Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 12, 1861 Page 2
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?ri>< e 1 went thfct, notwithstanding error* of Judgment, ?Mgligence of duly or nditlerence to any or oil ot thorn, ?few luigcr of history cannot poml to a single instance wberein I have failed to accomplish them in a full, la r ai>d satisfactory manner. At a native ol this city, on the call of my fe'tow cti aeoa, had my views been cement lal to what 1 m^lit deem JMrt, honorable and patriotic, I should have advised a reatiii'on, not only to tho Suith, but to all ibe States, of ? full, fair and constitutional rodro-n of all friavaucee ef which they ha'I a just right to com plain, on th?'; r<1 n Cifci.unnl of all opprMln or mutinous pmavvtiiijt itHted on the action of any state whatever, And * restoration to the . ha i ter articles of the conun iHtuu anything vf which they may have been dep.Tee.l Utroiu-h a vicious, unfair or latitudlnoua constr lotion .if that instrument, or a revision of the conetitutio i t-eif, which no ciosi Ij binds i< .get her myriads of tb? human family?seeking under it nil their rights, tn purs ill "f honor. welfare and happiness. Ae an important nation, we should bear in mind tliat, through ihe imferfeotion -or bun.an nature, uo combination, ereu o# the most fro. ".our.d and virtuous minds, can arrive at perfection; and U.at all difficulties and dancers oannot. In a lirst essiy in terming a code for the perpKmty and stability of ? b.<ud ?f f rational brotherhood and union, be foreseen asd pr<v Tided for in no extensive a community of powor* and ?ur own unfortunate experience may teach us in future that no compromise* w ill over prove to be a corrective tm wrong* done or meditated. 1 by v< ico Its, imllious for the rfdn w of Ju?t grievance#, but not one cent for imaginary ones. I have the honcr tube your obedient f>ervant and fellow townsman, CJIAIUE8 STEWART. THE lilWIU CAPITAL. INAl'CVRATION OF THE PRESIDENT FUSCT. TO TUB rOBLIC. Win rane the infli'.la of the District is not or^aniKdl, ai.d threats liave been made that the President eh ct shall * i be inaugurated in Washington, and lucre is reason, lUeit (ore, to apprehend that on the 4tli of March next ?ur city may be moue the menu of riot, violence ;u*l bkKftt. and whereas the undersigned behove* that the l?UM>r of the nation and our city demands that the 1'r M 4w>i elect should he inaugurated id the national metropo ?h, and that the young uen of Washington city are <le miiqiijkI not U> desert their homes in the hour ol danger. ?ul to maintain their ground and defend their families and their friends in the Uniou and on the side of the con stitution and the laws, Therefore tbe undersigned earnest'f invites all who ?oncur vrith h.oi in opinion, and who nre uoi now con ??< u d w tii Rome military ? orupany, to Join with him In terming a temporary military organization, with the view of preserving peace and order in our midft ou the 4th of Manh next, or whenever the emergency requires it. and tor Unit purpose lo unite with the volunteer cjmpani"s of ?ur city, which have, iu a spirit of gallantry aiul pairiot ?m wertl.j ol our iuntatftti, pledgi d themselves to the ?antic of iho (.'nion, the constitution and the laws. It Is proper to stale that I take this step after consultation with friends in whom I have tho greatest confidence. It w not uiy Ohio i to ii,t. ill i e with iny brother oil icers Of Um militia. The pro|K<s?d org iai7.ition is to be purely vMwiti'i'i for the purpose ahflwvMtalcd, iu which I am willing to serve in any capacity. 1 make the proposition, aot as one of the generals of irtiu militia, but as a citizen *f Wash 114'ton. who is prepurod t<J defend his home and fea honor at the peril el his life. ? >. >' EDWARD C. CARBIXGTOX. 1HK UNION REGIMENT OF WASHINGTON. ll'rom the Washington Star, Jan. 8. J Purtuant to a rjxll, there was a big meeting of the gwong men of the Third ward last night, at Tempttrance Hal), for the purpose of forming a volunteer military or MKiaatlon for the preservation of law and order in this ?ity, in view of the threats of mob invasion. The room was p&iked, jammed, and tbe enthusiasm uud excitement tip to fever beat. Had the Richmoud Ktufuit-n- man been present the imt would probably have leaked through his bair at nn early Htage of the proceedings that his "Mi nute Mu>" are not wanted in Washington, and will be A.ely to meet with ft warm reception should they poke the r noses across the long Uridge Mr tleorgoCochrane, a venerable, gray headed citizen, was caJJciI to tbe chair: Mr. H. B. Curtis was made Vice Pmtdcnt, nd W. H. Williams, ?<i , Secretary. Mr. Cociik vkk, on taking the chair, said they were met U> art for the good of the e.ity. without regard to political er sectional lteling. He had fo'iglit the liattles of his ?tuiBlry in m.d, said he, turning to the large Ame rican ting that draped the rear of the platform, ? I feel strongly inclined to those i-jiis and Ktrlpi#. ' (Ureal cheering ) He had been uuder them in every part of the w*rM, and trusted that he should uot live to see them Ml. (Cbeeip.) JYw-s 1< r Carrington," " Carrington,"' and that gentle man cum forward Major Carkimitox said that the crisis was now upon uf, mm) it was the duty of every brave and good citizen to ?mm t it with tlrmn'ess. (Cheers.) Tbey wore aware that throats have been made that our beautiful city shall be Invaded 1*1 tho 4th of March next by a mob. Kor one he was prepared to say that he would resist such anal kempt at the peril of his life. (Cheers upon ?becis. yells, "tigers," and cries of flood," *N?ood ') flireats had been made that Ibe I'rosi 4m.l eh ct should never bo inaugurateil in this city. en eld man In shrill treble, " Yes M shall.'') It has en flated that Chief Justice Tanej?old und feeble M be h, with one loot in the grave?has been heard to say that he mtended to discharge ins duty and ad mmwter the oath of oltice to the I'rcfident Heel if he bad to go to SpringtieM to doit. (Cheers.) l.-tus ioil Vau.' his patriotic example and do our duty. (A voice? "We'll do that!") Ia'I us see that Lincoln is inaugurated, like his pre leceesors, on the east front of ihe Ctpitol. itny attempt to resist his Inauguration would be nvl by young V ashin.-touitin- who were re.idy to shed their bloiMl to that end. (Vociferous cheers.) -lull it be FHtd tluit th" people of tliu l'nitcd States are afraid to Inaugurate their President- Sh?l! one little State, or tlf teeo States even, deny the I nited States this h gh and impor'ent privilege!' Tne period had arrived when every brave : nd good man of tlic icpnblic should appear iu un disguised colors. As for himself, he w.is !or the I ni.'U, Ibe ooLi-litulion and the fuilhltil execution of tbe laws M? knew "no North, no sou'h, no hast, no \\e?l," an I rmm zed i hi tu. en the |h ? -| \o-th and Him,ih ibe> were equally brave Md patrlotlo. (Oheers.) Be me.* boru on the soil of ihe Old fiomiiiiiu, and lo\ e I her as a son :cves the mother w ho ??>re him. Therefore he had addrt -sod the people of that State al various Mlnte late!v. urging them to n nuiin true to the I'mou be belli v ed the) would. Ilul, whatever others might do, hecutild I.,1.1 1.1.dor I,n !':ig hut the st.U' sjungle ! hrmuer C'BulIy," ' t.ood.") ">Iatlness rules the hour.'' Men ive t*'< ii hoard to curse our I'nion, have been seen to tear down Ihe alar -paunle 1 banner and iriftiiple It in tho dual. .Men have been h ird lo threaten tn Invade tins beaulilul i it> A w .ill ! 1 the Father ot His t' mntry, and ?ueta.iniig lb< ^iclnves or government, lie b id hereto pi em Tied jieace. but now be felt his Auglo-Saxon iKol m hia veins, and ho was ready to slriWe in de of our government and Hag (Cheers.) I'ro ?eedinf in the same animated vein, he said it w,ia iM bis purpose to interfere wdh any arrangement of the IMrW ct militia, but to strengthen It. He proposed to nune a volut.te?'r company in each w .ird?seven In ail?to ?arm a reg.meiii to be ? ailed the ??I nsm Regiment of Waahinglon,''whirli slinll ronstltule a |mrt of our mill Ury force in the Plstrlct of (Vilumbls, as do the other volunteer military companies of the city. We woul I then have/i trained hand of live tbouaaad men in the Meirict, i:,oi e reii.ihle than Ihrte limes thai number of raw militia. (??Bully," "Thu s so. ') tllve him tire thousund young Washington! ins, let him drill them for a ?toiilh, and he would pledge himself to whiplifteen tbou ?bhiI raw militia, come from what quirter rhey wjulit, even wi ie th. \ C lop -Od or the londett tire eaters (hat %Tfr strutted rtr b?'f"iwed. (Tempestuous appiaose I The B>le of Washington took no |wrl in |Kiliti<?, ami held **en tenor of their way, hut w* re prepared to light 1b defeccc of their families, home, eouutry and honor. Be then reid Ihe fol/awlag resolutions:? Whereas threats have b^en made tliat the l're?i lent ?lect shall not be inaugiirate l in Washington city and tre have reason, therefore, to apprehend that, on the ?th of March next our beloveil home may hemaileihe ?eene of riot, violence and blood and. whereas, we, the soung men of the rhlrd ward of iVaahington, be here tint the honor of the nation and our city demami that the President elect should be Innuguraled in the national me tropo'is, and arc determined not to deeert thepisiof ?r and duty, but to maintain our ground and def. nd 'men. our country, our rights and our honor, at the peril of onr llree; therefore. 1. Rieolved. That we. whaoe name? are hereto sub ?crlbed, do constitute a volunteer military company, for tbe purpose of preserving law and order In our midst, mad protecting our families and our friends against in |FT and insult by revolutionary and lawlem mobs, and that wc unite with similar coni|<aiiies that may be or Cl?ed In tbe other ward* of our city, the whole form a regiment to be known and d< -igii.ited as the ' I'uiou Jteitimoiit cf Washington " f. Rcnolved. That wo proceed mmediately to the elec tics ?r our con>i?nv offli ? rs. the n*k>l ollioer* to bo elei t?<l toy the rCL-imrtil arter It ha* b-en formed >? aforeaaid. 8. Rasolvsd. That wc adopt a* our uiitforiu ? jacket of Kentucky jean, :.n<1 a glazed c?|>. of the plaiueat and cbe?|H Ft material. 4. Benoived, That It i* the duty of the <dTlcpf* who inay tie elected to command un t<> commence imm<-dtale:\ h rr<V*T *y*t?*m of drilling, and to Impart to u* all the military infi'rmation they nan between tni* and the *th ?f Murth neit. 6. Resolved. That we mutually pledge to each "tber wir nacred h-1 or promptly and implicitly to obey ill tho lawful command* of our officer*, who may be elect -d by tiura> Wta, an aforesaid, and to realat to tl?e death wh>-ii ever it may bp r? ceaaary. any disturbance of tho public peace within the Umtrict of (Vdumbla. and every inUw rul im anion of o?r beloved city, from whatever aectioa ?f the country it tuav come lawyer J. ? MiO r<mt> objected to the uniform as too thko for th< t< .i*on lit? aidn'l want to teht in bia thirl tail (laughter ) ^ NMor Cxhnii.it.'* Mid that the uniform could be d? term IT) ed upon afterward*. The resolution* were thou adopted (,rorwi,e|rn. Ill "aye " and then commenced a lively niamuele to ward* the Secretary ? desk to ?tgi> the roll Th" crowd jpww TO dense, however, in this neighborhood that MMitlier plan wan hit np<>u. and aupplemetiiary paper* were circulated tliro?igli the room. and were a'^ned (?n Mk U>i? of hale or other folks l>a< ka It wan prevent!, ?anoumed that H'tw two hundred mgn.it uren lia.| al ready be>n received and it wan pro|me?d to adjourn to Mother night to obtain additional nignature*. Thin waa negatived. and the election of ofllasra km entered upon. Genera) .lame* t Ifcrnngton ?m* unanimously elect* I captain, and made hie acknowl'ilgmente in a *|>eecu >rf atlrrrg eloquence, in which be anid thnt it would acntn to fee eoBiewhat agmn*t the rulna of mllttarv atupiette ("or a general to a< wpt the office of captain, but that in this cue he ha<l Situated a? n private, mid he deeired no lilgii. mr of prouder title than to be their commander, (Ap prifetifc ) Jamen B !*he"croa* wa* then elected First l ieutoj int; JU-niy "? CurUa, Fec<?d do.. and I'. B. Ward, Third do. i'harlen Bishop waa elect'-d Itrderly .Sergeant, and ,I. Murphy, (ha* Matlock and Naiali Muart elected Secon I. Third aiid Fourth Sergeant* I homus .lohn*on elected Fn ?i|rn iindW R William*. Treasurer. A . ? mmIItee moatattng of Oiptain F. C Oirriiigton, Fir*t iMIeutl .lam<-? I'. shell. roe*. Hecond do. H. B. turtle. Th.rd do. II B Ward an-i Tre.murer W. B. Wl lutair wa* apjw.'iite?l to *"licit aubm rlptlonn from th* r 1 ?j r.* for the more efficient ofjpmi aul Ion of tbe corps. Ttr U^SM^ouriicd, i*it?r a jncct nj ?* the members of Ui? company for neil Monday B%h?, at (be tame place. MEETING OF THE NATIONAL VOLUNTEERS OF WASHINGTON CITY. (From the Constitution, Jan. 11.] IUJ.. -vwro tuni in v* ui .iuunw <? ?? TV?> Vi ujr nr. Boyle. F. A. Aiken. Esq., and i. Q- WfihiLguin, l>q .who lUrvduonl a preamble and resolutions, w U rh were adopted iuanMttt>us|jr with tiim?dom> applauoo. Tho organization n 'ii h tnost itoimshhy coodkiea, having already on itn old muster toll a'.one flvo hundred names. TIm Volunteersadjourned to ir>"?.a on Monday mgnt. at Burch's Mali, corner of D and Fourteenth Kreels. Wo subjoin 1*0 preamble and resolutions ulopted It..- National Volunteers of lb.; oily of Washington having met for the purpoeoef rotating and extending their existug military orgamzatW, formed in the mouth vj Stptenibur, I860, doom ft both a right **ud duty at tbis thee to declare to their fellow cit i<t"iis Hie principles which willsjoutrol their future miiou. no therefor? re ?* ?Ive as lo.lows:? ik1'. ltull we wai stAn'1 bj' *"tl defend tho South, ?o.l tnat under no circumktanoes will ho assume a |*?it>on of iMfunty to her interests or affiliatesritli a military or ganizatfou prompted *y a pnrtis. n pint to subserve the aims M the Mack republican party. ii. TVint the reign of terror a'ttempted to be ie ,ug i ated m our midst is n system-of tyranny which ca s lor ihe r <?~t i mphatlc rebuke. 3. lhat we will eid each other and all g--.. d c.i .^ens rgav.st abolition violence, insults and uttnekj upvn rn vaio property. 4. He will a. t, iu the event of tho withdrawal of Mary aid and \ irgmia 'rem tho 1'inot, iu such matoer as ?' '"ft secure ourselves and those .Suites from th< viis ot u lorcign and hostile government within and ?ear tbi-ir borders. VIRGINIA. OUE RIC HMOND CORRESPONDENCE. Richmond, Va., Jan. 4, 1861. Jmj < r'cnt Ldtir from Stnator M<uon?H? CoututU Sectt *""" a> "te f'fdy w.dj for E Uttny 1 Vroitr/t, and Suyj Tfiat Virginia-is Powrbss to Saet Ihr Union? Ih Lool.t I" //?< cm ru tienas the Only Remedy for tin .South, dc. The following is the concluding portion of a letter atl dre#te?l by the Hon. James M. Mason, United States Senator from Virgin.a, to a friend iu Winchester in this State't Hie election of an abolition Pres.dent by a sectional ii boll i ion party has necessarily compelled the Southern States to rely for their safety on themselves alone; and thuB wc Imve seen, in the exigency of the occasion, siaio alter Mate acting each for herself, and without concert, assembling in convention and preparing for defence. Congress has now been in session more than three weeks; full time and opportunity have been given for Jbc abolitionists to disclose their purposes, anil all here are satisfied that they mean (if not anticipated and pie vented) to carry their abolition measures into execution. Nothing can stay their hand but a tirrn and undivided front in the South. One State lias alr- mly separated from the linos. Alabama, Florida. Mississippi, I,mlsi..ua lexassnd Georgia will certainly follow within the next tnirty days, and probably iu the order named. In Jliis condition of thiugs Virginia c?in be neither neu tralnor jussive The tirst act of the legislature about . T6.! t0 c a ??nveniion, aud the lirst ^ ,k-?C.COvVenlion u> ri'sl,mo 1111 ?tie Fovereign powers ot the State by secession In fact the L'uion is already dissolved, and the only remaining question is. snail we ??> wi^v* >y"UllVU .Kuch a 1"e?tion none can doubt where \irgiuia will be found. Powerless to save the Union, Virginia may , by thus ar raying herself promptly in line wlih th("*te of her sis ter Mates wbo arc determined to vindie ate their own ho nor and safety, aid in reconstructing a I nion with oom piete and adequate safeguards agaiust future abolition a^re.-siwij'. 1 believe, further, that such prompt and decided action on her part, as the largest ami in-s-t pop,, Ions or the Klaveholding States, would prevnt anvia tempt at coercion and war, which would certainly bo tri'ii on a divMed South. * - ni^rl!T tb,V1,'tt'r wnldst constant Interruption; but it will suffice at lea^t to give my opinions as to what is bo lore us and how wc are tj mtct it. Yerv truiv j M ma-ON ' Tins dsy was kept a strict holiday iu Richmond. Busi MfS Wits generally suspended, and divine services had iir all our churches. The sermons of tho different clergy men were o*fcntially warlike-some of th.-m actually counseilmg w.ession and resistance to federal ugfrrseion. The Hev.Mr. Hoge, of the Second Presbyterian church bo.diy vindicated the policy oi resisiiince, while the Rev. Mr. Duncan, oi tho llroad street Methodist church not only counselled resistance, but expressed his readi ntss to lead an army himself if neoessary. Ibem> seuti menlstiro lair fiKicUnens of those proclaimed in the other churches. The paf?'rs in the interior of Virginia, that have heretofore tavored conservatism and delay in al lien. have this week come out for Immediate ?tecesaiou? seeing that ah hope of lonciliat.on had vanished. Ri<UMOjfl), Vs., Jan 8, 1861. int. o>itic!itm of tkr AUitama (XmmUsltmtn to thr |'iriiima /.'{/Mature ty Gortmcr Le>xUrr?.\ State Cvn +nlitm? ,V< mum of Viririnia Ortcin. dr., >(?:. Gtvirner I?tcber introduced today tu the General mbljr of Virginia the Hon. Arthur V. Hopkins and K. II. t;iluier, I ?q , Commiesk ncrs from Alabama, by trans milting to that body the credentials of these gentlemen, with tho following communication.? KxcctnvK Dkpartmk\i. Jan 7 istil (.ENTItUS* (V TTIK .-l.VATK AM. HolSI Or I*! Hi All* _! I have the honor to communicate herew ith tbecieden tials of the Hon. Arthur J". llo|>kins and K. W (i.lmer -qs.?, dist inguished citizens of Al tbama. duly appointed' by bis lacellenty the Governor of tb-u State Tom mis sloners to the sovereign Mate ol Virginia to consult and Mvisc with jou and the Kxacutive as to wtuU is be?tt> be done to protect our mutual interest and honor. CircumsUnces which have oci-urred. and evnts which are occurring daily, hiirronnd this morfrnttt with nu usual .merestand more than ordinary sisniAcanee and lpi|iorMc?. Iu t mes ol calamity aud pril, when the P' a?. of the nuUoii is disturbed, wh<n |*nic and d it tress prevail in ibe UnancUl, commercial, mercantile, agrteul tural, planting and manufacturing iuterests; when the laborer ?Ld art is. n, dismissed from employ m.-ut, are .u.d uim " w A ^nt- a"'1 w,u>" lhc Union is disrupted "'most in the throes of dlsMiiutkm, such consult*, proposed may result in devising wuie piactl cal and efficient means of relief from the evils now uiv.n ?ih, jtnl ihote that imp< nding over um. rv ^'"?tlon was propounded to Ur. Calho-in? **ave*lr ,'lil rnwer was, "The North hat only to will it to aocomplish it, u> do jugtioe by con cedu g to the South an equal right in the acquired terrl do l"'r <l"ty by c?using the stipulations rela the to her fugitive slave* to be faithfully fuliilled t .caise the agitation of the slavery question, Ac." This will cost be North no sacrifice of ber honor, he. dignity or her rights. 1 he South asks nothing more than her safety requires end she will be satisfied with nothing le?s The continued existence of the I nion. therefore, depends i pon the decision the North may make n.ese g. nt'emeu d.-slre to address the two housei of tUGeneraUAssembly, and 1 am sure it w.U hi youj pleasure to extend to them that courtesy. They are iiatiy?s of our beloved CommouwealUi. ?nd' now return to heri.1 th* honored represeataUyse of a s.i.tbcrn *,s ter state Give them a cordial welcome, tear them oslmlv. and weigh dispassionately the views they may pm'01- John uraict. Tlitolommunicatlon, with the credentialsaccom|?ny ing it. were ordered to be printed. The h|- sker of the House of Delegates to .lay appoint a committee of tiruen to bring ,n a bill provldtag for the .all of s convention *s instructed to do by a rsao Th'' applied far end obtained leave to sit during the session of ii>r bouse* ihey sccordingly retlr. d^ and in^, tton in bo r and a half returned w ith a bill duly prepared. They n, i-'i ' 5 tWkTW' r, porJ 11 ,,nl'1 ?" morrow, it f,,.-s i,-.'."ry M l,h',*rio<l ,or lhe assembling of the >tat? i onvenUoo, and the first Thurs.lav in the **me month t?H- the electi.? of delegHta to that body. There i i" a g. n. rn convi. i on amonv all paitie< ber- 'that Vir f'ellruarv ?Ul U'e l'?10U 00 tl" lMb 'T ,9tb "f The Senate to >!ay s<lopted, with hul on* it.-wilting voice?Alfred Caldwell, the black republican Senator from Wh<<elinp?the anti coercion resolutions which th# House adopted oti \ etterdsy. The extreme and d< n rantu'd tour uf thee reaoluiion* may l*> regarded ay a proper roll" * of the prevail! dk *cntimeut ol the Legixmture. And when It i? considered that Hiis the nan,, body that refused a year rno U> go into conference with South Carolina .n.d Mississippi, It- (recent ultra aud determined altitude may well be deemed significant and |K>rtcntons. Ihe tense of wrong which could to mclaiuorpboee 'tie rcntinient* and policy of this legislature munt indeed be acute and hitler. Member*, who last w inter shrank in honor from any policy remotely ?ani Honing or |K>intiuf( to dimitiioti, hp a font hern lonferem* wiv supi-osed to do, now Mkleutly sufiport thenioxt ultra measure. They are unqualified. nn< undttiooal ?r<winni?tf I doubt now -If any proposition can avail to change their purpose. The flute ha* evidently determined to Recede, come what may. The most ample military preparation* will be mad* to meet any emergency that'may follow the act of fececMOu 11 ib intimated that a sum of ton millions of dollar* will be appropriated Tor purposes of State do fence, the money to be raited on the principle of the French Credit Mob tiler, by the issue of bond* for and less.bearing interest and payable In tlftoeuor tw uatyjroara. The whole amount would l<e readily raiseo within the State by tfcla mean*, and even If each one's t-ltare waa l<*t forever. it would not bo seriously felt It it esll mated bv military men of high rank in our State, thai by the 4th of March. Virginia will have an effective lul htarv forco of 300,000 mar, tally armed and equipped. Cit.n n* who have purchased arms on their own account are not m< bided la Uu* eatImate Tlioae well informed In relation to the extent of private or Individual ariaa tm til put the number tbux provided for at not lew than 100.0W) more making the whole military strength of the Mate, no the 4th of Mtrch, about 400,?00. When the Old I Mi union I .\rouH d she generally manages affairs f<?r the crI*i* a* near perfection an it it poMlble to do it. Her movcmeui* are slow, but her deUrminatiiet whan she doe* move is irrss Stftib .-he sets in full view of ?'nse quei.cef, and her i>r? i?irHtioii? are . ommenturate with the necessity and ilemandt of the crista Hence she is MWlMMgurating.pan/iwm with lier?cu?e.on scheme, a system of enlarge military deface * Inch will prove ade<|0?te to ftfel any aggression. ^h- m evidently de termmed to show the North how futile would any at tempi tw coerae th? wouih or prevent teatttion I learn that (ki\ arnor Kloyd i* preparing a statement of fset* com ernlng the polity ol Mr. Buchanan tow. rd* the South, which he Intends publishng. It is fatigued as aa ' admonition to the South, and Will, I n ib rH.md embody Iome tevi Int on* which will give a lies mp'.l'e to tin secession movement in Virginia ;md the border ut. * J Mb /f>lOf IK\U tbiij CH'b.ny tkat IftEgUi K tot , Mt |.| the determined attitude of the Legislature, doema ',t un. nri essary lo speak. He thinks it better, nrob^y "let wolf enough alone." Ilia address whs irtended' lo Willi ence Virginia to recede, and that sbo sc m8 already ticti rmined. to that tbe distinguiahed Ser.utor's efforts ha\ e been eflectually forestalled by the v0iJntary action of i be legislature. Rrnmv, Va., Jan. 9; 1801. toe BiU Providing for a CWl qf a $t<ite Convention?divot KntKueintM in Virginia Upon the Protpnt of a Ifptrdy Htctttiun?l\t Wkiyi in OpimititM?lkc Petersburg CiA luimr of Cuttorn* has to Kenew Hit Seouritia, <fv . ,tv. Herewith you wiH find a copy of a bill "lo provide for electing member* of a Convention and to convene the Mine," reported this morning to the House of Delegates, by tbe Committee of Fifteen, which was appo.ntod on yesterday, in conformity with a resolution adopted ou Monday last. Tbe bill was ordered to a second reading, and amended by substituting the 4th of February lor tlie 7th. as the day of election. Tbe bill was not completed when the House adjourned. but it is almost certain that llib will be substituted for the 18th of February, us the time for the meeting of tho Convention. The bill reads as follows:? A BILL TO FROV1DF FOR EI.ECT1NU MEMBERS OF A CONVENTION, AND TO CONVENE THE 8AMK. 1 Be it enacted by tlie t.eneral Assembly, that it Shall be the duty of the oilicers who wore appointed to con duct elections for county officers in May tost, at the places established i<>r holding elections for members of the l.enerul Assembly, to open polls for electing delegates to a Convention, to consider and propose such measures as may be expedient lor this Oominonweaitb to adopt in tbe present crisis of Sua6 and national altars. Tbe said election >>L.tlI be held oh tbe 4th day of February, in the year of our 1-ord 1H61. 2. The Convention sljall consist of oue hundred and nfty-two members. lo be chosen for and by the several oountie* nnd cities of the Commonwealth, as prescribe! by tbe second section of tbe fourth article of the consti tution or Ibis State, for tbe election of members of the House of Delegates. The county or counlies which alter nately vote for delegates to the General Assembly under tbe suid article of tbe constitution, and whichal the nexteloc tien for delegates would be ouiitled to elect a delegate or delegates, shall elect tbe sumo number of members of the Convention, and in the same manner lliat they would be entitled to if the election were for members ol the next session of tlie General Assembly. 3. Any person may be elected a member of the Con vention who, at the time of electiou. bus attained the age of twenty live years, and is actually u citizen of this Commonwealth. 4. Tbe said election it hall !u all respects be conducted in the mode prescribed, and tho officers conducting the same shall be vested with the powers, perform the du ties and be liable to tbe penalties, prescribed by the code of Virginia for general ele<. tlous, except as herein pro vided. 6. Ihe polls shall remain open for one day only, and the rommifcSioneis superintending the said elec tion i-liall meet In their respective counties, corpora tions snd election districts on the second day from tbe commencement of the election, shall then com pare the polls and decide who is elected, uuil sh.ill make returns of the election, one of which they shall torthwith triiiiFnut by mail to the Governor; auother. with the poll books, shall bo delivered to the Clerk of the County or Corporation Court, to be tiled in his office, and another to the member or members elected to the said < on vention. 0. l'|Kin receiving the said returns the (iovernor shall issue a proclamation convening the members so chosen on Monday, tbe 11th of February next, who shall moot at the Capitol, iu the city of Kictiinoud, accordingly, aud pieceed to adopt such measures as they may deem expe dient for the welfare of the Commonwealth. 7. In the case of a contested election, tho same shall be governed in all rwpects by the existing laws iu regard to contested elections it the House of Delegates. h. In case of vacancies occurring previous to the meet mg of the Convention, the Governor shall issue writs to supply the same; and ut ter tho said meoting, tho writs Khali be issued by order of the Convention; and the elec tions under such writs shall bo conducted iu ull respects as tho elections herein before provided for. C. The said Convention shall be tho judge of its own privileges and elections, and tho members thereof shall nave, possess and enjoy, in the most full and ample man ner, all the privileges which members elected lo and at tending on the (joueral Assembly are entitle! to, aud moreover shall be allowed the same pay for travelling to, attending on and returning from the *u"i I Contention ants now nllowcd to members ol tbe Ceucral A.-sembly for liko services. 10. Ihe said Convention is hereby empowered to ap point such officer*, ami to make them such reasonable al lowances for their sorvii es as It shall deem proper, which several allowances shall be audited by the auditor of pub lic act ouuts, and paid by the treasurer of the Common wealth . out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. 11. lbe expenses incurred iu providing poll books, and in pro. uring writers to keep tbe same, shall be defrayed as heretofore in the elections of members of the General Assembly. !-'? 1 his act shall be in force irom its imssuge. 'llie enthusiasm with which the speccy action of tbe legislature is hailed here and elsewhere indicates how strong the s< cession sentiment is, and bow hopeless any ?'doit must uow be to avert disintegration. Die Legislii lure seems to have come hrro with its mind made up upon dial subject, and it only remained for that l*dy, in orcor to give the sentiment official forco, to go through the Lecestary fount. It was with difficulty, aud only af ter repeated threats to olear the gallerici, that the Speaker coil Id rest rain the loud applause wjth which everv s. cession kentiinent was b.tile,I in the House of Delegate's to-day. The galleries and lobbies were literally thronged during Ihe day, and the interest mauifi st< d iu tho pro c? edmgs exceeded anything of tho kiud ever icmombercd in Virginia. Men actually absent themselves from their bi.sini s* 'ii their zeal to watch Ihe progress of events iu both rouses, 'lbe desire to have mutters speedily aud timilly settled is almoet universal iu Virginia. Ifciubt an1 uncerlninty overshalow every interest, an 1 the sen ner the pull is removed the better, according to the istimates of our wisest aud beet men. War us a certainty would scum little less preferable than p?ace prolonged under the existing painful doubts mid uncertainties which eushroud everything. Hence there is.ioy at the prospect that Virginia's deb rinitiation to secede will give a defiuite chuiui ter to tlie conflict. The v,b jn< in the legislature manifest some show of opposition to the secession movement, but they sre over whelmed in the general seces-ion cry which nugs through the State and is so faithfully reflected in the legislature. Ibis opposition, however, does not seem to contemplate a deleat of the secession scheme n consists merel) in eitvrts to stave oil immediate ,.un and gain time for deliberation; but inasmuch as skiw progress would imply doubt as to Ihe policy ol the movement. and, perhaps, timidity, Ihe secesston rncmbors are unwilling to mar the moral prestige of their action by any such poli cy. Ihe show of oppi?ition, even in this form, is of a character so insigmticant as scarcely to invest it with a claim to the title of opposition. If my recollection of the action of the other Southern legislatures Iu the matter of a call for a convention be correct, it was markod by no guster degree of unanimity than seems to characterise Ihe proceedings of the Virginia legislature in the same connection. Judging by tbe prevailing sentiment in the State, th< same unanimity and promptness of action will animate the Convention m consummating the tinal act ol secession. The securities nf Mr. Timothy Klves, Collector of Cm Urns at the |ort of Petersburg, In this State, liavo ad dressed a letter to the Soorctarv of the Treasury inform ing him tluit. in view of the fnct that the Cmon Is now dissolved, they would no longer continue responsible in this rapacity Whether the Secretary will absolve them from this responsibility remains to be seen. Secesston being the order of the day, however, these gentlemen will probably not hesitate to secede from this obligation, trusting to the imminent probability that, sveu if a suit should become necessary. no law of the I'ntied Stales will avail m Virginia arter the 4th of March next. Tlits city was considerably excited to day bv a rumor that Governor I etcher addressed a despatch to Mr Bu chanan demanding to knew whether he hod sent or in tended to send through Virginia territory to Harper s Ferry a military force to garrison Ihe I ailed States Arse nal at that place. The report had It that the (Governor gave two hours for a reply, and It was even rumored that the Kiist regiment of Virginia volunteers were ordered lo be iti readiness to march upon )larp<r's Ferry to morrow snd squelch Ihe garrison now stationed there. on in quiry. however, the rumor was ascertained to lie without foundation. This, of course, led to considerable lis.?p polntment among our chivalrous m iliary youths, who are now [?inting Tor a brush with Code Sam's cohorts. | An f flort was mado in the House of IV legates to >..,y to have ihe question, ? Whether a convention should be called?'' submitted to a vote of the |**>p|e The effort failed, however, and nothing remains now but to piuw the bill, which will be dene to morrow, and hold (he election tor which it provides. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. PTATR MILITARY AFFAIRS. Tlie Richmond /i.'jnfrh. in an article on military af ( fair*, alter romlt tnu.ng the conduct of Major Andcr*i>n, make* the folic* tug suggestion to the authorities of Vir ginia? V*c have do doubt that .South Carolina i* m ? itrneat.and being *o. the heal thing she can do la to select the moat skillul and experienced among the "Ulcer* of the Coiled Hat'* Army, who hart' resigned or are about (o re* gn, and make him ren?rali**imo. and let him control all the military mi V'rn< iiif If any naval force is employed, however unall, it ought to he placed under strict naval discipline. Ho, at*lea?t, it seom? to u? o>it?ni<>r*. MUI tarv mid naval wienie m net learned in a da\ n?r .ire lirriil general* iii*nufai tured out of milita men It vfceuld he little belter than murdi r in lb" Ur*t degree to ?i lid tiw|? ti i >ht a field baltb iinder m.lilia (.etieraJn. In guerilla wartare and will work* of cotton hag*, whit h will probably I*- the pru < i*l mode ct lighting in a war between the two t< tinn- imlilia general* will *1.? very well, with th- adv re of wrne ed'n*ted ?nj wi40 ha* graduated at Wcet H"i?l Itut in any grmt oj? ra tions re?|iiir eg other qual t < >? K< -<l?w mere bravery, the people l,a\ e a r kI? > I" u*niai?il tt^t tl?e> rhall be led by educated and eiitiflc. ? fl.n r> |*t mil tar , matter he left to military men. ilie /'I>/?U. /> i 1,1 l id' I- i? ait ? e ** .!???.? V, . _ It I* one of the favorite en Intel loaa of tie enemy that Southern men w ill not be willing ui enl.ct in the rank and llle, that every man with a clean an rt w ,1 want to he an offiwr. and that few will he inclined u< aubnnt to the rigor ol griiliUry discipline VSe eee nnUung of lh.? di*|>o?i. lion. lMiW?v?r, among the brave gentlemen who now ewell the ranks of the tKmili Carolina voUI.ery We take It for granted that men of the big heat aoeial pretciunon* in the *>utb will not be backward to volunteer m the ranks, a* the bigheM nohlea and geutloincn of Kngland did en the apprebeneion ol a trench invasion The rank* Of the cltiaen soldier*. rai??d to defend tlnglaiul, are full to overflowing ol tlie proud eel aristocrat y of the land, ?ometime* whole < empanie* being mainly competed of lutke*. t'arl* and Baron*. Moreover, In the organisation of a Xni thern army we ehall. if we are wme, adopt Hie *v*t<m of trance the most military nation In the world, in whirb every aokiier is iomkIim a gcutleruan. an<i wl.ei i ff ilutv ?* n.urh ? ntitled locourtcoua recognition tu'tii his i Ra er us if heth wer^ civilian* and in every caw U?ep the d< i>r of promotMMl to the highest rank open 1o the' >imhii*1 private Beginning i glil enforcing the -.i.vHtt r .lit*ij disc p iWj j?l d.?card.ng lit tiarched pipe-clay anlKjuaUd formalities aud rigors of Ibe BnglUb army system; modelling ourselves upon th?progressive, elastic and energetic Freuch; having ea< h department, regular, mitit 3, none dofeudersaiid coast guards, perft ct in their special and peculiar upbore, we ought certainly to be able, in ibo event of Invasion, to nuke such a defence or Southern soil u-4 will do juolico to the Southern blood of the AmerioeB Revolution, aud bequeath a heritage of security find rt now a to oar posterity. RIF1.KD CANNON FOR TUB 8TATB. llie Rii binouu ktuftiiitr of Jun. 4, says:?" Iu addi tion to ibe other arm* purchased for the defence of the Stute, twenty three rilled six pounder gun* have been purchased. 1*C bowitser battery in this city bavo one tilled pieco in addition to live smoolh-boreguns. It hay ing been found tlial Uio battery, when brought here firott \Yashing*>u. vsw mounted in u manner unserviceable for otber tban ^upl?aid and Iniat operatiou, they were aeut to the Armory here, where they have been newly mount cd, fo that each gun ran be drawn by hand or by horse, "llie workmanship of the alteration is excellent, and does much < i edit to the aitisuns iu the Armory. Tbe car riage* are painteu red, and handsomely relieved with black moulding. The hattery will be on tlie Citadel square on the eighth install'., and the ccmpauy will give an exhibition of their drill before the members of the Legislature." T1IK (iARKISONINO OF FORT WASHINGTON. The Alexandria 0auUe of the 7th inst. says much ex citement was created in that city on Saturday night from the government ordering a garrison to Fort Washington, a few miles below Alexandria, which for several years his been unoccupied. Colonel Stuart, of tbe 175tli regiment, immediately in formed Governor Letcher that a body of federal troops bod passed through the jurisdiction of Virginia for tbe purpose indicated. Fort Washington is a bastioned work, inaccessible to efca aile in t hay-ear, and protected trom assault in front by a ditch wrnch Is commanded in all its parts by flank tires of grape and cannlster. The greater part, if not all of its armament, is understood to be at the work, and most of it is in position for ready service, and the maga zine Is also understood to be amply supplied with all the munitions necessary for its greatest etlleiency. TAS^AUE OF t'NITED STATES TBOOP8 TO BARPER'S KBKRY. The Baltimore .Si/? of the 8th inst. says?Yesterday afternoon a dcta-.hment of sixty-two l'uited states troops (artillery men) arrived in this city over the Northern Central Railroad, Irom Carlisle Barracks, I'a. They were iu charge of I.leut. R. Jones,-and carried subree only. The troops were ignorant of their destination until they reached this city, when their oommandor received or ders to proceed to Harper's Ferry, Va., whither they go, it is understood, to guard the arsenal and other govern ment works at that place. The troops Ml in the four O'clock Western train for that point. Another squad of marines came from Philadelphia on Sunday, aud went on to Washington the same day. (it'ARD AT HARPKK'S FERRY. The Virginia h'rre t'i ruof Thursday states that the Ar mory Guard, the Floyd Guard and Floyd Rilles were or dered on duty on the day previous at Harper's Ferry, in obedience to a despatch received therefrom Washington, requiring them todo so. They were marched into the armory yard, awaiting any orders which might be sent theni. THE CENTRAL CONFEDERACY. [From the Richmond Kn<|uirer,Jftti. 2.] The Senators and representatives from the border States have all (with the except ion t it Is said, of Senator Pearoe. of Maryland) signed a call for the Convention to be held at Raltimore in February. Many thiuk that this is the initiative step towards the formation of a ccntral confederacy, as tbe easiest way for reconstructing this government. The constitution, amended to suit the South, can be adopted, and tbe entire machinery of go vernment can go on. Seeding States can be admitted as they come forward, and the New Fnglanders can come in or r< main out. INSUBORDINATION A MONO 0I.AVF8. [From tbe Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 3-] Puij^ry rumors weie rife iu this city yesterday, to the effect that the '-irrepressible conflict" had begun in ear nest on the south side of James river, in the ancient town of Manchester. Among the rumored on dilt, one was to the efleel that some of tbe negroes of that place bad been discovered in a plot to burn down Mayo's bridge last night, and by so doing, prevent all succor from Rich mond, w hile tbe insurrectionists would at leisure destroy the bouses and murder the inhabitants. Madame Rumor also averted that the supposed plot liad been nipped in tbe bud by a timely disclosure on the part of one of the gang and the arrest of the implicated parties. On repair ing to Manchester about a o'clock on yesterday, wc saw no signs of trepidation ameng the Inhabitants, nor could a verification of the assertions of Madame Rumor, in ros jiect to the destruction of Mayo's bridge, &c., be had froni any of them. At the town hall the examination of a lot of negroes was progressing before Justice Spencer Hancock, they having been urrested that morning by constable II A Mood} on a uurrant issued by Justice J. Hobbs, on the oath of Mr. James B. Vaughan, who stated therein thit he had good reason to believe that George Howlott, Wilson Howtett. Peter Howlett, Becky Hewlett, Sarah Howlett, Margaret Howlett, (free) Martin, Jim Woribain, Philip Randall, Warner Clarke, Luna Rhodes, aud Robertson Shttter (slaves), did on the ulgbt of Thurs day. December 27, meet at the kitchen of said James B. Vaughn, and did, then and there, talk of and make ar rangemeuts for an insurrection against the white inhabi tants ol the county ot Chesterfield. Philip Kandtll. an fid negro owned bv Mr. Wm. Gray, appeared to be most deeply implicated in the use of In cendlary expressions. Fanrv Tucker, slave of Mr. VAUghn, who -'Mowed" on lW uogrnM, twIiAad that there was a party at Mr. V'son last Thursday night; while there her cousin Martha, (owned by Vaughn) asked Phil had be hear I the news just brought from Richmond by Sarah (another of Vingbn'8 negroes), to the effect that a great crowd of people wms standing around the tele graph office m ibis citv, Intelligence having arrived that the colored people of the State would l>e free in two months; that war would scon bo here and that a vessel ladened with silver wan now on its way Trom the North for the use of the colored people. To this startling piece of news, according to Fenny, Phil replied that he was w illing to eat dry bread and herrings to see it true; i that Cod had ordained it U? be eo, citing the Bible as bis authority for his assertion. Actording to f'annv, Warner Clark, a slave (and crip ple), also expressed himself anxious to possess a crowbar to pick n'.t the eyes of seme of the white folks; whilo Jim Wilson, one of Mr. Samuel Hargrove's slaves, pro mised to bring a paper and read the news to them, if it proved to be true. All of the accused were allowed to t< stify. though not as witnesses, the object of tbe Justice being to get. if possiblo, at the proof of the matter. Fach one told a different tale, and nearly every one flatly oon trarticled Finny. Old Phil entirely "seceded'' from the remarks imputed tob:m,aml had no knowledge of tbe '?part\ " or the alleged convcisation thereat. Of the negroes under arrest, Wm. Gray owns one, Samuel Hargrove one, ("has. Rhodes two, and the widow Clarke one. The Hewlett* are freed negroes, having been set free by will. It is claimed that some of the plotting was done at their house, though thej testimony did not make tbe tact specially apparent. At six o'clock last evening tbe examination was ad i Joumed over till ten o'clock tbis morning. That some negroes have had tb? ir hopes unduly excited by l.inooln's election we ha\ e no doubt. but wliat they could hope to gain. b<s,di s a little hemp, by plotting aud carrying into effect an Insurrection in this State, we are at a loss to conceive. Jf there Is anvthitg in the above ease Justice Hancock will no doubt sift It out. If he does, the public shall l?e informed of the result of his labors. Two or three of tbe negro womeu under arrest as participants were allowed to go home last evening, some having in fantf, snd the services of others being required?their mutters saying that they would voucn for their being on land at tb< opening of the Court to-day. HIKING SLAVES IN VIRGINIA. Tbe Virgiu<a papeis continue to note the prices for which slaves are now hiring In that State. At Warren ton, ou Tuesday, the pricee obtained were a slight reduction upon last year's figures, men bringing from $(K> to $100 a $110. The Portsmouth JrannTijit, speaking of the hiring there on Tuesday, and the limited demand, says "The prices a* an average were in great reduction of last year's rales. Able bodied negro men ranged from $60 to $60. and women Irom $20. $o0 aud $36 In many instances the roduction is fully one third, while in one case we heard an oOer of a servant woman for the amount of her taxes. In Lynchburg and other places in Virginia there Is a like reduction. SB INI'I. ASTERS. Ibe Towu Council of Winchester, Va, lias determined to mske an issue of Coronation due bills to the amount of $6,000, in notes of the denomination of $1, fifty cents and tweuty five Cents. I NORTH CAROLINA. . . OUR RALEIGH CORRESPONDENCE. IflfucioH, Jan. 3, 1M1. Almtm afitl Kxt ilemtnt?tyni of tkt .Von from Watking tnrts SarannoH, dr.?Rrfly of Gotrmor KUit to On Com mi$*io*rr$ Lincoln'I Omitumi Silenct?TV Propottd Crntral Cvr\f?!rt<i(y?Can the Cotton Sf*tt$ f\mn a Re jmUuf?Xrw Xnpland MuU be "Sbmghtd (tfT?Th* If'rnld i 0*i? Rmlortfd, rfr., rfe. tircat excltemcut ?u caused hfro yesterday by a telegraphic despatch received from Wilmington, In thin But*, to tbe ''fleet that new* bad reached that place that both the Cabinet and Congress had broken up hi a row; that Mr. Buchanan bad none over to the North: that the Minute Men of Norfolk and Portsmouth had resolved to capture the lotted Sta'.es steamer Brooklyn, that troop* for aoerclon had been sent South; that the citirens of Savannah had determine*) to take tbe United State* forts in the vk inity of that place, and that the pooplc of Wil mington were prepared and anxious to proceed to similar work against the fort on tbe Cape Fear, and that a deputa tion. beaded hy Ibc Hon. W. P. Ashe, had been sent to bia city to obtain the coneent of (?ovornor F3II* t> em b?rfty the militia and march to the capture of tbe govern ment lortw below Wilmington Although most of this despatch turned out to be a misernble falaelkxxl.no doubt trumped up to alarm our people and a^rve the cause of Sunth < ?r? l.na and the secessionist*, end waa no pronounced by iw extra from the Stamlanl offloe, which made Its appearsn. e promptly upon the beela of tbe ??c?miou organ's budget of newa. yet it waa in ptrt true, nnd tbe Wilmington train brought Mr. A* he nnd b? e?mpnnlon*, wha jwoeearted forth with to crave an interview with his Excelleney 1,'overnor Kill*, who bad Just taken ihe oaths of <>til< ?? before the Chief Justlee of tbe Mate, one of whirtfi i? "to support tbe constitution of the Vnited States Tiny laid their programme for taking tho government fort below Wilmington before bis R*oel|en?y, and no doubt d?*rant<d at length on the flory and splendor which would linger for ages to come around the record of such a n .i|Mi f<ei.t achievement, an I the vast and inexhaustible i ui ? wvuid add to the miliary prow us of the "Old North BUM." His Excellency l*tsned, it us said, with the meat profound and respectful attention, but on re calling to mind the oath he had just taken, and examm ng a little into the constitution and laws of the I nite Stales, he most urbanely discarded 'the soft impeach ment," and informed the commissioners that his lo<al acumen had brought him very nearly, if not quit*..to the conclusion that such an act would be treason against Uio United States, God^orbid that citiswns of this law lov ing and law abiding State should bo the tlrst to comuit such a lawless and mad act. It would be met?a?ul that ni<*t justly too? by the indignant and unqualified con ti equation of fcr whole people. StUl such things *ho\v iuto what a fever or excite ment and alarm many of the Southern people have Been driven by the condition of things at Washington city. They see the national government crumbling to pM?M, ami its legislators standing by, gazing on tho humiliating spectacle in stupid amazement?either too impotent, too utitish and ambitious, or too reckless, in their desire to inaugurate a reign of terror, to lend a helping hanu to check the career of that demon of fanaticism winch threatens to desolate the happiest and most pros|>crouB country on earth with all tne norrors of civil war! llow much louger will the great conservat ive, patriotic masses of the people sleep at the mouth of this raging volcano without arousing themselves to action,and adootlngsome means to save themselves and all they hold dear from he ruin which is threatened? There are not in tins Union a more conservative people than those of North Carolina. They are attached, etronely attached, to the constitution. They would mako great sacrifices to mumtain aud i^rpet?iu.i^ a oonrftitu lional Union. But let not the rauat.cism or the North Kuppese that they are prepared to submit longer to 1Uyus tice and wrong. So soon as they are convin^d that it is tlie determination 01 tne black re publican party to use the government which was established ror their protection to assail aud destroy their ritihts.thwy Will rise up, as one inau, against it. Already have their patience and forbearance been sorely tried. Many of the most conservative amongst tliem are beginning to despair of all hope that a returning sense of justice wiU control the action and direct the poliey of the Northern States. And will the men or the North close their eyes any longer to these things. will they continue to trifle with the pOTtentous signs which are rising up in every section of the South/ ^ !Lmi2 imitate longer the example of Nero, and fiddle on, whilst the conflagration which threatens the destruction of this great nation is raging around them T It is evident, as the Hxiuu> has repeatedly declared, that Lincoln could restore comparative peace to the country by foreshadow ing uf once ? conservative, Just and Mncinatory system of jKilicy, by which his administration wffl ^ guidod. No man ever had .a better opportunity to establish Tor himself a fame which will render his name l"u?'r,1,<{"? lor good in all times to come ! And is it btB settled determination to couple it with a oursed and in famous immortality, by refusing to *I*akout in the language of justice and conciliation, until the Union is scattered to the winds, the national government is stricken down i#o drivelling 'mpotenoy , und all the high honors he is aaicipatlng^IUe reR.deut of a great nation are turned to ashes In hisgrasp? If such be his purpose, if this is to be the effect of the counsels he is determined to foUow, he will deserve, and will no doubt receive, the execrations of the friends of free go vernment throughout the world. There are many amongst us who, in view of the disso lution or the Union, arc looking anxiously to the forma tion of a Central Confederacy, to be composed or tho States of New York, New Jerser, Pennsylvania, Dela ware. Maryland, Virginia, North Giroliua, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri, and perhaps Ohio, Indiana, {111 nois and Iowa. It is believed by many of our most s?ga c ioub men that it would be deadly ruinous to the north crn slave States to unite with the cotton States; that the South Carolina free trade doctrines and the African slave trade popensities of the Gulf States would bring desola tion uiion us, and would in a lew years end in the disruption of the Southern Confederacy, and, as /oiia Randolph would say, "blow It sky high?sky high. One thing is very certain, that such a central conredera cv, with proper constitutional guarantees ror the protec tion of the rights or tho slaveholdiug portion ol it, would become a great and powerful natiou. By it peri>etuated the nationality of the United States 01 Nortn America. The present national capital, with its costly and magnificent public edifices, would be preserved, and it would have commercial advantages which oould not be surpassed by sny country In the world. Let any man look at the map, and Uie truth of what I say will at once break upon hie mind. Bosides, my candid, settled con viction is, that a pure slavehoidlng confederacy cannot stand. Tne form or government it must necessarily es tablivh?u military despotism?will be its death warrant. It w ill meet with the antagonism or the whole world. White laboring men will be driven from It by the heavy tuxes which will be necessary ror its administration and protection. I.et not the northern slave States shut tnelr eves to these things, and to the Tact that In tne event or the eutire slaveholding States uniting iuto one confederacy, those of the border will become the Flanders?the "bloody ground of tho continent. Let the States or New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois act with magnanimity and justice, aud the peace and glory of ourcountry may yet be maintained and perpetuated. New England is the cradle In which fanaticism has been rocked. She has furnished ihe two edged sword which has severed the bonds of our Union; let her In return be sloughed off. Ihe cancer must be severed, or the body cannot remain sound. Bunker Hill, and Concord, aud lexington, and the graves of her great and noble patriots, whose devo tion to tho constitution she has ceasodto imitate, and wh<*e wise oounseJs she had repudiated, we shall always honor. .... ??. Kvcrv patriot in the land should be graterul to the Hm*n> for the bold and able manner in which It has stood up for the right aud maintained the cause of both the constitution and the Union. Go on with this good work. The night is dark and stormy, but the duylight of pcace nnd pr(?pcrlty may yet break upon our country. " Pon't give up the ship." THE NORTH CAROLINA FORTS. [From the Washington Star, Jan. 6.1 Fort Johnson, near the mouth of the (*pe Kear river, is. uext to Fortress Monroe, the best appointed United States fortification on the Southern Atlantic coast .while Fort Macon, near Newborn, commands the best harbor on the Southern Atlantic coast south of Norfolk, Va. It sows to be understood that Mr. Wm. 8. Ashe (formerly in Congress) Is to manage, on the part of tho revolution ists, the work or wresting Fort Johnson from the United States. Gov. Kills, according to the on dit in disunion circles here, declines pretending to authorixe the act as an official one of the State, but Is willing to wink at the execution of the purpose arranged here, which Mr. Ashe Is expected to carry out. Mr. Ashe is one of the moit rampant disunlonists'in the South, and was here not long since, and when here was doubtless In close communion with the secret oouncil In the federal metropolis who are seeking to achieve 'peaceful sad constitutional seces sion" by armed rebellion?flagrant war on the United States in States that do not pretend ty have seceded. SOUTH CAROLINA. GOVERNOR PICKENS OFFICIAL QUARTERS. The Churl ??ton correspondent of the Baltimore Ameri cangivesthcfollowinggraphlcdcficrlptioo of Gov. Plcls ens' headquarters In Charleston:? The room was tilled with aidtt writing out orders and de spatches. The various secretaries or hip Kxoellency the Mi litary Chief of the republic were all employed in attending to the demands upon them. The Governor himself was seated upon aroetrum facing the entrance,surrounded by half a score or more of gentlemen in military undress or in citizen's habit. All seemed impressed with anxiety and con cern : and from what 1 saw gomgon,and from what 1 heard, I infern-d that the State < "Widercd herself man actual state of warfare. The messengers that ran hither and tlii ther bore military looking dei-patches with great sealr upon them. The Governor appeared careworn but determined. He expressed himself to those about hltn m engaged In preparation for the worst. He listened to the suggae lions of his advisers, and r<ad the reports oi' military subordinates as soon as they reached his liand. and ou the In tact issued such direct ions an seemed to be neces sary. The measures he has already taken for defenco are principally confined U> the harbor, beyond Fort Sum ter. This pott la not generally known to be almost in the middle of Charleston harbor, half way betwecu Fort Moultrie and Morria' Island or Kort Johuson. Kort John son is no stronghold In any sense, but merely the site of an Old Revolutionary work, on which entrenchment# arn now , being thrown up, and batteries are beiug erected. Morris' Island Is also the site for another work under going construction. Itoth the localities bear directly upon Kort Blunter, and besides command all vessels that enter the harbor oti the one side, while opposite positions com mand the rest of the entrance to the l>ar. so that before any craft or vessel of war is able to rea?'h Fort Sumter ^he will have to encounter the breastworks, batteries, Ac , erected on th? outside. To the left of theGuherna tonal quarters is a chamber occupied by a number of stall officers. These gentlemen were In the inidst of busi ness. A long gresn baixe tabid extended nearly frotn end to end of the room. It was literally covercd with papers, while the floor of the room was in an equally unfortunate condition There whs no lounging on the |>art of any one. Ihe men all looked to be thoroughly Immersed In business; many of them were busy writing out orders which were promptly delivered to men in waiting; none were idle, and affairs of the greatest moment appeared to occupy every one Th? i.ovrrnor is quite up to Ihe mark of promptness which the ardor of the people demands. All under him are liound to lie active, and all that liveliness can aicom pllsh will be done, you may rest assured. I should give you some description of the Governor's apartment It is in the second story of the City Hall, the seat of municipal and magisterial Justice, corner of Blood and Meeting streets. Ihe Recorder's Court room is the fit st you enter on the story above the basement Passing through tUls you ascend to the aewM atorv by a broad *nd winding staircase <>r mahogntn . until you are brcaght up in front of the Mavor s office, which of it self is ? most luxuriously furnished apartment, being fitted up with heavy red damask curtains, mirrors,gilded frsmes, marble mantels, richly papered walls, heavy velvet chairs, luxurious sofas and rich Brussels carets. Adjoining this retreat of official dignity is the Executive chamber. A placard on the door post gives information of the Tact, von pass the vigilance of a aentlnal and brtish through a crowd of military men In attendance, and are ushered into the Executive presence. The flrst thing that striki s the eye is a dais or met rum. in ap pearance something like the reading desk of achurrn. only It Is covered with dark red velvet and bestrewn with papers, Inkstands and pens. The private secretary of. the Go* i rnor occupied it when I was first admitted into the npai tnient and he was as busy as all the rest wri ting. Above this deek Is a bust of Qtlboan, and leaning against the wall below It are a doxen or More of long. bla< k ebonv rods, wyh gtrtd heads, which I am told are used on Mate o. casljna by high functionaries. They are chiefly carried In |J>e hand when processions are moving, and belong, Ibellete, to the Aldermen and Mayor of the city. The entire room Is richly rumished and is of large dimensions At this time It was In much confusion, owing to the great amount of business transacted. All ?round the walls rich pictures, portraits, bu.-ts, fee . were suspended, giving an air of reflnement lo the apart ment It* perfect keeping with tin other appointment,. j? front < t the dais, and indeed scattered all over the r?**n. were writ tig tables, with clerks slid aids at work, giving the who e place exactly the appearance of a drawing rtw 01 ? iddeilj transferred Into an editor'? it rttpnrtet'g quarters. About the grand old flreplacs a knot of mill mry e Ulcers wore gathered in oonversartion. among these the Governor firee* circulated, and seemed anxiously 10 pari iciwate in what Iras going on. I did not remain after hearing that it w*b the mteuiton of the Governor to coo tinne his orders fbr fortifying the harbor. I have beard from outside i><iwes many of bis intentions, and asa m formed of many xiiots he intends to strengthen, butdo not think proper to mention them here, tor on* 'ous rea sons. Be assured, however, from the ?r,erilT1*"'^ which things are going on, that South Carolina will take a determined stand, and that the sumo will be done id double quick time. AN INCIDENT AT FORT BUMTER. One of the Baltimoreaus who recently returned from Fort Sumter details an impressive incident that took plate there on Major Anderson taking possess.**). It ? known that the American (lag brought away from Fort Moultrie was raised at Sumter precisely at noon on UM itfth ult., but the incidents of that "flag rajaing haw not been related. It wan a scene that mil be a memora ble reminiscence in the lives of those who witnessed it. A bhort time before noon Major Anderson ^soiubled the Whole of his little for. e, with the workmen employed on the fort, around the foot of the flag staff. The national ensi?n was attached to the cord, and Major Anderson, holding the end of the line in his hands, knelt reverently down. The officers, soldiers and men clustered around, many of them on their knees, all deeply impressed with the solemnity or the scene. The chaplain made an earnest prayer?such an appeal for support, encouragement and mercy as one would make who felt that "man's ex tremfty is Uod's opportunity-As th? farnout, solemn words of the speaker ceai^ed, and the men responded Amen 'with a fervency that perhaps they had never before experienced, Major Anderson drew the "star spangled banner" up to the top of the staff, the band broke out with the national air of "Hail Oilumbia," and loud and exultant cheers, repeated again and again, were given by the officers, soldiers and workmen, "if," said the narrator, "South Carolina had at that moment attacked the fort, there would have been no hesitation upon the part of any man within it about defending that flag. ' MATTERS IN CHARLESTON. [From the correspondence of the Baltimore American.] Reptouc op South CAItOU-VA, "I CiiAKUJrro.v, Jail. 9,1861. f The city of Charleston continues greatly excited upon the question of war or peaco. In anticipation of the former, preparations are being made on an extensive scale. The streets of the city swarm with soldiers, and the process of enlistment into service is conducted with activity. Upon many of the street corners, in the bar rooms and other places of public resort, posters are stuck up inviting the services of "able bodlea men" to enlist into the "Army of the republic of South Carolina," and offering as an inducement thereto the liberal sum of "f 10 per month, with rations and a bonus of $2." Now there is a chaucc for making a fortune, or for being mado food for powder. . In addition to the ten thousand men to bo raised by the ordinance of the State legislature, the Convention, as you arc aware, has, by resolution, directed the Governor to raise for instantaneous servicetwoaddittoual regiments of six hundred men each. These latter will l>e officered by appointment of the Governor, and wiU no doubt em bracethe best military skill of the State, though this m by no means certain: Many of the Governor's appoint ments have already created some little dissatisfaction, and public oonfldenee Is somewhat shaken. However this may be, wo ure, nevertheless, progressing quite as rapidly and as safely in all things looking towards de fence as could be expected, or as is desirable in the pre sent uncertain state ol affairs. Fach day brings with it stirring news of preparation all over ihe State. Kvery train that arrives is thronged w ith armed bauds of soldiers ready to profler their ser vices to the Commonwealth. In various localities about the city temporary barracks have been erected, and here the military are quartered until ordered to some point of defence. At present two or three large companies are encamped on the race course, and several other# are located in othor places. There is scarcely an hour in the day. when abroad on the streets, that you do sot meet with at least one, perhaps more, well disciplined compa nies of soldiers undergoing exercise. Ihe Citadel Green is a favorite resort of the military, and the space afforded for extensive inanu'uvrtng is highly useful: a regiment of recruits can be drilled on it without ^convenience, and it is therefore constantly ocoupied for this purpose. On several occasions I have witnessed the movements cl dragoon oouipanies and of artillery. THE CITADEL AND THE ARSENAL. The Citadel itself is a large, strong and handsome wb?k. It has been so often sketched In the illustrated paper? that no description of it is necessary. However, it may be as well to say that it Is the senior department of the extensive military school which has been under the fos tering care of the State for many years. Its gradoatee are all men In high position?many of them hold commis sions in the army of the rtipublic. The course of instruc tion and discipline is of the most rigid character, and 1 belli ve the cadets are ranked next to those of Wsst Point. At present there are about o60 students attached to the institution here, while 160 more, belonging to the junior class, are undergoing Instruction at Columbia. Of the force in Charleston, some hundred or so are on active duty at Merrls Island, and about one hundred are Sta tioned on Sullivan's Island. All of them are young men Inuted to hardship?the very flower of the State?high mettled, impulsive and eager for a light. I am told that the services rendered by them in the erection of fortifi cations have been very valuable. Ihe Arsenal, about the occupation of wh ch so much has been said, is very valuable plunder to South Carolina. Its stoies of ammunition, arms, Ac , though greatly ex aggerated in magnitude, are, nevertheless, very large. It did contain at the time of the surrender some 26,000 or 30 000 stand of arms, with lArge quant.ties of oar riilges. Minie balls, fcc. From these stores several com panies of South Carolina volunteers have already been Mipplied with arms. Many of the boxes ol Minis rifles and muskets have been opened nnd distributed, so that those companies are woll armed for service. 1 have heard that no harsh words or ill feeling of any kind attended the surrender of the Arsenal. Everything was done In a |>erfectly frieudly way. The South Carolina authorities notified the commander of ths Arsenal that they wanted the property, and It was given up without a word. The deputy of the republic and the commander of the Arsenal took a frieudly drink, and tbe next day the stars and stripes were hauled down from tbe Arsenal flag staff with a salute of thirty two guns. A salute was also fired when the Palmstto Hag was immediately afterwards run up. At this time the Arsenal is in the possession of a large force of South Carolina troops, highly drilled and under strict discipline. A MORE MODERATE POLICY. Yet, with all our preparation for war and its contingen cies, it is not believed ths President will carry out his coeroive line of policy. State after State will secede, until six or eight band together In a confederacy that, they say will hold within its grasp the very bread aad sustenance of the working men, the toiling millions ot Europe, Ihat, as a confederacy, with cotton for king, England and France will recognise its independence at one-. Capable or sustaining Itself, capable of presenting to the world a complete government at the outset, they think there will be no nation to fall in recognising the in dependence of the States, Jointly or confederated. The true policy to be preserved, sod one that will ne doubt be adopted by oar legislature and our government. will be to keep down the fretful ebullition of popular de sire, to cool public ardor, and, above all things, to evade the contingency of war. lot the United States troops re main in possession of tbe fort in our harbor; Make no at tempt to take it; suffer them to hold any similar post they may choose to occupy on tbe coast, yet hold ss many of tbem as we can ourselves without coming into actual conflict. Leave all to circum stances, and those who thus advise think that tbo Sou.b will attain its ends. This, 1 believe, will be the policy of South Carolina. Kashness or baste will be deadlv to our hopes of a peaceful revolution. Ths first drop or blood shed will arouse the military spirit of tbe Noith, sud civil war wiU result. Southerners?at least the well informed of them?acknowledge the coorafSMd prowess of tbe people of the States opposed to them in matters political, and dread the consequences of provok ing them by h<?tile acts. They know full well that If the feelings of their antagonists are fully excited tbere is certain danger of a bloody conflict, and it must, there fore, be their object to keep from open hostility. CO-OPERATION NOW DESIRED. Apart from tins, Sooth Carolina Is unprepared for war, and totally unable and unwilling to flght tbe battles ol the South by herself. She must have co-operation with other State*. This Is a fact reoognissd by every one ex cept the unthinking, heated masses, who conceive that South Carolina can stand against the world and defy it. Were this not the case I bey do not hesitate to say Sum ter would long since have been garrisoned by tbe troopc of tbe republic, and instead of the stars and the siripee at the staff head we should now see the Palmetto flag floating in triumph. Tbe feeling of hatred to tbe Yankee abolitionists at tne North Is intense, and elicits expres sions oi supreme contempt from the depths of every SoutWTn heart, yet it is scknowledged that they posset** courage, and when aroused will flght to the bitter end. Ihe policy, or at least part of tha policy of South Caro Una is. after staving off war by non-action, to hold back cotton?omnipotent cott<m?reduce the supplies in manu lecturing countries?slop the thoieands and tens of thou sands of manufactories in the North and IB Europe? until, bv absolute force of circumstances, people Will be driven to scknowledge the independence of the coofede racy. After this is done, tbey declare that Uncle Sua. I ncle Buck or Uncle Abe, kg the case may be, will be forced to release hold upon all fortifications, and ths same will pass immediately into |ioascssion of the South. How they will raise the sinews of war without selling their cotton is not thought of. I kXPHKHBi OF TMt WAK. Tli* fltiTPrwr Af the republic. in a mp??)(C to-.l*y, iir fottus Hie legislature thai. under the resolutions of Uw (< ??enttOO, he hes proceeded to raise two regiments of i enlisted nwn?on# for service twelve months, the other lor Mx months; that be ha- commissioned 11"" officer* from ill ft lieutenant down to third Ileub mutt, and n on ?* nstance hot commissioned a captain to ralae immediate^ v an artillery company He think* It nwy cot he neces sary to enlist men for the second regiment. He In* also, by authority of the Convention, made ? ? all for volunteer companies to be formed Into regiments, nd will when necessary, appoint the field officers. The onlv oWcer yet appointed In this volunteer force is Col. Maxcy Cregg.wbom the (Jovernor calls "a brave and able < Ulcer, to command It." A portion of this regiment * now In Actual position on Sullivan a Island and other companies for it are rapidly arriving from the country This regiment Is to serve for six months. The Governor llms rehearse* the expenses for military# defence at which ?he State will he pti|> ?Jo raise and equip a regiment for 12 months . The regiment or CW, tiregg. already raised for# month* 109.000 ? "Pie regiment now raising, Tor ?l months 100 000 The < nest police with taree % easels of war or dered by the Legislature 160.000 1 lie ?(t already passed by ihe legislature to raise an armed military force, under which enlistment? ere going on #00.000 Provision tf.r purchase of arms, kr, already passed, amount to 400.000 Making grand total warsxpeneee thns far only 91 .*0.009 Konrteen hundred and tlfty thousand dollars expense of wnt for a SUtto with not a dollar In the treasury aiwt nothing but tbs bsnk of the Slate to draw upon THK RRVKM'R AT CHAKLMTONi Ibe following \escels have been reported* hatic^

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