Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 27, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 27, 1861 Page 2
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ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE NIAGARA'S MAILS, The French Fleet Not With drawn from Gaeta. of tlie American Crisis in France. THE ENGLISH PRESS ON AMERICAN AFFAIRS, Ac., Ac., Ac. The matih by the steamship Niagara, which arr ved at Boston early yesterday morning, reached Mis city la.-t evening. The chief points of the news by this arrival bave already boon given, received by telegraph from Halifax. The reception of oui flies, which are to th- 13th in stant, enable us to publish tbw morning some details of general interest. The 1'aris correspondent of the same paiier writes that it Is impotable not to share in the prevalent impression that all the obstacles thrown in the way of tbe I'iedmontese government at (iueta indicate a deliberate intention or. the part ol the Kmpiror of the Trench either o( placing M'trat on tlie throne of Naples, or forcing Victor Emmanuel to "buy htm oil "' by some such territorial cession as that of Savoy and Nice last year The Parts Maniteur of the 11 th inst. states that tb ? no K >tiatlonn for an armistice at tiaela have remain31 with out any result Sardinia declared herself ready to su8 peud hostilities an 1 tbe siego wor ks until the liRh iust. The French Admiral informed King Francis II. of this, and invited him likewise to cease hostilities The Adtni raJ also fdcciart d thai, should hostilities cease in conso quence of this invitation, the French squadron would immediately quit tbo waters of tlaeta. leaving only one vessel which would remain until the expirati in of the armistice. The Frankort corre-i undent of the I omlon Herald says:? I'ollowiig the steps of Prussia, Hnvaria, which is the third |s>wer in rank in t.irmauy pushes on with the greatest activitj the nnliiary organization and arming of the national force If, us is bt-lieve I throughout ail me IStates of the (iermtnic Confederation,* a second war breaks out in a lew months bi tweeu I'mdmont an i Aus tria, the Emperor Francis Joseph will not be able to re peat the complaint which li? made on returning to \ lotiria, m his lumou8 prociumalion o his people of tho -7th July, lhf9, that he had been abandon.-,i by his na'u ral allies H ere now exist treaties by winch the >titeg of the South hi Germany ? ngage th<-mse|v-s t > Austria, in tlio event of n declaration of war tu Italy, to occupy the Tyrol immediately with their respective armies, with the double object of rendering disposable ull the forcm ol Austria. and then to come actively to t ie succor or tbo Emperor should the fortune of war again be unlavor abloto the Itrperial aims The Cpinwne of Turin has the following ? Genera! (iarbddi tells the Italians to be ready ",v the spring, thus lixmg the day when the war is to break out We think, ou the Contrary . that tins day should be lined byourchiet, King Victor Emanuel, whom the General equally recognise* It cannot belong to any Citizen, how ever ibustrions, wortht and popular he may be, to call ujion the nation to fight Italy must prepare herself at the call of Victor Emanuel, but at his call only;because, if he really is the chief, he must be allowed to exercise the prercg >ti\-e lielonginglo him. We >i? not, any of us, knnw when thehmir of hittle may strike, w ' live in t:mc< wh? il is extremely difficult to for ?. what loty take place in the course of a week, hence w .-au! ven ture lof* retell what will be the situation of Kuroj .? two rnontbi- hence. The yortl of thcfMh inst. says:? i No, the Russian squadron will tot uk-- tie < '? the French Kyia urn; t-t ilic ninior ? f .??.< gt ncy. toe emotion and manifestation U has ti n Italy . are evidently an index ol the false |*?il ,.'?uu by the Russian governmetit in regard tv Uim Kalian movement?the result ol n jioliry nu wise mti mal, but inspired by the error* of the ; ' the revelation of *i stat<? of Ihiugs as prqJttdicUt'. i itus/ua a= to Italy What, mdetd. will lie the ellecti TNben the evi lution <>f Italian iud? pendeucH is compl !e, and the I'etilumili formi a powerful kingdom. wl.:ch must be tak^t. into relations |K>llticall} and commercially. Russia?1 be i'ower most interested in the greatness ol Italy, in tts exiftei.ee in- a strong '.ud unite 1 p wer in the Meditc r ran<at'.?will be iu a sum hostile attitude tcwards the new kingdom in euiiin ntly unfavorable to the d?ve lopement of tbereciproc ?! connections and relations of the two nKioLS. In place of iindlng li Italy a natural all (r. lUissia * 11 tlgure ui th< rcniini-cneeg of the Italian people us the toiui r foe ?f their labor ?>( iod-p nder.ee. un<i at. the perse veil g ? (fender of their enemies Hitter experience has provt d to Russia that she h;u> nothing to gain and every ihn.g to lose in making herself tlie |H>iice iiifin of order fm Ku<o|ie It wo>dd Its quite H4 daintglng to her to const it ut>- h iself the champion of legitimacy a outnmee elf (iaeta sir has no i<U>t 0'assuming the char acter. We believe tb it, an I we are glad of it: but would It not be more advai.tagi nus for the interests of the Rus sian nation that tropic thould think she does not even dream of assuming ill' Our London ( orrnpomlrnrr. liosnoji, IVc 2V 1S60 ( hrtxtm&j in Fnjltnd?Vfir re CM Wntkrr?JPinfrr Spo'U?The China Trea'y?lhe Ira-le with the Empire? Dittreu Anumg the Ribbom Weirtr*?Austria ami ''ene tia?Affaui in Turkey, <fc Iioodon la In it* winter carnival Chrlstm is p-irt ies Chrlftmas presents, Chrisima.-. holly, Chrlstmis greet ings ind mistletoe boughs have been on and above the tapis all the week. And then, such a time for skating? thermometer eight degrees below aero, au<l ice four inches thick. Such a degree of roll never known fn ?Jog I and. Two feet of suow in Scotland, and six ineb a right here in l/omlon?the largest amount ever seen by the oldest?of your correspondents. t?n the Continent the we.ithi-r had been particularly fler -e and bitter?:?lm<*-t eq'ial to the hatre 1 of the Prus htans toward their brother* id law, tne .John Bull", lie Miles skating, snow balling has become a fashionable amusement, and even among the polite Kronch, *nd urnler the very sh-vlow of the Tnilerles, there have been pitched bat lei with the snow that rather exceeded the bound* of decorum and good nature. Here in Londan ten thousand p s>ple have been engaged in sliding and skatiug at < nee on the pondl in our fashionable paiks One Kugltahtuati -goo of a noble lord," was a spectator of a snoirbailin{ scene tn Parts, auil got some of tlx; sol t miiwil asbyed at his ari? toeratic head He. with irue John Hull plueJc ami go >d nature, joined in the fun. and gave ih 'in as g xvl as he got Hats were bauly damaged, but no groater dimage done ?so say the accounts?though the French |?*ople have a wonderful propensity to mix earnest wth fun in thsae playful ebullitions. The treaty with China has arrived, and peace once more ahiuer upon the Flowery Kingdom Tbe journals and the public seem to be pleaded and satisfied that the war is over, though some complaint is heard that the indemnity (a<>me fit OOOAOQ) was not large onough The starch has uot only been Uken out of the Tartar warriors and their old woman Kroperor, but the mystery his been stripped from that enormous hydra and dragon, the sent of government in China Ten thousand soldier* from tbj West actually ma:< hed to Pekin. > ai>tured the pin- a and its millions of inh ibit.nits, drove the Rmp'ror out, and Marin-d and burned bis p.ilace without any resistance w->rtb minding Hereafter, when any John Hull or .lona than Yankee wants I lima to do anything, all th -y luvs to do is to say It and It will have !?? b done. Then, the next qmation la as to tie' trad ' An I let m.< make a .suggestion to some of your Ingenlna* maoufai turers and oalwo print -rs (Jet ufi on piirpoa" for th1 (Tuna market a small variety ot printed stuffs Ike ltandkerohicfs, and some other articles oi ottnn or silk, nnd printed with various 'levin's, in b >lh English in I Chinese, showing the extent, powiT and duniiWI ol ttie Anglo-Saxon rue. TJia effect of the treaty between Kngltn I and France begins to be shown by a greatly us re is -d irate b -tar-sen the two countries, tif clock*, <8.000 more wore imp >rte 1 in eleven months of 1WM than ia the sain - perioi or IHM. There were alss to 000 more watch*, and ho.ojo more in the same period of lt.'iS. l ie i e Waa also an increase of 200 000 bushole of lemon- Md oranges, while the imports oflH>otsan 1 sli'ies more than double I. l b-re were m arly 700 000 moie paii* < f gloves than last year, while the importation of butt r Increased from ?yfiOOOcwt. Tliere were eleven tniNien wore of eggs, uin) 130,(HA) lbs more of manufactured silk, and W0,000 lbs more of ribbons Tbe iapo tstion of wine hie< gone <* increasing at a b?avy rate, thr amount for the tlr-t adeven months of 1868, lafiU and ll#o lielog re.?P' -curt'ly 4,?mi-2,i*si g?i|,,ns 0.U14 1)00. aud ll.JCI TOO. an not warranted by the increased to'isumptlon Woollen manufactures described as sbawli, sca'ls ?-id li?n !ker cbiols. have mi ! s^ed during the thre ? pr.'libv these ligure* -16 (W0 '.h? is; au , 4, , Tie-only tirsm b of mvi itacturf-s that miy be c,on Bidered in a distress,-1 st.tP tif the ribbon trade, prm-'" pally carried oh at (oventrv Th' ri.n of faahton ha* gone very much against rr >> M ls"H that arn.-ldli ornamet I being so much With;;, the r. ,',ch i all that th ? leaders ot fashion have i ?ily ( w ,h M(,i, altogether, using feather- corn le.vers wtitie d How ?rs, velvet and varteua other ? >ivn m ? , \ s, * there is to be a grert rlbh-iu h,n ,t i fashionable plac n-ar (V > en'ry >vl, -ei ? ? , M, IwctiMl to put tin aa many nMi ?? p. >! ,f , n?ible lady patrute saes having hi-i s ? mi i r > nreasion that had c wmi i', l i th- tnik.ng over tvio worth of ribbons Kil>bon? ? i ii ,t only i x - >eding . Cheap, but there i? littl or no dt-m ?nd I r them -t , - finalnirg on ban I ur.aold Frail' is II. still I' dds out the Frei< h Kmp ror i< ' ii eaMAMnatious, and the Italians are nisiimlv |>>it,e; m tbesr hoi shot Fverybnly is |W?* !t i ig li'ipin.,- ,-i , I w+hing foroopefiij t<rminition ii the farce.tot i,<r It liaa no* become Ad unfavorable ruinor has found it-, way to England that pre long the llag <* ,he ' r'"D <. 7* peror may be ex|>ecl?d over th? rwuperls of w.w 1 prav heaven it may bo untrue . Austria won't show any symptom" of selling 1 Italy, Veuetia won't be quiet and everybody is growiug wailiv and haying she must sell. W ?r cm w-tr^ly^bo averted more tbau two or three m tilths, it *h< in holding Veuetia 11 now getting to be an a tiolo ot faith that tiar.hal.it, with h's l*tnotfc cohorts and barked hy lledmout. will be able to make a successful lUhla*atn.-tall tbr power that Austria ran throw Into th? famous Quadrilateral. U Austria will not sell, the titui will certainly be made. The Turki h l<>?n hangs tire. M Mires, at Paris, cannot flutter unil cajole the old women of both sexes, who hold ban* of I've franc pieces and plethora stockings, into parting with their certainty for th" very great uncertainty that holds sway over the Ottoman A x nirir lady of my acquaintance has just returned from a six months' sUy'at Oonstuutinopl' My her account no thipg 'an exceed the fraud, personal danger, corruption and T1 < certaint\ that are neon dally on the batiks of the Ito-l horti)* This last sumtner one of th'- Sultan's wives went shoppflig, along with two eunuchs to guard Iwr, and she laughed a lutlo and had a bit of ''chair" with the shopmen at one store. Th>s was reported bv the eunuchs, and the next momiug she was h 'ut straight to the slave market, aril sold to the highest bidder. One ol the daughters of the Sultan, by one or his numerous wives, was married, and the husband not being the sort of a man he was taken for, he was scut out fishing oae day, pitched overboard, and sent to Davy Jones. In three or four days another husband was found Tor the damsel: it is to be ho|red he was more popular. All the male children ol the Sultan's daughters are a' once put out of existence as their presence might some lime get up embarrassing claims to the throne. Not unfre qucntlv a voting lady will he callcd ror at the house where she ' lives?an hour taken when h< r parent:-or guardians are out?and senl ward in that > me one wants to speak to her. As it is in the daytimo, he suspects nothing and runs to the door. She is at lire seized, gagged and carried nil by several men, and never heard ol again The business men, merchants, trader1 brokers and biukers are nearly all Greelss, and the\ have universally a had reputation as shavers and sharper- of the keenest description. In fact, that is their reputation Ihrouiliout Europo. The Turkish empire is on its last legs, and I know ntl who w ill mourn at its dissolution, unless it may be tuosa who do not desire to see the French as inheritors or resi duarv legatees of the estate. The eye of the Napolesn is cu the M, k man, and he and a certain Alexander are no doubt each anxious to ' administer^ to the effects. Disso lution cannot b? far oil. ^ Your ullairs urc consideribly discussed here, and inva riably in a friendly spirit and good tiste. A universal rcgre'. is e\pr<s>ed at any prosjs'Ct of a dissolution of your "glorious Union."' 1,o.\iki.\, Jan. fi. 1101. Vf H-atiicn in Italy?Frtltch Spies?A Hiituli M I'. Out witted Etpitmagt tilth'- AVrfk/i /'off Office!?Napoleon't Italian 1'iAjty, dr., dt. Tho war in Italy Is not ended. A reactionary move ment has taken a sttrt In Sicily, and a petition was sent to the King of Naples, at (iaeta, to grant them the con stitution of IS IM and he. good, patriotic soul, has, with out hesitation, granted their request. Don't they wish they may get it? V ittr fcfod, simple republic ins have very little idea of the tnperial system' a' now organized in France. Spies penetrate every court, camp and diplomatic cir le in Kurojie Not one single event of importance, not any direct opinion, i<r? or con., from a person of promiuenre, towards the Emperor or h'.s govern ment n any part of the civilized world, hut gets reported to him with unerring certainty. A spy of his accompa nied liar ibaldi through the whole Italian campaign, lie learned?and repotted, of ciursc?that thore was one man anriofa tfie liictator's followers who had sworn to assassinate him (tho Emperor), and every current of opinion respecting him was carefully observod and duly taken down. A tin niber of the British Parliament, who is noted for his crooked ways, was attempting to accomplish whatsomn call ' . \ ing' water on both shoulders; that is, to carry ollt , ..fi. i-t.urp practice, and make some money fiom ' '!i the Kmperor or tho French and tbe Ejj.re ?f A:i"tna at the same time, an I .. ,, , ...I of the late war between the two , . ? ,,:,at.'y. The M I'., after looking about ... otra.ghtwn . 1' A .-iria, but a spy of Napo . '.lowed him ever tej of the jHiurtvy -ud there stuck to liim lik't his shadow, putting uy .il uc same hot< Is, and conversing with him every day while he was in the country. So utterly unsuspected wan the emissary of the French Kmperor that h- got completely into the good graces anil the confidence of th'' Johnny Raw of a I John Bull, and even persuaded the iatter that he could I and would advance his lnterosU, and actually got him to 1 pay all his expeusn there and buik. ? In the French 1'ost olticu the espionage is searching j ubiquitous and complete. A lady who went to franco ti I reside?not in Fails, but a small country town?told iui I that for about a month alter her domiciliation th >rc every letter that she received and that she sent away, in correspondence with bur friends in Knglan.l, wa* opened in the Erencb Pout otll. This was .lone, n >t bv breaking the seal, but hy cutting the envelope open at" tbe end with a keen knife, and then sealing it up by putti' g in a very narrow strip of delicate |?tstc or gum, nnd no done with such great nicety that hut for an acci dent or \erv dose examination it would not be dis covered. I inding nothing in her U tters outward or in ward that was it a treasonable nature, they were left undistuibeo after the litst month. You tnav have seen a brief mention in the papers or a Singular circumstance that occurred m the correspond ence o! ?n American gentleman it l'aris. A friend in liondon wrote to him . but on tho P-ttcr beim: received. In the envelope, with supers:i iptlou in his friend's well known handwriting, he found?presto, change?\ v?r; different document Irom the it vpi-cted a letter from a lady ;n lomton. unknown to h. j. to a female friend iu Paris' enclosing two drafts or orders for money II ' could do nothing but send It back to the writer, dir?-ct lug it to lier address in Iiom on. as written in tho letter 11u, tr end a>? got h>s letlei reP.Tfiied to bim iu the same wav ft on l-aris. Thev I hen found?a royal tnaverv?that both letter^ ' had been opened in the I'arts 1'ost otllce. and doubtless at ' il?? haiTio tiror: ?i> thoj wore b??th rlu?l in ?i mourning I border both sheets and envelops ihe two letti r were I mismatched, and each put into the ether's envelope i 'ihe exposure followed ?h u matter of course, the ktiito bad dot,., its work, and so had the gum. but blundering I hands had changed the missives, giring an instruct>vo 1 imntoniime on the -ubltct rf the imperial |H?.t?l system I under the code Napoleon I think that kind sh'.1*' \ print ice rather beats your slow l'ost Oih< e in Americ ? 1 Mid not mention what you nugl t readily have mi* giied. that th? main uvring liritisii Senator uttcily broke (1. wn in t'Oth tus < Herts to get g.nid s|ie^iilatic?ns out of cither ot tie imperial go\-rnmenls Very likely, when he w> nt to Paris a -p> in the employ of the royal Uips burg WH- ever at his elbow, '-bowling him out after an impel IU fai-hlon that would have utterly astun.she l bun had he been able t" see the network s t to catch so silu a gudgeon Somewlu re tin n is ati old tale tint somebody dramatized.having in ltagip>y th-t w*s ?soinc tlnng of "a gipsy, ?? ir, and no mlsttke iu the* rural dts trict*. hnt who. unfortunately, took It nto his head to visit lion?"n. Bellcvlug h" was up to snuffo he thought he e rntd n->t lail to mtk , bis fortune in the world's nvtrnpolin a very brief p. The ri'sull you might readily for usee. Lie was . mp'eiely "C'taned <eat in a week, and obliged to return t?? the Conntr' again. He found the london thieves a l.?r smarter hodj jH.litl. ?and !m|H>li?ic?and more .litheil? to cope with than country bumpkins, rural servant girls, ant farmlioiis chicken Cj?|? 'he rural M I', nisi conies, n< w fledged, to l/wdoti and attempts to ".'?il iu to tiie t'o'irU of Ktirope, if not always able to say. in th" langua, e of (' esar'? .l. 'pntch, t- -ai iidi, it i. lie conn* and be sees, but he dl.r^ not corq.ier. The cat is now out ot the l ag Tlie oracle so long dumb hut at last unsealed Us 1ms A letter from Paris, dated yesterday. tells us in brief and uuimp?wstoned lan gunge lltat the Emperor gives Ins "decided preference I or a coi federation of States rather than a unit??d king . om ol Italy. The plan he would propose is. that Austria nhould b. I>erstia.led to give up > eut-ti i, that V 'Ctor Km in uel lie named King ol Piedmont. 1/nubardy. Venetia. I'arma ami M.-lena the hu g or the lw. Su llies to he re stoied ('') as nlso Ihe tirand ISike o( rusi'^ny th ? IVpe to hold the patrimony of St. I'eter and to govern the I,eg* tions, the Marches and I mbria by a tirand Vicar. Ibis reminds one of the gentleman 10 motley who lira's the part of the humorist in the circus or amphitheatre. With a hop. skip and a beuud, and two somersaults, he alights on bis feet, and sBys "h?re we are But I fear tb s Case is like the uue described bv tbeoM -whip" who was arguing stages vs. railways " If a i oach in*, ts, there you are I hut if a train runs off the ua. k where are you' If Garibaldi aod Virtor Em? nuel ion |uer a country, there it is, but if Lou?o N tpoleon puis his linger in the pie, where is it/ One week more will tell us how this startling atid infamous proposition will be ret clvod by the different govern'nents ani the public opinion of Euro|ie Not <>ne whisper yet has rencherl mv ear. except the brief quotation given above from a single letter in a l/ ridon s>urnal from its I'aris I correiipotiilent, dale?l yeeterday morning, rhu reticence will soon be broken, and I am mistaken if thedetnonstra tioi s against this infamous interference will not be like Macbeth s curses, both loud ani deep. Oar Berlin (orrrapondr*rc. llr.RU!f, .Tun. 1, IMt. 1/T-nV* in Kunff?Thf Oming Shrrm?AttitwU ijf the Crrat Poi< n Dm/K of tht King of l'rn?ia?lt* Mfht ufr n /Yv.ian foli/y?Thr WtuOtrr, <fe.. tfc Vir ]")nli if/ On ' Hever wan tlie |?>|iular v-'ice mure unanimous than it la at the beginning of the preaent JTttf. A great catastrophe i* preparing the am-tent or <1 it of things ic tottering to tin fall, mid Kur >pe M <tvo<it to pes* through a baptlHn of lire to a now pnlittml and social system. Poch la the general impression that pre vatia from the Mediterranean to tlw <;nll of I- inland, and f i<>m the (1 old PI Morn to the chores of the Atlanti An I assuredly we bare had sign* and wonder* en<> ikIi to lieiald the approarbing crtms. "n every aide of im wo behold |mwerful empire* < rumbling to pi*'i. i mill defunrt nationality* rising ta'o renewed exigt < Austria no (trong and rottMvBt on the I t Janmry, 1-. > in lienolng In her arrogance, an i ?o stubborn in li< i ai hermu to tho traditions of the |*st. I* ltrl$kftn * 1,1 ill ii ii luimli ?>l<i hankrijd in li -r HnanooB. her ' ' I'* ^ ineea torn from her ?r tn alpv-t ojten rebel" Il"ii a.' ti e- authority ^lie endeavor* In vain to alt?y 1,1 toim l<\ ei.1,11 ? in ? whi'di he obstinately refuse l in tbe hour of her might, aai which now nil/ serve to ha?teu her dissolution. Turkey is in the last stage or po litical atrophy, and even before life is quite extinct tbe crows are gathering around her to fea t u|>on the corpse. TLo colossal empire o! the Czar is heaving in the throes of asocial revolution, ano England, so long accustomoil play the l- ading pait iu Eui ope, w reduced to the defen sive, and ia anxiously fortify mg her owncoasts, which for eight centuries have been deemed unassailable. **u the other hand, the Italian nation U slowly struggling into existence, and collecting its euergi"S for a conilict wtlh its hereditary emmv.who still holds tlie gem of Iiaiy in Ins ret. title#* grasp. Downtrodden Poland is shaking iter chains, the clank of whioh strikes terror to tbe hearts ot her oppressors the forgotten nations of the East aie aiousiug themselves from their lethargy, and ev>-n Ireland ir. dreaming of the days of Brian Ho rblhue uno indulging in vimous of liberation from the yoke of the Saxons. And above all towers tlio im paseable form of on- man, who, Jupiter like, sh ikes the world with bus nod, und on whom the eyes of pnncea and p< < pies are lixed in breathless expectation. Iu fact, the lilatory of Europe is now centred in the |iersonal history ot I-ouis Napoknn, he has made bluiselt the incarnation ot late, and carries pence or war in thefoldsof hi.- mantle. Ho resembles one of those ni> otic scourges of tiod who swept over the North like ft whirlwind, carry ing ruin und desolation before them, but at the same time purging the atmosphere of noxionn vapor.- and pre parrrg it tor a liner creation. We may detest his charac ter, we may be indignant at the force und violeace dis played in every phase of his career, but we must admit that he has already done much lor liberty, and appears lik<ly to do more. '-1 am," savh Mephwtopnilei, "the representative of that principle that ulwajs wills evil, but always produces good." In this respect l.ouis Napoleon may, perhaps, be considered a political Mephis tophUes. In the political situation of the country the deatli of Frederick WiMiam IV. will produce little or no alteration. Kor the. last three years til" sovereign power has. to all intents and put poses, been vested in the 1'rince of Prus sia, iu ascending the throne he merely < h inges tbe name under wliH b he administer* it, without modifying his position or increasing his authority; and except under the influence of a strong pr< .sine from v\ >th>-ut, there is no reason to nuppose tint he will ailopt a different line of policy fr< m that which he baa pursue i since be tirst as minied the reins o? government. The only uew more lie is likely to make is the publication of a general am iesty lor tolitical offenders, which his beon long expected of lnrn. and which he i? understood to have de ferred from delicacy towards his brother, who is known to havo been violently opposed to such a step. It Is cer tain that nothing would tend in a higncr degree to revive the popular'y of tbe present King, which has been con slderiibly s> aken of late, und things have now come to a pi:ss when public opinion can no I nger be disregarded with impunity. The election of M Waldeek isastriking symptom of the mi ral revolution that has biei wrought during tb" last few weeks anil is still progressing. Not long ago be was rejected iu lierlin?the focus of demo cracy?by a vote of more than two to one, for fear of offending the 1'rince Kegent aud his ministers by the election of a man who figured so conspicuously in the ev< nts of 1H1H. iiuw he has been returmd by a large ma jority in Hit lefeM, tbe centre of a district of Westphalia which has always hud the reputation ot conservatism, an 1 has certoinly never been suspected of a I mmg to ex treme opinions. He Is the tu>t o! the great demo cratic leaden that appears iu the llnusi of Deputies since the amp d'rtat of lS4t'. w hen universal suffrage was not iishu to make way for the three cla.s- system; but ho will not be the 'a*t Every new election will strengthen the ranks of the isipular purty, who are determined to vindicate their rights, and who fiel that the moment has arrived to vindicate them with success?to proscribe terms to their rulers, instead of submitting to tho-e im Ih' d upon thom. We are in the midst of Siberian winter. This morn ing Keaunmr'sthi rmonieter showed 12 degrees ot frost (x5 ol Fahrenheit, or 27 below the free xtng point); everything is snowed up: the railroads are Impassable, all the mails are overdue, attd we are without news from the outer world, except by telegraph. Tin- Kngllkh Pr<-s? on the American Crista. [From the 1 <<>m!< 11 Tinea, Jan 12] Wo in this country may b>* content with uncertainty ns roguid" American allatrs when we Hoi how much the most experienced obnervers of the republic differ. The newspipcr* mill letters which ba\e been brought from the I niteil States by the last mall show public opinion in m n coDd stage. At flif-t the Nor thru Mates, both free aid slavihoMuig, the groat West, even the quiet politi cian* of the extreme South, woic stunned bv the violence of tho secession cut break. The success or Mr Lincoln seemed to set on the democracy of the South like un electric shock. <>u the day that the te'egraph Wires coiivmp! to tho extreme limits of the I'n'.on tho news tlint the republican party, tho opponents of slave v n the te. ri'cu ? and tho enactors of tho Par . veal 1 .ibrri. I i^s, hou 'once t a President their thine u the tepi.bl'c, !..* 1'iilon was convulsed in h , i !>?'> lor which (he North was wbopvnDpre^rei? tommy te a weaker tooling than self-interest, sn the politicaWucigv of the tree toilers is we iker'tha'. that of men whose turtunee. whr*o life Itself, depejiu .n the contimn cl subjection ?H th< slave. But a short time tie five the election the general fooling was tiiat the demo cratic nntl fal iveboliiing pari> would b^nr with ecpum mlty a certain defeat An outcry from disap|iointed i. ac.'lioiiters, a few v'.olo, t -stump" orations. aod s >nio "-crennng articles In the South'* n ncaStMpcrg, were all Unit wit < ox) ? ctoc the pirt, sr.- of Mr. I.imolu, Mint we may add, by tbc voters for ttrcckinr.dgc tli< tn selves It Is a curious subject to conatdcr why ac idee lion whl h whh all but certa:u boforehm.d, which brought Into power a man comparatively unknown and unpledged, and whali give oil ice to u party eev<r accused of unuue agression should have been followed by so suihleii and universal a muvi mint. Much of the c'lriosi'." excited iti K.igland by these events an?e from our inability m c?ccive why Southern in lig tmi) has Tamed up oi. tbe nwurrficM of au event 40 com pie t> iy toteseoii as the election ai. opposition Pre sk'ei t. Mr li'Coln when installed at the White House, cm df' nothing to buit the sla7e states, and if he could tbey, at least, were aware of their tUnger lon< before. Whey they should i main quiet So long and burst out so vloli ntly ?? last i- to most of us inexplicable. To act on a pop< 'i.t?? Mid to imbue numbers ut men with the same UVe t'n i llow, ihen. could a few days change s n ?? i mill* ns of citizens 'rum patriots into reh.-ls, m mat' o ? ii who hid grown up wi<h tbe notion that \ii 11 lie w s "the giesiest country between the poles," jtiy to stigmatize the I'rlon as a failure, and tbe go ?ermi out id Washington as a teiaony like that of tbe old country I Firm m?n> sources and from the speeches and writ ;pgi o* ni? n ol widely different opinions we are able to foim somi in th n o? the stuto of the south at the time of Mr I lo?i In's e|e ?lion. That so trilling a sptrk should liove proiii c d -oste'i ei, a blaate shews that tin-mate 'ials on winch it'ell n.ust have been intlamniaMe to a high .i gi * e. I he South in Its rec-nt acts exhibits unoou -cum ?iy on- coi pi' uous pission?that of fear. Kven it? boii ncss pnrtake? o' desperation It denoueci>8 and dc flis the North much as a timorous an'mil turns at bay when it sees i. b,iti o of escape from the hunter. In this env v. a I <) are at h distance canuot percelrethe dar wonder what the South can dread in the e' i mi honest Western politician ef gmi<< character t u.i Herat) views Hut il is jlam that the p-ople of iho Sou,hern state-hav e for some lime been inlluenceit bv ten (Ms \ ich. whether ?. ain or nut, have driven them ir. soil" <li>t: lets sln cst t-> marine"' To understand th's state of ihit'g- one must cull to mind the his tot;, ol the abolitionist agitaliot. It appears that these * Irtuous and well meaning, but |ierhap- over zeuious phi liiiithro|)'->ia. have tit then Smitiiern adversaries harder th.ni we thought or pei hups that, they themselves Intend ed In convoisatH n with Ane leans every one must have return hod witn whit Intensity of dlslik" they regard ni l litlonl.-t wider- and pro|iagaiiit'i*is Kvet the'sev and the literary eputation of Mis Stowe could cot save her from theti indignation, tlxaigh tmern ins are both gal lant an-* i I'd i t tin ir celebr ties This fooling, which pie d m m tb fconth among all who ha t-any dealings with it. ?- 'I . ginle win ii we consider how'thcslaic owners tw.k ?|, ti,0 efTorts of the abolitionists. The cru s:ide s to them one not orly against their own properties, hi.i again*' their Pvrs and the lives and bote r of their wives, si-tors and d??ghle'? Iho terrors or despotism have ol on puzzled np 1b Kurn|?e Kvery traveller has hi stories ol ,\i :<til? or tbe Papal States, or even a tnort famous Power nearer our shores, and can tell how all the officials of a port were turned out of I heir beds, and nil the teleeiaph wlre? of th'* pro vince set at work, liecaiise a haberdasher Irom Oxfiird street had not bis i nsspott In ortfe. Iln p<-oplc of the slave States aie subject t? fear'i rar more terrible and real. They live amongs |?>pulatioii wl.om the* strive to k?>?p in Ignoran:e ?' everything, tiut wnom they cannot hinder from knowing that ?hes.' are slaves, and that there are white men who think th 7 ought t" be free The negroes are In >? d, in the meet dangermw statu or mind as regards l??at outbreaks, tbcv know that then- is such a thing as rebellion, and they do uot know that it is hopcl< ss I Ian to is and overseers are sufficiently ac quainled with what is passing with those stolid subtle characters, a ho gain an influence over their fellow ?laves, they kt.oa that, though idnetv nine negn?? never have a thought < r n hoj?e. the liundreth ch *rish a schemen of ambltii'U, vengeance, Civetousnosfl an I lust, at the expense of the m.isler and Ins family. Though the most puiiic strliken si ivi owner cun hardly bellev e in a general msiirrec tion. or picture to himselt a second St. Itomlngo, th're can be no doubt that for a long time, and especially since the alf .lr at Harper's Keerv, extreme ap pfehension has p*evsile(| and a belief m<et unwarranted and unjust, that the abolitionist* ? ^ody are wlUuig to effi ct their object* by exciting a slave insurrection. \ et in a land of newspii|>cr* and free discussion one can scatcel\ conceive th%t sueh ideas should ha^e a place in the mind* of men Hie erplanafon is. we think, that the mass of the people id the Southern States are in a stat' of dtp'oiahle igiiornn -e We are so accustomed to look ii|*iii the I nltod States as a country of education, aud to ?<knowledge our own infeilorltv'on this point, that It requires some effort to realize the 'fact that the en lightenmeiit which exists in ?w l.ngNmd gradually fades ss the traveller movef ? inthwarda, till In South < arolina and AI .bama the r!n?s which governs ts really hardly more Instructed than the Irish peasantry. These men are not the great slaveowners, but a poor, tiroud, lazy, excitable and violent eliss, ever ready with knife and revolver, and haling the negro and his Northern frlemla with equal hatred Tti' se men, poeseased with the Idea that the triumph of tho "black republl cans meant an armed propaganda in favor of abolition, rose in unreasoning violence at the liist news of Mr Lin coin's election. Iho rich, r citizens did not approve, but could ind stem, the movment. tin-regular politician* tin I'ght it wiser to go w th tie ft ream With thousands of maililreied white 'i ? n, en eh ex|iecting the negroes or his p'antati< n to commit son>e ntrocioue act before the next morning, and cry inn for si parat on Trom the North ern ahcttorr of murdi r and pldag. the m iderate party had no chan e. flie hope of the I nioniata l?, that this frenzy is on the wan' and thit the conservative tninon ty will sisiii have an opportunity of actlt g in the several Mates Tbi? may, peihip* he eventually the case, but the nr.tli patlon >t the Viirth "i-ern for the (iresent s<?ine what U<i Mingiiine Tin rtvith h is gone so far that self 0-tei III Will toibt.l |t- return l II I ess ,t receive* foil i i s very bumlllntlhg to it- o|ip) neni I hi Kn|(llsli I>rea< <m l.iml Pnlnn r<laa'. ?|IIMll. 11 ron. the I oti.lon 'I ir-,i v ,t.ir.. 10 ] The thiro topic wolt n|icn by l/m! I alm'Vston !? Ihi ' ut ur< If, lidei we rnay hi t iv th' actual disrupt lor Nf tut- A'li'fuan In l Wii !? ? i cnsol.itatlli) America is disintegrating. That prtvateg* of a tingle j (ntire nationality which Italy is sbelduig tears of blood to obtain, America is Hinging recklessly away. TUe ! Southern Slates expected s> mpathy for their undertaking 1 from the public opinion ol this country. the tone of tiie i pre.-s has already done much to undeceive them, and if ' anything more is required they have the assurance of j our diBapprobatiun front the person whohp public station gives hint the right, an"who?<< intuitive sympathy witb the feelings of the natiou gives him the power better tlian any one else to express its opinions We most sin cerely e< ho the ho|>e that, if disruption (here must be, it maybe fiee trom the lnrrors ol a lrutncid.il war, and thHt in Cea-u g to be fellow citizens the North and the Houih may not cease to bo frieuds. We c innot h>lp feel ing that this is a more proper tone to aco^t m presence ol the great calamity that is impending over the American people, than the flippant and hollow attempt of Mr. Seward to |iersuude the American pfople that tlie danger of disruption is imaginary. The Canada Extradition ( ate. [From the l/moon star, Jan. 10 J The following memorial to tho Duke of Newcastle, od tie subhcl ol the extradit.ou of Johu Audorsoii under the Ashburton treaty, wit, being extensiv. lv Hirfut-U yos ternay. We would \euture to suggest whether a similar (Step might not be taken b> the various chambers of com tuerce till oughoul the country. We understand that the committre of the British and foreign Anti Slavery Sttciety have taken the requisite stejis to obtain, by a writ of habeas corpus, the trans fen nee of tin case to the Court of yueeu's Meuch iu England. Tlie proceeding is u very unusual one, b it there exist? a precedent for it, in the'case of tIt" "Queen v Ixas," which whs decided iu favor of the defendant. I p to that period it was the almost uniu-imous opinion of the ki.gli."h bar that a writ of habeas corpus could uul be issued to a colony.? To Him Ghmv. ihi Di ke of Nswcsstlb, Hk? Majk-tt's S* JiKTAKV Of NTATK : OK T1IK CulOMKM.? Mi i.oni> Di'kk?We, the undersigned merchants and traders of tho city of l/>ndon, have lourned w ith deep re gret of the decision of a majority of ihe Judges in the Canadian Court of Queen's Bench, lu the case of a fugitive slsvo named Andi rsou, who, in escaping from slavery iu Mi8.-i uri, in 1853, killed a man named Digges, wh) w as set ktug to apprehend him for the purpose or restor ing him to his master. After residing more than seven yenis iu Canada as a British subject, Anderson has been claimed, under a clause of the Ashburtou treaty as guilty ot murder. ' It is not the purpose of your memorialists to dwell upon the legal |x>ints of the case as argued by the learned Judges, who have decided that the fugitive, Anderson, ought to be surrendered into tho h u.ds of those who claim him, and whose avowe d puri>oso is to burn him to death at a s ow fire, though they cannot forbear f rom uigiug that the treaty distinctly Sets forth I hit to justify the sum nder of any person under its provisions, the crime with which lie is charged must be also a crime ac cording to the laws or the country in w hich he has ukou refuge. Your mrmorialiits would rather lav stress upin tho gn at principles of Justice uuc humanit*, which would be violated by the rendition ot a tnau who'has commuted no crime recognized by British law, ami who in defending his libei t> at the hazard of his ow n life his a claim upou the sympathies of every Christi hi comuiuuiU. Your memorialists deem it of fa cial importance to state, In this place, that when the Extradition bill was under diacust ion in the British Parliament, iu 1S43, the late Karl of Aberdeen, then at the head of her Majesty's government, and Lord Ashburton, the negotiator of the treaiv. distinctly affirmed that, under it, no fugitivefrotn slaver) could be claimed, and Lord Metcalfe, admlnistra tor of the Canadian government, was committed to an observance of that |?>licy. Further, antecedent to the treaty, a fugitive slave having been ordered by the pro vincial executives to bo given up on a chirge i f horse stealing, and having been rescued, the imperial govern ment entirely disapproved of the decision, and issued instructions to tho eflfect that no runaway slave should be surrendered in future, uuder any pretence what ever. Your memorialits would therefore most earnestly beseech your Grace to take the prompters', measure for si curing the personal safety of Anderson, and Tor ob taining a reference of bis case to the Judicial Commit'oe of 1'rtvy Council, in order that the point which ills being claimed has raised may be discussed by the highlit legal tribuna. of the realm, whose decision,'it mav be confi dently anticipated, will be in accordance with'thosestrist principles of humanity and right which are tlie founda tion of the British constitution and of tho p.Ts >naj rights of every iudiridnal dwelling under its protection. LoAiHur, Jan. 9, IRfll. [From the I/ondon Herald, January 10.] Tlio extradition case now pending before the law courts of Canada came t full seriously to complicate the vexed question of American slavery. In our impression of kridav las', tlie decisions of tlio Judges wero fully reported, and we are not about to rcpoit wha Is there recorded, but conline ourselves to the simple facts submitted to adjudication. A slave named Miderson, endeavoring to escape from Missouri, was pursued, and slew hi* pursuer. The fugitive sough' belter in Canada, was recognized bv the agents of his owner or other witnesses, und demanded by the authori ties ol Missouri by vtatue of the Kxtradition t re it v. which subsists between England and the United States That treaty stipulates that in all cases of murder, or assault with intent to commit murder, plrncv. arson, robberv or forgery, the criminal shall be surrendered to the country in which the outrage was committed. Anlerson was tried by three Canadian fudges, two of whom decidol for his extradition, while the third refuhtd An appeal has been demanded to tlie full benchfil Judges, and it is pro bable tl.at the whole proceedings may be brought Let ore the Crivy Council ot Kngland. Should this course be adopted the casu will become one of absorbing int -rest Titer, ton U no doubt tha- the npirit tflhctnatycom me*ili i'telf to ,utH< tt.far the, omnuw primiplt* of cirilu-tf lite, th- fame tn all umimitTiities, dcmar.il th? punishment of tho-e ouiUu of the t-r.mes mumeriUed. anil to protm tkrni u to be-ome. on act<m.jJ,<e. Hut tlam-ry i, al'offithtr exceptional i' <1<rt rutt properly Mtmg to ririliied lifr. ? ,,ur, nf ntoraU nxmla re<tar,l the h'.hler of ilawts an an envoy to the human race. And here the natural and tho conventional law come into direct antagonism, and there can be no doubt w Inch ought -to succumb in the struggle. The Mis souri code is one of the most ruthless that ever was fram ed, as the following clause shows. It enacts that " If anv peison shall entice, decoy, or carry away out of this Ter ritory any slave belonging to another, with intend to de wive the owner thereof of the service of such slave he shall be Judged guilty of grand larceny, and on con'vic tion thereof sha suffer death, or be imprisoned at hard labor for not less than ten years.-' When Kngland signed this treuty she perfectly understood the liuturo of the '? domes! i* institution" of the I ntted States that slaves were constantly crossing the boundarv to feck shelter In Canada, atd that thev would not scruple to slay their pursuers in self defence. Knirland also knows that slavery was prohibited In Canada, and that n ne but white men could perpetrate the crimes mentioned in the extradition ordinance and lice from Oinada Into the I'nltcd States for refuge. S> far th?n as conventional law is to determine the case the claim " Mtssourl appears to be well founded. But the case as.-?im*s a very different a-pect under natural law The right to live Is good against all but the donor: nor from this lundamcnUI principle can any atsu mint be deduced again-t capital punishment for tuarder since the murderer is not put to death from any vin dictive feeling, but because society is entitled to the best guarantee thero can be allorded for the security and sacrednd; of life* Ho who niur '! ,?',ro murder twice, and probably would doso if be could escape with impunity; and It i~ more just that he should forfeit his ow n life than that others should be ex|>ose<J to his homicidal pussies. But ir tha right to live is inviolable, so also is tho rlirht to lilu-rti for w ithout the latter the gift of the former would be worse than ? barren enjov ment yet this is the case of the slave. He does not exist for himself, but (or an other, and lis master tr?ts him as a chattel by virtue or bis power and by that alone, for in the relations between the two moral t> does not enter; there i~ no compact no bargain no agreement. The superiority of the one ' as well as the submission of the other, is the result of'no thine but brute force and brute force, under views of natural law, may be justifiably exerted on anv opis.r (unity to sever the connection. In this sense Anderson bad a nght to escape from bondac*, and. when meet in* resistance, to take the life of him wbo sought to nor petuate his servitude. In fact, it is not the slavo who kills Ins oppressor in pursuit or freedom that deserves death, but the oppressor who upholds the system of Ala very. It must be confessed that throughout Christendom noli ticsl legislation is of a very equivocal, bccmse oi a vorv Conv entlonal character. We abolished slav ery and reco/ nlse the principle among our allies and while our ?en-lbi iltlos refuse to send a resident ambassador to Home we depute one to flash ngt,.n. .swell our nival estimates I } .rT'.' ? nn Afric^n squadron, and incite tin' plant ers of Oilia to encourage the very slave trade our ships of I Wr"^'re dir,'c,'>1<i <" suppre?s, bv puroha?inir the produce or the very slave labor those planter- employ Thco contradictions may be justlt.e.1 by diplomatist.and states men but the r pretensions to Christianity mav be doubt ed. although they may deceive themselves Into the belief that their practice and professions correspond. Tbey who dare speak the truth avow that the wholn social system which ads cn the political, |? saturated with rant and hypoertsy, A private Individual is content to stand wo|| among the clu?s with which be associates, aiming at a conventional respectability if he ran pay his way, can get his bills discounted, and enjoy a general credit, he is content; and no doubt this quiet ambition Is legitimate and honorable But thero is another duty Infinitely more Important, which is rarely [wrformed. Men Seldom ask themselves how they stand before <;od and it Is the omission of this inquiry which lies at the basis of conventionalism In all Its form??do lit leal, commercial, social and domestic. If they cau do eelve their contemporaries they aspire to no other sue cnss.ani as individuals compromise with their consciences so do legislators. Wh n l ord Mansfield decided that a slave became free dire, tly bis foot touched the soil of Kngland ho ratlior created than followed a precedent. There wore manv learned practitioners at that time m Westmln Mer Hall who entertained a dim-rent opinion but admired an Interpretation of which as lawyers, tbey had grave doubts. Rut l^rd Mans field was supported by natural law,however he may have deviated fiom the strict terms of conventional law He followed his own impulsive emotions of Justice, and would not stiflVr himself to be tied down by formula. Hut tlio virtu ? of that upright magistrate has not been nationally followed. As the greatest cotton manufacturers In the world, we have |s>werfully c mtrlbuted to uphold the do mestlc Institution of the Cnited States, and, as a people It does not become us to reproach the Americans with' slavery. Our right to do so Is the less since our policy in 1X46 in regard tot uba, after we bad abolished 4?yerv in our dominions The ad m Us ton or the ugar or that island Into our ports was an Indirect sanction of its revival In ?plte of all our remonstrances with Spain. In Tact we nro deeply Implicated In the p.liey,for those wbo' act up?m it are, In fact, our industrial agents. R'verting now to the case of Anderson, how would he have been denlt with had he reached KnglandT As a nmrderi r he ought to have been surrendered, fur Kmr land Is tiol an es)lum for murderers As a slave he would not have been surrendered, for l.nslau l Is the a?v him of freedom. Hut Canada. Iu a poll Ileal sense is pail and parcel of Kngland. and must recgnl-e the sunn hroed principles of jurisptudence. lord Mannield I'btr atcd the slave, b wise the n itursl law paramount t i all (onvenllennl law, secured hltn his lib -t\ and if we an i h this nil" to Anderson, and adm t thai i nun m .v ta? a tbe life tit another wh- eee<< todepiiv hiiu of liberty Ui? n be car. plead the natural Law agiOst the -"roven (kwal law implied or directly emt>>died in tlx* treaty, atd t:s crime, instead of being murder, amu.'uto to no more than Justifiable homicide lud Anderson u'< an act lawful in itself in defending his own porwu il freedom aga,n>t notorious violence Certainly not. a<-c?rdiiig to the Missourtan code but what English Judge would re cognise ?u ,h a coder Is Anderson a man or a chattel.' Tlie answer to that question should determine hits release or bib surrender. No treaty can be deemed valid which dinks the natural right.- of our common humanity. lCfTirta of tlir Amrriran Crlala In [From the Paris correspondenceof the London telegraph J Panis, Jan 8, 1861. 1 he complaints In the commercial world here have biou and Mill are serl us. The te.ir of the effects of the crif?if" in the I tilted States has invaded every quarter of the manuiaciuring and lloaucial interests, and the dreid of it had spring reason has been so Kre.it as to have pro di.ien n very ttat new year. The ukwh of the secession of South Carolina, and the significant fact that that Slate is aiming iu case of matters going to extremities, toge ther w ith the lust riee in the rate of discount in l/mdou, will giie the Ural blow to the present prospects of l.ycnsardSt Etienne, and carry dismay every where. Sui h a state of affairs is deeply to be lamented, and, be sides Iti? general etlect on the prosperity of tho couutry, it may have a very bad itliuonce on commercial reform, which is just now entering the first stuge of its practical existence h'-re. It is poMlble, however, that tho latter evit may nut occur; and that, usiead of adding to the ditllculties of the ituatioe, the recent treaty may create an in crease of trade between Euglund and France, and thus, to some extent, counterbalance the de licit which must be produced by the political ditllculties n America. The suppression of the duties on Max, aad other s.milar products, oleaginous seeds, hides, skins and minerals, imported in French vessels, and the redu;tion of the same in other cases, announced a day or two siuee in the MitiUnir, come in very opportunely at thiH season; aid it may be looked upon as not at all improbable th it the t< mporary dilliculties which beset tho trade between Fiance and America will, after all,hive the effect of push ing fi) ward those reforms which are still requisite for the cultivation of a larger business between ourselves and our t.eighliors. Should this turn out to be the case, it will be home slight and immediate compensation fir the temporary diminution of transatlantic commerce, and a great and lasting benefit, whether regarded as merely a money question between the two leading nations in Eu rope.'or as a powerful inducement towards the main tenance o( peace. Nothing can diminish the earnest de sire that will be felt to see our American cousins an 1 our own merchants and manufacturers, whoare so intimately related with them, delivered from their troubles; but it will in no way diminish that defire, or add to those troubles, to sjieculate upon and cultivate an increase in European commerce by way of counterpoise. Funeral of tlie King of Pru<mla. IFrom the l.ondon Post, Jan 11.J Hie mortal remains of the Into King of Prussia wore consigned to the grave, at l'otsdarn, on Monday list, whi n, in conformity w ith the orders of the present King, the ceremonial observed was in accordance with that used at the interment of the father of the deceased King, Frederic Willium III. As the Church of l'eace, wherein the vault is situated, is only about ten minutes' walk from the palace, but lit tle space whs afforded for the accommodation of the popu lace, who. notwithstanding the severe weather, ussein bled in very large number), especially from Berlin, which is seventeen miles from Potsdam, l/'iig before the hour Used for the commencement ot the Cv remony, the road aloi'g which the procession was to pass, and which w is strewed with branches of lir trees, was lined by the popu lace. In frout of the houses along the linu of route stands wore erected, from which tlie occupants could w ituess the cortege, and from these houses, as well as from tiie houses in the town, mourning banners wore bus periled. The troops ordered on duty for tho day t(n<k up thoir position long before nine o'clock. Tlie Seventh battalion of infantry, who were to form part of the proccfSion were stationed In the neighbor iieod of the palace, while the Seventh squadron <>l cavalry were posted near. The other troops formed a line on the left baud fri m Sans Souci to the church, but the other side ot the road whs devc ted entirely to the u ,e of the public. These troops consisted of guards, infiutry ami cavalry, and parties of artilery with sixteen guns, were ranged fr< m the obelisk to the gates of Sans Souci. The troops were in parale uniform, but by tho considerate forethought of the King they were allowed to wear their clraks, as ?ome protection from the weather was much needed; the body guards wore their gilt cuiras-'ei, and the helmets of the officers were covered with cra^e, whilst the colors, standards, drums and trumpets were similarly enveloped Although the commencement of the ceremony was fixed for eleven o'clock, thosa intend ed to take part In the proceedings were requested to be in attendance between nine and ten: but in consequence of the extraordinary demands made upou tfv ie-o"r.. ? of the Potsdam railway, pome delay took place, an I striot punctuality could not be observed in this particular, for n.any persons of distinction could riot arrive at Sin-: hiilnra t At ten o'clock, however, the bells of the churches iti the town and outskirts, anil those of the Clmrcli or Peace, began to toll solemnly, announcing that the funereal centnniiy hail commenced. Onl> thore cspeclnlly invited could participate In the proceeiflngs at the palace, where a funet il si rmon was preached by the fhief court chap lain, l>r Mrattss, in the ante chamber to the well kn >wn room in winch Frederick the Oruat expired, and then a blcMiu? was pronounced over the reran ius of the dec.used monarch. The procession was arranged ac cording to the programme previously drawn up, but with some slight deviation in consequence of the excessive coklnefs of the weather. TImb ihe reigning ami dowager Queens, the royal pro -efses and the laities oftlnir suites, iufteau of following In the procession, were <'riveu to the chinch iu their carriages previously to the cortege setting out. Pie proc.n was pet In motion about a quarter past twelve, when a body of i horisders chanted the hymn ?Was t.'ott thut. disnt wohigcthaii. (Whal i.od does Is well done), aocom pan ml by uiutlled drum*, and from time t" time salvoes of artillery were ilri'd. A squadron or hussars of the liuard headed the llnr some tinv in rjdvanee. and on ar ri ring at the church drew up in front Ihe colli-i wa> richly coveted, and on it nstod a helmet, mouutt-d by a golden crown, and other royal attributes The coffin waa raised from the position it had previously occupied b" fore the throne by twelve colonels, and, preceded by the royal chamberlains, the marshals th-' Cabinet Ministers, who bore cushions on which were the insignia of State, the held marshal carr>ing the electoral .-wind, and other personages, It wa.> borne through the various chambers and down the central -taire?.<?<?, known as ihe staircase of Frederick the tJreat, to the carriage upon which it was to be conveyed to the grave. At this poiut two of the late King's adJuiTtants took up their station- by the -tide of the carriage, laying their hards on the head of the ciiflo. Klgbt stall (.'Ulcers, who had previously left the pdace, now held the reins of the horses drawu.g the carnage, and four Knights of the Order of the Black Kagle. who were to hold the corter.s of the pall, and the generals who were to hold the cords of the i anopv. assumed thi ir poets. The twelve colonels who had borne the Cf'llln to the carriage placed themselves six on each side, and near tbem wer two staff officers and twelve cap tains, and behind tl (ferriage came the generals carry ing the royal insignia. The exterior of the canopy was covered with black silk, and It was lined with ?rhlt?\ whilst tt each of its sides a black eagle was emblazoned. Down the sides of the eight horses which drew the carriage hung black velvet, on which tac black eagle was embroidered on a white ground. Stu gie companies, squadrons and battalions of the lroo|s In g*rr ison at I'otsdam. Berlin. *?pan dtti, and niarlotteiiburg opened the process km; , and un mediately in front of the coffin were court pages and pities of honor, clothed in red tunics iinbroideret in stl vi r, and wearing hats surmounted wl'h black feathers, but the magnilicence of their costume wa? much dimmed by beiDg covered with crape Immediately behind th - bearer of the electi ral sword walked the King, w-'arlng a military overcoat, anil on his head was a handsome helmet, near his Ma^etv wus the Ktag of llanover, con ductcd by Triiice Charles, onl behind them wire the suites In their Immediate s< rv'"e. .\? next mourners f.d lowed the (Yown Prtnc* (Prince Frederic William). then the other Princes of the Prussian ro\ al luunly, and th foreign Princes who bad arrived to take part in the mournful ceremony Th? Ihike of Brunswick, who had Intended to be present, was prevented from travelling to I'otsdam by Illness After the suites of the foreign prlncis c?me numerous deputation* of the authorities, and the procession was closed by a miss of troops of va rious kinds. A numerous b"dy of clergy appeared at the door of the church, and there received the cotliu, which they con ducted to a dais in front of the altar. Before this altar a catafalque wss erected on the spot where lafsr the body of the King was to repose in the vault. Three step* led to the c ttafalque, which was hung round With branches of cypress, bitween which hundreds of wax 1'ghts were plated, and the whole of the church wai draped with black cloth. The windows were darkened, so that the only light was tluit from the wax lights around the catafalque, and the peat* and footstools were also ct vi red with black cloth. When tbo ootlln w;i? c rnveyel into Ihe church, tho two ({neons, the tiraod Duchess Dowager of Mecklenburg Schwerin, the Grand Ihichess of Baden, and the Prussian princesses were In their pices waiting to receive It; and when the King, th" distin guished pcrsotmg s by whom his Ma.'cxty was accompn nled.and the other participators a the processi<in had taken the places assigned them. It being then aWout one o'clock, the funeral ceremony was proceeded with. The choir of the cathedral first sang the 100th Ps.a'ni.and then the local i hotr sang a hymn. After tiiis the Court chip lain, M lb yd. said the l.ttany. and at its conclusion the tjuoen Dowager and the King mounted the dais, knelt be fore the cotlln and prayed in silence tor a few moments, which pious example was followed by the other chief mourners. About half past one o'clock salvos of artillery, tuken up by the troops in the streets without, and the t' Hit g of the church bells. announced that the U?t hiss slug bad been prouounced over the remains of the de mm d monarch. The liondon Money Market. [From the londonChroffli le, Jan 12. | The Bank of Ki.gland returns for th.' week ending Wed nesday last, January 0, when compared with those of the previous woek, show the following results ? Mif Prnrrrf f?- /V HVeflr. HWt. rrsri*e. rr^*i?e. Notes Issued ?26,411.410 35.V71.Mil - 4:?UUn Rest 3,?7.n7* S.2*ft.tl,? flH.S-10 Public deposits 7 27ft,!* W .'t,7?7 ?7 ? ?,MMBV (Mtii r ilonosits. IS,'224 ?M l? 477,41'. 2.182.&II ? Si veil day and other fttll.417 6i>J,S.'t.'t 22,1 ID ? Government securities 9,4<iS,16* It , 1119,721 Kll.Nk.1 ? tither .eeiirltles . tl.KW.4rtl3l.4fif.7tM ? l,tW,717 Pe.erce ul ntrtes . ft.soti.Hlfi ft ftltllft ? 3BI,7n) ft*>14 si.il therein 7IMW "7H.471 ? :17,0M M i k . I.ullion t2,W2.K'W 12.I7A. S?. ? 477.4IW Act tree I ren 1st Ion . '20 61 t.MNS 3U.4M.StO ? 07.7UA Tliere Is here sevn to b?- very great < han^ia In all tho leiul'i g and important items of th? bank account, hut tb y are gi nerslly tiaeeable to the opcratmsis of the p?y. It erit i f tlir> dividends Thus these gin . tumont d.afcurso bicnts leive leducid the pubiH ilephsils iiy th<> sum uf i . ,'>;js "t<?i ef which ?2 'iti'i f?3l has iws n paid over at om e ?(> ib" c.re I t i f the private i|epi?lt?. an I CI Jt tfl 717 more has gmo' to repay ad\ane"s .mi lonus and to m'' t liil s at tnstui lt>. I he stock of hullMn is largely r?> lucod, of c nrsi ns usual. In the sba| e ol pavm' nts In specie Mi a' i " int 1 the isivldenils, 1'iit some pnrll m in i),tp tlie wlllnir?? i'? for Ait epos Al'.li mgh tt Is not si*t> in ? he i.ls-.ve ta'd' it ma\ he bei. mention d tl. it, mil of th1 ?2 bfif ti< u of silver teceived from tho Ue'ik of Franco, there is now iti stock bui fl.K.J** m-jti* ?3T2 !?*, havinr been wild by the batik. ?? iLe Morning I hnnmr of to day Ihe >. Ulll i I ion (be reserve of note? ami on the ctrcuu above changes is but alight, becau.-c out* accou. well bal?rc?a the other. lbe official ?tuteineit of the movemeuU of the p metals lor the week ending Wednesday. Jan ? the following results Import!?Gold Silver Total imports Exports?(iold Silver Total exports t, ,.^1 The Hank of France returns for the month ended tarda}', the loth irist., show, as was anticipated, ;t heavy drain up< u its note aud bullion reserves, v, fully juslilies the recent advance in tbe rate of dtttc Tbe leading features are as folic we ? Stock ol bullion I >ecreaKe ?'1 Covernmcot deposits " 2 liills discounted Increase 2,0Ti I'epoi-its " ft Circulation " 1,?7| AMERICAN OOVKKKXKNT 8KCUUIT1E8 AM) RAII.y Marylano 6's <J0 a tutted Slates 5's, 1874, ex div 86 at Virginia 6's 76 Do. 6's 71 llin?is Central 6a, 1876 C I>o. 7 8,1875 k IHi. f 100 shan-s, $>so paid, dis 3'" Do. do. all paid 6 Michigan Centrals nkiug fund 8's.l m., 1882. * Do. do. bonds F Do. f loo share# ' ? I Michigan So k N. Ind. sinking fund, 1885...?. M Do $100 shares ' *-L New York Central ti's. sinking fund, 1883 | I >o. do. 7 s, 1864 W Ho. do. 7's, siuking fund, 1876 ... r* l)o. do. 7 s. c<>nv. bonds, 1876... Do. do. $ 00 shares 73 New York & Krie 1st mortgage, 7's. 1867... 01 Do do. 2d do., 1859....*.. 89 Do. do 3d do., 1883, ass'd. 76 a Do. bonds 1862, 1871,1876, assentud... . 60 a Do. shares, assented 31 la's l'anaiua lilt., 1st luorignge, 7's, 1866 100 t Do. 2d do., 1872 9ft a Pennsylvania Cen b<ls., 1st iu?"i t., 6'.s, conv. 87 ? Do. do. 2<1 do., sterling .. 90 t Do. do. $50 shares 36 a Philadelphia & Keating bomis, 6's 1870. ... 75 Do". do $50 shares. 2: < RELIGIOUS STATISTICS OF NEW 101 Tl?e Census Iteturne of IMiO?CiroM Condition Of the ltellglon* Elen ? he Metropolln?Its Decline Cor wHh thf Increase of the Populu I he Kumlicr af Churclies?The !\ People They will Acruraiuoc V alue of Church Property, ifce., II :? stranger would take a position ou tuoJ j* ctniirlraiid take a survey of tlie metro) k>! * evitobly come to the conclusion that religi.,.** P well respected among us; that amid all tin fusion of commerce, the f crarnbie for g amount of crime and licentiousness, the coi politics, the plunder of the city treasury by th.t rayed in olllcial garb, the multitudinous car.es of p and suffering in our cellars and garrets?still tlit Jeho\ah is worshipped in splendid temples, costir $12,COO.000. His eye would be struck llrst with of so many Heaven pointing spires that a convi the devotional habits ol our people would be forci him If he had ever studied our free institute contrasted thorn with those of other lands, where < are dictated by arbitrary power, hi* llrst exclaim would DalMmlly be -?\Vhat cv n jim :?ire to fear democracy from a repu:,i.- ,.| I...? >vera In what other land Is i. d wmc r.,ui These religion? are net f ? i .i ... b: \ of conscience. Mn ... . I . willing bands th. ,luu. l.UiiOUti hCtr...0fc . , . oCBfcl lulfj is inscribed ou . .. i. , American liberl d. ri.ocracj. Hcc, at least, there ta 110 incestuoi betwer . uliticH and religion, which in other co. his io those ten ible results recorded in history I ? . our stranger descend from his elevated pil an . visit tin- interiors of the church ediUt es, ho w f a Most gorgeous di.-pbiy of architei tur.il beauty, il although entirely inconsistent with tho taste or'tutl original Christianity, y , t is evidence of the s.bit'1 disjiosition of a Tree people to pour out their sub-J with a lav'sh profusion in the worship of the Aim But in listening to many of the sermons he w A' r ican slavery in the Southern Stale a severely d< and mauy of the preachers avowing the gent in. ts abolition w*? the great work of the Christ), try. If it should happen to be the season oft when our anniversaries are held he would H> number of reports of Christian associations, sh(., millions of dollars which ha l been oxpeLdod to Chr ize the barbarian world, though. e? we shall shol and by, not one half of the people in our imul vicinity have the least particle of faith in I preuching, or ever see the inside of their chil ana thousands of them are suffering from all the t| of poverty, overflowing with vice, and needing I tluenres of a Redeemer far more than the heathen whom so much money is expended. The great portant truth seems to be wholly overlooked, if i gotten, whioh Is that all good Christians and a men are responsible for the condition of the pc suffering. and the laboring classes immedirMyi them, in their own .community, flrst, ai l tl a these are well provided for, their charity, philantl aud g.od works may extend over a broi ' frue ;hilai.tbiopy, humanity, demands th**. we devote our time, our labor, our thoughts.vrrifin our surplus means to nssist and reiorm those um immediate churge. It is a simple neglect of a ? duty to close out eyes to the poverty, misery and o! tb?*e in our midst, and to criticise and denoti social customs and Institutions of others, la no* trusted to our ctre, and of who?c evils ore c.ai well Informed It Is a dangerous benevolence se. ks to excite the indifcnati.fl of the y?orid, to ?rr section of a country against another, to demunce brethren for not hastening, under their dictation drtss wrongs to remedy evils which are solemn nied to exist. If thote who are engaged in * a crusade against negro slavery were aakr ( know of any dos itut.on among the *lave ?opt or did you ever hear of a siave starving in thi Statef the reply would be in the negative but in our blasted frte North. Destitution meets us ai corner of our street*. Let us, then, flrst emanclpn poverty strii ken and destitute laborers of the N< tmo we talk of enMtttelinf the four mill lorn ^ slavis, who, in point of physical happiness and | culture, will lavorably c .mpere with the same n. laborers anywhere on the globe. The fol.owing ubles will show the number of cl in the metropolis in 1H60 and in 1X80. also ihe nan seats they contain and the value of church proper i 1860 Number of churches Number of scats ' " ' Value af church property '.V.'.fP 1800. Wani Xo. of chur<h,s JVb. nfSrats Vol us Churc, 1 2 1,4*0 t J .1 ,8f>0 ? 1 1.700 J if 1,400 2 6 CRM) r 2,000 12,950 20,7M> 7,764 T 0 8 13 f 20 1" 10 11 18 1 2 U 1 3 7 1 4 4 16 16 16 18 17 21 1*. 1?. 90. 21. 22. Total 863 263,133 |7T In order to show whether church acrommoda. Increased In the ratio of the increase of populi will be necessary to state that in IHto we hal ' In Men of 616.647, and 21B 0?8 pcrsttts could be ac dated wih ae..te at any one time. Rut in |K60 01 latlon had gr. wn In *14,264, while our thumb ae. <tatl..n had toeteaeeil to 233 133, The ratio of sc datiMi In HfO was shout forty on. per cent?thai fc one persons c?t of every one hundred of **- peop bo s. nleil m our chore b. ? M| one time. '' in 1' tflirty "ue per cent of our pe?>p|? ??mid Ibe anated ether words, our churches could only ac ty one person* in every hundred with ate. thefe was an n\et aire population of 2,40tt | each and an average ni Riber of seats in each nl" eh oj Ihe laiter number is abi'iit forty-one per <V't of Hifr In l^no there wns nn average popuL lur p< 0|>le tn . ,ich r hurch, and tho avera?<' numb In e?ch about 1 (Kin, ns will he se< n by tl>-> nl though Ihe avemge aeinniModatiut of.n l cot much lesseniii, tho populntlop havo gi

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