Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1861 Page 1
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?[ ' THE NEW Y ? WHOLE NO. 8887. MORNING EDITION TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 18G1. PRICE TWO CENTS. the bevolution. MPORTANT PROCEEDINGS Of CONGRESS. The Conduct of Major Ander son and the President Endorsed by the House. Speeches of Senators Crittenden and Toombs on the Crisis. Preparations for the Defence of the CapitaL Jhttien of ike House Crisis Committee on the Fugitive Slave Law* OMANIZATION OF THE ALABAMA CONVENTION The Mississippi Convention Unanimous for Secession. Tbe Virginia Legislature Resolves to kMist Coercion. Important Manifesto of Henry A. Wise. An Aocount of Gen. Doff Green's Visit to tbe President Elect, fee., k/c.y JbC. W^Bitworo.v, Jan. 7, im. The Committee of Thirty-three have been engaged all day discussing tbo proposition of Mr. Davis, of Mary *?d, relative to tie Fugitive Slave law, the substance of wt?*h has been frequently published in the Hrauij.. Upon this point a general discussion arose on tho whole question agitating the country. Mr. Tappan announced that Kew Hampshire was ready to yield to every other State in the Union al] tho nghta to which they wero severally ontitled under the constitution, but when any one or more of those 'tlU* demanded more than justly belonged to them or could be honorably granted by his State, she would're s>et all such demands, at all times and under all circum stances. Mr. Tappan read a letter from a distinguished member of the old whig party of Bascowan, X. H breathing strong constitutional sentiments, which Mr.' Tappan said reflected the views of the poople of bis State. Beyond this ho couM and would not go. Mr. Washburn opposed so much of the proposition of Mr. Dav.s as provides for the taking of a fugitive from the State whore be is ensured to the jndicLU <:n?trlci of the State from which he escaped, boforo he has a h.^r tog upon the charge of being a slave. He offered an amendment, that the rngit ve should havo an ei.-ur. --i tion in the placo where ho is arrested before being sur rendered to tho claimant. This was voted down. Mr. Seliocg, of Hiirni?, then offered an amendment, that tho fugitive, npen being taken to thi district from which he escaped, sln.'l havo tho benelt of a jury trial witnesses and a con: i, the cxpen. o of which trial bluUi be paid by the rjtuted Stater This amendment was carried, and Mr. Dav!?' resolu tk.n, ,s amended, wM adopted, nearly every member of **' Preient voting for it, except Messrs Adams, of Massachusetts; Wiwhburn, of Wisconsin I'hetps, of Missouii; Morrill, of Vermont, and r.innao o' Wew "ampf h?re. - w*vma'? A *:rrirt? effort is N It p made to carry the pr' f>*~.t'-m adoptejj>y tho Border titate Oommittoe through the two houses of Ooagrws. The Senate will undoubtedly adopt *t, but It is believe<l that there may bo found enourb aecowionmts to rote with the republicans to de feat it in tho Tie- ??. \n argument is presented to tho secessionists to induce them to support the plan, to tho effect that under it they need not ab.ui don but only postpone secession nnt.l Mexico con quered at the exr of the United States, and then the Gulf states c ui go out, tarrying Mexico with their and thereby not only hold the key to Gulf, dictato terms to the great grain growing West, wd control the transit across the Isthmus, but, with a territory washed by the two great oceans, they can e tablish themselves as the France of thts continent and reopen ;ind carry on the African slave tra !o. This programme sounds very pret ?y, and If the secessionists will believe it long enongb to aave the Union somebody elso will have something to say about it afterwards. The secession speech of Senator Toombs, In the Senate to day, produced no particular sensation, as evwybod; went there to hear exactly what was said. A decided sensation was produced 11) the House this afternoon by the decided endorsement by that body of f.he conduct of Maior Anderson, and of the President, In sustaining the gallant commander of Fort Aimtcr The fact that nearly the whole Seuth voted against tbe pro position, and a united -Vorth was in favor of it, excite considerable comment in political and other circles this wning. The Senate, in executive seas>on this evening, hid Vide.- oons deration the nomination of Mr. Mrlnttre as Collector of Charleston. Tho subject wan referred to th ?I; committee. N*o test v >te was bad Tbe republican members of Oong.-ess learn ?hat It is the teunuoa of the s*eeesl?ni*ts to resist the paswge of the As.?.y and Navy Appropriation b.Us. ft is believed that the siui.e influences arc k-ep'ng tho Detk- eney bill from pass ng the Senate. Wawtnom, .tan 7, lMti. The federal govemnent hav. 1a . n the Meesaary ?t p to have a 'equlaHo number ef Un.kal St- te? troops to pro tect tho public pro|ioriy in the District of lolnmbl . Mayor Merrett will . rganiie a competent police force to rep. the Invasion of wiy irr sponrlble bodies of m.v come from what qnaarter they may. Ho will al*. not h ilta'e to call upon the Presld, t for tb nse of the 'eder-0 troop- to ?<i|.pr?e* any mob that Is got tan ip, and to maintain the peace and order of Waybill ton City as usual. Ho does not, b -wever, apprehend au danger. The m.litia ?y??em hat is being rev red here is re garded na a>jg. The only thing that will deter an* armed parties from *?lacking this city is the Unit. it1 tea troofw, and these troops will be adopted by tn? Vro. ?nt at the suggestion of the Mayor and lea-ling ci tisens of tbe district Memorials arc sMU pouring In, signed by thousands of *11 political parties, urging upon Congress to adopt Mr jOr ttenden s plan of adjustmert. Senator Bigler reoelve-' ?pwarda of thirty petitions this morning, some of them thirty and forty feet long. Tbe people la tie .Vorth are becomtnf aroused The vote of tbe Senate to day to go Into executive see sra m regarded a? very significant, and as Indicating a disposition to confirm the Charleston Collector no s<K?n a tho Vimmerci' Committee report it back to the ?Vmata Mr Hay,of Alabama, who is Chairman of that committee hav ing just returned, can def*af'&tion .by refusing to can the eemmiuee together; and even when they do meet there it a majority of Soot hern men on the com mittee. The Present up to three nVJoeh had not completed his Message. It wiU now have to go ov-r until Wednesday both Hoiiam having adiourned over, to-morrow beji* th^ ?th of .ianuar/, tbe annu ,r *rT of tb? Battle of New Or leers. Neonate in egecntive ? hi c^ft-med ,i large batch ef postmasters aa<i oonsnls, o? ?r any 4jn portanoe Mr Walsh, Sec. of Ut par# | was oooflrmed The vote 'ipon tho resolution .if-pro*, top the coarse of Major An<ierw>n, ani! ? isfainto'- the President in no', re railing him, regarded b the Southern man as ui-tica' ing a major'') favorable to the pafcsage of a foroe bill. The arc intensely escitid this evening, anJ threaten vn geanc" if a iorco bi'.l is attempted to b: passed. Tho if publicans a;.': regard it an showing a majority in r" or such r mca ure. It shows, however, no such t'i -r. ml, wlwt is more, a foroe bill oaiinot be passed bj ??1'. - house. I have Just received information that It Ik the int-r f >r>n of Governor Wise to talc ? Fort Monroe at Roma ?urly day. Events are transpiring in Vlr^-uiia which lead me to be lieve tint there is sc tn o truth in this statement. W .shincm n, Jan. 7, ISfll. In view of the statement to th?' country that the senti ment of Kentucky for secer^on is paramount, I am re queued to state, by Mr. Moore, representative of tho Ninth Congressional district of that State, that such ia not the fact with reference to his district. He has re ceived letters from the leaum*; men it, and resolutions passe J at moss mo< tinRS in diuerunt counties of his dis trict, all in favor of the Union, and expressing the opm" ion whatever grievances Kentucky, or any other State m the South may have, cau be healed bett ;r inside tlan eutBidc of tho Union, and when redms cannot be obtained within the Union, it will be time enough to go out. Among iho letters received by Mr. Moore is one from Mr Cot, who represented tho same district in the Tuirty cmrth Congress, bicathing the strongest Union sectl n its. Mr. Cox says ? I tmo nn doubt the result will be a resolution on tho part of the people of a taj g<> lunjority of the Southern States to stand tlrm by 'he In ion and eon'iltut ion until time shall be given "nr Northern br< tbren io consider of their duty In this trying crisis. Mr. Moore received a series of resolutions, adopted at a meeting of the citizens of Maysville, in his district, one of which is to the effect that secession is the remedy for no evil, but would .iggra\ ate all the grievances of which we rem plain. The remarkable fact presented in the House this after noon, in its action supporting '.he conduct of Mr. Bu ' nan in sustaining Major Auderson, in that every rep, >i! r.-n voted for the President, and every democrat, ci(. pt a few unti secessionists, voted against him. The refusal of tho House to-day to suspend tlie ules to admit a Berios of resolutions offered by Mr. Etherldgc, embracing in substance the proposition agreed upon by tho Border State Committee, is viewed by some of the Union nscn of the South as a bad omen. Besides, the adoption of the resolution supporting the policy of Mr. Buthanan in sustaining M^jor Anderson is viewed as A declara ion in favor of coercion. INTERVIEW OP DUFF GREEN WITH MP*. LINCOLN ON THE CRISIS. WxranNCTo*, Jan. 6, 1841. Since my despatch of the 4th I have soon and conversed with Duff Green upon the subject > f bis viaH to Spring field. He speaks of Mr. Lincoln with much rospect, and believes that he fcincercly wishes to administer the government in such manner an to satisfy the South; that ho will not favor emancipation in the District of Colum bia, nor in tho forts or dockyards in the Souttiorn States, i.or will he favor an interference with tho trade in stoves between the Southern States; but says that liaving resided so long in a nonslaveliolding State, Mr. Lincoln lias taken an active part in opposing what he terms the extension of slavery Into tbo Territories, and believes that this constituted one of the chief issues in the late canvass, and is thereforo firmly and unequivo cally r< Ived to make no concessit n on this point unless it bo adjusted by an amendment t > tnn ? ^tKution. Mr. Lincoln, uo fur as his views are indicated by the journal supposed to be a. i vised by him, bulicvos that secession is r bellirn, and is resolved to iuo faroo to suppress and numth it. In reply to the inquiry Of wh.V will gptisfy the South, Mr Green rlaood in his hands a copy of Mr. Cirttonden's resolutions, and said that he hot! boon told that,although Messrs. Davis, of Mississippi, and Toombs, of Georgia, votct' iptlS't 'V. e resolutions as being unsatisfactory to them ? or '1 \ 'h > had both ?a!d in tho Senate's com mitt*'tii tri'i c J by tho other Side in good faith, ? = L is of : jiu- ."Ot, they would accept thetn for Hi. Mr. Grocu endeavored to satisfy Mr. Lincoln the !no\ ui the South to not tuo ie ult of any personal objection to hlK>, nor i>f a ur a pmrpnHc to dixso.'vo tiio Union; t ut or an eai nest belief of the n* ;est:ity of ad ditional c "nt'ti.'iornl guarantees for tho pro toction of their rights In the Tnion. He Baid the South believe that the federal governments a oonp* t between independent sovereign Hate?, which, at the time of their aooopuncc of tho con stitution, by refusing tocreatc an umpire with authority to decide questions arising between them and the common government, and reserving the powers cot delegated or inhibited to them by the constitution. had each reserved the ri?;ht for itself to judge of infractions of the constitu tion, snd of the mode and measure of redress. That at the time of the adoption of the constitution all the States h? iu slaves. Thai the constitution not only recognised ihorijilit of property in slaves, but authorised the con tinuanee of tho African slave trade, and made an express pro v si ion for the surrender of fugitive slavep, that no one at that time could have anticipated thai the time would comc it hen. having sold their slaves to tbo South, and received pay for them as property, ont.tiod to the protection of the federal government, the Northern ftatos would organise a sectional major'ty and obtain the control of tho fedora! government up >na pledge that tho whole in fluence nnd patronage of that government will be ex/?rtcd in a continuous, and persevering ?(fbrt to ?naaotp*to the slaves, ' ho have so n.oJi incroa^ed in numbers and in value tliat tho Southern cannot consent to rema n as members of a government which is to be permanent ly nndT the control of a sectional majority, organised is a political sectional party, on the bas s of a warfare on the institutions of the South?that the efleit of re naming in such a will be the same as 'f they had b<M*n a conquered urovinee?that if they had been conq terod by the sword, and held subject to the despotic will of a national government, that government aw Id Impose no heavier or more disgraoetii bupl.-ns than be impose', upon them by tbesaite sectloiiil government which, having conquere?l them through the ballot box wtelus the swoi d to enforce their will an l compel them to pay the taxes and to hear the burden* imposed under tbe !? uis oi laws penned l.y the same inflexible *> initial Northern ma jority? that *uch a condition of the go, '.rn mmt f' prives the South of sll tbet is valuable In govern ment, ?nd subjects tlem tc the .iprice of the worst pos Mbio form of de*pot'? ?that ho hat! become satisfied that Uio members of Congress, who had beer elected as i embers of that scctiorai msjori*/, ue using the pre ?en-- that * ey nr? uppo I'd to the extension of slave-y nttie7<" ? s as i iu ?ns of preserving their nection al srira' cvtion, hecanse they see thai If they reVnquish ?.,at preteneo and permit the question of slavery in ho Territories to be adjusted, then tho Booth will bee une a pait of tho I nited States, and have if? 1uo pro portionate ;P floe nee in tbe government; that It * a then tie a psrt of the wl ole, instead sf being as it id now and Duet forever remain, a mere gr jtionai minority, with no rignts, or powers, or influence m tho government except b' arh rdcas and pay so long as opp-<sjtion to slavery j! made tbo text of political ascendency To ? bo suggestion that if the present agitation be quieted by th-' extoitkin of tb" )L?Mifi compromise nno to the Pa cific, tbe question wlli bo revived by an attempt to ab -orh i'exlc i and U) "Xteod thi system of s!avery info Mox!"0. Mr Orson irg?d that since Cain slew his brother 'lie great question of soclcti bad b??wl>it part of tbe Joint prodtieta of capital an<l labor shall go to capital .ind what to latrtr. that this question bad resoired itself into two syt'lems?wages labor and slave labor; that Mr ?<ewiird had admitted this tnitb.and had emioavored to arra> the North and tbe wages labor of the North igauwt tbe South by assuming that there is an "irrepressible conflict" between tbe two systems; whereas, the truth is, that the conflict Is not between tbe systems, but between the capital and labor which constitutes the system of wages labor; and irged that this truth is forcibly illustrated by tho sfTe t of wages labor m Kugland and Wales tad of slave labor in tbe Jloutb that after the eon at <e? of the nunneries and mot arteries which, ondei a. Papal system, were barged with providing for the poor, that duty was devolved spen the pariehoF; i ad the con filet between capital which gavo employ ment snd U? wage* ujor of Rof uu.4 and wale* wu* such ware by oflU-W rtUrB\J? 1'arl.aineol) that .11 thirty eight years, from 1?1> to l?W? inclusive. iho sum levied in England and Wale: ukrao as tor rates wtf more than one thouwnd it roe hundred ,d . igbty-eight millions of dollars, showme that th. "irrepr.^ib><">'"?ct"bctw^ th? capital and wags? labor of England and Waka had applied the lash of hunger and nakodnei. with sech fo?co a. to rodnco t wag,?? fo 1. ich bebw "io point of rubsl?t?nce that cap ul was compelled to I 'vy a tax as poor rat.* to ? amount of more than one thousand throe hundred and eighty eight mil'ions of dollars to prevent tholr poor from starving; whilst from the commencement of U? ryium until now not one penny haa been lovied as poor ra.t*s to prevent the snaring of the Southern slaves. In England ami W.iWs, when oapUal pays labor the stipulated w ai-ff ujwr has no further claim on capital short of the workhouse nd the poor rate*. tu tho South, wlwn the slave child W born or tho skive is purchased, iho law creeK* a contract between the slaves and the mailer,and as they arc required to labor, so he is required to provide for to feed,? . .he and protect them in infancy and old age' in sickt.e. and in health; and the mantor who falls to d ischarge th duty is not only pur diable under the laws, but wpul be put under the ban of public opinion, tia d that the measures and policy ''' land I,-,e dictated hy her commercial interests; t n ?? uu" facturcs were the sourco of her wealth aud prosperity; that having a loflslutivo contract over parts of Africa and India, she exchanges her manufactures for the tropical products of Africa and India, which products she sells to other European nations, hav. ing few or no tropical colonies, aud tbuscollectsa tribute in shape of commercial protlts from those w ho would other wise be her competitors in the markets of the world. That such being tho interests of England, the influence of her pulpit, her pres., bor schools, her poet., her phdoeophcre aud her statesmen was exorted in fur iherance of her policy, dictatod by her necessities. s she ha<l the legislative control over the conitncroe or parts of Africa and India, and could regulate that commerce so as to monopolize its profits, whilst having no controlover the products of tlavc labor in Cub., Brazil and the United States, and therefore could not monopolize its profit?, It became her interest to make a war of public opinion against African slavery. Kew England Is a servile copy ist of Old England. Having transferred her slaves to tho Southern States, it was a natural anl easy procoss for John Q. Adams to organize a sectional anti-slavery party in New England, which, originating in an abstract idea that slavery is cruel, unjust and sinful, although confined at first to a few fanatics, has progressed until it has in come a powerful political sentiment, which, availing it scK of other cxcitlng causes, has becomo a majority, uot ol he whole but of the Northern States, and having thus placed the power of tho government in the hands of a minority of the people, are resolved to enforce the absolute control of this minority by a civil war, under the prctcnce that they are a ma ioritv and therefore authorized to enforce their party platform by the sword. To this he said the South will not submit. She will not become a subject pro vince. conquered by the ballot box She will not rcmam part of a government which is plodgedJU. exert its power Mid influence to disparage and deprive her of tho right? wi ioh it is the duty of that government to protect. In reply and comment on the idea of the excellence of Northern civilization, and the barbarism and sinfulness or aUvery aa enforced hy Northern schoolmen, philosophers wad tiartlzan presses and p.dpits. Mr. Green urged that there is an iuscrutlble law all created things, which provides that wherever the stronger and the weaker are brought in conflict, there is no alternative but war and extermination, or else subjection and pro tect .on. 1 or ii the iKgii nins tho earth brought (orth urass and herb yielding seed after his kin-, and the tree yielding fruit whose seed wux in itself aft / its kind; and God created great whales, and every living creaturc that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundant |y a<"tcr their kuid. and every winged fowl after its kind; and (ion made the bet of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and eyer-thlng thit creep*I. on the earth after 11* kind; and Ood created n::..i in R. own image, and gave him dominion oyer tho l*h of the ?ea and over the fowl of the air. aud over ovory . th ri?-Vh?t ?or,.,h ..r- ?-?'? ?'?? P -mrc, cre ated lie th? m: and Ho blessed them and wid, ' Tia fruit mi and multiply ?ndn plenieh the earth.and subdue it Zcb ws the or* .?*? creation. By man s transgr^s. ? 1 came sin and death, and all our wees; aud bonce M all things were cr?tod after their kind, Uo ia, thai the stronger proji upo.ith>. weaker ar.d thus, when two races of men arc brought In contact, there is no alternative but war and ext.1 mia.. lion or subjection vnd protection. He referred U the fact that'the aborigines in t o North bad i .shed b lore the march of Mr. Seward. Northern civUizat^.whiLn uy. effect of the protection g.ven to tho thro, hundr.* thou ~?nd African slam by the Southern civ uixatiou bul been nun.> rs in a feiv ye?. to more than rmir mUlionr. A a more fcrclblo 1 lustration of this trutl. he referred to the fact Uat, ustead ofwaS.nga war or extermination, as da! tho Par tans of Vwl-n ^ the Jc.uits carried with them into c* the Roman system of subjection and ptoUsctiM, an U ut tli? resulting consequent is, UM ir?ii ad of ing , verm.rated bythe remorseless prof^ "f pl.ilanthrophy, tliere are at thi. time seven mdi.ons of Indian, in Mox co?in a territory but littta ,w" of the American SUtos. To the idea that the ?? ith tv -?h into Jicxioo, Mr. Green ropiiod that tho .-out* .annot a quire Mexico Without the consent of Cm North, Which Consent it is beheved the North will not ^ ? 0, > nlrss it bo r^ purpo^ avowed by Mr. Wade aj olij.-rf-rf nuiking war upon tU present system of Ubor .n Mexlo, exterminating the Indiana of Mexico ft they have rxu. - mtoausdtheIndian.oT Xew^nd. extract of a letter addressed by him to I/*d Jota Rua Mil in 1R.W, rollown ? "There *eem* to bean lmpre**lor In frgi.tnd and e*p? j rially urn or r the cirJiton of Meslco, thit the foiled Ht.toh <ie?ire to annex Mexico, and aomo Iw to iu?n?xi^ | ion as resulting to the payment of tb^ M.xWaii debt. riiO United States undfrsumd too well *li*l waul t bo tlic cop oquence of annexation to permit It, If all tho world w.shed it. We refused to kocp Mei.eo wh ?? wo had it. We paid for and kept part of ber ubocc .j>lcd territory, we do not waal her p^or'". They aro'el Toi such a government afl our*, nst wo*iUI not a- line the re sponsibility of governin. m u it wi ? grain tou*!y tendered to us, much less *oi:ld w< ty tholr del,t? and bring ' iem hito our C '< to becoir. .? disturbing. If not aeon iollfr r inline ? tu our politic* >Ve would not H'fept of Mex'oo upon . ditlon I but we should govern we pay Q>- tr debw upon the con Uittoii that they are to govern n* " H" urgod 'hat to forr ? tbo *ysten> of free wh't* labor into Mex co an ! th- Southern H.aUw involve* rironartly a *?r if tace?, ki eu?l in the ?"?termi.^.>on c* four mi.iiona t' and ?. ven million* of lis! an*, "Tut, an t?? tho extet,?loo "f slavery in he ferritor e*. thit u?n?:<*s?ri 'y a que*t ion of prpu'atlon . <,!lin<r.e, and thai the number of *love* ad tho Influen e of Slav. ;iold wiil not be ineren . by the extension of the lino of 3d de greet, .TO mirntee to the r*ariflc; tha' it d iv* mo"- slave Watepr, but the arknow lodgement of their rights and tho pQMeabVe en)oymei t of tbem that In r?quued by tbo South th..t the question of slavery ahill no longer bo made a for the organ , rat ion of a v "i nai politl cal party, and Out without this ootic?t.?ion it ta iropowl ' le to maintain ti c luion. Prom the manner in whub tli"?e I ggortviiy motived by .Mr IJmvilo, Mr (Jreet belietea, allij ',^ Mr. linoln did tot nay so, that he deslrr* a ?atl?'uctory aljustmuit, and that, although he in oppr??'<l hi t: ' fv, 'hor ?*ten?"m ? f ilav.ry. tint will Bit himvelf recommend any m-fwnre having that tendency, he will nev.rthele**, n?t <?r,!y ariui?*ee but rejoice If th? tjongre?a and tho flt?U - will, by the nJnptionof Mr. Critt"td?ui ? resolution*, rostor confidence and avert di*nuiotl. Mr. Uroen beliov n that the movement In th. South may yet be ?o modified a* to arcompllah thi*, If tho poople and tlie I>>g'R' iture* ir tb?' N'nrtliorri State* are e*ri .it in thoir dealre to prrwrve th? I'nlon, and, lrutcad of attempt ingfoerelrm and intimidation, will rarognlae tbo fact that tho wh"l<' 'Vi ith ir-i*t that the eoti*tit'ition i? aeompv t between wrvereign ?UU *. which In owm of BPe?a*ton are to bo reoogniaed and treated m *ncb, and that ina*mucb th.- roor?wion arke.. -ytheK<.utli I* indi,-p?nKAble to the maintalnanoo of their righta within the t'tikm. and therefor# vital to them, wheroaa It will deprive no State of the North of any -mglo right <r impair in any wi?o a a nglo interest De d<K-? Uopo tisat there i? ^et ? iliclent intelligence and patriot mm in the "forth, sufficient re speet for the rights of tho Southern ctates, and Buff elect k>ve of the Union on the basis of the original op > pact between tho State*, to Induce tho people of tho K >rth to prefer a peaceable .vijastment to civil war. The ques tion of peace or war, of f'nion or disunion, re ts with the people of the North. Mr Green Pays that ho has endeavor*! to discharge his duty, and despairing of any action by Mr. Tinroln or by Congress unless the people impel them by an immediate and forcible csprossion of their wishes. He declares that upon tho pooplo of tho Northern State* rests the responsibility. Ail that ine South demands is their equal rights within tho T'nion, or independence out of .t. They will not consent to he a conquered province, whether that conqucst bo by the ballot box or the sword. The leaders in Congress are clamorous for civil war. Mr. Green hopes and believes that the p.'nplo prefer pew?, and will therefore urge 1 he adoption of the amendments to the constitution hk1 pc ii- Me to tho pr ,jorvat on of the Union. OUR TVM N'GTON CORRESPONDENCE. Wi hjxi.t .iun. 0,1801. Couscsnf LrcitOHrtv?Ikyus Detpctehet from the Mats <f ?n esuion? The Oorreipowlmee of the Charluton Papers? I'acific Tone <f 2\oa <f the Ccmnt iitimtrt?Unsk tif u.1 Di flomaU?Suffering* of the Seceding Arnvj?ilard Time* in the Fart* and on the Coati- -il'ashinfftu.i All Xif ?Jo fr I)ffended, if Xecettanj, by the Fideral fbn tfv. Among the causes of the prevailing excite us "lit may justly be designated, as one of the most productive, tho telegraphic correspondence from the poceding States. Much of this may be quite correct, but a \ ery groat dea' of it is extremely exaggerated, ami not a little totally fic titious. Ho m;iny startling rumor1, conflictmc with and often contradictor) of each oth r, ore borne :o th.s city along the wires, that the public, unable to disci imuuite between the false and true, arc kept in a perpetual f'jver anxiety. Such wer< the btones that weft to. sed about for t^o days past as to Major Anderson s communications being cut off?ap to the means taken by government to ojien the way of communication wan him at any hazard? of his constant expectation of attack?anil of his having intimated to the seocssioi. Ton es that if vhey intended to assault Fort Sumter they ought tirst to remove tue wo men ^nd ehildren from the city of ("harksion. All these reports fan the popular lire into flume, and htnoe the no tice token in tlie Senate to day of a system of misrepre sentation, not less detrimental to the public welfare thou annoying to individuals. No despatches, however, sre more deserving of censure, as unjust and mischievous, than those sent from this city to the Charleston Mercury and ihe Columbia Caroimiign, during the time "ibe Commissioners'' honored us with their presence. They were calculated to m if load the peo ple of South Carolina, and drive them on in their career. 1 have K, however, trom reliable authority, that Messrs. Barnwell and Orr, at least (if not Mr. AiUuns), would exert their influence, on their return homo, to prevent any attack upon Fort Sumter, and generally to stay all proceedings that would precipitate armed collision with the federal forces. And this intelligence has contributed to allay somewhat the painful solicitude which the bogus despateitbs of yesterday were calculated to produce. \ WiSHrfoww, .Tan. o, 1861. A Tha r I'rosprct?Praee to be Preterrtd?Xo Attack or? /art Sumter?Ihe Ctilrdor Xvt to be (JbUnuitd?rne Border Stale* and Thsir Jympntttirr>if? The Hritith l'rUi<Xorcle rf Mexico?Significant A.'lusu n by Juaru to Our faction*, tfc. Thero is to-day most certainly a ruling of relief, if not of strong hope, among many who have heretofore been oppnwtkxi with despondency. peace at least, It is believed. will be preecrvert. The intelligence from (liarU pton indicates that'? South Carolina *,11 Dot begin the aar.'' President Umi' -ireet, o( the^wthfV rollna College, and other influential men. nre exerting themselves to prevent auy attack upon Fort Winter, or any interference with the communications between >ia Jnr Anderson and the federal government, or acy obsta cles to the landing of a lifted States Cbll xtor, should he l?e confirmed and srnt thithor. >41?tber circumstance is the nctii n of tho representatives from the border, or rath i* tho ccatr. l States (telegraphe<l to you aJj-ea ,j ). If their plan of ad ust ment should he accepted as a basii, theio is rea>-<.n to heitevo that tho cotton Ptatos may ail lie breast bark again In good time. There if no doubt tnat U;.; re aUtles of secession nre beginning to ted .jkiu the .bald est of tho.seceding leaders. Ttie news oi the Lritu-.h po.icy m regard to ilo* ,cocreated u eti oog sensation here timing nit pattl~n, ???with*tenrt. ing the absorbing character of our own trouble it n believed that the Rritish government w.11 support Jturcz, who will probably be enabled to advance to the capital The occupancy of Vera Cruz by t.'riat Britain, and tL1 material aid given to tL* liberate, will amount to a Hr, !j P'etocturatc. Men are hemming n<>w U> awake 10 the wisdom o? Mr. Bocbunoi* ? ? OitOTrar of the %i, te m no,loci 1*, the t.?My Jh< addrna. . amio Mutator Motana vxt ?-? ra ^Jhi'dr Jfil" i"'.'UC MJeAK*a partisan chief l*? ? t<1 allude to the distracted eond.tmn of our once hariaui, o-.s Sh?w5ikT COU"try* How hA ewo ?' Uu> opintou of ? PtlSTf0" ** Momts ?rT< W"1" and .tOvp* would ihAv^Ii lf|-ml*atedao abruptly and unpleasantly If i i ,e**r,"'"*d *''ttle more tact, conformed 10 diplomat a: usage. The idea of these retractable gentle men beginning tho.r nacotiatiou* wilh presenting the r oltI,i.latum, and demanding Its immediateooocosaion. was certainly somewhat novel in the annals of diplomacy ITie tone of their la*t communication, wb.cb the rresl dent was compiled, by self reap, el and regai d for the dignty of his office to return, need scarcely* bo wnnt^rM at after such a commencement, and almost ju?tiliea the "mark that a Carolina orator ourcs ua more about the meaning of the w >r?i? if they aonn<i well than d<*-< i H la Mid they were qmte snr priMx) wlien told that uch tan iiaro was uulHMmmlng t^Th^rw*S?T^i f, *rn'.t'*r' a"rt I,n'il 'o he a4dreaaed to the ( hicf MagisUvto oi the people. ,? rr,;m.t'1W"l',?,Kw leavs no room to doubt that *??*>? of the State are already lindmjr. by harsh ei C12Z' '""I 0"nd,t' n" 01 ?"eesstoii are by m? meana pleasant. The anftaringi rf th.- men engac>?l ,.u Mast^Tice, and In the f^ts -hat hav.b^T rh.w ? r *n<1 wvere cold, have I.eon no Child s piay; and Ui< g-neral disturbance .rf all boa In ens ?>d the p. rjs tual anxiety an I exriu m-nt pnaiucad by rUr/T'Cu,,Jorw? ax" "'ready p.oducirg their natural ef fects u]s.n a large portion of the cerunaaity, to whom ease and quiet are the greatest hie- ing> ?y intelligence of theooru pruirv o. rforts in Ui.< rotton Sk'toy. which hive not even ?|-ceded yet. Hi t the tMtpe ,? ui.luSr^ tW l?? have been thus taken in or ier to aave the property of thego\ ernmrnt from bund* of uit.tithoriced aaasiL.nts Home nail ill? i bad b-en felt in Wakhi Kton m r/?,se the' lit. nf ii" l'***""1'' *bout upon it before the 4th 01 March, wlm a view of preventing th?' ioaucu ratwjn of Mr. Lin.-o!? J .t tUM, h^a beenlf. 'Vd!3d V . I^l4t l'1/.irict is peculiarly Wider the ^Lr tSi iLft? fTrr' W1<? by the aasu hT^n. ^ '^?"d< ai will exert the whole jsiwer at Ma ccmmand. If naee>aary, u, preserve p.-ace and order h l .T ./rr'1' " ,? ?n.werer, that no J.i i ?" undertake to prevent the in a I la imn of Mr I.ineoln. after he slull have b n ..uly .?cUred the Prm.dent cl?5t. y WA^ajxt^r)*, Un ?, mfli. A* tWa all t\t Southern R*p"?*VMit*$ in fYo r nf ,%?*?. *t<m Stionu ronstrmUix Ih-iirt far an Ilmvwntu Om pr - litr?THr rrthetming Mmnpr if ihe Pr*ivl*nt?"e uM Pn*srt Fulerat Proj?~; anJ Ex-cute Vie L*x+~ T'nopnii of a Spnily AJju,it* a', The i HKirs of theeoirtitry n*e every day retting la a tr.ore crltics.1 oondltioe War Sncc?sls wsv j, and t'ie ship of .Htate .abors fearfully in an angry .tea. Tt.e eotu.o -'Ute arem to he animate*. bv one seatiment, for Jndg !n?{ fs oni th- conduct of their r.^pr- eBta;hr? here, m n f-*tcl In a variety of wats h ah % aj?d out of t-s^re??, yi.u'.i aslly peri ?iv? th ? ther ? is an nesoratii" p ir p *" <>a ihe>r part ; t at Mle In their pak!!c tod private ? iwiduct Bearty a'i 1'ie .Souli,err repi.-seuUuivae, particu Urly those from the cotton Hta'of, exhibit an utter con Un-pt for the T i,ion and aro incllne<l to Ignore and defy lleaui oritjr of th. general government. TL< y rega.<1 the I nion as virtually d u aolved and hence they speak of thc.r "wn States, which are still members of the con federacy , with a ee. tair degree of nonchalance which they Intend to be interpret'd as aeaerttng an independent '?earc-ly leea drcided than that Already open|v assume.) by Sejth narolina. V.i) they remain here Tholr prin cipal object in (otig- ? ?|>pMrn to be to prevent lev is la?lon for the ^tt.onent of the difliculty, except ?ueh legislation aswmild tea l parttwilarly to the benefit of their own a/ction. The cepreeentatlvea from tho to bacon "tates would n. t have been ao unanlmoiie in favor of secession bad they not been urged to It by the strong ground."- taken by the excited pirtlon of their constitu ency 7he pinions the best informed men here as Pim'late in Uie bollef that a general seeessim is merit able, Or at, of the other ootton states, and then of the remainder of the r ave States On the other hand, the Utlftrnden plan of settlement seems to tnnet with a rood deal of favor in the border Slates, while prominent conservative men of all parties, now here and constantly arriving, eipreas themselves willing to accept any bo. norable cow,prow tee that wonM bo satisfactory to all Parties. There Is a strong feeline of this kind in Wash ngton at the present time the President is exceed li'gly anxions to bring existing difficultly to a final ad tlnrT?i I1 !htniLlhat D*W which the qoee htrJli r 0,1 and ptiblleation of Tuesday es-Wedneaday, will have a ten . Ih* TI4rVm* <* setMement into ^harmcntons onwiprsmiss. He la firm and will remain .. deternMned to perform the whol* daty of the f*ecutlT? uadr r the lawa, aad wiO exprees bis ujaaltera Mf> ir' t'ea to protect the 'elernl property airt oo! i. ot ('?? r? v. nofl at all haaarda. He will call oo Oonpr-s to aci ? ihe cu-er^ency'now presented of def. iU? to khe guvoramuikt, by Uio oottou .;uU'8, auil, in fleet, war declared agal* Bt the T'ulon. He will fctoo m? that n<> hertile foroe inradpe the Irtatrlct of Columbia. la aust an Jig thu position of tUo Pre?> ent thi? North will be unit; and tli< n, I believe, that the ^uth perceiving the position of the President and hia enpportere, and relying no longer upon their own divided counathi, will vUe inoie readily 1 iaten to propo rale of compromise. ThoogU most of the Sontherncr* here are now in favor of eecfwion, yet. In the event of a recognised diaaohition of the i num. many?especially froia the border slave States?are iiuiulrfiug hopo of re conHtruction. Bit It will oaaily b<> s??u that the moet formidable obnut lo to thin world be th<> r<<p<ignance of the Northern conseieuce, when once releaaed, to remime the oDligatlciia cf ih. prcaont constitution to tolorato ?lavery in the States. It 11 likely that. .11 any event, .1 reoort will not be had U> coercion; but when State ilef.*, tlon preT'tneN to entroiuh upon Inderal property and rights, then, in obedien-'C to the wi hee of a mighty roa .loTlty of the people, the f<><teral irm will certainly bo rained (<? viid><?f.> the honor of the nation. Whan the President * pea kit. in his forthcoming Mewnge, I antici pate that Congreisa wili cuact laws to preserve tho public weal. rNIHTT-SIXTH COWGRKSS. W4M>NS nSION. IfMtt. ffmnw.n v, Jatl. 7, 1841. Tlir R?JJcrte? were erowdod. Mr. Ciay, of Alabama, wsa in bis seat. llr Hamlin's resignation was received and road. Ji V* rrojai (XUIVKTIMll. Mr. Tk.n Ever, (rep.) of N. J., preseutad a petition of cltizcns of Sow Jersey r<jquesiiug COntruss to piws an act to authorize the people to fleet delegates on tho 'IM 01 r.'bruary to a convention to be held at Philadelphia on Hie 4ill 01' iiarch next, to consider tho welfare of io nation. KoeireU to tie; Gowufttae on Judiciary. niR rxeme iuii.R'ud mix W,i- made the (special order for two o'clock on Tuesday next. TilV DMlSSIOSf OF RAXftAB. The MU for ili admission of Kansas was made the ep'viai ui-der for Monday next. Titv: aurnari'** AWUrtluwT. Mr. Bioucr, (opp.) of l'a., presented thirty-four memo r al*, Wik n? that the Crittenden resolutions he submitted to the people of the country. sikwji or mu. i-RimsMiss on th* nusa. Xn Critttjidkn, (opp.) of Ky., moved to take up tho resolution v.tiered by him a few days nincc. Mr. Cirrnaiilx spoke in fa\or of the passage of the re solution to submit the question to the i>cople. It seemed i to liHto uece j-ary. lu the distracted Btate of the public councils it would be better to submit tho question to tho people thenn elvec, and he saw nothing improper in It. It does not conflict in any way with the constitution. Ho referred to the proposed amendments to tho constitution, and argued iu favor of their adoption, lie contended that the establishment or a lino dividing tho Territories was not so much ft compromise as a fair adjustment of rights. He ask'-d ir statesmen and Senators would rather encounter rivil war in .ill its horrors than make a fair compromise, and recognise th.' existence of slavery lu n Territory till it becomes a State? Was It a parly dogma that no slave Slate shall be admitted to tho Unlou? And will Senator J sacrifice the country for a mere party dogma)' The territory was acquired as tho aommon pro perty or all, and now a few attempt to ex clude a |iortion from their Just rights, because they have conscientious scruples on the subject.. Were ?eiittt>irs willing to sacrifice the country rather than yield their scruples? Hut as a matter of right, have Senators any right to exclude any properly? The constitution was founded by men who well knew we had differ ant Institu tions in dim-rent parts of the country, and no ser.tlou of tho e " has o. right to set up a particular minion as H nil. for all the rent. Suppose the different sections bad diUereiil religiuns, would one. section try to establish h reli';iut for the other? But tho pulpit his b'-onie th? minister of the politician, and the politician brs b come the minister of the Gospel. No man has tho r . !.t to uiMst that nnoth, r man s conscience shail bo i I by hi?' Hut ho w\iA to deal with th ' present, not w.ththej -t. He was now to consider the safety of (h. countrv and was here as an advocate of tho I't ion. corit. idiiij? for what ho thought would th" country. Was a rroat party grown up which wouk' intr<siuc? tho axiti slavery principle, and that the prlnciplo on which it had triumphed? Tb s trlumi h filled 'owe portion of the Southern suites with aL-vrrn. trill the perty now In the proud triumph of vinor- pimt Itself en platforms and dogmas and not yield nn" neb, or will thev, like generous men, be not onlv lost, bu. liberal? He appealed to th m as patriots ?n ' <miut tryir.-n to ^nuit equal rights to all Ho did not tut he wis asking thcrn to rnako concessions, but only !*i c hi'. e<|uai rtRhts. lie dil nut believe In the doctrine ?t s cession. 1? was a new doctrine, and an at* apt to t i with the bold front of resolution is not'ung but iawl's' violation of the law and the constitution. Hut he only wanted to bear ins testimony to the oom-t.tu ti, n, snd to let it bo known that tho constitution in.iot be b . n. If a Slat" wishes to Rf cedc. let them pr.x :a>m revolution b?lflv, and not attempt to hide tb.-me? lver under little subtleties of law an 1 claim the .'alii nf BLoeauou A constitutional right to br . k tue ' UtotV*w? a ???*>.?'*r1r fie arguod tb it, Mr. V, Master always went agains'i any right of s<*0"s>i.ii. ?>n one side was an kmIcI conMMioB, and on the other side wns civil war. , , . ... Mi. Tncmirti, (rep.) of Til., askdd If the Senator did not kr'iw that one st?l? clninicd to b" out of the Union :.lro?dy? now would concession alter the c-ise? Mr. i'strnwrntv contended that the adoption of ft com promise would put an end to nil revolution. sroni or *h. f >oMnH o* th* turns. Mr. Toombs, (opp.) of Ga., said lie should speak princi pally In relation to the action of the Committee of Tlnr teei. Tho sue* *s of tho abolitionist* and th. Ir aliios, m.der the name of the republican party, bin produced Its logical result already. They have, for long years, boen sowing dragon's teeth, and they have finally got n crop of aii..ed men. Tho l mon, sir, Is dissolved. Thit is a Bird fact lying In the way of this discussion, ;ind m n may as well heed it. ftoe at ymv confederates ha* alre^ly wisely, bravely, boldly met the public dnnger and cm iron tod It She is only ahead and beyond any of her sisters, bwause of her greater facility of action The ?treat majority of tbe?o stater States, under like ctroum rianoes, consider her causc as their cause; and I charge yoo, In their name, lyere to-day, "touch not soguretum. While my friend from Kentucky (Hr. Of .tten ien), whde th" Hoise of Hepresen tat Ives are debating the oonatltu tionslity and the expediency or seceding rrom the Union."and while the perftdtan authors of all this mlf'hi"f are showering down denunciations upon a large portion oT the patriotic m. n ? this "ountry, thofc.' brave men are calmly an<l coollj . ITsting what vou Mil revolution Aye, sir, be?. r tt.a*i tr>?t -??. nrtued duTtrace They appealed to the ?n .titutwn and to Justicc, they appealed to fraternity ur t*t the constltatlenal ,|wi ee nno fraternity Was no rh .i'-u od U. In the legislative hails of ?!*? country _?nd tben, Mr U 'V nrrared Av therrt rament of tho swor-l. New,' r you msy see the glitter the b.yeort and hear th.. trump of armed men, rrom y<sjr c oi'.U to the Hio Grande. And I will as?ert the hone-ty siai 'he sin ofrlty uf tltfil nn>. Awl lo^ much as I afproi* J? .r present persistence, I deem it my duty v ''r. OS' 1 to the Senate, to tho country, and to ?T clvllir.e'l world *ty countrymen have demun\j\ no new govern m?nt: they hsve demanded so ?ewooflSt't'iNon the rorords at home. From the beginntt ? thl? national htrif" until i'? consummation In tbedisr Jfi'lon ?f the eni nlre they he.t not demanded a smgle right, ere. pt what is truoranU-ed th"< l in the coostitntlon of rTie J nit'-dStotes T!ie: h.ive only domandc.i that constitutlr^ial rights ?bouM be r.sp.^te.1, and that Justice ^limild bo done. The . have stood b) your constitution th y have sto-st by all its r<*iuiremcn*s they have performed all its du uiH-ale.ilattrg'y and unselfishly, until a pirty sprang n n the countrv which endangered their social system. A part, wlitrb ??*)'arraigned, and which they charged \ ,r the *merlesn people and before the civlltrAI world it e nwdc prori-mrtloaof outlawry against their nro 1 -r\f n the Territoriof the United states, and having tini them under ban of Kmplre In all the Males with having al'ied and abetted insurrection from within and luvasM fr?'m without, with a view of subverting their institutions and desoKtlng their homes and their firesideH. For these esusex they have taken up arms I shall proofed to vindicate their demands, and ?b< w the inj.uttee of their adversaries I shall not rp. id much time -I shnll consume very little time upon the qtination of the constitutional right to seceJo from thi". Lnion Perhaps my friend from K :.t kv will find out, after a while, that It Is a fact awsou.pllshed. I hellev? they hare got It In the South both wavs. South Carolina has got It regularly, but Just below Lor they have got It irregulaily. You ran take It cither way. Ton will llnd that our men are ready, and we will dcTcud both I stated that tho dls conr.eeted States of this Union demanded notn Ing but clear, db'inct, unequivocal, and well ark now led ge?l const i' i nal rights?rights older Umn Uie constitution, whl-b S" tnteil upon the Immutable prin ciples of n?tnr..i lustic. s d which have bean so affirmed by th.' good and wise of a.' oonntrlea and all centuries The sole fact Is, they dfmabd no power to injare any man, or to Injure any confederals States. They demand no right to interfere with their Institutions, neither by worn nor set. We claim no right to disturb their peace, tran qullHy or securKy We .lemand a simply snd sole y that you should give ns equality, security and tranquillity? that is all. Olve ns that, and peace restores Itsslf . re fuse it, and take what yoo can ret My own position and my own demands, as I will now give them, are considered the demaada of an extreme person, and irhat you, who talk of constitutional right, conaldar traaaoi. 1 believe that is the term. I believe, for all the acta which the republican party call tries'? and rebellion, .hero stands Wore tlx m as good a trail... and a* good a rebel aa ever desc ndoa from Hevohitmnarv tolaa. What doee this rebel demand v That these States bare eqnal rights to go late the common Territories and rsmaM there with their property, and be protected by the government till such Territories shall became States We have fought for this Territory when blood was ita prtoa Wa have paid for It when money was the prloe. I demand only that T have leave to po into these Territories upon terms of equality with ym an <<<iual iu thus great contederary, and enjoy my own property. r> reiving the |.rote< tion of a crmmoii government until they ahull come 1st31ho Union .-1.4 sovereign Stat' H and choose their own .n^tttntinrw. 1 demand, second. that property iB slaves be entitled to the tame piitectsn from >;<?% erun. i.t as all other pro perty, and that the government i-ball never interfere with tlie right of an v Mate to abolish or protect slavery in its own limits. We demand that a common goveri. talent shull use its power to protcct our property aa well as yours. We pay as much as you <lo. Our property hi subject to taxation. Wo claim that that government which recognises our property for taxation should five it tho game protection it dot r to your property. Shall it not do it? You i<ny no' You in 'ho Senate gay no! The House says not And throughout the length and breadth of j our whole conspiracy ? "t the constitution there Is one phout of uol It .16 price or my alio giance. Withhold it, and you don't get my obedience. There is the philosophy of the armed men that have spring up in this country, ami 1 luid rather nee tho popu l&tion of mv own, my native land, beneath the sod, thwi that they should support for ono hour such a govern tueut. 1'rotertion is tho price of obedience every where, In all countries. It is the only thtng that makes "govern uxmts respectable. Deny It, and you cannot iiave free Subjects tor eitiwns. You may have slaves. I demand, thirit, that persons eommttting crimes against ';Uvo pro perty in one Statu ?nn.U be delivered up by another State to which they may have fled. That is another of tho di aiands of mi extioiiiiot and a rebel. Mr. Toombs then referred to the fourth article of the constitution an support nig thi* demand, and proceeded. But the nen sUvehoiding 1-tateg, regardless of their oaths and compacts, have steadily refused ui return the men who have Etol?i nrgrous, if th..f?e u.groos were slaves. This was done long ago in Maine We remun erated and appealed lor fraternity. But tills article of the eonstiiution ha.- been a dead letter to us from day to this. The Hon.uor from New York (Mr. Seward) also, when Governor, refused this right to Vir ginia. Jle "aid it was not against tb? laws of Now York to steal negroes, and he v .i < not deliver tip the man. And tnese arc our C"ufei rated?our sister States. There is a bargain and a compact. l%ey swore to it, but you canuot. hind them by an oatb. They have a higher law. I suppose you wiU under take to whip freemen into loving such brethren as that. You will have a good time of it, no doubt. Wo want that provision of the constitution carried out. Of course you look out lor pretexts. I never knew s<> bold a per jurer that would not invent somn pretext. The next de mand is that fugitive slaves dull bo surrendered, accord ing to the act of I860. The constitution he. provided for tub, rendition. (He read that article of the constitution.) But the Northern States Lave tried always to evade this. First, they got up the Action that thoy wore entitled to the habeas corpus act in the States to which the fugitive had flod. Thoy did not require that for a white man. White men might he delivered up e\ ory day, but not slavey. He then referred to the speech of the Senator from Vermont (Mr. Collamer) in reply to his own, and read from the act of Vermont, in 1S58, declaring slaves free, whether coming voluntarily or involuntarily to the State. Mr. Coixamxh, (rep.) of Vt., said he did not refer IOMrlT^MMsaid, by ft miBUkfi 'nr.^'rencp, he M made to rerer to a prior act, and the Senator took ad?" tagt of that mistake. It was adroitly or iguorautly done, I don't know which: and this la another of ?<*?; for whom we arc to liave so groat an attwUment. There was a i It'&r act, but in the oourao of the I Dgrim n Pro gress ihey came to niako this refusal without any act at all Tbey can subvert the constitution now without narking iWonal liberty bills 1 undertake to nay here that no black republican legislature will ever say it Is their dutyto renier ha.:lc fugitive slave-. rbey^t ? U-nd to do it. They intend U> get potion of this vernment, and to use their power against us. The Mvt demand is, that no State slull paw any Uw intended to disturb tho peace and tranquility oilier State. When the Senator from lllinoW^Mr. Uoug k*l introduced a Mil her# but wlInter slon, Mr. I.incoln. in IHk speech at New \ ork,' ^ ?edition bill. These live provisions we demand, ana I will Utke tliem up and examine them in detail andshow what tliey arc. These thirteen luui no bond of union whatever?no mure than Jamaica and Australia bav to day. They were separate an? indopendent of each other. All 'ho union betwoen them that ever wa> made is in writing- They made ? ^ ten contracts: one was known ns ihe o.d articles or confederation. Tbey declared it ?houM b? P?ro ix>ti al?an argument very much relied upon by the mcndTof the i nlen now. But they aaw it did not work The difficulty wufl. that after lb'' war there were i roubles about the regulati us of Congr"*; but, above ... there wer? financial trouble ine govern meot l..?e *io means of gcitw# at tho pocket" pcop'e -.i d but for that one du. fl'ilty, the present gov.- r.went never would have he*n 'ramod, aud yet 1 am tokl ''iat the Union is cement? I ba a boud of tho liloixl of tho bravo men of the re\ H ion <r, 1 I;,Is, u ?M never cofct a drop, ituuf of these men voted ucainet It. It was carried in tbeJ/ODvao^ lion -I Virginia b> only Arc vot** J|10 mux of the people of <J?orpla, 1 l^ow, WUM rather Stay in the I 'uion, but 1 believe it n ? gov r nont lial has never done anything for us and h.?l 1 the G' i".rtunlty, 1 should b?v? voted with the tuen who 1 acainiit It. Yetlha-.o been content to iw inaui l, , a, because wWIe I did not relieve jtwa* , act, I was bound tiy my oatl. ar I my tton*" I by tV \ . mmon prudence which lea i run to h?.J < ? vlut f<? V i.-ive instead of dying to c <?rs tl- y ???. v n.^ e- And 1 have given it, and I wonld hav' *1?* hi iiiialitted support and allegiance All U.o oWiga llou . all the chains that fetter the Imba or my people, .ire nominated in tt>? bond. Tli?y acted opo it.* conclusion by declaring that the powers not _ grant cl to the j-ovcrfin.ont, or forbidden to the Stntef. belonged to On MateP res,.actively. Now, the , Uvr ? .f nture and of loinoo. ,1 1 citnmon government e.iual rtKKio etaowld be en v-d. I liven despotic paramenia have laid down rh* prm I cii!'. There i* wlxuewe stand. If. In ??<? J"' ..... , ,,,4*1 riifhui Uri' i.g to our Male*, wb^n did1*4 L'ct t'iemV Kverj toorvod ri*J?t ia u :on?titutloiial rieht. The Northern doctrine wan the m iny ye.i , ago. They d.ummccd ILmIiihju lur renr rt of 1700 They denounced many oi tht rathera be! HUM they proeume.' to impugn t!i( of ?b? Stpr. me rtmrt. tbat ^a? the uuJ eml iud? mrtit iuid declaration of every free State ? T ? l olon. Very w<?8- Gjwa to (lie compact. It ? not in the bond to < xclnd': na from tho common Terri tory Tbe Supreme Court hiui decidedi wo have a right to go there nod a n: bt to be proU-ete.1 there^ Bat Mr. Un ( ..In dcr 11 ax? for tike : upreme Omrt?I will turn you Jut any ow." lh-n you must ukemy onstruc. tioti or the cwnd 'MUiotj. You won't take tho ^upreme Com t aa tba aibi'er.or the opinions of Madnon, Jelfcir ?ot. ..r the fathers V"U take nothuig but your own Jialg mont. Your 8t?t?* discard the Omrt and our -onstru. lien, rnd fay you will drive us out. Come and do W. You will lind up rtmly. Come an<l do It If Uiit to to argument,then the sword alone becomes thecoc ititotioo ol arbiter. H may be sixc?si?>n,tt may be reyoPition. nut it U a free courtry Ui wras and standing for th? ^righ . flcr. W the Court and our lathers for ttr'y years, but the black repcblloan part) Fays we don't care^ J?"' stitiitioo?we have a p-orreealve patK-ysnweflan a jmv gtwlve religion? Tba I aders on this floor have aald would change .be O.urt, if they 'hO^W dorfde atuinst tho power of O.ngress. You may J id?es, and make a m.skery of Justice MIhcH with the charges against thic <****** I , lb. y liava made a prorlainatiori ol outlaw rv .rataat uh. The (ooatitulion givea no warrant tor this thing. Vrmr Oucago pW-'orm ?u.d of principles eiprefoy dadar.* Trrs much lik? the Biyuat Jodge that ^ oti nc .iher fear f,..U nor regard man. lle rea<l from tne (1,1, ?Kti platform tba article denying the legal i very in the T> i r iter Us. Then you declare lhat tbe tn ty <4im wa> un 11 snd void, and no law atall. You dr arc that the nets hv which wo or*nU"d and pr<) tecu d the TcrrMe'lee of I/silsiana, Arkansas, and Mis slsslpfii are :.u null awl votd, Mid no laws. ?Bd 7?" ,< that tiie doclaTiiof the Supreme Omrt of the I'nited St-itee In null and void, and no law, a?td that the e is no kii tltution but tho Chicago platform. You <wear to sun ort this g.ivernm< nt wltb thw under standing But m> fiiend from Kentucky (Mr'rtwn^lcn> ms we coa t K.-eed<?wo can t revolution^ Wb it r.,r we dor Why, von can enbrn't, for, they na*, we are the ttrontc1', snrt wewltt hang yon. I will tal? thsit right, f v/l| take the if it Inn, and wlide fend " againet th y word or the halter We are willing tod', d t! at right tvi.b the halter arouno our necks, raid to me. i thoec black republicans, lbflr m m Ions and alli' s whoever they chow, to come on. We ??y yocr principle are a complete subvors-n of all our rights pioperty. You ?7 T'?' * . con-tlt-itlonnndthe ?t,premnno?rt.snd ??, that v r a .11 shall b? tbe law of the United states. A.I U fromlUnna 1 have given came up in the < otpro'U* ? anilwwe votod sgairst by <h.> black r roroinii tee. I presume not tho "' . t^o ii-ai party. Tat every prmcipl< i?< 1 ^ ronden nation of everyone of t^Tto, ry recollcfllon. A r^olution mvol ag tl^ ^ ^ el let 'M Introduced by a diatlngui-n '1 ?S ntn? in the House, bat v?ns voted d..?n, ' |i unanimous vote of <be hlack repu j ""1 1 , * ' Ifn-?th and not oarsCfMtar our chains. Tt la admitted !w ?7u Mk to outlaw four billions of praperty .row h^ iWrltrTTei ^"be United Wales, la that "aoee rf ?.r tsi ta grievance tha'. four bill'-fi- <? property A be 0' tUwed from the terr'toiiea of one s own jravernnnt. and that la what v,t dc >r? yon wll 2n I do not think you wlf l)? trca< Mrotia to yot rseives. I think you will do whit you % y. I b? leve. however boettle nations may be, they take toe wariilto Indications of an enemy to be true, and pr? rve themselves for the issue This Is what w? have done. Yon have outlawed os?yon avew it. Mr. IJn <om deeJarea It. Yonr platform, your papart, your leg.klaturea declare it. and there la but ono voKwrotiing thi'uglrimt yomr entire phalanx? we shall ^out lawed In tha Territories of the I'a^d J*atea. Hut 1 say we will not aad I wtU never right, upon the face uf Uie earth. I won * ""J" ? shameful p?aoe. I W '"J" y. warpath, on a proposKlon of tola Jtnd.. mj distingu "bed friend freri M^isMppi (Mr. Bav ?) proposed simply a re,?gn ition t * aright of our own. that man can hvrapMJ^^ "JJi That met a unanimous refaael tUlrf^s m.H|erata Union saving, -*mpromis?g portkm of the romihiii '& the committee. Tbey <ion i mw LTnt it i .arc u, .ler tba Paeiarsiien of Indapan E?ur'-":r :2ia.2r'P;Ji .u ?^jK'WfSflS3 ^o3toKUW) on iklflHTH fAOB.)

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