe earnest attention alien it 11 mes to assume proportions which thfcy cannot afford to deep tee and when it wHl require more wisdom a its direction than It new poeaeseca IMPORTANT ADDKH88 OF GOVERNOR HICK&, OF MARYLAND. Bai-timorr, Jan. I, )M1. Governor Micks has published an iuldrews to the eitlxens of Maryland giving t la reasons for refusing to convene the legislature. It Alls two columns of the American, and abounds in the most emphatic Union sentiments. The following aro extract!;:? I (irmly believe that a division of this government would inevitably produce civil war. The secession leaders in Soulh Carolina and the fanatical demagogues of the North have alike proclaimed that such would be the nvult, and no mar of sense. In my opinion, can question it. What could the legislature do in this crisis If convened to remove the pn sent troubles which beset the I inon? We lire told by the loading spirits of the South Carolina Convention that neither the election of Mr. Lincoln, nor the non execution of the Fugitive Slave law, nor botli combined, constitute their grievances. They dcclaro that the mil cause of their discontent dates aa far buck as lh33. Maryland and every other State in the I'nlon, with a mild voice, then declared the cause insuffi cient to justify the com >? M South Carolina. Can it be that ti in people, who then unanimously supported the cause of General Jackson* will now yield their opinions at the bidding of modern secessionisisy 1 have been told that the iKwitii.Q ?f Maryland should be defined, so that both Motions can understand it. l)o any really misun derstand her pout inn? Who that wishes to understand it can tail to do soy If the action of the legislature would be simply to declaru tluit Maryland Is wKh tho South in sympathy and feein g, that she demands from the North Um? repeal ot oitcngive, unconstitutional sta tutes, and appeals to it lor new KuaranteeB that sho will wait a reasonable time for the North to purge her statute books as to do justice to her Southern brethren, and if her appeals are vain, will mnke common cause with her sister border StatcB in resistance to tyranny if need be, it would only bo saying what tho wtiolo country well knows, and what may be said much moro effectually by her people themselves in their meetings than by tho legislature, chosen eighteen months since, when none of these questions were raised before them. That Mary land is a conservative Southern State all know who know anything of her people or her people. Tho business and agricultural and agricultural classop, planters, merchants, mechanics and laboring men, those who have a real stake in the community, who would be TOrced to pay tho taxes and do the lighting, are the persons who should be heard in preference to excitod politicians, many of whom, having nothing to lose from the d< structton of tbo government, may hope to derive some gain from the ruin of the 8tate. Sueh men will naturally urge you to pull down the pillars of this ''accursed Union," which their allies at the Nor b have denominated a ''covenant with hell." The people of Maryland, if left to themselves, would decide with tcarccly an exception that there is nothing in tho present causes of complaint to justify immediate secession; and yet, ugainst our judgments aud solemn convictions of duty, wo are to be precipitated into this revolution be cause South Carolina thinks differently. Aro we not equals? Or shall her opinions control our actionsy After we have solemnly declared for ourselves, as every man must do, ar(^i$.to be forced to yield our opinions to thoee of ano ther State, and thus in effect ober her mandates? She re fugfs to wait for our counsels. Are we bound to obey ber commands* The men who have otnbarkod in this scheme to convene the legislature will spare no pains to carry their point. The whole plait of operations in the event of ?the assembling of the legislature is, aa I havo been in formed, already marked out, the list of am bassadors who are to visit the other States is agreed on. and the resolutions which they hope will be (Minted by the legislature, fully committing this State to secession. are said to be already pre|>ared. In the course of nature I cannot have loug to live, and I fervently trust to be allowed to end my days a of this glorious Union. Rut should I bo compelled to witness the down fall of that government inherited from our fathers, estab lished as it were by the special furor of Cod, I will at least have the consolation at my dying hour that I neither, by word or deed, assisted in hastening its disruption. IMPORTANT FROM RICHMOND. Richmond, Jan. 6,1861. Govern* r Floyd and Senator Mason have arrived here. Senator Mason will speak here on Tuesday night with a view to urge the policy of prompt secession. The legislature will hold a private session at ten o'clock to morrow to mature some plan of action and avoid any conflict of opinion when they come to act in regular session. 1 have carefully canvassed the sentiments of tbo mem bers of both houses, and 1 find that they generally favor secession. Hon. Mr. Jenkins is hero to urgo that policy upon tne delegates from his district. It is generally reported to night that Governor Lotchor fa-vors a central confederacy in his message. The mea sure appears to receivo no favor. THE FLORIDA CONVENTION. Tim-aiiahnkk, Jan i , 1861. Jui'ge McGchfp, of Mad Won, was elected permanent President. The morning sessiou was consumed in per fecting an organization. During the afternoon resolu tions were ottered declaring the right of Florida to se cede, declaring the cause for its exercise, and the duty of the State to prepare for it. Discussions resulted aa to tbo policy of their immediate passage. The resolutions were finally made the special order for Monday. Ad journed till Monday. From the sentiment of prominent members it is un <lui*tiouHble that tho legislature will not act without mature deliberation. There is no excitement here, but ;ill are looking calmly toward future events. MEETING IN ARKANSAS. Van Bcbkn, Ark., Jan. 6,1841. The larg<st meeting ever hel<l io Crawford county took place today; Henry Wale ox presided. Resolutions were adopted nearly unanimously declaring that the institutions of the slavoholdlng States ought to be maintained at every hazard and to the Lost extremity; that wo view I ho Personal Liberty bills passed for the purpose of defeating the execution of the Fugitive Slave law or palpaMe infractions of the constitution; that we in sist on their speedy repeal and faithful execution of the Raid law us the condition to the restoration of the fraternal relations; that it is our ardent desire to preserve the Union, if it can be preserved consistently with the honor, rights and interests of the slaveholdlng States, and favor a oonfer ? ence of the slaveholdiug States at Nashville, and, If need he. a convention of all the States: that in the event of the failnie of the South to obtain such guarantee of their right* in the I'nion as may be compel ible with Ks honor and Interest, that they then insist upon an equitable division of the public property and public debt; and, if this osn not be attuined, they separate from their Northern con federates, not peace.ibly, but thut they draw their sword and light for their rights to the bitter end. that we are opposed to separate action, and especially the mcei-'lon of Arkansas, without eo operation; that reasonuhle time should be given to the non slavehoULng States to retrace their steps and depose their unprincipled leaders, and Rive the South such guarantees as will seeure their rights and equality in the Union; that, Uiough deploring the election of Mr Lincoln, we un hesitatingly declare It is not In itself Ruffle lent cause for a dissolution of the I'mon; that we tender our thanks to Merer*. Crittenden, Blgler, Kust and others for their efforts in Congress to heal the unhappy dissensions which have arisen between the North nnd South, and to preserve the federal UuHin, consistently with the rights and honor of all the States; that we are in favor of a State Convention at an early day, and that we recommend to the legislature an increase of ad valorem duties to forty live cents on the one hundred dollars, which will furnish resources to defray the purchase of arms and monitions of war. with which to protect our lives and our Domes from aggression and menace. HORRIBLE MURDER BY 8LAVE8. luirmoiB, Jan. 4,1M1. A gentleman who arrived here yesterday from North ampton county, North Carolina, gives the following par titulars of a horrible murder last Monday night. Lucius WoodrufT residing eight miles from Welton, whilst re turning Irom his Held, was approached by fjur of his slaves, one an old man of llfty, and another a fe male, and murdered In the most brutal manner with a club and axe. They concealed the body io the woods, where It was discovered on Friday, by one of the party sonfeesing the deed. The prtDCips' criminal has escaped There was great excitement among the residents in the neighborhood, and a deter mination was expressed to hang the slaves at once. STATE CONVENTION TO BE CALLED IN MISSOURI. St. l/?rw, Jan. <J, 1M1. A r< solution was unanimously adopted by the Senate yesterday, Instructing the Committee on Federal Rela tions to re*,*>rt ?? bill calling a State Convention. STRONO IN THE CAUSE. It is said that a certain Southern gentleman, havIng been asked If he should want a supply of leo during the eoming summer season, replied Indignantly in tbo nega tive, declaring that the men of the South would drink boiling hot water upon the Fourih of July befsre they (CDNTTVUKD UN KWUTH FAOI.J