Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALDl WHOLE NO. 8007. - MORNING EDITION?MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 1801. PRICK TWO OKNTS. the revolution. ?WOfcTMT FROM WMHINtTON. SjKQttl Message from the President ud the Virginia Resolutions. ^Caasius M. ClaVs Npeeeli on the Crisis. MR. ADAMS' PIAN OF ADJUSTMENT. htuebtug noi the south. Exctteaent in Charleston in Regard It tte Destination of tbo Brooklyn. ?errespondenoe Between the President and Ez-President Tyler. Acknowledgment of a Southern Confederacy by England. Special Message frem the ?enr Mississippi. Tbe Navigation of the "Father of Waten* Rot to be Obotrneted. *n mrm of msasgipfi iwwition, **?? *?., Jbo. Jan. 27,1861. **????1 Hnyne received a telegraphic despatch last ??entog from Governor Picket!*. Everything waa quiet ^ peaceful. They had heard of the departure of the steamer fcnsklyn for the Booth with United States troops, which ?nussd considerable excitement. The authorities accord togly telegraphed to ex-President Tyler to ascertain the Am, and whether any reinforcements had been sent by *PT*"ua?Pt ?? Port Sumter. Ex-President Tyler ad dreaaed anotc to the President asking him whether rein forcements had been sent to Fort Suiter. The President inhlsreply said be was not aware that any reinforce aMots had been sent there. He did not give the ex-Pre aidont, however, any information respecting the move ments of the Brooklyn. The destination of the Brooklyn to supposed to be Fort Pickens. H?e government, since their experience with the Star ?f the West, keep their own secrets. They do not intend toltom the South of their movements. General Scott a few days ago informed a committee who called on him, that the government intended to re lieve quietly several of the Southern forts. There will he a pretty large naval foroe two weeks hence off Pensa cota. Reliable Information has been received here from Har risbutg that the (kittenden-Bigler proposition wiU para ?? legislature of Pennsylvania. If this should turn out to he eenrect the resolutions will he adopted by Congress. It la regarded here by more moderate Southern men as ?Mat unfortunate that the tariff question Is to be brought into the Senate before there Is any possibility of the ar rangement of the momentous quarrel between the North and South. The tariff bill, as it passed the House last mission, should It now become a law, will add unnecessa rily to the secession fires now raging at the South, and he regarded by the enemies of the Union of the deter mined disposition to legislate for the benefit of Northern class Interests, to the prejudice of Um Houlh' *?* l*u* Uod to prevent restoration of harmony. Ait that Is not Just now the most Important ?tow under which this important sutyect to to he wgardsd. Merrill's bill, ss it starts, would seriously in terfere wrth and Impair *r eommeroe with England France, Balgtm, Switzerland and Germany, and would hardly tali to excite very general hostility towards this oonntry with the people, if not with the governments of the respective countries named. The Inquiry very natu rally artsse. whether this is a favorable moment to wennd the Interest* or the ssntlments of the govern ments sr the the peoplss of Ruropef Would not such a measure have an unavoidable tendency to strengthen the cause of the ssoeding States with European powers? Already It la known here that the diplomatic representatives of several of the most Import ant European governments are calculating upon the probability of opening direct trade with the South upon of free trade, which would enable the manufac turing countries of Europe to repay themselves by an en larged outlet at the South for diminished importation at the North, In the er?t of a permanent separation of the two sections of our still great oountry. In the present condition of our country it becomes immensely impor tant that the policy of this government, as now being carried out, and likely to be continued by the incoming administration, should be communicated to the different governments of Europe, so that they may not be drawn off into premature and embarrassing recognition of any seceding State wStatea,as it is held to be the paramount duty of the present, as It will be of the Incoming administration to maintain the constitutional iategrity of the ooof.vicrated States of the Union. There la too much reason to believe that the sympathies of many of our representatives abroad wiU prsdispose tbsm to oo-oporate in carrying out the foreign policy of the ssoeding States. This is a point of special Importance which seems to demand the Imme diate attention of the Executive. It is highly probable that measures will be adopted to meet this emergency, W**ni.*<;Trm, Jan. 27,1861. I learn from a gentleman who had an Interview with Mr. IJncotn, at Hprtngflald, within the pact woe* that th? latter tn dlecuaaing the exiting itate of aflair* wi preened hiMMlf M followa?"I will nffer daath Wore I wUl oon ?rat or will adviae my friend* to omaent to any ooooea -too or oompromlae which look* like buying the privilege af taking pHMMton of thla government to whiah we hare a oooatitutloaal right, became, whatever 1 might think of the merit of the rartooa propoaiUaoa before Onogreaa, I nhosld regard any ooaceeekm tn the face of menace the detraction of the government Itaelf, and a conaent on all hand* that oar eyatem (hall be brought dowa to a level with the exlitlng diaorganlaed atate of aflhlra la Mexico. But thla thing will hereafter be aa It la now, in the handa of the people; and If they dee ire to nail a Convection to remove any grtevancea ootoplalned of, or to give new guaranteea for the perma new* ol veatad rlghta, It la not mine to oppoae." In thia oonveraatloa Mr. I.lnooln urged do okjectton la the Border Sate or BMtertdge propoaitkin contained In thla rorreepoadenee of the 14th Inat. aa a futuro baala of agreement, If the republican* aa a party deatre it. Thla fact glvea Importance to a leading editorial in the fHalt .Itmmal of the 24th .net, pabllabed at SpriiigtleM, HI. While It la true that the Journal la not the official organ of Mr. Uacoln, It la alao true that it never contain* any reeoanme?i<fction to the republican party ,or aeaerta any new line of policy fpr that party, that la In conflict with the known vtawa of Mr. IJncoln Here la the Jntntal't proposition ? If anything ehort of a eoooeeelon of the principle that the Territories ahould not be aurrradered to * la very wl'l aatiafy thaflaoth. the republican party atand reaily to yield It. Tht? point they cannot yield with honor. They will never yield It at all. If the Southern people are afraid that the republican party inteada to Interfere with elavtry in the *lave SWate* by t'ongrcn*tonal action, we are Katl?#*d that tha whole republican party. io allay their f?*r?, are w iling, by oonatltotkmaj amendment or atha viae, te depnTt UBfrcw of any such power; and > again: if the Southern people fmr ?J that (k? republican party am ** ateimkin of any **>?> tlavs Btotos, ? ? that it should be mads tbe tow or the ??*???* that Territories appfyto, for admlm*. toto """**" shall l>? admitted with or without slavery, as the people o, such Territory ?o applying ?**" dstermins; sndtar ther we we in favor of and eamsstly recommsnd the repeal of all State Uwi to oonflict with the constitution of the United States or that to -y way obstruct or Inter fere with the execution of federal tows; we are to favor of any oompromise that <to?e not yield to stovsry the right to go into Tree Territories; the posittvs right to do this it never did haye nntll the Ksnsas-Nebraska bill was passe*; the Missouri com promise was repealed by the slave States under the plea that it was unjust and unconstitutional. If it was unjust to the South and to oonfltct with the con stitution , the slave States, of course, would not desire or be satis fled with its restoration. If the slave 8totos, or any considerable number of them, or, udeed, any one of them, will come forward with a compromise that does not involve the surrender of free territory to slavery, there will be no difficulty in securing for it the support of the whole republican party. W.?shd?gtO!?, J<to- 1861 A delegation of Chicago merchants arrived here to-day on a visit of observation and advioe. Arrangements are being made* for excursion tram* be tweeu Philadelphia and Washington about inauguration timss. A ridiculous rumor obtained circulation this morning that the Capitol had been occupied last night by Stoto forces. The apprehensions of any serious troubles -n this city are subsiding. The report that seven hundred men were enrolled in this city to prevent Lincoln's inaugu ration has led to the discovery that about sixty persons have banded together for seme suoh purpose, but the ,.Xact intention Is not as yet divulged, if settled even among themselves. The city has been very quiet to-day, and for a wonder rumors have not been abundant. Colonel Hay no, the messenger from South Carolina, bad an interview with ex President Tyler, who is stop ping at Brown's. He was also in consultation with other distinguished persons from Virginia, Louisiana and Texas. The most intense excitement exWts in certain Congres sional circles In consequenoe of the fact leaking out that the Howard Select Committee of the House have posittve evidence before them of a conspiracy existing in this cKy and vicinity to overthrow thf government, in which certain prominent officials and citixens in Washington and elsewhere flgure. Decisive action will be taken to relation ?o the matter, and every man, from ex-Cabinet officers down to the humblest department clerk or Senate em ploye will be held to the strictest aooount. In this emer gency it is gratifying to know that, while there may be many citixens in Maryland who, when they can honorably do it, if they cannot consistently remain In the L moo will go out, have determined that while they do remain in it they will be loyal citixens, and when they go out will not do so dishonorably. The existence of the conspiracy has been known to cer tain officials in Washington for some time. It is now certain that the President intends to send the Virginia resolutions to Congress to morrow, accompanied by a special message. Ho will refer to the mission of ex President Tyler and say that he can make no arrange B?nt in reference to the future as President, but leave tbe whole matter to Congress. It Is believed that be will recommend the Crittenden Blgler plan of settlement. He will also refer to the present condition of aflairs at Charleston and Ponsacola, and reiterate his determtoa tlon to defend tho public property at all haxards. He trusts there will bo no oollieion between the federal and State authorities. He will do everything in his power to avoid one, and hopes that South Carolina will use the game precautions. The propositions submitted by Mr. Adams, of ? chusetts, to the Committee of Thirty three, contains a stronger element for the settlement of the vexed ques tion of slavery than the majority of people seem to un derstand. When discussing his propositions, as a general thing,reference is only maoe to the admission of New Mexico as a State, with or without slavery, as her people may elect. This moots with approbation and opposition, North and South. Some republicans say, we can go for that because the people of Now Mexico will not vote to make n slave State, and If they do ulam j cannot exist there. Another class say slavery exists there now, and has been legalised by tern tor ia legislation; besides, they decliro they will not by their votos surrender the principle of opposition to mors store States, by voting to any people the right to make so other slave Mate, whether it be true that slavery can or cannot exit* to such State. 1?e great argumenl^noed to favor ef the admission of New Mexico ss a^ElR under the present odmlnistra Hon is, that It removes so much territory from being subject to the doctrines of the Chicago platform under the 1 administration, and to that extent removes s great difficulty in the pathway of Mr. Linooto. But this is not the vital proposition made by Mr. Adams. Tbs one which strikes at the svll complained of by slave holders is squarely mst to the first proposition made by Mr Adams to amend the constitution by inserting the following article, after It has bsen adopted by three fourths of the legislatures of ths sevaral States, vlx - No amendment of this constitution having for its object any interference within the States with the relation be tween their cltlseM and those described In section two of the first srttcle of the constitution, or other persons, shall originate with any State that does not re. i-ognlse that relation wHhin its own limits, or shall bo valid without the consent of every ons of the Btatas com posing the Union. This proposition removes the fsar which the present census has created In ths minds of the people of the slave States that the overwhelming balance of power in the free States would Indues the opponents of slavery, under the I.incoln administration, to call a oonventiou to amend tbe United States constitution by a provision abolishing slavery in all the States. This proposition of Mr Adams not only removes that fear at once, but, to gether with tho Now Mexico proposition, also rsmovss the nigger queatton from the politics of Um country, and will bring peace to a dlatrncted people. Casein* M. Clay, la reasoning with tbo republicans, preaeee thia point bom* with grant effect; and I am able to atate in this connection that Mr. Clajr ia backd in hi* eflbrta here by mm* of the leading and moat influential gentlemen In Kentucky. The fVnator* and membera of the Houee from Mlaais Hlppl, upon retiring, notified the proper offloera of the two branch** not to aand any letter* or document* to them en account of their relation to the United State* govern men I, but to gat them franked by aome member who doaa not reongntae that government. A large number of letter* and docnmwte have already been Mint them In accordance with their directions. The Union men of the Cabinet an vary much dleantia fled with the dlliatory oourae purauad by Mr. Toucey in conducting the aflhira of the Navy Department. Mr. Koblcaon, M C., of Rhode Island, aaki yeaterday that ha mean* to watch thia secession movement closely, and not let all the other State* go out and leave Rhode Island to pay tbo national debt. One hundred and fifty thouaaod ooplee of Clctnen*' ?peach have been tubacribed Tor, and fifty thousand oopiaa will be forthwith scattered over Virginia', by or der of oertain Mgb ofbclala KiMnidwu, Jan. 87, 110 The following named representatives have slflnad Mr. MmMgomery'a proposition that the membara of Omgross resign, aN arrangemenu be made for the election of their aucoeaacra, to meat on the 23d of February, In order that they, rreah from the people, may adjust the political dlfllcultlea:?? Meeara. Montgomery and Fkwence, of Pennsylvania, Clemens, Hoc nek, Martin, flarn^. Jenhln*. Edmundann and Pejarnette, of Vtrglnln; frini and Avery, of Ten neaaee; Rlgga.ofNew Jeraey TUyfcr, of Louisiana; Oavla. Nlblack, ltoiman and Fagllsh, of Indiana; Burnett and Stevenaon,of Kentucky: Smith. of North Oarollna, White ley. of Delaware. Iarrabee, of Miaaourl; Scott, of flhllfor nla. Wcklea.of New York , Craig and Anderson, of Mlsaourl; simin*, Brown, Pay ton and Rtevfuann, of Kentucky; Hughes and Krnikel, of Maryland; f'ouke, I/fan and McClemand, of Illinois; the laat named becauae it will facilitate a just settlement It la ascertained from a reliable source tliat the go vernmen! baa no Informal tonjfleadlng to the belief that tagltuid will recognise the Southern confederacy *:x President Tyler leavea Waahlnfton to morrow, to rctwra by th? |th of Trtrmj, There in mnoh private consultation yesterday and today hmb| prom meat gentlemen relative u>?u adjus'" aaent, and there ?u a vigorous ouUsle influence us the ion direction. ho Navy Department have rteived voh.miuoiB de spatches from Um Pacific squadron. Flag uftlcor Mont gomery bad despatched two ateamers in aoarcb of the lost vussel I?vaat. The impression was very general among the officers ef the squadron that she ia lost. The health of officers and crew of the squadron ia good, bet ters have beau addressed to a large aumtier of promi nent gentlemen all over the United SukH to moot the eoaunissioaerg who come hare on the 4th of February at the instance ef Virginia. The movement ia being re sponded to in all directions. Capt. Ingrahain, of Kuaata fame, late of the United States steamer Richmond, is hero with hie family, who have resided here daring his absence In the Mediter ran rail. It is not understood that the Oaptain has re signed. Capt. Hope has left to take command of the Richmond. Senators Simmons and Bigier, of the select Committee on the faitr, were engaged together nearly all of Satur day on that subject, The Fowler defalcation will be brought before the pub lic again <arly in February by the application of Oonover and law. Fowler's sureties, to the United States District Court of New York, for relief under the I'nited States Attach Warrant act of May, 1820 This act gives au thority to sureties, in cases of deification, to appeal to the District Court for relief. Out of eighty-six actions that have occurred under it Fowler's is the first in which the Post Office Department has been interested. 8PEECH OF CAS8IU8 M. CLAY. Washington, Jan. 27,1861. Odd Fellows' Hall was densely crowded on Saturday night to hear the speech of Chasing M. (lay, of Kentucky, on the present condition of the country. Notwithstand ing the Inclement state of the weather many ladies and a number of Senators and representatives were present, and attentively listened to the address, which was fre quently Interrupted by applause. He declared thai he spoke for no man, clique or party, but these were times when the humblest oltisen might be heard with patience, if not with consideration and re spect. The eoaatry was in the midst or a revolution. A portion of the citizens were in open and araood rebellion against the government. The laws were defied, the country's flag lowered, United States vessels were fired into, and public property was taken possession of by armed associations. All his worldly interests were on one side, and his gallant party was en the other. He there fore claimed to be Impartial. Mr. Clay then proceeded to discuss the slavery question, as developed in the Compro mise measures of IBM, the repeal of the Missouri Compro mise, and the I?compton measure. He denied that the republican party was a party of offence against the rights of any of the States. It was a party of defence. It fought the Presidential canvass of 1866 on the slavery issue, and was beaten. But did republicans then pro ject rebellion because of their defeat? No; but they tried onee more, and this time they got a verdiot of the people in their favor, and on behalf of liberty as against slavery. (Applause.) As the supremacy of slavery in the government had been submitted to for eighty years, he now asked whether the supremacy of freedom should not be in its 'turn submitted to? If not, what then? What standard of govern ment should be set up? There was no alternative, except t? submit to the rule of the minority, whether that be a proud and intolerant oligarchy or a monarchy. He would not here discuss the abstract right of seces sion, but merely deny that there was power in any State or number of States to secede. He quoted Alexander Hamilton to show that the reason why the old confedera tion was abandoned was because tmder it it was found impracticable te get States to fulfll their mutual obliga tions. If they had to go to battle on the Issue as to whether the people owed their allegiance to State govern < ments or to the national government, few men would And any difficulty in deciding that their first and highest alle giance war to the national government. The South was infatuated not to see that the cause of their politi cal defeat was in the inherent nature of things. It was not allotted to men that they should flourish, like lilies of the valley, toiling not. It was through want of free labor that the South foil behind the superior civlhiatton of the free States, which had lived up to the eternal law that "In the sweat of their brow they should cat bread." Whenever the slave power recognized that truth they would acquiesce in the exist ing state of things, and make the best of it. Then there would be perfect harmony aad fraternal feeling, and a fair distributlea of patronage. The question of slavery would be withdrawn from the politioal arena, aad political parties would be formed on other Issues. There was no reason why South Carolina and Maasashtitetts, In stead of drawing their swords against sseh other, should not, three years henoe, stand together in politi cal affinity as against Tennessee aad Kentucky. He sketched the injurious efleet* of disunion upon the South, as it would virtually bring the Canada line down to the Ohio river. It would also ne cessitate the keeping up of large standing armies, which would entirely Impoverish the South. The In ptitution of slavery it*elf would be eventually destroyed through diFiiniom For himself, be wa# in faver of the remedy proposed by some of the distinguished leaders of all parties. Re ?u willing that there should be a con stitutions! guarantee that slavery should never be Inter fered with in the Htatee by the general government; that the odlona features of the Fugitive Slave law ihould bejre mnved. sod that law be really Bade more effloacloo*. But he aleo wanted similar guarantees to bo given that peace ful citizens, sojourning In other 8tates, should not be subjected to mob law. If they committed offenoo against the laws of the State where they nojourned, let them be tried and punished according to those laws, but let the mob law?that relic of bar bar ism. that reproach to civilization?be de Ktroynd by the power of the national government. (Applause.) If two, ten or ten thousand men, should take and exerutc a peaceful citizen without a trial, and possibly without crime, he wanted the national govern ment to take those ten, or ten thousand men, and exe cute them. (Applause.) He differed with Senator Wade, of Ohio, when be said that te pacify the country nothing was to be done; and he also differed with Senator Seward, In taking the position that something might be done one, two or three years hence. That would be teo late. Tbe question most be settled now. HowT Re called up on the republican party to stand by every single prin ciple of the Chicago platform, to stand by It now and forever, and he would stand with them. (Applause.) Rut still he was ready to do everything short of sacri ficing principle. The people had decided on behalf of the republican party, and yet they now said to their Southern brethren, "We give you every Inch ef territory that your ultra men ever asked for, up to the Missouri line '' If, said he, we have to go to battle, will n not have been well for us to be able to say that we acted magnanimously, and did all that was posslbis for concili ation? Rs favored Mr. Adams' proposition, that all the territory south of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes where slavery now existed it fado by local law should (be ad mitted as a State. The republtcsn party would not he re sponsible for the existence of slavery there, regarding it as a fixed fact which they oould nor change. He knew that this protect wis rspedlated an being n present ot a Trojan hare*, ostensibly giving the South n slave State whereas In reality It would become a free State. To that he wodM say, ere give you all we tave a right to give take It, and manage H as yeu can If you can make It a slave State, then be it a slave State. But If, In spite of all the influence you ran bring to boas, M will still be a free f-tme, then God's will be done. (laughter end ap planes.) He asked his republican friends, what sacrifice of principle was there bere? If it enuld be shown that in this they abandoned s single plank of the Chicago plat form, he won Id agree to denounce the whole scheme If tbe border States were satisfied with this, as he had nnson to believe they would be, the ootton States would be obliged to be satisfied, and pesos weuhl be restored. He bed thus honestly and faithfully stated what, he thought best to bs done to save the republic. He claimed no infallibility for his views. He was the last man to dictate to or to attempt to demoralise the repnbll can perty by a difference of policy, and therefore If, after full consideration, the suggestions, which were not bis, but Mr. Adams', should not meet the ap proval of the party in caucus, he would acquiesce In that decision, believing that to that party had been confide 1 the destiny of preserving the liberties of tbo country, fberefwe, in good or cyi!, fcr meoersvnr woe, b? wouM in lh*i futnr?. as in th?* paxt. stand by the party. If the dread alsernative of ciril wax should ttave to be reeorted to, be would at ul feel thai oh ere was a greater safety, and a more mteillgent liberty, than in the Union itaelf?and that was the sacrei atil inestimable gift of human libervy. If, said be, in conclusion, lighting for that liberty, we xbould be driven back to the Ohl > river, we will contest every inch of ground till we are driven baok to the far lakes, and there we will onoe saore cry? Stand, Till tb? red blade iabroken in our hand, And not an arrow in the quiver. Hon. Gum Adam*, Southern opposition member ef Congress from Kentucky, m response to loud and repeat ed calla, said, thai whilst be sapposed be wan addressing republicans, democrats and men of all parties, be claim ed them all as brethren and fellow oitiaens. (0?eer?.) He waa no republican, politically speaking. He was no democrat, peUtlcally speaking. (Cheers.) In the last canvaas be fought muter the banner of the Union, the constitution ami the enforcement of the laws. (Great cheer tag.) He was still for the Union, the osnstitntlon and Ux> enforcement of the laws. (Great applause.) He had no argument to make upon the sulyoct which his friend and constituent frem Kentucky had dtocussed this evening. Although a Kentuckian, and a citixen of a slave 8Uto, born there, and having lived there np in this time, still he had in the froo States those who were near and dear to bim. His blood, his Bosh and hie bones were on both sides of Mason and Dixon's line. (Applause.) He had never been a democrat, and never could bo one, and therefore they might with propriety say that he waa not the man to talk to tbem. He bad no proposition to offer to bis republican brcthron, who were now in the ascen dant, but he might perhaps with propriety appeal to them to do something, if indeed tboy could. Ho asked no sacrifice of principle any more tban his friend who had just addressed them. He would not ask them to stultify themselves. They had won the election, and were entitled to the fruits of it, under the constitution and laws of the country. (Apjilause.) He would not ash them to abandon that; but be would appeal to them, by all that was sacred?in the name of all that appeals to the hearts of patriots, philanthropist* and lovers of civil and religions liberty?to do something, if It was in their power, to save this confederacy. (Loud cheers.) He would vote for anything that would aocom plish this end. It was needless to talk any longer on the subject. It was needless for Southern men to make de mands, or for tbe border State men to make appeals. If the republicans intended to do anything it waa time they 'were coming forward and doing it. ((ireat applause.) He was not afraid to say, here or elsewhere, that he was not only for the Union, If the ropubliuuiB would grant the South the guarantee* required, but he was for the Union as It la. (Tremendous applause.) IIo spoke for

Greene Adams, and not for Kentucky, or for any of the bordern Mates, which it was absolute ly necessary, for the safety of the North as well as the South, should bo kept in this Union. In his opinion, the men who boaeted of their chivalry and war like prowess were not dangerous men. (Cheers and laughter.) There were men in Kentucky who wore willing to sacrifice sverything, and to compromise upon every point, to save the Union; and whenever the strife should come those men would stand like a wall of lire against either Northern or Southern hosts. (Cheers.) Home of his extreme Southern friends might think that he ought to demand something from the North, but he did not come to them in that spirit. He would like to see the republican party walk up, and in their liberality grant what the Senator from his own State, Mr. Critten den, asked; but It really amounted to nothing. This slavery question was a mere abstraction. Congress could neither legislate slavery Into a Territory nor keep it out. But he would vote for any proposition of compromise. If the republicans bad any propositions to ofi*r, they should make It known now. If they oould do nothing, they should let It be known, and let all prepare for the dread and dlrs consequences. Kor himself, being a slaveholder, be wan willing to surrender his slaves and all bis property for the sake of the Union. (Cheers.) Like the poor widow, be was #eady to cast his mite Into the treasury. In conclusion, be urged his republican friends, if they could do anything to save tbe country, to do tt at enoe. After three cheers for the Union as it is, and three for Cassius M Clay, the meeting adjourned. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. WafWMiTov, Jan. 3* 1M1. Tkt Fttkm DdmtMm fat Wa*in*m ihm Vtadtt, tfNm Hmmf+ir*. on *** KtpMicmt dike of t)mr Leader*?Ike Rutland Dmtn thfflculty Ad/uttsd?Tke Prvpotition for a Bnrirr Stale JWwtly Rtoetotd?The Poplar Voiet in tkt MaMtr? The Detail an tkt Crittendm Otmpromite-lkt MamtrmI ratta* of lit Pacific BmOnad BUI, de., 4e. The city is full of strangers, mostly from the (test ward. The Boston delegation, consisting of Messrs. Edward Everett, Robert C. Wlnthrop (old whigs), A. A. Lawrence (native American), Levi Woodbury, (demo crat), and E. 8. Tobey (old whig), are Unlay receiv ing visits from prominent personages, and consulta tions have been bekl on the state of the nation. Judge ghaw did not accompany the committee, and the moaster petition itself had not arrived at a late hour last night. It will probably be here to-day, and be presented to tho Senate by Mr. Crittenden. The delegation already here H one time possessed the most imposing polltloal In fluence in New England. Edward Everett and Robert C. Wlnthrop held the State of Massachusetts in the palais of their hands for many years, ss the representatives, with Daniel Webstsr, of tbe thru great whig party. But the glo ry has departed from Israel, and they have now scarcely a corporal'! guard to back them and yet they are still aa good Ben, and aa firm patriot*, and an souud statesmen aa they ever were. Geo. Char leu H. Pesslee, of New Hampshire, the right hand man of ex-Preeldent Pie roe, is alao hare lie repre sents the Pierce section of the New Kampnhlre democra cy, and will exercise bin Influence to allay the prevailing excitement. A number of other New Hampshire poll tic Lab* are her* on both public and private business Mora than one re publican has expressed surprise at the obstinacy of the leaders of their party la not listening to terms of com promise with tbe South. Mr Fkty, of Dover, a promi nent republican member of the New Hampahire Legisla ture, exprsense his surprise at the back bone hie political confederate exhibit In tbeoe trying times. His Impres slon Is, thst the people of pew Hampshire are not willing to hare the Union broken up merely to gratify the am bition of their partisan chiefs. Ex-Governor Wells, formerly of Mains, is also among the new comers. Die difficult/ between Messrs Rust, of Arkansas, and Dunn, of Indiana, has been amicably adjusted, after consultation with mutual friends. Mr. Rust se lected Mr Hindman, of Arkansss, as his Irieod, aad Mr. Duaa selected Mr. English, of Indiana, as his. Mr. Hindman decided that there was as cause for a light, and, therefore, no challenge was sent?no papers passing between the parties. There that matter rest*. Although violent Is debate, both gentlemen enjoy a high repots t ion for social qualities la prIrate intercourse with friends. The proposition fbr the holding of s Border Rtste Oon vsntten in this city, on the 4th February, meets with general favor among conservatives. But la the present whirl of excitement, and m the midst of the uncertainty about fata re events, almost every ressonsble proposition for sdjustmsnt meets hut little favor from those who have the power to apfrfy a corrective for existing evils. Tbe npriod is so brief between the out-going of the rat a<i MSB 1st ration aad U?e advent of the new one, lie can be expected from nor measure that has been oflfcred, an loss it be a general acquiescence in Uie ?Ylttenden compromise. Prow neas^ every quarter of the country, excepting tbe seceding refios, Innumerable pstlMwis efa dSUy poured into (Vwigrsss in favor of that compPeenSae, aad It would really seem that, if tha popu Isr voice has ever been esflresaed through the channels of petltlsns, .1 hss bees signally heard In this Instance Tbe debate in tbe House was continued to day b> Mr. Nelson (American), of Tennesssee. He advocated the Crtttadeii compromise, and a reference to the period when that patriotic stateemaa, now omwaed with aa honorable old age, should psss to thst bourne whence ns traveller returns, and be wetamied to tb? arms and receive tbe blessings of the patriots who had gone before him, evoked a ronnd of applause In tHe galleries that brought down the Speaker's hammer with vigorous vehemence. The admission of Mr. fttratton (rsp.), of New Jersey, thst he "was willing to aocept the Missouri line, In Its original lar(r"??e ?s s compromise," seemed to produce a pleasurable * i?-aiion in the Henss, nesting, as it were, s gleam ?f fttirehibe amidst the prevailing gloom Mr. Nelson'srp- eel. was eloquent and powerful through out. It will p'Oduee a salutary effect In Hsnnsesre He was followed by Mr. Leach, of Virginia, who defended the ftroth. It was reported outside, at the moment, of adjournment last evening, thst the Paciflc Railroad bill had passed the ^sate.but the statement was premature. lTw? bill Is now laboring under a heavy load of am?ndments, and It will be a Herculean task to east them off, or, If adopted, to induce ito House to aecept then. fHSrrUOKY COMMISSIONERS TO WASHINO TON. FKANKFOKT, Ky., Jan. 31, 1M1 Tbe legislature yesterday appointed the following 0>ra mtsaioaers to m?*t the Commies kmsrs of Virginia at VwhfegUiii, on ftbruary 4:?Juhii B. CIay, Joshua K. Bell, Governor Moorehcad, William 0. Butter, James Guthrie and Charles A. Wyckliffe. UNION MEETING AT PORTLAND, MB. Poicrn-ro, Ju>. 30, 1801. An immense Union Mass Meeting ?u h jkl at the City Hall here thia evening. Ethan Shepley, ex Chief Justice, presided. The meeting was addressed by somo of our ablest speakers of all parties. Reeolutioos were passed nearly unanimously, "That the d<?truction of the Union was the greatest calamity that could befall tbe nation; that we are Indebted to it for onr prosperity; that it is the dnty of each State to aveid all just causes of oom plalnt, respecting the affairs of other States, not coming within the Jurisdiction of the united States; that we de sire to perform faithfully all the obligations Imposed upon us by the constitution and laws of the oountry and expect others to do the same; that no State has a right to se cede; that forcible opposition of constitutional laws is criminal and must meet our disapprobation and rests tanee; that it is the duty of the government to cause the forts and other public property to be protected, tbe re venue laws enforced and the State should be ready to aid the government; that it is our duty and purpose to cultivate a friendly spirit towards all our oountrymen; that we will tender every suitable measure of concilia tion to meet the present difficulties and give the most favorable consideration to every favorable proposition from any section of our oountry, and that it is expedient to repeal the Personal Uberty bills." Great enthusiasm prevailed, and the meeting was re presented by all parties. UNITED STATES TREASURY NOTES TO BE ENDORSED BT MASSACHUSETTS. Botmw, Jan. 37, 1861. In the Senate on Saturday the Judiciary Committee were Instructed to report a bill authorising the endorse ment by the State of national Treasury Notes to the amount of the surplus revenue deposited with her in 18M and 1837, ameunting to $1,900,000. The order was passed by a largo majority. KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. Iatcjbvii lb, Jan. 21,1801. The Kentucky legislature yesterday almost unanimous ly adepted the Virginia resolutions, so construed as to re quire the federal government to protect slavery in all the Territories now held, or hereafter to be acquired, south of 30 30, and to guarantee the right of transit of slaves through free States. FORT PICKENS, PENSACOLA BAY. This fortification, now in possession of !S2f United States troops, under the command of First Lieutenant Adam J. Siemmer, of the First regiment of Artillery, Is now in vested by two thousand troops from Georgia, Alabama, Ixmlsiana and Mississippi, under the oommand of M^jor General W. H. Chase, formerly M^jor in the United States Corps of Engineers. Fort Pickens Is oommandod by Fort Barancas and Fort McRac, both of which works, with a new battery recently erected, are ready to epen Are on Fort Pickens at a moment's warning. The besiegers at lart accounts were making scaling ladders and other pre parations to capture the latter named work. THE COMMANDANT AT FOIIT PICKENS. First lieutenant Adam J. Siemmer, of Pennsylvania, is in command of the United States garrison at Fort Pickens, Pensacola. He entered the United States Military Aca demy at West Point in September, 1840, and graduated in 1860, when he was commissioned In the army as brevet Second Lieutenant of tbe First regiment of Artillery. He was appointed First lieutenant In April, 1864, and order ed ob special duty as acting Assistant Professor of Hthics and Mathematics, at the West Point Academy, la 1866-0. CAPT. WM. S. WALKER OF THE BROOKLYN. The United States sloop-of war Brooklyn is oommandod by Captain Wm. S. Walker, who is a native of New Hampshire. He entered the navy as a midshipman at twenty > ears of age, and has reached his present posi tion by regnlsr promotion. He eommanded the Saratoga in the Japan expedition, and during the war with Mexico commanded a ganboat, but was not called into active service. He is about sixty years of age, and is highly esteemed by those who know him. Ho is a brave and gallant officer, and one of the best disciplinarians in the navy. Two of his children live in Boston. MASSACHUSETTS. OOVKANOB ANDBEW SNUBBKD. Governor Andrew, the republican Executive of ytmm chusetts, had hardly bees dubbed Oommander in-GMef of the mtllUry forces of his KtaU? before he, to Show fidelity to the party that elevated him to oCn, Issued aa order Intended aa a menace to the South, to reorganise tbe militia of tbe State. Like tbe generality of aocidental military men, his lint effort waa an egregious blunder, and it baa gained for him nothing bat enmity from the Union loving military men of MsssaohineHs Among them is one who appears to understand hla italus In the Union and the remedy for the purification of theoountry, is Captain Charles H. Manning, of the Salem Ugbt Artil lery, who wrote the Governor a long letter, from which we take the following extracts:? They, the Salem Light Artillery, are now filled with astonishment at the alacrity with which Masnachuaetta agent her services In the work of war against her broth ren. That she who, swept on bv political rancor, pro. posed to abut up her arsenals and her store bouses, and bury every military ensign in the dasty seclusion of de serted armories, while a foreign foe waa sweeping our seas, destroying our towns and devastating our fields? that win' should now mm to arms against those of ber ffllow cltisens who ask for a position equal with her own under the confederation, Is a* strange and unnatural as that national madness which vents Itself In the horrors Of civil strife. That she who denounced and dolled the Union, while It was In the hands of ber political oppo nents, should now be eager to fight for its preservation, Is soaewhat|iignlflcant. ? ? ? ? It Is impossible that the great kidustrial Interests of Massachusetts can be bnnrtHtad by active hostilities Her commerce depends upon anfwiable relations through out our land. Her manufactures cannot flourish while a civil wsr rends our country. The thousands of laborers and Jonrneymen sow anxiously waiting for pnaoe cannot endure the additional distress with which prolonged col lision would oppress them. To them a fraternal Union alone, continued and sustained by a just reoognltlon of constitutional right everywhere, can bring plenty and prosperity. These bieaslngs cannot be aecured by force of arms. And while our intelligence remains to us, shall we not, aa a free people, guided by the wisest oouneeli and Impelled by the broadest Impulses, appeal to that spirit of oonoess|M which animated our fathers in their great work of establishing a republic of constitutional liberty on this continent? THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY AND ENG LAND. AHTICTPATBD ACENOWIJQWHKMT OP TO MOTH* UN ooMraonucT by lord palmiiuitom. [From the Toronto Leader, January M.) unu> rauoflMioR oy m tinuun DTmrrxrr. In the oourne of a speech, delivered at Southampton, Lord Talmerston referred to the difficulties between the Northern and Southern sections of the United States, sod expressed a rear that the Union would be dissolved. Hto Lordship added a bona that, whether the Onion wars din solved or maintained, amicable relations would be estab lished: and that there would be no war between brothers, rrem theturtness of the telegraphic phraseology, it la not possible to aay whether Lard Palmers ton Intended to refer to the relations of England with the Amoricna confederations, or only to thn relations between the two confederacy into sUiieb tbe United States are rapidly forming tbeaueiverf Be this as It may. (As iMtmtim <jf mtfiand It acfcnowMpc Ike imOtpmimet ef Iht nmo tkmtAern ctmftdrracy at mm as it it formal no Umptr admits tf quetUtm. This MnswMMMnt wmnin a;?nnen to mafcs in (As mcu potitu* (emu, and who ever wlM take the trouble to wateh the oouree of events, will find that we are correct. The policy of Rag land has long been to acknowledge all <*/?*> governments, and that policy will not be departed from In the present case. From /nine a rimOnr vmrtdtrt stay mfH* b? ss pttled; and as soon aa the Mouther* confederation has formed a provisional government, It will be treated by the two leading powers of fcorope aa entitled to al the prf v lieges of a sovereign Bute The *-eateet1oceovenienoe would srtee from the adoption of aay'other line of policy. England having no control over tbe dome Hie politics of other nations, can only acknowledge whatever form of government they please to set op. To refuse to do so would Involve her In endless wars and ruinous oommer clal embnrraasmsnta. If lbs opinions of an English statesman are, la thla in stance destined to produce an influence over the desti nies of lbs Unttsd States, their tendency will be to pre vent civil wnr between the two sec Hons A war between brothers, rich aa Lord ralmsrston here denreeatea, la the bitterest of all wars; It would sow the seeds of animosity which wonid bear bitter fruit for generations to some. Tbe wise and stateemaallke policy waa first to attempt a reconciliation; but If all eflhrta in thla direction are to be held to fall, coercion or civil war ought not to be thought of. The North is numerically stronger and, pertmpa, wealthier than tbe South; and there la little reason to doubt that It could make n conquest of the seoeding sec ' tlon. But that It could not hold the Southern aa con quered States Is Just aa certain Secession may not be a constitutional right, but, practically, If nearly half tho ?Hates of the Union Insist upon it, there are no means of prrre&tiag its constuunatkm. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTHWtST. Special Mtusft fr*m the ?ovrermor ?lMlprt-Th? ?* ??*? ?**at Hlvcr Not to bt Obetrnete*?1Treaty His tory of niwlMlppl of the Governor of ai??i??IPPl 10 tl,c MUtt Lfglitotsit, Convened In lUtrnor dlnnry Icnion, Ac. bKTim (Win, JiOOVIK, WlS?. , )M 16,1801 GnrvKMEH o? ths Skn?t? **d Hoobsof lUiuiiMs<t.iTirw; Kagarding It certain lhal the Convention which m now In session would J^solvs the connection IxtweoL. tho State of Mississippi ud tho United States, and mako manv and imnortant changes in tto organic tow of tho Mate ibus nmdering much onlinar/ leKisUtioiin>-o??ta "??' the hUtute tow with tho amended ooo s <*?-??j-sy-s i? r new relation she may ???<?->1 h?ve oo^?l MM l**tt inturp m extraordinary session. Vou meet uij'ier per pbxiug and novel circumstance*, such M nowr^rrt^t id any former session of tho^-gl-toiure of ??*"?? Numerous, grave and new qu??tK>M, growtn* present relations of Mississippi with tha states, maul be niol and solved at your pr?*ent b<^?Wjo^ Since your adjournment, events of the ' Lave followed each other with unprecedent**! ra|?ditj. Tlie hopes of the n>ont sanguine friends of the Southern cause Hoeni about to be. realized In Urn formation of a Southern confederacy, embracing a very large ??J0'"''' If Dot all the slaveholding states. South (hro.ina,, ?>an ordinance pa^rd on the 20ih day of December, !?? hw seceded from the federal Union. The convention of the people of Mississippi, "aitod at your tote sesiWm, passed un onlluaneo of secession on the #th day of January, A I) 1801 a copy of which * herewith transmit-ed, marked a! Florida P'llowed with her ordinance oi the 10th. Alabama took her ptaoe with the seceding Stolen on the llih day of the present rnooth^ The Sluice of South Carolina, Ceorgto, North <*rojlna, Alabama and Louisiana have token possession of the <?r?? and arsenals within their limits, and /*?*?*??? ?. u niiitiajr to take possession of such of ihe fojrti as sae deeuis nrcefsary for her safety. her aid a considerable force, and seven lunteers, of this State, have been < vlW.w !<?? u>wndea, Noxubee and Clark to aid KlJW* wd A^b^'ln Ukto, 'po?e.moo of the fort, and Navy Y ThV^ftTthi expedition I, not y?h^ to~. Major Mima wai aent by me to meet.the lt*sls?PP* volunteers at Enterprise, w w^n^ha? them all necessary camp equlpageand prwooM, thaw tho sons or Hutsi-=ippi i more privatious and hardships than are Leceaaarlly ?cj Beivn'adVlsed i)yB the '(governor of Louisiana that ho bad^esson to believe that an expedltK* wouMb,j??t I down the MtxMissippl river to relniorce the garrtoona of the | forte and urt-euals of that Slate, I seut Captain Kerr, wlUi ' sixteen of the Jackson Artll.ery oompany, ^ ordered Captain H. H. Miller to call out tho volunteer eompanleft of Vlcktbiirg and take lucb poeit.on as would ?nablo him to prev>ni anj iiost'.le expedition from the Northern H tales dewe.nding the river. learning that the for to acd arsenals were fully gamnoned by 1/iulstona, Ih*ve ai te^ted Captain H. H. Miller to withdraw his forces from the position they had taken. . . Aa soon as 1 was Informed that the Governor o 14TO#' ana had uken the arsenal at Baton Rouge, 1 sent Oolenel C G Armntead with a letter to Governor Moore, request ing him to furnish Mississippi with ten thousand suad >cr arms, on such terms as he might deem Just. OolooeJ Armstead Informs me that hla Kxcellency has resfoode.1 to my request by ordering eight thousand mosketo <8 000), one thousand rifles, and six twenty-four pound ions, with carriages, and a considerable amount of am munition to be delivered to him, which will be shipped to MtesisMippi as soon as possible. Thi* art of friendship and confidence ftrom our istw State I hope will be fully appreclatml and duly acknow ? ledged by the legislature and people of Mississippi. KtndlLg the State pressed by emergenclea which were neither loreseen nor provided tot, 1 have done only what I deemed demanded by the interest, safety aed honor ot the people ul Mississippi, trusting that a magnanimous constituency would Judge leniently the acts of an exeou tlvc ofiicer placed in so novel ana trying positions. From the rrinsurer's report, a copy of which w here with transmitted to the legislature, it will be seen that 1 have drawn from the treasury on account of the ap propriation, for the purchase of arms, ammunition*, Ike., thirty nine thousand three hundred and eleven dollars and twenty-one cento (ISV^ll 21). Contract? hr a oao slderable amonnt of arms and munitiooa of war have been made, which have not aa yet bean compiled with, the arms not having been received or paid for. Other contracts have probably been made by agenta appointed by me for that purpose After paying all oontracta nrw made, ur authorized to be made, there wUl ha a OSMl derable balance of the appropriation of one bandrad and fifty thousand dollars ($1M,000) made at tha laat Mfular session cf the legislature. Patriotic oitiaens in various portiooa af tha 8tata have extended to me pecuniary aid in arming tha flat* Tho Honorable ilal. C. Chambers, of OwbooM, gnire me an order for one hundred bales of cotton. Ookmei nllea McGebee ;and Honorable Charles Clark gave ma a draft far the prooeeda of the saiea of one hundred bates each Honorable A. G. Brown sent me a bill on New York for five hundred dollars. Major John M. Graves gave m? hi. draft for two hundred dollars, add Mr. Bur we J Moott il' draft for ooe thousand dollars. OoUmel R. S. laybnr* of Tallahatchie county, haa presented to tha 8tate soe hundred kega of powder. . For these sums, when rea.inert, 1 propose to itlWS auditor's warranto, drawn aa part of the hundred and fifty thousand appropriation for the purchase af m, notwithstanding many of the gentlemen regarded their offering as a donation, and some still so regard it. Cosine! Jefferson Davis and Honorable Jacob Thompson have guaranteed the payment, in May or June, af twenty-four ikousand dollars for a purchase of arms. lbs Habile and Ohio Railroad Oimpany have tendered me (be free aae of their road fur the transportation of trnopa and munitions of war whenever the Mate may require it, placing at the disposal of the Sever nor of tha State extra trains, whan required, free of all charge. The Mhaissippi Central Railrssd Company, through their President, W Goodman, has tan derad the services of ail man now employed ?n tha read in case of invasion, and the use of the road for transpor tation on favorable tor ma, to be arranged hereafter. Hon. Mv4'*"" McAfee haa beoomn responsible for a considerable amount for the purchase of ammunition, all of which I shall be able to meet out of the appropriation already made. Many other patriotic alliens have ten dered me similar aid, which haa not yet bean acee^ed. It la with pride and pleasure that I have for her to inform Ihe Legislature that all citlaana on whom I have called to aid me in the purchase of arma and ammunition havej goae wherever I requested, and performed any service 1 required, without aaking or accepting fee or reward for their services. I renew my recommendation made to yon at your laat aeaaioa, that all volunteer eoaapaniea be placed on the same footing In regard to pecuniary aid from the State, and that a sufficient nam be appropriated to each company to defray all neoaaary expenses. Id compliance with a resolution psMd at tha lut sea slon of the legislature, 1 have appointed tha Hon. Hatry Dickinson Commissioner to the State of Delaware. The Hon. A. H. Handy, Commissioner to tha State of Maryland. The Hon. Walker Brooke and the Hon. Fnlton Aader son, Commissioners to the State of Virginia; the Hop lacob Thompson, Commissioner to the Htale of Nortb ( arolina the Hon. G. S. Gainea, Oommlsaioner to tho State of" Florida; theeHon. W. L. Harria and tho Hon. Thomas W White,Commissioners to the State ef Georgia, tho Bon. W. 8. Feetberston. Oommiaatoner to tha Stnte af Kentucky; the Hon. Thomaa J. Wharton. Conamlasiooer to Uie Staie of Tsnnessse; the Hon W. Ifatthewm. Commissioner to the State of Alabama; Aa Hon. R. Russell, Commiaaloner to the SUM of Blawwi; the Hon Oeorge R. FaU, Commissioner to tha State of Ar kansas; tha Hon. Wirt Adams, Oommtsaioaer to the State of Louisiana, and Captain H. H. Miller, Oomm s ?toner to the State of Texas. The report* of such of tlie above named CoamMioDert m have returned ud reported to me are herewith trans mitted. Oil. Armlatead Burt and Hon. L W. Pettua, Gnaom# stouers from tbe States of South Qtroiun and I la Items. have vtatted tbe Mate of Mississippi, seeking far oo-epe ration in tbe for mat too of a Southern Otmfaderacy. From tbe facta stated in the preceding part of thin message. tbe Iifflalatare will perceive that a state of hoe - tllitiM already exists between the Breading States ana the f,overnmeat at Waabmgtoa, which may be soon fel lowed by open war. It Is yet poimible that this may be averted. Justice and prudeaoe on the part of the Southern people, in ay opinion, may peanlbiy avert it; and if not, will cettainly mitigate its evils Hut whether ptaoe or war be the destiny of the Slate, a doe cheer* anee of law and obedlenoe to the coat Muted autberllleo are tbe ealy guarantee* of a people for aocosaa, safety or clvtllaaUoa. We have embarked upon a atomy ssa. sad mueb of tbe peril which atteods our voyage is to be apprehended horn tbe theagbtfleaaMaa sad peas was of ear own emj. Uw and order must prevail, er tber. in noaeftety for tbe ship. For these reaaoan I reoemsned that more stria gent laws be peaeed for tbe puntsbmsnt ef crisao of in citing insurrection, that individuals or amoaatlaaa ef Individuals may ao? be required to incur tbe rieawsi hiittv or i en letter punishment without tbe roraan of law. to rave their homes from tbe moeodlnry, and that all punishments may be inflicted by courts regularly censM tuted by law. / funjktr nmmutmd tool Us mom pnmjt and tfieitnt mwwm te adapted Is mat* Immm ts As psspli ef (he A'ortnweMm lila, Oaf pmntrfid wmntarai en lis MimU >\f* rtur mM he mhW tUnTiijhd or annepsd hp Ms ??* tkorlUMor ftofU f Ximiirfppi, Thin, In my opinioe, will maUriaHy aid la preserving peace bit ween the Nor tbwee tern and fee Southern Statee, If Itenn be pro served. Rut If this may not be, if justice, pnidenaa and mode ration en our part cannot anve ua from war sad hnverioo, there will than bo nothing loft for Mlaataaippi but to lay her lance la rant and cry, Ood defend tbe right. jmmT ffTTTTR TO TMATT ?1BTOBT CP rim WAT14ATI0M or TWT WMIMIFPf. ? (From the New (irleans Picayune.] 'f It Is now nearly a century since questions about thr navigation of the Mississippi warn the subject ef aaaeti*' tlnn end compromise among Fnropeen Power* tbeer. began when the vast interior wan an unmhnbltetf wtMer < n<<ea, the hanks of the grant river Itneif had but f?w mat/ scattered settlements, and Its whole eommeren reached only a few mile* from tbe month, aad amounted to a few thousands of dollars. When thee* Statee ware eoloaiea of Great Hrlteln. a mere slip along tbe Atlantta ooaet. ?bee nil beyond the Alleghanies wan unbroken rerest, and the lower Misx'selppt, belonging to ftre'gn powers, was dotted along the coeat with a few mii.wj peat* pww on man rum)