Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 10, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 10, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8889. MORNING EDITION-THURSDAY. JANUARY 10. 1801. TRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. Arrival of the Star of the at Charleston. The Steamer Fired Upon u^m the Batteries of Morris Island and Fort Moultrie. The Steamer Put to Sea to Avoid an Encounter. The President's Special Message to Congress on the Crisis. Seeesdiou of Mississippi from the Union. Hie Report of ttie House Special Committee. The New Commercial Project of the Cotton and Tobacco States. Military Movement in Hew York in Support of the Union, ite^ ac^ ft*. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM CHA.U: i?XON. m Ourukto*, Jan. 9, 1861. Ifcs SUur of tbe West, in endeavoring to onter our bar ter about daylight this morning, was opened upon tbe garrison on Morris Island, and also by Fort Moultrie. The steamer put about and wont to sea. I have not been able to learn whether the steamer or any person on board was injured. The belief is thst ao Ryury was sustained by cither the boat or those ou i. Tut Sumter did not respond. Lieut. Hall, of Fort Sumter, came over to tbe city about eleven o'clock with a flag of truoe. lie repaired to tbe quarters of the Governor, followed by a crowd of citi zens. He was In secret communication with the Gover nor and Council for two hours. At two o'clock he wp.i ? sent in a carriage with the Governor's aids to the wharf, and returned to Fort Sumter. Tbo objcct of his mission m not known. It is supposed tha'. it rtlutes to the tiring r>a the ?Ur of thu West. Tbe people are intensely excited. There were no demonstrations against Lieut. Hall. There .a n great curiosity to know what Lieut. Hail came lor Our citizens were drawn ji crowds to our wharves early this morning, in consequence of frequent reports el c~.;.tn from feeaward. Some twolvo or til'tccn re ports were heai<l, many of tticm proceeded from tLo works en Morris Island. TBS LATEST RETORT. lieutenant Hal1 loeed his intcrviow with the Governor ?nd CouusS out I, o o'clock. Tbe facts have not trans l'U? 1. We i. a . i m high authority that they are of a . *Htf-rea.' uag character. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. WiSiarcTO*, Jan. 9,1SC1. No official intdllper - <us been received from Chvles k-B up to the hour ->ven o'clock P. M. I have reason tc belteve, however, from all th&t I h.?ve soon and learned from Ligh secession authorities, that tbe telegraph wires have brcatheU a confidential dispatch that th? Star of the West attempted to enter Charleston and reach Fort Sumter this afternoon and that Fort Moultrie opened tier batteries upon the vessel, an* Fort Pumtor was pour log hot shot into Fort Moultrie and wen Id probably do ktroy it. 1 cannot vouch for the truth of tbe report, but give it for what it is worth. 11m anxiety of General Soott to-night to bear from tbe Star of tbe West 14*1* me to suppose that he fews what is reported to have taken place. Washwoto*, Jan. 0, 1M1. Cp to a late hour this evening the government had received do Intelligence from Charleaton. No despatches have bern received by any of the Southern Senator* or Members who are in communication with the people of Charleston, and it may be, aa is assorted, that the wire* are down. Such, however, is not the general belief. A gei.tVman who has Just arrived here states that the authorities have entire control of the telegraph, and will net permit despatches to be received or sent until they have been examined by an agent, who la designated as aergeant-at Arms. He states that there is a perfect despotism existing In Charleston. Great anxiety is manifested on all sides to learn nor Di ng respecting the steamer Star of the West. Tie Southern delegations who are In the secret* of the plans and purposes of the Charleston people have no doubt that tbe moment the vessel attempts to crom the bar and enter Uie channel she will be fired into, and If possible nnk. Tb?re is little doubt that the State authorities of Jfli slsappi, Alabama and other States are oontrouing go vrmment despatches, and this being the case, a govern mc>.' inspector ?honl<l be placed over the wires in this city to intercept treasonable despatches from this city t<> ?bo mi t h" are hatohiug treason in 8rv ihcrn Mates. The Navy Department were notified to-day that a des patch, which tiey had sent to renaacola, was Hopped in W^bllr T' neople r"fused to let It go any farther #f* atepty giving some instrections to the ?onunutcfer at that port. The government cannot ge* their despatches through any of tho Southern s'tates with any certainty. The House t<i da/ received the President's Message, probably the most impoi tant S'ate paper svor prescntou to any Congress uf the I'nltei States, and then promptly diKposed of it to a select committao, the chairman of which will be Mr. Howard, of Michigan, who was chair man cf the <?? \> bra ted Kansas Investigating Committee, k. th< rhirty-fourth On green The House then, without any undignified bluster, pro eemW to tho cons'deratlon of the Civil Appropriation hill, snd madeiousilerable progress. Tbo >?erst? offered an insult to the President by inoor prating with the correspond en 50 accompanying the Mes sage an insisting paper Ihis buttnc.<s accomplished the ^nate proceeded to kill the Pacific Railroad bill, and nearly completed the work when that body adjourned. Senator Baker put the attempted slaughter upon record rhe House Select Crisis Committee of Thirty three have adjourned until again called together by Mr. Corwtn, the (feairman, who is authorised in thepneantime to draw op ? report to the Rouse embracing the various proposition? adopted from time to time, aa reported hi th<> Bouiji. The principal proposition agreed upon by the committee, sad the one deemed of the greatest mp<rtanoe, is that submitted by Mr. Adams, of Itaneacbusetta, in favor ef the immediate admission of New Mexico aa a State, * constitution admitting or excluding slavery, as to?i , pie may, by a fair vote, decide. This report of Mr. twin's is first to be ,n?h milted to the committoe before It gxs to the Hot -c ?Sd it IS a <hk <tkm whether Uie onsnmltte* will sudor*, the mods w'tileh Mr. Corwio will reoemaMa* m submit ting tbe various propositions to tbe conc;Jerat)on cf tho House. Quite a number cf tending Ba'tlmoreaiur are here, and have cailed open the Secretary of War to day for the purpose cf dissuading bim from Bending rc nfureemcnts I to Fort MoHenry. Tbey assert that it will certainly leu 1 I to trouble, and may induce the people or a mob to seize ; tbe rort and prevent its rer-aitlng in the band* cf the United States. _ The letter of Secretary TCvompson to the 1 resident, tendcring'bis resignation, and the reply of the letter ic t.wlll be publi.hed tomorrow. It will appear from this correspondence thnt his resignation wm basod open the idea that his honor was compromised by the order for reinforcing Major Anderson at Tort ouiat r, coutr&ry to what he alleges was In distinct understanding in the Cabinet, and without his knowledge or assent. But it appears from the IYciident's reply tliat tbo sub ject of reinforcing Major Anderson at Fort f'umter was thoroughly discussed at a meetingof tbe Cabinet, in iho presence of Hr. Thompson, after the receipt of the ob jec .ionable : ter fr ni the Carolina Oommtesioneri. Thatl' ttei j- x'.uced great iudignat ion among Uiouiembrs of tbo Cabii t. Th? President re narked that ??rein forcements must now be sent." Judge Black said that after suih a U tter the Cabinet sboirtd be unanimous. The President, in his letter, says that ho heard nodis gent ng voice. So unmislakeable was his decision,thai the Secretaries of War and the Xavy proceeded to oxo cute it without another word from the President, who thought it highly probable that Major Anderson would be attacked after the Commissioners returned home. The misapprehension of Mr. Thompson appears to be shown by the recollect k>n of tlie four oldest of his c ?! icagms in the Cabinet ia regard to wnat occurred at tliat meeting. The l rcsident regrets tho mistake of tlw ie | crotary, and, not doubting that it was an honc.tin:s take, maintains that bo was mistaken notwithstanding. There seems to be a mistake or misapprehension some where. It is denied by gentlemen very intimately re kited to tbe administration that tho recruits to Fort Sum ter were ordered without the previous sanction of tho , President; and further, that tho subjoct was discussed in i the Cabinet, and that acting Secretary of n>ll, as well as gome other members of the Cabinet, clearly un derstood that It was tho wish of the President that tho recruits should at once bo sent. i The War Department is In possession or information that the Governor of South Carolina has forbidden tho United States Sub-Treasurer at Charlostou paying the drafts of the paymaster in favor of Major Anderson and his command j and the Sub Treasurer lws refused ac cordingly. ______ WASIIEOCTOlf, Jan. 9,1861. The greatest anxiety Is manifested hero to hoar from Charleston, upon tho supposition that the Star of Uk Went has gone thero and been attacked. The few is ox pressed by some that the Star of the West, should she attempt to enter the harbor of Charleston, cither tinder bogus or real orders, would be sunk by the guns from ! the outer point of Morris Island, planted thero since Ma jor Anderson removed to Fort Sumter; but the i coast survey map of Charleston harbor will show another channel, by wh.oh vessels cf light draft of water, as the Star or the West, con enter there harmlcfi ufthe Morris Island guns. But she would have to en counter the battery of Fort Moultrie, should the com mander of it Uare open a fire. It is doubted ir be wou>d hazard his own position by doing It, as the moment he assailed the star of tho ^ est he would be destroyed by shell from Fort Sumter. Besides, such action on tho part or the commander of Fort Moultrie would open tho war, and result in the total destruction or Charleston. This is the present appearance of things, the whole facc of whirh the first flash cf intelligence from Charleston ma} chango. A private despatch received hero Btates (hat tho stoam | sloop or v ar B'ooklyn was ordered from N'orrolk to ovor I haul the Star or the West, and provent her landing the I reinrorccmcuts and supplies at Fort Sumter. ? Captain linrtstein, of the navy, from South Carolina, to day resigned, and will, It is said, embark his fortunes with the peopl3 of the Palmetto .State. I Captain Kearney, of New Jersey, has written a letter ' recalling his letter or rerlguatlon, but It appears this was ?>?? er received at The Vavy Department. Jlr. May, Chairnin of the onto Cummittee on Com merce. ha? not yot called the oowmiKoe together, and has -ignifted no Intention of so. Ho can prevent ! act'on on He confirmation of th Charleston Collector as long as h?' pleases by refusii.g to convenc the committee StTcral <r the members aro anxious to dispose or it, and to have a decision ono way or the other. The Southern Senators aro determined to stave it off as Ion - as pes Bible. The Senate '"nance Committee 1- ? e had several meet ings, and "re making very little headway with the appro ; riution b.U* now bofore them There is a general dlsp >? sltioc amng tho Southern Senators to delay action upon all the appropriation bills until some seitlouient Is ar ranged Whether they will be abU to effect this remains j to be seen. It app?ars from a .iflci. i report that since April last the government has told to various parties twenty I fo- thousand muskets, altercirrom 0* it to percuss.^ 1? cks, at a cost or twenty two cetts apiece. The amount ' i caiized was WO,000. They are u'most worthless, and 1 were previously condemned by tho crdiu..nee officers fc I learn from a reepotmlble secession source that the Georgia rrtpston to Europe km to-day the subject of cod vernation and consultation among tbe loading men from the tobacco States, and km important result* wore arrived art. The cotton movement was accepted as a basis of co-operation on the part of Uio border slave States, to strengthen the foreign polhy of the .South. Whether Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky will declare tor free trade and direct taxation, |or secede, or remain neutral, 4s a question for the future. But the prominent men from three States seise with avidity this favorable opportunity of inducing foreign governments to relax the policy so lor.g maintain ed in regard to tobacco. So far as England Is concerned, her present duties upon tobacco block the way in tbe great free trade alliance with the entire South, embodied In Mr. Baylor's plan. Virginia especially has always been the friend of thane prmcipl-s of oomm rctal freedom which have aided so materially In supporting England In her effort" ? > -oak down Uio obsolete ideas of Europe. The rndic I hoe trade reform which lUe South now briuj forward, as the an tagonlem ef N ethero anti-M .very, If sustained by A irgrnia, tt'i t p. <ce an .umenae excitement at Mai. hesterand and it la b oved that. for so great a tr nmph as i * Mr. Onbdeo and his frionds will go for relieving the t i acco interest from tbe present, onerous duties levied by Great Br tain. It la reported be re upon what appears to be good Mi their I ty that a diet n<?itish*d aecess on "enator is pre parir g tbe outlines of a roprt or adtl. <*? on this sublet, to be . jomlUed for the approval of tb< Snuth<?rn HM s. The deapat:h in to lay s OsK4ir> of this nubject VMM a tremendous en it/front among Southern men, and a certain sensation in dtpk i . ?i Irclee. Tbia movement of the dlrsct tr* ;e party of Georgia solves the revenue question, r ' -r ar the Houta is conoerned; and, sup poited as it is by a solid majority In tho Georgia, Florida and Alabama <>>n vert ions, the matter will be pressed on with frmnese and deliberation. It appears that thin Important matter has been quietly organised at the South under cover of the political excitement, and is supported by a central asso ciattoo in Georgia, In coaoert with % an* oommlttee In I oach wmty in Sooth Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi. Tie loading editors |p those State* are in the league, and a ?pertal organ of the movement has been established at Macon. Th position of Kngland, nnder this pressors of oon dieting views, Is believed by tbe seoeaslonists to be pe cnliar. They believe shs must have cotton, rhe must piy for the cotton, she must pay in money or goods. To do without tbe cotton, tbe aecossloulsta nsaert, would produce a fominr in Lanoaahlre. To pay for her supply In specie won Id p-obably drain tbe Bank of England of every shilling in Its vaulte. To pay for the cotton In tmnnfactored goods, free of duty, nnder a ?ystem of di rect exchangee and reciprocal direct trade, presents a solution of the peril now hanging over I-ood m and Man nbeeter, which the British Minister here must of neces slty recognise. Tbis Georgia mov ,uent la admitted to be tbe moat practical measure produced by the South. Some of tbe leading republican* confrsa that It i? a shot between wind and water, and ti calculated to eompi. 4e tbelr Policy materially. Energ* Me measures are b ng made for tbe protection cf public property in and about tho city. Tho fo! owing baa been obtained from an official Hcai \ The excess of Poet Office Department expenditu' ofl ove. the .ucemc is thus given ? Maine $3^.634 68 Tennessee $lfl!,273 50 Vermont 21,036 61 Missouri 420,714 SI New J?-rwy lj i4?J *1 iUiuois 19l? 'ifO 41 jduryiaiid..f 10i*,136 dti Uhio 54?0,'Wil t?/ Virg.L.a '_ri,?,33? UO lnuuuuttt N7,W2 5.1 NorthOaroIma...[i:>>,S59 89 Arkansas .389,80S 14 South Uirolina... 140.10U ?7 Iowa 12^,788 26 Georgia 1C.i,744 23 California 7 7 4,'.'42 7o Florida I07il8 7H Oregon 34.M0 o'J haua !S2..f51 44 li:nu?iiOltt Sti.ui. 82 Mississippi *261 WO-I s<t New Mexico 1 ! > TVxus 57b,103 29 I lull l>i,149 0<> Kentucky W0.042 "28 Nebraska >3,70! Si Michigiu: 84 51.1 02 Washington Ter.. 37.449 47 Wisconsin 44.244) oi Kansas 4il,2oJ iU Louisiana 367,e.'3 14 ? Total $?'?,??"7 |M6 Tho excess of receipts over expenditure* is as fol lows:? Now Hampshire fl.tM4 87 IVnMy Waaia... $77,915 23 Massachusetts.. 182,126 13 Delaw.>r>' 14.019 87 Rhode Island... 26 111 iO Dial. Columbia.. ll,2?52 4J Connecticut.... 3.748 ?.? ? ? Now York 04,904 78 Total $#20,739 40 It may be remarked that the larger amount of foreign postage is collected in the-o States. H,/.f a million of dollar* .. o daily expected fr< tn New York by tbe Treaiury Deportment. Commander Maury sav* that tho Ion*? pa?tt?e of th I-evaiit docs not, in his judgment, jus'if'y tb*> supposition of her lose. He gives tue reasons for hi.-' belie". Senator Crittenden pa- o a it inner party at tho Nat:onal this evening to about thirty of his personal friends, among whom were I.ieut< nant General Scott, Judges Nel son, Campbell, Clifford and Catron, of the Supreme Bench, and several Senators and representatives of ail parties and prominent cit.c'rn of ^\<?hingu>n. Tbe brother of Major Ander?'>n, who has Just returned from a visit to Fort Sumter, waB a lso among the guest.-*. Mr. Anderson exprc so the o]>tnion that the Star of the Weet will tind causuIeraMe difficulty in entering the har - bor of Charleston. Gen. Scott mnnifrrted cot ^Ulerablo anxiety to hear if tho Star of the Vest bad arrived, and if the secessionists had fired into her. Senator Seward has hud a late diuner party at his resi dence to-night, at which many coii-ervativc men oi' all parties were present, and not a few that wero at Senator Crittenden's dinner. There was considerable excitement among the extremists, North and South, consequent upon tbe belief that tho two Senatorial dinner parties given by Crittendon and Seward are intended to sell them out. The subject has been discussed to-uigUt by th? strict Chicago platform republicans, and the result will l>o a stern resistance in the Senate and House against any compromise. Senator Seward has the floor for Saturday to apeak on the State of the Union. Owing to a typographical error in the Ust of yew* on the adoption of Mr. Adrain's resolution laudatory of Major Anderson, &c., the name of Mr. Jenkins, of Virginia, was printed instoad of that of Mr. Jeukin, of renn.?yl\f?uia. The former was not then In tbe city. THIRTY-SIXTH COKORBS8. BKCOND nrgSlON. Wasicvcton, Jan. 9,19*11. mUM P?*rtALfeKRMa WffTWWS H>* tKXKCISOO AKt> OUiNA. Mr. Skwarp, (rep.) of N. Y., presented the memorial of the New York Cliamber of Commerce, n?king the csiab lthbment of steam postal serves between Fan Francisco and China. Reftm-d to the fommittoo on l ost oflfcoa and PosfRoftds. KKMORJAt. FROM !flW v.m; <TfT o* CTLW Mr. Sr:w.\sn also presented a memorial, r 'no.l by the ra(tft prominent citizen or New York -ity, conc row* tie piesmt slate a*d future happiness of tuc Union. THE PRESIDENT S MES AGE. To TDK stoitr Hoce op Rwvswrrr titf U tho opening of your prepent 9e?si?n I called your at tendon to tho danger* ?blcli threatened tha cx .toncoof the Union. 1 ex pre .-?< >1 n / >.nn.yn freely cr.corning ' t or Ktnal enures of tl.osc ...uigcr., and rooommendod m; | men suree as I believed would have ihc effect of trawi'"! zing tho country?sb' "?? it from tV i> ri> in >t he bet., needle-*ly . nl m >Ht unf-rtni. Uiy tLiown. Those opinion" and r ^emmwlations I do tot propose t w to re]?at. Mv inn conviiuon up<>n tho whole tob ject rtninin unchanged. Th. fact that a Breat calamity was impending over the nation war even at that time, *knowkdrMbyever> tatelllg .t alien It had aires ; made Itself felt througho it tho lcn;rtb and br-*. of th" land The neervjiry con- -spi nc< of the a'xru. i. if pro duced were most deplor." ,c. Imports Mloff with a ru. ilty never known before, cr pt in time of war, in thoh* toryofour foreign con., rce. TheTroastiry ? unex pectedly left without m n.<,wbl.U .t hrl ms<>uab y counteo upon, to meet th* I?bUo e.? .mm* T.Mc was paralyzed, mannfact ires vcrc stopped, the be t rub lie securities suddenly sunk .n the umket, every species of property depreciated moro or lesn and thousands of poor men, who dependod upon their <Uily tabor for tliolr dully bread, wore turne-l out of employment I deeply regret that I am not able to give you any o fonnatlon upon U* ?tatc of tho Union which is more satisfactory th.u what I was tbon obliged to romrau nicate. On the contrary, matters are still worse at present thau they then were. When Congress met, a strong hope pervaded Uie whole public mind that somo amicable ad JUEtmrnt of the subject would be speedily mile by the representatives of the Slates, which mi3hi restore peace between tho conflicting sections of tho country. That hope has been diminished by every hour of delay, and as the prospect of a bloodied settlement fades away the public distress becomes more and more aggravated. As an evidence of this it Is only necessary to ?ay the Treasury notes authorised by the act of the 17th of December last were advertised according to law, and that no responsible bidder offered to take any con siderabl* sum at par at a lower rate of interest th-j twelve per cent. Krom these facta it appoars that, in a government or ganised like o irs, domestic strife, or even a well gronndod fear of civil hostilities, ta more destructive of our public and private Interests than the m<jst formidable foreign war. In my annuul Message I expressed the conviction, which I have long deliberately he Id, and wh ch ree tit re (lection has only tended to deepen and confirm, that no ^Ute baa the right by its own act to soeedo from the Vnlen, or throw off Its federal obligations it plea stir". 1 ?1kt declare my opinion te be that, evun if righ. ex Mted, and xbould be exercised by any Siata of the con e. deracy, the Ex?"' department of thi- rivornm^t t 11*1.1 ro authority undor the constitution to recognise it* \?lid:ty by a'km ,ledK, the tndependenoe of ieh State This left n s no alternative, asth" cb'^f exf?utlve 0flleer under the con iltutkm of the L'niteJ taUo. hvt to collect the puhln- revenues and protect the pub"c property, so far as this m'ght be prS' ' "able under ex ting taws. This Is el l my purpose. My province is to execute, not to make the laws, it belongs to Congress exclusively to re peal, modify, or enlarge their prov.s.ons to meet **. gencies as tbey may occur. I posses no dispensing power. I certainly had no right to make aggressive war upon any State, and I am perfectly satisfied that the con ?titution has wisely withheld thst power even from Vor gress. But the right aad tba duty to use military Or. e defensively, against those who resist the foderal offleen in the execution vf their legal fuiiCt 'jn itid ag-.ins*. th'i o who assail the property of tho federal (government, 1* clear and undeniable. But the dangerous and h stile atti tude of the Plate* towards each other baa already far transcended and cast into tho shade the 'ordinary execu live duties already provided for by law, and has swumed inch vent and alarming proportions as t? place lb" sub ject entirely above and beyond executive eontrd. The fact car,not be disguised that we are In tho midst of * great revolution. Therefore, I commend the question to Congress, as the only human tribunal under Providence poMw?sing the power to meet the exlstlrg emergency. TO them exclusively belongs the power to declarsfwir, or tofauthorla-the employ msntaf mUUory fwes ?? case* oonten>;daKU by tho ?rn??MaMn^. w d l'*y eV* posse!??be 1-owerta r-^m-c all tho fpekr might lead to war, am! to a?,^aro p<vuis and a.:)nc.nbi dlstrscted eons'ry- Oo atJ o? theni die the response fllty. H\-?Uolon ta a saorod tm*, W* hy our Revolutionary fathers for their deeceodaatt, anl never did any other people Inherit so rich a legacy. It ^ rendered us ? wrr The national flat; has floated in glory owr every ?. i under its shadow American c.tixons fount protiviaon and rospoct in all lauda bei.- ah (ho sun. It' we descend to considerations of purely material interest, when, in tho history of all t me, has a oOrfe mcj been bonml together b> such Btrung ties of mut. ? toresiv tOacli portion of it Is dependent upon oil, and a .ponmo| portion, for prosperity and domostio security. Free tra 11 throughout the whoio supplies tbo wants of one portion from the productions of another, and "oatters wealth everywhere. The Great planting and fai ;i:ng 4tates ro quiru the aid of the commerc ial und navigating States to 3end the.r to domc'tic and fore.'gn markets, and farnUh the natal power to render their transporta tion secure against al hostue attacks. Should the l uion perish in the midst of tbo present ox cltcmrnt, wo huvo already had a sad forttiw'e of th' uuiversal suffering which would result fr< in its destruc tion. Tbe a lam ity would be severe in every |iortion i the I nlon, and would be quite as grra*. t > my (be lea*; In the Southern as in thi. Northern state". I ho greatest aggravation of the ov I .ml thit which would plsco us in the most unfavorable 1 , both beforr the world and posterity, is, as I am firmly ? mvin:e! that the secession movement has been 'l.ietiy based upon misapprehension at tt.e South of the seot'ments of th> majority in several o:'the Northern States. Lotthequet he ane-vered from the polit.c.U anembiies to the bu.lot b< t, and the people th''mse?vos wmild L'reedHy redress the 8' rious grievances which the South havo Si tiered. Bi t, In Heaven's name, let the trial be made bof< re u plinge into an armed conflict upon the mero assu.r.p tlon that there is to otter alternative. T me is a great conservative power. I>et us pause at tbo mo mentous point, and afford the p-ople, both of the X'jrtb aud South, an opi>oi (.unity for retir t on Would that South Carolina hid bo n c...nviu > d of this truth before Lor precipitate action. I therefore appeal through you to the people of tho country to de clare in their might that the Union most aud sha.l be preserved by all constitutional ni'vas. I most earnestly recmniond that you devote yourselves to the question. how this can be accomplished in pence. All other ques tions, when compared with this, sink mto in-.ignifioance. Tho present i6 no time for pallia'ivee. Prompt action .s required. A dolay in Congress to prescribe or rooont mend a distinct and practical proposition for conciliation maydrivo us to a point from which it will be aUnos* impof ble to reeedc. A common ground on which conciliation and harmony may be produced is surely not unattainable. Tho proposition to compromise by letting the North have exclusive control of tbe territory above a certain line, and to give Southern Institutions protection below that line, ought to rooeive universal approbation. In itself, indeed, it may not be entirely satiaflwtory, but whon tho alternative Is between reasonable concession on both sides and destruction of the Union, it is an imputation on tbo patriotism of Con gress to assert that its members will hesitate a moment. Even now the danger is upon as. In several States which have not yet secoded the forts, arsenals and mngazines of tho United States have been seized. This is by far the most serious step which has been taken since the com mencement of the troubles. This public property has long boon left without gasrisons and troops for its protec tioo, because no person doubted its security under the flag of tbe country in any state of tho Union. Besidos our small army has scarcely been sufficient t? guard ou< remote frontiers against Indian' incursions. The sei/.ur<

of this property, from all appearances, hns been purely aggressive, aud not :n resistance to auy attempt to coerce a suie or States to rcm.1.11 in th, Union. At the beginning of these unhappy troubles I determined that no act of mine should increase the ex citeiiieiv. in either secti >u of the country. If the polit.cul i -inflict were to end in civil war it was my determined purpose not to commoneo it, nor to fttrm. h an excuse fir it by any act of tho government. My opinion remain" unchanged, that justioo ns well as sound policy requires us still to so le a peacofnl solution of the n iestlon? at Utuo between tbo North and tbe South. Entertaining tl.ia conviction 1 refraine<l cveu from sending reinforce ments to Major Anderson, who commanded the forts or Charleston harbor, until fin absolute necessity tor -o should inako itself apparent, lest it might be regarded tut a menace of military cwrofou, ?n<t thus furnish r. ] ivocation, or, at i?o;>t, it pretext for an outer Jcuntb I rt ?f ft ?tu Qbsellna. No necessity for tbcM rein for en<?n?s secmod to exist. I was assured by d;rfiiii gi'isUed upright g 'ntlemm of Smith Carolina that no at tack on J.:,.or Anderson was intended, but thut, on tlie ?ontrary, it was tho desire of the Ptate authorities, a? much rs it was my own, to avcld tbo fatal eonsoqu noes which must event JiUy follow a military co! n And b"TO I deem it proper to submit for your iiuormatlon r op lea of a ooamoaleatioa dated Dooember 29,1860, ad dressed to me by R. W. llarnwell, J. U. Adams and James L. Orr, Commissioner t of South Carolina, with tho aocom panylng document*, and copies of my answer thereto, dated December 31. In further explanation of Major An doreoc's removal fr n Fort Mou'trio to Fort Sumter, it m proper to state that after my answer to tho South Carolina Commissioners the War Department received ? letter from gallant officer ,dated December 27, Vw), tbe day after his movement, from which tbu following is an extract:? I wttl nld w my opinion that many thing* convinced me that Ui* authorities of the Ht-ate rtosirafvi to procoo.1 to a hostile act (evidently referring to the orders dated Scomber 11, of the lat<- Saoretary of War). Under thin Impression I could not hesitate that It whs my solemn duty to move my command from a fort, which we could not probably havo held longer than forty eight or s.xty hnnrs, to this on<\ whore rr.y power of r?rv;Unco is in crratted to a very great degree. It will be recollected that the conclud.og part of the order wee in the folio* .ng words ? Ihf smallnese of your force will not permit you, per ha) t to occupv Ml than 'me of Ike thp'o Mk b'.i an attack on, or attempt to tako possession of, either one of them, will bo regarded an an act of hostility, and you may then put your command into either of them which you may doom most proper to airrcaae its power of re Bktance. Yon ate also auttiorlie<l to tako similar do fmsive Htepn whenever you have tang; '.o evidenoe of a design u. proceed to an hostile act. It is aaid that serious apprehensions we to eomi ex tent enteitainod, In which I do not share, that the peace of this District may be disturVd before the 4th of March next. To any event it will be my duty to preserve It, M this duty shall be performed. In conclusion, It may be permitted to me to remark that T have often warned my countrymen of the dangers which now surround u?. This may be the U*t time I ?hall refer to the subject officially. I feel that my doty has been faithfully, though it may be Imperfectly, per fcrir.ed, and whatever tho remilt may b? I shall carry to my grave the coMciousntao that I ?t least moant well for my country. J A UBS BUCHANAN. Wa.mhooto!* Omr, Jan. ?, 1841. Kr. v>nn get the C< or to express his views on the President's Message Mr. Hnrrr.e, (opp.) of Va aaked that the resolution* offered by him be u a ie the *i? clal order for Ftxlay. ^jrrtd to. Mr. Yn .r, (r*?\) of i "*?'nUsd a bil> tr> fljnet the presett dlfflcii'ti<j?<>'-1>' ? l tbo-lai ?, wu b was ordered to be printed. Mr Pumi i, (opp ) ? 1a. . pr^:?rte! a f solution of In qulry; TlJit the Pre*.lent Ibf rm 'ho S-.nate whether John B. Hoyl at present Ms the office of -Vcretary of War, If not who tula the olii e, and if tho appoint ment of acting or provisional Secretary baa been made, and when and by what authority it wan in<4 <; and why the fact of such appointment wan not oommumcated to the Senate* I Aid over. Mr. Clam (rap } of N. H , presented resolutions, which he said he Amtd ofter ns an amendment to the reeoli tions of the fV-nator from Kentucky (Mr. Crittenden) when It came up, as follows:? Resolved, That th- prWMen* of the oonstltntlnr. are ample for the preser^atl' he I'nlon and th-- protection of all the material i#( r. t ' the oouniry'. that It needs to t>e oheyd rather than am n *ed; and an r urination from our pre ?nni illfllcultles l? to be n kad far In strenuous effort - to pre serve ?nd protect the pub ic property and enfor<-e the laws rather than In new guarantor* for particular Interests or cotc promises or rcnresslons to unn-aaonahlr demands. Resolved, That ail attempts to dissolve the t'nlon, or over Uri? w the constitution, with tlie exportation of constructing It anew, are dangerous and illusory, and, In the opinion of the Fenate, no reconstruction Is practicable, and, therefore, to the iratnteuanee of the existing union and constitution should be directed kli the energies of the government. The resolutions wore ordered to be printed. Mr. Rv tJtn, (opp ) of Pa , presented sixty-Lvo memo r J- of otti/ens of Pennsylvania, asking that the C 'iUro 4cri - *o?ctims be mbmitted to tho no opto *' ? HssrA-?n rnlled Pr?r the r*"M?R cfr tba Pr?"tJen4'? * and It was read. Mr EMMM, (< pp ) of Miss., called for ib? nadiug of the Trn i?ring jmiiere. frMoorr->epoTi'ience with the South Carol?u Oommia <wun. already published | ?r. iuns, (d?m.) of Miss., said- At this time, when the whole country was look'.ng anxiously to Hmte Chro Una, and especially to the port of Charleston, the ex CitMHBt WW JMtMlfed by the srrlvai of Commiaa?oa?r? ti?re from Sontb QwoMn*, wth to offer to inaka p.v negotiation, and to adjust tho difficult!'.* b't*cea Sou 'i &relmaand the United suui. The high' tor >t these Commissioners, which was well itur *u-csjw i.l , one of them was known to tboee who huve Bert*t In th r Senate for many years for h;s urbanity and Chi'iHtuoity iq all * relatiumi of life? guv u as surances thiit this negotiation might be potwn able, and ga\e reason to hope they might bo sue ceesfui. They wore, however. suddenly terminatod.and the rumor wont forth that u> thwithsuinding the h.,h character ot tli> so gentlemen, thoy had violated ill the amenities of lif.-, and ha.I insulted the President, uud the Tact was known evoryuher ? that the OammiSBianerfl bad r< tired from Washington, and tho u<g..t.atiou were abruptly terminated. The i-rcsident, in nl? Mes Hugo here, docs not even allude t0 tho ca*o o! the failure Of thes<' negotiations, and does n,,i cvn tell ud that tho CbaMnlBS loners have guio hume. He stop-; with tho letter which ho sent to thorn, and which I inuBt say, with all respect to the high otllce which he lioldB, was wanting m fairness, and was a perversion of the arguments wbich they had presented. They replied to himand exposed tho uuiairress of his treatment of the facts which they stated, certainly In a manner asost uncomfortable to him,anihe returned their letter as one which he could ni t receive,and in his communication to in ho does not even permit us to knew thai thesoOota nitfigieMra had attempted to reply to the propositions he had taken. But. w oh this great mia?tateiu' nt of tun j)?fN-r to them, he n> mis thai peno? to tho world with out even a refererc to the (\ct that he waa answered. ! have an authentic copy of their answer, and 1 Bund it to the desk that it may be read. Mr. KiV'', (rep.) o! N. Y.,saiti the Senator talks of the high character oi the Commissioners. Benedict Ar nold and taron Bnrr once also had higb characters. Mr. I"1 's (interrupting)?The .Senator from New York onoe ocfupied a higher no-'ition^than bo does now. 1 call the ^-na'cr so order. Mr. K.v?Thete mot wore here with a 11eni-onable pr.rpoe*. Mr. |Ia v ?l call the Senator to order. T sent a paper to tie road. s,r. Mr. k \< ?I call the "senator to ordoi. 1 'eject to tho reading of tho paper. Mr. Davik? If th" nator lias the meanness to object, let it cost* b,t k. Mr. Kino sa:d he objected to the rstdirg. He did not want to hear th< ivipeia read. Along dm -ossion ensuod on a po'ut of order, and tho aye**nd noaa were called on the decision of 'ho Cliair that the pa|>er was understood to be part of tho Senate pam-n'. Mr. Kisc said lie objected to the reception rf tho pi per. as he suppoM-d it was to supply a defect in tho Presi dent's Mestag' . Mr. Davw explained that ho sent tho paper simply to to be read as part of his remarks, consequently ho wan much surprised to hour tho objection: but if tho Senato i hose to tak" tho paper as a paper of his own he had no objection. As tho Senate had taken chargo of it he wanted them to dispose of it. Mr. Kcti. said he simply objected to tho reception. As he supposed it was intended to supply a defect in the Message, and thought it would be a rebuke to the Presi dent, ne was willing. The Senator read the p iper, but ne was not willing to disapprove the action of tho Pre sident in saying nothing of that letter. The decision of the Chair was sustained?ayes 31, roes 19. Tho ayes and noes were called on reading the paper. Ayes 3?, noes 13. The last letter of the Commissioners was then read. It has already been published. Mr. Davis?A very long episode has boon introduced into the remarks which I proposed to make, and It has changed the concl'isiotis to which I would hive arrived. I feel now. even more than before, pity for the Chief Ex ecutive of the United States. The proposition was made here to read a paper as a part of my remarks, when tho Senator from New York took upon himself tho duty of pro tecting the Executive. Fallen indeed is that Executive, who so lately was borne into the high ottlce which he holds upon the shoulders of the democracy of tho land, when he coincs down to depend upon the Souator from Now York for protect km. I well know that new converts are seal mis, and to that cxces of zeal I am willing to attribute that discourtesy to which I mado reply itm morning. But I n-k. while the pouee of tho country wa.-: at stak", when all men who lovod the government wht< h we iti heritedt'rom our fathers looked anxiously for peace, why did not thia paper, harsh in eonte of its terms ( admit, change the purposes ot' tho President? Why did bo not then c.ill upon ' h< m for tho mw by which peace could bo restored? Thus ho w'ould have initiated a measure w hich might have led to auspicious results, and might have turned civil war away. Then we /h.>uld not havo rtood waiting hourly, an we do t < day, for what 'he tele graj ay bring us to dc< ? ?? w ?' T wo or "> have p. ee ' i war. In the time I Ua* e occupmd h .0 to * ? f havo verified the proverb hat our ctrscssomo tim s prove blessing*. What f intended to have reat* and 'i. Tporated in my remarks, the Senator li is placed ir e t*> l ion it would never have f< ?? d, nnd In: Vroui'ht. .tout to the broad lightot the .^enau. journals. Air. Itavis yielded to a mot <n to jMjsipone. Mr. CHirnsMtKN, <,ojip.) of Ky., movel that his resolu tions to submit amendments of the i jl -.tltution to tho l>C'ip;e bo taker, up. Mr. Clark said he wished to amend by sub titutlng tho resolution ho had ott'ere I. "'r. Wii.'ok, (rep.) of Ma. s., tnovod to postpone it t V * iV TrOT7. Mr. Pri*. Cop;i ) of Ohio, th -j,'it it i ctte. d< '1 vjestioo at mice. Mr. IIioikr spok* in favor of ding e n'solut now. jlo thought they had neglected *tiou too loug l?e thought there wan political p ..?? .?? nough hore to save *he country. It was never ujv laic to sti tifgle for tho VniOL. Mr. 0ArifWKT, (0] p.) rf Pel., made an ippeal for a vote now, that the country might know If thero wns pa tri"t:sm enough here tc save tf ? jun'ry, by iheadopte>n of tl. resolutions. The re-olutlors wre then po't^Kiuod tl'l to morrow. Mr. Brows, (opji.) of Mii-s., presented tho petition of W. C. Jowitt, or Piko's I'eak, praving tl. it Congress au thoriie tho ele. tlon of delegates by the people to a con vention to form a new constitution, and providing for a new lYcsident and Congresnntn, tho as?nmptlon of na tional and State <'ebts, acknowledging the rights of pro perty of the South, and acknowledging our reliance a*i a nstion n the Alm.gbty Power lor tho p< ri>etiilty of tho Union and the prosperity, peace and happiness as a people. TtlF. 1'AtIHC RAiIR JAD Bill W.i ' taken up. Mr. Wnjintsnw. (rep.) of Minn., moved that the bill be referred to a stlect committee. Mr. Owe*, (opp.) of Oal., said he thought it would destroy the bill ir ft wero referred to a committee. Mr 5 a th km, fom>.). of Oal., entered his protest ugainst at > reference of the bill. Mr. IUcb, (opp.) of Minn., said that it was evident that the fri- nds of the bill intended to pa=H It without giving tho Northwest a fair show He moved Its indeilnate postponement. Mr. IUkkr, (rep.) of Oregon, seconded tho motion. Mr. Latham demanded tho ay?? and noes on the motion. Mr. Las*, (opp.) of Oregon, thought that this was not the time to |w*s such a bill. lie thought ft was hotter to say to the Stuth that their rights should be protected, lie <vMr. lone) did not believe that this railroad would restore peace. Aljouined. House of Representatives. Ju. 9,1S61. ?? rm-TT A5D THIS IW. Ijr. ftnurt?!?, (r? p.) of N. J., a* Veil leave to i re?rnt a memo rial of the itiaens of Princeton on the subject ol national aflkirs, costs, n In? practical sugg-'nttons. Mr. Bm^nr, (opp.) of Ky., obj'vted. Tlie Snuajut U.d before tho House a M'->aeai'* f' ",n tho President. Mr. lloWAim, (rep.) of Uich., moved that the M< saagc be referred to a special committee of five, with instruc tions to inquire whether u.y executive officers of tho United States have been or are now treating or holding commiiflication with ai.y person or persons for tho trans fer of form an<l other projierty; wh"ther any d mtnd for their surrender hM been m-do, and by whom, an I answer has b< n given; whether any officer r officers hav entered into any pkdge not to send reinforcements of troops to the harbor of Charleston, and :f so, when, whore, by whom and oawhat consideration'; wha her the Custom ifoisse, re-' Office and Arsenal at Ch. rter n have been seised, by wuom held in poeeea?ii</n. wh :th"r rnifmenoe cutter lias t en seixod,and wkolher M?HMrui u ?? been nvad' to receive I' I..e com in it tee ha.e pov r i .> send for petssM and papers, and report from Mine to t.i -e sn.h fac.s as may bo requr i t y the national bwn<<r, Ik. Mr. Uovwmm, (opp.) ?f Ala., raised tv<) point that such instruction* were again't the rules W. IIowai-D replied, and moved iu" previous question. In (Y.awfoud, 'opp 1 of Gn.. said litem wan no i-auM fur excitement. The; had paused bvyoud thit point. V' X ??There Is no excitement; w ire calm. Mr. OuwroRii continued?Men should be cool and understand the lino m which they are going. Ho inef fectually sought to oflr>r a substitute for ' resolution. Mr. (opp) of Va., desired to have the Pre?l d ut'i Message considered in the Committee of the Whole on 'be gtate of the I'nion. Mr. Prniw, (opp.) of Mo., remarked that the Preel dent mfoims inem they were in the mhUt of a re vol u tion, inviting the adoption of such measures as may avert Civil war. The President appeals to I jgress to make an elTbrt to restore the fraternal relations which ought to exist. The recommendation made by the President is entitled to the respe< t of the AmAMffi people; but the relation, landing, instead of propndBft a reme<ly. look to a spe< ml committee to indict SSOtebody. He would vote against the resolution, as it did not meet the emer gency. Mr. Ftonxnr*, (opp.) of Pa , believing tho resolution productive of no Rood, opposed it. Mr. Hiu, (opp.) of <.a , s*ld the resolution was not based on a paciOc plan to adjust the ilitliculties. Mr. Mamti.v, (opp ) of Va, looked on the rssolutkm aa a Cre.brand to be tnrown Into the Cw mtry, which was already excited. Tti.; resolution psssed?yeas 1S3, nays 62?aa follows:? l'r^e~M?ssrs, Adams of Mass.. tdams of Ky., Adrlsn, AIdrkiK / lie*, Alley, Anderson of Ky., Ashley, Babbit', Tea; \ ? n, ftiilr, Hlaku, on,} ion, Rrl?gs Rrttow. Buf fing**. BartiMa-nSt rtnvrbarr, Hmterfl-ld, Cams belt, I an,, <1 rter-Oleineua, Oobarn. Joiin Cochrane, o?fl fsx, ? 1 "b f?jMa, Davis of Ird., Dawse, DoUnd, Du sBjjB-r I ?er-Vn, Rdward. Kbot, E.\ KtherMge, Paras worth, I r l n,fn ,-rWsster, Fmtke, Frvneli, dllm-*, ?ooeh f re , Qwrtey I'.Isl Ball, Hamilton, ll.tskln, H*l milk, Hick "nan, 1,1., I |i .'Taa, Howar.1 of Qtfr, ll'vrard of Mleb , H iphrej, I.I, i| (?vine, Minkln, KeUofu if Mleb . Kellogg c: |U, aenTon, KIN ife, Larr*l>ee, l.each ef Mteh , Lee, Logan, LoLgnctkt- I mnsls, Lore> y, Maslay, Marston SfeCicnaat, McKean. Mel ulfh', Mrl'ber on, Mlllwkr<l Mwlcomery, Mooitu ?d, Xorul , Mori.not' Morse, NH" ah, Ninon, Noell, OJiu, t'aJuiei, Perry, pettlt, fori r, 1'ottle* fc,dwin K. K< ynold*, John M. Kryuol'1 Hie, Hit**, Itolnrr cen of tt I., Kobiu->un of 111., Ro\ ran too, Jed^wtek,, Bow, Spauidlujf, fpin 'Union, Mteveu', Steward nf I'a . Htoken, Ktra'ion, '"'a, "l-ayer, fb'nk.:r, Ton., K>n?, Truin. Tilmble, \airi< .ur. Waldma, \V**h buru of Wis., W*?blu:ue of 111., W 'jiicr, W(Us, WiUcu, Wiudom, Wood, Woodruff. Nais?Mews. Andersen of Vn , nr, Bark, dale, Bar rett, liocook, Hotel.-r, Boo" ' b, Brown, iiurntiir. t'laikof Ma, Cloptou, Cot' I, Dejarnetie, Ilim miek, Mrnundwn, Knid'ah, - , Gurnet, Qartrell, Usrii man, liarrm of Vn , 11; :i tklBS, Hill, llnuil >11, tlufkm, Jodch, Kuekal, Ln.t!.? Leach of N. C., Leake, Love, M.iUury, Marttu of t biu, Marin of *'a Muynard. w..u..? \fir .... u ? ir.. u ?i.. Mr. lliYitAU), (opp.) or Tei.j., asked consent to oiler 4 resolution lhat the minority r ;ort might bo made from the QiiiinlttH of thirty-three. ilr. Himpjua.v, (opp. ) i'l Ark , called on the chairman to btato the tiutub'T of members attending (he meetings; whether there was any probability of making a report, and state such part Iculai s as would bo calculated to shod kmc light od the subject. Mr. HrK.v?.rr, (opj>.) of Ky., rakl he understood front the member from Arkansas "that %cre was no probability of agreeing. A number of fl? members represent 'g the slave t-utes-hud withdrawn from it. Wan it, th- j fore, politic or wise to routluue tho committe wi 11 there was no prospect th"y ever would report. 1 wanted to discharge them. No action was tak> ti on the resolution. THK MMCKILAKIOUS APPHi ll'RIATIOX Bti.r. The fTouso went into Committee of the Whole on tho State of the Union on tlio Ci\ il and Miscellaneous Appro prlation bill. Tho committee ro.'o without coining to a conclusion oa the bill. thk i:oVgRN*IC)rr ARSKVAIS. <>n n-otlon of Mr. Lkade, (opp.) of Va., the Select Oom mittoe on the President's Special Message wris in^tructod to inquiro whether any arrna have recently been ro mo\ed from Harper's Ferrr to Pittsburg, and ? if so, by whose authority and for what reasons? The resolution w is nnvndod so as to extend the inquiry as to the removal of arras from all the arsenals. Jtr. Mokhih, (rep.) of Pa., presented a memorial from citizens of Philadelphia (slgne I b> men of all parties) In favor of Mr. Crittenden's compromise. Referred to tho Committee of Thirty-three. Adjourned. SECESSION OP MISSISSIPPI FROM THB UNION. Jack ojr, Mtaa., Jan. 0,1801. The Convention has been u ? "cret session nearly all the morning. The ordinance for tho ma*o<Hatt secession of tho State has passed the Con ve vote of 84 to 16. Tho prominent places lu io? city are illuminated to* night, guns are being tired, and tircworks lot off In honor of the event. THE ALABAMA CONVENTION. Momtu'jmkky, Jau. 9,1M1. The Convention met at eleven A. M., and continued in secret session till twelve M., when tho doori were thrown open. Mr. Yanoey moved tho appoint me' f a standing com mittee of seven each, on printing, t-ju.' iient, and creden tials. Adopted. Mr. Bulger offered a preamble and resolutions, to tba purport that, as the antl-Bluvery agitation persisted til for years, and the late election or a l'reeldeut by the anti-slavery party, had rendered stive property Inse cure, that this Convention assembled considsr and de t? rrruio what the interests and hoi, nr of Alabama, demand. l'e.,olved, That separate State action would be unwiso and Impolitic en the part of this Convention, Kcsolved. Ihut A.'abmna should invite all the Southern Stat. 8 to a convention, to be held as early an practicable, which sboll consider and agree upon a statement of grlr\anccs, nnd the of oMalnlng redrew, whe ther in tin* I'nion or by ii?dej>endcncc out of it. Mr. Bulger asked their reference to tho committee oC thirteen raised yesterday, which wus done. Mr. UuWer oBtered a resolution, requesting the Governor to f\rulBh the convert' a Information as to the number of arms and their character and description prepared, and tho price for euch ascription, the amount of fundt) expended, and the expenses attending the same; how many are on lmnd and how distrlbu'.cd, and what ollttc arms are under his control. Mr. Ji'tnison moved to amend by revesting tho Gov 01 nor to conwnunitate how many companies <nr nold'cia have been offered and accepted by him, and for what orpoeee accepted. , Jr. Morgan thought the Information waa of a <5 ' at requires to be communicated in s?*cret gen/'on. Mr. Coleman moved still further to amend so that tho information be given only Ui b rut geesion. Acceptor. Mr. iuncey mo ,-ed uIho to amend by oakin^ informa tion in ro^rd to the amount of ordnance and ammuni tion owned by the State, what property belonging '.o th<] United states was within the State of Alabama, and what prow ,-ty was found at Mount Vernon and 1'urt Morgan A c ; ted Mr. Jam icon's resolution wis thus adopted. Mr. I biker offered a resolution that the State Treasurer bo request) d to rurnith Information in regard to tbe amount of money and other available assets in tbe troasu ry not other wise appropriated. Adopted Mr. Colemun offered the following resolution.? Resolved, Br ?he people of Alabama, t'int all power* of this State are hereby pledg. d to resist any'attempt on tho part of the grnsral government to coerce any of tba receding Males Mr. iJkvUs, of Madison, moved a roferenoe to Um com mittee of thirteen raised yesterday. Mr. Watts moved to refer It to the committee of fir* roised in secret session yesterday. Without any deci ion the Convention adjourned tlU to morrow morning at eleven j'clock THE FLORIDA bTATE CONVENTION. Tamjuumu, Jan. 3,1M1. The Convention met to day iu the Capitol at twalra o'clock. On motion, Oolonel John 0. Pelole, of Alachua county, was selected as temporary chairman, and Mr. B. 0. Br ingle, of tiadaden, was appointed temporary secre tary. The delegates then came forward, presented tholv cre dentials, and enrolled their names, aa follows;? >1 A<JHVA.| U?:l. J. C. Belote, o. T. Ward, J. U. Dawklna. John Beard KuvAan. W. 9. M. tjavis, Wm. B. Vales, G. W. Pr. Khlll. OAlHrHi WMTBI*, fed. Simeon J. Baker. J. 0. Vagahes, ciAr.e A. J. Urn, . lienry K. fleviar, gnrnu. *rc. E. P. Barring ton. A. J. T. Wnghl, uw* G. II. liuater, <Jcorge Holveatoa. James A. Newman. nana asd jionroi W. T. Gregory Asa Tift, . ita-tArm. Winer lJethel, B. Glazier Wm. I'lnckney. hamo? ouval. Jamea B. Owe>^, J. P. rianderaon, S. M. G. Osry, J. M. Daniel. William McUahasin. nwami. UWD. A. W. Nkholson, Joseph Krnwgao, Samuel H. Wrlgl.t. Janxa G. Omper. numun. mw ansa, ft. W. "pencor, IsaacC. ?wi, McQueen Mcintosh. J. J. I*a?b ??i?w. ??**?. A. K. Al'eson. TsafcC N. Rutlaod, 8. B. Stephens, Wm. V/oudru*. E. C. Love,. . . T. 0. Henry. James A. Derail v. * 1 _ utmic:. m iT* aoa* Joseph Thomas, lewis A. ftlaew K ***?; mm- uno ? _ ., B. W. Suioo. f; ?? m amjis iay?, Maihew HolanV. amaaoaoron. James Gattes, . Simon Tarman. D- ?? Lp,?? uoiai*. ? Richard D Jordan H lAomm. _ . j. I? o. Baker. frewaan & Irwin. m H Ai(|r*rn>*nt wUTOf, Admm John MitfIwii. J. A. (Miter, A. L. HoOMklli. Vimili. T. B lamar, Daniel IjUd, .?. P. Anderson, P*Vl41*?* T. M. Palmer, W. B. Dtlworth. ?1 rwli 0. Gain eg wm the member elected, bat ha dted Rlnee his election, and Clay haa no delegate at pnawil The total of delegatea la (IT. Some of the oM counties, now embraced In new ooafr tlea, aend delegatea without respect to the new tarrttorial organization, and hence the ambiguity which may appat* In the list of eountlea above enumerated. Cel. Pelote, on taking the chair aa the temporary pre siding otllcer of tbe Osaventma,said:? G?mjnnc( or nts Owvsfmow?We meet together under no ordla*' elrenmatanees The raptd spread of Korthern fanatic > s endangered oar liberties and iMtltutlOH, and th. < < oa of Abe Lincoln, a wily abolttlonlet. totha Presidentut the United SUtes. deetroya ail hope far tbe I future We have, therefore, been sent by the people ?t our State to devise kte beat means ft* our aaeur'Cf Their dearest Interest* are plaaed in our handa? I to ui'? ccmmHted a high trust?npooua r?eta a heavy rcoNTiNv& on dumtb ram |