Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 13, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 13, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLR NO. 8892. SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 13, 1861. PRTCH TWO CENTS. THE CRISIS. THE VERY LATEST NEWS. Arrival of the Brooklyn at Charleston. HER IISSIOfT ORE Of PEACE. important Government Despatches to Governor Pickens aid Major Anderson. Reported Negotiations for the Surrender of Fort Sumter. Messengers Sent to Washington by Major Anderson and South Carolina. Rejoicings of the Secessionists iu Mobile. THE BETTBJi OF THE STAR OF THE WEST, CAPTAIN M'GOWAN>8 REPORT. THREE SHOTS HIT THE STEAMER. NO LIVES LOST. Particulars of the leiinre of the Steamer Marios. Senator Seward's Speech on the Crisis. Opposition to the Army and Navy Appropriation Bills in the House, it#.) Jmi) Im? MPORTAJT FROM WA8HEIGT0I. Wmbtngtos, Jan. 12,1801. 1 kurn that despatches have beon Bent from here by auth< rity to Major Anderson, \t Fort Piimtcr, - art also to Governor Plikenp, of South Carolina, inform '? ; the n that th? steam fr gate Brooklyn was nU unlerod to Charleston frr ar.y h^tile purpose. He- n\!s?kn wa: <ne or peace. The Hen. Je4fcrso? Davis has also communicated simi lar Intelligence, the object of which la to J fiabusc the n< nd? of the people of that Ettw, and to prevent a ool MNM. The United States ste,?in sloop of-war TV i>'n 'eft the Navy Yard, at Vorfolk, en th fltn :utt proceeded immediately to sea, Kith settled orJers. hao paused the (tyee at half-past two oclc* k 1'. M. The sloop was mot by the mail steamer Ja -nestoKn, of tho New York and Virginia eteamshlp 1 n", be-irlng ";wuy to sea, and only r.i auita lits-'du of Uie Cai?ee. The follow ng is a list of her officers ? Captain?W. 8. Walker. Lieutenants?Washington Omr.th ey, Albert W Sui.th, Vm. Mitchell, B. T < liaptnaE, H. A ? Adams. Matter?Thos. B. Vftlla. *vkrgixm? is i. M. McCkdlan. Assistant Surgeon? T. W. lies U. Paymaster?Thos. IL f.ooker. Lieutenant Mariner??t. R. Graharr Chi-1 tjigineer?.Jus. Fallausbee. 1st Assistant ftglneei?W. B. Brook*. 2d " " ?M. P. Jordan. 3d " " ?-T. W. Whltak - 3d " " ?H. Bnvder. 3d " " ?G. F. Maytr. 3d " " ?J. R Keale. Paymaster's Clerk? i *rker. Boa-swain?J. K ?tert:ett. ?innnsr?Wan. Allen. mter?Job. K. f*mith. Jrer?Francis B< ora. The United States ship Brooklyn, nav.rg finished coal ing and taking in stores at the Navy Yard, agreeably to the orders received a few days ago front Washington, dropped down on Wednesday forenoon, under steam, to Hampton Roads, and proceeded immediately to sea. We learn that Lieut. Chapman and Master MiU?, who were said to have raaigMd their commissions, are still on duty as officers of the Brooklyn. W.ufflrr.vro*, Jan. 12,1W1. The announcement tins morning of the arrival of the ftar of the West atv w York greatly relieved the public n.md, for there began to be foarfal apprehensions enter tamed that the firing into her might havo crippled her to such an extent tbit kim was unable to return, and was possibly lost. There was a Cabinet meeting last night till a late hour, on the despatches brought by Lieut. Talbot from Major Anderson. There Is no reason to believo that anything further will be yielded t- ioutb Carolina. TIM government h"VD come to no decision In regvd to the instructions to Mijor Anderson. Tho policy to be pursued respecting minforcomenta Is one which the ad ministration cans'* b?ck down from without boiriR humiliated In the '"yes of tbe whole world. iiut whoa Uiu fact to known that Miyur Anderson , before the ordor for reinforcements wm giv-.n, ami emu *tn<o. ban m/ti fied tbe government that bo does not require any ntor* ftrce or supplies, it somewhat ? liangoethe Mpectofaflkirr What, however, the government mny consider iU di.t> under the circumstances 1 know not. Tbe question la a delicate one, and upon it Uingve In a greot tneae .re tbo future peace of the oountr/. It M believed Major Anderson s pteitiat la such, if South Carolina will Turn "'' blm with flrefb supplies, be will not can for rclnforcena nts. This may have '?een tbe oceaelon of tbc interview between tbe Siutb Carolina authoritire and Major Anderson, under the Aef of t.rnee before mentioned. I^wpatebee from '"barieston ask for Infort lation respect ttf a rumor there that tbe star of tbe West wwtobe ordered bark from New York. They appeal to pro minent parties here to see tbe Preeideiit and implore bra to revoke tbe order If given, for ths steamer won id undoubtedly be sunk by the death O&roitna force* it *be attempted to enter tbe harbor. No euoii order having been given by tbe Prealdent, tbe alarm In Charleston ia therefore groundless. Aa I anticipated, Mr. Seward's speech la denounced by both eitremee, which. however, la looked upon aa a food indioatiea. Mi Douglas regards It aa a great speech, provided be understands Ha objects and parpoe* if It la hit ultimatum, then it wlU not answer; but U i? ! as catering wodfe, or basis of settlement, mock (kk, l vrtil resuH from It. The .South regard H aa mean lag coerotos. m tftla new they are in error, lilt Meeds assert that bg is opposed toooercion. Had be made the speech two weeks ago it would Lave accomplished Its object. Is all cu-ties there a a gloomy impression, as if no thing now remained for the rnlonbnt a bold, prompt declaration of principle* by the President elect. All accounts from tb? interior of Gvorgia are in<sve;a bly deci sion, looking to no poesible compromise. The difficulty between General Scott and Senator Toombs is not yet settled, a:thcugb it is in the han is of discreet friends Washdmtos, Jan. 12, 1561. The Senate presented an intensely intercatlrg aooue u>-d?y. Previous notice having been given thai Mr. Seward would speak upon tho or* local crie s, an early rash ?ti made to ?he Senate Chamber for E?ats. Ordl narily Mr. Soward attract* a crowd wlien it la kno-.vn that he j to bpcak. Auded to hid Seaatur.al reputation on this occasion were two facts which inwasod the in terest hi what he m'ghi say. First, his acceptance of the Premlort-hlp In Sir. Lincoln's Cabinet; ani second, the announcement, is view of bis future position, that he would femhadow tho policy of the Lincoln administra tion At euily as ten o'clock, two hours before the Seirnto aii nearly three hourb before Mr. Seward commenced, the ladies' gallery was crowded, sad by eleven o'clock all tho galleries and ioubicfi abo'it the Senate were packed with an anxious multitude, and the very tloor of the Senate was invaded. So otensivc to the Sena'ore whs the presence of ladles tpon the tloor of the Sonate and in the lobbies thereof, that a vote of the body cunsed them to bo expelled. At tho heur of twelve the approaches to the Senate chamber were almost blockaded with human tuings, all anxious to hear Mr. Seward, and all disappointed. The result of this was tto filling of tbe spacious galleries of the House with a fashionable audience to witness the withdrawal of the Mississippi membe. 3 and the passage of the Navy Appropriation bill. Mr. Seward commenced at twenty minutes to one o'clock, and spoke until nearly three. Ho was lis tened to by nearly every Southern Senator with pro found attention, Mr. Crittenden being frequently n tears, and most of the foreign Ministers were present and appeared deeply interested, not only in ?he delivery of the speech, but in several inttuices were anxious, after Mr. Seward concluded, to know of Senators how they viewed his positions, and if they wculd pro bably heal the dithcnlty. The Russian Minister wi>b amocg the number. The families of nearly all the Se nators and Cabinet oftlcers were present, and so great was the anxiety to hear the effort of the great New York statesman, that extravagant prices were oiiered to the various dooikeep^ve to obtain almission. All who hoard the speech, of whatever shade of po litics, pronounce it a great production. Southern politi cians of the Wigfall school ridiculo its doctrine. Northern extreme radical anti slavery ucn consider it a letting down on the part of Mr. Seward. Senator Wade, alluding to it, exclaimed, "Great was the fall thereof." Mr. Crit tenden thinks the speech is very good as far as it goes, but that it U not paciilc enough to meet tho demands of the times; but he (Mr. Crittenden) expresses tfio opinion that it will do very well for Mr. Seward's llr?t strp to wards reconciliation. Senators Dixon, of Connecticut; Baker,<>f Oregon; Wrlnies, of Iowa, aud Anthony, of Rhode iBland. were the onl> {senators who wont to Mr. .Seward and oongrituU'edhim when be concluded. The Southern Senators Uobitniod to upproacu Mr. ward and speak to him under audi circumstances, fearing the tact might bo misinterpreted. >11 tuo republican Senators, ox :epi tho6e nam<>d above, assembled in krots of two, three aud four> and commenced diseasing the doctrines announced. jt has been charged in republican circles that Mr. Seward was the auti.-a of the Robinson proposition intro duced into the New York Assembly, and thai Le aJvitcd Mr. Adams to presort hie proposition In tb) Ccinro'ttee cf Thirty-tire in favor of admitting New d< /lco as a State, w-.th or witb' t "lav:, y. T ? d. y Mr : v . d announced that he Cf'I 3i Support ' ?1 oio,ot>iuuu, intro duced into tho fc'euat ? iomc daj which is tl < anie as Robinson's. Li' ro.."ons are well explained n hie speech. Itisbel ted now tLat these propositions by Mr. Robinson in New York, and Mr. Adams -n the V ,n? mittee of Purty-three, were pat forv, >rd as feelers. It *l'l be obi .ivd that Mr. Seward does m>1, -po^c to bring forwur' si?y mca-ure of concilia' i >n I In Mf. Ho only tells tho Senate and tho country what propositions b> would be willing to rote for ehouii they be presented to him. Th general interpretation of Mr. Seward's speech Is, that If not aa abandonment of republican pr.nciples, It Is altogether too temporising in the fa^e of treason. It is taken as " record for the forthcoming Lincoln adminis tration X.. Seward being about to enter the new Cab - net. and b?li ving that tbo existing state of attairs can but result In war, ho determined to oflir, in bebal: cf the republican partj of th' country, a liberal proposition to the South, and in doir.g so to yield aa much as princi ple and conscience would allow without humilia'ing the North or infringing upon the principles of the Chicago platform, lie thinks he has dons neither of theee. The eflfcet of tho speech of Mr. Seward tipon all who listened to it was marked, some of his periods wero delivered with the deepest feeing, and pro duced upon Senators tod the spectators in the galleries the most intense sympathies with the orator. Old men And young wept like children, and when Mr. Seward aat down, the gallories, that bad preserved the most pre Mind silence during the delivery of tho entire speech, with one unimportant exception, manifested its approba tion by the most hearty applause. J. e. Brancroft Davis, correspondent of the I ondon Timet, arrived here this morning, and listcn?d with great attention to Mr. Howard's speech. I.ieut. Talbot, despatched here by Major Anderson Irom Fort Sumter, is stopping at the residence of hie mother, on English Hill. He is awaiting orders, and has no Idea at what moment be w'll be ordered to return to l-'ort Sumter with .icspatehes from the government. He reasserts tbe fact that Major Anderson is not in want of more men or provisions. Secretary of the Treasury TMx will not enter upon his offlcc till early next week, having previously to arrange son) ) business in New York. Mr Bedford Crown, of North CaroTna, has been writ ten to by the President, and Is expected here tomorrow. It la understood be will be tnndered tbo Interior Depart mcnt His fronds here do not believe he will acopt the petition. The Southern members will use all their efforts to p'TSiiade Southern m?n not to accept any position i under the present adr inlstratio#. R. M. liiatchforo, of Now York, 1 here,selectInga jJaoe under the now administration. A cnucns of 80'.'U'*n ilemoct 4ic 'Vnafir* *m tei'i it Cov< rnor Brown > ' \lss;s*<ppi, room ai th-; National to night. Among the *? wwnt wero Vice Prns.dont Br^ck inrl' f?, M.. in and Hon tor of Virgin:* Tlgfal), of rexaa, Et own, of \i ssissippi. Mil others. Tac uature To tbe hn?inf?i bad not transpired at a la'e horr. , The repnbllcar* are cancnrlng tonight, and Mr. Etberldgc *rns Invited to atterd and present h!a views explanatory oi big resolutions od'ered in tb? Hoogo""me days since. A gentleman hero well poat?d in tb? matUr has wriuen an addrese to tbe people of Pike's Peak, advising them to abandon all hope of a Territorial government this session, and to prepnre for taking part in a national convonnoo after dissolution, for tut purpose of tbo f rotation of a ronfcdorary on a new basin. It is believed that the bill Introduced In tlie Legislature of Missouri, prohibiting tbe Mayor or Sheriff of Pt. I/mis from using a mil tvy force to suppress riot, looked to tbe nelsuro of tbe public proper*}, and benoe troop* ha\e been ordered thither. Tbe name of the lion. John T. Harr-.s, of Virginia* should hare b''cn added to tln?e who bad not (igned the ad<<r< ?s to the VirgTiia legislature favoring seceaton. Mr. Harria is a strong Unionist. Accounts from tbe In terior of Virginia, received here to day, arc more favora ble to conciliate. THE REPUBLICAN MEETING AT NEW ? T*K. Newark, Jan. 13, lfi?l The republican rr ^et'ng bekl here last evening mi. ,iuvi '?itions against any compromise; re endorsing the re ?ii *>'at: irm, in favor of sustaining the constitution nd wfer Ing th*3 lr\t, and nfl>rev,nf MV 'nderson s cwse IMPORTANT FR(?M SOUTH CAROLINA. REFORTFD NFOOJUTTONS FOR THE SUR RENDER OF FORT BUMTER. Tbe South (Mei iu Secretaries < f War and Stat > went yprtcrd. t.. J i> "umter under a tiag truoe. Thersis great Wc -"id all sorts of rumor3 are afloat as to their object , frit nothing ccrtaio .* publicly known. lhe Secretaries n iajiined two hours at Fort Sumior. It is be lieved the visit was not hoe tile. Sir. GourJin. a member of the South Carolina Cunvon t.on, went u> Fort Sumter thin morning ai><l held a pri vate par'ey with 1'ajor Anderson. All kinds of rumors prevail as to tho cause of the send ing of the tfa? if truce ?>y South Carolina last night tome say thai disaffection exists among Major Anderson's men, and others that a surrender of the fort is contem plated and that it will bo evacnat- v. It is believed that icgoiiationt with Washington are going on for a i eaceful enmader ? 'be fort and for the cessation of a warlike attitude. Good authority credits this opjiion ARRIVAL OF THE BROOKLYN OFF CHARLESTON. Ciuruston, Jan. 12, iSfll. The steamboat Excel Las ot mo into port with tho news that tbe sloop-of-war Broc kl) a is off tho bar. This is cer tain. Col. Hayne, on ihe part < f South Carolina, and Lieuten ant Hall, on the part if Major At dersou, have Leu far Washington w ith proposals, and to obtain further instruc tions. THE MI' SISSIPPI STATE CONVENTION. JUMtum, Jam ary 12,1861. The Ophii' -.i: ? r from Alabama addressed the Con vention Cn Tho Convention will prcbably be in h scion two weeks longer. Nothing of importance ('one to-day. The artillery were ordered to Vieksburg by tbe Gover nor early this morning to bail and question passing boats. A salute of fifteen gu s was tired last night on the re caption of the news Cnm A'abama and Florida, There is great excitement THE SIGNING OF THE FLORIDA SECESSION ORDINANCE. Taliahasbe, Jan. 11,1801. The or'.inane; of > ece-sion was signed to-day in the eastern portio > of the Capitol, amid tbe firing of cannon and the oteers an' cn hnslasm ?f the people. l'on. T. Hi tlor King, or Geoiga, ma le a cprech on tho occasion, which ?a< loudly cheered. CALL POR A STATE CONVENTION IN TEN NESSEE. Nammu*. Jan. 12, 1W1 The noufcc tr-da; unanimously i assed t'jo bill calling a Stti C< nvoLti in on tbe 18th of February. Delegates arc lob e'e ted on the U<h of February, and If tho Conven tion resolves to w ilhdraw from tho Union, then its action is to be m bnsittcd to the peopl! for ratiOoation or rea c tion. Tct fa'nobi l l as eJ a sccond reading in the a uat?. and will i.ndtubtcdly i ass tl c third roading on Monday. PROCEEDINGS OP THE VIRGINIA LEGIS t irrnp Hksdtom), V*., Jan. 12,1S01 Tiie bill b .lor i bo Legislature req>tfres that a wto <>ball bo uk a at tho 'i.i.Q f 'he election of delegates u? the Conven itn to doterniine whether the action cftho Convent] ju si al be submitted to the people or not. It als > l rovWt I il V. 'he okctien shall be held on th> 4tb of Kebniar, and tbe Slato Convention hMd on tbe 18th of the samenron'h. The nonSt ba3 ra si-d tbo Convention bill, with the amendment to reier toe action cf tho Convention roUtive to secession 1 ack to tho peop'e. No act:"i has y t been 'ate'n <>n the Mil bv the "^mt There is incrowcd excitemen- * the Cap.tol to-aay. REJOICINOS OP THE ALABAMA SECES SIONISTS. Mobile, Jan. 13,1861. Ihc tcceMloa ?t the State !ae cassed great rcjoicj?g here. One hundred are Viag Cred in honor of the ? event. Impromptu speeches ire b-ing made in all ibe promi nent buildup*. To.nigL! ?he < tty *iJ be lllnmiratod and there will be a military parade. One hundred Coacaid doll at- have been subscribed by the citizens for the dsfsuce of Mobile. THE BANQUET TO GOV. FLOYD, OP VIR GINIA. Fhhmowd, Jan. 13,1861 The t-anqu t to Gt>veri?oi Flo>d took place last night. Ooverner Hoyd mode a si eccb, and related the conver sations b; had wl<h the President, show in? ? broach of ' fWth on the pert of the la'^r wading to l i' (Governor Floyd's) resignation. Govornor Fejd oo.atdll d le^ 'aiKo to f xlcral oo ere ion. accession spcocbca were then made by Liecteiunt Or- ' vomer Montague, Attorney General Tucker, James A. i*tWon and others. The temj orlzing pollc." of the Irgm | tature wa" merely c^mmemod i.por. Crest ? u?hi'?!o"-ra | r?^ ai'.e' THE KANSAS LEGISLATURE. LfAVKSWoHXM, J kit. 1? 1W1 The nre* tgo of ting Governor Bee'e to tbu i u lorial Let,. 'V.ur ? U mainly devoted i? afl':i?rs. The financial condl'lor of ihe Tor/lury it disc uraK M, o* mg in part to the Jisaatroui effect of the drought. The total number of acres subject to taxation Is 3,900,. 000 lliS total nusnbe of t<wn k>t.-?, 134,32*, valued at fR.440,000 tots' amount Of taxable property in the Territory, 122,000,000. The total am<mnt of (axes levied in ISM and 1900 Is W,000 about 923,000 levied prior to 1859 remain unpaid. He rcocmiaend* townab.p, oouni) and municipal orrnniia tiot.e from the m.nera. redone of Weatrra Kanas In re Utionto tlie late d?t irbntx-es in f..on an1 Bourbon conn tire be urgea that stepf be tak< n for the enforoement ot tb<> laws and vindication of tb? government. Ho reonm m>nd> an exprnap'oi) o; mtude by the regis* .'ure to tb? rhr.rlti?ble who gave relief to the suffarers from the drought. He urgne the repeal of the aot of the ta?t session prohibiting *lar< ry, on tho ground of its un< ?w utiiutlonality. In regard to national affairs. he thinks the prroent distraoted state of the country Is owing to the aggressive policy ef tb> republicans. He urges coo " clliation and Union; but if dissolution taken pl.w e he tnista kanaas will d?> lin> identifying herself * ,ih -Ui^r branch of the T'nIon, but ortibllsb a separate and tide potidetit government. MOVFMFNTS OF GEORGIA TTlOOrS. MaJ?T F. w <Sj "re. f'lperintendont of ln-i Georgia Mili tary Academy, has b?*n e|orto<i captain of a ravalry cotp? lately nr*f? red In Miriet ,Oa., and called the '?Retineaaw Prsgo' na ' ('apt. W. I, vtfigu), command*, i of u.e M il ary Aca d*?y, is finH i?ent?nant THE CRUISE OF THE STAR OF THE WEST. Tbo eteamerStar of the Wont, ih? focua of excitement for the last few day*, arrived at this ctty at eight o'clock yeetorday morning, and anchored ott pier No. 29 North river. Tlie Star of the Weet under command ot Captain Mctiowan, left New York o i Saturday night last, and at one o'clock Wednesday inurnuig made Charleston bar. Cfcpt McGowan eays that they laid oil the bar until day light, when oho proceeded to enter the harbor. T**n just i-fl Morris Inland the steamer was tired into by the battery from the it land. Seven teen i_h<jts were fired. One shot took Blight ef fect upon the port bow of the steamer, and a second hit Iter on the starboard quarter aB sho turned to leave the harbor. One ball pr ;ed b<?twoen tho sm-kc eta k and the engine beam 1 .iid.ng it impossible to laud troops, the captain, at nine A. if., roturned to sea, the firing being stiU con tinvied, but without nirther damage oither to the vo< *1 or thofeon board. While com;og over the bar, going out, the Eteainer struck twice. Tho Star of the Wist remained outside the bar ail night (Wednesday), and during the night stoamers were seen coming out of the harbor, and Captain MeGowan suppoaeu that Uh-sc vesacls? tlie guard boats of the har bor?wen in pursuit of him. All tho lights on tho S.ar of the West wero extinguished, and ^he wag not dj covered.

Tlie tame night the ship r.m.!y ?t. Pierre was spoken by the steamer. The St. Pierre ia owned in Charleston, nnd came from Liverpool to that port, but was refused admittance because bho had tho American tlag flying. The cnptaln of the .St. Pierre had not anticipated any such difficulty, and lay at anchor oil the harbor. Thenar ol' the West niado the passage to New York without inciJ*nt, arriving here as abovo mentioned. The United Statea troops will remain on board until order? arc received from Washington. The steamer lies at anchor at the foot of Chambers street, nnd will doubtless attract a? much attention na did the Great Eastern. CAPTAIN McCOWAN'S REPORT. SntAMHIP StAR OK TUB Wwr, > Ntrw York, Jan. 12, 1861. j M. 0. Kortm, Esq.:? Sir?After leaving the wharf on tho 5th inst., at flvo P. M., we proceeded on down the bay, where we hove to and took, on board four officers and two hundred soldiers, with their arms, ammunition. Ac., and then procee lod to sea, crowing tie bar at suudy liock at niuo P. M. Nothing unusual took place during the passage, which w ar a pleasant one for this season of the year. We arrived off Charleston bar at half post one A. V on the 9th, but oould And no guiding marks for tho bar. as the light* were all out. We prooeoded with caution. rnnnlng very Blow and sounding until about four A.M., being thcu in four aud a half fathoms of water, wL 11 we discovered a light through the hue which at that time | Covered the horizon. Concluding that tho light was on Kort Sumter, after getting the bearings of it we stoo I to the S. W. for the main ship channel, where we hove to to await daylight, our lights having boon all put out since twelve o'clock, to avoid being seen. As tho 'lay Vgan to break we discovered a steamer juat In shore of us, who, ae avor a3 she saw is. burned one blue ll?ht an-1 two red lights as signals and srortfy after steamed over the bar and into the ship channel. flic soldiers wure now all put below, aud no one al lowed on tlie leek except our own crew As soon an there was light enough to see we crossed tho bar and proceeded <"n up the channel (tho outer bar buoy bavin.; be n taken away), the it earner si ad of us sending oil rockets and burning lights until ait >r broad daylight, continuing on her c urso up near two miles ahead of oa When wo arrived at about two miles from Fort Moultrie, lor S'imter l>e*ng about tlii ncdis tance, a masked battery on MorrU Island, wbero there was a red l'aimetto fag flying, opened tire uj ;im, tho Uiauocc being about five-eighths of a mile. Wo had th American flag Hying at our flagstaff at tho time, and soon after tho firs'. sh->t hoisted a large Am-wtcan ensign at the fore. We continued on unicr the Are of the battery for over ten minutes, several of the sh>t going clear over u one juat pwwed clear of the pilot houae, another paaaed between the smoke stack and the walking beam of the engine; another struck the ship juat abaft the Tor* rigging and stove in the planking; another shot came within an aca of carrying away tbo rudder. At the aamo timo there was a movement of two steamers from near Fort Moultrie, one of them towing a schooner (I presume an armed schoone-), with tho intention of cutting uaoff. Our position n* * became ratbor critical, as we had to approach Fort Moultrie to witiiin three-quarters of a mile before we could keep away for Fort Sumter A steamer approaching us with an armed aehoaner la tow. and the battery co tho island firing at ua all the time, an l harfnr no cannon to defend our selves from the attacks of tho vcaacis, we con eluded thai to avo.d certain capture or destruction we would endeavor to gut to sea. Consequently we wore round nnd wd down the channel, the battery Bring upon us until their -hot fell short; as it was now strong ebb tide, and the water having fallen some three feet, we proceeded with rant ion and crossed the bar safely at fltfy minn'e* pee". eight A. M., and continued on our course frr this port, v here wo arrived this (Saturday) morn.ng, after a boisterous pas p\gr. A (teamer Irom Charleston followed us for ab'. t three hour', v >?? hing our movements. Tn Justice to the offeers and rev of each -icpar'ment of the ship, I must add that tb behavior while . ndor the fire of J the battery reflected y. t credit ?n tl" m. Mr Brewer, ite. New York pilot, waa of very great assistance to me .u helping to pilot the ahip ov r Charles ton bar and up .u>d down the channel. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. McOOVAX, Captain. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS. Fom information received irom parties ou board we learn that the movement of ihe Pfar of the Wert ?m eipected to he strictly private, but ?? Mtn<< of ?ho New York papers had got wind of it ami made ih affair pub lie, tbo mission ha* b^on defeated Wo have also been Informed that tbc general impression of tbe N'orth re spectlng the sasy umm of Charleston harbor by ves sels of large draught is erroneous, m only vessels of llffht drought couM get within a distai.ee to do service; also that those In charge of the batteries on Morris Island are 9} no means tba inexperienced gunners that were supposed, which war pUlnly visible by tbelr shot, whi? h for a time flew very lively about the vessel?two of them took effect and one passed between the smoke staik and tbe engine beam Tl general feeling among the troops ?' 0 oi?w on board Is in favor of b'lng lande<l at Fort At' 'bey ?rt> aox*> * to return with the proper mean* of o9*i. nit dufwM. ne "tar cr the Weet up<-^ 'cavint, harl r received novei U parting sUo'* fro*, tbo battery on Morrtt; Island, wlloh fell abort, but were well directed. Upon crw*:ng tho bar she struck twice, but received no damage. At night, while lying off the bar, d *covcre?i two ate-amrrs in chaee, b?it she having extinguished hi r light-), they wore unable to tlnd her. doming it not prudent U> again attempt a iane.ing of ttie troopn: che left for New York for further orders; which will prt'iably iea b hore to day. The supposition <^n board is that they w ilr?t?rn to Charleston. THE l-EIZURE OV THE STbAMEIt LIA.RTON AT CHARLESTON. STATEMENT OF CAPTAIN W1IITINO. The report which w.is circulated in this city a Friday lust tout Upturn Whiting, of thestoamer Marion, \i*<l kft^ie vessel at Norfolk, and his non arrival at this port, ,d to considerable apuroheittton ?* to his ? &ly among his friends. In consequence of this, a party of gentlemen from the otttco of Mew*. Spollo-d, Tileston k <*>., corner of Morris , street ami Broadway, .ell this olty tor Jersey City at tvelvc o'clock on Fri.ly night, a id hiving arrived there chartered au engine a"d passon: t car to coo\ ey them to Vow Brur. wick Tin action was tak"n in con':oqu<ui c ui intelligence having bten reoe.ved to the effect, that the captain of the steamer had stopped at that i <int to visit h,"w:rc who wa* unwell. Iuu diately on their -rrival iit Nov; I'.r inswick tu? geutiemeu proceeded to th; caj* :?ii n s.deuce, ;ino liad a lengthy interview w ith him. After ii-iii.MUinfe tliTi about twu hours they left a^ain for Jersey City, where they arrived early yesterday ..,ori..ug. n.e reformation supplied by Cuptain Whiting coik < m ing the seauro of the Marian is very Interesting. The t.t iircer arrived t ut''do of Charleston harbor at about li\ e o'clock in tho morning, and approached tlx- shore through a den?' log. "Alien tho mist b-;'an to clear away the port lighthouse became visible, but i"> buoys were seen as many of these had been removed by the action of thi St Ate authorities within the lust few weeks. The steamer General Clinch, with an armed force, wiu soon hfter seen coming down tho cbunnol. and on ro.ich ing the outer buoy she hovo to. Tlio officers of the Marion hereupon concluded that sho had come out to guide their vess<. safely Into port. On nearmg, however, the General Clinch ran alongsi'e^ urd inquired wb?t steamer was In the oiling. The cap tain or the Marion had not met or spoken an> steamer, and therefore could not supply '-be d<*ired information. The question was very likely prompted by be support Ion that the Star of the Weet was coming :p. The captains of both vessels then entorcd into a conversation concerning the removal of the buoys, tbe destruction of the beacons, and other cognate ma* tera While this colloquy was in progress the Marion struck on tho North Breaker Shoal. Oiptnin Whiting imcdlately turned his atten tion to the snfety of his ship. After making such dispo sitions as be thought necessary under the clr etimstances, ho called 'upon tlio commandor of tlie General flinch to aid him in relieving the ship by taking a liawser and towing her oft the -heal. The Captain, howe-er, only replied by turning his ?. *rol seaward, Ur Ing the Marion hard aground in a dni:|i vous position and wiili a rapidly falling tide. The fienerd Clinch oga.n -amo alongside of the Mulon. I ,r iiboi't an huur afurwarde, when Captain Whiting isk ( ed h^r captain why lie hid not warn dbimofh's ; tanr-r and time pre- t ied the grounding ?f h.s v Oti^ain Kc'5-? rt4 th.it the <tato aulhorit.esliad piaceu -c pilot on bvii d, an i that it was none of his business. The Mar "on vuoained hard aground all day but the veather was fortunately very c?1m. At three 0 cluck, ?? the steamer lion'in arrived, and under tho wipt i iiit-mdtnce of Captain 1-oek wood, her commander, tho Mar on w..s ev tricated from bcr perilous, position and enabled to reach ber dock safely an 1 unirjure I in about an hour afterwards. A req->n wan then made ni>on the vp uf'ii iur uv uiv ?? ? * -"w ,w OhaiteM. a stockhoi c ; Iniviu.; Wnprevi jasly obtalnod Strong ssuruneos at the same time were given by G.tv. 1 ii Wen h it the owner* should be amply ral'i bui sM ior any los? they m.gbt suiter, , vlng as a reiaou for his summary demands that tho Ma'o bid utgeat medof the \ txel and that th weifu' i of tho Btate jii/Uiiled tho . -eg?.a it> of a- *dtf.g. The C ?|H..'U, under tliw circi.in^' ' , yiclaod up the Marioa to tl ?, Charl??ton oflleials, bnt the Govern'r eventually reln^Uted the cap tain in r s^choiun of the veeseL The owueia do uot oon rida the aiUiir in tho l.ghtof a m-iiure, ilthouj.h neither the roarleeton stockholder nor the company^ age" U in lliat port had any k?-al right to disuse of the Marlon at any price. When Captain Whiting left N vessel wss c< nlmg, preparatory to a return to New York, and she u expected to arrive on Tueed.iy next. I l rom despat hes received, Mesnrs. Bpoflord .t Tileston ? ted it proper to detain the Columbia beyond her imial time of a 'mg. Their Charleston agents now aasure them that the authorities will at prasent throw no obsta cles in tho way of usual trade, and the Columbia will the refore rail on Weli.csday and tho Janaos A lger on -nturday-the company intending to despatch tw. veswla each week as usual. . MOVEMENTS OF UNITED STATES MARINES. First Lieutenant A. J Days, United States marine corps, has boon detached from the Washington Murine Barrack* nnd ordered to the command of Fort Jfollenry. Hie strength of tLl* fortification, which had boon left al most defenceless, luta been reinforced by murines taken from the Washington M-irine Barra- k?. conuiMting of Lieutenants Tclays and Unwell, three sergeants, four corporals, two musicians and thirty privut.*. Ctptain A. 8. Taylor, United Elates marine corps, lately detached from the Brooklyn Marine Barracks and ordered to Wash ington?which wc mcuti'jued a f?w days since?ha- boon Ofu 'ed to the compandor Fort Wsaliin^toc, on the Po tomac, vice Major Ucorgc U. Territt, recalled to the com mand of the Wa*taiigton larine Barracks. The garrison of Fort Washington iouhims of one captain (Taylor), two lieutenant* (Hebb and Nicholson), three sergeants, three oorporals, two musiciarK and forty privates?all of ib? marine corps. The tout force of marines rutlonod at Wellington .Vary Yard and garrison, ext laslve of those on detached service, com-isU of 170 men, u lew of which number are recruits. MORE RESIGNATIONS FROM THK FEDERAL AHMY AND NAV/. Ur'/.r Karl Van Dorn, of the f<cond regiment of dra f"**is, of Mississippi, l:as tendered h's r< cignition to tb* War Deportment. He graduated at West Polat June 30, 1*42 ; was appoint vl Brevet Second I.leutenant Jul) 1, 1843; Second Lieutenant, November 30. 1844; First Lieutenant, March 3, 1817; Brovrt Gap tain, April 18,1x47, for gallant and meritorious conduct In the battle of Cerro (iordo. Mexico; p- >uiuUxi Lreret Major in August, 1847, for gallant and meritorious poo duct In thn battles of Cherubusco and Oontreras, Mexico wounded in entering the city of Mexico, September 13. 1847; attached as al<le de camp to Brevet Mafor ilennral P. F. H?ith, in 1848-0. he was secretary and treasurer of be Military Aaylum, Pamagoula, Mississippi, from Janu ary, 1862. to January, 1HU, promote! to full capUlncy in March, 1850 , distinguished himself while in command of an expedition against the Cfcmanche Indians in Northern Texas, July 1, 18M: ugtin in command of expedition against and in conflict with a large force of Camaache Indl ? .* rear Witehita Village, Texua, Oct. 1, ISM, gaining* fc.'M teclslre and important victory, leaving fifty six Indians lead on the Held, but was himself four times wounded, Iwlee dan gerously ; and again wm distinguished with a similar command In aotlcn with a body of Cfcmanchss strongly posted in the valley of Xeectitunger, May 13, 1MO, in which his command wee completely victorious Major Van Dora has reported himself to theUovrnor of Mississippi, declaring his willingness to cast his lot with his native State, doming that his first and para mount allegiance is due to her. lie liaa recently returned from Texas Missis*.pp will welcome back with 4 1e and affection a son so brave and ??< devoted, who ha? shed lustre on her name in so many situations of peril and so many fields of arduous service. First Lieutenant J H. Forney (of Alabama). Tenth in faatry, has resigned his commission In the army. Lieut. Thomas P. Mot, of South Carolina, late of the Cu t.d Kild sloop.ofwar Karannah. has re ; ?? h'>i ooumiss' m in the navy and tendered his -er\ . it tt,n (Jovornor of Souili Carolina. He entered the M-rvl?t? June 23,1S49, and sinco that tlatc ban dene ihre i yea-*> sea service. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. TIURTY-ftlXTH CO.f OHKSS. UCOND ft SB ION. ?cmku. Waj<hi\'.t<?w, Jan. 12, ISfll. Tie proceedings 01 the e<enate were opened with prayer. iir. Guokov, (ro|?.) of Pa., asked whether a <oto could be taken to allow pAr--onn to the floor of the 5V?na'e. Mr. Toomhh, (opp.) of lis., objected. Tbo I'RKHinKvr decided thut therulo might be dlipensed with by unanimous consent. Further objection being made, a vast number of ladies and gentlemen returned to the lobby room?. The diplomatic corps were in attendant?. At least a thousand Indies and twelve hunlrcd gt-ni. e m- n are in tbo Tien, aud it Is impossible for any more to obtain A motion to fill th" vacancy in the Board of R'gonts of the Smithsonian Institute was laid no the table. Mr. C? iv, (opp.) <if Gal., moved that tm SeMM proceed to the special ordor, the consideration of iho PrcsMont'g Message. Agreed to. MB. 8EWABDS SPEECH. Mr. Skwaro, (rep.) of N. Y , took the th or, and said ? Mr. Pmmtoxt?Congress a JJourr.od last summer mdi<1 autpices of national abundance, contentment, tran quillity and happiness. It was reassembled this win ter in the presenco of derangement of business and disturbance of public as well as private credit, and in the face of seditious Combinations to over tin ow thj I'nion. The alarm is appalling; for Union is not mora the body than liberty is tbo soul of tbe nation. Iha American citizen hits been accustomed to believe the re. public immortal. lie shrinks from tho sight of convul sions Indicative of its sudden death. Tho report of our condition has gone over the seas, and we who have so long and with much complacency studied the endless agi tations of society in tho Old World, tgUieving oursetyeq exempt from such disturbances, now,"flbur turn, seem to bo falling into a momentous and diaaolMUS i evolu tion. I know how difficult it is to decide, amid so many and so different counsels, what ought to bo and even w hat can be done. Certainly, however, it is time for every Senator to declare himself. I, therefore, following the example of the noble Senator from 'fennes tree (Mr. Johnson), avow my adherence to the Hnion in its integrity ana with all its parts, with my friends, wi.U? ray party, with my State, with my country, or without either, as they may determine, in every event, whether of peaoc or of war, with every consequence of honor or dishonor, of lifo?r death. Although I lament the occa sion, 1 hail with cheerfulness the duty of lifting up my voice, utuong distracted debates, fur my whole <5ou?try and its incstiaiable I'nion. Hitherto tbo exhibitions of spirit and resolution h.re, as elsewhere, have been chief ly mode on tlio side of disunion. I do not regret this. Disunion is so unexpected and unnatural that it m>jst plainly reveal Itself before Its presence can h? realised. I like best, also, the courage that riSM slowly under the |*o**ure of sovre rwovoeatlcn. If it bo a Christian duty to forgive to the stranger ev?n seventy times seven oflen?.-s, it is tbe highest patriotism to endure without complaint the pas sionate waywardness of political brethn t so >i?k jS tbe Co Is hopo that ih> may cone to a t'et; - mag I think it Is o*>y to pa odoir. s what measures or eonlctt will not save the Union. I agree with the hooenbi' Senator from North Carol iu.. (Ur. Clingmut) that mere euloglums will not sate ... Vet 1 think th^i n- prayer bring* us netrci to God, though It ssHMt move Him to'.' ud us, sj there Is healing and saving virtue la every wore! ot devot ion to 'he Union that Is spoken, wd hi every sigh that Its da i^or draws forth. I know, at loast, that, like virtt: >, it derives strength t'roni every irreverent act that it < imltted an'i ?very MaspikeriorH ? 11 ?r vtutt is tilt* ugMnst it. ie I'nion t !,?> saved !?.. mi I ai < ,.i. wens cooco" :og vur r<w ectivc share rf rejyjusP iiiijr for tho pros -nt evils. Oo whofla cor. clsnoe a -quits him will n iturally ue slow to acci:f>a others who. co o)h ratio., he noods. History snly c m adjust th" great account. A eontinusnco of the de< on tb" consti ntinnal power of ('opgriw over tho .b Jcct <>f ;iv ry In th' Territories will not s v tfco ( iimw. . Uti ^iuumu o( parties and sec'Hins on th*. i . 4 tiofi liave berime dogmatical, and it is this clrcumr.*nc<j thut bos produced the existlaK alienation. A truce, at least during tho debate on the Union is essential to ro csseiHBth' i. i he Union i innot >e saved by proving s^c< ssion is Illegal or tint ? nslitutional. rersons bent om that fesrf' l st?p will not st*?.nd long enough on farms of law to be dislodged, and 1 >yal men do not need such nor row ground to stanl ??p?n. I fear that little more will bo gained from diF<~.iu?u.* the right of the federal govern incnt to coerce seceding States Into obedience. If dis union Is to go on, this question will give place to the more practical one, whether many snoedlng Htates have ? right to weree the remaining members to acquiesce la a dissolution. I dn ad, as In ray iunermost soul I abhor, Civil war. l do not know what the Union would be worttt If saved by the use of the sword. Yet, for all this, I da not agree witli tbutsc who, with a deeiie to avert tbat greet calamity, ad viae a conventional or nnoppoeed wpa mtlon, with a view to what they call a reconstruction. It is "Dough for me, flret, that in this plan destruction gn?a before reconstruction; and seeondly, that tbn strength of the vase Iti which the hope* of the not .on arfl helil consists chiefly In it* remaining unbroken. Congrof stomal Oompromlee* are not likely to nave the Tidou. I know, iud<-ed, Uiat trad tion favor h this form of remedy, '(?it It M-m?nllal to Its succ-?s. lu any caee, that ther? e foiin'i f. preponderating man* of Citizens so far aeo tral no the issue which ?epur.ttee part e* thAt ih?y can intervene, strike down clashing weapon* and impel to acoon mod.it ion. Moderate cono-ssteaa are not customa rlly a V?d by a forte with gun* in b*tt?ry; aer are libe ra! C'Jd< <-*ekoea apt u> b'- given by in opposing force not kit contldrut In ite own right and its own itrengtb. I think. aiao, that there k a prevrlMng conviction that leg; a'a'ive c^fn|Nimiiri'i which aacrtflee honestly eherlah eU )ij?ei|>les, while they antlijpato future exirfeaciee, even if they do not rissuine eitra coast, tnt'onal powers, are lena pure to *vert imminent evil* than 'hey are Certain to produce ultimately even greater danger*. Indeed, Mr. I'ree'don' I th.nk it will b<i wiso U? dfiieard two preval?rtt ideas or prej-td'cee, newlyv?Klrst, that the faion * t be tared by ^'?meb<?ly In particnlur; and ?oeoodly, that it is to be ?uiteO by .tne cunning .aid inelnoere comp-tct of pacidot lion. Ii I remember rigLUy, t Mid Home thing like this here eo long ?go as Ih. O an 1 afterwards In 1864. Tha p?<w< nt diuigi r disci**' m UM'lf in this form. P'sooetent J cititen* have ikUined pcliticl p >wer in ooruia suter and tiiey ure using tula ar'iewtty to overthrow tbv f. deral gow-rnnHut. Hi* y delude 'neru-'elve* wj;? a y' lief that tb< .-late power tliey liAre aafilred .uaM. them to dachnrge themeek'? 01 allegiance to the whWe republic. The lionorah.e .senator frvm Illinois (Mr. I>atigUi.t * r'gt't ?o coerce i tut v.1 (Muinot The Pr* * '.??* rs that no Mn'ilM a . gbtta neeede, but wo ha*a to ??*ltutlona? power to ro.tke war agaiuet a S*ate. ft* reealte from in iu rnmption that those who. 'B "ocb a ?r '?t the federal government, act lawfully a4 a few.?*; alt hour b saanlftetly they have prv jrted the power of the Mate to an neeonatltu?l< nal piirpoio. A class of politicians ir N"w nt.rlnnd eet np this theory nd attempted to pract'?W ?P"0 '* >n our WW with Great Brit* n. Mr. Jemraon Oil not hesitate to lay toat Stat<? must be kepi within ts ir coi'gtn ational sphere by im pniai. n, if they reeld not be held there by gtlraot m. .*?cae<>H>n ws? theoieli to He It admissible In the fad? oC a publ<" enemy. Bnt if It ia untenable In one -aae, it ta nceesaarliy ao in all othcrr. I fully admit the oru aallt*. the ?>verelgnU and the Independence of the sey>raf Stntee within toelr tpheie. r it I bold the federal gov ernm. ni to be eqm.??T orig,nal. sovereign and .ndeben. d? nt within it ?pi to. And the government of thu .^tate enn no more ab*< ivetho people resi.ltaa with'n ita Hm?ts from nl'egtsnce to the t'nlon than the government of the I nion can abnoiva them from illegianoe to the SUite. The constitution of the Uulted gutes, and tbo laws made In pursuance thereof, are the supreme law of <rftb? lanl, paramount to all bglslatlon ef the "tat* whether naJe under the constitution, or by even their organic cot vent,ona. The 1 ,km can be dissolved, not by secesair n, wllh or without ai mod force, bat ontv br tho voluntary couaent of tbe r*>ple of the United Hiatiw collected in the Winner prescribed by the instil tuth n ol the Iniled Mtatee CongrnM. in the preaent rate, mij;ht net to b?^ lmp.? Mve. It ought, if It caa, to redress >nv real gTlevan<- 'Ue offended H?at?, aa.f then it otight to supply tl I' tdent with all tbe rneone necessary to mail tain th> n ,u 'he fud atblbitloB and dlrereot exercise of ts a itbofit I ) ">nd thie, with tbe proper aetlvlty on the part of the <? ve.there fjHmslbllltyof saving th? ^aton bek?K .h>tfoe?'e, (OnniMUUt ON 13GHT1I rAC" |