Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1861 Page 2
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ADDITIONAL FROM JAPAN. TIB 1MYAL HOME OF THE EMBASSY. The Ceremony in Landing the Am bauadors. Increase of the Japanese Trade With Foreign Nations, *??? 4m., &?. Oar Jfdd* Correspondence. Crrr or Jhhh>, Japan, Nov. 14,1860 Arriwl Home of the Japan**- Umbtuty?TKe Niagara at Jakio?The Hun from Hong Kotiit?A Mvntotm?Tke Island (/ Formosa?Offirial thoordirm?Presidential Mic tion on Hoard?first Sight of Japa*-Faii-Yai*a-Vie Nunjaraon the Rocks?Narrow JCtcupe?Tea tianlnts? Beautiful Country?Macadamiird HoatU?Ambassadors Leaving the Ship?The Ceremony?Reception of Ameri cam?1'reparatiom Made?Liberality?Jpj*aran:<- of Jnldo, rf-c., dtc. The Japanese Embassy hare arrived all well. Tho United States steam frigate Niagara, Captain W. T. McKean commanding, which left Now York on the 30th of June with the Jajianosu Embassy, arrived at thu port on the 10th inst, ouefhundrcd and thirtytwodaya from New York, including thirty days stoppage at the different ports on the way She t>lopi>ed two Jays at Puerto Crude, nine at Loando, ten at Batavia and nine at Hong Kong, making her actual running time one hundred and two days, besides fourteen hours gained by the 214 de grees of longitude made sinoo leaving New York. Una, considering the distance the ship has run out of her projicr course and the managoment generally, has been a highly successful trip. lhe run from Hong Kong to this port was made in ten days, much quicker than was ever expected. ThLs part of the voyage had always been looked forward to with a sort of dread?the worst part of the whole, as it was liere where the terrible monsoou*, which prevail in tho and Japan seas, especially in the fall months, wire cxpectod, bui which we did not encounter. The weather was delightful all the way over, except one day and night wo nad an *? iuklin'' of u monsoun " what Is a monsoon." It came from the northeast, taking tho Niagara upou the quarter, and, strange ond incredible as it may eeem to lundrmcn and tboue who never navigated out Bide of Broadway and Wall street, tho sea was so high and came with such fury at times that the spray flew high nhove and over the smoke pipes?thi?, too, with bulwarks twenty fuet above the gun deck. One word lor George steers: i>ertection in naval archi tecture w id never be nearer readied than it has in tho model of the stcumship Niagara, fciiie cuts the water so knifelike, sits so gracefully, licit the goes as well, makes as good time, In bad as in good weatiier. The N tigara left tlong Kong October HO, taking the outside passage as it is called?that is, going to the east ward and near to the island of Eorraosa. This is one of the largest and most beautiful islnuds in the world. It is further northward than Java, tiutnatra. Cochin China, liorneo and others which wc passed in sight of ou our way here. It ts 250 m ilea long by 40 wide, and produce all the choiewt fruits in tho world, its pro t ictd being camphor aiul indigo, it is in about the same 1 itituue as Calcutta, with the tropic of Cancer running through its centre. The Niagara ran nearly all day in sight of it, from Are I to Wteen miles oQ. A high range of mountains runs through tho middle, nearly its whole length Mount M unison, the highest peak, is 10,ei00 l'eet high, covered with p> rpetual snow , whilst beueath, along ttie Bhurcs, the country is level, covered with impenetrable jungle, I and tilled with the most ferocious tigers, jackaik, boa constrictor.), Ax., and all kinds of iwlsouous serpents and insects. The inhabitants are Chinamen, Tartars, Malays and cannibals, and number some 1.600,000. Europeans do not settle there, from fear of being eaten up. Even mis sionaries cannot make headway, several having be<n eaten up. The English newspapers at Hong Koug and Singapore are urging the British governmeni to lose no time iu so curine tho immediate cession of this Island to Groat j Britain from the Chinese; otherwise to take forcible pos M.?sion of it by the army and uavy. An eitract from I <' mmodore Perry 's official report Is published In support vi the Englishmen's suggestion. At HoLg Kong we took on board the finest specimen of a ??! ai.kee'' over seen in tee Celestial I mpire. It w.iri a Mr. Green, a aMive of Mellows Ealls, Vermont, but now a rich merchant of Manila. He is a regular seven "footer," a great traveller and a special friend of lii ? American Minister, Mr. Ward. Mr. Greeu goes to Japan and back in the Niagara as a private citizen an 1 not lung | else. 1 mention this fact airnply because Captain McKean powitiveiy refused to allow your correspondent a passage u the ship u|<?n tho ground that "private imlMduaH were not allowed to travel on aten-ofwarship: the rogu laiiotia of the navy expr.wly prohibited it." I'hu tlecre taiy of the Navy ictus. d uj>on the same grounds. Tueaday being elMtlno day in the Cnit-d Siat-s, a vol* among the officers was taken on l<oard with th ? following result bell aud Everett Id, Breckinridge 14, Douglas 6, Mnco<n8. Majority as counted for Bail and Everett 2, live votea uven for Breckinridge, but not etidor?e<l were not courind; these tlve would have given Breckin i idge three msAority. To-day the boatswain cau.rht three ! '? ' which were blown seme sixty mllee trutn off laud, tney are all alive antf doing well. * Thursday morning wo Hrstaaw the black smkeof Obo sima, a high mountain <>pi>o- io rfimoda, and at tour o'clock wr were between the two. proceeding niowlv la wards Jeddo. Erom hore the;o to Jed do is n?y miles, through themi?il beautiful bsy tnthe world. C<uug i ji we counted at one time 2fl6 Mil ot small vessels. We proceeded slowly along, sounding every lew mi nutes, till the ttrst thing we knew the ship was witluu her length of the shire, going r ght e.pon th- r.?cic?r. Her ?nginea were und reverseU and the anchor let go. wmch sU.pjted her headway; but twinging round, she st uck htavily on tho n* ks tnree times', with s icn torce that chairs, tubica and other loo-.- ai tieliw in th* hoapitnl, down torwar.l, were ci|?tzed. the pumps w iro imn.t distely aoundcl, tut no water. The ship hM jnat entered Ji-ddo bay. near t^irahama. as l suuek very U"ai ? PlynwKith K>?ks," on a ledge which .ns be. n uainml "\iacara Koek." In two or three srenus more -he would have struck her bow upon the rocks ou the shore. ms it iv. she went within turn her length, the capurn ai the t:n.e havin/ cbirge of tier aud tanding uj*>u the fare o?Us. In the morning the bald head of Eu/i Vacua wis seen in the distance, e<ivere<l with anow, Ihe gran .eft Sight 1 ever b? held. It la seventy miles distant from J.?d Jo bav in a stiaight line, and is 12,440 reet high, hut -loea not ?PPe*i as high aa Victoria Peak, which Is 1,744fan,atom: the base of which is the city of Hotig Kong. Eun Yama is on.- of the sublimit sights of nit are; it is r-garded by the JifMo wltt a ?irl oi' n>li{inns awe, this being the .l.ipanetM l^oc.i. w'lero tnou-andi make pilgrimages, at all KeaaoiM Of the year, to worship Buddha Eur! Vum.t <a pyramidal in form. ao4 app am Ilk.'a large e rens teut >/t raovaes. ib> |s<ak. lor s>>'ne A UOD feet li ra tlie top. being ? <>vor?;i w iih |? rpetu il snow, whicn fiitters in the ninllght like the top/ of tu?. White limn talua of New Ham|.shire It Wu. Obsenrial thai the .l>pan<'>? watrlnd E . Yatil very steadily lor a i<wg tine*, and llM-tr Muiia aid oitnit gestui?s which were iiiau. were veiy similar to in<- ? notic< u at the rising and ceiling ol the sun At Kanagswa, th?- reaidaure of tin \r? I'. M. r?oi-, th.- Niagata btopped son?>' two tio-irs to < oraawnicaie wMh the shore about send in- up to i.ttilo UPWMI ?Hllllfcvr. Cbonui Dorr caoio oo hn ini nml w,u> *alttte>lTv:*isl grtiUttuen, merchant* an* other*, All. Hrrt- .won .laptuieox (>ntri^Jn from itborr. tail two or lhre? Iron the <'mwliiinitrrul), io-<n <if ilp, i-am- o.i board 10 *v? tbe Aoib.i -mlom alimil fling ???ur- it .ledao. Meto, loo. lieutenant tiMI of t>e NUjrtr*. w t.\ utao ? .Kpatn-ae nfflctaM a<-a*n?|M?Vi -.i by M-rrabt*. .tau ?ai? ihk -o tn .i.-iitto ft) lafirta* ru.., wer* earned iii iwniHov-.a k n<i of nMaattt ir, <>n tb'i sbuabtrriof two ????, alio n'llrrM ?i?th ,itv r or-rc ?rmrter of a mile; tb?-y w?hH U|xmaw>rt oi kali i-'tti.mim^ about fouraaiiaa aa hour, l.kuienant <?ueil'a fully .Ioti ? tv. inhered Mild'i.Uirtf clu nt, Iwi-le- h owti rt'rj ixg officials, who ware a wft ot gnm<l of hnnnr IV ilatauaa m fn?.ni ih etMinu-j I* neT/ili fiy lum a.- the aaoai rharw??n? af anything whv i V t?< ???r Mm, not exc*ptiiw Otamtto or t'i? Mat* Iii* >a>? tbt *hoM>d*.u?i*? la one taarnft-wnt ifr i*n . . no ? ii*UU, grata |>UklM. Ooamr ?>?<!*?, ?fc*4n Ifw, -in! Ih ? narirtu, .tapnnica, aur4i aa raftnat be -eeii tn inv miter |Ma<n m tue world. It wa? h*r* 11 orijfl.Mfly t*m ? limn urtuitiTii tu uaiuu limn .lajmn llie rowta iirr marndair Inert, anl as .'WkhJi m a <>> Mr. ?l<Ailarn, wh?? < to l?e the idct/iwcr An i l?i< uu* iH Una ktiii'l i r?M.|. tTc. o bu altva ami ? ril l iiiot tli.* country, w.mid tVn.i t,,,< hM roi?t wi ii use here twenty live t.undriMl rears m'ft. IMl r. mark mi up* ttr 4,f Mlo"?^. Mr H*i rlt, ;uiil la ?m<l<^.m.,iiy A|i jiv, ... v,, <4 .Irdrto ttra atteb .* I have rt^wrtiKil <u en nin^ >if? frwii haaagawa. Tuet-.. tf.uo, aW., ,j, Mlri#rtp mature, and about Ui ? only n,? torn'mir. t m,', ,, far aa T bare aeon. About thia 1 cUiii > ?it r. ? iiereatter. About liaif way WinteiiaM GtPtM ?Voi ? .i ,, , , <ieu f'*r rett-eaJimetw, intern he wa* wa t<^i ?ut<iu< .<uuag gtrkt, wlm, wueti hinili'?( am. eai BJi* aid C4i?, girt. luv>u ii|k>u ta?l. ,.u" mwt the oprraitoo M true ori ?uwi airh' tnu !, n piay in(| wl'h th< i. <iiiuwai'? at?t ? , , t rail) dtfrii'xi uioXtagaraof Ml*?? #N> ? . a <jo i l.louli'uaui * ri'iay aiorainy llic Niagara < ani. up atitl miii 'i?r%<l v, , jUmkiI eiK intl<.1 a( rfe-Mn, nuaiiy to In ih, ? 1 ?. ?ere O'ii?moijtir<'I'rrry anroor d a'tej i- ?'./?Oil tv ?jkiy, by wbwli it wait < ipri rdy atip tlaUl <>u in ,u< t ktu lot ?*? ?>,m uoi k ' 1,1 .'<*>*'' ?? flic .KtpaufK'<-<lt ? 0.1 ,jaraeutrtatoU the''omrna-ioran?il to cmtf i it ? l'io?> ii' ltee, Mi il.m'ly ili*y toil Ii m II ne win to w-uu<j, Uii/ auui'i u<a' attt m? lb.' i.- k '/I U fehtp The reaeoe they imncj for hid Dot goinf wM, vai*y would certain^ lua? L?C'.7 urea. Ibis Mapped the CummAm*, and he anchored, (he ???? eat ha ever got U toe city. It waa afterwards ascer tained that they Intended to have killed Ommodore l'errv a&d an many of hla men as the) could before kill jpg Uiemwlvcs. I Soon after the Niagara anchored the Polled Sutea steamer Saginaw came up from Kanagawa and went some two milea nearer shore, and authored in three fuuuma water, being about as tar as Captain Scbenck dared to go. 1 luring the morning all tho dm of the ship were en gaged in hoiatlDg out Japanese baggage, Which waa put into Jaiianeae boats, and, along with its owuere, taken on shore. By eleven o'clock nearly all the heavy and valu able baggage was ou;, anil all the Japanese except the Ambassadors and three of the lower offlc als, were on shore. . Now commented the ceremony of the Ambassadors leaving the ship, which ??a ffist by the sailors taking off their uckets and manning the yards. The marines were drawn up an the quarter deck opposite the starb oard gam:vtay the captain and all the officers, with their swords, cocked bats, epaulets, 4sc., were arranged froia the gangway down to the poop deck, when the Ambus sadors i ?uie* out of their cabin, cumu down the step* off the coup ami walked along, uccordiug to their rank, Slmme-BUjen ahead. shaking hands with each officer ua they passed a lung, the marines presenting arms, and the baud playing -'Auld I ang Syne/' as they went over tho gangway When the boat, which was called tbe Imperial barge, but which was a i>oor specimen of royalty, was leaving, a minister's salute (seventeen guns) was fired; at the ast gun, the sailors on tho yarda gave three hearty cheers, which was responded to by the Ambassadors iu ibe boat by waving their fans three limes Tbe Japanese went ashore in their own boats and ia heir own way, at their requeat; the ship offered to take hem ashore in iu own boat**, but they declined. Hie American Secretary of legation came on board in tbo course of the day, bringing a large number of letters, Ac., for Colcnel Kipley and Lieutenant Wise, tfie agents sent out on the Niagara by the L'uited States govern ment. The despatches sent out by the State liepartmeut to Hon Townsend Harris, the American Minister hero, were takon on shore by the bearer, Mr. O. V. Hollen beck, and delivered to Mr. Harris at his residence. Here We met Lieutenant Guest, from w hom we learued the story of the girls and tbe tea garden. Here were Captuui Schenck, of the Saginaw, our old frioud of mail steamship memory, Consul Walsh, of Na gasaki, and several others, to whom Minister Harris had thrown open his house dtirin;- the stay of the Niagara, which will prubably be some ten or twelve days. Before leaving, a message came from the government to Mr. Harris, that on Momluy tin- palace (where I am now writing), formerly occupied by lard Kigin and suite, hud been taken and placed ut tbe disposition of the officers of the Niagara, and that it would be furnished and provided with everything. Thin ha;- been done. We found :in army of carpenters, servants, cook#, 4c., tilting up the rooms?briugiug in bedding, provisions of every kind, ami now every room uud apartment in this large establishment. inclu ling all tie outhouses, are lit ted up ami oc-upieil. Adjoining th? palace is a josh house, or-temple lor worship, which is one ol ibe won dera of the city Surrounding the palace which we oc copy are trees llow-ers, liabpouds, the ground occupying some two or three acres. An order was given when tlie Niagara arrived to take persons belonging 011 board to ami from the ship and the minsters without chuigo. Ilorse.-, too, ha, e been pro vlded and guMi s to accompany them, lree. Sunday. .vest'Tday and to day, the men, officers, &c., from the ship, have been out riding iu parties o! ten to fifteen, each onu wearing his unit or m and it sword dang ling about hit l<g-,. This practice is di-lik'nl vury much by our Minister, us altogether unnecessary. None of the presents sent over by our government have been taken out ol tlio ship, but'probably mty Bo to morrow. Tommy, and several of those who came in her, are ou board gctliug out tho balance ol tb'jtr bug gage. Our M:n: ter Ins not yet beet on board, hut will be in the course ol a day or two. Several officers belonging to the l'i ucsian lr.gale, anchored liour the Niagara, have been onboard. The I'ru.-.-ians ai e nure trying to get a treaty, same ns the Americans. 1 must hi re intulion the friend.<hlp nod cordiality which ixut be tween the Kuesiun uud Americn Minis ters. Count Moiuavietl. the Russian Minister, tendered, with all his cordial good leeiing towards Mr. Harris, the use ol the fifty gun frigate then 1\ ing in the harbor, oiler lng to pla.e her under the American (lag, and t ? keep h< r as lotig as Mr. Harris might wish, under Ills solo and spo ciul control, but which Mr. Harris of courso declined to accept. 1 have been about the city of Joddo, and I must My ain disappointed In its appearance; but after gome about more I shall bu better able to judge, and shall write you more hereafter. Ibis afte*neon at lour o'clock, 1 intend ft art lug for Kaiugawa with this letter, in order to scud it by tho I'nited States steamer Saginaw, which leaves to morrow for Hong Kong, calling at Nagasaki ou the w*y. She will probably arrive in time for tho mail of the littih. T shall send also hv the Niagara fuller information than by this, for much valuable intelligence connected with the Japanese I-mbussy will then have transpired. 'Ihe harbor of Neogala. about which 1 wrote you as be lng surveyed by the >%ginaw, hus beeu postponed uuiil spring. tverythmg looks strange and different from what t have ever seen; even the dogs in the streets are different from what 1 bavi seen before; they look more like wolves tliun dogs. Abunaunce of everything is provided local? chicken, lish, rice, fruit &c.?but nothing to eat it with except chop sticks or your fingers; ! use my letter folder, wbi< h 1 make answer all purpose". Carl loads of nice quilted comforiers have been brought in for our beds: they are silk, many of them wadded and lined w ith silk, very clean, neut and warm. No sheets or luien of any is ever used: we have to wrap ourselves up in these comforters, the same withshlrt?, nothing white is ever worn; wlicne\ever it is, It is a white crape sort of scurf around the neck, but this only by persons of runk. l.ieutenanl Wise, 1 have just learned, will not he allowed to remain here; the government do not wish to bo in structed in the scieuce of gunnery; be will return in tho Niagara. Our Hong Kong Correspondence. I'MTWl MUTT* HTKAJUMHV NlAC.ARA, I Rose, Oct. 29, lsflO. ( 7he ldand of Java?Dutch Residence*?Jajtanete Virit to (Ae Ginyrnvr?J^vr?Canals ( oriiaj/ei and Cuadkmen? Ih'vt, JNgmm ant latU*?Petpotic fbrm of Cwrninul?Return of Captain (Jilnon, cf the Ttirt?? ll<my Kong?Coolie Trade?Decay of the CKinete Km ?pire?The Strait* nf Bamca. ?fc.,rfc. yy la?t letter w-.s sent from ItaUria, and coutained come ar+onnt of I oando, and also of lira voyage across the Indian <?c?>an. ^ At rtutavia we remained ten days, and were much pleased with thin Dutch gem of the Ku.-tern seas, to which traveller, by common consent, award the pfoud name o( "Queen of the Indian Mies."' The business part of the town Is low, unhealthy and near the water, but the pala tial residences of these oriental mynheers are situated far above the tnia.Mn.it1c atm'?phere, iu the midst of proves Jfragrant with spicy odors of tropical trw*. and bordering on streams, uatural and artificial, which cannot but recall to the memories of the?e bonci>t burghers uot only the hToism att<l patriotism of thMr anchors, who, rather than submit to the tyranny ? it their oppressors, opened the dykos ami tto?4ed tlioir lair aud lert.le Ileitis, but also the more unlet and pence I nl jcpn' of that va?t ititCi n?l comincrw which ha* run Ofreu proverb aJ ihi' .nlu?uy aud wealth of anoioni ft* tar la. The .r*pnne?e called on the tiovernor at hla town resi d. nee, and w ie r ceivod with all the honors due to their (Surrocal rank and position at home, the charm of en cbantment har .tij been considerably diminished by tlialr mar approach to tliCii native klioi ca. Not that we doubt the fact tbiit they were duly accredited as Amber saiors, bni that otir suspicions have been awakens l as to ttolr elevated ru ik in their own country. TU ? Dutch government here certainly treated them s>mewhat cavalierly , but we do not care to investigate th<" </uo am mo. A reccptkw also look place ut the (ioverimont House u the evening, at wba-b Cdonet Hipl?y, I'ntted ftate.j Army, aud some of the officers of the ship, were pt enn*. and It di.lered but l'ttle fritn our own Presiden lever-. isntpt that there wm music and rxho'tppa, the nat'r ual beverage, .n which all participate w th au av.dity exc<i<ded ouly by that of the lender intent for Its laoteil Uuld. The Ii<l,c- wl ni we fa# were bright,or rather brown, rhfet ful <ui 1 Ray, r.n i were drueyed m a style admirably e j. pt< d the ? -sivh wiu mth of the climate, a-< w^n to display ti e ret ndity and beauty Of their iteraou*. .-ticii p'rl ct d'cJ.s 1 never -aw, water sectned their native element, ?u4 b itli^ th? c,hl#f cod and aim of lutir ?\.*tcuce la thf eTc.uag al! rlawes drlr? on th ? biti tiful, cl'-.m, wfii wstered and level roads. The earri < are plain and small, the borsos LIU pdUan, lie' I. 'al tie of the i oaebman la a richly ''"i-d and pnntcd wssh basin, whi:e the.r tis'tki I'tnb1* aie jcantily cvvcia<l by lUuntinit Xxm ?l*una? behind each carnage proierts a llatnbean, wb i-h xrvea th?' do !?'?? purpose to light the road or tho nefitabl* se^aThe ChiU'-so, wuo ouatituie a larne I*uit of the |M', drift ill a species of luntai,; tar, Jr..wm ny ae ejrttome ot a ln>n?e, each car c utainUig ? numlM aim ?t ? > lainilen., m th it we have n < n tn ? Hw!> TiImIa. at Naples. There is mu<ic every- tiun'tay evcnii'K on th<" Champ de Mara. The hotels are ;;ood. mil the 0 two c >?s. Hi ? ({ovor'imi'iit Is almost desjxdl' BiitiMl htril >r emlgbtvnwl sentiment pervades it; .t* wh'els are c i gic > by ??b.i'iiete an t C'tmtx-r ame f'>rm?, end th'1 irariva. ieu ol l^i.-tneg-' i- atteudc'l *:th the m >ft vexations * It >a r> mored tba? lb" fam.'-is citison, of dlp^m itK n.cmuiy , cotitenij'U?? ? a sxMU'l'i < ent ?n the li.laud ot ? maiia. !u ? >e in.and of a pa'tyef M' moaa, bit w!v'h r Irak peaceable .rci y*itynam c inter. sb|oni\ In (ii f un i (u ii. K>ara ni l.nst ar? ent'-rlained by th; le u g? v. rronetit ihat bu?H"(gu? are trea?it a'd -' ?>n '^ir passajf?wifltfli the <>'t"per Strnl'* v..?i* the . ?< k ot an A'i.ei can bp A-' uliporti i t . m i-n<'i It ma*' be t!.a? tlife f?tiirb b.iVe rec?'mv v ti ? i ii.n-1, . : in <; "< '? n 'Utcst. *m'Ml Kl>d tb" n. ?t o*|>-d t eftr^ti' ??." I .! i lin,a < : ? ai the el vwmh d,i? frt'in laiaTls ti" '"iff o* i ? la- velc^utc siid -a 'It Mitel ot llowf K'O";' w re in ? -.lit u t . u th.- m r.naf of lb ? i tn t i to. 1 ' moon ?ti.| *?'I In tu? lower b?rt? tiocoia. war to M *??????* b1 o<i i.i ? h i i. ot buth^fh'f?, ot? 'vii 'i W a* w *i. ? > .1 i).kttni,.n . .ua|* ?' f*M ii* l W? ' ???r t>'nu. a.iora. tailors, . of.iw tine^v' fas'- b'*'flt?*tV. In ilidHMil al ir? - ......... . t-.rr; t? al a w a Inch wn le.t. i> ? figeoo fciglah" aw nM the roast, ud the Aiungs, Acbuagi and Atais bad It ail thslr own way "Ton wan tehee waahM; my can vMkN." "Alias plooar; my poor woman haw got ou Ictt* pwcet cow chilo." " You wantchee fast boat; my haw not do one good; oaa secure." Such ia * specimen of the dialect taught la the achoola at Canton, and intended to facilitate intercourse with foreigners. Woman, at all tinea lovely, never api?*arb more so limn aboard ship, and the laundresses of China are no excep tion. Their type is Mongolian, the complexion cuuleur tie pailU, eyes and hair black, feet and hand* small, and mouth tilled with the moat beautiful and pearly teeth The eyo accustomed only to the Caucasian type might find fault with the facial angle, the complexion, and perhaps the obliquity of the optica, but familiar acquaintance noon reveals a Heleu'u beauty ou a brow of Kgy pt. Many a 1'ucahoelas we have seeu in the Middle Central Flowery Kingdom; but of all the girls, there are none to fair that can compare with the inaideu* of A mo> and Formosa. Since our but visit at Ilong Kong many new and eiegunt residences have been erected, and roads have been opened extending even to the summit of Violoria I'esk, nineteen hundred feet above the level of the sea. On this lofty eminence has been built a sanitarium for iuvalid troops, and also a marine telegraph. Here the air Is salubrious and the temperature agreeable. The war of the Allies in the north of China seems unno ticed here, and even at Canton the Uoppos look with in diflerence upon the result. Trade occupies every thought, and the voice of |attrlotism is stifled by the silvery sound [ of the almighty dollar; and this is no figure of speech, but a palpable and tangible reality. China is indeed a vast empire, venerable in its antiquity, gigantic In its resources, and dwariish In its virtues; once the most consolidated and strongly established government which ever existed; uow a mouldering muss of mournful decrepitude, and sinking under the weight of its own colossal greatness. The missionaries, however, predict a great revolution under the dynasty of the rebels, who have, after a partial suspension of three or four yearn, renewed hostilities, and, under their lead ers. have taken possession of Hoo-cbow, an important city which commands the imperial canal between Pekln and Shangbae. They also consider tho movement a reli gious one, and that of a purer kind than the one which preceded It; although they describe tho loaders of It, the one an "good," another as "sanguinary," and the third as " fonl of woman;" but it will bo re membered that the aoldiois of Constantine were not all immaculate, and that uuder his banners the triumph of the crone was established. A reasonable ho|ie of success || now b.ised on the inability of the government to con tend against foroigu and domestic foes. The moment cer tainly seems opportune, and a uow era may soon daw a upon this vast empire. The coolie emigrant system is still carried on, under the protection of the Allied commanders at Canton, aud the British authorities at Hong Kong, and the rcveuuo , thereby accruing to tho British treasury is by no means* Inconsiderable. That this exodus of so many Chinamen id a benefit both to those who go and to these who remain, by relieving this dense population of so many nali cMumwre fruj/m, we have no doubt, but it does not strengthen our convictions in tho sincerity of those ]ih'lanthropic professions bo frequently made at kxeter and other abolition halls. That It is practical slavery none ran deny who have read the terms upou which this lore* d labor is procured. The Japsn Markets. FKAZAK& CO.'S JAPAN CIKOri.Alt. Nagasaki, Oct 25, H80. The Jaiianege holidays liave interrupted business for the px?t fortnight, but are Just now being brought to a close On this account produce has not come forward so treely, and owing to tho scarcity of tonuagu business foShuuehae has been limited. Since the 1st lust, teu vessels have arrived: throe sailed for Slianghae, four for 1 long Kong and two for Kunagawa. 'lrai>H|io!is continue to arrive and depart with com mUsariat stores. The uowly extended land in the forcigu settlement has boon apportioned off, and merchants are arranging for houses and Are proof godowns. Tha .la jxinese ha\ e improved wonderfully within the past few months iu their facilities and readiness to contract for goods to the Older of foreign merchants, and w e expect shortly to com|?ete with the Chinese in manufacturing most of the articles now exported from e>hanghae and Cauton to the I nited Slates and Great Uritaiu?purlieu larly in silk piece goods, fans, matting, copper, porcelain, straw work, lacquered and miaooed work,curiosities, &c. ltapesced and rape seed oil can bo had in almost any quantity , and will no doubt form important articles of export. Camphor, of a good quality, together wilh white vegetable wax, beeswax, isinglass and bast for paper material, can be produced and purchased freely for export. The Japanese appear anxious to learn from us regard ing the quality, description, Ac., of goods aJapted to our borne markets, and upon receiving "musters,'' execute their oiders with good satisfaction. Cotton and woollen manufactures are increasing in de maud and c? nsumption, and all descriptions adapted to the China markets are required bore,and pay a fair profit over prices ruling iu China. Greeu teas, raw silk, vegetable wax and silk pieco goods continue to form the principal uid staple articles of export. a he I nited States .-learner Hartford has gone to Jeddo to await the arrival of the Niagara, having on board the Japanese Kmbussy ftom tho Ci.ited States. Our stocks of American and Knglish cotton goods were quite small up to the 1st October, and suits were made at good rates, when large addiiiou* were received by six vessels from slianghae. The suspension of business du ring the putt fortnight ends with tho Japanese holiday's, and the native merchant* begin to come iu from the coun try to trade. 'the cargoes of vessels lately arrived from Phnngh <e are as follows:?lvr American iiark Cornelia U Devsn,ar rived ud instuut? Sandalwood, 210 peculs, cbouy, 2SS pe cola; redwood,M |>eculs, latians, 338 peeult; minings, WH peculs: rhubarb, 28 peculs; white augar, 17 peculs; spelter, 117 peculs: sheep skins, 1,000 pieces; muslin, 100 pieces, and nuts, 600 pieces, l'er Russian schooner Winueck, 4th October?Whito shirtings, 1*00 pieces' twills, BIO pieces; American unite, 375 pieces: cotton stnlls. 1,100 pieces; velvets, 20 pieces rhubarb, 17 peculs, medicines, 71 peculs, and gum olibanuui, 110 peculs. l'er Dutch brig eschiller, 4th October?White shirtings, 200 pieces; camlets, 100 pieces, and long ells, 100 pieces, l'er British skip Queen of May, October !>?Cray shirtings, 4.000 pieces, white shirtings, <441 pieces; spotted shirtings. 100 pieces; bro cades, 78 pieces; damasks, 120pieces sharks' flns,00peculs and spsfeer. 54 peculs l'er Britl.-h brig L'jrd Clarendon, October 12?White shirtings, 1,000 pieces; gunny bags, 2,800 pieces, chintz, 1,300 pieces, window glass, 100 linkages, sugar, 80 pccute, and inediclncs, 88 peculs. Per British bark Marmora, October 12?Gray shirtings, 4.600pieces: American drills, 1.600 pieces; long ells, 300 p eces, camlets, 00 pieces, iQdigo, JO peculs; aiussoed, 22 (leculs. and llet< lbut, <<9 peculs. American drills sell read lly ?t ltz. lor Mex. jo 60 per piece or 40 yards, with out distinction ef marks; sheeifngs, $.1 60 per piece; jc.iiA, $3 'Jj per piece, gray shirtings, d a 7 catties, 92 40 a fJ%0 per piece; white shirtings, $2 60 a $-'? 40per piece, T clothf. $2 20 a $2 "0 per plec; chlnts. (3 60 a $i SO jier piece; red Cloths, $3 a $4 per piece?'air slock; rhubarb, 0 a $36 per pecul?si-xk light, sapan wood, $2 60 a $3 |>er pecul?dull; spelter, $10 a $13 per pecul? fair de niand and small stock; sugar and sugar candy . $0 a $7 60 per |?cul?wanted. Business in exports has also been affected by the holi days, and the native merchant* have uot brought for ward their produce so freely as during tb' latter part of September. The vetsels lately sailed for Shanghai have taken together uhuut 3,600 p.vul* charcoal, which is pro cuiable in Nagasaki in any quantity. Teas, wax, silk, Ae., will soon he in more abuiituuit supply, and quickly taken for the China marfcetSj^^^^^^ * NF.WH mOK KWUUVt, We have dales from our wot lo the 15th October. per steamer Ijigland. The I'r jico of Muo, I ho ( uppo nent of foreign intercourse, was reported as living been murdered by a party disguised an workmen. In Urn own house. A aevcre typhoon had I'ecu raging in the vicinity of Yokohama and Kinaioiwa, demolishing foreign godowns tn ihe lormer place, and causing the American schooner N.n.kin to drive on shore, Hie wan, however, got oil without sustaining Injury. II M. Prig Camilla was totally k?t, with all bands, while on a voyage from llak"dndl t > Kanagawa. Tho Ituwu schooner Tranenlob, attached to the Prune.aa KmbatS) now at Jcldo, it r jsirted as totally lost. 1'hiB, If true, >8 the more deplorable from the fact 1'iatthiii ves sel cotilauied all the presents and ^ampl -S boat out by the t.eriiian Confederacy for the Japanese Sh? Is supposed to h;?ve been lost in a typhoon near the tutraiice to the bsj of Jedi'o. 'the value of the Mexican dollar continued as low as :AM> iiaebuts jht $100. causing f'tlli a great reetriotton to trade. Tea* were Arm, and for the finer descriptions a shade higher. Shipments ft>r N'ptember, 3."Ml p-ickaRi1* t*el tleuients fr<in let July, 'i.t.000 pnekuge*. Mocks light. iUk lielcl tii uil v. Shipment* lorfk-ptembtr 1,410 I'.ilen, m ik ng 4 l'J6 bales from 1st July. Mock 430 bales. 0>pp?T w'ax at*ain receiving attention from foreign buyer*. freight# continue the ? irne, with sufficient tonnage in port. The Atnrr can bark Onward was loading for r*u> Fraccieco. American bark Mat-uiza* and British ?cbooner 'iccan (iem for l/indou: American barks 1'ursuit aud Rover for fhangliae. In political matters we have nothing of Interest to note. is olations are In Mexican dollars one pecul equals MS' , lbs Kughsh Import duty on cotton and woollen gooes, live per eent; on liquors, thirty live per cent; all ? iihers twenty per ceut. Tmnaifo duox?Katry fee, $16; clearance, r ( HAKLKf inOUKl.'ri YOKIMI 4XA ( IKCt'l.AR. Toa'lttXA (KanaKSwn), Japan. Oct. 31, 1M0. The coutinued succe.?* of the allied forcea on feibo, the repute of the r>'hela from Sltaughae, and the rise ol the dollar ill, luive establish*- I mime uonlldanee in our port, in consequence of which the ciporlatioo of a few article* fur China ha.- been resume! auioe the middle of thiaiiK' th. However small it Is at pre~ ia to be exix-ctrd thu' t v. ill ?nuirge it' furtlim- encouraging news shou <1 rea> h us from the I'alho Si1 k lias u^aln been bought freely of late at rather mine advantageous rates to liii) er? than could be anticipated in the beginning of ? Mitlb lu import* a good business has be n done; but the native.-, having laid In considerable stocks, and not die p. ,??! ?>] them in the Intel lor, keep out ot the market, and ?c have Ihua conn- almost to a dead lock (or a time. ITie few sale* Which lake place are to a great e^ teuton thirty d?; ere lit, hi order to force them and lo get rid of the stocks accumulated here The aystom of giving coda to the i il ves lias be. n introduced by some ilrm*, b'i| cat.not i lommeuded by any means, considering ithi Mile kuowh dg we [MPsaeeM o( th" luud* of Japanese km (chant'. fblpj iug hi! n s^ ia active, and the supply of toimmgu , ml. llaie* d (r-milt for Shin<hai' lower, say tllk ?. % p r ( tea im'ire'oont goisls $r> |ier t -n ?f ubW: :e t lor lui'K.ii?-Ji ks, XT 10.? . tea. ?1lo*. ' have beep filnng up with charcoal. Mun<;au l u.i U 'ZvO n *t?4IQU. A I | ' t .' ' u Mexican doUiir*. (Hi" picil, a )I ll i'v .!1 ct,?;lte, WOoUMI aBd OQtlOU Unfitfrle. #rHfi(3t. \ ' ?- vi' r ?'ha r ?:!?>* ug Is a st ilpmeat i . 'i. j'', ii N r'li < tt'd'tui by tu 'Ciiisu-o' l?n), a Ori'pi,re l w"A tl .t ? ; 11W Tim Cioo < olurcd lor Isfl'J |e OirltM'-d *1 if-; fb' fet.Mil He* Hng Of 'reft ? i t }\,. 11- / ?? he-i -t 7?*.!> r^i.i'f I < ti*f vo r.r. -oil ? i,PxT i'?: sji -iO 1 ) i.V' itt *;7,;<w ww,'0.1 STATE OF EUROPE. OUR LONDON AND PARIS CORRESPONDENCE. Threatening Aspect of Affairs on the Continent, Mn fcti) Mi Our London Corr capo mete mic ? London, Jan. l'J, Idol. The Italian Quation?Affairt in Spain?Juan of Hour ban?ITotped qf a Revolution in Spain?7he Weather ir? Kurape?Effect of Ike American CrUit in Knylantl, <te. The anomalous stale of things in Italy still continues; lord l'almerston, however, has made a speech at South umpton, in which ho Has stated that the French Emperor cannot be permitted to use his active interference much Ioniser. M. I-arochetaquelin, a noted pamphleteer, has just issued a pamphlet wherein he attempts to uphold the Pope, and deprecates tho idea of Victor Emuiuel and Louis Napoleon being their own Popes. One would sur mise from this that tho clerical party were pushing out their feelers to try and save their servile and impotent chief. Louis Napoleon will certainly ilnd public opinion and the Italian people too strong to permit of King Francis being restored, even under his patronage. The journals of this country evidently think that scheme of biB too ab surd and contemptible to obtain a momeut's notice, and I or boar al! comment upon It. Spain, a country that has witnessed nothing for gene rations but misrule, anarchy, despotism, poverty, de clining business, and bad faith towards her allies and creditors, seems to be in the prospect of another royal revolution. ucen Isabella, by her groes^^on duct, both public and private, has so disgusteu uer subjects of all classes, that many thousands have lately signed a congratulatory address to Princa Don Juan ile Bourbon, who has been some years in England, aud claims tho crown of sp?in by right of his father, his eldest brother having resigned his claims, lie lias issued no proclamations, but bides his timo till opjiortunity serves. The late difllculties tu Italy, and the attempted insurrection in Spain, have called from him one or two loiters, which have boon printed and warmly commended by the Loudon Time* aud other journals, aud iu which he has suited that uo sove reign now a days can rule iu harmony, and consult tho prosperity of the people, without religious liberty. Though L'on.luan is a Ciatholic, he, like another l'rince who was onco iu exile in England, has seen enough of the world to know that a monarch's greatest atreugth lies in the rational liberty ho gives his people. It is the re ligious freedom in I Lie l'riuce's letter that the Spanish people applaud. They don t tay in ho many words that they want him for thoir sovereign, but thero is no mis taking their meaning. The address closes with these words:? The motive inspiring ub to-day to express to you our sentiments of respect is the desire to proclaim roligious freedom?a venerable monument that reason erects to the national law of liberty of conscience. This priuciple is excluded from Spain, whilst it is ac cepted by all civilized nations?much more under the protection of Queen Isabella they are organizing uud mul tiplying without end fresh nunneries; and thus, by exer cising an exclusive influence over young females, they would draw Spain gradually into tho most horribio peri ods of fanaticif>ni and the inquisition. The freedom of religious worship proclaimed by yon would exercise a beuelicial influence not only politically, but socially. Wealthy foreigners, kept awgy at this mo ment from Spain by religious apprehensions, would bo sure to come and enrich us with their ideas, knowledge and capital. We can give you the assurance, Prince, that our sonti mcnts arc entertained by the immense minority of tbo Spanish people; thousauos of persons in every class and condition ot life have declared their loyal adoption of them; and this address would be covered with a far larger number of signatures if circumstan ces easily con jectured did not oblige many to abstain from all mani festations of too solemn a kind. May lleaven protect you aud defend you iu the gene rous ideas you profess. These seem to be indications of a coming storm. Here in London during the last fortnight we have been in the midst of a regular carnival, tho king of the occa sion being Jack Frost, and the scene ice eleven inches thick on sundry [Kinds and ornamental waters in our paras and fields. Think of that Mister Jonathan. Ice eleven inches thick, aud in green and balmy England Wo have not had your clear, oracing, sparkling weather to enjoy the outdoor sports, but a dense, smoky, aboint nable, beastly grime of fog that is nauseous enough to drive a man craay Rut with all this there have Men an average of 60.000 skaters and sliders in the daytime, and 100 000 at uight, lor more than ten days, on our lour or live {Mirks. I scarcely believe your Central l'ark has oqualled the Serpentine for gayety. II >n!lreg, blazing kettles of charcoal for warming hauds and roasting nuts, any quantity of torches, booths lor all sorts of refresh nieuts and torchlight quadrilles ou the ice, w ith skating ladles for partners. Not oontent with the skating. Ores, torchlights and skating quadrilles, the Swimming Club have cut great holes in the ice and had feats of plunging and swimming. Fact, I assure you. Money is up to seven per cent, and will soon bo eight, and some predict that it will not stop short of nine or ten. A good deal of anxiety and sympathy is expressed on the subject of American affairs, and all sorts of opinions are expressed by iiaily editorials. Few positive conjec tures are given ac to tho result. Our Part* Corrripondracc. Pauls, Jan. 4, 1301. Francis fl. and AapAcon III.?Ct>ia to be Defend#I u>U" Last?fitmba s lion/denes, of Ultimate Sucrest?The French forces in Syria? Discovery of Vast Con*jnnuie.j tn Austria, ?fe., ?fc. The most important fart that T have to communicate this week Is that Mr. Hamelton, the win of the Frcuch Minuter of the Colonies, has just wved in Paris, bearing to hia Majesty the Emperor a letter from M. Caaella, Minister of Francis II., of (iaeta?one can't say of Naples, a* the young Bourbon lias but Gueta now his own. The letter in question expresavs to the Kinperor the firm de termination of Francis II. to resist any atU> k to the lust, and to die, if necessary, deluding bis stronghold. The writer asserts ttiat the yoi.:ig King is convinced that even when the Pledmontese havo bombarded the town to dwtrhearts' content, they will be repulsed inaaae they ittark the royalist troops that will remain to receive iIk m The writer ears that the King, his master, tlnuks Ntpoteon III. for his having allowed the French llc>t to remain so long at (iaola, but thai its withdrawal will in no wise alter niasettled dcliTiniiialion to remain in that stronghold "llie crown which he received froin hi lather he will keep at all ha/.*rils,'' t'aeella. I am told tuat Urn Kreuch lleet, contrary to what wan stippoeod a few day* ago, will remain at (iaetu uutil the end of the struggle, fhe reasosa are simply this ?Ru,-. nia an<l Prussia have eignitie<l to Prance thai were the French mon of war to leave ihe harbor of Oaeti. Rus stan aud Prussian war vessels that are ready tor the pur p>?c would at once replace them. Ibis fact will thro* liiibt upon what has up to the prevent tlmo been rat SHicred a dark subject, namely? *hy the K'reacn iloet continues in the harbor of (iaeta. The Freuch troops will leave Syria at the date agree upon at the convention tha; met "m Paris a few ni"iitli hack to decide upon the expedition, unless soino new features develo|?e themselves before the dele uxed tor the return ot the troop*, which It is just po vible m i/ occur. A new Journal la to be started here called Ia Imp*. The chief editor will bo M. Neirtaer. who leaves La /'rets*. The Oslebratod AW.i<iao mauu factarer and UN tohanfitle, ?f imima, (Mratsbea *he million of iraucs necessary lor the foundation of Ibe new Journal, 1 may here slate that Until de Persiguy has r-atd be would refuse to no respectable person the right l<> The /'rw* employs ,n the stead ot Mr. Nefltxer. M Krdaii, a former political exile. M Krdan waa sent out of the country for writing a brochure that waa In direct violation of the laws regarding ibe press. He was at the time editor of the louinal founded by the Hugo*, oallod L ttwimn'. P. 8 ?J have just hoard that the Antrim authorise* have discovered vast conspfracle* throughout Itie em plre for a general movement. In case Hungary rise*. Che Vienna Cabinet, in view ol the great danger to Hie crown, are endeavoring to come to some conclusion lhal may avert the Impending dissolution of the empire. Tbn Kmpernr cf Kussts Da* assorted his liitenuon oi granting the autonomy ot Huteiaii Poland. Paaia, Jan. 8, 1M1 Ite.mme of Fattiin Xem?War lif'tfabt* in th? Hpri 119? fmayfxnntment of Yiri<rr Hmanud?/'lam of Lauu A'u poleon?Intention to Res'ti/pi-r the Rhine and Mai:* the /'rkiie /mjtti ial King of Rome?Aitfrmion* Ag.iintt tin 1'ojtr and French Kpt*opate?Ih ?( urbni i.tat* of Ms pies? Hi artillery Movement* TkroughnU. the. Peninsula?/\* n/'arW?Barlnri'ii the, i'tiimn tetfi? I'mpeetirc Re pmtjftc?Mdtftm in t'hina?The Aimpeeor Khan-/ hx -Rob barj "f Jen.-1* at t'krenie?Chinese Trtphirs, ?fc. Syrian oflhirs, Ihe peace wKh China, Including llio bronx'^gilt and enamelled elephant which wl'l form the moat beautiful of the trophies to be received from I'ek.u; the late manifesto of the King of Naples; the certainty of uaotht r Italian war la March: a succession of semi offl cial pamphlet?, brg uning with " LEmivreur Franeon .I' feph cl I'I'm /?," and Will-g With ' Rome et Im i:iitu**.' ( embarrjasinents, the pra< tWal work in** of the u' ? press system, and a great robbery of j'-we's at 1 loreue i, are topic - abuudaaU) suiU?.ie?t to keep alive iba clatter ot Parisian long i"s, evm though w aid i.ot AniO cat el' it?-, liar ba' li.? preptrit.oM f >? a Tl'nfjriat revelation, -ia 1 aa hiv?<???#o* Ven tiatotalk II MM I It ,. i' nila 'I" v de it ?;> it Ui ? Kmc "'"t ia tieul s*iir in the epi ;ng T'v e,i ?u. i oii, o' V:ct >r anas ?? tscre tliai Li- should ?> ? ??:?> t ir. i,t ? Uau ire i ih ?it?d (roof* Mo Ihe 3eM bff? " ii n. I !,.? . b; ??r>, and that, by the 15th of March, or sooner, he would be raa?]r to commence himiIIw The reactionary mil msnt in Ik Two tuciUaa has, however, tUrMl hun. ?U it will be utterly impossible to organize anything like the Neapolitan and Tuscan contingent which he had counted on. like suppression of religious hoaaea in Cm brla. by royal decree, baa proved excessively unpopular among the muw? of the people in the provinces robbed ir 'in the t'ouiiiical States; anil every device will be em ployed lo evade conscription, nor is it believed that the recruits of this winter will be very reliably enthusias tic in behalf of that monstrous anomaly, the uniiioation of Italy. Affair* in Calabria and the Abruui grow daily worse. Naples is continually disturbed by fresh attempts at reaction, and the cry of ''Long live Francis thaSe Cuiid" is perjwtually breaking forth from the populace. l'hc Uourb 'Q Hag was raised by an aimed mob as lately as last Sunday, and over thirty persoas were arretted at the Madonna delta Orotta. On an other occasion twenty eight lishormen were linpri soned. Accounts from Uagnuoli, Posillippo, Caaerta, and the districts of .Santa Maria and Capua, represent that the most insinuating appeal by which the very beggars obtain money, U to mingle their calls for charity with songs in honor of Francis II. The manifesto from Uaela of the proscribed monarch, is admitted by his worst ene mies to be heroic, and his more enthusiastic partisans in Naples, rehearsed its sentences with tears. All this weak ens Sardinia materially; and the ubhorren e and contempt in which the administration of Farini Is held, and his personal feebleness and unpopularity, give impuuity to the reactionists. Vet Victor Emanuel aud the Cavour ministry, evince no dls|*osition to change their intentions respecting war ten weeks heuce, and the immeuse arma ments which France Is preparing, with other sigus too significant to bo misunderstood, show that he has the diroct promise of succor from imperial troops, as soon ^ their appearance in tho arena shall become hecossary. The revolution must in fact move forward, under the direction aud leadership of the Sardinian and French governments, or else one of two things has become in e\ itable Either the reaction will assume proportions which cannot be controlled, or else Mazzinian repub licanism will put itself at the head of the popular move ment. It has begun to do so already, and the expression fruai al Re, circulates from month to mouth among those who look upon him as a mere temporary tool to accom plish their purposes. Yet discontent prevaiU every where. It is very possible that the clergy, old func tionaries, potty Judges and emirfoyos of the ancient regime, originally fostered trouble; but tho fusillades in the southern part of the Peninsula; the inlamous manner In which the s>nUin was made to misrepresent the feel ings of the masses; tho incroaseof taxation; the bru talities of the Piedmontcso soldiery, and the propigand jni uf immorality th ti has replaced the proimgandism or religion, have engendered characteristic r.iry in tue hearts and heads of thousands, who, one year ago, were wholly identitled with the so called unification movo nient. If, inTuocany, a vote coaM be takon to-morruw I doubt whether even the br .gauds of Victor Kmanuel could preveut a majority from being given In favor Of the restoration of tho Grand Duke. The same may be said of Modena. A now brochure by M. Casatl is helping to increase the uneasiness and disquietude, aud to add to the confusion and uncertainty of the unsettled minds of a great pro portion of the Italian population. It revives the old rivalry of cities, and asks the question?? Which shall be the capital of Italy, Rome or Florence*" The generally accepted idea, promnlgatod as it has been so ferociously by Garibaldi, in favor or the acceptation or tho former, is attached with ability, and the claims or the latter on account of Its superior climate, civilization (:?), and the fine harbors on the Tuscan coast, are vindicated with truo Florentine spirit. The controversy between the different cities, must, of course, end in the choice or some place, ir Italy Is conquered; but no matter which is Axed upi.n the rest will be maddened, and a perpetual source or difficulty will be opened. Nevertheless, the ball set in motlou must roll on; though it has become problematical to all who judge of the ruture by the past, whether it will not crush In Its downward progress those who gave it its first impetus. Neither Napoleon nor Victor Eman uelran with Impunity stay its courso?perhaps, with dlf reront ends to obtain, neither yet wishes to do so. France wants the Rhine, and it is not Improbablo that in the secret heart of the modern Cesar Borgia who rules ovor the destinies of this nation, would be found the determlnat .on to renew for his child tho title or King of Rome. It is believed that, r?r this purpose, ho re tains his troop In the Pontifical States, avowedly to pro tcct the Pope, who groans undor such aid, but really to keep out his Sardinian ally, whose approaching troubles he plainly foresees, even if France helps him to annex Venetia. Then will comc tho mighty question, "How Is united Italy to be regenerated?" and the answer of I/>uis Napoleon has never been conooaled?'of a feir ration." A federation will break Italy into pieces again and France will then attempt the reconstruction 01 the' Peninsula, In accordance with the true idee ATctp,JsonLenix Strongly corroborative of this line of policy, is the pains 'hat are being taken to gag the French Kptaoopate'and, at the same time, to convince the people that to oppress the Pop, and deprive him of his temporal power will be in the highest degree laudable. Tho recent concessions to the presa and to popular representation, are so mani festly intended as a bribe, to entice tho journals or the day and the mosses, into the support of a sacrilegious na tional policy, mat were it not for the criminality the schemes o! the Kmperor involve, it might provoke nttv to witness the desperatiou with which he perseveres in the course ho lias taken. Not withstanding the assertion howevor, that a p*rt ol the French bishops coincide in the theory be i* so anxious to make a part or theCitholic faith of r ranee, that the temporal power of Pius IX. is a mialor tuns to religion. and that imperial sway will most pro moio u, | have yet to hear the nan>? of th first mem ber ut tho Kpmtopal colleges, who does not reprobate his ambitious |<ar.ulox. I/mis Napoleon undoubtedly understand* that Austria will no longer slann alone, t! the attempt is mtdo further to disintegrate her empire, but mat Germany will ai<l her endeavor to retain |tossession of Venetia.' ||? doe,s not see these signs of hostility with displeasure but const iers them his guarantees that not oolv a part of italy and the island of Sardinia, hut also the Rhine, will :all into his hands, before the close of the war. With irarly l joo 000 Italian and French troop* under his ouuimand, the Uuest iu the world, it is not surprising thai !>?? cousidcis himself iu vine ible. So did his greater ncle who died at exile in m. Helena' lie, i<>.>, was M that the rork npon which he would spilt, lay at the iotiuustsous cv the p. ce of the Vatican. What mighty monaich ev<. i heed' ttai uUlg.- ol danger, in the person ?f a weak, ige.1 old man" Vet tho priu iple the I'opa reprtsents is eternal, while all wh" haro att n ked it have (ki>seU aw ay and arc lorgottcn. 'lo turn lu something mure reinsuring. The peace -?r f'kiu ih a Kriiit c\ent for the) Cturfetian world. II re store* the citire freedom of worship winch irM grunted. 11 1602, liv khaog hi. That (jreat Kmporor ascended the ihroue ,o 1001, aud was probably the brightest oriiamout of the Mabchuo dynasty. lie Invited the Jesuits, who had become famous ami powerful In I be Kast, during the previous eentury, to hi.* court, and wan rewarded for his vrtoe oooUUcuoe in their ability and integrity, by their eflorl? lo sustain him in tlni ireful under tailings of bis ei?n. They remodelled Ibe school* at IVkin iniro I need iMtroaonical, geographical and scientific institutions pread througlioiii China the knowledge of such iin.'ful invention* a* were known in Kurope previous to tiut' lime and finally by establishing a cannon ftmudry at Nankin, and leorjfaintlng his artillery enabled him to overcome the Mongol*. who otherwise would have Over run ins d< minion*, llu decree of 100*2 making the dins i an religion in China free was rrty.'aie.l In lTHl. louring ibe century it remaine I in force, millions of Chinese weie ieceivvd into tbu Catholic cburcb.and there .-dill uxtst ??etion.- *lii rc baptism and other rilee hive lmx'u maintained. with no clergy to enforce their observance. I here are now about 2.000 000 of < ttholice in China. Am. n* Ui? jewels of which the ImituI palace at Florence wu receMly robbed wac an miormoua top*/. worth JftO.OOO, in .i ring by nenvenuto Cellini of Inualculiible in Ice a* a work oi art. Ilia supposed that many of thn articles taken will And thoir way to the I nited States, us they would b? identified in any part of Knroim. Apartments see betas prepared for the reception of the trophic* which are ahortlv expected rrom Petto. The greatest curiosity prevail* to know what they will amount to. The brmt?' elepbaM Is said to be of the Mas of life, heavily gilt and enamellel, anil to poised ili>- h'gh- l merit as a mere work of art, Itie spoils of the summer l>alace ot hut celertisl Majesty vepretteat every perlo>i of Chinese history, tor a tnoimnd years, and mmuscr.pts have Ix-en found, I am told, in I.itln and Italian, dating Irom the en 1 of the sixteenth century downwards, de moestratlng the immense industry with which the Jesuitsstrove, during the period of their great uiiluenco, and previous to their abandonment of a Confucian mode of inrulcathig dogma, tocivlltzcnnd Christianttethe bun dreds of million* of the di ^c n i jiils of Mem. There is scarcely an < poch of autiquity?Etruscan, Assyrian, l-?ypt:#n, Crectsn, Ronum, Ceiitnil American, Mexican and !>ruvisn?ot which the museums of Paris do not contain archoological and ethnological roon'imentu of the subl'meat In trout aud importance to the study of an tiqulty. Is toe AmericaB t'n!on lo b? d ssotvMl? We slucerabr trust that ib>' storm wtb which trm are threatened may blow over. I ranee regards tho I nited Mates as lier g*>d' child. Hh? tiwfii nM prosperity of Jr^ir oonfodora tlon. s?i'l of tiie remembrance M her own "Thrta ?.<> aid it in ucq'iiririu n impendence. It will m<>urn over thsdown i ill of h 'p? ?.*!. ? Ii:*k entertained ;? Common with evsry tine lover <>r l:i>erty, religion and civilization. PaHs, .f in. 11, 1881. V'f Prrvr.h ! :*?' !t I'# (Vi/h-i <tir i? /mw <?' tefrt? lit ? We '< timtj h r\ linitftv* If f-'v ilanrl ftwi fWt'V ?/Voip" ' t Wli?'A# V. ifiion and ifyr.'ts ?!" ? .l /'nr.l <> tl ,tt. rfi.. ' a tv?? jii h ii.-cert?ine<l that the Krcneh fleet will at i 'svo'itu 'i The K'rif hin refusml t i ipce|il ??> Ir'n 1 CP ti * 'i'cIi . Uil agreed, Mid hou<:>* Hie I ii i" at ? wi idrswsl of the French leet 0'"der ?<l 1 % . ? as ' "d upitn gv'st ilottNf- <ty > ttsws u few b >? r !?" X- v the ImprcsulM fcere ? that ooonter oeAws ? !?<? i tespatched. <adUni tlie .l * i will rentaiti uatU the l Jth. Th* f oadon Timtt pretends that it knows frsat tno4iin>iwvV lb?l ** WW* fleet will remain thrae rnooHa tapi ?' Oaeta. 1 ou but assure you tku amidst the doo.*" and uncei*aiuty produced by alt the conflict iag 8taUnk?i?ta as regards the lleet at GaeU, I have every riiw to ptaee reliance upon the certainty of my information aa regards its immediate withdrawal. Tor some time pant tht English Cabinet has been bring ? ing an enormous amount Of pressure to bear upon Franoe as regards her aiding England to enforce the rmi?na of Vonetia by Austria. To the reiterated demand* of Lard Cowley the Emperor baa answered that he will act ia accordance with England's viewa upon the subject the moment a fair chance ia proponed for the withdrawal of Austria from Italy without dishonor. At the present moment the relations between France and England are n.ucU embittered. Lord Palmerston'g recent speech done much to augment this feeling. You will obeerv* that in speaking of the China war he gives all the praise to the English soldiers and Lord Elgin, not referring at all to the French. I am afraid that at present there will be observed less anxiety on the part of Napoleon in. to keep well with England. He has done all in bis power ta keep up a good understanding??o muoh in fact that the English seemed even more favored tbau his own subjects. But ol! this must have an end. And as England is no* taking a part in Itulian alkirs diametrically opposed to the views of France, a crash must come sooner or later. The stay of the French troops in Syria will be a but subject of discord. The London journals have begun - crusade against the occupation of Syria by the French too won; they should have waited until ft became* dent that France Would not withdraw her soldier*). W with rumors in France of English intrigues in Bio what with rumors in England of French desires for ? alliance with Russia and an entente with that empire regards the quotum d'Orient, the two nations will so. . overlook a 1 the benefits of treaties of commerce and ia creased facilities of intercourse, and fall again Into the beaten track of criminations and recriminations, of jealousies and calumnies, and thus run great danger of a linol -trugglo. I am not writing these lines with auy de sire of milking a sensation; I am giviog you the result of recent inquiries and the evidence of tacts, that all nuy judge for themselves. In Italy affaire are not promising. A struggle ia oven now going ou between the Cabinet of Count Cavour and Garibaldi. The following conclusion of a discourse made by ibe King of Sardinia at Milan, as he passed through that town u short time since. shows that Victor Emanuel is of the tsawe minu aa his n, liia Majesty said:? '?Our future is entrusted to oor wisdom. Now we have become a great uation we ma) dii-play resolution w.tliout ?miungerin^ our welfare." ibis is indeed tigniiicanl, and proves that the pressure of lUe Tttlleries Cabinet to pr?veut un attack ou Veuet.a is being l'eit at Turin. You will soon see a stand male against the great inUuence of Garibaldi by the peace party in Italy 'ill** reaction in Southern Italy is being suppressed, but still utl'airs are most deplorable. Tbo following account of the state of the principal cue* will prove that a speedy end must be put to the suspense The police show an incapacity and a carelessness which are without example, and botn hern and iu Mcily not a d?y pa- to* without murtiers being committed In the mom during man ner. At t'aianla, in the n.niit ol the J!5th ol Do-ember, a Ua rlbaldian volunteer received thi -e stabs from ? stiletto, aud expired immediately; and yet the National (luanl of that are befer organized man in auy other part. On the follow ing day an English sailor was shot with a revolver. At Messina not a night passes without the most violent acts of aggression At falermo u very bad feeling exists towards tot 1'ledmontenH soldiers, and several assassinations have taken place. At Naples, two evenings hack, some sailors raised cries in favor of Francis II., ttnd the National (iiiard interfered; liut instead of arresting the offenders, the oilicer in command ordered his men to tire on a hackney coach, in which were lour Caribaldian volunteers, seven shots wtre fired, but fortunately no otia was hit It is asto nishing thai the authorittesshould entrust the National Guar! w ith ball cart ridge, when they show so little discernment ia the use ol their unarms. In the quarter of the Mercs to a sen tinel was found murdered at his post Un the same day two kngllslunen, residlngfat i'ausiliippo, were iobbed ol all they haa about them. A merchant named Bardarl received two stabs from a poignant, but tortunateiy the wounds were but slight. Great discontent continues to prevail in this city and In ihe provinces. The situation of the Abruszi causes much uneasiness, aud intelligence has just been received that the province of Ascoll. w hich was recently taken from the States ol the Church by I'ledmonL, Is In fall revolt. The withdrawal of the French tleet will put nu and to ail this. Ihe f iednionteae will soon force Francis 11. to surrender, and then of course due attention can be paid to Internal government. It is said that tho Piedmontese government has come to a grave decision, namely, to ucknowledgo or sutler no other intervention. Tbe pre sence of two large Russian vessels of war iu tho harbor of Gaeta caused the PiedmoLtcee to fear that some at tempt might be made to prevent tho blockade by sea of Gael a. They have resolved to make the said blockade the moment the French lleet is gone. Tho Emperor Napoleon has just sent to Berlin Prince Murat, to convey to the present Kiug his condolences tor the death of his brother. From some cause unusual display is made about this atiair, done, I am inclined to suppose, from the present bad feeling between this gov eminent and that of Englaud. The result has been that the l'rinco was received with uuusuai pomp at Ber lin, just as though Prussia were only too glad to meet more than half way the ad'.ances of France. Pam*, Jan. 11,1891. Ike J'apal (JutHicm?A'd]xtfenn's Italian FcAxey?H aith of the Kmprttt?Affairs in AuUria?Vit American Criti* in tytmoe?lhf Syrian Quertion, dr., eft. I send you the pamphlet whose advent has been far home time announced. It is, doubtless, from the same armory us " Le l'upe et le Congres," and others of a like kind, though, in consequenoe of the rather flat manner in which it has generally been received, great pains are now taken by tho semi special press to give it a strictly private character. " Rome et les Kvequee de France"? lor such is its title?is written, evidently, by ao able pen, and displays considerable painstaking. Its object may be defined in a few words, which Is simply to show that originally popes were simply pastors of the church, till the thirst or power rendered them insatiable. The will of Charlemagne is quoted, which recommends his succes sors to rod pott the Church of St. Peter, '?qtufUum ai ijm* jtartinei 6 ratio powtulaoint: that is to say, so long as the Popes keep within the limits of their power md reason. Having thus shown, by mauy examples, how ' repeatedly they have transgressed thU condition, till at last public opinion called tliem to order, it prooec<m to declare that French bishops, in deference to their spiritual head, do not nlways s^eak the same language; that while publicly they maintain tbe right* at the sovereign i'ontiU to temporal as well m spiritual power, privately they acknowledge that it would be better '?oth for tho Pojie h'.mseif and those submitted to his authority were he entirely relieved rrom all temporal itilalni. But leet this chargo should be rebutted by the bishop, whose oath to the i'ope it quotes, it emphatically meuttoua, though wuh au apology lor ap plying such an epithet to them, the inferior clergy, forty iboo and of whom it says have tbeir tip* herinetic&Ily sealed by opiscopal authority, bit <vho, In tlieir hear is, liave lotig since decided against the policy of un.tlng temporal principality and prlet-1hood in the person of tho Iloly Father. It takee the opportunity aisool twitting the bishops with tbe privileges 01 tho revolution of ITS#, with out which the greater part of them, sprungas tbey are from l be p. opie, would not have rejoiced in the mitre, und calls them to account for spurn og tho ladder which has this erred for their ascent. Tlie /irocAunsdoes uot pretend to < ifer advice or submit any plan of roform, but is evidently meant to be suggestive. Following in train of othors, such ns ''I Knipeienr et le Pai*," where the Eniperor is coun selled to imitate the practice of Kngland, Russia, Prussia, fiC., tlie pub'ic will not hesitate to consider the whole .10 a grand scheme lor throwing the Pope overaitogMhT; iod that it may not lack material for reflection, we may l'rom time to tim o etjwct other shafts from tbe same <i?iver. Some, indeed, go so Tar as to say the Kui|>erur w U Imitate bluff liarry of England In more re-pec:s than one; that the state of the Empress' mind is such as to make it quite within tbe limits of probability that, in no long i ime, she wdi be utterly locaporltated to fnffll the duties of her stotinn, and that in sitrb ease soni" modern Oranmer may be called upon to help his Mn(e ty to another wife. He this ?i> it uny, very certain It Is that the |Oor Min(pr' head, never a strong one, take of lato sikow.i such <Vi4rat Indications of moodiness and strange excitement (bat every one about her Is more or les* alarmed fm her reason. The Kmperor, like a true and I >yai husband. do n his host wheuovor he o*ii to gi<e dls i raction to h'>r mind. Little thmfs an?n?e her ini. > ?w It la a ride in a sledge, now a sly walk ou the > mte % irds amoog the Ilttl? toy shops, .-tad then ou the t oj>na reservoir* o( tin' IWu* d?> Houloytis, while his M.resty watches tbe wor l as a gullunt ukatsr. llMttmtfWV hours when It l? known tliat this once happy I'nip res* -it alone itt h r chamber fea?<tii?i on horrors. The fate of the martyred King and queen of France h*utit? h<-r, and Roth lug cwi ao me times (leriuade her but that a like f?t? ' awaitn liursell. lhe bul at the Tuili rie* anpoiuted for the Oth was put off on account of the death ol the King of I'rusMU, but the condition of the Empre-, forbids the h pc, fvn alter the period of mourning ia Unfiled, of 0i iuy ot thi' usual festivit.e at the Palii e, ! H e curtmn is ab rot to fait on the dr.ima which U b" ki'i enacted at Oarte. Francis U.'s rnir !n played out, fir It is now decided that the KrenrU ileet is'tabewltk ?r i?n. Tin- would have ear.H i' bikou pin o* hut ion the t> -,t've refusal of Victor Fm*ti el to gr..?t the propped hmMKrl till he had sttich ti terror Into the garrison Wow that the Piedawmlrv,. i?ive rained tb?',r shot over fli" utiiort .i it" I. ug s pi. i ,nd kit room imuiedlnfl' f rr lib- tirm, \ i Pu i.iu.m .el u not indi*iKate<l to rail'ii hi'ii t ii I inj tor's *ie?s ol ttuir n!strv tfefli1'cxpect Jh* lo the an* mc-roent l? the t^?n.M/rim iie(l?ste"r It *ne Ii gli l ine itiut tUu anomalous -tate ol ililoir" ill' ' >/lilto t i rii, ii,,,, . for the pre-", ksi l> tines r . -.iv ; ts t., ns ;in under the an pie s 0' M Pel'.-", in . Atlg o I'bertii i , wms nefntling Ii irf |. in!, mid the ?,.? i<tMF>t f! ih? r.ealiod or tbe press ? " I ?* -1'"' i ' .ii j ot 'not ab it Ibf ft' r. ?? i r. ... n?.? 'f th? ihe\?iipe Xig-i I I

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