Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 15, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 15, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. J&V*#* I * -*%' '? #*?* *i * \ \ i * *4 - ?* 4|,? WHOLE NO. 889L MORNING EDITION-TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1861. PRICE TWO CEXTS. THE REVOLUTION. Arrival of Messengers from South Caro lina and Fort Sumter at Washington. THE FORT HOT TO BE REINFORCED. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. Speeches of Senator Folk and Messrs. Mler nand and Cox on the Crisis. SENATOR BIGLER'S PLAN OF ADJUSTMENT. The Report of the Committee of Thirt y-three. The Dinner to Ex-Secretary Floyd at Richmond. Interesting Revelations of Cabinet Secrets. Charge of a Federal Judge to a New York Grand Jury* The Sale of Arms to Secessionists De clared Treasonable. The Helper Lecture Last Night on the Criais. Radical IMUm Opinions of Seward's Speech. The Crisis Regarded as a Divine Judgment, ac.i a?.< ac. Wasiiincton, Jan. 14,1861. ? Ool. Ilay iip and Mr. Gourd in, who have been sent hero by Got. Pickens, and Lieut. 11*11, bearer of despatches to the government from Major Anderson, arrived here at three o'clock to-day. The latter gentleman proceeded to lay bi6 despatches before the government. The two former have not yet disclosed the object of their mission, but it is understood they are authorized to mako some arrangement with the government respecting Fort Sumter, in order to prevent a collision and the effutfon of blood. The President is entirely in the dark respecting their mission. He is perfectly willing to hear what they have to say. One thing, howover, is certain?ho will not eotrrtain or enter into any negotiation for the de livery of Fort Sumter or the withdrawal of the United States troope therefrom. These gentlemen wil^ probably inform the President to morrow what they pro j peso to do. The Cabinet had a protracted session to-day, and ha<l j under consideration the Charleston difficulties and tho instructions to Major Anderson. They havo decided not | to send any reinforcements at present. This is in ac ccrdanro with Major Anderson's views. The .nstructions to Major Anderson are not yet com pleted. The adm.nistrat,on will wait before completing them until they ascertain the objects and purposes of Colonel Ilayno's mission. This mission, I am assured, is cne of peace, and be comes as the Attorney General of South Carol.Da, with full power vo enter into any arrangement that will avoid a collission or the shedding of blood. Major Anderson is also desirous of avoiding the same terrible calamity. Ool. Hayne addressed a letter to the President to-night, asking bim to appoint a day when he can have an Inter view. The President has agreed to see him to-morrow. Mr. Gourdin does not come in an official capacity, fie eomee to use his good offices to bring about an adjust merit. To-morrow will probably develop the object and pur pose of this joint commission from Major Anderson and overnor Pickens. The news of the refusal of the Arkansas Senate to pass a Convention bill produce* a profound impression In se cession as well as Union circles to-night. Senator Rust's previous letters prepared him somewhat for this action, wbich is here attributed to the Pacific Railroad bill now beforo Congress, the road as proposed passing through Arkansas. It is the opinion, however, of well informed Southern gentlemen that Arkansas cannot possibly stand aga.nrt tho overwhelming secession Hentiment prevailing in Mississippi and i/julslana. WaflBDTOTOT, Jan. 14,1861. The order issued by General Scott Tor the occupation of the Custom House and Post office of St. Ixmla by I'nited States troops was made at the express solicitation of the Assistant Sub Treasurer of that city, 001. Sturgeon, who ha* in bis possession a largo amount of money, and was apprehensive that it might be seised by a mob The foL lowing despatch was received to-day by the government from him, which explains itself s? Tho troops did not take possession of the Custom House. They arrived in the morning, and temporarily occ.up ?d vacant rooms in it, and in the evening went ;nto quarter* at the Ar?enal. til s quiet and rinht here, sensation despatches designed to advance secession an<i excitement to tbe contrary notwithstanding. It is now proposed In oomprumise circles to offer a bill In Congress mtthorirlng four Northern and four Southern States lying contitjw.us to send an equal number of dele gates, non members of Congress, to a convention tomoet here to devise compromise measures for acceptance by the country. New York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Ohio are mentioned as the Northern States, and Mary land. Virginia, Kentucky and Tennesee as tbe South ere. Mr I?mar has telegraphed to Jefferson Davis that, a) though they carried the secession ordinance in Mississlp pi, it was w th groat difficulty, and that there was a pow erful party opposed to them; that tho flrst/auz pai made would place them In a minority. letter* from tbe Interior of (/mis Una, received horo by planters, state that slaves are daHy growing more and more disobedient, and punishment Is daily inflicted j In cases where tbe lash has not beforo been ised for monrhs. A case Is mentioned where a lady deserted ber plantation, leaving it in charge ?f negroes, and fled to New Orleans Those who have aegroet to hire out lind no employnn tit for them, and ( they are consequently an ei pence on their hands, with f* prospect of release. A gentleman who has Just arrived here from Virg'nia utatea Uiat a proposition w<ll shortly be made In their ronvention for "he appointment of five conservative men from each State, to meet at Washington to ?ettle pending difficult.ee. and to act entirely Independent of politicians or representative#. The ptopoolllMJ of Mr. Rlgler, submitted to day, which ia intended to cany out Mr. Oittenden's plan of a vote by the people, to be taken on the }12th of February. fc> ?fgarded with much flavor, and wlD be acceptable to tb< Month, and particularly tbe border -tenth, and quite ? mimfccr ?; ;ocBcrrftl.re r?j":t>l.ca88 hai* tf?Jarfd , their willingness to go for tbo proposition. They My they would not feel at liberty to accept the amendments for their constituents, but are perfectly willing to allow the pt>cple the opportunity to accept them |for thorn selves. Unless something of this kind can be carried, no adjustment will be accomplished. 1 learn this evening that Dudley Mann has positively declined the appointment tendered to him by South Caro lina as Commissioner to visit Europe. Senator Yules, of Florida, who left his seat to-day, with tho Senators from Alabama and Mississippi, ac cepts this proposition. So will Senator Baker, of Oregon, and Senators Dixon and Foster, of Connecticut and others. Mr. Crittenden is also favorable to it. Senators (lay and Fitzpatrick, of Alabama, and Mai lory and Yulce, of Florida, will remain here for a few days. Senator Davis, of Mississippi, is still confined to th < bouse by sickness Senator Brown, of Mississippi, will foroflo for the pre sent his determination to leave immediately. Mr. Yuleo evidently hopes that something may yet be done to avoid a complete disruption, hence tho favor he bestows upon the eight States' proposition, as yet in embryo. Tbe announcement of the appointment of Mr. Chasn as Secretary of the Treasury under Mr. Lincoln, has caused considerable excitement here, on account of his known negro equality ideas. - . It is given out in high quarters that John C. Fremont has been tendered a place in Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet. Ho will arrive in New York on the 23d Inst. Washington, Jan. 14,1861. In tlie House to-day Mr. Etheridge attempted in the morning hour to get in his plan of settlement, but as he presented it in the form of a joint resolution, which can only be introduced on Monday after the morning hour, the effort failed. It was considered unfortunate that Mr. Etheridge did not conform to the rules, and make an other attempt to get his proposition before the House to-day, as it will now be delayed one week. Mr. Etheridge Is urged for a place In Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet by a large number of responsible citizens of Tennessee. The House has opened debate on the question of the day?tbe right of a State to secede. Mr. McClernand, of Illinois, was the first speaker, and made a thorough Union speech, declaring squarely and unequivocally for the pre servation of die Union and (the execution of the laws. This position of Mr. McClernand, being so greatly in con trast with that recently taken by Judge Dougla7, whose (lag Mr. McClernand followed in the recent Presidential campaign, surprises thoso who best know his course In Congress. The fact that Mr. MoClornand resides in Springfield, the home of Mr. Lincoln, may account for his firm advocacy of coercion. Mr. Corwjn, from the House Committee of Thirty three, made a report to tbe House this evening, and without allowing it to be read it was sent immediately to the printer. It embraces three important propositions:? First?H. Winter Davis' Fugitive Slave law proposition, as amended by Mr. Kellogg, of Illinois. Stctmd?Mr. Adams' proposition to admit New Mexico with or without slavery. IMrd.?Mr. Adams' proposition to amend the constitu tion, protecting slavery for ever in tbe States wftere it belong*. It appears that tbe committee, or a very few of them, agreed to allow the propositions to be re ported to the House, with such remarks as Mr. Corwin might suggest, but ho is responsible for wbat he says, and no othor member of tbe committee. There is no formal report signed by the members, for the very good reason that in no one propo sition submitted to them were thoy a unit. Messrs. Tappan of Now Hampshire, and Washburn, of Wisconsin, unite in a minority report, which, in brief, goes against all compromises, but declare*, in strong and clear terms, for the Union and tho enforcement of the Jaws. Other minority reports will bo prefented. It is stated that Mr. Adams, who offered the resolution in favor of admitting New Mexico with or without slavery, voted against reporting It to the House. Messrs. Birtt,of Arkansas; Taylor, of Louisiana; Phelps, of Missouri; II i milton.ni" Texas, Whitely. of IteluwHre; Kerry, of Con necticut; Kellogg, of Illinois: Washburn, of Wiscori'io, ond Tappan. of New Hampshire, all spoko and voted against reporting the proposition to tho House. Messrs Millson, of Virginia: l>nvis, of Maryland : Curtis, of Iowa, and others advocated and voted for the proposition. The Pacific Itailroad bill Is specially assigned lor con sideration in the Senate at one o'clock to-morrow. Senators Davis and Brown, of Mississippi; Yuleo and MolJory, of Florida. Clay and Fitzpatrick, of Alabama: Toombs and Iverson, of Georgia; Hammond and Cbespnt, of South Carolina, having retired from the Senate of the United States, this action will leave the Senate strongly in favor of sustaining the administration, while it mani fests a disposition to stand by the Union and execute tbe laws. With the abovo ten Senators out, twenty-nino will be enough, necessary for a choiee, to do business in the Senate. The republicans have twenty six votes, and there will be no difficulty in finding three more votes among the South Americans and democrats that will at all times and under all circumstances bo recorded on tbe side of the constitution aad the Union. REPORTS FROM SOUTH CAROLINA. Cimrlbrox, Jan. 14,1881. It is believed by many that Major Anderson shot two mil timers at Fort Sumter last wfck, and there are rumors that several more arc now In chains. It ts also said thai one of the mutineers escaped to this city and was return ed U> Fort Sumter by the State authorities. Inquiry, however, shows this to bo a'l fudge. There is no truth in I any of it. Resolution** have unanimously passed the Legislature declaring that any attempt by the federal government to reinforce Fort .Sumter will be regarded aa an act of open hostility and a declaration of war; also approving of the act and promptness of the military in firing on the .Star of the West, and promising to support the Governor in all measures of defence. A resolution was also offered, but withdrawn, inquiring of the Governor why the iork on the causeway between Fort Moultrie and the main land was stopped. The Legislature also passed a resolution to lire fifteen rounds in honor of each seceding State. New military companies are pouring In from all parts of the State. The Governor has sent a messago to th<- Hons--of Re presentatives detailing plana for guarding the const, and for the purchase of three steam propellers. If* prefer* small Iron screw propellers of light draught, each propeller to be provided with thirty-two setmen; on" propeller to be stationed in Charleston, one at Beaufort and one at Georgetown, also, to fortify all the inlets and mouths of the rivers with redoubts and ordnance, and fur boats to doep up a constant communication between them as a protection against sudden Invasion and lawless bands. Governor Pickens sent an aid to Fort Sumter at feur o'clock with despatches for Major Anderson, supposed to be in relation to the matter of occupying the attention of the department at Washington. Nothing has tran spired since. The people are quiet, but the work of defence goes bravely on. A bill was voted down in the House of Representatives providing for the punishment of whites or others circu lating incendiary pamphlets or other matter. A LETTER FROM GOVERNOR PICK EN-1. ? Chakuot>*. -Ian. 14.1881. G. B. 1 President Rank of the Republic. New Wk ? Sir?PI' aso have rt authoritatively published that no flag and no ves?el will be disturbed or pre', entod rrom en tericg our hnrbor unless bearing hostile troops or muni lions of war for Fort Sumter. All trade is desired, and all vessels in commerce only will be gladly received. F. W PICKENS THE VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE. RmoKm, Va., Jan. 14,1881. Tbe report V the Committee on the Preservation of the Public Peace came up In the Senate. Mr. Douglas offered an amendment to the effect that the State shall declare herself out of the Union, unless Con gress and the non slaveholding States 'ball give a speedy guarant'e to the adoption of measures to moro effectually guard the rights of the South. 1-aid on the table, and or dered to be printed. ABOl.ftlONISTS NOT TOLERATED IN UTTCA. Cfiri, Jan. 14. 1881. Susan B. Arthony, Br -ah Green and associates *me hert t? dsy to told M ?b?I.UB tttTWUPi tut Wttfl unab'e to obta a any public t Thero wcro indications that the convention would ha.w * e> n stormy bad one been be id. PROCEEDING* OP THK FLORIDA STATE CONVENT iO.M. BSCOND DAT. Tm-i*Anrer, Jan. 5,1801. The < oovention met a uoon la the Reprettentative Ilall, Ool. Pelote in the cba r A J rayer wa? offered by the Rev. E. I- T. Blake, or Tallahassee The lirst business wad the Election o: permanent officers of the Convent Ma. A ballot for President resulted as followsTotal vot>s 57 Judge John C. McQehee receive I 47 Col. Job i C Pelote, 7; John P. ? anderaon, 2; and Col. Merton, 1. Judgo McCchee was declared elected, and a committee appointed to inform him of bis election and conduct him to tbo chair. Upon taking the ofcair the President made a brief speech. The Convention then proceeded to the election of Becre tarles. The following is the oa<b administered to all the offi cers elected (President not included) ? You do solemnly swear that you will faithfully dis charge the duties of the office to which you have been elected, and to obey such rules and orders as the Con vention may prescribe, so help you Cod. ' On motion, committees were appointed on Credentials, Elections, Judiciary, Commerce and Navigation, Federal and Foreign Relations, Militia, Sea Coast Pohcft, Enrol ments, and on other subjects. AFTERNOON SESSION. A resolution was offered by Q. W. I' UffiimJ , of I .eon, that, when the Convention passes an ordinance of seces sion, it be submitted to the people for ratification. The resolution was tabled by a unanimous vote, or at least no delegate voted nay. Mr. Parkhill said he offered the re solution in aim pi lance with instructions fiom hi con stituents, but he was in favor of Immediate secession. Judge McLntuhu offered the following preamble and resolution:? Whereas, all hope of the preservation of the federal Union upon terms consistent with the safety and honor of the sluveholding States ha? been finally dissipated by the indications of the strength of the anti-slavery senti ment of the free Stated; therefore be It Resolved, by the people of tho State of Florida In con vention assembled, That us It is the undoubted right of the several States of the federal Union, known as the United States of America, to withdraw from the said Union, at such time and for such cause or causes as in the opinion of the peop'e of each State, acting in '.heir sove reign capacity, may bo just and proper?in the opinion of this Convention the causes are such its to compel the State of Florida to proceed to exercise that right. On motion of CoL Ward, of lieon, the preamble and resolution offered by Jndge Mcintosh were ordered to l>e printed and made the special order of the day on Monday. An animated discussion resulted on the motion to post pone until Monday, but Col. Ward's motion was adopted by ayes 37 to noes 29. The Convention then adjourned until Monday morning at ten o'clock. TniRD DAT. Tiu-AiusriHc, Jan. 7,1661. The Convention met this morning at ten o'clock. Prayer was offered by the Rev. Dr. Du Bois, of Talla hassee. The commit tee to whim was referrei the business of communicating with the Commissioners from Alabama and South Carolina reported that they had performed that duty, and that the Commissioners were now ready to communicate with the Convention. The Commissioners were then conducted into the Con vention, and the President addres-wd them as follows ? Gsntikkkx, Commlshonekm from Sorni Carolina ami Aijuiaxa As the organ of the sovereignty of Florida, in Conven tion assembled, it gives mo great pleasure to extend to you, as the representatives of your States, a cordial wel come. In the great struggle in which we are all engage! for deliverance and safety, it is grateful to give and receive mutual encouragement anil support. Florida acknowledges, with high satisfaction, the friendly compliment paid her by your respective States, in accrediting to ber tlfetr ChmmisaloBor*. May n?'i she and they indulge the piea-ing hope tb.it tl.at mutual re gard and sympathy and Supper* now tendered ind re served may be an earnest of a reunion of destinies that shall secure liberty, peace and happiness to their people for all time to come. To Konth Carolina, who has In the ssalntenaflcft of the rights of her people reassutaed the pon ors granted in the constitution which made her a member o the I niou.and taken position among the aspirate and independent na tion < of the -'outh, Y lorida says, All hail?well 4oae! To Alabama, who this day assembles her sovereignty?with the high behest lo take care that her Commonwealth re selves no detriment?Florida bids Cod -peed. \nd to you. gentlemen, personally, this Convention tenders con siderations of hn?h respect and regard. The Commissioners "poke in reply. The Convention ti en took a recess ft r an hour. When they agsin met they went into secrct s? -"ion. THE SLOOPOF-WAR MACEDONIAN BOUND SOUTH. R STOJT, .r?B. 14,1S01. The eloop-of war Xlacedi r.;ao, from I'ortsinouth, pa-"***! Highland Light this morning, bound south, under muled order;. THE PENNSYLVANL\ LEGISLATURE AND THE CRISIS. lLARRisrirRc, Jan. 14,1861. Mr. Fmith's Union resolutiona were up as Uio special order in tho House this afternoon. Mr. Williams, of Allegheny, made a strong and power ful speech, averring the right of coercion: opposing com promise; advocating a vigorous exercise of the powers of the government to suppress secession by force assailing ?evenly the petitions for tho repeal of the ninety-tilth section of the penal code: holding all attempts at compro mise futflc, past compromises having been failures; say ing that the Union must bu reconstructed ultimately by the readmission of the conquered provinces, and that the ?bedding of a small amount of blood would now save oceans hereafter. There were vast numbers present, and applause from the galleries was frequent. Mr. DuRleld, of Philadelphia, democrat, replied briefly. Great importance ii attached to Williams' ? peech. he being the exponent of radical republicanism, and it being regarded as foreshadowing the action of that portion of the republicans of this Slate. Prominent parties Intimate with Gov. Curtin, say that hii Inaugural address will contain a recommendation for repealing all laws conflicting with federal authority; fa voring the exhaustion of all means for conciliation and pea< e before force Is resorted to, and pledging all the po eunlary and physical iwwer of the State to preserve tho Union unbroken. The message will not refer to the Sunbu ry and Er o road, n<>r to the repeal of the tonnage tax. It will leave ibe legalization of the suspension of spociepay ments to tbe logi'laturo. Tlio Govrnor believes, 'mm the abundant resource"! of the State and nation, that a( I pecuniary difficulties will .?won come rigbt. unless com plicated by a civil war. ?<n the whole the tone of the m< ssagej iljjblghly com Jlatiry, and w.U bo well re celved. The town is full Of strangers. The hotels are crowded with aipl>ont? for '.:H>?\ and visiters. The snow is six Irenes deep, and a driwl ng rain is falling?premising a bad day u.r the nsuguraton cere monks to mi rrow. MISSISSIPPI. THK OIUXAItCI OK RKl KB* ON. An Ordinance to dissolve th? union between the Mate of Mississippi and other rotate* tinted w:th her under the compact entitled "The Constitution if the I'n' ed States of America."' Ihe people of Mississippi in Convention assembled lo ordain and di Clare, and it. i? hereby ordained and de dared, ns follows, to wit ? Section 1. 1 hat all tho laws and ">rdinan-es by which the said "late of Mt"?'s*lppi became a member of tbe federal l'nton of ihe 1'ntted states ?>( America be, and the "umo aie hereby repealed; and Uuit all abligit'ool >n the part oi said "late or the people thereof t? > nerve tbe ??m? be wthdrawn, and that the said State shall hereby resume tbe rights, functions and powers which by any of said laws and ordinances were conveyed to tbe govern ment of th? said ' nited States, and Is dissolved from al the obt'gatlons. res'rmnt* and duties incurred to the said feceral ''tilon. and shall hnn.eforth be a free, sovereign and indep?naent Stat-). ?'ec. 2 That so rnueh of tbe first seetion of the seventh article ef the .onstttuti'in oi this State as requires mem hers if the legislature and all "Ulcers, legislative and judicial, to take an oath to support the constitution of ihe totted *>tatee, be and tho same 's hereby abrogated and annulled. Sec 9. That all rights acquired and ves'ed under the conatitntnio of the l ulled states, or under any act of Congress passed in pursoanoe thersof. or order any law of this State, and not incompatible w !h th's ?irdinaoc* ?ball rema n in force, and have the same efftoct aa If this wtinsnc had not heen pae?< d See. 4. That the people ot ibe State of Mississippi here ^y consent to form a federal union with such of the states as have seceded or may ?ecede from the t'mon of the T'nited "tates of America, upon the baste -f the preeeii comtitat'on of the sail I nited State* except ?ucfc parte t?.re?>f as embrace oihsr portions thar such Meed lag QlltH. Aier**''. yy, n?y? it, IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. VHIKTT-KITH CONGRESS. UCOMD BKMJON. lOWtoi ViaooKM, Jon. 14, I860. pro room iHEfDMEyre to th* cowrm-noji. Mr. Biolsr, (opp.) of !*?., introduced a bill proposing U?e following amendment* to the constitution, to be voted on for rejection or approval by tbe people, on the 12th of February.-? Whereas, the L'nlon is in imminent danger of final dis solution, in consequence of protracted strife and aclta tion about the institution of African slavery.and Whereas, it is believed that legislative remedies are in dvsaster'an?0'1 remove 'he cause of the impending Whereas amendments to the constitution can only be submitted by a vote of two thirds of l>oth houses of Con gress, and owing to tho unhappy divisions existing m these houses it is not believed that the assent of two thirds ol the members of either can bo had to such amendments to the constitution as will reconcile the dif ferences between the North and the South; and horeas, as it is a cardinal principal of our reprcsen tative system, that the representative shall obey thu will of the people, it is deemed proper and necessary to a*k the opinion and judgment of th" peoplo on the pro ' posed ainencments to the constitution, with a view to their submisf ion, by a vote of two-thlrds of cach brunch of Congress, lor ratification by tho Status, as provided in the constitution, thereby restoring to our detracted country its accustomed peace and prosperity. Therefore, Be it enacted by tho Senate and Hotiso of Kepresenutives, that the citizens of the several Stat, s qualitied to vote for members of Congress, are hereby requested to hold an election ou Tuesday the 12th day of rebruary next, for the purpose of deciding for or ug imst the annexed proposed amendments to the constitution ?t the l nlted States;? 2?AI1<1 he it further enacted, that those who are tor the proposed amendments to the constitution shall vote a ballot bearing the words, "lor the amendments" ?nil those opposed to the amendments a ballot bearing th"* words, "Against the ainenumerits." SK< nox 3.?Iho .-aid election shall be held at th" same places, in the same manner and under thi Same laws aa the last election for 1'reildeiit and Vice President of the L mtrd States, and be conducted by the same iudkres in fpectors and other oilloers. ' ..^*7KW.4-?ri'? return Judges of tho several election districts in cach county shall meet at the county seat on tho Thursday following the day of the said election aud count the returns for tho said couuty. setting forth the whole Dumber of votes cast lor the amendments, aud the whole number of votes east against the amendment*? one copy of which shall b? forwarded by mail to the Secretary of the Senate of tho Iniied States, and another to the Governor of th? State; and that seut tho Governor shall contain a statement of the i.etual necessary ex penned of holding said election. Suction 6 ?That the compensation of tho officers hold ing the said election, and the other expenses thereof shall be the same aa the compensate of tho expense of holding the last election for 1'resideut and Vice President ' and shall be paid out of the I nitcd Stales Treasury in a manner hereinafter provided. Smtion 0?That the Governors of the several States are hereby respectfully requested to cuuse to be mtde out aud lorwarded to the Secretary of the luterior, a tabular statement of the nmount of expenses for holding the said election in thoir respective Stales, exhibiting the amount due each county, attested under the seal of tue State by the proper officers; and the Secretary of the luterior shall draw drafts on tho (nlted States Treasury In favor of the Governors of the respective .States for the amounts duo the several counties, to bo paid to the jwrties in each county entitled to rcc?ive tho same; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and required ton.iy tho amount of said drafto out of any money in the frea sury. Skitjov 7 ?That it shall be the duty of thr> Secretary of the Senate to cause the said election returns

to be opened, counted nnd filed as fast as received and cause tabular statements to be made exhibiting the remit in each State, one copy of whn h shall lie delivered to tho President of tho Senate for tho use of that body and another to the Speaker of the House of Hepresentatives lor the use of that body; and it is hereby tnude the duly of each and all clerks now in the employment of tho Senate, in addition to the other duties, to assist the Socre tary <n the |-ertorman< e of the duties hereby inipieod uj*>n him. * v Sictjoji R ?That tho Pr- sident of tho United States is hereby authorized to buun a pr. iamation to the Govern ors and all otiers in civil authority, and to tho people or the several StaUs. announcing to them tho day Uxod for th( said ejection, presenting its gem r*l obje, lg, aud r? quc-ting their .-viuul co ojs-ration in a prompt and faith lul (\ecution of the provision* ui' Uu i^i, sau.<.\ 9 ?-Th.t ehivil t>* the duty or Ihe Anxetaiif of the interior, immediately alter the jioe -a/e of tli.s a. t, t<> cause ai i urat>-copies of the ,-wimo lo oe iirinted and for warded by mail to the Sherifls of tho -overal counties of cach State, and the said ,~beriIDl are hereby requested to make proclamation, in not inor1 than two newspaper-< in ? acli county, ol the day of raid ejection, setting lorth the projiosed amendments to bo voted on and the expenses incurred imder tho provisions o. this section shall be paid as hereinafter pro v.ded ior the other expenses of the -aid election, and that the following articles be, aud they are hereby tuopi sed as amendments to the constitution, w hich ?ii ,| be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of said con stitution, when ratified by tho conventions of three fourths of the Slates, held for that purpose ? AaricLr I.?That terriloi-y held, or that may hereafter be a> huip d. by the t nlted Mate*, shall lie divided ?v a line north'latitude*'^"" l'*ral."l ol 3t> degrees iOminutes i ^KT'r'E2 ?Tha? In all the territory north ofsnfd)in?nf latitude involuntary servitude, einspt as a punishment I or ?rime, in prohibited; and In ail territory south of a* Id |iu int'Oiuulan- servitude,as it now emst* in the States south of Mason arid Dixon s line. Is iier<-i>y recognized, and shall be sustained slid protected t>y all the department* o: the Terrf !,e an<1 *^"n any Territory Dorth and south or said line, within ?neh twundsriet as < on*r*s* may pre sertbe. shall contain lb* population requisite tor amenii.-T of Congiess according to the ihen federal ratio or represen tation or I he people of the I nited tltate*, it shall then I* the duty el Congrer* to admit such Territory Into the U a ion on term* o -equality with the original States. Annus 8.?Congress shall not have power to abolish slavery in places under Its exclusive Jurisdiction and situate within the limits or States that permit the holding or slaves nor shall Congress have power to abolish slavery In the District or Columbia so long as it exists in tho States ?r ilary land and yirglnta, or either or them; nor without Just com pen?alion belnc made to lb" owners or such slaves. Articlk 4 ?That, In Addition to th* pn-Tlnl' nn of th#? third paragraph of the second action of the fourth artJoi* of thf conatituU<in of th? Lnlt#Hl Hut^a. .hali haie uni*r Vf U hb*]i ^ ,U dulJf ?" w Provide, that .Sr i,M ihtatesshah owner who shall appylorit |V* hLV"'"T" ?Uv" In all rases where the Nsrahal <>r Mher offleer wlioae duty It was to irnsii uid ,"?T'Tr*!t^1 from ?'dolna by violanoe rr in Mniidation, or when, arur arrsst, the said rualilre shall tie hy lorce, and the owner then-by prevented and ob strocted In the pursuit or his remedy ror the recovery or bis fu (lUv? slate under said clause in the ^institution, and the laws msde In pursuaaee thereof; and in all soeh rami when the S? M,*n for 'h-y shsJl^are the i ? 1. 110 th#? rrmmr In which oaM rlo leoce. intimidation or r?acue waa ?? ?mmitted, and to rooover from lt, Wlth iatere?. damage to that am^ntlid b7~?m ror the said/ugitlve slave; and the said county, after It has paid the said amount to the I nlted States, may Tor Its indem nity ;foe and recover from the wrong doers or rescuers bv whom the owner waa prevented from the recovery or bis tu gltlve slave. In like manner aa the '.wner himwiT might have sued and recovered. " ' . ? f-oofresa shall have no power lo'pr ihlblt or binder the tranaprirlalinu or slaves from one State to ano'ber or to a Territory tn which the slaves are by law permitted to be held, whether the transportation be bv land navigable rivers orsea; but the Afriean slave trade shall never b? m vived cieept by the unanimous consent <it both tiraaehe* ,,f i onfrrAa. ???Hereafter the President or the Cnlled States shall hold office during the term of six years, and shall not be eligible ror re election. AavtcLs 7.?The eonatitnt'on shsii not be herearter amend ed so as to destroy the effect or the third paragraph of the ser-ond section of the flrst article or the constitution, nor the third paragraph or the section of the f ,urth article of the eon ?titullon, nor so aa to authorise Congress to interfere W|th or destroy sny domestic Institution of ths Htatsa, without the consent of all the States. Mr. (rep.) or Mass , im \ed ts reference to tbe Judiciary Committee. Mr. Bi'ii gx objected. Mr. Tkrumtx, frep.) of II].?This bill profwees to change the constitution in an unconstitutional way. #o mpor'ant a bill, cbang np the lundsmental laws or me country should be reterred to the ommittee Mr Pr<,H. (opp.) cf Oh ??I den t under tand the bill ye? Ur. He.: t* was inwnl ng to have *ho bill referred in the absence of the iterator from K' Otu'Jcy. It is not an attempt interfere with the r'ghts of tho people. Mr. Baowx, (opp.) of Miss.?Mr. President?The record whi h the s?nate is about lo make will show the -.ysen-re of the .Senators from Alabama, Flor da and Mlssiss ppV I rise to say. in a word, why th's ts so. These -''ates have taken stop* to withdraw from this I'nion, of which we are not so well informed oTIelally as to jugffy our :".nnl notice of withdrawal from the -ienate. But wo feel lhat our duty, most cianrly so to ourselves, no lorger perrlis us to take an active port in ih'e body, either by speaking * voting. My colleague (Mr. Davis) s confined to his room, but these remarks are made at his request, and he concurs in what I have said. Mr. Wn*oi withdrew his mot or. nn? vmmnull o? ma vtmnmhipvi *iv*b. Mr. (Jwiirn. (rep.) of Iowa. Introiluced a resolution re quest ng the President to mmuDlcate any information he may have regarding attempts made or oon temp la ted by sny large body of m?n to interfere with the free navl gallon or the Mississippi rtyr, and what efforts have been made to suppress tbe same, la'd over Ksn.RiMo i* pimvs^ i.vasu i vrvra. Mr r*ss?>p*>?, 'rep.) of Jle.. |?re?ent"d a niemorial for a bill for a failroad in Pennsylvania avsnue lo t.eotge. town in tBe D'strtct of Columbia, lall over. rmi WAsntsrmm sqi gnt iT. Mr. Wnaoi introduced a resolution instru tlngtheOom* mlttee on Military and Militia to report whether 'be ap nropriation of last session :o complete tbe Waehingu.n iqneduct has keen expanded seviriling to the plan nnd stimate of Captain Melge, giving ibe l ommlttee power lo 'end for persons and papers tni rnorr*w r*ntA*s, srr, Mr, Fmv. opp.; g(< presented mem^r'ale from th^ representative of tho Choctaw Nation and the Chamber of Commerce of New York. Mr. Ivxkso.n, (opp.) of Ga., obtained lcav>< to retire from the Committee on Claim* for Iho reason ihat tho duties were too laborious. WMiKOHltMKXT OK HOrrBnX MILITARY PORTS. Mr Masox, (opp.) of Va., Called up the rosolutioi ask mg the Secretary of War to communicate information o reinforcements ut Charleston and other Southern ports. Mr. Ci^kk, (rep.) of N. II., offered an amendment sub stituting the President of the United States, THK AMISSION Of KASHAS. Mr. Collawcr, (rep.) of Vt., called for the yeas and nays on Mr. Hugh's motion to pogtpone the Hons ? bill for the admission of Kansas, in order to lake up Mr. Hunter a resolutions, with the following result; Yeas? Messrs. Brnjatrln, Bigler, Bragg, Bright CUngman, Flteh, flreen. Hemphill, Hunter, Iveraon. Jaffnuon of Ark., Johnson of Tenn., Kennedy, Lane, M&aou, lViuce, l'olk, U" - -'i ????> S..I.M?tlan, Saulsbim. Slid. 11. WlalVI!_-24. kee, Fessendrn, Foot, Foster, (irlmes, Hal", Hamlin, Kin,: I Latlmm, Beward, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Kyck, Trumbull'. I Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson?>7. I X1K. rKlTTK.M)K.N'8 UBOI.tTin.VS. Mr. Wnnow moved to [wstpono the Crittenden resolu tions until half past twelve o'clock on Thursday. .Motion lost by toe following vote: Ykas?Messrs. Anthony, Bingham. Chandler, Clark, Doo llttle, Durkee, Keswnden, Foot, Filler, Urlmes, Hale, Har lan, King, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Kyck, Truuibull, Wade, Wilson?19. Navk?Messrs. Benjnroln, Blcler, Bright, Cllngman, Crlt tendin, Douglas. Ml> h, ilreen, Hemphill, Hunter, Iverson, Jotinwn of Ark., Johnson of Tenn., Kennedy, Lane, Ialhani, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Polk, Powell, Kloe, saulsbury, Sebaallau, Wigfali?2ft, Mr. Hk.\ja>ii.n, (.opp.) ol lit., said the vote was unwor thy tho Senate. Mr. Chhtksi.'MI, (opp.) of Ky., did not suppose the Senate bad committed anything unworthy in the case. Mr. Ghkkn, (opp.) of Mo., moved to post|>ouo till Wed nesday , at one o'clock. Mr. (Yank moved to substitute half-past three this evening. The iiist motion was carried. SPKHCH OK MR. IDI.K OS TUB OUKIH. Mr. Poi k, (opp.) of Mo., took tho floor on Mr. Hunter's resolution ol withdraw ing ttiu lorces fum the seceding Slates. Ho said tlio Presidential canWss is now over, and anti slavery fanaticism has triumphed, and led as tonishment unit regret. Now an unnatural animosity exists between the sections, separated by a geographical line, and a universal (ionic prevails throughout the coun U y. The public and private credit are prostrate. Of the government loan of Ave millions only half was taken, and that at usurious rains of interest. message from the President of the I'nlted States was received. ? Mr. Pout continued:?Commerco is curtailed, trudo is chicked, industry is paralyzed, artisans and mechanics are idio, uianuu.i torus aie stopped and the operatives discharged. The conscqucncc is want and starvation. The Union is tottering auj toady to fall. Four pillars have already gone, one being of the original thirteen. The ad mission of California disturbed the equilibrium between the slaveholdlng and non slaveholdlng Stales. A cause of complaint against the action of certain States and their |>eople?these States being (turtles to the I'nion?was that they added to tho insult of the passage of Personal Liber ty hills and underground railroad operations, not only In th<-border States, but the entire South. He knew gen tlemen having thousands of dollars worth of negroes who fear to attempt to mover them. Kontueky loses $200,000 annually in slaves sloleu and enticed away. Mr. Lincoln is the IIItsl man elected to the ofllce of President who an nounced tho doctiine of the "irrepressible con flict." This house, built by our forefathers, now becomes a house divided against itself. Political power has iiassod entirely from the uon-sluve holding States. We behold u political party whose orga nization was effected for the abolition of slavery on evety foot of American soli. That party is about to assume power on the 4th of Muich, and it will then be in a con dition to bring all the powirof the departments of tho government to bear upon tho Institution of slavery for lis destruction. The legislative branch of the govern ment might attempt the abolition of slavery in the Dis trict of Columbia, In the dockyards aud arsenals of the South?everywhere in fact in the I'nited Stales where it has exclusive jurisdiction, eveu In the slave holding Status. There are more than thirli-en thousand pi -t MM to le tilled.and there are land ofheers, survey oisof lands and forts,revenue olflcers,collectors of reve nue, judges, I'nlted Slates marshals and district attor ney to be appointed,and this and all other possible influ ence will be brought to bear lor tho destruction of sla very. It is high time the Southern states began to bo excited and aiurmed on the subject. Their very existence Is at stake. Their social system is liable to be broken up. Property worth three and a half to four hundred millions of dollars is at stake; and would any people sub mit to the destruction of such an amount of property without resistance? No people in any ag<?, in any oti mate, under any form of government, have submitted to such an imposition us the destruction of a hundredth jwrt of property of I but value without remittance and revolu tion. iho result of submission would be a servile insur rection. There must be an adjustmunt of diiliculUes by (.'canting sufficient < onslltutioijal guarantees that shall secure not merely thfc property hut the lives of the wives and children fotuid In that section of country. There ought to Ihi made such provisions in th? constitution as w ill expressly and unequivocally recognise the right of property in slaves; as will allow slave property to be Ukon into the common territory and protected there by thefideral government; us will prevent Congress from abolishing slavery in tho District of Columbia so long us the ih -titullon is continued in Maryland and Virginia, or either of them: that slavery shall not be abolished within tlie District without just compensation or ? g< Loral consent; that Congress shall not prohibit the transportation of slaves from one stain to another, nor to and from the District of Co lumbia, nor to and from the Territories of the I'ni toil stales; that all fugitives shall he delivered up win n demanded,or the owner receive compensation for refu sal. 'Il.e republican [>arty ought to bo ready to grant concessions In order to remedy evils. The |x*>ptc of Mis ouri do not desire to I >uve the Union?perLaps it will be forced o|ion them. Yhls Union I* a compact of States with ? acli other, aud not a compai l with the foderal go vernment. The federal gouemmcnt was no party to the compact, and It can derive no power from a coni|iuct to whuh It was not u party. Tho President l? bound to seo the luws faithfully executed. Ho must do it by the means pointed out by tho constitution, and the constitution has provided a judiciary for th ? purpose. Ho cannot assume to be judge, jury and executioner. He is no autocrat. lie .s to exercise authority in the modo pointed out, coercion is utterly imprueticublc. Coercing all tho <111 sniiH of a State and the State itself! It is nothing but co ercion, (hough it may be culled tnforcing tho laws. The ditlereuee between nulliticniion and secession is that in the lormer case the State remains a member of the con federacy, and acknowledge* the Jurisdiction of the United Stales, aud acknowledges the laws of the Unit-d Slates as binding ii|m>u her and her citizens, while In the latter she bus refuted to remain under lim jurisdiction or the I'niled Slates, puts herself frrtm tne Union, and thors is no acknowledgement of the lawn of the United 8lut? within her limits. Mr. Polk here considered the direful <-onsequences of war. and said l?t us separate in Cm*. Scale Carolina Is o?t of the Union, and others u> and will follow, and would hare preferred she had rounctled with her slaveholdtng sisters before taking the step. Mr. Polk advocaUd a peaceable dissolution so that, the Iiiion could be reconstructed. An h<eir was then consumed in setting a time for iho fuithcr consideration of Crittenden's resolution. Finally it was set for to-morrow at half past twelve o'clock i?n motion of Mr. Kkjokoy adjourned at four o clock precisely In the proceedings of the 10th, the abbreviated report misrepresents Mr. Trumbull. In reply to Mr. Itavn, Mr. hrnru, (rep.) of 111., Mid be referred to tbe Senator from Mississippi an having 'aid be understood tbe pledge wu given that the fortiil oat inn ?? at Charleston were to remain a*- they were; that tbat pledge wus given gome time before the fxrnmi* sloners cam* here, and that they were to remain in that condition until after an opportunity tu treat Mr Duvia, (opp.) of Miss., where did you get your in formation? Mr. Tat MM'i.ij? I don't knew tbat the Senator stated where be got It. Mr. luvi-?It'? a pity you did not listen. I think my remark eiear In the paper,* that were reed hero yesterday. Mr. Tki'mni ij ? Then the Senator i* not pmmnsible. f am informed by Senator* around me that ho did remark that Senators around him knew of the pledge at the time It is sad to have be?n given. Mr. Davis?Five or nix Senators knew of the agreement to maintain the statu* then ex luting. Mr. TJtrnsni?That's the point Mr Djtrv?Wbn I *p<>k>' m ?WW, however, I re ferred to tho jieiiers which wero rend. If the Seuator want* to know whether I understood before those paper* witc read at the deik that tbe itatua should remain, I tell him yes?emphatically yes. Mr Tut nam?I should like to know if be understood it before Routh Carolina seceded or passed tbe ordinanou of seeeaaion. Mr. IUv??I think not. Mr. TKVM?Vli*~I hope n<>t. Mr. I)am?? Vou hope not. Why'' Mr. Tsuiortt?Heoause 1 hoped the Senator discounts naiiced tho idea of leaving the government of the I'nlted Male* defenceless against a people preparing to attack, atr.ill and destroy it. Mr. Lutib?Our ideas of honor are different. I rhoul.l hold thai man aeeoundiel who did not desire to hai ? a garrison withdrawn, if ho believed .1 would produce eloodshed and eould not do K<>od. Mr. Tm ?nru?t believe It could do gixal. and it was the very weakness of tbe garrison that invited the seoes ?ton or South Tarolm*. Tbe above la condense"! from the Omi/r- vionof UUbe. Ho?n of Representatives. Wiiwiiiiiw, Jao. 14, IW. rirs 'Hisiti i* rn* ssrmu'. Mr. HlWiUfiB. (opp.) of Ind., asked leave to oflter the fol lowing, which was read for inforroa'.lon:? Resolved, That tbe pre-ent alarming condition of the eo'intry imperatively dem?n<W tbat Congress should take immediate "fps to preserve'.he peace and maintain tbe ? a ton fey removing, a* far as possible, all causes of see ijrnsl In itai ion md dlvlMon, and to that end patriotism ' tHIhW prrmpt a heerfiil stirtender of nil part sen preju du ?# and Hi not differ on. ??? of opinion, unit this Hou?e. t?e ne . im the plnn ol sd) istnieni pt'T >?ed by lloo. lohn J n|tt< nd? n iim he *-tintp, 1 ;*eeffi1>er 18, HrtO, W'*iM he an <pitt?ble and honqisble c mpromore, involving ne*tcri flee to sny |>?tty or ?cotii n tb ii xi'inld not promptly tw modwfor the sake of the mes' n iblo ble?*itie* or nea>'e und a united country. lier< by oistiuct 'he <v>mtwttee of Th t'.y 1 hr?o, here" .(We app uted ty tbi* Ho'i*?, to fe | port without delay the necessary mearorea to carry -hat piau into practical effect. Mr. Lovejoy, (rep.) of 111 . and other republicans, ob jected. Mr. Mxonsii said at the proper time be would move to suspend the rules. Mr. (}ar.nktt, (opp.) of Va., introduced a Joint resolu tion tosuspend the execution of tho federal laws within certain States. Referred to the Select Committee on tho President's special Message. Mr. Harris, (opp.) of Va., introluoed a bill to revive the lurid' act of 1340. Keferred to the Committee on Ways and Mouiib. Mr. MiKkak, (rep.) of V. Y., Introduced a bill to repeal so much of the act oh relates to the collection of duty on imports in .South Carolina. Hei'errod to the Select Com mittee of Five. Mr. Pkhdiktoh, (opp.) of Ohio, introduced a bill making Cincinnati a port of entry. Referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. Adramt, (opp.) of V. J., presented tho proceedings of u public meeting of workingmeu and mechanics at Newark, N. J., on the 0th inst., ou tho preseut condition of tho country. Referred to the Committee of Thirty three. He stated that the resolution!) breathe a spirit of devotion to the constitution and the Union. .Mr. VAXes, (opp.) of X. C., remarked that gontlemea hud otten rpoken lor lliineombe. IIo now wanted Bun combe to speak for itself in relation to the condition of tho country. He prevented th# proceedings of the people of that county. Mr. Wasiihuksk, (rep.) of 111., asked whether tho pro ceedings were in earnest. Mr. Vance?The people of Buncombe never speak but when they are in earnest. (Laughter.) The proceedings were referred to the Committee of Thirty-three. Mr." Moore, (opp.) of Ky., presented the proceedings of the I'nion and Douglas meeting at IxmlsvUle. Referred to tho Committee of Thirty three. Mr. Maynard, (opp.) of Teun., offered a resolution in structing a select committee on the President's Special Mestuge, to consider that portion which recommends to a vote ol the people the questions at issue between the different sections of the country and now agitating tho public mind, and that the committee report thereon at an early day, by bill or joint resolution. Tho resolution was adopted. Mr. Homla*, (opp.) of Ind., offered a resolution declar ing that the right of a State to withdraw from the Cnlon is not countenanced by tho (louse, or recognized by tho constitution, but is wholly inconsistent with that in strument, and thut neither Congress nor the Pre sident is invested with authority to recognize any alato once admitted, except us a State of tho I'nion: that power to protect' the public | property should be exercised, and that the Committee on the Ju diciary inquire and report whether the lawa are now suf tlcietit for this puriioee, and if not that they report a bill giving additional powers,by the employment of Uie navy or otherwise. Mr. Caxtkkli., (opp.) of Ga., wanted to offer a substi tute. Mr. Bir.neit, (opp.) of Ky., desired to offer the CVitten den compromise, that the House might decide between the two resolutlous. Tho debate arising on the subject lies over. Mr. Kxuijsii, (opp.) of lnd., again ottored his resolution, as aliovo, but tho House, by several mujorlty, refused to second the demand for the previous question and to vote thereon. Mr. Beaktox, (rep.) of Ohio, moved to moke the special order for to morrow, the bill to pre vide for organizing and disciplining tho militia of tbo District of Columbia. Mr. Stanton, In reply to a question of Mr. Iloteler, said the plan was matured last year by a Hoard of army offi cers, with no reference to any of the now existing difli eulties. Mr. Burrht said according to his understanding, the bill provides for a standing army of six thousand men, to be called into service by the President, and ui case of Insurroetlon to take possesiion of even this Capitol itself, If the 1'resident thinks proper to do so. Mr. Maynard said they could get along without that bill. It was only uddisg fuel to tbo lliune. Mr. Stanton's motion to suspend tlie rules for the re ception of tho resolution was negatived, ono vote only being required to secure two-thirds. The House went into Committee of the Whale en the state of the Unitu on the Army Appropriation bill. Mr. M<Ci-khxanii, (opp.) or 111., said?When danger an no lunger be averted or stayed, it whs tho ]>art of wsdvtn to meet and endeavor to overthrow it. In this spirit ho proposed to deal with the question of secession now upou us. Ho denied the right of any S.ate to secede from the I'nion, and deprccated the consequences of any such as sumed right as a measure of revolution which must ne cessarily in the present case embroil the country in a san guinary and wasteful war. Id his legal argument ho said the idea of nationality is as old as the Kovolniion ? t ?? If, and lliat war was a national measure. The treaty of 178.3 was made us a nation which Ureal Britain recogni7>-d. He referrred to the decisions of the Supreme Court ,u support of this view, saying the unity of the American | people pervaded the Convention which framed thecoma: I tution. Any mode of withdrawing from the I'nion ex ceptiDg by a convention would be revolutionary. The government being sovereign, its llrst duty Is to j.r> er.e RNV; ??d being sovercgii, where is the p"Wi r tod. solve it!" Ho argued it would be unjust, unsafe and in expedient for some Slates to secede from fhe others for, with the possession of the South'-ru forts and tho aid of foreign Powers, they would be capable of.tntiictmg great wrongs upon the commerce of tlio adhering states. He spoke of the .Mississippi Valley as a geographical unity, which the people of the great Northwest could not consent to share with a foreign power. II" had heard much about coercion, but was it coercion for ss to do what we have sworn to do?namely, uphold theconsti lotion and the laws, and slay the violent, lawless hand that would tear down the government? Were we to bo required to f ubmit to suite spoliations. No. Such sub mission would ho disgraceful. utter imbecility. But ;f we must submit, let it he proclaimed that our system of government is a splendid iailuro. In the course of h i remarks lie earnestly appealed to the Northern States to remove tho grievaacrs of which the South complain. He believed tho Northern States would all do so wb< n the Fobor second thought of the citizens had time to act. While the ariti slavery agitation commenced in tho North, he could not say that the South were blameless The (iarrlsops and the Phillips** ilnd their counterpart in the Rbelts and Ysnceys. Such men, in fact. formed the two great sectional parties. In conclusion, he appealed to ail con servative men to rally in favor of the integrity of tho constitution, merge the iwrtisan In the patriot, and make a generous sacrifice on the aliar of their country for the general welfare and happiness of all. Mr. Cox, fopp.) of ohio, then arose and addressed the House on the crisis. Mr. Rsaoax, (opp.) of Texas, obtained the Boor, wbeu the committee rose jutfonrs ok nm noxmrmoc or tiiikty thhse. Mr. Corwix, frep ; of Ohio, made a report from the Committee of Thirty-three, which made the special order for Monday next. Mr. Tiviok, (opp.) of La., obtained permission to have the minority report printed. Adjourned. IMPORTANT CHARGE OP JUDGE SMALLEY ON THE REBELLIOUS MOVEMENT AT THE BOUTH. THE H KMKHISU OP AKMH TO BECEDINO KTATE8 it TREASON, AND PUNISHABLE BY DEATH. U?II1 *T?TW I1RC1TT C*>rKT. Before Hon. .lodge Sin alley Jan. 14.?At twelve o'clock this day the Grand Jury entered Court, when the Judge delivered te them tbe fol lowing important address ? Gextuoikh of nir Grand .Iirv?TheCoait ban requested your attendance this morning In order to call your attention to and give you Home instructions in re lation to cruncs wbi'h ba\o long been unknown In our hitherto peaceful and happy country, which Tor more than ttfty years the federal court* bare not been called upon to investigate, and which are tber>< fore very imperfectly understood In the community. Yet one of them Is the highest crime known to the law in any civilised country. It Is that of high treason. Recent painful events make It the duty of the Court to define to you what constitutes the offoace. and also what constitute* the lesser crime of roipprision of treason, that you may inquire whether either have been committed by any perron or persons within the Jurisdiction of thistirort, and If you tire satisfied that either hare, that they may be presented to the Court to be dealt wfth according to law. And slso that those who desire to be good and true citizens may be forewarned, and not Ignorsntly and un wittingly be led into Oie commission sf say acts n violation of the laws of their country, sad which would make them guilty of cither of those offenoes. It la ua necessary at this time to enter into an elaborate dlaqulsi tion of tbe law of treason. The constitution of the t'nlted Plates clearly defines in what It OOUlsts. The third . rtlon of the third article prorklss, -'that trea Boa sgs ' st the I'm lt d States shall onnslst only n levy :ng war sgsiost them, t<r in adhering to their enemies, i'tving them aid and eomfort." Again, rlie eanie section provide that ' the Congress shall tune power to deelaru the punishment of treason." In purtusace (4 the power thus . <?ferred, O ingress pateed sii act. which was sppeorod April 80,1790, which provides. In section one, "thai ,f any person or persons, owing Slle^lsnee to the 1'idteJ states of Ameriea, shall l?-\y war' KSinst them, 0' sl'sli ulbero to their enemies, giving them aid nnd coralort, ? .thin the United states or elyewbeie, nnd 'hall be tho.i o( convicted, on confession ?n oj*?n cc 'rt or on the testimony of two witne?*?e t?> the i-ame orert set tjLthe treason whereof he or they vhnll stand Indicted, wch person or persons shall be ad mdsfd guilty of treason s?ainsl tbe Tailed Slates, sod shall sr [far rentb." s<c. 2 Thst If snr person or persona, hav ng knowledge of the .omnilssion of any of tbe trea. ?ot* ator ess id shall ooaosal. and not, as soon as n,sr be dircMse nn.l make knows tfeo same lo the J,'. i'rr.t of the I nlted Mates, or some oae of the ndgis thereof, or to the Pre?Ment or Governor of a par icol.tr M lie or *?? one of the Judges or justice* hereof, such per*on or persoas <m , cavktlon shall bo tdimved gnilty of misprtnoa of treason, and shall be Im prisoned not exceeding sere* years, and fined not ?t. ceedirg "ne thousand dellsrs. It la well known thst wur?fflrll wnr?exists r portions .UOXTTNTED ON rt.HTU r*GB.1